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ATIIEiVS POST. 8. 1. IV1XH, KDITOIl AND I'llol'ltlKTOIt. Terms:.! year, pnynblii In advance, or f 4 nt he expiration of (lie year. fW No i:iier iliseiiiitinitt.il until all nrrcnrnio ore paid, exriit nt Hie c pile. 11 of the lul,U.r. ror announcing- tlio names of candidates for olltcc f i. II Ullt tV, 1. (I, 18.51. Wasted At tumiiil"1'" 8,1 Apprentice to learn tlio Printm? 15iisin)ij A boy from 14 to 16 years of ago can s,curoi7vij''!',:(! by applying soon. Tho oll'ice is doing a re spectable business, mul tlio facilities' lor ae- quiring n correct knowledge of the friirfr aro ns ample as tit any establishment in Fast Tennessee. 3f Wheat nt this place is worth $1,30 per bushel, Corn 85 cts.;"I5acnn i) to 10 ots. per lb. 83?" Tnu mail facilities South of us have been greatly interrupted by the prevailing sickness nt Savannah, Charleston and Au gusta. 0i7" "Jiiventus" Week. No. 2 will appear nc.t Health of Kxii.wh.i.e. Wc were highly grutilied to find the following paragri'.ph in tho Register of Tuesday: Wc think, wo may wifely announce the disappearance of the ciiolera from our city. o nave mis morning lnaile diligent ennui rics from resident!! in all quarters, of the town ana liavn neurit ot no new cases. Husiness of every description has resumed its wonted channel am! our town wears a life liko appearance, and tho indications aro fa. vorablu for a heavy business season. Rus Oi k. On Saturday morning last, the passenger train on the Kast Tennessee, and Georgia Uoad ran over a mule three or four miles above this place, and the passenger and baggage can were thrown oll'the track. There wero some thiity persons on the train, all of whom, with one exception, escaped sc. rious injury. George. Brown, Mail Guard, of this place, had his left thigh bono broken, mid was otherwise badly bruised. We un derstand ho is now doing very well. The damage to the cars was not very great. We learn from passengers v ho were on the train at tho time, that tho accident was one which no precaution of tho engineer or con ductor could have prevented. CiiArtt.ii.sTON, S. C Our latent tUts from Charleston are up to tho 1st Oct., 10 p. i:t., and report 15 deaths from yellow fever for tho preceding IS hours. Health or Airusta. Tho yellow fever bns assumed an epidemic character at Au gusta and is raging with great virulence. i ho largest portion of tho population had Icll tho city, and tho disease has, coinpara. :,... i.. 1...1 c ... i i .... win. in ui iv upon, ino iiianre in the weather it is thought will soon relieve tho place from the destroyer. Savannah. Tho statements in Ihu News rf .Monday indicate ar, abatement or the epi ilcmie at .Savannah. The last report is as follows: Moli.lav.Oel. 2. Total interments 1 by yellow lever 2. i'he Know Nothings enrri, d the mii lec'.ions in Nashviii'ii the other day tiicipal Without l!lr !e; A mi Mayor by st trouble, eliding J. It. .S'u.ii'. ar. overwhelming maim it v. hvery thing connected with tiiu elections is represented to have been conducted in the most ipiiet and orderly iiiauuct no dunking, pulling, hauling, and lighting occurred to disgrace tho duties of the day. Tho Union's long-winded tirades and eloquent invectives against the Know Nothings appear to have made about as much impression upon the voters of Nashville as moonbeams make up on a rock. Great institution, the Know Noth. ings, for taking the conceit out of domineer ing editors and pig.hc.uled politicians. Mr. Shapard Wu believe is a democrat, and is said to be peculiar!)' well ipialilicd for tlio duties of the olliee to which tlio unsought suH'rages of his fellow-citizens have called him. Rain at Last, and Pi.kntv of It. This section was visited on Tuesday night by one of tho heaviest storms of wind and rain that has occurred for many years. The oldest in habitant, who has witnessed one hundred and ten Christmas days, says liu never saw any thing like it. Tho storm commenced about dusk, and for an hour thu rain fell in torrents, tho horizon was lit up with a con. tinned blaze of lightning, and tho thunders roared worse than any ten thousand bulls of Bashan that wo ever heard. It was a lovely night for those who did'nt happen to be abroad. Since tho storm thu weather lias been clear, cool and bracing, and yesterday morning those who wero up before tho Sun had a glimpso of Jack Frost for the lirst time this season Steam Boat Accident. A "jentleman from Loudon informs us that tho steamer Hiwasscc, upward bound, struck a rock a few days fiinco and knocked a hole in her bottom. Tho accident occurred after night, and wc regret to leain that a portion of the cargo was damaged. Wo arc happy to add that no lives were lost, as the captain and crew on discovering thu sinking condition of the ves. net, pulled off their boots and waded to shore. Steam Boats should not attempt to navigate tho Tennessee hen there is not more than three inches water in thu channel. lf" It is to bo hoped tho Trustees of Forest Hill Academy will succeed in having the school opened at an early day. The building wo believe is finished and ready for occupancy, with tho exception of tho seals, which we presume have been contracted for. C3T" Wo regret to learn that ilis Mr.L VILLE, the accomplished Principal of .uadi. Bonvillo Female Academy, lias been induced to resign hor position by declining health. An interesting correspondence between her and the Trustees of the Academy will be found on the next page. JUF" It is very entertaining while all hands re busily engaged in setting type, to have gentlemen of leisure drop into the printing olliee and read all the articles aloud which they Cud in the exchange papers. OThc Hon. Joseph W. Jackson, lute member to Congress from Chatham District, Ga., died at Savannah a few ilnyiago of the prevailing epi Jeluic. "A GOO!) DEMOCRAT." Tho communication from a "Good Demo, cral," a subscriber, of course, as wo have the names of a good many "good democrats" on our books asking information as to the designs mid objects of the organisation known as tho "Know Nothings," and whe ther this paper is to bo converted into an ad vocate ol that organization ami its doctrines "so far lis it has nny," has been received, at. tentively read, ami the questions and state, ments duly pondered. We cannot publish it for reasons which will readily occur to "A Good Democrat" upon relleetioii. In regard to tho objects and designs of the Know (Jwe have had no better opportuni ties of !iii'lTiTsMilanil penetrating liiein than our interrogator. have no reliable infor mation about their originCF l';o cnus-s, real or imaginary, which called tho cyder In to ex istence. And we know as. Utile of their o! jects, aims and ends. P. is n fact, long nolo, rious, that the fore'igiicrs, men alien to the soil, and, in hoi.iu instances, to the Institu tions of the. country, had obtained rn asccn dcr.cy I'.nd influence in the larger cilies of the Uu'on, not only considered undue and tit,, wholesome, but to such an extent that what- ever aspirant for municipal ollico failed to truckle and pander to this foreign, uii-Ameri-can influence became at once a proscribed and marked man. To bo an American and to refuse to bow and cringe to tho foreb'n vote and supplicate for tho. foreign voices was cei lain lo bring defeat; thu contrary course on tho part of a candidate for muni eipal favors almost invariably secured suc cess. On election days foreign bullies sur rounded the ballot-box and Americans were frequently prevented from exercising the right of sulTrage. These things becamo iu. tolerable ; and wo had supposed that the Know Nothing movement was put on font to counteract end break thci.i down, to scatter the clans and hordes, to rc-euo thu city gov cinincnts from their hands, and lo In ing thu foreign population back to a proper sense of the privileges lendered Ihem upon landing on our shores, and lo lead them to a higher esli maju of tho blessings they might enjoy n.i snen ns they learned how to appreciate, them. This work accomplished and who that has given tho subject proper consideration will say it is not a good one? wo had .supposed tho mission of the Know Nothings would bo ended. Ijttterly, however, tho movement seems to bo extending outside tlio larger ies, and spreading in every direction still, sileiitiy, but surely and towns, villages and places most remote from tho scenes of its cailiest operations, fire being brought within thu range and circle of li;o mysterious inllii- ence. Ami no ono can tell where it will end. It may swallow up both the oi.'l poliilcal par ties, or it may speedily run its career .in;! pass away, and bo remembered only in one of the cccentiieilii s of tho age something that sprang from nothing and ended yviih out accomplishing any thing. Parlies li. e, lloiirish an 1 decay principles founded in Iriilh mid justice endure, forever. If Know Xolhingisiu had its origin i.l adequate c.iusc.i if ils mission is one Hint appeals to pal. riotUin and jiistlo an American movement lor pure love of America it will not stop, nor perish, nor decay until il.i work is accoai. pllslicil, lor lucre is a leeling in tlio Hrrtit Aiii-iicini Hurl which need.! only to be reached and moved, and all other considera tions sink into iuaignilicaiico before it a fei ling which when aroused disregards parly ties, breaks down party barrier.! and brings all good citizens together upon tho common platform of patriotism and high and holy love of country and a jealous regard of ils institutions. It may be that it is this spirit which is now abroad in tho land and moving upon tho wutor.i; and if so, will not "A Good Democrat" join us in saying, God speed it on ils mission! To tlio interrogatory, whether this paper is about to become an advocate of the Know Nothing movement, about which wo think "A Good Democrat" evinces n liltlo unne cessary anxiety, wo ran say that wo never jump olF without first examining and be ing prdly suro of thu ground upon which we are to light that we always have advo. cated .such measures, doctrines, and princi ples as wc deemed calculated to promote and secure the best interests of the people, and wo are not likely now to abandon the faith of our fathers and run olT alter strange gods without knowing whither they would lead us. As yet wo have not seen nny thing in tho Know Nothing movement to merit tho censures of either tho whig or democratic papers, although the latter have been quite lavish iu that way, but something to chal lenge approbation. Iu some places they have wrought acceptable w orks, and by these perhaps they ought to be judged. Names are nothing, principles are everything. If the Know Nothing uru iia:re.l, as some allege, ill a erusado against thu Catholic 7gin wo wciild'nt touch them under any consider, alien, though the record against that Church were leu times blacker than it is if Ihcyaro only seeking, which is more probable, lo ro lievc the country from the inlluclico which tho Roman Church is exercising in its po. litical nll'tirs, striving to break dow n its grasp, ing spirit after temporal power a power that history tenches us only conquers lo enslave "A Good Democrat," and all good democrats, and good whigs, loo, ought to strike hands w ith tin in and cheer them on in their labor. Liberty novel flourished whero Romanism grasped the Sceptre of Stale they aro an tagonistic, and cannot unite and divide pow er ono or the other must succumb. We regret our inability to liirnish "A Good Democrat" with all (ho information ho do- sires alrout the Know Nothings. We ran only positively assure him of ono thing (hat it is neither a whig nor democratic move- meti', but seems to be absorbing largely from both panics, good democrats and good whig joining them by thousand. Time will soon develope their objects fully, when wc rxpcrl to hear that our friend has fallen into ranks and is just as good a Know Nothing as he is now "a good democrat. if The const of Texas was isited by a terrific gale 1. f wind last month, which con tinued three or four days Many vessels were wreckej, and a nuntU-r of lives lost. The town of M.-it.igordn was entirely de. ..1 1 ti . mro i, hum too crop 01 roiion ami cmc 1:1 , the kunvuiiJtug country totally ruined. LIAIill.ITIIhS OF BANKS. The attention of Bankers and Bank Dircc tors is invited to the following article from the Charleston Evening News : The opinion that banks havo only one species oj liability, and a single duty to per form, that of making as largo dividends as possible I'yr their share-holders, arises from confounding very diU'creiit functions of bank ing. II A., i., L. ami 1 1, put their liimls into a common stock, for Ihe purpose of discount ing mercantile and other paper, of dealing in exchange and receiving deposits, trilhnut III". prii ii .;e ' issuing nh:s, Ihe public at large havo no right of interference with the dispo sition of capital so constituted, even if the operations are conducted under a charier The e(umii!ii!y would have no more right lo question in u hat mode a bank, simply of dis. count mid deposit, disposes of its funds, than tilev would havo with Ihu conduct, in this respect, of the partners of a mercantile con cern. Their funds are their own, or on trust from depositors, to apply in their discretion. Whether they make unusual rates of interest, or charge excessive rates of exchange, aro matters that must be adjusted by private in terest and by competition. But Ihe case is essentially different when thu privilege is given of issuing notes, which circulate as currency. This is a prerogative of sovereignty, as much so in theory as to coin gold and silver, and far more potential i:: practice. It is impossible for a bank of dis count and deposit to enlarge or contract the Volume of the currency to elevate or depress prices. But this c:in be done and is done daily by banks of issue. Can it bo contended, that currency, in which ovcrv one deals who buys and sells w to be regulated by no rule but self interest, with no check from public opinion, no inquiry or. what principles it is mnnaoi-d, no discussion whether thu public interest is regarded in so important a matter as currency and credit indissolubly united ? For it will he recollected that thu.-u are in separably Mended in tlio emission of paper money. ' If there were no ell'cct produced on prices by expansions and contractions, ntill Lank credits aro founded, in a great degree, on bank is.siie.i. To enlarge or contract these issues hi to expand orabridge credit. If credit given through loans and discounts wero nuele with the cardial and deposits of banks, which are not issuing Oanlis, no one, as vvii nave said, would have the right to question Ihe modi' in which tie: privilege Win exercised. But tho creilit which banks give, '.nroilgh this pel licular form of emissions, is precisely the same ilescriiiuou ol creiot ns Is given nv Hie ul. lie to tl:e.-e very notes put into circulation :Y banks. In assuming the shape of curren cy, they also put on (hat ol'crcuit. They are so inseparably blended as to have received the name of crcdit-niiTcncv or circulating credit. To conicr.d, therefore, Hint the public Inn no right lo ini.ke inquisition into Ihe manner by which the euirency is administered, in which every man is necessarily a dealer, mid which, by expansion mid contraction, renders his labor higher or lower, his power of pur chase greater or less, his credit damaged or not.it one of the most extraordinary positions over (alien in economical li:,ciis ,ion i. The ri" lit In make large dividends for shareholders of banks, in whatever mode within the scope of hank iirinagerient, follows logicailv, i( these coir. iiieraiioiis are overlooked. J!it if Hie exeivi-o of this branch of Ihe sovcieigu aulhorilv, lo create a circulating liiciliuni, vvii'eli is given lo banks of issue, is to be un der the limitation of the public interest, the functions of such institutions must have a inure coiiipr 'liensi.e range than simply to make a I large iiii.lei;ii.s :;s pos:,ib'! for share holders. In fad, the lii""islai!'re has implied ly delegated to baoks of issue tlio power.i of statesmanship, in a branch of most imp. -riant Ionic-die policy. They are entrusted with me nig'i iltily la.il attache.! lo llio .e, wn-, 1:1 epl.-rgii'-; or Co!i..icting the Voluiuu of the cir. eul.it in g meoi mil. can c!e vat c or itepi .s values at pica- ere, and they arc bound in the adniia islratioa of . o nioiacntors a (rust, to c..:tei,d Ha ir vie.v over a broader tit Id of observation than to otu n lit. iitnis lite horizon of their policy. This i.: n species of hi;di oo'iiic.il duly, i s inaa.igcr.i of (!:o general ciir.vncv. But (here i t a moral duty not Ic. -. iniper.o'cc, which is to forego self iuterct, in that wider ami more ni.jcilidi policy, which refuses to c.acrilice the int.'fc ,t of tho many to thai of the few. J-?"Tlioru is another oreat Fillibiisler movement on loot. Twelve hundred Ken tuckians aro said lo bo enrolled and ready nt a moment's notice to embark for Ihu descent on Cuba, So state Ihe papers. We suspect, however, that tho twelve hundred will turn out t ho men iu buckram. Cuba and FiMi biislcring has furnished Ihu staple for a great many interesting newspaper articles. When ever n city editor gels hards run for some thing wherewith lo excilo his readers he fires up and pilches into tho "Queen of Ihe Antillas." Wo cannot seo the particular point in such hoaxes but suppose thai, like thu "great moon hoax," (hey servo to amuse (hose who get them up. There is a peculiar kind of talent which shines best in that sort of employment, mid a good deal of it seems to bo engaged in the newspaper business at this time. Si:ai:i:ii aftit. Seiievi.r:i;. A warrant for (he arrest of Schuyler, the great railroad sivindicr, has been issued ami a reward of live thousand dollars oli'cred for Ids upprc hctiion. The extent of his swindling ope rations amounts to some two minimis ,, do, lars. Some two or three months have elapsed since he lied, and it i.s only a few days ago (hat any anxiety was man id sled for his ar ret. I To lias had ample lime (o reach nny point 011 the habitable globe, and is now pro bably iu China feasting with the brother of Iho Sun and Moon, or caling dales in Kgypt with (he Viceroy, lie is a fast coach, and has had a long start five thousand dollars will hardly fi tch him, (en thousand might. An editor "way over yonder" says lit is too proud lo ask anybody lo write an nr. tide for him, and (00 honest to pilfer ono from a colcmporary. His pri.bi and honesty aru both commendable, but still it might add to the interest of his editorial columns to forego both occasionally. ifThc Trenton (Tenn.) Standard runs up (lie Hag of John licll and Rufus Choato for President and Vice President in IS.'jG. "Thn result of thu lato elections in Kentucky shows that the Know Nothings hare swept every tiling before them iu that "'!,''' I-OTThe present debt of the city of New York is over ten millions of dollars. The expenses of the city government last year amounted lo nearly four millions. f-fThe cholera no longer prevails at Pittsburg as an epidemic. Its ravages there have bees unpreredelilc.lly falal. l"?IIon. II. A. Haralson, many years demoeralic representative in Congress from the Ith district in Georgia, died at Lagrange on the atith ult. Jvf-The where the wild thyme prons basdecLurd adivijcml of ten recntt ou tiie share. VIKfilNIA AXDTKXNKSSKE RAIL UOAD. As Ibis great work is rapidly approaehinj our Male line, ami as Lio-t Tciiiicf.-ic mid all the Kaih-o.i.l int.TcsU in ibis direction are deeply inlcrctcd in its completion ntid mio ccf, v.e eive the following fdateiucnl of it condition, prospect, ,tct (y,u. n paper from the Chief Kiieim-or, recently published in tho Lynchburg Republican : "The in.bbtedne-s of thin Company, when (heir work is completed, will bo yl.hnn.ooo, due to Hie Slate, payable in 80 years wit h in I' i'e. t, payable senii-nnniially, at tlio rate of li per cent, per milium, ami 1 per cent, ol piincijiiil lo he paid annually. Second ftJion, iiou i-?ued to individuals, with the snnio conditions fveept thai I hey rue to Ik I'lsleeiu- l in veal-., wliieti together wil ii I lie mil lion due the Slate, is secured by a lirst mort gage on nil lh" properly and ruvenne of the Company. Third -.)00,V:rio of bonds n-enrcd by a second mortgage. f'h,i tonus will make n'total indebtedness of 2,o(io.ou0. 'The whole cost of the road, 2iH miles in length, will be .i,0tli'i,fi0i'i, or say s a.'i.niu'i per mile, when emu pi filed and eipiippid with a large supply of ems nnd loeoniot ives. Here i.s a rotel well loeated, liiroiiL'li n country rich in agricultural and mineral wealth, coaling, when ei;iupped, 1 he low nvei- nged of Sg-VWiu per mile, total cost ."i,0ft,oi)o mort''iigeil lor 2,000,110'). The (Innate above made, of the revenue of this road, has been basoil nlmcsi entirely on '."cal t rndo ami t ravel. But no road can be projected possessing a more perfe. t leeuri- 01 it verv large tnrouii iiu-tncks 00111 111 lonnnL"! and passengers. It. is knoivri t yon thai a road is now building l"o miles in length, connecting our roml with Iiio-;viII.', am', that anol her road 11.) miles long con nects Knoxville and Da! I on, in Ueorgiii, n point on t)ll Wflcin met A uil I'dltailroiel. lie! wcou Knoxvillti and I n I on, :',' miles from the laiter is Cleveland, which place is nhoiil lobe coincided with Clintlanooga, by a road of P,o miles, saving -III iniics over ihe route nroiirul bv llnllon. "first, lot us view what I shall call the Clintlanooga ennneet'ons. If re wo arc e.;;i necled, by railroad, with V-hville, nnd a line abiiost. dim fa't, anil V.'t eoiineel s us, Ihrnieh the Memphis and t liu le-lon railroad, wil h .Memphis Ilecanling t'lis last n a ba-e line, it. mav be cn-jlv showr that, every line of travel emptying into it, rYoin l.oiii-iana, Mi"cds-ippi and A hlcimn, vci I find its ivare.l unite, net onl v I n Wa diiie.' on idle, but lo New Y" !!, Ihrou-rii our r';'d. 'fake your map and st re'-di .". string fro-.i Ilo.don to Chat -lauoog'i. You will lind :hat the nearest praet ie.dile approach lo smii a line will con sist of the prf'-'t-llt clnblid o.l Mads connect. ing Itodon, New York, PI iladclphin, Ilalli more and Washington ciiy. togel her with the "Alexandria and l.yuchbu g road," iho Vir ginia and leni e5see Knihoe.i1. and the roads I ht'oiivji Ivnoxville I it Ch: 1 1 aiioo'ra. 1 could show you nb'o, by ooing .nto a verv ledions comparison, that the great b:i, line nlreadv mentioned, belwoen Chat niioogn and .Meni phis, furnir lies no point cf attack at which wo could be injured. ' Pomticat.. Tho Mane election returns arc all iu, and .Morrill is tlccle.l Governor bv the people by 3.W. uvtj irily. Nothing- left lo the Xebraskailes ill fie Congressional or Legislative delegation 'he sweep is a clean one. Iowa returns arc nil i 1. The whigs have tho Governor and most of Iho nlher Stale ollicers one member of Congress (probably (he other) and !) m gorily iu Iho Legislature, on joint ballot. Stat" Ki.itfTiov.s .r xt Wi:n,'. On Tues day next, the 10th i'.st., tho elections of l'enn.'.ylvaiiia, Ohio, and Indiana take place. I n. 1:1 these Ihrw !!afes liftv-fvven represen. tative t in Congress are lo he chosen, and Ihe I,t";l dalorcs of I'cn.rsylv.Mi'.i nnd Indium, wlio-o political th.iracjer is then !o lie deter mined, will choose Cniled Slates S-nalors in place i'.lamc! Coi.pi r, and John IVltilt. In the present Congn is Pennsylvania is rep.re. .jellied by ?m'.v: Wh'jsaiid sS.e.'rrn Dcmoerals, Ol' Ihe hitler, eleven voted for thu Nebraska bill. ( If tin f c, two have bcigi re-nomir.alcd. as have also two who voicd again1;! tho bill. I'ltosviMn ioN of Know Nothings. A few davs since, writes llm Washington correspon dent of the N. V. Courier and Ki.quiier, un der dale of the 13th, Thomas lioi land, a clerk iu the olliee of the Adjutant General, received notice of his disoiissal from olliee, over the signature of the Hon. Jefferson Davis. Ac companying this nolilicalion was a letter from the Adjutant G'eneral, informing Ihe clerk that it had been shown to thu satisfaction of the Department that ho belonged to a "Know Nothing" Association, and "had voted or at tempted to vote for J!r. Towers, the candidate of thai party for Mayor of Washington." Cpon this allegation ilr. Holland, who is a son of the lale Minister to Cenlr.d America, was dismissed from public service. His of. fence, it is thus oOicinlly admitted, was the exercise of hi t right of suffrage according In the dictates of his own judgment and con science, and without previous consultation wilh his next ollieial superior. Tin: Wmu CAMurt.n n i on Govt.knoii or Nkw Vouk. "Sentinel," tho correspondent of the X. V. Courier uml Knquircr, writing from Iho convention, gives the following ac count of the nominee for Governor: Myron I lolly Chuk is a merchant of the village of Canand'iigiui a pure and upright man one whose inl'iience will be excited iu (lie fricmbdiip to cverv measure of enlighten ed ami liberal ii-jg-VilW JJU is not a radical, and ill his leiislativ-rf -er, having served three years iu Ihe Senate, his vole will bo found to havo contiibuled to Ihe success of all those lawswliied have had for their object the progress of good order of encourage ment lo internal improvement and aid (o the kindly charities of Ihe day. He w ill bring lo the oiiice of Chief .Magistrate, if elccled, a sincere desire to stand liy the light. Could any man in truth have Holder motives! I can avouch to Ihe merchants ,f New Vork that .Mr. Clark will be found a friend of every measure beneficial to commerce and if the reins of pow er can ever he safely (rusted, it i.s iu his hands, who has the great main spring of principle. -T" The St. Louis Democrat charges that tiie Indiana Ranks and rail roads have entered into a combination to prevent tho return of tho ciiculalion of tho banks of that State for redemption. Tho alleged combination con sists iu refusing all f.cililics over tho rail roads to express companies engaged iu taking home (he notes for re lelup'.ion. It is a poor currency that requires such means to bolster it up. J-t?" A letter iu tho Charlcstown Free Press, from Martinsb irg, Va., says that since (he cholera made its :ipH.iranee in Aartins biirg, from the 8th lo the 27tli ult., i-. lusive, a criod of nineteen days there v. ire 74 deaths and that seven died in other olares but whose deaths are chargeable to 1 bolero contracted in Martin-burg. Foitical Qi;r.sriox. Will tho Know Nothings kuow when they aro beaten ! RAILROAD SIOCURITIKS. Tlio following excellent remarks aro from tho New York Journal of Commerce: Recent events havoeffectually chocked the establishment of new railroads throughout tho country, and removed all uneasiness that much capital will immediately throw into this channel. This complete change in tho tendency of affairs was necessary for Iho se curity of the country in financial' mailers, and could onlv be accomplished through a shock of the severest character. It is the unfortii lido result, however, of a sudden nnd great change in the habits of Ihe community wilh respect lo investments, that .Ihe distrust which in part occasions il, is powerfully com munic.iled to other Interests, which are end- neiilly entitled lo the public confidence. The railroads in Ihe l;niteil States, in nc'iial ope ration, iiinouiil to bclweeii lil'leenmid sixteen thousand miles, upon which (hero lias been an actual expenditure of about live hundred millions ot dollars. I lie most cautious fi nancier in the Slale, observed to ns iu a con versation wilh respect to I he embarrassments now existing, that the roads had .'Killed more than this sum lo the productive power of Ibis otmlry, anil to the value ol ol other proper! v. Thev constitute the main inslruiiieiils of in ternal transportation of nearly every State in tlio Union; ami such is their c.vlonl, that I hey may be said lo enter inlo all liu; rein, tioiis between man and man in every quarter of tin- Cniled States. They perform a high service in a : 1 rial ainl a poMdcal point of view. They cement cninm'iiiilies nnd States together, ami have a powerful inliu once in defeating all attempts to disturb Ihe han.iony of Ihe country. In a lime of trou hie from external enemies, Ihey will be found lo constitute a gn-at arm of sell'.ilel'enee, nnd render us invincible against foreign attack. It must at once be seen, that sued interests lire entitled lo favor and j ro. ciioe,eii. that distrust cannot be extended to what is -o vast, wide-spread and so valuable, W ilhoiit great manifest wrong and iojinv. And vol, tlieamouut of capital thus invest ed, so great when viewed by itself, beciiues far i'ci-1 imposing when compared with oiher interests. The amount of capital invested in live slock in Ihe (.'idled Stales, appears bv the last census, to exceed that inve.-le I in railroads, by upwards of foriy.thrce millions 01 miliar... i lie ca j 'la mi: vested in man ulaelo. u !. iirut ' 1 'n-i i"'i .'ii mini, r.-.rcru t invested in railroads l.ver ll.ifiv millions Mciag over t; i''i lit of dollars. The total amount of gold depos ited ill our m'his, obtained 1V1.111 ( '.. ' i li 11 11 i t in six years, through the iiulust.y of a small population, is equal to about one-half Ihe whole capital invested in these mails, in ihe const ruction of w hich i n infinitely larger Miiounl of labor has been expended Hum in the mines of California, These eompaiisous prevent Ihe subject of rai'road investments in more diU'erent li'jhl than would be imag'ned pos.-ible, bv those who listen to ihu inlero ted ivpipiugs of stock gamblers, over the n leged dispropor tion which invc.-tuients of ihis character are supposed lo create, becond what is legiti mate and expedient. Whilst it Was right In apply a check to the creation of new roads, it is wholly upju.st and wreng, and il. imaging to iho gie .t interests of iho country, lo make a ili.-c.'.iiiua.e wari'.iru upon ill establish ments of this character. The check uppded lo the new, makes those which are alrea dy created moie safe and scctue. The dcpicvlou with respn-t lo roa Is now prolit.ible, or to those which arc well devised and llkelv lo lie, can oulv bo of a leinpoierc character. l!n!l'-oni se.'iiii.iea partake of the naiti'o and soPiiity id real rsial..,nnd inn.-l rai.id'y rvcoicr from Ihe elli ct : of the funds wh'eli the. ull!a',e of one 01' them has been enab'cd lo commit in a lime of unusual con liilcncc: when suspicion bad been lulled pae- tially t steep lli-oiigli the e:i-,e wnh wioeh aociiiiaiit mean s w e.e a cm I ) he ic, ; !Vy 1 bv ti I'o 10 nod le..,lih , i inloicslcl ntleiiipis to properly, w hich s t en unite to in. kc The piodiiced. It Would 'I sub 1 mil I men, eliee.; eiusi. the va'iie of In 1 p, tors lor a depression es I'i'slimciit of new line proposed in many instances as par.dti I routes, has been ellei-i w c repeal, w as neces ill respect lo roads in completion, a favorab 1 1 1 1 1 V stoj ji..d. Thai. iy and proper. Hut. existence, or ip'ar lo e reoaid should bo Miowu ov Iho-c who have nillueiice over the public iiilud, in oider lo turn opinion into iho proper channel. WAMiisciTtri 1 rig.i. A Deinoeralie Anti Know Nothing Hireling was held at Wash inglon last night, at which the following resolution was ofl'i red: Utsiiltiil, That tho Democratic parfv will wagu unceasing war upon (lie nccret organi y.aiion of Know Nothings, and for that pur pose v. ill form a National Democratic Asso ciation; that wo w ill forget political anlcce denls, and cordially iuvilu Whigs and all others to join us iu ourell'oils: that wc have conlidein c in Ihe wisdom nnd inlegrity of President Pierce's Adiiiinlslraiioigalid that id! Know .Nothings be removed from place under Ihe Administration, ilv'c. The resolution was voted down, though the chairman of tho iiicclT.g declared it car ried. Mr. Florence M. C. from Philadelphia, attempted to make a speech but the meeting wouldn't hear him. Df' I.ini; in 1'i oui: and Wheat, There was quid- a panic iu tho New Yolk Flour market, on ih- 'J'uli nil., ami prices of all grades receded 50 lo cents. On ihe fob lowing il iv (hero was a furlhcr decline of '.'5 I0.0O cents. There was also a corresponding decline in Wheat. Com likewise sustained a decline. Ill Chicago, on Ihe I'Jth nil., a contract was made lor the delivery there, lie. tween that lime mid November, of IPO.iiOtl hiisiiebt of Wheat i t S.1 pi r bushel. With incrca'ing receipts at ihe shipping ports, and an entire absence of any demand for export, the prospect of still low er prices was regard ed as highly encouraging. Si:.nato Domsr.As. One of ihu strong and valid reasons for Ihe contempt of Ihe Chicago people towards Stephen A. Douglas is Ihe fact that lie could lind reasons for voting public motiev for Ihe improvement of Southern rivers and could not get over his eoi'stitutiona! scruples so as to vote for North ern lakes and livers. He went for improving Cape Fear river in North Carolina but was opposed to improvement of harbors of Ihe Northern lakes. Can nny one feel surprised then that Illinois is disgusted with lier' lillle giant .'" 'I'he people of that State cannot readily understand why the man who had been distinguished by (heir support should Vole for Cape Fear river and vole against Illi nois river. The "little giant" may as well launch Ids craft on the List river that is a navigation which he will have to (re. Important to Postuasteus. Tho Wash ington Star says it is held at the Post olliee Department that if a Posl master, having (lie franking privilege, franks mailt r which ex ceeds half an ounce in weight, and which does no! relate exclusively lo the business of his olliee, or of the Post Olliee Department, the excess is chargeable wi(h postage; and if not so charged at the mailing oflicc, the charge should be made nt thu olliee of delivery. Postmasters' assistants are forbidden by law to exercise the franking privilege under any circumstances Ladies who have a disposition to puiiinb their husbands should bear in mind that a little warm sunshine will melt an icicle much sooner than regular north-easier. ate. FOHLIf.N MOWS. Rostov, September 23. Tho Rrilish stenni propeller Alps, Cap. tain Moodic, has arrived at this port from Liverpool, hich sho left on Wednesday, tho 13th inst. Tho British mail steamship America nr. rived nt Liverpool on the 11th inst. The Liverpool Hreadstiifls market had slightly improved during tho early part of tho week, but had closed weak. llencral Intelligence. Wc have received by this arrival no political advices of great interest. The expedition against Sebastopol had sailed. It consisted of 80,000 men, and was expected to reach the Russian coast on thu 8th inst. Four hundred vessels, besides many rafts and bonts were employed in the transport of the troops. Four thousand Aiistrain troops entered I'lichnrcHt on the Hlli inst. I'he allied forces had blown up the forts of Jjorinarsund, and withdrawn their troops. Nothing new had occurred in tlio way of negotiations. ir.u.rrAX, Sept. 28. The steamer America has arrived, bring ing Liverpool dates to Sept. 10. The expedition against Veliastopol num ber! 700 vessels 70,0(111 disciplined troops, stood before Sebastopol on tl.o 10th inst. News of the landing of Iho troops was expected at Varna 011 the itb. Aust'ia has otiicially notified the Western I'owers of the Czar's refusal to t-eat on the conditions proposed, in-.d nt tho hcimo time states that she prefers stiil to maintain an armed neutrality. It was reported that Ills Bailie licet was to return lo Fngland, and that Sir Charles Na pier would resign his command. Advices from China slate that, owing to Iho nn.ietlled condition of aU'dri, trade was 1 l.1,11,,.(.y H,:IJ,nn,lti the threatened ntfiek -. . , , , , ... , I "" ';"""" stl11 1,1 "'-eyanee. Oi toi:i:i: ami Novii3ii:i:n. Tho New York Journal of Commerce looks for shipments of specio lor (liu next nix weeks amounting probably to 80,000,000. Of this it tliipks fi,000,0l'0 will eoino from California, and the remainder from Iho Banks and Sub-Treasury, leaving the total in the Banks nt a little over 810,000,000. The same paper con eludes that six weeks will carry lis into No vember, after which nil abundant Cotton crop, wauled in Kurope, now that they aro to have cheap hreadstull's, will ease the market, and relieve tho fears of the most timid. The following advice is good : "D11 ing IIp sc six weeks wo look for rapid llucliiatlons in slocks, and occasional grip ings in tho inoncv market. Those who aru venturing beyond their depth, thinking that the t-iMible is all over, will do belter lo keep an eye on October, ai d slid leuinin within sounding. On tho other hand, those who are ready to give up in despair, seeing 110 light for tho future, if they ran sustain present sqiicei'.ing, and come out with whole libs iu November, may hopu for a breathing time Iherealtcr. To this the Charleston News adds: Theic can lie no doubt that the next six weeks will be one of the most trying periods in ihe financial history of this couiiti v. The siei.nc:'s in 1. in- Southern cil;e.i will' retard Ihe arrival of the cotloii crop at the ports of .iiiipinelil, at Ihe same timj lessening Iho ir.e.-.ns of maiitiuie transportation. Until cotton comes pretty freely inlo market, I'uu.is. in snliicieiil amount, cannot ho ohlaiu ul, Pi n lievc (he pecuniary pressure, while the payments from Ihe inltrior to the sea board are so limited as lo aggravate the pres. sure. Yi'i.uiw Fkvku is VicKsnunr;. We learn from thu Yicksbmg Whig of tho iilst lhal Iheyellow I'evcr liad appeared iu that city, though not in an epidemic firm. Twenty three cases in all had been reported at the Hospital all taken there from steamboats or Ihe levee; and only two or three, at the most, in piivatu practice. At Yicksburg a feeling of alarm liadspre.nl throughout the community, and many citizens had left. Dr. Anderson, Piesi.ietit of tho Board of Health, iu a published card dated thu JOth iuys, "It appears lo me that much unnecessary excite ment and alarm has existed in regard to this mailer, for really so far as my observation extends, I think I here is no just reason to ap prehend the prevalence of yellow fever as an epidemic." The ei ly council of Jackson had ordered a quarantine of the cars on thu railroad. Yn.l.ow Fi:vi:it at Daiiikx. Tho Sa. vannali Republican of yesterday publishes an extract of a Idler from Darien, Georgia, staling that the yellow fever had appeared there, and that almost every case h id proved fatal. The writer says: "Wo had on Fri day, (Sepl. 22.) lo go 110 further back, one interment 011 Saturday four, ami one Sun day; and I have just heard that tw o more are now dying. The pcoplo are much alarmed." Sii;atti:i: Sovkkkiunty. We learn from Foit Snel ling (says the St. Louis Republican) that the sale of the "Reservation" at that post took place a few days since. Thero were a large number of spcciilaloia in attendance, but "Squatter Sovereignly" was also thero to as sort his rights. The day of sale came on nt the Stillwater Land Olliee. Tlio squatters were there in llieir majesty, headed by ex members of Congress, &c, armed to tho teeth. Their position was well understood. They had selected spols of land or subdivisions and it was as much as a man's life was worth to bid against these squatters The result was that Ihe whole rcservation.amounting to 9,000 acres, and worth 50 to $100) per acre, was sold at Congress price, 1.25 per acre. This is neither Kansas nor Nebraska Territory, but is fipmlUT practice, adopted many years ago in upKT Illinois and Iowa, and to bo follow ed out in all new Territories w hether slavery be recognised in them or not. The X. Y. Express says : "It having been asserted in some of the Southern and Western paers (hat our Gov ernment had been negotiating wilh Air. Cuo (11, the Spanish Minister, at Washington, for the Kile of Cuba to the United States we know that the said geiilleman in his conver sation impliedly denies it, on tho ground that no such salo could ever tike place, nor would it for a moment be entertained by Spain." 03r Arkansas is a queer country. If you go there with a five dollar piece, they tar and feather you for being a rich man. If you are poor, they f ive you fever and aguo ar.d let it kill you. Curious country altogether. New Yohk Sun on Gkn. Pierce. The New York Sun, a neutral paper, with Demo cratic proclivities, speaks of the President in tho following terms, which, perhaps, clothe tho censure of criticism inns mild and yet truthful langugo as it could well be express ed: It will not be denied that tho Administra tion of Gen. Pierce has, thus far, been more distinguished for the bad fortuno which at tends irresolution than from any positive in. jury done by it to theinterest of the country. 'I'he oreat defect in Ihe Pierce Adiniiiiufrn- tion lias been the want of a sharp, well de fined course of policy, consistently adhered to and persistingly prosecuted. It started with fair promises. That is, it begnn almost too well, ami fell nwnv too suddenly. Like a certain class of nmbitioiismrnlors'who ex. liaust all the rhetorical capital in the first few sentences of their discourse, and instead of "rising with tlio dignity of their subject" take (heir flight from the "highest attainable point, nnd sink the subject nnd themselves to the lowest level of prosy common place, bv a .single downward plunge the President be gan quite too pretentiously lor n man of his linnleil experience ami moderate abilities. lie took his Presidential flight from too high a point; and when the people looked to see him soar upward with steady wing like the noble bird that typifies the American mind, Ihey were filled with astonishment nnd vexation to see him tumbling down to earlli among a crowd of hungry contending politicians, in w hose scrambles and strife to possess him he was sure to he dragged through the mire and be most yt'ofully bedraggled and befouled. Once he got in" reach of the politicians they did for him eH'ccttially. "You.ng Amkiiii'A." In his discourse be fore the Literary Societies of tho University of Virginia, Jhn Mitchrll makes tho follow ing appeal, fill) of the ring of the true metal of true eloquence, to-'Yuung America:" "On America especially, and in n more sig. nn! manner, as I fondly believe, devolcs this glorious business. You cannot, young A mericaus! you cannot regenerate your kind; but you can make your own lives sublime; you can make the history of vour own land a panorama of great ends, a Pantheon of demigods. Ami i.s this nothing? Do you not lind (his an aim high enough, to nerve your souls lo all manly actions ? That block of cold, grey granite which presses tho dust of JeHi rsoii on Monticcllo, speaks to you hero and now He that hath ears to hear, let him hear! The genius of your country beckons to you from tho summits of tho Cordilleras woos you in thu palmy airs of tlio Pacific s;ghs to you out of the Palm-groves of Ihe Antilles, as chained Andromeda sighed for her deliverer. Aye, an Opportunity, too, a w inged horse of Perseus, saddled and bit ted, comes hi muling bv: miss it, nnd you may sit long helpless Ly tho wayside; but seize the steed, mount, and rido victoriously, and the sounding coriidors of Time shall long echo the clang of your sounding hoofs, and Ihu pages of history shall gleam the glow forever willi the pomp of your predestined inarch. The Massacue at Foht Lauamie. Wo have private information touching the massa cre at Fort Iiiiramio, from which it appears that this horrible allair is attributable to the ileglcct of tho Indian Agent nt that station. It appears that the tribe had been notified to assemble at the general agency to receive their annual payments, but owing to the nbsenco of the Agent the Indians bteamu not only greatly exasperated, but almost starvod. While iu this state Cf biitlerihg a cow strayed from the Fort and came, into tlio possession of tho Indians, who, goaded by hunger, im mediately killed mid devoured lite animal. Por this olfencu a detachment of ollicers nnd soldiers were despatched to demand redress, when thu Indians fell upon and murdered them. The War Department will, of course, promptly investigate thu mailer. ti?" The Argus, printed at Fasten, Penn., the residence of the Governor of Kansas, de scribes the seal of tho now territory us fol. lows: "We oavo just seen tho sea! of the territo ry of Kansas, engraved by Robert Lovett, of Philadelphia, according to the design of Gov. Recder. It consists of a shield, with tyvo supporters, and surmounted by a scroll motto, and is emblematic of the life of tho pioneer and tho agriculturist. The lower compart ment of tho shield contains the bulValo nnd the hunter; the uppcrcontains the implements of agriculture. The left hand supporter is a pioneer with his smock frock, leggius rillo and tomahawk; whilst nn tho right is the Goddess Ceres with her sheaf, and at their feet, and between them, lie a fallen tree and axe. The motto is a beautiful and striking allusion to the principle on which tlio territo ry was organized, anil consists of "Poruu vole nat a," translated 'Hum of the mijwlar ici'iV." The I'kvku at Aioi sta. Tho Chronicle of the ii'Jth ult,, has tho following paragraph about thu Yellow Fever: It behooves every person to take care of himself, and as flight hcciiis to nlford the most certain prospect of escape from the pestilence, a great, many of our citizens perhaps a large majority, have already left the city, and they are hourly leaving by every possible convey ance. This is right und proper, and w sin cerely hope that till will leave st the earliest moment, who enn, ns it will leave fewer sub jeets Tor the disease. We do not hesitate therefore to urge upon ull who can the im portance of leaving better forsake your business, however valuable, than lone your liven mid you ure but trillion with the lat ter to remain. A few weeks and the pesti lence will be arrested by frost, till then we cannot reasonably hope for any material abatement. In (lie mean time, we should be wanting in our seiiso of duly to our friends and ihe pub lic, did we not warn them against visiting tho cily. You may come and escape uninjured, but (he visit may cost you your life. It will be our duty, ns long as we are aide, to publish daily reports of tbe ravages of the disease, nnd the public may rely wilh entire confidence, that we shall report faithfully. More we enunot accomplish. New Yowl The Empire city of the Em pire Ktate seems to be improving ia its morals and character rery rapidly. For merly an average of one murder a day was considered a pretty fair business, but now a half dozen will hardly reach the average! Tito Mirror of a recent dale gives the following paragraph as the fruits of one day's operations : Mi poke 1. ampaxt. We yesterday recorder! another murder in oureitv;a fellow Darned Lynch killing a mnn named Callahan, with slung shot. Lynch is not yet caught On Tuesday night a citizen named Mialfer was stabbed with a datrger, and his life only saved by the interoition of his watch, which cauelit the dagger's point. On the same night, Mr. Cornelius Hammond was assaulted by m party of rutlinns in the ojx-n street, slabbed and left for dead. Ou the same night a man m as shot in (he lower nnrt nt tk cily, the ball passing through liiscollsr. Well may it be impaired "where are the efficient police!" Lkjuidatios. The Springfield Post save a lame man would have been drowned in the town brook, bad he not been so full of li-IT quor that tiie water could not get into him. ?