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S. P. 1VIKS. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
TERMS. $2 a yar, payable in advance, or
$3 tf M rjira(ion the year.
t3T" -Vo paper diuontimud until arrearget
mrt paid, except at the option of the Publither.
For announcing the namci of candidates for
ogice $5, Cm A.
Athens, Friday, June 16, 1S54.
State Reporter. Sneed's majority for
State Reporter is 5824.
Death. We regret to learn the death of
Cnpt M. D. Bearden, an old and highly es
teemed citizen of Knoxville.
3?" Judge Luckey's mnjority for Chancel
lor in the Eastern Division is 184.
Official Vote. The official vote of the
late Judicial elections from the. office of the
Secretary of State, will le found in onother
J3?"Ve lenrn thnt Jus. H.Alexander, Esq.,
has been appointed Clork and Master of the
Chancery Court of Polk county, in the place
of A." P. Bradford, Esq., resigned.
BlueRidoe Railroad. The article about
the Blue Ridgo Railroad, on the first page of
this paper, should have been credited to the
Railway Times. (, t .
The Crops Again. A trip to the neigh
boring county of Polk enabled us to attuin
additional information in regafd to the wheat
and other crops. la many places we found
the. wheat good, in others thin and light.
Where the latter was the case the land was
generally poor. We conversed with several
gentlemen of Polk county on the subject,
some of whom informed us their wheat was
as good as they had ever made, while others
expressed the belief that they would not
gather more than a half crop. There was
a greater number of acres than usual put in
wheat last seeding-time, and we believe, from
the best information we can obtain, that there
will be quite as many bushels realized this as
last year. The farmers, we understand, ex
pect the market to open at a pretty high figure.
Oats look very well, and the prospect at
present is that the crop will be very heavy.
Corn, too, looks well, though not as forward
as usual. True, we noticed hero and there a
field overrun with grass and weeds. Such,
of course, belong to men who are piospect
Sng among the hills for copper gentlemen
who nro rich in untold treasures of mineral
wealth if they only know where to find it,
and who have no time to attend to the more
uninviting details of tho cornfield.
527" We would direct attention to an a0
tide w hich appears on our first page, on the
subject of "Good Common Roads." The
suggestions made by the writer are good, and
tho people of this and other sections would
be benefitted largely by acting upon thorn.
Nothing is more essential to tho prosperity
of the farming classes than good roads
- through the interior country, and the more
of them you have the better. Lower East
Tennessee is sadly deficient in this respect,
and it is time some improvements were made.
, - ' Coiter Ore. We noticed while at Ben
ton a largo number of wagons in fact al
most ft continuous train londt-d with copper
ore, passing through on their way to the
steamboat landing nt the river. The ore is
tho black oxide, and well-informed mineral
ogists give it as their opinion that, all advan
tages and disadvantages considered, the
Ducktown Copper Mines will prove the most
valuable in the world; and it is our own
opinion that Polk county will in a few years
prove to be among tho first in the State in
point of wealth. We have no disposition to
"blow" on the subject or add to tho excite
ment already unfortunately prevailing for
we believe four-fifths of those engaged in
leasing property, sinking shafts, and rauging
about generally looking for "indications,"
nro pursuing a delusion that will lead them
to embarrassmont and bankruptcy at tho
same timo wo cannot withhold the opinion
that East Tennessee combines more of the
real elements of prosperity than any other
section in the world, and has now within its
limits ten times greater wealth than will ever
be taken from the gold deposits of a half
dozen California. It will require skill and
capital to propeily dcvelope and bring into
usefulness her immense resources, both of
which will soon beat hand. 'The war pre
vailing in the East, and the consequent un
certain and uuscttlcd condition of affairs in
Europo, is causing foreign capital to seek for
safo and profitable investment on this side
tho Atlantic. East Tenneseee presents great
er inducements at this time than any other
region, and capital in abundance will soon
tako this direction. If our pcoplo pursue tho
proper course, and continue prudent and in
dustrious, they hnvo a carcor of prosperity
before them unexampled lu the history of any
Hotel AT Benton, Our friend, Joseph
Polton, formorty of tho Big Savannah Farm,
has purchased the house and property in
Benton owned and recently occupied by Mr.
McClary, and is fitting it up in good stylo,
for the purpose of providing the travelling
public with a first rate house a place where
good fare and solid comforts may be enjoyed
by all who call. Wo had the pleasure of
dining there on Monday last, and we but do
the worthy host and hostess justice when we
say that-wo havo seldom partaken of a better
ditinor, and we thiuk we are a protty good
judge of such things. Tho cookery was to
our notion exactly, and tho tablo furniture
, just of the right kind to make every thing
look neat snug aud comfortable. Mr. Pclton's
house must needs prove popular; and wo
conimond all who travel that way to give
him a call, feeling assured that the table will
always be supplied with ths best tho country
affords, and every provision niailo to render
the guosts comfortable.
$jT A Democratic pnper in South Caro
lina protends to express surprise that Prosl
dunt Pierce should be able to survive the
fierce onslaughts of ths opposition press.
There is nothing surprising about it. Ho is
. in no danger from the Whig press he is in
nim li more danger from the pensioned prcta
of his own side their pftisss and fulsome
eulogies are odorous enough to kill a skunk,
lft nloiio a man of General Pierre's oirllVs.
A Word or Two. The GreenevilleSpy,
npon the authority of an editorial correspon
dence in the American Presbyterian, charges,
in effect, that the management of the East
Tennessee and Georgia Railroad are In the
habit of passing preachers of one denomina
tion free over their road, and charging those
of some other denominations the usual fare.
Knowing there is no ground for any such
charge, we shall take the liberty of pro.
nonncing it untrue the management of the
road have been guilty of no such favoritism,
or discrimination in favor of one class of
ministers over another. The President of
the Company has issued Jree tickets to min
inters having congregational charges along
the line of the road, and when travelling in
the discharge of their ministerial duties; and
in no other coses .are free tickets granted.
This rule is right, and preachers of the gos
pel, or any other persons claiming special
privileges, and who travel up and down the
road for pleasure, accompanied by their wives,
children, and negroes, are guilty of an at
tempt at imposition when they seek to pass
without paying the regular fare.
If the management of the road will not
deem it impertinent, we will suggest the ex
pediency and propriety of abolishing the
"Dead Head" system altogether, and to re
quire the payment of tho regular price from
all who travel on the rood editors' of news
papers, ministers of the gosfel, and other
noted and distinguied characters who are
sometimes permitted to ride free. When in
dividuals so far forget themselves as to de
mand as a right thut which is sometimes ac
corded through conrtesy and respect, they
should be tuken down "a couple of button
holes" at least, and placed on a level with
other people. We have labored as hard as
any one for the road, in adversity and pros
perity, and we are quite willing to pay our
fare. When .rightly sifted and understood,
editors and preachers are not much better
than other people, and we can see but little
reason why they should have favors extend
ed to them not enjoyed by their neighbors.
So, rub the chalk from your hats, gentlemen,
and down with the "Dead Head" Bystcm,
and then there can be no misunderstanding
or misrepresentation on the subject.
J5F"The Democratic presses are chuckling
ovor the prospect of a fight between the
Whiff papers in this State on the Nebraska
question. Such a "family jar" would no
doubt prove very entertaining to disinterested
parties. But they will hardly be gratified
there is no necessity for Whigs getting each
other by the ears about Nebraska. The bill
has been passed into a law by tho properly
constituted authorities, and as long as it con
tains nothing at variance with and in violation
of the provisions of the Constitution of the
United States, it is the duty of all good citi
zens, though thoy may doubt the cxped:ency
of the measure, to submit to it without mur
muring. It was a quostion during the pen
dency of which, friends, members of the
same political household, might well afford
to disagree about. It is a question, too, the
bearings and tendencies of which a large por
tion of the country yet but Imperfectly com-
prebends and understands. Almost every
one knows what it was sprung for, but few
have any conception of what it will lead to.
A little discussion will do no harm but, we
repeat, there is no necessity for, nnd there
will be no quarreling among the Whigs of
Tennessee about it they will be guilty of
no such absurdity. Thty know what sort of
efforts and policy it will take to carry the
State at the next olection and they arc not
going to cut their own throats merely for the
gratification of their opponents, bo, hold
still nnd keep quiet, gentlemen of the Demo.
critic press you will be invited to a very
different sort of entertainment from that
which you are now anticipating.
Knoxville and Danville Road. We
are pleased to learn from an article in the last
Knoxville Register, that the Railroad from
Knoxvillo, Tenn., to Danville, Ky., is "fully
provided for, and will soon be completed."
The announcement must prove highly grati
fying to the people living along the line of
the projected road, and among the hitherto
inaccessablo mountain ranges which it must
traverse between the points named. The
survey for tho Knoxvillo and Danville Road
was mada about ton days ago. In about ten
days more, it might be inferred from the arti
clo in the Register, the shrill neigh of the
iron horso will be wnking up the echoes
in tho deep gorges and among the dark ra
vines of the Cumberland. We should not
be surprised to hear the same writer announc
ing in a short time that the commerce of
New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore had
been transferred and concentrated at "Cedar
Keys," Florida, the name of which it is pro
posed to change to Grernevillc, in honor of
the immortal Duff, who first conceived tho
idea of draining the Okafenokee swamps-
Read Out. Tho following Southern gen
tlemen have been read out of the Whig par
ty by the New York Tribune, because they
votod for tho Nebraska bill: "John M. Clay
ton, of Delaware; George E. Badger, of North
Carolina; James C. 1 Jones, of Tennossee;
James A. Poarce, of Maryland; the notorious
firm of Toombs and Stephens, of Georgia;
and Wm. C.Dawson, of the same State."
As for Mr. Toombs, we do not know that ho
will be much loss. He has never been any
thing but a time-server and tirckster a cold
hoartcd, selfish man, worshiping self with
more fervency than God. But ho w the Whig
party will got along without the other
gentlemen, we cannot well see at present
The editor of the Tribune, immediately after
tho result of tho Inst Presidential election
was made known, declared his own separa
tion from the Whig party, and his determina
tion keep aloof from all association or action
with it. Ho had a right to read himself out,
and if he had availed himself of it at an
earlier day the Whig party would perhaps be
in bettor condition at this hour. Greely is a
man of tilents it is a pity he is so deficient
in common every day good sense.
J57" Wo regret to loarn thnt the neigh
boring town of Cleveland is suffering very
much from tho prevalence of Scarlet Fever.
Several deaths havo occurred. It is also said
there is an unusual amount of sickness st
Knoxville at this time. .
47" A gentleman from Chattanooga in
forms us that business is utiusually dull there
VOTE OF THE STATE OFFICIAL.
A. W. O. Totteu, 59,678.
ATTORNEY GENERAL 4i REPORTER.
J. LT.Sneed, 27,189 I LM. Campbell, 7,200
W. F. Cooper, 31,365 J. W. Bull, 3,060
J. G. Pickett, 1,260.
a R. Rogers, 3,093
J. B. Heiskell, 3,186
T. L Williams, 1,973
S. D. Frierson, - .
I. B. Williams, 3,002 M. Bullock,
J. VY. Harris, 2.501.
B. L. Ridley, .... 12,201
T.N. Van Dyke, 4,854 I Sam'l Turney, 3,289
John A. Minnis, 1,689.
S. C. Pavatt, 2,6451 B. S Allen, 2,61 1
Solon E. Rose, 2,262.
D. T.Patterson, 3,173 J.W.Deaderick, 1,986
C. Hall, 318.
Sam'l Powell, 2,534 J. T. Carter, 1,505
Robt Crawford, 1,769.
E. Alexander, .... 3,499
W. G. McAdoo, 2,523 S. L Childress, 1,028
J. C. Gaut, 3,373 G. W. Rowles, 2,541
G. W. Bridges, 3,204 D. C. Trewhitt, 2,541
J. L. Goodall, 3,554 A. M. Savage, 2,155
T. B. Murray, 1,457
T.H. Williams, 1,442
VV. M. Wade, 620
W.E.B. Jones, 523
D. II. Campbell, 768
II. II. Dillard, 355
A. McClnio, 444
L J. Lowe, 37
II. L. Davidson, 3,576 W. L. Martin, 2,118
1. L. Scudder, 2,944 I B. L. Tillman,
R. S. Currin, 538 J. L. Fare,
N. Baxter, .....
G. G. Bradford, 524
K. r. Hill,
W. B. Bate, 1,392
Geo. Maney, 1,314
L. M. Temple, 407
D. C. Welcker, 108
D. R. Claiborne, 130
W. W. Pepper, 2,677 II. S. Kimble,
J. M. Qunrlcs, 2,299 V. S. Allen,
W. P. Martin, 2,748 Thos. Jones,
N. Adams, 1,917 I A. M. Hughes, 1,725
A. Richardson, 402 W.V.Thouipson, 512
W. Fitzgerald, .... 4,464
J. A. Rogers, 2,490 A. Hawkins, 2,097
John Rcid, 2,058 S. McClanahan, 1,215
W. B. Grove, 802.
T. P. Scurlock, 2,847 J. C. Tomlin, 1,135
J.CHumphrics, 3,554 J. R. Fentress, 1,593
Attorney General, (incomplete.)
R. II. Hynds, 2,750 I W. R. Evans, 1,544
' R. M. Anderson, 142.
M.Thornburgh,l,617 I VV. R. Caswell, 1,517
J. Randolph, 1,289.
A.J.Marchbanks,2,931 VV. E. Vcnnble, 1,178
G.J.Stubblefield.2,433 Peter Turnoy, 1,583
Elijah Walker, -
L. M. Bcntlcy, 2,138 R. A. Hill,
II. A. Barry, 47.
A Valuable Invention. Levi S. Rey
nolds. Esq., of Indiana, has obtained a patent
for a new flouring Machine, called "The Indi
ana Bran Duster?' The Millers of George
town, D. C, and thoso of Indiana, Ohio, Vir
ginia and Maryland, who have it, testify that
it is very simple and durable, and requires
but little power, while it takes after the
bolls can get no more Flour, from one and a
quarter to three barrels of good Flour from
the offal of each hundred barrels.
This invention effects the great wheat in
terest of the country, and is of immense val
ue. Tho value, of this invention will be un
derstood, when we know that 300,000 barrels
of Flour would be saved in the United States
by its use.
The above notice of a highly valuable in
vention is copied from the Washington U
nion. The Machines are extensively in use in
the Middle, Northern and Western States,
and are given very general satisfaction. The
cost is comparatively small, and we loarn
that one of the Bran Dusters will be put up
at a mill in the neighborhood of this place,
during the ensuing Full, when we shall take
occasion to speak more nt length in regard to
its utility and merits. We have in our pos
session a number of certificates from Millers
and others who have used these Machines,
which we will take pleasure in showing to
any one who may feel interested in tho val
The Fugitive Slave Riot. The exami
nation of the parties arrested for being en.
gaged in tho fugitive slave riot, was continued
at Boston on Tuesday. Bishop, Slowell,
Juikson, nnd Morrison were fully committed
without bail for the murder of Bacheldcr.
Browii and Wesley were held in 83,000 each
for riot. Cluer, Home and Hopewell were
discharged. Thompson and Robinson were
held for a further examination.
Philadelphia Election. The City Elec
tion has resulted in the entire success of the
Whigs nnd Know Nothings, who elected their
whole ticket by 8,000 to 12,000 majority.
Conrad, for Mayor had 9000 majority. The
City Councils, School Directors, &c., are near
Walker's filibustering expedition was
disbanded and the remniuingmemhors had
surrendered themselves prisoners nnd arrived
at San Francisco in the custody of the
U. S. authorities, and were now on pa
rolo. J7" It Is said that the gentleman at Durk.
town who was smelling about for copper
and waked up a pole cat, has retired from
the business in disgust.
HOW TERRITORIES ARE MADE.
The annexed extract from the Washington
Sentinel will eonvey some idea of the man
ner in which Territorial Governments are
created, and of the right which is claimed for
them to legislate sovereignty over a vast do
main. The doctrine of squatter sovereignty
is not alone an outrage upon the rights of
the States, but is a libe! upon Republican in
stitutions. Take the case presented below
in the organization of Washington Territory,
and who would not justly laugh, did it not
involve a most serious issue of justice and
A Convention of fifteen squatters, acting
through a Committee of three, two of whoui
could not sgn their names, made up a gov
ernment which now has a distinct political
existence in the Republic, whose delegate has
a seat in Congress, and for which the further
right is demanded to exclude from the terri
tories the citizens of fifteen States with their
property, absolutely and forever. It is com
plained of the foreigners who flock to our
shores, that they hold false and dangerous
notions respecting our institutions; that they
call license liberty; but what will history say
of those who, entrusted with the welfare of
the nation and arrogating to themselves the
name of statesmen, so prostituto the very
spirit of republicanism, as to advocate the
doctrine of "squatteriovereignty?" No errors,
however gross, no idios, however false, which
may be entertained ty the former in refer
ence to our Govern mtut, contain a tittle of the
danger to its permamncy and to true liberty,
concealed in this pet hobby of demn;oguisiii.
These are the facts ia reference to Washing
ton Territory :
In 1851-52, Mr.- Chapman agitated the
question of organizing a new territory north
of Columbia river, ana published a call for a
convention. The white population not being
more than about one hundred, the idea was
ridiculed. But the convention assembled to
the number of fifteen men; a committee of
three was appointed to netnoriulizo Congress,
and two of this comniit'.ee could not writ
their own names. Mr. Chapman therefore,
had not only to draw up the resolutions and
memorials, but also to gigs them as well for
the other members. Being desirous of as
sisting in the election of General- Pierce, Mr.
Chapman returned home aad sent the memo
rial to Mr. Lane, thoHelegite from Oregon,
who presented it, and through whoso exer
tions the new Territory has been organized
nnd is now represented in Congress by its
Loos Sharp. We Had the following
statement in the Nashvile Whig, of the
Uncurrent Money on tht Bank of Tennessee.
The Bank of Tennessee recently procured
the engraving and prating of somo new
notes on thnt bnnk, which are distinguishable
from the old ones by rci backs. The notes
so procurred had been r'oeived by the Bank
per Adams' & Co.'s Express, and the box in
which they were packed deposited in the
Yesterday a gentleimn presented nt their
counter a $10 red back noto without the sig
natures. Upon being interrogated hu said
thut he had taken it from a negro man in pay
ment for a pair of pataloons, and had given
$5 in change. This led to nu examination
of the contents of the box, and it was ascer
tained thnt S40.0C0 in $10 red-back notes
had been abstracted. , Upon making this dis
covery, the Bank determined not to issue
any of the SI 0's of ti e new plate, at least
until the stolen ones are recovered; and hence
if any are found in circulation, they will either
be valueless from lacking tho signatures, or
if signed, will be counterfeits. The public
will therefore be on thir guard against 10
red-back notes on thaVank of Tennessee.
It is supposed by lee officers of the Bunk
that the box containing the notes was open
ed by some of the nands on the steamboat
between this city nnl Cincinnati.
Important Negotiation Concluded. The
Fishery and Canndini reciprocity negotiations
nre finally concluded, says a despatch from
Washington, and on terms said to be very
satisfactory to Secretary Marcy. They will
probably be so to tlu people of this country,
likewise, when mndt public. The reciprocal
trade proposed with Canada will be consider
ed as offering nearly all the advantages of
annexation. This treaty makes the naviga
tion of tho St. Lawrence free; it gives us un
restricted participatitn in the fisheries, and
establishes reciprocal free trado with Canada,
in all the natural products, excluding, of
The British demand for an American reg
istry or colonial built vessels, and their par
ticipation in our coasting trade was refus
The treaty will have to be acted upon by
Congress and the Britiih nnd Colonial Gov
ernments before it incomplete.
The Know-Notiinqs. The late victories
achieved by the Know-Nothings, seem to be
creating considerable alarm among the old
fogy politicians North, and a New York pn
per Bays, all these things show that there is
a powerful secret political influence at work
in our large cities; whether this influence be
for good or bad in its results, time must toll.
It will certainly give a wholesomo lesson to
the tacticians of the old parties, and thereby
may be productive of much good.
The recent occurrences in Philadelphia,
Washington and Kingston nre only the foro
runners of a revolution which will be liable
to upset the best laid plans of politicians for
the next year or two.
Wheat Crop in Smith. Tho Sparta
Times of tho 10th says: "The wheat crop of
our county is said to be very promising at
this time; a few small fields of the very early
was destroyed by the lute frost, but, general
ly, tho prospocts are good for a heavy crop.
and there can be no doubt now but there wil
bo an unprecedented finecropof oats through,
out tho entire mountain district."
Vermont. A Whig State Convention met
at Rutland on Thursday, and nominated Ste
phen Boyce for Governor nnd Oscar Shafter
for Lieut. Governor. The Convention was
large and the proceedings harmonious.
JjTThe Virginia papers tell a sad tale
of the ravages committed by the joint-worm
on tho growing crop of wheat It is said that
the crops never looked more flourishing or
promised a better yield than they did before
this destructive worm mado its apppoar-ance.
137" Intelligence has been received at
Washington that the alliance-betwcen Austria
nnd Prussia with England and France against
Russia has been confirmed.
Is there any harm In a man's setting down
In the lapse of ages? Ex. Paper. No, but
the "laps" usually chosen are those ranging
from the "ages" of eighteen to twenty-five1
Potatoes are selling in Now York at two
dollars s bushel and small potatoes at that.
WILL THE HIGH PRICES CONTINUE
Tbe New York Tribune publishes an able
article upon the present "high prices" of pro
duce and every description of property, from
which we take the following extract:
A general appreciation of prices has been
in progress for some five or six years past
Although its more immediate and visible im
pulse was the gold discoveries of California
and Australia, yet it has roots which reach
below these. For nearly forty years, the
civilized world has been substantially at peace,
and intently pursuing the arts of peace, which
have consequently made great progress within
that period. The population of the civilized
world has largely increased, causing a corre
sponding increase in the value of lands for
the greator the population to the square mile
of any district, the higher (other things being
equal) will be the price of lands within that
district. Industrial progress has increased
the efficiency of labor individually nnd in the
aggregate, so that the annual product of hu
man work throughout Christendom is at least
double that of 1814. Luxury and extrava
gance have doubtless become more diffused
within these forty years; yet every year of
peace nnd prosperity sees some surplus of
earnings over spendings accumulated and
invested in buildings, canals, railroads, im
provement of lands, &c, so that the aggre
gate value of property, tho unconsumed pro
duct of labor, is probably at least doublo this
day what it was on the 1st of June, 1814.
Hence confidence, credit, currency, have all
been expanded and diffused. Lands nnd
buildings afford a perfect security for nearly
their present valuation whenever it is moral
ly certain that such valuation will not be di
minished for years to conic; hence loans or
mortgages on tho pcrsonni obligation of
property-holders nre negotiated with facility,
and continued without reluctineo or distrust.
Thus trade expands aud is accelerated; money
becomes abundant; paper circulates freely,anu
coin is rarely demanded or needed.
Will the present high prices continue?
In so furnthey are based on the increas
ed efficiency of human labor, they will, of
course. It is not likely that the implements
of industry will ever bo ruder or less elec
tive than they now nre. On the contrary, it
is highly probable that Invention and Im
provement will reiterate their success, until
one mail's labor will produce as much as that
of two now does, just as one man's now pro
duces as much as that of two did some years
ago. On this hand, therefore, there is no
prospect of a general reduction of prices.
Nor do we think it probable that ueollnpse
will result from the exhaustion of the Gold
Mines. California may gradually cense to pro
duce the shining dust;wo hope for her sake that
she may. Australia may follow.though proba
bly at a late period; butthe impulse they have
given will not soon be arrested. Already
Southern Africa, tlie vast South American re
gion forming tho sources of the Andes, Cen
tral America, Northern Mexico, Oregon nnd
Washington Territories, and even a good
portion of our Southern States, are haunted
and hairassed by gold-seekers. Most of the
individual hunters will probably be disap
pointed; but somo of them will open new
fields or increase the product of old ones; and
the general result of their operations will be
a largo und steady increase of the Gold yield
for many years to come probubly for ut
least n generation. And, so long ns the ag
gregate amount of the precious metals in cir
culation or in bankers' vaults is increasing,
tue amount ot r apcr Currency in circulation
will tend to increase, and prices consequently
to rise still higher.
Cuba. A Washington letter says: "Tho
Committee on Foreign Relations nre first to
be consulted upon the subject of sending
commissioners to Spain, before the proposi
tion will be brought before Congress. With
tho approbation of one of the committees the
project will be brought up forthwith, but it
will not pass without a debate, which will in
volve the whole subject of the policy and
means of acquiring Cuba.
The parties most active in the Cuban
movement now nre the Cuban Creoles or
Americans who have plantations in Cuba, nnd
they have confessedly stirred the cause. They
rely less upon the liberal uso of their own
funds for the independence of Cuba than upon
the chances of involving the United Slates in
a war with Spain for acquiring it. Thoy call
upon Hercules without putting their own
shoulders to the wheel.
An Abolitionist. The Lynchburg (Va.)
Virgininn states that a young man from one
of the Northern States, named Richard Nor
ris, nn employee on the Virginia and Tennes
see Railroad, has been held to bail on the
charge of having publicly uttered sentiments
of an abolition and incendiary character, in
one of tho hotels of that city.
tf It is said that Sir David Brewster is
writing a reply to the Into work which denies
the theory of a plurality of worlds. His book
will be entitled More Worlds than One, the
Creed of the Philosopher and the hope of the
Christian. We notice by tho London papers
that the non-Plurality work is creating a groat
sensation. The author is said to bo Dr.
Our Relations with Spain. The Union
of the 7th iust. states that "the Black Warrior
difficulty is not fully sottled,and that tho ad
ministration has not changed from its original
position concerning the policy to be enrriod
Cholera. The Tronton Bnnnor learns
from a reliable sourco that several deaths
from cholera have occurred at Memphis and
Hickman. Our Memphis exchanges make no
mention of cholera.
J2F"The new Orleans Delta tolls of a
man who being about to enter upon a doubt
ful speculation, disposod of all his real es
tate and doposited tho proceeds thereof in
the bank, in the name of his wife, that the
money might be beyond the reach of his
creditors should his speculation provo un
profitable. The wife, finding herself the
sudden possessor of wealth in her own right
ran away to Havana with a good looking mas
culine friend, leaving her loving spouse to
consider at his leisure the truth of nn old
Memphis, Juno 8.
A lady, Mrs. Redman, living In Marshal
county, Mississippi, was violated and murder
ed a day or two since, by a negro slave. The
negro was arrested and afterwards taken out
Mrs. Redman had beon mnrrlod only a few
months. The negro confessed the crime.
lf The Missouri Statesman says, pith
ily: "Matt, F. Wnrd has been acquitted, nnd
Kentucky found guilty."
37" "Wide Awake Hats," ure so rsiled
because they haveno nap on them conse
quently they must be wide awake!
137" It 1 estimated that there are half a
million of Jows in the United States.
RUSSIAN PREPARATIONS FOR DE
We have letters aud newspapers from St,
Peteiaburgh op to 10th May, according to
which the scheme for manning and equipping
a flotilla of gun-boats with volunteers, and
supported by voluntary contributions has met
with considerable success. This flotilla is in
tended for the protection of the coast of Fin
land. Tho boats nre to bo built after a plan
invented by Vice Admiral Scharz. Boats of
a similar construction are also to be built at
Archangel and Riga. Each boat will be
equipped with 2 guns, and 33 men, partly
volunteers nnd partly able seamen; tho rcgu
lars will be armed with muskets and bayo
nets, nnd the volunteers with axes, knives, &c.
Great activity is displayed both by sea and
land for the speedy transmission of news all
along the whole Bultic coast. Relays of
horses are everywhere in readiness, so that
every occurrence of importance in the Baltic
will be known in the capital in an incredibly
short space of time. In fact, the intelligence
that the British fleet is sailiDg eastward was
already known there. The news arrived, by
a rnre coincidence, almost simultaneously
from Holsingfors, Memcl,. and Berlin. Ex-
traordinary activity is also manifested in im
proving a sort of telegraph on the whole
northern coast, so that no sooner is the Brit
ish fleet seen off the heights of Dago than the
fact will be known in St. Pctersburgh.
A letter from Hamburgh of the 6th inst
contains th folfdwing account of the milita
ry forces of Russia in hor Baltic povinccs :
"Beginning with the towns of Abo, Sweaborg,
Helsingfors, Borga, and Wyborg, in Finland,
I do not underrate their number by estimat
ing it at 52,000 men, 32,000 of whom can, in
case of need, be speedily concentrated on any
point of Finland. I do not include in that
number the new battalions, formed at St
Petersburgh since tho guard has left that
capital, who, in a few days, can march to the
very heart of the Grand Duchy of Finland.
On the southern coast of tho Baltic, where
the commercial eities of Revel, Riga, Mittau,
and Narva are situated, the effective force of
the Russian army amounts to 45,000 men, of
whom 25,000 mny, in the courso of eight or
ten days, be assembled at one point. There
is, besides, a corps of army of 30,000 men lor
the defence of Cronstadt, one third of which
may be detached, and marched to any part of
the coast menaced bv the nllios."
The Aiministration in New York.
The Albany Argus, the oldest Democratic
paper in tho State of New York, nnd the
most influential Democratic organ which that
State ever had, has given its warm support
to the Nebraska bill, but, even while thus en
gaged in sustaining a favorite.measuro of the
Administration, it has not failed to denounce
with tho bitterest scorn the Administration
itself. The Argus of last Monday, after
speaking of the defiance hurled by one of its
Democratic neighbors at the Washington
Union for an attempt to make the Nebraska
bill a test of Democrntio orthodoxy, uses this
very stronj language, which will indicate
quite clearly to tho reader how the Pierce
Administration stands in the Empire State
with its owu party or rather with tho Demo
cratic party :
We allndo to this matter, not because It is
of the slightest importance in itself, but as
one ol the many indications or ine aisanec
lion nnd "insubordination" which pervade the
ranks of the administration party proper in
It is quite clear thnt the Frecsoilers of 1 848,
who constitute nt least nine-tenths of the
administration party of New York, are in a
state of open rebellion against its benefactors
their mandates, tests, and measures and
that all it has left of a party, within our bor
tiers, consists of the ulmoHt inappreciable
number of "softs," whose support it has
purchased with offices, and who, from their
servility and vsnnlity, can only inspire a feel
ing of repugnance to any cause or any one who
is burdened with their countenance and
Can anybody point to "a friend of the ad
ministration" in this State who is not nn in
cumbent of oflico under the present Pierce
nnd Marcy administration, or a relative or
near friend of one who is? It is literally a
party of office-holders, without numerical
strength, nnd with even less influence or re
spect than the administration itself.
Indebtedness to Foreign Nations. A
we have several times stated, the information
which the Secretary of the Treasury recent
ly furnished to the Senate shows that on
30th of June, 1853, as near ns can be ascer
tained, the indebtedness of States, counties,
cities, banks, and other coporations in the
United States, was $1,178,567,882, of which
$184,184,714 is held by foreigners. Our
foreign indebtedness has been usQully esti
mated much higher than this.
05- Tho Atlanta lntelligoncor thus chroni
cles the death of the Now York National
"With tho ncquisition of the Honorable
Judgo Morton of Georgia,' (Sandy Morton of
Columbus, wliilotn Jurigo ot the interior
Court of Muscogee county,) to the editorial
department, the Democrat commenced with
renewed vigor, butting its head against the
administration Until it has finally beaten its
own brains out and died. The New York
National Democrat is no more, nnd Sandy's
occupation is gone. Sandy loomed up above
the political horizon a few months ago, like
a hucre paper balloon, and floated off quite
majestically for a while, until his inflation of
gas failing to keep him up, he has como
down a collapsed and quite contracted af
Well Employed. A friend of ours stop
ped into a certain store the other day and
inquired of the clerk if the proprietors were
in. when he was informed that they could be
found iu tho back yard. Stepping out there
ho found them, with two others from an ad
ioinintr house, engaged in playing marbles,
assisted by n couple of juveniles, who were
teaching them how to shoot.
Female Society. You know my opinion
of fcmnlo society. Without it we should
degenerate into brutes. This observation ap
plies with tenfold force to young men and
thoie who nre in the primo of manhood. For,
after a certain tune of lifo, the literary man
may mnke a shift, a poor one I grant, to do
without tho society of ladies.
Providence, R. I., June 5.
A Inrge elephant attached to a menagerie,
while on his wy to Fall River, this morning,
got beyond the control of his keeper, and
killed throe horses, smashed the wagons to
pioccs, seriously injuring two men who were
in the wagons. lie was finnlly captured near
TAKING OFF LEGISLATORS.
The following Is a pretty good hit at West
ern legislation, and will apply to nearly all
such bodies as well as the one for which it
was intended. Some of the Georgia paper
are responsible for it we do not know which
one we wish wo did, as the author deserves
to be immortalized :
MilLedoevillk, Jan. 18.
The Senate met at the usual hour. Sr.
eral bills of importance were introduced and
read the third time, onjong which was the.
A bill to remove John Smith's pig-pen on
tlu other side of the branch.
A bill to turn the wagon road in the coun
ty of Coweta, so as to run on the north, in.
stead of the south side of Jim Johnson's hrn
roost referred to the committee on roads.
A bill to turn Dkk Robinson's spring
house round, so the sun will not shine in at
A bill granting one quarter section of the
public lands as a reward for taking "inuskee
ter" scalps; one quarter section for five
A bill to authorise grocery keepers to put
up signs over their doors, nnd to allow poor
white men the privilege of going in at the
front door, in day light, and also to allow
them to drink each othc.-'a health; passed
unanimously. fVery liberal, indeed. The
crrocerv keepers immediately held a meeting
and passed a vote of thanks to the Legisla
ture, nnd invited the members to trine d up
the session nt the groceries
A bill to encourage murdering nnd immor
A bill to allow INat Mangnm pay lor "step
ping off and 'fining the corners' of Thornton's
lot ', , " '!
A bill to incorporate Sam Johnson's
smoke houso; referred to the committee on
the &c. s.
A bill to Incorporate the 'Snake Nation
A bill to fine drunk men 10 cts. for laying
down on the railroad truck nnd letting the
cars run over them; also to allow the widows
of persons thus killed 3 pecks of corn each;
the corn to be delivered ut Loudon, nnd the
State Road to ship it at 90 cts. per bushel,
freight to be paid by widow.
A bill to allow certain grocery keepers to
keep their back doors open on Sunday, for
the benefit of certain individuals, close to
the State Honse which created somo spirit
ual aiscussion, but was finally curried; tyeaa
43, nays H Vive la Grocere.
A bill to prevent drinkinir: laid under the
A bill to encourage drinking liquor; passed
A bill to present the man who butted
the 'bull off the bridge' in Atlanta with a
A bill to compensate 'Painter Smith' and
others, for the arrest of the man who 'struck'
A bill to authorize Mrs. Fiddleby to wear
her stockings wrong side out if she chooses,
and nlso to have ribbons on her cap.
A bill to authorize Simon Snipes to wear
store clothes, und to allow old nunt Petrify
Twoddluni to drink 'store-tea, provided sho
buys it ut the 'State store; and to prevent
tho use of sassafras tea' until tho sassafras
bushes get a fresh start; passed reluctant
ly. A bill to chanre the name of Jonathan
Jones' dog from Touse' to 'Touscr.'
A bill to chance the name or Aonnlioo
DebiliUitionalariclaolaberilsquallyflinctum to "'
A bill to authorize the Governor to appoint
a fool killer. The man who introduced this
bill, was kicked under the tablo.
The Senate then adjourned to Alike Ale
Jen kin's grocery.
The War. The New York Hornld in
clines to the opinion that tho 'Turco-Russio
War is a stupendous humbug, and that there
Is a probability of its having an inglorious
termination. It says :
At a period when the apparently serious
character of the opening scenes of the politi
cal drama of which Europo is now the thea
tre, promised us a succession of staitlingsnd
exciting incidents, the plot seems to wax dai
ly duller and more eommon-placo, and we
should not be at all surprised if the whole
affair were brought to some abrupt nnd ridic
ulous termination, un glancing over tne
principal features of the intelligence brought
by the Arctic, the impression which they '
leave on tho mind is, that Ihe European war
is, after all, a gigantic humbug, and that tho
principal actors la 11 are playing ineir pane
with the consciousness that they are strutting .
in all the dignity of mock heroics. It Is too
bad, however, thnt after frightening the world
from its propriety, and throwing nervous fund
holders into nts.weshoald be cheated oysucn
n tame and impotent conclusion. We feel
like the spectators of thnt human amusement
in which Spanish monnrcha and Cuban gov.
ern ore love to indulge when the ball turns '
tail upon the dogs, or the dogs themselves
show the white leather. We were prepared
for a fight; but it looks very much now as if
none of the combatants were in earnest in the
matter. Between the Vienna protocols and
the secret instructions to the Admirals ef the
allied fleets we are fairly puzzlod to know
what is really intended. One thing, however,
seems pretty certain, from the evidences be
fore us, ana that is, that all parties sre un
willing to como to serious blows the slight
demonstrations thnt have already taken place
being merely feints to eoversomo undevelop
ed plans or secret negotiations.
A Curiosity in Newspapebdom. Wo
were shown this morning the first number of
the '-Golden Hill," a Chinese ncwrpnper pub
lished in California. Price 00 cents. We
hadn't time to read it.
l37Sevorat merchants of Louisville have
lately been swindled out of an aggregate of
$8,000 worth of goods, by a new firm lately
established thore, the members of which, it
is alleged, have mysteriously disappeared.
$f The newspapers are again reviving ths
accounts of tho ruined cities in tho great ba
sin west of the Rocky Mountains. If the ac
counts are correct, the ruins of these cities
must be very interesting.
37"A person was to hove left Boston
yesterday, having the authority and cash to
purchnso Anthony Burns, the fugitive slave.
He proceeds at one to Richmond, Va.
Makino the ihost or IT.-The Louisville
Democrat publishes nt the head of its col
umns each day the nomcs of the jury who
tried Malt. Word in Hardin county, Ky.
due ofthem has written the editor request
pig he w ill nttnch to his name, "storekeeper
at the Cross Roads, whore all descriptions ef
goods may be obtained chenp for cash, or in
exchange for coui.lry produce."
Sport in Kkntuckt. Young Sportsman
I say, friend, is there anything to shoot
Farmer Wnl, I don't know, stranger, but
you can go down to cross roads, and take a
pop at the schoolmaster, just to keep your
New Hampshire Legislature. The
Legislature elected the Democratic candidal,
Baker, Governor. Tuey also elected the offi
cers of tho two Houses.