Newspaper Page Text
'.' " -Vr , to Old saw
I i. - .'H- V
mm all h ' .
eaadldaMS Osn' J,
Mittmi, arttla, Seassls sr
JI!B 1, ISt.
, V ia . The returns from
r'T, T V"1'' which occurred oath
Jf J yat fall, bnt enaagh hae
v'V kIi Indicate Wiee'e flection by
m t mtywriij, huu tnv success oi we
. ' .a generally throughout the State.
frfinla Is the first Southern State where
the issue ha beeb openly made mid the bat
- tie fought upon the new question Know.
Nothinglsm, as It Is called and the result ie
Wore us. Pierce's mnjority over Scott, in
1853, In Hint State, was 15,281. From the
complexion of the returns which have come
to hand, Wise's mnjority will probably rench
tight or ten thousnnd votes not so much as
Pierce's, but enough, tn all conscience, to d
, monstrate that the Old Dominion still re
mains firmly wedded to Democracy, and is
. likely to continue so as long as the pnrty line
an existence in the Union. Wise made a
gallant light, having canvassed the entire
Stnto and made speeches, snd such speeches
as Wise only can make, In every county in
it. We would have been pleased at his defoat,
at the same time we are constrained to ac-
knowledge thnt the efforts of the man merit-
ited the success he has obtained. .
The contest in Virginia was an Intensely
exciting one, and wns watched with deep in
terest from every portion of the Union be
ing regnrded by the politicians ns a start
ing point for the next Presidential election.
The new party the Know Nothings wns
' prafesied'.y strong in the Stnto, and donll
heavy and constant blows on the Democracy.
"Sam" was represented to be around in my
riad numbers upon all occasions the Whig
papeis entered into tho canvass with great
- leal, talked loudly and bragged large, and
done, just what we are afraid some of the
... same class are doing in this State not much
, i good, but a good deal of harm, though not
f so intended. We were advised by them In
- , ''K v '"' vary Issne that thousands of Democrats
, V' were, attaching themselves to the Know
It"";'".,;.' .Nothing order, and that prominent members
v 5 v ,. j Lif th democratU party,' in every Congres-
.'''.?. atonal District Inthe State, Were openly talc
:, 's-'.-c sTvwi 'ibi:yim u of which
". v. n7 have been quite true only, if many de.
' ., ": 'p.- v.oeraUi Voted against, Wiee there must hare
" ; i' .V.' b6 a'ebTresnonding number of; Whiga vot
vi'i ,W bim. 'NAn.d,this may ,be true, too, aa
i fg. Vr.4.-.: Ji In t 1Atea; .who fondlv elinir
ia& who object to the
ined and suffered tp be
..e'nevr one that has aprons
fund whlphr up to Within a
f fe 8 j . noB -u regarded ns invincible.
Hn(Hin TtiitAiif" l..Hn V!.ln .t
bere Infant's, '"'d to death almost as
low s4 It enooui- "the 'llght and the
" ybW: have done as
, - v i",nt . e under their -old
-aaners. However, It i nroflllese to talk
iow-the oon'test' r . Jhfi 'bsnner of
Ikieofocoian S"T f over the Old Douiin
" ' Ion, nd the- snoaCs of the, victors are ascend
T frpnj her -ynHeys 'and" mountain'-tops
-1 a f 'a jjionons vwiorynaving only
V; - ' '. j. 1 in r -eorded-historythe victory
. " .. ved by w.-" b In lajiing Holland.
.' A oonteat r . alar ground is now be-
i fag wiyd jnod issaes are abnn-
don3, aud 'tue leading funture oflhe carl
.T yam Isthatono'n . whieli theinttle was f ouch t
r' -'."-Aiel npw perhnpa it will'be different from
Itl r.4' yr.-'ci!5'WttogoarNttotil Intelllgen.
V v ' f J'i?:' "vt Wjifi sayaihat the returns which
'!? v. '-amxptte,ti bnd of theelectiona in Virgin'
'4 , t V ': ,W"7riWnVBUy neron'nd it presumes,
-':5'V WficIl,y "eu to bow that lir. Wisois
' .' fcfted Governor of that State, and the tenor
,. - of our Virginia Bxchanges, of all shades of
- politics, leads us to believe thnt it U now
: .merely a question of majorities. In regard
' io me bongrcsHionni elections, mere Is rea
son to believe thnt tho following gentlemen
are elected, viz: Thos. II. Bayly, John. S.
Coskie, Paw I us Powell, Wm. Smith, Alex. R.
Botuler, John Lctther, Zedediah Kidwull
. Henry. A. Edmundson, and Fayetlo McMul'
len, all democrats and members of the lost
Congress, except Mr. Boteler, who succeeds
Mr. Faulkner There is considerable specu.
' Intion as to the majority the Duiuocratio party
, has obtained, but it is at present mero guess
: work. In a few days we shall probably re
- eoive the official results.
' A telegraphic despatch from Knox.
villa represents the "Committee on Pvro
' technics" as almost ready to report.
' t37Passengcr trains Enst Tennessee and
Georgia Railroad now run to Hardin's, five
liles bolw Knoxville.
Wiatberj Last Sunday our section was
'favored with a very heavy sain, and the grow.
ingoropeare- elomg finery. We learn that
"vthe rains have been general from this point
ob through East Tennessee, and at present
there is a good prospect for abundant crops.
At this tlm, Thursday fotenoonit is raining
i Wo bod the pleasure of a calk, on
Monday last) from,' Mr Cooper, of the Chat-
tanooga Advertiser. Friend Crandall.of tho
. " paper, ased to call, en na occasionally;
but, J :-r fulio-', rV njarriea' now, and the
,,;. '-aUoaa of homeland
'id, prospective, of
" d within the
" " use
: -if ?
, Crr OF GOVERNMENT OEMO
Ti --3 ECONOMY ILLUSTRATED.
" 1 ailMSMtt'lbtelllgeneer of Saturday
I We issue to-day, a supplemental sheet
eeompauylng this paper, and filling some
twenty four f ear large oolumna, a Liit of
AppreprUitlnt made st the late session of
Congress, and prepared and pnb'lthed agrees
bly to law This document ought to posset
interest for every Tender, and ought to be ex
amined by kvery one, as exhibiting, in the
main, the objects on which the public revenue
Is expended. The sggregstes of ths elssaifled
heads of expenditure sre as follows I '
Civil, diplomatie and miscellane
Army fortilleatlona,Military Acad
emy, Ae., 12,47 1,494
Indian department, nnval, revolu
tionary, and other pensions,
Naval service, ,
Post Office Department,
Ocean strain mail lorries, .
. . t7 1,674,887
Thisvsstsnm of $71,674,867, is only the
amount of upetifiid appropriations. The great
mass of contingent objects of expenditure, of
which the sums were ascertained and could
not be speoified, may swell the grand total
of the expenses of the year to perhnps mm
tif fin tnillioni of dollars. Although the
Government expenses must necessarily in
crease with the growth of the country and
the corresponding necessities of the public
service, one can hardly imagine the neaessity
of so vast an augmentation of the necessary
expenses of tb Government as tn'nty-fivt
millions of dollars; and the immensity of the
sum must arrest the attention of every Intel
' Ihe plain and frugal John Quincy Adams
was assailed by his fierce opponents and de-
fnmcra on the scofe of. extravagancies, be
eause his prodigal administration required
l'2,O00,0oO a year, and committees of inquiry
and retrenchment, and almost of impeach.
ment, were raised in Congress to search out
the corruption of so lavish a disbursement of
the public money, and all sorts of reform and
economy, and "good times," were promised
the dear people, if they would only turn out
the extravagant aristocratic Puritan, and put
tue Uelormers in. Well, they did so; a "good
time, for the victors certainly followed, but
yearly expenditure of 7S,000,000 tells the
rest of the story. This comparison is not,
however, adverted to for the purpose of
proving extravagance in one porty more than
another, but only to revive a single instance
of the unsparing :njustice of party,
3F"The Legislature of New Hnmpshiro
assembles on the 6th of next month. It will
have to elect two United States Sonntors.
The Governor and Countil had an executive
session hut week and counted the voles for
members of Congress, eVc, which were enst
at the March election. In tho first Congress
ional district, Mr. Kittredge, Dcm, had 0,709
and Mr. Pike, K.N. 13,011. In the second
district Mr. Morrison, Dem., had 8,650 and
Mr. Tappan, K. N., had 12,129. In the third
district Mr. Wheeler, Dem., had 8640, and
Mr. Craggin, K. N 11,126. The aggregate
majority of the opposition candidates over
the Administration is 10,177. The majority
against the Douiocratio enndidnto for Rail
Road Commissioner is B870. In eleven
ont ; of tho " twelve Senatorial districts
the Democratic .candidates were' defeat
ed. ' - -
. Imfortart Dscisiox. A suit was recently
Instituted by a farmer in Piko county, Indi
ana, against the Straight Lino Railroad Com
pan y, to recover damages resulting to his
land. by running the road through it. A de
cision was given jn the case, several days
since, by the Circuit Court, by which dam
ages amounting to one cent were awarded to
the furmer... The' land through which the
road runa has more than doubled in value
since the location of the road.
v Death or Joseph Eastaiiroox. Joseph
Eastnbrook, formerly President of East Ten.
nessee University, Knoxville, died, a few
days since, nt Eastnbrook Salt Works, An
demon county. He was a gentleman of fine
literary and scientific attainments n mnn
nonesi ami uprigni, in wnom there was no
guile, and whom to know was to esteem.
Why Do.n't Thet Leave? Recently, in
a town not very far distant, several gentle
men were tnlking on the American question,
and condemning the practice of foreign gov.
ernments shipping their criminals and pan.
pers to this country. A Pntlander, some three
months only from the "Gem of the Son," who
happened to be within hearing, rather nston
Ished the crowd by remnrking: "An bo jn
hers! if the 'Mericnns dont like the couuthry,
why don't they lave itf This wns a clincher,
and of course the conversation had
tdk"" A. A. Clingnn, in tho last Cleveland
Banner, Interrogates John M. Bates and
Frank W. Lea, candidates for the Legislature
in Uradley county, as to whether they be
longtothu "new order thnt is known best
by tho nnmo of 'know nothing' or alius
'Sam.' Mr. Clingnn has long been aspiring
fo the Legislature himself; but it is hardly
necessary to ask him whether he Is a 'know
nothing.' Sec his enrd Inst Banner.
Kansas Election. The St. Louis papers
say . "
"A dispatch from Kansas says the Leaven
worth District Pro-Slavery ticket is elected
by sixty.one mnjority. and that Pro-Sluverv
men are elected in every District."
Georgia. Hon. Howe'll Cobb is about to
take the stump lit the 6th District,' Georgia.
The indications at present are that the con
test in the Empiu State of the South wilj
be a warm one. "
Horse Thief. 4 man, who gave his
name aa Smith, (one of the Johns, peihnps,)
hired a horse from Bridget' Livery Stable, on
Saturday morning lust, to ride a few miles
into the country, since which time neither he
or the horse boa been beard of. A reward
of twenty-five dollars Is .offered foi bis ap
preliensiun. Sue advertisement
Niw Orleans, May 26V.
The Grand Jury have returned a true bill
agalust Mr. Kendall, charged with having
embezzled valuable letters, while postmaster
. i ii r
j' TA patent has been granted to a gen.
t! . -n of Albany, Now York, for a newcum
f i fur aiding digestion. The main
t ... with people now a days la to get
OPINIONSOF THE NEW YORK PRESS.
oererai or ina leading nnnors of New York
city are giving their opinions of Mr. Wise's
success in Virginia. The Express snye:
" Wis Is elected Governor bv a .Wi.lwl
" I he delegation In Congress will not be
materially chnnged. The heavy nnd uncx.
peeled majorities for Cnskle in the eminllia
adjoining Richmond have re-elected him
nnd rniilkner s defeat ie anything liut certain,
Bayly, and Smith, supported by the K. N's.
are doubtless re-elected. ,
"The fact ie Virginia has not yet been try
ing "Sam" but has confounded him with
"Sambo," snd so hns thrashed him. The ef
forts of tho Democracy to identify the two
Myths have been secessful and complete.
Virginia fur seventy years hns voted one
way nnd will so vote till Railroads rut
Into her, and telegraphic lightning stilkes
down her political prejudices and passions."
The Tribune who entertains soma unkind
feelings townrds Sam, for having made a
schism In its pnrty, by "drawing off thou,
sands and thousands of true snti-Nebrss-ka
men" from their former fellowship,
indulges a little exultation over his de
"This Is a very remarkable resnltto follow
on the heels of the extravagant bragging of
all the Know Nothing orgnne not only in
Virginia but throughout the country. Sam's
godmother hnd dipped him in Ilia Styx of
Mlnverv, and tried to pnss him npon the Old
Dominion as the invulnerable Achillea whose
presence alone would insure victory to the
South; but the cunning Paris of Aeeomnc hna
hit him in the. heel the once invincible hero
is ignomininusly overthrown, the charm is
broken, Ihe prestige of success is gone, and
henceforth tho name of Sam will carry r.o
terror even to tho most timorous and thin
The Herald, the advocate of George Law'a
nomination fur the Presidency, nnd tho chief
organ of Ihe Know Nothings, is not entirely
discouraged by Sam's defeat ill Virginia. It
"The American pnrly hnve at length very
forcibly demonstrated their power in the
South. They hnvo just stormed theeiladel
the Sebiistupul we may say of the Southern
democracy, the hitherto impregnable Old Do
minion; and if it is not taken it has been so
thoroughly shaken that it will olnv need
another trial to bring it to an unconditional
-$f The Richmond Examiner, democrn.
tic, nnd the Washington Union, the admin
istration organ, have been engaged in n con
troversy recently about Governor Rceder, of
Kntmns. As usual, the Union got the worst
of it. The following is the closing portion
of the bxiumncr s Inst article:
"We struck, ns the emerrenrv nf ihn
required, hard, plump, direct, without hesi-
inuey or delay, at the head nf the serpent,
and rut it ofT at a single blow. The triumph
ant result of our enstigntinn has surprised
even ourselves. W not only lloi-ired ilia
rnrney nrrim rrom tho detence of the hemp
frightened Keeiler. but we have b ii'lti'd 1,m
Union into the ranks rf Reedcr's "border
ruffians," and we now hnve that pnper swear
ing by the men who held up to Reeder'e nf.
frighted vision, Ihe halter and the gallows.
"We have nt last discovered Ihe only effi
cient means for keeping the Washington
Union Irom going over, horse, foot anil dra
goons, to the Abolitionists. Wo furnish tho
receipt gratuitously to our Southern ex
changes. Whenever there is the slightest
room for suspecting that paper of Abolition
proclivities, apply the whip-cditorinl unspar
mgly In its shoulders. Khuvv as little mercy
n the Russian executioner does when hu ap
plies the knout. Don't stop to reason or re
monstrate with Forney; com down hot and
heavy with the lash, and yon will do more
good than by a thousand kind words. Con.
gress is fast falling into the possession of
Ihe Abolitionists, nnd Ihe Union will follow
the public printing, nnd compete with the
National Era for the spoils, without bestow,
ing one thought upon tho interests of tho
"If nine-tenths 'f the people of tho Uni
ted States were naked to name three of Ihe
most dstestnhle of the hmnnn family, they
would write, Forset, Hiss and Reeder. It
is tho duty of tho South to repudiate tho
Washington Union, to brand with the mark
of her unmerciful nnd eternal halo and de
testation, every man who utters n word in
defence of Forney'a disappointed and reject
ed tool, Reeder.' '
FS"Died, in Greeneville, Term., on tho
23d instant, Jxo. Dixon, lu tho 70lli year of
Hf A gentleman of the nnmo of Dun
can, in Greene county, who it a candidate for
tho Ix-gislutnre, winds up a long circular,
which is published In the American Eagle,
Greeneville, with tho following :
"Country, on Ihy sons depending,
Strong in manhood, bright in bloom,
Hast thou si-en Ihy nride descending,
Shrouded to the unbounded tombl
Rise! on eagle pinion soaring
Rise! like iinu of God like birth ,
And, Jehovah's nid imploring,
Sweep Ilia spoiler from Ihe esrtli."
May all men live "soberly, righteously and
godly,' so that when the '-lust sun has sol,
and the Inst star has fallen from its sphere,"
they may dwell in a higher aud nobler
sphere in Mount Zion." . .
Wo commend the nbove extract from Mr.
Duncan's circular, to the attention of candi
dates in this direction, who may wish to got
up something on the "very peculiar" order.
Of course, Mr. Duncan will bo elected.
fcT Blackwell, who choked tho lady in
the cars nnd robbed her of a servnnt girl, has
been ninrried to Lucy Stone. Justice is
sometimes slow but always sure!
Rowdyism Punished. Ghee Smith, of
Cnntle Widenhnm, Ireland, a gentleman of
high position and large fortune, hna been
sentenced to hard labor on tho treadmill for
a month, for tearing down tho gntea of sev
eral gentlemen. If Grleo cannot resist the
desire to tear down gates, he should emi
grate to the United'Statee. "A gentleman of
high 'position nnd largo fortune" can tear
down gates or almost any thing else here
with impunity especially if he huppens to
be a "furrlner."
tar The Pnnola (Miss.) Picayune says:
"Infiammation of the brain has prevailed ex
tensively in this county lutely, nnd many
deaths have occurred. The disease baffles
all medical skill and carries its victims off
' Mr The St. Louis Intelligencer of the
24th Instant .pays: - , .
"The river continuea at a atand. Weather
hot and sultry. Arrivale quite plenty, par.
tisulnrly iu the evening, when they made
quite a rush. The Missouri is on a stand
or fulling slowly, with four feet in the chan
nel. . . -
Dr. D. L. Berlhier was sdmitted to ball in
New Orleans last Thursday n the sum of
I'l.SOO. He had bm committed, for man.
slaughter.hsving caused the death of a woman
by malpractice as a physician-
OUR POWER FOR MISCHIEF.
The New York Herald hns an interesting
article npon the Nnval and Military capacity
of the United States In Ihs.avent of a war4
with Foreign powers, from which we lake an
extract. After giving some tables, sotting'
forth the strength of our nntionnl nnd torn,
incrtial marine, ns compared with thnt of the
governments of Eurnpo, the Herald says !
From this It nut-cars that the United .Stales
sbinds second ln4he list, being very slightly
behind Unglnnd. It hns more snips than nil
the rest of Enrnpe together. If Great Bri
tain, France and Spain were united ngainst
this country the three combined would only
possess one. filth, more tonnage than the
United States hns nllont. And ns we find
that the tonnage has nearly quadrupled since
loiii, ii in snie to nssume mai lour or nve
yenrs hence, the Aniericnii merchant navy will
be equal to theirs, nnd will only fall short by
a small figure of equaling the entire tonnage
This is a atnrtling fnct. if viewed In con
nection with the possibility of a war. During
the Inst war nenrlv nil our ports were block
aded from time to time; all were under a pa
per blockade; United States merchant vessels
were swept from thesen,nnd the few transient
gallant deeds of the navy only served to
make the national failure on that element
lnore conspicuous. Had the United Slates
possessed one-hnit her present naval strength,
the battles of Chiimcwa, Niacnrn nnd New
Orleans would have been fought somewhere
on tho soil of Ireland or England. Tho his
lory of the si niggles of Pcrrv and McDonough
In gel their miniature squadrons nflont on Ihe
lakes, will illustrate the previous weakness
of the. AmericnsAierchnnt marine on Jhoso
vnter;1t' wnr were"' to brenlt out now, the
lakes would in a week be private waters un
dor the dominion of Ihe United States. Ho
of the ocean. Gallantry is nn excellent thing
in wnr, no di-ul I; but ns the fate of Ihe brave
Englishmen in the Crimea too plainly proves,
the real isane depends not on valor, but on
tho nnmlier of men, Ihe amount of ships nnd
munitions of war, and the sums nf money
that enn be used or spent. The table above
shows tkat were w ar fleelnred to-morrow, the
United States could send abroad very nearly
ns mnny vessels nrmed ns privateers ns Great
Ilritnin.nenrly seven times ns many ns France,
fourteen as mnny ns Spain or Austria; and if,
ns would certainiy be Ihe case, several months'
milieu were given before hand, there is nn
rensoi why but of these merchant vessels, n
national navy should not hu built equal In
the ronibiiicd navies now in the Baltic nnd
In respect of men, this country could not
enmpiro with inland wnrlika nations like
Russia or Austria, neeiistnnii d tn keep four
or five or seven hundred thousand men on
foot in time of peace. But on tho other hand,
these immense urmies would be powerless
nainst this continent. We might not be
nble tn conquer Anstrin or Russia, but they
certainly could not do much mischief hero.
The United Slates could always raise men
enough to repel an invasion. As compared
w ith the maritime powers nf Europe, the
United iStatcs would hnve nothing to feat
from land opi-rttions in nny quarter of the
globe. Great Britain finds it impossible to
keep up hernru.y io the Crimen to a standard
oi 4U,imiu men.
During the fimt nix weeks of the Mexican
wnr, one hundred and fifty thousand men
volunteered to srrve; and in the course of the
following months, ns many more made a like
request. Mad any exertion been made, no
doubt half n million of men might have been
raided more thin France nt.d Enirland, with
nil their exertiors, could ever bring into the
held together, i hese men of ours, moreover,
would be, or at least nine out of I ho ten of
them, sloul, haie men, nnd good shots. The
Britin nnd French levies now being sent to
Ihe Ciinien are represented ns half grown
onys, cur leu, nnu never nrustca Willi a mus
ket in their lives till they enlisted. Every
third man in thisVid the other cities and
villages of Ihe Union has Ik-i-ii or is a mi
her ot ii target company; the experience of
tue .Mexican war snows now -mat circum
stance tells in face of an enemv. An ancient
military mnn hns stated tiiat in thu ordinary
European line, nt fair ranie, not one hot in
a hundred is effective; the reason being Hint
the men do not know how to tnke aim.
Y hat a difference this wonld mnku if a few
thousand of such men were pitted against our
In respect of munitions of wnr, money and
defences, the United States would have noth
ing to fear. England, which is scneriillv
considered the richest n ition in the world, is
very glad to hnve her last loan taken nt a trifle
over 80, and her funds would rapidly recede
below tiiat figure if it were not for the ope
rations of stockjobbers. Repented purchases
ny inu government nave raised our f ederal
securities to exhoihitanl prices; but allowing
that n now issue of six per cent stock, to. an
amount of say fifty millions for one year's
serious war were made, it is not likely the
depreciation would exceed 20 per cent, nnd
that would still leave the price above par.
.natenais oi wariioniinu in mis country. ve
could build nil tha ships the world would
need for centuries, without buying a dimu'i
worth from ubroad. We could cast all the
cannon and balls make nil tho rifles nnd
swords nnd bayonets that would bo needed
in our own factories in fur less time than
would bo consumed in the negotiations pre.
limiiuiry to the war, We should not need
to iro abroad for any single article nf necessi.
ty or general use. Finally, and this is not
generally known, the system of fortifications
w hieh have been in progress for soma years
lire in such n state of advancement, that it is
exceedingly unlikely that nny naval force
could bombard nny of our seaboard cities.
New York, fur instance, might bo considered
comparatively sale, A few months would
place the defences on the Narrows in such n
state Hint nn Heel could pass through, and
we hnvo reason to believe that the other
great cities are equally safe.
Tha monarchs in Europe had better count
the cost lelre tliey attempt to ubslish slave
ry in inu unno'i mutes ny lorce.
Crops in North Georgia. The editor of
the Chattanooga Advertiser has recently
traversed nearly I ho whole extent of Walker
county. He writes that the wheat crop is
flattering, corn looks well, onts have suffered
for wnut of rain, but now are promising.
There is, however, ut present much distress
from want of corn. A few farmers hnvo
supply, but are holding on for 91,60 per
bushel some, however, have been obliged to
stop plowing for the want of corn tu feed.
ESfPriuciplea are vital and indestructible,
They cannot die. They cannot be ignored
They may Indeed be renounced or abandoned
by former advocates nnd adherents; but even
in such case, they will assert nod re-assert
themselves.. And their operation In practical
administration mny be, oftentimes very wise.
ly, suspended or held in abeyance; but their
latent force, ready to be called Into practical
operation upon the demand of expediency, is
not dbly undeniable, but. must be evermore
affirmatively asserted, or otherwise the gov
eminent would be continually exposed to the
dangerous hazards of revolutions, or finally
enguipueu in annreny.
Avoid Temptation. Avoid temptation
through fear that you cannot withstand it.
In other words if you wish to diet bachulor,
have as. little to do with dimity as possible.
Girls hsve a way of twisting around you that
oeais grape vines eousiaeraoiy.
'. THE FUTURE.
Th Columbus (Ot.) Enquirer, of the 20th
nit, has a significant article, from nhloh We
take the following extract I
Ths political honron not only of our own
State, but of the whole country, presents but
a gloomy and uncertain aopect. At no period
of our history, perhaps, within a quarter of a
oenturv, has the field of polities been so ob
scured by the mists of doubt, and the pros
pect beyond been less elearlv defined, what
course shall we persuel Wnsre shall we got
seems to be the snxlnns enquiry on all hands.
While, npon ths one hand, the power and
force of party association, with an Influence
almost irresistible, lends to the maintenance
of old organizations, on tho other the un
faithfulness of party lenders nnd pnrty allies
equally counsels a rigid inquisition into the
iiiM'Km.r oi me pruieasinns nnu piaiinrrna
upon which it is proposed to rally tho friends
of a common cause. A glnnce nt the history
of the past convinces us that the ancient na
tional organisations are not to be relied-on
ir the mnintenniice of the ruchts nnd inter
ests of the Houth. The crent preponderating
miti-alnvery sentiment which pervades both
vt nig ann iiemncrntic parties nt the .North,
and which hns heretofore been tho controll-
ng eleniont of political strife, renders a lonir-
er jifliliatinn with either, both unwise mid
imsnre. As we nave heretofore snut, hence
forth the reliance of the South must be in the
South, and in the unbroken front Which she
mny present to her adversaries upon every
ocensiun whero any, even the lenst important,
of her rights nre menaced. Upon this plat,
form she can stand in the proud conscious-
nea of the integrity of her position, and
while she boldly defles her enemies from
whatever niimtcr thev mnv come, she enn
within Ihe borders of strictest self-respect
extend the hand of fellowship to all who are
dif-nnsed to accord to her the full measure
or iior rights.
California. Aii interesting fugitive slave
ense wns decided lit San Jose on the 17th of
April. Tha slave wns a boy wlio had been
taken to California from Tennessee, by Ilia
master, in 1819, before the adoption of tho
Stale constitution, nnd hns renmii-ed there
evcrsince. J lie Court, after a hem-mr. dis-
hnrged the slave, nnd declared him fioe un
r the State laws.
On the 88th March, J. A. Phillips st ibbcd
R. J. McJnmes on Indian creek, in K'amnth
county. The wounded mnn died in 2S min.
tiles. Thu miners collected and elected n
Coroner, nnd he summoned a jury on! held
Inquest. The verdict wns thnt Mejancs was
killed by Phillips. A meeting .v;. the'i reg
ularly organized, nnd the question was put
whether Phillips should be handed over tu the
regular authorities or tried by Lynch law.
Thu decision wns in fnvor of tho latter. A
jury of twelve men were empanneled, a coup
le of persona were nssigncd as counsel for
tho nccused; the evidence was heard; the ju.
ry found Phillips guilty of the killing; the
meeting resolved that he should bo hung nt
10 a. m., on March 31st, nnd he was hung at
The Methodist Church South, hns been
Homing n i.onlerence nt Sacramento. I hey
number thirty clergymen in the State. They
resolved to establish a pnper. '
The Heathen. The people of some parts
of Alabama are determined Io put a stop to
the Telegraph business. Aftur tearing down
the wires they issued the following proclanm.
tion, w hich the Tuseumbiii papers assure us
Is genuine, having been found posted up in
the woods nlong the line:
. ..iv ..,,,, una , .
Marion County ' '"y
Notice to the Mnnarers of tho Teleornnt
Ware aro hereby forwarncd to not to put up
the wnro any mure for it shall nut Slav tm
any mora long.-.t a time if you do not let it
stay down the hole country is going to Just
go ticioro your kvos and tire it down nnd
cut tho post nnd throw nwny the glasses and
throw nwnv the ware nnd skin the first man
dais nny thing A gainst it nnd throw his hide
a crow s A pole anil split OOOOOO
Jump up John the Wolf ketcher.
The Mobile Advertiser expects that Sam is
not "round generally" in that section or
"Jump up John tho Wolf Ketcher" would
make a little less noise than he does,
'I he Alubnmian . tolls a story nf an old lady
who belonged to the "Wolf Ketcher" party
and who is ready to awear that daring the
drought of lust summer she frequently saw
the clouds "gather over the telegrnft wires
and bile, for half an hour, trying their
best to ruin ! but had to give it up nt
Ohsjon op the British Press. The
English Press admits thnt hopes of pence
have fled, nnd that no assistance can be ex
pected from Austria, and but littlo from the
rest of Europe; consequently thnt France nnd
Englnnd must fight it out. The London
Times publishes nn nrticle expressing these
views. The Times has also nn editorial on
behalf of the government, stating thnt it is
Impossible to peruse the official documents of
the Vienna Conference without seeing thnt
Russia was never In enrncst In her pretended
desire for peace. Some, however, think dif.
forently; nnd Earl Grey, in the House of
Lords, hns given notice of a motion for 21st
inst., that nn address be sent to Ihe Queen,
deploring the fnilure of negotiations, and
statlng.ns the opinion of Parliament, that the
proposals of Russia were such ns to uffuid a
fair prospect of concluding a ponce, by which
nil the oiiginnl objects of the war might have
been gained, nnd by which the nllics might
have obtained all the advantages w hich can
be reasonably demanded from Russia. Milnes
Gibson made a similar motion in the House
Washington, Mny 23.
Secretary Dobbin has returned to thiscity,
grently improved in health.
The Washington Union of this morning
commends the removal of a workman from
the Gusport Navy Yard for being a Kuow
Nothing, and Indicates that all Know Noth
ings holding office under the Federal Gov
ernment will be proscribed. ' .
Uf The deaths in New York last week
amounted to 457, viz:
Men 104, women 6, boys 144, girls 123,
an increase of 2tt on the previoua week.
There wns an increase In the number of
deaths from diseuses of the throat and lungs.
In Baltimore there woro 106 deaths.
It Is said the following is considered a very
grave question, and been six months In de
bate before a very leurncdLyueiim, viz:
Whether the horn of a dilemma, the horn
of a mad bull, or a hum of Monongahelo,
does not virtually mean one nnd -the same
A young lady was recently cured of palpi
tation of the heart, by a young M. D., In Ihe
most natural way imaginable, He held one
of her hands in his, put bis arm around her
waist suo) whispered something in her left
FURTHER NEWS PER AMERICA,
. . Lovisvilli, May 25. '
Vlannn Friday evening. It is rumored
Hint Count Buol hns given In his resignation,
but the rumor la not confirmed.
It is eaij "that Austria la nn the point of
declaring complete neutrality,' as also the
Vt hole of Germany.
The London Time In nn editorial snys the
circumstance of America not sympathising
witli the allies Is shocking nnd rovolting.
Tho Police say they have discovered a vast
lot of ramifications, throughout Europe, to
promote insurrection, honce Pinnori's execu
tion will be postponed so as to trace his con
On the dny the attempt wns made, It
was freely statud in various cities through
out Italy, Spain and Germany that Napoleon
Italy. U wns reported that tho King of
Naples wns fired nt by nn assassin nt review;
but found out upon enquiry, to be nothing
but an accidental discharge of a soldier's
Operation in Ihe Baltic The English
portion of the Bultic fleet was making up to
wards the island of Gothland ns fast ns the
Ice would permit
It Is said that Franco lias naked permission
to establish n French camp in Swedish terri
tory, and ifthis is refused, tho allies will then
lake possession of Bumiirsund, and fortify
Anttrian ami Russian Diplomacy. Symp
toms Increase that the Austrian nnd Russian
Cabinets nro attempting to effect a general
accord among the German States. The edi
tors of the semi official journals hnve united
to favor tho movement.
France. Drouyn de L. Hnys, the French
Minister of Foreign Affairs, hns resigned,
from nn unwillingness to protract the war,
Count Waloniskl, the French ambassador
at London, has been nppointcd his sueecs.
Pienori, who attempted to nssassinate
the Emperor, has been vondemed to death,
The project of a new loan of seven hun
dred million francs is under consideration by
the Council of Slate.
Russian accounts from Ihe Crimen nre fa.
vornble to their cause. An immense num
ber of troops, numbering over 200,000, nre in
nnd nrnund Sebnstnpol, with constant recruits
pouring in. Tho defences nt Sebastouol are
greatly increased in strength. There have
been several sorties, in which n good many
were killed on both sides, but no regulnr bat
tle. The Russians nro said to be in high
spirits. Bombardment by the allies has al
most enliroly ceased. - ,
. Good Advice. An Irish pnper, the local
organ of St. Jarleth's, states that the " rush
from Ireland" tu America, has set in with
fearful rapidity. Bishops and Priests, backed
by the whole power of the Church, are ur
ging the faithful to stay at home. Most ex
cellent advice, nnd sincerely do we hope it
may produce the desired 'effect. Among
other rensons assigned by John - of . Tunnies
why " tho flight of his erratic, subjects"
should bo stayed aro tho following:' .;
While the Irish Catholic race wns treated
with kindness in America We novcr uttered
n word of rtMitenvtennce r warning; but now
that nil parties ngree in cnuiplaining of the
dreadful persecutions w hich mvnit tiiem from
all thu powers of Know-Nothingism. in the
hitherto boasted land of liberty, we feel it
our imperative duty to raise our voice in
protest and reclamation. . Bud as home is,
nnd cold ns is the prospect thnt awaits our
people under a system of laws thnt obsti
nately refuses security, for tenant industry,
it is better tn remain nnd battle with the ills
they know thnn to fly to others of a mere
revolting bind. A qui t death in the old
land of tho saints, with the aid of religious
consolation in that nwfn! hour, is better than
contact with the awful demoralization and
almost total absence of religions comforts
which await the emigrant beyond the Atlan
From the J'laiss. The Santa Fe mail
arrived nt Independence on Monduv. Col.
V. Vrain, with three compnnies, in pursuit
r .1... IT...I. r..n i .r
ui in- uuni, leu in wiiii a puny ox Apacnea
nnd killed six men nnd took six women
prisoners. Troops hnd been dispatched to
tho junction of Red river to intercept the
meeting of tho Indians at that point.
Col, Miller has gone tn the White Moun
tains, altera Dand ol tho Mcscarrilles tribe.
Major Dusonbcrry died nt Santa Fe on the
1st nt April.
The mail pnrly report mcctint; but few In
dinns. The. grass was poor nnd water senrco
nn tho Plains, there having been a great
. East Tennksskk JUiidmc. 'Ihe Washington
Star says of a lot of variegated East Tennes
see Marble, recently received at the Capitol :
It has at tracted the attention of a large
number of marble dealers, and is by all pro-
euiier loreign or domestic, inis mnrble is
to he used for decorating the interior of the
addition to the Capitol.
We nre proud to see this encouragement of
native srone, anil nave nououbt Unit, niter it
has become known throughout the eountrv.
it will to a great extent, if not entirely au-
j,vri-i'uu nn foreign maroie now in use.
J lie government hns now nn opportunity
of furnishing the interior of the eapitol in a
manner superior to nnv other public buildin
in the world, and witfi material, too. fonn,
ill lnrire quantities in our country, which is
so rieu in mineral and agricultural resources.
t3f The Virginia Legislature is believed
to be largely Deuotratio, which will giye to
that party the election of United Utntes
Senator, in the plaoe of Mr. Mason.
J3f A locomotive on the Lake Shore Rail
Road rau Into a flock of sheep, last week, In
Erie county, Ohio, and cut up over sixty of
them. That's considerably ahead of any
thing that has oecurred out this wsy as yet.
, Youno America. Sinithers was the mod
el head of u model family. He was enter
tnining hia friepds the proper culture of
children was under discussion. S. cited his
son Jonss as a model of parental training;
says he, "My son, will you be helped to some
beans!" "Not a d d bunn," says Jnnns.
Muiitliers grew instantly taciturn. -Ho saw
thnt the full spirit of Young America had
invaded his household.
. A tremendous storm occurred at Augusta
on Sunday afternoon, about four o'clock,
prostrating several trees, tearing down
branches and flooding the streets, &e. The
rain extended along tha entire line of the
South Carolina Rail Road. . Two telegraph
posts were blown down about 94 miles from
thiscity, and the wire fell across the track,
.'. It la aaid If the new Court of Claims wart
to dispose of 200 oases per duy, it would re
quire ten years to get through those now
ready for its action, '
,' It sppti, ihitt i t'ornt pv-e i,, ,i . jlnn'a'
nnd Alabnmathp poorer, people re aotuntiy. ."'
famishing for the want uf Bru j'he hntlng ;''jA'.'
little or nolhing to buy yvlthi and there being (; : ' '
no grain witltlP - allnblo distance for.aa'la. .
, Wf quota r ollowing.meWcnoly stnte''V
ment of facte , uti 'e, Bienville-(Mount '
Lebanon', ;La.) limes of the liJlh inst : . ' ;
Scarcity Bread. (Jnr distant rertdors'hv
more Invored places may form some idea of i
the senrcity of bread in this country when
we tell them a few rumors that coiie to onr
ears. The Ouachita Register says: i son,, '' '
of the parishes around Monroe, the poor in
some places hnve gone to ponnding roots for
brend. W e have heard of the same thing in
n neighboring parish. The bulbous root of
the biiniboo biier is dug up, pounded nnd
made into brend. The suffering hnvo some,
limes gone to those who lu.d n little corn,
nnd, without permission, divided it out be.
tween themelves nnd the owner, per capita.
We heard of one man Who bought ten hush,
els, nnd carried it home nnd put it in his crib.
lyexi mornvig mere leas not au ear remaining.
Famine knows no law.
What makes this slate of things worse, is
Ihe difficulty of getting any thin,. rm New
Orleuns, and it must grow worse nnd worse
till green corn can be hnd to afford austen.
mice to the hungry, unless we do huve liuvi.
Will not our planters learn n lesson? Lnst
yenr mnny neglected their corn to attend to
their cotton; now, nil the proceeds nf their
cotton will he spent for hrend. Jf they had
neglected their cotton nnd worked their corn,
ns they could hnve dune, we should now hear
no cry for bread. "Experience is a dear
school but "
War Declared bt three Thousand In.
Dians. Ths following Intelligence comes in I
the shape of a letter from St. Joacph, dated
Col. Vaughn, Indian agent from Fort Pierra,
nrnved in town yesterday evening. He status
that the Indiana on tho plains are in n very
unsettled condition; in fact assuming n hostile
altitude. 'Ihe Bh.ck Feet, Apaches, snd
Sioux, MnnncunqtieH, Sansnre, and Ynnetims,
banded in a mighty host, nnd scoffing exist
ing treaties, have unbliried tho hatchet, and
bid defiance to Iho powers that be. Theso
tribee combined with the Bruliiys and Ogaln.
liea ol the Platte, numbering at a small cal
culation, three thousand warriors, havo
thrown up foitificntiona on Dreaming Bi II. at
Ihe sourcu of Grand River, nnd nre not only
ready but anxious to meet any .force that
Government may send ugninst them! em
boldened by the enso which they massacred
our soldiers in the lute kkirmudies, nnd .re. ' '
""""'"i mnor ever since manilestcd tiy. - ' I
the whites in their necessary Intercourse with i,. ' 1
them, nnd nre scoffing at the power "of .the . v ,'
United States to discharge them-of Jheir1. ' . .
strong holdl' .The Asiiuiblaiies, Riecaries, '. -.'1 "
and Mundalnes, having the feurthe four new S- . '
regiments before their eyes, have told their i " . V..
agent Col. Vnnghn, la council, thnt they will : . ' -'." '
not only nid and abet, but -furnish - material ."''' .
assistance , in-subduing v., their-" refractory- '- s '
' Direct rRoji'MEXioot The Notional' Tn"-"v,
in: - u. -. i .... i, .- . . ,.' ,. - .
.viiigniv.cr una i, .jctker Ulrccfc ironi U gOntle ?
man iej the city of Mexico, dated Mny th'o3d, 'l!;'r ' -
yvniun snys.-t v?i!sVv";'-. f.-'a.-
""Tha stale of thlnsa W . this lennntrvt '.
compared with that existine- in rinr own. ...'
Jul and difficult to describe. Santa Anna. .'
surrounaea by n powerlur faction, has uni- .,' .
versal powerr ' He nlone mattes and annuls
nil laws nt pleasure; is the arbiter in all eutta 53? '
Drought before the tribunals in which thar'f A
Government Is .concerned. He removes o J ' ;V-'vi
of the nulhorUIck when he sees fit to do. ao, V1? ; v
nnd replaces then With - others.' lie ordera i.;."A'.
levies of troops to ba made at any moment, "-r's-V
spends tlio public money, nnd is accountable
to no person; in fact he can do here whntever
he pleases and what he pleases to.. do is to f ' 'vvV
keep nbnut 45000 men under nrms, imposo ('
forced loans, live shut up in' hia ' jMrrncks, ."' "
(palnce,) eee fiflyorslxty persons each day-'"-.V--'
- y . . . "J . nna,- caiiea f ,Ay .,v
oer-WHima, oppresses and trample on every. ' - 1
body, and pockets our cash." ,-
4- - -(-T 1 . ' .io,- j -.ijrfc ' .'.' -
Gambling j CAT-ironm, The sixlh Call- V
fornia Legislature fins udioumed nfu-r a. ym-.'",' ;
aion of 120 days, during which time garner -? '
ous oenenciai nna highly popnlnr laws have- .
been ennoted. 'Among these la one prohibit
ing gambling throughout the state, under the?
most stringent principles-. Gambling house V .
are, at last, to be cloaed,and a practice which V V
hns gone further toward demoralising Cali-' V :
fornia nt home, and in the ayes of the i world; iV
bids fair to be permanently eradicated Ironi
the Innd. Vigorous attempts; both by inflov ; ' : : - -ence
and money, hnve been mode to procure- rv
the repeal or modification of this law, bat le "
no purpose. . , '. " , ' .:
(& The New York Herald enys: ; - ,
A California, merchant ia now in the 'city
with the view to make some arrangement for
the receipt of flour and wheat from San
Francisco. The samples thut he exhibits are
of the vary finest kind, fully equal to the best
production of our State. The wheat coat
about 90c. per bushel, nnd the flour a littlo
less thnn 8b' per bbl. in San Francisco. Thi
gentleman is fully confident that both can be
laid dow n here nt a profit, even admitting that
prices may materially decline within the next
three or four months.
47" A Mr. McClure, recently died In ona
nf Ihe Western States, leaving property to
the value of two millions nf dollars. In hiu
will he bequeaths to every society in the U.
States founded by, nnd for the benefit of
mechanics and workimr-men the sum of five
hundred dollars. Applications must be made
to the executors.
An Amehican Murdered. A recent num.
her of the Brownsville Flag contains t. letter
from Saltillo, Mexico, giving un account of
the murder of an American named Dr. Downs,
who was robbed of a largo nmount of nioney
by his murderers, nnd the Moxicnn officials
appropriated whut property remained to
IS" A young man employed ns clerk in
one of the first commercial nouses in New
Orleans, wns sent, on Saturday afternoon, to
draw n check upon n bank for 82500. Ho
got Iho money, nnd neither himself our it baa
since been heard of.
In Washington Territory Governor
Stevens is n candidate for Congress. There
are several other candidates.
'Do you not find my hyes expressive of my
feel inks,' said a dandy loafer to s young
lady whoso fortune he coveted more than
her person. 'Certainly, sir,' I should be very
blind if I didn't. It makes me think of a cod -v
fisli dying oftoothaehe.'- Dandy sloped with
a flea in his ear. - .'j .-'-.- -t
A Capital Idra. A new eiqck 'Kas b'seq'-
manufactured down r t to be n 1 r thai
States in which the Ma- tJ'
ed. Upon tha dial;" t e -fir
eleven audoue - r
the happy po' rt .lia'
to be reminde i . -.-.
i f Uf.
3TA man.' - i
b worth "UQC .
iwpjey'oor '.S t V.
ed by HU . I L.. jrrt jai th
pn"n,. - ' ' ''-"
qpie fQf ":; Vi., v ,
1 V."- '. ti.''--'W :-V -J ' (-.r,
r- ,v v