. .. -,r- 1
' ' r
' i i. ' :.'
;- -rYOL. TIl-NO, 341.
l!Y S.Of. r. mxs. ,
r A9 . !.'- ; ft
ATHENS, TE NX FRIDAY, APRIL 0, ,18.55;
i .. . t
. ' '
3 . ;'. , ' . '- i ' - '
rnr POPT Is pnMirtiMt mtj Friilnrst f Pr Te"r!
.r.W.lu-tvaocc,r t, if !" delay4 until
h. rnoiratiim f the year.
Vrt rVrll'tnoiil will i rhr(rl t per sqtnir.
f W lines, or li f,lr a' insertion, and 60 cents lor
!.rh continuance. A liberal .("Itirtinn niarte to those
l,o aJvertle t.jr UV ear. S-PtM.n, atmlm a.lver.
"i,einetit must mark the number of times liny
them inssrml. or they will be cunlintwd until forbid and
tharitcil a:conllnfly .Mi '
Fur announcing tin uaines of esndldatet for efnce, ,
Obltflary nntlres over 1! lines, charged t the regular
dTertl"if rule. '
All eoniiniinicnilone Intended to promote the prlrate
rndi or lntrret of Corportii, Hoclettai, School! or
lndivldiml, will be cliarirrd aa iidvcrtireincntl.
J b Work. ueh na Pamphleu, Mlmitea, Pircnlara,
Carda, lllauka, llanilh'lla, 4c. iriU be xcultd In good
ityle. and on reaaonaMa terma.
All kttera aldr..-d to the Proprietor, poll pa,"', will
be nrnuiuily attended to.
HaranaatdlUitire aendlnf n the name! of four
iolvent ubrll.er, will be entitled to a fifth copy gratia.
No communication Imerted unleM accompanied by
the nnme of tlie author. ... ,,. .
(V Offti e on Main itreet, next door to the old Jack
n Hotel. : ' '
A-rili:, fit IDA Va APUIt. 6, 1855.
"j-Thc Hon. S. S. Vlietim, Lite n Unitn!
SinVa Rrnntor rrnm Vi'rmont,' dii-d nt IiIh
rcHiciencp, nt Middlcbury.i'n that Stntei'oii llio'
Pay your Postage By a law pawd at
the i-low of the Inst Conj,rrHH. it in required
tlmt on mid nrtcr the first day of April, next,
nil IctlBra rIihII l prt'p.tid that arts directed
to offices w:thin the United Statett, This is
n new nnd important feature in oiir postal
Arrangements, nnd will require strict ob
servanee on the psirt of nil persons sending
letters by the ninil, ns no provinion is made to
nend nn unpaid letter.'
Railboap Convehtion. A convention of
the representnlives of various southern roads
was held nt AuiriiHtit on lliursday of week
before last, n't which a new schedule between
Washington and Montgomery, to into ef
fect In July wan adopted, and a resolution
agreed to, liseonliniiinn; the express business
over the roads represented.
Thk Yankee ! An English writer gives
the following highly colored daguerreotype
of the New England Yankee..
He is horn-handed and niir-headed, hard
persevering, unscrupulous, carnivorous, re id v
(or all weathers, with nn Incredible genius
for Ivinu.n vnmt v elastic bevonn coinprehen
Hion, the hide of a hull' lo, snd the shriek of
n HWain-ettcritie: 'n h'at nine-toot nre ist or a
fellow, steel twisteif and made ofchorseshoe
nails the rest of liliil, being Cast iron, Willi
ntcel springs. . ., ,.
J-$f A c.irresptindent of the Missouri Re
publican slates that the city of Chicago de
rives its name from a mall river flowin!.'
through It, which was called by the Indians
'She-kaw ko," which means polecat or
skunk. The Chicagoiiinns, therel ore, should
call the place by its original name: Skunk
luicn or Vulecaliana. . -. , . ...
New Brunswick (N. S.) has got a liquor
law, too. It prohibits oven the Importation
ofliqnor and In so far Is a screw tighter
than even the Maine Law! " -.'
UTTThe ' Legislature of Illinois Central
Railroad to lay out towns along tlie lines of
I heir road. Heretofore this has been pfohih.'
itud, but now there will, no doubt, bo many
valuable locations surveyed olT into town
., ' ' Wahikgto.i, Marcii 26.'
A suit has been brought ugauist Governor
Price of New Jersey for nn alleged deficit of
$75,000 in bis accounts whilst a Purser in
the Navy. ' Governor Trice, however, claims
an ollsct of $1,01)0,000 which he turned over
to his successor and has his receipt therefor.
His successor says that the receipt was given
without nn equivalent. -
. -ifVe learn from the Mercury that Hon.
James & Rhelt died in Charleston on the
23d inst., of paralysis. Mr. Rhett lias for
ninny years noted a prominent part In the nf
fairs of the State.
" J3fA prohibitory liquor bill has passed
the Maine Senate unanimously, and the
House by a vole of 90 to U9. It provides for
Imprisonment for the first offence, for the
third not less llian three nor more than six
months, and for Jhe fourth nnd every subse
quent conviction, $1000 line and one year in
the State prison. .The bill received the sig
, nature of the governor on Saturday last,
l-ff The Liquor Ijiw has been passed in
both branches of the Wisconsin legisla
ture by Inrge majorities. It Is somewhat
doubtful, how ever, if the Governor w ill sign
1 -wDuring n lute concert at the City Hall,
in Manchester, several of the ken Is, having
.been spoken for, were labebed 'engaged."
Upon the audience lenvini', it was ascertained
th.it one of the Indies walked home with the
Word "engaged," in Inrgs letters, upon her
bark; one of the labels having been fastened
to her dress, .
1 ;nr"fix-Pre1denl" Walker the filluW
' ter, has been granted 61,000 ncres of land by
Nicaragua, where lit! Is about to settle.
. , t i ... . ..I . .
. -ffAttha fourth of July celebration In
Marion county, Illinois, a young lady otfered
the following toast;
'The young men of Awericn their iritis
ntir support, out arms their reward. Fall in,
men, full in.' . .
,, . . ; . . . f , t , , . .
A Gravk Jokr. A Western Editor enu.
1 merntei a long list of annoyances and griev
nnces,nnd winds up as follows; "1 was vex
ed, ton, at n painter, who had been paid In
' advance to p.Vuit mo 'n nigh; but he must 'go
. n .sailing in the Bay on Sunday and get
- drowned just n like ns not on iy moiicy
i' ony how, ie died, and made no sign."-
A Toast :tiut was a Toast! At n
champagne party 1u Philadelphia, some 'tlino
hgn, Russell Jaris gave tn fallowing unique
sentlnienL' "HWs ciampagne to Diy-rtal
friends;' real' pnin to my 'inornVrtoltrlsj and
To Paine to. the DcvlR .' . ' .' ',
, . FOREIGN..' " . .
. New York, March 27.
The U. S. Mail Steamship Atlantic, Cnpt.
West; has , arrived . at length from Liver
pool, which port she left on the 10th inst.
General Intelligence. The death of the
Czar has been confirmed.
Alexander II. has peaceably ascended the
Russian throne, and issued a manifesto stat
ing that he will adhere to the policy of his
father. His brothers and the high officers
of the Empire, have taken the oaths of alle.
giance. .' j ,
Alexander has eonfirmod. his father in.
Htmctlons to Prince Gortschnk off, the Diplo.
Biatist at Vienna. '
The preliminary Conference nt Vicnnnhtid
The late Czar had, previous to his death,
recalled Prince Menschikoff,' and appointed
General Gort-chakoffto the chief command
in the Crimea, nnd Osten S.icken ns second,
Gen.Luders was, also, appointed to the chief
command in Bessarabia. ' ' " '
Alexander has appointed Rudiger Minister
at War. , .-.'.'.." ,
The Allies have ordered their generals, to
press forw-iird operations.
More fighting had occurred in the Cri-
men. , i ;
The French li'id stormed some redoubts
skilHu'lv erected by the Russians during the
night, and several hundred were killed. '
The Grand Duke Michael had died of his
wounds nt Scbastopnl. ! ! . '
A large force of Russians threatened Bn
laklava.' ' ' !' '' 1 : " -' v 1 :
The blockade of the Danube had been
raised. ' 1 ' ' 1 v
Broussn had been destroyed by an earth,
quake, with most of its Inhabitants.
A disagreement bad occurred, between
Louis Napoleon mid England, the former
having said that the Allied armies should not
net toirtthcr, if Mr. Roebuck's' committee
proceeded in their investigations ns to tlie
conduct of the war. Lord Clarendon imme
diately, on learning this fact, proceeded to
Boulogne anl arr inged the difficulty. In the
meantime, the committee continues ila labors,
but it is thought tnat Parliament, willbe
dissolved.; ' , , . ... . ,.i
Serious d.fliculties bud occurred at Ticino,
Switzerland. ' '
The Bclginn crisis continues. ; ' '
The King of Denmark is sick, . , . ,
ttF"Were it not for hope the arm would
fall powerless on the struggling bniUefield of
life, nnd the pure light would fade out from
the weary eye. We sit In he shade of the
elm and wutch the living ocean ebbing, by
at every, throb of the heart n life ..wave rolls
ou the other shore. The footman with his
puck, and th rich man with his steed, is urged
on with the hope of better things .ahead.
The ragged child with his basket of berrii s.
hopes for manhood and days of brighter sun.
light for him. , The old mun crbcpir.g up. tlie
hill on staff and crutch looks out with hope
for coming death and rest beyond the grave.
The sun has King since laded from the sky.
Tell him lie never shall know the rest he
seeks, and tears will wet the wrinkles on his
withered cheeks; for his old frame is worn
out, and ho longs to lay aside, nnd leave
his stick and crutch nt the door of his
grave. " ' '' ; ' t '
, Democbatio Secret Societies. The
Democratic party displays its usual consis.
tency in denouncing secret political societies.
It is violently opposed to Know N'otlungism
on the ground of its necresy. Be it remem
bered, that the first lucrut political society
ever organized in the West, was the "Miami
Tribe," in Cincinnati, composed exclusively
of Democrats, nnd we are not awnre that th's
organization was ever denounced by any reg
ular, recognized orgnn of the Democratic par
ty. Recently, we hear of another secret po.
lilical society, said to have originated with
the Geininn Democrats of Columbus, ' Ohio
nnd now spreading rapidly among the De
mocracy of that State nnd Kentucky, under
the euphonious title of ' Sag Niehts;" yet we
hear of no Democratic denunciations being
hurled against them. It seems, then, that
Democracy is opposed only to such secret
political societies us wrest the spoils of office
from their grasp. We freely confess that if
we are to have secret political societies In the.
country, we grenlly prefer those compos
ed of ni.tive instead of foreign-born citi
zens. . -
Ir'The New Orleans Delta, in its mone
tary article, says that' within the last six
weeks upwards of a million inviiiuu ofIaves
have been thrown "npoii the' market,' and
means to pay for them have been, extracted
from the flouting Capital of the place.,
J-JfThere are hundreds of our fellow
oreatures to whom fresh nir and the light of
the sun are scarcely known.' According to a
number of Chamber's Edinburgh Journnl,
about ii quarter of n million of people ' are
this day working under ground in the mines
or England. , Ot these, 30,000 are doomed
to nn untimely death. This is not n mere
conjecture, It is an average of the casualitiei
of piisl years. , . . . (
7-God hath given tn mankind ucommon
library his works, mid to every mart k pfnp.
cr liook hlui'scir. . , '.
Gent.-"Mr. Smith, I an expecting a, few
friends to see me to night.' Cun you send
me a dozen of Chiunpagr.et" ". '
!lr. Grocer Smith.' No sir, Maine Law,
rou 'know.' , But I have some splendid Yin
&", whieli looks nnd tastes very much like
the article Jfu wish,'. " ;. w :. - i
-Cent.Wt "end it tip.' " ' '. t
. . : ..; .''., r. .r 1
: V. T. Thompson, Esq.J'li'now tliS'sole
Editor arid proprietor of thntSiccllcnt Jour,
nn!, tlie Savannah Morning Xctri.'-7 ,';
USURY LAW ANDTHE HOLY SCRIP-
. . TURKS.
Several articles, in which it was asserted
that Usury Itws were sanctioned by lhe
Scritures w hich are Supreme oer the con
sciciice," having appeared in the "Intclligen-'
cer," the organ of the Dutch Reformed
Church, In tlie citv ef New York, one of the
most distinguished preachers of that ehnreh,
dissenting from the assertion, hns contributed
two articles to the same paper in which he
takes the ground, that laws attempting tn
fix, under penalties, nn arbitrary rate for the
usance of money, nre contrary tn all sound
principles of political economy, and so far
from being sanctioned by Scripture, nre e
puirr.nnt to common sense. : The reverend
writer says: . . , " " ' '
Usury, when the Bible w-ns translated, bad
no reference tn the laws of the Stale of New;
York; but, meant any interest, little or uun-h,
one per cent.. seven per cent, or ten percent.;
nnd every text in the Bible that condemns
tisurv, condemns the taking of tiny, even the
least pay for money lent. Usury laws (found
as you. tuiy in every country) fixing any rate
of interest on a debt, are, therefore, on your
own Jogic, contrary to the scriptures, "w hich
are supreme over the conscience," and should
nt once be repealed, as it is 'ntamous to le
galize .wrung. .....
After following out the argument from the
Old Testament the'writer next turns to the
New:':. v ' i
Thus much for the Old Testament author,
ities. . Let us. turn to the new, and, as we all
believe,, the testimony of the one cannot .be
contradictory to the other. We find, the
word usury, in .only two texts, nnd' those, in
d ffcrent versions of the same parable., In
.Mail. xxv. 27, we read, (the lord says to the
slothful servant,) "Thou, oiljihtesl to liave
put iny, money to the exchangers, and then
at niy coining, I shiild have received mine
own with usury.", If, ns you say, the Old
Testament condemns ii8tiry4' how is It that
the New approves of it, and in kes il, in
some cases a duly , "The, exc.h infers", and
"the bank" (table keepers and tilde) repre
sent, as nearly ,1)8 possible, brokers' offices,
where nionev is deposited to be. let out for
interest a Wull street business and our
divine TiBL-hif would not iissert u pi in-
ciple in a p.irnblu . which is not true in
fact. Therefore, the inference is ch ar that
usury in the scriptural sense of the word, is
not wrong; but, (in. the contrary, a prudent
use of money, as of every I'orin of worldly
substance, is required. Do, dear Christian
Intelligencer, take back the sentence w hich
declares all of us free-lr. ders to be heretics.
It is p liitful to differ front you, but to be put
by you in the category of those who deny
the Divine -authority! is more than we can
bear. .. r, ' ,..
; The writer next argues the absurdity of
the present usury laws on the ground of po
lilical economv.' In noticing the variation in
the rubs of interest legalized ill the several
Suites, and the impossibility of giving a mil.
form limit, an excess of which shall consti
tute the crime which the law proposes to
punish, he ndds: . " "
But, if the geographical miles make no
diflereuce in the morality, much less should
times; and if. in easy limes, I cannot compel
you to borrow my money nt even six per
cent., wliut right nave you, or me law, 10
compel me to lend il to vou at seven, w hen
hard timesand the risk make it worth ten?
Perhaps my conscientious respect for law
will not allow me to violate tlie restiicting
enactmi ills.- What is. tlie consi qucu. e?
Seven per cent, does not cover the risk, and,,
therefore, J do not lend it tu you nt all. So
much capital is kept out of market; money,
therefore, is worth more; and you, to whom
u loan is necessary, must either break, or
break the law , by borrowing from gome Shy
lock, who cares not for law, at two per cent,
n month, or any higher rate he clauses to
charge you. , 'Flint would be protecting the
borrower with a vengeance! But, ill- the
name of justice, what ri'ht has the borrower
to protection more than the lender? Wh.it
does n man borrow money for but to nmke
money with it? Why is he pressed (or mon
ey but from the difficulties of trade? and
must the lender bear all the risks of the bor.
rower's trade for seven per cent, in bad times
as w ell as good times' The trader, perhaps,
makes rive and twenty per cent, on his flour
or his cotton; he has a right to, if he can;
but has not the lender un equal ri'ht to make
the market rate of interest on the money lie
trades with? Is tlie morality of the tiling
changed by the money being turned into
flour or cotton? Nay, does not my right Yun
through his hatids into the Hour or cotton
since he buys it with my money? 'The bor
rower and lender should' both be protected;
and the only way, in a Ireq country, to pro
tect Lilt-ill both, is to let each one take care
of himself. No man is .wronged ' by being
required to pay for n commodity which he
wants, what il is worth to every one else; but
a man is wronged w hen he is forbidden to
lake lor his commodity what il is worth, and
money is a commodity us much as flour or
coal. ' If a law be necessary to limit the rate
ot interest on money, it should go further,
mid limit the prices of things which money
represents. Buyers nre ti mlire numerous
class than borrowers, nnd need protection ns
well.. Compel tlie baker to sell cheaper
bread, the grocer cheaper tea, thy tailor cheap
er clothes. 'These are hard limes, wr cannot
afford to pay so much. " Nay,' (for that Is
w hat it lads to,) let us have all .things in
Common,'' (lint till may be alike, and trade,
and money, and the rewards of skill and in
dustry be ulan end, . .. - . '
. u - - -. i I T ,-. "A !.'.'
The.Neoro ao the Ram, In the Cal
lao (Peru) News of February 10, we reud as
"The nppronebing carnival season promises
to lie rich, rare, and'rncy in its character.-" By
rvlefencelo 'uri)dvertt"ing evIuuHie, It.wiU
be seen that n butting inalch is in contempla
tion between the steward of. lbs V ild Pigeon
and a rain celebrated for bis' strength mid
courage. Ills utmost unnecessary to-add
that the challenging party is a colored mini.
Some idea of the Ktrengih of his skull may
be funned from the fact ol his having a duy
or two since hulled in the. head of a porter
C.-nkt upon which a heavy . humuier would
make no impression." r
; HT"An important suit under the present
Liquor Law wus decided at Tcrre Haule,
(Ind.) on Tuesday. It seems that a liquor
seller iiadiald'a'mitn brandy, from the effects
of which he fell into the canal, causing con
gestion, 'from which he died. The jury
uwrde4 tl'ie plaiutiff, widow of the deceas
ed.) damages to the amount of hundred
dotlart. - ' ' '
ASSAULT UPON OR OBSTRUCTING
, We nre not friendly to over legislation, but
are veiy much in favor of severe laws, with
regard to obstructing or assaulting railw ay
trains. It Is no uncommon thing' for a' fre
quent trnveler to noticenhd even to run some
rousiderable risk from, stones thrown through
car windows. We have known some two or
three cases where persons have beeh ' badly
wounded by this class of assaults.' The stones
may 1ms thrown by persons who do.no really
m. an mischief, but ns they do commit and are
liable to commit very serious assaults, even
to murdering nnoIIAiiufiiig passengers, they
should be pViishtd with corresponding se
verity', no mutter whether the miauhief foU
lows the commission pf the set or not. Boys,'
and even grown men sometimes ntnuse them
selves by putting obtruciins upon the rail
merely lor the fun of seeitg the locomotive
crush il to pieces or jump aver it. A practice
so dangerous should bd pii down by scvero
enactments. .Under certaij circumstances ,a
very slight obstruction wij threw the engine
from the track, and theu if becomes a matter
of luck whether the trai will receive no
damage, or whether ten o a hundred persons
w ill be killed. . When obstructions are placed
upon the rail w'uh the dwitrnol doing damage
, to the train, the ponislinilnt should be severe, '
decided and prompt. Iijerfi reliee'w.h ,the'
public travel, especially with regard, t its
safety should bo most decidedly opposed, and
by tlie most energetic mins. It is not long
since we henid of a case iere the employees
of u road took possession yf the line and re
fused passage to the traiim - Under such cir
cumstances the offenders ihould have been
shot down like so niitny mad dogs.',. They
certainly could claim nojenity from the,aw
or sympathy from the public A few instances
of prompt punishment foi the commission of
these grave offences will iion bring forth tlie
proper results. 'J lie praftice of .throwing
miss. Is ul r.iiiway trains das been considered
by the Legislature of Ioauiiiu,aud the follow.'
iug act has been passed with reference thereto;
AN ACT to provide for the punishment-of
persons interfering willi trains on railroads.
' Skc. 1. lie it euacicd by the General As
sembly of, the Stale ol Indiana, -That any
person who shall shooln gun, pistol or other
weapon, or throw ti stone, slick, clubs, or any
other subst.'ce ul.uU ver at or against any
locomotive or car, or train of cats containing
persons, on any railroad in Ibis Slate;' shall
be deemed gunly of a misdemeanor, and upon
conviction shall- oe lined ill auy sum not less
titan ten, nor more than one hundred dollars,
mid imprisoned ill the county jail not less
than ten (lays nor more than three mouths.
1 Sec. !!. In cane i.iiv person nn such loco
motive, ear, or train of e.,r shall ixi illjurrd
or wi.uiided by any such net, the person so
uffcniliuil shall, on conviction, be dunned
gin. ty of an assault, with intent to commit
murder, und be imprisoned in ; the Slate's
Prison, not less than one nor more than four
years; and If death ensue, such person shall
be deemed guilty of murder in the first de
gree, and punished accordingly, .,- !' .
. ShC 3. Ju cases of prosecution under this
act, it shall not he deemed necessary in the
information or Indictments to name or set
out the names of persons or injured or w ound
ed except in cases of prosecution for murder.
. liuilicuy 'I' tints. t
"Sam" Badly Wasted. The near np
pioach of the election in the city of New Or
leans has set the machine lor the manufactu
ring of voters in operation, itnd aecordiiig 'o
the Picayune, from which we clip the follrtw
ing paragraph, the machinery seems to'work
"as smooth ns oil,"ns n practical machinest
would say: ' ' " ''
New, Citizens. The courts have been do
ing a very btisk business litis week in the
manufacture of citizens. ' A goodly, number
of foreigners have been "put through" the
mill and came out bright Ameiicansiiiid ready
to serve tin ir country at the polls next .Mon
day. A still larger number w i. bu turned out,
we presume, between this and Saturday
night, and we have no doubt the "legal" vo
ters of New Orleans will tiave received n very
considerable augmentation by Monday elec
tion day; One advantage which the foreign
element of the popular suffrage has over the
native, is that the former is capable of in
definite expansion w hen the . occasion re
Commenting on the foregoing the Angusta
(Georgia) Chronicle well remarks: "We
have long desired to see a radical change
made in our naturalization laws, to the end
that these corrupt practices of political lem.
agoguesnnd intriguers may be forever nrresled,
and we rejoice in the hope that the prospect
for a change is fluttering indeed. It is n re
pronch upon our institutions and people that
such an abuse of the naturalization laws
should be tolerated, and we sincerely rust
the day is not far distant when- a ' salutary
correction shall be applied. It is indeed hu
miliating to any man who has any sense of
national priJe, to see the corrupt denm
gogues of the country marching up to the
.courts crowds of ignorant, forvlguersr to
make voters of them, that they uiny . thence
march to the polls, to exercise their influence
in directing the affairs of the government,
with whose institutions they are almost. to
tally ignorant. f , v ,, (
Bam Si.hk itom Happinfsr I nflc npnin,
what is hnppiiiest-l, Jt aint beiu' idle, that's
s fact no iille timii or womnn wss overlap
py since the orll began. Kre wns idle, unci
that's the way he got tempted, poor crittnr;
employment flives both appetite and diges
tion. Duty makes pleasure doubly awect by
contrast. "When the barnrua is off, if, the
work nint too bard, a critter likes to kick up
his heels. When pleasure is the business of
life, it censes to be pleasure; end when it's
all labor and no play, -work, like an unstullVd
addle, outs into the very bones. r either
lsor nor idleness lias a road that leuda to
happiness; one has nn room lor the heart, the
other corrupts it. Hard work is the beat of
the two. for that it lias, at all events, sonnd
sleep; the other has restless pillows and un
refresbiu' sUen; oue is a misfortune, tlie other
is a curec; and money nint happiness, that's
as clear as mud.
Man ought nlwr.ya- to have something Hint
ho prefers to life, otherwise life itsoif wiilap. -pear
tiresome and void. -
-. RESPECT TO TUB AGED. H -?i
Wri.it 'is more flhttering tonn old person
nnd more congenial lo the feelings of second
chijdhood,. tb:,n.. kindness, rnnuifestedln a
thousand little acts, from the yoongt ilark
that Yoiimr mnn'ns h' gentleman who' lays
aside individual comfort nnd convenience to
enhance that of those w hom ape and inlirip
ity has prostrated. ' Place his name - upon
your "jonrnai," For, remember, thnnn-h the
poor house, now claims him.'it will, not al
ways. Though , misery surround bim, and
his manly virtues nre hid by the mist of pov
erty nnd obscurity, the sun of prosperity will
expand bis innate godly principles, nnd they
will shine not wilh a borrowed lustre, but
with one whose emanations proceed front a
"phenrt of"the right material, such ns time will
nol corrode. ' We art nil young, but we shall
be old. Time will whiten our locks nnd age
enfeeble our frame, nnd then we will need
the kindness of those whom our" example
has educated! " .' .V ''"''."'" ' , '
' Mark that young lady who moves slowly
through the gay crowd supporting that aged
grind parent who-nnrsed nnd clothed her in
infancy, ns one whose mind is unconlnininn
ted w ith some of the foolish notions of sue!
ety. She is merely doing as she would be
done' by. Her- humble apparel, her plain,
and, ns some term it, homely face, cannot con
ceal the goodness of her heart; nnd the good
and virtuous w ill pay her homage. ,' ; . .
' Go on! care not for the opinion of a vas.
dialing world, but be sure nnd steadfast, nnd
endure to the end! Be like the onk, upright
nnd .never- swerving, that, the plain ivy may
not be bliged to fall without a protector.
Remember, the virtuous nnd dutiful' daugh
ter makes (he happy and contented wifoj and
the obedient, attentive und self-relying son,
the loving and noble husband. .- -, , -
. I, , ,
. 'India DiFFtcuLTfF.s iw New Mexico
Iridynidence, March 92. The Santa Femnil
arrived to day, having left that city on the,
1st inst., bring the latest intelligence, and ns
passengers, Don Alvarez nnd Mereure.. The
mail came safely, notwithstanding the dan
gers which surround it.
, A hasty glance at the intelligence leads us
to the - conclusion that everything tends to
war nnd confusion, - ' . - "v
'. An article, In (he Santa Fe Gazette of the
24th ult, describes at length , nil expedition
into the Meseolem country, nnd the death nf
Captain Stanton, nf the United States Army,
nnd tvo,meni,'"Thiy were "killed in an cri-'1
gageuient with the Indians. Santa Anna',
the head chief and fifteen or twenty ol the
tribe were -also killed. Another article, In
the sainn p iper, and saint! private correspond
ence, .speaks freely of an increase of mail
facilities. The inhabitants of the country
are' few,- surrounded by hostile Indians, nnd
need protection, and tlie present mail ar
rangements do not enable them to make
their wants known, or to derive assurance of
relief. - The Indians nre committing dcpred.i.
tion and shocking outrages in every quarter,
nnd no one doubts the necessity of giving"
them n thorough chastisement.
An article in the Gazette of the 17th ult.,
mentions the appointment by Gov. Merri
wetlier, of Ceran St Vraui, to the command
of a battalion of volunteers, raised for the
protection of the inhabitants, and commends
the wisdom of the selection. There Is now
the utmost danger to' any train travelling over
the Plains w'itiiout an escort of soldiers. .
Hostilities seem to be spreading from tribe
In tribe on the whole route, threatening to
break out ' in deeds of violence' nnd outrage
everywhere'," Something should be done, ,
l-ITFronj careful experiments, made by
William Fuirbairn,' of Manchester, England,
it was ascertained that the strength of. iron
increased w ith each successive melting,, up
to the twelfth or thirteeiilh trial, nl'tet whir It
it diminished in strength. One ton of lint
blast iron was experimented upon, and, the
quantities of coal nnd flux noted at each trial.
Caro was taken that the cooling and mode of
pouring should be in each case alike, so aa
not to affect the result. The iron wa run
into bars of one inch square, and lengths of
seven feet were supported at each end, nnd
weights applied until .the bar broke. The
breaking weight "t the commencement was
403 lbs.; at the J2th melting, 725 ibs.; at the
13thr G71 lbs.; nt the I5th, 301. lbs.;'nVthe
IGlh, 3C3 lbs.; nnd at the 17th melting, 330
pounds. In the fracture made after the 15th
melting there was n bright rim, like silver,
surrounding the interior, which wns of the
usual crystalline structure. This silvery
fracture extended in the 16th nnd 17lh spec),
mens,' until it pervaded the mass, which then
resembled cast steel ' ' ! ' - -
iHCThe New York Sun tells the follow,
ing story : , ,
We saw, ihVother day, Mr. J. M.'Snnford,
of West Medford, Massochusetts, who lost
both legs by an accident several years ago,
walking about the streets just like any other
man. Ho limped a little, "'It' is true, hut no
one would suspect, on looking nt him, that
In possessed -a pair of mechanical legs in
stead nf those furnished by nature.,. The
man who made them must bu a genius, and
no mistake. " ' "
, ... r . . : . . '
JThe. children of Charles Bonaparte,
Prince of Cnnino, who were bereaved (if their
estimable mother, (lie daughter and Inst sur
viving child of Josejjh Bonaparte,"! In' Rome
some short time since, have beeh ordered to
Paris by the Emperor. A Marsha) of Franca
hns been appointed their giinidiail nhd tutor,
ns the father is not permitted to have the sola
charge of them. The Bonnpnrtes have, there,
fore, all breri removed from" Ital.tt."' It Is.
whispered, however, that the ,Murat'Lr,'incli
cherish hopes 'of being ultimately restored
to Naples. ' ' """ - ''-" '
A niece of "and was recently sold in Lon.
don, it is said the rate Of two millions of
dollars per acre. '' - ' '
rifiiiTRUNyiso, urox eailp.oaus.
-- We have souietimea hesrJ it remarked by
timid persons, thst they would not travel by
niclit ort the Fallrond 1heir impression be
i nir thst there Is -more dnnprer of accidents
in the dnrk than during davlitHit. Upon first
Ltbonu'ht,,.this wynld etn to lie the fact; but
s w riter in tlie itauronu Anvncaie, inKes s
liflerent vie of the matter, and makes a good
cn. J,Uay there are many oirt-uiiistances
'which . muke nigltt-runniiijj comparatively
safe.' All work upon' lbs track is stopped.
Compsraflvely. few other trains nre on the
rpd, .-Ko drsw-bridgo would ever be likely .
to remain open in I be night. Switches are
more lifcely to be right than nt other timer,
as they are not in wee for other trains, and
are locked. The signals for uight trains he
imr. made liy lioht, w ould scarcely fail to bo
observed and obeyed; and what is important,
would be seen at "a greater dist ance than any
other signal in daylight. Thft Engineer has
less to attract his attention than in th day
time. While, nftcv all, a rck or tree fulling
Across a tend in the truck in brond dnyliglit,
or an intended obstruction, is nearly ss ninch
a "hidden danger," ns encountered in the
night. 1 There nre many pleecs in nearly all
reads where , the range pf view is less than
the reflection of the "head light,'' nt night.
So, after all, it weuld appear that. 6ne can
takes night's rest in a railroad ear with com
parative eafsly, . - , -
Tioiit Timrs in tiis Paovistov MAnaaTs.
We clip the following from the Savannah
Morning News: '
'With the exception of- Catfish, Gottber
Teas and Turnip Ureens,., there was nothing
to speak of in the market What little there
was abundantly mnd5 tip In prices for -the- de
ficieney in quantity and ,-qunlity. Here and
there were to be seen a, lew. pieces of
miserable Beef nt IS eents per pound and
no grumbling about the bones. If you didn't
like it, you could let it alone. Fowls were
hard to obtain at $1 a pair. , We saw two .
game chickens tied by the legs with their
necks trimmed 'and their bends peeked till
thev were entirely ont oflshnpe, offered for a
dollar, , The .owner, had "tit' 'em until tbej
couldn't come to time, end now he offered
them aS 'provisions" at that price, but be
wouldn't abate a dim'ei '-.
. i'ork. ordinarily good, was sslling at 12J
cents per pound. V.fiq 26. cents. Mind, of
Which there were rery few in mnrket,' went
off readily at ISO to 7ft cents a niece. Irbh
potstoes "at the rale of Jfl per bid. o.r about
one cent a piece smnll 'talers at ibnt! But
cat fish were on hand by- the cart load cat
fish from tlie size of a tadpole to roimitliing
less than a porpoise sold at prices according
te tie generally cbenp, and were taken off
by (be colored population with avidity. We
thought.,, what s blessing are cat fish to those
that take to them. I'ntlUh are still between
us end starvat ion! - ' - " " ' ''
Penitentia kt Buknt. The ' S'llsluille
Banner of the 28th savs: Between' three nnd
four o'clock, A. M., yesterday,' the Peniten
tiary' near" this city, was found to be on fire.
Whyii discovered the flames had made some
eroir'ress, nnd it was impossible to suppress
them,' so rapid was J heir progress. All of
(lie workshops in the yard, and the fell
wing of the main building were burned, to.
frelher' with the stock of mnterials, tools,
and manufactured art-dies on hand. So soon
as the fire Was discovered, the doors of the
eells were opened, and the convicts turned
ilitti the yard; ono of them, however, after
going out nf his own, went info another cell
nnd was smothered to deitth. He was from
Memphis, and named Cornier. The centre
and right wing of the building were not
hurt; in the lef t w ing, which was burnt, were
the dining room and a number of cells. The
fire originated in Jho northern . end of the
eastern 1, but how it originated is a mutter
of, conjecture altogether; no one, . when we
culled there yesterday,- pretended tu be uble
to account fur it. , Tie isolated position of
the Institution, and the scarcity of water,
made -it. a nupcihumun .work to stop the
flumes after they had got a fair . start; the
firemen were willinr enough and made all
the ellorts of which tin y were capable, in
vain, to he of service. Thu loss Is estimated
at 30,000 or $106,000 "
1 -,.- n. . .1 . u - -.-
Oil! COMK JJAt'K tiO)A'. ,,.
r , A SOMO BT A. p. MK11K. ,
Obi oome back toon, oh, coins back soon, ..
My beiti't is Had without Ihee,
There imio light iu sun or 1110011, . . , . ,
So sweet a that about thee.
' The sky looks cold, the breezes sigh,
Knelt scene is dork and lonely;
' Earth holds for me no peace or joy,
15ilt iu thy prescucc only 1 ',
- Ohl come back soon, oh, come back soon,
Though other, heart may greet thre, ,
With smile and song and pleasure s tune,
Koiie half so fond will meet thee,
Though kind and fervent they may prove,
When festal eups are flawing, ,
' They ne'er can fee! thu const ant love,
V 'Hint in my breast is glowing. :-..
, : 1 .1 . if - . . '
Oh! come back soon, oh, com back soon,
Bnck to those sylvan bowvrs,
When thou art fnr there is nc boon
, Cuii cheer the louoly bent ,.
Return and I hey wil l glide nwoy, , ,
Like dreams of swcelett pleasure,
' And thou shall prove the strength of love,
, Ao earthly bounds can measure. ,,r
iMronTAsT Discovf.kt--A paper slnti1
that r. Griselcr, n French gentleman, hns
discovered that by lidding A few drops of nl
trie ether to the most rancid oils, ull the dis.
ngreenble smell is removed, and tlmt by nl'
terwnrda .warbling the oil, to-acparato the
spirit from it, it becomes as clear and as
limpid ns ihouiih t had never been otherwise
than sweet. Hu )' that fl few drops ol
ether in a bottle of rvt will prevent it from
ever becoming rancid.- t ; 4 , :., ,
ICT Kir William Molcswoi th, 'whin in
Edingburg InlelV, Insttueted the MMtil by
his pronunciation of Mebsstopol. He laid the
accent n the penultimate, syllable, calling it
Sevastopol. The Russian letter '0," the se
cond letter'' lit fhe" alphabet, Is prrinoiinc.
eii my, The correct- pronunciation is Sevnys.
topol. .t . : .(.-,
Fatal 'ila avado! A man named Sled
mnh, A cabinet-linker; nt 'Anrorn, Port igu
county, Ohio, one day last' week, remarked to
s hommojiathtc physician there: "I could
take any quantity' of your pills without In.
jiirj1." Tho'doctnr fepllrdr "If yon rtef'o Vn
take such a quantity of this," pointing to a
special medicine, "it would kill yon -"I'lio
fotillsh-ntnn swsllow'ed-flic tned!i'WB-I,rore'
he lNurt,le"reTe'ltl,nll dll the- same
"EXTRAORDINARY FLYIXG MACUIXF..
We find the follow ing curious and .nlerest
ing ststenieut in the Parts Pnlrie f
Th Aeademr of Sciences is a pood deal
interested by the invention of a Flying Ma- .
chine, bv Don llieiio de Sslunianca. With
this tuacbiiie Don Diego's dntiliter, Rossnrn, '
rose in the air some time npi nt Madrid, to '
the great astonishment of the Spaniards, who
are but lit t1 e aceuston ed to tins i-ort of mir
acle. l)on Diego de Salsiuanca and bis daurh- ,
ter js aliout to arrive at l'aria to show the .
elfccts of his marvellous invention Hie ma
chine is very simple: it consists in a cane two
leet long, and on font w ide, adapted to a
band of leather round the wnUt buckled be
hind.' The two iron rods fastened to the ease
support a small piece of wood on w hich the -feet
repose. Th case contains n simple snd
ingenious mechanism, similar to that employ
ed to set au automaton hi motion. The me
chanism is -worked by means of a handle. It
sets in Work two large w inpa ten feet long, -road
of. very thin daotitchouc, covered with
feathers! and the wings mav l.r lKit
to produce vertical; 'perpendicular, or bori- "
toulul flying. . The jiiiinber ut turns given to
the handle determine the height to which it
is desired to go. The handle has to lie turn
ed every quarter of a league to regulate the
distance; the operation of turning lasts a
minute. ' Horizontal flying is the mostdifll- 1
eult. The wings best the sir like the 0111
of a boat, or rather ns the feet of a sw an
when it swims. By. means of this curious
machine a man can go nlmost. as rapidlv as a ,
carrier pigeon from the Hotel dc Villcto the.
Arc de I'riompe de Ktolle, in eight minutes',
nnd in hnlf an hour to Versailles. The ex-
fieriments, which will be ninde in Paris, will
ie on ft small scale, and the flights of Don '
Metro w ill not extend beyond the depart me'nt
of the Seine; but at a Inter period he propo
ses to go to IjyOna, Bordeaux, Tolilouse, Her
seilles uud Tours, and to. take the lines of
railway. , lie pretends that he can travel
quicker than by rail. The price of each mn
cbine will not exceed J2nnf for men, end
loiaif. for women. If the experiment suc
ceeds, Don Diego will take out a patent, and
make the sale of the mnehities s lirnncb nf
commerce. Althongh greatly astonished nt.
this new Invention, several members of the
Academy have pointed out the inconvenience
of bringing it into general are. 1 In point of
fact, there will be no security for nny one, if
by the aid of such machine all our usages and
customs lie overthrown, and if malefactors
can fly 011 the roofs of houses, afterwards get
into apartments and eon inii all torts of de
redations. It w ill be very cui ious to see po
licemen in France or England pursuing I hieves
in the nir, in order to lock them up on earth.
Itnope'sis that 1 858 promises us all sorts of
Tun Basin ok tiik Ati.avtio Ockax The
basin of the Atlnntic Ocean is lonu- trongli,
.separating the Old World from the New, and
extending probably from pole to pole. . 'J his
ocean furrow was probably scored into the
solid ernst of our planet by thu Almighty '
bund, Ihut Ihcre I lie waters which he called
sens might be gathered together so as to let
the dry laud nppear. and lit the earth. for the
bnbitnllon of man. from the top of Cbiin
borao to the. bottom of the Atlantic, at the
deepest place yet reached l.y 1 lie plummet 1u
the Northern Atlantic, the distance in n ver
ticol line is nine miles. . On. Id U wnters of
the Atlantic be draw n tiff so ss tn expose to
view this great sea gar i, wMo'i sep-iralos
continents,' and extends Iron :;,c Aretie to
the Antarctic it would p ids "i: 11 sen, the
most rugged, grand and itnimsmg, , .
The very ribs of I lie solid cuilh, It'll the
foundations of the sea, wrTuld be brought to
light, nnil we should have presented to us, nb
one view, in the empty cradle of the ocean,
s "thousand fearful wi'ocks," with Ihntadrend.
ful array of dead men's skulls, great anchors,
henna of pearl and iiicidimuhlc stones, whieli,
in the Niel'a eye, lie scattered In the bottom
of the sea, making it hidiotis with sight of
ugly death. .The deepest part of tbn North
Atlantic is probable somewhere between the
Bermuda nnd the Orand Banks. The waters
of the (j nl f of .Mexico are held in a hnsin
about n mile deep in the deepest part. There
is ut the bottom of the sea, bet w een Cnpe
Race in Newfoundland and Cnpe ( 'lenr t it
Ireland, a remarkable eteppef which is sl
ready known ss telcgrnpbie plntcuii. A coin,
pnny' is now engaged w ilh the project of a
Submarine telegraph across the' Aliunde. It
is proposed to carry the wires across this pis
lean flu m thsnsleni shores of Newfound
land to the western shores of Ireland. Hie
trreat circle distance between these two shore
lines is l.ttno miles, nnd the sea alomt this
route is probably nowhere more than ) 11,000
. . . 1 - ' - 1
Bask Riumkry. The Wilkes, Gn., Re
publican, of the 23d inst. says: .
. "The Branch of the Bank of the Stale of
Georgia in this place, was entered through
the front door, opening on the Public Square,
betw een seven and el;;ht o'clock Wednesday
ni'irning last, nnd robbed of lifteeti thousand
two hundred and twenty-five dollars in bills,
all of w hich are payable in this place, Thu
Teller had just been in the room and removed
the till from the vault lo its usual place in
tlie counter preparatory to the day's business,
and retired to breaklast,loekingthe side door
lead ing into the passage, niter him, mid sup
posing the front door secure, as it had been
locked the evening previous. A negro boy,
whose business is to sweep out the banking
room every morning while the Teller Is pres
ent, has been arrcslo , and confesses, that by
agreement wilb 11 v bile man, the night bu.
fore, ia secretly turned flic key in the front
door while sweeping. Thu robber, nil this
while, was accreted nt the corner of the build
ing, and but a few steps from tint door. Aa
soon ns the bell rang for, breakfast be emerged
from his billing place, entered the building,
secured his booty, nnd 1 fo etid his rscapo
unseen, The robbery w.-m discovered a little
overall hour niter it oci-urnsl, vctnll attempts
to truck the villain failed. H'c doubt if the
annals of crane furnish a inoro daring ad
venture.' : f f..- v ; ".,
f-". A Scotch journnl, the John O'Gront
Journal, lifts gu hold of n curious pieco of
Court gossip, which ho says ho bus not re
ceived ns second hand, but direct from tlio
highest quarters. It is ns follows: Her
Majesty is milch ofl'ended nt the Times. She
luis reason to lielieve its stnieim nts regarding;
her troops in the CrinicA nre exaggerated, and,
ev'eii If nol, Ihe'toiie ln which Ihu description
is given, partuking in nboiit equal parts nf ft
Mbiniis tike f icetioMsriess hud A ranting dcm.
ngogu'ehim, Is offensive" to her.,, "An trstc,
Prilic Albert says' tint the n libit' iicwspfipcr
press has forgotten its due'lionnds, nrid tlillfn
into a liceHliousiies of diseuasiiin of which
disaster can be ihe only result, . Ho convinced
hi his Royal Jiighnesa of this, that be is rep.
resented to have said lo sonic of those having
the honor of his fiiefidiliiu, that ho believes
thu Monarchy will.comu to an end with 'thu
reign, of hi wjl'e. . We aro rajiidly drifting,
he thinks, to republic uiim. '
A'-e without cheerfulness is n I.siHand
witliottt sun. ' i'v'..". ,'it
1 1 1
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