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BY SAM. P. IVINS.
; ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY, JUNE 29 1855.
$ WW W
tnie P09T Is puhllHhed every FrWny at Pr year,
trWe In ndviincc, or ir pHftncnt to d1njred uiittl
AttvrrtUffnipnr will hechrfn 1 vr qnnre
f 19 linen, or Im, for the Arrt Innertlnn, mnA m wnu for
ch enntlmifinoe. A liberal rtMuctlon mmle to ihoi
who AdVcrtUe by the jrenr. fTPPeMofi aendtnr ntvr
iltementa must murk the number of time n they dehe
them kmerteil, or they wilt be continued until forbid and
For nnnouncttig the names of Ofindhlattn for office , f 0,
. Vw. '
Obituary nntlcei over IS llnei, charged at the regular
All eomrnHnloiitlonn Intended to promote the private
end or tnterti of Cornnmtlonn, BoclMlen, Schools or
Individual, will be cttArpred naadvertlMemenift.
JH Wir' iiwh no I'nmnhleta, Minute. Clroulare,
0rdl, Blank, Handbill, Ac, will be executed In good
trie, and on reaoniihle ternia.
All lattera addrefd to the Propfletor, poat paid, will
be promptly attended to.
PeMon at a dUunre nendlnf na the nnmea of fnnr
elvent nhcrlhcre, will he entillfd to a fifth copy ffrrfHs,
No commnnlcatlon Inserted uulesa kecompanied by
On nnmt of the wnthor.
OBlct on Main alreet, next door U tha old Jack-
ton Hotel. -
ATIIFNN, t'HinAY, JUNR 8ft. I8AA.
WasHiioto, Juno 30. Some of the
Southern didofrntp to the rcccntKnow Noth
IiiK Council in Phildt-Iriiin tire now lirre.
The rupture of the Convention is not re
gnrded ah dcntrni'tive of the pnrly. Dele-
gates from twelve State nepnrnted from the
b dy, nn nci'our.t of olijrctiont to the nm
jority pint form In respect to the restoration
of the Miwiiiuri Compromise, nnd not the
question of the nlmlition of slavery in the
District f .Columbia nnd nil the Territories,
The Eastern nnd some of the Western dele
gates could not stand before their people,
they snhl, upon the ICansas-Nebrnskn bill I
the repeal of the Missouri Compromise.
But the New York nnd California delegates
embraced the majority plat lor m. Willi these
Inst free States, nnd n chaneeor Pennsylva
nia nnd other IVec'Stulis, the Southern delo-
gates expect tu carry the next Presidential
election. Hut their first object is to carry the
elections wliieli nre to take p)neu this sum
Inor nnd Inll in the Southern States.
Uoston, June 18.
Jackson &. Cy.'s express enr, between
Portsmouth nnd this vitv. was robbed this
morning on the up trnin of $5.(100, govern
ment funds. There were $27,000 in baps,
bciny the bahinee of jiovcrumont money left
lifter paying off the frigate Constitution. Only
one bnr wns taken, nn is supposed, by means
of false keys. The robbers nre supposed to
have escaped on the way train, nnd officers
have lelt here in n special train in searth of
Second Disjtatch. Smith Robinson, the
freight agent of the Eastern Railroad, h
been arrested for stealing the bag of gold
tri ll Jackson & Co.'s Kx press car. He. was
in the net of counting the money when taken
in his ('flue., lie is a man of some property
and has a firmilv:' .' ' -
; Ikdepekdekcs. We like independence.
We like to hear n .in in express his honest
convictions on any and every subject
which he may have occasion to speak.
man w ho is a mere echo of some leading
politician .some distinguished -divine,
some shrend financier whose religious sen
tinieiiU nre the sentiments of Ida church his
political views n fac simile of his party organ
who listens wild open mouth and glaring
eyes to those whom accident has elevated,
pecuniarily, a little above, himself, not daring
to utter an opinion which does not i'ullv
, coincide with that coming from such a source,
may find appropriate spheres in this world
. but the moral nnd intellectual condition ol
'. the community will not be greatly improved
by any tiling he dares to do or say.
3 The safest and more honerablo wny
of accumulating wealth and enjoying huppi
ness and contentment is through industry,
Kvery day's experience rind observation de
' velopos its truth.' We see Hie active, ener
Cetic man, overcoming difficulties, conquer
ing misfortunes aud elevating his condition
in life. Success mid till its concomitant
blessings attend his efforts. ' With n clear
: . conscience and a light heart, he can enjoy
after the close of a busy day, the quietude
and pleasure of his family hearthstone.
The smile of his eentlo wife seems more
' bewitching, her voice sweeter, and the prat
' lie of his little offsprings is much to his ears,
All is happiness. Strange then, there nre
o many who lounge around streets in idle,
ness, In the wny of industrious men,nnd of no
earthly good to society or themselves. Why
not be a man; at once call into action those
dormant energies, nud thrust yourself Into
the great arena of business life, .determined
' to make an honorable reputation at last.
Washington, June 19.
. The President has called Governor Recder
' .. and oilier territorial officers of Kansas for
their speculations in Kansas with half breeds,
in violation of acta of Congress, and tells the
. Governor that he cannot be kept in office
unless the impressions now In his mind shall
be removed by satisfactory explanations.
Governor Reeder promises to reply when he
shall have readied Kansas. . ,' .
' OT Murders are said to have become very
frequent In Mississippi, and the clergymen
ore strenuously urging the uioro rigid enforce,
ment of capital punishment.. The frequency
of murder there, however, is nothing now, for
Gov. Foote once remarked, that for every
two days of hie term as Governor of the
.' Slate, there was a murder perpetrated
- Society seems to be in a disorderly atate,
" ' or such a prevalence of crime iuuld not oi
t-Jtlswitliafnded beauty aa with a
elock the more the face I enainuielled,
, the. more clearly do we the process of
,, Time. . , . '
3'"The fullowing toast, jivn at Ply.
".. mouth lately, is excellent, "Tha- American
fair too wis to take the veil, end too beau.
...fill to need JC.-' r r " v-'
H l e. "S '
ARRIVAL OP THE ASIA.. "
New Ynit, June 20.
Thr Alr nrrivud IhU morning I.o'n
don dnten'oflh 6th lni. Cilon i'tlv
ilh n further ml v.iik'O iifrl; consols 61 J.
Fnmi dinpntcli reei'lved frortl Kerlcti,
June It nppi-nra Hint th qu:idriD In the
Sen of Azoff nirnred before Girltolwl
nnd Inndtd body of Sfmiiun 'who drove the
Rimainns fr. in tire place nnd dealroyva nil the
D( pot, nnd vesnt-ln Inmlvd ith corn, np
plies for the RiiHHiun army. Only one man
wounded aince the entry of tlt flyet into the
Sen of Aloft. Fonr steamers nnd two him
dred nnd Tirty vessels employed in4 carrying"
. ' . , ,, .
uppliva - to the Russian nrmy in the Cri
mea, have been destroyed by the Allies.
Conference at Vienna formally closed nt a
Gun. Pulisscr telegraphs from the Crimea,
June 1st. - "We nre springing two mines in
front of flagstaff Bastions second explosion
did consideable damage to the enemy in the
Ravine in ndennce of our works. Our engi
neers discovered n transverse line of twenty
four Centimeters, thickly plnced nt equal
distance apart, nnd buried just beneath the
sod, each ease containing one fourteenth Kil
logramme of powder, which would explode
by a simple pressure of the foot These hnve
been taken bv our eimim-era." A dispatch
from Prince GorLsrhakolf dated 29th May,
states that the Allies hnd occupied Kertch,
but had not pushed ns far as Alland. H
reported in consequence that measures had
been takeq. so that the Allies would not be
able to cut off nil communication with the
Russian nrmy. The Porte Gazette of Frank
fort publishes n dispatch Irom O letsn to the
fleet, that the Russians were raising batto.
ries to command the channel near Geritchi,
which connects Petro Ldto with the sea of
Az ff. Another dispatch says Onchokofl sr
rived at Perekop with his division, consisting
of four regiments each 3,600 strong. Gen
Grosseiliieini also arrived nt Perekop Willi
four regiments of Cavalry, consisting of 9iO
men each. These give GortschaknfT a rein
forcemeat of 8.0UO. ,
Letters from llerliti nf 1st, state that the
success of the Allies had made quite an im
A letter from the French camp nt Sehns-
lopol dnted May 22d, states that the Allies
were npon the eve nf great events. Arrange
incuts had been made for n council of war, at
Which Geiil's Canrobert and I'elissier, Lord
Ragliin, Dosquet, Omar Pacha and Brown,
and Admirals Bruat and Lyons, will be pres
All the reinforcements had come up, nink
lug the French nrmy 200,000 strong.
i Halifax, June SO,
The St. Louts has nirived. Shu left Liv
erpool on the 9 h
The bombardment nt Sebnstnpot re-com
menced on the flh. On the day the steamer
sailed n despatch was received from Lord
Raglan, dated June 8th, 6 P. M v. Iiich states
that after a fo rce bombardment the French
attacked and carried the Maiuelon and Whito
towers. The greatest gallantry was exhib
ited on both sides. 'I he loss of both the
French and Russians was very great,
The buoyant feeling in the Cottorr mnrket
at Hie departure of the St. Louis (suppusu it
should be Hie Asia) subsequently gave way
and prices underwent a partial decline, which
afterwards rcovercd, aud the market closed
at about the previous quotations.. The busi
ness of the week amounted to 1.07,000 bales,
mostly on speculation.
The Conference nt Vienna, having finally
closed ' at the instigation of the Western
Powers, negotiations will not likely be re
newed unless Russia applies to Austria for
her good offices.
The Russian correspondence sny HiatAgs
lila considers uersetl released Irom all en
giigeuieuls tu Hie Western Powers the hit
ter having refused to accept peace on reason.
able terms. Austria, however, still profess
es herself the ally of France and England,
subject to the arti -les of the treaty of I)e-
j mi ... j ft
ceu.ber 2nd. The Vienna papers are ndviseiT
that although Hie Conferences have closed
the Plenipotentiaries have the Austrian pro
positions under consideration nnd Austria
still desires to effect a mediation. In Hie
meantime the Military Commissioners, of
France and England have left Vienna.
The Government dispatches in regard to
the affair beforo Sebaslopol show great gal
lantry on the part of the French
1 he Itussiau plan was to unite nil the urn
buscades by it line of gabions connected by
a continuous covered way south,
The condition of the ground at Tchernnyn
shows Hint the Russians never intended tu
to maintain their ground. Despatches indi
cate that the ul lies yet own thssida of the
river. The allies found 1700 tons of coal at
Kvrtsch. The allies propose to fortify Yeui-
kale but will nut hold Kcrlsch
Gorlschakoff telegraphs, Juno 3d. that the
Allies lelt Genritcln, aud that part ' of Hie
burned stores will be saved.
The British nnd French fleets were dote
to Cronstadt on the 4th. .
Pvlissier telegraphs that the Russians
evacuated Sangakale, destroying it. before
Some changes had occurred in the Turkish
Cabinet aud new eombiuatlons were spring
-:- lri A dispatch from Baton Kongo snyt
the shelera hat appeared among the United
States troopt stationed ut that place,' in an
epidemic form; that there are now fifty of
theni'Vury iU with It, and that several deaths
have already occurred. '
tr" Tht Pennsylvania State Council hnve
endorsed the -Know Nutblng National Pint.
lorm. wrth ackiuse declaring any interference
of Congress with tht subject of alavary.at
unconstitutional... . - . . - -.
.. -. .-.- . , i . . - ,
THE PLATFORM OPTIlE AMERICAN
The following nr th "Platform and Prln.
rlples of th Orennir-allon," n ttnnlly derided
npon by the Am -rienfl Nntional (.'onventlon,
nt a late hour last niuht. " We hnve obtained
it with much. difficulty nt the moment of
lining to press. Philadelphia Bulletin of Ike
Platfohm and Prikcipies.
I.JThe acknowledgment of that Almk'h.
ly Being, who rules over Hie Universe who
presides over the Councils of Nations who
conducts the'nlTiirKiif men, and who, in every
step by which we have ndvmiccd to the char.
after of an independent nation, has riislin.
guished us by some token of Providential
"iJ"'' i.i ' j j , . V '
Hi The cnltivnlion nnd devetnnnipnt of n
sentiment ol proioumllv Intense. A merlin n
Iceling; of passionate attachment to our conn.
try, its history and its institutions; nf admira
tion for the purer days of. our national exis
tence of veneration for the heroism that
precipitated our Revolution, and nf emulation
of tho virtue, wisdom nnd patriotism . that
frnuieit our Constitution nnd first successfully
ill. I lie maintenance ol too union of
these United Stales ns the p-iraninnnt political
good, or to use the language of Washington,
liio primary oiijectot patriotic desire. And
he nee : '
1st. Opposition to nil attempts to weaken
or subvert it.
2d. Uncompromising nntngnnism to everv
principle of policy that endangers it.
3d. I he advocacy of an equitable ndinst
ment of all political differences which threaten
its integrity or perpetuity. . .
4th. The suppression of nil tendencies to
political divisions founded on "geographical
discriminations, or on the belief that there is
a real difference of interests nnd views" be
tween the various sections of the Union.
6th. The full reeoiruitioii of the rights nf
the several States, as expressed and reserved
ill tlie Const itulioii; and it careful avoidance,
bv the Uciiernl (loveriunent, of nil interlcr-
enee with their rights by legislative or vxecu
IV. Obedience to i the Constitution of
these United States ns the supreme Inw of the
land, sacredly ooiigtitory upon all its parts
ana uiemoers nun sie-niiasi resistance to the
spirit of innovation upon its principles, bow-
ever specious ill pretext. Avowing that in all
diiubitul or disputed points It may only he
tetany ascertained nud expounded by tliu
Judicial power of the United Stales.
And as n corollary to the above:
1. A habit of reverential obedience to the
laws whether National, State, or Munieiiiiil,
until they are either repealed or declared un.
consiuuiM'iiai ov me proper nuiiioniy.
2. A tender and sac red regard for those
acts ot statesmanship, which nre to bo contra
distinguished from nets of .ordinary lemsla.
lion, ny the lact ol their beintr of tiie nature
oi compacis anil agreements; ami nn, to t-e
considered as hxed and settled national nnlie.v
v. a radical revision nun moditication of
T ... . . .
the laws regulating iiiimioration. and ibu scU
llemeiitol immigrants. Utteriou to the holiest
immigrant, who Irom love of liberty or hatred
of oppression,' seeks an asvliim in the United
Slates, a friendly reception and protection.
But unqualifiedly condemning Him transmis
sion lo onr snores, ot lelous and pauper.
VI. The essential modification ol the Na
The repeal by the legislature of the re
spective Slates, of all State laws allowing
lurciguiT. inn nauirniizetl lo vole.
I lie repeal, without retroactive ODerntion.
pi an aeisol i.ongress making grants ol laud
lo unnaturalized foreigners, nod allowing
them to vole inlke- TlTFUomiui.
VII. llosiffitv to the MirriiiiT"mwtn-W
winch Hie leaders ol party have hiUmtU).wd
upon us our rulers and our political creeds.
iiupiiieniiiu eniuiiv agniut Hie present .di
moralizing system of rewards for -political
subserviency, and of punishments ror political
Disgust lor the wild bunt lifter office which
characterize the age..
These on Hie one hand. On the other
Imitation of the practice of the purer davs
or llic liepuiillc, and admiration ol the maxim
lli.-fottk-e should seek the man, mid not man
the olllce, "and ol the rule that, the lust mode
oi ascertaining niliess lor nmue is the eapa.
oniiy, .neiaiiiiiutiiess,aiid l ijj honesty ol the
iiieuiooeii, or canuiuiutf.
V IIL Resistance to the artrresslve Dolicv
And corrupting tendencies of the Roman
Catholic Church in our country by the ad
vaiicemenilonii political stations executive,
legislative, judicial or diplomatic of those
only who no uoi hold civil iillcgnuico, direct,
ly or Indirectly, to any foreign power, w hetlier
eivil or ecclesiastical, nud wno ure Americans
by birth, education and training; thus to hi ing
the maxim "Americans only Shall (Joiern
i no , iiikviii'ii w, nn citizen, iii ine leirai
,uld proper exercise of their civil and religious
Tne protection of nil citizens in the legal
rlghls sod privileges; the maintenance Ol the
right of every man lo the full, unrestrained
and peacclul enjoyment of Ins own religion
opinions and worship,, nd a jealous resistance
of all attempts by any seel, denomination or
church, lo ohtiiu nn ascendancy over unv
oilier in the Dime bv means ot any special
privileges or exemption, by any political com
bination of its inciiibora, or by n division of
tueir civil uiieginnce who any iureign power,
potentate or ecclesiastic.
IX. The reformation of the character of
our National Legislature, by elevating to Hint
dignified and responsible position men ' of
Higher qnulilieatons, purer morals, and more
A. 1 he restriction of executive patronage
especially ill Ilia Dialler of appointment to
office so lar as it may be permitted by the
Constitutiuu, and consistent with the public
XI. Tho education of the voutli of our
country in schools provided by the Slate;
w inch schools shall be common lo all, without
distinction ot creed or party, and free tiom
any Influence or direction of u denominational
or partizan character,
And, inasmuch as Christianity, by the Con
siiiutioiis of nearly nil the Slates, by the de.
cisiuinol the most emilielll judicial authorities
ana oy me consent ol the people ot America,
is considered un element. ol our political ays
lem, and as the Holy Bible is at once the
source of Christianity, and the depository and
louniain ol ull civil and religious Irvedom, we
oppose every attempt to exclude it from the
Schools thus established in the Stutes.
All. 1 1 American party having arisen
upon the ruins mid jn spite of the opposition
of the Whig and Democratic parties, cannot
be held in any manner responsible fur the
obnoxious acts or violated pledge of either.
And the aysUmuilit ngitstiou of the SI ivery
question by those parties having elevated
sectional hostility into- a positive element of
political power, mid brought our institutions
in U) peril, it has llierelnre become the" iiooera.
live duly of the American party to lutcrpose,
IUT the purpose of giving peace to tl
end perpetuity to the Union. And
Jrienco has shown 1t impossible to
. '.. y . '
to the country
And n expe-
Opinions so fxlrehle ns those which separate
the disput nits, nnd nt there can be no dis
honor in submitting to the Inws, the National.
Council hns di-enn d it the best gnnrnntee of
common justice and future peace, to nbide by
nnd maintain Hie existing hiw upon the sub-
Ject of Shivery, ns n Hunt nrrd conclusive set-
llemenl Ot Ihul subject, in spirit nnd m sub.
And rognrding If the htchest duly to nvnw
their opinions upon n subject so import:. nt, in
distinel nnd iineqiiivoenl terms It is hereby
declared ns the sense of this Mntinnnl Council,
that Congress possesses oil power, under Hie
Constitution, to leiislate upon tho subbj- ct
of Shivery in the Slides here it does or may
exist, or io exclude any Stale from admission
into the Union because Its Constitution does
or does hot recognlr.e the institution of
slavery ns n part of its Social system; and
especially pretermitting any expression of
opinion upon ihe power of Congress fo es
tablish or prohibit Slavery in any Territory,
it is the sense of the National Council that
Congress might not to h-gislato upon the
sutij-cl ol Slavery wiiIeEjXo I erritory ol the
United StaftVn!lXiJkii)terfi'renco. by
nngress with Slavery, ns it exists in the
District of Columbia, would be n violation of
the spirit nnd intention of the compact l-y
which the State of Maryland ceded Hie Dis.
triet to the United States, nnd n breach of the
XIII. The policy of the Government of
the United Mlates, in its relations with loreiun
government", is to exact justice from Hie
strongest, nnd do justice to the weakest; re.
straining, by all the powsr of the Govern
ment, all it citizens irom interference with
the internal concerns of nations with whom
we are lit peace.
XIV. I bis National Council declares Hint
all the principles of the Older shall be hence-
orwnrd everywhere openly avowed; and that
aeh member shall he at liberty to make
known the existence of Hie Order, and the
lact that he himself is n member; and it re
commends that there be no concealment of
the places of meeting of tho subordinate
E. B. BART1.ETT, of Kentucky.
President of National Council,
C. D. Drshlrr, of New Jersey,
C.irrespondlng S cretnry.
ames M. Stkfiikns, of Maryland,
Recording Secretary. 1
The Nebraska-Kansas Bill. Tho New
York Journal of Commerce estimates that
100 members nre already elected lo Congress
(or to be elected from the -South.) opposed
to the repeal of the Nebraska bill, and but 18
more nre needed to make a majority against
touching it We quote:
It is not impossible, nor very improbable,
that this number will be found, (among the
144 members not included in the above cat
culatioii,) will oppose repeal, although somo
of them voted against the bill on its onss-iire.
In oilier words, it is liy no means certain that
a bill lo repeal Hie Nebraska Inw can pass the
house, but il It should, il wi.l lie deleated
by a large m.'ijinitv ill Hie Senate. And b
fore a new Congress is elected Nebraska will
probably be Knocking lur admission into the
UT" TsT San intimate that n
new plan U . independence of Cuba
has been via j
plan, it says, which
"will neilherw JH Washington for encour
ngemeiit, to the South for Irieiids and lead
vrs nor to the North for the support of un
principled demagogues. It contemplates the
eniire independence of Cuba a free Cub:
do idlifcoiiiQ orlni made a menus of elect
ing Ainericau',HsfciJent8, or swelling the
political power of any section of the Un
What tho new scheme Is, says the Balti
more Sun, nud who are its originators, we are
not informed, but there is a hint Hint Mr. Goi
curia, lately Tieasurer of tho Cuban Juuta,i
connected with it: that it is on a somewhat
large scale may be gathered from the follow
ing we have little faith, however, in these
"We in ly ndd that the future efforts for the
independence. of Cuba will not be confined lo
organiziifg sympathy on this side of the At
lantic. Liberal oilers ol aid, made long since,
both in England and France, for an independ
ent movement, may now ho accepted, and it
won, el not surprise u II the governments
of both those countries should be induced
lo let things take the proposed directions in
Cuba." V :
-jf The Russian government nppenrs to
expect such a duration of the war that it has
commenced the execution of a road which is
to unite Finland tu Sweden.round the north
ern extremity of the Gulf of Bothnia. By
this means Russia may procure from Sweden
all the merchandise w hich the blockade pre
vents going by sea. A small corps (Tarmee
has been assembled near Archangel, in order
to secuie the const of the White Sea from an
attack by Hie allied forces.
-fy'A young physicaii named Stone, from
Vermont,' who had been practsing hoince
pithy in Med ford, Mass., for some time past
wnt found dead in his office on Sunday after
noon, having stabbed himself to the heart,
with a lancet. A letter was found on the tit
bit explaining the cause of Ihe rash ucU It
wns the old story disappointed love.
I3j"" Alaham.i, Arkansas, Iowa, Kentucky,
Missouri, and 1 uxns hold their elections on
the lirst Monday in August, Tennessee on
the first I hursdny and North Carolina on
tht second Thursday nf Hie smne Ttionth.
Un the second Monday in September the
election in Maine occurs, and that of Ver-
moot on the first Tuesday . of the same
. -T" A lady connected with ont of the
principal churches in Newton, Scotland, hav
ing become enfeebled in health, and unable
to leave her bed, took s house adjoining the
church and had a gulta percha conductor laid
from the church to her bed, so that now in
the tolitudu of Iter sick chamber she listens
to tht public ministrations of her spiritual
j&"The Boston Post sny Hint city it in
danger of being ufflictcd with the cholera, rr
tn extra session of Hie Legislature. The
Springfield Republican prefer the cholera as
the lessor of the two evils. : '. -
The Odd Fellows of Urbane, Olno,
lately purchased t grort of If tore, for a site
for a college.
TIIE PORTLAND RIOT. -.
The investigation going nn nt Portlnnd is
eliciting some curious statements. According
to the testimony or Captain Chnrlet E. Rob.
erts, ho nnd Mayor Dow and two or three
men belonging to the Rifle Gqnrd, went
down Into the cellar under, the agency, on
the night of the massacre, nnd, by order of
Dow, two of the mcil tdok guns- Dnw with
ed lo fire up through tht grqting.tl Cupt. R.
understood they ment , down for thapurpose.
But lis the cellar wns dark, autfjpt, Rob.
erts left before the others, hehnnt sny
whether nny person in Hie cellar fired through
the gratings or not
William C. Ten Broeck testified that he
saw the whole nffair from the window of th'it
United States, nnd that the greater part of the
crowd seemed to be spectators, and to take
no active part in the proceedings.
"You say but a small part nf the crowd
eng iged in act of violence did they seem
to be determined, or wit it Uiue boy'
plnyT ' - ' r 1
"lleiore the firing commenced it seemed
to be boys' piny. I think that before the
liring that "if any ceiitleuinn had Done
and spoken to them they would have diapers
a. . -
By Mr. Fessenden Why didn't vou
"I wns nfrnid Mr. Dow wnnld take me for
nsnoh and shoot me. riniirhter.l The reason
I think the crowd wouid have dispersed I that
Alderman Thomas went out the next eve
ning and addressed the crowd, and they went
According to the testimony of John C.
Begg the crowd had no Intention of doing
anything except to spill tho liquor, which
they a iid they might destroy because it was
not property. He saw the whole "riot," nnd
his evidence ninkes the conduct of "the au
thorities" appear ridiculous as well ns wick
ed. After the firing was all over, Mr. Begg
Nenl Dow came ouL wrinoinr his hands.
and said, 'In the name of the State I com
mand you to disperse if you don't I'll fire
on you inst intly.' There were about half a
dozen standing round the door. Nenl Doiv
tol lowed m-,wringing Ins hands. We backed
oil the sidewalk. A voting man nn tho lull
of the door on the Middle street side he
dered to disperse. Ho said he was a quiet
citizen, and he did'nt see why ho should he
sent away. On that Mr. "Dow ordered him
arrested in the mime of the State. I walked
over to the other side of the street a gentle
man h died me said Mr. Dow was crazv.
lie had known him lo be so for live years.
Liughler. I s iid if it was publicly known
ho might make thai Ids plea insanity. At
Hint time Mr. Dow had given orders lo charge
bayonets where two or three w ere seen stand
ing on Hie sidewalks, to clear the streets, and
uiey did so."
Sunday CurriiKs. The world is decent
ly attired once it week, certainly. Without
Sunday, milliners and tailors would be "put
to it" for n living. It is acoinmcndalilu thing
to throw off the guie of labor, and don for
ono day the costume of eqtiatliy nnd leisure.
The meanest man makes a mark in n new
suit, nnd if be keeps his month closed will pass
for genuine coin. Dress, after nil is caprice,
The heiress prays in costly silks, while the
poor sewing girls makes responses in plain
calico. Wheiein is the one butter tlfan the
other? The latter may havu elegance and
virtue; the other money nnd nothing el
Still the silk will be stared at and known.
Dress makes Sunday nn expensive diiy.-
How many a shawl nnd bonnet,, nnd rare
gown are closeted for that day nlonJfL How
much stuffing with cotton there is, tn con
ceal the defects of shape! nud what chalking
done, nnd decorating with rouge! how often
the mirror is consulted, wlnlo the last bell
is ringing. '
Sau Nicirrs. The editor ot the Iowa Re
porter thus chronicles the establishment of a
lodge of this secret political order at the
Capital. He is the only locofoco editor in
the State, at, far its we have seen, who, after
heaping nil sorts of abuse, upon Ihe Know
Nothings ns n secret political association, Inn
had the consistency to condemn the "Sag
"Suit Kiehls Wu are informed that n
Lodge pf "S.ig Nicbts" has been formed hoi
thousand miles from Iowa City. Tins
branch of the order will unquestionably
prove-more pernicious Hi m the Uider ol Je
suits, and we trust there are not only Know
Nothings enouon, bill Honest men enough,
in control of the public morals, to abate the
nuisance, forthwith., root and branch.
3f" A distant connection of the Fjllmore
family status that it is rumored among the
Illinois and northern Ohio brunches of the
sumo stuc't that ex-President Millard Fill
more hns gone to Europe to look after his
supposed interests in the estate nf a certain
John Fillmore, who recently died in l.ondon,
leaving behind him nn immense fortune.
X-ff The Woodcock Patriot, in noticing
Welcome Farnum, Esq., who has lost $300,
000 in railroad enterprises, and is still a smil
ing man, says: "He has the ambition of Na
poleon, the will of Cromwell, and the 'final
perseverance of the saints.'" This will do.
Vienna, May 81.
Tht Onetierreichische Zeilung, under date
nf Constantinople, May 24, lias the follow
ing: v -.! , S
"1 10.000 allied troops are about to attack
the Russian at Iiikormann. i
"18 steamer ore cruising jn the Sea, of
Azoff." ' "
, . ' i f
A Nice Question Sum. "You'll get it
for hooking dut turkey last night, ftias'r
knows it." - N
Pompey "I didn't hook It. Wnrn't de
turkey maa'rsf Well. Aiut I tnas'rst Well,
I ealdeluskey, ma in if well. Ain't de
turkey purl o' me! Mas r am I got so much
turkey, but he got more nigger I tell you
ae uirKey nuiy eiiupge puioce.
PSfAn odilar down East gives the follow-
in notice: "Our purse t lost! The finder
is requested to return it, being careful not to
diaturh its contents, which were a brass rule,
a piece of leaf tobacco, nicely twisted, tho
stump' of t eignr, and very good leather
trlDg. ' , s .
Trti New Puf.siDesI or ih NatioHal
Council. The New York Herald's Philsdel
phln correspondent, in t sketch of Mr. Bart
lett, the new President of Hit American Na
tional Council, enyt:" . ' ',' .. .
He wns bnrn nnd raised in Kentucky where
he now resides; ill forty eight yeltrs of nge, a
biwyer by profession, rind rlbw Clerk nf the
Chancery Conrfof Kenton, conntT, In reli
gious faith he If n Biptist,isa rigid member
of that communion, and occnpin in that
church the Presidency of tho Board of Trus.
te s of the only theological Institution -over
established by It in the Great West..' He
owns slaves, is reputed a very indulgent mns
ter, has the respect nnd ronfidenci of his no
quaiii tanccs, and h is filled (lie office of Presi
dent of the Slate American nrgnniznlinn from
the commencement to the entire satisfaction
of the Order. He is not a brilliant man, but
ts regarded generally n very solid -nnd divisive
4one, and possesses a very good -knowledge of
parliamentary law nnd usage. Although not
n Maine' law man from principle, ret he was
never known to usu ardent spirits ns a bever
age, and Is, perhaps, the most strictly leui
pernle.man ir("lbe West- .-,'.''
Urlgin illy s 4scknnn oVru-icr.it, he sjfll eon...
tin lies lo construe the national constitution
In accordance with the dicla of that school of
politics, nnd being nation d and conservative
only in his doctrines will never by nny per-.
sonal or official opinion or net invade it, or
nny of its requirement nnd enactments.
Remarkable Balloon Ascension. Win.
D. Baniuistle, of Adrian city, Michigan, ns
e'ended, recently in n balloon, from that place,
nt 10r in the morning, and descended in
Clarion coiin', Pennsylvania, nt 2t in the
afternoon, making the computed distance of
three hundred nnd fifty oiiles in the extraor
dinary short time of four hours.- This is his
second trip, and nn experimental one with a
balloon of unusually large size. It is 30 feet
in diameter, contains over six hundred yards
of silk, snd is capable of holding nineteen
thousand cubic feet of gas.
After his ascent to the distance of three
miles and a half, the oernnnut struck the
eastern current of air, which, ho says, is con
tinually blowing in the one direction. It car
ried him south of the laltesvtbrotigh Central
Ohio. His intention was not to descend until
dark, ns lie was above the rain clouds in a
clear upper sky, but the excessive cold to
which he wns exposed brought on tlienccus-
omed drowsy sensation, which prevented him
from properly managing his balloon. He was
in Hint sleepy stale when liisucriifl" anchored
in a tree in Red Hook, having descended in
consequence of the evaporation of gas. The
cold was so severe that Ins feet were com-
pletely frozen. ' .
Hon. lli-nrv A. Wise, Governor elect of
Virginia, has declined an invitation tn uttend
nn "old fio-liioned Virginia barbecue' at Po,
tersburg; he says ho has declined three other
similar invitations, nnd adits:
I wouid have s.icnhced much more thnn
I did in the late canvass to prevent, defeat
under my lead but I assure you the labors I
underwent nearly cost mo my life. I was
absent nearly live months from my children
and .Mrs. Wise, wliose liealtli now requires
constant nursing, my domestic nttiirstoo.
need every moment o my li.no until linust
leave lor Kiclimond.
"The Famine" at the West. The re
ceipt of breadstuff's at the upper lake ports
are tremendous, and in the luce of the im
menee receipts of corn, nnd the export de
mand hut nominal, with a limited distilling
busbies, the present prices of tins descrip
tion of grain cannot he maintained. 103,436
bushels were received ul ports on the Up, f
Lakes ill one day. AfBnffilo and Oswego
the receipts reported on Monday-reached 7,-
824 bbls Hour, 82,897 bushels of wheat, 18i,
07 bushels corn, nnd 193,275 bushel only.
Pbohibitoky Law in Illinois. Retnrns
from seventy-sit counties in Illinois show
that the majority against the prohibitory 11
quor law is 9,8 15. Twenty four counties are
yet to hear from, nnd they will probably in
crease the majority to 12,000 or 13,000.
Sensible Piulosuphek. Dr. Hall, in bis
Journal of Health, comes out against early
rising as unhealthy. At sunrise, In summer,
he says, the malaria which rests nn the earth,
when taken Into the Jjl'igs nnd stomach,
which are debilitated by long fast since, tup--per,'
enters into the circulation, poisoning the
blood nnd laying the foundation nf disease,
'And in winter, the debilitated condition of the
vital orgnns allows the blood to be chilled.
General Emacipation. In the late revo
lution In Peru, the slaves were nil set free.
Echeniqiie, one of the leaders, promised to
free nil who would join his banner, but Cast
ilia, bent the former at his own game, nnd
promised freedom unqualifiedly to nil. lie
was successful, and Echciiique hud to sa'.e
himself by flight.
IrW There lire 60,000 blind -persons, of
both sexes, in France. Some time ago, a
charitable young lady devoted her whole for
tune to establish an asylum for blind girls ;
and the community has recently become a re
ligious one, under the title of "The Bliud
Sisters of St. Paul."
j"Thc strikes amongst workmen in ma
ny parts of France nre assuming a rather
serious aspect. The connexion between (he
strikes and the denrness of living is the ug
liest feiture In the business, people re
member that 1830 and 1847 were years of
tdfifTliu Urilish army in tht Crimen, on
the 17th of May, including sergeants, drum
mere, and rank and file, was 43,450 strong,
Cavalry and infantry under arms (nor I nolo
dinj drummers,) 33,217; sick of alt rank,
jj,2ia., - ' - -
Or-There it an oak tree near Raleigh, N,
C., which, nt tho tun's meridian, eovert with
hade a space of 9,000 feet. It would afford
shelter for 4,500 men, . .
. Naw Orliani, Junt 19.
. Among Hit nominations by tho Democrat
ic Slate Convention, Is E. W. Moist, Esq.,
late U. 8. District Attorney, for Attorney
General for that St tin. . ... .
' , . ... .1 si.;- 1. I
' Douolas Jesrold's opinio or mitt AnnicA 1
Pait. tn the columns of Lloyd's Weekly ,
Rsvlewt edited 'if Donglat Jerrol J, one of the'
ablest writer, of tht age, tre found tho fo)- .
lowhiir, interesting srtiole. lls.ny.:
Parties are mtnv in America, Ther risO ,
Ilk, mushroom, and fsdt likt mist. vrr
Presidential election brings a crop of thsm
they reire for s day ore heard of for a week
-snd forgotten in a month. Booh are tho .
Btwsrds and the Fillmoreits Mis Hard sad ' ,
the Softs, and many more, i These corns up '
with certain men, and fall ont of sight when '
the men do so. - Other psrties remain like '
tht Pret-soilers and the Pro .Invert, beeawso
tlier represent ideas peraonify a confliot
Wliieh art p-nnanenton the American soil.
Met of these parties are well known tit -Engl
snd, and thgr are ail worth atodyintt
for the polities of America sra the politics of
the future. As tht French dinlomntiit ob
served the other doy, VAriermtAuglo-Saxon, '
The latest party in the Union is the party fa
cetiously known as the Know Nothing party '
a name which the party accepts tn the largo
pint ol contempt in which the 1'uritsne re
ceived their hUtnrical designation. All thin pes
considered, the Know Nothings art the roost
impressive development of American life.
Hitherto, America has been a refuge for the
ontcsst of all nations the Jspme of all wbe .
fled from debt, from tyrannr, from starvation.
from justice. Jt lis. received all rejected
none. This wot a grand experiment but hat
only pnrtially succeeded. . ,
r-orue ot the immigrant- especially -tno
Irish brought mischief with them evil pas
(ions and had habits; and. as all were admit
ted to poiitienl power to vole at elections
public men hnd to stoop to their baseness to
get lupport; and hence a lower style of pub
lic morals became the rule in large towns.
The Know Nothings who comprise the most
inieiieciuai ana prosperous men ot the Ameri
can democracy sy this evil must be stayed.
Their try is, "America for the Americans."
And in rely this cry is reasonable aa "Italy
for the Italians," or "Hungary for the flungn-
Irish political profligacy, and sgsinst Jesuit
influence in Americn. 'l liey seek to deprive
the immigrant hordes of tne means of mis
f hief. Their motto is "Protection to all -Tower
to the American born."
Fun. We like fun. Itisnpreai 'insli. '
ttition.' If it wns to come to that we should
vote for it with a big ballot. Fun! It is
what keeps most of us from- getting sour-
it ndjusts the equipoise of life it mellows
tliu flesh, oils the bones, rosilius the brain
sets one right whan his tendency is anoth
er wny. Blessing nn the mnn, womnn, or
who or what else that invented fun. How
much has it done, render for you, ourself,
Smith, Drown, Jenkins and the rest of the
folks. Sen the mnn who guts no fun with -his
skin: What a monster, what a "brute."
Dark, sour, gloomy, sepulchral,- -cold. Bitlil
Everybody avoids him. And then a woman
who recoils from ortcpulset fun. Conscience
and the Crimen, what n being! Hercounte
nnnre is n palling cloud her voice nt of tho
tomb her disposition n cross between the
last ship of lemons nnd a demijon of sulphur- .
ki acid. UliJ Turn your ft-ut, your eyf,
y ti r hand from her. She's either spoiled in
the making, growing or keeping:
- Film What would the world do without
it? II or moils nnd Joe Miller forever. What
sunshine ami roses are to Nature, so is Fun
to until and woman. -
Ciiii.nitEN have Lungs. This fact iseith- -er
not known to p.irunU or very little regar
ded. Tho first thing a baby wants is fresh
nir nud plenty of it. From the mnnvt a
child is bora, it should have air nud light;
and neither be shut up in a dark room,
nor hnve its head covered up in a blanket.
Tho other morning, m iking my first call
nnnladv niter her confinement, . I saw a
heap of blankets lying in a rocking chair be
tide tho bed, hiit'tliere was 110 baby in sight.
When I enquired for the newly qrrived, the
nurse came, nnd nfter taking off fold ufter
fold, therti'nt last was tho poor little half
sinotliorgdbnbv, gping for breath.. Moth
er and norse got a tcVture that time.
The Buffalo Commercial says Hint wliilo
same or the students of Geneva College were
bifthing on 'I hursday.nfte?&on, in a culvert
near Geneva, one of the number nnined Ca
verno, son of n lawyer of Lockport, reques.
led n companion to place his hand oil bis
heart nnd feel it heat, nnd while in the act
of doing ao, he dropped dead at his feet His
death was caused by going into the water
when Ins body was loo much heated, .
A Lucky Man Kindness Rewaroed.
When .Mr. Albert Morgan kept tho Pavilion,
it (iloueestcr, several years ago, one of bio
guests wns an Englishman named Erskinc.
lie was attacked with tho small pox, and
while ull other attendants deserted him, Mr.
Morgan ministered faithfully tu bis wants till
he recovered. A day or two ago, we learn,
the British Consul communicated to- Mr.Mor
gnn the intelligence that Mr. Erskine had
deceased and left him bv will the sum of
4125,000. This is a munificent instance of
l.ngiisli gratitude, and the recipient ot the
good fortune is quite worthy nf it We
trust the figure is not set too high. Boston
f-$fKosuth, in a late letter, says: "You
may have heard that arrests took place at
the execution oi rinnori, no you Know
why When the executioner pulled the
striui, and the nxa wns coming down, the
dying Roman shouted: " l'itt la ," down
s Hie axe nnd cuts short the sentence.
Die lookers on completed it: "RepubliqueV
shouted they and the police carried them
olf to prison. Whether some ol them may
have thought, "Nurgel exsanguine uuor,
I can't sity; bat the scene has left a deep im
pression on the masses.
Prentice's Last. -Mr. Wickliffe, ex-Post.
master t.eiicralot Kentucky, recently abused
Geo, D. Prentice, of the Louisville Journal,
in n political speech. Tha latter replica by
calling h'un"n very silly old man, and Air-
ther says , Mr. wicKiine calls us "an aboil
lionist' Tho charge la not only false but
ungentlemaiily. Tlie truth is, Ar. V. ne.
er hud any part of a gentkimn in him txcept
when he once hit off and swallowed a genllo
. Troy, June 80.
The notorious Henrietta Robinson, the mur
deress, was sentenced to be hung on tha Sd
of August. When the Judge commended
her soul to God's mercy, she said "lit had
better pray for hit own soul,'' and "declared
that she was a victim to a political conspiracy
calculated to prush the innocent" . When
she was leaving Hie Court room, Judge Har.
ris aaid: "May tho Judge of Judges bt your
Judge." The aceue occasioned much eacito.
ment among the spectators. ...
Grikleyo the Fuf-scu .Emperor-
Greeley writes to tht Truant from Paris.
not at all eomptimentnry to the Empire; bat
he was in Pari at , ths - moment of- the at
temp tad assassination, snd tho excitement
was less, thaq occasioned by the death of
"Bill Pool." Mr. G. thinks tho Empire will :'
. ... i . k- m r -
. jT- s, J