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8. I. IVIKS, Uditoraiid l'roprietor. TERMS. $ia year, patable tvitliin three nonttu from the time of sub'rribinis : $ !,Wiu tmonlht.or $'Aal the expiration n the year. 03- jVo' jmjier discontinued until all arrear tgrs are ixrid,ecrpt at the option of the l'ub uher. For atnouneing the namttof candidates far Vfice $.1, Lash. ATHENS, FKIHAV, MAY Hi. I5J. FOIt (JOVERNOK, GEN. WM. B. CAMPBELL, OF SMITH COUNTY. port foxr.REss, J0S1A1I M. ANDERSON, Of MARION Cut STY. (7- W. Thomson , is 1 he authorized in the ciiy ol L5alti- mote, Mil. East Tf.nnkssek and Gkobcia Ha". road There will be a nailed merlin ol the Board of Directors in Hie East Tennes see anil Georgia linilroad. at the office of Ihe Company, in Alliens, on MonJay, the I Dili inslani. A lull attendance ol the JJi rcclury is requested. TnTTM. Advice from the South up lo Ihe 12ih represent (lie Oolton market as nil liaiing a- ilownivard tendency. (CP See letter of Augusta C'crrsspon ilent, next paye. Tiif. Soitiikrn States' Rir;tiT Cos tention. This body, which assembled at Charleston, S. C, on the .rih instant, Ins adjourned, without, we believe, elVectina ihucIi harm, n:;d less zood. Tho members composing it appeir to have been rather unsettled in their opinions as to-the expe diency ol separate State action at this lime. and verv wis-ly refrained from counselling immediate secession. Resolutions anJ an address were adopted, in which separate State action is urged as an ulterior resort. But upon Ihe whole, we think they ore in belter spirit rrnd manifest less intemperate jen than m"ht have been anticipated from iue indications' thai preceded Ihe nssem. Ming of ihe Convention; The delegates have now returned ,10 Iheir homes, and it i to he hoped that sober redaction will take the place of niistnken zeal, and a more wholesome public opinion in that State be the eonsequ nce Forrest IIi'.i, Acakkmy. The sum 7 ffrZiutTnl 'his Institution commenced im Wednesday last, under ihe superinten dence of Mr. and Mrs. Ciitncii, who come highly recommended as competent and eaccessful teachers. If there is any one thing (bat our people should strive to outdo each other 111, it is ir? building up the right son of Schools. There is now an opportunity to make For rest Hill Academy what it ought lobe, rreceptois 01 ine tucnesi enter ol qua'.iti cation have been induced lo come here and take charge ol it, nnd have entered upon the discharge of their duties. Hut all the talent and qualification in the world on the part of teachers, will prove unavailing unless their efforts are liberally seconded by Ihe citizens. All our sisler towns have schools of which lhsy are just ly proud. Shall we have nothing lo boast of in this respect! Every individual in ihe community is interested in having good Schools in our midst, and we trust lhai Forrest Hill Academy will not bo suffered to longuish lor want of support. A little well limed and judicious effort on ihe part ofthnse most deeply interested, will restore it to its lormer prosperity. While on this subject, we would sug grst lo the Trustees the propriety of hav. ing the Academy buildings renovated and put in a proper state of repair. We be lieve it is part of llieir duly lo look after auch things Ihe buildings should at least be made comfortable and genteel. PIew Coaciiks. We should have men tinned before thai Messrs. Taylor. Bridges s, lactams have received iheir new Coaches from Troy, N. Y., sml are now Tunning them cn their line between Knox ville and iho head of Iho East Tennessee mil Georgia ltoad. The Coaches are of the best manufacture, and finished in sti perl, style. On Monday next the cats will be running to the Blue Spring, 3ve miles below Cleveland, where the Stage line will intersect, sn ihat passengers will have but fuur or five hours night travel on Ihe route making the trip through in eigh teen hours With new coaches, fine horses, and carelul and sober drivers. Ibis route prefents inducements to travellers farsupe rior 10 any other. It traverses a beautiful and healtiiy section of country, and what is of some importance in these limes of general scarcity, the traveller is certain to find the very best accommodations at the stands alone; the line. The travelling pub lie will find it greatly to their inteiesl lo patronize this line. (5 We acknowledge iho receipt of a copy of wrk rntillcn "The I'oekel Com Miiiou for Machinists. M'-chaiiics, and Kn gineers: By Oliver Bvrne" It is beauti fully gnlteii up. nd will prove a valuahl. work to lhoe for whom it is designed. Price, one dollar. Dewnt & Davenport. Publishers, Tribune Buildings, New York Mrs. Muggins says 'hat a husband is an article ol belt room funiiurs lhat a lady over fifty stands no more in need of than fh does of rn'a!ets. Wnm'i the wid dies? THE RAILROAD. To the F.ditor:l commend the spirit which has hitherto characterized the pronenl Hoard of Director of utir Eeilroad in all their efforts st an economical adtninistra lion of the aflairof iho Company. Nen. lerprise of a similar magnitude has niet with greater difficulties and perhaps iu enterprise os fur a long tinie more cxtrav aoantly managed. Every consideration of propriety. therefore, urpi-n iho Direclo y " prudence, economy and loreilmught. With a portion of the mcniliera of thr Board, I have no doubl that it has b.'en this feeling of caution, this fear of extravagant expen ditures that has originated whatever ol op po it ion there ixi'ts to the iuiu.eili.ite 1 rec . tiotiof Iho Machine and Repair Shops of ihe road. Amongst others different infill-! ences, sectional and personal, are operating- , and will result, if carried out. in detriment 1.1 Iho work. Upon this hitter point. 1 have ' hut a sin.-le remark to rnnka and that is. so , as such n feeling, originating in tin.nl nr. indices, personal interests and selli-h considerations, shall cmno into sue. i.-essful coi.lliel with the true interests of the Stockhi. liters and of ihe Company, just soon will there bean end tn harmony, good lecling and a hearty co-npe'ation of nil parties mill the whole thing must result in hud mornL'ement, Ihe Stock will depreciate and the int rests of the Company seriously stiff r. Every Stockholder, every true friend to the mini, and rf the country, will ilo-p'y deprecate a re-ult so eininen.ly fiaugli wiih evil. Shon'd such a feeling irain the ascendency and I fear there is great danger of it no man ran fore-ce the unhappy eff'Cls of it. The Binrd, already too Inrtm, and nf course divided int" parties, will beconifl still foriher divided snd exas perated, until no concert of action u'ill be manifest, d, and llm whole lime will be con sumed in unavailing crunina'if.n and re. criminations, sectional quarrels and per sonal jealousies, I hope ond believe that but little of tho opposition lo what the Hoard have done in establishing and con tracting for Ihe building of the shops, ariss from this feeling, Most of i' I n-n per suaded is elicited from an earnest desire on he part of ti e Directors to pursue, as said before, an economical administration of the affairs of the mad And it is precisely this feeling of economy tlmt influences nio to nrgo the immediate construction of the work, f desire 11 uccauso i believe it is to the advantage of Ihe stockholders in the increased value of fhrir stork, and ihedivj. dunils that may bo declared beieafter. I de sire it in a word, because 1 am clearly con vinced that Ihe policy I advocate must in evitably resull in a very large saving of re- tun I money to the Company. I have con. versed with genilenv-n whose means of in forma'ion on this subject are far superior lo my own who tuve long and closely ob served Ihe practical working of Companies wi'b and with not manufacturing estahli-h-mrnta of this chirneler under their immc diate control, and who have a direct per sonal interest in our road, and the opinion is unhesitatingly expressed that Ihe subject has been postponed already too long, and that the sooner the Company prepare them selves for tho msr.ufaclureof iheir own cars, tho bettor. That it is a profitable business no man can doubt. Look at tho immense fortunes that have been made by it, North and South, by individual association, which are of daily observation, sed may bo seen on the line of almost all railroads, includ ing those, roads even whore tho roads them selves build their own cars. So great, for instance, is tho demand for cor or. the rail roads in Georgia Ihst new shops are spring ing up at Maci.ii and Augusta, and large means being invested in ihe business. Win n sold lo Railroads, therefore, large profits must be made by these individual Cmnpnni The payment of ihis proif 10 others I wish lo avnidj let them manufac ture iheir own cars, snd do Iheir own re pairing, and the profit which would go to others will be their own. The Stale Rail, rond of Georgia has no machino shops, and must pay to Augusta and other places a very large amount of theirearnings for cars and repairing. The Georgia Railroad manufac ture their own cars aiil do their own repair' in. The dividends of the State mad are prilerrnce mr tuts route, omy upon u.e in comporal.vely nothing, while those of the formation in my pnscsmn that it is ihe re ni.ni.allv. at least, ten n-r ... . - cent. Whicii or llteso companies sua 11 we imitate? I tell you. Mr. Editor, any cm pinyll.nl subrr.i s itself lo ihe sarrwsortof fleering os that inflicted annually upon Ihe Western snd Atlantic Pilr'id of Georgia, will forever remain poor. And Ihe sooeer ihesn establishments are erected the better. When we pay seven hundred dollars for charges of transpor'alion from Massachu setts to Augusta on a single psss.nger car, as we have already be. n compelled lo di. it is 10 be hoped that the stockholders w.ll look to iheir interests, nd have the remedy applied. And if we have ih means to pur. chase these cr abroad, to pi) Urge P'O. fits upon them, and to suffer enormous charges in a hundred different wavs. why, wo certainly have the mesns. and H is cer tainly econmnictl lo manufacture them at home, and thereby tve all Ibis profit lo ourselves, and avoid the payment of all these expenses. Whilst the Board are laudably attempting lo asve dollars, let them beciu tious lest they do not lose hundreds. Aside from ihe absolute necessity or the immediate permanent establishment of the midline shr$ of tho company, other con- siderations present themselves in reference to the economy of the road. In my first ar ticle upon this subject I alluded at sonie length to the extension of the road beyond the Tennessee river, and the proper lotalion of tin lino in that direction. I believe it to bo an universally conceded point omongt tho stockholder who have expressed them selves at all, that whenever the rond strike Ihe river there il mint remain until the ba lance of jt can be constructed for cash. Or in other words, tho road will not bo built any further upon Iho credit of ihe Compa ny, unless that credit is al par. It is a mat ter of congratulation, lhat Ihe litno has ar rived when tho stockholders in therein! arc ' . . . ... 1. .,.t in beginning to appreciate n.eir siot... 1 see that it. is no longer a mere shadow, but a th ng of Mibstantial value. Th id'-o hitherto has been that tho amount paid 111 by earn shareholder was a ni"re donation. and that no return could ever bu expected from it. But now tho subject is assuming sec-jqnitna diff-ront aspect. Tho prospect is , brightening, and the owners of stock a ro beginning to see that Ihe means they have inve-ted will yet bring them a return. I ho time when that relurn is lo be re:ili-d do pends likewise upon the future management of ihe rond SFHnll it b postponed for years or shall it begin lo bo felt upon the coinp'e linn of the road to the river? To teach that p.'iet vn9 necessary before profits could he made; and it was absolutely necessary to borrow upon lorgo sacrifices in order to ef fect the building of the road to the river. It is well known that it conld not have b-en ilonn 01 her wise; ony other pnli.-.y would hive re-til'ed in a signal, total and complete fi.i!ure of the enterprise. Now, r.o further sacrifices orn necessary It is evidently to all interested lo push tho work to Knoxville at os early a day os practicable. I Bin willing that it shall be done upon tho credit of ill" company, and by this I do not ninan that Iho contractors shall be paid in tho Bonds cf tho compa ny, but lhat Ihe Bonds shall be sold at par and Iho cash paid to l!io orkmon. This is the true course henceforward, because, bv paying Bonds to contractors, unless they are ni"li of very ex'onsivo means, you t re your Bonds into market at a depreciation. Or if tho region of cmintry between tho ri ver and Knnxiille will grade 1 lie road, then the Company might borrow from the Stale a sufficiency to pot the rails upon it. And to effect this in the cheapest and innsi ex peditions manner, brings mo to tho ennsi. deration of the. third department of my sub. ject, lo-wit: the location of the lino noitli of the river. Tho route by the way of Hotchki-s val ley, ond that by the way of the river hills, have both l.o.-n surveyed by skilful ond com petent engineers. That by iho valley has nerer been snrvl yod by any authority fr an the East Tennessee nnd Georgia Rsilroad Company. N one. however, can onjeci to j hiving it exmnined, but on the cotHrory, all who have any interest whatever in 'ho work will admit Ilia importance of an early sur vey of ihat line. I am informed by gentle, men who aro well posted up in the topn. grophy of that region, lhat the river can easily be approached and crossed a short distance below Blair's ferry without losing any of Ihe work already done, and that the Ilotchkiss valley con as easily be entered on the opposite side of the river. Thence to Knoxville Ihero can bo but littlo work to do. The entiro distance being through a continuous valley, but few difficulties pre, sent themselves. A largo portion of the capital and voting population of Knox conn, ty will thus bcco.no personally interested, and should it be necessary for Knox county to subscribe stock in her corporate capacity, (he object could be far more easily accom plished. I have tho highest out hi rity in say ing that the route by tho Hoichkiss' valley s shorter possibly by some two miles, than the mule adopted 11,1 tho river and will pre sent much flakier profiles and belter curves. When all these tilings ore taken into consi deration, how important is it that the coin puny shou'd act wiih precaution. A saving of two miles in distance is in actual sav ing nf construction of near $115, OOOj and in running ths saving is beyond calculation. I wish to be understood as expressing a cl.eape-l, ues., anu mos, cr.oncm.ca, ruuie go for Ihe interest oftho Stockholders and for lb interest of no individual. If, there fore, upon a full and honest examination of IheUoor threo routes proposed, tho one up the river is the best, cheapest and most rconomical, I will be as ready as any indi vidual lo approve liear'ily of its permanent adop iuc. A STOCKHOLDER. For the Jthtnt Pott, If J. Q A. 1 ewis, of Polk, will consent to become a candidate for Joint Repre, entative from the conn'ies of P.ilk. Mc Minn, nd Monme in the next Legislature he will receive the warm support of all his politics I friends in this valley we -r)iev. ing him lo be an ellicient man. and will be iicres-i'i.l if he will consent to run. Stcee! Water. A. D. C. We are gratified to see in the Louisville Journal a contradiction of the report, to which we alluded a lew days ago, con cerning the conduct of Miss Lind and Bel leiii ai Louisville. Mr. Shieve, whose house Miss Lind made her hme while in Lou'cville, authorises ihe Journal to say lhat Ihe report is a gross slander on Miss Lind and himself. A'ash. Gas. Blue DeriliA pair of sky colored eyes illuminated with sood nature. FROM MONROE. Maoisonville. May Mih, 1851. Mr. Editor: Having visited this place lor the first lime in about five years. 1 am -ratified lo see lite improvements which have been made during that time. Promi nent amonsst other handsome buildinss. I notice a lame and mngntltcent l'eo.nle Academy, which is occupied by Miss Mel ville, who is a universal fittrotlle with till classes, and one of the bes female teachers in Ihe State. She has a lame ntid Nourish ing school, and lon may she live as an or nament to her profession. f 1 am also proud lo find that the Sons nf Temperance have taken the place, and banished Irom Mttdisonville that discrace an.) curse to mora! society trncerif The Circuit Court is i" session, Judse Anderson presiding. There ate s-ven men !;orif,S,::rgo!!:ff-s.'l,s;eati (tom ,rr wheat, Sec. At n slight gl.it.ee. this might Carolina, he concludes as lollows : seem 10 ca-t a blemish upon the fair nine Notwithstanding, however, the Senator's ol good old Monroe; hut on the other ham!, rPpPaiPd assurances ol the peaceful nctui it may be considered an evidence of the eFCp 0r ,(, General Government in our se. ii.nw.sii. and iif-rseveranre of her citizens rkSi,in. ,e ndveris occasionally 10 the pus in ferreting out and bringing such rascals - to jllS'iCI-. "Walker nnd flalle'V held forth on Mon day, Col. McMillan being absent, but as lhir discussion eneiteu iioiiiiiiu slranee. I shall pass it, with the rema.k :hat Walker seems lo be the "hrng n;.g for ihe Senate, and I don't say this for el feci, lor I am nut a Walker num. The candidates for Congreis, Mr. Dieki son. of Cla:hoine. Col. A. G. Wntktns, of Jefferson, nnd I). P. Hurley, of Monroe, opened the canvass on Tuesday. Mr. Uickison led oil' in the discussion, and ac cording lo n.V judgment, made a very fee ble effort. Mr flick. son is a Whig, and presents quite a youtHul appearance, con sidering the elevated and responsible sta. linn lo'whicli he aspires He opened Ihe canvass bv preferring sundry stale chnrgos against Col. V.kins. the present Whig member, lie will find that he has waked up the wrong passenger, and instead of making capital out ofthnse charges aptinst a brother Whig, ihev wi'l recoil upon his own head. lie told one very good nnec dols, and he will find when the canvass closes, that it would have been wise policy for him to have followed the nxtiuple of the girl, and "laid down his yam.'" Mr. Hurley, a young Democratic lawyer of ihis place, followed Mr. Uickison. Mr Hurley made quite a flippant, poetic and classic speech, but seemed to rely for sue cess solely and rniirely upon "Democratic 1 principles," which he says have been "pub lished nnd republished, promulgated and reproniulgaled, timeand again," but it will take a man of more profound attainments than he is, to define nnd elucidate those principles so Hint the mass of Ihe people may cl.-aily comprehend them, for they are "sometimes pig,' and sometimes puppy," owing u the fancy or caprica ol the speaker. Cnl. Walliins made an able, manly, elo quent and triumphant delence cl Whig principles, Bnd scattered lo the winds all charges prelerred against himself. Col. Ileiskell the "old w heel horso ol Whiggery" in this distiict, took the stand nnd declined being a candidate for Congress this time. Col. Ileikell has been strongly sclicil. d by both Whigs and Democrats, but as there are already two Wli'srs and one Democrat on the track, the Colonel was not willing to endanger the success ol Hie Witi" party in this district by hecom- . . ' . tin II ing a candidate. I Hope me vvntgs win remember the Colonel's noble and mag nanimous conduct on this occasion, and lhat be may be elected next time, let who will he the aspirants. The '-Floaters' board" will be put up to dav. and we anticipate something rich, rare and racy. There a'e now five aspi rants in the field for Floater, and another is buckling on his armor and marshaling bis forces, which will make a "six horse learn," Some of Ihe candidates are awful ly scared, for fear that Robert W. McClarv, Esq , of Polk county, will lake the track. I am decidedly opposed to all conventions, caucuses, trickery and humbuggery of every descripltotr. Let men be tun upon iheir merits and not upon parly claims, and the "longest pole will knock down the per Simmons." As Col. Heiskell told Maj. Hurley, "this thing of being a candidate is a free thing, although a man sometimes gets a devlisli thrashing for exercising-his freedom." OLD WHITE Y. The Railroad. It afforded us great pleasure to find such a paragraph as tho following in the Chattanooga Gazette: The completion of the E. T. & G. Rail road, is destined lo do great good in East Tennessee. Already the farmers and others along Ihe line, are inspired with high hopes; land and other real estate has increased in prico and value, greater industry is colled out, and a h alihy feeling exists among the people. The Ruad will soon he completed to Knoxville another corned through lo the Virginia line and yet another, now full under way, running through tho rich valley of Western Virginia, and finally connecting with the great chain of roads to the northern Atlantic Occon." Right, friend Parhamj Ihe Fast Tennes soo and Georgia Railroad is already doing all lhat you have said. With only a short 'section in operation, Ihe prospect of an 'early completion has infused a most heal I thy feeling among all classes, and is giving life and vigor to Ihe industry of Ihe coun try. Men feel that a new era an era of prosperity, is about commencing, and that where has been apathy and indifference in business, for want of the incentive of a certain reward for labor, will henceforth be marked by a wholesome, thrifty and healthy state of trade. We repeal, the people al ready feel the influence, and earnestly de sire the completion of the work. Ar.d may we not hope lhai each one concerned, losing sight of all narrow and selfish considers, tions, will not only not do any thing to re tard the enterprise, but bend every energy to attain the great result. Longmoresaya that women always want something to lean upon. Like a grape vine, they are not without suppott. For ihis reason be says a husband should be placed by the aide of young lady the very mo ment she comes out. What a stick is lo sweet peas, so is ihe masculine gender lo the female. HON. JOEL R. POINSETT. This distinguished gentlemen has recent ly written a letter, in reference to a speech delivered by the Hon. R. B. Uhell, at a meeting of theSoulhern Rights Associotion in which the mad views urged by lite latter are commented upon and handled in a mas terly manner. It is published in the Charleston Courier of the 9th int., and will no doubt exert n powerful infience in arreting ihe ntletilion of the people of that State to tbs imminent dangers and ruin in'o which their secession rulers would plune them. As every movement in Sou'h Caro lina is now looked to with great interest, vn subjoin lbs elosins portion ol lbs letter. A rr fviinrinff in forcible colors the evils lilsty nf our project being opposed, nnd in that event proposes 'o "llgnl iV lana anu sea, 10 light long; 11 necessary 10 uuui r erl.istingly !'' Now, no wars last lorever; but their consequences are enduring, and for long after years press heavily ipon Ihe country which may have been their theatre. As a picture of palm v prosperity to re soil from our sece-sion, has been presented to our fellovr-cilizens of Charleston, let me sketch one much more probable in llif event of our carrying out lhat rash and ill advised measure. Whether the opposition of on r withdrawal conies at once, or is brought about by our interference with the legitimate commerce of the Slates in the Cnion, and the injury such interference will inflict upon Ihe revenue of ihe Feder al Government, come it mast, and that soon. This will be war, says the Senator, nnd this is what some of our fiery spirits most desire; but, lo wng war by sea and and land, we must have ships nivl men, and they nre not to be maintained except at ureal cost wir, with a maritime nntion like the United Stales, implies a hForkade of our ports and harbors. Our trade would he cul oil', at a moment when we nre call ed upon to pay the greatest amount of taxes, to meet the expenses of our war es tablishmer.l. That trade which is begin ning to revive in Charleston, would flow into other channels, fr'iiv which il will be difficult to divert it. I will not dwell upon the nmounl of misery such a consiimma- ion wou d occasion of misery, not only to the merchant, but to the farmer and me chanic, and nil who nre now flourishing and prosperous. For South Carolina never was more prosperous than now; anil tor what is all ihis risk to be incurred. Is 'hi ceriainiy to be cast away, for lite dark and uncertain prospect ol separate independent Siate Government one ihn! may be bright in the view of those who are to govern us. to command our armies and fleets, or in en joy the honors and emoluments of oflice; but to us, who will have to pay and to suf fer, it presents none nthrr than one of un mitigated misery. For what, I ask, is this terrible and imminent risk to be inrurred? Is il to save us from the degredation our leaders have imagined, would attend our following the example of all thu other Southern Slates, and lite affectionate coun sels of Vitginn"? Shall we b degraded and dishonored if we follow ihe example of Georgia, North Carolina, Maryland, Tennessee, Kentucky, A'abama, Louisi. ana and Virginia, and all our sisler slave States? Surely not. Are we the only bun orable, high minded people among them, that we are In rush upon certain destruc tion, to maintain uninipeached, our national character? South Corolina may well re pose upon the example shown her by the States I have cited. Depend upon if, if we pursue a separate course, we shall not rouse their sympathy; although our suffer ing nnd the privations sure lo fallow our rashness mav excite their commiseration. The Senator tells us that, "Safety and honor are on one hand, danger and deprra dalion on the other;" and I agree with him, except as toon which hand lie the danger nnd iff gradation. I trust you will find no passion exhibited in this comment on Mr llheu s speech, lor it is written more in sotrow than in anger, hv vr.ur obedient servant, J.R.POINSETT. While House, Pee Dee, May 7ili. East Tennessee Salt. It will bo seen by the following paragraph, from the Knoxville Firgister, that Mr. Estabrook, formerly President of East Tennessee Uni versity, who has been for some time engag ed in bnring forfait water, in Anderson county, has succeeded in obtaining a pletili. ful supply. East Tennessee contains with in its limits all tho elements of ihe .nnsl unbounded wealth, and it needs but a little energy ond enterprise to dcrelopa the re. sources which nature has bestowed upon her. We trust Mr. E-tnbrook msy reap the rich reward that his enterprise entitles hitn to. Eatt T'.nncmif.t Salt. We are inform ed lhat Mr. E-tabn.ok has received his t uties and sunk them in his salt well, of which we puVished a brief notice some weeks sinee. The salt water rises in a most copious stream lo within fouror five feet ihe surface, and tbrs too from a depth of five hundred and eighty feet. Tho mtnii facturo of salt at this new well will, we learn, be commenced immediately. Fating Debts. "Men may sophisticate as they please, they can never make it right, and all Ihe bankrupt laws in the universe cannot make it right for them not In pay their deb's. There is sin in ihis neglect as clear and as deserving church discipline, as stealing or false swearing. He who vio lates hi promise to pay, or withholds the payment of a debt when it is in his power to meet his engagement, ought tn be made to feel that in the sight of all honest men he is a swindler. Religion may be a com fortable cloak under which to hide; but if religion does not make man 'deal justly it ia not worth having-" Elder Brigham Young pledgea hia honor that lie haa on'y twenty mix iciect! He is the saint upon whom fell lbs mantle of Joe Smith. Two Northern Pesjbents. Th Norfolk Herald contrasts the public chars acter of our present Northern Whig Presi dent with ihat of Mr.VanBuren.lheNorthf ern Democratic President, in the folio win? just and patriotic manner: We believe every honest Democrat in the country, who is untainted with freesoil. ism will agree ihat Mr, Fillmore has been the true friend of the South, for Ihe plain reason lhai he has been ihe steady and un flinching friend of Iho constitution while" Mr. Van Buren was ever 'paltering in double sense,' the Iriend of ihe South or North as it might give inirv votes- and' strengthen bis popularity, and fina-lly aet tied himself down in deadly hostility lo lhr South and its constitutional rights. The" South does not ask Mr. Fillmore 10 declare' himself a "Norrhern ninn with Southern' principles," and his whig friends af the' South wou'd blush for him if he were tc volunteer so servile a declaration. We are? persuaded that he cannol belter please ther South than to attend strictly and diligently lo the important duties of his high station,, and scrupulously and faithfully support ihe' cons'ittiiion and enforce ike laws made in) conformity thereto all of which he has" done. His patriotic position before the public a il 111 i is not a question, and he has K cabinet around him. The end of whose aimr 1 their country's good1, to attain which 1116 have shown their utiter disregard ot all sel it's h objects. A Western editor lately offered his uM1 hut at a prizo for tho best exstiy on i'tirfe- piWidcnco, Tho following obtained tho priz":- '-Ne-Honnl imlep ndeure is easier imagined than il.'scriln d; personal independence consists emphatii-a'ly in being situated in a clean shirt, drawers, socks, and nicely blacked boots, with at least a dollar and a hall', and a clean cambric in your pocket all on Sunday morning with yi.ur wife on tmo arm and your own babe on ll.n other, taking; your own course towards your own church, to sit uadei tho ministry of your own preacher, in blissful expectation of doing7 vour own snooping in your own pew, where- in no onn date venluro to nudge you with his elbow or tickle your noss with a straw." Advice to- the I.ADir.s. An exchange paper gives tho following advice to the fair sex, which will doubtless be treasured up1 for future reference: "If ladies would eat meat but onco a rbiy pickles once a week, and sweetmeats but onco a yeor- if they would lake a cold tin 1I1 every night ond morning, and walk five miles a day, limy would have no neid of cosmetics- to run Uo 1 1. t.-in beautiful. Sr Tlicro are some unfortunately conrti tilled individuals in tho world, who cannol get into a conversation on any subject with' out Inuucliing out into the most extravagant nnd unauthorized assertions, and becoming: most furiously excited at Iheir own denun ciations. In the frenzy of the moment they l.clievo every thing that prejudice and tlio workings of their over healed imaginations: may suggest, as plain, sober facts. We' would respectfully and kindly suggest to all such-, to keep a little cool, if the thing it possible ihis warm weather. Thero is not at present Ihe least necessity for any diss plays in regard to politics, as undue ex citement is not at all conducive tit the pro motion of truth, but rather leads men to; soy things which iheir cooler judgment would condemn. Bold and reckless asser tion amojiits to nothing, unless it be lo the injury of tbnso who make it, and condeninar lion should only ensue when a full de velopment of Ihe fuels go to sustain tbif charges. Tne Tuiikisii Dress. Quite an excitement was produced nt the steam boat landing day before yesterday, at the nppcarance of a couple of Indie with the short Turkish dress. They were traveling in company with gen tlemen, and were evidently people of cultivation. A revolution in female costume is undoubted in preparation. There enn be nothing more ungrace ful than the long, drabbling dresses which sweep the streets nnd step wherever ladies move. As a matt :r of personal comfort, the Turkish dress must be most agreeable, in addition (o its beauty. Oswego Journal Sat urdait. A young clerk, by the name of Boodle, in New York, who had be come tired of life, because woman was unkind, shut himself np in his room, last week, lay down on hit bed, took a pistol, charged it with a danger ous wa l. put a cap on the cone, placed it near his heart (muzzto outwards) made his will, wrote letters to his friends, nnd commenced eying. Hav ing forgotten to discharge the pistol, or take poison, it was slow work, nnd he had not got more than hulf through when he was caught at it. tie was groaning terribly when found, but finally got up, shook himself, laughed with his friends, and went back to work again. He is understood to be a relative of one of the parties who recently fought a duel with broad swords at twenty paces. The ArtTii.i.EKV Cnop. "Pa, do cannons grow ?" "io, vou simpleton; why do you ask that"?" "Because the papers say as how the French have planted' some at Rome." "Well, come to think of itr sonnyv cannons will sometimes shoot if they are planted; and I have heard of them yielding grape," he added, with a smile of satisfaction, as he fumbled his pockets for a cent to reward th boy for being the innocent cause of such a wise observation.