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POST. BY SAM. P. IVINS. ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY, APRIL 19, 1850. VOLUME 2 4 IN UMBER 82. TERMS: THE POST will lie published every Friilny at $2 per yeuf, payable within three months from the time of subscribing; $3,50 in ix months or $3 if payment is delayed until the expiration or the year. Advkrtiskmknts v.lll lie chnrscd $1 per qnnre of 13 lines (of leM) for the Ant insertion, ml 25 cents for each r.imtlnilt'.nnc. A lihernl deduction made to those.V.lin advertise by the year. Persons sending advertisements must tnark the number nf times they des're them inserted, or they will he continued until fur bid and charged accordingly. Qgj- For announcini; the iliiitirs nf candi dates for office Turku' Dollars, Cash. Job Work, snr.h ns PiiiiiphM, Minutes, Cir tulnrs, Curds, lilanks, Itamlhills, i,c, will he Ciecuted in a neat and workmanlike manner, ktshort notice, and on reasonable terms. A II letters addressed to the proprietor, post L. ' I ...:o u ).. ..11.....I...I Ul" Will UV III lllllllll tl .n:in....l lui " . ' . . .l ... rersons ni a insiance mmkuhc us inn or four solvent subscribers, will be entitled to Bfth copy Eraiis. No communications inserted unless accorn panicd by the name of the author. ftj-uiiice on inn wesisiocti in riiniio , ct tlUIP Office. next door but one above the Post a, jriS, ts;- v a & ATllfcSSlWin ',uJSo' ! " " i . i . 1'r Prof. Wcbstkk I he I'oston Post, of : Wednesday, sayf the report from the jail on the previous evem'titr represented Dr. Webster as exhibiting signs that he had begun to realize his true condition. He tmmm iliannanfl .. n n l-u A fin I till r i 1 1 1 1 S ' , . " . I topics appropriate to his unhappy situation. ' , ' ', , , ,. ; The Herald says that his appearance is . . ... . . at.-.f .1 J. .!... Ilia lima micl. Iliai U: UTI'll ll'i'l llilil. ilia iiuir ta iiiwoi- ' J . . ; V dcituii t II irmiiu:; m iii.wii'k uiuwi-, ' i . nJ in wiinns. A writer in 1 lie Dee stales that Prof. Webster has been among the most strenuous opponeuts of the abolition of capital punishment. Rostok, A pan. G. The Family of the late Dr. Parkman, to day, voluntarily save to Mr. Litilefield, the reward of $3,000 offered by them, soon after Mr. I'ar It man's disappearance. New-York, April 59 a. tn. Fears are entertained of another visit from the cholera, excited by the death of thirty passengers on board the Siddons dur ing her passage fiom Liverpool, from some tlisease resembling that scourge. She flar ted with 205 steerage passengers. Dkatii from a Newspaper Attack. The Cleveland Herald mentions the Death if Dr. Samuel Strong, of F.lyria, after a abort illnes, the exiMtiti" cause of which rose Irom on attack upon his character in the Courier newspaper, published at that : place. Going to Destruction Unawares. The Forsythe (Ga.) Bee lately contained the following: 'With sliBine and mortification we have to record the humiliating (act that the Southern meeting advertised to come olT yesterday at this place, turned out to be a perfect and entire failure. No interest was manifested by any one, and the whole af !ir went off by default. When wo take into consideration the vast interest at stake, the many incentives which prompt us to a firm, decided, manifest action upon the all Important and all engrossing subject that tl now agitating the Union Irom centre to circumference, we are overwhelmed with astonishment at the apathy and indifference manifested by the good citizens of Monroe itt relation to the matter. Is it because they are wanting in patriotism? We hope not. Is it because they are recreant to their own interests? But talk will do no good. We have tried until we are heartily sick of it, and with but few exceptions, to no effect F.phraim is joined to his idols let him lone!" "Tub True Lady." O, you foolish idolaiors at the shrine of beauty! Know you that hundreds of husbands are made miserable by handsome wives, and that thousands are happy in the possession of homely ones? homely without, beautiful within. Alas ! what is beauty? It is a flower that wilts and withers almost as soon as plucked a transient rainbow a fleeting meteor a deceitful will of the wisp suffumigsted moonshine. The kind of wife you want is one of good morals, who knows how to mend your trowsers who can reconcile pealing potatoes with practical or fashionable piety who can waltz with a dish, and churn and sing with kettle who understands broomology, nd the true science ol mopping can knit lockings without knitting her brows, and knit up her husband ravelled sleeve of care who prefers sewing tares with the Deedle to sewing tears with her tongue Such is decidedly a better half. Take her if you can gel ber, when you can find her let her be up to ber elbows in the suds of a wash tub or pickiog geese in a cow table. Ths. Unior. Somebody has suggested lh following as applicable to the times Among the men, who dire divisions rise Fei uaion one, and one ao union cries; Plague on the sex.thal such disputes began. FROM WASHINGTON. Washington, April 5. The attention of the public is now ser'r ously called to the fact that Congress is quite inadequate to (he performance of tiieir ordinary duties, and that the government itself must prove a total failure, unless thai branch of it shall be induced 10 perform their proper functions. Alter four months of strife upon seciional question', they are not perceptibly near to any conclusion of it. There are other very important and piess ing questions besides those relating to the territories and slavery. There was never a Congress, upon which devolved more mighty and important matters, to say notli- , - . . . . ma nl tin. rpirn hir rnnlini. nt lulvlnps. --o Every one savs that the territory and slavery questions can be settled, and it is ' ' 'me that they were settled. But still the uiscussions go on in an uninterrupted strain and discussions of so vague and general a character as to have no practical effect or bearing. Some years ago I heard an emi nent and experienced member say. "terri- tory will be the ruin of this country yet." If Congress really means to abandon all its . 0 ,. , , duties, and do nothing but agitate the slave ry question, after the manner of the Inst four months, the government must thereby undergo a radical change. There is now a struggle for precedence in the ordr ol action, between the Calilor- . . . . nia and the territorial Bill. The maturity . .... . . . ,. . ,- in both Houses seem to be inclined to dis- . I i pose of llit Calilornia Mr. Webster . , . . . Imp. an niii nnoil tilt na h!c nnlipv He will ....... - ...... ... , ... . next, he jays, agree to act upon the Terri torial Dills, and according to the principles which he has already avowed. On the other hand, Mr. Foote has solemnly assur ed the Senate, that if the California Bill be first pressed to a filial passage, the Territo rial Dills will never pass the House; and foreseeing this, he also states that the south- ern members or the House will not permit the California Bill to pass. For my own part, and having a very good opportunity of knowing the disposition of the House, I must say Ihat the Territorial Bill, in the form proposed in li e Senate, cannot pass the House; and that il the California Bill cannot pass the House, until the three Territorial Bills pass, that the California Bill will not pass at all Cor. Char. Cow. No Doubt! Among oilier arguments used by the Charleston Mercu-y in favor of a "dissolution of the Union," is I he co gent one, that England would would re joice at the event I This is a beautiful ar- gument to be used by a man calling him self an American! We have, however, but little doubt that England wou'd be de lighted to acquire a powerful ready made empire by treason and treachery, which the whole focre of her arms, backed by the contraction of on irredeemable national I debi, lailed to Accomplish. If the truth was known, England has at this moment her paid emissaries all over the Union, fan ning the flames of civil discord and strife. Her motto in Ireland, India and America ever has been "divide and conquer." Con sequently, such arguments as that of the Mercury, instead of strengthening, must weaken the cause of those who employ them. The people cannot help doubting the propriety of any course which punic England looks upon not only with com posure, but approbation, i.or our part we are determined lo do nothing which by Ihe remntest possibility can give aid and comfort lo England, or bring our country (nek to its slate of colonial vassalage Jack ion Southron. Novel Enterprise Another Mope of Conveyance to California. Conk siderable of a stir was created in Baltimore about a week since by the arrival of a herd or eleven Syrian camels at that port; and every body was wondering what on earth was to be done with such number. We learn from a reliable source, that Messrs Sands &. Howes, the well known enter prising circus proprietors, are about to es lablish an overland line lo California with them, which is to leave Independence, Missouri, direct for San Francisco, early in June. These gentlemen have already ihiriy-ono camels in this country, and the brig Catharine, Capt. Gordon, now on her passage from Algiers to New-Orleans, has on board twenty-two more, making in all fifiythree, mosl of which have been selec ted with care as brood stock. We are told that a caravan of twenty five or more, will leave each point once a month, and con tinue through ths year. Success to this new enterprise and its projeclers, say we. If none were lo reprove the vicious, ex cepting those who sincerely bate vice, there would be much less censoriousness in the world. Our Master could love the criminal while he haled Ihe crime, but we his disciples, too often love the crime but bate the criminal. A perfect knowledge of the depravity of the human heart, with perfect piiy for the infirmities of it, never co-existed but in one breast, and never THE PULPIT ON DISUNION. The following eloquent and patriotic sentiments were delivered before the Arch Street Ptesbyterinn Church, Philadelphia, recently by the Rev. diaries Wadsworth. in his inaugural sermon : 'Paul's principle as set forth in the text, applies as well to the Civil, as to the Social, and the F.clesiasiic. A Christian minister amid Ihe pitrtizanship of a community'! politia, is In "know nothing save Christ Jesus and him crucified." His duties as a preaehnr are superinduced duties. As God'a Ambassador he comes to man divest ed altogether of factitious differences. To the sovereign and the slnVe to the mighty man and the menial to the creature fawn ing on the lool-clolh of a throne and the freeman standing proudly belore kincs in the glory of immortal manhoodto all alike, he comes, hearing the same flaming cre dentials of God's anger and Gnd's love; standing in his high place of embassy, he is not to look that the Holy Ghost will descend from Heaven to give point to n lesson of statesmanship, or power to an axiom of politicnl economy. He is to look on man ns a spirit whose nationality Is but a decayins nnrinent, a s.iirit winged for soaring to that high world, where men of all kingdoms and peoples are one in Christ. He is to furiet all minor interests. He is to forget all human distinction. He is to "let the deatl bury their dead." He is 10 "know nothing save Christ Jesus and him crucified." Meantime we would not le misunder stood here. Far be it fiom us to bow be- fore that most foul, yet favorite infidel cla. mor, whereby a Christian minister, by the imposition of Ecclesiastical hands, is held thereafter divested of all rights as a man and a citizen; even under the shadow of the Cross, he will not he may not he cannot forget his country. Paul, nmiii the 1 surpassing glories of a commonwealth like j our.f wouu (litve crl(!j wi,, even mole I ,,a lis iionlan exultaiion, "I am an Jlnurican citizen." Our beloved land, with its boundaries the broadest its eov nmmprnmeni ill freesiiu institutions ihe noblest the world ever saw, is God's great gift lo every man who breathes its blest air, and exults in its sunshine. And woe be to lhat man, whether Civilian or Ec clesiaslio, who dare lay down at a foul's bidding his great birth-right, or prote re creant to one of its ennobling prerogatives who dare leave American liberty, as an unprized thing, to be marred by ihe hand of unskilful legislation, or wrecked amid the conflicts of self-seeking ambition who dares fail in one little of all he can do to give steadiest strength lo American name and American nationality. God's pity on the creeping thing ihat cn listen unmov ed to the whisper of Disunion that rises even now Upon the ear! Perish the heart that throbs not in agonizing desire thai this glorious sisterhood be never broken! Pal sied be the right arm that feels not iis sinews tighten like steel to speed our soar ing eagle in its flight to the sun! Stricken be the bosom that bares not itself in full strength lo roll back Ibis desolating surge lhat Would sweep all these glad and good ful and glorious things away as wrecks upon the billows! Not know my country! not honor my cnuntr!-not struggle for my country! Why then I would he a crea ture without soul, unworthy my ministry unworthy my manhood. Nay, nay such political wisdom, I will know I must know because absolutely in it, I am to know Christ crucified. For, my audience, dear as to American Chris tian must be his country dear, because of he prayer of its consecration, and the blood of its baptism dear, because of iis great breadth and mighty power, and glo rious fame the home of Ihe free the hope of the oppressed the beacon lo '.he nations Ihe cradle of that infant liberty, which yel, when ite limits shall have waxed strong, will leap from its swaddling bands in great manhood, and go forth in a giant's path, to shake down Ihe despotisms of a world In rushing Omnipotence! Yet to his loving heart is il dearest of all, as the great instrument under God to bear on lo its consummation his adoiable Gospel. He sees Christ in American nationality! Christ, the God ol all Providence, presid ing aid preserving it as the great spring in the mechanism of Iriumphing Evan gel. And to him it seems lhat lo sever this blessed Union, were to loose the silver cord ol roan's hope, and lo break the great wheel at ihe cistern. And every Christian minister will stand br the Union and pray for the Union and struggle lor the Union and preach Christ and bira cruci fied as the cement of lbs Union, till his right arm is withered, and bis tongue dumb in desth! If you are slandered, hold your peace about il? Don't blow the flame, and it will go out ol itself. Don't galvanize the car cass into life by the electric battery ol pas sion. ONE MONTH LATER FROM CALL FORNIA. The steam ship Cherokee, Captain Wen dle.rrived this morning at an early hour. She left Clmgres nt 12 M. on Tuesday, the 2Gili ol March, arrived at Kingston. Jamai ca, on Thursday, at 7 P. M., and left there at 1 1 A. M. rn Friday, the i'Jth, thus ma. king the quickest passsse ever accom plished from Chaures to New Fork. The Pacific mail steamer Oregon, Capt. Patterson, sailed from San Francisco on the evening of the 1st of March, and ar rived at Panama on the 20th of that month. She brought to Panama two hundred and sixty passengers, and 1 ,342.002 on freight, principally in gold dusi, end at least 81, "00,000 in the possession of the passengers.-. She brought one month Inter advices Irom California, and her mail, under the charge or Wm. A. Bayley, U. S. M. A., is the largest yet brought from California, consisting of about twenty-six thousand letters, and a large quantity of newspapers. Mr. Day ley brings despatches from Hon. J.T. Van Allen to the Secretary of State, One of the passengers by the Oregon has with him a lump of gold weighing fourteen pounds real value two thousand seven hundred and eighty eight dollars hut four thousand dollars has been offered for it. He intends exhibiting it in the United States. The fortunate finder of this lump had toiled without success for seve ral months, when lie was thus suddenly and amply rewarded for his exertions. The quantity of gold dust in possession f"e miners is very large, and they were taking advantage of the Improvement in the weather to I ring it down lo Sao Fran cisco; and the succeeding steamers, it is supposed, will each carry away larger amounts than have heretofore been shlppej by any one steamer. It was quite healthy at San Francisco and Sacramento City, and as the mud was drying up, business was assuming a very active appearance. Money still remains 1 scarce; loans were made at from 10 id 15 per cent, per moRih. Lumber cf all kinds I tune arrivini ill Inrfm n 11.1 III il IPM. nflll tlfirps ...... q -1 - had materially declined in consequence. Guod lumber could be purchased at 85 per 1000 feet, and forced sales were made at still lower ratts. JV. Y. Com. Marietta, (Ga.,) April 5. A shocking and fatal occurrence took place on Saturday niiihl last, about eight miles from Powder Springs. Mr. Smith, the bailiff, in an attempt lo arrest a Mr Austin, (who bad before been under arrest in this place, but had made his escape,) proceeded to his house with ao armed pos se, and demanded admittance. Austin re fused, saying he was roughly treated when he was previously taken, and if they at tempted to enter the house he would shoot them. Mr. Smith, handing his pistol lo another man opened the door, when Aus tin fired and shot him in the right side. Austin was immediately shot by one of the posse, and died almost instantly. Smith is still living, but il is feared he will not recover. Explosion and Loss of Life. The Sussex (N. J.) Register gives the details of the explosion of the Powder Magazine at the Andover Mine on Tuesday last, by which two sons ol Wm. S. Johnson, aged 12 and 14 years, were blown to atoms. The concussion was sensibly felt at a dis tance of 10 or 12 miles. In Newton, over 5 miles from Ihe scene, every house was shaken. It is very difficult to draw the dividing line between the virtues and vices of a man. If one becomes incensed against another on af count of certain faults or errors discerni ble in him, he will be very likely lo con demn the Whole character1 ol Ihe man. By so doiiig, he gives place lo the voice of passion, and not of reason and sound judg ment, for those who would judge others must remember lhat there are none without both good and bad qualities. Il is not per sonal feeling lhat is required, but a love of all thai is good, and haired for all that is bid. j Army or Emigrants. The Chicago Democrat learns lhat persons are in lhat city, from Si. Joseph, Mo., who report thai there are from 50 lo 00.000 persons al thai place, and up and down Ihe Missouri river, awaiting the proper lime to start for the plains. A Lover, wishing lo concentrate his ardor into one burst of passion, exclaimed 'Oh, Angelina Augusta, I feel towards you just like the burning bush that Moses saw I'm all afire, but ain't consumed." Messrs. Paige, Archer and Joy, directors in the exploded Canal Bank in Albany, have bad a judgment taken against them for about $45,000. as sureties for lost funds of the State deposited there. Horrible Depravity of a Child. A girl only thirteen years of age, named Ann Tinker, was sent to the house of re f age at Philadelphia, on Friday, for poisoning the family of Mr. Samuel Gillingham. Mrs. Gillingham and her (wo children were la ken dangerously ill alter eating some mashed potatoes; and finding a paper of while powder in the girl's pocket, she was questioned, and finally confessed that she had desired to till the two children because they offended her on the previous dat.- Ball. Sun. To Train a Horse to the Harness. You must be very gentle with hitn. You may commence by throwing a rope over the back and letting it hang loose on both sides; then lead him about, caressing him, until he becomes satisfied that it will not hurt him) then put on the harness and pull gently on the traces. Lieut. Hunter, in a letter to Commodore Perry, charges that offiier, in substance, with cowardice. The accusation is made in the following terms: 'You retreated sir, from "Tobasco," under the fire of the enemy, after demand ing an unconditional surrender; and you know perfectly well thai When one of Ihe hmosi ealianl officers of our navy was kil led, (Chat. W. Morris.) you were retreat ing with a while flag flying at your fore." Youth has one delightful time, when Hope walks like an angel by its side, and all things have their freshness and their charm. There appears so much to enjoy, lhat Ihe only question is, what to enjoy first. He that never changed any of his opin ions, never corrected any of his mistakes in himself, will not be charitable enough to excuse what he reckons mistakes in others. Leisure is a very pleasant gifment to look at, qui it is a very bad one to wear. The ruin ol millions may be traced lo it. "A stuck up" sort of a genius entered a shop dot long since, and turning up his nose at Some apples in ihe window, exclaimed- "Are these apples fit for a hog lo eat?" I don't know; try them and see," was the instant reply of the shopkeeper. Let go thy hold when a great wheel runs down hill, lest it break thy neck with fol lowing it, but the great one that goes up the hill, lei him draw thee afler. Is the jay more piecious than the lark, because his feathers are more beautiful? Or is the aJder better than the eel, because his painted sltin contents the eye. It is estimated, on the principle of past increase as determined by the censuses, with Ihe addition of statistics of emigration, that the population ol the United States in 1851 will reach 26,000,000. Movements are making in the West looking to the erection of a monument to the memory of Robert Fulton, on the banks of Ihe Ohio rivet. A California letter states that a young gentleman in gold specs a recent gradu ate ef Yale College, has commenced the woodsawing business and is doing well. Obtain good seed, prepare your ground well, sow early, and pay no attention to the moon. He lhat can please nobody is not so much to be pitiedi as he that nobody can please. Madness and tub Color of II aik. Men with dark hair and eyes are usually robust arid sanguine, have strong passions are generally furious maniacs, ami have tliarked crises while those with intensely black hair and eyes are of a nervous tempera ment, and nrO more subject to melan cholia! those With brown hair have less energetic parxoysms, while light haired of the lymphatic temperament, altho'th subject to mania and mono mania, have often agreeable and pleas ing reveries, and are seldom furious, but the cases are generally more chronic, and pass into deniontia; while red haired lunatics are very treach erous and dangerous and are never lo bo trusted. The same also applies to white haired maniacs, who arc al most alwavs furious and traitorous.- Medical Times. I don't know where that boy gets his temper,'' said a fond mother a few dnvs since; "he don't take it from me." "Why no, my dear, I don't perceive that you have lost any," was her hus band's reply. Ho TO MAKE A CaS!0!I. The following is an Irishman's description of making a cannon : "Take a long hole, and pour or iron around it-" GOLD. Gold is the only metal that is always" found in the metalic slate, not chemi cally combined wild other bodies. Therefore, at the cooling down of the crust of the globe, its mere weight would carry it down into crevices below the surface, precisely as the metal in a smelting furnace falls through the slag to the bottom. The gold found in streams, and alluvium and diluvium, has been subsequently thrown out by volcanic action as the spangle gold of California testifies, and also the lumps mulled in matrices The traditions of all South American gold mines are, that when the water broke in -the usual mode for nature to close a mine--"It was at its richest" mas riuesas iuc nunca. Marvel lously has nature timed this California discovery. -The railway of Panama, the first of numerous railways through that district, shortening man's transit to the east the thing talked of and J desired for ages, is its first result; and with that railway the reign of law and order commences in that region of stagnant lis'lessness and active tyranny. A new and improving race is planting progress. When the work shall be doue and civilization rooted, probably more gold will be discovered, if not in the very act of cutting, side by side with the coal beds we are now told of for the first time. If gold and silver can be procured as plenti fully as copper, we shall be enabled to use pleasant utensils without risk of thieves. But assuredly men will not com it into money, when free rail way transit over all the earth shall have made honesty not merely tho "best policy," but the only "practicable policy. I.i)Ei'i:.m:.vr Juoi iakv i.x Ke.v ti'cky. Recently a case was being tried in one of the county, courts, in which an old gentleman presided, who was well Ituowii for his disregard of the cobwebs and technicalities of the law, when they stood in the way, or interfered with his notions of short justice, and also fur the emphasis and energetic manner in which he render cd his decisions. The case was that of a merchant suing a young man to recover the price of some cjothing which he had furnished him. The debt was fairly proven, when ihe young man sought to evade payment iiy pleading non-age. "Confound you Jesse Hawkins," said the Judge, 'you good-for-nothing sneak, you I will you stand thar and plead the babv act, and cheat the man out of his money, after you've been cavort lug about the country with his goods? It's unconstitutional, and I won't stand it. I'll not give tlieso big lawyers a chance to help you; and if you don't pay over the amount, my son Tom that shall lick you quicker nor a stieak of greased lightniii,' before ycu leave the court room." The counsel for the defendant remonstrated, against this treatment of his client; but a suggestion from the Judge, that he would be the next victim of his son Tom, unless he was "mighty kearful," quieted him, and the young man actu ally paid over the amount iu contro vcrsy. A Toixh op South Carolina.. The St. Louis Organ tells, that a fine, likely, fashionable dressed slave, who had been through the wars with Gen eral Worth, was sent to the police olfice by his master, for being drunk According to custom, Lieut. Cozzens asked his name, upon which tho dusky exquisite, with all the airs of a fop of uppur-tendotn, handed out his wallet, and, with a courteous bow, presented his card. "Well," exclaimed the Lieutenant, with intense astonishment, "you are some, and no mistake for a darkey.'4 The first family African smiled. "It's the way we always do, sir, in South Carolina." When a dog howls opposite a house nt midnight, some one in that house will soon die. If an infant, before it is christened, is fed out of a raven's skull, it will ever after be able to understand what the ravens say. or the raven's languages If t child, whose parents are un known, is fed wi'li a raven's skull, when it comes to maturity it vill bo acquainted with everything concern inc them. If you find a pod with nine peas irt it, and put it behind the door the first person that comes in will be the name of vour hiMband. X crowing hen and a whistling woman arc not fit to be kept about a house. When moving into a new house, let the first thingi you bring into it be little coal and salt. ill.