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The morning times. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1895-1897, January 31, 1897, PART 2, Image 20

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THE MORNOTCr TIMES, SUNDAY, JANTJABY 31, 1897
J&O
JF
nMfJcrf Uftar
?it mi Prelmf
The general order of the Knights of La
bor, univcisalls conceded to lx the strong
est secret organization or -wage earners in
the world, had its inception at a meeting
of workmen held ntthe home of Joseph S.
Kcniu-dj, Philadelphia, on December 2S,
lfc69. The necevsltj for sucli an organiza
tion among tiie laboring classes was fin,t
suggested bj Uriah S. Stephens, a gannent
cutter bj trade, and to him belongs the,
honor and fame of organizing the first as
semblj or the order of the Knights of La
bor. The -wage-earners of cverj- trade and
c Haig h-id implicit cor-fidencein the wis
dim and conservatism of Mr. Stephen
and hisctiOM3ii lieutenants. Tli'ccreL" fea
ture of the new order was looked upon as
cscnti.il to the betterment of the ioiidi
Uon of the laboring masses; it left
their etii plovers and .ll others uiifneiullj
toward tnem in the daik, and for this rea
son was deemed the best, weapon with
wliich to combat their enemies.
The order became popular; its methods
of opposing the c ncinies of labor has Itcen
succ-ssful, workmen of all trades, organize el
and unorganized, flocked to tiie Knights,
eL. lining the protection a ad offering their
strength and lnnuencc to protect others
Assemblies grew up like mushrooms in the
night, an J in alittle lessthniitcn years -fter
tiie organization of the first local .isse-n-
bly, at Philadelphia, the membership oC
the order exceeds oer 705,000 iii good
standing For more than Uahc jears
tiie order "maintained the strictest se
crecv It vv a? not until 1 SSI at the met tin,;
uftheGeiKralA-senihlj held inDetroit that
it was determiirt-Hl to diseanl the veil of
secrccs in which tiie name of the order
had been shrouded, and dttlare to the
worlj the existence of tie Knights or
Labor, whoe watihword is 'The in
jurj to one is the concern of all "
The first di-tnct asscmbU was organ
ized in Philadelphia on Christmas Div,
3 87J, and was composed of all the locals
i f that citv The nCi.t w as formed Octo
ber 14, 1S74, at Camden, X J., and then
folli wed others in rapid Kuecesion, until
in 1&S the number reached 253 Thefin-t
general convention or the order met in
Heading, Ta . on Januarj 1, 1&7, since
which time, sear after sear, the General
Afcse-mblv of the Knights or Labor" has
held its meeting- In i early all or the large
cities in the I tilted fctates
UriihS Stephens, the father of the secret
organization, was chosen grand niater
workman, which office he held for three
years, and v as succeeded !v Terreucc V
Powderlj, who was elected on September
7, lbfao"
It was not, however, until the meeting of
the general assemulv at Richmond, V.i , in
1880, that anv steps were taken to es
tablish a permanent home Tor the Knights
cT L"l)or .At that session 50.000 were
Hppropnate.ltopurchasesuit.abh lieatlquar
ters, and aim a home for the famils of
Uriah S Mephen-, who had dud in Pel
ruarv, 1S&2
Geneial headquarters were fftat c.ta"
IisJmI in Philadelphia, from where tbe
w ere re moved to Washington m Jun, 18U5,
and cstab'hed at Ivo 43 II street north
west The buiUmg, which is of red "inck,
is ownel bv the order of the Kniglits of
Labor, an 1 ism charge of General Secn-tarv-fic
isurer John W li ijes. w ho waselectel
' Me IticiiiiMind ses-nm vvhi n tl e tw t of
fices i i-re combined The building is
two slone. the upper being used Tor tl e
ffics or the j.eiiral secretary treasurer,
a.i 1 the gcv lal executive t.oard, the lower
s -v 1 emg aj,ui.VJ &t a press r-joni and'
t c ffiee of tl. c3itor of the Journal ct
t e Kiaghts ul Labor, tiie official organ of
t e lJer. which is published monthly
M nv j ears before the removal of the
headquarter Xo this at j. however, the
crder hal obtained a Jirm footliold among
th I l ring clasce-s, and In 3 8fc3 District
As-miuMv was organized, with Josepli
V.i I inn v. f the Stonecutters, s niJsttr
v-'rkinjn The kniats grev rajadlj in
Lumbers and Influence, and for jcars this
itv I is lK-en considered the "best !' ,r
citv" in the conntrv There was hardlv a
inili'iii the tity which was not organized
ai d afflhrted with the Knifjits of Lab r
Idanv or thesc-trades, however, belonged
to the national organizations of the crift,
nd some lew of them withdrew from the
kiaghts ai.d reamed their national aff li
atkn I'orncarlv twovearstherelationsbetweeii
Istnct Assemblj No GO and the general
officers of the order were strained to the
highest tension, and a disruption was nar
rowlv averted The seveiance of cornice
lion with the general order was av oided b
theclecUonof Mr A M. Lawson as di6tnct
master workman , Since then the rel itioiis
between the two bodies have been most
cordial, and both branches are working
in perfect harmony.
The general headquarters is m charge or
PecreUirv Treasurer John W. Haves, who
was elected at the General Asemblj which
convened in Indianapolis in November.
3 88o Since assuming charge of the of
ficcit has beenilr. Hayes' endeavor, in con
in'ction with the general executive board,
to administer the laws of th" order with
justice to .dl, and under his administration
the principles and laws of the order hae
been maintained at anv cost. In fact. It 1 a ,
be n the strict adherence to principles)
wliic'ihasiiiuele the order a success Often
. gimt teruble odds, it lias triumphed, the
thorough discipline of the rank and file of
the o-elcr proving verv efrertive in opei
warfare against their enemies
Tin scene arouel heaelquartcrs on B
meet is a very busv one There are
ii'anv who are of the opinion that the
liianagemei t of a labor headquartero is ,i
k ft snap" and that the only icponsi
bihty is to see that the building is insured
and draw a salary A visit to head
quaiters, however, will quickly change
the opinion, for if there is a pi ice v hrre
there ia constant activity it is at Knignis
of Labor headquarters The whole busi
ness of the order goes through the ofrices
on B street, and Secretary Haves and his
assistants have their hands full from one
end of the year to the "other Secretarj
Hayes is not oulv kept busy with col
lecting and disbursing the funds of the
onler, but Is als-o in connection witii the
taembers of the general executive board
engaged in preventing anj infraction of
the law oi principles or the order by either
individual members or local or District
assemblies.
From the general headquarters is is
EJed the Journal of the Knights of Labor,
the official organ of the order. The Jour
nal is a monthlv, which is devoted exclu
sively to discussing all questions, In the
solution of which the wage-earners of the
ccjntry are interested. Its purpose is to
educate the masses bj showing them the
need for higher education as the surest ard
Ehortest road to the betterment of their
condition. 1 he Journal is in charge of Mr.
llenrj B. Martin, a resident member of the
general executive board, who is the lean"
ing editoriil writer. The other members
of the executive board arc William Brown,
Andrew Best and Thomas McGnire.
Tae Knights of Labor hav e had many dps
and elownsduring their existence, thegreat
cst harm to the order being wrought bi
dissensions ainongits own ranks. Nomatter
how this may be, the order has won many
rreat battles for the laboring classes in
the country, and to It should be cred
ited nearly cv ery one of the victories for
the shortening of the hours of labor, and
i """"- --
A glance at the constitution oftheKnights
of Labor will readilj show that the aim
of the ordei is to strie for the betterment
of the working masses, not mei els through
shortening the hours of work or an lucre ise
of pa j. The aecomplishment of this vv ould
benefit th classes anil masses but little,
it nothing else w ere gained Tor tliisreason,
ttierefore, the order aimed higher, ai d its
object lias been to bring about sucli condi
tions as would make it possible for all
classes to be eijuallj beueiited bs legisla
tion Through the influence of the Knights of
Labor bureaus of labor btatistus wcie es
tablished bj legislation in tevcral States
as early as 1878 It was not, however,
until June, 1881, that the National Ilu
reau of Labor was established in Washing
ton Among other thincs in w hich tiie order
of the Knights or Libor has shown the
deepest interest, and against which it lias
battled with all its power and influent e,
is the prohibition of Child Iaboi, the bring
ing of com ict labor into competition with
the labor of the honest, Industrious wae
enrners of the count rs and the cuircncj
question
Another important question which h is
leeched the most careful consideration at
the hands or the Knights or Labor is tiie
Government ownership of 1 tnd In speak
ing on this subject .it the General Assem
bly in New Yorkin 1882 thegrand master
workman said:
'The eight hour law, the prohibition or
child labor and the currincj question are
all of weighty moment to the toiler, but up
above all stands the land question The
Ian I is the heritage or God He gave It to
all H.s people, anl no one in inorsctot n.en
has a right to monopolize it "
The order or the Knights or Labor have
Tor jears taken an active p irt in all legis
lation on the 'moacj question," generil
transportation busmess of the countrj and
the governmental ownership or all rail
roads and telegraph lines During the
last Presidential campaign the Knlgh'sor
Labor declared for the free and unlimited
coinage or silver, and made a most vig
orous campaign m support or Sir Brvan,
the silv er candidate
By the testimonv of travelers we are
convinced of being such a wasteful nation
that all Kurope could feast on what we
throw aw.ij One need not ehg deep to
gt at the root of our extravagance Our
countrv is a vast garden, where ev en
tiling that grov s on eirth is Indigenous to
some portion of its soil Our werrklngmen
of ever tiadc had steady work .it good
wages, until compelled to divide their
prospcntj with the outside world, and
though an embarrassing percentage of
our housewives have alwajs been adicted
to the passbook habit and like demoral
izing tendencies, we have lived in such
an exhileratmg atmosphere of plentv that
we could arford to acknowledge with
cheerv philosophv the supenoritv of those
foreign bread winners w ho, Ihiorgh ecu
turles or privation have learned to live on
less ti an we destroj
If an anv font dam? I know bo a prop In t
cs.s, These be h ird times, with w us to
follow," so, now is the time for women
or limited means ani1 experience to urn
tate European economists so that we can
help mtellUentH to lessen the expenses
or the homes
T was waiting atone orthemarketstalls
vesterd iv until the dealer could spire time
to give me the price list Tor The Times'
Market Basket," when a neatlj diessed
woman came up
I have 10 cents and two children,"
she stid with pathetic frankness, "and I
want the most I can get for mj dime "
"All right, madam," responded the
dealer, checr.lv, "I'll fib this lug with
vege tallies for a nickel, and right across
at that stand voa ran buv a pcod seiup
1 o ic for another, that w ill make- Hiup
ex ough to serve "vou for dinner twice "
When he lird picked a vegetable ortwe
from tie various heaps Just as the con
fee tour selects jour pound of mixed
candies, and the little woman had gone' I
asked him if he often cold produce that
waj-it seemed such a sensible plan
"Oh, ves," he answered "Anvwav to
please our customers, though, of course,
in a case HI e this, I thiow int.i bit extra
I do i't miss t and it helps along '
I related this fine scheme to siv house
kecpe rs, who knew it aire ad, and then mv
enthusiasm seemed to pall still it's a fine
idea, all the same!
I spent an hour jesterdaj with a friend
wholeftahomeoriuNOirv lastvcartoni.arrv
a clerk on small pav He was reouced m
salarv afew months.igo, and the j lefttheir
big boarding house and vv cut to liht iiouse
keeping on a quiet street in a flat or three
rooms It is an artistlcallj furnished little
place, and vv lien I inv ailed it m j hostesb w s
standing in the litchen sipping something
hot with aspon
"Taste," she exclaimed, with the jubi
lant exutcment of a discoverer. "I've in
v ented a soup' I wa.s boiling p irsnips and
tasted the water, and it was so delicious
lv flavored that I seasoneel it with butter
and added Une bits or brow n toast Isn't
it ftt for a king'"
Maybe it was and majbe It wasn't
so much would depend on the king but
what 1 was quite certain or was that anv
king inside of Chnsenelom or out might
take oft his crow n to a oman w ho, in her
desire to do her duty, was making her
happiness out of what some women would
call the drudgery of life.
When those ve img people boarded thev
could scarcelv make cutis meet, even with
more pav, while now, on lqss than S0 a
month, thev are living comfortablv and
laving aside something Tor a rainv d ij
I don't suppose it would do Tor all mai
ded boarders to keep house ror there are
our landladies to be considered but when
a man is making a brav e fight for a liv ing,
with the chances against him, it does
seem that one good waj for lus wife to
lessen his expenses is to do her own house
keeping, and to do it as ehcapli and as
cheerily as she can
One woman who krows enough about
1 ousekecping to write a I ook, eaid to me
"There is a fallacy among some women
that anj one can 'housckeep, and that
it can be done' in a dcsultorv waj Thofce
are the women who never meet their bills
Every 1 ousc keeper should know exactlj
1 ow much goes into the keeping of ner
I ome, and she should use it with mathe
matical skill She mav not be able to
live In the style she v ould like, but if
she is judicious :n the use of her money
and puts her heart in her work, she can
kee'p her familv on almost half of what
it would cost to beiard '
When the Ood time comes that Fiske
promises, when the soul of the "perfect
man" shall have predominated over his
I ody, and he is freed from the "brute
inheritance or appetite," he may then
subsist on sentiment, butrin the meantime
he lives on food, and under the present
management of tilings it is the dutj of the
1 oasewifc with a small purse to do her
best to get it clieap.
Mary Lander.
Tiie statist'es show that in the last
twents-five years Kansas has produced
?77C,000,000 worth of corn-
Golden Ceimmanderj No 712, LT O G C ,
met m their citadel, Scottish Kite Hall,
910 Pennsvlvania avenue, Wednesday
evening, and after an initiation the com
inandcrv wasvlsltedbv the officers or the
Grand Commanderv of the District or
Columbia These officers aie Grand
commander, Dr. George W N Custis,
grand vice commander, Mrs Mattie E
Johnson; granl prelate, acting, A E.
Johnston; grand keeper oriecouls, W."E
Graham, grand treasurer, Joseph P Kll
gore, grand herald, C G Harrison, grand
warden inner gate, Mrs C. E Sullivan,
gran J warden outer gat,W. H.WHkei-on,
past grand commander, acting, Ic. II.
Yates
Grand Commandei Custis called upon
Deputj Commander J N Ehle to speak to
the subject, "What or the ruturt'" After
this, Mr Creede M. Pufton made aii ex
cellent address upon "The Future orGohl
en Commander-. " He was followed bj
Miss Thed.i North, the vice noble eoin
miuder, whose tin me was ' What of the
Future of Ge lelcn-"' Mi C S Newcomer
favored the members with a recitation en
titled "A Yankee's Opinion,' as the clos
ing number.
There was a- stated communication ot
Acacia Ledge. No 18, F A A M , on
Tuesda v , in Masonic Temple, w ith W I
Edwin B Hesse, Senior Warelcn Clarence
Langan, Junior Warden Sew ard T. Covert,
Secretarj Justin A Ruuvan and Treasurer
John Gibson in their respective chairs
Seven members or the lodge have been
called rrom "labor to icvnrd" during
the pist jear, and efiinmemoiative ser
vices were held for them Ihev are Rev
Thomas G Addison, Isaac liassctt, J. IV
Boteler, George Poswell, R F Jojce,
Francis R Tava, Jr , and W. F Pedrick
The committee who had the exercises in
cl arge wcie Indefatigible The ael(Irebcs
were bj Rev J II Elliott, I) 1) , Rev
W E Pin son, Benjamin F Fuller, Esq ,
Daniel McFarl in and others, and were
d e pi j impressive During the ceremonies,
w Inch w ere w itnessed bv a l.aige number of
Masons, appropriate m-tnic w as rendered
Tucsd i j evening Electa Chapter, No 2,
Order of the E istcrn Star, met in their
cos-v room in M isomc Hull, with ihenevvlv
insUilled ofricers to trv the w ork Tor the
first time Those in the chairs were
Mrs M Blanche Okcv , worth matron;
C J James, worths pitron. Miss Tlsie
Shields, associate matron, Miss Rosa Kuhn,
conductress, Miss Annie llartles , associ lto
conductress, Mrs M Warrick, Adah, Mrs
Cirrie Smith, Ruth , Mrs I'sles, Esther,
Mrs A Guile, Martha, Mrs .1 Shield-,
Electa, W M Hodge, secietars. Miss
Sopl ie Kuhn, ticasurer, Mrs Carrie King,
chap", tin Two persons were received on
demits, two v ere ehcted to membership,
and Mrs and Miss Hercsrord received the
degrees There were visitors rrom other
chapters, an J the worths grand patron, C
W Okes , of the District O ran J Lodge, being
called upon, made a short, stirring adelress
Capitol Lo Igc, No 21, Knights or P v thias,
held a regular meeting Weilueselas even
ing This lodge piiel a fraternal vbit to
Calanthe Lodge, No 11, Mondas evening
WeJnesdav the visit was returned bv
Calanthe, and thtie were visiting Knights
fremi Mount Vernon, No 5 , Harmons, No
21 . and Mv rtle, No 23 There w ere othei
visitors or elistinction, representi-ig the
States or Florida, West Virginia ami In
diana Arrangements were perrected Tor
celebrating the inmiversirs of the order em
the 10th or rebru irs
Esther Chapter, No ", met in K r Asv
lum, M isonicTeniple.Mondav evening, with
the follow ing orncers in the chairs W M.
Mrs C U Allen, W P ,W A Gatle-s.A M,
Mrs C L Caldwell, sec retarv. Airs G S
Watrous; ticasurer. Mis Alice Scott,
chaplain, Mrs M E Spragae anil 1' W M ,
Mr CarolvnHnndv A number ejf visitors
were pre-eat lwo caiielulatcs leceived the
degrees, and the beautirul woik of the
ntuil was earned o it
The grand commander, Dr Ge orge W N
Custis, attended bv ins s-arr, paid lele'id
Cominaniloiv-, No 7.18, U O G C , an of
ficial vis-nation on Tueselas evening, on
which occasion one candielnte- w.isiiiitiati el
and the officers for the ensuing term in
stalled as follows N C,W H Rollins,
V N C . Mr? RuthC Peaison W I' ,A A
Law son. 11 K of R John A IVaison,
trcasuier, Beveils R Mortimer, II K of R ,
John J therrv. V H .A C Nicholas, v I
G , Mrs S E Liwson, W O G , I reeicrick
W Bause, and!' N C , Richard R Uosle
This is tlic recentlv organize el com
manders, and it starts out with a mem
bership of sixtv fiv e, w ho propose to make
it ideal before the close of the jear.
Beacon Lodge of Odd Tellows starts
o it this term with the dr termination to
make its meetings to inttiestiig that its
members will be unable to resist the
temptat'on to be present regulirlv On
Mo.idas ev.nuig splendid addresses weie
made bj F A Stier, grand lepicsenta
tive, C R McBnde, secrctars, A Bun,
P G A comic cole clfon, "Hugging," read
bs R A Dmsmore, P G , coin u'std the
audlencewithlaughte r NextMond.is even
ing "The storv of the States" will be told
bs C R McBnde, of Indian l W S Peshan,
ot Maine, and T A SUer, of Mais land
Minnehaha Lodge of Gooil Templars hail
an extremels lntcrcstinc session on Tues
das evening Thoe sole cted to conduct the
affairs the next teim are S W Russdl,
chief t"-n ilar M s, Blanche Tord. vice tern
plar, Henrs T Smith, recording secretai v,
J G Snath, fin incialsecreurs, Miss Maggie
Lang, fe 'surer Ui.de r Hie head of the
good of the oreler rem irks were made bs
H. R Stewart. lodge deputs, A N Can
field, P G C T , Miss Nannie Daniel and
Chief Temolar R A Dinsmore- The cele
-brated "chalk talker," Charles R Thomp
son, of Connecticut, made an effective ad
dress The "Thirteen Friends" give a delight
ful entertainment Monday evening to those
or the.r friends outside the magic numbei
Mr Edwin Davis, elressed as a feniile
stage beauts, give several fanes dances,
followed bs some, marvelous acrobitlc
feats Mr Breslau was abuintcoik rep
resentative up to date, there weie inslru
ment il and "vocal selections bj Messrs
Shaw and Engle, and then the mj&toiics
of the black art held the spectators spell
bound, for Prof Goldie is an adept and biels
fair to rival the wi7aid of the past, Wj
man.
Officers for the veir '97 of Gonzaga
Council, No 441, C B L, were installed
in their new quarters at the new Catholic
club house, No 809 First stn et noi lliwcsb
Deputy Chancellor J J O'Le.ars, of St
Mathews' Council, installed the following
officers Albert Sillers, chancelloi , Joseph
Kummer, president; W. J Fmzcll, vice
president; J. W Considine, secretarj , James
E Oonnells'i collector, M J Healy, treas
urer, T. Rs der, guard; P C Gillon, ora
tor; J Collins, marshal, D, Loftus, Christian
F. JEckloff, F Rsder, trustees; Dr G J
Lockboeliler, examining phs fa'cian. After
the installation a few moments were spent
in singing bs the officers anel comrades
Written Amid Flying Shells.
In the February-Centurs is an article on
"Nelson in the Bittle of Copenhagen," by
C.pt. Alfred T Malian, who has just re
signed from the United States Navy In
i order to devote himself to literary pur
suits Capl Mahnn relates the following
anecdote concerning Lord Nelson's lettei
proposing a truce to the Crown Prince ot
Dcnniaik, dlsp itched in the midst of hos
tlllties 'Hie derks being cleared of all
partitions foie and art and all ordinars
conveniences removed. Nelson wrcte in
full view of all on the deck where he was.
at tho casing of the rudder head standiug
and as he wrote an officer standing bs took
a cops- lhe original, in his own hand, was
put in an envelope and sealed with his
arms lhe officei was about to use a
wafer, but Nelson slid -'No, send foi
sealing wax. and candlei" Some delas fol
lowed, owing to the man sent having had
his head taken off bs a ball "Send an
other messenger for the wax," said the ad
niiral, vv hen infoi med of tills, and when the
wafers were again suggested, lie simpls
reiterated the ordei. A large amount of
w ax. was used, and extreme are taken that
the impression of the seal should be per
fect Col Stewart asked "Whs "tide i so
hot a fire, and after so lamentable an acei
dent, h.iv e s u attached so much importance
to a circumstance appaientls trilling '"
"Had I m.aele use of a wafer," replied Nel
son, "tiie wafer would have bien still wet
when the letter wnspiesented totheciow n
prince He would have liio'ircd tint the
letter was sent ofr In a hun s , and t''at wo
had bomo verv piesslng le.tbons for being
in a hurry The wax. told no tales"
0rgajr4I2a.r;iBj
Some ot the prominent local artists kind
lS assisted WImodaughsis to give a loan
cxlilbitlnst season, an 1 thulaelies have been
planning to give their rriends an acknowl
edgment This c ulminated in the reception
lastluesdas evening The receiving party
consisted or Mrs Atria S Ilam'lton, presi
dent, Miss Lotta Crabtree, Mrs Crabtree.
Mrs Jeaiinette Brailles, and Mrs A. G
Dlckcrson rheintrod icMoas were ni idebv
Airs Estelle II Dav is, and Miss 'I hompson.
or the Drnma,ic A rt Section, and Mrs Ev a
Mlntcomb OlneS'Of the Literature Section
Among Che 800 guests were
Miss Pier, Mrs James G Rodgcrs, Mis
Katharine D Ltchland, United States
Trc.isurer B miel N Morgan, Mr Brum
111, the artist, Vnx Wevl and Mrs Wesl,
Miss Ida Gangewer, Mrs Jose pha Hough
ton, Dr Van Stewart, Morgan D. Lewis
anil Mrs Lev is, Prof George P Merrill,
Mr and Mrs A C Y.ate s, George Mc
Donald, Gen G Patuck, W. J Newton,
Mrs Sesmour, Mrs Belva Lcckwood, Mr
and Mrs Thorn is Hensev, the Misses Bol
waj, Mr E Claire Mcsser, Mrs A II
Lucas, Mrs Louise A Ferguson, Mrs
Fnuna. W Daniels, Mrs Jethro Ascrs
Hatch, Mrs Gen Enochs, Mis George A
Moore, Mrs A E and Mis Grtdles , Mrs
W H Allen, Mrs Tubus C. Burrow,
Mrs Walter I Rich, Mrs Abner Taslo'r,
Miss Habeock, Mis Kuhet.tMrs A F.
Hasward, Mrs Hearst, Mis 'Edward Lv
ni in Morns, Miss Caroline II. Pier, Miss
Mars L Porter, Miss J 12 Sigournev,
Mis M P Comstock, Mrs Anna M. Re.,
nolels, Mrs and Miss Hatch, Miss Maso,
Miss Ws nne, Mrs D T Voorhis, Miss
Rodgers, Mrs H B Spe ny Mrs Ellen
S Cromwell, Mrs M. S Gtst, Mrs D
O Knight, Mrs and Miss Burgess, Mrs
Tow nsend, and Mess Ad i Louisa Tow nsend.
North Capitol AV C. T V lit Id a public
meeting, fo'lowetl bs a hocial hour, on
Thurnlas ev ening, in :orth C apltol Church,
ror.icr Nqrth Capitol and K sticets, Mrs
Margaret Dve Ellis, national tupcrhitcnd
eat pf the department oflegilatlon, made
the address, anil at the close a YOun
WO iian'sFnlr.n wnsorgaJiIre djnrti rxvhieh
rtritshments were seived, nnd a vers
pleasant evening was spent.
The dramatic art section of A imodatich
sls is gaining steadils in membership
A plas was recentlv given, aril the- v oung
laelles are pnpiring auothei Members
are admitted bv applsing at the club
iooms on New York avenue
The W.C T U of the District will
give a dt monstraMon in Hamline Church,
Mondis, rcbruais S, at 7 JO p ra lhe
local unions are to be out in force, and
w ill march in with b mners and flags The
Loval 'lempcrance Legion will also be pres
ent lhe District Commissioners have
been invited to occupv scats on the plat
form, and Mi Ross has been asked to de
liver an adelress Mrs MargarctDse Ellis,
national superintendent, department of
legislation, will make the address or the
evening.
AXCOnOL AM) DISEASE.
lhe IXact I'll -deal Process in the
Case of Hui A Drinlseis.
A man was tecentlv brought into one
of the public hospitals of a large cits,
sns the Youth's Companion, sutferingfrom
d bruise He had fallen backward ucross
a nu row obstruction of sonic kind, and
upon examination it was found that he
had fractured one of the bones of the
spine The back was not what is com
monls called broken, but one of the bones
was eracked in such a was that unless
an operation was pei formed and the pies
sure of the fragment upon the spinal cord
relieved, paiahsls and probabls collapse
would follow
The operation, though comuarntlvelv
rate, is not excessivelv difficult, and the
man's chance of recovers would have been
at least an ev en one, but w hen the sur
geons ordered him to be prepned for the
operation it w as noticed that he bore marks
or having been addicted to drink lhe
opeiationwasimme eliittelvnbantlontd, and
the man died within a week
To a casual leader it might seem .a case
or prolcssional heartless ncss Rut the
doctor knew from sufficient experience
m jfist such cases how powerless the man
would be, worn out as hcfwas bs mdul
gence, to withstand the- shock of an
opciatioji And since cases of a similar
sort oi of frequent occmrence in all our
large public and private hospitals, it is
worth while to inquire into the cause of
such a state or affairs, and bo draw from
it a lesson and perhaps a morU
flic dow award course or iw person w ho lie
comes enslaved to stimulants follows a
natural law Beginning with a surficicnt
quantity of alcohol to produce a certain
pleasurable sensation, hoi finds himself
quite as a matter of course gradualls in
creasing ins dadv allowance
AIco'iol stimulates the various organs of
the body to increased works By this in
crease of exercise the oigarogrows, and the
larg2r organ makes larger demands These
demands the tippler interprets as a call for
more alcohol, and so the rounelis continued
Under excessiv e stimulation the substance
of the body begins to change Its character
Food which cannot be used is stored up in
the form of fat Waters instead of solid
substances appear. Eventually the organs
themselves change their appearance and
begin to break down and elecas Then comes
a crisis through accident or some acute
disturbance and the unfortunate victim is
unable to call on nature to help him against
the shock and death follows
sue Had a Coarse Laugh.
George You do not call on Miss Rosebud
now ? Jack N'o, I got di-gusted She liab
such a coaise laugh Geoige I never no
ticed that Jack You would if s ou'd been
within hearing wheu I proposed to her.
Bublln "World.
"Paoa. what is the glad hand0" ''Five
trumps and a long suit "Chicago Record.
Their Verdict Almost Unanimous
In Favor of the So Called Ver
tical System of Writing.
WE MUST ALL 0HA1IGE OUR HAND.
Society Has Made the Thing a F.itl-
Vievvs of Prominent Educators
Interesting Experiments.
Copyright, 1837, by the Bachellor Syndicate.
Business men have long been serious
ls inconvenienced bs the dearth of real
ly good penmen. Each year the
schools turned out a new group of
workers, but under the old system the
general average of penmanship grew
worse and worse
The introduction of typewriters help
ed matters matenalls'. but there is fatill
much important work which must be
done bs pen. And foi that the business
community Insists upon legibilit- as
the prime lequisite
About five years ago, when the dis
satisfaction was at its height, there
was appointed in Boston a commission
to investigate the newr system of writ
ing, called vertical, already successful-
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TAC-SIMILES OF VERTICAIi WRITING BY CHILDREN IN
Is introduced-in Europe. The report
was favorable A number of enthusi
astic advocates of the new method im
mediate!!' appeared in various parts of
the country, and advanced teachers be
gan using it in their schools
Strange to sas, however, although the
discontent of business men started the
investigation, the new writing was
adopted on purely hsgienic lines It
was alleged that curvature of the spine
and nearsightedness, so prevalent
among school children, were Iargels
caused bs the unnatural position in
which the children sat while writing
Until then the blame had all been laid
to the desks used in schools
Among the first to put the new writ
ing to a practical test was Professor
Walter B Gunnison, now principal of
the Erasmus High school He experi
mented with it in the Biooklsn schools
even before the Boston commission was
appointed The school selected was di
vided in half, up and down, one class
of each grade being taught the Spen
cerian, the other the vertical ssstem
Befoie the experiment was begun each
child was asked to write a few words
in his eis best hand on a slip of pa
per. The papers were then carefulls
laid aw as. At the end of the sear the
children were again asked to show
specimens of their penmanship, and
these latter scraps of writing clearls
demonstrated the wonderful progress
made bs the v ertical penmen
Many advocates of the new ssstem
maintain that writing can be done
much moie quickls when the new sss
tem is used Professor Gunnison is not
prepared to make that statement. He
believes, howevei, that it will be of the
greatest help to the boys and girls who
are obliged to leave school with their
education incomplete, to whom a good,
legible hand is almost indispensable in
starting out in their business careers
Dr Maximilian P. E. Groszman, of
the FehvAdler Ethical Culture Schools,
probabls knows as much as ans one in
the countrs about the new penman
ship It was adopted in his school in
1S93, although the children were allow
ed to use it previous to that time, if
thes- so desired
"Even now," said Dr Groszman, "we
do not bind the children to ans particu
lar ssstem. Many children come here
from schools where the Spencerian
hand has been taught, and they find it
veis difiicult to change We therefore
allow them full liberty legaiding pen
manship, but they soon show a desire
to wnte verticalls. We encourage this
desne because we believe the upright
svstem has a good eftect upon the child
hiiaaelf To write veitically he must
sit perfectly straight before his desk,
vv ith the book straight in front of him.
Theie is no opportunity to cramp any
part of the bods', and necessarily more
healthful conditions result."
Dr Groszman does not believe the
ssstem to be set fully developed. In
his opinion vviitten chaiacters should
bear the same proportion as those
printed, all stem letters being of the
same length. Down strokes he shades,
and fancy lettei s he shuns as he would
the plague. The .main point is to secure
the proper swing in other words, the
over curve, which makes letters round
and distinct. All unnecessary strokes
should be abandoned.
Many schools throughout the country
have adopted the new writing, and ev
erywhere it has met with unqualified
success
In Chicago teachers are peculiarly
enthusiastic. The system was formally
adopted there in 1S94, although for a
year previous it had been practised in
several of the schools. Superintendent
A. G. Lane says "During the period of
experiment we found that the children
were using their eyes more naturallj-, a
better position of the body w as se'eured,
the penmanship was more legible and
could be executed as easils'as the slant.
The results have been very satisfac
tory." The Chicago Record has offered for
several years prizes for the best Christ
mas stories by school children, and in
MORNING AND.
an editorial special commend: lion was
given to the manuscripts, which were
written In the vertical hand.
In Boston there has never been a
complete change from the old system
to the new. Superintendent Edwin P.
Seaver says, however, that the new
writing is used m some of the schools,
and that very interesting results have
been obtained.
The same is true of New York and
Brookls'n. In some of the schools the
slant system is still taught, but vvhere
er a change has been made, the ver
tical writing is enthusiasticallj- receiv
ed. "Some thiee or four jears ago," said
Superintendent Madison Babcock, of
San Francisco, "it was left to the
teacheis of our schools to make an ex
periment with vertical writing. No
order was given, jet to-dav' vertical
writing is used in all our schools but
one, and it gives the highest satisfac
tion." In Philadelphia the experiment has
met w ith success, and the teachers who
have tried the now writing v ould be
most unwilling to return to the old.
From Springfield comes the cheers
message that more children learn to
write leglbls' in less time by the new
system, than by the old.
Milwaukee and Salt Lake City are so
enthusiastic over their new school pen
manship that the papers are printing
specimens of the children's writing.
Atlanta w 111 not begin the experiment
until Mas.
Nor is it in the schools alone that the
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good woik is being done Society alsc
is turning hei back on slant writing,
and a large, round hand is now most
fashionable.
A general inquiry among business
men in New Yoik reveals the fact that j
to a man thes" are in favor of the new
ssstem. In fact, mans firms v. ill hire)
onls clerks who write vertically. This
is not to be wondered at when one con
siders the amount of valuable time
wasted bv buss men in their efforts to
decipher "impossible" chirographs.
It is evident, therefore, that we must
all change our penmanship shortls ;
and since our characters are said to be
shown bv- the hand we write, I thought
it an interesting subject for speculation
vvhethfi they would be materlallv- af-j
fected
Mr David N. Carvalho, the expert in
handwriting, kindls dispelled mj
doubts He is also a vertical enthusiast,
and it was mainls through his exer
tions that the Boston commission was
appointed
"Character is not shown in the for
mation of the lettei s," said Mr. Car
valho, "but in the general appearance
of the document. In order to read char-
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SPECIMENS OF WRITING USED
IN SOCIETY.
acter, the first thins I do is to examine
the paper used. Z it Is dainty and of
the best qualits. I immediatels have an
insight into the character of the writer
Then I observ e how the t's are crossed
and the i's dotted, whether the letter
is ca' efulls blotted, and how it is fold
ed; whether the lines are straight, and
a hundied other matteis which an un
observant person would never zee.
"Another point: since the vertical
stsle was used when writing was first
introduced for the slant hand did not
become fashionable until the sixteenth
centurs it it evident that it is the
natural handwriting; hence, it is prob
able that a man using the nev ssstem
w ill put into It his true character."
It is clear, therefore, that vertical
writing will not force the chhograph
ists out of business.
Japanese) Farming.
Japan is one v ast garden, and as you
look over the fields -ou can imagine
they are covered with toy farms where
the children are playms with the laws
of nature and raising samples of dif
ferent kinds oj vegetables and grains
Evers'thlng is on a diminutive scale
and the work is as fine and accurate as
that applied to a Cloisonne vase. What
would an Illinois or an Iowa farmer
think of planting his corn, wheat, oat
and barley in bunches, and then, when
it is three or four inches high, trans
planting every spear of it In rows about
as far apart as j-ou can stretch your
fingers. A Japanese farmer weeds his
wheat fields just as a Connecticut far
mer weeds his onion bed, and cultivates
his potatoes and barles with as much
care as a Long Island farmer bestows
upon his asparagus or mushrooms or
his flowers.
SUNDAY TIMES, 35 CENTS A MONTH.
OEY RAMOAD THAI '
HAS TIMED FARMER,
Said to Be a Philanthropic Project
Designed to Benefit the
Southern Planters.
GEEAT OBJECT LESSOK Iff OEOPS.
Farms Kun Ly a Special Depart-
ment To Demonstrate What
Enterprise 3Jay Accomplish.
Copyright, 1397, by tho Bacheller Syndicate.
The only railroad in this country,
which has ever seriousls meditated go
ing into the farming business is the
Seaboard Air Line, which runs through
the South Atlantic and Southern States.
It is not often that a railroad pose3
as an educator and benefactor of man
kind. Indeed, they are often charged
with being just the opposite, and the
fact that this line now proposes to re
v erse w hat has come to be regarded aa
the natural order of things is remark
able in itself.
The purpose of this unique scheme Is
to demonstrate in the most practical
way that much of the southern coun
try, now given over to waste and tim
ber land, is available for general farn-fl
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NEW YORK SCHOOLS.
use. and that some of the most fertllif
farminff land in the countrj Is practl--calls
unknown to the farmer.
This railroad farming will be con
ducted upon a scale somewhat differ
ent from that of the ordinary tiller ot
the soil; instead of one farm the road
will carry on one hundred situated
alons its line about ten miles apart.
For j-ears past the people of the
South have been using a great deal ot
the farm produce of the northern
states, both raw- material and articles
manufactured from such products, all
of which, of course, had to be shipped
from the producer in the North to tha
consumer in the South, and tor years
those most directly interested in the
prosperits of the Southern farmers have
been trj-ing to induce him to cultivate
the staples which are in constant de
mand. But the farmer of Carolina and ot
Virginia is just as set in his ideas aa
his northern brother, and either be
cause he hesitated at the slight risk
Involved by the experiment, or from a
natural distrust of suggestions emana
ting from outsiders, persistentls refus
ed, except in rare instances, to intro
duce northern crops into the land so
long appropriated to the production ot
rice, cotton and sugar cane.
Now, however, an association of gen
tlemen from all parts of the South
have, through the agenc- of the Sea
board Air Line, found a means ot
placing before the farmers of that sec
tion a gigantic object lesson which is
nothing more nor less than a series of
farms along the line of the railroad,
showing aust what can be accomplish
ed by intelligent and industrious farm
ing on this plan. As the railway in
question runs through a countrj- in
which there is a wide diversity of cli
mate as well as soil, there if anj-where
in the South can such products as New
England beans, broom-corn, celery and
sugar beets be raised to advantage.
This same company has already
shown by practical demonstration that
hops can be properly raised in that part
of the country, and the result has been
that, whereas hops were never before
cultivated there, thej- are now- very
generally raised and have proved one
of the most profitable crops.
The farms will be operated by the
companj- exclusively, and as great a
varietj of produce as is found prac
ticable w ill be grow n. Located as they
are all along the line, It will be an easy
matter for a trav eler to see at a glance
just what products produce the best
results in any locality through which
the road runs. The farming: will be
confined almost entirelj- to products not
now grown in that region, and at the
same time an effort will be made to im
prove the live stock now raised there.
In order that proper attention mav- be
given to these experimental crops and
the best results obtained, the company
will organize a department unlike any
thing connected with anj' other rail
road in the countrj-. This department
will not only have charge of these
farms, but will also give careful atten
tion to the study of the markets to
which the products should be shipped
in order to secure the best financial re
sults. Bj- these methods those Inter
ested in the future of the South hope
to demonstrate the possibilities of
Southern soil and climate and ma
terially better the condition of the
Southern farmer.
It is reported through Science that
an American commercial traveler in
Guiana has recently discovered in that
country villages inhabited by people
averaging only about 4A feet In height.
Humboldt, when in South America
many j-ears ago, heard stories of dwarfs
living in those regions, but he saw
none and seems to have given Uttla
credit to the reports about them that
reached his ears. It will be remember
ed that Stanley, in his last expedition
in Africa, found communities of dwarfs
whose existence had also been previ
ously reported, but generally doubted.
. TSIga
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