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ATHENS; TENN., FRIDAY, JULY 6, 1855.
Vol vir-No. 354.
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- iK n ii mi in (i it ii ii ii am u 1 iy i ii u .ur n i i n r s 1 it i n w ii w
tHK rOST It pabtlthett tvwy frMy ftt t per ynr,
TJmjabU in advAtKt, or IS, If pajuwnt to 4lajr4 naill
J)t r4mtion yf the yr.
Adrrtlmenf wlH bt charted tl br wtrt
f 13 linw, or 1ft for th flrtl intcrtlnti, ud 10 cwtt for
ch continuance. A llbtrtl rtsxiiictlow a Art to thoit
who odTtrtlM by Iht year. HTPtrioni wndliiff ftilrcr
Uoomanu omit mark th namher of time ihy dolr
mem inotrtea, or tnojr win m oontlotiM tutu forbMl ma
For announcing the tuuotf of enaolMatM for oct, S,
Obit an r? notice oTer It Hoti, ehnrfoa at tho roftilar
Alloommitnteatlonilntcfldtdto promotolho triTMo
oortior inurnii or uorporotiont, BooittM. Bchoolt or
IndlridwiU, will bt choroH m adrtrtlcmenU.
Ja Vrk raeh m Pamphleu, Mlnott Olrenlan,
ufcrat, nmnu, iianaoiiM, c. win m titcuwa in good
Vtyl. and on rcuoniible termi.
AH tetten Mdref nod to tlio Proprietor, poet ald, will
M promptly attrnded to.
Pereoni at a dlitanee vendlnir mm tht nanui of four
OtrenttaKiiorlber, will be entitled to a fifth copy ffratla.
No oomraonleatlnn Interted upUh accompanied by
nwme or mcmunor.
4f Offlco on Main itrttt, nest door to tht old Jack
ATHKNMt FRIDAY. J VLY ISA.
Philaoelfhia I'latfobbi. TJior. Weed'i
paper t)ie Albiiny Evening Journal sayi
the pro.laury jnurnuli of the South hxve "
right to rejoice over the Philndelphlit plat,
form. It concede, It ), nil thpy hnve de
mnnded. . Instead of "linorln((" the question
of elevery. It repudiate! the principle of free
dom, -ltgntt furthtr than any Convention
of any arfy hal iarti to go for many yrar.
Thii is Weed's view of the subject. And yet,
sys the Whig, the Enquirer snd other
Democratic print . olTeot to consider tho
American platform unworthy of Southern
support. It has been repudiated by the entire
Abolition press nt the North, with Wilson at
their head. Such being the case, its merits
and Its virtues are indisputable!
How it was Don. We see it stated in
our exchange that Flournoy.the Know Noth
ing candidate fur Governor of Virginia, re
ceived 80,000 votes, snd Wise, the nnti Know
Nothing candidate 90,000. If this be true,
Virginia lias palled an aggregate vote of
170,000 which is forty thoutand more
then ever polled In the State before!
Mr. Flournoy received 8,000 votes more than
the Know Nothings counted for him, and
with the usual votes of the State would have
been elected by 20,000 majority. Our
readers can form their own conjectures as to
where the 30,000 excess of vote which give
Mr. Wise the election came from?
Postage or Back Numbers of Nkwsfa.
FEns The Piist-Office Department give no.
tice that buck number of newspaper, if ad
dressed to a regular subscriber, are chargea.
ble with a postage of one etnt such, payable
either at the office of publication or the office
of delivery; but if sent to a person not a sub
scriber, they are considered transient papers,
and a such, are chargeable with one cent cU
if prepaid, aud with two ctntt if not prepaid,
None but regular subscribers to newspapers
re entitled to the benefit of quarterly or
Wisconsin. Wisconsin, sa we have . said,
Is the only State in the Union that contains
more foreign born than nutive bom citizens.
It is ihe only State whose highest judicial
tribunal has pronounced the fugitive slave
law unconstitutional. The anti American
party tutfed about the election' of Durkeeby
the legislature of the State as if it were an
act of the Know Nothings. But did not the
anie Legislature that elected Dorkee pass
strong resolution mgaintt the repeal or any
modification of the naturalization ami And
fs the American party to be held reaponalble
for the conduct of a Leginlature, which,
elected by a foreign born population, sends a
Freesoiler to the Senate and adopts resolu
tions against the Know Nothing Platform?
Pray what will the American party's oppo
nents undertake to bold it responsible for
next? - - , -
0 Neatness may be carried to excess.
Mr. Splasher is devoted to whitewash. On
taking a house in the country he whitewash
ed the trunks of all the trees, affirming that
it gave them a nicer appearance. Ho was
next proceeding to Improve the hollyhocks
in tho same style, when Mrs. S. dragged him
away by the coat tail, declaring that she had
borne a good deal, but coutdlt stand that.
I3f Mr. Dunn Brown remarked, the other
day, that it wa all very 'well to say, "never
go to law," but what was a fellow to do when
law came to him? Mr. Brown' observation
was called forth by n oblong piece of paper,
' with which an officer of justice had favored
him. There is a great deal of force in Mr.
' Brown's way of putting the question. '
' t3T" Hon. R. 0. WicklirTe, ex-Postmaster
' General, has been nominated by the Demo-
- eratie SUM Convention of Louisiana for Gov
ernor, snd O. II. alouton for tt. Governor.
Mr. WicklirTe bss accepted the nomination.
Bomrrr Lands. The number of applicants
for bounty lands, under the aew few, now
reaches 1 17,700, sad (.803 wsrrants bsve been
issued, Eighteen of the applications allowed
are for soldiers wbo served in th revolution
V ad f'nety-flv to the surviving
widows of revolutionary soldiers.
Imfostakt ANsonirotiuMT Th. English pa-
- psrs received by the 8t Louis, mention a re
port, said te bs founded on gaud authority,
that the Empress Eugene is sxpeeted (oon to
give an heir ta the imperial Uroae ef France
' Qf Surlineie is indicative of small Intel
' lect. You eould not tenon a hull dog to de a
trick In four months. If you're looking for
' aa intslligsnt wan, therefore, never consult a
person who wears a frown, or takes to eulki-
3T The Albany ($. Y ) Register says that
New York adopt the American platform, and
. that the party in that Bute "is taia day a
, unit and wa never stroagsrj' . ,
Ia Ro. Inn on Fridav. In four eases
' tried is th Muaiejpal Court for a violation
m ue new liquor law, tn Junes reiurnea
vsrdiete of net guilty. . , .
OCT ld warrant are selling at t!09
$U la Washington, and ( 107 In Phila
delphia and New York, .-
Labors. Wahtr!. Ths Nebraska City
News mention that the farmerl iM aiechan
lea of that territory complain loudly flf their
inability to procure wttrkmsn: Tjiey bftef; It
ay, extrsvsgant wages, but work hands are
not to be hod. The difficulty does Hot leem
to be that laborer are laty, or even scarce;
but every one who goes there immediately
set up for himself become all employer
instead of a seeker of employment. The
Newtaskt: -'. y ..'
"Where are the thousands of aufTorinff poor
who were making the streets -and farks of
New TorK hideous, last winter, by their riot
ous newisror work! Let them come out
here, we will give them work, a much as
they desire, end wages for it too, such aa will
aoon place them above the miserable subsis
tence of soup-house churity.n .
The largest recent accessions to the pop
ulation or Nebraska are stated to have been
from she Btntes of Ohio 'ma-rennsyfvanla,
many citizens of which have either taken np
their abode In Nebraska city or located farms
In it Immediate vicinity.
The America Platform. Commenting
upon the platform adopted by the Philadel.
phia Convention, the New Orleans Crescent,
an independent journal, anya: The resolutions
ire concise snd comprehensive. They com
mence well. - It is s true proposition Contain
ed in the first resolution, that the American
party, having risen on the ruins of the two
old parties, cannot bs held responsible for
their sins of omiision nnd commission. It is
equally true, ss set forth in the second reso
lution, "that the systematic agitation of the
slavery question by those tmrtiesnhaNubrouglit
our institutions into peril,'' and that it wue,
therefore the duty of the "American party to
interpose, for the purpose of -living peace to
Ihe country and to perpetuate the Union."
No party ever entered upon a nobler or
holier work. The third resolution declares
that ''the existing law upon the subject of
slavery," shall be regarded by the American
party "as final conclusion nnd settlement of
that subject In spiriland in substance." This,
and the following resolution, cover most of
the points in controversy between the two
sections of the Union, for the lout fifteen
years; and if adopted, openly announced, snd
faithfully defended, will, according to our de
liberate judgement, made up from extensive
means of information at our command, result
in a magnificent triumph of tho American
party; and what is still better, if possible, of
true- norionat, Anv, tcan srincipws, in n ovem
Illinois. Senator Douglass, in a recent
speech, says that the election of John Moore,
in that State, showed a Democratic majority
of 8,000 vote in Illinois, but notwithstand
ing that, their opponents "succeeded, by aid
of Know Nothings, Abolitionism, Punaticisin
and all the other isms embraced In Fusion
ism, In defeating some of the democratic
candidates." What does this prove? Why,
that many of the Democratic party of Illinois
hnve become AbnVitionistt and Know Noth
ings. A party with a clear majority of 3,000
should have prevented defeat from all combi
nations. afif The Petersburg Express tells of some
funny doings of the people of York town, Va.
It says that a Mr. Anderson, an old and es
teemed citizen of Yoiktown, having modo
arrangements to establish in tlmt place a
steam brick machinery for the manufacture of
bricks, and having associated with him two
or three' northern men of capital, some per
sons being opposed to the introduction of
"live Yankees" in their midst, repaired a few
night since to the wharf upon which the
machines hsd been landed, and tumbled them
into the river. . An indignation meeting waa
held by the citizen and the proceedings
strongly condemned. Yorklown, it seenn,
i not quite prepared for steam bricks and
' (KrThe editor of New Vork Ledger has
sued two of his cotemporuries: one, the Phil.
adelphia Times, for libel. The ground of
th suits are that these papers said that they
didn't believe the ledger man paid Fanny
Fern (100 a column lor her milk und water
stories. The Herald advises the defendant
to plead guilty aa follows: '
"We believe that there Is a contract bo-
tween the proprietor of the New York ledger
and 'Fanny Fern,' by which the former agrees
to pay the latter 9100 per column. We re.
spcctlully believe this, but we also entertain
that the editor in question must be like
the man in the play: St d d fool to pay so
much for small beer when gin and water can
be hud so much cheaper.'
3TThe following which we clip from
the Norfolk (Vs.) News of a recent date, is
gratifying, since it record the good fortune
of a poor orphan. Our friend Swan seems to
dispense his favor in the right channel.
Success to him I
"An orphan boy, named Henrv Miller, re.
siding In this city, some tim In lust March
Surchaeed a lottery ticket in the Southern
lilitary Academy Lottery, at Montgomery,
Ala., (to which place he aent fur It,) lor
winch ne paid m 00 tho only money he had
in the world. He did not receive the drawing
a aoon as ha expected, snd gave up all hope
of ever receiving any return lor his invested
capital. Judge of his surprise, when he re
ceived last week a letter from Samuel Swan,
the manager, announcing that hie ticket had
drawn $4,000! Ha has already soma into
possession ol ins spienuia prize, and. ho
placed it in the Fell Point Saving Institu
Gef" Postmaster-General Campbell Waa
applied to recently by the Postmaster at York,
Pa., to know whether a letter containing, aa
waa auppoaed, counterfeit money, eould be
opened at the request of the police authori.
lies, in order thai the money contained therein
might be identified a th asm that passed
by tho prisoner and that thus further evidence
might be furnished to aid in hi eonvislion
ud punishment. The Postmaster-General
replied, smphatirully, that it ouuld not, Unit
he had no right, nor any officer under him, to
open any letter until, it reached (he Dead.
Letter Office, sad that tbia principle most be
always acted upon by those in the employ
meot of the Department.
Was A lliD A barrel af ants f.ll ft-om
the third story of a warsnoase in Norfolk the
other day, hit negro piorna sa the head and
knooksd him down. Negro got op, shook bis
head, and walked off.
' AN OUTRAGEOUS SYSTEM.
Th eonfeased sspoinsgs of the Post Msstsr
Osnsrat, of Department, through sserst
igsats, with privet keps to unlock the msll
bsgs en route, whenever and t hsrever it
plessU thus gentry, and nimble fihgsr li
censed to break seals heretofore rsgsrdsd
saerad under all oireumstanceain this eoun
try if order, as the defensive plea runs, to
detect other msil robbers, -is an outrageous
and shsinefut Jyitsm'. If th Government
practice. n9 defends the principle of doing
'evil that good may com.' 'sxsreining Its own
judgment as supreme gdid in the metier,
why msy not the example b followed by ths
smsllsst constituent part of ths Government,
the humblest) or n-eaneat eltissn. If a grsst
Government may plek locks and breik ssals
covertly, te defend or advanee Its Intsrssts,
why not h poor devil, though he be mere
skilful, and moss. pe.f..i.H a emrfwmm
at ths business,
Ths American people demand that their
seels, in transitu in the public mails, shall
no! be violated by Post Office spies. No pro
posed good esn neutralize th evil of such es
pionage, which hss made even the most
despotic Governments infamous
Wshsveno objection to th Post Office
Department setting traps, with letters special
ly prepared, and springing the sams on sus
pected and guilty parties, This a mode of
spotting light-fingered pottrassters and post
offlcs elsrks sutirsly sanctioned by necessity
and good morals, but to claim or practice the
right of opening private letters, for whstsver
detective purpose, is Intolerable. The seal of
ths humblest eitizen must bs kept inviolate
and sacred, even from the Post Master Gene
ral, or there is no security for any correspon
dence. A dishonest official entrnated with
the power to secretly open mails and letters,
might rob more in a week then all the out
sids robbers in a yesr.
That ths mails should bs well guarded in
their transit, all will agree, and eonsidering
how we have often seen the mail wagons
driven rrom the Post Offlcs in this sity, to the
railroad depot or to the steemer, without a
soul to mind whether ss might essily be
done a bag was shaken off or stolen, our
wonder is not thsl there ere complaints of
losies, but that the losses are not grester.
We went our mails carried promptly snd safe
ly ; but we do not want an English Sir Jamea
Graham system of spying into private corres
pondence, either to catch criminals, or politi
cal conspirators. There are Police, of various
kinds, and plentiful other legitimate means
for these purposes.
. The lew allows no seal-breaking by post
office officials, exoept the sesls eovsr letters
addressed to said officials. But the law has
been overridden by a set of spies, acting
under advice from the Poet master General,
and we regret to see that the Grand Jury of
tiie u alien states at new Orleans has ignored
tne bills of indictment found against D. P.
Blair, aud George Whitman, pott office agents,
who, lu ths cruaade against Post Master Ken
dall at New Orleans, opened letters not ad
dressed to them. The English people long
stood slmost every kind of government tyrau
ny and outrage, but when they found Poet
Master Sir James Grsbam opening private
eon espondeuce, even though il was the let
ters of Malzini, a foreigner and exile, they
raised suoh a storm, that the spying mon
archy dared not try the disreputable game
Since writing the above, we find tbat the
Post Office Department feels compelled to an
apology for the seals-breaking of its agents.
It is a lame apology for ths Chief of the Bu
reau to say that this "irregular" practiee
has never been sanctioned by the Department,
for the set that the Post Moster General
knows of the practice, and still retain, the
practice in his employ, is a clear endorse
ment of their nefarious acta. We hope Mr.
Campbell has learned bis espionage tactics
from the dirty Jesuitry of politlos, aud not
from that of the "most holy" Roman Catholic
Church, to which he belongs. N. Y.Mirror,
' UTllenry Two-Guns (Ha ja-on-guen)
head Chief of the Seneca Nation of Indians,
died at his residence on Cutturngus Reserve
tion, on the.nih inst., aged 75 year's. Two
Gun was a stepson of tho fiimoua orator Red
Jucket, and wa born within the limits of the
now city of Buffalo. He was engaged In the
war of 1813, espousing the cause of his great
father the President; participated in the but
tle of Bridgewater and Chippewa, und for a
long series of years exercised a controlling
Influence over hi nation.. He wa distin
guished for hi commanding presence, probity
of coyduet, wise und moderate counsels, en
lightened views of national policy, and an
earnest advocacy of religion, and of every
enterprise which hnd for its object the ome-
lioratiun nnd improvement of hi people.
Ex Pbesidkst Va Burei at ak Earth.
qrjAKE. An American gentleman writes from
nice, Italy, that during the last season, while
Mr. Tun Buren was in that city, hearing that
eurtbquakes were formerly prevalent in part
of the country, but no shock hud been tell
lore number of years, told hia Italian host
that lor the rarity and novelty of it, he would
like to have a "small shake" happen while he
was there. Sure enough, in a few week
thereafter, in the dead uf the night, the whole
city and mountuin eemmencvd rocking and
the inhabitants, in the greatest consternation,
fled to the streets. Among other iu the
park, which 1 near tlo hotel, waa Mr. Van
Bureo in primitive costume, and in a high '
stale of excitements The ex-President and
the eitizene passed the balance of the night
In the streets, and waa perfectly entistied with
the "small shake."
A young gentleman paid hi addresses
to a young lady by whose mother he waa
unfavorably received. "How hard," said he,
to the young lady, "to (operate those
whom love ha united." "Very hard indeed,"
replied she, with great Innocence, at the
same time throwing her armea around hia
neck, " and so mother, will find it."
Vsxcs Visisls at Nook-bat. This brightest
of ths planets, ie now ths evening star in one
of its most luminous phases, and for two or
three months to come it will be increasing in
brilliancy, and may be aeaa svery afternoon
East of and about it degress from ths sun.
PHRENOI0GY IN THE PULPIT.
tkstimort or rns but. away wabo assoas.
It 1 very hard for a minister of the Gospel,
standing before a prosmaeaoua audience, to
deal with th facta of their rrlinds and their
inward Jivea. It la oielsnchnly fact that
msn know lea about that which la th eery
element of their being than about anything
else in th world. I suppose if I were to go
among the intelligent men in my eongrega.
tion, f could get every variety of information
on subjects connected with the daily business
affairs of life upon questiona of political
economy, open various qneslions of com
merce, facta concerning the structure of ships,
steam-engine I eould .collect any amount
of information on all these and a thousand
other kindred subjects, Bnt when I ask them
tcAat is inside of themidut, they can sell me
of a great manufactory, tnd explain to me
the operation and use the machinery in
it; but upon the questional the machinery of
their own lillnda. thev csnInt anv s word. In
on these subject", and have classified them.
They believe themselves to be immortal
creatures; that they have, throbbing within
them, a aoul that shall live ns long aa God
himself ahull live; yet when I ask them any
questions in regard to- their inward nature,
their only reply ia, "I don't know, I don't
know." They do not know whnt the- reason
is; they do not know what is the nature of
their moral powert; they do not definitely
understand tne nature or operation of any one
faculty of their minds!
They understand the nature of the soil of
the earth; they know what it is capable of
producing; they know the use of the slow,
and ull the Implements of agriculture; they
know what to do with a plant that ia not
thriving; they are skilful to impart to It a
fresh life and make it flourish But if any
plant that ought In grow in the mind ie
stunted nnd does not thrive, they cannot' tell
how to make that grow. They don't know
what to do to bring it forth.
Il ia difficult for n minister of the Gospel to
set forth the truth intelligibly in respect to
its relution to the human mind. I think It is
partly because men havo not been curiout in
respect to themulvtt, and partly on account of
the many bewildering systems of mental
philosophy that are in vogue in our day. For
if there were none of these systems except
the old schools of metaphysical philosophy, I
would defy any man to obtain by means of
them any clear idea about the aoul; for at
beat they are of but little more value than so
many cobwebs. Men inny Mudy them, how.
ever, if they have a taste for them; if a man
loves logic and discussion, let him take one
of the old tm-tnphyaicnl mental philosophies,
and he will have means of busying his mind
until he grow tired of such business. But
a man wishes to know practically what he is
mudo up of, if n man wishes a knowledge of
human nature for definite practical purposes,
there ia no system which will aid him In ac
quiring that knowledge like the system of
Phrenology; not interpreted too narrow or
technically, but in its relatione to physiology
and the structure of the whole body. And I
may say here what I hare never said before
in the pulpit, that the view of the human
mind as they are revealed by Phrenology, are
those views which have underlayed my whole
ministry,-and il l have had any success In
bringing tho truths of the Gospel to bear
practically upon the minds of men, any sue
cess ill the vigorous application of truths to
the wants of the human soul, where they are
most needed, 1 owe it to the cleurness which
I have gained from this science. And I nnuld
not ask for the members of my family, nor of
a courcn, nny uetter preparation lor religious
indoctrination than to put them in possession
of such a practical knowledge of the human
soul us is given bv Prenology.
I have avoided the use of the nomenclature
of Phrenology in the pulpit as far as possible,
because I did not wish to seem to be a mere
teacher of a philosophical system while I wue
a minister or the truth, as it is in Christ; but
I have now been so long with you thut I am
justified in making this statement.
1 may say, in regard to the objections
sometimes urged against Phrenology its
tendency to Materialism and Fatalism, thut
the same objections may be made to any other
system of meiitul philosophy. I do not think
thut such objection belong to Phrenology
nny more than to any system of intellectual
science which you Cin nossibly construct
Men's mere logicul and speculative reason
will always strand them upon the sands of
Fatalism or Muteriulism; and it i the practi
cal sense the consciousness of actual liberty
that redeem us from a belief ot the one or
the other. Such doctrines dwell in the head,
but never in the hand.
Heavy Damages for Slander. In the
Circuit Court lor Lewis county, Kentucky, a
verdict for ten thousand dollars damages wus
awarded, last week, in a suit of slander against
William Giddings. The plaintiff was a Mis
Barklcy. It appeared on the trial that Gid
dings had paid hie addresses to Miss B., and
had been rejected, previous to his making the
slanderous charges which the jury hue so
signally punished In damages.
One of our friends was being shared at
Antwerp. The barber waa a lumale. What
'win his surprise, when he saw the good ladv
spit into tne box, ana besmear his luce with
the foaming saliva!
An expressive grlinnce did not escape the
My desr sir, said she, I don't trent yon as I
do my olhe customers' because I perceive very
ry well that you do not belong to these parts.
By Jupiter I Madam, whut do you do in
Why, sir, I sptt on their cheek iustead of
spitting into the aonp box.
ET Henrv Ward Beecher calls Garrison
"my dear brother Garrison," and Garrison
publishes a communication in his Uberalury
which says, "If God had the power to abol
ish slavery, and does not, he is a very great
scoundrel." It is evident that something
else needs abolishing besides slavery.
Batard Taylor This gentlemen, in a
recent letter to the New York Tribune, slate
that he first entered Wisconsin on his head.
Having arrived at Beloit, which ia located
just on the line deviding Illinois and Wis.
cousin, na wus piicnea iroiu ni buggy into
me border ot tne luiier oiaie.
FSfAn office holding chap being asked
how he contrived to hold office under suc
cessive adiuiniatrutions, replied "that, admin
istrations must be darned smart that could
change oftener than he could."
IC7 The only thing that will break love
fit, I hard work aud "Tilled pork." Good ad
vice and indolence only make things "wuss."
If "I find, Diak, tbat you are in the habit
of taking my jokes and passing them off a
your own. Do you think that gentlemanly
To be sure I do, Tom. A true gentleman
will always tsk a joke from a friend."
A PICTURE OF HENRY A. WISE. "
Th Hon. Henry A Wise, lately made a
speech at Parksrsbtrrg,' Va. A eorrsspoa.
dent of the Me'Collvill Rnqnirer, who beard
him thus write hi impress of the msn I
" I was disappointed ia the persnisl appsar
enoe of the man. I kad expected ja Hsnry A.
Wise to see a man of eorrfmandlng ststure,
upright bearing, with flashing eyes snd nobis
forehead ; but he is no such a man. He is the
medium height not mors than fivsfest, seven
or sight inehes, rsry spars, would not weigh
more then ISO, probably not that.
" Thsre is nothing prepossessing sbon't h'im.
He is, in fact, positively ugly. Very gentle
manly and courteous in his bearing towards
others, but in his dress is almost sloven.
His cravat was awry, his linnen wss soiled
with tobscoo, his chin unshavsn and flanked
with stocks of yellew ssliva; his clothing
rsthsr hung around him than otherwise. I
could see no pbysieal indieation of greatness.
A low forehead ovenhadowing a pair of lus
treless grey eyas, tbat rollsd iu a asreeus
uneasinessia Uietr dssp socket. ; high Weir,
bones, and complexion saffron husd from lii.
inordinsle use of tobscoo; a stooping carriage
and trembling gait did not indicate the great
When I first saw Wise on the stand during
the few moments of his opening remarks, a.
he stood before us, bis shoulders drooping and
bent forward, his chin and shirt bosom spst
tered with tobacco juice, those dull eyes roll
ing expressionless in their deep sockets, his
long grey hair towed unkempt about temples,
his arms hanging li.tlessly by bis sids, look
ing for sll ths world liks a ressurreeted mum
my, I thought that he was ths mut uncome
ly specimen of humanity that I ever ssw at
tempt to addrsss an audience. But when,
with a voioe that rung as elear as the notes
of the war clarion, he made bis thrilling ap
peal with a pa'aionste inten.ity of manner, I
thought bun eloquence incarnated. Never in
my life have I listened to such an appeal ; it
set ths blood dashing through mj veins like
"It went right bom to the heart of every
Virginian present You eould ses in their
glistening eyas sad heaving chests, snd eould
hesr in the response thst made wall, tremble
to their foundations ths effect it had upon the
t3f The most important town on the Sea
of Azoffis that of Tanganrog, with 25,000
inhabitants. It forms Ihe depot for the pro
duce of the southeast of Russia. The town
wue founded by Peter the Groat Amongst
its public buildings are remarkable the Ad.
miralty, the Marine Hospital, the Quarantine
Building, the Bank, and the College. It has
an exchange, and about 170 warehouses.
The fort or citadel which protects the town
is said to be in a state of- decay. Taganrog
has 26 vessel of a larger description, and 684
for the coast navigation. Tho harbor ia only
accessible for vessols of inconsiderable draft.
It was here that the Emperor Alexander died,
on the 1st of December, 1825.
Simphrrophol, against which Gen. Pelis
sicr' movement appear to be directed, is the
capital of the Crimen. It counts 14,000 in.
habitants, of which from 5,1100 to 6,000 are
Tartars. Th town is situated on Ihe base
of tho Taurinn mountain chain. It la de
scribed as well built, and presenting, with the
villas surrounding it, a beautiful aspect. It
contain six churches, amongst which the
cathedral Is remarkable for being built in good
architectural taste. The town has also a
Russian College, four other schools and sev
eral factories. It !scentral,andconsequently
a most Important point In regard to the trade
In the productions of the Crimea. Its acqui
sition by the allies would prove, therefore, a
great advantage, aa it would mukejt possible
to thus draw supplies from the resources of
the country, which they hnve hitherto been
unable to effect. General PelisMer has told
hia soldier that they would receive for tills
murch upon Siuipherophol only four days'
provisions, a on the filth they must be in the
town. But as yet he has uot been able, to
cross the Tchcrnnya, ' '
The DirrEREKCR. Butchers usually kill
their victims before dressing them. Moth,
ers frequently dress before killing them.
We noticed mi innocent liltln girl of about live
years in the street yesterday, dressed and
pinohend within nn inch of her life. For
health and comfort, she might about aa well
have been in the embrace of a young nna.
conan, wna a love or a pattern, snd the
utile creature wore a butterfly a wing upon
V head, nnd of course it wu nil right and
she win a darling. How would one manage
to have a game of romps, do you think, with
such an anatomy of silk, lace and ribbons!
One mightas well try to rump - with a fancy
show case. They have passed a law, and a
very good one it is, to protect quails.. We
want nnothor n law to protest children. If
they are afraid the race of Quails will be de
stroyed, whut are we lo say of children?
wny, mere are places in this land ol ours,
whero one can see five hnndred epitoipes of
humanity, without seeing a sir.gl specimen
of an old fashioned rosy cheeked checkered.
"Mr. Dodson, you said you thought the
defendant wna slightly inebriated i what
made you think so?"
"Because he persisted in wearing the knot
of his cravat under his left ear, and would
hnve it thai the brick house on the corner
was trying to jump on his hat"
The court allowed that Simpson bad par.
taken of stimulants
t9"In18S,girl nsar Paris wss attaok
sd with frequent vomitings, at which timss
she east up spiders, eatterpillars, snails, and
other insects, and it was finally discovered
that from .am. extraordinary inclination, aha
bad bsea in ths bsbit of swallowing those
insects, and tbat they had remained ia ber
stomach until ejected, sometimes for seven or
sight months. A poor woman of Coburg ia
reiorted te have entertained in her stomach
for some time a snake half a yard long. In
167 S, a shoemaker in Europe, who had suffer
ed for many years with pains ia his abdomen,
died, and after his death a serpent th length
of dii'i arm wa found ia hia voppin.
GaiAT CnHSTSBATIO AMOad TVS CaTflOLIO
Iaisa. Great apprehensions are entertained
by the Catholio Irish that the "d d Ameri
cans are about to take the country." We
are informed that a universal sentiment ef ri
otous indignation exists among them at ths
idea of being governed by the "d d Ameri
cans," Immorality of Bad Fiucis. The
crowning evil resulting from bad fence is,
that Itimpair and destroy th morality of
cattle. . No matter how well educated they
may have been previously, if (ubjeoted to
this UmptatioB, their morality got over tht
COMMON SCHOOta '
. " ' j "
. i 9te lbs Feet .. ,
' Editor P6tt Returning my Uoet unfeign
ed llisnks for iht faor yod onferred upon
m in that number of your per tinted May
29th,' by publishing fey tetter tp yon1, on, the
object of Common School, I again ofler ii
few thooghta for the Sonslderstlod of your
reader tfpon th'e ssm ngroealng to'pTc i
aid ertgfosslng topic; because, perhaps, my
own mind I th'u o-cripied father than from
any Wvidene thai the subject if of absorbing
Interest among the people. That the people
of lower Bait Tennessee are taking a more
active interest in the execution1 of the Public
School system of thl Slate, I do not deny.
On the Contrary,' I am glad to Know it I so;
And I sm writing thii to let idem know that
there ia one who is sngsged in teaching that
sympathise wlth tbea la.)belr almost
school less condition and wljo i ready to eo
operate in the work they are beginning to
discover Is needed. It I not my only pur
pose, however, to give notice of readiness to
do battle to the power of know-bothiog-at
all-ism, but 1 want to call ont -from ' their
sag-nichtul (say-nothing) retreat those who
are, or intetd to be, engaged la teaching, I
would uy to teacher and to sll commission
er and patron of the schools, that, If yon
want to put down that former doctrine yon
must abandon tbia latter, for oppoal te as they
ar in politics they run together in education
and literature. Indeed, there will not be right
view of education nod th importance of
schools, entertained by the mass until these
thing have been placed fairly before them.
Tliis can be done by writing and lecture'
and I know of no more appropriate clot to
begin thia arduous but rewarding work than
teachers. That teacher caq not accomplish
the whole alone ia very evident, but If they
will go about the work earnestly their inten
tions for good will be understood, their ef
forts duly appreciated and both heartily re.
eiprocated. What paper shall we write for
teachers? Is there any educational journal
read where this paper 1 circulated ? If there
were it would be very convenient and ap
propriate channel for our investigation and
discussion. But, probably, there ia not
Then let us solicit the favor of the Athens
Post I think the Editor weuld like to en
courage such an effort when not crowded
with other matter. I should like to see an
article each week, I am aware that aince but
few school employ teacher for a longer pe
riod than three or four month during the
year a period that Just exhausts the public
fund, most persons designing te engage this
season are employed at other tilings, and
rrom the nature of thuir most common busi
ness, farming, can not command tho requisite
time without sacrificing, to some extent, their
pecuniary interests. But they are not nil
pressed. And there are a good number of
young men attending to their studies at the
various institutions of learning that have
grown up in dltfeieiit section of the country
upon whom we have a reasonable claim for
aid in the undertaking we propose' which
would result in tho happiest results, if faith
fully prosecuted and ably conducted. And,
now, teacher, 1 would most earnestly urge
upon you the necessity of enlisting with head
and heart in thia grand enterprise.
I hope now to be indulged while taking
one etep further back than I did In my letter
or May. In thut letter 1 alluded to a few
improvement that are requisite, aa 1 conceiv
ed. . .
The step to which I refer Is the necessity
devolving upon the Legislature to appoint
a plan for the erection of School Jlousea in
each School District If that body has the
authority, aa all at once admit to assessa tax
rfor the support of such an lnst'Uution, it
should and indeed Qoe hare th aame power
to provide for Its appropriate and judicioua
expenditure. A review of the present state
of thing with regard to the character of
School Houses aud flie- difficulty attending
their erection, will ehow the necessity of
adopting speedily aJjetter method. When a
School House ia needed in any neighborhood
it ia' not uiifrequent-that the sum total of
every species oT prejudice is brought along
to the- appointed meeting. Difference of
opinion in politics and religion ha sepa
rated the people into number of parties.
These-prties.ure often blind to any thing
insisted upon or even suggested by one not
belonging to their clique. One party be
come offended at aome of the other and
expresses a determination not to assist if that
plan is decided upon. The other party or
partie audenly grow rich enough to carry
the work forward without the aid of their re
ported contentious neighbors. They resolvs
themselves Into a building committee of th
whole and attempt to aettle upon om plan
of operation the excluded party criticising
every effort but sympathizing with none.
But there re more point of difference than
one, so thlk committee itself doe not long
preserve its unity of strength, but radiating
from a common centre toon, disorganize end
the work is entirely abandoned for the time.
But th house must be built Tbey meet
again. The meeting i probably aa .oncer,
monlou aa before. A plan, however, isadopt
ed one company ia appointed to make the
boarda, another to haul th logs, and thus
th whole, is ta tli eatia faction perljsp of
II, distributed and die house is expected to
be ready in due souse n. Tli work goes oa
nd aooner or later the houss ia auid to be
ready for th open ng of a term pf achool.
Th eommitte for Inspection comes to take
view of the building which which h us been
dignified with th nam of Sckooi Hons. A
Juat report would ma eomethinj like this: It
ia of very tncommodiou itructur in bo
way adapted to end for whloh It waa coo.
strouted rough log wall not enclosing
uffloient nae to aOMmqiodaU nUtfc chit
tfren of scholastic sg that aaoally crowd ai
the first part of each term on ehlmner. ao
stove, th wall t containing all Ita trength!
having loat nothing rrom th Introduction or
needles window, nor mors than on door '
the fioor not iotnted and grooved mpalr
of slab bench without backs, height deter.
nilned by th accidental length of th punch -eon
of which ara made the leg that support
then,'- - ': i k '.
I will not; at thii time,' comment npon tbaj
disadvantage growing out of an employ-.,
merft ot inch I cabin Mr school purposes; but
would uggel thatWommissioners honld
have Hi arithority to . erect a house of a .
specific character at every plsc whert
school Is needed. This tan be do6 without ,
any usurpation of fower. " '.
CandldnteaVI would like to see you right
.iw wiwUon, as wsll ss others vheei
yon com" round,'ftisking band; '
" " ' ""' '": ' " " 11
A Gold sa Thought. W know r.oi
author of th following, but it i pretty: '
"Nature will be reported. All thing art
engaged in writing her history, The plsnet;
ths pebble goes (ttended by It ahsdow.
The rolling rock leaves ita (Cratches on the
mountain, the rfver Its channel in the soil;
and th animal it bone in the tratnmjf
the fern and leaf their modest epitaph fn the
coal, The falling drop Makes Ita sculpture
in (and or s'tone; not n footstep into tho
(now, or along the- grbefnd but prints in
characters more or less lusting a map of itet
march; every art bf the man inscribes itself on
the memories of ita fellows, and in Ita face.'
The sir is full of sound) the sky of token)
the ground 1 all memoranda and signature,'
and very object Is covered over with bint,'
which apeak to the Intelligent'
Urwritteb Tragedies. How many un.
written tragedies occur in a great city? Mow
many Incidents of real life beggar lo ad paJ
thoa all that ia seen upon the stage? Thin
reflection waa anggeatod very recently by
our seeing an interesting boy begging hia
father to forsake evil course and return to!
hi darkened home, or, at least to provide
for hia needy wire and suffering chilbren.
Not one who saw that boy crying in bitter
ness and shame, or who beheld his sister, a
wect little girl, hunt her father to lure hia
home, but felt there were mournful passage
of human life, sad instances of baneful pas
sion", wrecks of generous heart and high
professional character yet unwritten. Cut.
einnati Columbian. . , . . . ,
surgeons says that they are guided In . avoid
ing dangor to Ufa from the use of chloroform
in surgical cases, not by it effect on the
pulse, bnt bv the state of the breathing. They
cease Ihe administration of vapor when the
breathing becomes difficult, however favor
able the puis may appear to be. They al
so psy attention to the tongue a a point of
great importance.. When the breathing be
come difficult, orceases, then open the month,
seize the tip of the tongue with aitery foreep
nnd pull it well forward. Death, It I old,
would have occurred in some ease but for
the use of this expedient, which afford II o
external air rree access to the lungs.
ISTMcCren. who kilted Clark
worth, Kansas, in a public meeting, nubliah-
e statement of the affair, which,- if true, .
snows mat uiCKilliqg wue in self-defence.
ne ennrges tnnt a conspiracy had been orgnn
ized against him, and that, although he avoid,
ed a quarrel in the meeting, it was deliberate
ly forced npon him by Clark, who three time
struck him with a cluli, and who, with hia
gang armed with pistols and knives, were
rushing on to kill him when he fired.
Betting or Sebaitofou W have heard
of bets between sanguine subjects' of Victoria
and non. sympathizing Americans or th
new which the Asia would bring. Tho
English "Bulls" bet that Ihe Asia would
bring newe that the Allies were in possession
of Sebaetopol. The American "Bears" bet
that she would not nd have won. The
aame "Bulla" also offered lo bet that th AU
liea w,ould be completely triumphant in .th
Crimea before the first of July, and tho
"Bears" disgusted them by offering to deliver
a Certain quantity of foreign wine irrespec
tive of the Maine Law Prohibition if the
Allies should be successful within a year
after they first Isnded in the Crimea-A'eirf
York aun. :
Hiviso Bees. A chap out in Louisiana
recently took a notion fur a bath in an Inviting1
stream which flowed through a field he wa
engaged in plowing, and divesting himself of
his clothe fur thst purpose, hung hi unmen
tionables upon the limb of a locust tree cloM
by, He had luxuriated for gome half houri
aud swam back to his starting point, when ho
perceived a bevy of young damsels approach
lug with their flower basketa.. Ho scampered
up the bank and into his breeches; but ola I
uuhnppy man I not soon enoliL'hi They won
occupied. A small colony of bee were In
Eossession. He report that he got home;
ut how, he know not "Thinks he ran."
Knowi ha holltt'd.and I snre the oirl. Inch
ed. His friends found In his pantaloons a
number of dead bees, soma angry ones, and,
the biggest half of a very gore youth.
tarn waa lately pretended that the Mas.
snchusetta legislature intended by their nulli
fication law nothing more than a measure to
ascertain, by a judicial test, whether the fugi.
iwi, iuw tm euiismuiionai, ineoinucn as
il set aside the "tafau corpus'' and the "trial
by jury." If the federal judiciary decide that
it is constitutional they Will acquiesce.
Th Montpelier Farmer aara that, on
Ihe occasion of the late dangerous illness of'
the widow of the Hon. Samuel Prentiss,
formerly United State Senator, nine aona.-.
eight of them lawyers, and the ninth Clerk
ol the United State District Court of which"
his father wss judge, assembled at th pater
na) mansion In Montpelier.
HfA lady about forty year old, say tho
Journal of Health, who ha suffered aeveretr
from periodical attacks of palpitation of thw
hearl, from the early age of twelve years, haw
found immediate and permanent relief fron'
th us of sods, It auueara from uxmriaiania-
inee made, that carbouio acid go ia the Ktivr
curativ agent .
tgr It waa lately a popular rumor
Msdrld trat th imsg of th Saviour. U Ui
Church of St Francis, at Madrid, bad awest
blood out or grler ror th sale of the church
property; aome person affirmed that they bad! .
wiped off th blood from the image; other
aeuiarea mat tnev bad aesn Ita eve i
Prioocitt. A venerable
man of eur acquaintance, four year
eently threw bis maternal relative Into a
of admiration bv th following apoech: "1
Ilka all kind of ask . most pouncVcslrs and
jallr-oaka, bu I do' like totwhbe!