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ATHENS POST. f. r. I V1N8, EDITOR AND PaoPUIKTOR. Tirmii-tti yenC, pajratle la advance, or IS at be expiration of the Trur. No paper ducontinueil until til arrearages art ail, except at the optiou of the f ubriher. tfur anDoumiiif the Dim vf caudldatea for office f 5, Cklh. Oaiioar? NotJccroVar lViinta, charged at the regular advertltiuf ratea. All comauuitcationrf ntendrd to promote the private end orhrtereste of Corporatism, Hocietlee,- Hchuohj or ladtihtuaM, will be oharged a advertisement. ATIIENmBIAV, MAY 4, 18 SO. fff The CireoltCeurt will meet at Cleve land, tfradley county, next Monday the 7th. "No intervening providence," we shall apend a few days io the "emporium of a place," add hope those la arrears to this office will vail themselves of the . occasion to settle. Bradley used to be famous fur pay jog up, but having for the lust year been afllicted with two paper of its own, may have degenerated some, as such institutions generally set a very, loose example in mutters ef pecuniary character we mean of course n the debit aide. w Response of 'Trie Candidates. In to- day's paper will be found the letters of Gov. Johnson and Col. Gentry in reply to the in terrogatorics propounded to them by the Temperance Committee on the Liquor ques turn. The responses will at once strike the reader aa characteristic Gentry favors some thing like a quart-law; while his Excellency if he "understands the interrogatories," (that is, if the Court understand herself, and she thinka she do,) he ia "opposed to the Maine Law." Col. Gentry very properly suggests to the Committee that the questions could have been more appropriately addressed A candidates for the Legislature, as the Gov ernor of Tennessee is not clothed vU the veto power, and is transcending t duties of his office when seeking to inrence and direct the deliberations of the ,enerul As sembly. " The Temperance Ommittee Indi cate that they will take no .urthcr action in the mutter, so It may be put down that the labor of the Convents which assembled at Nashville in Feb';, in regard to any thing practical, will result in something very like a fuzlo. We hope, however, at least an act repeoling the present tippling law may pass the next Legislature. That would be a step forward a point gained. We have contend 4 all along for the adoption of a resolution submitting the question to the people whe ther they will have a prohibitory law the enly mode by which a full and fair expres sion can be obtained. But our Temperance friends say nay, and insist upon' prohibition first and submission afterward; They ought to know best; bat it must be admitted that tbe prospect at presont for making much pro gress in the direction desired, is not very flat Wring. . " MusiCA&FUHDAssocraTiow. A portion of the citizens of Athens, met Rt the Presbyte rian Church, on Monday evening lust, for the purpose of forming a Musical Fund Asso ciation. The Association was temporarily organized by the npppolntinent of a Presi dent and Seoretnricsrand after the object for which they hud. been called together was stated, tbe audienee were favored with some excellent performance by the Brass Band wider the lead of Professor Knabo a gen tleman well known for his skill and profi fciency in the Science of Music, both ns a teacher and performer. The chiof object of this Association, as we understand it, is to cultivate and promote a taste Tor Music, both voc.il and' instrumental, and to create a fund for the pnrchnse of in stromouts, music, die. The ohjocts are cer tainly most praiseworthy, and we trust the Association will meet with the interest and eneeuragement it deserves. There will be another meeting, at Forest Hill Academy, on the evening of Monday, the Kith instant, for the purpose of electing officers for tho year, and to adopt rulea and regulations for the government of the Asso. eintion, A4I who feci an intorestin the mat tor should be present if possible. On Again, We learn from the Knox- villa Registor, that . C. Romsey,- who had teen declared a candidate for Congress in the Second District, has been ruled off the track, and David II. Curomings put on tho Iattcr's Immense strength and popularity hav- ing been palpably demonstrated by the re sult of the recent election for Maor Uunernl Eastern Division Teuncssce Militia. The Democracy have mado a bad swap, as Ram sey is decidedly the most able man, and is well posted in the politics of the country. Davy, however, is a good, clever sort of fol low, who believes that ignornnce is bliss and that 'lis folly to be wise, and will bear a de feat with characteristic fortitude. We trust ho will have a pleasant titno of it with his Know Nothing competitors. Hard Times. A good many people are complaining of hard timet, and for aught wo know there may be some ground for their complaints. But really if they would all go to work and there is a groat demand for laborers at this tiuio and spend leas of their time on the street corners, and more in ac tive, productive employment, tho hard timet would soon grow easy with them. The fact is, times will nover be any thing also but hard and- light with the Indolent and ImprovU dent. Gas. The Knoxville paper state that, in few days, the Gas- Works will be complet d,nd the energlc of the city will then bo devoted to the erection of Water Work up on the plan of the Fairmount establishment To accomplish this it will be necessary to Vim the Ilolstou a work th Knoxvillians ean perform readily as any people we know oL . Mackerzik'i Theatrical Corf. Thi Company have boon performing here for sev eral nichts to-large ami delighted audiences. We had the pleasure ef witnessing some of thoir entertainments, and ean tcal-ry to their general excellence. Thi it the most talented and genteel travelling Company that has ever visited or town, and w commend them to the patronage of the citizen of Loudon and Knoxville, for which polut they left on Thursday. 27" The true Democracy of Georgia have nuounced In ono of their meetings, that when a man sympathlsea with th Know Seining he is oo lunger a Democrat. RAILROAD LOCATED. By reference to the subjoined resolutions it w ill be seen that the Directory of the Ten nessee, Western and Ohi!ttoa Rail Road, which met at Medisonrille on Saturday fust, permanently located said road, mukingAthens the point or interaction with tire East Ten nessee and Georgia Rail Road. It will also be seen that the Stock subscribed by the citi zen of McMiun county conditioned that the roud should intersect the East Tennessee and Georgia Rail Road, at or near Athens baa been aceepted by the Directory, and a call made of fifty cents on the Share, to be paid in by the first day of July next We are alao advised that by a resolution adopted by the Board, the President of the Company was di rected to commence negotiations with Mr. Gourdin, President of the Charleston and Blue Ridge Rail Road Company, for the pur poae of immediately putting the building of the road under contract, it being understood that the Charleston and Bl ue Ridge Rail Road Company have manifested a willingness to undertake the construction of the road upon conditions very favorable to our Company Hence the prospect of seeing another great thoroughfare opened up to the Southern sea board begins to brighten, and the probabilities are that such sn arrangement will be made as will secure the completion of the same at no very distant day. The following are the'resolution referred to : Resolved, That the report of a survey made under m direction of Gen.' B. Lilhgoe. Chief Engineer of the Blue Ridge Rail Road, by Walter Izard, Esq., from a point on the East Tennessee and Georgia Kail Hoad near Gen Reagan's, to a point near Houston's on the .astern bank of the 1 ennessee Kiver, tocon nnct at that point with the Knnxville and Charleston Rail Road, (or Blue Ridre Rail Road) presents a very favorable route for the Tennessee, Western andCharieston RuilRoud, from a point one quarter of a mile Sonth of Slndisonville, to the said terminus on the Ten nessee River, and the Directory being sutisfi cd that the line of said survey is the best that can bo adopted, the aaid lino from said point near Madiaonville to said terminus on said river, is hereby ratified and adopted, subject to whatever minute alterations in said line may be deemed expedient on a final location, except that said road shnll not be located so as to leave the public square in Madisonville a greater distance than one fourth of a mile, Resolved, further, That said survey be tween the town of Madisonville and Gen. Reagan's, on the East Tennessee andGeorma Rail Road, shows conclusively to the satisfac tion of the Directors that said portion of aaid survey is exceedingry expensive, and out of the direction senght to be reached br said road; and the Directory being further satisfied from the reconnoisnnces and actual survey ofa portion of.orso much of theroute,by said Engi neers, as was deemed material, that the route from said point, near Madisonville, to a point on the East Tennessee andGeorgia Rail Road, at or near Athens, is entirely practical, and all things considered, the nearest snd most practical route for aaid road. Said route, from Madisonville to Athens, to intersect said East remiessee and Georgia Rail Rond, at Athens, at some point South of the Athens Depot, on said East Tennessee andGeorgia Rail Road, is hereby adopted by the Directory, and the road is accordingly so located, to be run by the Engineer upon the most practicable grounds, between wild two points. Resohed, further, That the Stock subscrib ed in said Rail Rond, and presented by the citizens of McMiun county, conditioned that said Tennessee,Weatern and Charleston Rail Road shall interact tie East. Tennessee and Georgia Rail Road at r near Alhens.ishere by accepted, in accordince with the second resolution, ns good, vnld and binding Stock in said Tennessee, Western and Charleston Rail Road Company. Resvhed, further, Tint a call of fifty cents on the share of said stuck U hereby made, to be paid in on or beforethe first day of July, 1855. In making the above location, the right of said Company is reserved to extend said road, still further in the direction of Chattanooga, in accordance with the provisions of the char ter, should the same be deemed expedient by said Compnnv,and also to the North Carolina line on the Eastern ens' of said rond.- Croakers. The weather has been? for the last few weeks, unisually waim and dry for Spring, and the croakers hare already commenced predicting short corps, famine, tarvntinn, and ali srrts of sufferings and evils. For our part, though vegetation is suffering to some extent for want of ruin, we cannot perceive any ground for apprehension or complaint The apple, peach and eherry trees are laden with voumr fruit, and thn I - a ' . I U'linnt Infill finfi Anil Prnmiiinn Tin... la . . ...... . . . ..... ...... piuiuioiii., , IICIB still a good deal of corn in this country, and plenty of bacon. If it should'nt rain for tho next six months the sufferings the croakers' predict would not come to- pass. True, mo ney is a little scarce, but as our people are not in debt (to anybody but the printer, per haps,) why they can feel but little inconve nience from the temporary shortness of the circulating medium. . As to suffering, there is nobody roally in that condition in thiscoun try, except the newspaper men, and they are used to it, and can console themselves ruth tho happy reflection that although their lot in this world ia a hard ono in ninny respects, their reward in the next will bo great Of course, we have no allusion In this connec tion to those unconscionable reprobates of the "city press." May the Lord have morcy on them, and bring them out of their present obliquities and darkness, into the marvellous light of truth and rectitude! P. S. Since the above was in type onr section has been favored with a tremendous shower, such as haa been rarely witnessed even by that very respectable porsonngo, the "oldest inhabitant." A Model Letter. We consider the fob lowing almost a model in its way, and would be pleased to find it extensively copied by our friouds: Knoxville, April 26, 1855. Sum. P. him: Dear Sir I see you want money. Here is some ten dollars for which send a re ceipt for the "Post" for a many years aa your conscience will let you. I am very ruspectfully,your ob't serv't, Sensible Dutcumar. During the late general breaking up In financial matters at San Francisco, when confidence between man and man was almost entirely destroyed, and no one knew whom he could trust, provident Dutchman drew his money from the banking house where deposited, took It home and sewed it up in hi wife' petticoat, a the place whero any una would be least likely to look for it. Pretty sensible, for eld Sour Krout. At last advices the treasure was safe. MAY-DAY IN ATHENS. This joyous anniversary was celebrated with -the appropriate ceremonies, by Mr. Carre' School. The procession left the Academy under the lead of the Brass Band.and marched to the bower, where the delighted subjects, arranged in beautiful order upon the greensward, witnessed the coronation of their Maiden Queen, Miss Cleage. The Ma;ds of Honor were Miss Mart Deaderick and Miss Matlock, ho, in doing appropriate honors to royalty, did much credit to them selves aud to the Academy, by the very elear and distinct enunciation of beautifully com posed addreeac-a. Tbe response of tbe May Queeu was n less happy, and alike worthy of the royal personage delivering it and pleasing to those over whom she waved her sceptre. After the conclusion of this cere mony, A. Caldwell, Esq., was introduced to the audience, and we were agreeably en tertained by a speech of about fifteen minutes doralion, full of bright thoughts, rich ima gery, and elevated sentiments. During the course of the exercises a few songs were thrown upon the breeze by tbe young ladies of the School, whose hearts seemed aa gay and joyful as the birds of the beautiful grove in which we were assembled, and whose voices rang out ss merrily as those of their forest competitors. Abandance of refreshments were then served ap, snd a crowd of between two and three hundred dispersed, some absorbed in the hilarity of the occasion, others looking back with mingled emotions upos similar fes tivals in other dayr, but all agreeing that this was a pleasant scene. Ar Old Foot. Gov. Winston, of Ala bama, most be an old fogy of the worst or der. He is preaching a crusade against in ternal improvements in his own State, and refers to the present condition of Georgia as sn ovidence of the blighting effects of rail. roads upon ilia prosperity of the country. Until we heard from the Alabama Governor! we had been impreesed with the idea that Georgia was among the most prosperous and flourishing States of the Union, and that her present elevated and enviable position was the result of those works of interna improvement built by the public spirit and enterprise of her people. Though citizon of a neighboring Commonwealth, we have witnessed with pleasure, if not pride, the laudable example Georgia has set her sister States of the South in this respect. If Alabama had achieved half so-much in such works her agricultural population would not be embarrassed every year, as they now are, for want of some reliable means to get their staple to market. We hope the Ala bamiana at the ensuing election will consign his Excellency to the place where he proper ly belongs on the shelf among the fossil remains of a bygone age. 3f" A controversy is being waged be tweun a couple of the Nuthville papers as to which is the organ of the Know Hoiking party in Tennessee. So far it ia rather tight race, though the Gazette appears te be a little ahead. Another brief article or two from its editor on the "Naturalization Ijiws,' will, perhaps, enable it to achieve the distin guisbed honor so anxfously sought. f5f Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, has repudiated his connection with the Know Nothings, and denounced the order. Ho as serts that they aro opposed to the anti slave- ro sentiment of the North, and as he is an Abolitionist ne can have no further connec tion with them. At the South the Know Nothings are denounced, by a portion of the opposition press, as favoring the Abolition movement. We copy the following para graph about Senator Wilson from the Bos ton Telegraph, and commend it to the atten tion of such as are in the habit of charging that the American movement is a crusade against slavery: "Gen. Wilson gave the elosmg lecture of the anti-slavery course, Inst evening, at the Temple. He explained for himself the posi tion with regard to slavery trial he had oceu pind for twenty years, and called upon all to oppose any party that ahould try to smother the anti slavery sentiment, lie assumed thai this course had been the death of two great parties, and must be of the other party now forming. Hu said raw party vsat perilous to the antt-statery sentiment, ana caned upon the anti-slavery party to kill off ths 'American doughfaces, as they had the others. Hon. F. K. ZoLLtcomR. The Lonisville Journal pays a well deserved compliment to this gentleman in the following paragraph: It seems to he certain '.hut the Hon. F. K. Zollicoffiir, of Tennessee, will be nominated by his party for reflection to Congress. Tennessee has rarely had a representative so able, so stonily just, and so influential. Among all her men he ia one of the man liest." It is to be hoped that Gen. ZollicofTor will not only bo nominated, but re-elrcted, as no man who served in the last Congress more richly deserves to be returned to the next. Controversy". A newspaper warfare ia going on in New York, between Archbishop Hughes, head of the Roman Catholic Church in this country, and Erastus Brooks of the Express. To the present time tho Express man has rather got his Holiness. The fol lowing is the concluding sentence of his Inst article: "T-pt thn Arehblshon possess his soul in patience: before tho end he shall hoar not onlv of his dealings vith the living, but with the dead, in whose decease and burial he pro- tits." Mr. Soule. Mr. Pierce'a ex-Minister to Spain, who wont to Madrid for the purpose of severing Cuba from tho Spanish Crown and annexing it to the United States, but didn't do it, has had a public reception ten dered him by hia friends at New Orleans. He seems to be ir. a bad humor with both President Pierce and Louis Napoleon. The following appear among the report of his remarks mado upon the occasion: "Of the part which it waa my lot to act during tho time I waa absent from you, it be hooves me not to speak, though this much I may perhaps be permitted to say, that it will be found to bear the test of the most severe scrutiny. "I come back to you with a henrt undauat ad by the ire which the mere mention of my name has had the privilege of provoking in the torpid breast of the crowned cut throat who rules over France, und with a brow on which the most abject and reckless calumnies have not aa yet bven able to start a blnsh. "Excuse me for not saying more, and for tliiM abruptly bidding you good night " CHILHOWHi SPRINGS. Mr. Post:, The proprietor of Chilhowie Springa has never desired to monopolize its health-restoring waters. Nor haa he ever wished to exclude the eitizens of East Ten nessee from their inestimable properties their life-invigorating fgencies. The owner will very gladly dispute, upon the most rea sonable terms, of boll Springs, with one hundred and sixty acre of land adjoining, to any enterprising ganlitman who will make such improvements and fixtures upon the premise aa the increasing demand of this and th neighboring Slates require. This would be an euWrpria'og work, and one hav ing the noblest eudi in view well deserving the attention and patronage of all who feel the afflictions of morula, and who deaire a resort, a retirement, where health gushes pro fusely from the mointtin. For several years there has been little improvement made to the buildings, and thisbecause the owner has been too much engrotsed by other carts to give the necessary time and mean to the work. In order to txlend the benefits of the medicinal propertits of the water of these Springs, the proprietor haa thought to lay out the ground in iota in their vicinity and dispose of them to tkose persons who desire t resort there, and purchasers ean erect what buildings may suit their convenience upon the different lots. The surveys and laying out of thi ground will be made at onee. Th analysis of the water of the two Springs, with note or the progress of the surveys, and the locality of the Springs, will be made next week. Tie owner ef Chilhowie Springs would prefer to dispose of them to a single purchaser, )ut in case one eannot be found willing toMigage in such an investment, he will dispiae of the surveyed lots the present spring. Z. Athcm, May 3d, 1855. EastTennf.sser and Virginia Railroad. A geitlemsn at Richmond, Va., in a letter to the w'ytheville Ttlegrnph, says : I lean from the President of the Virginia and Tennessee Rail Road that iron enough has goie up to lay tlie track to Mount Airy, and he thinks it can sow be sent forward fast ennngMo prevent Dy further delay in the completion of the rotd to the Tennessee line. While on this subjett, I cannot forbear to offer a tribute to the indomitable persever ance, the untiring energy and eminent success which characterize tbe efforts of President McDaniel to further the interests of our road. Few parsons who have had no experience in Railroad affairs, can imagine the difficulties with which he has had to contend, and very fuw could have accomplished what he has done. So it will be seen that Virginia is using every enorgy to complete the great work to the Tennessee line. The passenger trains on tli a East Tennessee and Georgia Road are Bow running to Concord, 15 miles above the Tensessee, and will reach Knoxville about the 1st or middle of July. Two or three months later they will be running to Straw berry Plains, 15 miles above Knoxville, on the East Tennessee and Virginia Road, and we may safely calculate that by the expiration of another year,the entire connection will he made, and the great through line between the North and the South and the South-west be completed. tJT"The New York Herald has changed its position on the Lituor Question since the adoption of the Prohibitory Law, which which goes into effect on the 1st of July. The Herald now sayi: "We are not teetntalists upon any sort of compulsion. The pledge of the law may be useful to such as have appetites for liquor stronger than their seak heads. Neverthe less, we think Sl Paul a splendid example of a sensible temperance man. It was this gncd and sterling apostle who recommended Timo thy to "take a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thy often infirmities. And we hold that under similar circumstances, the same privilege may be extended temperately even to whbkey and lager beer. Had there been any bger beer in St. Paul's time, ho would probably have included it in his advice to Timothy, though we are not so sure about the whiskey and schnapps. ' tW The Boston A tins, of Th u rsday, learn s through private sources that at the last ac counts the United States ship Vincennes waa nt Hong Kong, preparing for the exploration of Behring's Straits and the NorthwestAmer ienn coast. The Atlas states that several of the officers attached to this expedition have died during the winter of diseases contracted during the long stay of the vessel at Hong Kong last summer. , Captain Davis, formerly of the Porpoise, Lieut. Hunter, of the Han cock, and Doctor Hamilton, of tho Kennedy, have all died during the past winter. Anoth er letter, under date of February 1st, refers to "a terrible suspicion which had long been held by all, and now amounts almost to a certainty," that the Porpoise, has been totally lost at sea, with all on board. She haa not been seen or heard of by any vessel since she pnrted from the Vincennes, in the gale of the 21st of Septomber last. That gale, it will be remembered, was very severe in the China Sea, in which nenrly a hundred small craft were lost, even in the sheltered harbor of Hong Kong. The other two vessels be longing to the expedition the Hancock und the Kennedy have been heard from, and aro known to be safe. That nothing has been heard of tho Porpoise for eighteen weeks, since tho gale referred to, justifies the gravest apprehensions as to her fate. Speaking of the New York Liquor Law tho Commercial Advertiser anys: Two powerful parlies, we are told, are in direct antagonism, and it is difficult to say which is the stronger. That they are an nicely balanced constitutes the great difficulty, for though in the city itself, the prohibition ists are undoubtedly in the minority, they have the support of legislation. The press on both side appreciate the magnitude of the contest, and we think there are indica. lions Unit the more violent advocate of a prohibitory law, nuail in vie of the respon sibilities they have encountered. Cincinnati, April 38. Flour is dull and pricea nominal. There ia a better demand for provisions. Mess pork is dull at $15al5.60. Whiskey is in better demand at 33. New York, April 28. Cotton ia firm, with an upward tendency. Flour is a trifle higher. Corn is easier but not quotubly lower. Lard is dull, with a de clining tendency. Montreal. A recent fire laid in ruir.s nearly the wholo township of Vienna, in ! Lnnnda est. fcOUTHERN VIEW OF THE CUBAN QUESTION." Under tbe above heading, the New York Journal of Conimcrco publishes the follow ing extract "from a citizen of the South of much experience and distinction in public life." Some of his views will not fail to ar rest the attention of cotton, rice, and augar planters. "A war with Spain at this moment, would be disastrous. We cannot take the Island if w would; and II would not be worth taking, if we could. We could not hold it, in the event of a war with a great naval power, and its acquisition would therefore prove an in crease of our weakness, rather than an addi tion to our strength. All the fuss made about it Africanization is nonsense. If we have not suffered from the abolition in St. Domin go, Jamaica, and the Bahamas, why should we suffer from the same state of things in Cuba? On the contrary, 1 assert that this country would benefit by the change. Why has Cuba become so important! Because she raises sugar the growth of which is nearly de stroyed in all the islands where slavery has been abolished. The destruction of the au gar crops in Hayti and Jamaica, has given her almost a monopoly of the augur trade. Abolish slavery in Cuba, and Louisiana aud Texas will take her place. Coffee can be grown profitably in Florida, Louisiana and Texas, whenever it ceases to be grown in Cubs. We have nothing to dread from any disposition of Cuba by Spain or the Allies but we have everything to apprehend from a war which, if England and France engaged in it, would not be carried on nt the North, but in Florida, Georgia, Louisianu and Texas; where black troops from Jamaica and Cuba, can operate in the sickly season, when a white army would be helpless. They might and wonld destroy ourcrops of cotton, sugar, and coffee, and carry off the negroes. A servile war would tie the result, and the North, with her present Free Soil affinities, would look calmly on. Great Briton und France would gut our cotton by making free a neutral port, or getting our trade tin ouvh the Danish Isles; and Northern ships would carry there the cotton, and bring thence tho European manu factures. I know from authentic information, lhat this would be the mdu of warfare pur sued by Great Biitain. They could spare the naval force, although the European war exists and they could raise large armies of blacks in Cuba and the other West Indies to operate in the summer season against the South. In the meantime they could sweep our commerce from the sens, save that portion to which British license would be granted. It would cost very little to England. Heaven knows what it would cost us. We are powerful against Mexico. We can defend our soil against the world; but we can never become great by carrying on a European War and the worst thing our country can do is, to become the possessor of any island in the Atlantic or Pacific." Prentice's Advice. A latn number of the Louisville Journal says: "The popular policy, we think, fur the American party to pursue is, first, to secure its nationality; se cond, to select none for office but men of decided ability, and, when practicable, of some practical experience; third, to abne gate to a great extent the practice of placing preachers in the Legislature or Congress; fourth, to proclaim the principles and plat form of the party to the world by authority; fifth, to aviod ultnism in reference to for eigners or to anything else; and, last, to maintain in all its vigor, at least for the present, the secresy of the individual mem ber." American Railroad Ikon. The Cincin nati Railroad Record says: We are plonscd to learn that at iiist the policy of making our own railroad ircn at home has been taken hold of in earnest, and that some of our most enterprising citzens are taking the lead in the arrangements for the manufacture of rail road iron upon a scale of magnitude some what proportioned to tbe requirements of the country. The location for the purpose is not determined on. Some of our most eminent geologists have for some time been examin ing locutions. Drought in Scriven. We learn (says the Savannah Georgian) by a letter from a plan ter of Scriven to one of our most estimable citizens, that the drought in that region of the State is most severe, and telling injuriously upon the planting interests. In many sections cotton has not "come up" and there was little prospect of its doing so till the appearance of rain. In any case, it was feared that the long continued drought of the earth would prove disastrous. Even the corn, which stands the drought far better than most crops, came for ward slowly and made poor promises. Later from Mexico. The steamship Orizaba, Cnpt. Forbes, arrived at New Orleans on Wednesday morning, bringing dates from Vorn Cruz to the 22d, and from the city of Mexico to the 18th. Various parts of the country are still (as they always have been) infested !y bands of robbers, who commit the nsuul excesses. We find in El Sigln accounts of several trifling engagements between the Govern ment troops and the Revolutionists. On tho 14lh of March an encounter took place at tho town of Celaya,in the Department of Gunna cuiito, between the Government forces and about a thousand insurgents, under Floruncio Zavala with a loss of fifty killed, a great number wounded, and two prisoners, who were immediately shot. A body of revolutionists, it is also said, who were led by Diego Alvarez, suffered a defeat at Cruz Grande, losing most of their arms and munitions of war. Monet Arrains. The Baltimore Patriot, says : The Money market continues Increasing in ease. Our latest advices from all quarters confirm this statement. In New York, Bos ton, Philadelphia, Now Orleans and various other important points, we observe that capital ia ubundantand seeking investment nt reduced rates. A variety of causes are now operating which induce the agreruhlo hope that we shall yet find financial affairs more consonant with tho general wish. True, con siderable exports of specis have taken place recently, but much of these were to arijuxt old dobts, and it is encouraging to know that these are met proitintly. Our recent imports have been confessedly light, compared with other seasons. Speculative and extravagant over-trading has been greatly reduced, busi ness has assumed a tatur and more legitimate basis hence a decreased demand for money. I3f" At the sale of pew In the Fourth avenue Presbyterian Churuli, (Dr. Parker's,) In New York, four of tho pews brought (1.000 each. One purchaser took five, at prices varying from $800 to $450 each. As no man, however pious, eould possibly want four pew for hi ov u use, it iu to be presum ed that h had "speculation to hi y." IhkC'uicauo Kiot. Our Chicago ex changes, says the Louisville Journal, bring the gratifying intelligence that quiet has been restored in that city. The court haa decided against the liquor sellers and fined each of them 23 for selling without license. There were thirty-two of there, and they were the instigators' of th riot The Chicago Journal remarks l It is but a small portion of our German population comparatively, and those of the weakest, fanatic, and miauided, who took a part in the tradedv of Saturday. The bet ter portion of the Gerinm population, while deprecating the acts of their countrymen, have been constant in exertion to remove the erroneous impression which demagoue har angues, have instilled into their minds, and cheerfully seconded the authorities in quell ing disturbances. Foreigners as a class have nol been arrayed against American citizens, but on the first summon have obeyed with alacrity, and taken a share in the duties, as signed them by the authorities, Washington, April 21. The Commissioner of Pensions has made a decision that parole testimony will not be taken in proof of servico in applications for bouuty land. This decision tovers a large class of cases, and is of great importance. It will exclude even some who have received even less than a quarter section of land under former laws, and now apply fir tho remain der. The Commissioner has also expressed an opinion that Volunteers alleged to have served on a hasty summons, and upon emer gency, but do not appear to any muster roll, are not entitled to the benefits of the new acta. Russia. Private letters from St. Peters burg state confidently that the fanatical war party has completely got the upper hand, snd lhat Alexander II'' throne would not be worth a week's purchase if he were to attempt to thwart the cirrent of national feeling. The rich nobles, who in their hearts long for peace, and will be the greatest sufferers by the war, are compelled to swell the popular cry. They offer large contributions, in the hope of averting a sweeping ad valorem property tax amounting to confiscation. Kansas Gov.Reeder. Advices received nt St. Louis, state the people of Kansas have issued a proclamation declaring Gov. Recder incompetent for the position of Governor; that his appointment was without the consent of the Governed, nnd that he waa arbitrary in the exereiso of power. Delegates were to meet at Leavenworth on the 28th, to select a suitable person for Governor, whose name would be forwarded to the President for ap. poiniment. From California. The Know Nothings held a convention at Sacramento, and deter mined to support the nominee of the Ameri can Party for President and maintain the principles of the Nebraska bill. A correspondent of the Times bays that the miners have offered a reward of two thousand dollars for the head of Wood, the chief partner of Adams & Co. A New Invention, A Mr. Campbell, of Columbus, Ohio, has recently invented and patented a method of effecting an union be tween iron and glass, by which he expects to bring about a most valuable revolution in the uses of the fragile article. He thinks that by lining boxes, journals nnd other metalic supports, where friction is an impediment, with glass, combined in his specified manner, he can much reduce the friction ns well as the wear of the parts. The National Intelli gencer, in speaking of the invention, says: "The tests to which the specimen we hnve seen has been subjected, at once convinced us that glass thus embeded in iron could sustain extraordinary pressure nnd the movt powerful blows; but a doubt arose in relation to the inequality in the construction and ex pansion of the two materials, by sudden changes in their temperature. Iron.however, expands and contracts by heat far more than glass, and the cust iron box being expnnded to its utmost when the glass congeals, all its after tendenoy by thia means must necessari ly be to embrace tho glass within it; and this glass being in the form of an arch, with its bases nnd apex both embraced by tho iron, it can yield to no power that ia not capable of literally crushing it to powder." The Clarksville (Texas) Messenger of the 6th inst. says : The spring' floods appear to have com menced in earnest, and present appearances indicate a general nnd protracted rain. Ow ing to the long drought vegetation is not ns forward now us it usually is the first of March. We hear of some farmers having to replant their corn, the first seed having rotted without coming tip. Cotton planters hnve not commenced putting in thoir crops yet though they ' have been ready for some time. The intended stoppage of breweries and distilleries in New York has served to ad vance the price of milk twenty five cents. There can he no question, however, but that the milk will be twenty Jive per cent better therefore; and as to the price, the poor when they stop drinking beer and whiskey will be able to pay any price that may be de manded. C7 The Washington Union disclaims being the organ of the administration. The Union's extreme course on theCuba question, has rendered this, course necessary. The real friends of the administration must, feul greatly relieved by this disclaimer. l-if The Cholera continues its rnvagos In the capital of Russia, as many as two hun dred deutlis occurring in a day. Not Over Polite. Old Squiro R wns elected Judge of the Inferior Court of some county in Georgia. When he got homo his delighted wife exclaimed "Now, my dear, you are a Judge, what am I!" The same durned old fool you always waa," was tho laETThe editor of tho Rutland Heroldi just married to a Boston girl, say that a pair of sweet lips, a pink waist ribbon, a swelling breast nnd a pressure or two of del jcuto hands, will do as much to unhinge a man aa three fevers, two mensela, a large size whooping cough, a pair of lockjaws, sev eral hydrophobias, nnd the doctor's bill. Yankee enterprise is already taking advan tage ol Commodore Perry's treaty with the Japanese. Mossrs. Reed & Dougherty have opened a ship chandlery and general commis sion houso nt Hukodadi, Japan. The New Council of Gainsville, Alabnmn, have" put the liquor license hp to 82,000, and no quantity to be told les than twenty gallons. It Is said several of the leading members of the New York bar have given an opinion that the prohibitory law of that State 1 unconstitutional. (CT A writer in the New York Mirror U showing the difference between taking Ha. vana on paper, and taking it rt et armis.. The memories of the filibusters are refreshed with an accoout of the attack upon the p'ace by the English in 1792, and its disastrous results: "The English fleet consisted of 19 ships of the line and 18 frigates, with various smaller vessels of war, ana some 200 transports, un der commund of Pocock, aud 10,000 soldiers under Gen. Mom-ton. "The cannonade (we re told) continued seven days; the siege had lasted twenty day, with little hope of taking the lloro. At thi time the English received reinforcement of 4000 fresh troops. Now, inspired with new hopes, the attack waa renewed; their exertiuns redoubled, and at last with success. On the 22d day of this memorable seige the furl was captured. The city held out a few days and then surrendered, to prevent unnecessary sacrifice of life. "The loss sustained by the English army and navy was horrible. The English histori an, aware how dearly this victory was obtain, ed, prudently omitted to record the number killed aud wounded. Cotemporury writers (not English) say ' this fort cost England over one thousand men.' " After reading this account, an American may make some estimate bow many ships and how many soldiers, (fillibusUir,) undis. ciplined men, it would require to capture the Moro Castle. VST In the course of s lecture recently delivered in London, Mr. Thackeray took oc casion to allude to the United Slates a country, he said, "where kindness, courtesy and good nature were in nothing more con spicuous (though you meet them constantly) than in the gallant attention every v hers shown to women. Dandy and clown alike yield place to a woman .n omnibus or railway car. Sir Roger dc Coterly would have loved this trueevidenct of tbe gentleman. It would have so pleased Steel;, that he would hare taken the gentle dandy or clown to the nearest tavern and troted him to a bottle possibly to six bottle." 1 don't mean," ad ded Thackeray, "to ml down the lost five bottles to the score of Dick Steele's good works. They would be very decidedly works of supererogation." , Look out for counterfeits on the Union Bank of Tennessee, 10' altered from IV on the right end a figure representing Fame, a medallion head of Jackson on the left. The genuine have in the centre a female feeding an eagle from a goblet. 100's altered from 5's an eagle on eaeh end. The genuino have a full length figure of Justice on each end. 20's well executed; payable at Chatta nooga; letter . 3' and I's poorly executed. ' Numerous counterfeits on the Bunk of Tennessee and the Planters' Bank are also said to be in circulation. i-tf The legitimate mercantile business of New York, though conducted on a pretty contracted scale as compared with former times, is gradually recovering from the pros- trntinf wiVf-ta nf thn Inta mnnt tiirv I'Mium? hut the leading "fancies" of Wall street are dull and without any important change, and so are a good many of the chaps who deal in them. Nevertheless, there is plenty of capi. .. . l .. T... I-- u... .-II n Uil in ilie tjiy seening viiipiuiuieub uii i-.m, at 9 and 7 per cent., and the oest quality of lhat commercial paper can be negotiated at 6 and 7. f"A friend writing to the Savannah Re publican, from Lauren Crunty, under date of. April 21, says: "The farmers In this section are beginning. to complain very seriously of the drought V heat und rye, which are in the act of head ing, have already received irreparable injury. and will not -produce fifty per cent, of the usual crop, unless we get rain very soon. Great difficulty is experienced in obtaining a "stand" of corn nnd cotton, nnd that which ia up, must die from thirst, without it is visited early by refreshing showers. "r or three daya past we have experienced the heat of mid-summer. Yesterday, I am informed, the thermometer stood at 96 de grees, and the day before at 98. It is said to have reached 100 at one place in the county yesterday, and I observed it myself standing at 93 in the shade at half past 6 in the aflei noon." 7The NewYork Mirror says, there will be twice as much liquor sold, and drank, too, in thnt city during the next six months, as ever before in the same space of time. "Men are but children of a larger growth," and when told that they shan't have a thing, begin to cry for it. The New Orleans Crescent says: "At this moment, we have no doubt, there are five millions of Louisiana produce that should have, and would hnve ponred itself upon our levee many weeks had the ordinary channels of communication been open to tho keel of the steamboat. That the amounts which have been held back owing to the impossibility of nnvigaling the Yazoo and its tributaries, and other watercourses in Mississippi, and the general lowness of rivers in Arkansas, reach a far higher figure, there is scarcely any room to question. Fifteen millions of dollars would hardly suffice to cover tho w hole. Distress in Jamaica. The Kingston (Ja maica) Journal of the 11th inst., speaks ai follow of the great distress prevailing io that Island : "The inhabitant of Jamaica are steepfl in poverty a large portion pinched by wants are steeped in misery ; thousands are crying; for assistance of food; and in several districts distant from market places, hundreds have to subsist upon the young bamboos, and to dig up and clutch any wild root or other sponta neous production, to support life. This may nppcnr an exaggerated, but nevertheless, it is a true picture. Astounding Report. Tho Prairie Ne' is responsible for the report that the Amori can party in Mississippi are going to elf' Gcn.John A Quitman Governor of that State at the next election. It Gen. Q. hts joined the "Americans" it is time for everybody el to ''cave in." ESTThe groat defaulter, Scuyler, is living at his eaae in a small town on tho Rhine call ed 3ruges, in the possession of half milli" money belonging to widows nnd orphan who are ruined completely by this ennrmou swindle. Weshall aee,if"the end of H" man is peace." tar The Richmond Dispatch of Saturday say : "On Thursday afternoon Inst, between the hour of 3 and 4 o'clock, very destructi fire' occurred in Henrico county, along Hue of tho Richmond and Fredoricksburj. Rail Rond, by which about two thou" cords of wood were destroyed, and a '"''C0 amount of fencing burned. -T" The Maine Uw in Illinois Is to be voted on by tbe people tho 1st Monday June.