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ATII EiVS rOST.
S. l 1VIXS r.ditornnd I'loisjfitor. Tl- li.MS-ila m n r. ifi I"'''' months iv.hi ('"' " s,,n-ii,iivi - C-'.Mui 6mnn(h.r ftUnf tin T,,irni;. l Ihi H'ar. fl-jVn panrrdin,nliinnd until nil nrrnn- ''f'v'ffnio.iHn'n.? Me candidal" I ATI! KNS, l'KlDAY, OCT. U, IWSO. rt-7- VV. Thomson, is (lie authorized igerU for the "LW in the city ol JJalu more, MJ. NOTICE. . . All persons indebted to tins office, cither for suWrintions. a Jvprt iififc. or job work, are requested to 'settle tip' immediately. Wo need oil tho money dun in, end hope those indebted will pay 'ho respective . ...'.il.i.ni Ann mnrn Oct-Tho Cireuit for Polk county meets st Benton next Monday, the 14th. BOUNTY LAND HILL. hi oor pnpnr today will he found the Law granting bounties in lend ollics nod privates not heretofore provided for, who may at any time have been in the service ofilin United S'ates either twelve, six or three month. Tt jrivrs thr.-e months men , rtv acres, the six months Polity acres, r td' the twelve months one hundred and six'y acres. We bIo publish a Circular ad dressed to claimants, from the Secretory of the Popar'ment ot (ho Interior, containing important information. I. . O. F. The public are not ified by tlm Card or tlm Committee or Arrangements ""- day, that the Odd Fellows design having a public celebration in this place on Thurs day, the 2-Ith of the month. As mis order is new in this community, having been only established for a Tew .nbt there will be n momiis. w iiu.v Jarge crowd in attendance to witness the of the day. The Lodge here, wo understand, is rapidly m: creasing in members, and it is their design by thiscolebrationto exhibit to tlm conn try their principles and objects as nn nsw ciation, and it is Imped thol all that can will attend. ' Loivo, the IVni.'crnlic candidate, hns been I'h'i-led 1501, ,m,j..r.iv. A lriv- de,pitcl. siu.e. tha- the Whig- did "' ! "t '" eou' qnenco of tlm drouf;h!h. 5CT Wc d p ttm following paragraph from the last Knoxville riebeian: V T & ('" Railroad The Rnds. V6 are glad to be able lo mo "'" fellow eili-n. Ir. J. O. M.y, who , in.l returned from tlm North. has. not- wi hs.andiog t lepressed conditio,, ol Western securities, snecee I m nego. at. i.r at a handsome premium in many ol B.ind of Tennessee as he chose to bring .... to market at this Hum. lc were ell, tied at a higher rate that. Tennessee wcun.ic. were ever sold Tor. Chester Butler, a member of Congress from the 11th district of Pennsylvania, died in Philadelphia on the 4th. BCPThe Wa-hington Republic says that applications for bounty land under the recent act of Congress and all other acts, as well s inquiries relative to such claims and to such persons supposed to bo entitled to land. honld be addressed to tlm M-crnary Interior, or the Commissioner of Pcn-i-ms and not to the Secretary of War. Allen- . 1 1 1 1 to thi iiin'-er vj! nrev-iit much trou- blc in the corrsji"iiilnt.im Ut botli parlies, and secure more speedy inrurinatioii to np' plicants and ii,fUirors. . The last "AthiMH P'i'1," hs nn Kdilo rial article l..ud,,toiv ol our Uepretenia tives in Onirei.s aenrrally. and ol ii.J. M. Anderson, out immediate Representative ID particular, in consequence ol their con Slant co-operation will, ihose who were laborina lo save the couutry from Jhe dan gers will, which it was threatened. ow 10 all this we have no objection it is m accordance will, our own Itelmgs. Uiai tannoga MvcrlUtr- It is so seldom that we find a Democratic paper disposed to do justice to a political opponent, that we take great pleasure in copying the above endorsement of the Ad vertiser of our article in relaiion lo Col. Anderson. It is nothing more, however, than we expecu-d from the well known lib erality aud candor of the conductors of that paper. Hon, Thos. Ewing, (now Senator of the United Stoles from Ohio.) lately the Secre tary or the Interior, having been charged in certain quarter to have seventy liiree rela tions in office, a correspondent ir Iho New York Tribune denounces il as beirg baely false. "Mr. Kwing has but ono relation in office, and th is atmlher Department than the Interior. His "on was for a very few months employed by Col. Collier, collector at San Francisco, He expected to resign that appointment fix month ago. md has no doubt done to." Never neiflecl lo read (ho advertising de partment if a nwps;er, if you would know where to lay out jour money to the Lest advantage. Competition i at its height, and those who have anything worth buying, at good bcrgains, always advertise. Naur Orleans, Oct. 7. Cotton is in active de i and today, 2000 laleaaoldat the advance which as fully sustained. Fair 1419 111. PROCLAMATION NO. 2. The Governor or Mississippi, General John Anthony Quitman, has issued his pro. elamation calling an extra session of the l.ei.'ishilt.ri. ot that Stale, to meet at Jack son on the l'h day r November, to ad vise and consnll as lo Ihc ir.easores lo be mlopied to "protect and maintain tlm rights of the South." What they will do when ihey meet, the Lord only knows we don't bu'ieve that un) body but the "fire eaters'' themselves have serious intentions or se ceding aud t"'"!f oul ul lM8 Union. We belli vc tlm people, the honest subslantial mnsses, are pretty well satisfied with the government and lows or the country as they exist and ure administered at present that they are disposed to let well enough olone, Tor foar thnt worse might come, as it ccr lainlr would if Ihc mad scheme of disunion was carried oul. If the Governor ir .Mis sissippi and his ci odjutors were as indus. triously employed in bumis' mg their bta o escutcheon from the slnin ol repudiation that has dimlned its lustre Tor somo year3, as they appear lo be in concoct ma scheme In dissolve the Union and bring anarchy, bloodshed, and ruin upon their country, ihey would be spending their energies to a good deal better purpose. Tha admission of California, with o Con stitution framed by her own people, seems now lo le the great grievance complained of. And j et most of Ihc lending spirits in this foul crusade against the quiet and hap piness of Ihc country, but a year or two sinue clamored very loudly for Gen. Cofs be cause ef his advocacy f the true conserva tive principle of I'm South, the non-intervention doctrine that the- peopla of the Territories, and I ' ry rtlone, had the ri'hl to determine w! ether or nm t-lnvcry shomd exist within their limits. This fact seems to have passed en'inly from iheir memories. They supported General Cass becaute he declared for that doctrine, ami it is quite possible that they would support him anain for tha same reason. And yel they profess themselves willing to rend the Union asunder because California has been admitted with a Constitution framed and presented hy her own people Verily, 'whom the Gods would destroy they first make lead." 1'ai'ucaii, Oct. 7. AtvFttr. Disaster. Tho Steamer Kite Fleming blown up nn:l burnt at Wnilter' bar on Saturday, ."ilh inst. at 12 o'clock; passengers on Imr arrived this morning in n sli ill' from the scene of disaster, report several killed, blown io pieces aud missing. Dr. jonos of thiicny has gnu up H relieve the sufibrers. AM on Ivard were more ot lesa brti'sd. pnrrifjlors so'., Texas Atfaiks. Col. Walton, the Spe cial Messenger to Texas hoa returned, and briurs information Ihat Gov. Bell in tends issuing a Prou'uination, submitting to the popular vote, the proposition of I he General Government re-meeting ihe boun daries or tho Statp, immediately on Ihe ar rival or Colonel Lewis wilh an official copy of the Bill. The first or November will probably be selected as the time for taking the vole. ft There are only Ihren things i.eecasj- ry to do to secure a rrmn's happiness in this world and the one to come, to wit: Fear God, lovo the women, nnd pay the printer. The session of Congress which tins just expired is the most remarkable ono, from j 13 duration, nnd the power of its debates, and the importance of its decisions, of any that are recouied in our national archives. Il has continued for ten months. It was engaged upon ihe highest matters connect ed willi Ihe union and prosperity of our country. The measured which were adopt ed are destined to affect the latest genera lions. A fier these questions had been de cided, other measures came up of much interest to the people, though an immense number were postponed lo Ihe short ses sion of December next. Wash. Union. If you want to make all men equals make christians of them. Christianity has equal, ity in its essence that is equality of rights Tor every intelligent creatu-e. The proau ised equality of socialism, if it were ob talnaVe, would be an equality of misery, delutitn and Ihe wages or sin ror il is on. ly an absurdity striving to become actual. But the equality of Christianity rests upon iIh, veracity of God, whose word shall not fail though the Heavens and Earth pass away, IIolue.Vs Dom.au Magazine October No received. This is a moat excellent monthly, always containing a variety of readable articles, and handsomely illustrat ed. Price, one dollar per annum, in ad vance. Addiesa Fowler & Dictz, New York. Peikuson's Ladies National Maga zine. We have received several No. of this periodical, and cheerfully testify to ita excellence. Juding from tho copies we have received, we consider it one of Ihe very best monihlie in Ihccoumry. Terms. 2 a year, in advance. Address Chas. J. Peterson, JW Clmnut aireel, Philadelphia. (tj-S. Card of J. V.& .V. T. Black well in imUi pver. Also see Card of D. P. Hurley, Madison- ville. The sea serpen lias been shot at off the coast or Ireland, but not kilt. FROM WASHINGTON. Washington, Oct. 2. The Land Bouniy Bill, which is one or the nrominont acts or tho late session, has been published, and has been differently construed as to one important point. But upon inquiry, I find thot the restriction in the 4ih Section, will be so construed by the Commissioner of Pensions, as to prevent the transfer of any title to bounty land, until alter tlm patent is issued to the I'tficer, or soldier, or widow entitled to it. The words "of tho patent," omitted by accident, after the words "prior to the issue," will be sup plied by construction. This restriction will prevent many claims from being prcsentedi 'lo go through (deform uf obtaining a pat en', is somewhat tedious and troublesome, and it would be more convenient for the claimant to dispose or his right at onco, by a power or attorney. The design of the restriction is to jrovent the improvident ab erration or the bounty thus granted; but it can be as improvidently disposed of after tne patent is issued a before. The appropriations or tho sessioir-,;"'. to rorty millions; and to ihis amount tha ten millions for Texas and the Mexican in demnities ore to be added. The rxcessino importations have supplied on ample source of revenue lor the present yesr, ninugre Mr. j Meredith's fear as expressed lost fall, of a I large deficit in tho receipts. But Mr. j Pearce and Mr. Bailey, have recently elated ; their belief that the revemie would fall off ' very seriously during the next three quari ! tcrs, and ihat both the government and the bnsiness community would bo embarrassed. Mr. Bailey declared iliot tlm government would bo compelled to retort to duties on tea and codec; lo loans, or to direct taxes; and perhaps, lo more than ons of thc&c, in addition to tho present. The rcvenua and harbour improvement party may, at the no::t session, log-roll with the protection, ists, and thus incrsaso the expenditures, while the revenuo is diminished. Mr. Pichio has determined wisely, to stand his ground and maintain the Union, instead of retiring from it, as was an. iiuiinced on Saturday lost. Mr. Richie hid" siguifmd his inability to go on with the present contract, but il oppears thnt he has determined to do it, and has raised meant for the purpose. Congress will, no doubt, remunerate him. os they have done other contractors, who have lost money in the performance of contracts for printing. Cor. Char. Cow. The Secomo Case under th"! Fugitive Law. Wo learn thtt the fugitive slaves who wero apprehended two or thrco weeks ago at Elarrisburg, and imprisoned fcna charge of inciting a riot which grew oi :S an effort to rescus them, wore jeoterday carrisJ before Judge McAllister, United Stale Coinniisjioticr. who, r.l'ter heorwg the evidence in the case, directed tho fugi tives to be dclivprcd to their owner, who proceeded without molcstotion to remove thera to Virginia. Boston, Oct. '-i. Great excitement prevails in various narts of tho Sta'.o in con sequence ortho fuHi- live slave Iav and a r'imorcd preiene of slave catchers at Worcester and bpringucw, both of which places ars said lo coa'.ain large numbers of runaways. At Spring field, las night, meetings of blacks and whites were held. Inflammatory speeches were mnde against the law and a determi nation expressed that not a single fugitive should be taken out or Springfield, law ur nn law. The fugitives were earnestly re commended to arm themselves. Hard and bloody, work is expcclod there, if attempts are made to arrest negroes, New Yojik. Oct. 2. A meeting was held last night of blacks and whiles al Zion Church. The speakers wero bull) whiles and blacks, who unani mously denounced the fugitive slave law and expressed a determination to oppose i'. at the point of tho bowie-knife and revolver. One speaker likened Daniel Webster lo a negro who was in danger of being swum lo 1 as a fugitive when he came home and taken lo a Southern State. But one speaker advo cated lli8 supremacy or tho law. He went in for secreting fugitives and not prsrcU ing their arrest by tho los of blood. The death of Hamlet's wife was an nounced, and collections taken up lo bury hori but it was afterwards contradictod Rev, Chas. V. Rhey announced Ihat the balance of money to purchase Hamlet had I been collected, and that he would ba re- I stored to his wife, I In carlv fattening hogs, the cheapest and most abundant materials should be used up lira', sucn as appies, pumpHins, amaii pu- t i, tatoes, &c. This will get the swine into s thriving order, and you can finish him off with good old corn, or corn meal cooked into a mush, and thus put the lard on his ribs to your liking. Buffalo. O.i last Friday thirty buffa loes passed through the city of Annibal, Mo., on their way to Cincinnati, where il is understood ihey will be told under a previous engagement at $300 a pair. They warn across Ihe Mississippi, just above Still-house Branch. The knocking girls have returned to Rochester, IV. Y-, in a state of mutiny, and ready to atrip off Ihe mystery. Exchange. We hope ihey won't do it the mystery we suspect is dans la ehemiie. From the Knoxville Plebeian. TO THE PUBLIC. Tii nrilnr thnt thn nutitin mtnrl mav be disi abused with regard to the efforts which have been mado to ferret out the satanical nitmriMt to tuiiami. which occurred near this place, wo will here give a short history of the tacts as lliey transpireu. On Sabbath, tho S2d nit., 35 persons dined at the camp o' Snmuol SnfTell, Esq., at the Middle Settlement Camp Ground, (there be ing a Camp Mcoting in progress at that place,) among whom were Esq. Saffell and about ten or twelve of his family, including his son, T. F. SatlMI, and family. Next morning it was discovered ihat several per sons were sick, and upon inquiry it was ascertained that they had nil dined at the ! above place. The first impression was that their sickness was caused by eating i apple-butler. Then it wbb supposed to hove been produced by milk-sick butter. Those mpressions were, howercr, soon dissipated, as Ihe sickness further developed itself, so as lo leave but lillle doubt that it was the result of arsenic, or some other violenl poi son, which must have been communicated lo the victuals, (one case is said lo have taken place from eating breakrast, and one certainly did from taking supper,) which make, so Car as wn have been able to learn, 37 cases in all. On the 27th, a large meet ing was called anil Ihc subscribers appoin. ted a committee lo rerret out, ir possible, this most diabolical affuir, tinco which time (nor prior to it,)wo have spared neither lime nor pains; and we pledge ourselves not to relax our exertions until wo xhaust every rcasonoble means to find where the guilt moy attach, and bring the fiend to suitable punishment; and in order that ihis may be effected more surely, wo now call upon all good citizens for any and every species of information which might by possibility lead to a disclosure. Wo deem it imprudent to make public the particulars of the investigations already had, rr ihn nlnns uf future ODerution. further than that a negro boy. Palmer, belonging to the estate of the late John Cox, and a girl. Ann, belonging to Nancy Cox, were arrested upon suspicion, and alter an inves tigation, which lasted thrco days before Win. Henderson, Wm. M. Brickell and Win. Coleburn, Esqs,, they were released. An inquest was also held by the Coroner, which consumed two days in the examina tion of witnesses, without enabling the jury to report definitely upon the subject, as lo guilt, as we understand. So far two deaths have occurred from the poison. Samuel Saitell, Esq., one of the oldest and most respectable citizens of our village, and who had fed perhaps thousands ujioii the ciicampmont where some fiend in human -hapo doubtless deposited the seeds of death in the friendly dish, which he had so freely provided for his friends nnd the public, and of which ho unconsciously por loolt himself. The other was a niece of his. Mrs. Elizabeth Longuottom, a widowed lady, who has left several children to mourn their irrnpairable loss. The other cases are all improving, so far as we can learn, (they art) scattered in Blount, Knox end Monroe counties.) ar.d hope is entertained that no more deaths may ensue. II. BURUM. Chairman. T. M. BOOKER, WM. HENDERSON. B. L. WARDEN, G. B. GILBERT, JNO. C.GOUIILEY. A CHAM HEARTSILL, II. TALBOT COX, S. THOMPSON COX, MADISON COX, ALEX. GILLESPIE, HORACE FOSTER. H. HEARTSILL. Seer. Louisville, Blount county, Out. 3, 1850. The rumor that Assistant Postmaster Genersl Hotbie is to be removed, and ilia' spaeJily, is again revived. Il has hitherto proved to be false, though there was some probability in it in the time of Mr. Collamer. Now, undoubtedly, it is both false and im probable. J'rut. Union. The sentences of a captain of a steamer in England, to seven years' transportation for being asleep when his boat was wrack ed, and his mate tit eighteen months' im prisonmeni fur steering out of the safest course for tho purpose of expediting the parage, are thought to bo worthy of ex ample in this country. A loiter from Constantinople oflho25'h ult. stales that great sensation has been caused by the wife of Mehomcl Pacha hav ing strangled one of her eunuchs, assisted by s groom and some other servants. She had been arrested. She pretended that by law she had a right to kill him if'sho pleased. She was formerly the wife of an English physician named Mellingen, but was di vorced from him. It was believed that in jp'le of ber high rank she would be con demned. A Double Execution. Foots and ' McCaffray, the former convicted of the i muider of a young girl, his adopted sister. , and the latter of the murder of two elderly people named Mr. and Mrs. Smith, were executed on Wednesday, at New Haven, Ct. They were both hung on the same platform. The scaffold was so constructed that when the Sheriff came down, as he stepped on the last step, the platform gave way, and the murderers fell about ten leel, breaking their necks. Murder. A difficulty occurred at the Tunnel on last Monday between Michael Agan and William Leahey, in which lb latter was shot through ibe head and in stantly killed. Agan was taken and is now in jail. The case will be investigated next Monday. They were both Irish laborers on the tunnel. Winchttler Independent. Strands Inconsistehct. Many a man will put 'V upon the plate of a fashion able church, with s gloved hand, for the poor, who would turn those same poor from bis door, to perish amid the storm of a winter's night. FROM CALIFORNIA. Baltimore, Oct. 5. Later from California. The steam er Cherokee arrived at New York to-day from Chagres, bringing one million of doU lars and 150 passengers. She also brings San Francisco dales to the 1st Sept. The disturbances al Sacramento city had entirely ceased after the first outbreak- Several or the ringleaders had been impris oned and were now nwaiiing their trial. Ilumois were current of an armed band of 400 men in the vicinity of Weaversville meditating outrage upon the settlements. Mayor Bigelow who was severely wounded in the late conflict at Sacramento, was convalescent. Properly holders show more confidence since the arrival of several eentlenien sent by Mr. Letcher, lo examine and arrange (he land titles. The excitement ngains.1 the foreigners was fast subsiding, and business generally was improving. The melancholy news of the death of Gen. Taylor had reached San Francisco, and every demonstration of respect was paid lo his memory. The official returns of the votes for Con gressmen in Missouri show ihe following result: Total Whig vole, 31.G59; Anti-Bentnn, Dero., 25.2G5; Benlon, Dem., 19,G44. The Congressmen elected are, Darky, Porter, and Miller, Whigs, in 1st, 2d and 3d dis tricts; Hall, Anti-Benton, in (he 4ih, and Phelps, Beaton, in the 5th. The negotiations for the sale of the Washington Union newspaper have been closed, without involving any change. Mr. Ritchie will continue in the propiietor shtp as heretofore. The Washington correspondent of the New York Tribune slates ihat the Hon. T. Butler King, of Georgia, has been appoint, ed Collector at San Franci8co, California, in ploce of J. R, Davis, of Penn., who de clined the appointment. Graphic Sketch. TlmLouisvillc Jour nal says of Governor Ctuitman, of Missis sippi: "This disunion leader is a New Yorker by birth. He was born upon the banks of the Hudson and remained there until after he had reached his majority. He went to Mississippi with a small capital of brains, an exhnustlcss stock of impudence, and utterly unincumbered by the presence of a conscience. LurERFEcT Education. Leigh Hunti in his fascinating Autobiography, Kites that he never got through 'he multiplica tion table when a boy, and does not know it yet, though he is now G3 years of age, and one of the most delightful authors in Christendom Hunt also states another rcmnrkublu fact, which is that ihe early education of; Ihe celebrated West, President of the Roy al Academy, had been so eadly neglected thai, at tha zenith of his famo as a painter, he scarcely know how to read ! A flock of wild geese was seen at Blti-1 more on Friday, going south; from which tamo geese predict an early and severe winter. The Democracy or Michigan in Mass Convention, last week, resolved that the re-nomination of Gen. Cass for the next Presidency is "duo to his signal public ser. vices, and the principles of the party Tor which he has so long and so faithfully struggled." Tho Mayor or "Pittsburg, and two cf his officers have been arrested and held to bail for an alleged assault on a mux bur of tint Independent Police. That's what I cull capital punishment," as ihe boy said when his mother shut him up in the closet among the preserve. A person looking over the catalogue or professional gentlemen of the bar, wild his pencil, wrotP against ihc name of one who is of Ihe bustling order -'fie hat benn ac cused of possessing talents." Another see ing the accusation, wrote uuder ihe charge, "has been tried and acquitted " . Uniontown, Pa., Oct. 1. Mail Roiibehy. The mail coach Groin East was robbed last ni'dit about 8 1-2 o'clock, when five miles out from this place. A number of trunks were taken off, and the U. S. Mail, which it is supposed, contained from S3000 to 810.000. The rob - bcrs have thus far escaped detection. Wheeling, Oct. 1. Moke of tiie Mail Robbery. The mail coach mentioned in my despatch from Uniontowti, was rob bed while ascending Laurell Hill. A number of trunks were taken off and rifled of their contents. A package containing $7,000, addressed to Cash ier Tucker, of the bank at Cumbcn land, was taken; also, several other packages containing together some 84,000, were likewise stolen. Ihe trunk belonging to Mr. Lengseng, of I Wheeling was stolen, several other passengers lost heavily, but I have not been able to learn to what extent. The mail was not robbed as was supposed at first The trunks have all been found, but thoroughly rifled of their contents. No clue has yet occn nau to tne rouuers. BOUNTY LAND MILL. AN ACT frrnntiii"; bounty land to certain olliitcrs ami soldiers who have heon engnired in tho military scrvioo of tho United States. Be il enaclf fl l; ihe Smute and House of Representations of the United States of America in Congress assem hied. That each of the surviving, or the widow or minor children of de ceased commissioned and non-commissioned odiccrs, musicians, or pri vates, whether of regulars, volunteers, ranjrers, or militia, who performed military service in nny regiment, company, or detnehment in the ser vice of ihc United States, in the war with Great Dritaiti, declared by tho United States on the eighteenth' day of June, eighteen hundred and twelve, or in any of the Indian wars since seventeen hundred and ninety, and each of the commissioned officers who was engaged in the military service of the United States in tho late war with Mexico, shall be entitled to lands, as follows: Those who engaged to serve twelve months, or during the war, and actually served nine months, shall receive one hundred and sixty acres; and those who engaged to serve six months, and actually served four months, shall receive eighty acres; and those who engaged to serve for any, or an indefinite period, and actually served one month, shall receive forty acres : Provided, That wherever any olliccr or soldier was honorably discharged in consequence of disability in the service before the expiration of his period of service, he shall receive the amount to wich he would have been entitled if he had served tho full period for which he had engaged to serve : Provided, the person so having been in service shall not receive said lands, or any part thereof, if it shall appear by tho mui fcr rolls of his regiment or corps that he deserted, or was dishonorably dis charged from service, or if he has re ceived or is entitled to any military land bounty under any act of Com gross heretofore passed. Sec. :j. And be il further enacted, That tho period during which any olliccr or soldier may have remained in captivity with the enemy shall be estimated and added to the period of his actual service, and the person so detained in captivity shall receive land under the provisions of this act in the same manner that ho would be entitled in cases he had entered th service for the whole term by tha addition of the captivity, aud had serv time. doo. is. Ana uc tt Tiirttcr enac 1 n J f ..! i nru eacu commissioner, aim non commissioned olliccr, musician, or pri try i t t Vatc, for whom provision is mado by the first section hereof, shall receive a certificate, or warrant, from the De partment of the Interior for the quan tity of land to which he may bo enti tled, and which may be located by the warrantee, or his heirs nt law, at any land office of the United States, in one body, and in conformity to the legal subdivisions of the public lands, upon any ol the public lands in such district then subject to private entry; nnd upon the return of such certificate or warrant, with evidence of the loca tion thereof, having been legally made, to the General Land Olficc, a patent shall bo issued therefor. In the event of the death of any commissioned or non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, prior or subsequent to the passage of this net, who shall have served ns aforesaid, nnd who shall not have received bounty land for said services, a like certificate or warrant shall be issued in favor and enure to the benefit of his widow, who shall receive one hundred and sixty acres of land, in case her hus band was killed in battle, but not to her heirs. Provided, She is unmar ried at the date of her npplica tiou. Provided further, That no land warrant issued under the provisions of this net shall be laid upon any land of the United States to which there shall be a pre-emption right, or upon which there shall be an actual settlement and cultivation, except with tho consent of such settler, to be satisfactorily proven to the proper land officer, j Sec. 4. And le it further enacted. ; That all sales, mortcaaes. letters of , attorney, or other instruments of writing going to affect the title or claim to any warrant or certificate issued, or to be issued, or any land granted, or to be granted, under the provisions of this act, made or execu ted prior to the issue, shall be null and void, to all intents and purposes what soever; nor shall such certificate or warrant, or the land obtained thereby, be in anywise affected by, or charged with, or subject to, the payment of any debt, or claim incurred by such officer or soldier prior to the issuing of the patent: Provided, That tha benefits of this act shall not accrue tq any person who is a member of the present Congress:' Provided furtliert That it shall be the duty of the Com missioner of the General Land Office, under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Interior, to cause to be located, free lof expense, any warrant which the