OCR Interpretation


The Athens post. [volume] (Athens, Tenn.) 1848-1917, March 22, 1850, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Tennessee

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024443/1850-03-22/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

ATHENS 1'OST.
M. r. IV IX, I'.ililor and I'l'iiprivtor.
TKHMS.-la irar, pnyahh within thrre
months from Vic time of lulitrrihing; g'id i;i
6 months, or $ .'1 al the uiiiidliim n the iar.
"ijci- tliseonlinitid until nil arnar
are paid, cxetpl at the I'plion of the I'uli
tshi r.
tor annnnnritig the nanus of randidates for
ifice .'), tiinft.
ATIU'.XS lill)AY, MAKCII SIS,
fjjr- V. TllOM-ON, is-llje aulhofied
im for i In! -I'i-si," in tl'e city ol Dalti
Biore, Mil.
;L-jp H. W. Kisn is the authorized
aient lur this jiaj i-r m the ciiy of Phila
delphia. IC7 E. Mitciibi.1.. Jr., Chayt-sion, P.
C, will iiiii'iul lo. any business lur llns pa
per in ihaJ ciiy.
CC- J.Ir JamesT. Asni'RV.Sr., Kingston,
lloane t'minlv, Tennesi'e, is authorized
and requested lo net us rsviiI in procuring
subscriptions for this pa pi r.
(gj- Tlif las, advices represent Cotton
ns advancing'
fThe Uerescnutive from (his Con-
sressiunal !itri;l is enliil'-d lo our thanks
for a copy ol Congressional IJirnclory.
The Cai.h-oiinia Convention It lias
been charged that llie Calilornia Conven
tion which framed tlie Constitution now
nr,nt,..l in ( ' ii - rcss . was made up if
men inimical to Hie South. A large ma
jority of ihe delegates id that Convention
are Southern men, as will he seen by the
fjllowin; statement;
Georgia 21, South Carolina 12, Ala
bama 13, New Jersey I. Spain 1, Penn
sylvania 3. Tennessee I2, North Carolina
13. Ireland 7, Mar land 2. Kentucky 3.
Mis-issippi ". X-w Yoik 3, KnglamM,
Sweden 3, France 2, Delaware I, Vir
ginia 0, Florida 1, Naples 1, Louisiana I,
Mexico 1, Prussia 1 Total ll'J.
Lecture on Temi'erasce P. S.
White, U.q., P. M. V. P., in accordance
with the action of the Grand Division Sous
of Temperance, at its January Session,
1S50, is now filling a round ol appoint
ments in this State, lecturing on Temper
ance, nnd will ho at Athens on Saturday
the 13th day of April. Mr. White hasac
quired great popularity as a Temperance
Lecturer. Members of neighboring Divi
sion", an I the citizens generally, are invil
cd to he present and hear him at the time
designated.
Strawberry Plains High School.
Attention is invited to the advertisement o!
this Institution, which appears today. It
is represents! to be a most excellent Instt,
tu'.ion, located in a healthy section, free
from all allurements to vice and dissipa- would be no need to amend the Constitu
tion. The President, llev. Creed Fil- ! tion . Some one said many years since
ton, is loo favorably known ns a tcholar ,
and teacher to need any commendation at
our hands.
fjCJ- Our friend of the Southern Whig
thinks we misapprehended his article,
which we quoted a week or two since.
Possibly we did. As yet we hare heard
no complainis from the people because Dj iif js no, a fau, . ,lipm Qn
tne Legislature did not yWc for . lie ap- Uie conlrar).f Qur own cjjzens flucf jn
pointing of delegates to tl.-i Nasl.v.lle Con-, ,.,,,, , lle Noh-west and swell ihe
Vpn,lon- tideorFree-soilers. Mr. Calhoun sees and
.RAIN! RAIN i We are not disposed ' knows these things he feels tlem, tool
to complain of bad weather, not in the But because he is mortified and disap-least-in
fact, we have a very contented ( pointed, shall we hazard all lo gratify Ins
sort of disposition, and are inclined to be feelings? Our position is, "To stand by
comfortable in storm or calm, in winter's , Constitution," and preserve our rights
rain or summer's drought, At this lime in a sensible way.
the
'rain drops are falling without nieas-,
ure," and the noblest tributary of the!
Ejtnnallce, which washes the north sideol
the public square, is toifordable. We have t
no doubt if some of our citizens who are
not otherwise engaged, would pul a boat or
two on ihal same tributary, they would '
make it a jfood business, and greatly pro
mote the public convenience. Now the
i ... ttrt nl .1 n Llila rtC llta .l.nnl. tl.a .ii.inn
, , ,, . , 1 I
i.i : ,i. i .,.. .1 .. ... i I
wuuiu m'i 111 uic irasi ui-iuiu uui ruua-
, .
nimity, was it not for the fact tli.it when-
ever the clouds begin to lower, tlie atmos-1
phere grow damp, and ihe roads become1
soft the mails al be-intof .il Fast West
sol. themailsal l.epm to la i, Last.Uest,
North, and South. Even this would be
endurable, but whenever Ihe mai.s ,,il, ol , j(.ve ,lia, ,,e Stockholders not preseni.
course we gel no exchange papers, and . L ',as b"en f0 c"'d at Kpmschatka the ,Vouhl, if present, have voted in the aflir
when we gel no exchange papers the fail- p'l winter, thai ihe Governor was com- mativc.
uremal.es sad havoc with our editorial
calculations, as our main leliance is on our
ccistors to make that depailment ol our
paper interesting. Therefore, if the read-
er should find any thing wrong about to-
j . - ...:n . I i -
nay 8 paper, ne , v,r us. , umaie ,
wnere n ononis uu me onu wea.ner, oau i
mil. Is. !iiti w.ilers. ni.lil failures, am! n.lipr'
little cai-uatiies, to all which inconvenience
It is the duly of every good christian to
submit, as we do, with becoming resigna
tion. fjrj- Hiram (ladsty, who killed haac
Miller in Bledsoe county in January 1519,
was fuund jruilty of murder in the lirjt de
gree, at the Circuit Court in Bledsoe dur
ing the past wek, and condemned to
le hung.
What is this world? A dream within a
dream as we grow older, each step has
an inward awakening. Tlie youth awak
ens and he thinks from childhood the full
grown man despises the pursuits of youth
as visionary the olj man looks on man
hood as a feveruh dream. Is death the last
Mil. CALHOUN'S SPEECH.
This is one of the most remarkable pro
ductions of n most reutirkabte age and
country. Written in the calm retreat of
his studies, without the excitement of de
late or the siin? of retort, we may sup
pose it contains neither more nor less ihnn
ihe precise views of its gieal author. No
doubt hut he was deliberate, and thoughl
fully penned what his heart fell; and thus
coniniitttd it to posK'tity, knowing that
iheii opinions of him were to be influenced
by t!ie very words in which he clothed his
ideas. If ii is true, as our statesmen tell
us, that the country is in danger ihal a
crisis has rome, the movements of so con
spicuous a personage must be regatded
with interest. His opinions are now be
fore the world, and ihey are a part of our
history. Though not written in blood,
ihey ate, alas, written in a bloody spirit!
He sounds the alarm note, and deprecates
ihe evils now threatening our Union; bui
he dots it in a tone of reproach and defi
ance. He shrinks from the task, and says
ihe North must save the Union; they must
encode all and do all, because he has no
compromise to make. From a very com-
lucent remark we may inier he has arriv
ed at his ultimatum. "I have ex red my-
sell, during the whole period, lo arrest II,
(the agnation,) with tlie intention of sav
ing the Union," &.C It is elsewhere re
marked "Dy satisfying ihe South, she
could honorably remain in the Union;"
and even intimates that all that endeared
the Union to the South has passed nwav.
The most labored point shows the equili
brium between llw two tections has hem
destroyed, and complains that the North
hns more votes in Congress than the South,
This is true, but certainly the constitution
of nature had more to do in this than the
constituiion of the United States. More
free than slave Stales have been admitted,
and consequently they have more Sena'ors;
hut no one contested Iheir right to admis
sion. The North-western territory, now
embrncing several of Ihe most flourishing
States, was ceded by a slave Slate, and ac
cepted by Southern Senators, although
slavery was excluded in terms. Mr. Cal
houn calculates the probable future in
crease of Stales, and concludes lliol the
natural progress of events will socn give
the North forty Senators and the South
only twenty four; and thus in ten years the
equilibrium of the government will be ir
retrievably destroyed. On this account he
thinks il impossible for Ihe South lo remain
in the Union nith honor and safely. The
inference from Mr. Calhoun's argument is,
that this increase of ihe North is unconsti
tutional, and if the South could secure a
ninjurity
in both houses of Consrress there
iiat he would rather reisn in beil than
serve in heaven. We do not believe Mr.
Calhoun would push matters quite so fur
in the next world; but in this one he char
ly shows a partiality lo the sentiment.
It is true, the North has the numerical
strength, which will increase so lapidly
that in a few more years they will double
Mr. Calhoun's Health. We are
glad to perceive the following in the
VTo1i infflin PArrDcnnnilflni.il nffliff ("Milium
b(js Teejrnpll.
"Mr. Calhoun's health is improving.
He now attends the Senate regularly, and
seems lo he regaining his vigor of body
rapidly, though still looking somewhat the
worst from his recent sickness. All ap-
prehensions in relation to bis malady, mav
however, now be allayed, for with due
. . . i i t . i
caie his restoration cannot be doubted."
A certain cure for corns is to rub them
wel with sail every day for a week-lhen
. r . . , r Y ! .
have boll, feet cut off, just above the an-
cles
pellet! to quit his usual residence and re-
tire lo his subterranean palace, which is
twenty French metres below the surface
of the ground. It seems, all the wealthy
people of that country have underground
J....1I l.il, ,.. ,.. . . 1.1 I
wc. ,
tinv.. j
Mr. A. W. Dessaner, a merchant of
Weston, Missouri, on his way to the East,
Insl a be'tat St. Louis, containing-13,000,
in gold and paper.
A Mr. Ilazeltir.e was excluded from les
tifying in one of the courts of Boston, the
other day, on the ground that he was "an
avowed atheist."
Melancholy and Mysteriocs. Four
persons who were crossing a creek near
Allentown, Alabama, in a carriage, were
drowned recently. The casualty was dis
covered by finding two little dogs standing
on il.e Lank howlieg pileously, and on
draining the creek, ihe bodies of a gentle
man and lady, a lad and a negio man were
found in the buggy which had sunk with
their weight. Their nancs are unknown..
EAST TENNESSEE AND GEORGIA
UAILUOAD COMPANY" MEM
1NG OF STOCKHOLDERS.
Pursuant to a previous notice, published
lor more ihnn thirty days in the Athens
and Knuxville papers, Ihe Stockholders in
the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad
Company assembled at the., office ol me
Company in Athens, on Wednesday the
!2Uihdav of March, ISoO, to vote on ac
cepting oi rejecting the loan offeied by the
Si.ij .. c.i.l , mi, mil' III' nn Act ol till'
General Assembly ol Ihe Slate of Teniies
see. passed the 30th day of January, Iftf"
i.. ..,m f M. II. I'richard. I'.sil.. tilt
Iliuii" - " '
Convention was organized by calling Col
Wm. Heiskeli. to'lie Cluir, and appoint- j
ini Jas. C. McCaiity and Wm. F. Keith
Secretaries.
On taking the Chair Col. Heiskeli made
a few happy and appropriate reiff.irks, exi
planalory of ihe objects of the meeting,
and urging upon the Stockholders the pro
priety of accepting the proposed loan.
A. D.Kejes, Esq , offeied the lollowing
resolutions, to wit:
Whereas. Ihe grading and masonry are
finished ar.d the limbers prepared for a por
tion ol the F.ast Tennessee anil Georgia
Railroad, and the work is in such n laie
ol (orwardness as Ihal Ml miles can be
easily prepared in a short lime lor the stl
perstructure; and whereas, it is now ex
pedient and necessary to procure the iron
rails and a portion ol Ihe equipments for
said road, nl os early a day as practicable:
and nherer.s, the Stockholders, anxious
for the speedy completion ol the work, and
bavin" but limited available means al pn s-
! ent, 'are thankful lor tlie action ol ihe re
cenl Legislature ol the atate, in ollering
the Coimianv a loan to be applied to the
nii'chase of iron and ruu pim n s lot the!
Road, and are ilesirous 10 avail iii 'inseiv. s
Of the benefit of said aid- Therefore,
Resolved, by the Stockholders ol Ihe ,
Etsi Tennessee and Georgia Railroad (
Company, in convention assembled, a ;
laiae majority of the shares heins repre j
tented. and voting to acc 'pt h it we, i
sni.l Stockholders, do hereby accept and i
asree to and ratify the t mis and conditions
of the Act of Assembly hereinafter men
tioned, and do acce)t the loan of the Ronds
ol ihe State lor three hundreil ami lilty
thousand dollars, ofl'ered and cranled to
said Company by an act of the General
Assembly ol the State of Tennessee, pass
ed on theSOth day of January, 1 850, on
the terms, requirements and conditions sel
lorth in the said act of the General Assem
bly, lully assenting nnd agreeing to all Ihe
lerms, conditions nnd particulars thereof.
llesolceil, as evidence of said rccep
lance, nnd to make the same obligatory and
binding, the Chairman and Secretaries of
this meeting make out n sworn statement
of these proceedings before some Justice
of Ihe Peace of McMinn county, nnd have
Ihe Clerk's certificate and the seal ol the
County Couri ol McMinn county affixed
thereto; nnd that said verified statement
be forwarded to his Excellency, the Gov
ernor of the State, nnd that a true copy
thereof, made out by the Secretaries of this
meeting, be filed in the office of the Com
pany, and be entered on ihe minutes of the
Board.
Resolved, that the Directors are request
ed to apply for said loan, nnd that ii be
used in instalments, or for section', as
needed, and when the same can be judi.
ciously expended in the purchase of iron
and (qtiipments lor I lie Road; providing in
Ihe mean lime for Ihe payment of the in
terest on said loan, as ii falls due, promptly.
On motion of T. N. Vandyke, Eq , the
ayes and noes were called lor on the above
resolutions; and, on molion of Mr. Keyes,
Messrs. Jno. L. Hurst, T. N. Vandyke, and
D. C. Kenner were appointed tellers to
take the vole.
The names of the Stockholders were
called over in alphabetical onb r, each
Stockholder voting the number of shares be
holds in the Company when it was an
nounced by the tellers Ihal over two thirds
of the entire number of bhares of the
individual Siockh' Idets were rtpresnieil
in this meeting nnd voted upon nnd th it ihe
vote was nuanimous m favor of the alup
tion of ihe rosolutions.
The C hair then declared the resolutions
unanimously adopted.
Col. Wm. Heiskeli offered the following
. resolution, which was unanimously adopt
ed:
Resolved, That the vote just taken
I . .i i 1. 1.. - ..i
; SHOWS inai consiuerdoiy over in u unnia m
he Slock of the individual Stockholders is
represented in this meeting, and inai the
vole is unanimous for nccepling said loan
on the terms am! conditions ol the Act of
AfSPm,,v. anil ,m, in Ihe opinion ol .be
Stockholders present, there is reason io be
The Convention then adjourned inc dir.
WM. HEISKELL. Chm'.i.
James C McCarty, ?cj0r ,
Wm. F. Keith, Secretaries.
"There is a great demaud," says a Yan
e pedlar, "for a species of plaster, jvhicl
.. ..for a 8)ecirs of plaster. A'hich
will enable men to stick to their business-"
"Blood and 'Oons." A correspondent
of the Columbus (Miss.) Democrat, wri
ting from Jackson, gravely says:
Governor fluitman is surrounding him
self with a g-allant stair, and says he is
willing and ready to do whatever the peo
ple's represen'aiives may require at his j
hands, or perish in the effort.
Sooner than be a modern Whig, we
would say to corruption, "ihsu art our
father." . Patriot.
And thus tell the truth for once in the
course ol a pretty long lifetime. Lou. Jour
Jcnsotf Pardosed. E. Z. C. Judson,
alias Ned Buntline, sentenced for oie year
lo Blickwell's Island, for participating in
the Astor Place riot, has been patdined by
the Governor of New York.
I'ROM WASHINGTON.
Washington, March 10.
Nothing is talked of here but ihe trium
phant speech of Daniel Webster. All
Southern, and nearly nil Western men,
with whom I have conversed, are content
to stand on his plallorm. No speech ever
delivered by Mr. Webster has had such
an effect as this. It lias brought, already,
confidence and harmony. Still, I am not
without fears that tbo Northern men in
Oonsross will not pome up to the support
of Mr. Webster's views. These men are,
io use Mr. J. d. Adams' phrase, -palsied
by the will ol their constituents." Two-
thirds of Ihe House are ready to admit that
Mr. Webster's views aie incontroverlihl
but, still, Uiey are alraiu in me ueiiuin.iii
Hons ol faction in their own districts. We
have no doubt that some project, based on
Mr. Webster's views, will command a
lare majori'y in the Senate. What ihe
House will do, no man can t il. I am
sotry lo find that, alieady, there are pow
erful influences at work, in the House, lo
countiracl the ((Ted ol Mr. Webster's
speech. I could name two members from
Massachusi'ltes, one from New-Hampshire
and from Ohio, and several from New
York, from each of whom I had hoped bel
ter tbiii'.'.s.
Mr. Webster throws himself upon the
country it is in the country that lie ap
peals. He vindicates his own consistency,
and combats Northern prejudice. Much
of his speech is directed, necessarily and
properly, to these objects. Dot his strenstb
is employed, chiefly, in the enforcement ol
constitutional o' ligations, in the mainte
nance of the obligation of compacts, nnd
.... i r .i. I... :..
.,;.i;.,ir r ,,. nl Nature
- " " " .
ns supercedma and rendering unnecessary
laws of Congress in reenrd lo slavery.
C3nnnl doubt, notwithstanding the fears ol
NorIiern members, that Ihe 'rent
. , , ... ,
mass ol tlie ivn..ern people w.u r-
in his vie'.vs. A Northern seutleinnn, ol
distinction, now here, says, lo Ihe timid
and hrsit it nr, "In five weeks, you will
witness the great ground-swell ofcouser
vntive opinion in the North. "
The Administration, as I have reason to
know, feels nreaily relieved by the sland
taken by Mr. Webster. It is considered,
here, that the danger is ovi r. We are not
quite oul of the noods, but we can see our
way oul.
Ctow ds of people are brought lo Wash
ington by thoir anxiety ns to the existing
sate of things. 1 hear, to day, of a num
ber of distinguished men who ar- coming
hither from the South Cor. Char. Cour.
"THE CHIVALRY" RISING.
We believe, says ihe Memphis Eagle,
we have noticed appropriations for home
defence made by South Ca'olina and Ala
bama, in view of the impending crisis.
We believe we have also noticed the ar
gument in Mississippi uiged tgainsl the
payment of the Planters' Bank bond; viz:
thai, in view ol the appalling (!) relation
of Mississippi to the rest of the Union,
Mississippi needs all her surplus funds for
purposes of internal delence.
These things would be very amusing,
if ihey were not so treasonable, so tml
rageously libellous upon the Union and all
connected with il that is dear and holy.
To sit down and calmly calculate upon a
disrupiure of Hie Union, upon civil wai and
all iis fearful and abhorrent consequences
of blood, desolation nnd ruin, passes our
patience, and we consider ruch legislative
aigumen's as but little (if at all) short of
actual irea-on, nullification or any other
absurd outrage.
Rut in all this dark drama of crazy trea
son to the Union, there are occasionally
most amusing glimpses of ihe grotesque
and ridiculous. For instance, a very re
spectable cotemporary publishes the fol
lowing ;
"I am happy lo inform you. thai Edge
combe is fully aroused and will be equal
lo Ihe rmergencv. Town Creek, Tosnot,
Coneln, (your own Conelo) aye every
,f(.t.i(.fi ,.l ilia rrnml t.l.l rtmnltr ...
( - (. , ..j ,
the tap rf the drum. You will hear Irom
i us on luesday the Oth insl. We shall
show a bold, unflinching Ironl lo the ene-
my. and should ihey continue the cry
-lay on McDulP we will be (he last to
! exclaim "hold, enough.'!
This is wiiilen in view of the assumed
certainty of civil war between the South
ern and Northern divisions of our confed
eracy a thing not to be thought or dreamt
ot the mere mention ot which n to us
treasonable in will and word. But "Edge
combe is fully aroused." Think of that.
Town Creek!! Tosnot (Toss not, we
presume, and Ibe very name is belligerent.)
Coneto (our own Coneto)!! every part of
our "goou oiu county" (Uuncomlie;) is
"ready at me tap ol tlie drum"!.'!! Rap!
tap! liddle dee dum.'!! shoulder broom
sticks fizzle!!.'!
The Wheeling Gazette says that during
a recent steamboat trip down the Ohio, the
berths became so scarce that a tall Ver
mont Yankee rented his at 82 pel night,
and slept in il by day. He'll do for "this
world.
The Twenty-Dollar Gold Pieces
have made the'i appearance. They
are about the size ol a half-dollar, and
ate to our appreciation an awkward
looking coin. The eagle on the re
verse is out of proportion with the
head on the obverse. They will be
convenient, however, for parties, hav
ing large payments to make in gold,
although too large for the pocket.
New York Tribune. I
TWO WEEKS LATER FilOM CALI
FORNIA.
ti.,i. the kindness of a passenger
by the California, who cflme Jo New-Or
leans in the Alabama anu una jum
.his City by the Southern line, we have
been furnished with San rranc.s.:., -lo
Jan. .5 and from Panama to Feb. Sth,
thus enabling us to lay before our readers,
iu advance of the mail, full particulars ol
the latest news from California and the
Isthmus. .
In the diggings ihe rains continued with
oul cessasion. All the rivers were swol
len to an alarming bight, but the miners
Mill continued lo work a part of the time.
inl,. nf ihe 8th of January, the
. its i.inclion with Feather
1 UN, I IO' ' I J If
River, rose fifteen feel, Hooding about hall
the town of Yubavtlle. 1 He limn""-""
were moving to a blulV about eight feet
hwher. Which II was supposed would be
s-cure from inundation. No liv.s weie
lust.
The Sacramento River has overflowed
Us banks, both above and below Sacramen
to City, and in many places, the II ind ex
tends nearly the whole breadth of the val
ley, resembling an immense sea. ihe course
or ihe river being only marked by the
thickets on its banks, Great numbers ol
horses nnd cattle have been swept away
and dron tied. Along the banks of ihe
river many persons were engaged in wood
cutting nnd charcottl burnins; the flood
ritsp so suddenly that they weie obliged lo
climb inlouees and wail for some chance
of relief.
Sacramento City was emir, ly submerged
nn ihe niahl of Jan.9. When our infor
mant left, the next morning, the water was
rising at the rate of nn inch per hour,
chiilly from the American Fork. The
flood on the Yuba had not reached llie
city.
These unprecedented fluids have been
occasioned by two or threp successive lulls
off now in the mountains, followed by two
days of warm suinnvr weather. O.i Feath
er River, a fall ofsno.v two feet deep en
tirely disappeared in one day.
There was a tumor which il is feared
is but too tru? that between one nnd two
thousand persons were imprisoned in Sut
ler's Fort by the water, unable to escape,
through want of boats, and with very little
means of subsistence.
Owing lo the rise in the rivers there are
now three steamers plying be ween Sacra
mento Ciiy and Yuhaville. a distance ol
about seventy five miles; fare 15. Pro
visions were plenty on all the northern
rivers. The prices remain about Ihe same
as ai previous advices.
Tlie "burned district" in San Francisco
ii now almost tnti;ely luiill up. The Ex
change, El Dorado and Parker House are
again in operation. The growth of the
town in all directions is even more marvel
lous than heretofore.
The California had "n board a million
and a half in gold dust, including the sums
brought in priva e hands.
The neglecled placers in the Province ol
Veraguas, nliont 75 miles north of Panama,
are now woiked by a Company of 40 A
meiican emigrants, andi'ld 5 lo
daily per man. The gold is in large grains,
and 22 carats fine. jV. J. Tribune.
PATRIOTIC SENTIMENT.
Letters from Senator Cass and Senator
Dickson to the late Union democratic
meeting in New Yoik are published in the
New York papers. The following pars
er phs are from the letter of Gen. Cass.
They are eloquent, patriotic, and well
timed.
"Let him ic!io teill calculate the value
of this Union il he can. I spurn the use
less efiort. Its value is in the past, in the
present, nnd in the future; in its promises,
rs perlormances anil its hopes; in nil il lias
dune, and is doing, and is destined yet, I
trust, io do. lis value is in Ihe heart ol
every true American. Il has made ours
ihe most prosperous country on the face ol
the earth; given u a greater measure ol
national freedom ihnn any oilier people
ever enjoyed; placed us among the power
ful nations of I lie world, with nothing In
fear but our own follies and cniin s, nnd
Ihe judgment of God; ii has spread an in
lelligent, a happy, a contim'd and a vii
liious popula'ion over our hills and valleys
and prairies, from the shores of the Atlan
tic almost to Ihe base of the Rocky moun
tains, which the hardy pioner is now ns
cending; and it has already brought to us
the great political offering, to be laid upon
the niiarof our cuuiuion country, of a con-
stiliiiiou from a tree people, who have es
tablished their home upon the very ihoies
that b ok out upon China and J.ipm.
"All ibis our Union has done; but, if
left to go on, us woik is but jum begun.
We cannot explore the future; it is best
we should not. But we have reason to
hope, with proper humility, indeed, that,
if not struck with judicial blindness, the
career of this great republic will be as glo
rious in itself as it will be happy for its
people, and encouraging to the lovers ol
freedom throughout the world. The cause
of human liberty depends on vs. If lost
here by intestine divisions, it is lost every
where. "We have not only our own faie in our
hands, but the great question of Ihe power
of self-government is committed to our
keeping. If we cannot govern ourselves,
who can? If this constitution falls, the
next that will govern us may be the sword.
My ardent prayer is, that I may never
live to see that day.
Counterfeit half-dollars, so accurate
ly executed as to exhibit no percepti
ble difference from the genuine coin.
arc in circulation in New Orleans.
They a: 0 sa d to be of domestic manu
turc, and can only be detected by
ringing them.
OVERFLOW OP THE SACRA
MENTO. It is with the utmost pain that we
arc compelled to nnnounce the dis
tressing intelligence that the Ciiy of
Sacramento is completely overflowed,
and that m the streets ol the cityf
where the most active business oper-
ations were conducted hut a hiief
time since, the splashing waters aro
now sweeping with resistless fury.
The distress nnd devastation which
this untoward event will cause is truly
deplorable to contemplate. We had
hoped that the waters, which were
not materially rising when our last
accounts were dated, would abate,
but their course was "onward." Inch
by inch they insidiously rose, until
the streets ran rivers, and the whole
banks of the tivcr wrrc covered with
the rushini; flood. Those who were
camping in tents paihcred up what
t'sey could lay their hands upon ai d
fled to higher ground. Ahum and
panic spread upon every side, nnd no
means to check the dire nnd dread
c tlamitv could be devised. On swept
the tide merchandise of all descrip
tions was borne away in the mighty
rush, nnd ftill it poured on. The
tenor of an unavcrtnblc flood was
apparent to till, and every exertion
was made to reach a place of safety
with what necessaries of life were
obtainable. The excitement and con
fusion is represented to us ns almost
indescribable and heart rending in the
extreme.
We conversed wiih a passenger
who came down in the Senator last
eveiiin;', to w hum we are indebted
lot the particulars of litis calamitous
and unexpected event. When the
Senator lelt the entire city vti-under
wnter, boats were navigating tlie"
streets, and cnrryiiiLT passengers from
the second stories of houses. Tne only
melius of gelling about was by boats,
ami every imaginable craft was en
gaged in navigating the streets. The
ridge of high land about two miles in
the rear of the city was literally stud
ded with tents, and human beings
were mingled with nflrightcd animals
who had also taken refuge upon terra
firma.
Sutterville was overflowed, but the
fnrt was still dry. Numbers of small
tenements had been washed awayi
and the front of a large brick building,
near the new steamboat landing, bud
fallen in. Dewy's Hotel and the City
Hotel were peopled like beehives, and
passengers were taken from the se
cond stoties in bonis. Many of the
inhabitants h id taken refuge on board
the shipping, nnd some were still
living in the upper stories of buildings;
but these habitations were insecure.
The fees demanded by those having
boats were very exorbitant, illustrat
ing the proverb that "What is one
man's meat is another man's poison."
Hut the extent of the calamity docs
not rod here, according tn our inform
niit; fur the branches back ol ihe river
arc also under water. Tbo cattle,
horses and mules were lining ihe
river's banks, deep in water, browsing
upon the spare herbage yet visiblo
above, presenting a most woful pic
ture of misery. We dread to hear of
the loss of many lives and much dis
tress and suffering.
Already, we arc informed, Jives
have been lost, two men having been
drowned in the streets of Sacramento
by falling from boats. Wo also un
dei stand that Vernon nnd most of the
little towns above are flooded. We
shuJ'lcr at the contemplation ol the
utter disaster which must bo caused
by this untimely catastrophe. There
is no knowing when fho flood will
stop, and what further ravages may
succeed those which the relentless
rush of waters has already occasioned.
Hundreds of persons who were pros
perous, comfortable and happy, nio
now deprived of nearly their all and
thrust forth at a moment's warning
from their homes.
Wo learn that the Placer Times
newspaper was not published, and
that the building was partially under
water. Wc have penned this account
hastily nnd from the best information
wc could gather in tho absence ol our
correspondence, but it is confirmed
by several sources. Wc trust by our
next issue to place a more minute ac
count ol the flood before our readers.
Alia California Jan. 1 4.
Sr. Lou?, March 0.
A very large meeting was held
here last night. A scries of resolu
tions were passed, approving of the
course of Cut. Uenton in the United
States Senate, and repudiating Mr.
Calhoun's speech on the slavery ques
tion, and the threats of disunion.
They also agreed to make "Benton
ism" a test vote, on the Democratic
candidates, at the Municipal election.
"Ma," said a little girl to her moth
er, "dj the men want to get married
as much as the women do?" "Pshal
what are you talking about H " Why,
ma the women who come here are
always talking about getting mar
ried, the men don't do so." We
sloped.
Laziness grows on people; it begins
in cobwebs, and ends io chains. j

xml | txt