S. P.IVINS, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
TPIi.VS. ?2 i year, payable in adeuuce, or
at the f.rpirntiun of lh-yvr.
Vo paper dt-n'oittiimfd until rtiV'rr'f
are fjaid, except at the option of' the 'ictdish'-r.
for unnonitchtff the nuiiti of ctndidntrs fur
Alliens, Friday, March i, 1S5I.
S--..:V1 .J'... - - ....
p- Our commercial letters thrs week are
full and Interesting.
R7- MrTli'.Wlcl.ol co.nmc.iec
next Monday, the Oil.' instant.
Divine Service. There will be Diwne
Service on Sunday next, lit the Chri-tian
Church, by the Rev. Mr. Gay, at 10 J ami at
Map of Tim Seat of Wak. We aro in
debted to tho enterprising publishers of the , diency of the step. J lie Sabbath we regaril
Chnrleston Courier, for a supplement con- as a glorious institution, if only for its po
taining n eonveiiient and accurate map of the ' lilie.il value to the w orld; and aro far from
Scat of War in tho East. advocating a wanton or unnecessary Violation
- tit cus,llnH ,,( s,Pl;ietv, or tlio wilful dc-
l-ir At the meeting of the Hoard of J)i- M.1.r.lti(m ,. ,,.iy m;iv ,iav0 bl!en 8et
rectors Kast Tennnessee and (ieorg.u ""' ! B.)art for r0!)t relaxation from labor and
road, on Friday last, Maj. C. Wallah: was , . , ,
re-elected I'resident, and R. C. Jackson, Sec-
reiary ami i re.isurcr. ai. ... iuici.auii r.sq., ;
1 M, I tilt I
was re-elected Engineer-in chief. A resolu-
, ,. , , . .
linn wna adopted directing tlio C hief Lngi.
' , 1 " 1
ncer of this road to proceed at once to the j
survey ami loca ol llie Ucyc.anu ana ,
Chattanooga road We regard the building I
of this ink ns of great importance to the,
,. , .
Interests ol the Last 1 enncssco and Georgia
Company this or somu other connection
that will avoid the detour now necessary to
be made to reach Chattanooga and points be
..,.. 1 i... ...n l I ii,.., i;....
JVIIU U I.WII".!1. .HIM llllll. I, a tlfllllMIV IIUII ! .... . I ,
, ', , , , , , , , j one-seventh o the passenger travel is driven
cannot be undertaken at too early a day. i . 1 .
. , , , ' , ,'. . from the road to somo other modo of transit,
It will bring us in independent and direct . . .
,. .,, .. v . ... , ,., ., and the interests of the Company must Kiif
conucction with lho Nashville and (Jiatta- ... .
. ,. , ,,, . , , ' for to that extent, at lenst, it no more. Jo
liooga ami .tlcmpliH and Chanustoii roads, ' , , , ,
. , , ,, ,. , .,, 1 be bnel as long as the roads below con-
and secure to the hast 1 eiinessee and Geor- " .,
. . ... ; tiiiiiu to transport lho mails and passengers
fri'i I nftin-ini' n in-ii.iti.r ?i mull n 1 nl li';..ti 'mr 1 t-
business than lias been anticipated by its
most ardent friends a continuous stream of
travel, requiring the very fullest capacity of
n single track to nccoiiimodatc. Then let
tho direct connection bo made, and let the
enterprise be commerced as soon as possible.
Death of Gi;n. Ailiistkono'. (uneral
Armstrong, formerly of Nashville, ami one of
the proprietors and editors of the Washing
ton Union, died in that city on Friday, of
Congestion of the Ijrain.
AlMOUnS.ilKNT OF THE I.K'JI.SLATI'IIR.
The fitlt instant lias been fixed upon as the
time for tho adjournment of the Legislature,
which has been in session since tlio first : turn (not the I'resident) to regulate and de
Monday of October, being three days over j lermine the running of lho road, wo hope
five months, and the longest session on re- that ollicer will at once give the matter his
cord. In our next issue we .shall probably attention, and see the necessity, tho urgent
be able o publMi tho captions of the acts 1 necessity, of resuming tho plan or running
that have been passed. I the trains eiery day in tlio week. By so do-
. - ,. . , - , ! in" wo are confident ho will meet the public
,J1-T.a '"Hl;"l"'U ' Joll""L' I expectation and best subserve tho interests
on I ndav the I'lh instant. i ,.' . ,.
. ! ol tin; Company. "
ffif A subscriber whose paper han been --
no.it to Calhoun, writes to have it transfer- j " V" 1'auents." Wo have
red to Charleston. He forgot, however, to ; never yet known a democrat to bo brought
Bign his name to the letter, and wo cannot i forward for any prominent oflico but tho or
make the desired change until wo hear from 1 gans of that party at onco announced that
liilil again. J be U(,r" ol l'"nr !u"' 1'onest parents,
FinsT I)!STt:i' T. -The dillieulty between I Mi "" or,,"m l
tlio whig candidates for Congress in the 1st j Al"' !l' M ,0. 1,0 C;,".,,"latU "
n;tr;.ii,.u i . ..,i:i.i f i u'.,il ;,,
adjusted Col. Watkins, 1
Kyle, and Anderson having withdrawn, Col.
Nathaniel G'. Taylor was unanimously nomi
nated by the G'reotiovillc Convention.
JT" Cen. Sain. Milligan is nnnoiineril as to the most grovelling and contemptible pre
tho democratic candidate for Congress in the ' judiees of which the human mind is suscep
I'd district. A very clever man, but he will ! lible. The latest instance wo bavo seen is
not bo ablu to overcome the immense- ma- that of tlie Knoxille Statesman in announc-
jority against him, unless there should be a
much moro serious defection on the other
side than is generally anticipated.
Li.Msi.ativl. Tlie bill lo increase the
salaries of Judges has passed both houses,
and is now a law. It raises the salaiy of
Supreme Court Judges from iylMiO to SjUoilO,
and tho salaries of Chancery and Circuit
Judges from loi0 to $1300.
A resolution was introduced in tho House
approving the course of Jas. C. Jones in tin;
Senate of the Cuitcd States touching the
Nebraska bill, and the House li.ning refused
to suspend the rule, it lies over. Mr. J-amb
also introduced a resolution approving the
Raino measure, and instructing our Senators
and requesting our Representatives to .sup
port it, which lies over.
The Senate's bill to establish a system of
Common Schools has been defeated in the
C-';7"Tho G'reeneville Spy suggests the
name of Maj. T. C. I.vo:i, of ICnoxville, as a
candidate for Chancellor, when tho election
comes before the people. We have a very
high appreciation of Maj. Lyon as a gentle
man and a jurist, and we regret that the
Spy man could not mention bis name in con
nection with tho Chancellorship without
speaking in such disparaging terms of the
able and estimable man who now fills that
important post. We know Maj. Lyon well,
and wc uro coninlent no ono will more
promptly discountenance such remarks about
the present incumbent than he.
Iir.CAK in the Wlstek.i anu Atlantic
Raileoad. We I earn that a poition of tlie
trestle work, near Cartcrswllc, on the West
ern and Atlantic Ruilroad, has given way
from the pressure of the recent high waters.
This break has prevented the running of
through freight trains for several days, and
caused a heavy accumulation of freight on
both roads. But the dam.igo if not already
repaired, will bo in a few days, when wc may
look out for a general cleaning out of the
depots on both lines.
CTIic mail tniin from the Houth on Wt-d-Bctday
evening arrived in due time, nnd we
presume the break on the Western snd Atlnn
tie Iladroad, mentioned in another place, lia i
fT" We arc glad our Kuoxville corrcs-
,!.,, ,ivi , . ... . . , ... '
ponden del no r,to Ins letter, winch a,. :
pear, this week, on Sunday. A gentleman j
cf Ins leisure ought to be ab!(! tu id lime I
enough for such bus.ne.s through the w.tk. I
In regard to the authorship or tho letters, j
"Mem," and -The Spy in the Capital,- if
any one should succeed in finding out. we I
h' phc nont tell. !
THE "SUNDAY MAILS."
It is known to our readers that tlio mail
trains on the East Tennesseo and Georgia
Rail Road, up to witUn a recent period,
were running regularly botli ways over
the road Seven days of tlio week, in obe
dience to a necessity oeeasioned by tlie mode
of running tlio roads South or us. feliorliy
after the election of the present worthy and
enicient IWulent of the Company, the sev.
enth d.-ey service on the Last leimesscc nnd
; (,'eorgia Road was discontinued, but not on
i il. r,,:i,ls bu!ow. We li.ivo nl tho remotest
l"l't I'resident of the Company, whom
j we have long had the pleasure to number
I nmniiir our wannest personal friends and
well-wishers, was in this actuated by tnc
purest motives, ami such as no one could
have any deposition to censure lii.n for.
lint while we appreciate the motive, wc must
be" to express our dissent from the cxpe-
purposes; but there aro soniu things that
l..1i,.1u ,lU,..,s..d with even
,. , ... , .. . ., r ii.
on Sunday. o believe the running ol the
., , ' . u . l .. i:.
iniiil and passenger trains on Sunday is nnlis-
, . i : ,i
pensablo at tins tune and imperatively (le-
nnndcJ ,y lho c(mveni,R.0 of lho lmcmng
, illl(;rosts 0f the Company,
... , , . . .. . . . ,, ...i , i. ,.,,. i
neither of which it is right or wholesome to
, , , . , .,.
! . ., ' , , " , , , . r i.. ,
! the mails aro delayed twenty-four hours at
i each end of the road, frequently to the great
; detriment and hint of business interests, and
on Sunday, the duty devolves on tlio man
agemcnt of this road, no matter liow averse
their feelings may be to such n course, to
have the trains run over this road on the
same day. When lho Sunday service below
is discontinued, we shall just us promptly
advocate its discontinuance on this line. The
railroad is a great public carrier, and its man
agement must bend to tlio necessity of a
policy calculated most largely to accommo
date the public and at tho same time best
promote the interests and prosperity of the
If, as wc have recently learned, it is now tho
duty of tho Superintendent of Transporta-
i the otlier sale wlio may navo una mo misior-
tune to have seen tlie iiiskio ol a seliooi-nouse,
! or college, they ns promjitly denoiinco him
as "an aristocrat, w ith all the advantages of
! high birth and education" thus appealing
ing (Jen. Sam. Milligan as the candidalo of
its party in lho 1st Congressional District.
Not satisfied with manufacturing him into a
very extraordinary sort of man just at this
lime, to which no ono will object, but it must
needs go back, behind the statute, as the
lawyers say, and show there was a time w lien
ho was nothing at nil. In the same breath,
and in accordance w ith democratic usage, his
competitor, Nat. Taylor, is held up as a gen
tleman of high birth and very aristocratic
pretentions. Talk about mmbism and flun
b'tjism! Why this is the very w orst species of
it and ten times more contemptible than that
prevalent aiming tho " aristocracy We bo.
lievo the time is at hand when the people, in
making selections for proinincnt offices, may
be safely nppeahd to on the ground of merit
and qualification when the accident of
birth anil parentage, whether high or low,
may bo quietly left out of view and tho
pan-beators, liorn.blowers, and fuglemen of
parly bad as well begin to realize the faet.
Cons is. 1'oisK. The following extract
which is taken from tho Patent Ollico Re
port, w ill show the corresponding prices of
l'ork to lh.it of Corn :
Corn 25 cts pr bu. l'ork 3,00 per 100 lbs.
Tiif. RAniN (ir Road. What lias be.
come of the Rabun Gap Road! We have
not heard a word of it for the last mouth.
Did it die at the passage of lho famous om
CJ" Wc learn that Wm. M. Cowan, of
Charleston, Bradley county, died at that place
on Tuesday evening lat, of typhoid fever.
lie was an honest, upright man, and leaves a
family and a large circle of friends to mourn
Our friend Dull-, Kuoxville, lias our
thanks for compliment and something more
f " Attention is directed to the Card of
-lidiu W. Thomas, City lintel, MurfreeslHt-
I rough. A friend of our, recently returned
I from NasJivillc, informs us that Mr. Thomas
. t i i.. v..
19 a niosl excellent, iniiuiuru who i---i m ..w.
rf frienu lr-. .
tht ,,ir(.,lio ,.,, mav wih lo Urry . few
,, ia , Atnant Bnj ,rivillfj town f
v .".rfrebormigh, should give him a coll. If
tiiere is anything that ran console .'man for
li6 nWnee" from home and its endearment,
it is the attentions and eomfoiti he finde at a
JOHN M. NOTTS.
The Hon. Jno. M. Botts is out in a long
letter against the passage of the Kansas Ne
braska Bill, or rather tho abrogation of the
Missouri Compromise, lie urges that the
act will produce but "Dead Sea" fruit to
lho South, though brought forw ard expressly
as a Southern measure. Wo make a short
extract from the letter, that the reader may
have a taste of the style :
"After the most careful examination of this
portentous question, I am satisfied that it is
the most mischievous and pernicious meas
ure that has ever been introduced into the
halls of Congress.
" As a Southern man, I raiso my voice
against it. I oppose it, because it involves a
breach of faith on tlio part of the South, who
have for thirty-odd years enjoyed tho ndvan-
tages obtained by them in the formation of
the States of Missouri and Arkansas. I op
pose it, because it necessarily and unavoida
bly begets another angry and sectional con
troversy, which there aro none left among us
strong enough in the confidence of the peo
ple to allay. I oppose it because it uproots
and destroys the Compromise measures of
1850, to which tiie North is no more pledged
than the South to the Compromise now pro
posed to 1.0 abrogated. 1 oppose it, because
it would be nn net of infatuated madness on
the part of tlie South to accept it. I oppose
it, because it will be impossible ever again to
obtain as favorable terms from the North,
with their seven millions majority of w hito
population, as we obtained whun that popu
lation more nearly nppioxiinatcd equality.
I oppose it, upon tho ground that it pla
ces a barren privilege in the hands of the
South, for Which not only no equivalent is
ollcrcd, but by which she must be an ultimate
and great loser.
"It is not tho least strange chapter in this
history that thoso who now denounce the
unconstitutionality of tlio Missouri Com
promise, should all have waited until its most
prominent advocate had retired from their
midst, and descended to the touib before they
could find tlio valor to assail his work; it is
a libel upon his memory that, from pruden
tial considerations, they did not see fit to tit
ter during his life; but, although he was kill
ed by the iiudkiudncss of friends he most re
lied on, he has left thoso behind him who
will be prompt to protect his fame. By almost
superhuman ell'orls, such as went far to carry
the most distinguished man of the ago to his
grave, we have just extinguished ncuiillagra
tion that threatened tho destruction of tho
noblest ship of state that was ever launched
upon the waters, nnd we liavo scarcely had
time to realize the result, nnd exchange con
gratulations on our safety, when one, more
rash mid vile and frantic than the rest, seizes
a blazing torch in each hand, rushes madly
into the magazine of powder, nourishes bis
firebrands aloft, mid biddinix defiance to all
consequences, calls upon us to imitate his
example. Those may follow him who choose,
but, for my own part, on nil such occasions 1
prefer the hose to the llauibeail.
The Suiii'i.ts Revenue. A short time
since, Secretary Guthrie, head of tho Trea
sury Department, and some other holiest
souls, were in a peek of troubles about the
thirty millions surplus in tho Treasury.
What to do with it, or how to get rid of it
was a most perplexing question; mid some
of them even went so far as to censure the
preceding administration for bequeathing the
present one such a vexatious legacy: a gov.
eminent out of debt, at peace with nil the
world, prosperous at home and respected
abroad, and a Treasury overflowing with a
surplus of thirty millions! No former nd
ministration had to encounter such a state of
all'airs at its inception. But democracy is
equal to any thing and up to all emergencies;
and even tho question of the surplus is about
to be settled to the satisfaction of everybody
individually nnd the whole country collee.
lively, as will bo seen by tho follow ing plan
of disbursement, said to have been concocted
nnd agreed upon in Cabinet Council after
anxious and matiiro deliberation:
For tho Gadsden treaty, 20,000,000
For French spoliations, 5,000,1100
For Ualphlu claims, 5,000,000
A clean sweep; and Swnrlwouf, thu very
prince of financiering (Jnlphins, himself could
nut have fixed it up better. Tho whole thir
ty millions absorbed by three items! It is
quite evident that tho next administration
will not bo perplexed with much of a surplus
at tho outset.
Tub Ocoef. Bank. Wo notieo that the
bill to charter tho Ocoeo Bank has passed
both houses of thu Legislature.
The Question is a Nutshell. A co
temporary pu s the Nebraska question us fob
Nebraska is as yet a savage land, nnd after
its establislim nt as a territory will remain as
such probably years. Then whence is the
advantage of legislating it a territory belong
ing to the South. I'ermiting it to become a
slave territory or n slavo State does not make
it so. If it is suited for slave culture, nature
will secure its settlement by slaveholders. If
otherwise tho immigration from the free
States will prevent the necessity of any pres
et! legislation to that effect.
Washington, Feb. 23.
The U. S. Senate on Thursday, passed the
Bill appropriating $3,000,000 for six steam
Mr. Toombs spoke in support of tho Ne
Tho 1 louse of Representatives debated the
Wisconsin Land Hill.
The Gadsden Treaty will probably bo rat
ified without amendment.
Washington, Feb. 24.
Senators Hauler, of Virginia, nnd Butler,
of South Carolina, made admirable speeches
in tho IT. S. Senate, on Friday, in support of
the Nebraska and Kansas Bill. Judge Butler
had not concluded his speech when the Sen
ate went into Executive Session.
In the House of Representatives, business
of a miscellaneous character was transac
ted. New Yore, Feb. 21.
Cotton in New York, on Friday, was stiller,
and prices had advanced a quarter of a rent.
Rio Coffee w as firm, and tho sales comprised
(J00 bags at 1 If cents. Flour was easier, and
5,500 bbls. changed hands. State was worth
81.25, and Ohio 3.50. 1300 bbls. of South
ern were disposed of at from $8.37 a 3.75
per bbl. In the Wheat market there were
more sellers than buyers. 6000 bushels of
Southern Whito w cro sold at $ j per bush
More Slanuer. It ia asserted, with what
truth we do not pretend to say, that all of
tho ladies who sweep the streets with their
long dresses, have big feet and thick ankles.
rj-rHon. F. K. ZollifoiTcr is culitkd f
our thanks for valuable favors.
WAR AT LAST!
The New York Tribune of the SHI has nn
interesting article on the prospect of a gen-j
eral European war. Wo qitoto a portion of
it. Aftor deprecating tho evils which will
inevitably grow out of such contests, the
loss of life, mutilation of limb, poverty, pau
perism and crime the retarding of reforms,
and oppression of the masses, tho Tribune
continues as follows:
Still there is no evil without its attending
good; and if this war shall force tho Czar to
mind their own business in future, it will be
a gain to Europe worth some part at least of
the expenditure it w ill cost. There is reason
to hope that such may bo the result. He
challenges tho world to deadly combat. Even
Napoleon proved unequal to the requirements
of such a struggle in his German campaign
of 1813, nnd Nicholas cannot surely regi Ird
himself as th superior in Military capacity
of the first French Emperor, however light,
ly ho may esteem the mxoml. Superficially,
tho Autocrnt would seem to bo rushing blind
ly on disaster.mid conning humiliation.
But ho doubtless knows what he is about,
or thinks he does. He knows that every Eu
ropean despot, big or little, regards him ns
the only reliable support of what is termed
Order, and that the reduction of Russia to
her normal insignificance in Christendom
would bo mourned in every Court from
Stockholm to Naples. He knows, therefore,
that he has powerful though covert allies in
the very councils of his ostensible enemies;
that if Francis Joseph docs not now declare
for him, it is owing to any thing but wmit of
will, nnd that the blows "of all his adversa
ries but tlie Turks will be bereft of half their
proper force by a dread of damaging him too
And yet, we can hardly see how he can
even hope to triumph in tho war into which
ho is nowyjlunging. That his fleets arc to
be iustryiflyi swept from tho ocean or sealed
up hi his harbors, would seem to be beyond
doubt. And how then can he expect to seize
tlie great object of his ambition, Constanti
nople? Suppnsu he can bring into the field
One Miliiot, men, send half of them across
the Danube, inttligntn rebellions in Servia,
and among all the Christian races of Euro
pean Turkey, it would still be a miracle of
hardihood to advance to Constantinople with
tho adjacent waters covered by tho Allied
Fleets and with Ono Ha. id red Thousand
choice French and English troops united w ith
the whole force of the Turk's in its defence.
If Russia lias never yet carried her nnns to
the gates of Slaiuboul when the I'ortu was
without allies, w ho can believe that she w ill
he able to do so in defiance of banded Eu
rope? It is not likely that tho War now begun
will bo a short one. If Napoleon could ne
ver rnnse.it to sit on a dishonored throne
that is, to make peace when his last battle
had not been a victory bow can Nicholas at",
ford to recoil before the formidable combina
tion which now confronts him? To seem
omnipotent in tho eyes of his Russians is n
necessity of his positions anil humiliation a
broad would very possibly be fatal to his des
potism nt home." And besides, a War which
ono or two battles is to finish is seldom so
long in coming to a head as this has been.
The very fact that tho Czar has provoked it
so wantonly will render his escape from it
more difficult. To be moderate and concilia
tory now would imply the severest censure
on all he has done or meditated for tho last
Either the war now commencing is to bo
one of the most eventful and memorable in
History, or the ago of gory conflict, of mu
tual human slaughter, has passed, nnd that of
all-potent Diplomacy has replaced it. A few
mouths must determine w hether this is to bo
a war of politicians or a war of extermina
tion. Present appearances do not favor the
Dutv on ItAii.no.vn Ikon. It is said that
nn ell'ort will be made to redueo tho duty on
iron at the present session. Tho Virginia
delegation mrfl that of many of tho Western
nnd South-western States all favor tho pro
ject, in consequence of the largo number of
railways now building in those States. In
Virginia alone over 1,000 miles aro under
contract or in contemplation.
Mil. Makcv on the Nehuaska Bill.
A Washington letter, reports that Mr. Marcy,
said to a "Soft" .Member that the President
expected his (Marcy's) friends would blip
port thu Nebraska hill. Thu Member replied
that hu was willing to go iinyw hero for Mr.
Marcy, but ho could not, consistently witli
his own feelings, go to tho devi! that to
support the Nebraska bill was equivalent to
going to bis Satanic Majesty. Hu recom
mended that the President had belter usu his
influence with Messrs Killredgo nnd Morri
son of Now Hampshire, and that Cushing
should talk to Hanks of Massachusetts, the
three being dead against tlie bill.
New Oiileans, Feb. 23.
Up to noon on Thursday, in Now Orleans
4000 bales of Cotton had been disposed of at
irregular rates. Rio Collee was active, and
tho sales comprised 10,000 Lags, nt from
tOJn 11 cents per lb. Flour was dull at
$7.50 per bbl. Corn was active nt 85 cents
JJaltimoke, Feb. 21.
200 bbls. of Flour were disposed of nt
Baltimore on Monday. Prior to tho reception
of tlio Baltic's advices, it was quoted at $8.25,
and subsequently at S3 per bbl. After tho
reception of tho foreign advices no sales of
Grain wcro effected.
07Tho Turkish commandant at R.ihova
is Gcnge Ago, tlio samo who led the storm
ing party nt jjissolenglii nearly 30 years
New York, Feb. 2(5.
The Scnato of Rhode Island has annulled
the sentence of Gov. T. W. Dorr.
Tho Ohio legislature has again failed to
elect a U. S. Senator.
Smith the baggage master of the New
Haven and Springfield Railroad has been ar
rested, charged with robbing the mails to the
amount of 8100,000.
Wiu. and Clara Harris have been arrested
in New York charged with the murder of Dr.
Alfred Tiller has been arrested ntOnonda-
gua, N. Y., charged with lho murder of Ilia
wife. T. had endeavored to create the im
pression that his wifu was inuidered by bur
Bonnets Show us a lady's bonnet, and
we'll tell you what sort of an institution the
is. If it is showered with red ribbons, cu
pids, bows, &., she is tin full of love and poc
try, as a country inn of politicians and loaf
ers. If it goes in for simple wrinkles, plain
colors, and a couple of modest knots, she is
a perfect jewel, sweot, sunny, mild, but as
affectionate as a freshly nursed kitten. If it
is "stuck all over'' with a paradise of clover,
three story ostrich feathers, wax holyhock
and juniper berries, put it square down that
the calico is a single establishment, and will
never see a fortieth birthday. Bonnets are a j
true index of woman.
Knoxville, Feb. 27th, 1851.
Dear Sir I intendod to write you yes
terday, but a second reduction led mo to re
fmin lest some of your most conscientious
readers might remember that I wrote my last
on tho Sabbath, and might consider mo in tho
vile light of a Sabbatli-breaker. Is it Sub-bath-breaking
to write a social letter to a
friend! That's a question I want settled some
time between now and next Sunday. I low
could one spend a long Sabbath liko yester
day, here in this solitary retreat, without writ
ing to ijnit, or some other well known friend!
The social principle is too strong: flesh nnd
blood can't bear it, without wife or children
or friends to cheer one tho whole live-long
day. The day was too rainy, the winds were
too boisterous nnd March-like, and the streets
too muddy, to allow of going over to my usual
place of worship, or even to step down the
shorter distance and hear that good young
minister, Jlr.HuH'aker, preach nt Temperance
I read yosterday, with greater care than
ever before, Christ's sermon on lho Mount.
Let tho man who cannot or will not go to
church on the Sabbath-day, turn to tho sa
cred pages of St. Matthew and read that ser
mon, lie will lose Homing, men, ny staying
away from public service. I mean no disre
spect to tlie ministry, and certainly do not un
dervalue the importance, nay tlio iudispensi
blencss, of their functions; but I must say
what I feel, that the reading of that sermon
on yesterday, several times over, did me more
good than any sermon I could have heard at
church. And 1 fancy it would bavo been so
with others, who mi doubt were in their ac
customed seats on yesterday. I have been to
all the churches at Kuoxville several times in
the last year; and I notice at all one sign of !
inattention to the services which argues bad
ly for the benefit lho hearers aro receiving,
let the service be ill itself as excellent as it
may. I allude to the habit of holing round
at any movement in tho congregation as a
person coining in, or leaving. I seo the old
est and most pious worshippers doing so. I
want to say to thein, "you come here to u-or-.viii
(I 'id, in this his holy temple; and your
doing so with your heart and your soul is al
together independent of the presence or the
absence, the coining in or going out, of this
man or that woman. Then w hy your curiosi
ty! Poor erring mortal, undeceive yoursell
if you believe yoiieamo hero solely to wor
ship tlio Most High, nnd know that no incon
siderable part of your inducement iv.u mere
idle curiosity to see who would be here, nnd
what would bo done. Better stay nt homo
and read the seisjiox." Yes, the sermon!
It is my proof of inspiration, of tlio truth of
the scriptures, of another world beyond "this
visible diurnal sphere," beeauso it is too lofty,
too pure, too holy for poor human nature to
originate. It is iucontestibly n gift from God
to man. Then there is a God, and tho rest
I wish I had somo news to write you in.
sfend of this dull philosophy, or rcligbn, or
w hatever it is. But really I have not. There
has not occurred nnylhing of striking inter
est since my last, except perhaps a temper
nnco meeting at the court house one evening
about tho middle of tho week, designed to
produce somo harmony of action among the
several temperance oigani.ations of the city.
I intended going to tho meeting, as 1 belong
to ono temperance organization; but as I was
taking my now hat down from tho top of a
wardrobe, a heavy plank box rat trap come
tumbling down unbidden on my bead: and had
it not been for remarkable toughness of the
cervical vertebrie and uncommon thickness
of the left parietal bone, this correspondence
would have been ended co iiiatitiite. The
blow stunned me, in fact, so that I could not
get to town: Mid a certain numbness, nnd
dullness of intellect (I fear) arc yet the con
sequences. Render, if this letter is duller
than you think it ought to be, lay it on tho
rat trap and don't go to blaming me with it.
In fact the blow knocked all thu news lifer
ally out of me, and has kept mo from going
over to the city since to gel any more. The
only news I have heard since tlio accident was
from a celebrated young bore the bore, par
excellence of Kuoxville, whose well known
visngo is a sign of dismay w herever ho ap
pears, who called the other night nt my re
treat and gavo mo the important intelligence
that tho Turks had taken Constantinople!
"Ah, indoed" "yes, I believe Mr. Gibbon
told me of it before," said I. "Gibbon?" said
he: "I did not know such a man litcd in town."
The Corporation of this city has determined
to erect gas-works, and light the plaeo with
gas. 1 am opposed to it. By the single rule
of three, I want this sum worked out: If tho
aforesaid young bore, with dark streets, could
mako his way tho wholo distanco to my re
treat, what would become of me, nnd others
who live in the heart of the city, if the streets
wcro lighted with gas? Ans. llorcd lo death.
This city is determined to be a city in real
ity ns in name: instance, tho gas-lights soon
to bo provided. We have now another long
sought desideratum in our now market house,
which was opened recently. I understand
that a gentleman came in tho other morning
with a wagon load of produce and had his
servants to arrange the various articles most
tastefully in their respective stalls, nnd stood
waiting in the cold wintry air at day-break in
expectation of the eager throng of hungry
denizens who he thought would come rush
ing to the market place.
"Up rose the sun: the misls wcro curled
Back on the Military world
Which lay around; behind "
and before him lay the city of Knoxville, and
tho hum of business smote tho morning air,
and he smote the ground with the end of his
walking cano as he paced to and fro in the
heat of i.npalicnce to keep his toes from
freezing. "Morn came and went," and brought
nobody to the market house. He ordered
his driver to carry the produce back home,
and rode away himself, and has since been
heard to mutter soliloquizingly and half au
dibly, something about "find forsaken scoun
rfrtj," as he rides in sight of the market
house on his way to and from the city. We
hope the next experiment will be more sue
ccssful. Near the market house is a long
brick building, which I am told is erected by
a distinguished lawyer of this city for a tip
pling house, ten pin alley, and other delecta
ble ;.iuuM.unati tcudin" to rcrta:i-n.
I intended ill somo epistle to give you a
sort of summary of tho recent improvements
and present condition of Knoxville; but I see
an nrliele in Brownlow's Whig, of last Sa
turday, which contains nil, and more too, than
I could have said. I nm glad to see "Grow
ler" speak so encouragingly of Knoxville,
nnd hope that in his appropriate character ns
n penee-makcr, he may heal all breaches which
havu heretofore separated him and his Knox
ville foes. I pass his oflico often since fixing
my retreat where it is; and I confess that my
prejudices against him, which nt ono time
were high, are yielding to what I believo n
more correct opinion of him. Not that ho has
not faults; but ho has virtues too.
Tho river is again high from tho rains of
yesterday nd the day before, nnd steamboats
iiro plying actively. Tho "Jefferson" camo
up yesterday evening, bringing severul pas
sengers and heavy freight. Bales nnd boxes
and barrels and hogsheads aro to day piled
up on the wharf; and there is n rolling of
them over, turning, lifting, hauling, whip
cracking, w heel rattling, hallooing, cursing,
etc. &e., which altogether is deafening and
most disagreeable to a man whose skull has
been cracked by a rat-trap. 1 wonder if the
world won't Romo time get tired of all this
turmoil about bales, barrels, boxes, and such
like trumpery? 1 wish the w orld would, and j
would substitute something more convenient
to handlu and less prolific of noise in their
stead. I am for reforms generally.
if a kind Providence smiles on nic, I ex
pect to go on n visit to your classic styled lit
tle (own about a week hence. But I must
travel im.-og. of course.
Truly yours, MEM.
A.Mi:nn:AN Citizenship. Tho Amerienn
Law Register, in treating of American citi
"It does not, probably, occur to the Amer
ican families who are visiting Europe in great
numbers, nnd remaining there, frequently, for
a year or more, that all their children born in
a foreign country are alien;:, and when they
return hoim?, will return under all tho dis.i
bilities of aliens. Yet this is indisputably the
case; for it is not worth whilo to consider
the only exception to this rule that exists
under the law of the United States, viz: the
caso of a child so born, whose parents were
citizens of United States, on or before tlio
Mth of April, 1S02."
Homestead Bill. The Homestead Bill,
reported in Congress a few days ago, by Mr.
Dawson, provides that any person who is the
head of a family and a citizen of lho United
Slates, shall bo entitled to enter, free of cost,
one quarter section of vacant and unappro
priated public lands, orn quantity equal there
to to be located in a body in conformity with
tho legal subdivisions of tho public lands,
nnd niter tho same shall have boon surveyed.
Five years residence is required upon said
land, after the date of entry before a patent
shall issue therefor nnd the land to be exempt
from all liability for any debt contracted pri
or to thu issuing of tho patent. Residents
of any State or Territory not naturalized are
to be placed upon tho same footing ns citi
zens provided they have filed their declara
tion of intention, nnd shall becomo citizens
before tho issuance of the patent. No indi
vidual is to be permitted to mako more than
ono entry, and existing pre-emption rights
aro lo bo in no way interfered with.
Anotheii Chance fok the Sunrr.us.
It is stated by tin? Washington correspondent
of the Phlladelp da Inquirer, that is is the in
tention of Dr. Gwin to move nn amendment
to tho Gadsden Treaty, for tlio purchase of
Lower California and Sonora, for a certain
57" Jerry Clemens writes as follows to
John Van Buren, in regard to tho Nebraska
"I think I have seen enough to bo certain
that lho Nebraska bill, as reported by Mr.
Douglas, will pass, and 1 think I can foresee
the consequences. That tiny will bu any
thing hill agreeable scums too clear to ndiuil
of n doubt. A floodgate will be opened, nnd
a torrent turned loose upon the country which
will sweep away in its devastating course ev
ery vestige of lho compromise of 185). I
do not speak of its immediate ellects I look
beyond. For thu present it may bo looked
upon at tho South us a boon and by n por
tion of tho North as a triumph over fanati
cism. The word peaeo will bo upon tho lips
of its advocates everywhere. Liko tho An
gel of the Lord who stood nniong tho myr
tle trees and said, "Wo have passed to niid
fro through the earth, and behold all the earth
sitteth still and is at rest" even so wo shall
have it proclaimed that the country is at rest,
that all is peace but I greatly fear that
they will soon find they hnvo raised a spirit
which will wing its way through storm nnd
tempest to tho funeral pyro of tho republic.
Baltimore, Feb. 21.
Tho mail routes nre now open, nnd tho
mails from the North have all resumed their
On Monday night last an nwful galo swept
over tho Delaware breakwater. It was the
severest ever known in Hint section of tho
country. Tho hurricane was accompanied
Willi thunder and a snow storm. Thirteen
vessels went ashore, the crows of four of
them were frozen to death.
Stocks. The Augusta' Constitutionalist
of Wednesday says, that stocks are generally
in good demand. Tho sale of 200 shares
Georgia Railroad.advertisfd for last Wednes
day, did not take place, but was indefinitely
postponed. A sale of 100 shares Bank of
Brunswick lias been reported to us nt 113,
ami several sales of Georgia Railroad at 105.
The substitute for the Maine liquor law pas
sed in thu Maryland House of Delegates on
the Ifilh insL It merely provides for taking
the votes of tho people on tho question. The
result is to bo communicated by the Gover
nor to the Legislature next session.
Washington, Feb. 2(5.
In the .Senate on Saturday, Senators But
ler, Crown, and Dodge of Iowa, made speech,
cs in support of the Nebraska bill. Senator
Cass will apeak on Monday on tho same
subject. Butler's speech was very able and
The House was not in session on Satur
day. Tho Nebraska Bill will pass Loth Houses
-t7"Thc Boston Courier has an article re-sHi-ting
Rail Loads in that Stale, designed
to show that they have already been multi
plied to such an extent that it is impolitic to
invest additional capital in these enterprises,
at least or 4omc timo to couc.
Mb. Buchanan. Tlio recent slight, or
what some may consider insult, applied by
the British Court to Mr. Buchanan, refusing
him admission to tho opening of Parliament
because ho claimed what was awarded to eve
ry other Envoy in London, the right to wear
on that occasion tho costume he wears when
appearing officially before the head of his own
Government, again opens the "clothes' ques
tion" for public consideration. Wo believo
that Mr. Buchanan's course was ono dictated
alike by self-respect and patriotism, and that
tho ninss of tho American people will cordi
idly sustain him. On this bead, tho follow,
ing extract from the Sunday Courier may be
taken as embracing tlie predominant popular
sentiment on the question :
"Our country is represented abroad by a
very ring-streaked and speckled set of
gentlemen, called diplomatic agents, who uro
paid fat salaries for doing nothing; and who,
for lack of something better to do, aro ma
king a precious fuss about their clothes. Mr.
Marcy, on. Secretary of State, took lessons
from tho Tribune, and recommended all our
ministers, plenipotentiaries, attaches, charges,
etc., to dress themselves like gentlemen, as
they did at home, when they happened to bo
invited to a court party or show, nnd not
make fools of themselves by putting on laced
coats, breeches and sw ords, like tho aristo.
eratiu flunkies, wilii w hom they had to asso
ciate. But our representatives abroad did not
all like to give up the gold lace mid splendid
trumpery to which they felt themselves etitt
tied. Mr. Senile not only put on a black vel.
vet dress with rullles, something in the stylo
of tho stage Hamlet's costume, but fought
n duel with somebody who didn't like ills'
wife's dress. Mr. Mason, our minister to
Louis Napoleon, has raved in to tho gold
lace; but Mr. Buchanan in England bus refus
ed to dress himself in livery, and, inconse
quence, he nnd his Secretary, Dan Sickles,
and nil his attaches, wcro not permitted to
witness tho grand show of the (iueen open
ing Parliament, if our ministers and charges
have nothing more important to do in Eu
rope than to dress themselves in court suits,
to please Louis Napoleon, Ojiccn Victoria,
and the King of Prussia, it strikes us that
they had better he kept at home, and tho
cost of maintaining then) abroad bu applied
lo improving our harbors and rivers, or some
other useful purpose."
The Census. Tho timo occupied in ta
king and completing the Census of 1850 wns
three years and live months. In 1810 it wns
published in one year after it was commenc
ed. In 1830 in two years after it was taken.
Tho cxpenso of taking Census 1790, was
11,377. In 1800, 805,1 0D. In 1810, 178,444.
In 1820, S-J08.550. In 1830, $278,545. In
1810,8833,370. In 1850, 81,313,027. Tho
latter sum includes only the expenses incur
red previous to the recent orders by Congress
of several hundred thousand copies of an nb.
struct of tho Census, which must increase tho
cost of the whole work to over a million and
a half of dollars.
Jff" A Buffalo correspondent of tho New
York Express says that there is no truth in
the report that any "engagement" exists bo
tween Ex-President Fillmore nnd Miss Por
ter, of Niagara, us stated from Washington
by the Washington gossippers. Tho Ex
Presidcnt is leading n very quiet lifo and if
he is thinking anything of matrimony, nobody
knows any thing about it.
C5?"Tho Russian fleet in the Black Son,
consists of 09 vessels of nil kinds, with 2,44!)
guns. Of the vessels, 1 are lino of battlu
ship?; 1 three deckers; 7 frigates, and 37 brigs,
besido severul steam ships.
A Fotri. Bi-sixkss. Ono of tho exhibitors
at the National Poultry Show at Barnu.n'a
Museum is George P. Burnbaiii of Massachu
sells, near Boston, whose sales of poultry,
including u few fancy rabits and pigs, Inst
year, amounted to 822,000. Of thi.-r amount
817,000 wero Hent olV southward from Bos
ton, by Adams and Co.'s Express. A saniplo
of his S ii ll'o Ik pigs arc in tho Museum. They
are great curiosities.
There wero 537 deaths in New York last
week, and 90 in Boston.
5?" A member of tho Maryland I-gisln.
tu lis recently introduced a bill "to restrain
youths in tho practice of drunkenness, swear
ing, and tho use of fue crackers, by summary
legal process, in cases where the parents of
said youthful offenders failed to restrain
l37Tia St. Louis Republican states that
from the 1st of January last to the evening
of tho 4th of February, thirty-eight steam
boats bavo been badly damaged or totally
destroyed on tho western rivers. Eleven
wero consumed by fire, thirteen sunk nnd cn
tirely lost, and fourteen badly damaged by
There are thousands of respectable females
in New York, according to the Tribune,
whoso wages do not average 25 cents per
day. This indicates nn unjust and sad state
Sam Slick says, "I don't like preaching to
nerves iuste.nl of tho Judgment.
Gen. Houston in his lecture nt Providence
on Tuesday evening, said "From early boy
hood I have lived on the borders of civiliza
tion, nnd have soen much of Indian life and
character; nnd never knew an Indian treaty vi
olated but what, w hen sifted to its bottom, it
wns found that its first violaters wcro whito
J5f"For the information of tho conductors
of tho press generally, we have to inform
them (says the Washington Star,) that tho
law limits the amount to be paid by the head
of either Department in Washington for news
papers (for his department) to $100. The
consequence is, that they nre unable to pay
for thu papers addressed to them as heads of
departments from all quarters of the country,
unless formally ordered to be sent.
Fhom China. Tho China overland mail
is telegraphed, witli dates to the 2Cth Decem
ber. From Mingho and Amoy the dates are
to the 22d. The insurgents hnvo burned a
large portion of Shanghai; and had also cap
tured Tecsing, a city only eight miles from
Pckin. Trade is reported dull. The death
of the Emperor of Japan, and the scizurue of
New Caledonia by the French, aro both con
firmed. Death of tub Poisoneh. The negro
woman who poisoned the family of the late
Coleman Wiugfield, at Richmond, Vst, and
who drank of tho coffee in which the arsenic
had been dissolved, fur the purpose ol prov
ing her innocence, has a.nce died of its ef
fects. The family are slowly recovering.
AdarxDat Coming. There will bean
extraordinary eclipse of the son on the 26th
of May next, such as none but the oldest in
habitants have witnessed in this vicinity. It
will be similar to the great ecliwe of 1805,
when eleven-twelfths of the sun was ob- '
S" The obituary notice of TV,
will appear next week.
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