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THE MOUSING TIMES, FRIDAY, 'JAiNTlJARY 8, 1897.
1HE WASH1HGT0H TIMES (MoRjtisa. Evsxixg axd Sujcdat.) the wismwSTasMffigjMSS: HUTCIIINS BUILDING. XCOBTIIEAST COKXEK D AND TENTH STS. Telephone Editorial Rooms. 435. Bus.uess Oflice, lGiO, Price Morning or Evening Edltlon..Ono Cent Sunday Edition Three Cents Monthly, Dy Carrier Morning end Sunday. Ei cuius...... .Tliirty-flvoCont8 Thirty Ccnta Morning, ) Eveulug aud ... -Fifty Cents buuday. ) j ST UAXL, POSTAGE PHEPAID. Morning:, Evening and Sunday 50o Morning and Sunday M .S5o Evening and Sunday .. .35o I The Times nns a regular and permanent Family Circulation much greater than any other paper, morn ing; or evening:, published in Wash ington. As a Kcnx and Advertising Medium it has no competitor. "WASHINGTON. D. C. JANUARY 8. 1SS7 Coat Defences. The chambers of rommerce of New York and Philadelphia, conservative bodies that never before have seemed to trouble them selves concerning the condition of our Atlantic coast defenses, at last have shaken off their lethargy, and will send delega tions to the convention which is to meet at Tampa on the 20th instant, for the purpose of considering and dismissing what should be done to protect the harbors of our South Atlantic and Gulf roaet from possible attack by an enemy. People like the great merchants and others who constitute the iiwnili-'fJiip of the chambers of commerce In our two largest seaboard cities, are much more completely in touch with the affairs and the opinions of the world at large than are most other classes of citizens. The Interest they are showing in tiu subject at this time Justifies the growing popular opinion to the effect that the L tilted Slates is no longer as remote fr jm Europe and other places, politically ami economic ally, as it is geographically. Even in the last-named respect steam and electricity have abolished the fact for practical pur poses. It is dawning upon t he public mind that the present condition of many of our Important harbors amounts to an in vitation to attack them, which, in the future, some one maj accept with avidity And cheerfulness. ' A fat turkey on a low fence, a mile Trom any house or anybody else, may be perfectly safe in the presence or Uncle Remus when he is hungry; but history .and experience both point in an opposite Direction. Webster's. Successor in the Senate. It was once proposed, in an act of the Pennsylvania legislature, that the State house yard should be ".surrounded with a rlck wall, and remain an open enclosure Zorevcr." This seems an Impossible thing; but it Tb a fact that if Senator Hoar was en closed in an iron case, hermetically sealed, e would nevertheless forever remain at large, a fine specimen of the irascible old nian, and would be pointed at as the states xniu who had discharged from service a car conductor of good character and de pendent family, for politely attempt ing to assist his faltering steps, as, in lean and slippered pantaloon, he shambled in a dangerous effort to get on a cable car. Like an old chicken's, his cherub wings liave become weak. He no longer flies; he waddles. Cruel-hearted, he smiles benevolently on evervlKMlv except those who, by tv ord or deed, say or iusmuatc that he is m the feebleness of old age. To those who bow to him obsequiously, lie is politeness personried. but to the meek and lowly he is a cherub-countenanced tyrant, and, being a little, round, fat, oily, man of State, infirm, weak, anil not much liked by those who know him "xv ell, he wishes to p.iss for a man still In the morn and liquid dew of youth. 2Coble l'ro-Mnrtjrs. Teople of nil faiths, or of no faith, for that matter, will I ow their heads in reverence for the glorious pm-inartyrs of Our Lady or Lake St John "When, as the dispatches state, the convent of that name In the province of Quebec was burning in t!io night, the devoted nuns, indifferent to their own fate, sped from Hour to floor amid the smoke and flames of the doomed "building, warning and helping out their pupils and servitors Or.lj arter all others were in safety did these heroines deign to think of saving themselves .As to seven of their ntimbei, bj that time escape was cut orr, and when the fire had been ex tinguished their t odies were four.d, some almost consumed, others where death had tome fiom suffocation, devoutly kneeling. The whole religious world should join in praise and thanksgiving to Almighty God lor the heroism of these, His sen-ants, faithful unto death. Philanthropy' Opportunity. While the people of the United States J.re suffering from the effects of recent Wrd times, on the whole their situation )b one of happiness and prosperity when compared with the conditions that now sbtain generally over nearly the entire irea of British India Private advices from thatramine-stnckcn rountry represent that actual starvation Is imminent throughout the length and breadth of the vice-royalty, from Peshawar Jo Ceylon. The Indian government Is mak ing what arrangements it can to meet Iho calamity; but Its best efforts can Result only in partial relief, since the provinces and districts affected include a population of from 150,000,000 to 200, 000,000 human beings, rill equally within Immediate sight of their lost mouthful of food. f The Missionary Society of the Methodist, Episcopal Church,. In conjunction with mem bers of that communion in Illinois, is mak ing an effort to secure and forward a ship load ot corn to the sufferers. Conlnbu- lions of the cereal are available, but I he society will need $20,000- or $25,000 to place the gift at Bombay, which is the proposed point of distribution. It is to be hoped that American chanty may be ablo to find the money required. JIere-i$aa,-,;-7jsJ hi e tcicige of splendid philantlirophy bjsome of our billionaires, who uftglit buy some of the corn surplus in Western districts where It Is being used fortuel, thus alleviating dis tress in certain native farming communi ties, and ship it to India, where it would save thousands from death by hunger! Which American Croesus will first respond: The' English Mlssion. It, as political gossip seems to indi cate, the Presidentelect has determined to make Col. John Hay ambassador to the court of St James, his action will be widely approved as a graceful iccognltion of literary meiit, as well as of great per sonal worth and accomplishments, com bined with ability in diplomacy and state craft of a high order. As the successor at the English court of such men of letters aB John Lothrop' Motley and James Russell Lowell, Col. Hay will Ios; nothing by comparison with them; while, like those departed great ones, he is imbued with thesimple, unostentatious and straightforward Americanism th.it should distinguish the representatives of this republic accredited to monarchical gov ernments. Equally In his literary achievements and in his personality John Hay is Intensely American. His verse is redolent of ap preciation or, and sympathy with, the plain people. nis Pegasus roams the prairies of the mighty West or swims the Father of Waters To British society, which idolizes the memory or Artemus Ward, and adores Mark Twain, he will Indeed be iersona grata. "We can pieturo the rapt enthusiasm of the royal circle as he shall read from his immortal lj rlo, "Jim BludbO." "If ever the Pralrlo Hollo took flro, A thousand times ho swore. He'd hold her uozzle agin the biuk. Till tlio last galoot's ashore." Or from his equally famous song, the "Mjstery of Gilgal:" "They piled the stiffs outside the door, They zridc, I reckon, a cord or rooro ! Gals wont that winter, aj a rule. Alone to spellin school." In the poetry as well as in the individual record of Col. John Hay, there Is not a suspicion of any tendency to truckle to effete dv nasties, standurds, or methods Major McKinley has our coidial consent. Who Abstract Public Papers? The Secretary of the Treasnrv on Tues day sent an answer to a Senate resolution of inquiry as to the whereabouts of certain papers relating to the accounts of the Pacific Railroads, that calls for some attention It is a remarkable answer and a strange admission. It seems that on May 5, ISSG.the Secre tary of the Interior transmitted to the keeping of the Treasury Department a financial statement relating to the sinking fund of the Pacific roads. Last Decem ber Senator Pettigrcw introduced a Senate resolution directing the Secretary of the Treasury to furnish the Senate with u copy of this particular papor The answer made by the Secretary of the Treasury is that he cannot find the paper after the most diligent search of the Treasury files In short, that it has been abstracted. This is not the first time that such un lawful abstractions of public papers have been made in the Treasury Department. One occurred in 1893, when the retire ment of Charles Foster took place. With him certain papers relating to the conduct of the officers or the government and the lessees of the seal islands of Alaska, to gether with their alfldavits, were mys teriously abstracted, and cannot be found. Foster declares that they -were taken without his knowledge or consent. N'ow, who has the power to enter the Treasury files and remove public letters and pipers without the knowledge and consent of the Secretary of the Treasury? Is it not time that this question was answered, and if answered at all, that the thief should be punished and opportunity for such abstractions be forever abolished? Mr Bayard, having been warmly toasted in England, and hotly roasted at home, should consider himself as done. The governor of the Empire State is Black. No disturbance has arisen on that account, as happened otherwise in Massachusetts, over the election of the colored member of the executive council. The present governor ot Connecticut is a Corfin. We hope he considers his job an undertaking. Congress has passed a bill reducing the number of offences for whkh death may be inrilcted, from sixty to five. This Is intended to be supplementary to the acts by which the same body reduced the chance of earning a living, trom sixteen to one. Newspaper men generally are warned that a man has Justdled in New Yorkfrom blood poisoning, caused by constantly handling money. Our favorite candidate for Secretary of Agriculture disappears with the report that Mr. McKinley will ship Hay to England Mr- Wananwkcr will be compelled to dis pose of his Senatorial aspirations at his remnant counter. In Chicago there is opposition to the appointment of one Gjertsen as receiver or a defunct bank. Such sensitiveness on the subject of names Is evidence of the ad vancing culture of the Windy City. Years ago a large savings institution failed In Chicago and a gentleman named Dick Turpln was made receiver. In those cruder days both press and people considered the appointment proper and extremely ap propriate. Chandler, on the money question, Is half silver horse and half golden alligator. He is, and lie isn't. He is for silver, but not in the way that the true friends of sliver are for silver; and he Is for gold, but not in the way that the true friends of. gold are for gold, ne Is a blmetallist with an if. On the monetary question he" Is like the Judge in David SPntil Brown's' stoiy. Judge Peters, sitting alone to hear, a law argument, after able discussion, turned to the counsel and said: "The court is divided in opinion.' PEOPLE OF $0TE. President Cleveland will be sixty years old two weeks after the expiration of his present term of office. Said George du Maurlcronce in a private chat: "I think that the best jears in a man's llfo are after he is forty, A man at forty has cea3ed to hunt the moon. I would add that, In order to enjoy life after forty, it is perhaps necessary to havo achieved, before reaching that ago, at least one success." Henri Rociiefort is reproached with so cialism, and with giving no benefit to his employes. Jt is believed, however, that M. Rociiefort is exceedingly generotiB to po litical refugees, and ho spends care-' lessly. Prof. Rlcliarz and Dr. Krigar Menzel, ot Berlin, announce as the result of investiga tions extending over twelve jean?, that "the density of the earth Is such that the wholo globe weighs 5-1,651 trillion tons." The odd trillion gives an air of accuracy to tlio statement. Ex-Senator Sawyer, of Wisconsin, has added $5,000 to his recent gift of $25,000 to the endowment fund of Lawrence Uni versity In Appletorit Wis. The Marquis or Duffenn has accepted the presidency of a movement which has been started in Bristol, England, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the discovery of Newfoundland bv John Cabot on June 21, 1407. A monument to Donatello, the sculptor, was recently unveiled in the Church of San Lorenzo, at Florence, In the presence of the loyal faintly Rev Dr. Edward Everett Hale says that If Boston and other cities really desire to escape the constant danger of suffering such grave inconveniences as result from street car strikes like that which recently disturbed every resident of the Hub, all they need do is to buy back the franchises they have almost given away, and, like reasoning beings, operate their own Hues of urbnn transportation for themselves, Deutlis of a Day. Rev. Dr. Lyman Jewett, aged eighty, three years, died at Fitchburg, Mass. He was a Baptist missionary of note. Capt. George Irving died at Windsor, Ontario, of old age. He was born in Scot land January 5, 181G, and came here in 18.10. He was one of the oldest masters on the great lakes, and assisted In the construction or many or tlio vessels Jthat sailed on them some fifty years ago. He constructed whatisuow known asthe Clark Dry Dock, at Spriiigwclls, and super intended the consti uf tion of many vessels which were built there. He enjoyed the distinction or being the rirst man who took the rirst vessel riom Lake Huron to Lake Superior, berore the Soo canal was con structed. Mrs James Carden.an actress, who was better known as Miss Murston Leigh, and who was stricken with paralyse on Thurs day last, at her home, in this city, died last night. She was widely known in A menca, espe cially on the Pacific coast, as well as In Australia and England At various times she played with or under the management of Samuel Phelps, Charles Reade, Wilson Barrett, E. S Willard, Janaustiiek and others In leading juvenile parts Mrs. Garden vvus English by birth" and the second daughter of the late John A. Heraud, a London litterateur She is sur vived by her husband, a son and a daugh ter. Mgr. Francois Marie TTegaro, bishop of 8ecz, died at Paris, France. AMERICAN DENTISTS ABROAD. The State Department has received from its diplomatic officers at the European capitals and from the minister at Hono lulu, the qualifications necessary for American dentists to practice In those countries. In Austria-Hungary there Is only one so called American dentist practicing, and he received a special permit from the emperor, after renouncing his American citienslnp and being naturalized In Austria. His special Imperial permit al lowed him to employ two asistants with out regard to tlieir nationality. With this exception, foreign dentists are particu larly excluded from the empire, as no foreign diplomas arc accepted. In Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Hawaii, Russia, Swit7erland, and Great Britain, examinations must be passed in those countries. Some years ago the diplomas of Harvard and the University or Michigan were accepted in England, but since 1393 no foreign diplomas have been recognized. In Greece, cifter for eign diplomas are "authenticated" by the government, an additional examination must betaken. In the Netherlands only Belgian, German, British, Trench, Austrian, and Swiss di plomas are recognized. In Portugal, the candidate must be proficient iu the lan guage of the country. In Russia, the ex aminations are rigid to an almost pro hibitive degree, and in Switzerland the ' examinations arc conducted in the French, German, or Italian tongues. Swedish citizenship is the first requisite under the law foi the practice or dentistry in Sweden. In Mexico, American diplomas are freely lecognized without restrictions. In Rome, foreigners are permitted to practice only among people of their own nationality. The reports indicate that the term American, as applied to dentistry, popu larly signifies superiority, but the medi cal authorities of the various countries, as a rule, take a dlHerent view of the mat ter and most or the official restrictions are aimed directly at American competi tion. - American, for Onv "Warships. American warships can atlastbe manned by American seamen, as demonstrated in the case of the new cruiser Brooklyn, which has just been made ready for sea . at Philadelphia. Secretary Herbert announced yesterday that a report from Commander Cooke, com--mantling that icssel, showed that in the complement of t 401 sajlqrs were en llsd, of whom but thirteen were aliens. This proportion is insignificant compare .with that of other warships heretofore commissioned and it is bellgvTthat in a short time It will be possible i'Vthe Navy. to "put none but Americana on. guard." -THEBATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS: No history of the United States has ever published or given the collateral events anH incidents connected with-, and which led to, the battle of Now Orleans. - The secret ai chives of Great Britain, which have from "time to time become gradually unfoldc 1 during hair a century, when grouped together form one of the' most extraordinary combinations of events ever developed In England's artful and scheming diplomacy. In 1700 Great Britain had conquered the Canadas from France, and endeavored for long j ears afterward to wrest from hen ttie province of Louisiana and the control of the Mississippi' River. France, aware of England's designs, madu a secret treaty with Spain, in T703, and turned over the province to the Spanish government, with, the stipulation jthaj. Spain should make a retrocession whenever called for. After a period or neatly four decades, in 1801, Spain made a recession of Loulslaiui back to Trance. ' Napoleon Bonaparte, on April 13, 1803, in view ot the war with England, sold and cedtd the province ot Louisiana to the United States for the small sum or about $15,000,000, fl!yrhlcti again foiled the .cherished hopes-of Britain. This vast ter ritory extended from the Lake of the Woods, and included all the lands west of the Mississippi, to the Pacific and Rocky -Mountains, now consisting or rirteen States of this Union. Pending the war between England and France, up to 1809, the, British navy numbered over 000 ships of war, which made her "mistress of the seas." Her cruisers ravaged our coasts, seized our ships, impressed our seamen, and in fact didnothesitatetocommit themostflagrant and atrocious acts, by violating all the laws of nations u nd neutrality. These acts of aggression finally drove the United States to declare war agnlnst England, on June 4, 1812, which, It would seem, was her desired inti ntlon. The opportunity had evidently arrived for England to uclueve her long-wished-for desire to obtain the conquest ot Louisiana. For .this purpose one of the boldest and grandestschemos was devised and planned by England's prime minister, the Wil strategist, Lord Castlcre.igh. who then "ruled Brltiannta." He sent his emissaries to the Eastern States of Massachusetts and Connecticut to induce those States to enter Into a conspiracy with Canada against the United States by opposing the war. In the meantime a gigantic expedition was to be organized, compiled ot a, rortlon or the vastfleetsof England and her veteran armies. Negri! Bay, In the West Tiidian IKlandOf Jamuiea, wasmnde the rendezvous for concentrating her naval forces and tro pshlps In the vision of Lord Cnstlcreagh's great scheme, he not only saw an easy conquest or the defenseless territory of Louisiana and the coast of the Mississippi River, but alto or the country along the Rio Grande, and final! his towering ambition led him to contemplate, in the hereafter, the subjugat'on or the once British colonies or America Yet such were the facts, and Its failure only concealed the actual design which might have made this eoun trv another empire of India - In lfall George III had been deposed as being mentally Infirm, and his ton reigned ns prince regent, who, In 1813, favored n cessation of hostilities for peace. But the wily Castlcrcagh overruled him In order to carryout his wonderful scheme of conquest Inthemcantimethe war with France had ci-asudN1ii:oleon having audi cated in fav or of Louis XVIII. In March, f 1814, the allied armies entered Paris. England was nqw free to strike u crushing and fatal blow at America's cost and humiliation. An-immense fleet of war ships, under Admiral Sir Thomas Coch rane, and troopships with a great army underGcneralsKcanenndPackenham, were leaving the shores or England for Jamaica. To delude and deceive our government a demonstration, was made against Wash ington and Baltimore, Admiral Cochrane having entered the Chesapeake with about sixty sail, which resulted in. the burning of the Capital on Uie2 lth of August, 1811, notwithstanding early, in January. 1814, commissioners, or the two powers had len appointed to negotiate a treatj of Peaco. Every resort was made to pro crastinate the meetingoft he comn isslonere, until arter a delay of six months they finally inctatGhent.ln Belgium, In August, 1814, at which time Cochrane's fleet hud sailed up the Potomac and burnt Wash ington. The treaty ot Ghent was not concluded until the 24th or December, 1814. It was hardly a nionth arter the fall of Washington that the U. S. private armed brig "General Armstrong," commanded by Capt Samuel Chester Re-id, was attacked by a large British squadron, under Com modore Lloyd, In the neutral Portuguese harlwr of Fayal. one of the Azore Islands, which resulted in the loss ot over 300 British, and so crippled one ot their ships that they were delayed rirteen days iu repairing damages and burving their dead. This squadron was on its way to join the fleet at Jamaica, and this delay proved ratal to the brilliant and mignificent enterprise ot Lord Cnstleieagh. At the time the news was received of the burning of Washington. Lord Castlc reagh was banqueting In Paris, and exult mgly boasted that it would not be long liefore Louisiana would become the con qucrU province ot Great Bntaln But little did England's great prime minister dream, while then sipping his wine with an extra go'it ot exalted triumph, that bis great scheme would be checkmated by the heroic battle ot the little brig General Armstrong, and like an unseen spectre, would dash from his lips .the golden goblet or all his anticipations of the successful conqueror. And sucli was his terrible disappointment, that he after wards committed suicide by cutting his throaty All was ready at Jamaica. The troop ships with 12,000 veterans had ar rived early in November and Cochrane was only awaiting Lloyd's squadron to proceed to New Orleans. Aboutthls time Gen. Jackson had marched to Pensacola, then belonging to Spain, aud on the 7th of November, having driven out the British forces there, retu rned to Mobile. Having learned of the suspected designs of the- British fleet he made a forced march with ids troops and arrived at New Orleans on the 2d (lay of December, just four days before' the arrival of Cochrane's fleet at Lake Borgne. Thus it is evident, but for the delay-occasioned by the battle with the Armstrong, the British fleet would have-arrived atheist firteen 0a?sXerore Jacksop, when thelrtroops could have taken possession of New Orleans before any .. a il.1i ' " "" " - possible defence ccmld have been made. And even nsitwa&7-Cen..Tacksaiiliad barely" tlnievtoljeckJ.t4ieJemi'yhctjyrfLJ the 23d of December, the day before the signing ot the treaty of peace. This remarkable battle at i'ayal, which was won by the chivalrous prowess of Capt. Reid, was the last fought upon the seas with England, while tint ot New Orleans was the last fought upon the land; and though so widely apart the chain of destiny has linked-them close together. When Gen Jackson afterwards learned of the affair of the Armstrong, he declared but for the determined bravery of Capt. Reld the battle of New Orleans would never have been fought, but that most probably the battle ground would have been nearer the shores of his own State. Thus, while there is u "Jackson Dav," there is none to im inortnllz.e the name of Reld. CLOAKROOM AND CORRIDOR. The Uouse had very much the appear ance of a schoolroom yesterday morning. Usually, the resemblance favors a. big bear garden, and there is noise enough to make a stock broker's pit Jealous. The calm fell when the Pacific Railroad bill came up. Mr. Powers of Vermont was the first speaker. Preparations for the first lesson were made by hanging a map over a scaffold erected in front of the Speaker's desk, and piling up a number of black board pointers. Usually, a member speaks from his seat and faces as well as addresses the chair. But Mr. Powers came to the front. With his back turned to the chairman, he pro ceeded to make his little speech to the members congregated In front of him. It was a refreshing sight. Representative Fletcher, or as he la better known, "Uncle Lorin Fletcher of theMiuneapolis district," was In the House yesterday for the first time this week. He was asked by a newspaper friend if he had been afrected by the recent bank railures. "Yes," was the laconic reply. "How much?" "I had $0,500 In one or them, andthat's a good deal more than a Congressman can lose, because it's more money than a year's salary. But, my boy," he continued, smil ing,"! suspected something ot this kind a year ago and had my money In a sate deposit box." A very charmmgyoung lady, who helped receive at a certain Cabinet house on tha 1st, ii akes a very hard hit at a certain city minister. She Is a swell society girl and is no novicein recelv ingon New Year's Day. She has been one or a receiving party on seveial such occasions in this city. A day or so ago she was commentingon the absence of wine drinking on the first day oT this glad New Year. "Why, do vou know," she said to a rriend, "I was surprised at the sobriety Jsaw. I met Army men, Navy men, society men, diplomats, and Congressmen, and tho only person I noticed liquor on was one or our city ministers." If Senator Sherman goes into the Cabinet as Seeretaiy of State, as is now predicted in many quarters, he will be able to haud somelv round out hi long and distinguished career, lie will also reach that offic. which, in the common estimation, Is next to that or President, and has orten been the last solace or statesmen who have been denied advancement to the Presi dency. Webster, aud Clay, and Calhoun, all attained this place, and Webster died while filling it. 8o did Blaine. There are other conspicuous illustrations, notably that of Gen. Lewis Cas, who, arter long service in the Senate, entered James Buchanan's Cabinet as Secretary or State in his seventy-fifth year, and made an ex cellent record, finally retiring because the President did not act with Jaeksonlan L spirit relative to the provisioning and de fense of F ort Sumter. Cass had been Jackson's Secretary of War in the nullification days and favored a course like that of his given master at that time. Senator Sherman will be well on toward Cass' age during his term as Secretary, if he accepts the bureau- He would be a picturesque and historic char acter in the place ot Secretary of State He Is exceptionally well qualified by his long public life and ample experience on the Foreign Relations Committee- "And then," said Col. Isaac R- Hill of Ohio, the veteran Democratic whip of the House, "it Is just as well Tor Sherman to turn the job or carrying Ohio this fall over to Mark Hanna It is our year to win the legislature and we are going to do It. I think Jolui R. McLean will be the net Senator from Ohio hands down. Our party Is liurmonious as can be and just aching to get into anotiir campaign." Old Glory will soon wave over all the schoolhou;es in the Capital. There is no doubt that the House will pass the Mc Millan resolution, which came over from the Senate last evening. This appropriates $l,0i)0 for the purpose of purchasing Hags to be rioated over the schoolhouses or the District. It provides that at all times when the schools are in session, and also on all national holidays the Hags shall be run up. The purchise or the flags is left to the school trustees. Senator Burrows was authorized by Gen. Horace G. Torter, marshal of the inauguration parade, to name two Michigan soldiers to act as aids in the parade. He responded yesterday arternoonbydeslgnat Ing Gen. William II. Wlthington of Jackson and Col. H. M. Trish of Kalamazoo as aids on that occasion. Gen. Withington was a distinguished soldier In the rebellion and afterward commanding officer of the Michigan State militia. Col. Irish now holds high rank in the latter organization and has been long one of its most promi nent members. In addition to recog nizing two prominent military men Sena to Burrows has taken pleasure in honoring two warm personal friends. During the war Gen. Withington was Senator Bur .rows' commanding officer. Col. Irish has been a townsman and an intimate friend of the Senator for many years. Senator Morgan, of Alabama, offered a reolution in the Senate jestcrdaj after i.odii authorizing the Committee en Organ ization, Conduct and Expense of the Ex ecutive Departments to examine thoroughly into the means by which certain papers ment'oned in the report of the Assistant Secretary oftheTreasurj have disappeared fiom the rccoids. The committee is fully aotl orized to send for i apcrs, administer ojths, etc. It has power to ascertain what pereon abstracted the papers, and also whether any employe of the government; had knowledge or was privy tohc loss, destrucf on or removal of the papers from the records and files. THE DEAD BEET SUGAR SENATOR Oxnard, of Nebraska beet sugar fame, appeared recently In this city. He has been asortof dissolving view in Nebraska, South Dakota and California during the last three or four months. Tills is the same Oxnard that went up from Omaha to make a home In South Dakota, last Beptembcr. He was going to vote there to help elect a Republican legis lature and come out of the State as a Senator, to succeed Kyle. This brilliant program was not entirely the fruit of the beet sugar brain ot Oxnard, but rather one that Mr. Doggewater, of Omaha, batched: Oxnard did go out to South Dakota, and slept one night there at a lovely ranch in theDeadwood county. That fixed his resi dence in the State. Then, he prepared his beet sugar campaign, to wit: in each county aud township he had his agents on the stump, as well as himself, declaring tint If McKinley was elected he would es tablish a beet sugar factory In every farm ing district that it would give the farmers a royal Income and instantly pave the way to prosperity. He pooled his issue with the railroads, and they, together with Mark Hannat.rall pulled bravely together. So finely did the beet sugar racket work, that soon, to all outside evidence, South Dakota seemed sweet enough to Murk Hanna's taste early In October; and, as California was hot and sour, Oxnard was suddenly dispatched to the Golden State, with unlimited powers to open beet sugar factories all over the same, every where that farmers djd abound. Now, Oxnard merges from the wreck of his hope In South Dakota, together with no comfort in the close returns from Cali fornia, for him. No beet sugar factories are now springing up in these hopeful States, spite of being so thoroughly planted as they were; and now, instead, Oxnard wants a bounty from Congress to Teed his own Nebraskan plant, and as balm for his financial losses. Members of the Farmers' Alliance are In the city now, and are opposing Oxnards bounty scheme. They say that he will only continue to rob them with it as he has robbed them In the past. They use the words "rob" and "crush" advisedly, and for the following reason: When a beet sugar factory is established In a township, the farmers all around for miles arc encouraged to plant and grow sugar beets. These beets ripen so that they arrive at a distinct period of growth when the sugar bae in them is greatest. That period only lasts four or five days. Then a reaction sets in, and a3 the beet decays, or gets older, there Is less and less sugar in It. It is consequently steadily worth less and less. Therefore, when the farmers bring these sugar beets in their large open box wagons to the factory, they usually all arrive pretty nearly at the same times, i. e., within that short period of best sugar in their beets This necessitates a very quick buyingand weighingatthe factory .because every load of beets is bought on its own merits, and according to a fixed scale of value as to the relutiv sweetness of the beets, a r'-gular standard of which Is established on that tiasU Now the expert huyr for the factory steps in, runs his experienced eye over the wagon load of beets, picks out a sample bt.et or two from the pile in the box(a ton or mere), and washes it andtests It for sugar. Upon the result of this test all the load from which that beet conies must stand and be sold. The load Is weighed in bulk. On the face of everything this 1b all fair, but in fact It is a swindle, so these farmers allege, for it is conducted in this fasi'ion. The expert Oxnard buyer from long practice knows an unripe, npc or overripe beet the moment his eye rets on it ne can always find a few of them that are poor samples among the thousands In any first-grade load. He therefore picks sucii a beet out for the test, and the fanner is swindled out of the profit that honestly belongs to mm for the real quality of his load. Therefore, so flagrant has been this abuse Ly these beet buyers of the beet ralsing fanners in Nebraska and Kansas, that they are down here now to object to any f urtlier bounty being paid the Oxnard men, because It does them no good and only fattens their robbers, so they 3ay. Nominations, sent to the Senate. The President today sent to the Senate the follow mg nominations of postmasters: Massachusetts Frank F. Philbnck, Mer nmae; William H. Torrcy, Foxloro. New York Virginia Jones, Cortland; Charles W. Blackman, Caledonia. New Jersey Herman J. Kohlhaas, Pat erson. Pennsylvania H.M. Bennett, Derry Sta tion; William Grier, Xew Blcomfield; Mil ton F. Moyer, Lykens; Isaac G. Pfantz, Litltz:. Georgia William Gallagher, Sanders ville. Mississippi Lange C Allen, Clarksdale. Minnesota Grov;nor D. McCubrey, Barnesviile. Iowa Potter Frelman, Dyersville. M. J. Kelly, Parkersburg. David H. Kerbv, Seymour. Stephen C. Ma j iiard. Grand Junc tion, and W. J. Semmons, Pnmghar. Kansas Charles E. Monell, Kirwin. Missouri William V. Leech, Cape Gi rardeau. Nebraska rrancls A. Simons, Cedar Rapids. Montana Alexander Devme, Anaconda; Grace Lamont, Dillon; John B. Tavlor, Boulder. Colorado George Ma3on, Wal3cnburg. Nominations Confirmed. The Senate yesterday confirmed the following nominations: George Sawter of Connecticut. United States consul at Glauchau, Germany. Postmasters: New York W. F. Sponenberg, Manlius; C. W. Anderson, Flshktll; J. S. Boid. Cold Spring: B. Frank Palmer, Larchmont; N. W. Kelso, Mechanlcsvule. Pennsylvania R. Lindsay Kent, "Verona. Minnesota Nettie J. Van Inwegen, Or tonv ille. Dolphin at Jacksonville. Commander Richardson Clover telegraphs the Navy Department that the Dolphin reached Jacksonville, Fla , yesterday and is available tor patrol duty. The Monad nock has arrived at Monterey, Cal. Col. Canby Retired. Col. James P. Cauby, of the pay corps of the Army, was placed on the retired list yesterday, on reaching the age limit. The vacancy has already attracted numerous candidates. - Naval Order. Ensign J. F. Carter has been ordered from the Constellation to the training ship Saratoga. WOODWARD and LOTHROP, 10th, nth and F Sts. N. W. Until further notice, store opens at 8:15 and closes at 5:30 - Friday's Our Remnant Day. We must have clean stocks In this store at all times. We cannot avoid having remnants odds and ends, etc., or de sirable merchandise, selling sach large quantities as we do. We can, however, avoid their accumulation, and do avoid it by having each department once a week, on Friday, gather together Its remnants and mark ttem at prices that will create a demand and assure their Immediate disposition. While these rem nant sales include articles that arc soiled, scratched and otherwise not strictly perfect, they also Include short ends, oJd sizes, broken lots and the like, highly desirable styles of the season's newest goods for personal and home uses marked at such low prices as make them rare bargains. All remnants for today have been grouped on separate tables and will be sold at very specially low prices as fol lows : Special Reduction Sale of Trimmed Hats. To obtain neededspace In our Millinery Show Room for the proper display of Theater, Reception and Evening Milli nery, we offer a number (ir in all) of Women's, Misses' and Children's Trimmed Hats at JUST HALF FORMER PRICES. $1.50 tO $7 Each. Were 33 ti When ft is remembered that we allow Trimmed Hats to remain in stock but a, fixed time1 tnever long enough to lose their freshness or become undesirable), the im portance or this reduction sale wul be th better appreciated. "d floor. Toy Department. odd Loll Carriages. Eeduccd from 5ic to 25c each. 1 Dres-sed Doll Reduced from $2.00 to SI CIO. 6 Undressed Dolls. Reduced from 5c. to 23c each: 10 rrom 25c. to 15c. each. About 1 oo Toysorvanoassorts. scratched, bent or otherwise damaged, marked at wnat they U fetch. ;?d floor HousefnrnisMiig Department. 3 Large Work baskets. Reduced from 51.00 to 50c each. 1 Work Baskets on stand, slightly dam aged Reduced from 75c. to ot'c each. 1 Nickel Tea Kettle, large size. Re duced Trom $1.25 to 73c 1 Clotnes riorse, slignUy damaged. Re duced from S5c to G5C 1 I'atent Clothes Horse Reduced from 73c to 3i c 1 Clothes Hamper, -lightly damaged, reduced Trom $2 73 to $1 50; 1 large size, reduced from 5.1.23 to 52 UO 1 Coat Korm Reduced from 75c t 25c 1 Wooden ITmbrella Stand, damaged. Reduced from $3 00 to 52.00 1 Wicker ursery Cnair. soiled. Re duced from 51 00 to 50C 1 Patent Bread Raiser, dented. Re duced from 51 23 to 75c 1 Wasli Boiler, large sUe. copper bottom, dented. Reduced, from 51-00 to 75c. 1 Brass Umbrella Stand. Reduced from 57.50 to 53 50. 1 Brass Wood Basket. Reduced from 54 45 to 52.73. 1 Brass Coal Hod. Reduced rrom $0.00 to 53.00. 3th floor. Baby Carriage Department 1 Rattan Baby Carriage.cloth upholstery. Reduced from 510 to 57.50. 1 Rattan Baby Carriage, garnet plush uphol-lerr. Reduced rrom $10 toS.95. 1 WhiteFur Robe Tor Baby Carriage. Re duced from 54 50 to $3.y5. 1 reducevj from 3.93 to 53. 3d floor. Traveling Goods Department. 1 UratnLeatherClubBag. Reduced from S4.50 to 53; 1 from 50 to 54.50; 1 froo 56 50 to 53; 1 from 53.23 to 52.50. 3d floor. Lamp Department. 1 Drt-sdciiCtuna BanquetLamp. damaged. Reduced from 513 to 55. 2 Gilt and onyx Banquet Lamps. damag ed. Reduced Trom 52.50 to 75c 1 Porcelain Princess Lamp.gloce missing. Reduced rrom 51.50 to 50c. 1 Imitation Cut GIas Mght Lamp. Re duced from 33c. to 15c. 1 rinktilobe for Banquet Lamp.damaged. Reduced rrom 51-30 to 50c. 2 Silk Shades green and red.soiled. Re duced rrom 51 -3 to 50c. each. 3 reduced trom 75c. to 40c. each. 2 Wrought Iron Candlesticks, damaged. Reduced from 75c to -10c. each. 4th rioor China Department. 1 Carlsbad China Dinner Set. few pieces missing. Ueduced fiom JMO.CO to s.oo. 1 French China Tea Set, lowl and cream pitcher chipped. Reduced from $.50 to 56 00 1 Carlsbad China Tee Cream Set. 1 plate cracked Reduced fiom 510.00 to 55.50. & Haviland soup Plates. Reduced from 40c to 23c each. 1 CarNiiad CI ina Soup Tureen. Reduced from 52 75 to $1-73. 3oJrt Uec-orahstToiletritchers. Reduced from 7Cc to 5Gc each. 2 odd Decorated Basins. Reduced from 75c. to 5Cc each. 2 doz Carlsbad China Sauce Dishes. Re duced fiom 51 15 to 7tc doz. 14 Carlsbad China Cups ard Saucers. Reduced fiom 2Cc to lCc each. b Carlstsid China Cream Pitchers. Ke di.red ftom 2Zc to lCc each. 5th floor. Souvenir Department. 3 French Btoaze Ornaments. Reduced from 54 CO to 53.00 each. 2 Leather Photo Frames. Reduced from 51.25 to 73c each. 3 small LeaUiir Frames. Reduced from 30c. to 20c. each. 4 Work Boxes. Reduced from $1.00 to 75c. each. 4 Work Boxes. Reduced from 7Cc. to 50c. each. 5 Cracker Pm Cushions. Reduced froc 23c. to 13c. each. 1st flojr. Jewelry Department. 6 Gold-nlated-too Vinaigrettes. Reduced from 5t.oo to 30c each. 3 Sterling-ton Vinaigrettes. Reduced rrom 53 00 to 52.00 each. 2 Sterling-top Vinaigrettes. Reduced Trom 51.25 to 75c eacu. 1 StTlimr SHy.t ".ul Polisher. Reduced rrom 51.M5 to 52.50. 1 Gold-plated Belt. Reduced rrom $10.00 to 57.30. 1st floor. Art Needlework Department. 3 Satin Hand, painted Veil Cases. Re duced irom '. Ou to 75C each. k 2 Blue Silk Pillow Covers. Reduced from 51 Oo to GOC-. MCll. 10 Satin Card Boxes. Reduced from 25c to luc e.icn. 2 Tri i r .l I'm Cushion. Reduced rrom $tOO to 51 50 each. 2 Hand uuted Bon Bon Boxes. Re duced irom :si 00 to 50c. each. 1st noor. Leather Goods Department. 2 Leather Belts. Reduced from 5-2.00 to $1.00 each. 1 H.ind-ihiinted Gauze Fan. Reduced from 52.00 to $1.00. :t "eaiher Fans. Reduced rrom 51.00 to 25c. 1st floor. Woodward and Lothrop, 10th, nth and F Sts.