v.-'; iv. . ; ,
, :, . ,
V-'.-W..'4 , - '
' ;' ..V. , -. ,-:
'T u :-','' I'V'"-? V"'; " f
s' . ' .... . 11 ,
ATHENS, TENN., FijiD iY, JUNE j; 1855.
' . 7 J: -. TE K t "
mit POST It puWInhH trtry Tr4j at $2 pr year,
ftafRiitc In nTHtirf, or 9, If payment Is delayed until
the expirntlnn of the ye nr.
AftverlUfinunl will he phnrped 1 per wtnara
of 13 line, or lent, for the Ami Innprtlon, and aoceuti for
rh ffnnllniinnce. A Uherwl rtnctlon itifd to thoa
Who nlrertle hy the yer. T"Heron feiifllnf n1rer
llemfitte mt murk the nmnher of lime they drilre
them Inserted, or they will be continued until forbid and
Fir nnnounuliif the iiHinei of candidate! for office, 3t
OMinary notices orer IS Itnei, charged at the regular
Alt com mil n tent Inn n Intended to promote the prlrnta
nd or tutereM of Corporal lopit, Hocletlef, School! or
IndivlrhiftU, will be rhnriT'-ri an advfrlleinenti.
J (h tVor ti onrh Pmiipldct, Minnie n. Circular,
Carila, nimiku, llanitiiii, Ai., will be executed In good
atvlc, and on retivo'tiiMe tcrm,
All letter! AridrrMcd to the Proprietor, ' pout paid, will
be iirompily attended to.
PrrHoit! at a dl'tnnre lendlnf oi the nniriM of four
aolvent !iihicHher, wilt be entitled to a fifth ropy mill.
No communication Imerted unlena accompanied by
the nunf of the m'llmr.
ftr" omca on Mnln afreet, next door to t!i old Jack
A'rilCW. FIIIItV. JIMP. 1, 1955.
A Home. If we wire t tell it iiuiuUt of
our frinnds that thoy don't Know what n
home in, tliey nould irfow soniewlint Indig
nant; pcrlmps an hnrd word. And yet it
may be remarked, that the number of per
sons w ho know what penuine homo is, by
experience, 1 surprisingly few. Oiiommi In
good circumstjinces will tell us that ho h:is a
fine house of his owii.ln which every conifotl
nnd convenience are provided. He Ins n
wife and children there also, and they give
life to the place. Very true. But does ho
prefer Unit home thus furnished slid thus en
livened, to every other plnce in the world?
Poc he sijjli when the hour for leaving
comes, and smile when he Is permitted to rn
turnt Docs he love to sil by the cheerful
lire and fondle the children, entering into all
their little disputes with a curious interest?
Poes he take particular note of the bird In
the' cage and the cat nenr the fire? If not, he
hs no home, in the dearest sense of that
dearest of words. If his mind is altogether
. absorbed In the dusty .ways of business it
; ir--''he hurries -IVonr"- the 'bouse ia the morning,
' -;' ' V ' and is Ipth "to ret&Tn at night if,'while he ia
" '. at home, ie "continues to think qf. (ha jour-
'-l-t'j nul and. ledger, alid repulseav the advances of
' i -'r only hM apJncewhsre he lodinisand takes his
. . EiKTiasLT vsao ri4airui.LT DETTLSD.
Th Baltirnora fajriot, apenklng of oar late
dlfticiiltiei with Bpain, th mission" tf Com-
' modore'McCuley,nn'd'Xh::arliko 'demon-
" trotlona' of Ihe'Wuehinyton .boion . In the
: ' priile,nys: "The tea-pot tempest has sub
; aided, and Ilia dogs-of wnr no. more show
'. !(' thir toethV" It s better thst jt is so-a-better
: '"l-(or us, and Infinitely better, for bpsin; for a
nsr-:at this time. Wni Frsatand Eruzland
are embroiled with Rossis, Would be ruinous
to Sp:iin, while It could not In the least ben-
' s 1 efit us. r Thanks, then that pencel'ul sounsets
; '. V ' ' bye prevuiled, Ihui our plough-shares -shall
'.t'" v remain plongh-share, and onr pruning hooks
- -"as they are. y,ye liuvo greht need of theiu
:' r '"nowj"a.d shall' have,' piayhap, for years to
. come for we have woridVa feed, end need
('..' both the implements end .ihe men to work
(hem.'' Let the crowned. 'heada; of the pld
-'jj! world play their hazardous game we may
gfo trongBr,whil)( ijiey become weaker, by
th preserrntloa-oo our part'of amicable rela
:' ." tiona With nil mankinii. :''V:'"yf' .
. . i .
' ' " BtDDCTwa oF -FaioHT8. It will be no.
V ? . tlced (nays the Chiirlcstoir Mercury) in onr
' edTrtlsing columns that Jhe Nesr York and
v Charleston line of ateaniahipa have made a
' considerable, reduction , in their rates for
. freight, goods heretofore paying 10 and IS
cents per cubic foot will be herenfter taken
nt 8 cents per foot until further notice.
These facilities will, no doubt, bo properly
appreciated by our merchants and storekeep.
Huston, May SI.
Tho CJovernor's vote of the Personal Lib
erty bill has been sanctioned by a communi
cation from the Attorney General pronounc
ing it unconstitutional. . The Senate passed
the bill over the veto by a vote of 82 to 8,
nnd the House by a vote of 810 to 70.
The decision of the Attorney General makes
the bill of no account.
. y The "Sag NichU" Secret Order has
spread through the West with wonderful
rapidity. It is the antagonist of the Know
Nothing organization. In Ohio, Kentucky
and Indiana there are many thousands of
members nnd numerous lodges. It is said to
have oaths of unnsutiual solemnity, pass
words, siiins and grips, and the members are
divided Into squads of ten each with a com
. mnndur, who is responsible for their ap
pearance whenever their services are requir
ed. OrCalifornin Hour Is selling in Sun Fran
Cisco nt $6 per barrel, In Philadelphia flour
sells nt $13; Wheat in San Frnncltco Is
$1.25, and in Philadelphia 93.80 to $3.70
As wages, too, are mni-h higher In California
than on this sido of the Union, it cannot be
very hard to live in San Francisco,
KSfA revolution is reported to hove brnk.
en out in Mexico on the Rio Grande, and
1500 troops, under Carnvoj.il have crossed the
vTiyr. - . - ,
'pV'l:- VTTFi 8!ai (N. J.) Standard says that
'JyCro, Stockton will continue a candidate for
'. V,v. t Presidency, let the American party en-
.Villnrs.plnptar of Barnesville,
' in Cinalnnotl with eight slaves,
', r loss of freslng them, and
V ' t' t;crr & ft?-' "lh . boat.
s willed thenr el hia es-
n huig to be married,"
. as, bat it's a great
; tobe," aaid htr
THE LONDON PRESS ON AMERICAN
The New York Herald publishes two nr.
clea of Ihe lndon Times, on American af
fair. Both refer mainlv to the Cuba ques
tion, and are full of the old rubbish about
its being a shocking thing to covet your
neighbor's wife, his ox, his nss, or anything
that Is his. For an answer to all which our
London contemporary may safely refer to Ihe
history of a nation which has been common
ly represented by her children ns n model of
fair dealing, equity nnd honor England in
short. Alter being herelf the prey of'three
diftVrcnt races of plunder, Danes, S.ixons
nnd Nnimans, all of w hum were profession
als, liviu-u what tliey stole, and having in
teriiinrrted with the fair British girls, begat
the present race of British grumblers at
American dishonesty. England hegsn her
own history by plundering the Scotch, who
in return, plundered the English. Afterward,
she plundered the French, and took from
them nearly nil of the Northern nnd most of
the Western Provinces. She then plunder.
dvred the Irish, who being a wild sort of peo
ple, and wretchedly uncivilized, spent their
time lu plundering each other, instead of the
world. Passing to foreign countries, Eng.
land plundered the Indians of North Ameri
ca, ana silica a tow lor murmuring; irnin
which act of rapine ultimately grew the
United States. In Asia the same England
plundered a few score of native potentates,
and took their dominions. To mention sin ill
grabs, such us Malla,Gihraltar,Jntnaiea, would
hardly repay the trouble. Suflieu it to say,
that I'roin the first to Inst, the glorious Anglo
Saxon race has always been a race of plun
derers, and so far from obeying the ninlh
commandment, have never been nble to sec
any one in possession of anything that was
desirable without coveting it and tiking it on
the spot, if, as tho members of the Ostend
Conference said, they w ere strong enough to
As to the. old parties and the Know Noth
ings, the Tillies npKMirs to be right enough
The former have hud their day. It will com
fort the latter to know that the Times has
taken them under its protection, and rejoices
at their success.
FniERDsHtF. If you would have a friend,
you must first find him; and, ns this is an im
portant point to gain, too much cure cannot
be bestowed upon your search. Bo very
cautious in your selection ns it is not every
man who calls himself, or even appears to be,
your friend who really is such. Before you
venture to entertain the friendship of any
niarr, or offer him yours, be perfectly assured
that he is worthy of it; do not rashly lose
sight of tills precsutiuur as on its proper ob
servance . depends the comfort, nay, even
safety, of your choice. Never believe that
real . friendship can exist without respect;
therefore, if you observe in the diameter,
habits, or disposition of any of yoiirncquuint
snce aught Hint tends to lessen your esteem
for him us an Individual or a Christian, do
not think to make that man your friend.
When you have found a friend, your next
care must be to keep him. This will de
pend almost entirely upon yourself. Solo
mon says, "A friend lovelli at all limes;" but
do not presume too much, nor ever take ad
vantage of your position, by making it the
plea fur a cureless nnd neglectful manner.
The beautiful influence of such behavior is
too often seen in family relationships, nnd be
assured it is most delrimentiil in diminishing
that respect w liich is indUpensible lo true
friendship Finally, you will do well to re
member the proverb of the w isc man above
quoted: "A man that hath fiiends muslsliuw
himself friendly; and there is a friend that
slirknlh closer than a brother."
M"R. E. Thompson has w ithdrawn from
the canvass for Congress In the Filth- Dis
trict The following is his card which we
And in the Nashvillo Banner:
Li dahon, March 23, 1855.
Mr. Editor. I d- sire to say through your
raper to the voters of the fifth Congressional
tistrict, that I urn no longer rt cniiiliilute for
Congress. When I consented to become a
cmidid.ite there were but two parties in the
field, since that time another party has devel
oped itself the American party n pally of
great strength nnd powertul intluence, wlneli
has so eli uiged the condition of the political
elements, that I urn Hutislicd it will be better
for inv liii-nds and myself for mu tu retire
from tiie contest,
Verv respectfully, etc.,
' R, ti. THOMPSON.
fST Cnbonr's bargain with England lo
furnish the latter wilh fifteen thousand S.ir.
dinian troops to be wasted and destroyed in
the Crimea, proves so unpopular in the Sar.
ilininn army as already to luivu broken down
his (Cubnur's) ininistry. Many of the troops
lo have been sent off refused to go, oflieers
and men shooting theiuiclves to avoid lliib
disgraceful and self-immolating service.
Sardinia would have received $332 pur head
of ollicers and men, for his iiinjesty's slaves
thus sold to disease and dentil. The bargain
has but n. single parallel in the history of
modern natiuns; the sale by the Elector of
Hesse of his subjects to George III., to fight
the battles of England in our Revolutionary
War. As in that case, these Sardinians have
hot the slightest interest in the wnr,ns neith
er their couutrj's honor, rights nor lutcrcsls
are involved in it.
A Nice wat to Cook Chickens. Cut
the chicken, op, put it In a pan and cover It
over wl i h water; let It stew as usual, nnd
when done make a thickening of crearri and
dour, adding a piece of butler and pepper
and salt; have made and baked a pair of short
cakes, made us for pie crust, but rolled thin
and out In small squares. This ia mnoh bet
ter than chicken, pie and more simple tu
make. The crusts should be laid on a dish,
end the chicken gravy put. over it while both
ere hot, V ' "
Oil. FROM WATER.
A new oil is about to become nn article of
commerce, nnd ns It promise to come Into
general use for llluniinulirg nnd lubricating
purposes, the particulars of its history nnd
properties, may not be devoid of Interest lo
the general reader:
In s.nno of Ihe Western States there is
found, upon the surfiee of tho small streams,
an oily substance of the consistency nnd color
of thin molasses, and possessing n strong
bituminous odor. It not unf'reqiiently exaiiles
from the earth in w hat are culled tar springs,
nnd llowing into the neiuhboriug brooks, is
carried Into the lurirer si renins nnd rivers.
For years this oil has furnished the means of
liilht to persons living in the Vicinity, who
have been in the habit of saturating a blanket
by spreading it upon the surface of one of
these streams mid-collecting the nil with ap
propriate vessels. Individuals have at limes
amused themselves by inti'Hjng the enuilius.
tible substance w hile floutiuir noon the wnler
and thus selling ''the river on fire," and no
doulit-in some instances, bv Ibis means I'ntrf
1 l:...: j.'l I i-
oil, n's me prt-uiruoo ointie nv miy in oin-
pnrnging their modi-rate abilities, that the
performance of such n leal by llietn would
never" take place.
This oil which is thus floating about, is
"Petroleum," or ns it is cominotilv called,
"Rock Oil," the resultant of veireinble do.
composition, peculiar to various parts of the
world, but especially in the coal districts of
me uniica Male s. In Ihe northwest, rn part
of Pennsylvania it may be c..-ithere! in la ye
quantities, and of a quality uhic.1i bids fair lo
render it an important urtielc of domestic
consumption. We I earn Hint a company have
purchased a tract of land In Vcrui'L'o county,
in that State, with Ihe view of hriouing the
oil into immediate use A chemical cxuuii
nation of the crude material shows that 90
per cent, of Ihe whole product may be ob
tained in n series of oils, having valuable
properties, though not all equally fitted for
illumination and lubrication, lly the original
distillation, about 60 per cent, of the raw nvi
tcrial is obtained in the form of a thin, lijlit
colored oil, of n laint bituminous odor, and a
density of about 750. As an illuminative,
this article proved itself superior to ait others
in intensity of light and economy of consump
tion. It is burned to the best advantage in
the common eamphene lamp w ilh a plans
cone to direct the current of nir. The light
is pure and white, without odor nnd neither
the wicks nor the lubes are crusted during
combustion. Asa lubricator, the rock oil
possesses the advantage of remaining fluid at
a temperature of 15 ileg. below zero, of being
entirely free from any corrosive quality, and
of not becoming gummy, neid, or rancid by
exposure lo the air.
. A cotemporury announces that Professor
Silliman is now eug.'ged in a series of inter
esting experiments upon tho value of rock
oil ns u material lor producing gas, nnd upon
the product of the Inst ditillaliou as a sub-
si nice w Inch in the form ol puraline resem.
bles spermaceti, iinrl Iroiu winch excellent
caudles may be made. The tract of land
about olio hundred acres owned by the
company enunged ill its maiiulactiire, ni l
yield an averag- supp'y of live hundred g.il.
ions per day, but arrangements, it is staled,
will lie made tor inereuninir the. supply ly
more extended operation. With sperm oil
at two dollars and a half a gallon, caudles at
a proportionate price, and The explosive burn.
in; fluids only to be ucd at Ihe ri-k of I fu
aud property, a new illuminator, which shall
combine Ihe advantages ot cheapness, safety,
and brilliancy of lihl, cannot fail lo come
into extensive use.
The Cnr.APf.ST Food. One hundred
pounds of good wheat flour contain 90
pounds of pure nutritive matter and 10
pound of wnter. One hundred pounds of
potatoes contain from 20 to 25 pounds of nu
tritive matter depending upon the quality
of the potatoes, say 22t pounds upon an nv
erage consisting almost entirely of starch,
nnd Hi pounds of wnter nnd inert mnlter.
It requires, therefore, exactly four hundred
pounds of potatoes to supply, the same
amount of nutriment that one hundred
pounds of w heat flour supply. The best po.
tulocH weigh about 64 pounds lo tbu bushel;
and a bushel contains 15 1 5 pounds of nu
triment. At two dollars per bushel, or fifty
cents n peck, thu retail price lately in our
markets, the nutritive portion of potatoes
costs a fraction over thirteen cents a pound,
which is equivalent lo twenty three, dol
lars and filly cents for a barrel of good
flour. Whilu flour has doubled in price
only, potatoes have increased ul fourfold
Who isto Blame. Give the ladies full
permission (as far us their finances will Jos.
lily) of surpassing even tho lilies of the field
iu the gorgeoustiess of their attire and glory
of appearance. The press must slop their
abuse of the women and look after the men
The extravagaiicu of the latter in scaurs,
brandy -toddies, fast trotting horses, line
jewelry, and other doubtful luvii'ies, is iotin.
itely more ruinous than that of the ladles iu
luces and brocade; Ihe former is ruinous lo
health, uior.ils and purse, while the other
only slighllv damages the pockets of the
"lords and niasleis." Let the women con
tinue, to flourish.
HtT" One of our exchanges tells of a man
w ho weul lo Virginia lo gel his growth, and
who has become so tall that hot soup IVeeres
before it gels down into his stomach. W hen
he eats meat he is obliged lo get that which
is just killed, or it will spoil before it reaches
A Health y Place. I he grand jury of
Orange county, Florida, in theii general pro.
senlniuiil made nt lliu lute term of their court,
mentioned tho fact that out of A population
of 400 in the county there has not been a
single death in twelve months.
Ijff Oinninns from eminent Inwyers ns to
thu constitutionality or unconstitutionality of
thu New' Yurk liquor law nre still on thu in
crease. The upholders of thu two sides seem
to "be well mulched, nnd have produced opiu.
ion for opinion so far. There is rather n
remarkable coincidence so fur in the fact
that the eminent legal talent consulted has
in each case an opinion favorable to that
side espoused by those who paid the lee. -
Th Wyoming Mirror, relate a good
joke of un old collector, who was proverbial
for hi politeness and pertinacity. He was
always in the habit of taking a' delinquent
aside when he dunned. One day he met a
non-payer, upon a very unfrequented road,
some half mile fioin any human being.
What does ihe old chap do but leave his
buggv, eull the other aside, and in fence
poruer politely isk him for that little balance!
. Tho Nashville Gazeli,' In referring foe
new book which line created e considerable
sensation, called "Armnjfl-ddonnr the Uniled
States in Prophecy,'' wrillen by S. D. Bald,
win, President of Soule Female Collegeln
Tennessee, copies the following remarkable
passage from Its pages wJiieTl, as (he editor
of the Gazette says wns-writlen eight years
ago, the author cannot be charged with nn
attempt to aid the Know Nothings:
"Trinnl and absolute sovereignty over Ihe
earth is the laith ol Rom', and whatever dis
aster may beliill her, she 4ill still ulilicipi'to
real supremacy In the eixt. Her confidence
Hint she w ill bo in Hie nsccnduHt In the
Uniled Slates is nol likely In be shaken, nnd
this Inilti will uffrct her voiidiict and lead to
the subversion ot religion, liberty here, i in
her power. W may, therefore, well sup
pose that she is now laboring to establish her
throne among us, bti bc& ninira volitico-re-
lijiuii element in our .pit nnri nt tier fall
In fiiiroiieMe Tim linl ei'ft tune she" will
i . . ' , 11.1
her cflorts to dlrny Bible dc
Mlie will fuil of her ends, for
4'rovideuee will bring means In thwart her;
Jesuits wilt be met by organizations possessed
of as much intelligence as themselces; and i
4merrli tAreirdiiru icill foil the jugglery of
priestcraft; iiKl r.iimpeiin lanalicisin will quail
before tiie common sense ol om ciiiintrvineil.
We must be up and doing; we must fight with
their armor; we must meet fire fire, and
secrecy villi secrecy, and dexterity tciih dexter
ity; and ever remember that "eternal vigilance
is ihe price of liberty." We long for some
scheme lo be orounized Ih.-it shall "take the
bi'iist and give its body to the burning flame;".
and wu know that, wo shall not Wait ill
Fat Habiks. Who does not lovo n fat
baby I one of Hie real chubby bind so
fat th it it can hardly sec out of its eyes 1
We frequently watch one of theso human
dumplings foi hours, nnd lire pleased to
murk how good nutiiredly they always Like
things. If Hiey roll over or fill down, it is
all the same. lf the nurse steals their tally,
or the large boy books the doll, little iutiv
rolls up his eyes, looks curious, funny, mid
generally laughs. It can't cry! The near
est approach lo it is a suppressed whimper,
w hich starts the tears and the grease at the
same time! and when lamentations produce
perspiration, the labor is ton serious to be
long continued. How decilu is that fat
baby ! Obesity is never obstreperous. If
there be nny doubt nn this point we ask
triumphantly "was Daniel Lambert ever
known lo be accused of pugilistic propensi
ties ?- or was a fat baby ever known to hit
Iim mother over the head with a poker'."
We arc decided advocates of fat babies, nnd
would like to see all the little sinncrc us
o ese as coons in com time. There is one j
dt wu in Florida, it is said, which weighs
IV flv. pounds, and it is not yet ten months
old 1 What a luscious lump it must be I
Curiositv Governs the Would A clcr
gyiuan once announced to his people that he
would preach a sermon la young men; the
pew s of his church were crowded wilh young
ladies. ' Ifu then nnmu-ii n sermon to tho
young women; Iheehurch was thronged wilh
broadcloth, lie proclaimed an address lo
children; and Hie lathers ami mothers, nod
what some one calls "the dear middle aged
people" were out in force. Ho gave nolicu
that hu should exort sinners; and be had tho
sexton for nn audience, So the announce,
ment of a subject is not always Ihe best way
to secure the nudience for whom it is best
calculated, and for whom the lecture is
"Mvo Fuel." Weeopy the following, for
whatever It is worth, from the New-Orleans
Courier of March 26ih.
"The Firmamenlnm or mud fres are every
day improving in public estimation. Their
applicability to nil steam purposes has been
sererely lusted. We understand Hint nn ex
periment was tried n day or two since upon
tho Jackson Railroad wilh this wonderful
material as a steam generator, and was en
tirely successful. A train of cars was run
for a distance of some fourteen miles upon
this ro.-id W illi only one lire, nnd that villi Ihe
fire box only about half full of the in.iteiial.
Enough of steam was produced for all pur
poses, and the Itial was perfectly successful.
The test is probably one of the strongest to
which it could be k'iiI j eled, tor, if wilh the
constant escape and use of the steam n loco
motive requires, a sufficient quantity could be
generated, surely, lor nil other purposes lo
which steam is applied, it is especially
To Beautiful Youno Ladies. The
Cincinnati Piibliu Ledger thus discourses
to Ihe beautiful young ladies of his tow n:
"Why," says he, "is it that many of our
most beiiililiil young ladies of this citv,
while walking In the street are in thu habit
of holding up their dresses with both bauds,
us 1 hough tliey were going to Caleb Homo.
thing iu their laps a bad practice really,
and should not be carried In such an extent
as it is, or can they find no oilier usu for
their buniU whilo W ilkiiiL'. Getn fan. or a
small paiuel of something", but let lliu dress
alone, unless in crossing the street, or whero
lliere is mud, but we presume ll is done for
show; however, we'll jitk our better half
w hen we go homo."
His better half will toll him that he ha
nothing to do w ilh oilier ladies dresses.
J-fT- A Ictlc-r In the St. Louis Republican,
rroui Kansas, dated Jiny m, stales mat mu
citizens, frightened by Ihe ravage of thu
cholera iu liio cilies 'of Kansas nnd West
Port, were leaving those places, M rapidly as
possible, and seining iu Ihe country and
different towns In Ihe vicinity.
jt" St. Louis Husbands.' A man In Rt.
Louis had his wife arrested and tried for die
turbiiig the pence. The Judge fined her three
dollars, when the husband complained loudly
that tho line was not greater forgetting or
nut knowing that ho wns tn pay the money.
The court required him to be silent,' nnd he
refusing was lined $10. Ho swore terribly
when ha was fined another $5. He had only
money enough to pay hi wifo's line and hi
own first fine, and for Hie other wai sent to
Jail. ' , . '
Iroii Walls. The New York Journal of
Commerce speaks favorably -ot an iron wall,
designed as n substitute for brick in buildings.
It iyi: "The pieces of iron employed ure
ingeniously shaped to a lo secure lightness
with great strength, apparently, nnd the wall
thus constructed may be easily taken In pieces
nnd re-ereeted, with comparatively little labor
or expenae. The most striking peculiarity
Is, that the plates of Iron need in forming
wall are connected, without bolta,"
Commor Tttiaee. misdirected tanosTRT.
The London correspondent the National
Intelligencer, snys: ' . '
Onu of the best things produced during
the week Is a lecture by . Word AshburBsn
on "Common Things," which ha hna Issued
to the schoolmasters and schoolmistresses
of Hunts nnd Wills. We give a short ex
tract upon misdirected intelligence, which
we think is particularly good. Hie' Lord
ship savs: v
"H I had space I would attempt to show
you that it is not in the Crimea only, but
that In onr fields, in onr towns, at -our very
thresholds, nre to bo found the , same fatal
results of misdirected Intelligence , I would
take you on that sen, w hich we claim ns our
element, mid show yon the sails of our mcr.
chnnl tn"ii cut S'.'.-iinst nil rule of science to
hold the wind rather than to stand fiat ns a
board; I would take yon amid Ihe high-priced
stock of our farms nnd show you that the
medical attendance to which their care is
enliustc'd s ns - inferior to the instructed
Veterinary practitioner as was the surirenn
barber ol Queen Elizabeth's lime to Asiley
Cooper or Lrodie (ff 'the present; I would
show you our churches built without re
ference to ncouslies, our palaces without
regard tu ventilation; I would show you our
mechanics' institutes departing Irom Ihe
wise intention of Dr.flirkheck, liieir rounder,
nnd wasting noble aspirations niter knowi
edge by dilettanti lecture upon useless friv.
dliiies, All this misdirected industry in
manhood is the fruit of tint misdirected bias
iuipuiled in childhood. You are nnswer
nble for that bias; may your efforts be successful!"
A P.omasck it Real Life. A wedding
took place in Bristol, England, a few weeks
since, under somewhat roiiiantiu circum
stances, realizing Ihe old adage, that "Truth
is strange; stranger than fiction." It appears
Ihui a sister of Mr. N., who resides at .Mont
pelier, some two or three years since, married
a merchant, and emigrated to California soon
nllerwanl, wilh a view of bettering their for
tunes, taking w ith her the likeness of an un
married sisler. The picture happened to be
hung in a very conspicuous part of liieir
bouse in California, and attracted tho alien,
lion of a rich resident of that district, who
happened to pay n visit lo the house. He
was enraptured with the image of the fair
unknown, and exclaimed "By Jove, I'll marry
thai girl if she is to be found in the world."'
He was told where sho resided, nnd he
posted to her n note inclosing a present of
forty pounds sterling, and n low days since a
knock was heard at tho door, and on the
young holy going tu open it, a good looking,
bronzed-featured gentleman rushed Into the
house and gave a chaste salute, exclaiming
that he had come from tho other end of the
world tn find her, nt Ihe same time pulling
nut the likeness which first led him to seek
bis ntlraction. Of course they were married.
and arc to "live long nnd die happy," as usual.
About n hogshead of acorns of Hie cork
oak have been introduced from tho south of
Europe by the U. S. Patent Office, nnd dis
tributed in Hie middle nnd southern States
for experiment, or to test their adaptation
lo the climate. This tree, in its native coun
.try, where it is nn evergreen, usually grows
lo height of twenty or thirly feet, but in
England there are specimens which exceed
filly feet in height, wilh a diameter of more
than three feet. Tho substance familiarly
known lo us ns cork, is the epidemis or outer
bark, and sometime grows two or three
inches thick. Should tho experiment suc
ceed, it will be a subject of great national
importance that plantations should be es
tablished in various parts of the country for
tho purpose of growing Ibis useful substance,
particularly in Hie event of a war between
this country and Europe, in .consequence of
which the supply would be cut off.
Gather the rose-buds while you may,
Old Time is still u flying
And Ibis same ttnwcrlhnt smiles to-day,
,To-iuorruw will be dying.
The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun,
The higher he's a gelling
The sooner will his race be run;
1 he nearer bus to setting.
The age is best which is the first:
When youth and blood are warmer;
But being spent, the worse and worst
Tune still succeed tho former.
J-iV"The Nashville Union gives warning,
that, if we refuse lo elect foreign born cit
izens lo office, we "must do it with our eyes
open to Hie net that we shall be nourishing
an enemy of ever increasing strength in tho
very vitals of oureounlry." Well, if foreign
ers chcose to gnaw at our country's vitals
merely because a certain parly choose not
lo vote lor Iheiii for office, it may be ne
cessary to adopt measures for preventing any
more of them from getting into the country s
vitals. If Ihuir motlo toward our republic
is, give ns your ortice' or we will snap nl
your vitals, their means of getting into Ihe
country's inside might ns well be cut off.
The eounliy bad belter have its belly half
lull ol lapu'wcirms. Lou. Jumna,
-4The pay of the French soldier Is ono
cent per day. Out of that munificent en
dowment lie must provide himself with
thread, needles &c, to keep his uniform In
repair. Then he must replace, nl! things lost
or spoiled while lu his possession from the
army store, lie is furnished wilh one pair
of pant iloons, and one pair of shoes per year,
ana one coal every two years, un leaving
lliu service at the end of seven years.lhegun,
sabre and coat are taken from nim,aiid what
ever is left ho is entitled to.
lffOurofmore liian twelve million pas
senger who were carried during the lust
year over sixteen of our main railroads only
twelve were killed, nod of the twelve, eleven
were standing on thu platform, when I hey
met their death. So says Hie report of the
State Engineer and Surveyor, and travelers
on railroads :' vuld remember it and "keep
off tho platform." .
Wn'AT ab the Locusts. , correspnn.
dent of Ihe Union and American, writing
from Manchester, in Coffeo county. Informs
ns that thu wheat crop in that region will be
vory large much larger than ever before,
lie adds: "The locusts are very bad in our
neighborhood. There ore millions upon mil
lions in onr county, and they are destroying
the timber t a dreadful rate.
" Bad roe tiu Heau -A shilling' worth
of rum orsixpenco wortx of hickory. You
can avoid the former by keoping out of grog,
shops', and the latter by not interfering with
an Irishman when he fa ' adjusting matter
TEMPT MB NOT TO DRINK AGAIN.
0 tempt mo not to drink ngnin
For I hnVe drnnR loo deep era now, .
Till reason fled my aching brain, . -And
beast was branded on my brow.' '
. Hnwoft for me the goWetfa brim,
, ' Hath sparkled with nnihinstai wine,
Whilst 'heath its surface, dark and grim,
. Despair would whisper thou art mine.
Away; neenraed lhlnjr, away,
I cannot longer bear the rod,
Which all endure who 'lured nstrny,
Huvebowed Ihem fb the drunkard's god.
; Longvenr hnvepnss'd since first I fell
A victim to Ibis wily foe;
What 1 have suffered none can tell;
How long, alas too many know.
Three bovs upon the deep nnw roam,
The eldest scarcely yet two score,
They (led a drunken falhet.'s home,
And may perchance return no more.
. , , .
Two sleep hesidp their mnilier'e grave.
The happiest of the live;
And one remains for me to save)
If yet my daughter be alive.
1 saw her, 'lis not long ngo,
Her brow though placid plainly bore
The impress of some bidden woe,
Where hope angelic beamed before. .
Full well I knew the secret grief,
- Which preys upon her breaking heart,
And w hat nlone can bring relief,
And bid e'en now despair depart.
Then tempt me not to drink ngnin,
For I have drunk too deep ere nnw,
Till 'reason fled my raging brain,
And beast was branded on my brow.
East Iswah Railway. This lino was
opened by the Governor-General of India, on
Saturday, 3d February. Tho Lord Bishop of
Calcutta opened the ceremony with prayers
and a benediction. The first train started
from Howinh at half past nine in the morn
ing, and a second train started In about 25
minutes afterwards. The journey lo Burdwnn
was accomplished in 2 hours nnd SO minutes,
conveying together about 800 persons. The
length of line opened was 121 miles. A
grand entertainment wns given at. Burdwnn,
at w liich Mr. Stephenson presided. Various
toasts were drank nnd responded to, and
everything passed off well. It was stated that
engineers nnd workmen were now employed,
on 830 mile from Burdwnn to (Agra, of
which (149 miles were under contract to be
completed m the beginning of 1S57, ana a
length of 3u0 miles was being constructed by
Hie railway company. Another length of 380
miles was being surveyed to complete the
connection between Calcutta and -Lahore.
The courau of ihe line would be decided on
immediately. . '
The w hole length from Calcutta to Lahore
would be 1.350 miles. - . V
-. - zr ', v -r-.
The young gentleman whose- locality fa
"about town," is seldom seen gracing Indies'
society. He is somewhat hairy about the
face, dresses in alarming patterns big - but
toned coals, ana lancy colored vests. He is
great at whistling and at toddies, while his
cigur is ever in his mouth. - A jolly .loud
oulh adds emphasis to his language, and slang
expressions uie his great delight.' Ho de
signate a woman as a "petticoat," and a man
as "shanks." His watch ia a "turnip," his
hat a "title," and his boot are "kickers." '
Give him ropu enough I : '
General Assembly of the CP. Church.
The last Lebanon Herald says; . : ' ',
"The General Assembly of the Cumberland
Presbyterian Church convened in this place
lust Tuesday, and will probably remain in
session the balance of the week. Tho former
Moderator being absent, the opening sermon
was delivered by Rev. Reuben Burrow. Rev.
M. II. Bone was chosen Moderator, and
Robert Ewing, Esq., of Missouri, Principal
Clerk. There is u lurge number of delegates
in attendance, and, taken all in all, tliey are
as intelligent and fine looking a body of men
u wu ever saw.
-iy"We take it, says the Baltimore Amer
ican, that the I'ollowingdcscriplion of Female
Schools, taken from nn English paper, is
not wholly inapplicable in some other coun
tries. "Expensive, mindless, unpractical and use
less, our schools turn out accomplished ma
chines, w hose minds are like Chinese feet,
cramped out of nil symmetry, power and nat
ural use. A little music, which is merely
manual dexterity; n Mule drawing, which is
only di-turted Imitation, of distorted copies
tiir neither art is ever taught in the breadth
and significance belonging to it; a little histo
ry, which is but n parrot's roll-call; some ge
ogr.iphy, which means a dolled outline on a
sheet of paper but w hich includes neither the
natural liislory, nor the ethnology, nor yet
rue mu usl rv ol lorelgu countries, iiceulcW urK,
which leads lo everything but Usefulness;
modern languages, which when "finished"
reveal neither Hie literature nor the people,
and are equally unserviceable for rending and
lor conversation these, ns all Ihe world
knows, make up Hie list of English school,
girls' accomplishments; and few parents
dr ain of n more usulul or nioro intellectual
education for Hu m.
It i said that there hna been recently dis
covered in Hu Island of Sardinia some caverns
filled with gu ns the production of boats,
aggregated since the creation of tho world.
Chemical analyses have proved that this
guauu is as rich as that of Peru in nmmonino
matter and in sulphata. of lima. Several
laud proprietors are aufw to have already
purchased quantities of this new manure lor
their lauds. ' .
-Gocthu has remarked thntranme books
appear to be wrillen for the purpose of
showing Hint the authors know something of
Ihe subjects on which they write, rather Hiau
lor His instruction of the readers.
Founder In Horse. A corespondont in
the New Yorker gives the following remedy
aa uniformly proving aucocssful:
Add half apint of ' vinegar to t gill ef
ground black mustard, unu administer the
mixture. Then put him in action for an
hour or two, or until! be sweat thorouehlv.
This remedy must be applied within fty.
eight hour of the founduring, ;;. ' M
. . , iii'' ' i' -
. Lucky. There ia lady ia Ohio, who
lias had eleven busbande during the fast 16
jreerev - , ' ' , v . . ; .' v .
fr tc u Fmv - - 'i- , ,
Mr. Editor-A see in tlx I '" the f j !
Inst, e communication nnder U.. A, "Pre
blbltion end Coercion," and elgntd I ,
beg to reply to som of ife argument. . Tie
writer says! - v '
"The manifest tendency of the teaching '-,
nnd legislation of prohibitionists wherever it
hn developed Itself, goes directly to contra
diet one of the most vital principle belong
ing to our Institutions that man fa capable
. Thnt a majority of our eitizena ir eapn
bio of sclf-gnvernment I will readily ndiait,
but thnt all are capable of aolf-government
every man of common tense must deny. v
Tint elans of mankind who live in continued
violation of the laws of God and man, fa not
capable of self-government. Will nny man
pretend to say thnt the drunkard, the thief or
the assassin, is capable of self-government?
No when man is once initiated into vicious
nnd intemperate habit he become insane to
some extent. - He will gratify hi carnal de
sires, let the consequences be whnt they may
ho Is ns destitute of self-government as
the devil is of Christianity. Mr. S. aaya: I
' I admonish (he advocates of force or CO
ercion lo beware what tliey are doing," ,
They nre doing just What they have been
doing ever tir.re the framing of the glorious
Declaration of Independence; nnd that is, to
force whatever moral suasion will not reach.
If moral suasion fa to accomplish all thing
for tho best, all laws nra Useless. When dif
Acuities were arising between the American
colonies ar,d England, moral suasion was first
resorted to till it was ascertained, by painful
experience, that justice could not be obtain,
cd in that way. Force wns resorted to a the
only means of convincing England that the
rights of tho colonists should be respected, "
Of the happy result of coercion in that case)
it is unnecessary here to speak at length. It '
is enough to know that the proud flsg of '
America now waves triumphantly bref twens '.
ty-five or thirty million of freemen, t 1 (?,;.'"
nol let the dovil deceive e a to-V '
tion of the names, Liberty t- ' -
Theso term are not o exU , ,' -j t,irp-
plicallon.ns to allow ne to'do.6epvistht,'
t "Let mo admonfab yon' th..t tr ''nl suasion '
and legal coercion tantiot HbrooL' Vork
together." .J. . ( , '
Let me ask how at, ' '
executed! Do we nol ;
force and moral eunstoo. j rnu.1
pprsuudca and erjforco. .''Th-.! erui-
chool mauler doe iirecjV V tha e
In governing his tutyeq). ..'Hence tt fa eppa-ov'1 11
rvut inns icgar coercive ana monu . aaaioM
must work togsth -,, Lay aside legs! eoe
eion, and 'libertv V v e o be J'Wsr
becrime the.. .
prohibition, woroj. p!u,o has aotvo.r,.
much, but in many has failed, and v
ever fail, aa .fii'otbVf rta of jnstlcs, morale
ly and. right.- Legal coercion, kept in proper
bounds, must do its part. When sanctions
by s 'majority none hay thsrlght' to t"
plain, .Lef ie t$p"fjpbliw'' .
firm and nnsliakyJ."jJJ . v v r 3 -t '
must succeed, .aooii " , It vm ,
man' right be res' V' '
and prudence-reign In ; J ' f -
ern every act let th'ball:t .. '. ' i- t .
Thep.if the cnuae bf.Tompenie. ' "v w
patiently submit (f H suftcsids, , 4
tranquility, prosperity; iipd Jhanpin ' will k
the reward of the laijorura In, the ,to0'-r) ? VV: si
Then, by mutual bonsunUn Troont casosrog v '. ':
ahop and still house would soon be broken ;;' ' ' ,'
up nnd schools ,nd 'ehntebee -Vsi .tlj'fc irV;.-'"'-plnces.
Then vyUl joy .liglif the wnnUnafex.;''
of many now nopeless and wretched. ' Theev.
will freedom boast, her happy 'homo and trail ' - ' V
liborty stand forth decorated with" all thi '-
sparkling gem of greatness. 8. Dt B.-'1' ' r'"
Charleston, Tenn., Moy 88, 1855.'
True BnAVgnv. The circumstances con
nected with the lost of the British (learner,
Biikenhcnd, on the coast of Africa, not many
months since, are still fresh in the memo
ries of all. The steamer struck on a hidden
rock, stove a plank nt the bows, and went
to the bottom, we believe, in half nn hours'
time. There wns n regiment of troops on
board. As soon ns tho alarm was given and
it became apparent that the ship's fate was
sealed, tho roll of the .drum called the sol
diers to arms on'tho upper deck. That call
was promptly obeyed, (hough every gallant
heart there knew Ihut it was his death sum
mons. There they stood aa If in battle
array a motionless muss of brave men
u ho were men indeed. The ship every mo
ment was going down nnd down; but there
weru no truilois, no deserters, no craven
there. The women and children were got
into the boats lor the troops but there
wns no panic, no blanched, pale, quivering
lips among them. Down went tho ship and
down went that heroic band, shoulder to
shoulder, firing a feu de joie as they unk
beneath the waves. Men like these never
perish; their bodies may be given to the
fishes of the sea, but their momoric are, as
they.ought to be immortal.
Jovial Doctors A pleasant writer, after
indulging the dolorous over tha ghastly ife
of a doctor, thus exhibits the reverse of the
picture: "In practice, it is net so bad after all..
The grave digger in Hamlet ha his joke and
grimjeal. Wo have known many a jovial
sexton; nnd we have seen clergymen laugh
heartily, at small provocation, close on uie
heel of a cool calculation thnt the creat ma
jority of their follow creature were going lo
peraiuon. vv ny, lorn, snouia noi even the
doctor have his fun! Nay, fa R not hi dsW
to be merry, by mum forge, if necessaryl fioU
omon, who irom ui f re i , no if of
herbs, must have Im"H i i ) ' s,j, ,
for hi day, telle ' '" V"
good rrko ;a,ir. .; 'ivr '.
rience hs t It
many . s-s- .
butlnrthi .is .-
ing at, the
u .T. -r . sL
"'V . ..
V . .-- i : 4
., .' . '
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