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AT POST BY SAM. P. IVINS. ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY, JANUARY 31, 1851. VOLUME 3. NUMBER 123. TEIOIS: THE POST will 'is puhlished evcfy Frirlny at $ per yeiir, payable within three months from the time ol iuhicrinin? $2,50 in six monlhi or $3 if payment Is delayed until the expiration of the yenf. AdvkrtiikmhntS will bti chnfjed ft per Square uf II lines (or less) frir the first insertion, nnil ;J. centt for eitdh continuance. A lihernl lie taction mmle td those wtlri advertise by the year. I'nrsons scnillilj nilvflrtistttnt-nts mnst mark the iimnher of timel lhy desire them insertml, or they will be continued until for bid mi'l oliarcil itRcnfilitlsly . f5 Foriinrtoiiilcln? the mimes nf candi dates for office TititEd Dom.ars, Cash. Job Woiik, siloh as Pamphlets, Vt inntes, Cir culars, Curds, Blanks, Handbills, A.c., will be executed in u neat and workmanlike manner, at short nntici-, and on reasonable terms. All letters addressed to tho proprietor, posi paid, will be promptly attended to. Persons at a distance sendme its Hie names of four solvent subscribers, will be entitled to a fifth copy gratis. No communications inserted tinicss nccoin panied by the name of the author. ftt-Oihceon the West side nf the Public Square, next door but one above the Post Oifice. THE POST. ATHENS. Fill DAY, JAN. 31, 1851. Baltimore, Jan. 21. -The steamers Cherokee and Prometlius nmverl at New York this morning, brina ing California dales to the l&li ultimo. They alsonrint? two and a quarter millions of dollars in gold, and a large number of passengers. Tlie general news is unini" portant. Another fire had occurred in S.m Fran cisco, destroying upwards of 8200,000 worth of property. The Cholera had disappeared from Kingston. Washington, Jan. 21 . A paper, in the form of a Pledge is in circulation here, which has received the signatures of some tixly members of Con gress, fiTtv one of whom are wliiss, to support no man as a candidate for Presi dent, Vice President, Congress or State Legislature, who is not for sustaining the Compromise Measures, anJ against Slave ry agitation, C3The Alexandria Gazette, speaking of the Administration, holds the following language " Who can fail to notice ihe Calm, consistent, and faithful course of the President and his Cabinet in their admin' istiation of the affair of the Government? So "clear in their great office' are they that we really bee or hear very little, if any objection even from the political opponents of the President to his public conduct. We seem hardly ever to have had a belter President, or an abler Cabinet. It is a Whig Administration, whose ends and aims are fur t'te good of lb" country, and not the mere benefit of parly." "jVbt a Pm-ahle but a Facl." parsed by the smre of the advertiser, and looked within: Bv his counter stood many cus tomers, and his clerks appeared lively and happy. Turning away, I said, Ihe adver tiser has wi'duni. Then I lurned me and looked upon ihe store of the man loo fool ish to advertise His counter was empty and dusty, and spiders were in webs over bis drawer, Then I turned away and said nothing. The value of the whole world is but a dollar. Them am a fact. Cause vy? It only contains four quarters! C3 "Why does water boil sooner in an old sauce-pan than a new onef" Punch takes it upon himself to answer this ab struse query by saying: "It's because the old un's used to it." Nineteen thousand and eighty bales of Cotton were received at New Orleans on the I3th instant, which is said lo be the the largest amount ever arrived in one day. Ohio No U. S. Senator will be elected in Ohio, it is said, and no resolutions past ed against the fugitive slave law. Senatorial Elction Postponed. The election for U. S. Senator in Massa chusetts has been postponed lor one week, by a vote of 189 io 173. The last ballot of which we have any account, resulted thus: For Robert C. Winihrop, (Whig,) 166; for Charles Sumner, who ia supported by the free soilera and most of the Demo crats, 180; Scattering 31. g(Washinston correspondent of the New ' o.-'rRip'i,: "A number of appli cations nave been made by our foreign min istert, to be ,ecalled but the President is inflexible in relosing them this privilege. I could name five missions that would be vacant Ibia moment, had the President as sented lo their wishes; but he is resolved, so far as is consistent with duty, that if men will accept of outfits, they ahall pay their owa expenses home, or servo oat the peri od of "heir appointment." The small pox ia raging terribly ia North Carolina, west of Raleigh. OUR COUNTRY. The following extraci Irom the Balti more Clipper expresses so fully our own views, and is writien with such manly strength and vigor, and breathed so pure a palriotism. that we cannot do belter than present it entire for the consideraiton ol our readers. "If An angel could descend from Hea ven lo declare under which gov rnment ol our world the people enjoyed the most freedom, and should h the most content ed and happv, he would unhesitatingly pronounce in favor of that of the United States, for under it man possesses all that is valuable or desirable all that can excite grateful feelings and promote hutnart hap piness. What is there that an American citizen can desire I hat he does not possess7 We cannoi imagine a single deficiency in his civil or religious rights and privileges, nor does the Government offer the slight est obsiade to his pursuit of happiness. The road of preferment is open alike to all, and ihose who fail lo reach distinction must attribute their want of success to l heir lack of energy and per-everanee, and not lo the instiiuiions under which ihey live We doubt whether human ingenuity could devise a system of government more re plete with all the elements of human pro gress and happiness than that of the Uni ted Slates. But still it has failed lo satis fy every one, ai t he discontented seek in change for joys which they allege are not to he found under present circumstances. Both at the North and t Ihe South litem exists a restless spirit of innovation a dis position to destroy did and lo build up new systems. Bui, whether this feeling arises from an inherent desire of our nature to be studious of change and pleased with novelty,' or from the more unworlhy mo lire of gratifying a selfish ambition at the expense of others, its gratification in ei ther case would be no less disastrous and destructive lo our country. "his inconceivable to us how rational men, who have experienced the blessings of our Union, enn deliberately plan and urge its dissolution. Can they expect greater liberty or more happiness under sectional organizations? No man possess ed of common sense can anticipate such a result. Dissolution and ruin will go hand in hand. The l.it'er will as1 naturally aitend the former as night succeeds day. This must he known lo he disorganizes; but they persevere in their design of destruc lion, as though its accomplishment would crown their heads with glory and fill their hearts with unbounded happiness. F.ttal delusion! In sacrificing the Union they will pull down lite edifice under which alone they can find safely. -Most sincerely do we hope that, if such a spirit exist in any member of Congress, he will have the discretion io suppress its dictates, and adhere to ihe solemn oath which he has taken to support the Consti tution. No man who has ever laked that oath can assist in dissolving the Union without Committing the sin of deliberate perjuiy, and such a man is unworlhy of a seat in the Congress of a free people." For the Miens Post. REMEMBER ME. When we two parted all I heard from thee Were these low words, "remember me;" No vows of faith or lave did I then hear Remember me, was all that met mine ear. I will remember thee and from my heart Thy last humble prayer shall ne'er depart. Thai heart.this hand, another's prize may be; Him I may love I must remember thee. The past is nothing, and ourdreams are o'er, Our last adieu is said we meet no more; Or il we do meet, it will be in vain The past those hopes can ne'er be ours again. Yet will I give thee all thai thou dost crave, A fond remembrance, strong as in the grave. All else shall passaway love, hope, regret; I soon shall cease to mourn, yel ne'er forget. Thou, ton, these fond memories shall share, As I have shared thy love and thy d-spair. Ojr paths are diff'rent.yei where'er they be, As I remember thee, "remember me." McMion co.. Tenn. K. S. M. The telegraphic report that Col. Benton had been re-elected U. S. Senator from Missouri, was incorrect. The man who pays for his newspaper in advance was in our office yesterday. He nd his family escaped the dengue, and we learn that the late frost did'nt injure his cotton. .Vain. Whig. A fine coat often covers an intolerable fool, but never conceals one. The wise man eats to live; the fool lives to eat. He that cannot lorgive others, breaks the bridge over which ho himself will one day want to pass. FROM WASHINGTON. Washington Jan. IS. The cheap postage bill will certainly pass the Senate. There cannot be a doubt that it will yield an ample revenue, after a yea or two. There is a strong movement here on Ihe Tariff question. I notice ih arrival her of many persons from Pennsylvania, Ne i York, md New England, as solicitors or agents of ihe manufacturing interest. They ask for specific and discriminating duties: and home valuation, and a general board of appraisers. Mr. Winihrop in some re. marks introductory of a bill for the ahovf objects, said lint he pr.il-rred Mr. Cay' compromise tariff of 18.13, lo the present system; but that he ilistiusied all Comoro mie measures, whelher of I S'!3 or of 1819. The energy and zeal of ihe Tariff men are now conspicuously displayed. They are united and well organized in both Houses, and ihey have many chances of success, growing out of ih- prevailing indifference as to what concerns the revenue, nnd lite expenditures. It they will consent to give up the public lo'naiii to Hie nuiv btates, and show thai their scheme will increase the revenue from import, they will carry their point. The Senate has assigned every Friday, for the remainder of the session, for the consideration of private bills. A new im pulse has been given to tie- colonization scheme, through memorials in favor of the proposed line of steamers to Africa. Mr. Clay's late speech on the subject has given it countenance. The Committee on Naval Affairs of the House, will bring up the Ebony bill (so called) on Monday week. The projectors of ihe Ebony line are Mr. Bryant, of Georgia, and Mr. Saunders, o' Kentucky. Their associates and means are secured in New York. No one has ol lered lor a coutract in competition with them, for no one believes in its productive ness of profit. But they and ilieir aso riales have full laiih in it, and I have no doubt that ihey will, at least produce, if Ihey get the contract, four of the largest and most powerlul war steamers that ever floated. Mr. Vanderbilt has offered lor a contract for steamers between San Francis co nnd Panama, in competion with others. For the Celestial line ol steamers, that is, between San Francisco and Sliang-bai, there is a brisk competition between Col. Slow, Mr. Thompson of Philadelphia, and Mr. Moore. The Committee have not agreed upon any project. Cor. Char.Cour. For the Athens Post. Eromatiiesean Ham.,? Jan. 2Isi, 1851. J Intelligence having been received of the death ol John P. smith, a member ol the Eromaihesean Society, Hiwassee College. on motion O. M. Key, W. L. Eikin and Itobert M. Henderson, were appointed a Committee lo report a preamble and reso 'ulions expressive of ihe feeling of the Society in regerd to ihe decease of our Iriend and brother. The following were submitted, and, on being read, were unan imously adopted : We have heard with leelings of the pro- foundesi regie! of the sudden and l.imenieJ death of John P. Smith, an esteemed and efficient member of this Society; one, loo, whose noble example, untiring energy, manly deportment, and strict urbanity, will always be remenibrred by all who knew him; but a lew days since he was in our ninlsl in all ihe healllilul vigor ant! intel lectual vivacity nf youth, animated by ihe hopes and projects that are wont lo cluster about the path of the young man struggling for honor ami usefulness. In him we found an exemplar of virtue, industry, and integ rity seldom seen in one of bis age; gener ous and confiding, he was beloved by all, and was always characterized bv a frank ness and candor that cave him the confi dence ol all. We were proud to recognize him as an honorable and indelat gable member of our Society, a devoted Iriend. and an untiring student. But he is gone foreverl We drop ihe tear of sorrow upon his grave, whilst our grief is chasteneil bv the firm belief that his noli'e spirit now lives in a brighter and heller wmld. The ways of Heaven are unsearchable; and while we deplore the premature late ol him who has thus la-n siiicken down by ihe relentless hmid of death as he wa just en tering the path of honor ami usefulness, and contemplate with leelings ol unmingled sadness, our melancholy loss, we will for ever cherish in our hearts his many virtues, and remember, with (oiliest pride, bis bright example. Resolved, That in the death of John P. Smith, tins Society has lost one of its brightest ornaments, the country a useful and patriotic citizen, and the Churcti an exemplary member. Resolved, t hat we earnestly and sincere. ly sympathize with ihe father and relations ol ihe deceased, in the afflictive bereave. men! ihey have suffered. Resolved, 1 hat the members of this So ciety wear the usual badge of mourning Ihiny U-iys. Resolved, That the Secretary furnish a copy ol" these proceedings to the father ol the deceased, and to the editor ol the Alliens Post for publication. M. W. BELER, Speaker. Wm. R. Davis, Secretory. The common school in Indiana are in a wretched condition. There are 5P.000 adult pcrjons in the State who cannot read or write. For the Jllhens Post. TRIBUTE OF RESPECT. Again has ihe stem spoiler invaded our quiet circle. The deadly shad has flown a respectable member of our Society is the tictim. With sorrowful hearlt we are called on lo mourn the loss of a friend and drop a tear on Ihe grave of a brother. John Mires Real, of Walker county, Georgia, is no more ! Thai voice which in days gone by was heard in our halls, is now hushed in ihe silence of death, and the fires i( a generous heart have been quenched in Ihe niht ol the tomb ! But our sorrows are chastend by ihe reflection thai he whose premature loss we deplore. has left behind him a name which bin friends will' ever delight to lisp. In all Ihe relations nl' lile he has sustained a respec table position wh'le belonging lo our Socie ty, lie was a patriotic and upright citizen, an ardent nnd inllueniial friend young, buoyant anil generous an industrious and faithful student; and one who bade lair to become an ornament to society, has been cm down on ihe ihreshhold of life, and al though this mysterious dispensation of the allwise Providence may be unsearchable by us, yet it behooves us to bow with humble submission lo the stroke with the full as surance of its perfect justice. Rrsolved, That we deeply nnd sincerely sympathise with the parent-) and friends of Mr. Neal, in ihe irreparable loss they have sustained by that nlllictive stroke which has deprived them ol one who was Ihe pride of Ihe present nnd the hope of after life. Resolved, That ihe members of the Ero maihesean Society wear Ihe usual badge of mourning for thirty days. Re-wived, That the Sectetary b? instruct ed io furnish a copy of this preamble nnd resolutions lo the parents of ihe deceased, and also to the Alliens Post lor poMicnion. W. R. DAVIS, Sec. Woman's Rights An English pa per publishes the following pa rngraph: "A curious trial was recently held at Middlesex Sessions. Thomas Nav crland, the prosecutor, stated that he was in the tap room whore the defen dant, Caroline Newton, and her sistei, who had come from Rriminghain, were present. The latter jokingly observed that she had promise I her sweetheart that no man should kiss her while absent. It being holiday time, Saverlnnd considered this a chal lenge, nnd caught hold of her and kissed her. The young woman took it as a joke, but her sister, the defen dant, said she would like as little ol i'.lvat kind of furr"is he pleased. Saverland told her if she was ingry. he would kiss her also; lie then tried to do il, and ihey fell to the ground. On rising, the woman struck him; he again tried lo kis her, and in the scuflle she bit off his nose, which she spit out of her mouth. Tho action was brought to recover damages for the loss of the nose. The defendant said he had no business to kiss her; if she wanted kissing, she bad a husband lo kiss her, a better looking man th in ever the prosecutor was. The jury, without hesitation, acquitted her; and the chairman said, that if any man attempted to kiss a woman against her will, she had n rt"ltt to lute otf Ins noset if she had a fancy for sn doing" PltlNTKItS AND PbINTI.NO. -J. T. Uuckingham, in his series of remini scences, in course of publication in the Boston Courier, speaks ol the importance of the printer to authors, as follows : "Manv who condescend to illumi nate the dark world with the fire of their genius, through ihe columns of a newspaper, little think of the lot of the printer, who, almost sullocated liv the smoke of a lamp, sits up till mic- night to correct his lalso grammar, bad orthography, nnd worse punctua tion. I hive seen the arguments oi lawyers, in high repute as scholars. sent Io !hn printer in their own hand writing, manv words ami especially technical nnd foreign terms abbre viated, words misspelled, nnd few or no points, nnd those few. if thero are any, entirely out of place. 1 have seen the sermons of divines sent to the press without point or capitals to designate the division of sentences; sermons which, if published with the imperfections of manuscript, would disgrace tho printer's devil if he were the author. Suppose they had been so printed. The printer would have been treated with scot n and contempt. as an illiterate blockhead as a fcl low better fitted to bo a wood saw ver than a printer. No body would have believed that such gross and pa'pablc faults were owing to the ignorance and carelessness of the author. And no one but the practi cal printer knows how many hours the compositors, and alter him the proof reader, is compelled to spend in rcdusing to a readable condition man uscripts that the writer himself would be puzzled to read " Matches were made in heaven, said one. Yes was the reply, and they are sometimes dipped in the other place. ACCUMULATION ISTS. If any class of persons merit the pity of the community, it is those who are chained to the (successful) pursuit of wealth, devoured by one passion, controlled by one instinct, illuminated by one idea. It is too much the fash ion to betate those who are doomed to increase, to accumulate, to save the valuable productions of the earth to acquire and take care of the property of the world. We speak not of the tongues of the envious, those who are consumed by the same desires, and would accomplish the same ends if tliev could, alone, but there are men who from the lofty heights of Religion and Philosophy, continually assail the accumulationist as an anomaly in human nature, a criminal against God, and his neigh bor, whose vocation was not provided for in tho economy of Providence There is sympathy somewhere on the earth for any class and any individual but the rich "miser." as he is nailed. He must bear his ills of the flesh and the spirit alone for, not only does he distrust and repel his fellows, but they in turn refuse him a corner in their hearts. "Why should we love ns a brother the man who is so hard and exacting with his fellow-men ? Why should we bestow our sympathies upon the man who is supremely sel fish in his nature, whoso governing instinct leads him to gather to himself the property which should bo more equally distributed among men ? As there can be no mountains without vailics between them, so there can be no great fortunes huap?d up without leaving many in abject poverty. Out upon the mountains which not only lift themselves up into the sunlight, but throw their black shadows over us and our children !" Wc know that poverty is, in some respects, hard to bear editors know that terribly but our philosophy on the subj'jct of accumulationists nnd the spirit of acquisitiveness, is this that it is absolutely necessary that each generation should accumulate n surplus to supply the wants, beyond anv contingency which might arise, of the larger generation which is to succeed it. Nay more each gene ration must have a largo number of non-pioducers who a.'iall devote them selves to the various arts and sciences which embroider the every day man tle of life, and minister to the love of the Beautiful and it is necessary that some, yea, many, should be filled with this one idea of ar.cumulatiou, should l rack invention for instruments to pro duce more and more from the vast resources which a bountiful Provi dence has placed at the disposal of man. When we see men heaping uj ircat riches, we relied that they must soon die, and that by a law as incx orable ns death, their property must after a time be distributed into msinv hands, and thus by producing and saving for themselves, they are pro moling the general good. Providence, too. has wisely ordered that those I who are set apart, ns it were, to thui work of accumulation, should lind in it a great pleasure, the greatest ol their earthly p'easures. We see in the condition and position of those r-ha'ned to this vocation, more to pity, than to envy or bate. Mow can we envy the MeDnnoiigh, who is com pelled lo toil twenty hours each day, merely Intake care of the vast prop erty he has acquired for the benefit ot charitable in-litutions how can we hate him. with all bis selfishness, when we sec that he is hut an instrument in the band of God f r directing his great wealth into appropriate channels. Yankee Blade. Dhy Feet. We will give our readers a recipe for making boon water proof, which is worth more than our subscription pi ice to any person who will try it. M-istuic generally penetrates the soles f hoots the upper leather is not easily wet. and is easily dried. To render the sole impervious to water, order yo ir bootmaker to cut pieces of canvass in the proper shape, dip them in melted pitch or tar, and lay them upon the inner soles before putii g on the outer soles of the bouts. This aimnle nroccss will insure drv feet wiihout making the boot clumsy. We have tried tho cxperi nent, ami u,n.,l.l n.lvise nil whoso soles arc afflicted with cold or dampness, lo do tho same. t;,r Tjinrr. the absconding slave, -...on'tlir lirmitrlit hack to Richmond. was auvcriisrii uf . in that citv. on Saturday last. He is I .-.-..I -!.! .,i,.linn I thus described by the auctioneer "Ho is an experienced Tavern Ser vant, having gratluaUd at one of the ptincipal Hotels in Ntw York." A New York LAWYEit.-The New York Mirror thus speaks of Geo. W. iles, Ihe New York lawyer, who, with an accomplice named Rogers, another lawyer, was lately convicted of obtaining $2000 of n poor dupe of a married man, with a family, on the pretence lhat he had wronged another husband, when the woman in the case was only a vile creature in single bles sedness. Niles, it appears, had been in the habit of this sort of thing! "G. W, Niles, now awaiting his sentence in the City Prison, is said to have been an ultra pious man, who used to boast that his seat in church was never vacant. It is said that he obtained his wife, a most estimable woman, under false pretensions to Religion; and she is most deeply afflicted on discovering the 'wolf in sheep's clothing,' who won her affec tions through 'pious fraud.' We have not yet heard the first expression of sympathy for him, while every one pities the woman wronged and wid owed by his crimes. The general opinion is that his sentence will be the extent of the penalty allowed by law, three years in the State Prison; and we have heard many regret that the term is not ten years instead of three," John Adams. In tf e 3(Jlh year of his age John Adams made the follow ing entry in his Diary. He was then practising la w in Boston, though liv ing in Hraintree ! "It has been my fate to be acquaint ed in the way of business with a num her of very rich men Gardiner Rowdoin, Pitts, Hancock, Rowe, Lee, Sargent, Hooper, Doane. Hooper, Gardiner, Rowe, Lee and Doane, have all acquired their wealth by their own industry; Bowdoin and Hancock received theirs by succ.es sion, descent or devise; Pitts by mar riage. But there is not one of bit these who derives more pleasure from his property than I do from mine; my little farm an I stock and cash afford me as much satisfaction as all their immense tracts, extensive navigation, sumptuous buildings, their vast sums at interest nnd stock in trade yield to them. Tho pleasures f property arise from acquisition more than pos session ; 'or what is to come rathef than what is. The rich are seldom remarkable for modesty, ingenuity or humanity. Their wealth has rather a tendency to make them penurious and selfish." Judgement against a Defaulter. Justice Nelson of (he United States Supreme Court has pronounced the opinion f the Court in the case of the United Slates vs. Jesse Hoyt, late collector of New York. The decis ion fully sustained the previous de cision of the Circuit Court in faVor of the United States, which gave judg' incut against Hoyt for over $200,000. Tho case was argued by Mr. CriN tenden for the Government, and Messrs. Evans and Walker for ihe Defendant. Mr, Hoyt was appointed by Mr. Van Buren and was a de faulter under his administration. A Few Things we wtsitto Know. 1. The best specific for the relief of the "panes" (pains) of a window. If "currents"' of the ocean are suita bin for making plumb cakes. If it is prolane to 'dam" a river. If the "tale" (tail) which the ghost of Hamlet's father Could unfold was like 'he tale of a yellow dog; and if not. whether it was in the style of "Hogg's Talcs." If an editor is Under obligations to please those subscribers who do not "pay up." If it is not better to "pay down" than to "pay up." Shadino the Eyes. Some people cover their eyes with green or other shades when anything is the matter with them. This is wrong. It is now ascertained by the best occulists tl.at shades 'njure the sight instead of st lengthening it, from their creating heat and inflammation in the parts elF-cied. If the eye be injured, and light insupportable, the best way is t tie a cool linen handkerchief over it. We heard it stated as a curious fact when the English am y returned from Egypt, those soldiers were least affected with ophthalmia, who had worn no fronts to their hats. Phila delphia Saturday Express. An exchange paper enumerates tha following list of advantages attending the a.lvertis ng in a newspaper "it has enlarged many a small business; has revived many a dull business; has recovered many a lost business; has preserved many a large business; has created many a new business,"