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THE MORNTNX TIMES, SimDAX,,, JANUARY 3, 1897. 13 Dramatic Notes. Ellen Terry's health is very ptor. The latest is the kinamatograph. Boston is to liave a Chinese theater. Edith Crane will return to '-Trilby." Milwaukee has a new vaudeville theater. Labt week's crop or closings included eijrht companies. Tlie Sigu of the Cross'' closes aft'.'-next week. "The Gay Parisians'' go to New York today. Gerster has opened a school for hinging iQ Paris. The Tabers retain "Romola" in their repertoire. The Bostonlnns are to play in Pittsburg this week . Eugenia Blair will produce "Jane Eyre" In Kcw Oileans. London is about to enjoy a whole cycle of new plays. : Louis Hamsun has completed a new con.ic opera liUratun. -Charley's Aunt" has just closed a four year's run in London. Agnes Findlcy's part in "Gay Mr. light foot" is called Miss Ople. Minnie Radelifre nas left the llollauds to join the Denver Block. Ivdward Terry has announced that he will visit America in the spring. Mine. Modjeska will begin a California tour the 18th of this mouth. Edgar L. Davenportmay star in"Fedora" nest year, playing Scarpia. Ric-liard Mansfield will not pioduce "The First Violin" this year. Kyrle Bellew is pushing a suit for libel against an Australian paper. There was not an original production out side of New York city last week. Marie Dressier lias i?ea sick and oi.t of the east of "The Lady Slavey.'' Kcllar will drirt among New York onc night stands for Use ikvxi seven days. Lizzie MacNichol has joined the Castle Bftaare opera company in Philadelphia. Herbert Kelcey jid Effie Shannon may Mar jointly next season in society plays. Edythe Chapman is going to Denver nslending woman with a o.-k company. Emily Dancker's new play, "A Divorce Cme.""eems to have met with success. Thomas Keeiie plays "Richard III" for the 2,307th lime in Cincinnati tills week. "Sue" on.es to Washington from New England, and next week goes North again. Leon Herrmann, nephew of the ate 'magician, arrived yesterday from Paris. McKee Rankin will begin a starring tour next month in his new piay, -True to Life." A pro osof Sardou's new play for Bern hardt, the dramatist believes in spiritua lism. Newark eujoved "A Milk White Flag" Ihki week, and it is Philadelphia's turn next. rirthur Bouchier comes today from ftiltl rnore and leaves next Sunday for 1'itts burg. The Ott brothers. Teresa Vaughan's brothers, take "The SUir Gazer" on tour again. Roydon Evlynneis not a soubrette. He is a man. and a member of Sot hern's com pany. Creston Clarke has a new romnntledrama in which be will begin a starring tour early next xiKiiith. The Bast.-uians spent their mornings re hearsing au.l their afternoons sightseeing uM of last week- Charles Makuy makes liis first appear ance ws a longing man with the Hollands tran&rrow night. "WiHiaut Archer is adapting Ibsen's new and longest play, -John Gabriel Workman," for tlie 1-nlisa stage. "Anl Louisa" Eldridgc has a pair of star spangled j-bihht sUxkings, presented her by Edwiu Bxrth. kelson "Wheat -roft has sacrificed his famous mustache to the exigencies of his part in Heartsease.' Sarah Bernhardt is at work upon a bust of Viotorien Sardou, which she may ex hibit at the next Salon. Sraylhc and Rice, of "My Friend From IikHh" fame, are going to star Willie Collier in a new comedy. Sadie Mat-Donald's death in Australia was eaijsed from a Jail while dancing in "The Milk White Flag." Ilolnnd Re.-d has the best play of his career in "The Wrong Mr. Wright," atleast bo fcay many who have seenit. -"Brother for Brother" is traveling all the way from Syracuse today. "On the Mis Eisbippi" goes into Pennsylvania. Joe Jefferson wrote Theodore Hamilton a letter of enthusiastic congratulation arter witnessing his Pudd'nhead recently. Sousa's tour is for 2S0 concerts in 1G9 consecutive days, visiting 190 towns and completing a circuit of 21,000 miles. A special train will be mm! red to take "The Heart of Maryland" company to Chicago alter its Boston engagement. Frederick Paulding and two oilier players have formed the Paulding Tiio for the presentation of short plays la vaudeville houses. Nat Goodwin will be closer to Washington this week than he lias been for montlis be lore. He opens in Chicago tomorrow nigh t. Daiy will produce sometime in January Robert Chambers' "A King and a Few Dukes." Charles Richinan will have the leading role. Mrs. "William A. Brady was last week at the point of death, but careful attendance brought her through the crisis, and she is now out of danger. 2'ltiladelphia tiad a peep nt "When Lon don Sleeps" last week. It will be seen for the '-eond week this tcason at the Acad emy tomorrow night. Gustav Ileinriehs, the impresario, wed ded Catharine Fleming, one of hih leading contraltos, in California recently. Both are well known here. -The Lire of the Soul in the Dream: or, ' An Extract from the Trial of Maria Bar ben," was the bill last week at the Thalia Theater in the Bowery. The style of Mrs. Kendal's withering and IrtiUieruig scorn is matched only in that fa mous Journalistic controversy familiar tc readers "of Pickwick. Mirror. "William Gillette was the guest of the Twelfth Night Club of women recently. He was the only man present, but came through the ordeal triumphantly. A report last week had Joseph Holland and Fannie Bulkley engaged, not merely to act, but to many. But Joe says it isn't so, and Joe is always right. M. B. Curtis lias Joined the comic opera contingent. He is leading comedian with Lillian Rus'-ell. He plays a Hebrew, and ought to do it well, for he is himself a Jew. Jdwin Milton Royle presents his "Capt. Impudence" in New York tomorrow night. KobertPaton Gibbs, McKee Rankin, Amelia Bingham and Belina Fetter Royle aie in bis fine cast. A sister of the decadent critic, fu orge Bernard Ehaw, lias arrived from London to play the louhrcltc role in the production of "Shamus O'Brien" tomorrow night in New York. Joseph Ilaworth will tlds week be seen for tin last, time in his original role in "Sup." He starts next Sunday for Cali fornia, where he Joins Modjeska as her loading man. Probably the best-known liorsc In the profession is Lulu. This mare has cre ated parts in "In Old Kentucky," "The Girl I Left Behind Me," "Shenandoah," "Dr. Syntax" and "The Sporting Duchess." Primrose & West's minstrels are to be in Washington the last of the month. With this company is "Waltz Me Again" George "Wilson, Who is claimed as the highest-salaried minstrel performer In the profession. "The Nancy Hanks," which has been playing a two-weeks engagement at ral mcr's Gmp.t Northern Theater, Cliicago, has made such a hit that Manager Palmer extended the engagement Tor two more weeks. The New National will have Hanlon's "Superba" next week. This production has been made over new for this season, and is more magnificent than when first it endeared itself to lovers of sumptuous epectaclo. -An unfortunate -Glasgow editor made several inconsequential errors in writing of Tom Robertson. The late dramatist's sister, Mudge Kendal, thereupon rubbed into print, expressing herself in this choice manner: The company engaged to support Henry Miller in Ills starring tour in Clarke and Klein's play, "Heartsease," includes Grace Kimball, Mrs. Louise Thorndykc Boucicault, Nanette Comstock, Frank Burbeck. Nelson Wheatcroft, Leslie Allen and Max Flgnidii. "When you write my brother's nameagaiu do it on yourknees! with your hat off! 1 never knew yi'Ur paper existed till I saw it one day on May kitchen table! when I told my housQki'cper to burn it. She rang for the groom who sent tor the stable loy who did so!" The principal attractions are this week distributed as follows: Otis Skinner in Hart ford and Providence, CluyClemeutin Texas, Fred Wanie in Deliver, Soihern in Chicago. Tree in Philadelphia, Minnie Maddern Fiske in Texas, Olga Ncthersole in Louis ville, Kliea In Indianapolis! and the Hollands in New York. In ills farewell speech at, Wallack's The ater E. S. Willard said: "Next year I hope to bring to you three new plays one by Henry .-irtliur Jones and another by J. M. Barrle- The author of the third I am not prepared to announce. 1 prefer to give my plays their imtial performance in Amer ica, Tor if they take well here I am always sure of their being successful in the old country." There is to be a daily dramatic and sport ing paperestabllshediiiNuw York the first publication of its kind ever undertaken in America. Itlstobe called the Daily Stand ard, and will be run in connection with the weekly of thatname. Among otherfeatures, it will contain letters from all over the country. Leander Richardson will be the principal writer on stage events, and is now organizing the force of correspond ents. John L- Stoddard unquestionably hit the bull's-eye of public favor during his five weeks in Chicago, and he was never more Mieccsi-rul in Philadelphia than during his season which has just closed there- As the time for bin appear-.iec draws near a lively inquiry demonstrates the fact that lie is to be equally popular here. After closing his lecture season now au.-piclously in progress in Boston he will come to this citv, giving his lectures at the Columbia Theater. John P. Chun returned Friday from a lecture lour through Eastern Virginia. He gave with-great success his lecture on "California and the Great Northwest." The third and last "bargain matinee'' will be given at the Lafayette Square Opera House next Wednesday afternoon for the matinee of Bret Harte's comedy drama, "Sue-"' The prices will be as fol lows: Entire lower floor and mezzanine boxes, 5u cents; entire balcony, 25 cents, and all reserved at that. The box of rice is now open for the sale of seats for this occasion. Herbert Pattec of this city, who is play ingleadsinthe Walker Whiteside Company, is receiving high commendation for his clever work. In I he pre.-entation of "Ham let" by Mr. Whiteside the Minneapolis Tribune says: "The Laertes of Herbert Pattee was a most finished performance. Mr. Pattee is one of the most promising 3-oung actors on the stage and acquitted himseir admirably." Also in the presenta tion or "Richelieu," Herbert Pattee as De Mauprat seems to have been Iwm especially for the portrayal of the part in truded to hint. He is especially strong in the second part and is never disappointing in all the difficult situations in which he is thrown." victor xirco as an artist. His Interest in the JDramntic Ex pressed in Ills Drawings. Scrilner's. It will not be without Interest to say a word or two with regard to the draw ings of Victor Hugo. We shall find some excellent specimens hanging in the bil liard room. Victor Hugo drew with pas sionate enthusiasm, and this enthusiasm passed from his brain into tlie least line he drew. He had besides this an instinct for the dramatic; he found it everywhere; in the tempest, in the calm, in a tuft of grass as well as in the sidereal im mensities. Tiiis perpetual consciousness of the dramatic in everything was So natural to him that, if he took a sheet of paper, a little black coffer', and the end of a match he could, by Iookiuglutohis own imagination, that transformer of 'memory, draw in quick succession, as if from life, tlie dramatic pictures which followed oue another there. There is only ' one other man who possessed to so great a degree this faculty for creating the fantastic and visionary; this was Gustave Dore. But the fantastic of Dore is com monplace and without dignity, whereas that of Hugo is superb and original. And why? Without doubt because Hugo was transmuting his own particular dreams, while Dore realized those of all the world. There is no scientific skill in the vulgar sense in Hugo's drawings, but a spon taneous creatlvcness, contemptuous of all rule and of everything ever seen before. It is the vigorous and pure expression of the idea predominating for the moment in his mind, the only one, because of its very intensity, and this spontaneity is carried to such a degree that almost all these drawings seem to have been done by the light of a flash of lightning. Add to this that tills man, so adept with his hands and persevering, brought an im mense amount of concentration and skill to bear upon his works, which gave them the air of things materially rare. These observations seem to me to explain why Victor Hugo, in his manifestations as a graphicartist.rcmainsaniuimitableinaster, and of power equal to that which he dis played in a literary direction. MARRIAGE IN ABYSSINLY. Some of the. Cnrions Customs of the Land of Menelik. Family Story Taper. There are two kinds of marriages in Abyssinia civil and religious. The religious marriage alone is indis soluble, however.. There is no written contract between the parties, and tho goods are in common. In case of divorce. In the civil mar riage, everything is equally divided be tween husband and wife. Women bring no dowry to their hus bandshusbands bring their wives. Girls are married as early as eight years of age, at times. Theengagemeutlasts about three months, and every time the young man goes to see his bcthrothed he takes a present to the family. The girl is not allowed to appear, how ever, during the visit. Sometimes, to be sure, the two manage to exchange a look and word by bribing the servants. Some days before the marriage eight members of the two families dress them selves fantastically and go to sing and dance in front of every house in the place, and receive gifts in return. Should these gifts rot come voluntarily, they are taken by force. On the wedding day the bridegroom knocks at the bride's house. "Who are you?" is asked from within, "Such a one," is answered. "What do you want?" "Your daughter, my wife?" "We do notkuow where it is. Look for her!" And then follows a mock chase for it is well known where tlie girl is and the girl Is carried off by the "best man," who thus becomes hcr.friend and piotcctor in case of husband and wife disagreeing. Uanquels are given at both families' houses. For a week after the marriage ceremony the' young couple are allowed to enjoy each other's company in undis turbed quiet. ' There is nothing so dear to the children's hearts as Christmas." "Nor to their fathers -nnrt.-nMinr.l-o " J Philadelphia North American. BOOKS UDTHBH MAKERS Canada, Neglected, Is Finally Given a Worthy History. NEW BOOK OF STEVENSON'S Reviews of the Last Books to Take Their Place on Library Shelves D urine tho Old Year. CANADA'S history is a, closed book to most readers, even students. This is because the library of the Dominion's history is markedly limited, and tlie majority and best of such books as exist are unavailable to English read-.-rs, us they were written in Fiench. These con siderations accent tho importance ajd assure tlie welcome or a history or the Dominion of Canada last week, published by the Piitnams, in their valuable 8torlesl of the Nations series. Tills volume might have come earlier. It stands forty-s'xth in the list or histories, and yet its relation to the United States and measured by the interest, political and social, which we should have In our immediate neighbor, it could have been well placed in tlie first five or six. The narrator of this story of Canada is Dr. J. G. Bourinot, a gentleman or official eminence and polite learning. He gives evi dence throughout this book or Ills scholar ship and literary accomplishments. He has written comprehensively in compressed space, giving us sketchily, but completely, a story which extends back to tlie dawn or discoveries at the end of the fifteenth century, and covers the making of a prov ince almost coextensive with the area of the United States. Canada is an important factor in inter national economy, especlallj to us. It is a magnificent unworked deposit of riches which are awaiting further progress In scientific engineering to j our the realities of Persian dreams into the conqueror's lap. We are accustomed to look upon our Northern neighLor as a rrnzen country scarcely worth, while. No one can rise from a reading of Dr. Eourinot's history retaining such ignorant and unworthy prejudices. Canada is not only a jrovince of present eminence and immeasurable promise, but its past is one of highly col ored romance which challenges the in tcrestand admiiation or every reader. The Dominion has had its beginnings, growth, vicissitudes, wars, heroes and history. Tho early French explorers even developed the geography or our Mississippi vr.llc Tor us. The story or LaSalle and Jollct, Marquette ami Chnmplaln, "Wolfe ar.d Montcalm :c calls to everyone, in a vague way at least, spirited biavcry and n. mantle adventures. Tlie conquest of CaiiLla has been until lately a battling against primitive natural enemies. The peaceful French peasantry had little to engage them except the ad verse conditions or climate and primeval nature. Tiie slow building of a nation was interrupted but once by a war or man agaainst man. Until a dozen years ago the Canadians concerned themselves not at all with politics and lived lives that were epics in peace and domestic braery. But as soon as the disengaged national mind wandered rioni its habitual considerations to new questions trouble began The Kiel rebellion or 'i55 was followed last year by tlie introduction of the school question into politics, and lliey seem to presage a period of internal agitation for the hitherto Arcadian province. The si'lfishness and intrigues of politicians afford dry reading. Canada'b best h's tory is in her past, In tho fortitude of pioneers, the conquest of nature, the ad ventures with the red men, the romance of Quebec, and the peace of a happy people This is the history which Dr. Bourinot has written admirably nnd to the certain pleasure of every one into whose way his work may come- QUESTIONS or the day continue an im portant series among the publica tions of the Putnnms. The most recent crimson duodecimo is a treatise on municipal reform In the United States by Thomas C. Devlin. The author writes from an evidently long intimacy with the best thought and opinion on this important question, so engaging to every citizen and freeholder. He divides his considerations under eight heads. Tlie first is devoted lo efforts which have been made at reform in municipal government; In the second he analyses and exposes the conditions of American municipalities; the third part is devoted to the ethics of elections: the fourth to State as well as municipal poli tics; the filth is a treatise comprehensive in little on the condition of civil Fcrvicc reform in cities; and the final three chapters touch on the cost of city govern ment, the duties and powers of officials and the relations of press, public and of ficial. American municipal reform is a ques tion which must be studied absolutely from an American standpoint. European cities furnish us with little that is valuable in an initiative. Conditions in the new world and the old are essentially difrerent. A study of European methods is merely prof itable in so raras itmay point out what re sults are possible in a city well governed. We may profit by the experience of Euro pean cities, but we cannot imitate their methods Bryce has said in his American Commonwealth: "Direct inferences from the success or failure of a particularconsti tutional arrangement or political arrange ment in another country are rarely sound, because the conditions differ in so many respects that there can be no certainty that what flourishes or languishes under other skies and in another soil will like wise flourish or languish in our own." Prof. Smith of Columbia has said: "We havo all sorts of 'strangeness' in the popu lation of the United States. We have 'strangeness' of blood, of birthplace, of parentage, of institutions, of political practice, of social ideals." Mr. Devlin lias studied and exploited his subject from a purely American viewpoint. 5TEYENSONIANS will find pleasure in a posthumous fragment, by Robert Louis Stevenson. It is a short ac count of a stay in a village of lace makers in Haute Loire. John Lane publishes it in pamphlet form. It was intended to servo as the opening chap ter of his well-known volume, "Travels With a Donkey in the Cevennes;" but the intention was abandoned in favor of. a more abrupt beginning, and hence we are given the original chapter as a mere fragment. The style has all the marks of Stevenson's fine diction, but there is noth ing to distinguish it above' a curiosity in belles-lettres which will be welcomed and prized by all admirers of the late Scott and will place Mr. Lane's .public under renewed obligations to him for an interesting pleasure. Five full-page draw ings by the writer accompany the text. They will never cause the fame of Robert Louis Stevenson, writer, to tremble be fore the ascendency of Robert Louis Steven son, artist. Only 350 copies of "AJIoua tain Town in Prance" were printed, and there will not be a second edition. ( IFE'S GATEWAY; Or, How to Win j Real Success," is the attractive title of a series of essays which have appeared ifrom tirhe to time over Emily 8. Bouton's signature in tho Iress, and are now published in book form by the Arena Company of Boston. It is an- attractive title ,-bccrutsur Ave 'are all looking for success. It Is. yie ambition of every mortal with a spark of manly vi tality. But the word is unfortunately much abused. Real success Is iiotqs, teuo'lhe ingly set forth by thfs writer a mere piatter , of , money and fame, but--something higher and nobler, because nu ab straction and .a thing of lie heart and conscience. "Life's Gateway'; is, a book that Is good to read.' There Is enlighten ment and inspiration In its pages amino one will put it aside without a sense of gratitude to the writer. J") EADERS of Edward S. Ellis Itod T With Silence," Hie first of the Boone ,.. and.Jienton series, will welcome I heartily its sequel, "Tlie Phantom River." A gain -the principal characters areJ3an.leIJBoqje piuLjiliiioii Kenton, Hie adventurous piouecjrs iff tlie .Middle West. Tlieiihnntom was! nofany'niore lerrlTJlo thing than a fJatljoalu with .whjjjB sail, the first that e-er Simon Kenton saw, but Mr. Ellis lias woven about it a story of mystery and adyeirtth which jvjll-vppeaj to every 'boy" wlth'thfe'saine" force as do his other excellent stories. Henry T. Coatcs &. Co. of EMIadelphitt ure the publishers. ' ' "" " BATTLE OF LONG ISLAND. Two TabletH to Commemorate It in Brooklyn. ,!w"ATcw3 'orkf&entn'y Sun. "" " """" Historic interest InWb local points is soorr to take permanent form by the placing pf -bronze tablets to commemorate the tleath and burial of 250 Marjlandcrs of the Co lonial army, who fell in the battle of Long Island. The tablets have been in prepara tion for some time, and word was received in Brooklyn yesterday that they would soon be ready for-shipment fromniieworks at' Stamford, Conn. It will be rememberedthat when the Maryland .patriotic societies pre sented the monument to Prospect Parkin Brooklyn, in honor of the Maryland bat talion that fought there In tfie Revolution, the unveiling took place,, on. August -27s 1805, in the presence of a large company of veterans and many other Marylanders, who cauie asguests of the city.. Thousands of pcrson tufned"ouCrto see the procession, andthe-day. was celebrated with music oT bands and booming of cannon. Of the funds raised at that time ror the entertainment or the visitors a surplus remained, which was left in charge of a committee, to be put to-some appropriate use. oI'v Lpojiibi L,Langdqn spoke In detail of the p'lacingv6f the tablet. "The sitea chosen for commemoration," he, "are the corner of Fifth avenue and Third street, near the old Nicholas Veghtu house... erroneously called the Cortelyou house, where 250 Marylanders fell, and that porU&ir of Third '"avenue" between Seventh and Eighth streets, where the bat talion buried its dead after retreating from the fight. The tablets may be delivered some time this week. The only place to mark the burial ground will be in the side walk along Third avenue, and the tablet will merely recite the events or the battle. No names of the dead are possible, since in the cour.-e of the struggle they fell at various points, all the way from Prospect Hcightsdown to Fort Hamilton. That whole district was covered by the right wing of the Continental army . "At the Veghte house there is to be a wall tablet of more elaborate design. The old house will -be shown as it was in the battle, filled with two companies of British soldiers, whom the Americans tried in vain to drive out. The attack was led by Major Gen. William Alexanden,.also called Lord Stirling, who commanded the Mary land battalion of -400 men. When he finally secured the retreat of the ngux wing -his losses numbered 230 dead and many wounded- That slaughter and the subsequent burial are what the Maryland patriot&.re memliered m jtlieir gift of the shaft to -Prospect Park, and vhat our committee is to mark with the twojbronzo tablets. 'In designing the scene of the'tlght I had to send to West Point for drawings of the cannon of the period, and it took no little search to decide what-flag must have been used in that time, before the adoption of -the Stars and Stripes. - "The old house, though once a courtly mansion, is now Somewhat tumbledown and Is completey llidden rrom the street by newer buildiugsthat surround what was formerly Washington Park baseball field. The tablet is therefore to be set in the wall of the brick building on the corner of Fifth avenue and Third street, owned by Edward H. Litchfield. From the rear windows of the tailor shop in that build ing or of the plumber's shop next door, can be seen the olcl house standing low in the open lot behind. "T do not doubt that the memorial tablet will sustain a lively interest on the part of the public in this one of the many historic spots with which Brooklyn nnd New York abound." CAN SEE ONLY AT NIGHT. Queer Affliction of a Chicago Fish erman Caused by am Accident." An old man with bat-like eyes, who is blind by day, but can see by night, is one or the extraordinary features of Chicago's waterside life John Borne is a fisherman now, but atone time In his youth he was an Oxford under graduate, and he worked at his profession of a civil engineer for more than twenty years, until he met with the accident that has strangely altered his eyes. Tlie peculiar affection of the eyes frdni which Borne suffers has baffled more than one occulist. Borne received an injury to both eyes some twenty years ago- Whilt walking down South Water street, Chicago, some hoodlum threw an immense snowball nt him, which landed directly in both eyes with tlie full force given it by the thrower. The left eye was injured frightfully arid almost torn from its socket. Two operations were performed on the optic nerve, which was cTlscpvered to be permanently weakened. After the tissues healed, however, and when the eye was supposed to resume its former appeilr ance, a bluish-white film gathered and spread over the entire cornea, giving the eye an appearance precisely similar "to the eye of a fish. At night, when the iris always enlarges, the Iris of Borne's eye enlarges tremen dously, enablinghimtosee with comparative accuracy. There -is no" set of glasses or any in vention of the optician's art which can render any assistance to Borne in the day time. At night-he-needs no such artificial makeshift. Several times he has ventured into tlie streets of Chicago during the day. He was unable to find his way about, and had to give himselfip to the'pqlice, with the request that.he.be iscorped back to theVttle hut in which lie lives. At night, however, he launches his boat, and has not the slightest difriculty in picking his way among the shipping in the harbor. It i& even claimed that Borne can see better at night than any man, about "the water front. Chapped Skin in "Warm Countries. - "Travelers in Africa tell of a custom al most universal among tlie natives that of anointing the body with oil. At first ;thought, especially to those who have never been In Africa, it seems a dirty .habit. It seems, however, that-the Afri cans use the oil to prevent chapping of :he skin? The hot wiudltoT trie Nile region will chap as badlyjas the "norther" of the colder climates, and it is not an un common thing, if something is not done to prevent it, for the skin to crack -open until the blood flows. -Exchange. 'iThoretsTiridtnln'gabout my girl," yawn ed Freshly; "she's awf ully chic." "'""Xes'.'and no sprincuick''aTtnat." De troit Free Pre33. Literary Notes. Virgil worked eleven years on the "AencldV ; "Outward Bound" Is the title given a new edition of Kipling. Balzac did not begrudge a whole week's work to a page. Four pages is said to have been the dally task of George Eliot. Von Billow's letters are shortly to be published in Loudon. John Ruskin and George Meredith each have a penchant for chess. Anthony Hope promises an actual sequel to "The Prisoner of Zenda." A daughter of AlblonTourgce gives prom ise of becoming un artist otexcellence. Current Li'Uiruture begins tho volume of Its mnjority with the January number. Conun Doyle's Jast story bears the name "Uncle Berime; a Memory of the Empire." Barrle says his books "were written to please one woman no.w dead" his mother. The iiiuch-admired cover of "Tlie Quest of the Golden Girl," was made by Will Bradley.-" ZanquiU's "Without Prejudice," so long a feature of tlie Pall Mall Magazine, is published in book form. Theie is a crescent tendency in liter ature relating to the personal history of President Washington. Coventry Pntmore died in his seventy third your. His portraits make him look like Hawthorne tired out. Stanley Weyman's new serial, "Shrews bury," will appear in Jerome K. Jerome's Idler, beginning in the February number. The Bookman is willing to bank Its daily bread that the Yellow Dwarforthu 1'ellow Book is the editor, Mr. Henry Har iand. '- - ' Publishers aver that never before has so much original and so artistic child liter ature been issued asiu anticipation of these holidays. J Bjornstjerne Bjornson is tiiis winter In Italy makingup his collection or Norwegian lyric poetry and songs or the Norwygian peasantry. Andrew Lang's hobby is fishing, and. in tlie humaneness of his heart, he invariably throws back into the water whatever he catches. Mr. Barrle has promised the Scrlbners a sequel to "Sentimental Tommy." But he will put by some short work before begin ning it. The belief obtains that Kipling took the title of his recent volume of poems from his own verse: "For the world ia wondrous large, seven seas from marge to marge." Anonymous in the January Bookman says: "The test of the great artist is his power to deal with quiet life in the sober day light." Coventry Patmore's name is more inti mately associated with nis "Angel in the House" than with any of his other books. A critic calls It a domestic epic. Francis Parkman's complete historical works' are to be published by Little, Brown & Co. in the spring. Tlie tendency to re print is still upon the publishers. "Quo Vadi," by this sissling and hiss ing Sienklewicz, has already passed Into its sixth edition. It is one of the most widely read books or the season Southey, who had his twenty-four hours divided 'off with scrupulous exactitude, considered that he-had done a day's work when he had written four quarto pages of history. Beekwith wrote "Vathek" atone sitting, Johnson wrote "Rasselas" In less than a week, and the whole of Fenelon's "Tc-le-mactuis" was composed within three mouths. Some one asked Max Nordau to define the difference between genius and Insanity. "Well." said the author of "Degeneration," "the lunatic is at least sure of his board and clothes.'' Judge Albion W. Tourgee.the author of "A Fool's Errand" and other novels, is living the epiiet. peaceful lire of a country gentleman at Maryvllle, in Chautauqua county, N. Y. Paul Leicester Ford, who has met success as a novelist, but not as a dramatist, is repreente.i in the current volume ertiu-Atlantic Monthly with a new piece of fiction, "Story of an Untold Love." The Emperor of Austria has conferred upon Queen Elizabeth, or Roumanla, (Car men Sylva), the decoration of arts and sci ences. This is the first time the distinction has beenextended to a woman. Grant Allen has at last begun his guide books to the greaterartcities abroad. These little books are not intended for the ordinary tourist abroad, but for those who take an intelligent interest in what they see. The literary papers are indulging in a dispute over the authorship of the words of the soug, "Kathleen Mauvourneen." The late F. Nicholas Crouch claimed to have written the words as well as the music. The Arena for the last month of the year "was a fitting beginning Tor this elevating periodical's seventeenth volume. All lovers of earnest endeavor and pure literature will wish the magazine a prosperous future. The famous De Goncourt brothers are to have imitators in fraternal collaboration in Paul Marguerite and his brother, Victor, who will hereafter write together over the compound signature, Paul Victor Marguo rito. Calculating that the average man spends fiveminutes reading his newspaper in a day, a statistician lias discovered that the people of the world altogether annually occupy time equivalent to 100,000 years reading the papers. The English comic weekly, Judy, is owned by Miss Lilian Debenham. She. has made a now departure in attempting to edit the paper. A woman as editor of an intentionally humorous periodical occupies an almost unique position. The Chap Book is to be enlarged to the size of the English weekly reviews. In its enlarged form greater attention will be paid to contemporary literature. The price will remain the same, though the quantity of material will be doubled. Capt. Mahan's "Life of Nelson," upon which the naval of ricer has been at work for several years, will issue from Little, Brown &. Co.'s press early this year. It Is to be published in two volumes, uniform with his "Influence of Sea Foam." Tiie oldest member of the French Societe ties Gens des Lettres is a woman, Mme. du Bos d'Elverz. She was born in May, 1799, and still writes vigorous letters to the newspapers from her home in Angers. Fifty years ago she published a number of novels. Thercis a,touch of pathos inthe statement that the book most frequently called for in the library of Sing Sing prison is Charles Reado's "Never Too Late to Mend." The same author's "Put Youself In His Place" holds the second place in popularity with the inmates of the prison. Macauley laid out a plan for his "History of England," under which it required two years of solid work, and the "turning over of hundreds of thousands of pamphlets." "When the materials are ready," he said. "and tlie history mapped out on my mind, I ought to write on an average of two of my pages dally." Louise Imogen Guirney has completed a volume of short essays on disconnected subjects. It is called "Patrins." This is the Romany word for handfuls of leaves and grass cast by the gypsies on the road to denote to those behind the way they have taken. The projected lecture tour by Richard Le Gallienne seems to have been abandoned- He is even not to visit America, at least this season. It Is said that Mr. Le Gallienne has peculiar personal quali fications for the platform which dis tinguish him In his readings above the matter-of his discourses. To Mrs. Thomas Hardy, if all reports be true, the world owes her husband's novels, for it was through her influence that he was Induced to give up architecture as a profession, and adopt literature in its stead. She copied out his first novel in her own hand and herself sent It to the pub lishers, and she makes it part of her work to keep posted on the literature of the day, in order that she may have a store of knowledge at her husband's command. The death, yj'as recently announced of Mrs. Charles Darwin, the widow of the great naturalist, to whom she was married In 1839. Darwin owed much to his "wife during his life of hard -work and constant ill-health. Their son says: "In his rela tionship to m y mot herlils tender and sym- J pathetic nature wasshown In Its mast beau tiful aspect. In her presence he found his happiness, and through her his life which might have been overshadowed by gloom became one of constant and quiet glad ness." Mrs. Darwin, who survived her husband fourteen years, was eighty-eight years or age, and lived till her death In the house which wl!lnlwnf be associated with Darwin's memory. A VETERAN CONVICT SHIP. After More ThanafjTIundred Years of Life She 1h Now at Rest. A sli ton "hrparr(er. Tlie most reniarkahleV vessel that lias yet passed up the ship canal may now be seen at the Pomona docks. In some respects, indeed, the- Success must be the most remarkable vessel afloat. -Constructed almost entirely of Indian' leak, with the square cut stern and quarter galleries of a century ago, she was launched In 1700 at Moulmcin, a rice settlement near the Rangoon, in Burmah, and traded for many years between England and the Indies as a first-class merchantman. Sub sequently she made occasional trips to Australia, chiefly as an emigrant and passenger vessel, until in 1852 she -found herself left at her moorings at Melbourne, abandoned by both "crew and captain. Vessels in Australian ports- were liable in those days to such desertions, for the gold fever was at its height. 'Soon after ward the Success was sold to the Vic torian government, whose goal accommo dation under the stimulus of the gold rush had quite given out, and by whom she was now converted into a prison ship, with seventy-two cells. The carpenters who carried out this piece of work were paid, we are told, at the rate of 33 shillings per day, so magnetic was the in fluence of the gold fields and so great the difriculty of retaining skilled workmen in Melbourne. It Is in prison form that tlie Success Is now making a tour of the chief ports of this country. The vessel remains .apparently in much the same condition as when her decks witnessed the scenes of horror which led, although not until 1807, to the .abolition of the hulk system in Victoria. One can quite understand, arter an inspection of tlie penal appliances of the ship, the anxiety of the people of Melliourne to have all traces of that odious system destroyed. The Success is, Indeed, afloat today, thanks simply to a blunder online part of the authorities, by which she was permitted to escajMi the destruction that finally over took the other members of the prison fleet. An effort to remedy this blunder wa3 made in 1892, when some of the colonists of Sydney succeeded in scuttling the ves sel and sending her to the bottom of Port Jackson. Six montlis later the Success was raised to the surface, and last year she set out, arter an Interval of forty years, on another voyage across the seas, arriving at London about rive months and a half from the time of her departure from Ade laide, with not a stick lost or the slightest weakness discovered. As we now see her. the Success is sufficiently repulsive to take pre-eminence in any chamber of horrors. "Waxworks" were not at all necessary to heighten the effect or stimulate the im agination, and a good many visitors will find these effigies rather a source of humorous relief than of additional gloorn. The show, on the whole, would have been better without them. In addition to the waxworks and the relics of crime in the earlier days of the colonics, there are a number of articles illustrating the methods of the lafr bush rangers, more particularly of the Kelly gang, who wereextirpatedaslate as 1680, at a cost to the Victorian government of no less than 115,000 pounds. A suit of armor originally worn by one of the out laws is, perhaps, the most interesiing of these accessories. LIVES LOST ON THE LAKES. Sixty-Six Souls Went Down the Past Season . Chicago Chronicle. In navigating the great lakes during the season now closing sixty-six lives were 'ost. Compared with previous years, this list is much below the average. There have been many storms, but owing in a large degree to good luck, vessels have escaped- Another cause for the lessening of disasters is the improved construction of lake boats, all vessels now coming out being built to ride out tlie severest storms known in this lati tude. The season has been . remarkably free fiom disasters where a large loss of life was involved. The most serious disaster was the wrecking of the schooner Wau kesha off Muskegon, Novembet;7. by which six lives were sacrificed bytlie disobe dience of the crew, who let go the anchors when their boat was riding out a gale on a lee shore. Next in .pointof numbers was. the loss of the schooner Mary D. Ayer, May 17. The schooner Sumatra foundered off Milwaukee September 4, carrying down four seamen. A boiler explosion on the Rhoda Stewart off Alpenacnded three lives, and three were burned with the City of Kalamazoo November 30. July 9 the schooner Little Wissahickon was lost, taking the captain and two or his crew with her. The loss on both the Ayer and the Little Wissahickon was due to tho faithfulness of captains who endeavored to save the craft, but instead lost their own lives. Twenty-six sailors fell overboard, either on the open lake or In harhors, and were drowned. Six fell through open hatches and were killed. One diver was suffocat ed when at work on the steamer Cayuga. Miscellaneous causes make up the balance of tho death list of sixty-six. But one passenger of the vast number carried by lake steamers w"as lost. It will never be known whether this passenger fell overboard or committed suicide, but it is believed to be a case of suicide. OPERA GIHLS WILL SIGH. Jean de Reszke's Proposed Depart ure Sad News to Them . JVeio York Evening Sun. The fact that Jean de Reszke is in doubt as to his return hero next season will be sad news to the opera girl. This singer's popularity with the fair sex has not been affected by his recent marriage, any more than it has been at any time by his ripe age. In fact, the adorers of the tenor in sist upon looking on him as a youngster, in spite of the fact that he is already weary of tho labors of the stage and desires to spend the fortune he has accumulated in dignified leisure on his Polish estate. Per haps it is as well that the star should re tire now, while he is in his prime, rather than stay on, as others have done, after his- voice has lost its power and beauty. There is nothing more melancholy than a singer making impressions that eliminate the glory that he has won under a past gen eration. Couldn't Fool Him. An uptown boy had a great desire to see a bride who is to live on the same street he docs, and so he waited patiently about like Mary's famous lamb until the car riage drove up bearing thehappy pair home from a two weeks' wedding tour. "What did you think of the bride?" in quired a neighbor. . ; "That wasn't no bride' sneered the boy. "All, yes, it was. Why do you doubtit?" The boy sniffed sarcastically. "'Cause brides alwaj's-has long trails," he said, and walkedawayr CleYclandPlaln Dealer. Two-Cent Pieces. The bronze two-cent piece was first coined In 18G4, being authorized by net otCongrcsamthesame year. Thelssuance of this coin was discontinued Fobruary 12, 1873. -Exchange. EVIL NOTJIlSMITTEu Heredity Attacked in an Extraor dinary French Drama. AUTHOR SAYS IT IS A MYTH Claims That Humanity Must Be Set Free From the Reverential Ter ror Substituted for tlie Kelitflourt Terror of Pnnlshuient-Play Haa Attracted Alneh Attention. M. Erieux. of Paris, has Just published a drama of singular originality, entitled "L'Evasion." It has attracted a greali deal of attention from the public: and the press. The reason Is obvious. "L'Evasion" is an attaekupon atavism. Inthisextraordinnry drama M. Brieux takes isue with some of the greatest scientists of the age, maintain ing boldly that the theory of physiological heredity of evil Is untenable, or, in other words that there are absolutely no grounds for the statement that evil qualities are necessarily transmitted from one generation to another. "There Is no such thing as hereditary evil," he says, "and we must set humanity free from the reverential terror which tlw ignorance or the knavery of physicians has substituted In out materialistic and infidel society for the religious terror of hell." The plot of "L'Evasion" is unique. Dr. Bertry is the principal character. He- is a shrewd physician, who has succeeded in the world by his own adroitness and the help of useful friends. Knowinglittleofthescionce of medicine, he yet proclaims himself infal lible, and, though he suffers from a malady which he is wholly unatle to cure, his sheer audacity Constrains many to believe in him. Atavism Is his hobby. Everywhere he preaches it the dolorous if possibly inevit abledostrinethat the sins otthefathersare visited on the children, and that once in the meshes or this 1 orritlc- hereditary net escape therefrom is mir Oesible. "With Bertry lives Jean Belmont, his step son, the child of his deceased wife. Jean's father wasa hypochondriac, and on thethe ory "like father like ton" the doctor pre dicts that Jean, tf o, must be a hypochon driac Another inmate or the doctor's houso of the doctor's brother. She is a charm ing young girl, but as her mother's morals were decidedly lax. the doctor predicts that Lucienne, tf o. will inevitably go to the bad. "Nothing can save her.' he reasons. "Her mother was an immoral woman and she, too. will become an immoral woman. The problem, then, is this: Will these two "subjects" Jean and Lucienne. be able to escape from the prison ef atavfcm or mut they remain In captivity, the in nocent victims of a fatal heredity? Their escape, says the author, would mean the bankruptcy of science, for the edict r science is that the children of degenerate or imperfect parents mast themselves be degenerate or imperfect- If they do not escape but the author positively refuse to consider the possibility. The Heroine's Trials. Lucienne falls in love with a young man named Paul de Bancour, and her fatwrc seems clear and happy, when suddenly she learns that Paul has broken faith with, her and is about to marry one of her friends- She suffers cruelly from ibis blow, as cruelly as Jean Belmont suffers from the thought that the eimtii wWeh continually oppresses him forebodes the same malady of hypochondria which ren dered life unbearable for his father. From his earliest daysthe doctor has been impressing this horrible truth on Jean, and the yotmg man rs convinced that he is doomed EverhestragciesagaiBsthiiMlead ly Iiatlessness. and Ms straggles and de spair are at their height at the moneat when Lucienne's love dream is shattered. And, as o very natural result, these two suffering creatures turn to each other for sympathy, and this sympathy very seon grows into love, and the end is, that Jean and Lucienne resolve to face the future to gether. Love. too, hasopenedtheireyes and given them fresh courage conrage to defy fate and to fight bravely against the be setting sins due to heredity. Lucienne's father approves of this match, for he loves his daughter tenderly, but the doctor bitterly opposes it, and in the name of science. "If these two degenerate crea tures marry each other," is his ultimatum, "the end will surely be that one of them will commit suicide and the other will violate the marriage laws." The marriage taket place all the same, and the young people start housekeeping on a farm. For awhile all goes well- Jean is happy as a gentleman farmer, and Lucienne shares his happi ness. Even though happy.however.Lucienne at times is oppressed by the deadlymonetony of this quiet country life, and Jeanattimes grows very jealous, thinking of Luclenno and her former fiance, Paul de Bancour. Dr. Bertry, meanwhile, is watching the young couple from Pans, and nechucklesin a self-satisfied manner when the crisis comes, and he learns that Paul de Bancour has been making love to Lucienne. Yes, Paul has stolen, serpent fashion to the farm, and woos Lucienne daily. Sheresists him, but only faintly, for once more she is overpowered by the bugbear of heredity. Has not her uncle for years been dinning into her ears the inexorable truth that she is the daughter of an immoral -voman.and consequently must become an immoral woman herself? Victory at Last. The next scene is in Faxis, where a splen did reception is being given to the doctor, who has just been raised to the grade of commander of the Legion of Honor. He is overjoyed at being thus publicly honored, but his Joy is of short duration, for at the supreme moment of his triumph heisstricken with the old hereditary heart trouble.andis unable to face the audience, which waits to hear him speak. Just at that moment Paul deBarcouris pouring hLs most honeyed words into Lu cienne's ear. She listens at first, en thralled and beside herself, but gradually she begins to resist, and finally her loyal soul risc.s up in passionate protest and de fiance, nnd, crying for help to her husband, she wrenches herself free from the arms of the man who would fain bring her to ruin. Jean, his face beaming with delight, rushes to his wife'srescue, and with asingle gesture drives forth the baffled wooer. "ou see now that I am a true wife!" says Lu cienne, throwing herself into his arms. At this critical moment Dr. Bertry ap pears once more on the scene. He is suffer ing agony, and in those moments when pain leaves him and he can speak, he confesses his powerlessnes.s to give- himself any relief Fear and horror at the thought of death overmaster him. What! to die thus, unpre pared, without Taith in humanity, without; hope in God! How useless and barren la this vogue science, of which lie has been so stanch an apostle! Distracted by these thought, he turns to Jean and Lucienne and humbly asks their pardon for what ho has done toward poisoning their happiness Pain grips him again, and in hia frenzy he gives the lieto all his cherished doctrines. He even denies the existence of atavism. But gradually pain leaves him and he re covers hi.s usual health, whereupon he re sumes his old way of thinking and living, and the last glimpse we catch, of him Is aa he goes before on audience to read a lengthy paper on "The Infallibility of Sci ence "