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8. P. IVINS, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Termi-j yr, parable In advance, or 03 at the eipiration o( the year. (V No paper discontinued until all arrearages are paid, ezept at the option of the Publisher. Por announcing the namea of candidate! for office S3, .Cajh. ATHENS, 1'KIDAV, SEPT. 8, 1854. Postponement. In consequence of sick new in the families of the Messrs. McGhee, the sale of lands situated in Bradley county, advertised to come off on Tuesday last, was postponed. The sale will take place on the 1st Monday of October. See adver tisement. f5fNext week will close the 6th volume of this paper, nt which time all who are in arrears to the office for subscriptions, adver tising and job work will hove their accounts presented to them for payment. UP Never fail to road the Now Adver tisements. J2F" We understand S. K. Rceder,Athenst is giving $1,21 per bushel for Wheat. 30r We were in error in stating last week that Mr. R. C. Morris had tendered his resig nation as 1st Asst Engineer East Tennessee and Virginia Railroad. Madisonville Court. While at Clcve InnJ nn Tuesday, we learned that Judge Gaut had received a letter from Judge Alox andcr, requesting him to hold the Court at Madisonvillo next week several members of Judge Alexander's family having been ot thekod with the Cholera, which has been prevailing for several days nt Knoxvile.and it would be impossible for him to be at Mudi sonvillo nt the regular time for holding the Court We do not know what Judge Gaut's intontions are, but in view of the recent alarming sickness prevailing at that place, we will take the liberty of suggesting the propriety of not holding nny Court at Madi noaville for tho present. It would be worse than foolish to nny longer express a doubt as to tho character of the disease, whatever may have been the opinion while it was confined to one locality, and that locality less favorable to its existenco than some others which havo escaped. It will no longer bear mooting tho dittoaso is unquestionably Cho lera such Cholera as has appeared at Nash ville at different times, along the western waters, and in many of the towns and cities of the Union, and just such Cholera as we have no dosire to become moro intimately acquainted with. Our last advices from Madisonvillo repre sent that tho disease had abated, that no now cases had occurred for several days, and that the sick were all in a fair way to recover. Still if Court should be held and any con siderable number of persons congregate in the town, it would probably break out again, and, perhaps, in a more virulent form. We think it would be unjust to those having bu siness in Court to require them to attend un der the circumstanced, and to the people of Madisonvillo, who have alroady been so sore ly afflicted. If our information be correct, we do not suppose thero will be any danger to the citizens returning, but it would cer tainly be imprudent for any thing like a crowd to gather in the place. . Jr47 From tho bent information wo have been able to obtain, there had been 34 deaths at Knoxvillo by Cholora from the timo the disease first developed its existence in the town, (Sunday the 27th,) up to Wodnesday morning last. Of the number IS were blacks. At the time the disunso broke out tho popu lation numbered over 4000. Wheat. Red Wheat was selling at Cleve land, Bradley county, on Tuesday last at from $1,25 to $1,30 per bushel. A good merchantable article, of course. When we make a quotation, our figures mean always for a good article, and buyers and sellers will please bear that in mind. Supreme Court. Next Monday will be tho regular timo for tho commencement of the Supremo Court nt Knoxvillo. It is thought however tho Court will not convene for tho present. Ocoee Hotel, Cleveland. This House, formerly the Railroad Hotol, is now kept by Mr. Lorenzo Delano j and if we are any judge of whnt it lakes to tnako tho right soil of house, the Ococo may be set down as equal to any in East Tennessee. Wo speak advisedly when we say, that tho proprietor, Mr. Delano, understands his business tho roughly. Ho not only keeps a good table, but, giving the business his personal super vision, sees that his guests have every atten tion and accommodation to make them com fortablo. We commend his house to our friends. . Nothing contributes more to the prospori ty of a town than good hotels, and in this re spect Cleveland Is well off, having two as good houses as any one could desiro to stop at. 137" We tako occasion to return our thanks to tho editor of the Knoxville Whig for u slips" containing accounts of cholera at that place. The other newspaper estab lishments, we suppose, are all closed up. tW We had tho ploasure of a call last wook from Wm.Allston Gourdin, Factor and Commission Merchant, Charleston, So. Cn. Mr. Gourdin is the sole importer of the gonu Ino Peruvian Cunno, and visits Eust Tennes see for the purpose of introducing it to the agricultural classes His object is a laudable one, and wo commend him and the object he has in view to the attention and consideration of our friends engaged in farming. At his Tost. Brownlow, of the Knox ville Whig, lias stood to his post manfully during the panic and alarm attendant upon tho appearance of Cholera, and has been going about constantly attending upon the eitk, while tho angol of doath was flapping his dark wing over tho city. Hat House, CnARtEsTos, So. Ca. Our young friend, Jno. F. Rodgois, from the Hat House of F. D. Fanning, Is now in this sec tion soliciting orders. The yellow fever hav ing aindo its appearance at Charleston, we commend friend Rodgors to Merchants who wish to- inako their Full purchases without a visit to that city. THE BANK WAR ENDEDTHE BANKS OF EAST TENNESSEE. It is a matter of public congratulation that the difficulty between the old and the Free Banks is at an end. We rejoiced when we saw the announcement in the Nashville Union that the war was over. We were well con vinced that such state of affairs could not long exist without serious consequences to the well-being of the public, and to the Banks themselves. Such a contest amongst insti tutions all of which are so solvent and strong as those of Tennessee, can be doscribed alone as being most supremely ridiculous and fool ish. For we maintain the fact that no safer, Bounder or better Banks exist anywhere in the United States than the Banks of Tennes see. And that Tennessee Bank notes are as safe a circulation to the holder as gold and silver coin itself. The Banks of East Ten nessee we know to be good, and we assure our readers at home and abroad, that no safer medium of circulation can be found than the issues of those Banks. The Free Banks of this end of the State are, of course, safe as their issues are guaranteed and secured by an equal deposite cf State Bonds in the Comptroller's office. The Branches of the old Banks in East Tennessee ore, of course, good as the experiment of many years has proved The Banks more recently chartered are as safe and reliable as the Free or the old Banks, and the holders of their issues areas socurely protected as those of. any institution. We allude to the Bank of East Tennessee, the Ocoee Bank, and the Bank of Chnttanoo gn. Indeed the notes of these Banks are a better circulation to the people of East Ten nessee than that afforded by the branches of the old Banks, because the former issue their paper at home payable at their counter, while the latter throw out upon the community circulation payable in the Western District and Middle Tennessee. But independently of this, ample protection is afforded the note holder of these new Banks, from the guarded provisions of their several charters, and the high character and pecuniary means and in fluential position of the men in the manage ment of them. Tho Bank of Chattanooga was established at the recent session of the Leg islature to afford larger facilities to the com merce of that growing city, and the increasing demands of the surrounding country. That institution is in tho hands of Cnpt. James Williams and his brother, William Williams East Tennessecnns by birth, by education, and by interest. They are men of high character, have long been connected with the commercial interests of this end of the State- have large private means, and have too high regard for their own reputation to suffer a failure in any business in which they may en gage. The public need have no apprehen sions as to the issues of this Bank. The Ocoee Bank, at Cleveland, was also established by the last General Assembly. The thriving, commercial county of Bradley, with its large trade in every variety of pro duce, demanded more extended Banking fa cilities, while the extraordinary developments of copper and the immonse shipments of that ore to New York absolutely required the es tablishment of a Bank at Clevoland, that be ing the nearest point on the railroad. The stock was taken by Messrs. Col la way, Water house and Congdon, men largely interested in the mining district, by R. C. Jnekson Esq. of this place and some others, men of ex ten sive private capital, great business reputation, and closely identified with all the best inter ests of this end of the State. We know that this Bank is doing business alone upon busu nets paper that their circulation is iuvested in short Bills on New York and the Southern cities, and that the pnper as it falls due is promptly met, and affords to the Bank a fund for redemption superior to coin Itself. We consider this Bank one of the best ia the State, and its notes as safe and reliable a cir culation as any other. The Bank of East Tennessee has already been sufficiently tried to give the publio as surance of its soundness and reliability. It has been in existence soven or eight years, and during its history passed through a crisis which but few Bunks could safely meet- through a storm in which nearly every note of its circulation was blown back to its coun ter and faithfully redeemed. This is the best evidence of its soundness, and the pub lic need no other. In conclusion, we repeat that the commer cial world at home and abroad need have no fears of any East Tennessee Banks. Thoir notes are as good as any in the United States and they are each and all under as safe and judicious management as any institutions of the sort in tho land. Savannah, Ga. In the News of the 4th, wo find bills of mortnlilty for three days the 2d, 3d and 4th. According to these the number of donths in Savannah from yellow fevor Btands as follows : ' On tho 2d, ' ; , , 8 " " 3d, ', . . .7 " 4th, - JO Total for 3 days, 25 Number of deaths from Yellow Fever since the disease made its appearance on the 27th August, 83. Chattanooga. The papers represent the town of Chattanooga as continuing very healthy, and free from all discasos of an opi domic character. The older inhabitants state as a fact worthy of note, that the drior tho summer tho moro healthy has Chattanooga boon. Slofeo. E. D. Robinson, a Warehouse man, Augusta, Ga., has put out to parts un known probably Nebraska in consequence of having been detected in several large frauds in his dealings. 3f" Tho Chattanooga Advertiser appeals to the charity of the ladies of that city to present a volunteer corps, The Rifles, with a Banner. The ladies boing charitable, of course The Rifles will get the Banner. It is to be hoped, too, that some one of the la dies will prove charitable, or merciful, to the editor of the Advertiser we dont know of any one who stands in greater need of about one hundred and twenty pounds of fominine sympathy. Selling off at Cost. McSjwtdden Si Hor- ton, Athens, are selling off their large and handsome assortment of Goods at cost and carriage, oee advertisement. THE CHOLERA AT KNOXVILLE. A friend at Knoxville has sent us the fol lowing letter containing a list of the names of persons and number of deaths that have occurred there from Cholera, since the disease first made its appearance up to half past 7 o'clock, on Monday evening. It is from a gentleman every way entitled to credit, and who would state nothing but what he knew to be so : Knoxville, Sept. 4. Mr. hint: Ton will probably hear va rious reports as to cholera in this place, but only faets and figures, as to the number of deaths, will give you the truth. I have kept a list of all who have died since Sunday be fore last, when the impression first became general that we had eholera among ca, al though three or four eates had probably oc curred before. Lift of pertoni vho have died in Knoxville. It it not ttrtain all vert of Cholera.) Sundat, August 27. Len Simmon, formerly slave of Mrs.Ramsey.1 Thursday, Aug. 31, Geo. -Stephen; free colored. His daughter, aged 8 or 9. Small col'd girl at Mr.Craighead's, College hill. Milly, eol'd woman, slave at Mansion House. Son of Mr. Gibson, aged 8 years. 5 Friday, Sept. 1. Mr. Mariham. Col. McClelland, U. S. A. Marth, eol'd man, upwards of 80, formerly . slave of Mrs. Ramsey. 8 Satukoay, Sept. 2. MitiSaraJi Sevier, daughter of Rev.Mr.Sevier. Mr. Van Meter, Clerk at Mansion House. Mr: Daxmer, wife of the proprietor of Man sion House. 3 Total for week ending Sept. 2, 12 Sunday, Sept. 8. Son of Mat Allison, aged 4 years. Betty, slave of Jos. Armstrong, Esq. Mr Sevier, wife of Rev. Mr. Sevier. Delilah, slave, at Mr. Crockett's. Son of Mr. Allen, aged S years. Mitt Nancy Weleker, of Kingston. Majort, free eol'd man, at Mr. Humes'. Jane, slave, at Mr. Dickinson's. Martha, slave of Rev. Sevier. Mitt Naomi White, daughter of Geo.M. White. Caroline, slave of Judge W illiams. Lever, prisoner in jail. Mr. Brannmn. Florence, aged 6, free col'd, daughter of Mary Henderson. 14 This you will see was a very fatal day. Monday. Sect 4. H P. M. Mary Hcnderton, free colored. 1 In all 27 A few new cases of a mild character to-day, but the disease seems to have abated. Stores all closed and business suspended. We have also received an extra from the office of the Knoxville Whig, dated Monday evening, Sept. 4th, with a "Postscript" dated Tuesday morning, Sept. 5th. The statements generally, as to the disease and number of deaths correspond with those of the letter published above. We annex the closing por tion of the Extra and the "Postscript:" "We confess the picture here is one of gloom. The greatest consternation prevails. The city is abandoned night and day, they are flying in every direction. The Hotels are closed. The stage comes in with the mails, and returns to the country instantly. We have scarcely help enough to lay out the dead, or to bury them. All business has near ly censed. The publishers of our pnper have left town, and we put this nrticle in thii ex tra, to notify the public that no other paper can now be got out. it we are able, or have hands, we will horoaftor iuna an extras- Should we fall, we intend to fall at onrnost We performed a hard day's labor on Sabbath, in visiting the sick, and aiding in the burial of the dead. CM. McGhee, Col. Jos. A. Mubry, and Judge Alexander, authorised us to supply the poor and destitute, with what . 'li 1 J it tl they wero nettyng, una sena me uius m to them for payment. Aided by Mr, Homer, we were engaged in packing off to them, such as candles, sugar, tea, crackers, and other neces saries. Business of all kinds is now sus pended. W. G. BROWNLOW, Editor Knoxville Whig, v Tuetilay Morning, sept, o.-we have gone nil over town this morning, and we are pleas ed to say there are no new cases. All who remain are cheerful, and look like they wero at home, each with a pocket full of rocks- Cheer up, neighbors, for there is a better day Coming I W. G. B. WedneSddf Morning, Sept. 6. We hod three deaths on vesterdav. and three new cases; but the deaths were old eases, and the new cases were mild, and have yielded read ily to medical treatment. Miss Ann White, the daughter of Speaker John White, died yesterday morning was taken on Friday morning previously and withstood the rava ges of tho disease by means of an excellent constitution. We were by the bedside of James P. N. Craighead when he died in the evening. He had Flux previously was ex posed in the sun seeing after sick hands took bad in the morning and died in the af ternoon. The third case was a child of four years old, which had been sick several days. We have been over town this morning, and reioice to find no new cases; but truth and justice require us to state that there are no materials lei I. uui tow ot us remain, we have no Printers here, and cannot issue anv papers. The three cases taken last night, ail terminated fatal! v, to-wit: John Sitbbage, Anderson Howell, and Dan Todd, tho lust named a man of color. W. G. B. The Extra from the Whig office, announces the doath of Mrs. Martin, sister of Judge Reese, in addition to those recorded above. Buffalo, Aug. 31. Large parties of emigrants for Kansas, from tho Eastern States, passed through this city to-day. New York, Sept, 1. The cholera has ceased in Barbadoes. Eighteon thousand, however, became victims to its ravages. A forged choque for $9,000 was paid at the Chemical Bank to-day. New Orleans, Aug. 31. The clerks in the Post Office in this city loft in a body to-day in consequence of a qunrrol with the Postmaster. New Yoke, Sept. 4. In New York last week there were 814 in terments, including 117 from Cholera. In Boston there were 107, of which 12 were from Cholera. In Philadelphia 300, including 23 from Cholera, and in Baltimore 106, none of which were from Cholera. Chicago, Sept, 2. The speech yesteaday of Sonator Douglas in favor of the Nebraska Bill and the Veto of the River and Harbor Bill, has excited great indignution in this city so much so that the bells were tolled and the flags hoist ed at half-mast Commission House, Charleston, So. Ca. We neglected last week to call attention to the Card of James Armsstrong, Forward inland Commission Merchant, Charleston, So. Ca. He is very highly recommended for probity and business capacity. THE GREAT CALAMITY. The following article is taken from the New ork Tribune. - It presents rather a gloomy picture: "We shall probably have rain soon, but to little pnrpose. It will be too late for Corn ; too laie tor 1'otatoes ; too late for Garden Vegetables; too late for Buckwheat It wi help Turnips, where there are anv.be useful to Cabbage, and may give us a late and scanty supply of Fall Feed; but it cannot ensure us a tolerable product of Butter and Cheese; it cannot give us more than half a crop of Corn, nor even so large a yield or I'otitoes. In spite of the bounteous harvest in Wisconsin and part of Iowa, in Texas and most of the cotton-growing region, and of the moderate yield in Southern Ohio, Northern Indiana and Northern Illinois, we shall have tho shortest crop ol Indian Corn grown in the country this century vith two exceptions. The first was that of 1816, caused by the extraordina ry cold or the entire season for there was snow in June nearly all over New England and frost in every month of the year; the second was that of 1836. caused by the wet. cold and backward Spring. But :n both of these years, though corn was more uchcient than now, Grass was good and Potatoes bet ter than this year. We doubt whether the ug. gregatc of loss in either year was greater than thBt which now confronts us. We estimate the total corn crop of the United States for this year at less than two- imras oi an nverage, or not above htteen bushels per acre. There are thousands on thousands of acres that will not yield fivo bushels many, in fact, that will never be harvested at all. One heavy, general, soak ing rain on the 1st of August would havo udded at least One Hundred Millions of Dol lars to the aggregate value of our crop for the current year. The total deficiency of the Corn crop cannot fall below Two Hun dred Millions of bushels, worth One Hun dred Million of Dollars for much of our Corn is usually worth seventy-five cents to a dollar per bushel on the farm where it is grown ; and the loss on Roots, Grass and Vegetables cannot fall below another equal amount In other words, the Harvest of this year will be worth to the country Two Hun dred Millions of Dollars less than we hnd reason to suppose it would be one month ago. This loss will not all fall on the farmers; they will be partially compensated for deficiency of yield by enhancement of price ; but that merely shifts a part of the burden from their shoulders to others. The aggregate loss is quito as severe as if fire, flood, or some other terrible calamity had swept property worth Two Hundred Millions of Dollars completely out of existence. The magnitude of tho loss can only be ap. predated upon reflection and comparison. 1 he total cost ot the Mexican War was com putcd by Mr. Corwin, when the Secretory of the 1 rcii8urv, nt Two Hundred and r ourteon Millions; but that was spread over several years of general prosperity, while Sixty Mil lions of it by means of a National Debt, was cast upon the future. The Great Fire in our City in December, 1835, was generally held to have contributed to onr season of disaster and bankruptcy which commenced the next year. I he excessive importations of 1816-17 and in 1836, were undoubtedly most influen tial in bringing on the tremendous commer cial revulsion which so speedily followed; yet it may be well questioned whether tho Short Crops of 1816 and '36 were not the deeper and truer causes of those seasons of calamity. Not that the heavy importations were other than the most untimely and injurious; but their ill effects were greatly intensified by the coincident deficiency of our Harvests. Such importations must have caused trouble any how, but no such sweeping devastations as were actually experienced, because of the large demands to meet the cost of goods oc curring simultaneously wnn our extreme in ability to pay. We needed all the food we produced, and had but a few Millions' worth of cotton nnd other non edible products whorcwith to pay for One Hundred and r ifty Millions' worth of European Metals, Wares and rubrics imported that year. And it will be found equally impossible this year to pay for all the goods already received from Eu rope or now on the way. I lie means oi pay. ing for them do not exist, nnd they must ei ther be held over for better times, re-exported ruinously sacrificed, or sold to consumers who will never pay for them." Sales of Drt Goods. On Thursday, at New York, about $300,000 worth of dry goods wore sold at auction. Coffin & Hay dock Bold 6,500 pieces of merino cloths and cashmeres. The lower grades of merinoes showed a decline of 5 to 10 cents per yard, from the previous sales, but the medium and better qualities brought about previous rates, and some desirable lots showed a slight im provement The merinoes sold nt 51 to $1.19, averaging about 75; and the cashmeres at 45 cents a 1$, averaging 60. t&T Advices from Barbadoes to the 10th of August state that Cholora scarcely exists as an epidemic, though cases had occurred up to the last day or two. The total deaths of cholera on the Island were 18,000. The numbor of deaths of military was 355. The reported existenco oi cholera at Gren ada is fully confirmed; to August 4th, the deaths amounted to three thousand, being nearly one-tenth of the population. At the latest dates it was on the decrease. At St. Lucia the cholera and deaths reach ed 350. Charleston, So. Ca. We copy tho fol lowing item about Yellow Fever at Charles ton, from the Courier of the 5th: Office or City Register, ) Monday, Sept 4, 10 p. m. $ There have been 21 deaths from Yellow Fevor for the past 72 hours. J. 1. Dawson, M. V., U. K. New York Monet Market. Tho N Y. Times, of Saturday, says : Money is in good supply at all the leading banks, banking houses, and discount brokers, but the use of it is restricted by want of con fidence, uood paper still commands the preference. Rates are withont change. 1 here is no disposition at all to speculate, so that there is less than the usual demand for money on stock securities. Politics in Pennsylvania. The Demo cratic State Central Committee of Pennsylva nia have issued a third address to the people. Whether they mean to continue a series of addresses, or whether they have found it ne cessary to modify their views, we are unable at present to state; but a significant fact stands forth prominently in the last bulletin, namely, that "the manner of organizing the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas is not nocessarily an issue in this contest" Yet the Committee find it necessary to make some oxcuse for the measure, as well as to prove that it will not lead to the introduction of slavery into the new Territories. Whnt is this but an attempt to propitiate the anti slavery sontiment of Pennsylvania? What we are Coming to. A gentleman in London hatches hens' eggs over a naptha lamp without a wick, Seven try eggs have been hatched at tho top of tho lamp, and the chickens reared by an artificial mother nt the bottom. FOREIGN NEWS. Boston, Sept. 1 The Europa arrived at this port this morn ing from Halifax, and from our files of foreign papers we glean the following additional items of European intelligence: The cholera was increasing in London. The Queen in her speech at the prorog.i. tion of Parliament complimented the bravery of the Turks, and announced that France nnd England would put a final check upon the rapacity of Russia. A letter from St Petersburg says that no one dares to think of peace in that city, but voluntary contributions were becomingscarce, Prussia has declared her intention to effect a mediation. The Russians report that they have gained a great victory in Asia and killed 3,000 Turks. The message of President Pierce relative to Cuba, had caused much uneasiness in Paris. The Emperor of France has ordered the payment of Napoleon's legacies. Rnssian intrigues had been discovered ia the army, and in many secret clubs. The French Ambassador at Madrid had protested energetically against nny violence being manifested towards the members of the Royal Family of Spain. New York, Sept. 3. The American steamship Pacific, with Liv erpool dates to the 23d ult, has arrived at this port The general news is unimportant The Austrians have entered the Principal ities. Spain is represented to be tranquil. The capture of Bomersund is confirmed. The French are entitled to tho whole hon or for the rapture of Bomersund. Their troops fought with grent gallantry. Riga will next be assailed. Tho Austrians entered Wallachia on the 14th. Prussia is arming at all points. Tho expedition against Crimea is waiting until tho cholera subsides, which hnd consid crably decreased. The Cholera has beon fearfully destructive nt Varna, Shumla, and Constantinople. It is estimated that from ten to fifteen thousand of the allied troops have perished from that disease, the majority of whom were French An army of 60,000 Russians are concentra ting on the right bank of the Pruth, under Gen. Luders. The reported defeat of tho Turks near Kara is confirmed, Henry Wetherstcrn has fniled. His liubil ities $5,000,000. The steamship Washington arrived at New York on Wednesday, from Bremen and Southampton. Although her news is antici pated by the arrival of the Europa at Halifax, the English papers contain some interesting items of news which do not appear in the telegraph despatch sent from Halifax. Lord John Russell stated in the House of Commons thnt a communication had been made by the Czar to the Austrian minister to the effect thnt it was his intention to evacuate the Principalities. The Austrian minister had intimated to the French and English nrabus sudors at Vienna, that his government nev ertheless, was ready to exchange nates as previously agreed upon, with the view of ob taining securities for a future peace. Tho Queen's speech on the prorogation of Parliament made reference to the war in a temperate yet firm manner. Effectual repres sion of the ambitious, aggressive spirit of Russia was, she said, the sole object to be obtained by the co-operation of the French and English forces. Bucharest, at tho last accounts, was occu pied with 10,000 Turkish troops. The French ambassador at Madrid was threatened with personal violence by the populace of that city. Trade at Canton showed some symptoms of improvement The excess of imports of tea, compnred with the same time last year, amounted to 31,000,000 pounds. Not Whiooery in Disguise. The Rich mond (Va.) Examiner, ono of the most ultra of the Democratic prints of Virginia, thus dissipates the rumor that Know Nolhingism is Whiggery in disguise,nnd says in n man ner not to be mistaken : "Understanding that it harbors no hostility to the Democratic party, nor to the South nnd her institutions, and believing that, if the monster nt nil, it is too ugly a customer to be trifled with, we have no disposition to run a muck with it as yet to wasto our powder and shot by blazing oway at it in the dark. Judg ing by its votes, polled elsewhere, it numbers as many Democrats as Whigs; and judging by its liboral bestowal of office on Democrats, it has not done the party much injury as yet We shall, at least for the present save our ammunition and surplus rhetoric, trust to 1'rovidence and keep our powder dry, remem bering that discretion is the better part of valor, and that kind words tend to turn away wrath." Louisville, Aug. 29. Agreeable to the proclamation of Mayor Spoed most of tho business houses were closed yesterJay. A large number congrcga. ted nt the Frst Presbyterian Church to wit ness the funeral ceremonies of the unfortu nate victims of Sunday's catastrophe. The church was so densely thronged thnt the ser vice had to be conducted in tho yard. Only seven bodies wero brought to tho church. After a hymn, the Rev. Mr. Morris gave a short account of the accident. He said he never beforo had felt so forcibly the passage "Be ye also ready, for in such nn hour as ye think not the son of man comoth." Exaggerated rumors were circulated yes terdaymany were reported missing it is said a number were still under tho ruins, but there is no truth in them. "Dat ish all Right." A German shoe maker, who was from home on the day of the fire, on returning the next day says the Newark (N. J.) Advertiser procured a long ladder, and ascended the top of the chimney, which was tottering nnd ready to fall. While the crowd was looking on in amazement he drew from a crevice in the chimney, on old dinner pail, which contained over $800 in sil ver and gold. On descending, he exclaimed, Dat ish all right and left Fatal Railroad Accident. The loeomotive Mississippi, on Monday, burst its boiler on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, fifty miles above Mobile city, killing the engineer and badly wonnding three other persons. FIRES IN THE" WOODS. The Eastern papers contain accounts of extensive and destructive fires in the woods which appear to have broken out and to be raging simultaneously in nil directions. The Boston Atlas has the following: A fire commenced In the neighborhood of Sunderland nnd Arlington, Vt, in the Green Mountains, nbout a week since, nnd has been spreading with fearful rapidity for three or four days past In the night time more than two miles of lurid flame nre visible to the in habitants of tho valleys. Many thousands of acres have already been burnt over, and a large stenm-mill and several largo saw mills were in imminent jeopardy, nnd would pro. bablv be destroyed. On Tuesday evening, ns we learn from the Springfield Republican, a disastrous firo was sweeping over the woodlands, three miles west of Chester Village. A large tract of woodland had already been ravaged, and live hundred cords of cut wood had already been consumed. It was thought that sereral thou sand curds more of cut wood would bo de stroyed. The wind was driving the fire with fearful rapidity, and the probability was that many farm houses would be endangered, ft large fire has also been raging for some days on Wildcat Hills, and vicinity, in Bornardston, nnd nt last accounts from 200 to 300 acres hnd been burnt over, with the prospect that a much larger tract would be included. A fire has been raging in tho woods near Ashburnhnm, Mnss., about a mile from the depot, for several days past, and a Inrge amount of valuable property had been de stroyed. Tho Montreal trnin on the Vermont nnd Canada Railroad, on Tuesday, was delayed by fire in the woods nt Swim town, Vt. About 1,000 cords of cut nnd dried wood, belonging to the Vermont Central Ruilroad, was de stroyed. The passengers by the train were obliged to get around the fire to a point this side. A large fire of very singular nppenrance has been raging for several days in the woods upon the highest mountain peak south-east ot the village et Wilhamstown, Mass., nnd overlooking it. It is literally a cloud of smoke by day nnd a pillar ot lire by night. It stretch, es round the crest of tho hill in a huge semi circle. A fire hns beon raging in tho woodlnnds of Sir. J. I t letcher, ot Derby, since Inst Sat urday. It has swept over 60 acres, nnd burnt up somo 450 cords of wood, all cut and cord ed, besides a young growth and some lurgo trues; it hns also run over the corner of wood land adjoining, belonging to Mr. T. P. Major. These are but a tithe of the destructive ravnges of the clement which wo receive ac counts from day to day. The signs of rain, so visible on Tuesday have entirely passed away, nnd the weather is clear and cool. Un less we have rain soon, the injury caused by the drought will become extremely serious. From Utah. From Mr. M. Crawford, re cently from Salt Luke, Tho Shasta (Ca.) Courier learns that a very large immigration will cross the plains this yenr, many suppose as large as that of 1849. A lurge number of families nre coming over. Mr. C. gives a very unfavorable account of mutters and things generally in the land of the Saints. Times are hard; and for gentiles, especially, he says, there is no show; the Suints esteeming it no crime to client or even steal from them when they get nn opportuni ty. Laborer's wages nre very low. Mr. C. says that for some time after arriving there he worked nt chopping wood, nt $8 per month. He afterwurd taught school at $25 per month. The femalos are represented to be general ly of rather easy virtue; but the punishment of illicit intercourse is death. Divorces nre numerous nnd easy to be obtained; they are granted by the Bishop, who generally makes short work of it frequently grnnting a divorce in five minutes after the application is made. The divorced wife generally has another hus band in tho course of a day or so. Encouraging. The New York corres pondent of the Charleston Courier writes as follows under a Into ditto: The severo pressure in financial affairs is causing great distress. Business men find themselves in "tight places," and sometimes fail, yet they manage to live on in comfort, and in some enses, in luxury. But it is not so among mechanics and laboring men One class of laboring men particularly suffer. Railroad uttairs have been going down, until their bonds, mortgages and promises to pay are comparatively worthless. All the nianu futories, whose business it is to supply mil road companies with cars, engines or "fix tures," are censing to work. They refuse to take anything from rail road companies but the cash. V cry tew roads in this country can pay cash, so the large factories prefer to do uothing, to laboring nnd then not be paid for it So they nre discharging their "hands," and thoy nre thus thrown out of employ. One establishment neur the city having three hundred men constantly employed, has cut its force down to littlo over ninety men. t3T" The 4,000 mnjority for Grimes, ns Governor of Iowa, has boen boiled down to 800 nnd the Legislature, which wns said to be overwhelmingly Whig, is not over-much thnt way. Reported majorities and official returns of elections are, as a gcnornl thing, very distant neighbors. 13?" We presume that the cause of the strike among tho employees of the New Or- loans Post Office wns tho privute assessment of their salaries by the Postmaster to pay somo $2000 losses associated with that oflice. Marriage and Murder. We loam from the Cincinnati Gazette of Wednesday, that a murder of the most atrocious charactor had been committed nbout eleven miles east of Xenia. The circumstances are as follows: "A farmer's son, named Joseph S. Baird, was at enmity with another young farmer named Robinson, because the former on Sunday evening last had married a young woman to whom lie was also engagod. As Bnird, with his bride, was riding in his buggy towards Xenia, Robinson was observed to rush out of a thicket and taking hold of the horse's head, commnnded Bnird to hnlt Mrs. B. scronmcd nnd sprang from the buggy, Bnird followed, and clinching Robinson, a scuffle ensued, in which he was shot dead by Robinson. The young wife then wrenched the pistol out of Robinson's hnnd nud at tempted to shoot him. The bnlls wero fired to no effect when Robinson jumped into the buggy, drove off and effected his escape, Preparing for the Pork Trade. Wo hear it said that one or two well known pork packers of this city have come to the deter mination not to be outdone by the short corn crop. They want hogs must and will have them, and to be certain of getting them they have contracted for large quantities of corn, at convenient points in Illinois, nnd should it so turn, out thnt the farmer will not be able to fatten his pork, they will buy his hogs and undertake the job. Ono packer, we hear, hns 60,000 bushels already engaged, nnd will take a few moro nt the same price. St. Low is Intelligencer. Some of our pork men are buying stock hogs for tho purpose of fattening them. Inmisulle Journal tfThe following letter from "an old American Whig," addressed to the New Or leans Bee, nnd recently published in that journnl, will commend itself to every true Whig: "Occasionally, I see in the newspapers which come into my hands, notices of very sweet invitations by Democratic Editors ad dressed to the Whigs, to come over and join them. I even understand that they are kind ly willing to promise, not to throw up to us our misdeeds of opposition, but will receive us as they have been accustomed to do in the case of Abolitionists, Frecsoilers, and men of every possible stripe, with no other pledge than the single one of voting ns their leaders for the time being shall dictate. It is cer tainly nn accommodating practice, this of I,o cofocoism, and will save a man the trouble of keeping a conscience, seeing that all labor is done for them by tho lender of the day, und the followers have nothing to do but to wheel into line, facing one way to day and the direct opposite to-morrow, ns tho aaid lender's tac tics may indicate to be tho best policy, that is the best mode of securing the spoils. But as n Whig of the old school, I must confess to the entertainment of some antiquated notions of principle, thnt will prevent my joining a party, thnt in its public proclamation nnd sol emn nets, denounces certain measures as ru inous, unconstitutional, demoralizing. &c. Sic, nnd then permits a sufficient number of its members to vote for the samo so that by the aid of the Whigs they may be carried. "I am, and always have been an American Republican, and have hitherto been the unal terable advocate of certain measures, unon which I deem the lasting good of the coun try depends, nnd I well know thnt I shall con tinue to be their supporter to my dying day. Among these are the encouragement of inter nal improvements, by which all parts of our common country may be so intimately con. nectcd, that our glorious Union and its Con stitution, bequeathed to our cure by our pa triotic fathers, may, as fur as human means are concerned, be perpetuated, and the pro motion of home industry, rather than that of foreign pauper labor. I will not enumerate other cardinal points of Whigor rather Amer ican policy, but desire simply to say that for one I cannot consent to unite with men who will one day denounce these nnd other meas ures, the next vote for them, nnd on the third get them up tripped by meuns of a veto, it may be, all the while claiming to be the only men of true principle nnd par excellence, tho friends of the country nnd its institutions. crying out for secession here, disunion there, nnd ngitntion everywhere. I would answer the honied solicitations of these recruiting sergeants, in the words of good Joshua of old, when rebuking his locofoco brethren for their pronencss to run nfter strange Gods, "ns for me and my house, we will Bcrve the Cord. The Saratoga Convention. The Tri bune denies thnt this convention was compos. ed of Whigs. It says: "We do not believe that n mnioritv of its members nt nny timo were Whigs. Its Pre sident was Vice-chancellor M'Cuun, a life long Democrat. Among its members were President King, Gon. E. F. Dullard, the Rev. Dolphus Skinner, Judge Allison of Rocklund, Hi rani Burnep, Geo. 1'. Benedict and scores more of life-long Democrats; also, Leonard Gibbs, John Snow, Dennis Harris, Joshua Lcnvitt,and more than a hundred others anti Whig Abolitionists." Mules. Ninety-six yearling mules were sold nt Georgetown on Mondny Inst, Col. J. Delph, nuctionoer, nt $110 a head. They were purchased by Mr. VV. Rodgers of Bour bon, mid were the property of John F. Payne, Esq., of Scott. This is a tall price, but the mules, taken ns n nhule, are uunceded to te ' the best lot that has ever been seen together. Two other mules were sold by Col. Dolpli for $221 each. Boielinggreen Standard, 26. The Corn Crop and the Drought. Tho New York Journal of Commerce, alluding to the corn crop, says: "Our own opinion is. that the diinrnrrn to the crop, although severe, hns been greatly exaggerated. There is no ciop in this coun try which bears dry weather so well as eurn. nnd a hot, dry summer is necessary, in many varieties of soil, for the security of the yield Those who honrd for famine rates will pro bably find themselves disappointed, while those who sell nt prices which will pay them for a partial crop far better than the average price for a full yield, will find themselves gainers in the long run." I3r7 The Ohio Statesman says, tliat tho corn crop of the Scioto vulley will prove al most an entire failure. The fires in the mountains in Now Hnmpshire nre driving the bears nxd rattle snakes from their forest homes, and several have been killed. Chicago, Sept. 4. Onr citizens have refused to hear Senator Douglas speuk,nnd have hooted him from th stand. CnANGE. The Agricultural nnd Mechani cal Fair will be held in Knoxville on the 26t!i and 26th days of October instead of the 18tlt nnd 19th ns formerly published. 13?" Tho ninth Annunl Fair of the South ern Central Agricultural Society will be held in Augusta, Georgia, on the 23d to 28th days of October inclusive. 5?Chicngo Is in the full tide of prosper ity as a city. She commenced in the tace of commercial prosperity only twelve or fiftoen years since, nnd now stands unrivalled amongst the cities of the West for the con struction of grent public works ntthelrdoors. Over two hundred trains of rail rond cars ar rive and depart duily at and from Chicago. t3' Letters from tho western pnrt of tho Stnto of Ohio, mention that tho crop of apples in that vicinity is very largo, nnd tho fruit is sold at low rates. Good applos are plenty at from 30 to 40 cents a bushol. Provisions in 'sw York. All sorts of fami ly provisions in the New York market are rapidly going up to something like famine prices. Potatoes are held at (2 per buikel, and not easy (good ones) to be got at that. At retail ordinary flour sells at 111,60 a f 12, while the sixpenny loaves the bakers make are not much larger than the ordinary three cent, rolls used to be. Laws of the Uniteo States. The Wash ington Globe says that the laws passed da ring the last session of Congress are very defective. "The law muking appropriations fur the current and contingent expenses of tho Indian Department, which purports to contain eleven sections, hns nine only. There Is noither a third nor a ninth section in it, nnd it is clear that several paragraphs which fol low the first paragraph of section two belong to section one," cVc. The Globe does not at tempt to fix tho responsibility for these errors, but sooms disposed to divido it between tho committees of conference and tho new clerks employed to assist in copying during the hur ry incident to tho last days of the session." VST Tho Hon. Jno, Boll hns our (hunks for various valuable public document.