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t BY SAM. P. IVINS. ATHEXS, TENN., FRIDAY, JANUARY 21, 1851. VOLUME 3. NUMBER 122. THE ATHENS POST. : ( TERMS: THE POST will to published every Fridny at $2 per year, payable within three months from the time ol subscribing; $2,5" ' 8ix months or $3 if payment is delayed until the expiration of the venr. Advkrtpsemknts will be charged l per iqunre of 13 lines (or less) for the first insertion, mid 25 cents for each continuance. A liberal deduction made to those who ndvertise hy the year. Persons sending advertisements must mark the number of times they des're them inserted, or they will be continued until for bid and charged accordingly . 07" For announcing the names of candi dates for office TiiitEK Dollars, Cash. Job Work, such ai Pamphlets, Minutes, Cir culars, Cards, Blanks, Handbills, &.C., will he executed in a neat and workmanlike mariner, ot short notice, and on rensnnnble terms. All letters addressed to tho proprietor, post paid, will be promptly attended to. Persons at distance sending ns (he names -of four solvent subscriber, will be entitled to a fifth copy gratis. No communications inserted unless nccoin panicd by the nnmo of the author. (j-Olliceon tho West side of the Public Square, next door but one nbove tho Post Cilice. THE POST. ATHENS, FRIDAY, .TAN. 81, THE " DALTON TIMES," AND THE " ATHENS POST." The last Dillon Times contains a column of haded matter, devoted exclusively t the Editor of ihis paper. We are not awnro of daring at any time said any tiling, either respectful or disreputable in reference to the writer of that article, or of the Dallon Time generally. We have, however, upon several occasion, snl.l something about a fraudulent attempt by certain individual in Georgia to lake from the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad Company a portion of their road; ni named some of the persons engaged in the bumes. We published the est of the Slate of Tennessee granting Georgia tho right to make a road through lier territory from the State line to the cast crn margin of tho Tennessee river wo also published the act of Assembly of the Slate of Georgia granting reciprocal rights tt the East Tennessee and Georgia Company, ac companied by such remarks as we thought proper and expedient. One or two of our or. tides were copied into Georgia pipers, and Col. Edmonson, the reputed President of the Union Branch Company, thought himself called upon In appear over his own signature in the Daltnn paper. In his com. munication he attempted to justify the course of himself and associates, and frc quenlly alluded to this paper. This ho had the right In do, and to employ just such language as he thought proper. But ni.-ilhcr he nor his friends had any right to expect uch a communication to pass unnoticed. When it appeared we had the right to notice it in the way we did treating it with all the seriousness to which it was entitled. But really wn had no expectation of waking up our usually placid friend of the 'Times,' nd drawing upon ouraelf such a withering rebuke at appeared in tho last number of that paper. Or, in other words, to usn his own language, wn had no thought when we aimed our "arrow at tho Eocle, whoe flight ia towards the sun." we should n.iss our aim, and only bring down a smaller peeies of bird, whose instincts do not lead them quite so high. But the best of marks, men will fail sometimes, and instead of wingi g Col. Edmonson it seems wo only hit the gentleman who figures in the Times aemi-occssjonally. The article, however, is not so very had in some psrts a little wrathy, and in others rather apologetics! ometimes mad and sometimes sorry it charges us with slandering Gen. Bishop and CjI. Edmonson this we deny. It bestows a good deal of parental advice up on us, for which we feel extremely grateful, but trust our friend has not exhausted his entire stock, as it is possible he may, if en ergetic in his efforts, need some for home consumption. The writer also scouts the idea of smuggling a bill through the Geor gia Legislature. That the Bill was smug, gied through, are thought, and still think, the most charitable construction that could be placed upon its passage. See here a moment, friend : The State of Tennessee granted Georgia the right to make a mad through her territory upon the expressed condition that Georgia would grant the ame privilege to Tennessee, or her Compa nies, when asked to do so. In view of that condition so worded and stipulated, the East Tennessee an Georgia Company applied to the State of Georgia, end an act was pass ed granting them the right to make their Road below the State line and connect with the Weatern and Atlantic Railroad at Dal ian or some other point, and which act was virtual repeal of the charter of the Union Branch Company, if such charier existed at the time, and your Courts will so determine whenever the issue is made. At the last session of your Legislature an act was pass Ad reviving the charter of the Union Srsnch Company. We have said we believed that act was smuggled through the Legislature. This idee, yon indignantly reject, and the inevitable result of your position is, that the last Legislature of Georgia deliberately violated the plighted faith of the Stnlc. There's where you stand in rrg-ird to the matter, according to your own conclusion. You have taken the mora dishonorable ol ternative, and you must settle it with your own people as you best can. Our frimd of the Times thinks that it was a great piece of presumption in us to notice Col. Edmonson. Well, perhaps it was hut. as that gentleman has been try ing to defeat sn enterprise in which our people aro vitally interested, e reckon ho'll have to put up with the consequence. Our friend, ton, commends us to study the "dictionary and lenrn the derivation of words." Now, the faet is, we don't Keep a dictionary about our office would'nl it do just as well to study the editorial columns of tho " Times?" In conclusion, if our friend of the "Times" will publish the act of the State of Tennesscegranling Georgia the right to extend her mad to the Tennes see river, the act of Georgia granting sim ilar rights to Hie E. T. &. Geo. Company, and the nets in reference to thcUnion Branch Company, wo will not trouble him any more on the subject. Such a coure on his part would be more commoudahlo than giving aid and comfort to those who huve been en. gaged in trying to embarrass- and retard an enW'priso in the cotnplotion of which the people of Dallon and vicinity have a deep interest. And if he is not willing to CDiiiiiiencc at the beginning, and publish those nets, policy and good taste both did Into th.it ho should stand aloof, and not thrust himself forward to defend a had cause, especially when ho is likely to got "more kicks than coppers for his pains." Editorial Homilies Reader! don't look so melancholy there is belter times for you yet in store and drop that unceas ing monotonous expression ol yours of "hard limes," Why, man, one would sup pose you were under sentence o( condem nation for homicide, fralicide or some oth er wrong ett. Come, now, be cheerful if you can't pay your debts immediately, do the best you can, and pay them ns soon as vou are able "care killed a cat" il you hav'nt fifty cents to luxuriate on a beef steak and "fixins." appropriate half the a mount lor a codfish; it will prove equally as palatable, if you drill your mind into a proper humor. Kiss your wife, if you have one if you hav'nt one, why ktss somebo dy else's wile or get married immediately, fur acts of desperation frequently result happily and beneficial in their effects. If you have got any children, romp with them; if you hav'nt any, romp with somebody else's children. Look upon the bright side of things put on a cheerful countenance; keep your mind in the right trim, by sub. scribing for the paper, and if you have the money, pay in advance if you hav'nt it, why, they wiil trust you if you are worthy it's all the same with them. Follow these injunctions, and we'll answer for it, you will Gad yourself a new man. Washington, Jan. 12. Hon. Jos. R. Ingersoll will be appointed Minister to Rassla in the piece of Gov. Brown, of Tennessee, resigned. Baltimore, Jan. 15. Cotton is quiet, both parties waiting the advices per steamer. Senators Hall and Seward presented pe titions to abolish the fugitive slave law, both of which were indignantly laid on the ta ble. The House in Committee, have agreed on three cents as the uniform price of let ter poctage. The Danville. Pa.. Democrat states tha, John Brisbin, Esq., Dem., has been elect ed to Gil the vacancy in the present Con. cress occasioned by the death of the Hon. Chester Duller, Thos. H. Benton has been re-elected Senator from Missouri. Richard Broadhead, Democrat, elected Senator from Pennsylvania. Never Give a Kick for a Hit. I learned a good lesson when I was a little girl, says a lady. One frosty morning I was looking out of the window into my father's barn yard, where stood many cows, oxen and horses, waiting to drink. The cattle all stood very still and meek, till one of the cows, in attempting to tarn round, happened to hit her next neighbor; where upon the neighbor kicked and hit another. In five minutes the whole herd were kicking each other with fury. My mother laughed, and slid, "See what comes of kicking when you are hit." Just so, I have seen one cross word set a whole fstnily by the esrs some frosty morning. Afterward, if my brothers or myself were a lillle irritable, she would say, "Tke care, my rhildren, remember ho the fight in the barn yard began. Never return kick for a hit, and you will save yourself and others a great deal of trouble." DISCOVERIES OF THE LAST HALF CENTURY. There has been no penod since the corn, mencement of the world in which so many important discoveries, tending to the bene fit of mankind, were made as in the last half century. Some of the most wonder ful results of human intellect have been witnessed in the last fifty years. Some of the grandest conceptions of genius have been perfected. It is remarkable how the mind of the world lias run into scientific investigation, rnd what achievements it has effected in that short period. Before the year ISl'O there was not a single steam boat in existence, and the application of steam to machinery was unknown. Ful ton launched the first steamboat in 1807. Now 111 ere a re three thousand steamboats traversing the waters of America, and the time saved in travel is equal to seventy per cent. The rivers of every country in the world, nearly, are traversed by steamboats. In 1800 there was not a single railroad in the world. In ihe United Slates alone there are now 8.797 miles of railroad, cost ing 8280.000,000 to bull.!, and about 22, 000 miles of railroad in England and A merica. The locomotive will now travel in as many hours, a distance which in 1800 required as many days to accomplish. In ISjO it look weeks to convey intelliaence between Philadelphia and New Orleans; now it can be accomplished in minutes through the electric telegraph, which only had its beginning in 18-13,. Voltaism ws discovered in March, 1800. The electro magnet in 1821. Electrotyping was dis covered only a few years ago. Hoe's prin ling press, capable of printing 10,000 co pies nn hour, is a very recent discovery, hut of a most important character. Gas light was unknown in 1800; now every ci ty and town of any pretence are lighted with it, and we have the announcement of a still greater discovery by which light, heat, and motive power may be all produ ced from water, with scarcely any cost. Daguerre communicated to the world his beautiful invention in 1839. Gun cotton and chloroform are discoveries but ol a few years. Astronomy has added a number of new planets to the solar system, Agricul tural chemistry has enlarged the domain of knowledge in that important branch of scientific research; and mechanics have in creased the facilities for production, and ihe means of accomplishing an amount of labor which far transcends Ihe ability of united manual effort to accomplish. The triumphs achieved in this last branch of discovery and invention ateenough to mark the last half century as that which has most contributed to augment personal com foits, enlarge the enjoyments, and add to the blessings of man. What will the next half century accomplish? We may look for stall greater discoveries; for the intellect of man is awake, exploring every mine of knowledge, and seaiclnng for useful infor mation in every department of art and in dustry. i'ti. Ledger. A Political Anecdote. The lines and fences of political parties have been so much displaced since ihe Ancient Fe deralists and Democrats contested so hot. ly the political field, that we venture to publish ihe following good one, believing that at this day no party will feel particu larly hit by it. A worthy deacon in Connecticut, hired a journeyman farmer, from a neighboring town, for the summer, and induced him although he was unaccustomed to Chucrh coin:; to accompany the family la church on Ihe first Sabbath of his Slay. Upon iheir return lo ihe Deacon's house, he ask ed his "hired man" how he liked ihe preaching. He said that he didn't like to hear any minister "preach politics." "I am very sure you heard no politics to-day," said the Deacon. I am as sure that I did," said the man. "Mention the passages," said the Dea con. "I will. He said 'if the fcderalisU icarcei ly are $avcd, where will the democrats ap pear?' " An," said the Deacon, "you mistake. These were the words 'if the righteous icareely are saved, how will the ungodly and wicked appear?" "On yes!" said ihe man, "he might have used those words, but I knew darned well what he meant !" The Virginia papers say the whole pop ulation of Eastern Virginia will amount lo 400.000 and or Western Virginia 494,000. The enure population of the State will, it is said; be 1,400,000. Virginia will loose three members of Congress by the new apr pointment. A Dutch Justice once decided lhat man might bile his nose off if he pleased. But the man appealed and the opinion ol ihe justice was over-ruled by the higher Court. The publie sent of the United Stats on the 30th of November, was $64,222,233. Califoxnia Hens. The Rev. William Colton, the late alcalde of Monterey, find ing it difficult to procure eggs when requir ed, either for love or money, bought some hens. We give his description cf them : 'I pUTc.isfd six hens of nn Indian wo man lot six dollars, and a rooster for fifty cents. (On asking the woman why she charged .'.'y half price for tho rooster, she replied 4hnl tho fellow laid no eggs, and as for his croving. that did nobody any rood. Sounder reasons than these could riot be furnished in a much higher plnce than a hencoop. Tho habits of these hens are a little singular. They are perfectly tame, and areas much at homo in the kitchen as the cook. They nover trouble themselves mtioh, about a nest, but deposit their egg vvliere.Iliey find it most convenient; one takes iftea tray, another the ironing table, a lhir2.l.,koven, mid there is one that gets Wo The cradle. "She is nol at all disturbed by the tossing of the little fellow, nn whoso promises she is invading. Neiiher she or any of her feathered sisters cackle when tluy leave their nest. They don't seem to think that anything worth making an ado about has come to pass. The rooster, it is true, picks up a little, and, perhaps, feels a feather taller. But this is vanity of his sex. There are a great many who crow over what others have done." A Real Yankee Thick. A man in Con. necticut obtained a Winter's supply of ex cellent potatoes in the following cute mans ner. He gave out lhat ho was desirous of obtaining a specimen of the best sort ol potatoes, nnd would pay 83 for a peck of such, hiintclf to be the judge. Potatoes poured into his cellar from all the c mntry round, a rid when the avalanche had subsided, tho tnnn handed over his 33 for the best peck, and the r.ext Spring sold potatoes enough lo more than cover the original outlay, besides having bed a first quality article for home use all winter. Nothing very novel ab'iut that. It is only the application lor another purpose, of a principle long since adopted by the proprie tors of certain magazines and periodicals, to obtain a supp'y of original matter at a cheap cost. The new experimenter, how ever, was more successful than the old. He obtained, it appears, a "first quality article" all round. With his literary prototypes, the "best" is generally bad enough in all conscience, JV. Y. Com Mo. A correspondent furnirhes us with the I following authentic version of an nnecdotc which we copied lately: Whilo Mr. JJtir chard vas preaching one of his hottest sermons, fat 1'ie old Chatham street chapel, New York,) he raised his eyes toward the door just at ihe moment Col, Aaron Burr entered, and exclaimed, ther i is the gray headed sinner, 1 shall appoar in judgment against him. Col. Burr walked down ihe ais'e with that bold, firm military step, so peculiarly his own, until he had reached the centre w ith a low bow he addressed the minister thus, "Mr. Preacher, I have been n lawyer in this city for near half s century, and of all the rascals il has ever been my lot to deal with, none surpass that class or criminals who turn stale's evidence." The abovo may be relied on as erred. Provi dence Journal. Pareociiic When a baby is cross, be cause its clothes aro chalirg it, or it ia not washed, or a pin is pricking it, or it has got an indigestion, paregoric is a great tempta tion lo a lazy and mercenary nurse. Moth ers, who neglect the care of their own chil dren, lillle d ye know how often they are poisoned how often the seeds of disease and premature death are sown by this dosing of nurses who find that a few cents' worth of Godfrey's cordial, or some oilier opiate mixture, will ave them a wor d of trouble. Often the heedless mother finds her child sleeping quietly, and thinks il is doing so well, when it is systematically filled with opium, until the diseased habit is fastened upon it. Such children grow scrofulous, and die of the first severe illness. Then come tho parents' anguish, and the conso lations of a "mysterious Providence" on which we are too fund of laying the respon sibility of our own misdeeds, Take ihe hand ol the friendless. Smile on the sad and dejected. Sympathise with those in trouble. Strive every where to dif fuse around you sunshine and joy. If you do this you will be sure lo be beloved. To spin and weave, lo knit and sew, was once a girl's employment; but now to dress and catch a beau is all she calls enjoyment. Thk Wapdbbiwo Jkw. The Memphis Appeal of the 2Sth ull.. says: "John Smith is in Memphis again!" This man is evidently ubiquitous. On that identical day he was seeu in this city. As riches and favour forsake a man, we discover him lo be a foul, but nobody can find it out in his prosperity. Sermox vs. Dimmer A minister having preached a very lung sermon, ss was hi custom, some hours after asked a gentleman his opinion of it; be replied, that "'iw good but that it had spoiled a guosa worth two of it. THE FAMILY JEWEL. Radiant little household treasure, Magnet of the ingle side ! Nut a star in night's broad cluster Shines with sofier, purer lustre. Fondest parents' hope and pride! Words, though passion-lit and burning, Might not breaihe the joy they feel , flint their lives, in one uniied, By thy smiles are daily lighted, Loveconnubial's golden seal I Pure as in thy primal selling In thy parents' love enshrined, Be thou lone their spotless treasure. Source of hope and sacred pleasure, Pearl of truth by grace refined. Then shall He, the great Refiner, When, ero long, his eye shall roam Through ihe earth for "jewels," beaming Fresh in light from glory strenjning, Snatch thee lo his bosom home. Gold and Death. The New York Star says: "Three millions of gold and a list of more than one thousand deaths, are the latest importations from California! Let those who would have gone to the mines long ago, if they had possessed the means, knee! down and thank God for their poverty. As yet we have only the begin ning of the end. The cholera has scarce ly yet taken hold of the ill-clad, hardly-fed multitudes on the placers, and the still more squalid horde now approaching the confines of the mining districts overland. Wo lo those seekers of g-old when the pes (Hence shall overtake them in the wilder ness. The spades and mattocks with which they hoped to exhume the buried treasure, shall be used for a more mournful purpose, and thousands, we fear, will sleep their last sleep entombed among the glitter ing dust thai has lured them from home and family. Benefit of Railroads. The Wheeling Gazi.'lte slates that in 1840 the average as sessed value of lands in Marion county was V!,50 perocre; and in 1850 it is 9,50 per acre; showing an increase in the value of real estate of near four hundred per cent. This increase is almost wholly owing lo (lie fact that the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is being made through the county. A Coon Tariff Argument. The Southern Democrats, so culled, have in limes past insisted thai any tax laid upon foreign imporiaiious was a tax upon the consumer. At the present lime, Gov. Floyd, and other distinguished democrats of the South, propose lo levy a lax of ten ppr csn!, upon productions of the Northern Stale hy way ol retaliation on I hose Stales for their breach of faith in rezard lo the fu gitive slave law. But if their old argu ment was a coud one, and a lax upon for eign productions does really lall upon the consumer and not upon the producer, the proponed retaliatory law will he a verifica tion of the homely. proverb of "hiiing oil the nose lo spite Ihe face." Wash. Re public. Facts to be Noted. Within the last few week, at leal livo fugitive slaves hove been brought back to this city from fre. ytate, wiili as little trouble as would bo had in recovering stray cows. We occasionally receive letters notifying us that a Wv aaid to be the properly ol some one ir. tins vicinity, lias bun lodged in jail in Illinois or Indiana for his owner, who will please cult, pm charges and lake him away. .Memphis Eagle. An English paper makes tho folu'ing observations: "The United States send ns four-fifilis ol the raw material, which tins iimneiisH p'ipuUtion works on. and without which this immense population seems doomed m be thrown out i.f employ. Our yearly tupply of coUon from other quarters has been steadily decreasing, and in fuel America is substantially tho sou-re by which, and by which alone, our cotton manulitcturcs can uj kept jri licaltliy ac tivity." A man in Michigan, not long sine, com milled suirido by drowning. As the body could not bo found, ihe coroner held an inntiesi on hi hat and jacket, lound on the bank of tha lake. Verdict, "found empty." Genius vs. Common Sense. There is a lower kind of discretion and regu larity, which seldom tails ol raising men to tho highest stations, in the court, tho church and the law. It must be so; for Providence which de signed the world should be governed by many heads, made it a business within the reach of common under standings; while one great genius is hard'y found in ten millions. Did you never observe one of youi clerks cut ting his paper with a blunt ivory knife? did you ever know the knife to fail going the true way? whereas, if he had used a razor or penknife, he had odds against hitn of spoiling a w hole sheet. Revolt op the Femai.es. A let ter from Bonn, lOili instant, in the German Journal of Frankfurt, states that on the "th a revolt had broken out among the young girls in the fe male prison of l'ulzchen, when from one hundred and twenty to ono hun dred and thirty of them took to flight, after breaking all the furniture. The Secret of Success What is it ? In this country, among people who are equally protected and en couraged, it lies in the steady pursuit of intelligence, industry, temperance and frugality. So far as outward comfort and competence constitute wealth, there is but a fraction of S onnia I if mhn mntr nrifr ft ji o aaaa it if ABsjk J 'VIWIV WIM Mill V IV'lj ivi'sawoa I If II VHWII will but turn his hand and brain to the vocation for which his instinct and capacity most fit him. If the great fortunes which so dazzle the mis juilgingpoor.be analyzed, they will be found, in nearly ninety-nine of the hundred cases, to have sprung and manned from calm, patient and simple toil toil which had an endurance and faith behind, and an object and ):ope before it. So, too, with success in whatever man seeks to accomplish. A clown may stumble upon a splendid discovery in art or science, but a fixed general law provides that high achievement shall require profound nr.d ceaseless labor. The price of success, except in isolated cases, if the devotion of one's life. He is a fool who trusts to any dream for pos session or advancement, unless he connects with it the prudent exerciie of his own energy and judgement. The little spring in the mountain rock, becomes a brook, a torrent, a wide rolling river and a part of the lathomless ocean, simply by pushing steadily and bravely forward. "What are you writing there, my boy?" asked a fond parent, the other day of his hopeful son and heir, a shaver of ten years. "My composition, thir." "What is the subject?" "International law, thir," replied the youthful Grotius. "But, really, I shall be unable to conlhcntrate my ideas, nnd give them a logical relation, if I am conthanlly interrupted in thii manni r by irrelevant inquiries." Dust and Ashes. I do not know whether it was Lowth, but it wa some bishop, to whom my father one day, in the midst of a warm discus sion, being asked "if he knew who he was!" replied, with a bow, "Yes my lord; dust and ashes." Leigh Hunt. A Lesson. A clerk in a mercantile establishment, writes to his friend home, "I have a plaguy time of it now-a days very little work to do our Jinn don't advertise !" When Billy Button lost one of his fingers, a few evenings ago, "Old Saratoga" overhcird n conversation between him an J Skesicks, in refer ence to the loss. "Billy, how did you lose your finger? "Easy enough," said Billy. "I 'spose so, but how?" "I guess you'd a lost yourn cf it had been whar mine was." "That don't answer my question." "Well ef you must know," said Billy. I had to cut il off or else steal the trap. Speckles says he is a firm believer in dreams, for he once dreampt that he was flayed alive, and the very neit morning he had n suit in Chancery commenced against him. No Northern papers were received at New Orleans on the 2d inst., the mail destined for that city having been destroyed by Arc, which caught inside the stage before reaching Stockton. Conscience, Thou Tnou blest mi. Gen. B. E. Cook, and J. P. Willie. Ion of Northampton received by last Friday's mail from New York, the one SI and the other 815, enclosed each in envelopes, but without any accompanying explanation or any writing whatever. They were evi dent I v from the san e person, and are supposed to be the voluntary resto rat'ons of wrongly-taken property by some conscience stricken individual. The receivers of the money take thia method to acknowledge it. and we may add that the example is one of which it may be said to all delinquents especially newspaper delinquent! "Go thou and do likewise. Springfield Republican. Value of Vanity. Franklin taya "Most people dislike vanity in oth ers, whatever share they have of it themselves; but I give it fair quarter wherever 1 meet with it, being per suaded th-it it is often productive of good to the posfessor. and to others who arc within his sphere of action; nnd therefore, iii many cases, it would not be altogether absurd if a man were to thank God for hit vanity. among the other comforts of life." Never set yourself up for musician, jal berai'se you have drum id your ear; oor believe y.'urjell cui out for a school teacher mere y br cause you have a pupil is otusya. k i.