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The Athens post. [volume] (Athens, Tenn.) 1848-1917, March 15, 1850, Image 2

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. V. IVIS Kitltor and I'mprlctur.
Tt'.RJlS. ? 'J a i:iar, .i-.'7 niiliin Unit
Bioii'n fruin the time J ' sub't ribu 'g ; .'.alt in
6 mnnlfis, uf $'.inl Otr i riiiratiun "I I fit ,!''
(3 .Vi jnprr Jisfintiniiid until nit arnar
tgen are jiaiJ, ctpt ul Hit I'jitiuii uf tfie I'ub
ishtr. Far aniimii irhig the nanus of candidate! fur
tffice Cash.
ATIIKNS l'ltlll AY. M.lltt ll I.'., ifM).
(ffr V. TllnM-OX, IS liie Hlllllill'Z-il
agent for the "i'ust," in ilie city ul IJ .1 1 1 i
Jiiore, MJ.
CP II. W. Kisti ii ill'' autbnr:Z"d
agent lor iliis j;iirr in the city ul 1'iii,.i
Vlphia. JCT F.. MiTCHKM.. Jit.. Olmleston, S.
C.i Mill nil' nil lo any Ij ti s 1 1 1 -r ; fur tins pa
ft r in ilmi iny.
fj- Mr Jamei T. A corn v. Sr., hlingtei
Roane t'ounii, Tenin-si c, is irinii.nz. i!
ml requested in ncl :.$ mrem hi (iiocuiiiig
subscriptions lur this papi-r.
Chancery t 'uuil mens at Madi-on-viile
nexi Monday.
QrThe ueM imi-tin.: of the Rnai J ol
Directors ul Hip K.i-i IViine .-ce ami iVur
gia Railroad will 1 : U place mi Wediiis
day llitf S' nf tljiril. and !i l mi ihe li
I ii i a n I , a s'ati'H in c or lasi. Toe nit eimi:
of Ihe Sinckhul.ieis in voli- on a o irt-1 n i n ir
the Sti te loan, i.iUi lace ua i; i e Oih,
next Wednesday.
Tinners. Mr. J. V. rjhickwell.of litis
town, wishes to rmpltr one or id good
Journeymen Tinners. See advertisement.
Attention, F.wim Kits! The attention
ol our tanners i.- directed io the adverusp
tnenl for Ca'tor Uil IJeans, in luiiay's pa
per. Tin Ij-nn is said lo yield largely,
and as Mr. Metcalfe d!'--rs one iluliur pel
bushel lor all lie can gt-l next fail, we have
but liule iloulii I he cul'iire uf (lie crop
woulil prove must valuable. Seed o.. n be
procured of Mr. Metcalfe if application Ik
mailt immediately.
Pub. Doc. The Hon. J. M. Anderson
will please accept ou' thanks lor bound
volume of public ilucuments, and oihtr
Valuable paper.
CO-See teller ol Auusia eoi respondent
ea pppofiie page.
Ccj Coffee is (ooted in ibe lat ICnex
ville I'eji-ler at li cenis by ilie bug. B
nferencp lo our nilvt-riisin! eoliiinn, i'
Will he seen thai Mclvven &. Gillespl" of
fer a piiuie arlich) at 17 cents by the bag.
Hali iMunr., March !.
An immense Union ireeiiin; nns held in
monument squ ire to niuM; Ili.OcO person
Were prefeiil. Tne in ivor pnsnleil; vii'i
0U( pairiolic speechis were m ije, ami
rf Suliilions ill l.u i.r ol i he Unii II lilli'iiii'
niously Kiiopied whii'li iuloi'aie a com
promise ol tae sdverv rpiestioii.
We may be misl.iki n, bm We llnok feel
ings ol deliciii V thonhl decide all sens. bit ,
not to say sensitive men, not to intend iln
Convention ai our dipnoi. The .p'isla
lure voted t!ieir uiiw i!iniMie.s for such a!
meeting in be held wi i li in our bmdeis
The pies i'l m my i'iiiiii''es b ive Inlteih
protested m'lin.s' I p iii".i'ir", ami Ihele i
Itron" le ioii m : 1 1 1 k h.n ihree li iml.i n
our vni'-iis i ii'iih mil i'i" v ins'
pursued In n.n-e w In-ivl.i d ibe I '. oven
lion, f-'iiti li , then, iIimsi' u tin -nil n-li o
convene at .YiUhviUe nie imi tt 1 .t i d h
courtesy and polite bourn.', .i 1 1 i i n j h n
fiiir III . in their isimiii'ioii, maiiib-sl mueh
chivalry to match into a mu's houv 'm
the purpose o( devising plans lo sepnrnie
lillll and his wife. It Ihe object of Ilie
Conveiitiouisis is, as has been alleged, Dis
union, we would say, while Ihe people ol
lower East Teliuessi have not the least
oljetliun to liilimaie association with
Soutliern men, even of ihe u'lr.i s.-ho..l.
they earnefiiy piolist against a visit lo
ttieir C'ai'.itol for fui !i Kncrilisious pui
poses. We are all for the L'nioii.
CoTT3! No change since last Wei k
the pxiteinPs f r mil I IS io 1 '.)&.
Ci'lS-e Is quoted ai New Oilcans. Man li
8, 135 to Mil.
Geo. J. Doll'i' k, cashn r of the Pavan
nail bank absci'iobd, takiii" vtuli Inn n
Ijrge ainounl of money. A reward o! SO'.O
IS offered fur liis apprehension.
Montoomeiiv. March 7, 4.3 "i p. nt.
The Heinnor Oilcnns JS7. . hn, was
boml to the water's e'ge, ii, nr l!ndgpor'.
Deltas Cii'jihv , (A!a.) mi h'rii ;.i l tr p
to t'ie en v , mi Tin .-'I i v evening I i.-i, in ,i
o'clock. i l-Mi')o-(! Dial iil.i ill lin.-iy
persont were dmu ned. Ail H e holy pa
sengeis on bm-il eip lo-'. Lie t. Rice
of llie U. -S. Ann l . In I t-'J.-jll.t IO. f-'i Ver
di persons In, in Cali'i.rnia iiu wi re on
board, lo-i tiinr all.
Tbe lire is said lo have t eui the resull
of accident, on aecuuni of llie over heating
of the boilers. The I oat is estimated lo
hare been worth tin ly thousand dollars.
Ther was an insurance on htr uf twenty
thousaud dwIUrs.
Yoctii! Youth is glorious invention.
While Ihe girli rha-e the hours and Ion
chase ihe en!', 'he mor"ii seem ii dance
IWif '-Willi ilown V; on llieir feel." U'lmi
pny our summer is so short, isn't it? De
fore you know it. lovers become dtacons
II 4 romp f riodmoibers.
Ai no tune within our recollection have
ihe gn at disiineiive leaturcs of Wliigjjery
mid Democracy been so eclipsed. The
difference heiween a genuine W'hilJ hean
mid iliat of a Lopofoco is ns cprmin nnd
well marked a-' ilie liiws of nainie as pal
la!'!p as r u 1 1 1 and wrong. The. one lovt s
nif ill, Irnlh, and junice on account of I'if-ir
nitniiMi! worili; (lie mher olisirtvs lliem
v lien cmiveiiieul, and then only because
iliev ni'iv niil in niMiniii!! purposes. Now,
f il hai! ever ' .pen ilmihled, it lias Ivcoine
v n I -1 1 1 ill it th'-re are Inci'J'oros in both pur
lies. Just a I il. is lime a Vvmiderlnl silling
proci-fs is iioins; on polnieiiins are calm -I
f i n it upon the futiirj. The honest mid
I tl;p sond lo. I; In Ilie mierpst ol the coun-
irv: Inn the otiier, nnd we (par the larger
j . l.isj, (iiM'ipline their conseipuce by the
tn!e of loss and sain. 'I'he tune Iris a?ain
, 'nine thai lues ine i's souls old political
, uss'ici.il urns aip breaking op new schemes
h..ve been devised, mid new alliances are
j :.b in to be lorined. F.xtrnordinnry Verbal
.leu nmtr.iiions 'ire made all ovei the conn-
I -rv, especially in Con;ress. There we see
l! u lit i ii ii saved and lost about Itvicp a
i week, and, if Ihe conti si slinold ivax mueh
j !, otter, we tvuilijenlly bml; lor II to become
in matter ol daily oerui reio'e, Mme coiii-
j pmin'ses more union and disunion reso
i lotions, more sa'ity nn a ures nnd rebel
i . ... . . ..
Ii in pri.j' Cts have liecn hnuinlit lorwanl
i. 'oniit; III1 insi month, than have been
ihoou'ht of ilnri ig any li ly yeats of our
ii. ii mini existence. Every few days a
L'rave Sriiator suns from his seat and ex
claims, nlmosl in Ilie language of a leniale
iii q iainlanci' of Sir John Fal.stnff, "brinj
a n scop or two wont niibndv bring a res
cue ! " The patr'nrchs in Ihe Senate scarce
ly aive n plan fur krrping the Union to
"oilier a decern discussion before another
is submitted. Some of lliem seem as anx
ious for Ihe paternity of n gieal measure as
ine woman who was willing to prove her
maternity by If t'inu the living child be cut
m two. II their pUn doej not save the
Union, iliey are willing for a severance. A
vear or iwo nso .he SupreniP Couit ai
Iviloxvilie decided a cause on uiounds thai
h id not been touched in argument. The
successful counsel tilierwaids remarked
tl at lie did noi thank (he Conn for ihe de
cision; (or if he could not gain a cause by
his own argument he would j :j -c ns liel
lose il.
The idpi of leadership in Congress lias
become obsolete. Gen. Tavlor doPS not
pro'ess to be the Presi Ipnt of a'party; nor
has he any organized opposition or sup
port, mi far as the present excitement is
'oacerned. Il is I me there is an F.X-cu-'ive
proviso; but there are half a dozen
mln-re, and thus politicians arp ftraying
alioiu I ke losi she'-p. We are hnppv, how- j
ever, in ihe belief that hub 'pendent of.
le.n !, iinioiiisK or ditinioiiisi--, there is j
an iihiilin! confidence in llie hearts of the
inllioii. llial li leliiy to llie constiiiilion i ul i
'tin of l ie country is the tn'i-mni ol po. I
itical viit'i", and ihut nn observance of
iIicsp will infallibly rany us ihroiiah the
mo't iliinicmus si onls of faction, nolwith
iamlii!2 the efforts of false hearted and
i.iibiiious men.
JCf We have been furnished with thp i
''iitlowin; extract of a letter Irmn Dr. ('. C.
'c liEVNOi.tis, formerly of Meigs county,
in t 'ul. W, S. Callaway, dated
II llltl ONVII.LK. Mo., Feb.. I. 'ill.
"Iiol I Haw mil told Von nil oiv di-ii's
,1" i-.evM. 'Ihe shiiim mail Ilmi hroiijlil
vnui teller. lii"ULrlii one Irmn ( 'iililoruia,
n l. 'di roi'tiiiueil lol'i riiiiiiion thai Hie irmn
I . 1 1,1 ihis I'l'llllH , hi I 'I'eill'.' IKlvllii'll WP'P
-"nie ol vinir obi ai'iju nn auces, bad not
n ai bed ilint country, InH had ben passed
"II llie route. Of Hie 113 IIIPO heliumm!:
lo the Company, live had died of Cholera,
aad f'n e of otlo r diseases. Aiiioiis lliem,
John II. Walker, formerly of Monroe
eininiv, mid lt'ec and Kirns, sons in law
of U-v. Jim. Farmer, fornierly of Meig
p.iimiy . Tenn. The lal Idler we had re
ee ve'l Irom Walker was wriuen ahiiul ihe
2(lih ol June, in H indi lie sialpd that he
had had n sli'.'bt ntmck i f eliol 'ia. bill wis
ve and 1 1 1 ii 1 1 V ni'iin. He then ns lis nil
i'Xpri s-i d the belief lliat lie would live to
return wuh a fortune lo enjov willi his
limily. lint, alu-! m two short m-withs
'roiu that day lie breaihi il Ins last. He
look' sick al the Soulli Pa-s of lypboid fe
ver on the I, "nil ol .In v. nnd on the 2tlh
wr ite a li'er in I i- wile, iii wlucli be ex-e-sc'.l
iisbeli that lie would die, and
y.ive lel (IllectiollS about ini-ius Hip clnl-dr.-n.
lie di -d on lh tiflili August oil
liliniliol l river, ajed years."
Mr. Walker lelt a large nrcle of
qiiaiuiances and lelatives in this section.
" .
Tennsvlvania tiif. L.M"fi On the1,
2 I oil , the Senate 1 1 Pennsylvania pass
eil Hi" frlowing resolii'ion:
WI.ereas. ibe iiieiobers of the Gpner.il
A-m iiiI lv ! IVuii- Iv.iuia Iihvp seen wuh
c.ei p n-gri i, in seveiiil si eiu ns nl nnr flo-iion-
re.oli.ie, in. lie t'ioiis ol di-sriistacliiiii
u oh our liiii'l.i'io n'a1 mg in' iliini, a- em
l.iared in our cm-siiiiitioii, nnd ii n at'par
i ia i!i-j,fi-iiit'ii u; on the pail ol some In
tl'eiK i ailn-al I iiangi ; anil wiierp;i, in
ii lei Inn. s n! iliss.i'i-l.iciion Ion aril thai
varied lll-triillielit. ill" penile ipi feunsyl
vai'ia do li-I parlieii ,ie Hirretoip,
llc.nilvril, 'I lil Hip Union is nlenlieal
well all iIip glories of the ia-t, all Hip
lite-sings nl Hie irsen, ami all ihe hopes
ul Ihelnliiie- tnai IVnn-v Ivanin, true lo Hip
coiisii uiioii. ar.d all its principles, wi'l
in ver waver in her ridehty lo tliat noble
Ii is not always a mailt of kindness !
p i-iss an i pen conno oancp. An nlbga
lur is a deceitful mature, anJ yet lie pre
sents an open countenance when io the ve
ry act of lakin you in.
Hon, Dam ei. Webster delivered his
spech on the slavery question in the Sen
ate on the Till . The Washington Cny
papers slate that the Senate chamber, floor
nnd naileries, was more densely crowded
ihan on any former occasion. If we may
be pprmilted lo judge of the speech, as
reported in the Washington Union, il is a
most masterly production. There is nn at
tempt nl display, but the whole is plain,
conciliatory, conservative, yet high toned,
and breathing the most feivent love of llie
Union, We have nn doubt it will have a
mo t healthful iulltince on the public
ininil North, and tend much tmvards com
promising the difficulty now niiiating the
country. The Vnsliiii2ton Union has an
editorial in reference to the speech, and
speaks of it in serms of !i i ti praise.
Mr. Webster expresses his opposition to
the Wilmot Proviso, or any other Uonrres
siniial leji-duiion regulating Slavery, as un
coustiiuliiinal, and condemns the Notih
pin families and ihe disunionisis. 'He pops
lor the Union, and scouts the idea of a
peaceful dissolution. In regard (o the lat
ler, he says.
Mr. President, I should much prefer to
have heard from eveiy member upon this
floor ileclarritimis of npiii'iin that this Union
col l never he dissolved tana hip declara
tion of opinions that in any casp, under
the pre-s'iip o! any circumstances, such a
! -li I kiii was possible. I hear with pain,
ami anztiish, and distress, the word seces
sion, when il lulls from the lips of these
who me eminent, patriotic, known to the
i. ore. find Lnivvn all over the wofhl. Cur
their political services. Secession! Pence-
able seci s-ion! Sir. your eyes and mine
arP never destined to see that miracle.
The dismemberment of this vast country
without convtilsi 'ii! The breaking; up o1
the fi.iuni.nns of iIip treat iIppii without
rufil n ihp sti'Tic ! Who is fuoiish ptinunli
I h" everybody's pardon who is I
ish eiioii'h to expect to see any such
III ill!!? Sir, lie who sees these .States, now
revolving in harmony around one common
cenlre, and expecrs o sep them quit their
places, nnd fly oil", without convulsions,
may look out the next duv to spe the
henvenlv bodies, from their spheres,
jn.l iiikt'n airiiinct rneli iilher in the
reil ns of since, without prodiiein? a j
crush of the titiii'erse. Such a thing ns
peaceable secession ! It is utterly impos
sible. Is this constitution under which we
live here, covenuir this whole country, lo
lie lliawed nnd melted away by secession,
as the snow on the mountains are melii'd
under llie inll ience of a vernal sun, to dis
appear almost unobserved, and io die off.'
No, sir; ii", sir.
And nnvr, Mr. President, instead of
speakinsof the possibility or utiliiy of te
cession insfpad "f groping with these
ideas, so lull ul ail that is horrid nnd horri
, rt ns come out into the lit;hl of day,
nnd cherish ihose hopps that belong lo Us;
li t us devote mir-ilves lo Wi'Ji' gr-l ob
j-ets that are fit lor our consideration and
our aciioe, b l us raise our conceptions! lo
ih'j magnitude and llio impnitance of the
duties that lire developed upon Us; let our
comp'oliensi'iii be as broad ns the country
for which we act, and our nspiiniioni ns
1 1 1 -i Ii ns ils crmin destiny. INeverdul ihc-re
di vol i'p on any itener.i'ion of tien higher
Irons limn are now devolved on us for Hip
I r-'seiv.itinti of ihis Constitution, a' d the
harmony and happiness of all that live tin
ib r I'. Il is a cr'-nt popular constitutional
sio'm riinn nt gnnrJ"d by legislation, law,
and judicature, defended by llie holy nfl'ec
iiotis of Ihe people. No iron chain ol des
noiip power encircles thetu,' they live nnd
stand upon a government, popular in its
form, represpniativp in its character, louii
de l on r in ipl' s of equulilv, calculat d to
last, we hope, lorev. r. In all its hi-toiy
il has been beneficient. Il has IrmlJi ii
down no mail's lihertv; it lias cruslndno
Si.ih; i' lias been in all its influences be
nevoieni and bene liciPiit promotive, of the
cpueial prosperity. Hip general glory, and
Hie general renown. And at last it lias re
eeivtd avast addition of territory. This
reitjhtic now sinnds with a vast breadth a
crnss lb" wl ole eoiiliiienl. Tlie twoureat
seas nl the uui Id wash ihe one ii'ij the
oilier shore. We may realize ihe ile-eri'i-lion
of ihe ornauipiiiitl edging on the buck
er of Acln b s :
'Now H e broad shield complete, the ar-' following as it weie the steps of the crimi-ti-i
crown'il ! na nm cutting ofThis escape, wheresoever
Wi,h 'roimd-1'"''11' P"",,J l'"J 0Ce'"' : 1,0 maV """"P1 10
In liviua's.'l'ver seem'J the waves io roll. I These are some or llie many benefits it
And heal Hip bf.ckler verge, and bound Ihe confers upon society, but its utility has only
whole." j began to bp unfolded. Each day and year
For the rfihens. Post.
Al a called nippiing of M'lidian Sun
Lodge, No. 50, held nl Ihe Lodge Room in
Athens, on Thursday, March 7lh, A. D.,
In0. A. L. i?5i), the following preamble
and resolutions were adopted, lo wil:
The members of this Lodge have heard
wiih sorrow of the death of brother Tlios.
I Crutch field, who departed this life on
ac-jthe 5iti Hist., al Chattanooga. IJlolher
J Crutcl.field was a menibtr of Harrison
I Ludir. No. 1 1-1. and We svnmaihiye ileen.
, ., , . ., , ,
ly wuh ihe members ol that Lodge in Ihe
serious loss ihey have thus sustained. The
public ton have been deprived ol an active,
enterprising man, ami ihe community im
mediately .surrounding him will feel that
it viml nriiilnpeil hv lii itoall, will nni l.d
.i,-ilv lili.d. Alihnugli the members ,f!
Ins Lodge as a body have never had the
pleasure of ineeiing liroilier Crolchfield
iv i 1 1 1 it our sacied retreat of friendship Mn
virmp, but as citizens uf the county in
li 'Ii he lias spent most of his active life,
we all cherish his memory wilii feelings ol
he must profound sensibility Therefore,
llrndnil. That we sincerely condole wiih
hp alilieted family of Rro. Ciutchfield in
ilnir h-pavement that a copy of these
i ioceedings l p handed by the Secretary lo
ins widow, and that we will wear the
usual badge of mourning for ihiny days.
On motion of Broiher John King,
Ilisnteetl, That Ihe proceedings of this
meeting he puhli-hed in Ihe Athens Post,
iud ihai iheChaitanooa papers be request
ed 19 copy.
Sa ml. II. Jokdaii, Sec'jr.
The object ol a telegraph is to commu
nicate intelligence with speed. The Elec
tro Magnelic Telegraph makes use of elec
triciiy (lightning) m ntl agent, and trans
fers from city to city, nnd from town to
town, wherever conduulitig wires are ex
tended, with the swiftness of thought, any
information which it may be desirable In
The credit of inventing this wonderful
instrument is due to Prof. Morse, an A-
mrrican, ami it is uui a tew years wm-r
the discovery was made known to the
world. The lirst telegraph of this descrip
tion was established between Washington
City and Haliimore in ISI"; its utility was
immediately demonstrated, and its benefits
were so great (hat efforts were immediate'
lv made lo extend il tlirnushout the coun
try. It is probable 1 lint (here is al this lime
in operation in the United Suites and Can
adn, more than five thousand miles of tele
graphic communication, and it has also
been extensively introduced into England
and France.
The pui poses for which il may he use
fully employed cannot be easily enumerat
ed its benefits extend to every class anil
ti every intprpst in so?ipty. JJy mpans of
t,e rl'eh "raph the merchant is enabled lo
keep himself constantly informed of the
prices of all the commodities in which he
deal?, and of all (he fluctuations in the
market. He knows how lo sell, and how
and what lo buy. If he lakes produce
fiom his customers," he can ascertain with-
j out delay, where he can find the best mar
tut. nnd when he can sell lo best ad van
tnge. He is enabled loonier bis supplies
wiih dispatch, nnd lo lorwanl and receive
rpmiilances with increased certainty. lie
knows when his goods have arrived nl any
particular point, when lliey are to he tran
shipped, nn.i when ihey at-In be forwarded
by railroad, and can determine from that
the lime of llieir arrival, When he leavps
In me t) visit the principal markets of the
country, at lh Nor h, East or South, Iip
has il in his power at all limes to coiumu-
nicale with bis agents, and if any thing go
wron" hp is apprized of h: if his presence
is required sooner than he aniicipnted, by
the magic wires the intelligence is convey
ed to him. He can nt any lime sntisly
his mind either as lo his business, or as to
ihe health and comfort of his family. In
short, wherever he goes he can attend lo
his occupation with cheerfulness nnd con
tentment, boeaus" he knows that nt any
moment he can establish a communication
with thosp he has left behind.
The same may be said ol ihe advantages
of th Telegraph lo nil who ate engaged in
irade, and who have dealings in markets
nl a distance from home. TIip larnvr who
lias an inieresl in obtaining Ihe earliest
news as to the prices of produce and of
stock, nnd by mpans r.f Ihe Telegraph lie
can ascertain at any tune for what price he
can dispose ol his grain, bacon, or mules at
any of iIip princ'pal markets of the South
or elsew here. He can also guard againsi
the deception of speculators by applying at
any lime lo the wonderfirl agency of the
magnetic wires, and ascertaining lor him
self the prices nf-uch nriiclps as he has lo
sill; and if he leaves home the same priv
tlege is extended lo him as to the merchant,
lie can communicate with his family or
Thu Telegraph is available alfo in an in
finite variety of ways, connected will) so
cial intercourse. It announces l'ie arrival
of a friend at a di-tant point of his jour
ney; it tells of his heiillh or sickness, nnd
it heralds his return- ll communicates
news lo the politician, lo the man ol busi
ness, to ll.e lawyer, to the farmer, nnd to
every class or profession in society, and it
aNn subserves llie purposes of justice, by
will a Id to i s inlliiencp. Il will be extend
ed throughout the country in all directions
New improvements will be added to in
crease its efficiency, until the facility ol
diffusing knowledge will be as complete as
the most ardent enthusiast could desire.
i For Ihe .1 lliem Post.
Charleston-, Mar:h 9ih, 1S50.
The following preamble and resolutions
j was adopted:
j Whereas, the melancholy intelligence
; has been received by Ihis Lodge of the
j death ofour Rrother, Titos. Crctchfiei.d,
I of Harrison Lodge, No. 1 1 4 therefore,
llesolecd, That we sincerely deplore the
' death ofour beloved Brother, and that we
lender lo his distressed lamily assurances
of our sympathy
Jleivlced, That the members of this
Lodge wear the usual badge of mourning
for thirty days.
RetblveJ, That a copy of these resolu
tions be forwarded by the Secretary lo bis
family, and that he also forward a copy to
the Athens Post for publication, and thai
the Chattanooga papers be requested in co
py. II. McD. McELRATII. W. M.
Wm. J. Joiissow, Secr'y.
S3- Attention is invited to the advertise
ment of Decatur Academy.
Also, lo advertisement beaded " Men
Washington, March, C.
The President has submitted lo Con
gress an application from the British Gov
ernment lor an extension lo British - built
vessels of the right lo a participation in Ihe
coasting trade of the United States between
the Atlantic and Pacific ports; also, a re
monstrance from the British Minister a
gainst the contemplated increase of Ihe
rate of duty on British iron and oilier pro
ducts nnd manufactures of Great Britain.
These documents set forth , in sirring terms
the desire of the British Government to
promote liberality nnd reciprocity in trade
nnd navigation between all nations.
It will be some time, I fmaglne, before
Congress will lake up this or any impor
tant subject of legislation. If any one can
tell when ih"! slavery question will he sel
ild, he can tell whpn Mr. Meredith's views
in regard lo llie tariff and navigation laws
will be looked it by Congress. But there
is scarcely any reason lo believe that, in
any event. Congress will meddle with the
tarifTatthis session. It is no longer talked
of, l ete; and all idea ol any gpfipral legis
lation is, for the present, abandoned. If
we conquered California, California has
conquered lis, She has soIp pnsspssion
of us. Nothing will ever be done in Con
gress without her admission into the
Union; and, according to Mr. Calhoun's
views and those of many otliprs, nothing
can be done if she be admitted that is to
sav, ihe case will probably arise on dis
union, in which as Mr. Calhoun said
"California will become thp lest question.'
The conversation between Mr. Fonle
snd Mr. Calhoun, in the Sena'e, this
morning, is of a character so interesting
delicate srtd important, thai, ns it is brief.
deserves lo be closely read, in order to be
come acquainted with the varying move
ments on the political chess-hoard.
Mr Footp, this morning, pressed his inn
lion for a Special Committee of ihirleen,
who are to devise nnd report a plan fo'
accommo 'aliii'! the present difficulties il
being adtnitiPil Hint llie plans of Mr. Clay
nnd of llie Adininisirau'on are failurps.
Mr. F. said he sliou'd call up his motion
on Thursday, after Mr. Webster had spo
ken. He went on lo comment upon Mr.
Calhoun's speech, in encomiastic terms,
hut asked nn explanation of the proposition
for a new guaranty for the South, by an
amendment of the Constitution. Mr. F.
wished to know whether Mr. Calhoun in
sisted upon it as the condition on which
the South would remain in ihe Union, or
whether Mr. O. would unite in compromise
no e, and suffer this projected amendment
id lie over for consideration at some future
lime. Mr. Foole said, if the speech went
out, wilhoul any explanation of the point,
it would appear that this amendment,
which is now impracticable, was insisted
on ns a sine, quit unn, nnd thai ihe alterna
tive must Iip disunion. He spoke of Hie
Southern Convention, nnd declared thai
ils object was not disunion. II he thought
it was, he would not suppmt il. The
present Coristituiin'i was adequate for I lie
protection r.f ihe South, if f nithfullv exe
culeil Mr. Calhoun, in his reply, not on
ly declined nny explanation or modifica
tion of the proposition, but insisted that
the South could not continue in the Union
without some security for her rights, and
he appealed to Mr, Foote for his own
opinion, whether she could. Mr. Foote
said that he believed the South could re
mnin, peacefully, and happily, nnd honor
pbly, under ftich a compromise of this
question as could be made, in tpn days,
thiough the means of the Commiilec which
he proposed.
Mr, Calhoun, (in an under lone.) 771 is
question I 'do not refer to thts question
Mr. Calhoun's views, of course, have
an aim far beyond the q iestinn of ihe pres
em day; for that may be patched up, as Mr.
Butler remarked, nnd llie Union go on for
a while: yel the danger, as Mr. CaMioun
affirms, wi'l not be averted the disease
will still remain. CV. Char. Cour,
Sometimes upon n hidden tree
Where roses bang in rich profusion,
And op'ning buds so blusliingly
Unfold tln-ir leaves in spring's intrusion,
A rare and h-auieous bloom is 'ound.
All others lar in charms miivieini
Whose rragrant brpalh.il,,,' sweet, abound, I rrcss unJcr tl0 itst preceding DD
Is felt pon every zephyr flylff. ti()n(;illi n,.,.or,lin,0 ,,o pOr0vi,.
The morning dew-drnp cluster bright
Within the folds of ihis sweet flower,
Templing to lip of fairy sprite.
If such he near at litis late hour;
And sparkling; gems from summer cloud
Al nml-day fall in sefiesl shower,
And am'rous breezes sigh aloud
To linger round iisluvdy bower.
So thou, fair girl, art horn lo he
'Mong brilliant gems the brightest shining;,
Superior formed by destiny
To all the blossoms round thee twining:
Wuh eves whose glances shoot a light.
The depth of love and thought revealing,
Wuh form that Time in his rude flight
Touches but wiih a render feeling.
There j only one thing worse than ignor
ance, and that is conceit. Of all the in
tricnble Tools, an over wise man is ilie
worst. You may cause idiots, io philoi. -phize
ynu mar coat donkeys Ik forego
thistles but don'l ever think of driving
common sense into Ibe head of a conceited
A Mr. Stewart of Cincinnati, has got up
an imiration n coffee, wbicb is iaii to be
very near ihe thing.
The following arc the Compromise
Resolutions rcccn'ly introduced into
the Senate of the United States by
the Hon. John Bell.
WiiEttKAS, Considerations of the
highest interest to the whole country
demand that the existing nml increas
injrr ilissensinns between t he North
atiil the S-.titli, on the sulijoc.t of sla
very, should he speedily arrested, and
thai llie questions in controversy bo
adjusted upon smne basis which shall
teitil io give irrseni quiet, repress
sectional nniinnsit.es, remove as far
as possible the causes of future dis
ciiid. and secure tiic uninterrupted
eni'ivnuiiit of ihose benefits nnd nd
1 : ...i i. .i. r- : :
vantages wiin:ii u:u union w;is in
tended to confer, in equal measure,
upon all its members:
A.mu vviiuitF.As, It is manifest, un
der present circumstances, that no
idjtislmetit can be effected of the
points of difference unhappily exis
ting between the northern nnd south
ern sections of the Union, connected
with the subject of slavery, which
shall secure t' cither section all that
is contended for; and that mutual con
cession, upon question ol mere policy,
not involving the violation of any con
stitutional right or principle, must bo
the basis of every project, affording
any assurance of unfavorable accep
tance :
And whereas. The joint resolution
for annexing Texas to the United
Slates, approved March 1st, 1845,
contains the following condition nnd
L'U.ir.'intei', ihut is o sin : "New Slates
of convenient si, not oxo.viluig I'mir
in number, in addition in said Slate of
Texas-, and having snllirient popula
tion, may hereafter, by the consent of
said Stale, be formed out of tlie terri
tory thereof, which shall be entitled
to admission under lilt; provisions of
ihe federal Constitution, and such
States as may be formed out of that
portion of said territ'ny lying south
of .'( cleg. 80 min. north latitude, com
monly known as Ihe Missouri dthn
prnmise line, shall be admitted into
the Union with or without slavery, ni
the people of each Stale asking nd
mission may desire. And in sucli
state or Slates ns shall be formed out
of siiid territory north of said Missouri
compromise line slavery or involun
tary servitude (except lur crime) shall
be prohibited."
1. JlesohfJ, That the obligation to
comply with the condition nnd guar
antee above recited in good lailh be
distinctly recognized, and that in part
compliance vviili the same, ,'ts soon as
the people ol 1 exas shall by nn act ot
their legislature signify their assent
by restricting the limits thereof within
tlie territory lying east of the Trinity
and South ol the Red River; and
when the peo; 1j of the tesidue of the
territory claimed bv Texas lying south
of the 31th parallel ot north latitude,
nnd west of the Trinity, shall, with
the assent of 1 exas, adopt a consti
tution republican in its lorm, they bo
ndmiltcd into the Union upon an equal
footing in all respects with the original
2. ltcro!v-l. That if Texas shall
agre3 to cede, the United Slates will
accept a cession of all the unappro
priated domain in all the territory
claimed by Texas lying west of the
Colorado, and extending north to the
42ii parallel of north latitude, together
with all the jurisdiction and sove
reignty of all the territory claimed by
Texas north of the 31th parallel of
north latitude, and to pay therefor a
sum not exceeding -millions of dol
lars, to be applied b the lirst place to
the extinguishment of nny portion of
the exisiing public dctn of Texas (or
the discharge of which the United
States arc under an obligation, im
plied or otherwise, and the icmaindcr
us Texas shall require
3 Uesnhad. That when the popu
lation ol'lliai portion of the territory
claimed by Texas lying south of the
31th parallel of ninth latitude, and
west of (ho tidoindo, shall bo equal
t iln rutin of reni esenlaliiin in (Jon
ions of llie Constitution, and the people
of sjcIi territory shall, with the assent
of the new State contemplated in the
proceeding resolution, have adopted a
Slate con.stilutioti republican in form,
they be admitted into the Union at a
Stale upon nn equal fooling with the
original Slate.
4. ll'snlcctl. That all the territory
now claimed by Texas, lying north
of the thirty-fourth parallel of north
latitude, and which may be ceded to
the United States by Texas, be incor
porated with the territory of New
.Mexico, except such part thereof as
lies cast of the Rio Grande, and south
of the Stilt parallel of north la til ode;
and that llio territory composed
form n Siatf, to be a.linitted inio the
Union wh'-n I In; ieliat iiints thereof
shall adopt a St it! constitution, re
publican in form, wiih the consent of
Congress, but. in the mean time, and
until Congress shall givj such consent,
provision be made fur the government
of the inhabitants of said territory,
t 'i

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