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The evening times. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1895-1902, August 25, 1902, Image 2

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1 1ThE
F t 1
I Statistics Statisti sand and Description Descriptionof r
of Locomotive Con Construction
struction in a Decade DecadeGREAT
Yastly Heavier and More MOteCostIy Costly En Engines ¬
gines Necessitated l by > y Increase of ofTrain
Train Load LoadMost Most Important Period Periodin Periodin
in History of Their Development DevelopmentOne
One of the must t interesting c t the therecent thececent therecent
recent publications of the Census Office Or1 < e eIs
Is a bulletin In n which is contained a ahistorIcal
historical historIcal sketch of o the manufactuw I of ofsteam 0
steam railway cars in this countrr count The Th ThJuUella
tiulletia traces car construction rom romthe romthe
the early days of 0 the past astc c cntury < ntury JIltUrywhen nturywhen
when the first st stage coaches coaebeswerc were placed lacel lacelu
upon u n flanged auge wheels and a run upon rrrJtai rrrJtaitracks l ta tatracksa
tracks tracksa a such speeds that they could couldnot
not compete compete with the vehicle vehicle drawn over overicckY
iccky icckY rcads by by horses to thu th present presentperfection csent csentperfection
perfection of car construction cc combin combinlug cabin
lug every everyposstbie possible convenience to tray trveers
elers eers t lers except suitable ventilation fcr ferthe
the cars This subject bect is still awaiting awaitingbya awaitingbl
by bya bl a master mind whose abilities will willbring ilr ilrbring
bring to him and his descendants a re rewarli
vard ard of perpetual competence cOr1petenceThis <
This everincreasing comfort of oftrayel
travel has been seen n conducive to an n nnprece nnprecedantM enprecedenied
denied passenger travel travel which amount amountcd
cd in 1900 1 to a passenger S 1ger mileage of of1COO000OM f
1COO000OM miles Had that tha distance dist 1ee 1eetraveled
traveled been teen equally divided among tie t1eentire ie
entire population pOpulation of the couatry eoutr it itwO1ld It Itwould
would have amounted to a journey journ y of DCis
S is S s for every inhabitant of the theitates
Itateaetch Itates Itatesetch itatesetch
etch as prepared tI8pare by the theCens1s theCens1sd Censjs Censjsd Censisd
d published In bulletin form Is isi
Railway i Y Invented in England Eaglandj E 1g4nd 1g4ndjdiWjy
j jdiWjy iftsray Iway was the iaveEiicn isveatic n of orW 01athat
SijllJjjjjiEfat athat i Oss leader tOeoWledge lie th 1
W JaJfe3giewle4ge < knowledge oWledge of C the h Jiiial c nl nlfi
Ji f fi ESe power of steam m was first ArKi
i ad first rst applied to o locsmo locamos mo mot
i s itee t s of cars for roi trSBspo traasportatlon tatlon tatlons L
aci as s far back as is the year yearctRIhIph y i
ctRIhIph et Ralph Allen cosstraeted a awhich awdeh L 1
which was clearly the fore foreae forejthe
S jthe ae freight car of today todayam today1irs todayrt
am 1irs rt passenger car was con conB cona1SlL
B a1SlL 1S14 It consisted simply of ofef off o I
ef f a a stagecoach mounted OB OBvJ 0111rame oi I
vJ S iraae frame with 1th flange i wheels oit It Itftl Itl 1 t
ftl l 1 that the stagecoach 3tagec ch s seel should shoulded I
ed as a model for in it the thece thi he hece S
ce o travel had been i3 lest lestV4Hoped ios st stsv t
sv V4Hoped veIo oped ad it was alsa als a aeceaoiay aeeen t
eceaoiay eeen osony > > IY tor the stage ovfo ovforae o ome
rae ne railroad promoters prem teS aDd aaded aDded aa I
ed their elr displaced vehicles ito itowebes to toeBes t I
> webes webesw eBes eBesfiItj
the w Stockton and Darlington DarlingtonItttlKBgfiwl Darftngtont 1
ItttlKBgfiwl ic was was opened ot onedceeiears ri d and andCMrt KI KIceelerswtth
t CMrt ceelerswtth ceeiears ars witbjaae with one ne passeUger passeUgerr passece J SS r rre i
00 r re rn regularly The Th coaefc coaefcpatronized ceaebMUOJllzed p pS i
S patronized for a time bat btKD ho hoN
N i B novelty relty wore ore off o the faster fasteraches fastC3tches aste
aches seh carried the passengers passengerslnne PastelgeI1iil PastelgeI1iillIne I
lnne lIne to America in 3827 3827ailway 18 1 1allway
ailway system which had its itsEBglaad itsE it a aEDgland
E EBglaad glaud was quickly adopted adoptedUnited adoptednlted a
United nlted etted States In 1827 a crude crudewas c01dewas crud e
was constructed between betweenv a i
v 7 S and Boston for the purpose of oftraD5 of oftransporting c af f
traD5 transporting rtIDS granite for Bunker Hill Hillmonument HIUmonument HI I ImonumeeL 1
monument The Delaware and Hudson HudsonCanal HudscnCanal a i
Canal Company ia 1SSS l 1S opened opend a road roadtrom roadfrom rca rcafrom d ad j
from H Honesdale D 8dale tt t ICarbaooa Carbandate 5 Pa a adistance adistance 4
distance of sixteea sixte miles over which whichthe whichthe whic k kthe
the first locomotive was ran 1UD in 1 this iMscountry thisc thi 5
country countryAbout c ccuntr ccuntrAboat untr untrAbouttJle =
About AbouttJle the same s sat metlme time theSouta Car Carolina Carolina ca cadma ¬
olina Railroad was begun The first firstdivision fir I t tdivision
division of the Baltimore and Ohio road roadwas roadwas ron d dwas
was opened in ISM It was waS at first op operated operated o ocrated ¬
erated by horsepower but steam loco locomotion locoIllotion loecmotion ¬
motion was substituted In 1832 As Asearly Asearly l a aearly
early as 1840 a a welldefined system of ofrailroads orraUroads I Irailroads 1
railroads had been established in New NewEngland Xe a aEngland
England and prior rior to 1846 the Pennsyl Pennsylvania PennsYlvania I Ivania ¬
vania and Reading was in operation operationrunning operationrunnIJg 5 5running
running to the coal fields of Pennsyl Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Penneyvania ¬
vania By means of these and subse subsequently subsequently subs subsquentiy ¬
quently constructed lines the Atlantic AtlanticStates Atlant Ic IcStates c
States were put in close communica communication communication L Ltion ¬
tion with the vast mineral supplies upon uponwhich uponwhich upc upcwhich a
which is based the industrial and com commercial commercIal consnercial ¬
mercial development of the country country1n
In America the changes in car con construction 1onstructloIlhaVI or oretrictiofl ¬
struction structloIlhaVI iavje been marked The Theftrst Theftrstimportnt first firstimportant ri riimportant
important modifications were made madenecessary madel1ecessary ma manecessary
necessary by the speed developed in inthe inthe I Ithe
the locomotive With increased speed speedthe speedthe spen spenthe
the light cast iron wheels first demand demanded demanded dernarned ¬
ed attention The shape of the tread treadand treadand tree L Land
and flange ange was developed by Knight KnightEdgar KnIghtEdgar
Edgar and Winans developed the thechilled thechilled ti ticbtlled
chilled features eature and Davis altered thedisposltian the U Udisposition
disposition of the metal and introduced introducedinto introducedinto introduc introducInto
into the cast iron wheel a wrought iron ironring ironring Irc Ircring
ring thus perfecting > the chill and andstrengthening andstrengthening ar arstrengthening
strengthening the wheel wheelGreat wheelGreAt wheelGreat
Great Speed Sp d Necessitated Stronger Strong r Cars CarsThe CatsThe Cai s sThe
The light unsteady cars easily easilyadapted easllyadaPted east IT ITadapted
adapted themselves to the unevennese unevenneseof uneVenneS6of 55 55of
of the theroad road but the new uewcondltloJ conditions S of ofspeed ofspeed ofspeed
speed demanded a stronger rail raUa a more morestable morestable moi re restableear e
stable stableear ear frame tramea a flexible truck and andlmpravement ax nd ndimprovement id idjxnprovement d
improvement in ° brakes Indeed the de development deve d e eveupment ¬
velopment ve pment of the the locomotive la locora omOtive tive has neces necessitated neces necessllated nec C Celtated ¬
sitated a scientific development of the theentire the theEntire U se seentire e
entire railway system systemAdaptation systemAdaptation systemAdaptatlon
Adaptation to circumstances has haschanged haschanged b as aschanged s
changed the rail from the rude wooden woodenstringer woodi woodistringer °
stringer stringer with a piece of oCstrap strap iron spik spiked spiked ept epted ¬
ed along the top to the present refined refinedsection refinedsection refin ad adseetlon 4
section of steel whose every dimension dimensionangle lmensionangIe In Inangle i
angle and an curve are exactly suited to tothe 0
the tremendous strain it has to bear bearuIn
uIn In 1SK Boss Winans of Baltimore Baltimorebuilt Baltimorebuilt e ebuilt
built three long cars each ec capable CDVoible of ofseating atseating ofseating jj
seating sixty passengers With these theseoriginated theseoriginated the se seoriginated e
originated the American passenger ja eo car carof carot C ar arof ir
of the present pr nt day da and to Winans is is
due the adoption of cars with longer longerand lon lone er erand orand sr
and more stable frames having bogie bogieor bo bat le leor le e eor
or swiveM SWIY81isg s fourwheeled trucks at ateach ateach ateach tt
each end endHot endo4 en enot
Hot o4 ot Dirty and Uncomfortable UncomfortableThe UDJomfortableThee UncomfortableThese
The Thee cars were a marked improve improvement ImpravemeJ1t e emeet ¬
meet upon the old coach yet they nave navebeen havebeen ha ye yebeen e
been aptly called combinations of in inconveniences Incooentenees I a aconveniences L ¬
conveniences Until late in the fifties fiftiesthe fiftiesthe fifti fiftithe
the springs were made of India tndiarubber tndiarubberThese rubber rubberThese rubb rubbThese
These were unsatisfactory because of oftheir otth oftheir f
th their jr tendency to harden with age and andgradually andgradually a ad adradunlIy < i
gradually they they were replaced by steel steelsprJngsbe sU iel ielspr1ngsrhe jj
springs sprJngsbe The cars cars1ad had ladaaraised so raised roof ro Dr f
The windows W1Pd6wsw wtnddwswere were re glazed lAai1n iased In solid without wit with without Is Isout ¬
out aaysep ary any5h because be beca atlse ise of the fear tlr that thataccidents thatnecldentSwould th at ataecIdentocW t
necldentSwould accidents would surely reIy follow should shouldthey shooldthey shot lid lidthey Id
they bej0p be beepned ned The ttethodsof methads o1vent1 o1vent11atfon yentl yentllation von II IIlatlon I
lation supplied UPPU aa abundance a1 undanee of dust dustnd ist istznd it
znd nd d cinders The lighting was poor poorSThe po poi sr srhe r rfrhe
SThe he heat was supplied by castiron castir on tit
stoves sto stothe ves which broiled those who sat near nearthem
2 them the m while they failed to warm those thastwho thoseo
wl who wh o did not notThe notThe notThe
The proper ventilation of cars Is a aproblem aproblem aoblem
pr problem prtor oblem that has not yet been satisfac satisfactorily satisfactor11y satisfaclly ¬
torily tor tormu lly solved The successful system systemmust systemmust systemst
must mu st at all times supply a sufficient sufiiclentquantity sufficientquantitr sufficientantity
qij quantity qulo antity of air without creating a draft draftlowering draftlowerIng draftwering
lowering lo lodu wering the temperature or admitting admittingdust admittingdust admittingst
dust du duab st cinders smoke or gases Prob Probably Probably Probly
ably ab ly the best system provides for the theadmlssian
admission ad mission of air from the exterior of ofthe otthe ofe
the th adth thhe e car to to steam pipes where here It may ma be beheated 1eheated beated
heated he ated before it reaches the interior interiorThe InterIarThe interiorThe
The demand for adequate lighting lightinghas
ll has ha s resulted in the adoption of a num number number numr ¬
b ber he hear r of different systems Electric Elec ric lights lightsare lightsar
are ar e clean cool safe and very cry desirable desirablebut desirablebut desirablet
but bu buru t in their present state tate of develop development de developent elop elopment ¬
n ment ru ent they are too expensive exp nsie for general generaluse generaluse generale generalBetter
use us e
Better Freight Cars CarsMany Cars18ny CarsMany
Many 18ny of the dangers of the old plat platform platform
ft form fo rm buffer and coupler were elHnri elHnrinated elHminated
n nated na ted by the patents of Colonel Miller MlHerIn
ir in 1867 but It was not until after the thedining
dining di < jj ning car was introduced in traduced that the 5m 5mportance importance
portance po rtance of a safe covered passage passageway p passageay ssage ssageway ¬
way w ay came to be fully full recognized recogn zed This This Thisneed
n need ne ed was met by Mr Pullihan Pul iah in his hiscstibuled
yestibuled v vri cstibuled train traI n which whiehnctonly not notonly only pro proTIdes
T vides ri des for the convenience and safety of ofthe ofthe ofe
tl the th e passengers while going from one car carto carto caranother
to another but at the same time fur furnlshes
nishes ni sbes a buffer extending from platform platformto platformroof
j to roof thus producing one of the best bestantitelescoping bestantitelescoping besttitelescoping
a antitelescoping an anle features and greatly greatlylessening greatlylessening greatlyssening
1 lessening le ssening the danger to human life In Incase incase
c case ca se of o collision calUslonThe
The brake with its ronderful devel development
opment op ment from the old hand brake to the theair theair ther
aia a air ai r brake patented by b Westinghouseand Westinghouse Yestlnghouseand
a and nd the modern coupler which is the theresult thesult
r result re sult of countless experiments and ande
over ° ov e er 6590 patented pat nt d inventions have haveeliminated haveeUminated haveiminated
eliminated el iminated many of the dangers dangersoC of o the theold theold thed
0 old ol d methods and devices deicesEtch
Each year shows a marked Improve mpraIft mpraIftment
n ment m ont in feature featurecontribqUng contributing fo to die diecomfort
c comfort co mfort and safety safet of the passenger passengerand pliLsseng r rand
and a nd in providing cheap speedy regu regular regu11ar
11ar lar ja r and adequate transportation in cars carsespecially carsespeclally carespecially
e especially e adapted to the needs of the thepublic tbeubiic theubiie
j public s ubiic
The Vcstibuled V Train TrainIn TrainIn TrainIn
In the construction of freight cars carsth
t the th ho change has been equally marked mark markMasy
Many M ans devices for the protection of life lifeaad lireIUtd
aad a nd property have hf1V been readily adopted adoptedThere adoptedThere adoptedhere
1 There T here is a 1 general tendency toward tawardspecialization
E specialization s No longer are grain grainbeef sminbeet graineef
i beef b eef fruits and oil shipped in the same samekind samekind
1 kind k ind of cars The transportation of ofallous
i various v rIous kinds of products productsbas baa called calledlate into JDtOooing
1 being cars peculiarly adapted to each cach cachclass
class c lass of freight so that scores of dif dJtferent
ferent f kinds of cars are cow construct constructed
eP ed e d to meet the demands of shippers shippersPerishable S
Perishable P articles are now conveyed conveyedIn I
in I n cars which insure their theirpreservatIan theirpreservatIanThe preservation
The tendency of the changes in the themodern th I t
modern m odern freight car is toward increased Increasedweight I I
weight w eight strength size and convenience < onvenlenceIn
In i n developing these qualities steel has hasbeea 3 i
been b een used In some cases to replace replacewood replac I
wood w ood and in other cases steel plates platesbae 3 i
have h ave been used to strengthen woodenconstouction wooden woodenconstruction S t
construction c Ten years ago the steel steelear stee tecl teclear I
ear c ar industry was In its Infancy but its itsgrowth it itrowth a i
growth g rowth during the decade has been phe phenoxnenaL phenomenaL pheomenaL
noxnenaL n At present pr ent tie Pressed Steel SteelCar SteelCar Steear
Car C ar Company of PIttsburg Pa using usingin usingIn I In I
in i n the manufacture of Its product over over6Oi ove r
1608 i 6Oi tons of steel a day Y9 is the thelargest thelargestsingle largest t t
single single consumer c sumer of steel in Inth the WorldIncrease world
Increase of Train Load LoadThe LoadThe Loa
The economy of heavy loading has hasbeen basbeen ha haeen S j
been b een Indisputably proved According to tofigures ti ct ctgures >
figures fi gures of the Industrial Comm omriifslon sion the theaeragetrain th 0 3
average aeragetrain a train load for the United States Statesas Statesas I
as a whole increased from about 175 175tons 175tons 17 S 5
tons t ons of paying freight in 1S90 iS9 to 2435 2435tons 2435tons 243 5
tons t ons in 18SS 189The
The movement toward combination combinationbegan combinationbegan 0 0egan 3
began b egan among the railroads earlier than thanin thanin tim a an 1
in i n industrial lines and s nadd > adg ad possible Pos8lblethrough ioMb1 e ethrough z
through trains by which goods goo < Sco could ld be beshipped b bshipped D
shipped long distances rapidly and at atlow a aow
low l ow rates ratesThe ratesThe
The changes that have ha taken place placein placeIn plac e ebusiness s
in business methods have T been > een largely largelydpe largel I
due to improved methods of ottransparta ottranspartation ottraneporteion transporta transportation ¬
tion t ion The traffic of railroads has become becomethe becomethe ethe e
the greatest single business businesSf ever VX VXned Vmcar Vmcarrled ear
ned on in the annals of f the world all allother aU aUother a Il Ilother I
other business contributing to swell its itsvolume Itsvolume It E0 E0volume s
volume It has h s become one of the great greatest greatest greatest ¬
est factors in changing the conditions conditionsof L Lof
of supply and demand and revolutionlz revolutionlzing revolutionizIng t tIng
ing the habits and aspirations of man mlnkind L Lkind
kind kindThe
The service of railroads In the United UnitedStates UnitedStates Unite UniteStates
States may perhaps be best shown by bythe bythe h 1 y
the statement that during 1900 the pas passenger passenger pa I Isenger
senger mileage amounted a unted to upward of
160600008 miles a Journey of 211 211mUes 21 21miles l
miles per capita for the population o othe ot otthe f
the country countrySATFIELBS conntryu conntryuHATFIELllS conntryllkFIEbB8
Recruiting Officers Picking PickingUp PJckingUp Pickin p 0 0Up 7 3
Up Men of Feudal Fame FameSaggested FameSuggested FameSuggested
Suggested That There May Be Trouble TroubleIf Troub le leIf ig
If Consigned to the Same SameVessel SameVesse1 SameVessel
HUNTINGTON W Vs Aug 25 2 2there If li lithere lf
there Is not serious serious trouble in Uncl UnclSams UncISa Unc UncSams
Sams Sa s navy na > y at an early arly date ft t will be bea bea 1 1a
a mystery to West Virginians and Ken Kent Kex x xtixekians
tuckians tuckiansFor t tixekians tixekiansFor ek11ns ek11nsFor
For a week past naval recruiting recrultJngot recrultJngottieers of o f fdeere
Seers have been here to enlist recruits recruitsand recruits recruitsand a aand
and dozens of sturdy young y ung men have havejained ba v vJoined
joined jainedSaturday JoinedSaturday
Saturday Perry McCoy of Pike coun county coin 1 1ty s
ty Ky grandson grand on of Old Ran RanMcCoy RanJocCoy Rar 1 1fcCoy
McCoy enlisted and wluiln an hour hourlnse hou r rame
Anse ame Hatfield a a grandson of Old Devil DevilAnsc De I Ia
Anse a son of the notorious na 9rio 3 VCap Cap Cat
Hatfield appearing and was accepted acceptecalso accept to toBoth IQ
also Both mon were in the recruiting recruitingroon recrulti sg sgroom ig
room at the same tlm time > o end tn the naval vi 01Pcers c Ii IiPeers i ¬
Peers were not aware tha they repre represented rcpr e eseated j
sented the noted families of feudal fame faraeuntil fameuntil far no nountil le
until an m hour aftrward when they were wereinformd wereinformd we re reinfornid e
informd by b newspaper reporters It Is Isthe Isthe isthe
the universal opinion here that these theseyoung theseyoung the se seyoung e
young sturdy mountaineers will have haveto ha Ye Yeto e
to be consigned to different vessels or ortrouble ortrouble Ir
trouble in the navy na > y will result resultDeath resultDeath dult dultDeath
Death of Lee Girl Accidental AccidentaLCoroner AccidentalCoroner
Coroner Xevitt thin morning Issued a acertificate acertificate
certificate of otccldental accidental death In the thocase t he hecase
case of Mary Catherine Lee the seven seenteenycarold sets a ateenyearold
teenycarold colored girl who fell fellivavtwtaml felloverboard Ii Ill Illoverboard II
overboard ivavtwtaml from trfim the + > i steamer nti arn r Jan Jane Moco Mgi r05e r05ely 1C 1Cly 2
ly on Saturday night and was drowned drownedTh dTlth d
Th Tho body of tho girl has been removed removedfrom remov ed edirom id
from the morgue to the home of her herptrents lx ir erparents
parents 2017 017 Seventh SeventbStrcot Street northwest narthwestTh northwe st stThe t
The Th funeral arrangements have not yet yetbeen y et etbeen 3t
been completed com Ieted
i F History H istory from Stage Coach CoachDays CoachDays
Days to Modern Vesti Vestibule VestibuIe Vestibule ¬
bule Trains TrainsWORLDS TrainsWORLDS
P Passenger Pa ssenger Mileage During D np iyw iJW xp > Was i I6ooocoooo
600000000 or 211 Milas for Every In Inhabitant Inhabitant
habitant of Country CountryMost Most Important ImportantRecent
Recent Inventions InventionsThe
The Census Bureau issued ssued today tod y Its Usbulletin
bulletin bu lletin on locomotives It embraces embracesfun
full fu ll statistics of locomotive building buildingand
aj and an d a description description of all the improve impraements
m ments eats In construction during the past p st stdecade
decade decadeThe decadeThe de cade
The number and value of locomotives locomotivesand locomativesand
a and an d other selfpropelled seU propelled engines rQanu rQanufactured m nti ntitacture
f factured fa ctured in 1900 LIs Is is shown In the follow foiIow foiIowIng
ing Ing in I table
Number uriiber Value alue
Total eo 13500 4S027SSO 4Oi7SOitomottvee 27SOO
L Locomotives LocomotivesSteam Locomoti Lo tomottvee tomottveeSteam es esSteam
Steam 2831 2 2t 20053518 Si i 8
Compressed CiIRIIJnsacdaiT air 55 11550 115502lectric 115S022SS071 11550Electric > 2 2t
Electric t 135 1 2SS071 2SS071Trsctioa
Gas 5 5000 5000sassoae m
J Trsctioa Tretioaengines Tr setio engines engin 1 613 6132 < U32 sassoae 63Siol6otor
5io Motor otor to vehicles liclis Icles h 4182 4S9Sm 4S9SmMSgSl 4899 < < S
Sj c St t i reed rollers roIlcl iso MSgSl 345SSlThe
The second table gives the statistics statIsticsof
o of locomotive 10comot1 > e works in 1SOO compared comparedwith
v with w ith 1SSO
Number umber umber1ro
1000 1ro increase
i E Establishments Es EsCa tablishments 18 S 9 9i
i C Capital Ca pital u 40S137 l0S13789 Osl IB ii6e97Cl4 16 lM9 721V U Uf
O Officials fficials clerks etc 73 38 419 419Salaries
49 49Sl
Salaries Sl Sa iario3 02196 eiie6ear 1 sSSOW t tWaeemr
f Wagee Waeemr w ear rnw WOW 190 Sm 31Total
Total T otal wages wg wsge S103KfS14 10S6U 1O896614 22021 22021Men 22O2126 22O2126Men 21 21I I
Men e 1 If years esre 18S2J ISs 31TS 31 31W
I Wa W Wages es Je 10SM02S ioS5 + tes 21 l lI 260 I
I Weiaea Wom 16 yer years v aw 10S5tIS 1 1Wa
I Wa Wagee ae e SSS SSSChildren tSS
Children Cidea 514 n 1ST 1STWagw 1 18
Wagw 44663 SB5S3
Wag 108 5
I 3 3JUeiianeotis 1t 1tC i ice1laneoe la expenses ep nse 1300341 1331 8VT66 87T90ost t
C Ccst CGt C ost of o materiaU mtcrl materials20174365 0174385 145 tO853C5I 853653 8
Value V alue ol ff products 35202045 352 < WS OS 5l03i6C 102S6 O OLmtive C
Loceaotives Lmtive I puc
Somber Stb 277 240 274056 058 3 3 366 < Ja JaValue
Value Yalo 27121033 10 736830 736S X eS eSOther
Other Othe O ther products prt 8037335 O 29iTc9i 2 tll tllI 17G 1 1It I
It I will wlbe be seen see that there was a ccfe cc ccsiderabc
siderabc si derabe increase in the value of loco locomotves
r motives motves m otives during darng the ten years The 2409 2409locomotives I
lov I locomotives lo comotives built bult in inl8Q 1890 bad an anaerge anaergevalue average I
T value alue of o SS19 55199 S1S9 while whilt the 2774 4bm built at atlocomotive at E
I locomotive lo comotive works work in in 1900 190 averaged 9777 9777in P77
i in n value vlue an increase in reaseof of 51578 1575 578 or 192 192per 19 19per I
j per p er cent This increase is due in part partto prt prtto pari t
t to o changes canges in size and construction constructan The TheIncrease I
1 increase ncrease in number of locomotives locomatve built bl1tin bull I
I In n 1980 190 compared with Wih 189 1891 189j appears to t tave
1 have h ave been due ue to the foreign tOleig demand demandthe demandthe demande
t the th e number exported exorted in 1300 10 being beingcompaed 525 521ompared
c compared compaed c with wih 151 15 in 1890 an increase increaseof Increasf
c of o f 354 33 The Te absolute increase Increasebelween Increasebelweenthe between
t the th e two census cenus years yeas as a shown In table tablewas tabl a awas
2 was 365 365Table 265Table 6
Table Tble3 3 is a summary for locomotive locQmoUvework S Sorks
T works work w orks by States Sttes 1900 1900Pennsylvania 1900Pelva 1900Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Pelva Leads Leds f fPennsylvai I IPennsylvania
Pennsylvania Pennsylvai led in the manufacture manufactureIn manuacture manuactureIn i r
j In i n 1900 190 with wih 432 43 per cent Cfnt of the total tatl tatlvl tota 1 I
value vl v lue e of products In I 1S90 S90 the State State Stateati Stateatir also alsoled lso lsoled 0
led l ed In value alue of products product with 446 H6per H6percent per percent pe r
cent c ent of ot ofthb the total New York was ws second secon secondwith
with 27 7 per cent New Jersey was third thirdthough thirdough I
1 though ough there were onir oni two establish establsh establshment etab1lshmenta
i ments ment in the State StateAs Stte StteA
As A a result esult of conditions condlons which have havenecessitted bay bayecessitated e >
necessitated necessitted n the practical practcal reconstruc reconstructlon reconstructon reconstrucion
tlon ton t ion of the te railroad rairaad transportation traspartation sys systems systems ¬
tems t exas of the t United UnfedStatesa States Statesa a work eyeLI still stillin sUl stl LI
in I n progress progess and nd Jikely Ikely to continue fdr tormany fd r f
many years yearsthe the period between 1SQ l lS lSane q qa d
and a 1900 UO was probably the era eraof of most mot motnotable mos mosnotable
notable development in locomotive lacamUve con constructon cotstruction
struction structionLarger structon structonLarger structionLarger
Larger Engines ELgne Necessary Necessarys Necesat
In transportation transporttion as In Ineery every other otherbranch otberbrnch otbe otbebranch
branch brnch of Industry the he tendency has hasbeen be bebeen
been toward larger operations opeiaUo necessl necessltating necessitating I Itating
tating the use of more powerful pawerul appli appl appliaaces
ances of every description descipUon The prob problem I Ilem
lem has been as a in manufacturing manufactung to toproduce toprouce I io i
produce prouce the greatest geatest possible result resultwith resul resu It t
with wih the smallest smalest expenditure ex endituro of manual manuallabor manuallabor manut il illabor 1
labor This is shown in the continuous continuousincrease conUnuousIncrease continuotincrease s
increase In the size and capacity capacty of offreight offreight i
freight cars cs requiring more powerful powerfullocomotives powerfullocomotves powerfi ill illlocomotives
locomotves locomotvesIn locomotivesIn locomotives
In 1890 18 a freight car cr with wih a carry carrycapacity carl carryl carrylcapacity > g gcpaciy
capacity cpaciy of 0 60000 600 pounds was deemed deemedadequate deeme deemeadequate a
adequate adEquate for all al ordinary requirement requirementbut reulreme t tbut
but In ten tn years the tb limit lmit has lieen lieenincreased bee on onincreaed n nncreased
increased increaed i to 100000 1000 pounds while wble cars carsof crs crsot cai caiof
of even greater capacity have been
geater capaciy con constructed canstructed cotstructed ¬
structed This increase has been made madepossible madepossible ma Ic Icpossible
possible through the substitution substtuton of steel steelfor steelfor ate a j I Ifor
for wood in the construction CIJstrcton of freight freightcjirs teignt teigntThe freig freigc1rs
cjirs The application applcaton of the air brake braketo bral e eto
to freight cars has permitted permite freights to totravel tl I Itravel J
travel with wih safety at higher rates ratesspeed of ofspeed otpecd
speed ago pecd than were practicable practcable a few years yearsago yearsago yea re reago
Extensive Exensivt Reconstruction Reconstrcton ReconstrctonTo Reconstructionro
To meet the use of heavier rolling rollingstock rOlng rOlngstock rollir ig igstock
stock especially espcclaly locomotives locomotves and the theincreasing theincreaing ti Se Seincreasing
increasing increaing speed of trains it has be become become hi Is Iscome ¬
come necessary in recent years for the therairoads U se serailroads e
railroads rairoads to undertake u dertake extensive extensie recon reconstruction recn recnstuclon reco a astruction ¬
struction stuclon involving Involing the laying of 0 heav heavier heavIer hea V Vier ¬
ier rails rais and of a a firmer frmer and better beter bal ballasted ballasted ba 1 1lasted ¬
lasted roadbed the strengthening of ofsteel orsteel ofsteel
steel bridges or their replacement replacemcnt by bymasonry bymasonry I ty tymasonry y
masonry structures and the elimination eliminationof elminaton elminatonof m mof n
of curves and grades gdes approved Ipproved or ordeemed I ordeemed r
deemed unavoidable by earlier earler engineers engineersHigher engineersHigher 5 5Righer J
Higher Speed Possible PossibleConcurrent PossibleConcurrent PossibleConcurrent
Concurrent with wih the Increase In the thecarrying thecaring ti ito itocarrying e
carrying capacity of freight cars there therehas therehas the ic ichas e
has been a reduction reducton in the length of ofcars ofears ofears j
ears used ued for the transportation transportaton of ofcoal orcoal ofcoal
coal and an of Iron ore This shotenlng of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the wheel base bae has ha resulted resuled in a con concentraton co n ncentratlon
centratlon centraton of the weight in a manner mannernot manne mannenot rcana on onnot
not taken into consideration consideraton when most mostof mostoC nso et etthe
of the railroads rairoads now in operation operaton were wereplanned wercplane we rc rcplanned
planned plane and constructed constructedAll constructedAI
All AI the changes mentioned mentoned together togethervll togeth er erwith r
with vll the demand for Signer IIgher rates of afspeed ofspeed if
speed In the passenger service have havegiven ha ye yegiven e
given great great stimulus atmulus to the develop development develo I
ment of a locomotive locamotve having havin greate sreatertracUn great greattractive ICr Cr r
tractive > power and capable of running runni rig rigat g
at higher rates of speed than those the SC SCmanufactured
manufactured In 18SO 1890The 1390The
The most mast Important features of this thisdevelopment ti tie tiedevelopment is
development may be summarized summaried as asfolows asad is
follows folows A marked Increase increse In size and andweight andweight a ad id
weight with increased increaed tractive tractve power powerand powerand posi posiand er
and speed the use of larger boilers boilerswith boUer bolie rs rswith s
with wih thicker shells Yhels larger fireboxes flrebozesand fireboxesnd firebox ss esis
and < nd increased increase grate area made neces neccssary noct is 3
sary by the demand for higher high r steam steampressure steamfresUre stex stexresirtire Ire m
pressure resirtire and great geat steamgenerating steamgeneratingcapacity steamgeneratng steamgeneratngcapaciy ateamenerati ng ngcaparityl S
capacity capaciy economy concmy in the use of steam steamby Stea Steaby tenmby n nj
by compounding and a d tho substitution substtutan substtutanof substituti substitutiof
of steel castings castnEs for wroughtiron or orIron j
iron castings cstngs for ar several important Impartantparts imports importsparts Int at
parts partsI It I is difficult to measure in exact exactI ext extterms tct ct
terms the Increase in weight of loco loo loomotves lot to o
I motives motves since 1890 Some figures taken takenfrom taIt toen en n
from the records recrds of a single locomo locomotive Iocozr to o
live establishment estblshent may be accepted aceeDt ad d
however as fairly representative repreentaUvc In
1390 18 the tbt average Ierage weight of the locomo locomotives loeomote locomotAtes ¬ 1
tives te built in this plant was wa 92000 92000pounds 920 92000pounds
pounds punds for the engine alone exclusive exclusiveof C exclusiveof CIUSi
of the tender tenderIn tcnkt
In 1900 10 the average aerae weight for f forSante r rsme r
same sme establishment etblshmnt and on the same samebasis sme smebis samebasis
basis bis was 129090 19t pounds punds an increase of
3700 3 37 0 000 pounds taunds or 402 per cent the theaverage theavenge theerage
average avenge av avtiv erage weight of o the complete locomo locoinotlTe locomotve locomoe
tlTe tve tiv e including incluing tender t ndcr at this same sameworks
works wo woto rks was 153534 1S5 pounds or 793 short shorttons shorttous
tons to ns
Exceed Exce d zooTons loTons Weight WeightIany
Many Iany locomotives loomtves exceeding exceeing 1W 10 tons tonsin tonsin
in Inth weight have been ben constructed constrcted during duringtie duringt
tie t th thth e past pst ten years year The Te largest larget engine
thus th thor usfar far built weighed weighe about 133 1 13 engne engnetbus tons tonsor
or nearly 190 19 tons with tender and It is isnot Isnot ist
not no nono t safe to say s y that even this limit lmit will wi I
not no nome t be exceeded exceededProbably exeeeed exeeeedProbably exceededProbably
Probably the most Important Importnt Improve
m ment me et during durng the past ten years yeas in loco locomotve
motive motve mo tive construction con3trcton has been the Intro Introduction introctton ¬
i duction du duth ctton of the compounding principle in inthe inthe ine
lt ltn the e use of steam The principle prnciple Is not notnew notnew notw
n new ne < w even In this industry as patents patentsfor patent patentsr
tr for fo foin r compound locomotives locomotves were issued issuedIn issuedIn
In inan the United Unied States State as a early as 1S46 1846i 1346d
i and an an anin d an engine of this tis class was built buit buiti
i j in 1S67 186 it a t the Shepard Shepar Iron Works Buf I Ifalo
falo fa lo N Y Compound locomotives locomotves did
i n not no t come pounding the relative re1atv sizes sizesI
I a and an d positions positons of the cylinders cyl ders being beingvared
v varied vared va vabe ried according accoring to the aonditlons IndlUons to tobe
b be met by the engine or the Ideas of the thedesiger
designer desiger de < sIgner and builder buider or of the pur purchaser purchaser puraser ¬
chaser ch aser While Whie in marine and stationary stationaryengines stationarygines
engines en gines the compound principle has hasbeen
been be en carried caried with success and economy cconoqy cconoqyto
t to toin < three and four stages of expansion expansionIn eXPlmdon eXPlmdonIn
I In the use of steam it has not been beenfound beenfo beenund
found fo und nd practicable practcable to go beyond two twostages twostage twoages
s stages stage st ages in compound locomotives locomotivesGrowth locomotves locomotvesGrow
Growth Grow of Exports Exports
The following folowing table shows the exports export
of ° locomotives locomatves in the past divade divadeT dl ade adeSu
i Fi T scal 1 Nest Su Valr Valrl Val Valr aI aIars
ye ars r b ber no
1 l5 15 10 161 1tS0606
S 9I 25 l2f 2112566
l j li Of r 197 1717715 i 1
i 3gf 18 98 19S 17W709
1SW ls 15 94 9 U2 10 12 14 1itO 10iS3S8 13 I 025 380
189 6 tie 2378519
1 ISM IS O 261 26 j 2312 2512170 23 SlCiO 70 1 I
J 31 07 333 3255531
JSHS 11 5 95 483 J 3SS3719 m
J S9 i 517 473748
J 18 00 0 S5 552406 552406The
The Te report says saysAmerican sys sysAmeican saysAmerican
American Ameican locomotives locmotive have 1ae found foundtheir
t their th eir way wnyinto into all l parts pats of the world worldhavIng worldaving
j having h aving proved their superiority over overoery
every o very type of foreign forei locomotive loomotive wih wihwhich withhich with withwhich
which w hich they tey have been brought in com competition com comptton cornetition ¬
1 petition ptton p etition The large export eport trade Is due dueto
t to several verl causes While Wle the efficiency efficiencyand eIcIency eIcIencyand
and a nd the excellence eceIence of material materal and andworkmanship andworkmanship
workmanship w of the American Amercn locomo locomotlve locomotve
t tlve tve fi ve are important importnt considerations considertons locornoI in inmany inmny it itI I
mny many n inny cases caes questions of price and andspeedy andspey ant antpeedy I
speedy spey s delivery delver have been the determin determining deterin deterinIng determing ¬
ing la g factor In
factr Building nUlding large numbers numberS
i locomotives ocomotives with
loomotve wih perfect Interchange Interchangeablty
t ability ablty a of parts part and embodying labor laborsving
saving sving sa ving machinery of the highest effi emclen
c clency clen c Y American Amerl n manufacturers m nufacturers have
i been ben b een able to construct engines at lower lowercot
cost cot c oSt and In less time tme engnes than any other othexuilders
builders buU b ers In the world wrd and the placing placingof plcng plcngaf 1
of o < f many large foreign orders in I the thi x
i United Unied U nited States Stte has ha been due due to these thesefacts tb thiI st stacts I
t facts f acts alone aloneBIGGEST aloneBIGGEST
Head Hed of Police Po1ce Department Departent Back BackFrom BackFromFishg BackFrozFishing From FromFishing a
Fishing Fishg Trip Tp in Excellent Humor HumorMajor
Major rajar Sylvester Syleter returned to Washing Wahing Wahington
ton t on latfe la last night from froman another ther flying fiyln
J Jdp trip t rIp to t Harpers Hae s Ferry Ferr whereilie wh fehe fylng spent spentyesterday spentyterday spec
yesterday yterday y with wih his hs family fmy fh The b major majorwas majorw maJoas specr r
was w as highly elated
w over a fishlnf trip tripwhich tn p
w which hich he took yesterday yesteIday morning as nhe nhemae he hemade Ii e
made mae the champion catch ctch of the Ferry Ferr F
bb by b y landing from the river a 5pound d
1 bass bassThe bss bssThe b ass rver
The catch of the major was the thetopic th
topic t opic of the town discussion dlscu n yesterday yesterdaymarning yesterda yesterdamorning
morning morningThis morningThis
This Is morning the the th major was wabasly busily basil y I
engge e ngaged in superintending the moving movie I
of o f furniture into new Police Polce Headquar Headq
Report Repor That ht Kennedy of the te Tenth Has HasBeen Ha is isBeen I Ieen
Been een Offered Ofered Big Baseball Baeba Position PositionEtlward Postion PositionElward I
Elward Evans the th superintendent superntendent superintendenthe of I Ithe
the t he National Natonal Bureau of Criminal Crimnal Identi IdenU1 IdenU1teaton I Iicatlon
fication teaton f arrived arrve in Washington this thi s 8morning i imorning
morning after ater an extensive visit to his hs hsI hshomf hi Is Ishome s I
home homf In Chicago Chicgo Ill Il One of Mr M Evans Evani 9
brothers brother has been ben exceedingly ex eedlngly ill i but hr it t
Is now much Improved Mr Evans Evan s
father fater Is I Cantain Evans of o the Chicago Chicagopolice ChicagopoUc Chinai o
police poUc force one of the beat be t inown anown aow po pi o I
llcemen lcemen of the West WestRichard WestRichard I
Richard Hoover clerk clek at Police Polce head headquarters I Iquarters i iquarters
quarters is i acting actng as private secretary secretax 7 y
to Major Sylvester Sylv ter during the absence absenceof absent IC ICEsesee e
of Edward Ewad Eessee who Is at Atlantic Atantc Atlant Ic Icaccompanied
City accompanied by b ils Is wife wle on a ten te in
days vacation vacton vactonDltectve vacationDetective
Detective Dltectve Sergeant McNamee has sone soneon got one oneon ie
on an a eight days vacation acaton tip trip to At Atlantic Atlantc A t tlantie ¬
lantic lantc City accompanied accomp nle by his family tamly Tarnil 1
The Te change chnge of climate clmate it Is thought thoughtwill thoughtwil It Itwill
will wil do do him good gao as he has ha been in inpoor Inpor Inhealth
poor por health healh of late lateDelectlxe lateDetEctvo lateDetective
Detective DetEctvo Sergeant Puck Ptck sill t tomor tomorrow tamorrow tome r rrow
row go away on < n his annual raciiiUis TaCil Ac Accompanie A a acompacted
compacted companie by his family famiy he will 11 rpei spend spendhis p nd ndthe d dthe
the tme time visitng visiting aiatlrer atvt I In Ylrgnla Ylrgnlahi a abts
his hi native natve State StateExDetective StateEDetave StateHiDetective
ExDetective EDetave Serg Serstnt Sergeant < jnnt George < Boyd Boydwho Boy yd ydwho d dwho
who for several months mantls has ba bten bt de detaied d 0 0tailed
Tailed taied at the Emergency Hospital Hospitl will wil wi Iii Iiileave
leave Washington Va hington shortly for New York Ye rk rkvisit
lo 0 visit his is brother br brotherBicycle ther thermeycie
f fBicycle
Bicycle Policeman Polceman Adams of the theTenth theenth ti tienth
Tenth enth precinct accompanied accompnied by his hisw1e lx lxwlie
wlTe w1e and son sn will wIl leave lee Washington VnsbingtontomorrQW in intomorrow i
tomorrow for a ten days outing at At Atlantc A t tlantlc
lantic lantc City CityPoliceman Ci C1t C1tPoliceman
I Policeman Palceman Robert Schroff Schrof of the theTenth theTenth t he heTenth e
Tenth precinct precnct leaves Washington on ona onI rnfive
a five fve days trip through New York Yorkbcrs Yorktate Yo rk rkstaLe K
I staLe tate toay today accompnied accompanied b by th tht mem memI met n nbcrs
I bcrs of his family familyI fam familyThe
I 1 The Ninth Inth precinct < i utenant utenantDaleys tInt tIntDleys rens nt ntBaIcys lt
I Daleys Dleys command seems ems to o be bl buffering iiri f ng ngrem ig
Irom rom hard luck of late lateflr for a number riintberthepolicemen of ofthepolcemen
thepollcemen thepolcemen are confined confne to the beds bedsAmong bet
Among those who are sick ick are a Palire Paliremon Pjie Pjieron Plitimon e J
mon ron Bradley Brdley Thomas Tomas Markwood M rkwood and QndWison a nd ndWilson id
Wilson Wison Desk Dek Sergeant Sergent Half Rolf and Ser Se r rgeant rgeant f
geant Wright WrightMounted WrightMounted Vrichtounte
Mounted ounte Sergeant Sergeant Hartman of the theXinth t lie lieNinth e
Ninth precinct precinct has ha left the city ciy on an n a anine
nine days vacation vacaton to visit vigi friends friends in InOld inOld
Old Virginia VirginiaRumor VirginiaRumor
Rumor has hs It I that Big Bg Dick DickKennedy Die k kKennedy
Kennedy of the Tenth precinct has hasbeen lx as asbeen ls
been offered offer6 a position pition with the Na Natonal a ational
tional tonal League Liabe as first frst baseman at an anexcelent anexcellent Ln
excellent salary salarySecretary
excelent sJary sJarySecretar <
Secretary Secretar Shaw Returns Returs RetursSeretary ReturnsSeeretary
Secretary Seretary Shaw of the Treasury re returned returned i e eturned a ¬
turned this morning to his desk after aft icr icran sr r ran
an absence of a couple or days In the theNew he heNew le
New England States where he was en engag a agaged i
gaged gag In making Sato political pol tcal speeches Mr I lr IrShaw T
Shaw looks well wel He declined declned to talk tlk tlku ti ilk ilkout Ik
aoout u out his trip tip
S Solicitor SclQtor Sc licitor General Wires Wire There Is Ifo IfoTruth NoTruth o oTrth
Truth Trth in i the Story StorySolicitor StOI StorySolicitor n nSolcior
Solicitor Solcior General Generl John ohn K K Richards Richardsdenies Richardsdenies Richardsniesthat
d denies de niesthat that he intends to resign resig his po position poslton ¬
sition slton sit Ion and fprnj fOfI a law partnership with withAbner withAbner withner
A Abner Ab ner McKinley brother of the late latePresident latePreside lateesident
p President Preside Pr esident t McKinley McKlnloyThe McKinleyTe McKinleyThe
The Te story tory was published pUblshe here last lastFriday lastFriday lastiday
Friday Fr iday and gained gaine general circulation eirculationTo elreulaton elreulatonTo
To a friend frlen in this city ciy General Rich Richards Rc1 ¬
a ards ar ds has wired as follows from fro Ply Plymouth Plyouth ¬
mouth m outh Mass MassNot MassNot MassNot
Not a word of truth in the story storyabout stor storyout
a about abautthe ab out the resignation and partnership prtnership
This was In reply to a message mesage giv giving glvg ¬
jr ing g him the purport purpor of the publication publicationand JubUction JubUctionand publicationd gv gvhim
ai and an d asking asking for a statement statementPERSONAL sttement sttementPE statementPERSONAL
Mr 1r W F Gude president of the theBusiness the theBuslnesg theusiness
B Business usiness Mens fenr Association Associaton has rc rctarnod
n tarnod turno tu rned to the city ciy after afer an enjoyablevls enjoyable enjoyablevisit
v visit vls vi sit t to to Asheville Ashevie N C with the Na National Natonal Naonal ¬
tj tional tonal ti onal Association of Florists Porsts and Or Ornamental Ornamental ¬
n namental aa mentai Horticulturists Har lculurlst The party partyspent p ty tyspcnt
S spent sp ent one day 4ayinspecting inspecting Biltmorc Bitmore them the themagnificent
a magnificent m gnlfcent estate estte of Mr George Van Vanderbi
Q derbiit derbiitMr derbi derbir de rbilt
Mr r Plimpton Plmpton B 1 Chase has manager Dnag r of ofChases ofChases
Q Chases hases popular ppular theater returned returne to the theoily te teoly
Qi oily oly ci ty today much refreshed refrehed by hIs va vacation ia ¬
cation cton ca tion at Mountain lIot1taln Lake Lke Park Pak Pakis Md MdMiss f
Miss is Raso Herman of this city ciy and nd ndMr
Mr M r Milton MlonR R Ney ey of Harrisburg Harisburg who ho hower
were wer w wL v ere married Saturday by the Rev DrLoull Dr
L Louis Loull ouis Stem Ster before a large assemblage assemblalc assemblalcot
of ° friends at Freunds have left the thecity thecity thety i
city ci ty for a tour to r of the Eastern Eater cities citiesMr cites citesI citiesMr
Mr I E A M f L Lawson Lwson who has ha been beenattending 1
attending atending at tending the convention convc nUon of the Interna International Intera Interalonal ¬ I
tl tional lonal onal Typographical Tpogaphical Union la CIncIn CIncInnatl Cincinnat
C natl nat ati has returned much pleased plese at the
f success su ccess of the Washington Washingon delegation delegationin delegationhaving 1
I in having this city named as the con on onventlcn
V venticn city for next Tear ytr Mr Lawson Lwson
I Is president president of the Northeast Northest Suburban SuburbanCitzens
C Citizens Citzens C itizens Association AssociationDr Asacf Ian IanDr
Dr Douglas Dou 1s Mqlntyre M lntre of the Wash Wah Wah1ngton
Ji Jngton in infa gtOn Asylum Ayium Hospital is i visiting vislng his is isfather
f father fa ther at the tbeold theold old home in South Caro CaroUna
1 Una Una UnaDr Il na
Dr E C Rice and an family faBy have hvere hvereturntd re
t turned to the city ciy They spent three thrcaweek thrc thrcee
week w ee ee1c at a Nantucket Mass and made
mae maeshort
a short stay In Lowell owel Mass Ma8 at tht th thhome
home h ome or Mrs rs Chris Chis Holmes Holes a slstc slsteot slstcof
of ° f Dr Rice Ri e eM
Mr M James James A Stratton accompanied accompaniedby aeompanle aeompanleby <
t by y his daughter dauSlter Miss Is Irene Irne Stratton StrattonIs
i Is spending a few days ai a Virginia Vignia
T Beach B each and a d Old Od Point Comfort From Fromthere Fam Famther
l there ther they will wi go to Providence Poldence b b7 b7teamer
s teamer aacj visit Isit Boston and ad Newport Newport1efor
before 1efor h eforo they th y re rcurn return urn to the te city ciy Mr MrStraton
S Stratton Straton S tratton Is i one of the valued employes employesof
e of o f the t1 Civil Cvi Clvi Service S lce Commission Comission ComissionMr
Mr Singleton L L Cooper of at 701 701Twentysecond 701T 01
Twentysecond T enlysecond Street northwest has hasCone hasono hasone
Cone g ono to Stafford Strtor County Va V tobrlns tobrlnshome to brnt bnlng bnlngome
home h hh ome his Jittls Uttl < son soD sons and daughter who whoBave whotave
Bave h ave beea qec summering with relatives relativesHe relatves relatvesHe relativese
He H e is expected ep cted home about September 3 3Mrs 3lr
Mrs lr J P Chapman Chpma timekeeper tmekeeper at atthe atthe st
the City Postofflce Postofce has ha returned from fromher fromher
her h er vacation vacaIoa ca loc and 8n is i again agin occupying her herdesk
desk d esk In the tb office ofce of Postmaster Postter Mer MerrItt
ritt rItt rIttGeneralSpa r itI
General GeneralSpa GoneralSparildlug Spatildlng dlng Assistant slstt JSecre ecre ecret
tary t ary of oCt ofthe the e Treasury Tr r who has hB beenab be n b b5ent
sent s ent on his vacation vc caUonreturned tIon returned this ths aft aUeroon at t S
eroon e ernoon and spent a short time in his hisofce I
office ofce o rnce at t the Treasury Treasur Department Dprmet Gen Genel Genml y
era el c ml Spauidlng Spuidlng says he feels well wel and ad adstrong ant I
strong s
strong strongIss
Miss Iss Sanger of the office oIce of the Chief ChiefClerk CieC CieCCerk I
Clerk Cerk of the Postofflce Department Dprtment this thismorning thismornIng C
morning returned reture to her duties at the thetypewriter thetpeVrter thiypewriter
typewriter tpeVrter t ypewriter and the shorthand s1orthand book bookafter bookafer
after afer an absence of four months spent spentat spentat spentat t
at the shore and in the mountains mountainsBRIEFS mountins mountinsBRIEFS
Miss nss Susie Harvey of Langdon Lngdon is isvisiting isvIsitng It I
visiting vIsitng at the fann farm home home of her unclet uncletCol ucle ucleCol uncld
Col Truman Trmn Cross court cort clerk cerk of oCPrlnc orPrinci Prince PrinceGeorge I IGeorge i
George county county Md MdMr MdMr
Mr Carl C rl E Gundlach and wife wie and an antheir I
their daughters Misses Bertha and andS andSsle Su
sle have hve returned retuned to their suburban suburbanhome sburban sburbanhome I
home at Langdon Lngdonafter after a two weeks weeksoutng
outing outng at North Chesapeake ChesaIake Beach Bech BechMr
Mr FInley Hayes and ad family of ofLangdon ofLngon o f
Langdon Lngon are enjoying their annual annualmonths annualmonths anton antonmonths I
months vacation vacaton at Colonial Beach BeachMrs BeachIrs
Mrs Irs John ohn Hapgood Hapgco has returned reurned to toher t ther
her Langdon Lngdon home after afer a two weeks weeksvisit weeksvisit
visit in Virginia VirginiaMr VirginiaJolr
Mr I J Baker Ba r and wife wie Miss iss Lula LulaBaker LulaBker Luli Lulia a
Baker Bker and Mr Ir Reed Ree Baker Baktr after afer aftermonths a amonths amonths i
months sojourn in the White Whie Moon Mountains oun ountains ¬
tains returning r t rnlng by steamer stemer from Bos Boston Boston ¬
ton to Baltimore laltmoJ have returned returne to their theirpalatial theirpalatal tbel
palatial palatal Langdcn home homeMr homeMr
Mr Wilton Witon Harvey and wife wie Dr J JA JA I
A Dickinson Dckln n and wife Ue and and Mr Ir T L II IIPatterson HPaterson F
Patterson Paterson hnd wife wie of Langdon Lngdon had a afishing afshing i
fishing fshing outing outng at Chesapeake Ch C pke Beach Beachduring Hachduring Ileac Ileacduring h i
during the week veekMr week weekMr
Mr E A 5 M Lawson Lwson of Langdon Langdonpresident Lngon Lngonpreident I
president preident of the Northeast Norhest Suburban SuburbanCitizens Subrhan SubrhanCiUzen n nCitizens i
Citizens Association AssocJaton was was one f cf f the tlievictorious thevictorIous tli C CI i
victorious District delegation clegton that tt vis visited Is Isied I ¬
ited ied the International Internatonal Typcgrapnical TypcgrapnicalUnion Tpgapnlcal TpgapnlcalUnion TypograpalciUnion ii 1
Union end secured seure its next convention conventionfor conventic a afor 1
for Washington He returned returne highly highlyelated highlyelated I Ielated r
elated with wih their successful efforts effortsProminent erorts erortsProminent
Prominent Passengers Pasengers Arrived Anved ArriveAmong
Among the passengers passenger who arrived to today today t
day on the steamer Zeeland from Ant Antwerp Antwerp Antwerp L ¬
werp were Dr G Henry Henr BIckley Ilckley Le Legrand Legrnd L
grand grnd lowland Harry Harr KaUsh Kallsch W W WRenwick V Vi 1
Renwlck Henry HenrI C Savage R R C Stew Steward Steward Stesiard i
ard Mrs JlT Monroe W V Tingley Hon A L LTompkins
S Tompkins W J 1 Tovrne and Phlneas PhlneasRudlsh PhineasRudish Phinet Is IsRudish s
Former Forer Washingtonian Washingtoian Dead DeadNEW
NEW YORK Aug ug 25 25WIUam 25WillIam William P p 1 G1I G1Ilette Gillete GI I
lette lete a former Government employe employeWashington at atWalhington it
Washington Walhington died die here yesterday of ty typbold t r rphold
phoid fever He was the son of the late lateRev Ia Ic IcRev e
Rev Dr Abraham D Gillette Glete and was wasborn wasbor wr is isborn s
born bor fiftysix years ago in Philadelphia PhiladelphiaAt Phiadelphia a u
At the outbreak of the curl clvI war he en entered ci citoned 1
tered the service serice of the commissary commissar de detartment di dipartment
partment tartment and after the close of hos hostiUes ho hotilitles
tilitles tiUes was transferred to the clerical clericalrolls cleric lercal lercalrols ai airolls
rolls rols at Washington At t the time tme of his hisdeath hisdeath h is isdeath
death he was a amember member of the Colonial ColonialClub ColonialClub Coloni al alIc
Club and of the New York Athletic Athletc AthletcClub Atblot AtblotClub Ic
Club Walter Waler R Gillette Giete survives him blmPorrit lxix U UPortatit
Portarit Porrit Painter Pater Coming Comng Home HomeLONDON HomeLNDON
LONDON LNDON Aug 25 25on John Sargent SargentA R RA IL
A the American portrait painter who whoIs wi Ito Itout
is now touring tourng In Switzerland Swizerad will wi visit visitthe sit ut
the United Unied States In October Octob r He has lx lxrecently as
recently recenty completed compl ted a portrait portrlt of Mrs Mi rs rsChamb 8 8ChambOrlain
Chamberlain Chamb rlaln the wife wle of the colonial coon1l coon1lsecretary coloni ai aito j I
secretary which Is now on its is way wayNew to toNew °
New family tamly York in charge clrge of members member ol 0 her herfamily hertamly ii er erfamils r
Land L and Forces in Charge of ofGeneral ofl oflGeneral
General Mac lacArthur MacArthurLANS lacArthurPLANS Arthur ArthurPLANS
Use Us e of War WarBaoon Balloons and and Other OtherSi Signal SignalCorps SigalCorps al alcor
Corps cor g Instruments Istents to Be Fully Fuly Test Tested TestedMimc Tests Testsed7tlimic ¬
ed edMimc ed7tlimic Mimic Contest Conte Begins eg at Long LongIsland I IIsad
Island Isad IsadThe IslandThe
The defeat of Commander Commander Pillsbury Plsbur In Inhis inhis
his hi s attempt 9tempt to enter Salem Sal m Harbor and andhold andhold
hold ho ld it against lnst the ships of Admiral AdmiralHigglnsons AdIral AdIralHfggllson
Higglnsons Hfggllson HI gginsons s fleet feet was anticipated antCipated by na naval
val ea l officers amcers here Commander Comad Pillsbury Pis bury buryIt
It is generally believed was too severe severely severely severehandicapped
ly handicapped by the limited lmited area of ofthe orthe
the th e defending line lno the slowness slownes of his hisships hisshIps
ships sh ips and the small smnl number of o ports portswhich pert portshich
which whlch1nder w hich tinder the rules he ie was was as permitted permittedto perited
to enter ntr ntrIntercstnow
Interest Intercstnow now centers in the Joint man maneuves
e euvers euves eu vere in which hich the army and navy navywill nanwi navyll
w will wi wi ll take part and which are to begin beginFriday beginriday beginiday
Friday Fr riday iday August Augst 29 The army and navy navywill na nawlmeet navyll
w will wlmeet wi ll meet in mimic combat at the cast casteI casta
e era eI er a entrance entance of Long Long Island Sound SoundTest SaundTest SoundTest
Test New rew York Defenses DefensesFor Deenses DeensesFor DefensesFor
For the first time since the country count
became becme be came a a recognized recgn1e military miltr power the themodern themdern theodern
modern mdern m odern equipment equlpm nt of its It offensive ofensive and anddefensive anddefenive andfensive
d defensive defenive de fensive forces will wIl be tested teted under
actual ac tual war conditions ondlton Preparations pre partons for fortne fOrtne I
t tne tne th e Joint jalt maneuvers hve have been carried carriedon carIed carIedon
o on by the War and Navy Departments Departent Departmentsr I
f for fo < r the th past pagtsl six months mant but today tody the thewhole 1
wco whole w hole matter has passed pased beyond the th
control co ntrol of oCthe the departments pepatent and is in the thehnds I
h hands hnds ha hafo nds cf the te Major Jor General MacArthur
MacArthurI acArtur acArturfor i
fl for fo r the army and Rear Admiral Higgin HiginI HiginIson 1 1son
si son so n for the navy navy This Tis will w1 be a a week weekof wkof 1
o of the most farreaching farre cing importance imp r1 nce and andinterest
interest itret in inre terest to both of the services The Theresults Thereult I
r results reult re sults of the maneuvers mneuver are ae expected expectedto extedto
to show In the most conclusive manner mannerwhetEer mannerwhetlr
whetEer whetlr w hethhr or oruat not the defenses deftnses of New NewYork XewYork
York Y y ork are adequate and how efficient efcient are arethe arcthe
t the th e ships of war composing the North NorthAtlantic NarthAtantic
Atlantic Atantic A tlantic Squadron SquadronExactly SQuadon SQuadonExacty
Exactly Exacty what are the best bet f features r atue
o of the te war wa problem worked out by the theiincral theI
csncral iincral i neral boar dot < o the th navy nv is not known knownoutside I
o outside of the officers ofce in command but butit butIt I
oit H it Is expected that tht the method of at attack i
tack ta ck to be employed by Admiral Admral Higgin Bigginson Higginson
son so n wl will be a surrse surprise to t the army a The Thegeatet Theeatest
g greatest geatet gr eatest care has ba been taken to prevent preventthe preentthe prevenie
t the th e plan from reaching the array ary and not notuntil notuti notntil
u until uti ntil after afer the completion completon of the war wargame waxame
g game ame will w General Gene al MacArthur YacArthurbe be cog cognizant cognizt ¬
n nizant nizt no izant of the scheme used by his hi naval navl navloppcnet navalpponents I
opponents oppcnet o to force an anentce entrance past the theforgarding I
forts forgarding fo rtaguarding guarding Long Island Sound SoundAll S SoundAll Id IdA
All A Guns Gu to Be Used UsedIt UsedIt Usedit
It has ha often oten been b en claimed clahnc that the de defenses defense denses ¬
fenses fense fe nses of New York are ineIcent inefficient but butaccording bt btaccording butccording
ae according a to t military mUt officers ofcers of promin prominence praml ¬
ence ence e nce such Is i not the case Ce One Ole of the theprimary 1 1prfma1 1 c crlrnary
primary prfma1 p objects ObJecto of the coming cming maneuvers maneuversfs i ito
l fs to testthe trut truth or falsity fasity of their theirassertion eir eirMaerton i issentioa
a assertion Maerton General GcneralRndolph Randolph chief of ofartillery ofartmer 01 01rtillery
a artillery artmer and a member of the maneuver maneuverstaff maneuverstf maneuveraff
staff stf st aff of General eneral MacArthur MacArtur has directed directedthat drected drectedtht directedhat
t that tht hat every ever everyguxl gusr grof o of no nomater mailer what whatcaliber whit whitclber whtlaliber
caliber clber c be fired ied at least leat once during the theprogress theproges therogress
r progress proges p of the te maneuvers maeuvers Every part partof pail ar I If
c of o f the Intricate inticate mechanism mechanim of the thelage large I
j 10 1 0 and 12Inch 1lnch guns bns will be b tested under underactual underactual r rctual
a actual a ctual service conditions cnditon The Te maneuv maneuvers maxzeuvns aeuv aeuvers ¬
e ers e ns are expected to settle once and for forall to toll or oral
all al a ll the long dispute over the usefulness usefulnessof
of o f the range rge and position pasiton finder tndernaw findernow novr in inuse InUse ii S Sse
use u se at all of the seacoast seacaat forts fortsTo fort fortsTo
To Test War Balloons BalloonsThe Baoons BaoonsTe BailoonsThe
The Te many ma new inventions and discov discoveries discoverIes discoyries ¬
ca eries c ries adopted by the Signal Sigal Corps ore orealso ae aealso ar arlso
also a lso to be given gen a atrial trial during durng the man maneuvers maneuvers manuvers
eb euvers e uvers of this and ad next week week The Te war warballoon warbaloan Wa Waalloon
balloon baloan b will figure gre very ver prominently promlnenty by byheralding b beralding
heralding h to the keeneyed artillery arller of officers offcers ofcers ¬
ficers fcers fl cers the approach approah of the enemy eemy For Fo r rmflei
mli miles mflei salQng along the coast in the vicinity i if ifLong f foxi
Lm Long i L oxi Ig island Isltnd a constant anstat watch wi will be bemaintained benlntained lx e
maintained nlntained m by the te Signal Sigal Corps for the theapproach theapproach th c cpproach
aR approach approach a of the formidable formiable fleet under underRear underRear r
Rear R ear Admiral < dmlral HIgglnson HIggnson Long Lng distance distancetelephanes e
telephones t constructed cancted for the sole pun purpose punose ur urpa5e
pose p ose of the maneuvers maneuver will w11 be In con continuous continuoul coninuou
tinuous tinuoul t inuou use uSetelegaph telegraph wires will Illfsh Illfshto flash flashto fias fiaso
to t o each e hcammandlnb commanding officer ofcer at the va various a arious ¬
rious n ious forts early Intelligence of
Intellg nce a sue suspicious su suelcious 5 ¬
picious p lcious vessel and balloons baloon5 of huge < li limensions I Iimensions
mensions will wI hang over the te sea se all allalong allalong aI Il Illong
along a long the disputed dsputed coast line lineSECTION lineSECTlr lineSECTiON
Mr F R R Horner Hore of Brookland Braokland has hasbeen hg hgbeen ha haeen
been been b een informed Infarme by the Commissioners Commissionersthat Cmmissioner Commissionerbat
that t bat the the request made by him and others othersthat othrathat other otherhat 5
that t hat a water main be laid in Providence Providencetrtet providencetret rovidenc IC ICtriet
l trtet tret Brookland Broakiand cannot be granted ganted In Intblr Inthdr 1 n nh4r 1
tblr t letter leter to him hl the Commissioners Commissionerssay COissoaers COissoaerssay 5 5ay
say s ay that it is contrary vnr < r to the policy pOlcy policyhe of afthe f
the t he authorities authorites to lay water water main where wheresewer sther stherSc Sc Scewe
sever sewer s ewe facilities facites do < 0 not exist existIt exist existIt
It appears that the part of Brookland Brooklandreferred BrooklandreCerred d deferred a
referred r to as a well we as a large section sectan of ofthe oCthe St Sthe f
the t he District Dstrict In that vicinity fcnitr is on the theotber Ui Uiother e
other side of f a ridge the drainage of orwhich c cwhich f
which empties emptes into Maryland arland This sec sectlon seeion C Ctan
tlon tan t ion the Commissioners Commissioner say cannot cnnat be b bconnected I a aconnected e
connected with wih the present system of I if ifS f
sewers sewer except ecept by building a large trnk trnkaewer trunk unix Ie Iesewer S if
sewer at a aost cost of S 342060 54ZO 0 O to the Dis District Distrct Ditnict ¬
trict trct t nict The ComnJasioners CamnIssloner say that es estimates estmates et C Ctimates ¬
timates tmates of the cost of such a asewerlave asewerlavebaen sewer have havebeen has hasbeen e
been presented to Congress Congess but no nomoney nomoney t tmoney 0
money has ha been appropriated appropriate for the thepurpose thepurposc Ut te tepurpose e
purpose purposc Mr Horner Is further informed informedthat infore intone td tdthat f 0
that efforts erarshave have been made at different differenttimes diferet diferettmes differes it ittimes 1
times tmes to devise a plan pla to provide a less lessexpensive les lesexpcnsle let iS iSexpensive s
expensive system of sewers sewer but that thatthe thatthe tin It Itthe t
the contour of the ground gound makes It I Im Impossible impossible in inpossible
possible to accomplish accomplshtle the object obje t de denired de desired
sired except at great geat cost costMarriages cost costMarages costMarriages
Marriages Marages Licenses Lie Issued IssuedThe Isued IsuedTe IssuedThe
The Te following folowing marriage mariage licenses lcen5es have ha e
been issued today todayHenry todaynier todayReUt
ion nier ReUt L 1 Grnt Grant ad and Mary Iar E E Tay Ta I
Henry H nr Prince and Irene Banks BanksWison Banksj
J Wilson Wison Brown of Baltimore Baltmore Md Mdand MC i iand
and Cecilia Ceia Christian ChrIstan Richmond RichmendSmuc Va VtzSamuel
Samuel Smuc Phillips Phiips and Dorothy A ASpencer ASpencer t tSpencer
Spencer both of Baltimore Baltmore Md MdHAMILTOX Jold JoldDmD 51
ni niDIED
HAMILTOX lITSn On August t 24 1C 1 1602 < K at It Red Redwood Re Rc ii ¬
wood wo Connecticut Connetict Avenue vel4 D C ALEAT1IA ALT LEtTl LA
L 1 levinjff lovr daughter daughe of 0 Francis lnda E E ao and Mary lie ar 2
Hamilton laiton aged age sixteen sit n years ear and a seven sven month
Notice of funeral hereafter
funcrl berft r nil mlPEARSON nilPFhnO nilPEARSONEMMA
PEARSON PFhnO PEARSONEMMA EMMA V Y nee ne Lindsay Linds trite wif ef
Paul Pearson at 10 0 oclock oco a a m I to August 3
1S02 10 at residence reidence 213 1 X Street Stet northwest arthwet
Funeral Fnerl Tuesday Teay Anpust 26 2 1102 lO 110 ut It 11 11oclock lxncloek
oclock clok a 1 m m from frm residence len Baltimore Balimore and a ad
Sew York Yor papers ppers please plt p1tat copy ly ml m1SPECIL nil I ISPECIAL
MV MOFlC 34 OFFICES YARDS AND D DOCKS DCS will wHbe wHbecos willclosed be I
closed cos nil al day dy LABOR LBOR DAY D Y MONDAY O Dn SEP St
TEMDEE EE 1 1S02 10 J MAUHY MURY LRh DOVE Dn au252Ti9 au auii527
Fearful F Result Resultof of Trolley roHey Ac Accident Accdent Accident ¬
cident cdent at a Norfolk NorfolkNEGLIGENCE N rfolk rfolkNEGLGENCE rfolkEGLIGENCEOFA
NORFOLK NORLK Va Va ABg ag 36 Te The col collision collsion ccllon ¬
lision lsion lis lon ot two trolley troly ears er O on the Bay BayShore Bayore
Shore Sh ore Terminal Ten1 Railway Hnwy yeeterday 8eray has hasresulted hassulted
r resulted reuled re sulted so far in tb the thedsath dltiof deatli of three threepersons thee threersons
p persons pe rsons and there are probably prObby thirty thirtyfive thiy thiyfye thlrt thlrte
five fye fiv e injured injuredBoth InjuredBoth nued
Both dara ar were wee filled flle with wtk passengers passengersthe passengerse engers engersthe
the th e most of ofwhom whom war were Trees fro the te West WestEnd Westd
End E En d Norfolks fashionable f Sbl I bese section sectionThe sectionThe C UOD
The Te down train tlz the th motonaau mtoan of ofwhich o ofhich
v which w hlch caused cU the disaster dfue 6y byixis ifo lf negH negHgcace negl egll egllace
S1 gcace gr ace cc wa w was packed pCe pack ed with wlJ iiteseagers iiteseagersrMny sseagers sseagersy
rMny r y standing standingList standIngZist tnd n ysege
List Zist i of f the te Dead and ad Injured InjuredThe Ij rnjuredThe red
The Te dead de so g far fr are areW ale arev
W v S Yandell Yadell motormen motormenCharles
motOro x
Charles Chles B B Colden m motoninanLinwood motonaan motonaanLin an anLnwod
Lin Lnwod Linwood wood Fentreas Petr0getelve aged twelve 4011 ou n ot otMr orr
j Mr M I r R T Featress Fent e5 of OfH Hamilton Uto n Avenue AvenueThe AvenueThe A ue ueTe
The Te injured InUe are areMiss
Miss Mis Lillian LilUa Land Lnd seriously s J sly bruised bruisedMiss lruizediss iged
i Miss M iss Ruth Banks Ba 7 73 32 WM TV West t Braiabletoa BraiabletoaAvenue Eraxabletonvenue mbleton
Avenue A venue seriously seroUly hart hu Robert Pb B B Davis Davisknee DVi Davisnee
knee 1 k K nee te fractured fIO re James Jame W Whie WI 22 22Outten 2 22utten
Outten Outen ° utten Street Robert Ro R j
StJeet R pav pzvis avis 332 332Freemason a 391reemason
F Freemason Feemon reemason Street George Gerge Stephenson S
j 116 16 11 6 Church urch Street Stret Miss i5S Ea Ela EftStephea EftStephean Jhson Steiiaiea Steiiaieason Steen
son so e n 116 16 ChurchStreet Church Street very tbdJbgJh Iwdly hadJy feurt feurtHenry 1iqgtenry
Henry He H enry Taylor aeaip 3e wound Clara Clararedenick
wo Cra
Frederick Iiedercktigh P thigh and ana arbise bruised M Marnehe
Varnehe Varehe Y arnehe employs omploye of the Virginian
Pilot Plot P ilot arm arm ad and back bk badly bdly bruised brIe Vtrnian Mrs
Victor V ictor
Vctor Parks cut on forehead forebed not n sect sorJous st
ous ° her
051 son Victor
jr seven sn years yearsold ears earsola
old ol ° d slight slght concussion cancslon of the brain bin hat hatWHl ut utwHI
WHl w ill recover Mrs N M J 1 Osbome Obre Wife ife of ofaptain
C Captain Captin C aptain Osbome Osbre general gnerAI agent a Ent Norfolk Norfolkand X Nogfolknd Iolk f
a and nd d Western Westen Railroad Rlrad was imprisoned IprIsane imprisonedy
b by y broken wood wod and ad bad ha to be released reled releasedy
by b y the te use of an axe was badly shocked shocked31r shockedr
31r 3I lr r Corbln WaIler Waler sustained sutine a com compound consound < Om ¬
P pound ponn ound fracture fcture of the t nose no R R PASO Vtgeailer
Waller WaIer W ailer slightly slghty hurt Archie ArchI White WhlteEurfit Wte Whiteurst
h L Eurfit urst 197 10 Lovitt Lft Avenue AvenueJar area broken brokenThe brokenTe brokenThe
The Te Death Record RecordThe R RecordThe od
The Te following folowIng deaths for fortyelgnt fortyelgnthours foryeight fortyeightours
h hours ours were reported at the te Health Helh Department De Doartment ¬
p partment artment up to tl noon nao today todayWilliam todayWiim todayWilliam
William Wiim W Lelshear Lfhe 71 7 years yea
Johanna ohna G Meant Men 76 years years yetreWilliam
William Wllam McLaughlin MCUughln 7 70 < J years yea yearsCharles
Charles Charle Waltemeyer Walemeyer6 66 years yearsFrances
Frances Frnces A Towner 02 years yearsRalph yers yersRlph yearsRalph jr
Ralph Rlph P Howe Howe 61 6 years yearsrarah year yearsSansh
Sansh arah rh Logan Lgn 41 4 years yearsElien ye yearsElien
Elien H IL FOld 39
Elen I years yearsClUtoc year yearsClifton
Cltn Clifton M f BIgelpw 20yearB 2 30 yeas years yearsSurburnia t tSurburnla 5
Surburnla Subuia Carter Caer 26 2Gers 2GersGusie 2tLyears 2tLyearsGussie years yearsGussie
Gussie Gusie A Mcnns 22 2yers 2yershn 2years 2yearsJniuni years yearsJona
Jona hn Cousin 22 2 years yearsiGlarsnce yea yearsClarnnce >
iGlarsnce DCC Coleman ClEman 17 1 years yearsE1 yea yoamckS
ckS tlleA Lus Lusby15yiais Lusby15yiaisrqDouohae Yi5
E1 1 6r 5Donohtte rqonohe > 10 0 yeai yetsrleaRfl1 a i
Jitrles rleaRfl1 1 Hill II 7 7yaZiS 7yaZiSBapita years yea yeaR et v vRapnaeJ
RapnaeJ R Bapita J 131Iddletcn Mlddletcnr lddletc 2 2yer years yearsEva yearsEva
Eva E Warren 2 years yearsElsie yearsElsie ears earsEhie
Elsie M L Dant Dt 19 months monthsAnnie monthsAfllc monthsAnnie
Annie Afllc S E Stewart Stewar 4 month months monthsInfant monthsInfant
Infant of Thomas Tham and Martha Jobs
7 2 days daysFrank daysFrank daysFrank Math oh
Frank Warmly Warly 1 day
The T principal picipl lies b had hd over ve 20 yttff yset ut ex experience e esenience ¬
perience pen p enience as a fJfl Official Cburt C hurt Steacgrapher t 1k 1kle OQk OQkKetpcr ocsaand
Ketpcr le and an Teacher Teh o of BOMBCSS a Metiwds MetiwdsCOURSES 1t MetZiueiCOURSESShorthand
COURSES COCRS COURSESShorthand Shorthand b1 Typewriting Twtg Bcck Bcckkecpin BckCivil k kk
kecpin k f Civil n l Serrke n EI Rngii Eali etc e Grada Gradates Gru tiradites
j at a tes placed pl in i poaitioiu pj Upc u2t ta alt the t ytar ytarDay t ear earDay
Day Dy and a nt night sessions i Call C at aa say tide t i isaod g gnd
saod 5n nd for fo catalogue ct eatatoguewOOD iuiS 15t lt ltWOODS > id
wOOD WOODS lawriwntted 3Ii 3 East bt btCpito
Caprtol Cpito Sc S PtKiae Pe Pb East EastrrgsastntgiAl t tCQMMERCIAL
CQMMERCIAL rrgsastntgiAl 3 = Open ° P eli the year
UjJlYlnlCnuiAL upillzrILlSiJitu Hiectric tam Eigtitesith Eigtitesithjesx higlitcezithesx
l jesx esx begins hops 2 2toyr
GOLLEGE ioeds kept I Ineat
neat day toyr Xomijer uf ufpupils JpeNis
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pupils pupil limited lte Shorthand Sn tjpwnritiag t l bocit bocitkecping bwl Ljui Ljuikeeping
keeping English civil service 5erv 5ervplaced Grdudtea Grdudteaten
E1i cvl 8 rUte
kepg plac placed i in pit posltiixs Mr B 1 11 mier a and andother
ten other oL prrtnineBt pm business b usine 1 eaea e will Wt deliver deliverlectures deU deliverecturea e
lectures Jetu l during du She t Bsmug year 1 Sadly l write writetdepbooe w wrxe wrxeteletitioee
tdepbooe tce or call cl fQ lee or sew a iUvatrotcd i1 illioUat fiitalysve cte3guc63O e eFields
Fields Civil Civi Service nfce Institute nstu eJ eJlt
6 63O 14th lt St st X SIrpt W WPrepttration Wition
Prepttration ition for fo CIViL c1LSR SJuBVTCE EXiinXl EI EtAMINAa
T1OX6 TIOS Irpt a speclaltv GKEOG Gf a aM d PItman t Short S hurtinca
band inca Trpevrltias sty Kegufer Cotese CO IB bE EBisJish hagiaband i
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and Itatheoatks Uateti BookiietpiBf Tat T years ex experiencc e epr exsansot
periencc ac sansot sansotEducation = I 30t
pr n nEducation
Education for Real Life LifeFor
1SS1 15 For Fo Sons S and Daoghtezs Due st t ldG3 lJ lJSpencerian LXSponcerian
Sponcerian Business College CollegeAcademj Colege Colegecdemy collegeAcademy
Academy cdemy ef e Mnsic Building B1D feh t sad D nw nwBeantilul w wBeutful
Beautiful Beutful spacious 0 haUs hl Uurance i 40 S sto at u si s StAU
All 1 of the dcpartmeats dt open o 1 IQrdiY ord dY = j and and u ng1 nghr nghraeestsn ght
sjsioas s MontlBT YOny lioneby August AUt aS aSTh = 5 5lt
lt 1 Th > c leadin KsiJtcj d business b bI5 ea men mn of o o WastStcgtott artM were wereeducated w w5eedutd
educated c t in il this wi this institochin ititaUoa saAseaA a s tiieir lietr e sans sansand In InIn eon eondaughters
and In daughters UbtE and al caodidatea cut ff fpr vipie5insUt vipie5insUtwed mpi pi pihre jia < 3ic
here hre for fo training nuua
Night iht claisci Mocday Y W wed STedoesday and Fri F FrittJoue
d iy s to >
for n w catalogue ttJoue or o further fub information irton call c callat
at otftcc n or o Ur addreaj t MRS SARA R A A SPESGER SPECR SPECRPnp PhIsCERFninripat
o Prlncip i as aSS Proprietor ProprietorLEONARSI pneto
LEQXARO uoAR GARFIELB GE Pnp SrKXCEK Sl C Secretary Seacetayaei192Ot
anlS2 3U aei192Ot aei192OtST c cST
Vermont ave v and a Thomas TO Circle CircleEuSlJA Cirle CirleEIW CireileEsiWi
EuSlJA Fjneatie Pct Cfld A Commercial CII Cutas CutasStadia e exrsee exrseeStudTes
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Stadia Stui StudTes renamed kiinied J September he cinber r S S Catalogues Cb sat saten 5t 5tfn suiten
en fn applieatjoo apit BHUTiiEK lJOTll ABDAS ADA iTssiueatnviayK ireet iTssiueat ereeeatE3IY
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mdrte moderate Address d IV i SLtaul V M > N U s S1s S JL JLUNDERTAKERS 1 1ivi7ee
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325 I4tfT l i iL S W WStrictlr wSWcy WBrctclas
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S 9 i0 0 F STREE SRE X TC TCEverything wEvetbR lVEverything
Everything EvetbR strictly Srtl first rt class d OB O the te most mostenable mot r nec neceztnatfe
enable mblo tenns tennsT ta tetxnste3te
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232 3 Pcan PI Are Te J N TV B Washington wint D c

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