Newspaper Page Text
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THE MORNTNG TIMES, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1895.
GHOSTS OF lilt OUIP
Ha'nts Seen by Queer Men and
Women Who Rake the Pile.
ALL HAVE SEEN SPOOKS
Spirits of Mtihter und Slnvo, of Mur
dered Men mid Men IVI10 Died Hor
rllile Dcsitli,uiid Spirits tVliicli In
habit Van Jfos Mansion. AH He
llewd In by tlio Dump linker.
"I)i8 Iijcr dump am full ob glios's," de
clared John William Tubman, the veteran
rag-picker of the mbtilrti dumping hollow
which lies west of the historic Van Ness
Mansion, to a reporter, who had curiously
wandered among the piles and heaps of old
juper, books, rags, Immcs nud Iron to where
"Urc'r" John William, as the typical black
debris raker is called by every Individual
In the vast army or scraping humanity
which infest the dump. Bat busily raking
through a macs of broken crockery, chair
rounds, leaves of boots, ashes and what not.
In queBl of a bit of substance that might
bring him a few pennies In a Junk shop.
A few words of greeting passed between
the old fellow and his interviewer, and a
piece of chewing tobacco to the darky
Eecnied to touch a weak spot, for, dropping
his wire poker, John William leaned back
on au antiquated and battered gun pow
der can and began to talk.
The great heaps of paper -n ould suggest
to an imaginative brain Fpooks and phan
toms, so naturally the conversation turned
"YaE. sir" and the negro turned his eyes
comically upward "dote dumps am fairly
ruiinin' iibcr wld ghos's. Ob co'se. dey don'
prowl 'rouif ,0b a day, but w'cu de sun go
down in de wes' an' clouds c'lect 'bout ober
lie'd. ilen de ha'nts comes out, an' nary a
nlggah'll come outcn dcr houre tcr cross
dese dumps, leastwise, dis nlggah won't."
"Did you ciorsee a ghost on the dump?"
the quaint old darky was asked.
HIS ONE GHOST.
"On'y wunst. Dat wur two y'ar ago,
K'en de duinpln' wuz mostly back yauder,
nn' I'll nebher fo'get It, neiler.
"Durin' wall times, yo" know, a big
liou.-e sol right down wliar dat pile ob
chin cans is; on'y de groun" wuz bery low
way down, sah. Dar libbed er white
man named Parker Marse Joe Parker.
He b'longcd ter chu'th, liut hed inore'n
twen'y niggnhs. De way he beat 'u cut
dem sialics wuz a caution.
"One day." and a look of horror over
spread the narrator's face, "a powahful
big slabe Jim wuz Ills name didn't do
w'at Slarse Parker tol' him to, an' he wuz
locked up in a room to startie 'til he wuz
a skiliton fo' punishin'nt. To a week,
sah. lie stayed in dat dar room wld nothin'
t' cat'n drink, and den wuz loosened. He
wuz so scant he could hahdly walk.
" 'Jim,' Marse Parker .saved, 'is you
wlllin' ter beg mail pahdin?'
" 'I aint done nothin' t' beg it fo',' says
"Den Marse Parker pulled out a plstlc
an' shot po' Jim daid. l'us sah; ez daid
ez dat tree Ilm".
"Win Marse died 's house wuz pulled
down, but ebbry since ol"Jim hez lieen
walkin' round dese dump.
"But leinme tell you. 'Bout two y'ars
ago I lied inizcry in mail let leg, an' tho't
I'd go ober ter a drug sto' an" git sumpln
fo' It it wuz nigh ontnh 'leben 'clock
w'en I stahteil Turn wall shanty, w'leh
sits, right down dar you kin see It. I
hedn't took twen'y steps fo' I hecrd
cracklln like monst a lot ob papahs near
me I churned 'round an' dar right 'side
me wuz a man. I kin say I wuzskeered.hut
dat don't come a mile I' It w'en I rccker
nlzed ol' tin id Jim."
Mopping his head furiously with the
edge of his sleeve, John William continued:
"Pe'ple say dat dey gits col sweats,
but I didn't. No, sab. De sweat w'at
popped out on my hald an' face wuz ez hot
ez bilin' watah. but mah back felt 's If
Ice hunks wuz slidin' down it.
"I looked wunst at Jim, who seemed
Jest like his ol' se'f big an' tall an wld a
grin on his face Jest ez he wuz in wan
times Whoo! I Jest looked wunst, an
w'en I foun' mahse'f 1 wuz clear ober
on de TreVry steps. I didn't go home dat
night, an' swo' dat I'd move 'way de next
day. but l'se still hyer, but I nebber seed
GHOSTS OTHEIt PEOPLE SAW.
"Dar's a nuddcr glios' what Sallie John
sing seen las' spring w'ileshe wuz on her
way Turn wuk down town, an' Dili Ter
kins. he seen it, too. It's a man what wuz
killed by fallin inter a hole one dahk
"Den Lucy Webb's Icetle dorter seen a
ghos' on'y free weeks ago, an' It nearly
killed her wld Irite."
As John William began to look un
easily at the rubbish at his feet and half
filled greasy sack at his side, the reporter
took it for granted the old man wished
for solitude once more, so, IcaviDg him,
the reporter walked, or rather stumbled,
to where .1 "manimj" sat. surrounded by
numerous children of all ages, each book
"Howdy, sah," saluted the old woman,
and each little, dlrt-begrimed pickaninny
"How late do you stay on the dump?"
inquired The Times reporter.
"Up to sundow'," answered the old
"Don't jou pick rags on moonlight
"No, tali, not me," quickly answered
the old woman, a look of awe creeping
over her sooty countenance.
"Afraid of haunts," suggested the re
porter "Deed I is, on' I ain't 'fraid ter say it.
6ieerits conies 'round hyer, shuah. Got
a leetlc baecab what you'll gib me ter
snuff, phase suh "
The we ed ic as forthcoming, and as In the
other case it proved an incentive for
"I seed you talkln' tcr Brer John Wil
luni olier dare. Bat man ara de most un
holvist critter lier and I swnr he nebber
wuit to chu'cli in his life but onct, and dat
wuz wVn a flud crnicd up an' filled dat
gully wld watah His houre floated offen
de groun and 'twas two days 'fo' hecould
git it to Eho' an' git ii.side. Us folks tol'
'im he ort to go to chuch ez de Lowdhed
floated his house off to show him dat be
wuza siiifiilol'man. He went next Sunday,
but ixbber arter dat "
"How about "bis stories of ghosts on the
dumps?' said the scribe.
"Ab co'to dar am spcerits on de dump,
but I'm wlllin" to say dat Brer John Willura
nebber seed one, cause he gits in dat
liouso oti hlsen ob a night an' dar he stay.
No 'mount ob coaxln' kin bring him out.
'Deonly spcerit Iebbersecd 'bout beah,"
the old woman added voluntarily, "wuz
de speerit of Hen'y Thomas what got killed
In a fl't wld Lew Mold'n ono ebnln" down
yonder near de rlbber. I wuz plckln' up
klndlin' wood fo" de fiah las' winter
ober ucah dat peece ob weeds an' hummin'
Lawd Babe do Sinners,' w'en up cum de
speerit of Hen'y Thomas nn' let out a
groan. I was nearly frighted tode'f, but t
lep on hummin' 'Lawd Sabo de Sinners,'
an" dat speerit went nwayjest like smoke.
"Odder peeple hab seen dat 'ticular
peerit t ime an' agl'n since be wuz kilt
"De kpcerit what's bin most seen is dat
ob Russell Jnbnsing, what died w'en I wuz
a leetle gal ob yajler feber right on dls hcali
dump. W'en ho conic1; around ob a mid
night he don' make a soun', but jest files
like a big bug all ober de place all lnw'ite.
"Ober ba:k ob de sa rberlory, nea h de dog
poun", is whar yo' kin see mos' enny col'
night de speerit what puts spells on ebery
4-oih" wtat sees him. A gen'Ieman met dat.
speerit nn' had a spell put on him. In two
mom's all his chlllen dey died. De spell
speerit, IVe heerd fokes say, looks like a
big blue man wld bone nmis, an w'en a
pussen meets It dey feel Jest like dey're
goin' to be kilt, but de speerit goes away
like lightnln', on'y stopplii' to p'Int Its
long bone ban' at depuvten what sees him,
an' dat puts de spell on Mm."
SECOND HAND GHOST.
'"Deed, boss," -drawled out another
man Ijliig beneath the shade of a pile
of paper huxej. "I ('.on if like to tolk 'bout
ha'nts. I ain't nebber seed wun, but I'll
lell'bout w'at my fafier seed a fore he died.
"It wuz on a windy night, an" detain wuz
Jcvt drlzzliu' like My fuhder wuz conilu'
liome au" irossiu' de dump. It wuz Jest
'liout hyer dat he stopped an' couldn't
niolie. fo 'zaclly 111 front ob him a hoVe
nu'man riz right out de groun". ThehoVe
wuz mor' 'an twicct as big ez a common,
ord'nalry Im'sc, au' de man lied on a big
lak smoke. Suddeutly de ho'se an" man
Jest went up, up, up, au' Jiserpeercd In de
At the foot of Twentieth street the dump
Is generally level, aud there are more
rakers at this point than nny other, while
huts aud shanties arc interspersed about
the surrounding commons. Here an octo'
gcuarian was found. He gave his nanio
as Henry Jacksou, and wauted a "chaw,
"It's no use ob talkln'." said the aged
rag-picker lniprcssUcly, when the subject
of "spookologj" was rounded up. "It's
no use ob talkie' , but right 'bout dese
dumps de strangest rings have happened.
I lib up on E street, but since "way back
w'en I'res'dcnt lla'ison not de last wun
wuz in, I've been a comln down dis-a-way,
au" I kin tell you syrue mighty quar fings
if I choosen to "
A piece of silver In his palm caused the
ancient darky's big lips to roll back In a
grin, showing a perfect set of white teeth,
unimpaired by eighty years of wear, and
Henry Jackson "choose to" talk.
"Set down under'dls tree," he said, "an"
I'll tell yer. Wull, dc fust sight I ebber
seen wuz any number ob y'ars ago. I wuz
siltln' way down near dc canal, where de
Mouumenl stands near De sun hed Jest
cet an I fought ub glttln' olier home. I
looked my time, an it wuz dark afore I
got half way home Ulglit along datridgc,
whar dc row ob houses is siltln' now, I
seen sumpln what wuz 'nough to near kill
"Dar stood fo' men wld ropes hangin'
from der necks nnd w'ile faces. I took
out, but seed dem fo' men at ebbery turn.
I wuz laid up fo' two weeks arter dat wid
The colored man recited numerous other
instnnccs of bis imagination, among them
being a story of how a neighbor had come
face to face 011 the dump, five years ago,
with a man dressed in knickerbockers and
triangular hat and carrying a gun, and
how one night not many years ago a stream
jr while human heads had been seen sitting
along the roof of the Van Ness mansion on
a dark night.
Indeed, according to the tales and legends
lold about the old dumps by negroes the
large area is infested by several thousand
ghosts, nil of which try to scare the darky
residents of the vicinity, who are so super
stitious as to believe nh)th!ug told them.
AX ASTHAI HAND.
Why n Yonmr 1'Iiynlclan Hcxltnted to
Stitch it Wound.
Persons may scoff at the science of
psychology, but an incident occurred in the
Emergency Hospital, so a surgeon says,
which substantiates what many have writ
ten ard spoken about in the cause of astral
isra and telepathy.
About two nionthsagoamanwasbrought
Into the operating room w lth a deep w ound
in the neck, inflicted by another man, a
former friend, in a barroom fracas.
When the patient, a man of not a high
intellectural standard apparently, was
placed on the table, a young eurgeon was
about to apply the needle as is usual In
such cases, when he stopped and gazed
into unfathomable ether. tt
His brother surgeons in surprise asked
him why he did not continue tewing the
"I had a dream a vision," said the young
physician shuddering jierccptibly and
dropping the curved needle.
"As I was about to pierce the skin,"
he continued, "I was blinded by a flash,
and then standing before me I caw a hand.
Isolated and severed from any other sub
stance or thing, pointing Ub index finger
toward the wound in' this man's throat,
and I taw beneath thtj flesh, which ap
peared to be transparent, a bit of steel,
lying near the trachea."
Bewildered, the two other surgeons
stood motionless, but the young surgeon,
wboclilmccl to have had the vision, reached
over and incising the flesh with a lance
opened the wound further, and with a pair
of delicate, tw easers. gouged In thelacv ration
for a minute and then withdrew the steel
instrument and with it a chining bit of
metal. If leXtinlhecut it would have either,
produced blood poisoning and lockjaw
or would have penetrated the wind pipe.
Mr. J. Karr, the jeweler at 015 Pa. ave.,
having concluded to retire from active
business, offers at prime cost of manu
facturers' and Import prices his entire col
lection of diamonds, watches, sterling sil
verware, clocks, and bric-a-brac.
A man is pleased to be
asked where he bought
his Suit if he knows he
looks well in it he will
take pleasure in recom
mending his tailor to
That is the sort of ad
vertising we are work
ing for it is no fault
of ours if every suit
that leaves our store
does not fit well and set
nvncunnQTU'c 621 pa.
UIIILII! Ulllll u, Ave.
Joseph Henry, Flrxt Secretary Smith
Few People Appreciate the Work
of the Smithsonian.
LARGE SUMS ARE DISBURSED
TGvon Collesre IVofesKorsi Do Not Know
of Ksir liming Uulnod Any Knowl
edge) From Its Labors. Secretary
TUuigley Complains of I-nek of Time
for Original IUe-urcl.
The Smithsonian Institution spends about
half a million dollars a year "for the
Incrcaseanddlffusion otknou IedgCamong
men. The exact figures for the year
1802-'03 are $447,714. The receipts for
that-year for the Smithsonian Institution
proper, wire about $105,000, while the
estimate for 1884 was $111,272. With
the same rate of Increase all along theline
the expenditures for last year and for the
current year may be assumed to lie con
Jderably above the half million mark. The
results shown in Its publications, its
exhibits, and its contributions to colleges
appear small in comparison.
No olher Institution In America, devoted
to educational purposes, had such a supply
of money In 16D2-'0:i, and even with all
the additions to the funds of Harvard, and
the full cquipmmt and entrance into educa
tional work of the University of Chicago, it
is doubtful If any American establishment
for the gain and spread of knowledge, has
so great money power. Certainly none that
practically asks no money return for what
It gles, and so is not held responsible by
its beneficiaries, spends anything like ine
smallest amount named above
ACCOUNTABLE TO THE PEOPLE.
The Institution Is an example on a largij
scale of the me ofpublic fuuds fordissemU
nation of knowledge witnoutnccountabilUy
to any except "the people" through home,
of their agencies, for about three-fourths of
its income i appropriated by Congress. It
affords a lest of hat use may be expected
of funds placed In the hands or men of the
highest Intellectual and moral iwirth with
the discretion to direct their energies to the
most benevolent of purposC'3.
The money Is put In the hands of the'
secretary and his accounts Te looked over
by thecxecutrie committee of the board of
regents. Just what they do is shown by
their own words in the last report, being
that of the year 1S93, which has recently
come from the press. They say:
"The committee has also examined the
iccounls of the several appropriations com
mitted by Congress to the institution, and
finds that the balance hereinbefore given
corresponds to the certificates of the dis
bursing clerk of the Smithsonian Instltu
,iou, whose appointment as sucli disbursing
officer has been accepted and his bonds
approved by the Secretary otitic Treasury.
After the executive committee. Con
gress may or may uotmake an examination
into the accounts. Of course, considerable
attention Is alnays given to what has been
done with money already appropriated
hen new appropriations are asked.
The regents of the Institution, acting
under a generous interpretation of Mr.
James Smitlison's will, do not confine ils
efforts to increase and diffuse knowledge
to the United States nor to the American
continent, but direct Its energies to the
improvement of the whole Iranian race.
In this they have the approval of Con
gress and of the iieople represented by
UNKNOWN TO HALF THE WOULD.
The Smithsonian Institution, however,
las never been heard of by two-thirds of
the world's population, and is not known,
or, at most, known only as a name wlUi
a vague reference to Washington and
learning, to a two thirds majority of
the voters of this country. Half Uie peo
ple of this city l.axe only inacx-urate In
formation concerning It.
A well-to do grocer on a principal
street who was angry when asked if lie
knew about the Smithsonian was obliged
to admit that he had never seen a report
aud did not know that he had ever cot
any Information from the place. He said
lie had lived here fifty years, too.
There are hundreds of college professors,
even, who do not know of ever having
gained any knowledge from the work or
the Smithsonian. Yet the workers in Its
pay arc constantly putting forth the re
sults of their labors in publications.
Operations are conducted in five de
partments in addition to those of the Smith
sonian proper. These are the Bureau of
International Exchanges, the Bureau of
Ethnology, the National Museum, the Astro
phjsical Observator and the Zoological
Tark. Tlio most important work of the
Smithsonian proper has always been con
sidered to be that of tho secretary in
Mhe way of original research. Of this
Secretary Langley sajs In his last pub
"It appears to be an essential portion of
the orlgii.ll M-henm of the government
of Uie institution that the secretary should
be expected to advance knowledge, wheth
er In letters or in science, by personal
research, and resolutions of the regents
formally request the secretary to continue
his investigations in physical science and
lb present their results for publication In
the Smithsonian "Contributions."
SCANT TIME FOR RESEARCH.
"The advancement of science through
original research at the hands of those
eminent men, Henry and Balrd, the for
mer secretaries of this institution, Is known
to all, but though the secretary may be still
expected to personally contribute to tho
advancement of science, or art, or letters.
It Is certain that the Increasing demands
for time for labors of administration had
greatly limited the possibility of this eveD
Id the time of Henry, and that at the pres
ent day administrative duties, and es
spedatly Utose connected with the care
of Government interests, constitute a bar
rier to such Investigations which is all
"I havo never abandoned, however, the
hope to thus continue the tradition of tht
Institution and the unge of former secre
taries by personally contributing, as Tar as
I could, to the object stated, and I bare,
where administrative duties would permit, 1
Silencer Fullerton Ihilrd, Second Secre
tary SmltliMiiilun Institution.
continued during the present year the re
searches of which a, portion has been pub
lished in August, 1801, in a treatise en
titled "Experiments In Aerodynmlc s." In
teresting rcsultshaveslnce been reached here
which appear to be of wide utilitarian im
portance, but, though, I trust, before the
close of another year to be able to make
some communication of them to the public,
lliey arc not yetcomplete.
"In this same connection, in pursuit of
nn Investigation begun some years ago and
In continuation of the institution's inter
est in the promotiunof meteorological stud
ies, I have made experiments upon the va
riations continually going on in the at
mosphere. In what is regarded for ordinary
meteorological purposes as a steady wind."
TEW HAVE READ THEM.
All additional publication bus been made
of the further results of these experiments,
hut- comparatively few persons know of
either of these treatises, and still fewer have
ever rend them. It Is the hope, however,
of the institution and .Its friends that the
few who do read arc the prime teachers of
Ihe people, and indirectly knowledge of the
most important nature is thus disseminated
through the "Contributions" to the whole
country nnd beyond.
Au Important addition to the effortsof the
Smithsonian proper has been the publica
tion of results obtained by the Hodgkins
prize fund contest in nearly all the news
papers of Ihe world In this way tbefact
that another element, argon, exists in the
air has Ik-cii brought to the notice of nearly
nil reading iieople Of what advantage this
con be to millions of them Is a question not
It is n criticism sometimes made upon
the management ot the Institution that it dc-
.Chlff- .IiiHtlco ivihillcr, njMif the
"? He-giitK ?'T'n SnilrtiSontnii.
volc3 nearly all H,cnersie; to the Investi
gation of erudlteqp est ions anil publica
tion or results .that areef no Immediate
practical value It ibrged that many facts
of great worth to the masses often He hid
den from them for years for lack of some
one to bring them V) general notice
The Bureau or International Exchanges,
conducledat nn annual cstt)T'$in,00mo
$20,000. has about 24,000 correspondents
In all parts of the world and makes ex
changes with many nations Of the cor
, respondents about 14,000 are In Europe.
It sent out for government libraries 47,
'921 packages and received 18,118 The
disparity In favor or other countriesjn this
showing Is due. It is stated, to the fact that
"no olher country publishes on so1 lavish
a scale as ours " Packages received from
olher sources, however, bring llie total up
to 101,003. , - . -
The National M-iseum costs about $150,
000 a'year. It is visited annually by over
300,000 persons, exactly 319.930 for
1892-t)3 It bends exhibits to important
expositions, such" as the "World's Fair' at
Chicago and that Just opened In Atlanta,
and publishes numerous interesting vol
umes and pamphlets One fault Is found
with the museum and its publications alike.
They are rather calculated to interest the
curious and entertain the pleasure seekers
than to benefit the studious, and seem to
liemnnageiiforlneformcrobjcct rather than
While there are a few who visit the
museum f.'.'quentiy they are mostly clilidre'n'
There Is ahnost-no one who makes study
of the material gathered in the museum,
e'xeept persons directly1 'nxibivA by the.'
Government in connection with the insti
tution. Of the thousands of -ilsitors very
few carry away any knowledge of per
manent ".aue to them.
It Is the complaint of the managers that
money forrtho purchaseof collections Is
ijcnied, and in consequence the museum is
comparatively unsatisfactory. To study
the past lifo of the, Mississippi Valley, it
is staled in tie .report, it-is necessary K go
to England; for South Alaska to Berlin,
and foe tho California coast to Jaris.
In addition to the means of diffusing
Knowledge mentioned, the museum distrib
utes an average of 31,500 specimens
annually to school "and colleges.
The Bureau of Ethnology spends SoO.OOO
to $60,000 a year, audits results are gl en
to the world malnlirjjthrough its publica
tions. These -are in la measure antiqua
rian In their natuiceLThey convey much
information of whatfhas been, and tend to
broaden and IirjcrnliZit.hc mlud, but bring
very little practical) benefit to the gene
ral public. 1 n
The astro physltal-ipbservatory Js as
yet In It.s infancy, arid so far has produced
very little of Intyrhtj or value. Some
if the results obtained arc said to be of
great worth to scipn'.l'sts.
The National Zoological Park costs the
people about S."5,odo annually, and had in
it at the late report 504 animals. The ex
penditure for salaries was $18,181, which
appears to bo a large sum for keepers
of so few animals. Tho park is visited
by as many as 2,000 a day at times. A
count is made here, as at the museum and
the Smithsonian, by the doorkeeper.
The library under Dr. Cyrus Adler Is
really a branch of the International Ex
changes Bureau. It has about 30,000 vol
umes, under the librarian's charge imm"-
dlately,- with -some 300,000 books, etc. lu
the Library of Congress. A curiousfactre
ported Is that a collection of costly iilus-
Ktrated works of art, engravings and etch
ings purchased from the American minister
at Rome were supposed to have been put
In the Library of Congress in 1874, but
upon correspondence with the librarian
In 1893 t was found "that a large por
tion of the unbound engravings which the
catalogue an Imperfect one appears to
call for" could not be found.
Thc library has connected with it a
reading room; but, while there is desk
Samuel lMeriHintl.angloy, Third Secre
tary SillllliHiiiilan Institution.
room for a score of readers, there arc
chairs for only three or four persons. The
room Is kept private, and, while any per
sons who find their way to It, are al
lowed to use it, it gives very little ser
vice. Visitors have been required for the
past ten das to register, and in that
lime eight persons have had the benefit
of Its periodicals. It has nearly all lead
ing English and American magazines,
etc., but Is especially rich in foreign and
There Is a complaint by the managers,
of the Institution and -its funds-4trat the
editions of Its publications are so small
In number of copies allowed that not even
all the large libraries can be supplied, and
the small libraries arc1 wholly neglected,
though they would profit greatly by them.
On the other hand, it Is a general observa
tion that for some reason Government pub
lications are generally neglected by read
ers, and much that Is really valuable in
them Is practlclaly burled.
EASY' TO EAT FIKE.
AnyvOne May Learn the Trick With a
Lit I It- Practice.
The so-called fire-eating magicians have
long plied their trade In defiance of all ex
plications of chemists and physicians. A
elever prestidigitator, Mr. Dc Vcre, de
scribed recently how the trick, for such
It Is. is done It is ery simple of practice,
but it necessitates an apparatus which
must be very carefully aud neatly con
structed. The fire-eaters usually give
their performances oil a raised platform,
which hides the source of the fire, whikr
It seems only to lift Ihe operator a trifle
higher from the floor of the scnee, and It
is ordinarily covered with a handsome red
carpet. It contains In the hollow space
tjcueath It bags of rubber filled with ordi
nary illuminating gas and compressed by
The fire-eater has Iieneath the sole of
his foot au ingenious apparatus, ending in
a tulie. which fits exactly into another
tulie coming up through Ihe platform from
underneath, and forming a tight connec
tion when he steps upon It; very fine
ruhlier tubes, of the same color as the
magkiau's dress, which is usually a
idkitvllcal scarlet red. run up along his
body and along the arms to the furthest
end of the Index fingers; another tube
runs around his neck nnd up under his
chin, which Is usually cocred by a false
board, ending at his nethcrllp.
Wbeu entering upon the stage the lights
are usually turned down to heighten the
effect of the performance; theoperatoreteps
upon the platform, makes his cornectlon,
and after a tlgn that he Is ready the gas Is
turned on fnm Iieneath When he feels
that It is beginning to escape from the
tulie at the crd of his finger he lights it by
means of a little push button, which iK-con-venlently
located nearby, and Eometimes
even within his clothes on the inside of the
cloak The gas once burning he has it e-n-Urely
under his control, to light or turn
out any one of the various Jets he has pre-
-viously arranged about his body The Jets
on the fingers nre controlled by pressure of
the thumb upon the thin rubber tube; the
gas Jet nn bis lip is lighted by a motion of
the hand and he always turns up his face,
opens his mouth, and pretends to blow the
flame from his mouth. The appearance is
very deceptive indeed, as the breath blown
from the lungs gives much life to the
,flanie. As the scene is never light while
the fire-eaters are at work, their secret has
never before been dit covered La Nature.
In -lint), A. D.
"Yes; very Interesting. But, Prof.
Proser, what is that skeleton next to the
"That is ah the skeleton ot the Hip
pus, a beast ot burden known to the
Greeks. By the Neo-Aryon races it was
called 'horse.' A fierce, wild animal it
must have been, judging frorq contemporary
accounts. We read, for instance, of the
horses at certain brutal games called 'races'
'breaking a man all up.' Yes. ladies and
gentlemen. It Is well that the Hlppus Is
"How interesting!" New York Re
corder. Ijissoed II l.i Itlvnl.
A remarkable revenge was wreaked on
a rival by a young man in Waldron. Mich.,
recently. The successful siutor was out
walking in the street withtheyoung woman
whose love was the cause of the heart
burning when someone In an upper story
ot a building skillfully threw a lasso over
his head, drew the noose tight, nud hauled
him up teveral feet from the sidewalk.
The young man would have been hanged
t)ut for the quick help of passers-by.
His assailant got away temporarily the
other man says
A Dangerous Practice.
A Is dyeing the hair as dangerous as the
"loctors would make it appear?
U Certainly; jou may take my word for
it- Only last spring an uncle of mine dyed
Sis hair and in three weeks he was mar
ried to a widow with four children. Flie
Chloride Discovery lor Consumption Con
tinues to Make Remarkable Cares.
Dr. McKlm'B daughter, 25 qtlis.e., was the
last case reported cured of pulmonary con
sumption last spring before Dr. Shade left
the city for his summer vacation.
Mrs. Charles H. Hughes is the next case
to be reported. She says her fathcrdicdof
tubercular consumption and that she had
been afflicted with a complication ot dis
eases until twoyearsago when consumption
of the lungs developed. She says: "I
began to take office treatment ot Dr. Shade,
1232 14th St., twelve mouths ago and
continued the office treatment for six
"I do not and have not coughed and ex
pectorated for about four months. My
friends are all surprised at my recovery, es
pecially after my family physician said I
wojld not live to see last spring, which la
past and gone and I am well again. I
had hemorrhages ot the lungs for fonr
months and coughed more or less for eight
years. I could scarcely walk any more
when I visited Dr. Shade for the first
time. After six months treatment I could
walk home, a distance ot two miles or
more. I consider my lung trouble entirely
cured. I am wllliog to be interviewed by
parsons interested. September 20, 189C-
GIVING THEM HEW LIFE
Stuffing Animals, Birds and
Fishes at the Museum.
A DAY WITH A TAXIDERMIST
Ma nnlkliw, or Modelsi.Aro Built, Upon
Which the SkliM Are Stretched.
CliamlxTK of Horror in the Ills:
Government Building Millions ot
Object ot Intercut.
Three hundred and tlxthousand, two
hundred and twenty-twovisitprs t0 the city
during tha iwct ear-to9k ta'the National
necessary incident ot their sentimental
Journey to the National Capital. This Is
the official record of the number of vttltors
from places outside ot the District of Co
lumbia. ' ""
After breakfast theae-risltOre say to one
another, we will go down .and see the Na
tional Museum to-day and will spend an
hour there. They might as well eay we
will run down to the Congressional Library
also and get into us the contents of that
venerable inctllution. TJiey will find that
going through the Eden Muee, or the Cor
coran Art Gallery, or the Treasury vaults
is one thing and the National Museum quite
unother. The immensity of the task before
these butterriicj of trinel wholly down for
an hour after breakfast can be realized by
them when they are told that there are
3,279,631 objects, each of which addresses
itself interestingly to the eye and to a mul
tiplicity of associations.
The pendulum swlngs'backward and for
ward, or the clock beats 60,400 times In
a day, and a very simple calculatfon will
show that If each visitor spent only one
second before each object It would take
him or her exactly thirty days and thirty
nights to get even a glance at them all
IK THEY ONLY KNEW.
Some of the figures which makeup these
3.27II.5J1 objects would be appalling it
the visitor only knew them beforehand
For Instance, there are 423,000 ethno
logical specimens, 163,421 prehistoric an
thropological, 123,000 fishes, 510,000 mol
lusks, 010,000 insects, 520.0(10 marine
iiivcrtebrate-s. 113,000 fossil plants, 233,
111 recent plants, and 29,998 coins and
But even supposing that every visitor
had as man eyes as Argus and they could
be automatic-ally moved tit a rate suf
ficient to cover the whole field in that
hour alter breakfast, there are some places
they can not see without a permit Some
of these plarcs are upstairs and some arc
downstairs, while many of the most in
teresting of them are plaid, unpretentious
wooden buildings. They are not crypts or
catacombs or chambers of horrors
There Is nothing gruesome about them
at all. Ths-y are simply the gre-at work
shops from which are turned out the great
majority of the wonderful birds and beasts
and fishes that stare at you with glassy
eye as you pass them in their cages.
The geologist, or rather zoologist, who
discovers a tooth of some monster and then
writes a book about It, with a cut ot the
animal restored in a shape more potent as
a producer of nightmare than undigested
sausage, is a mere visionary. He is not
an artist in the sense imvhlcu we regard
the taxidermist, the creator and restorer of
beautiful and symmetrical forms from a
mere bird skin, nor the genius who keeps
fish in a bottle of whiskey, or who takes a
ragged leopard skin and restores its spots
Job said that the leopard could not
change his spots, but he can lose them, and
that is where the modern taxidermist comes
in. and behold, the miracle of a perfect
leopard skin is accomplished.
AT THE BOTTOM FACTS.
One is just the least bit disillusioned
when he gels at the bottom facts as to sev
eral thousand things in the museum but
his appreciation of art, here, there and
everywhere is always In tue ascending
A note from Mr. WY. Cox, the chief clerk
of the Smithsonian Institution, unlocked for
The Times yesterday several of the secret
workshops of the magicians in this vast
domain ot wonders.
The first place visited was that of the
tax'idcrmlst. Mr. Joseph Talmcr. Next
door to his curiosity shop is a room Into
which you can peep ami see strange things.
At the, first glance it looks like a man
ufactory of modern mummies. Men and
women in allstagesofcompletion are visible
through the grating. With very few ex
ceptions they all have heads and this ap
pears to be a peculiarity of the way modern
man makes ancient man They begin at
the top and build them 'down to tlic bottom
Some of the people in process of creation
make you think that they have here col
lected and preserved all the people whose
legs, hands, irs, heads, and toes have lieen
cut off in all the railroad accidents of this
country. The Incongruity ot tldngs is
slightly enhanced by the fact that a walrns,
a rhinoceros, a few bears, and otheranimals
are disposed rampant amoug-their fellows
In this chamber.
In one place the rhinoceros looksas it he
had taken off three-rourths of his skiu Xo
keep coal. He pre'enis iheappenrance of a
boy who has taken off his Jacket and one
leg of his pants, in the act of disrobing
to Jump into a mill pond.
One of the bears has tho skin of his legs
rolled up as it he were wading in the water
aud a squirrel's head and shoulders, down
to the waist, are stnppod as if she had
Just stepped In from a full dress lull.
These things are, however, nothing to
the ta-Jiderniist He can make all these
things fit again so nicely that he lieau, the
original production In grace and synuiutry.
DRESSING THE SKIN.
In the taxidermist's room there was
an assistant busily engaged In gnlng
the coup do grace to a ",'?cr skin which
had recently been received from Bombay.
He had It stretched o cr a projection from
his work bench and was cutting off tho
refuse tissue from the skin. Most peo
ple believe that when the sTln ts so
prepared they sew It-up again, leaving a
hole In which to iiour a barrelful or two
of sawdust. That ls-a very elementary
The taxidermist must have an eye for
the beautiful and the'artistlcally correct
as to animal forms. Instead ot stuffing
the animal, ho builds what is called a
mannlkln, or wooden tiger or lion, as
the caso may be, and on this be fits the
prepared sklu. Sometimes the hair has
been scratched off the skin in large or
The taxidermist, with consummate skill,
restores these spots by sticking hairs
oae by ono on them until they are as per
fect as the pencilling ot a woman's eye
brow, only the dead lion has natural hair
to boast of. Of course tho skin will not
tit the mannlkln precisely.
The taxidermist must fill In the spaces
with "excelsior" stuffing, or tow or cotton
until the outline, the contsur and every
thing is as iicrfcct, at least, as if the animal
were at repote in the jungle.
This is an example of the "stuffing" and
preparation of all mammals.
Mr. Palmer showed The Tunes tremendous
chests from the East, which were full of
skins in a solution of alum, which preserved
describes the way that
those $16 BEDROOM
SUITES moved yesterday
Indeed, before you read
this advertisement every
one of them may be sold.
The magnificent line of
PARLOR SUITES we are
showing, ranging from
S20 to S250, should stim
ulate your buying appe
tite the selection is com
plete. Carpets are here In
great variety at prices
you will wonder at
Wash. B. Williams,
7th and D Sts.
I The 1
The new mechanical
organ that positively
will play any tune.
No knowledge of
music is required lry the
player, for this wonder
ful instrument plays it
self. Repertoire end
less. Visitors are invited to
'see the "Symphony"
Prices range from
Edward F. Droop & Son,
925 Penn. Ave.
school opens again
have you fitted out your
boys? If not, you can
make a dollar go a long
wa at our store we have
some special bargains in
GARNER & CO.,
N.E. Cor. 7th and H Sts. N W.
them. He pulled out a beautiful skin of a
zebra, which was as f reh as the day it was
pulled off the animal. There are In these
chests hyena skins, leopard skins, and
t hrcr skins of rare beauty, and value. There
are several ot these chests filled with suet
STUFFING TUE FISHES.
In the fish department there is a dif
ference. Three arts and one science aro
required with these interesting exhibits.
Two of the specimens which are natural,
are the great bix halibut and sawfish,
which everybody has seen. They are in
their natural skins and are stuffed. In
hundreds of other cases the fish with tho
glass eyes are only plaster casts from tho
original. The three arts in this case are
the preservation first in alcohol, then
the taking of a plaster cat of the speci
men, aixl then the painting in life colors
of the cast by an artist. The science is
that of natural philosophy. The fish, when
so reconstructed, are Just as natural as
The colors of the trout are Just as vivid
as if the sunlight touched him beneath
the waters, and his size is exactly that
of the fish taken from the stream for
the musitim. Stuffing fish skins is not
a satisfactory way of preserving speci
mens. In time they will burst and go to
Prof Uldiiway. who has 73,325 mounted
and unmounted birds under his care,
is in charge of one of the neatest and niot
Interesting departments in thcllusciim Up
on the eccoud floor, where visitors do nqt
go he has a long row of bureaus, each with
ten or twelve drawers. Each of these is
filled with bird tkins so perfect that when
you pick one up ,so light, so ethereal, and.
so beautiful is the plunage that you say
to yourself, surely this i II e foul of that
little feathered songster. There are un
mounted specimens like this all the way
from Uracil', Borneo, Asia, and Africa
"SKINS EIGHTY TEAP.S OLD
Some of the skins are dated 18 10, and are
consequently eighty years old, but arc as
bright and as teautlful as thcc'.-iy on whicli
the turds were trapped or killed Openinjr
one of the drawers the eye rests on a rain
bow of colors, green, blue, yellow, red, and
besides all the neutral tints
Thtsc ouls nre simply wailing for Prof:
Kidgway to make them bodies and to give
them the oteel springs ot lite. By a coinci
dence, perhaps, ou one ot the bureaus con
taining two or three hundred bird skins
sal a mounted raven whrh one could
easily conceive to besa)iug "Nevermore,"
especially to the skins that have been
resting there for nearly a hundred years.
The process ot filling out the skins ot
birds is very simple, bat it requires, an ex
pert and delicate touch when dealing with
the diminuUve species. Everything de
pends on a knowledge ot the species, the
carnage, the habits, the shape, the pose,
and other characteristics ot the living ani
mal. To place one Utile bird on Us ped
estal as It should look if alive requires the
uj,c ot about fifty delicate wires.
If thee are not correctly placed aud used
when they are withdrawn, Ihe subject
will appear deformed, out of shape and not
a bird of a ki-iwn species at all. Usually
the mailer birds are merely filled with
cotton, or some light material.
Jut as one can see only a few things
lit au hour or two In the museum, the his
lory ot an hour or two In the workshtpa
is really au imperfect and brief thapter.
To describe It all would require a shelt
ot a library.