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THE HOBNISTG TIMES." SU&dXy, JTSTUATiY 3, 1S9T. 10 SOCIAL LEADERS IN RETREAT Seek Sp'ri ual Renovation With the Ge'ntle Nuns in Convent of Visiladon Three Days Spent irm Prayer and Meditation. "Get thee to a nunnery" is tho advice of Hamlet to Ophelia. It is advice which lmb its attractiveness to in my a w omiii ot tbe -world in all times A lire of galct, fashion .and dissipation pills at times on the most demoted or socict's subjects, and thej vearn for a retreat into quiet meditation and pravcr. Extremes liae a longing to meet. The fashion liile hungers for tne complete anti thesis of hcrsi if the nun. But uj the same token the nun should lumper for life. The nun does hunger for life. She hungtis v ith tue dee ptst lougingof htr pure heart, but not lor the lire of the iv orld. She has fixed her ijcs on a highir glory than a Boclal rout, and feeds htr soul upon visions ot heavenl splendor and the bocict of angelic hosts. At Ji.firciit times of the yeir it Is cus tomarj Tor ladies of societv to make what is known is a retreat. There is no Bpec-il time for this practice, and it is not a ge in ral one. It has or late tars be come something of a fad v ith the -w omen of eociil Boston, -where the order of the Sa cred Hcni t has a larc institution Then Is no house of thutordcr ln"nsh lngtKi, but the sisters or the Visitation, who 'laie their coavcit en Connecticut A-i en in, i run receive a few ladles at a time who are de -nous of mdcrtaklng such penam e and mortificatiot of the llcfch as this pn tice in lv ts to that litre, as in New York and Boston, a number of the most dsittngitisbed ladies of tin eitj have made the retuat The Retreat During Lent. Terhaps more women an moud to this practice during Lint, afti r the deist of the Eoclal seafon than at the pnsmttime, but a few pt at the md of the vear, with the idea r piepaung to start afrtsli and to enter the niw 3 tar with ilsti multuousdis tractu ns with a set or m oliajorsthat will Veep tin in from shipwreck in the war of Belfishi is and anitj Then is no sit time Tl.e nuns make a retnat during tin sumuitr The idea that they can get awa from t'ie world anj more than thev are at prtsent, or that there s'ioi id! mod of It seem pat heticallj amusing to the worldling, but the sisters have tin ir i wn dimact oas within the cloistered walls, and rttnat with tlicm is a cloistering within tilth htartsaud rtfuge Into ab o'ute siltnce ran two or three wonun-who have re solved an ongtl cmselvistoh iiethe world for a time Thev co lsult thtir confts bor.api iM.ptrlnps.vl o know s the world nst'iev 1 n v it, and wl oproroundl appro ciateshuw much thev stand mmed of what the havt di Mml lit also 1 1 owsthecon vent lie knowF tin nos! pn dint and Sm pathet sslir.andhi takisavisitiingcard and v nfs a line lit n nui ding their re ception Tin j rtpairtotli con-vtntatonce to make tin nce ssao puparat on, and if It is their first retreat thv hive much to learn and to unlearn on this occasion The sup forth from an tscutcheoned carnage and liait it Hard ng at the curb with all tin p mp of its liMntd coachman and Ti o man and the jingling, clanking harness, a.iei t.o rustling up to the big in trance Th out rt'oorsan -nidi-open, and the tiled -iistibulc, spettl ssl clean, looks lospitat'le and inviting Thev pull the brass knob, and hear a jmg. ling in a i.. rt rndorof a mien lull, and the haM wine vague idta or the wide walnut di ors sweeping open to let thein enter But nothing or that iort happens, and for o-kc the wait ij.nomIniousl, and the minutes pass After thej have elnfid a bit inwardly at the dtlij and become m rv ousand fuss and chattered a littli ami ng thtmMlves, tbey are in a moment reduced to silence b hearing the giating of a ke Instead of the doors at last sweeping opentothern, a sniallpniul ispushfd gentlj back, and within the gl om of a darkened corridor, behind a grating, appears the face of a woman swathtd in -white limn and draped with.a black Mil The ees lcok out v ith Quiet eloquence and a cer tain dignitj, which sheds a bentdicite and reduces tht m to humble confusion Tlie Entiance. The pl tsvoman summons her fleeting savoirfaiie. and sn sin wha founds to the others and to hirsilf as well, a hurried and v rldl wai, th it she "would 111 e to see Sister So and o, and that the are from Father This or That The cards arepasod In through the grating, and the sister tills them tht rc option rom is on the right, and the panel is closed Tliej turn to the small r e'oor in the side of the -vestibule It, too. is lockid, but a clicking im iso is heard, and the door swings back, and the rustle in For a monnnt the gi around tin loom in sili nee, and lcok at each other in si rprisp 1 he room issom!erl fuinished, but it i rot this that av es them it is the long grating that ei. tends ai ross the room, di iding it into twot oinpnrtments The back rthc apart ment is almost shut off from the outer world b this lattice, but an opening large enough 1o piss a book or i arcel through is made b a iiantl at one side The iiitors seat tlnmnUes in silence, one taking the chair placed in a comcr Bational wa near the grating The look Ont Into tho TVoild Again. around at the horsehair furniture and the walls, bare but for a rjdnting of the Virgin, and they tap their dainty fieton the somber carpet and inwardly quake. They had not looked for this Thej had & -vague idea of patronizing the gentle nuns in a Bort of, good natured humility that -was all the more creditable to them because they were voluntaril assuming it, but here they are shut off absolutely and must crave audience, and be subdued One ot them murmurs onder her breath- "Isn't this terrible?" Tho others npd, but say nothing, and fetter a while a light fcotstcp 1b heard, and the door opens There is a pleasant little Jingle of a josary and cross that bangs by the side of the sister who ap proaches the grating, ard then a woman is smiling out at them and putting a Utile white hand through the lattice work and greetingthem with a c,uict, pleasantioice It is not so difficult arter the hae found their Mines The sibti r is smiling and human She doubtless understands what the wane before the ask, and before they know it all of them are seated near the grating comcrsing eagerly with the sister, who never interrupts, and to whom the find th"insehcs listening with some tiling like reverence wl n she does speak She touches the chord of Ioe at once in their hearts, and the find theTrnrds tiiat tlicy wanted to sn tumbling over them selves. Tie wish to make a short re treat Tli" want to g t completily aaj rrom the worldfora time Tiiev don't want anv unusual attention, and the will be' onlj loo liapp to fall Into the routine and austere life of the sisters if the ma be recch ed. The sister withdraws to get permission for tliein from the superior, ind returns to tell them the ma come if the are willing to sleep in the dormitrov. The Idea is so nov Cl that the agree to It at once The da is fixed for tin in strarghtwav. Shall we have to fast and keep silmce and all that " asks one impulsively. 4 No, vou must not fast," sas the sister gently. "The church is our mother, and she does not require her children to harm their bodies She requires jou to purge your souls I think t would not be well for you to try absolute silence, either Bring some light work with ou,and dur ing our rclixntion ou tan talk on pious subjects th it will lecdifvliigtooursouls The affectiomtil mi loodbv and go awi wondering what the sisters will think edifing, and if there isanthing in their stock of conversation il n sources that could i ossiblv be turned to pious ac count The are much afficttd bj the in terview, howcv tr.tii d pill long faces and h ok "ver determined "It will do us a world of good," siS one, "and isn't she just lovelv"' sa-vs another "Fancy sleeping in quaint, little beds in a dormitor and not talking for hours," sa5 the third And so t'lev art whirl il awa to thtir homes or luiun, filled vlth -Wsions or aiistcntj and with a w it of spiritual unc tion laid to their hearts tl.it tin should lia-ve undertakta to much foi thtir own cleansing The AVoilil Clincs to Them. On the da appointed the1 return All the color and fashionable banglis of their lire hae been eliminated from their at tire The rre fnsh fr in their n orning bath and disseminate an odor of violets as thev mot The I lack go vns art tin' humblest fit possess, but the rustle with silken humps, and a "V it let or lo-e-colored dust louche pieis out with tin movements of their trim Lootid feet The are worldings still, ti o igh re duced to thtir lowist possible t rms The brass bill km b is pullid nj,am, and after the panel is opined, the sister closes it with a ncd of milling recognition Then the hiar a luaA bolt slip Lack and the big d or is swung open Tin Mster with drawn, however, and they walk in, while she stands behind a screen the door closes behind t'u in, and the world has fallen awa The are in a wide, loft corridor, with bare, polished, oak floors and desolate walls, though it is a place of exquisite neatness Their si-ter comes to meet them, and sas clieerfull, 'So you were not frightened away You have come with your purpose fixed"" Then she takes them down another cor ridor, where they have just time to ob serve a picture of the Sacred Heart, with the light shining behind it and through it The are conducted into a classroom and the sister seats herself to give them a little homilie She h is arrang d their midita tions for them in little old books that many nuns ha e held The work is b Bourd ilou, a Father of the Societv of Jesus Itis "Med itatlons and Considerations for a Spiritual Retreat" The sister explains to them that tho must read these meditations as the are nnmberoil.niifln Norton thf iK-lntshroiifhr, j out. Each morning and afternoon is to be broken up into hours for this purpose, and certain timesare set for av lsittothe Blessed Sacrament for prncrs and reading of the lltan or the saints After these explanations and a gentle exhortation to seriousness and complete sur render, she conduits them to the dormit j to lay aside their hats and then leads the way to the chapel Before entering there she giv eseaeh a v eil to throw ovi r her head, as no woman must enter the chapel uncov ered After they have made their first short prayers she takes them to separate rooms along the corridor, music rooms for the academv In them are little wooden desks of the shabbiest order, and before these are chairs and benches to kneel jn Above the desks are pictures, which she tells them will excite hoi thoughts, and she leaves them with their book of medita tions, and anotticr book of pict , such as "Thomas A'Kempis," to read between hours. Facing Their Conscience. Never before, doubtless, were tiiey left so entirely to themselves and their con sciences In the boudoir are countless ele gances that intrude the world In the church are other worldly people coming to get rid of themselves But here the arc quite alone Tht windows open upon the big garden, with Its high walls Uiere Is nothing to distract them but niemor , and that soon becomes swallowed up in the words of the retired monk floating down through the years to their minds They take up their tablets and silver pen cils and write 6uch thoughts and resolu tlons from time to time as were before never scribbled there in the memoranda of a social day. They make solitary visits to the little chapel and sprinkle theiiisel.es with hoi water, and tho perfume of their violets is lost in the incense that pervades the sanctuary. The ver thoughts of that first medita tlon are startling to them The use that the Creator intended them for, the wa to serve God, the necessit of absolute self surrender and renunciation, povcrt all these are startling thoughts The -ver licads the have brought to pray upon are amethysts or pearls strung on silver chains The morning docs not drag, it flies, on wings, for their spirituality has-been aroused and takes possession of their men tahty. The sister's voice breaks in upon them with a cheerfulness that is unexpected, as she comes clinking musically along the corridor with her rosary and cross. "Not too serious; not too downcast, chil dren. You would better come together a little while before 'dinner." They gather in one of the rooms, and the sister takes up some embroidery for an altar cloth, while they produce a handker chief to hemstitch ; "or a bit of lace work that some Kaffee Klatech had liegun, but had never been touched since. "Do jou thiol:, sister, that we ought to give up all our wealth?" is the first anx ious inquiry that comes falteringly from one of -the penitents. The sister smiles and enters into an explanation. They are not "religious," using the word In tbe ecclesiastical bense. "Tho Lord has given them wealth for a purpose. The mustuse it wisely. Our Lord requires some to live in the world and some tolivc out of it." Their eager questions are ull explained, and a more practical turn glv en to them than their first pious rusli ot absolution had suggested. "When the great gong stiikts the go down stairs to the mlddn meal Tn the lower coiridor the pause, another bill rings more musicall, the sistirgots down on her knees where she btnnds, and the worldlings imitate her It is the angelus Through the hallscan beheaidthcchildrdi and the sisters chanting "The Angel of the Lord declared unto .Mar " It is a si ort but beautir ul pra tr, and thev ris rrom theii knees thrilled with the Jmi ort or it Morning, noon aid night this little devot'on is made A sister in charge of a few children who have remained in the acadeiu over the hol'davs comes b nud Is presented, and their guardian-excuses herseir and slips awa to the ironnstei It is a suipiisc to the visitors to learn that the are not to toe taktm into the societ of the nuns, but simpl into th outer academ lift The caidlnal does not permit an invasion Into the monaster except for most serious reasons, th it cloister being n served foi silence ami lraer The children politelv stare at the ladies and subdue their voices The dining roojn like all tho others, s bare of carpet and furnished with old fashioned, substantial bufret and table Then is a pause berore the are seated, while tho sister in cluirf,e crosses hirself and blesses the food, the hildrcn inn tatlng her in pious m inner, and then thev arc sen ed by a la sister in a vv lilte linen headgear, to a pi un but substantial dinner There is -ci little convirsation Tho, sister in charge is less dtsppsed to con versation th m the one who litis rctcivid them, bat vv hen she speaks h i language Is marked with the quiet cultuie that is de -void of affectation, mid makes an acceutt British oi otherwise, which a fashionable might have adopted, stand out In all its drawlerv or staccato, unlovelv and girbled The ladies take refuge in silence, but one of the resolutions that goes down in the tablets is to tr to acquire the dlgnit of self renunciation vv lilch the nun has made her own After dinner the ladles are advised 'o walk in the gillerles for a short time" Tlu nuns have a certain part of the gal leries, which line the inner side of the house on everv floor, set otf for their own uses Here the mav be seen walking with a screen or canv as shutting off the sigat of th Mr figures from the waist up It also shuts off the nuns' vision, ami is another reminder to the vvorlilllng of wa it austeritv mi re ill mean The vines are trained over these galleries, anil though leafless at this time of the tar, the bird In tho Cloister. and chao each other in flocks over the lawn among the trees In a sunn spot of the graveled walks the chiliUen are plaving at skip the rope, are twittering and scolding among them and their innocent laughtei minj-lcs with the chirping of the birds The roar or the city Intrudes but little The place is se cluded anel the world seems Tar awa Another two hours of meditation and si lence followand the n the visitors gointothe chapel to liear tlie chanting orvespe rs The nuns are assembled in the choir, w liich is a room to the right of tlie sanctuar .shut off from the chapel b a grating veileel with a .creeii of black gauze The nun fulls ti rough the stained glass windows making emerald lights on one praver book anil violets on .mother The high treble vo'eea of the nuns break forth and die aw a in tho Latin words of their orrice Silences intervene and are mu sicall stirred The gicat picture over the alt ir is a painting of Our Lord, with a nun kneeling before him In adoiation Two sculptureel angels kneel at cither Mde of the marble altar and on atmosphere of awe envelopes the penitents Another two hours of silence intervenes and this time vv hen the seek the chapel Itis almost in darkness Out of the gloom glows the ruby colored light that hangs perpetuallv In the sanctuar and the two small lights of the same color before the altar of the sacred heart, anil the kneel in,; figures of the 'out sistcis," as they are called, ma be seen in t'ie farther side of the chapel The nuns come Into the choir agiln to chant their office and later the sister who is looking after them comes to fetch them She whispers as the leave the chapel and touch their fingers In the holy water, "Say, 'Wash me and I shall be whiter thau snow-' " Meeting: the Superior. Ever where they turn some reminder of the holj life is given them, and it Is almost with a sinking of he irt fiat the settle "with the sister for a little talk But her conversation is alwas sprightly and the are revived and animated by it. After supper the Iailies meet the superior and go into the cabinet, which Is a small receiving room, to have a little talk with her. She is tlceplj interested in them and draw s them out about their w orldl and spiritual life, and berore the know It they are chatting almost merril She tells them of her own lire in the world and how she came to have the "o cation, as the nuns call It, for the super natural or religious life She isn't one bit meianeliol or reserv ed. Just a vv onian like themselves, only a veiled woman with the crucifix by her side. The separate from her to go to evening pra ers and then retire to the doimitory. It is a bare room with white beds sur rounded with white curtains. There is no softness or luxurlousness here. A rude wash stand and a chair are all the luxuries ot this austent , and they niust for.once brush out their hair without a muid, with out a mirror even, with only a crucifix to gaze upon. The sister comes in and gives them the ev ening benediction and the gas is turned out The can hear the nuns again chant ing their office as the fall asleep. It is an unusual sacrifice to be awakened from sleep at 6 o'clock h the lighting ot the gas and the words that go with the sign of the cross, but these penitents are soon able to throw off slothtul sleep and bestir themselves for the earl mass. It is the spirit ot the w orld that surrounds them and they must needs obc. Not elaborate toilette this morning. No chocolate In bed with the morning papers and letters. Just a cold splash in tbe earthen basin and a hurried settling ot attire. Then they H-jSSlx : :: ; '" 8 7 J55ffR)finink'JBi ffiaaT " WW w M I 11 K r-u tiulJIIfllMi & J? Li iL "' l ' ' ' V 1 : i l i ' Eraaj EumRMw 9MMMe wjms?$mmm&B . . wmKFmmmm'zvLJ&i MBK&M&BHIUi&mfi mm TVsjsrwK&iL v iljirir'L tIHWVx -rJff 'MiMMvamMtfmkkP c Jg7 r.THBHiuuBf mm jm TmiwmLmm MM .Willi If ilf'jlli iif Ifflm Iff m w vly nlii fill fU ' WfcMttllli! i une AngciUH. 1 - are conducted to thb chapel The w ix candles are glimmering on the altar. The priest arrives in silence anil passes into the estr. A door in the iron grating is open and thenunsareknctlingin silence beond. Fresentl the priest enteis in cope and bcretta, and the old, old seilvce begins "In nomine Fatrls," he chants, and the fall on their kneqs In reverence the ob serve the progress of the hoi function and see the sisters come one b one to kneel before the little opening and receive the bh sscd sacrament Ihev wonder what sins these women could hav confessed ttie evening previous to prepare them for this moment 'Ihree IIouis forPrnyers. After the m iss an "out sister" comes in and arranges the altar, and prn ers follow. At breakfast, w hieli Is sirveel at 8, one of the visitors summons courage to ask how much of the el iv is l,Ivch over to pracrs by the nuns, ami is told about three hours Kver moment of the dai is lalel out for them, and no time for repining is allowed This is the wa the ret re it progres-es Three w hole da s .ire giv en ov er to thought and contemplation The are sometimes wear minutes, but these are few, for the sisters wntcli them and eonstantl warn them iigiliibttoo much scrupulousness ami mournfuliiess There are half hours spent walking In the garden, and h ilf hours spent In ne eellevvork anel quiet talk W hen the hour appro iches for thtin to o they have grown so accustoiniel to the routine the like it anel almost long to remain The sister greets them as thev come from the chipel, where thev make a fire well visit She cl.'sps their h mils and of fers her blanched ehtekto be kissed The dark veil fa'ls over the worlellliiLs shoul de in a parting bksslng, and then they bestow their ilms. for the order mil go down the oaktji stairs to the j,re it front portal 'Go to vour confessor tonight and get vour indulgence at inmmunion tomorrow morning,'' w hNpers the mm 'And come bicktous nextveirfora revival of faith See that you are f uthful and persevere'' The great elour swings bae. ami then closes behind them, like Fate pushing them into tlie world The clang of the electric car breaks on their t irs, the ch ltter, gos sip anel laughter of the world, the mingled strains of tlie grind organ and the new sboj s Bwell the tide, and hurry and j,rced and ambition ire spieaei outoerore wicm again "Dominus Voliiscum," "-ays the tower ing convent behind them, and then their cnrriiges, which have been wilting, roll up anel they are wheeled awav, wondering vvhatlettersaw alt them anil whoh iscalled SIBYL V.ILBUR WIHFS TO IJIAT IXDINS. Arizona ReniMades .to. Be Fonght "With anTele;inih Line. Cnpt "W A Glatsfoid, chief signal of ficcr of the Department of the Colorado, lias-returned from the Loie'ti countr be tween Arizona and Mexir o. where he has been engaged ln'tjulleling a militarj tele graph line, which Impart of Gen "When ton's pi in to folve the problem of how to stop the pe noelical Indian raids, AliHtar tele j,raph lines in time of peace have been constructed hentororc onl whee gar risons and established posts hn-ve been be ond the reach of the commercial tele graph In Arizona there are isolated -valles, trending north and south betwien low ranges of mountains, w here a small hand of Indians mav roim for hundieds of miles before their presence can oe made known to the mllltarj authorities, while berore pursuit can be undertaken the are many niilesaw.av,andtravelin,;througliacountrv where the can oacilv elisuise their trail "With a view to aiding in the transmission of information relative to Indian depre dations, Gen "Wheaton concti'id the plan of constructing militar telcinph lines into those seclueltel anel isolated valleys TI e opportunlt for the construction of experimental lines came with the abandon ment of I-ort Stanton, in Eastern Jsew Mexico, last cir A militar ttleraph line ninetv miles in length connected that post with tlie railwa line, and the iron poles, wire and other material weie taken down and stored, awaiting a call for use elsewhere With a portion of this material a tele graph line was construeteel from ne;ar Fort Grant across the Galiero Mountains Into the San Tcdro V.illej These mountains and the foothills of the San Peelro Valley slope nave been a favorite hihwa for Indians traveling between the reserva tions of the Kockv Mountain Apaches and 4 Mexico Soon after this line was built its cfficicncv was tested A band of rene gade Indians "appeared, pillaging the ram his, and lobbing and killing the white people An alarm vv as telegraphed to 1 jrt Grant, word wasqulckl passed to the com mands near the border.and aliotchase was made The Indians found their retreat cut off by the prompt appearance of troops along the bolder, but the fin ill made their escape through the rough Chine ahua Mountains, w here it was practicallv impossible to follovv thorn. It was then determined to use the remainder of the Fort Stanton telegraph mateiial in build ing another information line below the, 'nigged mountains, anditw as this work that touk Tapt Glassford into the field last month The Chiricahua Mountains trend north anil. south along the eastern line of South eastern Arizona, and the range extends across the boundar into Sonora. These mountains arq the most rugged to be found In thaf portion ot the countr. Soldiers soon become coinpletel exhausted in try ing to penetrate their fastnesses. Tlie Indians, how ever, seem to know them like an open look, and slip over the rocks and through narrow defiles with their mocca sins, leaving no truil that even Indian scouts can follow with an elegrce Ait cer tainty. It is important foi the successful movement of the troops in that countr that renegade pr retreating bands of In dians be" intercepted before the reach their retreats in these mountains. The beautiful v alle ot San Eernardipo lies lust west of this range of mountains Aji Immense ranch, known b the saniej name, occupies the entire valley, being o. portion of an old Mexican land grant It is ovyned b a famous pioneer of Arizona named Slaughter rather a suggestive name, when it Is known that the owner of the San fBernardlno ranch has tlie reputa tion ot having kffiqd some seventeen men in his time ButfMrf Slaughter is not a. blooelthlrsty man pf j3llgit; ignrand mild and quiet In manner, he possesses determination and a strong will that make- him a man to be respected. Living as he has done for many years on the border, his experience has made him fearless and forceful He has served as sheriff of his county for several terms, and It has been while in the discharge ot his duties that he has shot down horse thieves, murder ers and desperadoes until his name is a terror to cv il doers He Ilv es in that iso lated -valle a king among a loal people. The nearest railroad station is at Bisbee, across a range or mountains, ion, lives imlcs distant It is b connecting this ranch with the telegraph line at Bisbee that information for quick militar opera tions Isto be giien in future A troop ot cavalry has been stationed at San Ber nardino, reud to head ot retreating In dlans whenever the are again found prowling about the countr to the north ward. The line begins a few miles from Bisbee, anil runs in a boutheasterl direction to a United States custom housu on the bor- eler, bringing Hint remote point into closer touch vv ith the world This custom house is-a place of some importance, as it is the entr point for great droves of Mexican cattle that are shipped from Bisbee. Trom here the Hue runs tweut four inilespar.iikl with the boundar across the foothills of the Mule Mountains into Sulphur Springs Valle, anil ae ross tlie valle to the base of Mgger Head Mountain The line then passes through the Nigger Head Mountain range along an olel trail, making several turns, until it comes out upon a wiele mesa, thence dropping down into San Ber n ulino In the mountain the building ot the telegraph line was a difficult operation, holes having to be drilled into the granite rocks and blasted out with dynamite for the iron poles, "while the construction of a wagon road for the purpose or bringing in the supplies m tele much aeiditlonal 1 ibor a he value of Indian guides and trailers upon this peaceful expedition v as eieui oiiHtrated a number of time's Whenever an animal disappeared at niht the Indian scout, b making a circuit of the camp, coulil invnriabl locate the point where the animal wandered orf, and then, once upon the trail, he hail no difficulty in finding the missing stock The horses w ere orten captured b stiangers, who rode them orf ten or more miles and then left them The Indian scout could alwavs tell b the lppearunce of the trail whether the anlmil hael grieel as It went or had been rielelen awa on a'trot or gallop An Irdiui guide was n eeled upon an other occaMou Opt Glassrord h id gone alio ul upon a n e onnoiss mce one da , and when la w isabouttvvcnt miles from camp he observed that night was fast approach ing From an eminince on the side of Nigger He id Mount tin he could look down across the irldd stitto the camping pi ice E istv ard he saw tht vtrelnnt fields and comfort ible dwellings of S in Bernardino, and he was not long in making up his mind to seek a night's comfort there inste id of returning to the militar camp on the dtsi rt 'Ih it night he re steel in a fine bed iter abountifiildinncriindcrthe hospitable roof or Mr Sliughter Meanvvhllethe mm in cimp grew uncav at the delav of their leader in rtturnlng to his quarters Fear ing tint he had Income lost, the built bonfires and fired off vol!cs of musketr during the night, hoping thus to attract his attention W hen e! l wn came ind the c ip tain w is still missing, an Indian scout was put on his trail As Capt Glassrord came out of the ranch home to take l look aLout tho premises in the morning, lie was not surprised to Me the Ireli m scout, who had speedily traced him to that spot Last Ma, wl en a part of soldiers were in the Chiricahua Mountains, chasing Apaches, thev surprised a camp of In dlans, who decamped hastil. One squaw In her fright ran awa leaving a two year olel child asleep in its ,ickup The sol diers took tht papoose to San Bernar dino, and Mrs Slaughter and her daugh ter were so delighted with irthatthc de cided to adopt it. The little girl has de veloped a most affectionate disposition, and the ranch people are becoming ver much attached to her. The have named tho child Apache May EARLY AMinUC AN PIIYMCTANS. Knowledfjo Not as Thorough ns nt Present. It mi be well here to refer to the method of obtaining a medical professional tho-e di3 There were but twoschoolsof meeli cine In the countrv-tlut one at Harvard College, just established, and that at New Haven, orginizeel in 17S4 But b reason of the dangers and expenses of traveling the were b no means well attended In general the medical education was such as the student could pick up b serv ing as an apprentice to some noted practi tioner, which combined the duties of a student with man menial affairs He grounel the pow eltrs, mixed the pills rode with the doctor on his routieis, held the basin w hen th patient w as bled, helped to ailjust the plasters sew --vounils and run with vials of medicine from one end of tow n to tlie other It was a white dav when such a voting man enjoNod the rare good forture of dis secting a half putrid arm So great.indeed, was the elifhcultv or obtaining anatomn il subjects that the medical school at Harvard College maele a smpie bod do dut for a whole ear. Under such circumstances the doctor's knowledge was practical and derived from peronal experience rather than from books The advantages or stuelv weresparingl en 30 eel Few phvsici tns boasteel ot a librar of fiftv volumes His apprenticeship ended, the student re turned to his nativ etow n toasume the prac tice of medicine. At that period, with the the exception of the minister and tiit judge, the doctor wasthe most import autptrsonage In the communit. His genial face. Ins engaging manners, the smee rit w ith w inch lie inquired after the carpenter's d lughttr and the inter sthe took in tiiefnmll of the poorest laborer, maele him the favorite for miles aiound. He knew the naincsandper sonal histor ot the occupants of ev ery house he passed. The farmers' lads pulled off their hats to him and the girls dropped courtesies as hi passed Sunshine and rain, da light and darkness vv i re alike to him He would ride ten miles in the darkest mUit over the worst of roads in a pelting storm to administer a dose of calomel to an old w o man or attend a child In a fit The drugs were stow el awa on the shelves of the "village store, anibng heaps of shoes, Rohan It its, packages of seeds, and flitches of bacon The plisician was .compelled to co'mpound his own drugs, make Ins own tinctures and put up his own prescriptions His saddlebag was the onl drug store within forty miles Each J spnng the blood must be purified, the kldnes excited, and the damsel who faint ed profusel bled Large doscsof sennaand manna andrhii- barb and molasses taken da'ly. It is safe lo sa that more medicine was taken everv Cir bv tiie well than is now tnken b the sick in the same time "Water was denied the patient tormented with .fever In Its stead was giv en a small quantity of clam juice Mercury was taken until the lips turned blue and the gums fell away from tlie teeth. The writer has a vivid recollection, when about eight ears old, in a raging j fev ei , pleading for w ater. Th nurse hand ed the pitcher and the child satisfied her burning thirst. Her brother, overhearing what was going on, rushed into the room, exclaiming "You will kill her," but It was too late. j. The 331a zing. Boastful New' Englander But ou can't deny that the Fllgrim Fathers blazed the ,vu to all the greatness of our nation. Vesterner Blazed the way? Yes, by burning witches Chicago Journal FEAST DAYS NOT MOVABLE January Supplies Four, Including New Year's Day How They Are Observed Swearing: Off a Feature Custom of Receiving: Loses Favor. Among tho "Immovable feast" daS celebrated bj Christians are fuur, all of which occur in the first vvjtek ot January, beginning witlP"Nevv Year's Day" and eneling usually with "St. Distaffs Day," the 7th of tlie month. "Hansel Mondn" is one ot the four which, as ma be supposed from its being tlie first Monda, oe-casionally falls upon Str. Distaff's da, but only when Tuesday ushers In the "glad New Year." The celebration of ench ot the four, by some special observance, is held by many to be obligator. New Years day being eif all the most universally remembered f ever where. In Washington, as In most American cities, the latter is a' day when ou re ceive Oiir friends at your home; swear oft from bad habits, exchange confidences ir ou are ot the sw et sixteen class; give and take mementoes, and, ranking with the church going public, jou will occu sionall find your wa to some house of worship, anel spenel an hour or more in a formot observance berittin the momentous transition period of the cal ndared Cclies. The custom ot celebrating New Year's da bj some religious obst nance pre vailed among the ancients. It is re cog nized as the octave ot Christmas, or the eighth in the progress of dav, including and subsequent to the great festival with which the birth of Christ is commemorated. It also celebrates the circumcision and the naming of the Holy One ot Israel. An Ancient Cnst6m. The practice of givirg and receiving presents on the first da oftue New Year is as widespread as it is ancient. It was doubtless handed dow n from the Romans. Suetonius and Tacitus both mention It, and tradition informs us that some of the earlier English lings used to extort "gifts" to make sure that the habit should not fall Into lniioci ous riesuetuile. Jews, Fgptlans, Chinese, Romans, Mo hammedans, all nga-deel it as a da of special interest, although they did not agree as to the time from which to reckon the commencement of the car In Rome the ear ancientl began in March, and when Mima, according to the legendar ac count, transferred it to the 1st of January th it d i was held sacred to Janus Bifrous, who was supposed to turn at once back upon the old ear and forward into the now. Hie custom of forming new "resolutions or resolutions anvv as the case may be, came asa naturalsequencetotheoccasion the newness o' the unfiled pige of tune being suggestive of the turning of a new leaf, and it must be one of most pronounced Pharisaical tenelenc who would delib erattlv ignore the mandate Yet there is one, if no more, who boldl declared of himself that I'm goin' to be me.ancr'n I was last year! I don't give a durn for New Year's da; If ever man walked in the narrer way Angels'd be wautin' to move down here; This swearin off bizness don't begin to pay I don t give a cuss for New Year's day. I'm sorry I didn't smoke more last year. An' 1 know 1 didn't swear h ilf cnougn Thincs Kcp' a goin" so daggone tough; It's kinder glttin that I don't keer If I'm meaner'n pizen to the very jays W ho're always "quittln' ' on New Year's da3. I ain't got a thing that I'm takin' a back, An' I'll keep my pipes, an my jug 'n mv jaw; I'm goin to quit bnngin' myself up to tav. Just 'cause a new calendar's hung on tle tack. I'm goin' to be meaner this year, I say I don't give a durn for New Year's elay! He needs regeneration, evidentlv, but he is oblivious to criticism, possibly beyond recall, and, with it all, frankly incorrigible Yonnir Maiilens Day. Itis yoang ladies dav or was, when the custom of "reot.iv ing" was at the zenith of its poptilant It has fallen some what Into disuse as such these ein8, but time was, not so ion,; ago. when "thebovs" peepeil through the dim veil of the early morn on the seconil da ere thev soughc their pillows and tlie remnant of the balmy slumber which tired nature craved The aftirnoon and cieninglastcel usually till 2 o'clock a in , and it required the remainder of the night for each gav swain to discover his kevhole How he found it would be an interesting topic for a stpa- rate storv. but ti e material weuld have to be supplied in large measure by "cabby" Man entertaininsr incidentsaretreasured in the memor of societ btlles now above their teens of the reception da-, of AjIiI Lang Sne It was rank treason In those times for the oungman to neglect to pa his respects It was equallv unforglv cable for a girl with a pink drc's to stanil in the receiving parlor beside a damsel in laven der attire Such breaches of etiepiette were simpl bevond the power and virtue of penance The observance of January 1 as the open ing of the new year dates only from the sixteenth centurv, but little more than three Hundred xears ago, nor was It al wavs a dav of lularitv, and horn blow ing, and squibs The early lathers Chrsostom, Ambrose, Augustine', Pfter Chrjsologus and others in reprob iiii f the immoral and superstitious character f the pigan observances, prolnWteil "l Christi m usage all proceedings of a fes tival niture, and directeil the substi.u tion of prayer, fasting and humiliation This character seemed to be most appro priate after the 1st of January was or- j dained to be the initial day of the New Year, being the eighth succeeding the an niv ersar ot the Saviour's natlvitv , as then established. Of Ancient Origin. The social features of New Year's day seem to have come down from ancient ages unchanged Irom the earliest recorded celebration of it down through the Inter vening ages there has been mention of feasting anel the exchange of gifts Sue tonius alludes to the bringing of presents to the capital Tacitus distinctl refers to the practice ait giving and receiving New Year's tokens This custom was continued b the Christian klngeloms into which the "Western Empire was dlv ided In England there are recorded many evi dences ot it, even in the itemized account of courtexpenditures.downto the reign ot Charles II In France and England and throughout the new world the cutom is still more or less observeel, although In many places eclipsed by the still more ( popularpracticeotglvingat Christmas time. "St. Slvester's eve, the last night of the old ear, used to be celebrated with great f estivit , which was prolonged until after 1 2 o'clock, when the'Jfevr Year was ushered in with congratulations, compli mentary -visits and mutual i wishes for a happy Now Year This is an-ancient Scottish custom, which also prevails In many sections of Germany, where tbe form of wish, "prosstneu-jahr,' or "ma the New Year be happy," suffi ciently attests tho antlqutly of the cere mony. They rang bolls in the early davs also, probably as soon aa practicable after tho art ot bell-making was discovered. Prior to that time the noise necessary to proclaim the birth of a New Year was maele vari ouslyby haiid-clapplngs, cal exercises and by running the scanty gamut on tha ram's horn. Hells were tolled at midnight In the inciplency of the custom; now steam wlilsilesareexercised.andbells are brought into requisition onlv for the noise that cm be produce d as high tenorl to the whistle's contralto and multitudinous bapsi. "Watch Meetings Orh?innte. The earlier religious rits on the day have thelr suggestion in the "watch meet ings ' I eiel by some latter day Christian bodies, and tlie festal ft. a tares ar pre serve el in the modern social circles whera the "so irks" are not all nrone to fir upwarel- Again, an indent practice is recognized In the singing of the "Te Deum' at thj close or tlie old ear In many Cathoho churches, when "There's a new face at the door. And a new foot on the floor, i A new foot on the floor." "i But we are In the midst of some Im portant Immovable feasts. Epiphany falling; upon January G. It is cele brated by many Christians in commemoration of the adora tion paid to the Saviour by the Wise Mmi of the East, orthebaptismHerecelvedfrom St. John, and the first ot His miracles, per formed at Cana ot Galilee the changing of water into wine. The vord Epiphany, from Its signification, attesting two events, the app arance of Jesus to th Mdgu, and that of tre star which came as a symbol above the Bethlehem manger In the southern shires of "the old coun tr" the farmer and all his m de servants visit the orchards on this evening, take iff with them a jng of cleler. They stand about a fruit tree and chant an absu.rl rhyme, and soon after return to the nouvs only to find the doors barred by tha women They are not permitted to nter the house until some one of their number has guessed what is roasting on a pl6 before tlie fire. This is something; relish able, and becomes the property of the guesse r Tho penalty for a failure to observe this custom is believed to be the decay of the orchards. Saint Distaffs Davis another of thelm mov able feast da vs, dedicated by theRoman Catholic Church to St Isidor, but receiving the other title Jocularly in England and Ireland, because it is tbe flr't day after January 6. "Old Christmas." when tho women are expected to doff their holiday garb and resume the elistaff. Tbe obliga tion to work on this da is not binding, nevertheless, and labor may or may noS be arduous. Lape Into Poetry. Its pracucal features are practically da scribed thus "Partly work and partly play. You must on St. Distaff's Day; From the plow soon free your team. Then come home and fother thera- If the maids a spinning go, Burn the flax anel fire the tow. Bring the pails of water then. Let tf e n.aids bewash the men; Give St. Distaff all the right. Then bid Christmas sport good night. And next morrow, every one. To his own vo-ca ti on." In the British islands the first Monday in the year is called Hansel Monda v. from a custom of present making by masters to servants on that day. Every servant looks for a hansel, or gift, from master or mistrpss, as a matter of right. The postman, the billman, the scavenger, the waiter, the "boots," ill expect to be remembereil in a practical way by the well to-do people for whom they are In anywise the servitors. The more modern method ot averaging up is through the medium ot "tips." and thelater innovation differs from the ancient habit, in that Hansel Monday lias noT bo come every day In the year, anil gift tak ing multiplies into as many "touches' as there are opportunities. It is alleged by those who ought to know that New Year's receptions are not as pop ular as they were formerly. Young ladies are saiel to have abaneloned the habit because it came too iopular. So many indulged thetrs-ives in the pleasure that its populantv made it "common." In addition and thereby har.,-s a tales tho pubiisieel notices of receivin,r parties wero too indiscriminately elistributed up anef down the. social scale Why They Smiled. An ancecdote which some society girls smiled over for many a day, and which, was the basic source ot a large variety of ital'ci-ed expressions from a quartet ot society boys, will Illustrate. Tlie four young men. all -Washingtonians. had made the rounds of their acquaintances anl had each hecome milell inebriated. They elidn't want to go home 'til morn In anel at an earlv hour In the morning conceived the notion of calling upon other btlles not ot their visiting acquaintances. A list was made up, and the caraago started. TI eir first call finished the cours". for. to their surprise and tlisgust, they found themselves bo'vin.-. with Chesterfleldian grace, to two dusky maidens wnoae an nouncement or a New "iear "at home" had been so misleading to societ boys The joke got to the ears of their own set and the society boys never succeedee' in ex plaining the circumstances to the satis faction of their girl friend never. And It is what aided in making the re ception feature an unpopular New Year pastime. MODERN SOLOMON". Pathetic Incident That AcqnittMl a Poor Mother. WceMy Telegraph. A pathetic little drama was recently n ucted in a French court of justice. A poor iicedli'woman was cliarg a with stealing two gold coins from her employer. Her defense was that, while waiting in her em ploers house the child In her arms, rn known to 1 er, was attracted by the Pight of the glittering gold on the maiite 1 shelf, bet ind her, and, leaning forward over her shoulder, clutched tl.e coins in its chubby fist, and had'so carried them awav. This she persistently and solemnly stated on oath. The court, however, was incredulous, and reproved the mother for her attempts to deceive him. But she asserted her in nocence with such pathetic power that tho sagacious judge determined to test the truth of her statement- He bade her stanil by Ins desk, with her child facing over her shoulder in the way she had described. Then he took several gold coins from his pocket and placed them on the desk withia reach of the child- A breathless silence ensued. Every one awnked the touching sequel- Then sucV denly the child's ees caught sight or tho gleaming gold, and. with an eager smile, tlie tiny hand was outstretched to tho desk and the coins were clutched In Its tenacious grasp The mother was prompt ly acquitted.