Newspaper Page Text
8. P. IVIKS. EDITOR AND iMtOl'RIETOR.
TERMS. 1 a vear, payable in
$3 at tkl expiration of the year. ..
ST ff discontinued until
art paid, except at the optienoi the
For announcing the names of eandxdatet for
ofice S, Cash.
Atl.ns, Frltfaj, March U, 1854.
Nmici Delegate from thi county td
th Commercial Convention to bo held at
Charleston, So. C on the 2d Monday o
April, who design attending, re notified to
ul upon Tho. Vaoghan. Esq., Secretary of
the meeting, tnd procure certificate of their
3ad Dtio or Tennemie Wo ar
requested to give notice that tho at Ten
nessee Grand Division Bone of Temperane
will meet at Madioovillc. on Thursday, tho
27th day ofAprilHext.
Vo aregain compelled to atate, for
the one hundred arid thirty-ninth time, that
we can publish no communication whatever ;
unless a responsible pnmo accompanies it.
The rule is one from which we will not do
part under any ci'rcwnttinccs.
Hf" On our first page will be found the
law in reference to the ehxlUin of Judges by
tho people; and, also, an act requiring Chan
eullors r.nd Circuit Judpe to bold their
Courts at the regular terms.
trif Thacominuuiciitioii in reply to "Maj,
Downing" reached us too late for this week.
It will appear next. There are always two
sides to a question, and when one party has
hod a hearing, we cannot exclude the other,
although the rejoinder may bo a little too
pungent We must express the hope, how.
ever, that tho controversy will be 01 snort
Procure Tickets. Persons before tak
ing the cars should purchase tickets of the
gents, as the faro is 20 cents more from any
point on the road when a passenger embarks
without a ticket. This In a regulation of the
road, which the conductors on the trains can.
not disregard without a violation of their du
ty, nnd we refer to it Cor tho information
of those who may be ignorant of its exis
fgT Nt. Taylor's majority in the First
Congressional District is, as stilted by a gen
tienian from upper East Tcnnussee, between
fourand five hundred.
I fcsf The Hon. Jxo. C.Gaut isannounced
nt a candidate for Circuit Court Judge in this
Judicial Circuit. Judge Gaut is the present
incumbent, having been elected by tho last
legislature U fill the vacancy occasioned by
the resignation of the Hon. Chas. F. Keith.
lie is now absent from his Circuit, having
made an arrangement with Judge Alexander
to change in order that the causes in this
District in which he was incompetent might
not be delayed and the parties put to addi
tional costs. So far as we hare heard any
expression of opinion, Judge Uaut seems to
le discharging the duties of his station in an
able and efficient manner.
President's Message. President Pierce
sent a message to the House of Represents
tivet on the 15th, in relation to the seizure of
the American Steamer, Black Warrior, by
the Spanish authorities of Cuba. The mes
age is spirited and to the point, and will
c'.icit the approbation of the country. It is
time thst Spain wa made to render repara
tion for the outrage her official minion have
committed upon American citizen.
Tirrinc Storm. A portion of this coun
ty wa vUited, on Inst Friday, by a heavy
storm, of wind, hail and rain, which damaged
the plantation and farm to a considerable
extent. The timber waa prostrated, barns
and fence blown down, and in some in
stances whole fields of wheat were destroyed.
We have heard of several persons who were
caught in the storm and severely bruised by
the hail atone, which were very Urge. The
oldest inhabitant, who lives just two mile
from town, says he never witnessed any thing
A Call tiro Maj. Lyon. A call ha ap
peared in the Knoxville papers, from Ander.
son countv, soliciting Maj. Thos. C. I .top to
become a candidate lor the office of Supreme
Judge. We do not know whether he has
any aspirations for the pl.ee, but few per
sons are so well qualified, or whose elec
tion would be more satisfactory to the Bar
generally or to thu people of the State at
large, ile is not only qualified as a jurist,
but possesses all the higher and better trait
of character essential, in our estimation, to
an honorable and competent discharge of the
responsible duties pertaining to the Supreme
13-It is gratifying to perceive a dispoai.
tion manifested throughout the State U keep
party politics entirely ont of the judicial
elections to occur on the 4th Thursday of
May next If this feeling continue to pre-
rail, the result will be th wleetion of
most sble snd efficient Judiciary.
fcy The Branch Bank of Tennessee, t
Athena, offer om valuable property i-
ula in the neighborhood of town. See ad
New Hampshire Election. Ws learn
from the N. Y. Tribune, that the election in
New Hampshire, on the Mth, resulted favor
ably to the opponents of the Nebraska qaes
tion, which was made an issue in the contest
Death bt Lightkiks. Information has
reached ns thst a young man by the name of
Wiley McN'abb, was killed by lightning
few dsy ince, in the neighborhood of Tel
lico Plains, Monroo county. He was in the
field ploughing, and his horse was killed at
the same time.
Error Corrected. We committed an
error last week, as we are now informed, in
noticing the proposition to build a railroad
from Knoxville to Nashville via "tho' direct
roote." We stated sixty mile would bate
to be tunnelled. Later information says that
it will not be necessary to taaoel morn than
twenty-alx mile. V take pWasars in mak.
ing the eorrsetion, as we wosM not mislead
the poblie mind In regard to ftl of any other
itcpsodou ntorpriao .
FAILURES IN TUB MAIL.
We have been fcformed the packet
of papers from thta office for Morganton,
Bloont county, reach that point very irregu
larly. They are put op in good wrappers, legi
bly directed, tied with strong twine, and'de
posited in the post-office here every Friday,
whence they are a regularly started. We
take more paina than anybody to have our
paper property pot op and directed, nnd
in the pout-office st an early hour, nnd in
this reaped we never fail; and it is a great an
noyanee to know, after all, that the Hubscri
bers fail to receive them in due tiino through
the carelessness or incompetence of persona
beyond our reach. Complaints of irregulari
ties snd mistakes in forwarding mail matter
are daily increasing, and they will continue
to multiply as long as mail routes are let to
the lowest bidders and the compensation of
post-master is maintained at the present nig
gardly and unjust standard. The mail de
partment is the most important branch of the
public service, and tho system of economiz
ing in it expenditures which ha been adopt
ed, while there is a surplus of thirty millions
in the national treasury, i unworthy of any
government, though it may be in keeping
with a good many other experiment made
by the different administrations thnt have ex
isted since the time when Judge M'Lenn
managed the post-office business with such
efficiency., and satisfaction. Every four year
we have a new post-master general, and eve
ry new post-master general thinks he must
recommend or do some groat thing to attract
attention to himself, nnd then commences the
work of innovation, alteration, new reguln.
tions, and change, (usually from bad to worse)
and the consequence is the devil to pay gen
erally with the whole mail service. Such has
been the practice to a great extent for the
last twenty-six years, and it will continue
as long ns men are appointed to responsible
offices (imply becauso they are whigs or de-
mocrats, and not because they are competent
or qualified, and as long a thu most impor
tant branch of the public service is adminis
tered upon a system of economy worthy of a
huckstering speculator fa the gingerbread
and pen-nut line.
JJT" The clergymen of tho North are me
morializing Congress on the subject involved
in the Nebraska Bill. In common with other
citizens they have a right to memorialize
Congress, or any other legislative body, upon
any subject of public interest. But when
they organize themselves into an exclusive
body and seek to enter the halls of the nn.
tional legislature, not as other citizens, but
a preachers of the gospel nnd pastors of
the people, they are forcing themselves be
yond tho legitimate limits of their offices
meddling in their clerical capacity with that
which does not concern them ns clergymen,
nnd desecrating their calling, by trying to
bring the power of the Church to bear upon
questions purely civil, and with which the
Church as a Church has nothing to do.
Therefore, the House of Representatives was
right in refusing to receive the petition sign
ed by the " three thousaud clergymen of
New England," though the professional and
political Maworms think crttierwise.
President Pierce. A letter has appear
ed in some of the publiu printx, signed by
the Hon. Jeremiah Clemens, of Alabama, in
which he ear President Fierce remarked
to him in a recent conversation that thu Ne
braska Bill, as it passed the United Slates
Senate, wsa "a proposition in favor of free
dom," nnd "expressed surprise that it should
meet with opposition at the North, and equal
surprise that the South should be willing to
take it." Now, what docs that mean? Is
the Smith, so often deceived, about to bo
honeyfuglod again? We are afraid it will so
turn out that thu "Little (limit," nn mnro
than President I'icreu, will do to tiu to on the
slavery question. Interesting developments
are ahead. We will publish the letter of Mr.
Clemens in our next issue.
Tnz Steamer Union. This boat, belong
ing to Messrs. Gamble, McKamy,and Shields,
of Polk county, and intended to run regu
larlv between the mouth of Oeoeo and Char
leston, msde her first trip in the trade on
Monday last. She had on board, we under
stand, fifty or sixty tons of copper ore, from
the Cherokee mine. The main object for
which this boat ws purchased and placed
upon the waters of the Iliwassee, is to trans
port the ore dng from thePolk county mines,
from the mouth of Ocoee to Charleston,
whence it will be shipped by railroad- The
boat is said to be a good commanded
by Capt. Jno. Shields, and will make daily
trips. We trust the enterprise of tho own
era will be amply remunerated.
Ejf Many persons will be gratified to
learn that the difficulty which tins existed for
some time between the Htirils) and the Softs,
in New York, is about to bo adjusted the
former having (santfMtcxl a deposition to
come down upon the promise of a more
equitable distribution of the fipoils. What
wilt the Herald do newt " Othello's occu
pation 'a gone."
The CAfTAia. We are happy to learn
from one of the provincial" paper that
Capt. G. W. Harris, of Knoxville, is in com
maad of the new steamer "Alida,"now ply.
ing regularly between Loudon and Knoxville.
He is s famous clever fellow, understands
the business of the river a well as any man
that ever followed its windings, and as the
Alida is said to be the best boat on the "no
blest tributary of the Mississippi," of course
ahe will be the most popular as long aa
George walks "sole monascls of ber decks."
We wish him and bis beautiful craft the most
ftf We have received a Tory neatly print
ed Catalogue nf the Officers snd Students of
Marytille College, Btaryville, Tenn.. for the
past year. The number of students in at
tendance 46. This is one of the best Institu
tions in the State, and wo recommend it to
parents who hare son to educate.
New Coosa. MeSpodden & Horton hare
just received their stock of Spring and Sum
mer Goods, which they propose to soil on
bettor terms than any body. Read their ad
vertisement in another eolsmn, and then giro
then s fsJI.
.' A Guiaf CmiosiTTw A child thst h n
lh "exact image of hio-father.'1 -. " . "
HON, JNO. BELL, AGAIN.
Same of the Southern papers are censuring
this gentleman for his vote upon the Nebras
ka question in n manner altogether uncalled
for bv that or nnv other act ot Ins long pun
li lif. It would be iust as well for the
gentlemen of the press who are so hasty on
the subject to wait a little "there is luck in
sometimes" before hurling their
anathemas nt distinguished men who may
happen to differ with them upon "great na
tional questions." There nre not so many
eminent men in the Senate at this time
men who, by their distinguished abilities
and brilliant public career, have gained the
confidence of the country that we can nf-
ford to cast them aside simply because they
may not happen to vote always in accordance
with our views particularly upon questions
which we but partially understand. The
Nebraska question was unexpectedly sprung
upon the country, and we doubt very much
whether a single one of those who are dis
posed to censure Mr. Bell for that vote un
derstands its real significance and import, or
has any true conception of the results to
which it is intended to lend. But suppose,
after all, it should turn out that the censors
are right and the censured .wrong, it will at
last amount to nothing more than an honest
difference of opinion. Great niiuds cannot
always see things in the same light, any more
than they can always think alike. We are
no great admirer of Mr. Bell, but wo know
he possesses abilities of a high order that
he has no superior in the Senate or out of it
for far-seeing statesmanship and wo trust
we shall always be ready to defend him or any
other prominent man who may have the hon
or of representing in part the State of Pen
nessee in the conservative brunch of the
national legislature, from uncalled for as
saults. So, wait for the wagon, gentlemen,
and don't be so liberal in- ladling out politi
cal damnation to prominent men who may
happen to differ with you, before you know
whether they nre right or wrong. No harm
can result front waiting for further develop,
ments. But it is exceedingly unpleasant and
perplexing to bo constrained to take the back
track when you have ouce started in the
wrong direction especially when ao few
men have the frankness and nobleness of
soul to acknowledge they were wrong, even
when convinced that they have committed an
Commissioner to Gf.oroia. Wo learn
from the Nashville Whig of the I7th, that the
Hon. A. V. Brown, has been appointed by
Gov. Johnson, a commissioner to confer with
the commissioner already appointed by the
Governor of thnt Statu Mr. Stell, President
of the Georgia Senate nnd report to the next
Tennessee Legislature, what additional legis
lation is necessary to secure the right of
Georgia, as exclusive proprietor of that part
of the Western nnd Atlantic Railroad in
A Washington correspondent says :
Millson and Letcher of Va both Demo
crats, oppose the Nebraska Bill on account
of its squinting towards squatter sovereignity.
The S. C. delegation are in part opposed to
it. Mr. Hunt of La... and Mr. Eltwrulaa of
Tenn., both Whigs will also oppose it. There
is therefore every probability of its defeat.
The Gadsden Treaty was discussed two
hours in executive session, to-day. There is
it prospect of a long contest over it, and that
it will bu rejected finally.
Military Spirit Dreams of Gi.onv.
Our friend of the Chattanooga Advertiser
appears to be struck with the idea of getting
up a militury organization in the youthful
city nt the foot of "Lookout." The subject
is evidently a suggestive one, for the bache
lor of the Advertiser talks about Cuba, pros-
pective glory, beautiful haciendas, waving
'kerchiefs, bright eyes, and so forth nnd so
on. i lie aenr nine man now warm unu
ardent ho become in this the season of
buds and blossoms, and how "distance lends
enchantment to the view!" But of the mili
tary company if our neighbor really de
sire to do "the State ome aervice," wishes
to raise prop for its support in the hour of
gloom and peril, he should get married and
go to work in the right way.
tg The New York Courier and Enquirer
nominate the Hon. Jno. Bell for the Presi
dency in 1959.
-ff The last Knoxville Statesman brings
the gratifying intelligence that the weather
in that direction for the last few days "has
been pleasantly vernal."
Goods at Nashville. We neglected Inst
week to direct attention to the Wholesale
house of T. &. W. Eakin &. Co., Nashville,
Tenn. They have a large and splendid as
sortment of Fine Fancy nnd Staple Goods,
elected with great care and attention, which
they will sell for cash or to prompt time
dealers on tho most liberal terms.
In this paper will be found an obitu
ary notice nt the death of Joseph Galbreath
formerly of McMinn, who died in Yam Hill
county, Oregon, on the 4th of January.
tr" Jko. A. Missis, Esq., of Chattanooga
announces himself aa a candidate for Chan
cellor m the Fifth Chancery Division; and
oor friend, D. C. Trewhitt, Esq., of Ham
ilton county, formerly of Bradley, i an-
nnunced a a candidate for Attorney General
in this Judicial District.
t-XTThe Southern Herald, Athens, Ga
has been suspended, and the office sold. Its
editor, Jno. II. Christy, Esq., formerly of
Jonesborough, in this State, made an excel
lent paper, and ws regret that bis labors have
not been more aubstantially rewarded.
J-T" Last week wr neglected to notice
the reception of Arthur's Home Magazine
for March Philadelphia. We are not in the
habit of puffing publications from that di
rection, but Arthur' possesses so much real,
intrinsic merit, that we cannot in jsstiee
withhold onr commendation. There is a
freshness snd a high moral sentiment per.
fading all its articles not characteristic of
the other monthlies ws have mot with; snd
persons wishing a magazine from tho page
of which profit aa well aa pleasure may be
derived, should subscribe for Arthur's.
y The Register stales that tho present
Attorney Geosral and State Reporter, Wm.
G. Swan, Esq., of KnoxTide, w'r!l not be a
tindidate for re-election".
MESSAGE OF PRESIDENT PIERCE.
On Wednesday tiie Spcakel laid before
the House of Representatives the follow,
MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT.
To the House of RepresentatMS.
Incompliance with the resolution of the
I loose nf Representatives of the lOthinst., I
herewith transmit a report of the Secretary of
State, containing all the information received
nt the Department relative to the seizure of
the Black Warrior at Havana on the 28th
There have been in the course of ft few
years past, many other instances of aggres
sion ujion our commerce, violations of the
rights of American citizens, and insults to the
national flag, by the Spanish authorities in
Cuba, and all attempts to obtain redress have
led to protracted, and a yet, fruitless nego
tiations. The documents in these cases are volumin
ous, and when prepared, will he sent to .Con
gress. Those now transmitted relate cxclu-
sively to the seizure of the Black Warrior,
and present so clear a case of wrong that it
would be reasonable to expect full indemnity
therefor as soon as this unjiisttiable and of.
fensive conduct shnll be made known to her
Catholic Majesty's government; but similar
expectations in other coses have not been
The offending party is nt our door with
largo powers for aggression, but none is nl
leilged for reparation. The smirco of redress
is in another hemisphere, and the answer to
our just complaints made to the Home Gov
ernment are but the repetition of excuses
rendered for inferior officials to their superi
ors, ill rciilv to repress Intious of miscon-
duct. The peculiar situation, of the parlies
has undoubtedly mucli ngi'raratcd tnu an.
novances and injuries which our citizens
have suffered from the Cuban authorities.
Snain does not seem to appreciate, to its
full extent, her responsibility for the conduct
of these authorities. In giving very extra
ordinary powers to them she owes it to jus
tice, her friendly relations with this govern,
meat, to cuiird with vigilance against the ex
orbitant exorcise of these powers, and in case
of injury to provide for prompt redress.
I have already taken measures to present
to the Government of Spain the wanton in
justice of the Cuban authorities in the deten
tion and seizure ol me iiincK warrior, ana
demand indemnity for the injury that has
thereby been done to our citizens.
In view of the position of the Island of
Cuba, its proximity to oor coast, and the re
lation which it must ever bear to our com
mercial and other interests, it is vain to ex
peet that n series of unfriendly arts, infring
incr unon commercial rights, nnd the adopt
ion of a policy threatening the honor and secu
rity of these States, can long consist with
In case the mensures Liken for the amica
ble adjustment of our difficulties with Spain
should unfortunately fail, 1 shall not hesitate
to use the authority and means which Con
gress may grant to obtain redress for injuries
received, and to vindicate the honor of our
In anticipation of that contingency, wlncli
I earnestly hope may not nrrive, I suggest to
Congress the propriety of authorizing such
provisional measures as the exigency may
seem to demand. Fuanklin l'lEROE.
Yaihington, March 15, 1854.
Immediately after the reading of the mcs-
Mr. Bnylcy rose I move the message bo
roferred to the Committee on Foreign affairs,
and printed. I beg to say that my admirn.
tion is excited by the character of tho mes
sage. Motion agreed to.
(Tt m.lrit rf tt, roooVd
with general favor by tno. House, privately
Moiial Si'AHiott's. 1'iioiiiiiiToity Laws.
At a convention of temperance men, held
at Wodstock, Vt., on Munduy week the fol
lowing resolution, among others was ndop.
Resohed, That we believe tho ennse of
temperance has declined since the enactment
of the present stringent laws for its
sunnort: and that to recover tho cround al
ready lost by ill let'eslatiun upon this sub
ject, it is necessary to drive the question al
together Irom the political arena, and to re
turn to the coon old way oi convincing men
of the error of their ways by the power of
Kentucky Legislature. This body ad
journed sine die on the 10th inst., after a hard
working session, during which many impor
tant bills were passed. Among the most
important nre two laws similar to ennctmonts
upon the same tubject passed by tho Ten
nessee Legislature, viz: one to provide for a
Geological survey of the State, and another
increasing the salaries of the Judges of tho
Court of Appeals nnd the Circuit Courts;
the former to $2,000, and the latter to $1800.
A bill was also passed submitting to the peo
ple at the ballot box, the question whether
three cents additional tax mmn every one
hundred dollars' worth of taxable property
shall bo imposed in aid of Common School.
Rumors of a Threatened Ikvasio of
Canada ov Russia. A telegraphic dispatch
from Montreal says: A strange story appear
ed some days ago in a Quebec paper to the
effect that in conscqunce of advices from
England tho Provincial Post Office Authori
ties had seized a letter intended for the Rus
sian Government, containing a programme
of an intended invasioffof Canada by Rus
sian soldiers via the United blntes. It was
looked on here as a hoax, but to-night it is
announced by telegraph from Quebec, that
the writer of the loiter has been seized, but
no proof of treason was found in consequence
of hi having had time to destroy his letters
and that 10,000 militia are to be called out
The matter is still considered a a humbug
of some kind.
5-ff The New York Times says the story
that despatches havo been received from Ha
vana stating that the authorities offer indem
nity lor the mack Warrior outrage isonioun-
ISr" Massachusetts has overdone the Rail
Road business. So many competing roads
have been built that but few give remunera
tive dividends. Vermont is even worse off,
for she has scarcely a paying rosd.
Commission Hocse, Atlanta, Ga. By
reference to our advertising columns it will
be seen that Mr. J. E. Williams has associated
with him in the Commission Business Dr.
Jno. Rhea, formerly of Bloontvillc, in this
State. These gentlemen Sre both East Ten
nessecan. With -Mr. William we have
been acquainted for several years, and know
him to be a first rate business man, prompt
snd correct in all his transactions. He has
been for several years past engaged in doing
a heavy Commission Bosines at Atlanta, and
haa rendered general satisfaction. Ws com.
mend the.new.firm to those having consign
J mrnti o'f froducc for that drfectfoh.
THE OCOEB ROAD.
Editor Port: The Ocoee Road has been
open several months, while tho product of
the mines has but lately found its way over
it to the Iliwassee, thence down tho river to
Charleston. A road of such importance as
that which opens the copper district of Polk
county with the valley of East Tennessee,
cannot but form an item of some moment
and interest alike to the planter and miner.
Hereafter the line of transit of ores from the
mines now operated in the vicinity of Duck
town, will be via Benton to the banks of the
Iliwassee, nt Gen. Gamble's Landing. Nature
has made this a poiut of great advantage, by
an imperishable limestone quay, where a boat
can lay with equal facility in all stages of
water. This is 2 miles from Benton and
connected with it by nn easy and excellent
road. From Benton to the mines, the course
is nearly south to Shield's mills. Tho pres
ent rond being up Three Mile creek crossing
it frequently and thence over several lime,
stone ridges thnt could be easily avoided by
changing the read bed. This would not in
crease the distance to the mills, which is seven
miles, but would very greatly Improve the
road. At Shield's mills the river is first seen,
and the Ocoee Road at present properly be
gins. Here Sugnrloaf mountain lift its conical
top above the South banks of thcOcoee.whilc
the road bends around a huge rocky bluff
making quite down to tho waters edge on
the North. Tho whito rock here, a species
of porphyry, forme n line of separation of
the slate from the carbonissuous limestone
of the valley of East Tennessee. From this
noint to tho Great Falls, n distance of three
miles, the mountains do not crowd down up
on the river, but give room for narrow yet
fertile meadows. Passing the falls and wind
ing for a half mile the abrupt steeps which
here closo upon the river, the eye delights to
rest upon tho fertile yet narrow field skirt
ing both banks of the Ocoee. These mend
ows finally end at the mouth of Greasy creek,
18 miles from the mines. The fickle wind
ings and rapid fall of the river here com
mence, a point seven miles from, and 109 feet
above Shield's, now Bryant's mills, and 850
feet below the mine. Peak now looks over
peak, and cliff rest ngalnst cliff, to margin the
boisterous floods as they roll along their rocky
bed. Oft the foaming waters seem to issue
from the caverns of these mountain piles as
the eye struggles in vain to discover an opon
ing in the mountain for the river. "Several
small stienms leap from rock to rock nnd are
lost in the Oeoeo; and generally below the
mouth of these creek narrow rocky
islands nre formed, covered by small trees
that take root in the decaying fragments of
drift-wood. The rond winds fourteen miles
along the North bank of the river, giving n
rich variety of wild and grand scenery before
the mountains aro passed or the abode of
civilization reached. A remnant of tho Chcro.
kecs still hold thuir lands South of tho river
on Tumbling Creek, but only ono of their
habitations can be seen from t to road. The
mountains p:is9ed,Ococe flow on in its deep
smooth bed. Several small knobs are cross
ed and the mines aro reached. Although tho
road way from Greasy Creok to the mines is
eighteen miles, yet a straight line between
tho two places is less than ten miles. The
grade of tho first seven miles, from Bryant's
mills, is 26 feet to the mile, making section
No. 1. And thnt of section No. 2, which is
nine miles in length, is 62 feet to the mile
While section No. 3, is seven miles and of
the uuiform grade of 36 1-6 feet per mile.
This road has been surveyed with a view to
determine its practicability for a Rail Road
route, and the estimates of said proposed
road will in due time be submitted. In the
meantime I have the pleasure to remain,
Yours, very respectfully, C. A. P.
Polk co., March 10, 1854.
Bustor, March I I
There is much exhilaration nmong a por
tion of our citizens, caused by tho decision
of the Supreme Court against tho constitu
tionality of a portion of the liquor law.
salute of 365 guns was fired on the common
Tho following dispatch wo find in the Bal
Concord, March 15 Aew Hampshire
Election. Tho election in this State yes-
terdny, was warmly contested, nnd the result
IS cuiimeti s no niin.iiwi.. ,iuiumi
larire majority of those olected to tho Lcgi
iature. beincr opposed to the bill. The ward
in which Uen. Tierce resided gave 10 wing
tnnioritv. and many ol the strongest demo.
erntiu towns in the state have none whin. Tin
Leirisluture is probably democratic !y a small
majority. As far as heard from, 101 demo
crats and 103 whigs and Free Soilers havo
been elected, showinir a democratic loss ol
50 members since last year. The Demo
era Is will probably have majority in the
Senate and Council. Baker, the Democratic
candidate for Governor, is elected by a ma
jority of about 2,500, a loss since last year,
of 3,040 votes.
Stard from Urder! The Milleritca of
the North have fixed the 25th day of May
next, as the tine on which sll things are to
bo "brought up, standing." The events that
sre now transpiring in Europe, it is contend
ed, will be sufficiently consummated for a
general overthrow of tho Kingdoms of the
earth the eclipse will shut oat the light of
the sunand, mid tho general crash, Time
itself is to be buried in oblivion t Person
interested will please take notice.
The Mexicar Question i Issue. There
is, says the Washington Star, evidently
growing disposition among the Senators to
accomplish the settlement of all outstanding
questions with Mexico and those involved in
the Gadsden and Cooklin treaties, with as lit
tle delay ss possible The threatening pre.
sent sppcsrar.ee of our Spanish relations may
fairly be credited with superinducing much
of this condition of senatorial sentimeut.
(y The Washington correspondent of
the New York Courier and Enquirer says :
Mr. Douglas and the cabinet are in con.
stant attendance in the House, working like
drill sergeants. But the South has broken
front, and the Northern Democracy is in open
mutiny. The bill is regarded aa dead.
Bavut IIorsev When plagued with
baulky horse, tie a string around the joint
above the hoof and walk befo e him, polling
the string gently at first, and increasing the
strain until the animal moves, which, it is
said, lie w ill not fail to do.
EAST TENNESSEE AND GEORGIA
From the Augusts Constitutionalist.
We learn from n friend just from East
Tennessee, that this rond is doing n large bu
siness, greatly exceeding thnt of last year.
The felicitous location of this road renders it
worthy of a passing comment. The charter
extends from Knoxville to Dalton, 111 miles,
In n southwest direction, thus enabling it
through most of that distance, to occupy the
remarkable position of n trunk common to
the great east and west nnd to the north nnd
south thoroughfares, crossing at Knoxville,
Tennessee. From this. point, the road along
the valley, between the Alleghany and Blue
Ridge ranges via Adingdmi, Lynchburg, Cor
donsvillo and Alexandria to Washington, is
all under contract, chiefly built, nnd will be
completed within two years. The rond direct
lo Cincinnati is provided Tor, and will be put
under contract as soon ns the roiito can be
surveyed. The Tennessee river nnd its trib
utaries give nn extensive steamboat commu
nication above anil below. Tho East Ten
nessee and Georgia road has 80' miles com
pleted from Dalton to Loudon, and the rcsi
duo will be finished within the current year.
Tho Rabun Gap (or Bluo Ridge) road has
recently been put iindereontract to Knoxville.
A branch from Cleveland to .Chattanooga is
to bo built ns soon as tho work can bo done.
Georgia has just granted a charter from Dal
ton to the Alabama line, in the direction of
Montgomery; Tennessee and Alabama have
provided for roads from Chattanooga to Nash
ville, to Memphis, to Salem and Mobile, and
through Alabama in the direction to New
Orleans. The Georgia Statu Koad is in good
order from Dalton to Atlanta, whenco
branches spread in nil directions. Turning
again to the north, from Cincinnati, roads
ndiate in all directions, extending to the lakes
and fur towards the frozen ocean.
Viewing Knoxville on the map, with its
many connections, one is impressed with its
eminent advantages us a great manufacturing
centre; nnd with the importance of tho East
Tennessee and Georgia Railroad,ns the chan
nel through which is to flow the countless
trade and travel that must inevitably pass
through that point. The recent report of the
President shows that the ne profits of the
first 80 miles, having no conncc.ion but with
the Georgia Statu Road, for the year 1853,
were nbout 3J per cent. What will they be
when the double fan of roads, with this road
as the common stem, shall have been com
pleted ? From Nashville, Memphis, New Or-
Middle, I'cusacoln, Savannah and
Charleston, freight nnd passengers will go by
this Road to Louisville, Cineinnati,I'iUsbiirgli,
New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Wash
ingtrin, Richmond nnd Petersburg.
Between the two great commercial centres
of New York and New Orleans, it is thu di
rect line, and cannot be rivalled by nny other,
ns it occupies exclusieely the valley between
the Cumberland Mountains nnd the Blue
Ridge, which obliges any other rente to de
late greatly, cither to the north or the south
It is the policy and intention of tho com.
pany to declare a dividend of nil nett gains,
(less n suitable roserve for conlingoncies,) on
the first of September next, and semi-annual
ly thereafter, payable for the present in stock,
but in cash as soon ns the exigencies of the
work will permit. Tho Road is well built,
has little floating debt, is well managed, is
doing a largo and rapidly increasing business,
will certainly pay L'ood dividends, and its
stock is now intrinsically worth full par value,
The Fifth and Sixth Chaxcehy Divi-
sions. We subjoin n portion of tho law ei
acting the fifth and sixth Chancery Divisions:
Skc. 1. lie. it enacted hi the General As.
scmblv nf the Stale if Tennessee. That this
Statu shall lie laid oil' into five Chancery Di
visions, nnd the 5tli division of District Chan-
Cerv Courts shall consist ol saiil courts lioltlcn
tit Mary villc, Kingston. Madisunvillo, Athens,
Benton, Cleveland, Washington, Harrison,
I'ikeville, Jasper, Sparta nnd Livingston, with
the comities by law attached to said districts,
and the said courts comprising the said di.
vision shall continue to be held in the coun
ties and districts ns now provided, or as mnv
hereafter be provided by law; and for said
5th division a Chancellor shall bo elected
who shall reside in the same, who shall be
lawfully commissioned nnd qualified, nnd
possess all tho power nnd authority conferred
on the Chancellors of this State.
Skc. 2. He it fnrilicr enacted. That the
counties of Carroll, Bunion, Humphreys,
Dickson, Hickman, l'erry, Ueeatur, Hender
son, McNairy, Hardin, Wayne, and Lawrence,
shall, from nnd after the passage of this act,
constitute a chancery district, to be known as
tho sixth chancery division of the State of
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That the
l,.k""nt Chancellors shall hold all the Courts
as now required by law until the election of
their successor, nnd Chancellors lor tno Din
aud 6th divisions arc elected by the people.
Funeral Discourse. The Atlanta Re
publican aays, nf the result of tho Nebraska
question as indicated by the vote in the
Senate I " " " " '
Just ns we expected. Thisstrnggle breaks
up both the old parties. The Whig party is
irredeemably cone. Gen. Pierco uses the
spoils by which lie preserve a nominal exis
tence lor me uumocniiic pany. i umniuin
may look out for suitable men for the next
Presidency. That struggle will not result in
a party triumph. Both parties aro virtually
dead. ' Let them be buried sixty fathoms be
low the level of tide-water, so that the earth
may be free from the stench of their corrup
Conquering a Peace Without Blood
shed. A rigorous blockade of the Russian
ports, throwing one year's crop on their hands,
and steadily continued on to the time when,
in ordinary circumstances, they would be pre
paring the subsequent crop, must break the
Russian social system to pieces. "We need
not. say the London Examiner, send a sol
dier, or shed s drop of our blood. We shall
have to pay doublo price for candles and
shoes for a year or so, and to incur the ex
pense of augmenting our fleet. The Russian
magnates will fight the rest of the battle for
us; and if we simply confine ourselves to
holding them tight to the work, they will, in
the cause of rent and revenue, tear the Rus
sian social system to tatters. If the present
head of the house of Romanoff calfs upon the
magnates to sacrifico their revenues to his
pride, they will treat him as they treated his
predecessors, Alexander aud Panl."
tT A nephew of tlvs late Mr. Bodisco,
an officer of the Russian Imperial Guards,
now in Washington, it is said, has been order-
J cd to join bis c-jimcnt tor active sen ice.
Rumored Expeditions Auaimst Cura.
The recent outrage upon the Black Warrior,
the general burst of indignation which has
followed its announcement in this communi
ty, nnd tho proceedings in the United States
Congress for the repeal of the neutrality
laws, have given o new impulse to the fili
bustero associations, and infused fresh cour
age into the Cuban exiles. Should the neu
trality laws be repealed, it seems highly prob
able that organizations pieparatory to a great
expedition against Cuba will be set on foot
along the whole line of const from New York
to New Orleans. Tho Cuban exiles are said
to havo raised already a sum of one million
of dollars for tho cause; another million
could soon bu raised in this country, if the
government declared that it would not inter
fere. In a very short spneo of time, an army
often thousand men could be enrolled, just
ns able and efficient as that which conquered
the Mexicans; and wo have not a doubt that
some of the old Mexican Generals General
Quitman among others would be ready and
willing to accept posts of command. The
present time is peculiarly favorable for the
execution of any such designs. Both France
and England nre engrossed with tho proa,
poet of a European war, and neither could
lend any assistance to Cuba that would be
of any avail against a well equipped expctli.
tion from hence. If our government resolve
to stand neutral, Cuba had better make
amends for the Black Warrior outrage a
oon as alio can. A'. Y. Herald.
!-f"Liri! Raglan, tho Commander of the
British army, on its way to Constantinople,
is better known in tho military history of
England as Lord Fitzroy Somerset, son of
the fith Duke of Beaufort, by the daughter
of Hon. Admiral Bascowcn. He was born
in 1788, nnd is now in his 66th year. Ho
has been fifty years in military service. He
was Aid-de camp nnd Military Secretary of
the Duke of Wellington, nnd distinguished
himself nt Fucntes d'Ouore, Badujos, Sala
manca, Vittoria, and other leading battles in
the Peninsula. He nlso served in Flanders,
and in tho battle of Waterloo he lost nn nrm.
Death of the Hon Ker Bovce. It is
witli pain that we learn of the death of Hon!
Kor Boyce, of Charleston S. C, which oc
curred on Sunday night, of apoplexy, at Co.
lumbia, S. C.
Value of Acorns.-TIio editor of The Ad
vocate, Claiborne, Iji. lins gone into a min
ute calculation upon tho value of one crop of
acorns in that parish equivalent to onr coun
ties. He savs that 1,800,000 lionnds of pork
will be consumed there in the year 1854, by
the 12,000 inhabitants, nnd that the whole
ot it comes from the crop of mwns, and is
worth thu snug sum ot $!)0,000.. Besides
this he thinks nn equal value has been added
to the stock hogs. He thinks nlso that that
parish grows 835,000 worth more colton thnn
t would if all the planters hail to depend up
on the corn crop for their meat, so that tho
ictual value ut a crop ot acorns is $215,000.
A Roonn.vcK. Tho Wo-shinton Star says
the story in "Washington Corrcsondcnco
of Northern" journals, saying that there was
a difference opinion among the Cabinet, rcla.
tive to the propriety of tho courso with refer
ence to the Black Warrior enso adopted by
the Prcsiucnl,is mniinfactnred of whole cloth.
This is notorious to nil really well informed
O-An effigy of Senator Douglass was
found hung on a tree in Portsmouth, N. II,
on Tuesday morning last. Daniel O'Connell
used to say that he was the best abused man
iu the United Kingdom. Mr. Douglass van
say with truth that ho has been hnng oftener
than any other living nmii iu tho United
Tho New York Times trives an account of
n gang termed Resurrectionist, in that city.
who make their living and money by stealing
dead bodies. They supply, not only the anat
omists of the city of NewVork and the State,
but many public and private dissecting rooms
elsw here. A regular traffic is carried on, and
hundreds of dead bodies nre stolen and ship
ped every year.
55" Mr. Wickhandcdikowegbitongtofbsii
fell down stairs, tho other day, and broke bis
name in three pieces.
Fanny Fem, having been to hear
Theodora Parker preach, concludes ber re.
flections thus: -"O,
there's intellect there, there's noetrr
there there's genius there; but I remember
Guthsemane I forget not Calvary ! 1 know
the 'rocks were rent,' and tho 'stone rolled
away,' and a cold chill strikes to my heart
wnen i near Jesus or isazarelli lightly men
Slaves in Russia. Of the fifty three and
a half millions people which Rnssia contain
ed in 1812, not less than forty.two railliona
were slaves; nnd of these, fifteen millions
were slaves of the Crown, or the Emperor.
53f In a late abolition speech in N. York,
Miss Lucy Stone said :
"But I know so well that there is cotton fn
the ears of men, let us look for hope m the
bosoms or women.
A eotemporary suggests that Miss Lnsr
will find cotton there, too! Of course, tho
wretch ought to be impalod with needles.
A novel patent has been cranted'to Ad'of.
phus Theodore Wagner, professes of Masts,
of Berlin. It is for the invention of a "p)
chograph, or apparatus to indicate persons
thoughts, by the agency of nervous IcctrieU
New Railway Braxs. The Journal of
Commerce makea the following mention of
a new method of stopping Railway train
recently tested so the Harlem toad wUb
It consists in making the application of '1st
brake independent of the brakemen, and pla
cing it wholly within the control of the En
gincer of the trains. It is well known that
in cases of accident by collision, the misplace
ment of switches, disaster might often bo
averted by an instant application of the brake;
but under tho excitement of impending dan
ger and the instinct of sclfpmu-rvation, tbo
brakemen not unfrrqiicntly abandon their
post,at a time when their seniors are most per
emptorily demanded. By his invention (Mr.
Wm. G. Cresmor's) the engineer haa simper
to pull the bell, or signal cord, when a catch
is released, and the brakes aro instantly ap
plied. Each brake is independent in Us ac
tion, and can be used in the usual way. Tbs
improvement will cost some $15 or 820 for
each car. It was highly approved by a novo
ber of Railroad gentlemen h examined it;
and is likely to lie adopted by torn of tho
roads in this vicinity.
If you would enjoy the fruit, pluck not tho