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The Athens post. [volume] (Athens, Tenn.) 1848-1917, December 22, 1854, Image 2

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ATHENS POST.
t 8. P. IVINS, alDllUK AS1 PROPRIETOR.
rt 1 '"
Tor mat- t2 year, ptyabla la airaoce, or 13 at
tlx tnrtraUos of the year.
No paper d.caunul until an arrearages art
paki, txovpt at to option of tha Publisher.
got aaaouaaa the umn of aaudldaus foe offlca 13,
Oaib.
Obituary Kotlcaa ever 11 Unci, coarroi at Um regular
adrartialDf rata.
AU cominunioatlotis founded to promote th "prlTate
ends or iotamts T( Corporation , gocietiea, Schools or
lodlrldaats, will ba obargtd aa advertisements. .
ATI1E FKlD.ty, PEC. 22, 1854.
Meeting or Stockholders The nnnual
meeting of the Stockholder East Tennessee
and Georgia Railroad Company, occurs on
Monday the 1st day of January. It is desir
cd there should be n full attendance of the
Stockholders.
3f Statements of the markets at Augus
ts, Macon, Atlanta, And Savunnnh will le
found ia today's issue. Also, an interesting
letter from our Charleston correspondent.
The lost contains suggestions that business
men in this direction would do well to reflect
upon.
Forest Him. Academy. We are pleased
to learn that the Trustees of Forest Hill
Academy have suecceded in making an ar
rangement with Mr. ' Curnes, a gen
tleman eminently qualified for the duties, to
take charge of the institution, and tliut the
school will be oponed at an early day.
The, 37th. Meridian Sun Lodge, No. 50,
Free nnd Accepted Masons will celebrate the
anniversary of St. John the Evangelist, at this
place, (27th) by procession, address, &c. At
night, we are Informed M. P. Jurnogin, Esq.,
will, by request, deliver an address on the
Bubject of Prohibitory Liquor Law.
Bible Society. The Rev. Jos. Atkins,
Agent of the American Oible Society, made
an able discourse in behalf of the work, in
which he is engaged, nt the Methodist Church
in this place, on Sunday last. The amount
collected for the cause In Athens, $158,25.
The officers appointed are Rev. J. II. Bi uncr,
Rov. G. A. Caldwell, A. D. Keyes, R. N. Mc
Ewen, and W. II. Bullew. Atn meeting of
the Board, we understand measures were
taken for the early and thorough supply of
McMinn county with the Holy Scriptures.
The Depository is at W. II. Uallew's.
37" The Honorable Circuit Court, which
commenced Its labors on Monday, closed the
session on Saturday night. The docket we
understand was pretty well cleared off, nnd
a good deal of new work cut out for next
terra. At the heel of the session the Grand
Jery handed in presentments against fifteen
individual citizens for having been so im
prudent as to proeuro a liberal supply of fire
wood and leave the enmo in front of their
dwellings and places of business, to the
nionifust danger of the lives and shins of
honorable grand jurymen, prosecuting attor
ney genorals, nnd all other persons who
might liavo occasion to bo abroad nt unsea
sonable hours, and against the peace nnd dig.
nity of the State of Tennessee generally and
the county of MoMinn in particular. Among
the number who were thus honored was our
elf and the worthy postmaster two of the
most prominent and meritorious citizens of
the place a proceeding which tends strong
ly to illustrate the fact that the law is uo re
specter of persons. For our part now we
hnve'ut a word to say "agin the law" its a
great institution when rightly interpreted
and impartially administered, and if it's n vio
lation of llio "statooles in such cases inado
and provided," wo are the very man who
sh to have been presented, for wo buy
more wood than any body though we don't
barn as much ah some, (thorn is a lawyer locat
ed close to tho priiiting-orhce nnd tho depu
ty clerk of the court don't live vory far oil,)
and we always have it thrown in the street,
not for our own accommodation particularly,
but for the convenience of others who may
not bo ablo to procure a supply from other
sources. And wo shall most choorfully pay
any fine which the Honorable Court at the
next term may impose provided ulways the
County will take its own paper at pur in li
quidation of said fine. We understand, how
ever, that some of the parties presented by
the grand jury are a good deal annoyed nt
the proceeding, und say that more legitimate
inbjerts for tho operation of the luw might
have been found without travelling so fat
from the court-house as the grand jury did
in its sonrch after woodpiles. But of that
toe say nothing. We presume that body did
what they were told was their duty in the
premises, nnd no one has a right to complain,
not oven tho icidmcs nnd invalids who were
among the number presented. We repeat,
we have'ut a word to say "agin it," as the
mattor will result in nothing but proving that
wood-piles (or pilet of wood, as the Court
will discriminate iu its charge,) aro danger
ous institutions, specially of a dark night,
and must not be placed in the street to resist
"with forco and arms the peace and dignity"
of this grout and gn-lorious commonwealth,
and to tho imminent jeopardy of tho lives
and limbs of orderly citizens generally nnd
nnti-Mnine I aw men in particular. And
further this deponent saycth not.
iYof-a Dene (Anglice,Ko Beans ou hand.)
Tho moral of this wood-pilo business sums
up thus: ulways keep away from the water
wheu you go alishin', lest you fall in and get
drown-ded. The reader may not soe tho pint,
or if he has seen tho pint too often, ho may
not bo ablo to see tho wood-piles, "and there
by hangs a tale." For further particulars ap.
ply at the "Captain's oflico."
I a The Circuit Court Clot and his
amiable deputy were prosented with tho bal
ance, for which aa in honor bound we are tru
ly thaukful. We hopo they will be made ex
amples of for not being smarter. Tho prose
cuting attorney oscaped because he never has
any wood-pile, but relies upon toasting his
moccasins ntthe liro of his neighbors. Who
can "account for the milk in tho cocoa uulf"
j-5gr" Attention is invited to tho ndverlifjo
mont of C. L Derby, in relation to the splen
did collection of prizes to be distributed
among tho members of the Cosmopolilian
Art and Literary Association, on the 30th of
January. The Articles to bo distributed 'are
unusually elegant and valuablo works of Art,
and each member receives the full value of
bis subscription in the receipt of the Knick
erbocker Mngaime, one of the best period
icals Ui the country,
CHARLESTON CORRESPONDENCE.
Charleston, Dec. 16, 1854.
Editor Post: Money matters are still on
the stringent order, with ,but few prospect
of their changing any for sdmstirae-to come.
Every thing must come down bofore We get
at a level. Tho large amounts of money in
the shape of bank bills which have been
withdrawn from circulation have reduced the
amount of money in the country to each an
extent as to make it impossible for ns to do
business with the present supply. Our mer
chants must reduce their lime business both
as regards their-amounts and extent. Cot
ton is falling io every market throughout the
world, whilst the best of merchants are suc
cumbing to the pressing financial arrange
ments around them. lt your merchants
and others prepare for the worst. Bread
stuffs and other products must follow in tbe
wake of cotton, to stand fur a time below
the present mark. In the end, with a con
tinuance of the European war, they must
! rally nnd maintain, for a long time, good
prices; but I do not think this will take
place until next sprint.
With regard to stocks of every description
we must say that we can see but little hope
for them unless they nro of the very best
kind. Theso will be still bought by persons
having money which they fear to invest in
any tiling else nnd do not want to deposit
in banks.
It is not our wish to create a panic or as
sist in doing so, but as your correspondent I
nm compellod to statu what I think is the
fact lot consequences be what they moy. The
South Carolina Legislature will no doubt re
peal the usury laws of this State, and thus
throw open the doors of Finance to foreign
capital nnd enterprise. It is the only way for
us to strike off the shsckles which bind us to
the Northern and European financial influ
ences. We are also pushing with energy the
establishment of a line of steamers between
this port nnd Liverpool, and then you will
receive from Charleston your earliest and best
news, nnd in a much shorter time than you
do now from New York. Business is good
with us, but country merchants are slow in
paying. MERCHANT.
Most too Particular. Information has
reached us, through the Atlanta Intelligencer,
that the Superintendent of tho State Road
has issued orders to the agents on the line,
to take no .money in payment of freight or
passage except bills payable at Augusta, Sa
vannah, or Charleston. We cannot see tho
necessity for such a discrimination, as there
are quite a number of banking institutions in
neighboring State's that are just as good and
solvent ns either the Georgia or South Caro
lina institutions. It is right nnd proper to
proscribe nnd clip the claws of the Georgia
Wild Cuts, but the fact that there are rotten
and worthless institutions in that Stato does
not create a necessity to refuse the issues of
banks of a neighboring State which are
I known to all business men to be as sound
nnd solvent as any in the Union, nnd which
issues are always promptly redeemed when
prcsentod. It is a misfortune with some men
thatwhen clothed with a little brief autho
rity, they must be continually doing some
thing to attract attention to their position
and magnify the importance of self. We
admire nicity, discrimination nnd a wholesome
particularity in the conduct and management
ef nil business operations, whether in con
nection with the superintendence of railways
or In the retail gingorbread line; but if it was
not at variance w ith the rules of good taste
so to express oursclf.we would say thore was
such a thing as being a little too darned par
ticular; and we are afraid such is the case
with our Georgia friends in regard to the
sort of money necessary to procure ono the
privilege of riding over their roads.
J Wo nre requested to stale that F. S.
Smith, agent for the publisher of " Tho
Great West" and "Religious Emblems," will
be in Mndisonville on the 8th January (Cir
cuit Court week) proparod to deliver copies
of these works to subscribers. "The Great
West". contains many thrilling and interest
ing sketches, end persons who have not al
ready sccurod a copy should avail themselves
of tho opportunity thus offered. We may
also state that Mr. Smith will deliver the
works himself to all wlioso names he obtains
ns subscribers.
The Blakely Orchestral Chokus Com
pany. This talented Company will visit our
town tho last of tho present month and will
give one or more of their excellent nnd in
comparable concerts. The Company is said
to number nmong its members some of the
best musical talent in tho Union. Mr. Hub
bard, ono of the corps, is said to rival Ole
Bull in the excellence of his performance on
the violin. He is also a skilful piano tuner,
nnd will attend to any cull in that depart
ment while the Company remain here.
Just as we Expected. The last Cleve
land Despatch says that his cotomporury of
the Banner ia "as mud oh tho Duchmnn's
cow, and everybody knows" how mad she
was." We always thought the controversy
between tho Cleveland editors would end in
something serious, nnd hero we have an an
nouncement of the catastrophe. Awful, is'nt
it!
Weather. We had a glorious snow
storm on Tuesday last. Thursday morning
at sunrise the thermometer was down to 17.
Several weddings have occurred in the neigh
borhood within tho lust few days, and if the
cold weather continues, others may be ex
pected. It is a noticeable fact, that when
ever the mercury commences travelling to
wards roro, the matrimonial fever begins to
rngo nnd tho demand for double bcadstends
rapidly increnses. Great invention, matri
mony, for those afflicted with cold feet and
the other ncoompuniinents of slate of single-misery.
For putting the blood in circu
lation and driving nwny cold care, Jamaica
Gingor and Schuidaiu Schnapps niu't a pri
ming to it. .
Knoxvii.le Statesman. This paper has
chnnged hands D. P. lJurly having sold
the establishment to Jno. E. Helms and A.
U. Small. Our friend Halms hus hud some
experience In the business, is a ready and
agreeable writer, and we are sure will mako
a rendablo paper. We wish him and his co
laborer a large degree of biiccoi.
-57TlioTributo of respect from Allegha
ny lodge will appear next week.
EXTENSION OF A CONSTITUTIONAL
PRINCIPLE.
The Constitution of these United States
expressly forbids the election of any foreign
born or adopted citizens to the office of Pres
ident of the Republic Thi, saye the Geor
gia Citizen, it is admitted on all hands, is
just and proper prohibition, to uard the cita
del of liberty from the liability of being" mj
sailed by Foreign influence, and to remove
the possibility of the government being wrest
ed from its legitimate purposes by foreign
machinations. Well, then, if it be just to re
quire our Chief Magistrate to be an American
born citizen why is it wrong to extend the
principle nnd exclude aliens from the Halls of
the Senate and House of Representatives
from seats on the bench of Justices from
Governorships and other places of trust? On
a certain occasion the order was passed from
the Head Quarters of the Commander of the
Armies of the Revolution "Let none but
Americans be placed on 'guard to-night."
There was a significancy in this order which
was calculated to startle the stoutest heart,
as it hinted of treachery to be guarded against,
bnt in it there was also hope mixed with con
fidence, as it interposed the bulwark of Amer
ican hearts and the fidelity of American Pat
riotism against the danger that wits lurking
in ambush.
As it was then, so may it Be again. The
"price of Liberty is eternal vigilance," nnd
surely, none are more worthy of trust, when
danger threatens or when efforts are making
to introduce the Trojan horse into our midst,
than the sons of revolutionary sires, in whose
hearts rjos been enkindled the pure love of
American principles and of American honor.
Let the word then go forth, from the moun
tain to tho seaboard "Let none but Ameri
eans be placed on guard to night," Let "none
but Americans rule America," nnd we may
yet longer lie down in sleep, without dread
for the stability of the pillars of the Con
federacy. Great Men. Geo. Whitlield, recently
elected a delegate to Congress from Kansas
Territory, if we mistake not was in the Leg
islature of this Stato in 1851, nnd was noted
for his speech-making propensity, nnd was
regarded us something of a bore. Since his
election in Kansas he has been transformed
into a great mun, and become the subject of
6tudied eulogies and labored panegyrics in
many of the papers, and occupies a space iu
their columns only second to that of the
"gallant Brigadier" himself immediately nfter
the last Presidehtinl election. Had he been
defeated, although equally deserving, it
would probably have been otherwise. Suc
cess is a rapid developer of greatness.
(gjr A Northern paper suggests that Gen.
Winfield Scott may be the next President of
the United States. While we confess that
tho possibility of such a contingency is very
remote, still in tho vicissitudes of politics
it might happen. The element that contri
buted as largely as any othor to the defeat of
the hero of a hundred battle-fields, is now
the sentiment of the nation, and will elect
the next President. Stranger events than
the one suggested have occurred, and who
can tell what two years may bring forth, de
spite the "rich Irish brogue" nnd the "sweet
German accent!"
Johnnt Bull. Several of the lending
British papers ure talking vory largely about
a necessity that may nrise to chnsliso nnd
put n stop to the "aggressive spirit" of Bro
ther Jonathan, ns they call his proclivity for
extending the "area of Freedom." It is noth
ing but talki however by the time Mr. Bull
gets through with Russia, he will not have
much stomach for a tussle with the Univer
sal Yankee Nation.
Premiums. Among the premiums award
ed by the Southern Agricultural Society, at
the late Fair at Augusta, we find the follow
ing: W. A. Lenoir, Tennessee, for tho largest
crop of Oats grown on an acre, 41 bushels,
$20.
Alberts. Lenoir, Loudon, Tennessee, for
the best Bull, 3 years old, or upwards, $20.
A. S. Lenoir, Loudon, Tonuessee, for best
fat Hoifer, 85. . .,
Jno. L. Hurst, Athens, Tennessee, for the
best Mnro, 4 years old and over, 85.
Geo. Elliot, Tennessee for best Thorough
bred Stallion, "Invincible," 3 years old, $10.
Geo. W. Elliott, Tennessee, for best thor
ough bred Filly, "Res Rogan," 1 year old,
$5. '
Mrs. Lonoir, Tennessee, for best Bacon
Ham, $5.
Mrs. Lenoir, Tennessee, for best I doz. Ba
con Hams, $5. ,
Mrs. Lenoir, Tennessee, for best dozen
Bacon Sides $3.
Mrs. W.A. Lenoir, Tennessee, for tho best
Firkin of Butter, $10.
Dangerous Counterfeit. Monroe's Re
porter, for this month, contains the subjoined
notice of a very dangerous counterfeit:
"Wo have received by mail a very good
imitation of tho $20 bills of the Planters'
Bank of Tennessee, the following being a
description of the imitation: Tho return curl
of tho figure 2 in the medallions each side of
the vignette, on genuine runs into a notch on
tho inner margin of scroll work, in counter
feit there is no notch. On left end of bill
the cluster of houses appearing in the dis
tance nro very dark, on counterfeit they are
light. The hills behind the town ou coun.
forfeit look like haystacks, in genuine not so.
On right of Mechanics on gonuine there is a
stock, on counterfeit there is none. On top
of the head of Inner female, thore is t while
strip on counterfeit, on genuine it is hardly
perceptible. In the centre of each of the
wreaths w hich encircles vignette there is n
full blown rose, on counterfeit they nre hard
ly open. The whole affair is a lithograph
brushod up." '
liTTho Washington Slur publishes the
following extract of a letter from a distin
guished Frenchman, dated Paris, November
20:
" Lord Palmerston nnd Louis Napoleon
have been almost inseparable since the former
alighted ut the Hotel Windsor. Their inter
views havo resulted in a decision to unfurl
tho standard of Polish, Hungarian and Italian
nationality, if Prussia and Austria hesitate
longer to declare unequivocally against the
Czar. The probability is that neither the
one nor the other will consent to do this,
in which cane all Europe will be in arms be
fore Spring."
UT" Hon. A. P. Butlor has been re-elected
to the U. S. Senate by the Legislature of
South Carolina. ,
Mr" We are Indebted to tho Hon. Sam.
A. Smith for copy of President's message,
nnd other pipers,
THE NATURALIZATION LAWS.
The Philadelphia Ledger says that those who
contend for Congress fixing tweuty-one years
as the period of residence for foreigners be
foro they shall be naturalized, suppose that
the matter is within the regulation of Con
gress. This is partially and practically a mis
take. Congress only regulates the subject
as far as citizenship of the United States is
concerned. The individual States claim and
exercise the right of allowing any resident
the privileges of a votef on just such resi
dence as the Stato Constitution may say is
necessary. Michigan allows any foreign
born ciliren to vote on six months' residence.
The greater number of States have abrogated
the period fixed by the laws of the United
States. But the fact that States are sover
eigns in their local affairs, and that some of
them have altogether a different rule, shows
tbat Congress has no power over the individ
ual States upon this subject. This princi
pie has been judicially established in Michi
gan. The American Parti Unconstitutional.
A correspondent of the New York Tribune,
writing from Wayne county, Pennsylvania,
under date of the 5th inst, states that his
Honor, James M. Porter, President Judge, in
his charge to the grand Jury, asserted that
they were bound by trrefr oaths to bring no
indictment against every member of a Know
Nothing council, under their knowledge, in
the said county, und that although men could
not be made to testify against themselves,
yet they would be bound to be a witness
against a brother. The Judge considered the
association unconstitutional, and should come
under the bun of the law. It is said two-thirds
of the grand jury are members of the organ
ization and it is supposed they would " re
spectfully demur."
Washington, Dec. 11.
The intelligence from Honolulu confirms
the belief that a treaty for the annexation of
the Sandwich Islands is about to be consum
mated there, and will be soon received here.
The President, it is also believed, will cordi
ally embrace the proposition, nnd recommend
it to Congress. The treaty will require the
action of the House to give it effect, and it is
not probable that the Senate will sanction it
without much opposition. If the measure be
adopted, it will furnish a strong argument
for the augmentation of the navy. The for
tification of the island must be commenced
forthwith. No necessity can bo shown for
the annexation nt this time.
jThc London Times,commenting upon
the reported proposition of Russia to nego
tiate a peace upon the four points contained
in the note of 8th August, intimates a belief
that it is a mere ruse, "to paralyze as long as
possible the ' military action of the court
of Vienna," and holds this significant lan
guage: .
We enn foresee no prospect nf peace until
the fortune of war has decided whether the
influence of Russia or that of England and
France is hereafter to preponderate in the nf
fuirs of the East and of Europe. Thai in a
dispute which negotiation will not terminate,
especially nt a moment when the contest is
raging with the utmost earnestness against
the stronghold of Russian power, and the
fate of the allied armies before Sevastopol is
tho event w hich will determine the course
of negotiation. There it no road to peace but
by victory.
!3?""No Cuba for us" is the sum and sub
stance of a long article in the Charlston, S.
C. Mercury. Mr. Calhoun was always op
posed to tho acquisition of Cuba. Among
the wise foresights of that truly great, but
extra and ultra Southorn man was, that extra
Territorial acquisition or annexation was nn
experiment full of all sorts of perils nnd
dangers. .
But for Northern Abolitionism resisting
this annexation, as one of their pet schemes,
we do not believe it would have many intelli
gent advocates in the Southern country. It
is a peculiarity of Abolitionism, that it always
carries what it always resists. So says the
Nuw York Express, and it would be diffi
cult to compress more truth in the same
space.
From the Spirit World. The following
is reported as a truo message from a certuin
individual now in the "Spirit World," as wo
have been told:.
Rapper. John Jones I
Spirit of John Jones answers two raps.
R. Are you happy 1
S. Yes, in all but one thing.
R. Whnt is thutt
S. I left the world without calling on the
printer, as I promised. O, if I could but
return to the earth, I would do,-
R. Do whnt J , ,. .
S. Ca'l on the poor "printer," and pay
him them four dollars; but it is entirely too
late.
R. No send a message to your once fond
wife to pay it for you, and then you will be
happy I
S Yes, ves tell her if she wishes to en
joy eternal happiness, to' go at once nnd-discharge
that debt, and 'everlasting bliss is
mine.
R, I will do nsyott bid me.
t37The Nashville News, says we under
stand that telegraphic dispatches have been
received in the city to-day announcing that
anothorgrcat tight had taken place between
the Allied Powers and the Russians, before
walls of Scbaslopol. There was great slaught
er on both sides, but the city did not yield
to the besiegers.
Closed Br Ice. The Wheeling' papers
stato the river above aud below that city is
closed by ice. The same is the ease at Pitts
burg. The Monongahala, opposite Pittsburg,
and tho Alleghany, a short distance nbove
that city are also frozen over,and on Wednes
day the formor was covered with skaters.
Such an event, so early in the season, has
rarely occurred before.
J3rThe latest accounts from the Sand
wich Islands state that the treaty of annexa
tion hui been iigned by King Kamehatneha
aud the principal nobility, but his Majesty had
made a formal promise to Prince Alexander
that he would wait his return from a neigh.
boring island before the treaty should be defi
nitely settled. .
fU"The estimate of expenditures for the
city government of New York for 1855,
amounts to nearly six millions of dollars, or
a million more than last year. The journals
of that city call the report, startling, nnd ask,
'whnt will become of us."
THE WAR IN THE EAST.
raoM m V. T. Hiaaos.
The "Star in the East," which the wise
men and shepherds saw and followed, brought
with it angel voices, singing "Peace on earth
and good will unto men"-it heralded a pa
cificator and Redeemer, under whose inspira
tion men Were to become as brothers, the
weapons of battle to be turned into plough,
shares nnd pruning-hooks, and the nations
learn war no more. It was a glorious pro
gramme revealed by the light of that beauti
ful star; but twenty centuries nre almost
passed since its dawn, and the swords nnd
spears accumulate, and battle Avidens its grim
jaws, and the nations seem further from for
getting war, than when the Persian thundered
at the gntea of Greece, and tho Roman led
his conquering legions from the Tiber to the
Indus and the Thames. -
The war now raging in the East, exhibits
in the complement of its forces, weapons,
munitions and spirit, a savagcr picture than
stains barbarian annals. Savnger, because it
is as deliberate as civilization can make it. It
is a war in which nil the ingenuity of art, and
all the resources of scienco are brought to
bear, with a coolness nnd nicety of calcula
tion nnthought of In the ages of rude, im
pulsive warfare. It is a war, too at its pres
ent stuge appealing to none of the nobler
feelings nnd sentiments of humanity a war
waged not for the freedom of nations or pco
pies, but n desperate, selfish struggle of cer
tain combined crowned heads to share or
take nil, the spoil which they perceive to be,
otherwise, tending to the benefit of a neigh
boiing rival in the path of empire.
No one fitted to judge, doubts for a mo
ment that the fate of the Ottoman Empire
was uneared for by England nnd France, until
they saw Russia advancing to administer up
on the effects of that decaying nation. There
were no allies hostile to the Czar so long ns
he refrained from adding to his dominions
had there been, tho righteous occasion would
have been when he interferrcd to crush gal
lant Hungary. The fact is, tho chief crowned
heads of Europe have been too often nnd too
long parties to the plunder and division of
nations and peoples, to quarrel nmong them
selves whilo the spoils are equally divided.
Fe.tr of losing, or rather of not getting some
thing, led to the combination against Russia,
and actual war was put off by Turkey's back
ers so long as thero was a hope of settling
the question, not ns to the rights of Turkey,
but ns to tho ndvantnge and safety of France
and England. .
We were never surprised nt the course
Russia has pursued. Her traditional and set
tled policy is the absorption of Turkey. Her
march on Constantinople was decreed long
ngo by the Czar Peter, nnd begun bravely by
the Empress Catherine. It has been only a
matter of policy, as to time, that has held the
Russian buck so long. There is nn imperious
necessity for his onward mnrch in this direc
tion, unless his ambition can be content with
pushing his hordes upon the snowy steppes
of the North, or across the deserts of the
East. To have before him the open sens,
enabling him to compete in commerce nnd
colonization, as in arms, he must break the
barriers of the Baltic nnd Black Seas. And
this he intended to do, nnd will do eventually.
The Czar was unwise in not making ready
his forces nt the outset, and conveying them
with nil his naval force, directly to Constan
tinople. He might have suddenly seized the
Ottoman Capital, nnd once master of it, no
combination of enemies could have dislodged
him. Austria would then havo been his ac
tive friend, nnd Prussia would have endorsed
his policy. The Czar wns too considerate of
France and England it was a grand error,
which it may cost Russia an nge to repair.
On tho other hund, Kossuth advised well,
when he urged the Allies to attack Sebasto
pol, not in the Crimea, but nt Warsaw, in the
heart of Poland. Had Austria interfered,
Hungarians and Italians were ready to silence
her. Russia is largely made up of conquered
provinces and subjected tribes. These vio
lently annexed peoples have not outgrown
the memory nnd pride of old nationalities,
and an appeal to them by a promise of re
storing to them their lost estate, would have
shaken the Russian throne and empire.
The Allies have "caught n Tartar" in their
foray against Russia, nnd their Crimean expe
rience, even if they succeed in Inking Sebas.
topol, will be but the preface of a terrible
history of reverses and sacrifices which they
are doomed to ere this war is done. As the
game stands now, their mighty naval forco
has lost more than it has gained its whole
operations being shamed by the Russians'
destruction of the Turkish squadron at Si
nope whilo on the Danube and in the Cri
mea, their superb "picked" armies have been
wasted by battle and pestilence, and are, nt
this moment, rather fitted to act on the de
fensive than the offensive. Russia nnd winter
are upon them, nnd Englund's "Thunderer,"
the Times, confesses that the question of
success now depends on numbers. The Allies
may do their best, yet Russia can outnumber
them. She will be prepared to open "tho
spring campaign with a million and n half of
men. The Czar is, so fur, only preparing for
war.
But the Allies have made up their bed, let
them lie in it. They can hardly change their
programme so as to call the crushed nation
alities to life and action, for that would now
imperil every throne in Europe. The war will
doubtless be waged to the bloody end, nnd
through our horoscope we see the Russian
finnlly victorious. Thus far ho certuinly has
the best of it, and his resources nnd spirit
point to still bettor fortune for his arms in
tho future. In view of these facts, will the
London Times and its echoors, please to in
form us when the Allies propose to "regulate
affairs in the West, ns well as in the East"
Our Minister to Spain. It is not quite
cortain that Mr. Soule will bo received back
again into Madrid. Letters from Madrid
sent to Paris sny positively, that the Spanish
cabinet have requested from Washington, his
recall. All the Madrid journals, with a sin
gle exception, are said to oppose his return
there. '
f-37An exchnngo says that camphor has
been discovered to be an antidote for that ter
rible poision, strychnine. A man who had
been thrown into convulsions by two doses
of the poison one sixth of a grain each, ad
ministered for rheumatism was relieved by
twenty grains of camphor taken in six grains
of nlmond mixture.
3?a X," the intelligent aslnngton cor
! respondent of the Baltimore Sun, writing un
der date of the 12th inst., says:
The consideration of the Pacific Railroad
bill has been again postponed until the month
of January. Ilia difficult to. say whether
Congress by that time will be more harmoni
ous than it now is, notwithstandinp the Christ
mas tirkeys on which the members will have
feasted in the menntime. There are too ma
ny email political questions on the tupis,
to allow great ones to be discussed and acted
upon.
The only difficulty in regard to the annex
ation of the Sandwich Islands is not in the
opposition of England or Franco, but in the
admission of the Islands as a State, into the
Union. The doctrine of self-government,
even under a territorial state of existence, i
not without its difficulty of application, nnd
should the annexation scheme be submitted
to Congress, will lead to a most interestir.g
debate, which may possibly revive some of
the old issues.
Mr. Buchanan will certain I v come home in
the spring, nnd after his return un entire re
modeling of the corps diplomatique in Europe
may become necessary.
The Cash System. "Commeree I" And
whnt business is commerce I Barter, the
strict exchanges of commodities, iu now
merely an incident of business intercourse.
If a carpenter wants n pair of shoes he buys
them. If on credit, he expects to pay for
them, with money. II does not exact the
exchange of a piece of his handiwork. This
rule npplies through all society. But when
a settling takes place, there is nn exchange of
bills as a part of the adjustment of accounts,
and out of this thing alone innumerable diffi
culties nrise. The first great object, the
prime aim of every man, should be, therefore,
to do n cash business, and every man who
does not do this, is false to his best inter
ests. J2?"The conduct of Austria is tho subject
of continual comment in the English pnpers
but ncitlierspromiscs, coaxing nor nbuse
seems to havo any effect upon that impertur
bable power, so long aa fears of Russia or
sympathy with the Czar predominate. Ilav
ing nppenled to the honor and the interests
of Austria in vain, the London Times now
insinuates a new element to move her. It
affectionately inquires, "How many sparks
from a French corporal's pipe would it re
quire to set Italy in n blaze from one end to
the other, nnd what prospect would there be
of a re-conquest of Lombardy with France
and England instead of the small kingdom of
Piedmont to cojiduct the war?" It also esti
mates that Hungary may bo aroused, and odds:
"When Austria measures herself against
the great powers, she must not forget that
wherever her enemies nppenr, they mny count
upon the support of her own subjects. She
is in the most imminent danger of becoming
a second Poland, and affording, by her dis
memberment, nn indemnification for that war
which she fondly thinks is being carried on
for her exclusive advantage."
t5f" Gov. Bigler, when stumping the Stato
of Pennsylvania, wns, according to the custom
there, escorted from county to county by n
committee of what he supposed were lending
and accredited democrats, who would, on his
going into the next county, put him into the
hnnds of another such committee. Of course
their business wns to advise, encourage nnd
applaud him, nnd they did this particularly
when he wns most severe on tho new party.
What was his surprise nt the end of the
campaign when he found that he had been
conducted all over the Slate, not by demo
crats, but by tho disguised Know Nothings!
Baltimore, Dec. 18.
Congress. Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas, ap
peared, was sworn, nnd took his seat.
In the Senate, Mr. ShieKis reported n bill
to increase the efficiency of the ufniy. Also,
a bill to establish a board to adjust private
claims, which was referred to a special com
mittee. The House took up the Military Academy
bill.
Mr. Barry denounced the Know Nothings
us illegal combinations, who take nwny the
rights of citizens. Mr. Banks rejoined, de-,
fending the Know Nothings. He condemned
ami claimed that tho Catholics interferrcd in
secular uffuirs.
0- A writer in the last Chattanooga Ga
zette suggests the name of Gen. F. K. Zo!
licoffcr, the present representative to Con
gress from the Nashville District, ns suitable
to be placed in nomination for tho next Gu
bernatorial race.
13?" The Commercial Convention of the
Southern States, which met in Baltimore in
1851, at Memphis in 1852, nnd Charleston in
1854, adjoin ned from the latter city to reas
semble in New Orleans, on the second Mon
day of January next. The City Council of
New Orleans has directed the Mayor to ap
point a hundred delegates from the city nnd
to Invite the Governors of Southern States
and the Mayors of Southern cities to visit that
city during the session of the convention.
Gomorrah. A French Traveller, M. Du
Sauley professes to have discovered tho ruins
of this nncient city, now bearing the name of
Chnrbet Gomuornn, or Oumrun, on tho bor
ders of the Dend Sen; they extend over a
space of more than six thousand yards, nnd
their very name given by the Arabs indicates
their identity with the ancient city.
J3T" The State Trensnrer, of New Jersey,
in viow of tho recent depreciation in almost
every description of bonds, has made a de
mand of the Free Banks of that State for
additional securities, so ns to fully iudomnify
note-holders, in case of the suspension of any
such institutions.
Our Army. One ninety-tilth part of the
entire Army nf the United States was killed
oi wounded by the Indians during tho past
year. Yet the Indians have been rcmnrkably
peaceful during the twelve months, and Billy
Bowlegs has behaved "first-rate," ns he said
when our Aldermen took him into tho tea
room. The truth is, our Army is not very
much of nn institution to boast of, so far as
numbers are concerned. Gather nil our force
together, nnd let a man of sound lungs essay
to lecture them he would find It no difficult
task nor need to muke outlays for cough
lozenges in the morning. Ten thoiisnnd
scvon hundred nnd forty-five men that is the
actually available amount seems liko a small
company to draw a girdle of safety nround
our thirty-one States nnd unsurvryed territo
ries tlist nre big with as ninny more.
Lovi and Folly. A man, sixty years of
nge, has been committed to jail in St. Louis,
for threatening to kill a girl of nineteen, be
cause sh refused to marry him, after he had
made her the snug little preseut of $25,000.
It as '-.ther provokiug. i
Mysteries or Sadness. Who that has
read the following beautiful passage from an
accomplished writer, will not bear witness of
the description ? Who lias not had expert,
ence ns thus truthfully portrayed!
There is a mysterious feeding that fre
quently passes like a cloud over the spirits.
It comes upon the soul in the busy bustle of
life, to the social circloiu the calm and silent
retreats of solitude.
lis powers are alike supreme over the weak
nnd iron hearted. At one time it is caused
by the flitting of a single thought across the
mind.
A sound w ill come booming over the orenn
of memory, gloomy and solemn as a death,
knell, overwhelming all the bright hopes and
sunny feelings of the heart. Who ran de
scribe it nnd yet who has not felt its bewilder
ing influence T
Still it is a delicious sort of'sorrow ; and
like a cloud diming the sunshine on the river,
although causingamomenbry shade of gloom,
it embraces the beuuty of returning bright
ness.' 3?" Invisible Green, the facetious Local
of the Cincinnati Times, sometimes makes a
happy hit in speaking of men and things. In
the paragraph below he gives the best answer
to the great question of "who are the people"
that we hnve ever seen. There is no doubt
nt nil, but that "the people" nre as "Mr.
Green" says a great institution.
The people ! Who ore they 1 We hear
so much about them that we must press the
enquiry. During political campaigns, a gath
ering composed of a stump spenker.a dozen
office hold rs, nnd the same number of
"rounders," is culled n mass meeting of the
people; during bank panics, a hundred or two
skinned depositors, nre sympathized with ns
the people; a store-keeper who does a small
-business, advertises that he is patronized by
the people; and there never was a show, from
the live Anaconda down to tbe Baby Ele
phant, that was not the favorite of tho people.
Political schemes to increase taxation and de
moralize public sentiment, are ndopted for
the good of the people; rags are issued as
currency for the benefit of the people; courts
digniliedly usurp law and commit injustice to
protect the rights of the people; clergymen
and priests preach piety and practice exirnva
gance, as an example for tho people; and
piles of money nre being continually spent
upon lazy, loafing, drunken demagogues, to
make laws for nnd protect the people! Vorily,
in these latter days the people are a great
"institution," beyond all doubt.
Oirln regard to tho lute attack made by
tha Indians on the mail party near Fort La ra
mie, the following despatch has been receiv
ed at St. Louis: - .
Indejiendence, Dec. 5, 1854 Mail pnrty
all killed twenty-six miles this side of Fort
Lnramie. Clnules A. Kinkend left, with
six arrows in him, for dend. He was rob
bed of ten thousand five hundred dollars.
He is now nt Laramie, and will probably re
5?" There are now some twenty-eight or
thirty buildings in process of conduction in
New York; which, when finished, will cost
between three nnd a half nnd four millionsof
dollars. Two of these, the Ln Farge Hotel
nnd the Coopers Union, will cost three hun
dro'l thousand each; Duncan and Sherman's
banking house, two hundred nnd filly thou
sand, and n princely mansion for Dr. Town
send, the Sarsapnrilla man.two hundred thou,
sand.
These projects will, fortunately, pnt some
money into circulation among tho poorer
classes.
A Notice with a Sting in it. The Eve
ning Post says :
It is reported by our Washington corre
spondent that F. J. Grund, n Washington
correspondent of the Baltimore Sun, Phila
delphia Ledger, and formerly of the New
York Horald, has been appointed Consul nt
Marseilles, France. We believe he is a Prus
sian by birth, nnd a Swiss by profession.
Important if True. A speeiul Wash
ington correspondent of the N. Y. Tribune
says:
"Good feeling exists nmong the members
of Congress generally."
3?"Another bnnk has collapsed in New
York. The Herald of Wednesday thus Writes
its obituary:
Tho clearing House closed up another bank
today. The Central Bnnk failed to make good
its account this morning, and was therefor
suspended. Bill-holders need be under no
npprehension regarding their vnl no. There
turns of this bank for the week ending the
9th inst. were ns follows: Lonns, $301,172;
deposits, 186,2.19; circulntion, $83,733; spo.
cic, $22,405.
A Dreadful Resolve. The London re
publicans have had a meeting, Ernest Jones
chairman, nnd "resolved" to hiss the Emperor
of France upon his visit to that city.
2?" The St. Louis Intelligencer publishes
the names of a jurr, who, after they bad so
quitted man tried for murder, adjourned to
his cell, having been invited to do so, where
they indulged in a regular carousal, one half
of them becoming beastly druok.
t3J" The London Times apenks of the Cos
sacks, si they appeared at tho recent battles
in the Crimen, as reaemblinir "mounted Yan
kees, in their agility, intelligence, irregular
coatmue, and individual self-reliance I"
It stated that one hundred families
intend emigrating in the spring from Bourbon
county, Kentucky, to Kansas,
tTThe population of'Arlcsnsnt, accord
ing to the returns recently laid before the
Legislature of that State, ia 247,112 souls.
tTTlis Evansville Enquirer accuses the
preachers of this day of interfering with poli
tics. It thus enoakiof those of Kentucky.
The way they beat the Democrats in this
State wns by electioneering seven days in the
week, whils we couldu't electioneer but six.
JT The Treaident is said to be extremely
anxioiia, and will use every mesns in his pow
er to accomplish a modification of the pres
ent tariff, the raising of the four new regi
ments, and the increase of the navy; and
these will be among the first measures to
which the attention of both branches of the
Legislature will be eallcd at the pretent ses
sion. A private letter from the Sandwich
Island, speaking of King Ksmehnmcha, anyi:
"He lonft around the town of Honolulu
peeps into a tavern, and is ready to take a nip
with any body that aeki him. lie isn't wortn
a 'continental,' and auctioneers won't take
his bid at an auction."
IIP President I'ieroe reached his fiftieth
birthday on the J7th ult., the Thanksgiving
dny of the District of Column!. Among hi
special guests on that occasion was General
Scott. .
"Iloorsyl" screamed Ike, through the bro
ken pane of glass, pushing, at the same time,
the shingle and fork that held it there into
the floor. "Hooray! the Know Nothings have
carried the dny and Smith ia Mayorl of Bos
ting." "Well, Iiaac." said Mrs. Partington,
"you needn't make such a noise about itj
rou couldn't make more nnin if a horse had
comt in iuitcal of a mare."

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