- Janaaiy 1,1860.
E. BABXSSALB, Editor Proprietor.
run tm , v
We ara aathoriied to announce B. C-Kf
as a candidal for re-el oion to the o ot
Mayor. Election first JJosdey in
We ere authorised to enoounoe
i E. P. RUSSELL
as a candidal Tr JtajTW- erf' . '
A. MORGAN, is a candidal, for Mayor of the
City of Jacfcwn.
We ere authorixad to announce the name of
WM M PATrOS,aa a candidate for the office of
Alderman. Elowtion first Monday in January .
We are authorised to announce H. M. TAYLOR
M a eaodSwat for the office of Alderman. Klec
ttoB 4rt Monday in January.
We are authorized to announce the name of J.
8. ECHOLS, a a candidate for theoffieeof Alder
man. Election first Monday in Jannary.
yg- C. S. KSAPP it acandidate for A'derman.
-a- wji. M.BOYD it a oandidate for Alder-
W. ROBINSON ia a candidate for
I. mrt authorised to announce the name
of J. J. DESSOX, as a candidate for Sergeant-at-Amu,
for the Staie Convention on the first Monday
in January, 1S61.
S3- We are authoriiedto announce the name
of ED FaRISH as a candidate for Serjeant-at-
Arms of the State Convention.
th We art) authoriied to announce the name
.r S I POPE, of Holmes conntT. as a candidate
far Secrstarv of the State Convention. First Mon
day in January, 1S61.
0- DR. A. V. ROWE, of Lexington, is a can
diuate for Secretary of the Convention.
car We are authorized to announce the nam"
.of J. W. CLINGAS as a candidate fur Dooreeer
the Stats Convention.
Aiivananaa. The Misaksfiiiilan goes to press tm
y after the arriTal of half put S o'clock cars
r Orleans. Those wishing tnuir aavtriistmenu
inserted weald do well twins tbem In before 3 o'cloc:
AO EA T FOR THE MISSISSIPPIAN.
In a few days. Ma. Hear HisM will Urt on a
ceileeting and general business tour, for the office
of ten Missiasippian. We bespeak for him, a kind
raceotioa at the hands of our friends, and would re
spectfully ask those who are indebted to the office
to be prepared to pay their reepective does. It is
needless to talk about the necessity which compels
us to make this call upon our subscribers. They
must know that it costs us a large sum to publish
our journal, and that our expenditures are all a
auk outlay. How, then, can we furnish it to tnem
yea upon year, on a credit, and still keep our
head above water ?
We would also suggest that now is an excellent
tie to escribe for the paper. The events
which are crowding thick upon us, are important to
vary man, woman, and child, in the State; and
the Missaaaipj-iaa will carry to iU readers, intelli
gence of what is occurring at home and abroad,
and such ideas as the editor may think pertinent
to the great, living issues as they rise.
I: :s proper to mention that we desire to adopt
a strictly cash system, and do not wish to put any
same upon ear boots, which is not attended with
We are requested to withdraw the name 9f
CoL J. M. Bowman from the list of candidates
for Alderman. He will be absent from the
city daring the greater part of the present
year, and therefore, cannot consent to be a
candidate for re-election.
fT Messrs. C. D. Fontaine, ard H. R. Mil
ler, of Pertotoe; and Mr. F. M. Aldridge, of
Yallobusha members elect to the State Con
vention are at present in this city. Also Mr.
J as. Phelan, of the Aberdeen bar.
. Fatal Accident. As the Vicksburg train
lest this city on Saturday night last, a man
unknown in this city fell from the platform
and the cars passed over him severing both
legs and one arm. He was found about elev
en o'clock is a dying condition. It is said he
had purchased a ticket for Calhoun Station.
We learn from the Brandon H erald
that a military organization is on foot in that
town "to aid South Carolina, if need be, in
her struggle for the maintenace of her rights
as an independent sovereignty."
Florida for Secession.
Telegraphic despatches announce the grati
fying tact that four-fifths of the delegates
elected to the Florida Convention, are for
A (tin foe the State. The attention of
those interested in arming the State is called
to the notice of the Adjutant General in our
advertising columns this morning.
The House Committee Rejects Another
We learn by authentic sources from Wash
ington City that the House Crisis Committee
has rejected the proposition of Mr. Rust of
Arkansas all the Black Republicans, inclu
ding Winter Davis of May land, voting against
it The proposition was for the extension of
the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific ;
slavery South of it be protected while in a
territorial condition, but States formed on
either side to be admitted into the Union with
or without slavery, as the people may deter
mine. Rust was a Union-saver, and promised
great results from the labors of this Committee.
It is said that his mind has experienced a
The Vicksburg Whig makes some singular
blunders in publishing the members elect to
the State Convention. Thus it persists in
stating that Mr. J. W. C. Watson of Marshall
(Co-Op.) is elected, when in truth he was de
feated, and the entire secession ticket in Mar
shall was chosen. Again it classifies Messrs.
Alldridge and Barksdale of Yallobusha, Co
ope rationists, when it is well known that
there an not. two more decided secessionists
in the Conrention. The same blunder is
perpetrated in reference to the delegation
Extra Session of the Alabama Legisla
Cor. Moore of Alabama has issued a pro-
n calling an extra session of the Le-
ure of that State, on the 14th of Jan jary
"to provide for such exigencies as may arise
under the action of the Convention, or other-
' Art Rbswuatioss. The telegraph has
already informed our readers that Maj. Wayne
and Lieot. Col. Walker, officers of the U. S.
army, and natives of Georgia, hail resigned.
The former, who is a graduate of both liar
wl and West Point served with credit at
Osntreras and Churubusco. and was deemed
aud was deemed one of the bravest officers in
the army. Lieut CoL Walker is another hero.
He fought gallantly at Okeechobee, and lost
some blood on the field. He was the first com
mandant of the tenth regiment of infantry.
Confirmation-. The Baltimore Patriot
states tbt it is able to affirm the correctness
of (be N. Tl Tribune's announcement that
"Mr. Lincoln is opposed to sny concession or
X Ccbbest Falsehood. The enemies of
the Administration are circulating a report to
the effect that defalcations have been detected
in the Treasury Department. The allegation
if untrie. Xoi a particle of fact exist1; to
sustain it Wathington Constitution.
m m m
r TBLHB01A, Lincoln's right bower in
theTTi S. Senate, delivered himself of a speech
in that body fe w days since. A correspon-
This exposition of eonstitutionsl doctrine
front Judge Tromboll derives s special signi
ficance from his intimate relations as the
friend and adviser of the next President It
is an unmistakable sign that Mr. Lincoln has
intention or letting the union suae oy a
premature acquiescence in the theory of
JJZr rne uonswution 01 r naay announces
1 fbe arrival in Washington City, of Messrs.
'Barnwell, Orr and Adams, Commissioners
from South Carolina, to' negotiate with the
i federal government touching questions arising
under the ordinance of secession adopted by
Th sartiini? Events at Clmrleo
The intelligence of the removal of the Uni
ted States troops from Fort Moultrie to Fort
Sumpter which is supposed to be a more im
pregnable position than the former, awakened
intense excitement throughout all parts of
the country, North as well as South. It was
regarded as the first signal of its determina
tion by the Federal Government to assume an
attitude of hostility towards the State of South
Carolina, and the manifestation of a purpose
to enforce the laws of a government against an
..nwilline people after their solemn and for
mal declaration of separation from said gov
ernment. In this light the act was viewed.
and throughout the South it has kindled a
feeling of indignation which has louncl un
mistakable utterance through the press and
through voluntary or spontaneous gatherings
of the people. The manifestation of an intent
to coerce a State into submission to federal
decrees, will be the signal lor the union oi
the entire South around a common banner,
and a summons to Southern patriots to make
the last appeal. Georgia and Alabama at once
responded by sending aid to the sister sove
reign thus threatened, and millions of swords
in all parts of the South will be promptly un
sheathed in the same cause.
The movement intensified the feeling of in
dication with the authorities of South Car
olina, because it was in direct violation of the
pledge of the government It turns out, how
ever, that the step was taken by Col. Ander
son the officer in charge, without authority.
The South Carolina Commissioners at Wash
ington, it is well understood, will take this
grave proceeding into the general account of
matters requiring settlement with the federal
government At last intelligence it was a sub
ject of anxious deliberation in the Cabinet
councils of the President Meantime the
South Carolina lorces have taken possession of
Fort Moultrie, and we presume will continue
to hold it This is as it should be. The forts
were erected for the protection of the people
of the State within whose limits they stand,
and it is proper new that they have reverted
to her by her act of secession that they should
be manned by those '-ho have enlisted under
her flag. The following particulars are taken
from our last Charleston exchanges:
From the Courier.
On Thursday morning it was found that
Fort Moultrie was dismantled, its guns all
spiked, and several guns ranging towards Fort
Sumpter completely dismounted, and their
can-iaire-v tee., tarred and mimed, capr. ros
ter, U. S. Engineer, who had been in charge
of the works on rort Sumpter, was left with
a small detail in Fort Moultrie.
By command of Gov. Pickens a steamer
was chartered to bear a dispatch to Major An
derson, at Fort Sumpter. The orders of the
Governor were committed to Col. Pettigrew
and Major Capers, of the Rirle Regiment,
whose return from Fort Sumpter was await
ed by thousands.
Col. Anderson replied that the transfer had
been made without orders from headquarters.
Doubtless it was done under apprehensions of
an assault upon him at Fort Moultrie, and a
consciousness of inability to maintain his po
sition. This act was a gross violation of the pledg
es which the Government had made to the
people of So'ith Carolina. They were justly
incensed at this clandestine movement, when,
relying upon the assurances of the Govern
ment, they had taken no precautions to pro
vide against such a contingency. The mili
'tary were ordered out and promptly obeyed
the summons. The excitement was much
abated in the afternoon when it became posi
tively known that Major Anderson had acted
upon his own responsibility, and in violation
of orders. Fort Moultrie was taken posses
sion of by Carolina troops between 8 and 0
o'clock on Thursday evening and the Palmet
to Flag hoisted amid the huzzas of the occu
At 1- o'clock last night, when our Keporter
left the Island, all was quiet and orderly.
Sentries were pacing the ramparts, and the
hail of 'All well" resounded at regular in
tervals from the several posts.
The Mercury has a lengthy account of the
events above referred to. We can give only
a summary . As telegraphed, Maj. Anderson
has evacuated Fort Moultrie, (see below.)
The South Carolina troops now bo'd that for
tification as well as Castle Pinckney. The
This transfer of the troops from Fort Moul
trie to Fort Sumpter is regarded as an out
rageous breach of faith. For there was a
distinct understanding with the General Gov
ernment, upon the highest authority, that no
such transfer would be made, no reinforce
ments of cither of the forts attempted, and no
transfer of arms or ammunitition. Relying
upon these declarations, the authorities of
South Carolina had not taken the forts when
completely in their power. They have acted
with good faith, and expected it in return.
Maj. Anderson alleges that the movement
was made without orders and upon his own
responsibility, and that he was not aware of
such an understanding. lie is a gentleman,
and we will not impugn his word or his mo
tives. But it is due to South Carolina and to
good faith, that the act of this officer be repu
diated by the Government, and that the troops
be removed forthwith from Fort Sumpter. ,
e e e
The Convention and the Popular Vote.
In another column we have published a full
list of the members elected to the State Con
vention, (Tunica county excepted,) which
will meet in this city on Monday next, the
7th ins,.., and have classified them according to
the most reliable data in our possession.
It will be seen that the Straight Out Seces
sion party have carried the Convention by an
overwhelming majority. In our next issue,
we will publish a tabular statement of the
popular vote which will show the immensely
predominant disunion sentiment in the State.
In many of the counties, the secession candi
dates were elected without opposition ; and
wherever co-operationists have been returned,
it was by meagre majorities, and even then,
except in one or two cases, the result was at
tributable to adventitious causes.
Events have matured so rapidly within the
last few days, developing the uncompromising
spirit and the fell designs of the dominant
Black Republican organization, that we will
be amazed if there should be even as much
difference in the views of members touching
the true policy of the State, as this classifica
tion would appear to represent y
The Action of Col. Anderson and the
The Washington Constitution of Friday
confirms the statement that the action of Col
Anderson in Charleston harbor, was without
the authority of the Administration. It says:
We believe that we are perfectly correct
in stating that this action on the part of Major
Anderson was taken solely on his own respon
sibility, and not in consequence of orders from
the authorities here. We have also reason to
believe that it was not occasioned by any
threat of attack or hostile action on the part
of the people or military in Charleston, and
that there was no reason to anticipate any
change in their attitude in relation to tho Fed
eral troops. Undsr these circumstances, we
must express our regret that Major Anderson
should have taken such a step without orders
or apparent necessity.
Loss of Slaves by the South.
According to the Xew "Sork Times, a Re
publican paper, which gives as its data the
census of 1850, the South lost 1,011 slaves
by the operations of the underground railroad
that year. The Times expresses the opinion
that the number of runaways has increased at
least fifty per cent, making the number of
1,500 for a single year, which at an average
of $1,000 each, would be worth $1,500,000!
The remark of iterator Pugh, that the 8outh
had not lost $100,000 worth of slaves, is
No HorE of a Settlement. The Herald
correspondent on the 24th, writes :
All horie of compromise through the instru
mentality of Congress is at an end.
Mr. Crittenden lias given it up. so nas
M t'nrwin. No well into'-ned man ot any
psrty acquainted with the proceedings in the
committees of which these gentlemen were
resoectively Chairmen, expects any satisfac
tory adjustment of the difficulties between the
North and South from our federal legislators,
now or herealter.
There is no prospect of sny thing better than
a dissolution of the existing Union, and s re
construction upon well denned and well un
derstood principles, or the establishment of
two more confederacies by States that are not
discordant, socially rr politically.
Rejection of Senator Davis" Proposition
On the 24th inst, Bon. Jefferson Davis sub
mitted to the Senate the subjoined resolution,
which was referred to the Crisis Committee
of Thirteen. On the 26th inst, at a meeting
of the Committee, the resolution was rejected
ajx the Black Republicans votisq
against it: thus indicating their purpose not
only not to make concessions to the South
but not to permit the plainest principles of jus
tice to be observed towards her in the admin
istration of the government.
By voting down this resolution, the domi
nant sectional majority have declared that
property in slaves shall not, under their rule,
stand on an equal footing with other descrip
tions of property; they have declared that it
rntiy be "sulject to be divested or impaired by
the local laws of" non-slaveholding States
when it escapes thereto, or on the "tiaiisit or
sojourn of the owner therein;" and they have
declared tliat property in slaves may Le de
stroyed "by legislative acts of the United
States and of the Territories."
These propositions h&.ve been virtually af
firmed by the Black Republican Senators in
the rejection of the propositions contained in
the resolutions of Senator Davis.
In view of this action, it is left. for the calm
and reflecting men of the South to say if it is
possible for the existing federal government
to be perpetuated upou just principles, under
the rule of the Black Republican part-. The
question involved is plain and simple. It is
whether the South will continue to acknowl
edge allegiance to a government which dis
tinctly affirms not only her inequality, but
the right to discriminate against her in the
performance of the functions which appertain
to it We are gratified that Mr. Davis has
made the issue in terms so clear and explicit
that ro cause exists for the shade of a doubt
touching the aim of the ' Abolition majority
and the principles by which the conduct of
the government under their control will be
guided. Every sensible man must now see
that the path of safety for the South is the
shortest cut out of the Union before the inau
guration of Lincoln:
Mr. Davis, on the 24th, submitted the fol
lowing resolution, which was referred to the
Select Committee of Thirteen on tha present
condition of the country, and ordered to be
Resolved, That it shall be declared, by
amendment of the Constitution, that property
in slaves, recognized as such by the local law
of any of the States of the Union, shall stand
on the same footing in all constitutional and
federal relations as any other species ol prop
erty so recognized ; and, like other property,
shall not be subject to be divested or impair
ed by the local law of any other State, either
in escape thereto or of transit or sojourn of
the owner therein ; and in no case whatever
shall such property be subject to be divested
or impaired by any legislative act of the Uni
ted Slates, or of any of the Territories thereof.
Coercion or Conciliation.
The Republican journals (says the Herald)
of the North are daily becoming more and
more bitter in the tone of their belligerent
manifestos, and in their vituperative advocacy
of the extremest measures, to reduce the
slave States to submission to the doctrines
laid down in the Chicago platform. Appeal
to the inexorable logic of grooved cannon,
Sharpe's rifles and the bayonet takes the place
of reflection and argument now, just as rant,
abuse, calumny and diatribe did that of truth
and facts while they were arousing their read
ers to that pitch of anti-slavery excitement
which has produced the present crisis. They
demand that Mr. Lincoln shall inaugurate his
administration with blockades, bombardments
and invasion, and flippantly and impudently
as though the welfare of the country could be
promoted by conformity to such diabolical
fancies. They decree that the South shall be
"put down." as glibly as if fifteen States were
a vagrant to be arrested by the first police
man. With quasi authorative language, they
pretend to foreshadow the policy of the in
coming administration, as substituting the
blood red flag of civil war for the stars and
stripes which float over the Capitol, and confi
dently predict that the "irrepressible conflict"
will be carried out with a ruthless barbarity
which John Brown h'mself would have hesi
tated to sanction.
Let the people of the South profit by these
manifestations of the spirit of the Black Repub
Lincoln Adheres to the Chicago Plat
form. The following is the latest and most authen
tative utterance from the Black Republican
President elect It is published double-leaded
in the N. Y. Tribune of Saturday ; and leaves
no room even for conjecture as to his purposes
and the policy prescribed for his administration
We are enabled to state, in the most positive
terms, that Mr. Lincoln is utterly opposed to
any concession or compromise that shall yield
one iota of the position occupied by the Re
publican party on the subject of slavery in the
Territories, and that he stands now, as he
stood in May last, when he accepted the nom
ination for the Presidency, square upon the
07 Has our correspondent ever heard of a
Mississippian being mobbed, insulted, or ob
structed, in the pursuit of his lawful business
in any Northern State ? Cin. Commercial.
This question is propounded by the Com
mercial to a Mississippi correspondent It can
easily be answered affirmatively by citing the
transaction'in the State of Minnesota, last
summer, when several slaves were decoyed
from their Mississippi owners by abolition
marauders. In one instance a slave was re
scued from the plunderers by a party of Mis
sissippians, for whose persons a large reward
is now offered by the Black Republican Gov
ernor of that State. One of these persons is
a citizen of this town and a former Attorney
General of the State.
Nor has it been long since one of our U. S.
Senators was robbed of his slave while return
ing from the performance of his official duties
at the federal capital. The correspondent
might remind the Commercial that this out
rage was perpetrated in the city in which that
paper is published the city of Cincinnati.
Sonth Carolina Address to the Slave
The address of South Carolina setting
forth the causes which have led to the seces
sion of that .State, as reported by the com
mittee appointed for that purpose, recites the
circumstances which led to the separation ot
the American colonies from Great Britain, on
the ground that the British Government had
in the colonies become subversive of the ends
for which government is established, sets forth
the assent of South Carolina, May 23, 1788,
to the Constitution of the United States, which
is claimed to be a compact, of which the ob
ligation ceases with the failure of one of the
contracting parties to observe it ; and declares
the enactment of laws in a number of the
Northern States, to nullify or render useless
the laws for the rendition to the South of her
fugitive slaves, such a breach of constitutional
obligations as releases the South from the
We will publish in our next, the letter of
Col. Geo. R. Fall to the Governor , stating the
results of his mission to Arkansas. Col F.
was received with proper distinction by the
Legislature or that State, as the accredited
representative of a sister Commonwealth, and
that body by an almost unanimous vote pass
ed a bill calling a Convention of the people.
Another Defalcation. The Washington
States of the 24th says : As we go to press,
the city is all alive with the unpleasant rumor
that a defalcation has been discovered in one
of the executive departments said to exceed in
amount that of the interior department just
come to light. We have no time to trace the
(gjr Seventy five Congressmen frtm the
border States held caucus in Washington
on the 29th. We hare not the result of their
Outgivings of to Blaek Eepablican
It may now be regarded as a settled fact
that it is the present purpose of Lincoln and
his myrmadons to try the argument of force
against the South, if she elect to exercise her
sovereign rie-ht of withdrawing from the I n-
ion, now that the compact has been destroyed
and the government perverted into an in
strument of degradation and enslavement to
the slaveholding States.
Under the title of "The enforcement of the
laws," the Illinois State Journal, published at
Springfield, and edited by a nephew of Lin
coln, sends forth an article of peculiar signifi-
Tl belies the whole history of the
Black Republican party, by saying "it wants
no legislation that does r.ot square with the
Constitution, but insists that the Constitution
must be respected and the laws enforced " It
publishes the oath taken by the President of
the United States upon his inauguration, and
says Mr. Lincoln "will not try to evade the
performance of his duties, however painful,
under certain circumstances, these duties may
be, by a sophistical construction of the Con
stitution. Sworn faunfully to execute the
laws, he wii do it." The Journal says fur
ther that Mr. Lincoln will enforce the laws in
all sections, and "will, doubtless, construe his
oatii'of office to mean that it is his duty to
enforce all the laws, and not one particular
law alone." On the secession question, the
Journal says :
"The Republican party is, we are satisfied,
planted immovably on Jackson's ground. The
Democracy ol tne norm cm not wen occupy
any other. We think it might as well get
abroad among the people that the incoming Ad
miniitration will be constitutional, anti-secession
and law-enforcing. Pas' the iconl."
These intimatiwns, though couveyed in gen
eral terms, are not to be misunderstood. They
are threats of coercion, which hen attemp
ted to be put into practice will be answered by
such a blow as Jackson was wont to strike in
the illustration of his maxim to "ask nothing
but what is right and to submit to nothing
that is wrong."
Defalcation in the Interior Department.
Tho public are already awa-e (says the
Washington Constitution) that on the volun
teer confession of Godard Bailey, the Indian
appeal clerk of the Interior Department, and
who was charjed with the custody of the
bonds and other securities held iu trust for the
Indian tribes, it was discovered late on Sa
turday night that some of those bonds to the
enormous amouut of $870,000 had been fraud
ulently extracted by Ei.dy and given by him
to William H Russell, of the firm of Russell,
Majors, and Waddell.
Yesterday morning Secretary Thompson
sent a letter to the Speaker of the House o'
Representatives, (of v hich we suhjoin a copy.)
acquainting him cf Lie fraud, and asking for a
full investigation of the entire matter, with a
view to the exposure and punishment of all
the guilty parties. In compliance with his
request a committee of five was appointed)
the members of which immediately w aited on
the Secretary at the Interior , Department, to
announce their appointment and their pur
porse to commence the investigation at an
Dl PABTMKNT OF TOE iTEKIOB, dCC. 24, 'SO.
Sib: Oa SatunUy uijrlit la-;. 1 w informed, l.y
tlic voluntary confession of aa ofiict-r of ili Dc
iiartmrat, that St:ite bossds, held i:i tru-t by :hr
t'liiu-d States IJovernmettt lor r.-rtaia Iti.l.'in t i-i
to the amount of eight wodnd ainl seveuty ilrn
saud dollar-, hi J lit-eii aWtractad trout ii- ctsatody
and converted to private use.
The enormity of this fraud demands a full invest!
ration by a committee of Cowgrasjl httoall the facta
and cireiniiMtauces wiiish ha ve at lend,-J its perpe
tration. To vindicate tny own honor and integrity, and to
expose the jruiliy and the derele.-t. ( de.-ire to ap
peal, through y.r.t, to she Hoaaessf Representatives,
over which you preside, for thfl appasntsjM nt of a
committee of thai body, with full power tu tend for
persons and papers, mtid report upon the s ibject.
I ask this investigation. i,i aider that full justice
may he done in the premises.
Tain, with laansnt. font, bbedjewt servant,
Secretary of ilic In
Hon. Warn. Pnaaiagtaa,
Speaker of the House of Representati .
The people of Pittsburg, Ta., worked them
selves up to a high state of excitement on Sa
turday last, on the supposition that orders
had been issued from the War 1 lepartinc-nt for
the removal of a number of guns from the
Alleghany Arsenal to furnish the new forts at
Newport, near Galvaston Island, Texas, and
Ship Island, near Belize, at the mouth of the
Mississippi river. The people threatened to
prevent the removal of the guns by force. So
resistance to the Governmer ' E f the U nion is
not confined to the South. Thr North has
nullified its acts whenever it has suited the
purpose of its mobs for the last twenty years.
P. S. We observe by a later account that
a counter meeting opposing resistance to the
order of the Government for the removal of
the arms, was held at Pittsbi"-gon the 'S'lh.
The result was a determination to make no
further resistance but to petition the War
office for the suspension of the order for their
The following are the numbers and weight
of the cannon ordered to be sent away :
KOB THE FORT OF SUIT ISL AM), MUSI-SSI Cel.
21 Irt inch Columhiada 15,200 lbs eaca 3iS200 lbs
21) g ' 8,240
4 32 Poander Iron Guns 7 ,2j0
. 636,000 "
FOB THE'FOKT AT OALVESiJN II.IIUIOK, TF.XAS.
23 10 inch Columbiads 15,2'w lbs each 34 ,0ft0 lbs.
4 8 " " ,240 ' " 413..2l "
3 32 Pounder IronOuns 7,260 " " 50,760 "
Making a total
tons in all.
, or nearh- S
of 1,37C,'70 lbs.
David Wilmot to go into the Cabinet
The Springfield correspondent of the Cin
cinnati Commercial, announces the arrival in
that place on the 24th inst. cf Hon. David
Wilmot, and adds that he has been selected to
represent Pennsylvania in the Cabinet. It is
evident that the Black Republican President
intends to follow the most extreme councils,
and to play the Chicago game boldly out.
This is manly. It gives tho South a clearly
defined issue. In reference to this last sign
from Black Republican head-quarters, the
Richmond Whig, hitherto among the moder
ate of our exchanges, says :
If it be true that Mr. Wilmot is to have a
place in the cabinet, that fact would Weigh as
much as any written declaration by Mr. Lin
coln. Mr. Wilmots's name is identified with
the policy of excluding slavery from the fede
ral territories. To appoint him to a place in
the cabinet would be equivalent to a procla
mation, by Mr. Lincoln, that he will make the
principle of the famous Wilmot roviso the
corner-stone of his policy. As it was upon
this question that, the Republican party was
organized, and as it forms the chief impediment
to the adjustment of the slavery controversy,
the occurrence will strengthen the apprehen
sion that Mr. Lincoln will not recede, anil
that there is to be no satisfactory settlement of
the matter. Upon the policy embraced in the
Wilmot Proviso, the position of Virginia has
been already taken, and will be adhered to.
Extra Session of the Kentucky Legisla
ture, Governor Magoffin has called an extra session
of the Kentucky legislature, to meet on the
17th of January, for the purpose of consider
ing the present crisis.
, i m m m
fjr The Washington correspondent of the
N. Y. Times, says :
Gen. Scott says that Fort Moultrio is not
the strongest fortification, but Fort Summer
is, and that two hundred men can hold it
against all South Carolina, and six hundred
men can defy the world.
New Orleans Suspensions.
We find in our exchanges the following list
of houses reported to have suspended, during
the present financial crises :
Hugh McCall, Aby Catrliinc, Thompson
Clark, Archer fc Co., (. U Dalian A Son, A. M.
Hopkins, Brendon, Wharthoff t Co.; Woodman fc
Beraent, Molouy fc Brother, Fellows t Co., Walter
Cox A Co., A. U. Berkie fc Co., J. J. Person A Co.,
Seruggs, Donegan A Co., G. W. Gregor t Co.,
John Grace, Stewart, Tuttle 4 Co., Watt & ifoUe,
Giffio, Smedes h Co., Patton, Smith A Putnam;
Harding, Abby A Morehead; Brand A Londrav,
HniiriM A Snencer. B. W. Adams Co., Ogiesl'jy
A McConly, R. C. Gumming A Co., Wright A Allen,
S O Nelson A Co', Henderson. Terry A Co.: Cole
man Britton and Withers; Hughes, BvUested A Co;
Holloway and Lousuaie, j n, cuuo a. -u.; amr-
nhv Sikes A Co.; Campbell, MoKee A Co.; Cleve
land Bros., Bragg A D'Aquin, Grsnuis, Chapman k
From the New Orleans Papers.
Troops for Charleston.
Charleston, Dec. 27 The Governor of
South Carolina has been tendered the services
of troops from Georgia, Alabama and the In
terior, yhich are expected here to-morrow. (
Wasuixgton. Dec. 27 Gen. Scott says
that Maj. Anderson, in evacuating Fort Moul
trie stratagetically, moved correctly by resor
ting to'Foi t Sumpter although without con
ADJOUBNMEN'T OF CONGBESS.
WAhilu.N-GTO.v, Dec. 28 Both Houses ad
journed yesterday til! Monday, to enjoy tne
closing-testivues ol the nolKlays.
KEPKAL OF LIBERTY BILLS.
It is how certainly ascertained that a ma
jority w the Republican members of Congress
are ready to guarantee the repeal of the Per
sonal liberty bills of the North, and if this is
relused. it will be deemed as evidence suirn.
ient that the South is determined to reject
every thing in the way of compromise.
EDBOTEAK Alj as FOB GEORGIA.
At the request of the Secretary of War,
Gov. Kj ovvn has obtained a year's absence for
Col. Pardee late Coamianiant of West Point,
to visit Europe, for the purpose of effecting a
purchase ol guns and munitions ol war 101
the Slt.ic of Georgia,
Later from California.
Ft Ivlabskv, Dei-.. 28 By the arrival of
the Overland Pony Express at this point last
night, ire have Sau Francisco advices of the
In tlian Francisco no business was being
done iii any branch of trade.
Mr. Baldwin had resigned his seat in the.
Supreme Court of California.
A cpmb-nation is being formed to e'ect Mc
Dotfettt U. S. Senajgymtid McOorkie as the
succei;S)r to rvnator namain.
Q KEW LKSCOVEKIES.
Xetv discoveries of c ,il have been njade
niar'-tne Carson Valley. Extremely pure
copper mines have been oppened in Calaveras
Washington, Dec. 28 The news of the
capture of Fort Moultrie and Castle Pinckney
reached the Administration while the Cabinet
was in session.
DEMASD OF THE SOUTH CAROLIXA COMMIS
SIONERS. The Commissioner from South Carolina
ho1 conference to-dav with Cabinet. They
demanded the immediate withdrawal troops
from their State, or they will return and per
pare for the worst.
THE TREASURY LOAN'.
The bids for the Treasury loan, already re
ceived at the Department, amount to less than
two an i a half millions, at an avc-age of 12
per cent, discount.
FURTHER FROM CHARLESTON.
Charleston, Dec 28, 8 p. m. Captain Hum
j,V s is still in possession of the arsenal.
Castle Pinckney and Fort Moultrie are held
by the Slate troops, under orders from the
purpose ;f protecting the Government pro
perty. The excitement has somewhat subsi
SENTIMENT OF KOfifH CAROLINA.
Raleigh, Dec. 28 Meetings are being
hohlen in variou- counties of this State favor
ing the Union sentiment, although the hope
is well nigh gone.
Washington, Dec. 29. The Cabinet con
tinued in session yesterday some six hours,
and adjourned till to-day, without arriving at
any definite conclusion relative to the affairs of
The Senate Committee of Thirteen, after
considering the proposigjions of Senators
Douglas, Bigler and Rice, were unable to
agree upon any recommendation, and their
icjKirt is expected early to day.
The Hooae Committee of Thirty-three
agreed almost unanimously to the proposition
ol Mr. Adams, offering an amendment to the
Constitution, so as to prohibit the passage, by
Congress, of any law interfering with slavery
in the States where it now exists.
THE COMMISSIONERS AND THE CABINET.
It is stated with some show of probability
that at the meeting of the Cabinet yesterday
the Commissioners from South Carolina re
quested the President to inform them wheth
er or not Major Anderson occupied Fort
Sumpter by his order, or whether he was
instructed by the War Department. The
President rejiliad in the negative, adding that
Major Anderson a'eted'upon his own responsi
bility. The Commissioners then asked that Major
A. should be remandod to Fort Moultre.
There was no conclusion upon this point,
when the Cabinet adjourned..
FLORIDA FOR SECESSION.
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 29. Four-fifths
of the recently elected delegates are in favor
THE MEMBERS FROM THE BORDER STATES.
About seventy-five of the members from
the Border States held a caucus yesterday
morning, Senator Crittenden, of Kentucky,
A large number of propositions were pre
sented by various members, which were re
ferred to a committee composed of one from
each State represented, to report-if an
agreement could be effected at a future
POSTAL AFFAIRS OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Postmaster-General Holt has ordered the
Sub-T reasurer of Charleston to remit 35,000
the balance of the Post-office accounts to
If this order is not immediately complied
with be will demand the enforcement ol his
orders, by the Federal Government.
He is also determined to suppress all mail
matter to and trom South Carolina, if the
mails are interfered with in that locality.
Washington, Dec. 29. The Cabinet broke
up last night without coming to any conclus
ion relative to the disposition of troops at
The impression prevails here that a conflict
In the Cab'net Messrs. Toucey and Holt
urged measures of defense, and the others,
further evacuation, if necessary.
A prominent member of the Cabinet ex
presses an opinion thai war is begun.
A dispatch has been received from South
Carolina, by a member of the Cabinet, saying
that troops arc pouring into the State from all
Another dispatch says that a small loan is
already parceled out among the wealthiest
citizens of South Carolina.
Startling from Missouri.
A NEW ROUTE.
AND JEFFERSON BARRACKS IS
St. Louis, Dec. 29 The Republican of to
dav contains an announcement that the Com
mandant of the Arsenal here is in receipt of
a letter dated Chicago, Illinois Dec. 13, stating
that a party of Republicans sympathizers
with Montgonery intended to taken by lorce
the Arsenal and Jefferson Barracks, and to
transfer the movable property thereof to Kan
sas. MECHANICS AT F.ORT MOULTRIE DISCHARGED.
Baltimore, Dec 29. The special Charles
ton correspondent of the Baltimore Sun says,
in a telegram of to-day, that the Baltimore
carpenter! and brickmasons employed upon
Fort Moultrie were discharged by Major An
derson tins morning, ur uavmg remsou io
bear anus against the State of South Carolina.
nOOM FOR SOUTH CAROLINA.
MiLLEixiEviLLE, Dec. 29. The troops of
the State have been called in to join those of
OFFICERS OF THE CUSTOMS AT SOUTH CARO
LINACONSIDERATION OF THE MILITARY BILL.
Charleston, Dec. 29. Collector Colcock
notified the Convention to-day that the offi
cers of the customs at Charleston had re
nounced the Federal Government, and enter
ed into the service of South Carolina.
Tho Military bill was under consideration.
Louisville, Dec. 29. The Ohio river at
this point was receding slowly this evening,
with eight feet water, in the canal, by the
Secession in the Methodist Conference
There was .a meeting at Estello Hall in
Montgomery on the night of the 18th, of
those Clcrsivmen of the Methodist Persuasion
favorable to an expression of opinion upon the
great political issues now agitating the coun
try. It carried every thing with it. Rev. J.
B. Cottrcll, Dr. Murrah, Ur. Nealy, Dr. Har
mon and others, made addresses. The meet
in" was very large, enthusiastic and unani
mous or separate State Secession. Mont.
Indemnity fob Rescued Slaves. Tho pro
to amend the Constitution, so as to
, li - kitaa an YrmL-n indemnity for slava
compel toe uuy- ?
rescued by popular violence, was very proper
ly voted down in the Senate committee of
So says the National Republican, tbe Lin
coln organ recently established in Washington
Members Elected to the Convention j
As fares heard from, the following delegates,
with their classifications, have been elected to
the Mississippi Convent'on, which will meet on
the 7th of January :
Hinds. W. P. Harris, W. P. Anderson, W.
B. .Smart. (Immediate Secession.)
Rankin. J..J. Thornton, W. Denson.
Scott. C. W. Taylor, (Im. S.)
Smith. W. Thompson, (do.)
Madison. A. P. HtS, (do.)
Newton. M. M. Keith, (do.)
Neshoba. J. L. "Backstrom, (do.)
Lauderdale. Dr. Ramsey, Maj. Semmes,
Copiah. P. S. Catchings, Ben King, (do.)
Claiborne. Henry T. Ellett, (do )
Jefferson. J. 8. Johnson, (do.)
Warren. T. A. Marshall, W. Brooke,
Adams. A. K. Farrar, J. Winchester, (do.)
Holmes. W. L.Keirn, J. M. Dyer, (Im. S.)
Yazoo. Henry Vaughan,. G. B. Wilkinson,
Carroll. A. Booth, J. Z. George, Cdo.)
Sunflower. E. P. Joi.es, (do:)
Tallahatchie. A. Patterson, (do.)
Yallobusha. W. R. Barksdale. F. M. Al
dridge, (do.) c-, :
Lafayette. L) Q. C. Lamar, T. D. Isom,
Lowndes. George R, Clayton, W. S. Bar
Tippah. Joel Berry, Orlando Davis, D.
B. Wright, J. L. Davis, (do.)
Noxubee, Israel Welsh, (do.)
Marshall. J. W. Clapp, Samuel Benton,
H. W. Walter, A. M. Clayton, Willis M. Lea,
Pontotoc. H. R. Mil.er, R. W. Flournoy,
C. D. Fontaine, J. B. Herring, (do.)
Harrison. D. C. Glenn, (do.)
Hancoc.i. J. B. Deason, (do.)
Jackson. A. E. Leyis, (do.)
Amite. D. W. Huist, (co-op.)
Attala. J. W. Wood, E. II. Sanders,
Winston. W. S. Boiling, John Kennedy,
Monroe. S. J. Gholson, F. M. Rogers,
Wilkinson. Alfred Holt, (do.)
Tsacjuena. Albert C. Gibson, (do.)
Pike. J. M. Nelson, (Jo.)
Tishomingo. A. E. Reynol Is, J. A. Blair,
J. T. Young, W. W. Bonds, (Co-Op.)
Simpson. W. J. Douglas, (Im. S.)
Marion. Hamilton Mayson, (do.)
Chickasaw. C. B. Baldwin. J. A. Orr, (do.)
Oktibbeha. T. L Bookter, (do.)
Franklin. D. H. Parker, (Co-Op.)
Jasper. O. C. Dease, (Im. S.)
Panola. J. B. Fiser, E. A. McGehee, (do.)
Kemper. O. Y. Neely, Thos. Wood, (do.)
Clark. S. H. Terrell, (do.)
DeSoto. J. R. Chalmers, S. D. Johnston,
Mr. Lewers, (Im-S.)
Lawrence. F. T. Cooper, (do.)
Covington. A. C. Powell, (do.)
Coahoma. J. L. Alcorn.
Bolivar. Miles H. McGehee.
Washington. J. S. Yerger, (Co-Op.)
Choctiw W. F. Brantley, W. H. Witty,
J. H. Edwards, (Im. S.)
Wayne. J. W. Eckford, (do.)
Calhoun. M. D. S. Stephens, W. A. Sum
ner. Jones. J. H. Powell, (Im. S.)
Itawamba. R, O. Beene, W. H. Tison, M.
C Cummings, (Im. S ) A. B. Bullard, (Co-Op.)
Perry. Myers, (do.)
(It is proper to mention, that as doubts ex
ists whether the members from Warren and
Adams were elected in accordance with the
form prescribed by law, the Convention will
probably refer the matter back to the people.)
From the foregoing returns, it will be seen
that the State has decided in favor of imme
diate secession with remarkable unanimity.
The counties yet to here from, will give a ma
jority for that side, proportionate tc the above.
Since the foregoing was put in type we have
received the Natchez Free Trade, containing
the followinz. Dr. Blackburn and Mr. Mar
shall are both for immediate secession :
Election of Delegates to the Stute Con
vention. Citv of Natchez. Dr. Ed. M. Blackbui a
was elected delegate to the State Convention
from the city of Natchez yesterday, without
He received 117 votes at the
Court House and 42 at the Jefferson Hotel
precincts. Total 169.
County of Adams. We understand that
Geo. M. Marshall has also been elected the
Delegate from the county of Adams. The
full vote is not in.
Greenville, Miss., Dec. 24, 1860.
Ed. Mississippian : The secession ticket,
owing to the failure of the Returning Officer
to hold an election on Sunflower, at Living
ston Box. and the fact that the notice of the
election was not given according to the act
of the Legislature, as well as the absence of
some twenty secession voters, was defeated
by six votes. I am satisfied that more than
two-thirds of our citizens are decidedly in
favor of the secession movement ; and it is to
he hoped that Judge Yerger will modify his
opinions when he discerns this to be the case.
I send the resolutions upon which he plan
ted himself, so that the Convention may know
his position. In this emergency no man, I
presume, will go to the Convention wholly
uninstructed ; and it is to be hoped that no
time will be lost in unnecessary debate.
Yours ever, PHILO.
Whereas, The recent action of the North
ern portion of this confederacy, in the election
of Mr. Lincoln to the presidency, evinces a
deep-seated hostility among the inhabitants
of that section of the Union to the institution
of slavery, it is therefore
j i, Besolvi, That immediate action by the
, slaveholding States is necessary for the main
tenance ol those ngnts accorded us Dy ine pre
sent Constitution of the United States, and
for the securing of the fullest and most ample
guarantees for the protection of the institution
of slavery hereafter, and if such cannot be
secured for immediate general secession.
2. That such action should be taken through
a convention of all or a majority of the slave
holding States of this confederacy.
3. That it is unwise and inexpedient for
tho State of Mississippi to separately secede
without consultation with her sister slave
States, that the true course of wisdom is to
seek a convention of all the slavehpldiug
States of this confederacy and abide by the
decision of that convention.
Augusta, Miss., Dec 24th I860.
Mb. Editor : I drop you a lino to state
that the representative in the Convention
from this county only represents the minori
ty. There were two secession candiiates and
one submissionist The division of secession
votes elected the submissionist by a plurality
offive votes. There was only one hundred
and filty eight votes polled in tbe county.
There are at least two to qne for secession in
the county. I am acquainted alt over the
country and know the people's sentiments in
regard to the matter.
Mr. Myers the delegate elect received only
. . V
Hot so Gloomy,
The following is from the Commercial
coluine of the N". O. Crescent :
The further talk was that we are moving
alonsr very well. Cotton is in active demand
sugar and molasses are moving briskly; tobac
co is wanted at good paying prices ; floor and
corn are taken at good prices ; gold is arriv
ing daily; the rivers, with one exception, are
in good boating order; and, in the meantime,
kc uaratc secession is movine onward. In fact
with the exception of some of the local
branches of business, there are noVcftUScs for
complaint this week.
Black Republicans in Council
A Washington despatch says :
Governor Andrew, Senators DoobtUe and
Trumbull. Renresentativcs Burlinenme and
Tappan, and a number of other Senators and
members of Congress, held a conference, yes
terday, at the rooms of Francis P. BWr, Sr.,
and unanimously agreed that the integrity of
the Union should be preserved, though it east
millions of lives.
Miu. WLNSLOW An azpr1ood namtsad female
ptajalelaB, baa a Soethiiig Syrup fur children teething
which so t roatlr fceultaUttue proeaM of twtMaf by toft
ato( the gum reducing all laaamaUoa wttt allay all
pln nd iseure to rjulU the bowels. Depeail.upun It
mnthers.lt trill fire rest to yourselves, and relief and
health to your Infants. ParfaaUy la an easaea. sa I
ir.ru-i.nt ta .aoOwr soiaaau Aug s W-wi,.
The Charleston Fortifications.
Upon a resolution of a Black Republican
Senator calling upon the President for infor
mation t juching his orders to the officer in
command of the Forts at Charleston harbor,
Hon. Jeff. Deris spoke as follows :
Mr. Davis. Mr. President, it is very diffi
cult, in discussing the questions as to the pro
priety Ot tasting up a resolution, to t&vuiu
to some extent the consideration of its mer
its. I think we have wandered somewhat
from the question before the Senate that
is, the propriety of adopting tho resolution
of .iiquiry presented by the Senator from
New Hampshire, fMr. Clarl..
Is it proper that we should call on the
President to communicate the orders he
has given and the correspondence he has
had in relation to a ion, anu bspsohw
when the circumstances cf that fort are
surrounded by such extremely delicate re
lations as belong to this ! If it is impro
per that we should make so ?h an inquiry,
there is no propriety iu tak'.og up the reso
lution. I propose then, to show that it is
improper that we should make the inquiry.
ft will be remembered that under the Con
federation, in the infancy c f our Govern
ment, Congress had the control of the
Aioiy. A large portion of the embarrass
ments which surrounded military opera
tions, during the war of the Revolution,
grow out of that fact : and, taught by ex
LriML when our fathers formed a
new Government, they transferred the con
trol of the Army aud navy to the President,
Itutherc, while the President ia conducting
thr affairs of a garrison, it s proposed to
institute an inquiry to learn what corres
pondence he has hud ; what orders he has
gi en; what force there is at the place ;und
thus to make public the very facts which,
above all others, the commander of the
Army -nd Navy should have the power to
kep secret. If it were an ordinary case,
we misrht ullow it to pass, and have the
President t exercise his discretion as to
his answer. But. it is un extraordinary
case. We know .'as the Seuator from Vir
ginia har said, that it must inflame the pub
lic, inin'' to ueitute the questions. If tho
President is derelict in his duty in any re
spect, he is amenable; but it is in tho other
House, not in this, be should be arraigned.
If tlin President is supposed to be perform-ino-
its duty iu tho manner which best cou
duces t "the peace of the country, we
should but embarrass him in his operations
by interjecting such an inquiry as is pro
posed. Whatever the garrison may be and I
believe tho whole country hus full oppor
tunity to know w hat it is the fact is well
known that the President has not the pow
er to increase it; that he could not send u
company there without the fact being
ki'own before the company arrived. This
would certainly precipitate action, as it
would convey a threat, attended by pre
parations to execute it, uud naturally result
in bringing about the very collision which
every mun who loves the pence of his coun
try is now endeavoring to avert. If tho
.hiprt he to remove the trarrison, that is a
nui'stion the decision of which I think pro
norls rosts with the Executive, and of
which he is a better judge than we can be
.veu if he should present I . us the full re
cord of his correspond i c und his orders.
If, moreover, .. fTi veu such orders to
the commander ol : iiat garrison, as being
published, would become the subject of
animadversion, perhapsof misconstruction,
our inquiry might result in an irreparable
injury to the public peace uud future hope
of those who look lorwaru lo an amicuuie
solution of exist' ig difficulties.
In every view of the case which presents
itself to my mind, it is utterly improper
that we should, under the existing circum
stances of the cuje, institute such an inqui
ry as this. It seems to me that gentlemen
who have arcucd on the other side through
out the whole debute -I do not mean this
moriiintr alone have constantly proceeded
on the supposition that the States belong to
the Government, and that the Army is
held by the General Government, as one
of its purposes at least, to control the
States. Surely such was not the intention
of those who framed the Government.
When the States divested themselves of the
nower to maintain an army and a navy
und E-uve it to the General Government, it
was that they might be concentrated for
the purpose of common defense; and if a
case wero to arise in which the Federal
troops wci u to be employed against a State
it would be a case of such palpable viola
tion of the spirit of the Constitution, and
the purpose of its grants, as would not only
justify that State, in repelling such ag
gression, to resort to any remedy within
its power, but would claim for its measures
of resistance tho co-operation of all true
supporters of the Constitution.
In the formation of the Constitution it
was not overlooked that a State might re
quire to exercise the military power which
had been delegated to the Federal Govern
ment. It was in direct contemplation that
it might be resumed ; aud therefore we find
in the tenth section of tbe first article of
the Constitution, in the second and third
clauses, provision made for exactly such a
case as would arise where the danger of a
State could net be satisfactorily provided
for by the Generul Government. Senators
here this morning spoke of this case as if
the garrison of Fort Moultrie wusin hostile
attitude to the city of Charleston ; if so, it
should be removed; the sito was given, as
the Army is maintained, for defense; who
will or can reverse the purpose .' The
States, when forming a more perfect Union,
agreed that they would not, "without the
consent of Congress," "keep troops or
ships of wur in time of peace." What
did that mean? Did it meun to divest
tho States entirely of military power?
Did it mean to say that the States should
never exercise any military functions? If
so, why did this clause of the Constitution
contain the words, "without tbe consent
of Congress ?" Is not tl' conclusion irre
sistible that it was foreseen that it might
be necessary and proper for a State to re
sume this power, and for Congress to give
it its consent to that change of relation ?
If there is anything more remarkable
than all others in this instrument, it is the
exactness, the accuracy, uud the appro
priateness of every expression which the
Constitution contains, they meant to
express something distinct in every sen
tence which was incorporated into the
solemn compact, by which sovereign func
tions were to be delegated to the General
Government of the States. These men,
fresh from the struggles which they had
made as independent States, when they
inserted a clause like this, certainly looked
to its exercise: and if a cuse should arise,
or has arisen, in which a State looks upou
tho Federal Government as its enemy,
when the troops of the United States are
viewed as hostile for' cs. and dread is tVlt
lest the power of the United States should
be used to subvert the liberties of the
State, tbe time has come when Congress
should withdraw its forces, and consent
that the State should keep troops aud ships
of war in time ot peace, and it need be,
enter into an agrac611 or compact with
Other States, aR of which they may, with
the pouspnt of Congress, do under the Cop-
stitution; and Hf actually invaded, or in
such imminent danger as will not admit
of delay," a State may, without tho con-
scut of Congress, engage in war; this being
a reserved ritrht, and the State the sole
judge of tho fucts which justify its exercise. ,
There is a passage in the second clause
of this tenth section which seems to look j
to another condition of things. The States j
having delegated the power to maintain j
an armv and navv.und divested themselves !
of the riirht to maintain ships of war and j
troops in time of peace, and provided that
"no State shall, without tho consent of
Congress, lay any imposts or duties ou
imports or exports, exeept what may be
absolutely ncpessnry for executing its
inspection laws," This, tak?n n con
nection with the other prohibition, sug
gests a condition of things in which
Congress might give its assent to a State
to lay duties upon imports and exports
iu order thut it might provide tho revenue
to maintain tho exercise of thut power
contained in the third cluusc; which is,
with the consent of Congress, to keep
troops und ships-of-wur in times of peace.
It seems to be a provision exuetly adapted
if not intended, to give security to a State
when distrustful of tho General Govern
ment, and to provide the means of defense
Vithiu the Union, which, as a separate
Statu out of tho fjnion, she would possess
to renel by furoo this iiiyusioji pf h'T rights
and the disturbance of her domestic tran
I trust there is to be bo coillisiou. I
trust that those troops are but to perform
the ordinary, and, so far as our own coun
tr'v is involved, tho peaceable function of
holding that fort until transferred to other
duty; but if there be danger, permit me
here to say it is because there are troops
in it, not because Uie garrison is too weak.
Who hears of any danger of the seizure
of forts where thoro is do garrison ? There
stands Forts Pulaski and Jacksou, at tne
mouth of tho Savannah river. Who hears
of any apprehension lost Georgia should
seize them. There uro Cstlo Pinckney and
Fort Sumpter, in Charleston harbor.
Who hears of any danger of seizure there
The whole danger, then, Mr. President,
(and it stands palpably on the face of tho
transaction. ) arises trom tne presence oi
the United States troops. Is the remedy,
- . t,
then, to increase the garrison
it is tm-
practicable to do it, if that were the reme
dy; and if it were practicable, 1 hold it
would only increase the danger. It
would only be multiplying the chances of
I think, altogether, it is much better we
should not make the inquiry; but leave the
Army, without our intervention, to he
commnnded by the President, as provided
in the V8titution: and. when events have
transpire"!, if then we choose to know what
the Executive has done, not to cmbarra-s
him in the performance of his duty, but to
sit in judgment on his conduct, it may he
proper for us to call, as well tot the corres
pondence as the orders given in the case; I
think not till then.
The Harbor Defenees of Charleston.
rl.AN OF FORT MOULTRIE.
Thctollowing is a rough diagram of the
line of fortifications:
B. New abutment commanding the ap
proach to the gate.
C. C. Old sally-ports, now closed up with
D. Portion of the moat already finished.
E. E. Kewly erected bastionettes, coin
manding the moat.
F. Furnace for preparing hot shot
G. Powder magazine.
This is an enclosed water battery, bavins a
front on the South, or water side, of about
300 feet, and a depth of aliout 240 feet. It i
built with twiwjnt ms! a-saBag an&ics on an
sides, and is admirably adapted for defense,
either from the attack of a storming party, or
by regular approaches. i he outer and inner
walls areol brick, capped w ith stone, ana una
in with earth, making a solid wall 15 or 10
feet in thickness.
According to the Mercury, 170 men were
at work previous to its, abandonment Dy
the government troops in making improve
ments at this tort ; ditching it around the en
tire circumference, and erecting a glacis; clos
ing up the postern gates in the east and w?st
walls, and instead, cutting sally ports, which
lead into strong out-works on the south-east
d south-west angles, in which twelve poun
der howitzer guns will lie placed, enabling toe
garrison to sweep the ditch on tone sides
with grape and canister, ine norm-west
angle ol tne ion nas aiso ueen sirengineneu ui
a bastionctte, to sustain the weight of a heavy
gun which will command the main street of
the Island. The main entrance has also been
better secured, and a trap-door two feet square
cut in the door for ingress and egress. At
this time, tbe height of the wall, from the
bottom ol the ditch to the top of the parapet
is 20 feet. The ditch is from 12 to 15 feet
wide at the base and 15 feet deep.
The purpose of the glacis, which is an in
clined plane, is to expose an attacking party
to the tire of the guns, which are so placed as
to sweep it from tbe crest of the counterscarp
to the edce of the beach. On the north side,
all the wooden gun cases have been placed i
close together on the ramparts, apparently lor
the purpose of securing it against an escalade,
but possibly as a screen for a battery of heavy
guns. Field pieces have been placed in posi
tion upon the green within the fort anJ none
of the expedients of military engineering MM
been neglected to make the position as strong
as possible. It is said that the greatest vigi
lance is observed in every regulation at this
time, and that the guns arc regularly shotted
Major Robert Anderson, of Kentucky, who
is in command of the fort, received his first
commission as brevet second lieutenant, 2d ar
tillery, July 1, 1825, was acting, inspector
general in the Black Hawk war, and received
the rank of brevet captain August, 18.')8; for
his successful conduct in the Florida war.
On Sept 8, 1847, he was made brevet major
for his gallant and meritorious conduct in the
battle.of Molino del Bay. His force consists
of two companies of artillery. The companies,
however, are not full, the two comprising, as
vt s are informed, only about Seventy men, in
cluding the band.
This is a work of solid masonry, octagonal
in form, pierced on the north, east and west
sides with a double row of port holes for the
heaviest guns, and on the south, or land, in
addition ta -openinM fur un. luop-holed (or
musketry, stands in the middle of the harbor,
on the edge of the ship channel, and is said to
be bomb-proof. It is at present without any
garrison. There is a large force of workmen
some one hundred and fifty in all busily
employed in mounting the gunsand otherwise
putting this great strategetic point in order.
The armament of Fort Sumter consists ol 140
guns, many of them being the formidable ten
inch "Columbiads, which throw either shot
or shell, and which have a fearful range. Only
a few of these are yet in position, and the
work of mounting pieces of this calibre in the
casemates is necessarily a slow one. There
is also a large amount of artillery stores, con
sisting of about 40,000 pounds of powder, and
a proportionate quautitv cf shot and shell.
The workmen engaged here sleep in the fort
every night, owing to the want of any regular
communication with the city. The wharf or
landing is on the south s:de, and is, of course,
exposed to a cross-tire from all the openings
on that side.
Is located on the southern extremity of a
narrow slip of marsh land, which extends in
a northerly direction to Hog Island channel.
To the harbor side the so-called castle presents
a circular front. It has never been consider
ed of much consequence as a fortress, although
its proximity to tho city would give it import
ance, if properly armed and garrisoned. From
hasty observation we find that there are about
fifteen guns mounted on the parapet ; the ma
jority of them are eighteen and twenty-four
pounders. Some "Columbiads" are, however,
within the walls. There are also supplies of
powder, shot and shell. At present there is
no garrison at the post ; the only residents
are one or two watchmen, who have charge of
the harbor light. Home ilO or 40 day laborers
are employed repairing the cisterns" and put
ting the place generally in order.
The reader will bear in mind that this
description of the fortifications was written at
least two weeks ago, and that subsequent
events have materially changed the order of
things in reference to garrisoning and occupa
tion of these forts and the possession of the
Arsenal in the city.
Fium tile SoutJt Carolinian, Dec. 13.
The Collection of the Revenue in South
It remains to bo seen whether the Federal
; Government will attempt coercive measures.
! V does, before one month passes there will
' he war. South Carolina will do all in her
! power to avoid a collision, anu if no attempt
, be used to exact unlawful tribute of her, then
I We are disposed to think the question of the
possession of the forts can be settled by com-
: missioners. iut she will not permit either
tho blood or the treasure of her citizens to lie
drawn by a foreign government Mr. liueh
anan acknowledges the right of a people to
alter and abolish their forms of government;
also that their own peace and happiness are
the only touchstones to which the permanen
cy of government must be applied. The peo
ple of the sovereign States of North Carolina,
boutu Carolina, or ueorgia, in deciding upon
the continuance of any government which
rules over them, are not to consult the wishes
of Massachusetts, Vermont, or New Hamp
shire; if so, then they possess neither State
sovereignty nop independence. IJut if they
posses thp right, either through the Constitu
tion or through the Declaration of Independ
ence, or the bill of rights of the people of the
Several States, to change their government,
then it is an absurdity to say that they can
change it, but must yet pay tribute to the old
government, in which they claim no participa
tion by representation. Taxation and repre
sentation must go together, and when, by se
cession or tno lunuainenui ngni to eitange
government which lays at the foundation of
the entire American system, representation is
withdrawn, taxation must cease. Tho Con
stitution gives no power to the Federal Gov
ernment to resist the withdrawal of represen
tation by a Stata, and it could never havo in
tended to enforce taxation without represen
tation. Concert. The Miller brothers, at tho soli
citations of many citizens, have announced
Saturday evening next as the most conveniei t
time to give a Concert in this city.
The general favor with which they have
been received at other places, leaves no doubt
of the superior musical talent of these gentle
men. Population of tub Uhited Statks. It
is ascertained from the result of tbe recent
census that the population of the United States
amounts to about 3 1,000,000 ; making 133,000
the basis of representation. This is an inter
esting item to the future historian.
From tlie Southern Quarditth.
The Bight of Secession.
William Rawle, of Pennsylvania, published,
in 1825, a work upon the Constitution of the
United States. It was an able exposition,
and acquired a deservedly high refutation.
Commenting, at page 289, upon the clause
which requires that tbe United States shall
guaranty to every State a Republican form
of government, he says: "If a taction should
attempt to subvert the government of a State
for the purpose of destroying its Republican
form, the paternal power of the Union could
be called forth to subdue it.
Yet it is not to be understood that its inter
position would be justifiable, if the people of
a State should determine to retire from the
Union, whether they adopted another, or re
tained the same form of government; or, if
they should, with the) express intention of ac
ceding, expunge the representative system
from their code, and thereby incapacitate them
selves liom concurring according to tbe mode
now prescribed, in the choice of certain public
officers of the United States.
The principle of representation, although
certainly the wisest and best, is not essential
to the being of a Republic; but to continue a
member of the Union it must be pieaerved,
and therefore the guarantee must 1 so con
strued. It depends on the State itself to re
tain or abolish the principle of representation,
because it depends on itself whether it will
continue a member of the Union.
Again, at page 295, the secession of a State
from the Union depends on the will of the
people of such State. The p.-oplc alone hold
the power to alter their Constitution. The
Constitution of the United States is, to a cer
tain extent, incorporated into the constitutions
of the several States by the ct of the people.
The State legislatures liave only to perlorm
certairrorganical operations in respect to it.
To withdraw from the Union a me not with
in the general scope of their delegated author
ity. Page 290. But in any manner by
which a secession is to take place, the act
should be deliberate, clear, and unequivocal.
The perspicuity and solemnity of the a sM
obligation require correspondent qualities im
its dissolution The wer of the General
iwrmmmt nan not be defeated or miimrcd
1 an ambiguous oi implied seccs.on oi the
part of the State, although a see.'M.uu may
perhaps be conditional.
The people of tbe State may have tme
reasons to complain in respect to the acts of
the General Government; they may in such
cases invest some of their own ofli:em with
the power of negotiation, and may declare an
absolute secession in the event of their
Still, tne secession must, in eucn case, be
distinctly and peremptorily declared to take
i.l.i.... mi that event : all d in such case, (as in
the case of
r - . . . .
an unconditional scwnj
.... i 1 iL.
previous ligament with the Uni
leiritiinately and fairly AttfO
ion would he
ed. Bui, in
power. P. !
the people is the only movm
!)7. In no part ol the Lomuuu-
tion is a specific number ot States required
for a legislative act. It was foreseen that
there would be a national tendency to increast
the number of States with the anticipated in
crease of population. It was also known,
though it was not avowed, that a S ate might
withdraw itself. The number would, there
fore, be variable.
The whole of the a 1st chapter, from whKh
these extracts ase taken, is highly interesting,
and will reward perusual. D.
From the Contiitution.
An Empty Delusion.
It is commonly asserted by those who eith
er wish to lull themselves and their friends
intoa false security, or who de-iio wilfully to
conceal the truth, that the South having a
majority in the Senate, she need not fear any
injury from Lincoln's election.
Aside from the absurd fallacy of supposing
that a majority in the Senate, did it exist,
could be sufficient shield to the South against
all the dangers and calamities to which Black
Republicanism exposes her, it is obvious to
everyboly who examines the facts that no
such majority exists and that alter the fourth
of next March, the South, even should we, for
the sake of the argument suppose that every
Southern State remains in the Union, has not
a certain majority in the Senate. The Senate
is now composed of GG members. In the next
Congress, hy the admission of Kansas, that
number will almost certainly be increased to
68. Of these the fifteen Southern States,
even if none should secede and South Carolina
should send back her Senators, have thirty
members. Add Mr. Bright of Indiana. Mr.
Thompson of New Jersey, Mr. Rice of Min
nessota and Mr. Latham of California, Demo
cratic Senators from Northern States, and we
find thirty-four to be the numlier of th M on
whom the South could rely to shield her from
legislative wrong and injury. If we add Sena
tor Douglas, or Illinois, und have th- charity to
hope that he will act firmly with the party of
which, in days of yore, he was so brilliant an
ornament, we should find thiry-five friends
of the South against thirty-faur of her enc
mie, thus giving Mr Douglas the casting
Thus will the Senate be constituted in the
Thirty seventh Congress, which expire' on
the 4th of March 186:1. How will it be in the
Thirty-eighth Congress ? Is there no reason
to fear that black-republiranisin will fill the
places of Messrs. Bright, Thompson, Rice and
I .album ? Is it not almost certain that, with
the exception, perhaps, of Mr. Thompson,
whose State, alone of the free States, has par
tially stemmed the tide of abolition fnnnticism,
all the seats now occupied by democratic
Senators Irom the North, will I filled by
black-republicans, and that Messrs. Bright,
Rice, and I-atham will share the fstc of Messrs.
Bigler, Fitch, and Fugh ? Where, then, is
the fancied majority of friends of the South in
the Senate? When a black republican fhall
preside in the Executive mansion, hen black
republicans shall have clambered to the lnch
of the Supreme Court when all the civil and
military offices in the gift of the Executive are
filled with men of the same sable faith, are we
to expect that the Northern States which
now exist and those which will Roon spring
into existence from the swelling tide of popula
tion ceaselessly flowing westward, where the
rampant fanaticism of black-republican hatred
of the South now exercises uncontrolled away
and irresponsible power, will send Senators
Congress animated by love for the South sod
her institution V
Before Judge Sharkey, of Mississippi, at
tempted to persuade his fellow citizens of
Vicksburg that the "majority of friends of tho
South in the Senate" had the power to block
tho wheels of Mr. Lincoln's administration,
refuse appropriations, and defeat all objection
able Executive appointments, he would have
done well to have examined the cmi-osition
of the next Senate. Had he done so, we sup
pose that ho would not have in lulled in the
strain of false hope and dahaalvt promise
which marked his harangue, and ma le it ob
noxious to the severe criticism which it has
Collection of the Revenues.
The question is made in our commercial
circles, how shall a South Carolina ship carry
on commerce with foreign nations, alter Iba
Slate has seceded from the Union.
Wo take it for granted that the General
Government, after the secession of South Car
olina liom the Union, willnotatteir.pt, by
military force, to stop vessels going out or
coining into our harhor. If surh an atlrmi t it
made, it will be war ; and, of course, the qi.e
tion who are tho masters of South Carolina?
must be settled before any consideration of
our commercial operations can bo propeily
Suppose our harbors lo be unol slructed
what is the condition of our commercial rela
tions with other powers ? We will not hesi
tate to receive tbe ships of all other nati n- in
our port, free of duties, if such shall be the
will of our legislature, or with such duties
as tho State shall require. On tho other
hand, all vessels of other nations will 1 free
to depart from our ports Nden with our agri
cultural productions. The only difficulty
as to the shipping owned by South i amiinians.
It is not Urge enough to affect the commerce
of Charleston seriously, still it is entitled to
consideration and protection. Nor will the
difficulties, if any, be long only until a South
em Confederacy is formed.
As there will be no Collector of the United
States, with tho abolition of the United States
Custom House, and the State will appoint its
own Collector, why will not the manifest by
the captain of a vessel, made beloreour Collec
tor, and the clearance he shall receive, suffice
in foreign ports? Charleston Mercury.
fjr We learn from tho Louisville Courier
that the Hon. W. S. Featherston.Commissioncr
from Mississippi to Kentucky, arrived ia
Frankfoit on the 80th inst-
Tiia flasAT Piacovaar or ran Aoa Prof. 0. J. Wood
In the itlsc.iv.-rj of hie unrivalled Balr BestoraUve has
nferred upon mankind a lasting beneSc No such aov
-rrL;n remedy for all diseases or the balr has evar baen
discovered. Never known to fall of ecoomi Ikntti : all
that Is clamed Kir It, thousands now dally use It with In
finite advantage to themselves. Every day the rt.irW
tors receive letters unifying to Its mer U, end muni ra- .
ling the benefit resnlung from Its us
To those wb. are In that way afltcted. wo can torn-
uiend tbe Hair Reatora'lvo al a safi, a id relUM. re-aty
See tbe sdverlbMinent 1 1 another column, where'n wll
batons t testimonials from namtrous well known firaa
and ln.l'v.t'va. Oct IS 60. w A s-w ana,
SaaforJ's Livat Invimrator aal Catbartl
Pilis a vrj valuable madiaio. Heat ia. aiirar
UB.uien ia tar paper. marahM 'ow lj.
Blood Food I Bio
tuant in another aula ma.
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