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' ATHENS POST.
S. p. IVINd, EDITOR AND I'ltOI'KIKTOR. TERMS. tl a year, payable in advance, or f 3 at the expiration of the year. Xo paper discontinued until arrearget are paid, except at the option of the PublMer. For announcing the namet of candidattt for office i3, Cath, Athens, Friday, August IS, 1853. 07" The communication signed "II." did not reach us until Thursdny morning too late for this week. It shall appear in our next 55T" The Circuit Court, which has locn in session since the 8th, adjourned to day. We understand that his Honor, Judge Keith, made known his determination, during the session of the Court, to resign and retire from the position which he has so long and so ably and faithfully filled, after the Sep. tember term for Bradley county. Election Returns. We omit our clec- tion tables this week, as the returns are not full and complete the counties of Wayne, Overton, and Jackson, in Middle Tennessee, and Obion and Tipton, in the Western Dis t !!. y..f to hear from. The returns received nl T'f them unofficial, and givo John- lsTo-iK- of 1382 votes. The counties to hear from will probably swell it to 2H00 or 2100 not ever the latter figures. The Senators clcctcd'count 13 democrats to 12 whigs, and in the House, ns at pres ent advised, the latter will have not only a majority in that body, but n safe and reliable majority on joint ballot thus securing the election of n whig U. S. Senator, and several very important State officers. Upon the whole, we can't see that the recent defeat Is so terribly disastrous it might have been much worse. J2f Latest advices state that Frederick P. Stanton is elected to Congress In the 10th district by six xotes. Cullom's majority to the 4th district is thirty-two. The Congres- Niunal delegation stands five whigs and five democrats: 1st District Bronkens Campbell, dem. 2d Win. M. Churchwell, dem. 3d " Sam. A. Smith, dem. 4th " William Cullom, whig. 6th " Charles Ready, whig. th " Geo. W. Jones, dem. 1th " Robt. M. Bugg, whig. 8th " F. K. Zollieofter, whig. 9th " Emerson Ethcridgo, whig. 10th " F. 1 Stanton, dem. Pay Ur. If any of our subscribers who are in arrears, have more money on hand than they can conveniently take care of, they will confer n favor by calling in and settling up. Wo do not like to be troublesome al6rYt such little things, but wo are ut work othu hist middling of meat, and the bottom of tho meal tub is becoming unpleasantly distinct. As forudimcs and dollars and dollars and dimes," they are as scarce with us at present as whig governors in the Union. We hope delin quenU will read this paragraph attentively and act promptly upon its suggestions. We have worked mid waited for somo of them two, three and four years, uud we hope they will not compel us to call their attention to the subject again, but come up like honest men mid settle their dues. 5rff A correspondent of the Knoxville Register is out for Maj. G. A. Henry for U. S. Senator. The Copper Mines ok Polk County. A gentleman informs us that there are three mines in full and successful operation at Ducktown and immediate vicinity, tho yield of which is very heavy and profitable. There are many others in the same neighborhood now being tested, which from the indications will equal those already in operation. Tho veins, wo understand, all range North 23 de grees East, and are said to present every ap pearance of being inexhaustible. The mines that have been opened and are now being worked with such great success, aro situated in the Bill civil district of Polk county, which was purchased from thu St.ito originally ntn cost of two thousand dollars. The same lands could not be bought at this time for five millions. Tun Union Gold Mines. Theso mines arc situated in Union county, Cia., about thir ty miles, in nearly an Eastern direction, from tho Copper .Alines of Polk county. They aro owned by a company, who have just com menced working them, and the result thus far indicates that they will prove immensely valuable. The mines are on a small stream called '-Gum Log," a tributary of Brass Town Creek, which empties into the Iliwnsscc There are three veins, running North 23 do grees East. The Eastern is about 20 feet from the centre or middle vein, nnd the West vein about 1'J feet In running the Northern direction these veins have the appearance of converging in a short distance. We have been shown several rich specimens from the Union mines, and we have but little doubt when properly worked and tested, they will prove equal to any of the quart I mines of California We will give a fuller description of them at some future time. Brookens Campbell's majority ovor Taylor in the first district is 130. The lost named gentleman ia over a thousand votes ahead of Watkins. The Mails. Our New York papers, the Daily Herald, and Tribune, generally reach us in lour days irom that city ; while our Nashville exchanges, the True Whig and tho Banner usually come to hand in five days after publication. There is unnecessa ry and inexcusable detention and delay some- where on the latter route, which ought to be remedied at once. The Corn Crop. The prospect at pres. cnt indicates that the corn crop in this sec tion will be larger than for many years, or to use the more expressive language of one of our farmers, "there will be a right smart chance of nulibins gathered. J-tT" We have several communications on hand, w hic-h ought to have received attention pre this; but the "noise and confusion" inci dent to the election, and other causes not ne cessary to mention, have prevented it They will appear hereafter, as fast as wc can find room for them. Wheat. Large quantities of wheat are being hauled to the depot at this place. The ruling price at present is CO cents per Lu-hel. j of 'THE WHIG PARTY DEAD'." Tho democratic pnpers are shouting and ex ulting over their recent victory, and pro claiming, in the exuberance of their joyous, oess, that "the whig party is doad!" Tho cry no doubt sounds very pleasant to their ears, but is a little premature. The whig party is not dead the recent small defeat in Tennessee is nothing it has survived many bloodier fields thero is life and vitality yet, and the same ability and resolution to strug gle on, to contend against and restrain those who, if left unrestrained, would soon run the country, under the wild cry of "progress" and " manifest destiny," into irretrievable dangers and ruin. Defeat is not death. Were there no higher ends than mere par ty triumphs, no greater objects than the spoils of victory, it would be dilTercnt. But a par ty based upon principle is indestructible It may be routed, defeated, dispersed, and shat tered to pieces, but it will rally again, and with renewed energy, enter upon its high duty, all the better for the temporary reverses it has sustained. To our friends wo say, be of good cheer. The defeat in this State is but partial, and furnishes no grounds for de spondency, mid they who are rejoicing over the "death of the whig party," are bugging n delusion to their souls that will destroy them. Dead, indeed! "When .truth is forsaken And Reason, confounded, retires from her throne; , when the solid foundations of virtue are ihaki-n. ' And madness shall stalk forth in triumph alone: When Liberty's hosts in dismay are disbanded, And thestar-spanglca banner no more be un furled: When freemen shall weep, for the ship of Mate straniiea, And Freedom's last hope shall be banished the world: When anarchy dire shall reign thro' the nation And darkness hover o'er Freedom's Inst fires, And Tyranny triumphs in wild exultation. Then, then, "tho Whig Party, with Freedom expires. Bank Changes. We learn from the Reg ister, that tho Hun. Wm. M. Churchwell has sold the Bunk of Knoxville to II. A. M. White, Esq., for many years Cashier in the branch of the Union Bank at that place. The same paper states that Col. Hu. L. McClung hns resigned his position as Cashier of the Bunk of East Tennessee, and is suc ceeded by Samuel Morrow, late Cashier of the Bank of Knoxville. Progression Manifest Destiny. Take the earth, says n writer, that God has given us, and by industry and labor suited to it, make every portion of it bloom and blossom as n garden for tho peace of man. But the objection is often urged that there is danger in extending over territories, and adding new people in our progress. Whether for good or for evil, it is vain to oppose it. Our des tiny is onward, und onward, until many more rich and prolific regions aro to be wrapt un der tho broad folds of our national banner. The spread of our population and peculiar organization will be more rapid and triumph ant than the conquests of tho Roman eagles in their proudest day, or of the British lion upon tho Burampoota or the Ganges. Cau tious conservatism may declaim ngsiust it, but It will bo of no avail. As well might you attempt to turn the angry wave of the Mississippi by stretching wicker work across it In the future, the progress and acquisi tion of this republic is a fixed fact, beyond the reach of human power to arrest it The great duty of the statesman is to direct it in to proper channels, and let it How ou without a sudden eruption if possible. grf There is much complaint about the scarcity of silvur, and the great inconvenience of getting change. Such a denrth has not been experienced since the days of Universal Bank Suspension. The scarcity is attribu table to the working of tho Sub-Treasury, which has been gradually withdrawing the circulation of specie from among tho people. Gold and Silver for tho government and its officers, nnd Rags for tho hewers of wood and drawers of water. The problem will work itself out in time. New Orleans, August. 10 Advices from Galveston, Texas, to tho 5th inst., have been received in New Orleans But few election returns have come to hand, and from them wo ean learn nothing definite ns to tho results. Tho crops were promis ing. From San Antonia, Texas, the advices are to the 6th inst, and they state thnt there is a report current that Gen. Mirabcau Lamar is dead. Alabama Election. The Montgomery Advertiser of the 9th snys: "Our tables are far from complete, but we think enough so to show that the Democrats will have 18 or 19 of the 33 members of the Senate, nnd a small majority in the House 'a good work ing majority.' " Four Democrats and three Whigs are known to have been elected to Congresa in North Carolina, with the Cliogman district to hear from. It is generally believed, how. ver, that Mr. C. has been defeated by Bur gess S. Gaither, his Whig opponent. Later dates show that Clingmnn has been elected. Baltimore, Aug. 13. Another horrible accident occurred on tho Boston and Worcester Railroad on Friday, the train from Boston having coma in collis ion with an excursion train from Worcester, near Vulley Falls. Tho shock was terrific. Nine dead bodies, ao far, have been token from the wreck, most horribly mangled. It is estimated that twenty persons have becu killed and forty wounded. Waverly House, Charleston, 8. C This is said to be one of the very best houses in tho city, pleasantly situated, and hand somely furnished, and tho entertainment equal lo that aflbrded by the most popular hotels. A gentleman from Charleston au- thorisea us to say thus much, and to com mend our friends visiting the city to call at the Waverly House. "The last Chattanooga Gazette con. tains the gratifying intelligence that the edi tor, after a protracted aloe nee, haa returned to his post, refreshed and reinvigoraU-d for its duties. Friend Parh.im. we brlivm. w.. at the inauguration of the Crystal Palace, New York. Isnt he point? to vim t !. what be then and there aw, and was! A NEW PARTY ORGANIZATION. A Circular has made its appearshcu in scv erul Northern papers,' issued by thu "Inde. pendent Union Men Of Massachusetts with out distinction of party," in w hich the total abandonment of all existing parties is urged, nnd the organization, under entire new issues nnd measures, of an Independent Statu nnd National Union Party, upon a broad, deep, nnd lasting foundation. A Slate Convention of the Independent Union men of all parties is called for the 5th of September, nnd a Na tional Convention is recommended to be held in Washington City on the 22d of Feb ruary, 1854. Invitations to the ubove named Convention have been extended to tho fol lowing gentlemen, among others; Millard Fillmore, Lewis Cass, Edward Everett, Dan iel S. Dickerson, Rufus Chnate, Abbott I-aw. rence, Robert Toombs, and A. H. Stephens. The following extracts from the circular referred to, will show the proposed policy of this proposed party: "This new nnrtv will be devoted to the cause of National Union. It will be pledged to uphold tho Constitution, the Union, and the laws, and to stand by our country nnd National Government long after all other parties cense to have an existence. "Under its State organization it will with hold its support in all future State and Na tional elections from every clement of dis. union, nnd from nil candidates for office not pledged to curry out tho principles, policy, und measures of this new party. "In the belief that the present organiza tion of political parties under their antiquat ed issues, policy and measures, tend to sepa rate the Government from the people and endanger the Union, liberty, nnd indepen dence of the American people, we urgently recommend an immediate abandonment of all existing parties, and a simultaneous action of the Union men of Mnssnciisetts with those of the South und Great West, tinder entire new measures, in which nil can consistently unite in advancing the great national inter ests of the American Union. "Upon the firm stand, determined purpose, honest bold, fearless and independent action of thu Union men in carrying out the princi ples so often urged upon thu American peo ple hy the illustrious Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Clay, and Webster, nnd in organ izing this party, now hang the future desti nies of our country, the stability of our re publican institutions and government, and the permanency of the American Union." Peace or War? Our readers will see by the Washington's news, that tho impression is strengthening in Paris nnd London, among the money changers, that the Turkish ques tion will bo settled amicably. At tho same time, tho Russian Army is in daily process of consolidation insidu thu Turkish boundaries; while the Austrians are industriously throw ing out detachments of troops to thu Turkish provinces, on their side. If this means pence, we presume it means that England will pre vail upon Franco peaceably to permit the spoliation of Turkey between Russia and Austria. The Pacific Railroad Very Good a- oain. It there existed anv doubt that tho ad ministration is fairly in for the Pacific Rail road, tho following from the Washington Union, (which we suppose, is authoritive in this instance) would be conclusive: It may turn out, and we think it probably will, that thu determination of thu imvi-rn- inent to furnish ell'ectu.il aid ill thu construc tion of a road through its own territory, wherein liu I lie 'Teat physical obstacles, will givo to the enterprise so much certainty of success, that individual and municipal capital will be enabled to construct not only one but many diverging tracks through thu States through whose territory it may pass. In that event the original strict doctrine of construc tion stands intact If it becomes necessary, however, for the government to givo aid to private capital to promote thu enterprise in the States, then it does not follow that an ap propriation from the Treasury will becssen tial the aid may be derived from the public lands of th se States nnd, in that event, tho old strict construction principle may not be disturbed. But even if it becomes essential, in order to insure the success of the enter prise, that money should bo appropriated by the government to be expended in aid of thu work in the States, it may be found, upon careful investigation, that the power to pro tect our Pacific possessions, in obedience to nn express trust assumed by the government, may so inr lie regarded ns n specihed or ex press grant in the constitution as to author ize mo appropriation. Negro Exemption. The plan of exempt ing negroes from sale by law, is beginning to attract some attention. It was first suggest. ed by the Cotton Plant, a paper devoted to Southern interests, and which ia conducted with marked ability. Some papers in Mis sissippi and perhaps other State South nre agitating it, some of them producing strong arguments in favor of its adoption. The following paragraph is from the Mississippi Port Uibson Herald. It says: The proposition is not to exempt all ne- giuva iium o4nu uj uiu onenii or vommis sioner, but to place beyond their reach cer. tain number, for instance, the law now ex empts a certain quantity of land, certain ani. mills, Sic. The proposition is also to exempt negro property in addition to, or instead of lands, el cetera. 1 he object aimed at is to make every resident in the South a slave holder, and therefore interested in the insti tution or slavery, as well ps to afford him ex empted property which in a time of orcssintr necessity may be more available than that now exempted. Our present opinion is fa vorable to the exemption, nnd by conversation held with others, we find that it is likely to be popular in this section. Of course only a small number of negroes must bo exempt, say from two to five perhaps less. It would certainly produce the desired effect Anoth er effect would also bo secured that of a uniform state of feeling with reference to the subject of slavery all through the slave States. ' 6 True, there will be evils and abuses to be guarded against; but we do not foresee any that cannot be prevented by judicious legis lation. Under a law enacted in accordance with the plain proposition, undoubtedly frauds would Ih committed. But such provisions must bo incorporated into tho law so as to prevent them. Such a law would do more lo prevent a change in public feeling relative to our institutions, thuu any other means thnt could be suggested. New York, Aug. 9. The steamship Star of tho West has ar rived, bringing San Francisco dates to July Ifith, and $1,01)0,000 in gold on freight. The steamship John L. Stphcns left San Francisco for New York, on the 16th with a million and a half of gold dust. Dauuerrean Gallery V T Il.-im. Dagucrreotvpiat, ia now in Athena. nd a-. advise all who wish their "pictures" taken in the most superior style of the art. la call on him at his rooms on the North side of the TURKEY AND CHINA. Tho New York .Herald predicts that the dissolution of the two great empires, whose names have long stood foremost in tho cata logue of nations, is closo at hand. Both J urkey nnd China nro drawing to their last hour. Both of them have wielded sovereign sway, nnd bent fate to their will for centuries. j no one nas ruled the world. There was a time when all civilization radiated from Byzantium. Many dynastichnva held tho sceptre at Stnmboul; many a fitful war has swept like a whirlwind over its mosques nnd minarets. But, until within the last century. Providence hns watched over the destiny of the Oriental Empire. Time hns laid its hand Upon its crown, gently, not smiting it, But as a harper lays his open palm Upon his harp, to deaden its vibrations. Tho age bos now passed away; and what ever be the result of the present attempt of Russia, the ultimate full of Turkey can no longer be regarded as problematic. Peril has already stript the Moslem of his pride, and power. Victims are no longer hurled head long into the Bosphorus; and a boatman, striking a corpse with his oar, no longer passes hurriedly by, trembling lest his unto wnrd discovorv should have been noticed. Tho Turkish sceptre is now sustained by Christian bands; and though mutual jealousy and fear among European nations may coin bine to preserve it erect for space, Its ulti mate rum Is as clearly fucshadowed as the rise of to-morrow's sun. Nor nre the prospects of China loss clearly defined in the book of fate. Barbarism and backwardness ore being driven from their strongholds in the Cclestisl Empire. A revo lution, springing from whit causes, prosecut ed hy whnt men, nnd nimirg at what ends, we hardly know, has already shaken the throne nnd convulsed the eiipire to its centre. Of this alone nro we confident; any change will be for the general beiefit of mankind. If as seems probable foa-ign aid be solicit ed by tho insurgents, and granted them on certain conditions, the opening of China to (lie commerce of the woril, will of course ensue. Even if tho insurgents succeed in establishing a national Cliiieso monarch on the throne, obvious policy will require him to pursue a more liberal course towards for eigners than his predecessor. Foreign inter course has already taught the Chinese the fully of tho rule of cxcl-ision: and we may safely take it for granted tl.nt any change in their foreign policy will te.id to abolish in stead of rcatlirming this relic of barbarous ages. The prospect of the revolution in these two nations, which have stood to long in tho way of tho world's progress, mi;st be n sourco of unfeigned joy to thu philosopher nnd the philanthropist. A new sphere is about to be opened to tho Bible, to civilization, to com inereo. It is not confined to China nnd Tur key nlone. Japan claims a part of tho newly discovered world. A hundred millions of human beings, scattered over thu islands of the Japanese Empire and tho neighborhood, nro unconsciously awaiting an event which is to raise them frotjj the condition of barbarians to that of co-workers in tlit great enterprise of human developement and progress. Suuh things nro in store' for this world of ours. Those among us who nre now in thu prime of youth may live to see them all ac complished, and the crowning results of these destined convulsions attained. The process may be arduous, complicated. Wars will probably arise, and human blood will bu shed in vain attempts to countervail obvious desti ny. Men tools of circumstances may play the part of foolish obstructives, or glorious heroes, as chance commands; but the nut con sequences of the conservatism of the one und the valor of the others will be precisely the same as if neither had ever been born. Baltimore, August 10. Intelligence received ut Washington from the Fishing Grounds is causing grunt nneasi- ness,ns fifteen vessels had sailed from Eastern ports armed and determined to fight if inter fered with. Baltimore, August 1 1. Tho Democratic Convention of Maryland, hns nominated the Hon. T. W. Ligon for Governor, William Pinckoey While, Esq, for Comptroller. Baltimore, August. 12 The U. S, steamer Fulton has arrived at Portsmouth, N. II., and Commander Pauld ing immediately left with important dispatch es from the Fishing Grounds. An American fishing schooner had been captured by the British steam ship of war Devastation and to ken into port, but subsequently released. There isconsiderabla feeling evinced in Ports. mouth against the course pursued by the British Authorities. The cars on the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road ran off the tiack on Thursday, causing tho death of a fireman, and severely injuring two other persons. Baltimore, August IS. A terrific thunder storm occurred in the vicinity of Boston on Sunday night Sever al persons were killed and injured by the lightning, nnd houses were also struck and barns burned by the elcctrie fluid. In New York the heat has been frightful, nnd ninety deaths occurred from it on Sun day. In Philadelphia on Monday, Mr. Woodsidc the celebrated painter, died in the street in consequence of the extreme heat. New Orleans, August 13. There were about 200 deaths from Yellow Fever in New Orleans on' Friday. Twenty-five hundred bales of Cotton were sold during the week in New Orleans. Mid dling was quoted nt lOJe. The stock on hand, ns ascertained by actual count, waa li,uuu rules. Employment for Females. Tho Snrinir. field Republican, in urging the necessity of lruviuiiig auumonai means oi employment for females, says : " We nro yet to see the first traveller aiuon? the gentlemen at anv rate who has expressed himself averse, to being waited upon at hotels by pirls, w hilc certainly in stores, where woman buys her wearing apparel, girls will be most weleomo at the counter, provided the customers nre modest and womanly woman. We would answer for the men, most unhesitatingly, that they would much rather be wailed upon in the sales of commodities to which girls are adapted, by girls than by men. What is the objection, to it? We are sure it docs not lie with the public.'' VALLEYS OF THE MISSISSIPPI AND AMAZON. A writer in tho "Cotton Plant," in discussing the "Destiny of the Slave States," remarks, upon the fact that tho whole resour ces of Australia, and China, aro just about to be thrown open. In China, 300,000,000 peo pie, with more accumulated capital and wealth than any ono people have ever possessed, have been heretofore locked up from tho rest of mankind. The treaties made with Eng land, France and tho United States, a few years ago, hnvo broken the chain, with which they have surrounded themselves. This, to gether with the rebellion now in progress, will unfold the resources of that mighty cm. pire, nnd produce a change in the distribution of wealth, equal to that produced by tho dis covery of America upon Spain nnd Europe Where is all this vast trade and accumulation in gold to pass through tho channels of com mcrce into the exchanges of the world? It must concentrate upon the Pacific const, nnd force its way across the Isthmus of Panama into the Gulf of Mexico nnd thence into the Atlantic, thnt great reservoir basin for the ci vilized nations of the earth. The Atlantic will be to the world whnt the Mediterranean was to the known world under the reign of Antonines of Rome. Again, the Gulf of Mexico lies between tho grent region drained by tho Amazon on oneside nnd the Mississippi on the other. Theso nro the two greatest valleys upon thu face of the earth, nnd enpa. bio of tho greatest productions. It is not saying too much to say that if properly de veloped, they are capable of prod living what is produced at present by the whole civilized world. The former is almost in a state of nature, nnd the latter is not yet half developed. The whole country between these two mighty rivers presents the most wonderful region now to be settled up by the genius nnd enterprise of man. In the pro gress of the next fifty years, the commerce and trade that must concentrate upon the Gulf of Mexico will far exceed anything that man has heretofore dreamed of in his ima gination. The island of Cuba from its cen tral position, and its great port of Havana, is the key to all this. Tho nation that holds Cuba will hold control over the commerce and wealth of this new world. It is not saying too much to say that if we hold Culm, in tho next fifty years we will huld tho destiny of the richest nnd most in creasing commerce, that has ever dazzled tho cupidity of man. And with that com merce, wo can control the power of the world. Give us this, and we can mako the public opinion of the world. These two great val- leys of the Amazon nnd tho Mississippi arc now possessed by two governments of the earth most deeply interested in tho African slavery Brazil and the United States. Cast your eye over the map nnd seo their vast ca pacity for production. While the Mississip. pi with its tributaries, can carry to market more of tho necessaries and breadst nil's of lifu than any portion of the habitable globe, the Amazon ran float thu wealth of nations upon its surface, in the production of tropics; tho whole intermediate countries between these two great valleys, including the west India Islands, is n region under tho plastic hand of a beneficial Providenco teeming with the fatness of nature's richest and most lux urious productions. It is at present but in its infancy, nnd ns to capacity to produce, is, as it were, unknown to the world. Most of it has slumbered for ages in solitary grandeur. How is it to bo developed? Think yon that the Caucasian race can stand to toil nnd labor under the burning rays of its tropical sun, und sleep in vigor nnd prosperity under tho mias ma of its exuberant und mighty plains nnd swamps? No! its resources arc to be finally and fully developed by that race which God in his mercy, formed and created for just such regions. Providence lots off earth to its ap propriate races. The camel loves the arid air of Arabia, and the reindeer loves the fro zen hills of Jjiplnnd. So, in like manner, the black man loves to breath o the humid air of his native swamps, while the white man exults and bounds in the elastic air of his na tive hills. Where you can combine the ad ministrative governing qbulitles of the one race together with the patient endurance nnd physical capacities for low latitudes of the other, you have that perfect system by which the vast tropical regions of the earth may be developed. Whilst the laboring strata of ciety is occupied by one race suited to its ex posures, give the other race such a position as will enable them to preserve themselve from those daily and exhausting exposures under which the white race will sink in the the tropics. Puling and sickly philanthropy may preach a different doctrine, but if prac tiscd, it will forever consign to a barbarian wilderness some of the fairest portions of the world. Kentucky Election. Xrte York Aueust 4. A private despatch to the New York Tri bune to-day states that the following Con gressmen are almost certainly chosen : 1st District Linn Boyd, dem. 2d " Benj. Edwards Grey, whig. 3d " Presslev Kwing, whig. 4th " T. E. Bramlette. whiff. 5th Clements. Hill, whig, (gain.) om ur. 1'iercc, wing. 7th " Wm. Preston, whig. 8th " J. C Breckcnbridge, dem. 9th " L. M. Cox, whitf, (gain.) 10th G. B. Hodge, whig, (gain.) The whigs have carried both branches of tho legislature by increased majorities. Later. The result of the election held in ncnincKy sums up inus : i;onrrps! whigs, 4 democrats, legislature, w hig ma- jomy oi )2 on joint uanoi. POnr dispatches of yesterday mention a rumor that the U. S. Government is in ne gotiation for the purchase of Porto Maurizio, which, the Charleston Courier informs us, is a town of Northern Italy, in the Sardinian dominions, two miles W. S. W. of Oneglia, on the Gulf of Genoa, near tho mouth of the Impero, and aliout 43 miles E. N. E. of Nice, for a naval depot One advantage of Col. Johnson' election, we reckon there will be no more poll taxes to pay and poor men wont have to work the road any more. A celebrate sculptor is now engaged on tho hurt of the Whig party. Cruel joke. Erff" About 9,000 tons of rail road iron were received at Chicago in the month of Ju ly, or a quantity suticicnt to lay 100 miles of Wack. THE Late and Important from Europe. The U. S. Mail steamship Humboldt, Captain D Lines, has arrived at New York from Havre via Cowes, having left the fornior port on Wednesday, the 3d inst; Affairs in Eilropc. It Was feared that the Emperor of Russia would not withdraw the troops from the Principalities, in which case the allied fleets would pass tho Dardanelles. A despatch from Constantinople dated the 20th ult., states that tho Porte and the great Powers of puropo had agreed to the propo sition of Austria that the fleets bo withdrawn nnd the principalities evacuated simultaneous ly. The London and Paris Funds, however, had declined in conscqucnco of a statement that had been made in tho Paris Constitution el to tho effect that England nnd France would not agree to this arrangement. It was reported thnt tho Czar of Russia had ordered fresh levies of troops to he made. It was asserted that tlic Porte was about to issue an ultimatum stating thnt if the Czar were not satisfied with tho assurances of the Sultan, nnd presisted in offering war, Turkey would accept it. The Hospadurs in tho Principalities had been ordered to retire to tho right bank of the Danube. The Egyptian fleet arrived nt Constantino ple on the 19th ult, with 12,000 troops. It is rumored that a secret treaty has been madu between Turkey and tho United States, by which the latter promises to assist thu former. Russia hns demanded of Persia the cession of the province of Puuris in lieu of a debt of 85,000,000 roubles. Moldavia had declared itself independent, nnd refused to pay tribute to the Porte. A similar movement was anticipated In Walla chia. An Interesting Postal Question Set tled. The Washington Star says the Post Office Department have recently decided that under the luw of 1853, n subscriber residing in the county in which n paper may be print ed nnd published, is entitled to receive it through tho mails freo of postage from the post ollico within tho delivery of which he may reside, even though that ollico may bu situated without tho limits of the county aforesaid. Postage Stamps. It has been decided that the stamps upon tho now post-paid en velopes cannot be cut off nnd placed upon unpaid envelopes. Tho following is a com municntion from tho Post Ollico Department on tho subject, addressed to n postmaster : "In reply to yours of tho 22d inst., inform ing mo that a 'letter with a stamp cut Irom a stamp envelope und pasted on another envoi ope,' was dropped into your office, and that you had lorwarileu it as un paid, is received "Your action in the premises was correct Tho act authorizing stamp em-clones to be provided and used, authorises them to be used only us a whole, ns a union of tho stump nn aim wiin mo original envelope; und no pnvilego is granted, cither by the law, or by any instructions of the Department, to uso them hi our mails in any other manner. I'-if In New Brunswick tho hay crop is so short that fanners are killing off a portion of their stock. Potatoes and other crops prom ise well. New Orleans, Aug. 11. Tho total number of deaths for tho pnst 24 hours has been 217, of which 200 were by yellow lover. The fever is still on tho increase fearfully. Many persons who had one attack huvo had n relapse. Four clerks in tho dry goods store of 0. A. Iturrier weru attacked nnd all died ou Sunday. Thu scene is appalling. Rum Drops. Thu New York Times com ments in severe, but just terms of censure upon a new form of confectionory, calculated to cheat the young and unsuspecting into ac quiring a tusto for intoxicating liquors : This disguised emissary of the fiend is a sugar preparation of alcohol in tho shape of drops or lozenges, nnd which miL'lit bo more appropriately named "Rum Pills," They are manufactured by conleetioners not ns pepper mint nnd other essential oil drons nro ore. pared by combination, but the brandy, rum, or gin is enclosed in the sweet globules. In this form tho drops nre sold nt the most re spectable saloons. Ladies and youii" girls, who would shrink from the touch of tho in. toxicnting cup ns they would from nollution. do not hesitate to swallow in this form the disguised nnd sugar coated poison, which is made doubly dangerous bv thu form in which it is presented to the palale. tSF" Ireneas, one of the editors of tho New York Observer, now abroad, in a late letter to that paper; in spenking of that class of Englund's nobility who heedless of the suffer ing humanity in their own land, pour out an untold amount of sympathy for the enslaved in America, says that they no doubt would follow the Scripture injunction, by Inking the beam out of their own eye, provided they could sell the timber. Choate's Eulogy of Webster. Tho Hon. Rufus Choatc, of Massachusetts, deliv ered at Hanover, New Hampshire, on the 37th, a eulogy on the life and character of Daniel Webster, which is highly spoken of by those who heard it The New York Mir- ror says of it : "The eulogy is considered the most briU liant, eloquent, and profound that hns yet been uttered to the memory of the great oraior ami siaiesman. 11 examines nun through nil his career; contrasts him at his several epochs, and in his varied characters. nn uiusinous compeers prior and contem porary; it contemplates him in the forum, at the bar, in the Senate, in the Cabinet, and most sublime and beautiful of all, in his pas toral home, among the fields his hands culti vated, and the flocks and herds on which his mortal eye gazed with such fund delitrht. is a great eulogy rising to tho grandeur of its theme, and w ill endure as a monument of the aficctton of genius for greatness, longer man memorial, stone, or orass. What would von say if you were to see a drunken man lying in the open street, expos ed to the peltings of a violent storm Tem perance Journal. We should say tho poor devil was under the uxather. W hat would you say f Lou. Jour. tfTheCathshoula(ijL) Advocate an. nounces as its candidate for the Presidency, in 1856, w ithout respect to politics, Col. J. C. Fremont Baltimore, A agust 1 4. The contributions at New York for the m. it-f of the distressed at New Orleans, has al. ready reached 20,00O. At Plliladeliihin $ 9,000, and at Baltimore, $6,000 for tie same bt Deaths in the Jate Gen. Taylor's Family. Tho Now York Mirror, in record ing tho death of Col. Bliss, who fell a victim to yellow fever, at Pascagouln, on the 5th instant, thus feelingly nlludes to the occu pants of tho Presidential mansion a few brief years ago : "Only a daughter (tho widow of Col. Bliss,) of thu victor nt Bueim Vista, of all his family who occupied the "White House," is Icft.-w What a startling change since the hour that l" saw the republican soldier borne by the hurras of n grateful people from the field of battla nnd peril, mid to him of undying fame and honor, to the highest sent of earthly power. Then, all was lifu: the proudest aspirations thnt could fire n mortal heart were fulfilled; the loftiest ambition reposed satisfied under the shadow of a goal reached unsolicited, a fame perfected without blemish. General Taylor and his wife nnd Col. Bliss then lived; their present honored nnd happy, their pnst glorious, nnd their future bright. They aro nil dead I One link of the loving nnd beloved circle of thnt family group, on which the eyes of the nation rested with delight, remains. She is, indeed, widowed nnd orphaned millions will share, though they may not lighten her grief." The Sickness in New Orleans. The New York Commercial Advertiser gives the substance of n private dipatch received front New Orleans by a gentleman in that city. It says that a universal panic pervades the city; business of all kinds is suspended ; and houses nnd stores are closed. The writer ot the dispatch implores bis friend to arouse the people of tho East and North to liberality ou behalf of the sufferers, and to send aid ns promptly as possible, or it will be too lute. Muny peiisih for want of medical aid, mid tho want of physicians is painfully felt. From present appearances thero will not be left living sufficient to tund the sick and bury the dead. p3?"Closing nn arfielo upon tho probabili ties of war between Russia and Turkoy, the New York Tribune remarks: To whomsoever may have hem cajoled in to the belief that the peace, if amity bo now restored, is more than a truce, we commend n thoughtful consideration of tho Into inci dents in tho harbor of Smyrna. There the mere arrest of an apparently insignificant nnd worthless refugee nil but led to a collision which must have caused n rupture which the arts of Diplomacy would have been insuffi cient to heal. We state an obvious fact in haying that Citpt Ingnihsm, had he sunk the Austrian corvette in Smyrna harbor, as it was but a chance he did not, would nlmost inevi tably have been the next President of the United States. Had the two ships been cruis ing off thu harbor, instead of at anchor with in it where action must have been a grow outrage on neutral rights nnd resulted in a woeful destruction of life and property on shore, thu collision could not have been aver ted. A General War a War of Opinion a war w hich has had no parallel in importanco since Napoleon's dethronement is yet all but inevitable. When or where it shall break out, we do not presume to determine: bat when tho whole world is a powder-mill, tho spark that is to lire it cannot long be wanting. Warm Weather in the Northern Cities. Our exchanges from all the northern cities complain of tho intense heat of the weather, and announce the deaths of many persons by sun-stroke during lust week. T&o New York Tribune of Thursdny snys: We lack adjectives to properly characterize the awfully hot weather of yesterday. In onr publication flliee the thermometer marked as high as J!I at 2 P. M. At midnight it was 8t. Theso figures nro tho most forcible ex pression that we can give. There were sev eral deaths from sun-stroke during the day. Business was not only dull, but nlmost sus pended tho only animation manifested being around the Life nnd Insurance Offices ana tho Soda Fountains. Tho Courier des Elals L'nis, which seems to bu in thu conlidenco of Mr. Soule, snys: "That he goos with the fixed determination to exert every effort to acquire for the Presi dency of Mr. Pierce the honor of Cuban an. negation, is a fact known by his own avowal. It is not less certain that he cherishes tho hope of success. By what means is his so. cret. But it docs not seem that hu has fixed in his own mind his plan for he declined to receive from tho Secretary of State any in structions. Ho bears a carte blanche full and entire in whatever concerns the principal and real objects of his mission." Extensive Forgeries. The aer of all Ohio Stock Banks hns been refused by the bauks in Cincinnati, in consequence of the genuine notes of a number of the banks hay. ing been stolen from tho Auditor's office. There is some mystery connected with the affair, which renders it possible thnt the notes of all the banks may have been stolen. All the bills detected were signed by the Register, but the names of the president and cashier wero forged. .. Baltimore, August 12. The U. S. Mail steamship Hermann, arrived at Southampton on the 29th ult. It was rnmored at Constantinople that the French members had assured the Porte that France would, single-handed, assist Turkey if England shonld evince any signs of hesila. tion in the matter. Advices from Odessa state that additional Russian troops are pouring into Bessarabia and the Crimen. Forty thousand men with one hundred and forty.fsar pieces of artillery, are also said to be advaaeirqj towards the; isanuoe. In tho South of Germany there are strong indications of revolutionary movements. It is reported that the Chinese rebels have taken Amoy, and that Canton and Shanghai are threatened. An Ego Problem. A correspondent ( the Charleston Courier, furnishes that paper; with the following problem : Three persons having eggs to sell, A had 1 egps B 30, and C 50; and althoogh they all sold at the same price, and sold all they had, they each realized the same amount of money. How did they sell f Can any of your mathematical readers eivs a solution t J3T lews is being fillod np very raoidl.. One of our exchanges says that the whole interior is full of settlers.. A hundred emi. grants were met in one day recently, by a traveler; 34,25 were received at the lr office, in about six weeks, over and above alC lands entered with warrants, which will reach. a very large amount. The entries were all h sotua! settlers. E3? Be cheerful hanninso misery. Adam dwelt in 1,A; i i almost a w eek before the devil came along. tW The Herald estimates the real nran. " crtyoflhe city and county of New YnA at six bunJrt J niillioaa of dollars. 1 - . 1 ' a- '