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i- i- i i r BY SAM. P. IVINS. - ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY, JULY 21, 1854. VOL. YI.-N0. 301. TERMS: THE POST is published erery Friday at 4 D year, pavabto in advance, or tS. if iay nent U delayed until the expiration of the ADTiiTmJi!rri will be charged tl per square of U linee, or lean, for the flretinaer tion, and 25 eenta for each continuant. A liberal deduction made to those who adTe-tise by the year. Persons sending advertisements must mark the nnmber of timea they deaire Uera inserted, or they will continue until for bid and charged accordingly. For announcing the namee of eandidatea for fBce, 13. Cash. Job WoaK,9uchaa Pamphlets, Minutee, Cir culars, Carda, Blanks, Haudbille, Ac., will be executed in a neat and workmanlike manner, At abort notice, and on reasonable terma. All letter addressed to the Proprietor, post paid, will be promptly attended to. Persons at a distance sending us the names of four solvent subscribers, will be entitled to fifth eopy gratis. No communication inserted unless accom panied by the name of the author. rjf" Office on Main street, next door to the old Jackson Hotel. THE POST. ATHENS FRIDAY. JCLY SI, 1854. Washington, July 11. The Senato on Tuesday passed Mr. Ham lin'a Pacific Telegraph Bill. This bill gives to the contractor two millioni of acres of land for the construction of a lino of telegraph Irom the Mississippi River to San Francisco, within ten years. The Government to be al lowed to transmit, free of cost, eight thou sand words monthly, stations to be kept up nt each hundred miles; nnd the rates to be charged are double those charged on lines now in operation; but as the cost of construct ing a subterranean line and keeping it in re pair is three times that of other lines, this increase of rates is considered but just. Latest. The latest ndvices from Europe etnta that the recent reverses had destroyed tho confidence of the Russian troops, and broken the pride of the notion. It was shrewdly suspected that tho evacu ation of tho Principalities was designed to further the formation of n league between Russia and the German powers. The English press were clamorous for the . bombardment of Constradt, in order to hum ble Russia before peace should be declared nn event which is now not considered impro bable tST" After eleven balfots, the New Hamp oliire Legislature abandoned the attempt to . elect u United States Senator to fill the short term. Mr. John S. Wells, the Administra tion candidate, at no time received more than 149 votes, nnd thus fell 6 short of a majority; 155 votes being necessary to a choice. The next highest vote was 103 for the Hon. G. W, - Morrison, n Democratic member of the pres ent Congress, who voted ngninst the Nebras ka bill. The remainder of the vote was scat tered among several persons. A motion to indefinitely postpone was made on Friday, by Mr. Nesmith, of Franklin, Whig, which was adopted by 159 to 147. A motion to recon sider the vote was negatived, 157 to 144. So tho Senatorial question is settled for this session. More Failures. Messrs. DeLnunny, he lm &. Clark, one of the most respeclablo houses in Wall-stroet, New York, who have confined themselves to their legitimate busi ness, the sales ol Stocks and Bonds and ne gotiations of I-onns nnd Foreign Exchange, have suspended payment. Messrs. Willis & Co., of Boston, have fail cd, ns also, have Messrs. Bishop & Co., Rail Road Contractors, in Connecticut. The Filibusters in New Orleans. Judge Campbell, on the 3d inst, ordered the United Slates Marshal to lodgo Gen. Quit man, John S. Thrasher and Dr. A. L Saunders in prison, in consequence of thoir rofusal to give bonds as required by the Judge The bonds were thereupon given under protest, by the gentlemen nnmod, which protests are pub lished in the Delta of the 4th. t35T" A friend who has just returned from Washington City, says that tho Nebraska bill has killed every public man in the country, whether for or against it He thinks the next President will bo a man who may be able to swear that he never heard of such n country a Nebraska, novorrend the Nebraska bill, or heard a Nebraska speech ! A Peremptory Refusal A Turkish vessel was recently seized by n Russian ship, and on board was found n cargo of Circas sian girls, (beautiful of course) intended for tho slave market in Constantinople. Their liberty was offered them by tho Russian com ninnder, hut they indignantly refuse d it. They look upon a Turkish harem a a sort of paradise. fST" Tho Banking Housonf Augusto Bel. wont, Beavcr-strcet, Now York, has been Mbed of Si 4,000. Boston, July H.The panic in the Boston Stock market is very great, and Brokors nre failing daily. The recent developments in New York nro exercising a very unfavorable loflucnco on nff irs in that city. l-lfTho Chattanooga Gazette, says that tho new State Road Depot is so far complet ed as to admit of its occupancy. It is aaidto be a splondid affair. lETAtlanta, Go,, is a specimen of the beneficial effects of Railroads on towns. Nine years Ago it was in tho woods, but now, by four Railroads running into it, it has a population of eight or nine thousand. InfiFMr. Query wonders if when night . fall's ahe doesn't hurt herself. The desire of Mr. Query for "useful knowledge" nnd things is only equalled by his humanity. Chicago, III., July 10. There were 130 deaths from cholera jn ' Chicago on Sunday. Latest Intelligence. Liverpool Wed nesday noon. The Russians had arrested asd held in custody the correspondents of the London newspapers on the right bank of the Danube. They had removed all their heavy artillery from the Danube. The brothers Davidson and Gardner Cole, bankers of London, have failed for a large amount. The latter was heavily engaged in the East India trade. At noon Wednesday, in Liverpool, Cotton had advanced l-16d. Sales up to that hour 8000 bales. Manchester trade active. The private accounts are more favorable to cotton. The Continental news is very scanty. There is no fresh intelligence from the East The French Three per Cents opened at 73f. and rose to 73f., 456. On the 23d, Nareisca Escosgra, mother of the former Minister of that name, was arrest el at Madrid. The following paragraph, dated St Peters burg, 17th June, is from the Moniteur of yesterdny. The damage caused by the blockade of the coasts of the Hultic nnd Black Sens may be estimated pretty nearly according to the oidi nary rate of the exports nnd the imports. Thus, in 1852,3,500 freighted vessels entered the ports of the Baltic, and about the same number left those ports. The number of vessels which entered the Black Sea was 2, 600. Total 1,500,000 tons. Foreign News, New York, July 12. The British and North American Royal Mail ship Asia, Copt. E. G. Lott, has just arrived nt New York from Liverpool, which port she loft on the 1st instant hThe official reply of Russia to tho de mands of Austria had not been received. The Austrians, however, will certainly occu py the Principalities, ns nn Austrian nrmy of two hundred thousand men were preparing to enter them, in order to prevent the occur rence of further hostilities there. The battle-field seems to be changing to the Crimea, ns the Anglo-French fleet were preparing for nn expedition into that penin sula, under Marshal St. Arnaud, and the Turkish garrisons were already on the march thi.her. Tho whole of the Russian Army is fulling back on the Pruth. Admiral Sir Charles Napier, on the 27th ult , was concentrating his forces preparatory to making an attack upon Cronstradt Both armies in Asia were motionless. Elections Coming. The political camps all over the country nre beginning to exhibit the bustle of preparation for the approaching contests. Elections nre to bo held in twenty five of the States within a period of about three months. A majority of the members of the next House of Representatives nre to bo chosen, and in Massachusetts, Vermont New York, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Florida, Louisiana, Arkansas, Indiana, Illinois, Mis souri, Iowa and California, Legislatures nre to be eleeted which will choose one Senator each, except that of North Carolina, which will elect two. The Administration of Presi dent Pierce is about to be subjected to its most trying ordeal nn ordeal which will de termine whether the latter half of its history shall be nn experience of power and distinc tion, or weakness and dishonor.' It is the severest political ordeal that any earthly power is ever made to undergo; nnd Franklin Pierce may well take concern to himself that he gets a good deliverance. No person ever went into the Pres'dcntinl chair with a pres tige of such popular favor; if it proves that public confidence has beon withdrawn from him, the reproach will be so much the more deep nnd humiliating. fHf Tho Pickens, S. C, Keowee Courier, of the 8th inst.snys: "Corn is suffering much in many localities for the wnnt of rain. This is caused by the unprecedented hot weather, which seems to have drnnk every particle of moisture from the earth; nnd although the dry spell is of only two weeks' duration, it has done the execution of a month of ordinary wenther. Many places, however, have been blest with refreshing showers during the past week, nnd we have been informed that farm, ers above this nre not yet suffering to nny great cxtont A larger crop of oats has never been harvested within the recollection of, at lenst the young; nnd a better prospect for corn rarely equalled could we only be favored with n good season or two. The Drunkard's Cloak In the time of Oliver Cromwell, tho magistrates In tho North of England punished drunkards by making them carry what is called the "Drunkard's Cloak." This was n largo barrel, with one head out, nnd n hole in tho other, through which tho offender wns made to put his head, whilo his hands were drawn through two small holes on each side. With this ho wns compelled to march along the public streets. What a strange night it would be were nil the drunkards now n-dnys compelled to march about wearing barrels for clonks. Dip the Atlantic dry with n ten-spoon, twist your heel in the toe of your boot; make postmasters perform their promises nnd sub scribers pny tho printer; get nstride of n gos samer nnd chnso a comet when tho rain is coining down like the cataract of Niagara; re member where you ielt your umbrella; choke a mosquitoo with a brick bat; in short, prove nil things horetoforu considered impossible, but never attempt to coax n woman to any she will, when ahe hits made up her mind to say she won't J7 A newly erected Romnn Catholic church at Dorchester, Mass, was blown up with gunpowder on tho Fourth. The cause of tho explosion is attributed to various causes. WHIGS OF THE SOUTH. FBOM THE BALTIMORE AMERICAN. We object both to the fact of making the Nebraska question a test of Whig orthodoxy and to the authority of those who seem anx ious to dissolve the party on that issue. The question of the repeal of the Missouri com promise has never been made a Whig doc trine it was not mooted when the Whigs met in the national council it formed no issue upon which the Whigs North or South were elected to Congress, and the simple fact that it is opposed by the Northern Whigs does not warrant the hasty conclusion that the party is to forsake its national organiza tion, and to become segregated fragments, powerless by themselves and inevitably des tined to be made the despised tools of those with whom they coalesce. It has, however, been urged, nnd with some tiuth, that the Northern Whigs hnve not been content with a mere opposition to the Mis souri compromise, but thnt they have col lengued with abolitionists, and the cry for the repeul of the fugitive slave law has been mingled with their demand for the repeal of the Missouri compromise. We have no dis position to deny any fact in the case, nnd must ndmit the force of this objection. But its force is more apparent than rent, and it will rest very much with the Whigs of the South whether the threatened compact of the Northern Whigs with the frecsoil nnd abolition factions shall become a renl nnd tangible danger to the South, or spend itself in the mere ebullitions which anger and dis appointment have created. In a paroxysm of unwise anger the Northern Whigs hnve al most offered themselves ns the willing allies of abolitionism, but there is still room for confidence thnt the men who rallied around Clay and Webster, who stood firmest and foremost in defence of the Compromise measures, will not, by nny ordinnry cause, be driven into the permanent support of meas ures threatening the perpetuity of tho Union or dishonorable to the South. Indeed, we think the revulsion that will bring the North ern Whig party back to its nntional fealty has nlready commenced. Their press is rap idly opening its eyes to tho fact, thnt the clamor raised for the restoration of the Mis souri compromise is but the blind under which abolitionism seeks to advance its schemes of agitation, nnd to convulse nnd perhaps ultimately destroy the Union. And the fruit of this conviction is already becom ing npparent Tho New York Express has indignantly rebuked Senator Sumner's recent traitorous disavowal of his obligations to obey nnd respect the constitution the Bos. ton Courier has denounced the disunion spirit that is corrupting Massachusetts the Now York Commercial has exposed nnd held up to common contempt the Massachusetts Whig address the New York Courier with torcible sarcasm has shown that tho threat to dissolve the Union, come from what quaiter it may, is but an unworthy political subter fuge and the Detroit Advertiser has repuls ed the nttempted interference of the New York Tribune by which it sought to bring about a coalition between the Whigs nnd freesoilers of Michigan. These nre nil evi. dences nnd time and resenrch would doubt less abundantly multiply them thnt the storm which threatened to commit the Whigs of the North to the support of abolitionism, is already spending itself nnd thntan interval of reflection such as the anticipated adjourn ment of Congress will allow and the ab sence of nil causes of irritation upon the part ofthe South will be productive of the best effects in calming the agitation produced by the Nebraska question. We place, however, our objections to the dissolution of tho Whig party at this timo on higher ground than concerns the mere perpetuity of the party itself. Its dissolution will add a most powerful stimulus to tho for mation of a Northern sectional parly. There is, we honestly believe, a vast body of na tional conservatism still represented by the Whig party in the North. The members of thnt party have opposed the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, but it does not follow that they nre opposed to the South on other issues which far more vitally affect it, nor thnt they will join in a crusade ngninst its institutions, if not provoked thereto. The South will commit a mischievous and a hurt ful error by classing all the opponents ofthe Nebraska bill ns nbolitionists, nnd by such n course must multiply enemies whero it has tho power to make friends. There is now no immediate occasion for nny declnrntion of position on the part of the Southern Whigs. Dy waiting they will commit themselves to no course that may hereafter be a cause of regret, nor in the lenst degree embarrass their future action. But n precipitate course now, unjust to the Whigs ofthe South because it will not meet with their unanimous sanction, and irritating to the Whigs of tho North be cause it will seem to be a hasty prejudgment of their motives and intentions, may involve in it evils of a magnitude that cannot bo con sidered without apprehension. But we turn from this too hastily pro. nounced sentence of dissolution ngninst tho Whig party to more hopeful anticipations. Adopting the words of the National Intelli gencer, we would remind thoao who have pronounced this sentence, "that it is not giv en to one, nor yet to two or three malcon tents, however respectable, to dissolve nn old nnd patriotic parly, founded on the broad principles of public, liberty nnd a just ndmin istration of tho Government, and which has been cemented by united parties for a com mon object Wo remcmbur to hnve seen this thing attempted from the othor end of the Union, and just ns abortively as we trust tho present effort will prove. If our editorial friends of Virginia, who nre now in such hot hnsto to disband tho Whig party, will turn to the proceedings of the Whig Nntional Con. vention of June, 1848, at Philadelphia, they will find that theHon.Chnrles Allen, a Whig abolition delegate from Massachusetts, pro claimed that the Whig party was thenceforth finally and forever dissolved; yet the Whig party of the Union answered this proclama tion by triumphantly electing Zachary Tay. lor, a Southern man, President by a triumph, ant vote. And now, although neither proph ets nor the sons of a prophet we say to our dissolving friends of Virginia, that the Whigs will in the year 1856 in like manner respond to their disbanding proclamation by electing some sterling old-school National Whig to the Presidency." Afraid of the Know-Nothings. An un fortunate man named Maloney.says the New Orleans Delta, who was last summer cured of the yellow fever by that brain-destroying drug, quinine, nnd who has recently become wholly insane, wns yesterday sent to the in sane asylum nt the instance of his wife. During the time thnt Maloney, was confined in the Guard house he was continually talk ing about the Know-Nothings. "There," he would any, 'there don't you see them, the bloody Know-Nothings I In the dny time they nre ns big ns giants, and try to kill me with their clubs and knives. .In the night they get small nnd turn to dogs. They crawled up to my body Inst night and ate my heart out, but God Almighty put another in me, and through his mercy I am yet alive. He dashed water around his room to put out imaginary fires, nnd kept springing from off his nnrrow cell to avoid n furions Know. Nothing, who persued him in a serpent form. Poor fellow, his dose of quinino was to him ns it has been to hundreds of others, terrible indeed! State Elections. The following States, representing 165 outof the 296 electoral votes for President, nre yet to hold elections for State officers: Iowa, August 7 California, September 6 Vermont, September 5 Maine, September 11 Pennsylvania, October 10 Ohio, ' October 10 Indiana, October 10 Massachusetts, November 13 New York, November 7 New Jersey, November 7 Illinois, November 7 Michigan, . November 7 Wissonsin, November 7 All but two of these States Vermont nnd Massachusetts gave majorities for Pierce nt the last Presidential election. There is much practical wisdom, if not truth, in the following suggestion, clip ped from thecorrespondenco of the Louisville Times. And yet some of our largest pro perty holders think too lightly of tho influ ence of the press; or too much of a dollar, to patronize it: "When I think of the influence the judi ciously conducted press exerts in dr wing capital to, nnd building up cities, especially in tho Ohio nnd Mississippi valleys, I cannot doubt but that printers' types vere the lever the learned philosopher sighed for, with which to move the world." Circumstances Alter Cases. The de. mocratic papers generally nro felicitating themselves nnd the nd ministration on the happy termination of the expedition to Jn. pan. This is well enough. The results of the mission are such as must make all Ameri cans rejoice; but some of the papers now loudest in chanting their pean, denounced the project when it was mooted under the Administration of Fillmore, as visionary nnd absurd. They owe some little reparation to thnt administration foi this, as things have turned out. CF" The St. Louis News has the follow. ing: "On Monday a despatch was received from Chicago requesting thnt no more flour, or other produce, be sent from this city. The reason assigned was, that the railroads to nnd from Chicago had more business thnn they could possibly nttend to, and there wns more grain nnd flour under way than could be well taken enro of." This invocation will find an echo in many a sad heart "Music for the mourner! Not the wild measures that lend the dance, or that nrouse wrath in tho tempest battle. Oh, no! Soft ns angel whisperings, and plaintive nsthe moan, ing of the nngnished heart Let them mur. mur of blighted hope and buried love, till the crushed feelings nre identified with the sympathetic strain. But bid not the thought long ponder in the grave. Let the melody, embodied ns it were into a thousand varied hues, gild the portals of the tomb, nnd stream like to auroral glory toward heaven. 5F" Among the novelties advertised to tike place nt Huntsville, Texas, on the 4th, was a foot race between "three boys," the oldest of whom wns born in 1775, the second in 1786, and tho youngest in 1795. The con test between these "juveniles" was looked forward to with much anxiety by the fun loving nnd sporting fraternity. Doctors not Infallible.-Lately, A. B. Austin, of Manchester, N. II., who has been for a long timo under medical treatment for the consumption, coughed up a beech nut which he swallowed two years ago, nnd found himself nt once relieved of his malady. J2f" The cholera is raging in the South west nnd West Tho official report of the Cincinnati Bonrd of Health for the week ending July 3d, records forty-five deaths from Asiatic cholorn. "Done some Service." A woman in Salis bury, N. Y., lately gave birth to four chil dren two boys nnd two girls. Tho Democratic Wild Cat Convention as sembled In Maine, lutely. Rats and coons, look out ! H7A Mystery Who is to be tho next Presidont of the United Stnt.es ? A MODEST MAN. The New Orleans Bulletin, says: The editor of the Columbus (Ga.) Times and Sentinel is a modest man. There is no doubt of it The fact is beyond a peradventure. No one can or will say nay to the proposition after read ing the following. After commending a call for a Convention of the Whigs of the South, oar Georgia cotemporary, with exquisite con dor, ingenuousness and diffidence, proceeds to remark : "If the object is to remain in the Union and control the action of the Government then co-operation with the Democracy is the only alternative. 11 we allow that the Southern Whigs can carry the whole South into a separate sectional organization, of which however there is no probability, they would still be in a minority and the Government would be in northern hands. The South must have allies ut the North, then, to enable her to protect herself from the aggressions of the abolitionists we cannot do without them if we would. 'But why should we turn our back upon our friends! There are many Northern Democrats who havo stood by us in every issue nnd struck blow for blow nnd received wound f -Vund with us in every battle with theiUiionisU. They hnve richly won our confidence, ' Why should not the whole South go into the next National Democratic Convention! We have fought and won sido by side a great victory on the Nebraska hill, and with the same forces we can win a like victory on every field. It is true there are t reesoil Democrats who will, in nil probability, assert a claim to a seat in the Convention. Let them come. We will make the platform and if they accept it, we certainly will not refuse their votes in carry ing out our true policy. We write in nil can dor nnd earnestness, nnd cordially extend the right hnnd of fellowship to the Southern Whigs. Whst sny our Democratic cotempo. raries? Is there not room enough in the old wigwam for all true hearted Southern men! "This is n momentous issue now before the Southern Whig party. By joining the De mocracy in a body, they can give the South the control of the Government, preserve the rights of the States and perpetuate the Union. We have divided long enough. Our interests nnd duties are the same. Let bygones be bygones." We have quoted the above in order to prove that the high praise we have bestowed was not unmerited. The modesty of the Georgia "Crackers" is proverbial; but our Columbus cotemporary out (sracxers the Crackers, nnd stands prominently before "nil the world and the rest of mankind," the mod el modest man of the Empire Stuto of the South. Were there not several objections we have no doubt the Southern Whigs would eagerly accept the invitation proffered them, nnd rush forward nnd enrol themselves in the rank of the unterritied nnd subterranean. But the objections wo have hinted nt nre very nwk ward, and difficult to get over by men of principle, who ure devoted to the interests, honor and character, first of their section, and then of their whole country, First among the objections is the one that our worthy cotemporary starts out with a false assumption. He asserts that "en-opera tion with the Democracy" by the Whigs, is the only way in which the South can be ena bled to "control the action of the Govern ment" . Immediately nfler he nruea that if the Whigs carried every southern Biaie,"uie Government would be in northern nanasi If this latter portion of the proposition be true, we cannot see nny necessity of the pro posed fusion of parties. If the South, in the hands ofthe Whigs, ennnot "control the Gov ernment," we nre unnble to see how such "control" can be obtained by the joint action of the two parties. Here is a distinction with out a difference. It nmounts, to use a com mon phrase, to "six of one and half a dozen of tho other." . But the South must hnve Northern "allies" to "protect herself from the aggressions of .... . it.. :l .T.:. is l.n-n 1116 AOOIIIIOIIISIS, COOMV IKUlll mis ouuiiiom supporter of the present Administration! How refreshing. How candid, straight forward and manly 1 Our cotemporary must be nearly re lated to the distinguished Democrat who said, on n memorable occasion, thnt he always "curried his heart in his hand." A queer place to carry the heart but as the statement was not contradicted we supposu it was true. Here is nn awkward question: Where will we find those Northern Democratic "allies" thnt are to "protect" us! They are not in federal offices, for President Pierce has filled them with Freesoilers nnd Abolitionists. A "Hard" National Democrat stands no more chance at the hands of the present Administration than would a thorough-paced Whig. Whenever one is found, he is at once kicked out We do not believe the South needs such "allies" as the Administration and its officials. Here is another objection. But our Georgia cotemporary, in the ex ceeding liberality of his soul, nfter inviting the Southern Democracy, holds out encour agement to tho Freesoilers. "Let them come" into the camp as brethren, says ho. We will not "refuse their votes." Of course not Whenever nnd wherever did a Democrat re fuse a vote! If such an unparalleled moral phenomena enn be found, he would nt once make his fortune by calling on Barnum. He would "draw," on exhibition throughout the United States, larger crowds than ever hung entranced on the ravishing notes of the Swed ish Nightingale. Our Georgia neighbor show ed good policy in not leaving the Freesoilers outof his invitation; for exclude them from the Democratic party, and there will be no such party North of Mason and Dixon's line. They nre vastly more important to the "Uni versal Democracy" than Southern Whigs are ever likely to be We might enumerate a great many more objections, but we believe we will abstain for the present We think we shall not nccept the invitation so courteously extended us. We are willing to grasp the "right hnnd of fullowship"lratornnlly, but not democratically, according to Southern modem usago. If we did, we would not know when we retired at night in whose company we would nwake in the morning. We might find ourselves among Freesoilers nnd Abolitionists. We might be surrounded by Seclionists nnd disunionists. We might find Repudiiitors on the right and Dorrites on the left hand, with the disciples of the "higher law" nnd contemners of the Constitution senttered thickly around! No, we cannot nccept that invitation just now. We decline it most positively. 3f Mr. Amasa Smith was lightning the gas in his saloon in Lowell dnring the recent thunder storm, when tho lightning struck the building, passed down the gas pipe entered his right hand, and made its exit out of his left one, which held a burning match, explod. ed when it came in contact with the flume, and knocked him down, but did no serious injury. New York, July 9. There were 08 deaths from cholera in New York Inst week. Those People The Tribune, in replying to a correspondent who asks after the "Know Nothings," says 5 . "All we know of those people is, that they often make themselves felt at elections, and generally go in forthe side that wins. Wheth er their goinh in ia what makes it win, he can judge as well as we." To which, the New York Mirror, responds as follows : "We know nothing of the "Know Noth ings," ns an organization; but we agree with the Tribune, that "those people often make themselves felt at the Elections;" and we hazard nothing in predicting that American urn will carry all before it iu the approaching elections throughout the country. In this City and State, we are prepared to see an entire revolution a clean aweep, from the Governor down. The revival of this old Revolutionary ism, which is butnnothernnme for patriotism, is the brightest omen for the future that has dawned upon the Republic since the days-of'76. If we understand the fueling, it Is not nt all proacrip'.ive nothing, in fact but a simple demand for justice. It tolerates all sects, and interferes with none. It receives the oppressed and poverty-stricken of all lands with open arms? and even invites the aliens of all climes to parLike of the rich inheritance of liberty, civil and religious, pur chased and established by the blood and sacrifice of our fathers. But it will not sub mit to be ruled by foreigners in the affairs of Mate, or to be interfered with In the concern ments of religion. All the Americans ask is absolute toleration in the Church, and no coquetting with Priests and Bishops by po litical demagogues, either in or out of power. And as to the distribution of offices, if the American element is as 23 to 1, let them share in that proportion. There was a time when to be "a Roman citizen was greater than to be a king." And we trust there is a good time coming, when to be a true American citizen will be greater and better thnn to be a truckling President ol the United States. Following the Lord. An itinerant prencher recently traveled among the north western States. He whs motinted on nn nni mal whose appearance betokened very bad keeping the mere frame woak of what had once been a horse. Riding up to the door of a inn, he inquired ofthe landlord the dis tance to the next town. The host coming out was so forcibly struck with the appear ance of the animal upon which the Querist sat that he walked nround him twice before giving the required information. He then inquired : " Who might you be, if it is a fair ques tion V "I nm a follower of the Lord," he answer ed. "Follerin' the Lord, ehl" demanded the host. "Well, I'll tell yon what it is, old feller (eyeing the horse again,) there's ono thing sartain it you stop often on the road you II never ketch him with that hossr jjT We have no doubt whatever, says the Louisville Journal, thnt the division of the Democrats upon the Nebraska law in each nnd every one of the non-slaveholding States of the Union is such as to render their defent nt tho next Congressional elections inevitable and overwhelming. The indications in Ohio are. that the anil-Nebraska section of the Democratic party is by fur the stronger of the two. i C7 It appears from the Paris Moniteur that tho wound of General Luders is more serious than wns supposed. That paper says that "according to information received from Buchnrest General Luders hns hnd his jaw bone carried off by a cannon ball before Silis tria. This fact had been concealed from the Russians troops, who hnve great confidence in the talents of that general, nnd whose dis couragement it was feared to augment" r"On the Istinst, Mr. William Hoover, of the post office department at Washington, burned ono hundred and sixty-seven sacks of dead letters, amounting in all to 1,002 bushels of correspondence which never met the eye of the parties for whom intended. fjThenumberof interments nt St Louis for the week ending on the 3d wns 470, of which 207 were cholera. About hnlf were immigrants recently nrrived. 3The Cobourg (Canada) Star, states Barnhnrt, who was hanged in Belleville on Saturday, the 17th ult, for killing a bailiff, confessed to have murdered seven other persons. One, an Indian child, he threw into a potash kettle, where it was consum ed. 'Sir,' nid a delinquent debtor, as he met his creditor one day, 'I wns obliged to let that note lie over to Inst week I am sor ry for it. I wish I had the moans of paying it but I hnvn't; so I will do the best I can for you. If my next child is a boy, I'll name him nfter you.' 3f Robert Scott who was executed nt Auburn, Spencer county, California, wrote a confession, in which he gives accounts of seventeen murders which he committed or was engaged in. He and his special partners obtained $28,000 from their victims. Ho said his name was not Scott He arrived in San Francisco in July, 1849. fj- A private letter received yesterday from a gentleman in Winchester, Tennessee, says: It has not mined here for four weeks, and vegetation is literally drying up. The wenth erhns been exceedingly hot here for two or three weeks; so hot thnt even loafers wore kept within doora. 27"TheTrue Delta says thnt though there Is, on an average, a murder committed in Now Orleans every twehe hours, there has been but two convictions for crime in eight yearn I r The Artesian Well at Frederick (Md.) hns been completed. Tho shaft hns beer, carried down 685 feet and now the Examiner says, the water runs out at the rato of ono hundred and fifty gallons a minute. rf The Washington Union predicts, thnt nt the next election in New York, "the friends of the Administration will roll up a majority." We don't bolievo they will roll up anything but the whites of their eyes. hoMXtville Journal. "Ill DOIT Well." Everybody believeain the old adage, "whatever is worth doing at all, is worth doing well," yet it ia astonishing how few practice it The farmer sees a hole In his fence, but instead of thoroughly mead ing it he tinkers it up, saying to himself that "it will last a while anyhow." Or fa farms his land as his father fanned it or as most of his neighbors continue to farm it regard less of the fact that scientific agriculture will enable him to cultivate it far better. A me- chanic is called in to do a bit of work, which, in four cases out of five, he hurries over car- ing only to make it just good enough to pass, but having no ambition that it should be the best he can do. We might extend our illustrations through every walk of life. Few men say to themselves, "I'll do it well " Haste is preferred to thoroughness, the rep. utation of a quick workman to that of a good one. Lawyers, ministers and other publie speakers even make a pride of extemporane ous oratory, as if any truly sensible man could be ambitious of an impromptu speech, when, with careful thought he might make his address incalculably better. The few, however, who adopt for their motto, "I'll dt it well," always Bucceed in life. . The lad at school who follows this rule, rises to the head of his class. The lawyer who makes thorough work gets the best and most lucra. five practice, for people know thnt hi opinion can be depended on nnd that heseldom mistaki The hard student in medicine has the most patients, as soon as his proficiency is discov ered.which inevitably hnppena sooner or later. The mechanic who turns out first rate work, obtains first rate prices nnd a first rate run of business. Whoever would go through this world well, let him ndopt ns his motto nt the outset, "Whatever 1 do, I'll do it well." Keep tour Sons Emploved. Let play be but thoir occasional privilege, nnd they will enjoy it far more highly. Employ them in the garden, if you hnve one, as regular duties about the house. It will do them no harm to perform humble services. It will help you nnd help them still more, to have thorn bring wood or coal, to scour the knives, to make their own beds, to keep their own room in order. You may thus render them highly useful, nnd grently contribute to their happiness, nnd their future welfare Louis Phillippi, King of Franco, was in child hood and enrly youth, required to wait upon himsolf in the humblest office. It was through this culture that he wns trained up to be one of the most remarknblo men of the present age. Carrying Bundles. Mnny people hnve a contemptible fear of being seen- to carry a bundle, however small, having the absurd idea that there is n social degradation in the net The most trifling ns well ns weighty package must be sent to them.no matter how much to the inconvenience of others. This arises from a low kind of pride. Thore is -a prida that is higher; thnt arises from consciousness of there being something in tho individual not to be efTectcd by such accidents worth nnd weight of chnrncter. This latter pride was exhibited by the American son of Jerome Napoleon Honannrte. While he wns in Col lege nt Cambridge, he was carrying home a broom which he had just purchased, when he met a friend, who noticing it, with surprise exclaimed, "Why did yon not have it sent homer "I am not ashamed to carry anything which bolongs to me," wns the very sensible reply of young Bonnparto. Very different pride was this from that of a young lady whom we knew, who nlwnys gave her mother nil the bundles to carry when they went out together, because ahe thought it vulgar to be seen with one herself. Murder, Foul Murcer. Yes, reader, murder is committed every day in your midst The assassin plies his trade, nnd grows fat upon the blood money of his occupation. You see his victims lured into the place of assassination decoyed tinder the garb of friendship nnd good fellowship he is drug gedhe dies another victim to tho arch murderer Alcohol. The daily press notes the violent departure of a humnn soul under the uninviting title of "nn inquest wns held upon tho body of a mnn unknown found dend in some obseuro corner" or "brutal murder," where violence brand, ishes his red hnnd under the impulse of drunkenness, nnd lets out the life blood of a human heart. Arrest the foul murderer. Drive him from his castles in this city. Down with his reign of terror and blood. Cuda and its Wealth. Cuba nt this time, comprises a population of nbout 1,400, 000. Of this nggregato 800,000 nre black, 600,000 of them being slaves, the balance free nnd comparatively a nuisance. The whole island contain nn nren of 82,000 square miles equal to more than 20,000,000 acres, every threo of which nre capable, with proper cul tivation, of producing one hogshead of su gar annually. In 1848 the exports of Cuba amounted to $26,000,000, nnd her imports to $25,000,000; she yielded a revenue of $13, 000,000, nnd the property of the island was estimated at tho value of $800,000,000. And yet but nbout one-tilth of the island wns sup posed to be under cultivation. Albany Eve. ning Atlas. New Hampshire Senator. The Senate of New Hampshire have elected Hon. Jno. S. Wells to tho United States Scnnte for the short term, and notified the IIouso to that effect lffA writer in the Mississippinn, a news, paper published nt Jackson, Mississippi, re commends thnt the planters of tho South pack their cotton in hogshead, instead of bagging. (r-l4J,h(j penitentiary of Indiana there nre now two hundred nnd sixty-four convicts. In the Ohio penitentiary there is nn nrmy of nearly ono thousand. jf- A short prayer reaches henren a hint to thoso who want favors not to molest others with long letters and loud com. plaints. ff"Anibition n mental dropsy, which keeps continually awclling and Increasing nut'l it M" " victim.