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t 8. P. IVINS, alDllUK AS1 PROPRIETOR. rt 1 '" Tor mat- t2 year, ptyabla la airaoce, or 13 at tlx tnrtraUos of the year. No paper d.caunul until an arrearages art paki, txovpt at to option of tha Publisher. got aaaouaaa the umn of aaudldaus foe offlca 13, Oaib. Obituary Kotlcaa ever 11 Unci, coarroi at Um regular adrartialDf rata. AU cominunioatlotis founded to promote th "prlTate ends or iotamts T( Corporation , gocietiea, Schools or lodlrldaats, will ba obargtd aa advertisements. . ATI1E FKlD.ty, PEC. 22, 1854. Meeting or Stockholders The nnnual meeting of the Stockholder East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad Company, occurs on Monday the 1st day of January. It is desir cd there should be n full attendance of the Stockholders. 3f Statements of the markets at Augus ts, Macon, Atlanta, And Savunnnh will le found ia today's issue. Also, an interesting letter from our Charleston correspondent. The lost contains suggestions that business men in this direction would do well to reflect upon. Forest Him. Academy. We are pleased to learn that the Trustees of Forest Hill Academy have suecceded in making an ar rangement with Mr. ' Curnes, a gen tleman eminently qualified for the duties, to take charge of the institution, and tliut the school will be oponed at an early day. The, 37th. Meridian Sun Lodge, No. 50, Free nnd Accepted Masons will celebrate the anniversary of St. John the Evangelist, at this place, (27th) by procession, address, &c. At night, we are Informed M. P. Jurnogin, Esq., will, by request, deliver an address on the Bubject of Prohibitory Liquor Law. Bible Society. The Rev. Jos. Atkins, Agent of the American Oible Society, made an able discourse in behalf of the work, in which he is engaged, nt the Methodist Church in this place, on Sunday last. The amount collected for the cause In Athens, $158,25. The officers appointed are Rev. J. II. Bi uncr, Rov. G. A. Caldwell, A. D. Keyes, R. N. Mc Ewen, and W. II. Bullew. Atn meeting of the Board, we understand measures were taken for the early and thorough supply of McMinn county with the Holy Scriptures. The Depository is at W. II. Uallew's. 37" The Honorable Circuit Court, which commenced Its labors on Monday, closed the session on Saturday night. The docket we understand was pretty well cleared off, nnd a good deal of new work cut out for next terra. At the heel of the session the Grand Jery handed in presentments against fifteen individual citizens for having been so im prudent as to proeuro a liberal supply of fire wood and leave the enmo in front of their dwellings and places of business, to the nionifust danger of the lives and shins of honorable grand jurymen, prosecuting attor ney genorals, nnd all other persons who might liavo occasion to bo abroad nt unsea sonable hours, and against the peace nnd dig. nity of the State of Tennessee generally and the county of MoMinn in particular. Among the number who were thus honored was our elf and the worthy postmaster two of the most prominent and meritorious citizens of the place a proceeding which tends strong ly to illustrate the fact that the law is uo re specter of persons. For our part now we hnve'ut a word to say "agin the law" its a great institution when rightly interpreted and impartially administered, and if it's n vio lation of llio "statooles in such cases inado and provided," wo are the very man who sh to have been presented, for wo buy more wood than any body though we don't barn as much ah some, (thorn is a lawyer locat ed close to tho priiiting-orhce nnd tho depu ty clerk of the court don't live vory far oil,) and we always have it thrown in the street, not for our own accommodation particularly, but for the convenience of others who may not bo ablo to procure a supply from other sources. And wo shall most choorfully pay any fine which the Honorable Court at the next term may impose provided ulways the County will take its own paper at pur in li quidation of said fine. We understand, how ever, that some of the parties presented by the grand jury are a good deal annoyed nt the proceeding, und say that more legitimate inbjerts for tho operation of the luw might have been found without travelling so fat from the court-house as the grand jury did in its sonrch after woodpiles. But of that toe say nothing. We presume that body did what they were told was their duty in the premises, nnd no one has a right to complain, not oven tho icidmcs nnd invalids who were among the number presented. We repeat, we have'ut a word to say "agin it," as the mattor will result in nothing but proving that wood-piles (or pilet of wood, as the Court will discriminate iu its charge,) aro danger ous institutions, specially of a dark night, and must not be placed in the street to resist "with forco and arms the peace and dignity" of this grout and gn-lorious commonwealth, and to tho imminent jeopardy of tho lives and limbs of orderly citizens generally nnd nnti-Mnine I aw men in particular. And further this deponent saycth not. iYof-a Dene (Anglice,Ko Beans ou hand.) Tho moral of this wood-pilo business sums up thus: ulways keep away from the water wheu you go alishin', lest you fall in and get drown-ded. The reader may not soe tho pint, or if he has seen tho pint too often, ho may not bo ablo to see tho wood-piles, "and there by hangs a tale." For further particulars ap. ply at the "Captain's oflico." I a The Circuit Court Clot and his amiable deputy were prosented with tho bal ance, for which aa in honor bound we are tru ly thaukful. We hopo they will be made ex amples of for not being smarter. Tho prose cuting attorney oscaped because he never has any wood-pile, but relies upon toasting his moccasins ntthe liro of his neighbors. Who can "account for the milk in tho cocoa uulf" j-5gr" Attention is invited to tho ndverlifjo mont of C. L Derby, in relation to the splen did collection of prizes to be distributed among tho members of the Cosmopolilian Art and Literary Association, on the 30th of January. The Articles to bo distributed 'are unusually elegant and valuablo works of Art, and each member receives the full value of bis subscription in the receipt of the Knick erbocker Mngaime, one of the best period icals Ui the country, CHARLESTON CORRESPONDENCE. Charleston, Dec. 16, 1854. Editor Post: Money matters are still on the stringent order, with ,but few prospect of their changing any for sdmstirae-to come. Every thing must come down bofore We get at a level. Tho large amounts of money in the shape of bank bills which have been withdrawn from circulation have reduced the amount of money in the country to each an extent as to make it impossible for ns to do business with the present supply. Our mer chants must reduce their lime business both as regards their-amounts and extent. Cot ton is falling io every market throughout the world, whilst the best of merchants are suc cumbing to the pressing financial arrange ments around them. lt your merchants and others prepare for the worst. Bread stuffs and other products must follow in tbe wake of cotton, to stand fur a time below the present mark. In the end, with a con tinuance of the European war, they must ! rally nnd maintain, for a long time, good prices; but I do not think this will take place until next sprint. With regard to stocks of every description we must say that we can see but little hope for them unless they nro of the very best kind. Theso will be still bought by persons having money which they fear to invest in any tiling else nnd do not want to deposit in banks. It is not our wish to create a panic or as sist in doing so, but as your correspondent I nm compellod to statu what I think is the fact lot consequences be what they moy. The South Carolina Legislature will no doubt re peal the usury laws of this State, and thus throw open the doors of Finance to foreign capital nnd enterprise. It is the only way for us to strike off the shsckles which bind us to the Northern and European financial influ ences. We are also pushing with energy the establishment of a line of steamers between this port nnd Liverpool, and then you will receive from Charleston your earliest and best news, nnd in a much shorter time than you do now from New York. Business is good with us, but country merchants are slow in paying. MERCHANT. Most too Particular. Information has reached us, through the Atlanta Intelligencer, that the Superintendent of tho State Road has issued orders to the agents on the line, to take no .money in payment of freight or passage except bills payable at Augusta, Sa vannah, or Charleston. We cannot see tho necessity for such a discrimination, as there are quite a number of banking institutions in neighboring State's that are just as good and solvent ns either the Georgia or South Caro lina institutions. It is right nnd proper to proscribe nnd clip the claws of the Georgia Wild Cuts, but the fact that there are rotten and worthless institutions in that Stato does not create a necessity to refuse the issues of banks of a neighboring State which are I known to all business men to be as sound nnd solvent as any in the Union, nnd which issues are always promptly redeemed when prcsentod. It is a misfortune with some men thatwhen clothed with a little brief autho rity, they must be continually doing some thing to attract attention to their position and magnify the importance of self. We admire nicity, discrimination nnd a wholesome particularity in the conduct and management ef nil business operations, whether in con nection with the superintendence of railways or In the retail gingorbread line; but if it was not at variance w ith the rules of good taste so to express oursclf.we would say thore was such a thing as being a little too darned par ticular; and we are afraid such is the case with our Georgia friends in regard to the sort of money necessary to procure ono the privilege of riding over their roads. J Wo nre requested to stale that F. S. Smith, agent for the publisher of " Tho Great West" and "Religious Emblems," will be in Mndisonville on the 8th January (Cir cuit Court week) proparod to deliver copies of these works to subscribers. "The Great West". contains many thrilling and interest ing sketches, end persons who have not al ready sccurod a copy should avail themselves of tho opportunity thus offered. We may also state that Mr. Smith will deliver the works himself to all wlioso names he obtains ns subscribers. The Blakely Orchestral Chokus Com pany. This talented Company will visit our town tho last of tho present month and will give one or more of their excellent nnd in comparable concerts. The Company is said to number nmong its members some of the best musical talent in tho Union. Mr. Hub bard, ono of the corps, is said to rival Ole Bull in the excellence of his performance on the violin. He is also a skilful piano tuner, nnd will attend to any cull in that depart ment while the Company remain here. Just as we Expected. The last Cleve land Despatch says that his cotomporury of the Banner ia "as mud oh tho Duchmnn's cow, and everybody knows" how mad she was." We always thought the controversy between tho Cleveland editors would end in something serious, nnd hero we have an an nouncement of the catastrophe. Awful, is'nt it! Weather. We had a glorious snow storm on Tuesday last. Thursday morning at sunrise the thermometer was down to 17. Several weddings have occurred in the neigh borhood within tho lust few days, and if the cold weather continues, others may be ex pected. It is a noticeable fact, that when ever the mercury commences travelling to wards roro, the matrimonial fever begins to rngo nnd tho demand for double bcadstends rapidly increnses. Great invention, matri mony, for those afflicted with cold feet and the other ncoompuniinents of slate of single-misery. For putting the blood in circu lation and driving nwny cold care, Jamaica Gingor and Schuidaiu Schnapps niu't a pri ming to it. . Knoxvii.le Statesman. This paper has chnnged hands D. P. lJurly having sold the establishment to Jno. E. Helms and A. U. Small. Our friend Halms hus hud some experience In the business, is a ready and agreeable writer, and we are sure will mako a rendablo paper. We wish him and his co laborer a large degree of biiccoi. -57TlioTributo of respect from Allegha ny lodge will appear next week. EXTENSION OF A CONSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLE. The Constitution of these United States expressly forbids the election of any foreign born or adopted citizens to the office of Pres ident of the Republic Thi, saye the Geor gia Citizen, it is admitted on all hands, is just and proper prohibition, to uard the cita del of liberty from the liability of being" mj sailed by Foreign influence, and to remove the possibility of the government being wrest ed from its legitimate purposes by foreign machinations. Well, then, if it be just to re quire our Chief Magistrate to be an American born citizen why is it wrong to extend the principle nnd exclude aliens from the Halls of the Senate and House of Representatives from seats on the bench of Justices from Governorships and other places of trust? On a certain occasion the order was passed from the Head Quarters of the Commander of the Armies of the Revolution "Let none but Americans be placed on 'guard to-night." There was a significancy in this order which was calculated to startle the stoutest heart, as it hinted of treachery to be guarded against, bnt in it there was also hope mixed with con fidence, as it interposed the bulwark of Amer ican hearts and the fidelity of American Pat riotism against the danger that wits lurking in ambush. As it was then, so may it Be again. The "price of Liberty is eternal vigilance," nnd surely, none are more worthy of trust, when danger threatens or when efforts are making to introduce the Trojan horse into our midst, than the sons of revolutionary sires, in whose hearts rjos been enkindled the pure love of American principles and of American honor. Let the word then go forth, from the moun tain to tho seaboard "Let none but Ameri eans be placed on guard to night," Let "none but Americans rule America," nnd we may yet longer lie down in sleep, without dread for the stability of the pillars of the Con federacy. Great Men. Geo. Whitlield, recently elected a delegate to Congress from Kansas Territory, if we mistake not was in the Leg islature of this Stato in 1851, nnd was noted for his speech-making propensity, nnd was regarded us something of a bore. Since his election in Kansas he has been transformed into a great mun, and become the subject of 6tudied eulogies and labored panegyrics in many of the papers, and occupies a space iu their columns only second to that of the "gallant Brigadier" himself immediately nfter the last Presidehtinl election. Had he been defeated, although equally deserving, it would probably have been otherwise. Suc cess is a rapid developer of greatness. (gjr A Northern paper suggests that Gen. Winfield Scott may be the next President of the United States. While we confess that tho possibility of such a contingency is very remote, still in tho vicissitudes of politics it might happen. The element that contri buted as largely as any othor to the defeat of the hero of a hundred battle-fields, is now the sentiment of the nation, and will elect the next President. Stranger events than the one suggested have occurred, and who can tell what two years may bring forth, de spite the "rich Irish brogue" nnd the "sweet German accent!" Johnnt Bull. Several of the lending British papers ure talking vory largely about a necessity that may nrise to chnsliso nnd put n stop to the "aggressive spirit" of Bro ther Jonathan, ns they call his proclivity for extending the "area of Freedom." It is noth ing but talki however by the time Mr. Bull gets through with Russia, he will not have much stomach for a tussle with the Univer sal Yankee Nation. Premiums. Among the premiums award ed by the Southern Agricultural Society, at the late Fair at Augusta, we find the follow ing: W. A. Lenoir, Tennessee, for tho largest crop of Oats grown on an acre, 41 bushels, $20. Alberts. Lenoir, Loudon, Tennessee, for the best Bull, 3 years old, or upwards, $20. A. S. Lenoir, Loudon, Tonuessee, for best fat Hoifer, 85. . ., Jno. L. Hurst, Athens, Tennessee, for the best Mnro, 4 years old and over, 85. Geo. Elliot, Tennessee for best Thorough bred Stallion, "Invincible," 3 years old, $10. Geo. W. Elliott, Tennessee, for best thor ough bred Filly, "Res Rogan," 1 year old, $5. ' Mrs. Lonoir, Tennessee, for best Bacon Ham, $5. Mrs. Lenoir, Tennessee, for best I doz. Ba con Hams, $5. , Mrs. Lenoir, Tennessee, for best dozen Bacon Sides $3. Mrs. W.A. Lenoir, Tennessee, for tho best Firkin of Butter, $10. Dangerous Counterfeit. Monroe's Re porter, for this month, contains the subjoined notice of a very dangerous counterfeit: "Wo have received by mail a very good imitation of tho $20 bills of the Planters' Bank of Tennessee, the following being a description of the imitation: Tho return curl of tho figure 2 in the medallions each side of the vignette, on genuine runs into a notch on tho inner margin of scroll work, in counter feit there is no notch. On left end of bill the cluster of houses appearing in the dis tance nro very dark, on counterfeit they are light. The hills behind the town ou coun. forfeit look like haystacks, in genuine not so. On right of Mechanics on gonuine there is a stock, on counterfeit there is none. On top of the head of Inner female, thore is t while strip on counterfeit, on genuine it is hardly perceptible. In the centre of each of the wreaths w hich encircles vignette there is n full blown rose, on counterfeit they nre hard ly open. The whole affair is a lithograph brushod up." ' liTTho Washington Slur publishes the following extract of a letter from a distin guished Frenchman, dated Paris, November 20: " Lord Palmerston nnd Louis Napoleon have been almost inseparable since the former alighted ut the Hotel Windsor. Their inter views havo resulted in a decision to unfurl tho standard of Polish, Hungarian and Italian nationality, if Prussia and Austria hesitate longer to declare unequivocally against the Czar. The probability is that neither the one nor the other will consent to do this, in which cane all Europe will be in arms be fore Spring." UT" Hon. A. P. Butlor has been re-elected to the U. S. Senate by the Legislature of South Carolina. , Mr" We are Indebted to tho Hon. Sam. A. Smith for copy of President's message, nnd other pipers, THE NATURALIZATION LAWS. The Philadelphia Ledger says that those who contend for Congress fixing tweuty-one years as the period of residence for foreigners be foro they shall be naturalized, suppose that the matter is within the regulation of Con gress. This is partially and practically a mis take. Congress only regulates the subject as far as citizenship of the United States is concerned. The individual States claim and exercise the right of allowing any resident the privileges of a votef on just such resi dence as the Stato Constitution may say is necessary. Michigan allows any foreign born ciliren to vote on six months' residence. The greater number of States have abrogated the period fixed by the laws of the United States. But the fact that States are sover eigns in their local affairs, and that some of them have altogether a different rule, shows tbat Congress has no power over the individ ual States upon this subject. This princi pie has been judicially established in Michi gan. The American Parti Unconstitutional. A correspondent of the New York Tribune, writing from Wayne county, Pennsylvania, under date of the 5th inst, states that his Honor, James M. Porter, President Judge, in his charge to the grand Jury, asserted that they were bound by trrefr oaths to bring no indictment against every member of a Know Nothing council, under their knowledge, in the said county, und that although men could not be made to testify against themselves, yet they would be bound to be a witness against a brother. The Judge considered the association unconstitutional, and should come under the bun of the law. It is said two-thirds of the grand jury are members of the organ ization and it is supposed they would " re spectfully demur." Washington, Dec. 11. The intelligence from Honolulu confirms the belief that a treaty for the annexation of the Sandwich Islands is about to be consum mated there, and will be soon received here. The President, it is also believed, will cordi ally embrace the proposition, nnd recommend it to Congress. The treaty will require the action of the House to give it effect, and it is not probable that the Senate will sanction it without much opposition. If the measure be adopted, it will furnish a strong argument for the augmentation of the navy. The for tification of the island must be commenced forthwith. No necessity can bo shown for the annexation nt this time. jThc London Times,commenting upon the reported proposition of Russia to nego tiate a peace upon the four points contained in the note of 8th August, intimates a belief that it is a mere ruse, "to paralyze as long as possible the ' military action of the court of Vienna," and holds this significant lan guage: . We enn foresee no prospect nf peace until the fortune of war has decided whether the influence of Russia or that of England and France is hereafter to preponderate in the nf fuirs of the East and of Europe. Thai in a dispute which negotiation will not terminate, especially nt a moment when the contest is raging with the utmost earnestness against the stronghold of Russian power, and the fate of the allied armies before Sevastopol is tho event w hich will determine the course of negotiation. There it no road to peace but by victory. !3?""No Cuba for us" is the sum and sub stance of a long article in the Charlston, S. C. Mercury. Mr. Calhoun was always op posed to tho acquisition of Cuba. Among the wise foresights of that truly great, but extra and ultra Southorn man was, that extra Territorial acquisition or annexation was nn experiment full of all sorts of perils nnd dangers. . But for Northern Abolitionism resisting this annexation, as one of their pet schemes, we do not believe it would have many intelli gent advocates in the Southern country. It is a peculiarity of Abolitionism, that it always carries what it always resists. So says the Nuw York Express, and it would be diffi cult to compress more truth in the same space. From the Spirit World. The following is reported as a truo message from a certuin individual now in the "Spirit World," as wo have been told:. Rapper. John Jones I Spirit of John Jones answers two raps. R. Are you happy 1 S. Yes, in all but one thing. R. Whnt is thutt S. I left the world without calling on the printer, as I promised. O, if I could but return to the earth, I would do,- R. Do whnt J , ,. . S. Ca'l on the poor "printer," and pay him them four dollars; but it is entirely too late. R. No send a message to your once fond wife to pay it for you, and then you will be happy I S Yes, ves tell her if she wishes to en joy eternal happiness, to' go at once nnd-discharge that debt, and 'everlasting bliss is mine. R, I will do nsyott bid me. t37The Nashville News, says we under stand that telegraphic dispatches have been received in the city to-day announcing that anothorgrcat tight had taken place between the Allied Powers and the Russians, before walls of Scbaslopol. There was great slaught er on both sides, but the city did not yield to the besiegers. Closed Br Ice. The Wheeling' papers stato the river above aud below that city is closed by ice. The same is the ease at Pitts burg. The Monongahala, opposite Pittsburg, and tho Alleghany, a short distance nbove that city are also frozen over,and on Wednes day the formor was covered with skaters. Such an event, so early in the season, has rarely occurred before. J3rThe latest accounts from the Sand wich Islands state that the treaty of annexa tion hui been iigned by King Kamehatneha aud the principal nobility, but his Majesty had made a formal promise to Prince Alexander that he would wait his return from a neigh. boring island before the treaty should be defi nitely settled. . fU"The estimate of expenditures for the city government of New York for 1855, amounts to nearly six millions of dollars, or a million more than last year. The journals of that city call the report, startling, nnd ask, 'whnt will become of us." THE WAR IN THE EAST. raoM m V. T. Hiaaos. The "Star in the East," which the wise men and shepherds saw and followed, brought with it angel voices, singing "Peace on earth and good will unto men"-it heralded a pa cificator and Redeemer, under whose inspira tion men Were to become as brothers, the weapons of battle to be turned into plough, shares nnd pruning-hooks, and the nations learn war no more. It was a glorious pro gramme revealed by the light of that beauti ful star; but twenty centuries nre almost passed since its dawn, and the swords nnd spears accumulate, and battle Avidens its grim jaws, and the nations seem further from for getting war, than when the Persian thundered at the gntea of Greece, and tho Roman led his conquering legions from the Tiber to the Indus and the Thames. - The war now raging in the East, exhibits in the complement of its forces, weapons, munitions and spirit, a savagcr picture than stains barbarian annals. Savnger, because it is as deliberate as civilization can make it. It is a war in which nil the ingenuity of art, and all the resources of scienco are brought to bear, with a coolness nnd nicety of calcula tion nnthought of In the ages of rude, im pulsive warfare. It is a war, too at its pres ent stuge appealing to none of the nobler feelings nnd sentiments of humanity a war waged not for the freedom of nations or pco pies, but n desperate, selfish struggle of cer tain combined crowned heads to share or take nil, the spoil which they perceive to be, otherwise, tending to the benefit of a neigh boiing rival in the path of empire. No one fitted to judge, doubts for a mo ment that the fate of the Ottoman Empire was uneared for by England nnd France, until they saw Russia advancing to administer up on the effects of that decaying nation. There were no allies hostile to the Czar so long ns he refrained from adding to his dominions had there been, tho righteous occasion would have been when he interferrcd to crush gal lant Hungary. The fact is, tho chief crowned heads of Europe have been too often nnd too long parties to the plunder and division of nations and peoples, to quarrel nmong them selves whilo the spoils are equally divided. Fe.tr of losing, or rather of not getting some thing, led to the combination against Russia, and actual war was put off by Turkey's back ers so long as thero was a hope of settling the question, not ns to the rights of Turkey, but ns to tho ndvantnge and safety of France and England. . We were never surprised nt the course Russia has pursued. Her traditional and set tled policy is the absorption of Turkey. Her march on Constantinople was decreed long ngo by the Czar Peter, nnd begun bravely by the Empress Catherine. It has been only a matter of policy, as to time, that has held the Russian buck so long. There is nn imperious necessity for his onward mnrch in this direc tion, unless his ambition can be content with pushing his hordes upon the snowy steppes of the North, or across the deserts of the East. To have before him the open sens, enabling him to compete in commerce nnd colonization, as in arms, he must break the barriers of the Baltic nnd Black Seas. And this he intended to do, nnd will do eventually. The Czar was unwise in not making ready his forces nt the outset, and conveying them with nil his naval force, directly to Constan tinople. He might have suddenly seized the Ottoman Capital, nnd once master of it, no combination of enemies could have dislodged him. Austria would then havo been his ac tive friend, nnd Prussia would have endorsed his policy. The Czar wns too considerate of France and England it was a grand error, which it may cost Russia an nge to repair. On tho other hund, Kossuth advised well, when he urged the Allies to attack Sebasto pol, not in the Crimea, but nt Warsaw, in the heart of Poland. Had Austria interfered, Hungarians and Italians were ready to silence her. Russia is largely made up of conquered provinces and subjected tribes. These vio lently annexed peoples have not outgrown the memory nnd pride of old nationalities, and an appeal to them by a promise of re storing to them their lost estate, would have shaken the Russian throne and empire. The Allies have "caught n Tartar" in their foray against Russia, nnd their Crimean expe rience, even if they succeed in Inking Sebas. topol, will be but the preface of a terrible history of reverses and sacrifices which they are doomed to ere this war is done. As the game stands now, their mighty naval forco has lost more than it has gained its whole operations being shamed by the Russians' destruction of the Turkish squadron at Si nope whilo on the Danube and in the Cri mea, their superb "picked" armies have been wasted by battle and pestilence, and are, nt this moment, rather fitted to act on the de fensive than the offensive. Russia nnd winter are upon them, nnd Englund's "Thunderer," the Times, confesses that the question of success now depends on numbers. The Allies may do their best, yet Russia can outnumber them. She will be prepared to open "tho spring campaign with a million and n half of men. The Czar is, so fur, only preparing for war. But the Allies have made up their bed, let them lie in it. They can hardly change their programme so as to call the crushed nation alities to life and action, for that would now imperil every throne in Europe. The war will doubtless be waged to the bloody end, nnd through our horoscope we see the Russian finnlly victorious. Thus far ho certuinly has the best of it, and his resources nnd spirit point to still bettor fortune for his arms in tho future. In view of these facts, will the London Times and its echoors, please to in form us when the Allies propose to "regulate affairs in the West, ns well as in the East" Our Minister to Spain. It is not quite cortain that Mr. Soule will bo received back again into Madrid. Letters from Madrid sent to Paris sny positively, that the Spanish cabinet have requested from Washington, his recall. All the Madrid journals, with a sin gle exception, are said to oppose his return there. ' f-37An exchnngo says that camphor has been discovered to be an antidote for that ter rible poision, strychnine. A man who had been thrown into convulsions by two doses of the poison one sixth of a grain each, ad ministered for rheumatism was relieved by twenty grains of camphor taken in six grains of nlmond mixture. 3?a X," the intelligent aslnngton cor ! respondent of the Baltimore Sun, writing un der date of the 12th inst., says: The consideration of the Pacific Railroad bill has been again postponed until the month of January. Ilia difficult to. say whether Congress by that time will be more harmoni ous than it now is, notwithstandinp the Christ mas tirkeys on which the members will have feasted in the menntime. There are too ma ny email political questions on the tupis, to allow great ones to be discussed and acted upon. The only difficulty in regard to the annex ation of the Sandwich Islands is not in the opposition of England or Franco, but in the admission of the Islands as a State, into the Union. The doctrine of self-government, even under a territorial state of existence, i not without its difficulty of application, nnd should the annexation scheme be submitted to Congress, will lead to a most interestir.g debate, which may possibly revive some of the old issues. Mr. Buchanan will certain I v come home in the spring, nnd after his return un entire re modeling of the corps diplomatique in Europe may become necessary. The Cash System. "Commeree I" And whnt business is commerce I Barter, the strict exchanges of commodities, iu now merely an incident of business intercourse. If a carpenter wants n pair of shoes he buys them. If on credit, he expects to pay for them, with money. II does not exact the exchange of a piece of his handiwork. This rule npplies through all society. But when a settling takes place, there is nn exchange of bills as a part of the adjustment of accounts, and out of this thing alone innumerable diffi culties nrise. The first great object, the prime aim of every man, should be, therefore, to do n cash business, and every man who does not do this, is false to his best inter ests. J2?"The conduct of Austria is tho subject of continual comment in the English pnpers but ncitlierspromiscs, coaxing nor nbuse seems to havo any effect upon that impertur bable power, so long aa fears of Russia or sympathy with the Czar predominate. Ilav ing nppenled to the honor and the interests of Austria in vain, the London Times now insinuates a new element to move her. It affectionately inquires, "How many sparks from a French corporal's pipe would it re quire to set Italy in n blaze from one end to the other, nnd what prospect would there be of a re-conquest of Lombardy with France and England instead of the small kingdom of Piedmont to cojiduct the war?" It also esti mates that Hungary may bo aroused, and odds: "When Austria measures herself against the great powers, she must not forget that wherever her enemies nppenr, they mny count upon the support of her own subjects. She is in the most imminent danger of becoming a second Poland, and affording, by her dis memberment, nn indemnification for that war which she fondly thinks is being carried on for her exclusive advantage." t5f" Gov. Bigler, when stumping the Stato of Pennsylvania, wns, according to the custom there, escorted from county to county by n committee of what he supposed were lending and accredited democrats, who would, on his going into the next county, put him into the hnnds of another such committee. Of course their business wns to advise, encourage nnd applaud him, nnd they did this particularly when he wns most severe on tho new party. What was his surprise nt the end of the campaign when he found that he had been conducted all over the Slate, not by demo crats, but by tho disguised Know Nothings! Baltimore, Dec. 18. Congress. Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas, ap peared, was sworn, nnd took his seat. In the Senate, Mr. ShieKis reported n bill to increase the efficiency of the ufniy. Also, a bill to establish a board to adjust private claims, which was referred to a special com mittee. The House took up the Military Academy bill. Mr. Barry denounced the Know Nothings us illegal combinations, who take nwny the rights of citizens. Mr. Banks rejoined, de-, fending the Know Nothings. He condemned ami claimed that tho Catholics interferrcd in secular uffuirs. 0- A writer in the last Chattanooga Ga zette suggests the name of Gen. F. K. Zo! licoffcr, the present representative to Con gress from the Nashville District, ns suitable to be placed in nomination for tho next Gu bernatorial race. 13?" The Commercial Convention of the Southern States, which met in Baltimore in 1851, at Memphis in 1852, nnd Charleston in 1854, adjoin ned from the latter city to reas semble in New Orleans, on the second Mon day of January next. The City Council of New Orleans has directed the Mayor to ap point a hundred delegates from the city nnd to Invite the Governors of Southern States and the Mayors of Southern cities to visit that city during the session of the convention. Gomorrah. A French Traveller, M. Du Sauley professes to have discovered tho ruins of this nncient city, now bearing the name of Chnrbet Gomuornn, or Oumrun, on tho bor ders of the Dend Sen; they extend over a space of more than six thousand yards, nnd their very name given by the Arabs indicates their identity with the ancient city. J3T" The State Trensnrer, of New Jersey, in viow of tho recent depreciation in almost every description of bonds, has made a de mand of the Free Banks of that State for additional securities, so ns to fully iudomnify note-holders, in case of the suspension of any such institutions. Our Army. One ninety-tilth part of the entire Army nf the United States was killed oi wounded by the Indians during tho past year. Yet the Indians have been rcmnrkably peaceful during the twelve months, and Billy Bowlegs has behaved "first-rate," ns he said when our Aldermen took him into tho tea room. The truth is, our Army is not very much of nn institution to boast of, so far as numbers are concerned. Gather nil our force together, nnd let a man of sound lungs essay to lecture them he would find It no difficult task nor need to muke outlays for cough lozenges in the morning. Ten thoiisnnd scvon hundred nnd forty-five men that is the actually available amount seems liko a small company to draw a girdle of safety nround our thirty-one States nnd unsurvryed territo ries tlist nre big with as ninny more. Lovi and Folly. A man, sixty years of nge, has been committed to jail in St. Louis, for threatening to kill a girl of nineteen, be cause sh refused to marry him, after he had made her the snug little preseut of $25,000. It as '-.ther provokiug. i Mysteries or Sadness. Who that has read the following beautiful passage from an accomplished writer, will not bear witness of the description ? Who lias not had expert, ence ns thus truthfully portrayed! There is a mysterious feeding that fre quently passes like a cloud over the spirits. It comes upon the soul in the busy bustle of life, to the social circloiu the calm and silent retreats of solitude. lis powers are alike supreme over the weak nnd iron hearted. At one time it is caused by the flitting of a single thought across the mind. A sound w ill come booming over the orenn of memory, gloomy and solemn as a death, knell, overwhelming all the bright hopes and sunny feelings of the heart. Who ran de scribe it nnd yet who has not felt its bewilder ing influence T Still it is a delicious sort of'sorrow ; and like a cloud diming the sunshine on the river, although causingamomenbry shade of gloom, it embraces the beuuty of returning bright ness.' 3?" Invisible Green, the facetious Local of the Cincinnati Times, sometimes makes a happy hit in speaking of men and things. In the paragraph below he gives the best answer to the great question of "who are the people" that we hnve ever seen. There is no doubt nt nil, but that "the people" nre as "Mr. Green" says a great institution. The people ! Who ore they 1 We hear so much about them that we must press the enquiry. During political campaigns, a gath ering composed of a stump spenker.a dozen office hold rs, nnd the same number of "rounders," is culled n mass meeting of the people; during bank panics, a hundred or two skinned depositors, nre sympathized with ns the people; a store-keeper who does a small -business, advertises that he is patronized by the people; and there never was a show, from the live Anaconda down to tbe Baby Ele phant, that was not the favorite of tho people. Political schemes to increase taxation and de moralize public sentiment, are ndopted for the good of the people; rags are issued as currency for the benefit of the people; courts digniliedly usurp law and commit injustice to protect the rights of the people; clergymen and priests preach piety and practice exirnva gance, as an example for tho people; and piles of money nre being continually spent upon lazy, loafing, drunken demagogues, to make laws for nnd protect the people! Vorily, in these latter days the people are a great "institution," beyond all doubt. Oirln regard to tho lute attack made by tha Indians on the mail party near Fort La ra mie, the following despatch has been receiv ed at St. Louis: - . Indejiendence, Dec. 5, 1854 Mail pnrty all killed twenty-six miles this side of Fort Lnramie. Clnules A. Kinkend left, with six arrows in him, for dend. He was rob bed of ten thousand five hundred dollars. He is now nt Laramie, and will probably re 5?" There are now some twenty-eight or thirty buildings in process of conduction in New York; which, when finished, will cost between three nnd a half nnd four millionsof dollars. Two of these, the Ln Farge Hotel nnd the Coopers Union, will cost three hun dro'l thousand each; Duncan and Sherman's banking house, two hundred nnd filly thou sand, and n princely mansion for Dr. Town send, the Sarsapnrilla man.two hundred thou, sand. These projects will, fortunately, pnt some money into circulation among tho poorer classes. A Notice with a Sting in it. The Eve ning Post says : It is reported by our Washington corre spondent that F. J. Grund, n Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Sun, Phila delphia Ledger, and formerly of the New York Horald, has been appointed Consul nt Marseilles, France. We believe he is a Prus sian by birth, nnd a Swiss by profession. Important if True. A speeiul Wash ington correspondent of the N. Y. Tribune says: "Good feeling exists nmong the members of Congress generally." 3?"Another bnnk has collapsed in New York. The Herald of Wednesday thus Writes its obituary: Tho clearing House closed up another bank today. The Central Bnnk failed to make good its account this morning, and was therefor suspended. Bill-holders need be under no npprehension regarding their vnl no. There turns of this bank for the week ending the 9th inst. were ns follows: Lonns, $301,172; deposits, 186,2.19; circulntion, $83,733; spo. cic, $22,405. A Dreadful Resolve. The London re publicans have had a meeting, Ernest Jones chairman, nnd "resolved" to hiss the Emperor of France upon his visit to that city. 2?" The St. Louis Intelligencer publishes the names of a jurr, who, after they bad so quitted man tried for murder, adjourned to his cell, having been invited to do so, where they indulged in a regular carousal, one half of them becoming beastly druok. t3J" The London Times apenks of the Cos sacks, si they appeared at tho recent battles in the Crimen, as reaemblinir "mounted Yan kees, in their agility, intelligence, irregular coatmue, and individual self-reliance I" It stated that one hundred families intend emigrating in the spring from Bourbon county, Kentucky, to Kansas, tTThe population of'Arlcsnsnt, accord ing to the returns recently laid before the Legislature of that State, ia 247,112 souls. tTTlis Evansville Enquirer accuses the preachers of this day of interfering with poli tics. It thus enoakiof those of Kentucky. The way they beat the Democrats in this State wns by electioneering seven days in the week, whils we couldu't electioneer but six. JT The Treaident is said to be extremely anxioiia, and will use every mesns in his pow er to accomplish a modification of the pres ent tariff, the raising of the four new regi ments, and the increase of the navy; and these will be among the first measures to which the attention of both branches of the Legislature will be eallcd at the pretent ses sion. A private letter from the Sandwich Island, speaking of King Ksmehnmcha, anyi: "He lonft around the town of Honolulu peeps into a tavern, and is ready to take a nip with any body that aeki him. lie isn't wortn a 'continental,' and auctioneers won't take his bid at an auction." IIP President I'ieroe reached his fiftieth birthday on the J7th ult., the Thanksgiving dny of the District of Column!. Among hi special guests on that occasion was General Scott. . "Iloorsyl" screamed Ike, through the bro ken pane of glass, pushing, at the same time, the shingle and fork that held it there into the floor. "Hooray! the Know Nothings have carried the dny and Smith ia Mayorl of Bos ting." "Well, Iiaac." said Mrs. Partington, "you needn't make such a noise about itj rou couldn't make more nnin if a horse had comt in iuitcal of a mare."