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The Athens post. (Athens, Tenn.) 1848-1917, June 29, 1855, Image 2

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. ATHENS, !'KIDAY,JITR , !&.
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Circuit Court commences at Wnsh
. Ington, Rhea county, next Mondny, the iX '
ftST Attention is directed to the Notice
Jext page, in reference tr the run n in it of the
passenger trains Enst Tenoouce nnjl Goorgia
ttinrosa, on me 8d, 4th end Bth inst n
' tF A friend has handed us an article
"Spare the little Birds" which We Will pub.
Iish next wee. ' . ,.
i , H ,, i
- Idlr Ureal Railroad Demonstration to
eome off nt Knoxvtlle next Wednesday, the
Fourth. All the world, his1 wife,nnd his wife's
sinter, fire expected to be there. '
3J We hove received a letter from Mon.
i roe fount; requesting us to call upon Col.A
E, Howard to run for the Stnte Senate. The
Writer anye Col. II. U a good whig, tins
gcnornl ncqunintnnce throughout the District,
and would receive the warm support of many
Of the voters all of which tnuv be very true.
. But it is not olir businoM to cull out whigs
or democrats for the Stnte Senate; and if it
. Were we could mnlte.no call upon the gentle
. man alluded to, except to stny nt homo and
Attend to his business, if he line any. There
arc nlrcndy three respectable candidates in the
field for the Senate In this District, and the
most acceptable u-A j if in it could not get 'our
' support by thrusting himself forward nt , this
. late s tii go of the canvass. " Fair play is a
jewel," and although foal means may some
times succeed, it never pays in the end, and
we would rather be in the minority always
than obtain success by any other than honor
nble resorts. As for the individual whom
our correspondent wants us to call out, he
- isn't worth the powder and lend that it would
tiiko to kill him, and we don't want any one
to trouble us any further about his becoming
a candidalo for any thing.
. It is said Gov. Johnson has almost
' ceased to abuse the Know Nothings since
' the developments at the late Philadelphia
( Convention have made it so evident that their
- purposes are entirely nntional and patriotic.
A very perceptible change has passed over
' the dream of the Nashville Union on the
subject, and it need not surprise nny one if
both the editor of that paper and Gov. John
. son were to be thoroughly converted to tli
' filth by (he 2d of August. As to the oracle
, and jacks who locale on the street corners
and curse and abnse nil who refuse to aid the
. Romish Church, hoary with the. crimes and
' bloodshed of centuries, in its efforts to grasp
temporal power and obtain the ascendency in
this country, nobody expects them ever to bi
, any wiser or better than thoy nre nt presen
It is the peculiar privilege ot Ignorance and
impudence to cling to error, and sin on in Ih
face of light and knowledge. But we hov
great hopes of Gov. Johnson and the editor
of the Union.
Ratification MassMkctmg. The Amer
icans nro to have n Mass Meeting nt Nnshvillo,
"' on Iho 4th of July, to ratify the action of the
- National Council, recently held in DiilnJel.
phia. '
; The opposition pnpors and orators are
continually parading tho names of Lafayette,
. Montgpmcry, Pulaski, Jtosciusko, DeKalb,
Baron Steuben, and a few others equally dis
tinguished, who, tired of despotism and en a
, mo red of liberty, came. to this country and
fought gallanljylu the war of the Revolu.
- tion. The memory of these will be revered
and their deeds remembered with gratitude
, as Ion" as the republic endures. But while
tiiennties parade the names of the em who '
fought for American liberty the right to
think, to speak, and to act why don't they
tell ns of tho many who enme to Ihiecoun
i try and fotight against American liberty' in
' the fame war? Why don't they tell us of
the ten thousand Hessians, who were not
subjects of, and owed no allegiance to, the
i government with which tho American colo
nies were at war? These came to light
. ngainst liberty and for tyranny and opprcs
, iiioD, and their deeds of inhumanity, blood
shed, nnd rapine, cannot be recurred to even
nt this distant day without calling up a thrill
s of horror. But fuw such ns Lafayette nnd
his compatriots como to our oountry, while
hundreds of. thousands just like thu lles
si.ms,are yearly landed upon our shores just
us ignorant of our institutions and ns much
- prejudiced against ns ns those of their
" oountry men who 'fought on the side of
despotism in the days of the Revolution.
' ' And so of the Catholic feature. They tell of
1 a comparatively few good citizens who are
Catholics, some of whom have already and
,. , would aguin peril their lives in defence of the
country, but not a word hare they to say of
the. myriads yearly coming among us, nine
I teen-twentieths of whom Irremovsbly be
V lieve that their first allegiance is to the Pope
' f Rom and who would, were he to bid them
lo-morrow, attempt to tear down the "Slurs
r and Stripes" and flaunt the bannor of St. Pe
- tar m Its place; Away with all such orgu
' men t they are not worthy of serious no
tice.' ' ' . '
TJAOVKJUteoTTrEs. Gen. P. II. Vance, a
.1 Tfoguerrean- artist of some eelebrity, is at the
Athena Hotel,' where he will remain for a few
'days. He is very successful in his line, there
I being tr freshes and truthfulness about his
y pictures attained by no other artist that has
.' visited our town.. We commend hU skill to
"'all who niny wish to be-dsuurreotyped. '
Hahual or Health. Gto. Beck wi th, the
gentlemanly agent, has presetted as with a
-copy of the Gneftm berg Manm.1 of Health
valuable treatise on the diseases which af
y fwet the human fauully. their causes, int. The
Gnsrnbrg Medlaines are not mere pa-
lent affair, but are highly spoken of by hieni
' Cera of the medical Qicuity, All advertisement
' fdr tome of Uieai will b found m the 'next
jjngtv-
?4 '
muel A.
that the old party
nnd party-distinctloae
fast dying out, and that new and vital Inter
ests had sprung up amongst us, arising ont
of on r system of internal improvements, npon
which all were united and which It waa the
interest as Well as duty of all to foster and
encourage... Those who attended the discus.
Ions then, after these mutual announcements,
were regaled with but one all-absorbing
theme tryp Rabun Gnp Railroad. The m m
whoeouldbe of most servico to this new
and great enterprise, wss Conceded on nil
hands to be the man for the occasion, and
upon this issue 'he congressional contest was
waged, through this end of the district nt
least, in exclusion of all others. The aid
each candidate proposed to bring to this en
terprlse was an appropriation of a large
amount of the public lands for tho building
of the road Mr. Smith proposing to obtain
for that purpose from the government, a mil
lion nnd a quarter of acres certain, and ns
much more as he could; and Mr. Van Dyke
thinking he could get, by n more liberal poli
cy than his, opponent proposed to pursue,
about two millions for the same obict
while nil the asydldates fur. tho Legislature
wore to render important services for the
same enterprise in procuring a liberal charter,
Stnte aid, &c. The friends of Mr. Van Dyko
claimed for him a greater probability of suc
cess from his more mature ago, superior
ability, and the nioro liberal policy he was
proposing to advocate; while Mr. Smith
claimed for himself an almost absolute cer
tainty of success for his proposition, nt least
to. the extent of a million and a quartor of
acres, on account of his intimate relations
with Mr. Pierce, who had just been elected
President and upon whose electoral ticket he
had then lately served from the fact that so
far as politics existed he was of the same po
litical faith with the President and a majority
of both branches of Congress; but more es
pecially from the imposing fact that he had'
tho whole, or a portion of the South Carolina
delegation pledged in advance to tho support
of his project. And when right shrewdly
reminded by Mr. van Dyke that the Presi
dent, as well ns himself, had belonged to a
party that had always opposed appropriations
for internnl improvements by the general
government, nil will remember with what a
defiant air and manner he proclaimed that bo
held his own opinions; that ho did not be
lieve the President or Congress would op-
pnso his proposition; but if they did ho
would fight for it to tho Inst, independent of
any man or any party. Well, tho election
came off the people seemed to think Col.
Smith had the best of it, and he was elected
upon this issue by a majority of about fifteen
hundred votes over the ordinary party strengtli
of the district. Then camo on, first, the
meeting of the State legislature. The suc
cessful aspirants fur seats in that body went
to work, the proposed charter fur this impor.
taut road was obtained, nnd the aid of the
State to the extent of ten thousand dollars
per mile fur the purpose of ironing and
equipping the road; and, also, one hundred
thousand dollars for building n bridge across
the Tennessee river was obtained. Next
came on the meeting of Congress. But where
stood Col. Smith upon the issue of his can
vass where his herculean effort in behalf of
his million and a quarter of acres of the pub
lie land where the sympathy of the Presi
dent and the co-operation of Congress in his
favorite measure, to which he was to devote
himself with such irresistible zeal nnd ener
gy and whore was the imposing aid of the
South Carolina delegation Upon his first
arrival in Congress Col. Smith was met full
in the fnco with the messago of his Presi
dent, Mr. Pierce, denouncing In measured
icruis mi apprnpnuuons lor internal improve
ments by the general government as uncon
stitutional, nnd with that messago of the
President Col. Smith's favorite scheme in aid
of the Rabun Gap Railroad, South Carolina
delegation and till, seems to havo vanished
into thin air. And from thnt day to this, so
far as we nre advised, Col. Smith has never
deigned to recur to the subject; nor have his
constituents ever been advised of his labors
in behalf of that enterprise. It is an en
terprise in which thu people of this part of
the district have a deep and abiding interest,
and in which thoy have but recently been
putting forth their vigorous and united exer
tionsit was an enterprise worthy of an ef
fort on the part ol our representative in Con
gress, even if he had not been bound by the
most sacred pledges, voluntarily taken for
the purpose of aiding him in the canvass.
Did he make it? If not, was he in earnest in
his pledges to do so, made to the people
while seeking their votes! If in earnest then,
what "change came o'er the spirit of his
dream," and ought such a representative
again to be trusted! We have soen from his
publie speech, which was, we believe,' his
maiden effort in Congress, that be hud lei
sure and inclination to advocate and rote for
a bill giving away, perhaps, millions of acres
of the publie domain to foreigners snd dedl
eating the same to squatter sovereignty in
Kansas and Nebraska but no hand, heart or
roioehad he then to raise la behalf of the
favored enterprise of his own constituents,
and in redemption of his own pledge
But enh it be said for Col. Smith thnt his
favorite measure was smothered la embryo
by the grounds taken by trie-President in his
message. Justice to his constituents, to any
notning of respect for his own candor, de-
mnedttd an honost effort whethes successful
or not But did be, we repeat agnin.'mnko
that effort; or was he even disappointed or
dissatisfied with the course of the President)
Nut ooly after the message of Mr. Pierce ol
luded to above, which aunt Col. Smith's all
absorbing theme Into perfect nonentity,, but
iter the same President had by his veto put
to death the River and Harbor Bill of the
lost Congress, containing no important appro.
prialion to the Tennessee river, in which
another portion of Col. Smith's constituents
bod a deep and vital interest afed for which
we are informed be himself voted ve say,
.after all this, la bia famous-letter of January
1st, 1863, to -tils) constituents declining a re--Uivthe
candor nf which he has recently
jy-vdii1( -woaslon to inform the
.tflhat his . declension was not "because
any lack of confidence in the pnlieu or In
tegrity of the present chief executive of the
nation," iia showing not only his ttequies.
enee in; but approval of the policy of the
.'resident in bis eondethnullon of the very
Measures upon which Col. Smith stnked his
election, and upon which he went to Con
gress. But so far from attempting In this canvass
to account for the way In which he redeemed
his solemn pledges made in the last, Col.
Smith, so far as we have hoard him, though
called npon by his eomperltnr, passes these
matters over In dignified silence, simply re
marking that his acts nro upon the record
and he is willing to be judged by that record
when he well knew the record is only In
the hands of one man In each county, and
frequently not even that, nnd that not one
out of every thousand voters in this district
will ever seo it until after the election. But
1 faint ray of hope dawned upon us the other
day, nnd we thought we might yet bo able to
see something of his efforts to serve his con
stituents, when in reply to an article in this
paper suggesting nn nbuse of the franking
privilege, ho stated in rather a vaunting style
that the document franked was one that his
constituents were interested In, that it con
tallied a parPof Jiis pceci.'Well,we thought
now ma. specen migni inrow some ngni on
his efforts in behalf of the Rabun Gap Rail
road, nnd might explain why he didn't get
the million nnd a quarter of acres of public
lands, lint what must hnvo been our sur.
prise to find, upon looking into the document,
that snnio speech of the Col., in which he
thought his constituents had so deep nn in
torcst ns to justify, to say the least of it, n
very questionable use of his frank, amounted
simply to a glowing eulogy upon Cathdic
piety nnd foreign patriotism, interlarded with
pretty heavy denunciations of his own Pro
testaiit countrymen and n furious onslaught
upon tho Know Noihings. Were not the
Col.'s constituents more interested to know
what services ho has rendered the people of
his district, if nny; and if none, what use
have they for his future services, and what
use could there be in foisting him again before
the couutry nt this late stag in the canvass,
at so manifest an injury to his own private
attairst .Let the people answer.
Thk Cuitics. The Platform set np bv
the Philadelphia Convention has effectually
taken the wind out of the sails of tho oppo
sition journals. True, they pretend to find
an immense deal of fault, criticise it with
dreadful severity, and'eren ridicule that sen
timent which recognizes and acknowledges
a firm reliance in the Aliniglitv Being who
rules over tho Universe; but so far all their
objections nnd criticisms are of the most puo
rile and silly character, so much so that any
editor Vim has a decent respect for the intel
ligence of his readers on'ht to be ashamed
to parade such nonsense before them. One
paper down South deyotes four awful col,
nmns to what it calls a "Dissection of the
Platform," and il'tliere is one sentence in tho
whole article that will hear the lest of candor
and fair dealing, we were unable to discover
it but, on the contrary, much to make tho
writer ridiculous. And so through the whole
class of journals criticising tho American
m... r -i. . i . . . .
i lainiriii iney are only maKing themselves
ridiculous, if not something worse. Perhaps
they can't help it The poet probably had
such critics in his eye when he wrote:
"Some neither enn fur wits or crities num.
As heavy mules are neither horse nor ass."
Tennessee Deleuates at LouisvtLLE.
We lenrn from the Journal of Saturday mor.
nmg, thnt Hon. Neil S. Brown nnd Jordan
Stokes, Psqs., addressed a large nnd enthusi
nstitfmocting of Americans in thnt city, on
r ridny night I lie Journal contains a brief
sketch of the remarks of these gentlemen
and says they were warmly and enthusiasti
cally applauded.
tar The Lafayette (Ind.) Courier makes
a very wicked wish. The President's private
secretary happening to get stuck on the St
Clair flats lately, on the steamer Illinois the
Courier vents its malice nt the Executive
thus:
i.l ,t. n . i.
"II mo rresuieni llimselt ivna nn nn
board, nnd hod to remain there for tho next
three months, and rend his veto message nine
times a day Hiindavs excepted the entire
West would take off Its hat, and give three
times three with a wilL"
RATIFICATION MEETING IN NEW
-: .toRK." -i ' '
. There was nn immense meeting beld In
New York, ratifying the actiorr of the
National American Convention, lately held
at Philadelphia, which resulted In (he ndop
tion of the truly National Platform) which
we publish to day( and which is' being re
sponded to all over tho Union, wherevor the
party has an existence, East, West, North
nnd South and nowhere more heartily than
nt the North. ' It Is snid that not less than
85,000, people were present at the meeting
in New York, although there was only time
for a few hours notice. Among the sprakers
on the occasion wo notice the names oT Ex
Gov. Neil S. Brown, of this State; A. J. Don
elson, of tho Hermitage, nnd other' distin
guished eentletnen. We regret want of
space will not admit of our publishing the
proceedings entire we, however, take the
following extract from the Express. It
says: , .
Hereafter Sam is nn longer a stripling.
Ho Is a giant yes, a veritable Samson for
nothing hut a live riamson could have raised,
nt a sinifle day's notice, from twenty-five to
thirty thousand Americans, in tho Park, last
evening. It wns to respond to the action of
his national Council In I'hiladelphla, to lit
sure nnd everybody expected that the strip
ling would be about hut nobody expected
to see him bring with him men (nnd women
too) by the squnremile. It was. nil in nil,
such a niijihty Jfinsation of the People
the rojrl AwvrWW Peopfe, we mean such
ns the tho Commercial rimporium never be'
held hefnre.
J ins ram meeting; wns In a pood degree
impromptu no timu having been allowed for
nny of the usual prepnrnl ions in the Wards,
or lor ffatueriui touclhcr Ihe Inre aubtirhan
Rnpntilntion, that r.oiv surround this city.
withstanding, however, nil Hint, and the
rery early hour, 5, P. M. nl which men of la
bor and of hiisiinss were summoned from
their various avocations thousands were on
hand, mid the crowd kept on continually in
creasing till after dark. At six o'clock the
whole lower end of the Park was full of neo-
pie, and the general estimate was, that no
fewer than twenty-live thousand persons were
nn the ground.
r rotn tho nutyiving or the Press here nnd
elsewhere, that the New York members of
the Council were digging thoir graves, and
that no audience in New York would have
patienco with Hu m, because of their nctinir
in concord with their Southern countrymen
there was naturally enoiiL'h sonic npxietv
when James W. Barker rend the Philadelphia
l'latl'orm, nnd submitted it to the approbation
of the people, as tho- plan for unity., and
peace, and hatiiuinv with all the United
Stiles of America. No doubt, there were
ninny in that vast concourse, who did not
approve inspeciiicution and detail every thing,
ami all things in that platform but there
burst forth from the masses one almost unit
ed cheer, which soon relieved all anxiety,and
demonstrated thnt the American Party of
New York was one. The Platform was ac
cepted without a dissentient voice and the
beers ol acceptance were renewed and pro
longed. Mr. Barker and his friend-, without
nny of the preparation of ctaquers, trusted to
the absorbing American sentiment of his
countrymen, and trusted not in vain. The
unity, concord and harmony ol the American
Party triumphed over every other sentiment
and as it triumphed amon? tho American
masses, no w mi i. tntiinpii in every par. oi
the United suites.
For the following particulars we are also
indebted to the E.pr
According to prevh o. there drawn
together last eveny 'iark. such a
crowd as is hut suldr,. Jiis our good-
iv ciiv ine array oi it. tremendous.
and their voices occasnv went up in
unanimous concord, it scVmrf as though Hie
platform tottered with thu reverberation of
tho imglily cry.
At about n quarter past 4 o clock might
have been seen Hocking from all quarters
representatives oi every jiiass ol our. commu
nity; Iho merchant wnl'ked side by side with
his clerk, and the iirtisaWtnVt them in full
vigor of his noble manhood in the Park all
seemed equal and free tlx few eager to se
cure the prominent places, increased to the
many the many grew to tho crowd, nnd the
crowd, a itiulHIuatliou gathering of quiet
peacceble mon, giew denser and denser yel
until shortly before five the cannons exnenti'
ed their strougth to snluto the, presence of
"Sam," in consultation uilh his folio wers.
Thlrty-two booming cries went forth, and
knew th hearts hidden In the breasts of his'
r ranch followers, and snid ho "From the tons
of yon Pyramids forty centuries ses 'jrour
deeds)' nnd it was enough for the French,'
snila loud huzin was the response, so I say
to yoti three generations look down npon
von; snail we succeed or not? (cries of "yes.')
I say to yon let ns right H out, I am enlisted
for the war, If it triumphs ! shaH rejoice, If it
falls, I shall have the consciousness of having
none my aniy Hnnll l tell them yon are nil
right here when l-rettirn hnmet (C'hecrsand
cries of "Yes.") That yon go for the platform
nnd tho whole business! (Cheers.) He Ameri
can principles end "Sam" ns th captain of
the whole concern! (Cheers.) Now fellow
citizens, I reave this stnr.d and ask you to
give three loud, lusty cheers for "Sam."
( Responded to by three hairty rounds of
cheers.)
After the hearty nnd patriotic demonstra
tions of the mnsses in the two great cities of
the North, whoso joint population numbers
over n million souls, we trust we shall hear
no more of the Hon. 8. A. Smith travelling
about the country, charging Ihe whole
American Parly North villi being Aboli
tionists.
.3f The following Is the onth taken by
the Romaq Catholic Priests, the head of
which Church Is laboring to obtain the as
cendency in this country. Wenak all to read
it and then say whether thoso who are striv
ing to arrest its aggressions and encroach
mcnta merit the epithets and abuses which
the foreign party bestow upon them:
oath of Till! Piuf.sts.
" I, A. B.,do acknowledge the ecclesiastical
power of his holiness, and the mother Church
of Rome, ns the chief head and matron nhnve
all pretended churches throughout the whole
earth; nnd that my zeal shall be for St. Peter
and his successors, ns the founder of the true
nnd Ancient Catholic Faith, against all heret
ical kings, princes, states or powers, repng
mint to Ihe same: and although I, A. B., fur;
ther do declare not to net or control nny mat
ter or tiling prejudicial unto her, in her secret
orders, doctrines, tenets or commands, with
out leave of its supreme power or its authori
ty, under her apHiiotcd; and being so permit
ted, then to act,and further her iiitercsU.more
than my own earthly good and earthly pleas
ures, lis sho nnd her head, his holiness and
his successors have, or ought to have, the su
premacy over nil kings, princes, estates or
powers whatsoever, either to deprive them of
their crowns, sceptres, powers, privileges,
realms, countries or governments, or to set
np others in lieu thereof, they dissenting
from the mother church and her com
The above is Hie oath taken nt Mnynooth
where many priests are educated for the Uni
ted States. '
Famine in Texas. A loiter from Pales
tine, Texas, dated May 28th says :
" e nre on the brink of a famine. Last
night I went supperlcss to bed, so ns to save
about a teaspoonl'ol of meal for breakfast.
Air. (the head of the writer a latnily)
spent nearly all day on Saturday hunting t'r
meal without success. J o day wo managed
to borrow a peek from a lucky neighbor. The
drought has been so severe that no one has
raised any vegetables. Meat is scarce, gro
ceries are out of Hie question. Half of our
merchants are on the brink nt failure. 1 here
is no transportation for cotton. Money never
was so scarce. Our physician's bill for three
months attendance was 9130, nnd neither nf
us had a protracted spell. We have worked
hard enough to be independent of the world,
if our expenses had not exhausted nil our
earnings. As it is, wo have something that
really belongs to us our house, laud, stock,
&(V " e owe but liltle now. People here
think we are getting rich. At present I would
be content with the common necessaries of
life; a pound of sugar w ould be a blessing,
&.c, &c.
A VOICE FHO.M THU HERMITAGE,
v' Andrew Jackson Donulson, who so long
enjoyed the confidence and. love of General
Jackson, nnd was made his heir nt that great
man's death, attended the Great Ratification
Meeting in New York, nnd made a most ex
cellent speech the sentiments of which will
find a response In every true American heart
We quote the closing portion of It and torn
mend It lo the attention of old Jackson dem
ocrats, coining ns it does from the Hermitage,
where repose the remains nf the mnn wbpm
Mr. Jefferson said had "filled (lie measure of
his country's glory." It is the old hero speak
ing to hisoountrymen from the grave: shall
we not heed his voice:
There Is but one road open to the true pa
triot, that is to unite in the leading principles
nf the great American party. In this manner
we ran elect s President who w ill not dis
grace the country with Oslend Conferences;
in this manner we can wipe out the stain
w hich has been cast upon us of introducing
a corrupt foreign iiiflie'iiee into our national
crinncits; In this manner we can tench those
who soek lo use the Cat Ik die vote ns n pollti.
cal monopoly, that whilst we respect nil the
rights ot religions freedom, we know how to
disarm Ihe advocates of a system that makes
the allegiance due to the United States sub
ordinate to that which is due lo foreign po
tentate. What say you, then, gentlemen, to our
platform! Do you not justify inu in flying
lo it for relief from the coalition which exists
between Mr. Pierce and the Nullifiers nnd Ah
olitionistsl A coali'ion which did more to
build up a sectional jealousy and strife than
any other coalition which has ever existed in
our land.
By this coalition, nullification enjoys the
honors nnd high places of government in tho
South, mid Mr. dishing knows how to tell
his old Abolitionists to rest quiet thnt prin
ciples nre eternal nnd never change. He can
say with truth to Wilson, Sumner nnd Sew.
nrd, that offices are nil small things, when
weighed in the balance with great measures.
Let Hie South have its time lo.chiv, ours wilt
como to-morrow. It will be impossible
for the chivalrous Davis, the sell scrificing
Douglas, not lo allow us to follow their ex
ample.
lint we tell these smart higher-law men
thnt the spirit nf Washington and Jackson is
not extinct, and thnt the people are rallying
In days of old, to tho preservation rf the
principles nf the constitution; Hint men, MEN
tritd men, nre taking their posts, nnd thai
the cry "Americans shall rule America,"
will sweep from the miserable jugglers, who,
under tho guide of Democracy, would sell
the country to the Pope of Rome, provided
they have Ihe privilege of monopolizing his
favors.
Let our nrntto. then, be."0r Federal Un
ion it must be and shall lie preserved."
" Americans shall rule America,"
Private Claims How Disposed Of.
Inquiries respecting the disposition of private
claims by Congress, during its Inst session,
will be fully answered by the following copy
of a resolution, passed May 3d, 1855.
Resnhed, That all reports which nny of the
committees have directed to be made to the
House, shall be delivered lo the clerk, nnd
they are hereby ordered to bo printed; and
such of them as nre of a private character, to
gether with all Hie bills that shall remain nn
Ihe private calendar, or on the speaker's table
at the adjournment of Congress, are hereby
referred, with the accompanying papers, lo
the court of claims.
It will be seen from tho above, thnt every
matter not otherwise definitely disposed of,
is now with the court of claims, and informa
tion respecting the same can only be derived
from that source.
Important from Mexico. By ' private
letters received per steamship Nautilus, the
New Orleans Delta is placed in possession of
the welcome news that Montorey, the strong
holdof Northern Mexico, nnd key to Sierra
Mndro, hns been captured by tiie revolution
ists. It appears that the place wns attacked
on the 27th ult, by General Santiago Viduri,
in the morning, nnd vnpturod jitter a short
engagement together with the Block Fort
and all that it contained.
Governor Curdona and about 60 officers
were taken prisoners. All the arms nnd
ammunition, together with thirty pieces of
cannon fell, jnto the hands of the insurgents.
This is a deathblow to Santa Anna.
. Caravajnl had crossed the RidCrande, near
Davis' Ranch, just below Cumnrgo, and Don
Macedonia Capistrnn had crossed a short
distance above Mutamorns, with their forces,
intending to unite with the Monterey insur
gents. C'nplslran had already had a fight
The work gees bravely nn! '
tSRolfe S. Saunders has disposed of
Ills interest m Ihe Memphis Eagle and En
qulrer.'
-sr A can was made through our paper
last week upon Messrs. Csrlook and Hurst to
addreas the people nt lite Coert House in this
place, on Mondny next The Quarterly Court
meets on the 3d, and the business of that
body will probublr consume the entire day,
We would respectfully request the candidates
to seek some other occasion for discussion
as it is a busy season, and the people should
be kept po longer from their business than
really necessary. ' ,
Cuiluowei Spanos. A plat of the lots
and grounds ut Clillhowee Springs Has been
left at this office where those wishing to pur
chase sag, soil and examine it
then the mighty nnd ever-increasing throng,
swollen into a living mass, stood waiting the
moment when the voice should proclaim the
Americans organized.
But while this vast nsseinblngeawere com
ing together, there was n busy few with their
duties to perform on the occasion. These
were thu officers nnd speakers of Hieevvning;
who, on their part assembled in large num
bers on the various platforms whence the
followers of tho 5"ubiqiiilous- Sam" s'nonld
proclaim his principles open to the criticism
of the tunny whom he hoped to lend.
Mounting the i)lnllorm,amidst tho enlivening
strains sent tip by tho band, and comprised in
the air ol "Hail Columbia," tliev flaunted to
the breezo the emblem of our country, the
"Mlars nnd Btn pes. Willi them, ulso, they
brought other banners bearing mottoes and
inscriptions pertaining lo Ihe "myth who
presided over the meeting. Deposited oppo
site the crowd was the inscription
THE BIBLE,
.A
GOOD SCHOOL BOOK.
To the left of the speakers "Sum" testified
to his sentiments ns follows:
AMERICANS
SATlOSLnot SECTIONAL,
On the right of the officers he spoke
of his love of Union and his determination
lo be
AMERICANS TO RULE AMERICA.
No North, No Smith, No East, No West,
OUR COUNTRY,,
Hon. Neil S.Brown made a thrilling speech,
we have room only for the following extract
taken from the closing portion of it: .
What report shall I bear with me to my
home! (Voices "That we are good and
true") I live in a Stale of which I am proud;
one thnt does not engage in sectional quar
rels cither of North or South, one that repos
es iu the question of union; she has always
boon true to the Union, and like others, she
has looked on this your noble State, even as
she has sought your aid in trouble, and you
have always come to her aid. Even amidst
the din of national coiifflicls, she appeals to
you to day; she has the words -of her chief
mua ever present to her, "the Union must ue
nreservud. She has the ringing sounds of
him who win never be rorgollon, even Henry
Clay, (immense cheering,) and she w ould nut
get out of the union, if she rould; nor could
not if she would. On the North Kentucky
blocks her in;. on the West the Mississippi
rolls, if she attempted on the South there is
Mississippi, Aisuaina and Oeorgia. wnne on
the East Is her old mother that would whale'
her bock into the Union, so as we can't get
out we want all our sisters and brothers to
stay in.. I am a poor judge of human nature
if the nppeul which is made to you will belli
vain: ' '
11 this American movement was . invented
bv a mnn, it was by some man who under
stood the American character well; when Na
poleon crossed Egypt with his army forlorn
and saddened in sight of the Pyramids, he
Laviko in Liquor. The New York 5Iir
ror, says of the approach of the day,- '.he 41 Ii
of July, on which-the lw proposes to stop
tho grog of the New Yorkers:-,
-As the day of doom to the Liquor Trade
dra'.vs near, our citizens nre laying in "private
stocks," to last Ihem until the despotic enact
ment is repealed. We lenrn from some of
our lending retail dealers that they have their
hands lull of business in supplying their eity
customers. Persons who have never been in
the habit of buying more than a single basket
of Champagne, a gallon of Port, and a bottle
of Brandy, are now purchasing in wholesale
quantities Wines by the dozen dozens, and
brandies, ate, by the barrel.
Arrest or Horace Greeley in Paris.
Horace Greelyy was arrested in Paris, on the
2d of June, nnd kept In the debtor's prison till
Mondny, at the instance of a Fronch exhibitor
at Hie New York Crystal Palace, whose goods
being broken and injured, thought proper lo
sue for damages; the first director who pre
sented himself being Greeley, he was arrested.
Tho suit was heard nn the. 4th of June,
when Greeley was, of course, set ut liberty.
Ho is frightfully wroth, and is said to be pro
paring n document of the most stirring sort
lor the 1 ribune. His own account will, ot
course, be better worth copying than any
other. ."
A Nut. It is frequently asserted by Sag
Niclits that there are but few foreigners in
Tennessee nnd there is therefore no necessity
for an American party here. The attention
of such is Invited to the following facts:
Fact 1st. Joshua R. Giddings nf Ohio, the
High Priest of Abolitionism in that State is
down upon the American party, because a
change in the naturalization laws would ruin
Sambo. Ho says there are 30,000 abolition
foreign votes in Ohio!
r act an. in Wisconsin it is me same war.
The majority of the population of that young
U..t.i 1m fiwi'i.. Aa... ..nl O..U I..,, ..I....I..J
a Freesoiler to the Senate and passed reso
lutions denunciatory of the Know Nothings.-
- ".
Fact 3d. The Nebraska and Kansas Bill
admits unnaturalized foreigners to vote, in
those territories, with n view to make them
tree soil.
As in Ohio, Wisconsin nnd other North
Western Slates, so it is every where. The
Foreigners co out to the common territories
nnd yote every time against the South.
is mere no men it necessity tor a national
at American I'arty to check these abu.
sea.. -
Ths Platform or the Know Nothino
Convention. It seems by this time pretty
well understood that the Seward party havu
been too hasty in supposing Hint the dcclnrn.
lion of tho Northern members of the Know
Nothing Convention, nnd the platform adopt
ed by the majority of that body, have created
such a division in the party as was, likely to
In let fore Willi their views on the Presidency,
Even the Seward Whigs nre now beginning ,
to see that the division of opinions Oft slavery
was unavoidable wns clearly foreseen by all
the friends nf the party, and could not have
been brought to light in a more advantageous
way for the Know Nothings than it has. No
one, with common understanding, ever imag
ined thnt the delegates from Georgin and
Governor Gardner could tell the world so
impudent a falsehood as that they were of
one mind on slavery. The question once
brought np, therefore, it followed as a matter
of courso that they must differ; and it must
be gratifying to every memhor of the Order
to reflect that they did so differ without ex.
pressing any intention of opposing each other
nnd without allowing themselves to" be di
verted from the original objects of their com
bination. It cannot be too ' often repeated.
the Know Nothing party is stronger now than
it was before the'eonvention. For the dangers
nre known, and ths shoals marked with buoys.
It may steer boldly onwards, it has now little
to fear. All is plain sailing, and if members
adhere to their principles victory is pretty
certain. , '
A DisriNOOisiiKD Visitor. Edtrtind La.
fayette, grandson of tho Marquis de Ijifay
ettc, so distinguished ns the brave nnd gener
ous chnmpion of Americnn Independence, hns
been spending n few days in Delaware with
the Dn Punt, who were the enrly friends of
the General. The Wilmington Journal s:ys:
' In company with n few friends, lie" hns
visited nil the places of interest in the vicinity,
one of his earliest visits being to the scene of
the buttle at Chadd's Ford, in which his an
cestor first shed his blood in our cause. Tho
very spot upon which the General was stand,
ing when he wns u minded, was pointed out
by some of the old residents.
Mr. Uilnyctto is about 2n years of nge, of
fine countenance nnd engaging manners. He
bears some rescnibluncc to his grandfather,
though a much handsomer man.
Slavery in Kansas and Nf.orasea A
correspondent of the Missouri Republican
writes from Kansas to that journal, under ft
recent date, ns follows:
"Tho friends of the South nnd of the Un
ion may now rest satisfied, and tho Aboli
tionists and Disunionists may bang their hnrp
nn the willow, nnd ait down on the Eastern
banks nf the Mississippi, nnd weep; for the
fate of Knnsns is settled gloriously. Mis
sourians, Kenttickinns. Teniiesseeiins,Virgiui
nus, nnd other pro-slavery citizens, nre com
ing every day bv hundreds, and making
homes, comfortable homes, nil over the Ter
ritory, nnd they wield so strong nn inuflu
ence, socially nnd morally, ns to change the
political opinion ol ninny ol the r reesoilers
ho have been sent here by the Aid riocietv.
It is only bore and there in limited localities
that you find nny number of Abnlilionists,nnd
they operate against their own cnuse. They
never will be able to control any influence, or
to effect anything of moment.
"ooslrong, general nnd pervading is the
pro slavery sentiment thnt it - has extended
ven to Nebraska, and we nnd Iho IMubraskaT
City News enlisting tinder its banner, and
hear of public meetings being held, resolu
tions passed, nnd addresses polished. advoca
ting Ihe establishment of a slave State in the
Southern portion of that Territory. Sever,
nl families have nlrcady gone there with their
slaves. There nro not less than forty slaves
n Richardson county nlone." .
Three years ago Louis Napoleon,
finding that his army was not able to rend,
advertised for a contract to teach the soldiers.
A single gentleman undertook the contract.
He asked for po books; nothing , but slates
and pencils. He brought up the men In line
nnd pointed and at his dictation they learned
the . alphabet nod then to 'read. He ' then
asked for one single tract He wns permitted
to choose, and he selected, as preferable to all
tracts in the language of man, the Gospel of
Ht John.' In less thou A yenf he had taught
fifty thousand French Soldiers to rend the
Gospel of St John, and bad received copies
enough to put one in the hands of each
soldier. -
Hard Theatment. The Christian Ad
vocate aays: ... ' ' '
A Roman Cothollo Priest wns recently
brought before a magistrate in Chicago,
charged with beating and otherwise abusing
a woman, a member of hit church, (or refus
ing to take her children from the free school.
at hi bidding. The defence set up Waa, that
ine transactions of lie t. oniession.il were to
be kept secret; Hist the woman knew' this
solemn Obligation, she was ' unworthy nf
belief! Witness, members of the ' Catholic
Church, wore examined, who testified that.
according to the cations of the Church, What.
ever Insult a priest might offer a woman at
the Confessional, she was bound to keep It a
. r i , 1
were iuiii tier iiusimiiiui
HyNever refuse to kiss a btdy. Gallant,
ry, religion, and good taste, alike forbid it.
ii it is aiveot, u win mime yon leel line a Bar
rel and a half of white sugar for a week; and
if it is not you will nt least have the salisfoo.
tion of knowing that it Is the best thnt could
be offered. Kisses, however, lika candy,
are generuiiy made up with a deal of saccha
rine about itiem. . . .
dfThs Knoxvtlle' Standard atounces
the death or Mr. Charles II. Cortln, an en
terprising citizen of Hist place, and one of
the lifiu ol c. ii. ot u. u cotnn at co.
New York, June 20.
The steamer Asia has arrived ot Halifax
with Liverpool dates to the Dili Inst
Corn wns unchanged, Flour had advanced
n shilling. Consuls were quoted at 93.
The Liverpool cotton market was unchang
ed after having ttndurgono s partial decline.
The sales of the week reached 107,000 bales.
From tltt Crimea. On tho 6th tho bom.
bardment of Sebastopol was' renewed. On
the 8th the French uttneked and carried the
Mamelon and White towers, after desperate
fighting nnd terrible loss.
The success of the Allies had caused great
buoyancy in England nnd France.
The French force now iu . the Crimea
amounts to 20",000 men.
The Russians are lo bo attacked at every
point
The Russians have evacuated Soujumkiile,
A great Are had occurred nt Galotz which
destroyed one hundred horses.
The cholera had broken out iu the Austrian
army. . ' .
New York, June 21. The Missouri Re
publican states that Fort Laramie had been
attacked and captured by the Indiana. No
particulars are given. 1
jf Postmaster General Campbell was sp
oiled to recently bv the Postmaster at York
Pa. to know whether a letter containing, as
was supposed, counterfeit money,' could be
opened at the request of ths police authori
ties, in order that the Diouey contained therein
might be identified as the same as that passed
by the prisoner, and that thus further evi.
denee-might be furnished to aid in his con
fiction niul Bunishmant The Post muster.
General replied, emphatically, that it could
not, thai he hud uo right, nor tiny officer
under him, t6 enen any letter until it reached
the Doad Lef.irOoietsard that this principle
must be slwayo acted upon by those in the
employment ins isopurtuieiu.
Railroad Ikon. Tbe New York Post says
that there is a great scarcity of iroa rails iu
nturket, e'Kher of foreign or home manufae.
t ure, nnd thougn cash is freely offered, Ihe
quantity wanted is not at present to be had.
j here is a ntaixea renewal 01 aetlvty among
railroad companies, and a demand for rail
has Increased and is still luereasing.
The New York Prohibitory Law. Of
Mr. Daniel Lord's opinion adverse to the con
stitutionality of this law, the New York Ob
server says:
Daniel Lord, one of the most eminent.
lawyers of this city, and an eider, in Ihe Pres
byterian Church, tins given nn extended opin-
un 011 ion nuojeii ot ine rroiiioitory t-iquor
l-nw. He regards the law in its main feat ores
as involving an invasion of the Constitution.'
fcuch nn opinion, from a gentleman of his-'"
high position, nnd whose antecedents would:
have led us lo expect another decision, will '
exert a powerful iufluenuo ' upon public. '
opinion. '. .
Slaves Protected by Law. The mna'
tolling answer to the charges mode bv nbo1i-'
tionists says the Now Orleans Vis-s Vis, Hint''
slaves are not protected by law in the Sooth?.'
is the case of the State of Louisiana, ysjt.
Hunter, in which defendant is charged with
selling a slave and separating the motHerr
from her children, contrary to the statute ip,
such cases made and provided. . On last Frs
day, ine accused pleaded guilty, and was sen
lencrii oy junge noocrison, to a tine ol oner
thousand dollars, six Months impr.soDU.ODtl.'
and forfeiture of the slaves.
ty Much excitement nrevniL .in, filr,
and Massachusetts in relation to the- liiuiorr
laws of those States. The Lowell' Courier
states that on Monday night of last week a,
two-horse Boston wagon, ludes with fivo'
casks of liquor, wns neized iri Central-' rtree
ny ine night police, nnd the driver, and Hlr.
John Johnson, who was riding withr Him,
were arrested and locked np in- the- wnteh
house. In the morning the liquor woo taken
to the city agency for storage. As- it was
understood that ihe liquor was sir its way to
New Hampshire, an interesting snd' Important
question la mode as to the right ot property .
tn transitu between the Stutea. But for
Portsmouth harbor, New Harrr)rifHire eould
import no liquor save througlii Maine or
MouBachusetts. , - -
- Prices in Kansas. Primers' wages sre
(10 per week, or 30 cents per thonsaod ems; 1
carpenters' $2 per day; uaaefts' t J; lower
class of laborers $1 35 to 11 . Board $3 to
95 per week.
The Boston Liquor" Cases. At Boston
on Friday four cases were tried In the Mu.
niclpal Court for violations of Ihe New Liquor
Uw in all of which the jury returned a ver
dict of not guilty.
' VVasihsoton, JitneSS.
The Navy Department received official)
intelligence which has produced the eonvic.
lion that the Porpoise is lost togother with,
officers and crew.
T Returns from nil Ihe eounlies In Illif
nois have been received, which show a ma.
iority of 1 4,06aagiiinst the prohibitory Liquor,
law. The total vote was 167,330 the larg
est vote ever polled lo this Slate. The official"
returns will probably vary the figures soma,
what . "'
RE"" There wis a grand Know Nothfngj
ratification meeting in Baltimore on Wednea.
day night The meeting is auiJ lo have been,
very large and euthasinaile. Many of. tho
delogates to the late National Convention
were present, and taudV apeeehea on the op.
oaaivo , , .--
EsfSotB habitual drunkards have been
recently punished at Lancaster,-England, by
being placed in the slocks, in default ef paw.
Stent of the fine inflicted upon thcut, '.

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