Newspaper Page Text
J - - , -
8. t. 1V1NS, BDITOR AND FNONUCTOII.
'.. -Maal tt a n. varibll la 4varMf or M
. k jitraMan sf In year.
.tT Pi rir KMBlnwll1 ll srVsarsJel tn
aaM,aMKalMoptlOTiaf Um rMlshs.
Porausomelai tha nrnmw ( OMidldaWl nr omo to!
OMtmtt statists arm II Hatt.eliarfs at th fUr
All oaoaannlnitliMn Intend to "Waists tils privet
KM ar Mnsrarh r OanxtraMnn, Secant, MkMiM r
alvMaakKWU b tharfaa at a4rrUranU.
...W C4..j J-l UJ-IUJ -4-, r-
.).'.', f o onortn, ;
JOSiAlf 1. ADKRfl. .
Election Ticket. Candidate who de
air to hav their tioktes printed (it this office,
are requested to lend In their orders eurly.
Boitoot,-Examination. Tbtre win he a
pablio- examination of the pupil -of Alt.
Cooct's School, on Tuesday and HVvxiry,
th 10th and Ulh Instant. Th patron unci
friend of the School are Invlled to attend.
Within th Inst eight days litis sec
tion tins been.f ivored with fin rains, Th
wheat crop I yielding (t abundantly, oats
will nenrly roach an" average, and th corn
' and potatoe look nnusunlly promising, while
the frmt tree (apple and peneh) ar fnlrly
Creaking down onder their growing burdens.
Our people hava much eauso to be thankful.
07 The abl and unanswerable spaech of
Hon. F. K. ZoLUcorrfl!? on the' Amerlctn
question! will be published in our next Issue.
We will print a number of extra- copies fur
gratuitous distribution, as the .apceah con
tains beta that ahould be placed in th hand
of every citizen, ,
Livut. Wm. C. J.ill.ird annoancva
himself na a c.tndiduto for. the .Stai tx-aats
from Monroe, Polk, MoMinn and Motors.
FonesT UitL Acadeiit. Th, nmu. -""wsawiain
lion of the Pupil, ii. thia echoot toi r.!"4 mn" " "" i"P
on th 88th ult. - ,
Th ,m,lh f tls. ,r. I
acabion and the ehool'M U.
i .n Irr. at U. .1m. m Ai-ih-t
. ... ... . . " i
There was a Terr rcsKectaUe aUeniiace
of the citizen uf Athens and ttctnity at the
examination; and we noticed a number of la
dies and gentlemen from distant porta of
McMino, and adjoining counties. .
. Th examination of ao many classes, in a
single day, was necessarily bricfand cursory.
But It was austained throughout to the en
tiro aatlatnction of all concerned. Mr.Cnrne
. was, as usual, wide awnke, and evinced his
ability to keep his pupila in a like condition.
Ther were evidently no set lessons for the
occasion, and 'e were pleased to ace the evi
dent desire of the students to undorstund
and explain tho rent substance ' of their
studios, rnther than to retain, and evolve
given form of words. ' " . i .
; At the close of the afternoon exercises; wo
Were favored with a number qf speeches by
the young1 men,- whiuli -did honor to their
head and hearts In their selection, and to
their training and cnrelul pmctico in doliv
ry. ' . . . . . .'
1 In tho evening the spacious hall of the
Academy was crowded, to hear the "compo
sitions" of tho young l.-idies of tlieechoo),nnd
omo very untcrtaitiing and amusing dialogues
by the young gentlemen.
'Jlie exercises of the evening were infer-
apersed with performances by titer unrivulled
."Athena Bra&a Band."
. , - Mr. Carne concluded with a very appro
print, and somewhat pungent nddreas on the
'relative duties of teachers and. putrons, and
wouud up by calling on the citizena to come
p and increase the "Voting Ladies aubscrip.
. Hon" for completing th botiseind enclosing
and beautifying the grounds.
This appeal was responded to by many in
fluential citizen) in speeches nnd liberal, con
tributions.. , v .
-. . Parents who desire to educate -theit - chil
dren cannot do better than to send them to
"Forrest Hill." We have a convenient house,
'qualified teachers, a healthy location and n
moral community. Send on your children,
and we will answer for tltcir Improvement,
(., - ,
- W are requested to correct nri error
. into which several papers have fallen, among
others the "Cleveland. Banner." Tim editor
of the Inst In his issue of the 29th tilt, says,
in reference to a statement that has appeared
in two or three journals
"f "The statement is in substmec thisi That
in a discussion at Loudon, between Messrs.
Ulnckwell, Anderson nnd Lillard, candidates
for Congress, n few weeks ago, Mr.. Lillnrd
tated that he had "rcnv" visited Wnsh.
'Ington eity, and made applic .tlon tor the np
-pointment or mail aerent on the bust Ten
nessee nnd Georgia Railroad,, and. that the
PostOfllos Department required of him be
fore It give lum the appointment that he
must promise to defend the Catholic church.''
' Now the terror here is, in regard to inar.
.Mr., Lilnrd did not any, and did not deaign
. to b understood a saying, that he had "re
cently" bean to Washington to apply for a
mail agency on the I'.nat Tennessee and
Georgia lluilroad. . He was An nppliunnt for
tho place In December, 1853, before there.
was more than one ngent on the road, and
. wlten H had been determined npon to appoint
an additional one. And It was at thnt time
: that the conversation in regard to the pp.
pointment of men fhvorabe to, or who
'would defend, the Catholic Church, if net-es.
ary, occurred. . What Lieut, Lillard has said
,ou the subject, hestonds ready to make good
at any .timo. , It will hardly be cocessary,
however, to reeur to the subject again, na jt
baa always been the practice ot the Catholic
party to question the veracity and. try to
'blacken th character of all who refuse to
yield a blind and alovUb obedience, (q it be
. bestsor presume to doubt the infallibility of
It teaeliing. ; Ita assault ar harmless, a
tb Protestant publia know 'precisely how J
' much Importance to attach to them.. VV will
a add, that wo regret to- c the "Cleveland
Bu'oper" leuding ittlf to such'a cause. K ;
HlWASsxi Cotttor W respectfuily in.
,( vile attention to' th "erlUotvnl, for th
,. nuxt, session of -Hiwam College Thr Is
on "of th best rnstitiitlons In The -eonntrv,
4,mljts riln"dspt nlruudy "point tKiUi -iilea.
.aura to'tlie many, young niea '(rf.Druniilu ta
ai.lT'-routptotcssionantidaV'icatioiis wiio have
v -igradMA'd i't tyiWihi e, Tho tidnnt dur.
,mt tho action uUayj t dope, nOuibcied 71,
and aiit.vtibii lup n-vviy outisbjiig
eonditioii. " 1
TUB BAQ NICHTa
The JWHuwInj la th obligation taken by
Third Bygr mernUr f thl order an or.
der composed of foreigner and Infix who
court th foreign vote! - '.'.. " '
."OBIIOATIOII,' '' '
. 'Yon, and aact of voui of yotff. eiwft frssj
accord, In th presence of Almighty Uod,
and thee brethren, with your hands' joined
together! torimng a circ le, la iom or m at
faction and oneneM of purpose which hind
rou together ln solemnly swear (or affirm.
if yon prefer It,) that you will never desert
thia Order, or betray any o( Ita aecrrtn, or
signs, exocpl to those whom yon know to
be members, after a trial of them; thnt a
third degree men are to be appointed to ruard
the pollt ot elections, to am thnt our Kotnnn
Catholic brethren and Foreigner, ar allow.
ed to rote, at all hasards, yon will, when ap
pointed or. that duty, take your stand there,
with your brethren associated with you,
ARM ED VVEI.U nd preared for the worst,
keeping it atrietly a secret, thnt you ar any
thing more than an idle spectator. The sign
to be given to the members of the first and
second degrees, when our filend are denied
justice by the Judges of elections. In which
they ar well instructed. Is the rubbing of the
tight eye slightly with the rigid hand! The
indication fur commencing hostilities, U the
clearing of the throat audibly, and wiping the
mouth with thl right hand. You also promise
nod swear (orattirin) thnt you will not eiv
these signs without yon see enough of our
menus si hand, to rentier an attack upon the
ninny successful. '
-1 o mis you pledge vonr lives, Your pro.
pertr and your sacred hotinrs. So heln von
Uosl aud k-p you steadfast." 4
Now, U'nl it a little strange that men, pro.
("casing tn bo actuated by par motives,
should condemn the Aasrritaa party for as.
ociatutg tivgvtavrr to fr thfr ewanlry from
forvisi frAaRu ami sevtHrautl strife, and at
lb nne ttoru aiKiiiitV will? nod swtaia aoch
a ec-fuiMat mi ainhMiUiwiKtiHiitio pruve
tk Sue; Xuhu Ui bet. t"lit it in.mtnjm.'
It tixr w; noli tltt rmiirt imionbwti V
t .L it kl... . . --fc w ...
arlhoi..Uurwil-to. H hi,
oooft.Tnt,on, ami t imlt himIf ri,,tv
" Wkdi.e B.r ea.ur hta to assist in
putting dwwrr aucb. an rdr aad the men.
"? mttu:ml bltton nd Pl-
try loaves mid rishes, giv
it mnr counie
ease aad support.
rra v fcrrriAso. t nave received a
- . . . .
paper giving an account of a speaking which
cam off at Cleveland last Monday. It is too
lengthy for our eolunins, nnd we must con
tent ourself with a mere allusion to its con
tents. It seems that notice had been given
through the "Cleveland Banner," thnt, on
Monday, tho 2d, n gentleman whose fame aa
an orator nnd debater is almost as broad as
Bradley count', would "discuss the question
of know-nothingism or the effect of secret
political societies In n republican form of gov.
ernment; nnd also proposing to give the obli.
gntioiis, grips, signs, pass words nnd lectures
of the know-nothing order." Of course,
such a bill wns' calculated to draw, nnd front
early breakfast till noon the thoroughfares
lending to the city were thronged with anx
ious people hastening An to hear the funeral
sermon of the order. At precisely thirty
ninu minutes past twelve, (so runs the paper)
the hotel-bell gave the signal that t!i hour
had arrived, and In three minutes the Court
liouso wns packed almost to suffocation. A
moment wns permitted to elapse, just enough
to allow the crowd to draw one long breath
of anxiety, nnd the speaker appeared. The
moment was an awful one. A now party had
sprung into existence from a small begin
ning it had rapidly spread in evory direction
its members wero ns numerous na the
leaves or the forest their notes of victory
had been heard swelling from the strand of
New England, sweeping over the broad prai
ries, and way out to the "golden sands of
the far Pacific" hitherto it. had been con
sidercd Invincible, but the time hnd arrived
that waito determine whether this pnrty waa
to go on conquering nnd to conquer, or to
fall beforethe fierce nssnnits of one whoso
ponderous bnttle-nxe bad never before been
lifted but for victory. Well, after a few mo.
mcnts' hesitation' during which tho orator
rolled his eyes nervously ever tho crowd af
ter the manner of a duck in a thunder storm,
he commenced amid tho most "perfumed si.
lenco" it seemed a If the winds were huskt
ed, the rtilling spheres sloodtil1, and all Na
ture listened, just ns nil Nature did. on 8 for
mer occasion w hen one of the g'hala, whose
name wo can't now cull to mind, snng to the
woods of Madeira. . Vjit one whole dreadful
hour such a stream ef fierce invective, bitter
denunciation, and burning eloquence never
fell trom lips of mortal man Vesuvius un
der the late, eruption, Jdt, J.tnn with the bel
lyache, nor Huccla laboring ftom an attack of
the cramp colic, evor produced 'nnylhirfg
half so grand and appalling. Know-Noth-
iiigwm waa first knocked down, then kicked
for falling, then jumped npon ' and' beaten
most unmercifully, nnd finally picked nri.
all bruised and bleeding, taken by trje throut,
and remorselessly choked to death. But we
cannot follow our correspondent through the
details of that fuel roe onslaught. Suffice it
thnt it was terrible, crushing, annihilating
At the commencement of thnt speech there
were nine hundred Know Nothings In Brad,
ley county, yet so convincing and irresistible
were the argument on the "dangerous ten
dencies of secret political societies," that,
when the speaker concluded, eight hundred
and ninety-seven withdrew from the order
and immediately attached themselves to the
Sag Nichts. Alaa, poor "Sam!"
P. 8. Our correspondent adds, by way ef
postscript, that the gentleman who extin
gutshed himself on the occasion,' at the close
of hia remark announced that he waa a
candidate to represent Bradley county In the
popular branch of the next Legislature, end
declared his determination to run till the last
day la the evening. In two hours afterwards
he ws twilchtd off, and' wa scon' making
track for the valley of retirement, evidently
impressed with the uncertainly of all human
calculations." And thus ended the furen.
"So fades a summer aloud away,
Bo sinas ta ti wnsn storms ar o erj
Ho Kntly shut th y of day,
Ho dies a wnf along tho hor
; t ':. : i .
'-' ! Ml Owe Nothing, snidja'rieJhborV'ai
he paid op his newspaper bilk- '
,.',W wish that enah one of -ant dolliiqiien't
subscribers toold say t!i irnnr,.--v. 1.-
r.rf ;.-pw.TyTwr' 'r.-i.r-t V-r t
fj-J- Knikeiboc'or for July received.
Tlffi SPEAKING AT WASHINGTON.
Aeeording to iSpointmtnt th enndirlntja
for Congress In thl district, addrcaaed the
citixen of Rhea eounty on th 8d July. A
very ; inrge erowd wa In attendance, and
n.ncn anxiety waa manifested ta hear th rs-
speetive candidates, Upon th issue, now nb
orbing all other question In this canvass.
Col. Anderson led off In a speech of ono.
hour' length, planting himself npon and
endorsing every pilnciple Included in the
American Platform, as adopted by th late
Philadelphia Convention.., Upon that Plat
form, knowing no North, no Sonlh, 00 East
and no West, he said he was willing to em
bark hi political fortune, and whether th
popular breeze should be prosperous Or ad.
verse, he would have a consciousness of hav
ing discharged what ho conceived to be his
duty to his country. Hp showed conclusive
ly thnt the American pnrty waa the only na
tional party, and beautifully contrasted tire
principle promulgated by the snmc.with the
opinion nnd Sentiments of tho Administra
livn, a heralded forth to the world by
its Organ, the Washington Union, of the
3d ultimo, and reproduced on tho 16th
Ho rend from the Union of the IGth ult., in
which the Editor of that paper anys: "These
truths will command rondy assent, and they
.demonstrate the proposition, thnt no pnrty
embracing member nt the North and tho
South, can 6 national or harmonious In Ita
organization which doea not exclnde thn
question of slavery from its creed." He
showed np, and held np, Mr. Smith's model
President.Genernl Franklin Pierce, to the gaze
of the audience with all of hia anti alnvcry
proclivities, condemning him by the mouth
of wo of the household of the faithful, as
an abolitionist, (to use a stereotyped phrase
of Col. Smith) of the darkest but!. IIu re
fsrred ta the csurso of Gov. Reeder, of Kan
sas, In the election of that Territory, nnd his
retention in that high and honorable position.
He reviewed the appointments of the Presi.
dent, and stirred np that incoherentdiscord
ant, heterogeneous mass with a long polo.
He spoke in withering denunciation of the
course of the President in interfering in the
elections of tho States, nnd exposed the ful
locy of thnt mammoth document, "Facts for
the people of the South," which Col. Snvth
' bbastingly says is for the good of his constit
uents, because, forsooth, it contains nn extract
from one of hi), most powerful efforts while or.
the floor of Congress.' After discussing this j
transparent document of forty two pages in
length, Col. Anderson referred briefly to the
Issue in tho last canvass, and spoke of mat
ters connected with the Pension nnd Bounty
land laws, and tho extension of the same,
promising if elected to do nil in his power to
secure the pnssago of .a law by Congress
giving pensions to the Soldiers of tho Wnr
of 1812, and Bounty .land to Soldiers who
Volunteered, and nre not included in the last
net npon that subject. This is n subject of
much interest to that brnvc class of our citi
zens, and in Col. Anderson Ihoy nre assured
they will find n zealous advocate. IIu allud
ed in n very courteous nmt felicitous manner
to Col. Smith's extravagant promises upon
the subject of appropriations by the General
Government for Internal Improvement pur
poses, nnd called upon him to g'rvu an account
of his stewardship.
Col. Smith followed In hia ordinary gfyle
urn. uiiiiiiaumuiiuiu evidences 01 a no.
pressed spirit. As his speech can be seen by
reference to "Facts for the people of the
South," nnd Will nlso be reportod by hia pri
vate secretary, whom rumor says is sedulous
ly engaged in organizing lodges of the anti
American order, known ns Sag Nichts, or
Sny Nothings, I forbear travelling over the
whole extent of it. Suffice it to say, ho used
Know Nothingisin and Abolitionism ns synon
onions tefins, and thus occupied his entire
hour. Ho nlluded not to his faithlessness na
our Representative, and offered nothing in
extenuation of the same. Col. Anderson re.
plied to his Abolition tirade; showed who
were members of the American party at the
North, and gave Col. Smith. his position with
th Abolitionists, who ar now bending eve
ry energy they possess to put down this pure
ly conservative afid national paity. Col. An
dcrson achieved n . glorious victory over his
opponent in discussion, and will achieve a
greater one nt the approaching election. Rest
assured that old Rhea is right aide up, nnd
that she will re-assure you of this fact on
the 2d day of August next RHEA.
Accounts from MiddleTennessce rap.
resent the canvass na progressing very favor-
nbly for the American cause, and the indica.
tions all point tn the fact that It will achieve
a glorious iriumpn in siugnst. m our own
section evory thing looksbrightand cheering.
Jo. Anderson, the farmer of Marion, is prose.
eating the canvass for Congress with energy
and vigor, successfully vindicating American
principles from the assault of his compel!,
tor, and making troops of friends wherever
he goes. As the contest is no longer between
whig nnd democrat, but between pure Ameri
can sentiment on the one side, and that reek-
less nnd dangerous spirit which codits for.
elgn influence and pandera for foreign votes,
on the other, it is unnecessary to predict where
Tenne'ase will be found. . .We confidently ex
pect a victory in August that will forever
crush oui the anti American spirit In this
" tV The Cleveland Banner complain that
the Allien Post haa " wantonly assailed"
Hon. 8. A, Smith. We beg leave to correct
the Banner the Allien Post ha don no'
such thing. Mr. Smith ha set himself np
for a public man, and w have a right to
eouinwntupon hi conduct aa such freely and
fully, and we Intend to do It. '"In the name
of all the gods at once, epon what meat
hath this urairfcd that he has groaao great"
no one mast presum te allude to him ex.
ceptin term of fulsome' eulogy! Sine the
ail tUAineriuan press and anti-American orators
have been taken under the special fhvor of
the most Holy Catholic. Church, of Rome,
Ibey aeem to regard any allusion to either as
little less lhan sacrilege. :': -.'-'
The remark of the Banner that the Athens
Post oppose CoV Smith because "hei is a
sell'-mmle man,'' Is simply eontetrtntrhlc.'If
"bo la Sflf-mude," the job i iie that t!ic
worktii;,n baa no particular cnys'u to be' proud
of.- . . - ,." ".i' - v . 1 v T'-. . :. '''
ySti Commercial Letters iiext pigs.
AT THE NORTH.
orators In Tennessee
art travelling over t
country and charging
ihatth American,' odttnow Nothing pnrty
tyorth is abolitioniiedU-than which nothing
cobld be further from the truth. 80 far, the
acta of the party there have becfl froer from
the taint of Abolitionism Ihsn those of any
pnrty thnt has had an existenee In that section
for th Inst twenty years. Read the follow
ingfroin th Nashville True Whig, every
statement of Which 1 iricontrovertibly
trnJ ' , i.
The Amrtiidn RtHari at CU NnrihTht
eharge nf Abolitirmiim Vonfnundrd!
We understand that gross, misstatements
are sometimes mnde by anti-American can
didate in this State, representing thnt the
elections tn the North furnish conclusive evi
dence thnt the movelhents of the American
party have promoted Aholitlonisfrt. Now,
let us go to the record; for It is the habit of our
opponents to make bold and sweeping asser
tions without proof. ,
Of th Congressman elected to the Incom
ing Congress j'rom th Northern Stales, just
thirly tuio nro set down ns 'Know Nothings'
to-witt Eleven from Massachusetts; five
from Ohio; two from Pennsylvania; four from
Connecticut; three from New Hnmpshire, and
two from RIioxIh Island. Let us sea who
have be 1 turned nut ofoffice to make place
for these thirty-twoSnemhers of the Ameri
can pnrtv.' Ih-1 us gtto the rocirrds, nnd we
...:n iL.i . . . .
win uno tnni 1 ne was mo mnn wno introduc
ed in th Inst Confess the bill to repeal the
FuiritivelawjV.,, i.ihers were men
who voteTJ lil"iitwf auli. fugitive slave low
bill I nnd on other was ihn man who. In the
Inst Congress, stcndilv and boldlv advocated
upon theftmrof the House, the social and
political etualily nf the negro Kith the xchiu
man, urged that ono hundred and sixty acres
ot land eicli, should he gnen to tho free ne-
groe of he ISarlht I on others wero either
iinti-Nebrnska men or free soilers; nnd still
another wns a Wilmnt Proviso member who
has vot'd to prohibit slavery in nil the terri
tories (f the United States! There were but
six Neoraskn men displaced to make room
I'orwiiiinnv Americans, -while five of'thethir.
ty.two were members re-elected to fill their
own places. Now w hat results have wc here?
Of lie whole thirty two members turned out
by the American party, ttcenlii of Ihem were
abolitionists,' treesoilers, nnli-Nebraska men.
or natl-l'nuilive slave law men! while five, in
chiding J.Scott Harrison, tho sound, national
whljr, nnd estimable son of tho lamented
President Harrison, were re-elected ns Amer
icans; nnd but six Nvbr ska men were dis
placed. The position of tho remaining mem
ber, Maurice of New York City, beaten by
Jlr. Vaulk, American, we have not been able
definitely to ascertain. Mr. Vnlk has de.
mien 111s pinion in n cnnrleston paper
ns that of na a sound conservative union
Does this look like the Americans were
promoting Abolilionism J See. They hurled
out Thus. Davis of Rhode Island, who made
a blacker abolition record in the Inst Congress
than any other member from tho North!
They "crushed out" Thomas D Elliott of
tlassachusetls, who introduced the anti-fun'.
tivo slave bill in the Inst Congress thev an
nihilated Crocker and Edmonds, nnd Wallev
and Tnppan, Wentwnrth and Dickinson nnd
Larpentcr, all of winm voted for that anti-fu
gitive tlare lam hill! They put n quietus to
John U. lioorlrich, who, not only voted for
the anti-lngilive slave law in the Inst Con
press, hut was the President of the Abolition
Lmigrnnt Aid (society, organized for tho
purpose.of Abnlitionizing the territory of
Kansas. They "stopped the wind" of Harry
Hibbard, who m 1849, in the Now Hampshire
legislature, introduced resolutions niL'insn
prohibition ot slavery in nil the territories of
the United Slates, and fully endorsing the
votes 01 iu rscw rianipsnirc UongresBmen
in favor ot the Wilmot Proviso. And yet
Americans nre charged with promoting Abo
litionism in the North!'
in addition to the thirty-two who were
elected ns "Know Nothings," nnd nro set
down in the published list ns such, there nro
a few other members who were voted for by
ine American party, iiiougn nol running ns
American-candidates, anions whom we now
remember Mr. Wheeler,- a hard shell dem
ocrnt, nnd Mr. Havens, n silver grey whig,
01 new torn ooin sounn.Tintionnl men.
Of the Governors elected in the Northern
States in the hist year, four have been elected
liu ilia A n aa.l,i. ...J 1 1 I-
:auZ rc; ; ; : r . ;
unsHcceKHiuiiy. tn these, Uovernor (inidner
nf Massachusetts hns evinced his conserva
tive character in vetoing llio bill to remove
Judge Loring; n1 d Mr. Ulninn, who waa run
in New York, Is n silver grey whig, sottnd on
the slavery question. Of the Governor elect
of Now Hampshire, and of Governor Ioppin,
re.ciceieii ny me American party In Rhode
Island, we hnve not been nolo to find any
evidence that they ure nbolitionists.
Wo might go nn with this investigation ne
to puhlio olhces tilled hv tho American party
wo might allow that nil the treacherous
members of the New York Legislature who
voted for Seward have been expelled from
the Order we might exhibit an array of
party has been been busily engaged in lop
ping offits unsound members in the North,
nnd placing itself upon a broad, sound, na
tional platform. Hot this would be extend
I'MiuiuKiveiy Hint me American
ing the present article to too great n length.
we have aone enough to Knock the props
from under all the big and little nntl-Ameri-can
candidate who arc spouting through the
country to the effect that the the American
Party nro protiiuting Abolitionism. lot
them be careful hereafter how they mako
ineir auu-uiums. 11 iiu-m look to the re
. Rf.uovai. The Washington Slur inti
mates that the President has removed from
tho Mobile custom. house General C. A.
Bradford, .who was iwie of the nVlegitlea from
Ahihaiiin to the recent Philadelphia Know
Nothing INiitional t.ouncil.
' That' the way it works if nn office hold,
er presumes to hold nn opinion without ask-
ing Iciivo of the administration, "off with
his head," is the word. .And yet the follow.
ers of that administration dwell w ith grent
emphasis on the sin of "proscribing foreign
ers." Is it any more harm to proscribe for
eigners tlmn to proscribe natives! We would
like 10 Know, ui course, a good Uitholic
has been, or will be, appuiuted in the place
of Gen. Bradford.
: Washington, June 87.
Wilson, Commissioner of the Land Office
received his dismissal this afternoon, direct
from the President, it I thought that Wil-
ron Shannon will be bis successor.' .
Q3Viee is infamous though in a princc,nnd
virtue honorable, though In a peasant.
! Counterfeit Delineator. We have re
ceived a number of Paddock Si Co'a Spu
rious Bank Mirror and Counterfeit Delinea.
lor." I filled with plate of spurlou bill,
dtci, accompanied by remark such a eannot
fall to ajufbk) any one to detect the moat akll.
fuMy' gotten up' counterfeit. ' Irt short, it 1b
the must eothplete Pclcctor yet published.
Published monllily and semi-monthly ht.$l,fiO
and $2,01) per ycarv Address Paddock St, Co.,
flankers and Brokers, C'imyjriaJ,!, Ohio. A
speciiiien''umbfr can l sce,i at nur office,
MR. CALHOUN ON KNOW NOTHING-
" V ' ' ISM. '
Ws find Iri (lie Nashville (Tenn.) Gnzette,
of th 19th. ult., th annexed extract from
speech or the illustrious Carolina Statesman,
which bear directly upon an important
principle, now 'advocated by the American
parly: ' ' ' ' -
CAI.BOUs'sSF.aTlStSSfS ABOUT FoRSlOSRRS.
The extract below from Hie speech of Mr.
Callmnn epon th question of ndinltl'mjj
Michigan into (he Union, contains ns full an
endorsement of thnt portion of the American
platform referring to foreigners naeonld have
been desired, and lust such a one na would
have been expected from a mind like that of
the grent Boiiln. Carolinian. The. publication
and dissemination nf thnt endorsement will
have a profound effect in the South. Mr.
Calhoun, Ift lha extrnct referred to, distinctly
outlines the svtl attendant Upon the compar
atively unrestricted system of American nut.
uraiiZatton speeinlly in the State and
vividly portray the dire danuers to the Re.
public which may proceed from this source.
in order thnt no one may mil to see and un.
derstnnd the recorded sentiments' of thnt
great, and good, nnd true Southern mnn, we
reproduce the extract here, entire. Let evory
patriot read ana digest 11 mnrongiiiv; nnd
lieueeiortn tel Southern skeptics cem-e
Ihelr cry that "there is no danger," nnd
their prating about "pencel when there is no
"In conferring the power to rnss uniform
laws of naturalization," any Mr. Calhoun,
"the frnmers of the constitution must have
hnd two objects In view: ono to prevent com
petition between the His tea In hoUlino- nut
inducements for the emigration nf foreigners
and the other to prevent their improper
influence over the General" Government
through such States as miirht naturalize for.
eigners, nnd could confer on them the righl
oivxercising tho elective Iranchise, netore
they conld be sufficiently informed of the na
ture of our institutions, or were Interested in
their preservation. Doth of. these ehierts
would be defeated, if the Statrs may confer
on aliens the rilrt of voting nnd the other
privileges hclnngiiti; to citizens. On that
supposition, it would he almost impossible to
conuei"e what good could be obtained or evil
prevented by Conferring the power on Con
gress. J he power would be perfectly nuga.
tory. A Statb might hold out every improp
er inducement to emigration, ns freely ns if
me power 11m nol exist: mm might comer on
the alien nil tho political privileges belonging
to a nntive born citizen; not only to the great
injury ol the government ot the Mates but
to nn improper control over tho Government
of the Union, lit illustrate what 1 havi
said, suppose the .dominant party In New
YorU, nulling political power noont t depart
from them, should, to maintain their ascen
dency', extend the right of. suffrage to the
thousands ot aliens of every Inngiiage nnd
from every portion of the world, that annually
pour into her emporium how deeply might
the destiny nf the whole Union be ajjectrd by
such a measure. It might, in fad, place the
control over the General Government in the
hands of those who know nothing of our insti
tutions and are indifferent as to the interests nf
our country. New York givea noont one
sixth of the electorol votes in tho choico of
President nnd Vice President; and it is well
known that her political institutions keep the
Stale nenrly equally divided into, two grent
political parties, the audition ot a levy
thousand votes either way might turn the
scale, and the electors might, in fact, owe
their election, on the supposition, to. unnat
uralized foreigners. The Presidential elec
tion might depend on live electoral tote of the
Stale, anil a President be chosen in reality hy
Hum; THAT IS, THEY MIGHT GIVE US
A KING I" .
New Orlkahs, June 20.
The sfenmef Orizaba hns arrived, bringing
Mexico dates of the 19th.-
The government troops hnd defeated acv.
eral bands of rcvolutionisls.
President SantiiAmia hnd returned to Mex
Alvarez Mad' taken Sonora', and was iuvest
All communication between' Monterey and
San Louis Polos! hnd been prohibited. All
the troops that can bo spared from the differ-
ent Dolnts throughout Mexico have been or
dm.d to march to New Leon to attempt to
recapture m.,-. Gen.i wn wm d,
. , o,,.,. M..,- - - ,1.- I-.,
"""""T" " "
uHhough he had but 600 men
Alvarez had defeated the government troops
near the Mecnlho, nnd during the engage
mcirt killed and wounded 600.
Ameiiicans Fusino in New York The
New York Herald anys that n convention of
delegates from the several American Orders
of thnt city, representing some six distinctive
organizations, was convened on Monday eve
ning, tit the corner of Broadway nnd Llspen.
nrd street, mid after Ire and full Interchange
f sentiments nnd opinion, unanimously np-
..j . mka ... nl...rr,ri r ...hw.:,,!,..
enunciated by the lust Philadelphia National
Council. This augurs well for the unity of
the American movement in the eity nnd
As far as the returns hnve been received
from the various sections of this State, the
action of the subordinate Councils has been
in a high degree "favorable to the unity of
the American pnrty, on the principles so
gallantly enunciated by the lute Nationul
New Yohk. A letter writer to the Char
leston Courier, undor date of tho 26th ulU
"The most net ivo preparations nre being
made by nil political parties for the fall cam-
palgn. I hu "Lonl Holes" nre tilled tin everv
rcL'uiar night, nnd the availability nf candi
dates ia discussed with aa much acrimony as
enn be intused into the words by tho tobacco
juice through which they pass.
Democracy Is on the tence clnpnar.ir its
wings, and crowing loudly. "Sam" glides
cautiously. about, infusing vigor and hope in
to bis followers. The opinions in the political
markets are.inai-i.ive u.-ik ueorgu Is grow
ing upi tht the cry of "Fill-more" Is likely
I to be often heard when the Maine law goes
into operation; that the prospect of Seward
nre dark, nnd that Pierce cannot be run
through. We are indulging In very pleasant
anticipations nf shooting each other in the
streets next week. '
Ceosoia. Judge Garnetl Andrews Tins
been nominated by the American party of
Georgia as their candidate fur. Governor at
the enauing October election..- - . v '
.A Sion." The Lebanon Herald ol Fri
day record n eneburaging . sign- aa' fob
low ' - ' '
Wa lflntn from ft apntfomnn mhn ivna nrna.
0r, that at a public sale in this eonnty a few
days ago, the vote was tnkvn for Governor.
1 here were S3 voters presout18 YJiigs
and I I iremncrats. J he, following was the
result; -.Gentry, ai-iy-one; Julwiin OJS'E! ,
. Thu ('lliltmsr itiinocriiU of. old Wilson
don't be'; in to willow. Johnson's, revolution
ising, itiaoiganizln", Conhtituuon di-Mrpylng,
vote yourself n ttirm -democracy, 'and aeuros
of them will rebuke hhn fit ;he ballot box' ip
Auguit. Mark tliatj
MR. JErrtRSOH'3 OnSlOK ON FOREIGN
For the benefit of thoie Democrat! who re
gard thsjeploions ef Mr. Jefferson as th basis
founded,, we hava collated from his work
"Notes on Virginia" th following extract,
which "how his opinions on the subject of en
couraging foreigners to migrate to this conn.
try. ' II Clearly foresaw at that early day
the evils to which we might be exposed by a
vast Influx of foreigners differing from ui in
manner, habits, religion, and political views.
Without further preface; we give what he
-T"! ' ... . ,. , .
Here I will leit to propde a rtonht. The
present dssirn of America is to produce's rapid
population by t great Importations of for
eigners as possible. Hut is ibis founded in
good polievl The advantage proposed is the
multiplication of nun hers. ; tsnw let u sup
pose (for example only) thnt in this State, we
could double our nnmhsrs in nne year by the
imuortslinn of foreigners; and this is a great
er accession than the most sanguine advocate
for emulation has a right to expect,. Then, I
sv. heiiinnine with a double stock, we shnll
attain any given degree of population only
27 vears nod 8 months sooner lhan if we pro
ceed on our simile stock. If we propose four
millions snd a half as a competent population
lor this state, we should he M years attain
ing it, could we nt once double our Humbert;
and B.l years, if we rely on natural prop
agation, as may be seen by the following
- Procewllair on imr Prseewltnirrm a
present stock. double stock.
1781 no7,H I,la,X28
1808 l,la,2'28 S,27.4fl
ISX8 2,270,41 ' 4,640, t)l
In the ffrsl column are stated periods of 27
years) in the second nre our milliners, nt each
'period, ns they will ha if ve proceed' on our
actual stock: and in the third are what they
would he nt the same period, 'were we to set
out from the double of our present, stock. I
have taken the term of four millions and a
half of inhabitants for example's sake only
Yet I am persunded it is a greater number,
than the country spoken of, considering how
much itunrable land it contains, can elutho
and feed, without a mnteru-1 change in the
quality of their diet. Hut ere there no in
conveniences to' be thrown into tho scale
against the advantage expected from a mul
tiplication of numbers by the importation of
foreigner! It is for the happiness of those
united in' -society to harmotiizo ss much ns
possible in matters which they must of neces
sity transact together. Civil trovernment
being the sole object, of forming societ ies, its
administration must be conducted by common
- Everv species of government lias Its specific
principles. Ours, perhaps, ere more peculiar
man 1 nose 01 nsv otiii-r in the universe. It
is a composition of the freest principles of the
i.-....i:t. i.t. .t
i.oneu i-o,iiiLiii.Miir, wm, .uuiurs uenveu
from natural reason. ' To these nothing- can
ie more opposed than the maxims of nhsolute
monarchies. Yet. from such, we are to ex
pect the greatest number of emigrants. They
will bring with them the principles of the
covernments thev leave, imbibed i their
early youth; or, if able to throw themoff.it
will be in exchange tor an unbounded licen
tiousness, pnsring, as is usual, from nne ex
treme to another. ' It would be a miracle
were they to stop precisely at the point ef
temperate liberty. These principles, with
their language, they, will transmit to their
children..- In . proportion to their numbers,
they wtll share with us the legislation. They
will infuse into it their spirit, warp and bins its
direction, and render it a heterogeneous, in
coherent, "distracted mass. 1 appeal to expe
rience, uiu-im .vii! iirvseoi. cumesr., lor a ver
ification of these oonjectures. But, if they
he not certain in event, are they not prol.a-
met . is it not saier 10 wait with patience 27
years nnd 8 months longer, for the attain
ment m any degree 01 population! May not
our eovernment be more homogeneous, more
peaeeablc, niore durable? Suppose twenty
millions of republican American! thrown all
nf a sodtlen ftito Franco, what would ho the
condition of thnt Kingdom! If it. would he
more turbulent, lesa happy, less strong, we
may believe that the addition of half a nil
lion of foreigners to our numbers would pro-
uuttu a suHHur enect uure. r
Attention, Postmastehs! The Witsh
ingtorr Union publishes the following gentle
hints to postmasters:
Delixeru nf tellers, A c We understand
frequeut complaints against the department
grow out ol trte met that postmasters too
often, trusting only to1 IbeVr memories, toll
persons there is no mail matter for them when
a subsequent examination proves that there
wns. If postmasters would ndltere strictly to
the rule of making u personal search every
time letters and papers nre inquired for, there
would be more despatch in their delivery
Postmasters1 Assistants lei be Siesm-T'ost-
masters at small offices,, we learn, ore too
much in the habit of pormittiirg incompetent
members of their families, and other pi-wins
In their employ, (none of them being sworn,
as required by law,) to change the mail,and
tn perforin all Ihu other duties pertaining to i
their offices. None but sworn assistants
should be allowed to have access to the mails.
Loaning Newspaper Subscribers tn
newspapers make complaints of tho non arri
val of their papers, mid in some instances in
timatu that the loss is occasioned hy tho fact
of the postmaster loaning to hia neighbors
the pnpors of others for pernsnl. The papers
fail to be returned to their proper place, and
hence the dissatisfaction. - Postmaster are
strictly forbidden to loon newspapers that are
in their office for delivery. . . . .
' 13?" Ieavenworlh City, Kansas territory,
having become the starting point of tho Salt
Lake traders. Is doing a thriving business.
Such is the quantity of goods passing through
the plnee, tint in the space of one week
$17,474 was puid for freight on goods lnnded
there. At the Inst dates, a train of six hun
dred wagons laden with government stores,
was about to start for the Salt Lake, the
draught rattle of which train would number
four thousand oxen, besides several hundred
horses and mules.. Several of the Salt Lake
trading firms hnve sent off twelve hundred
wagons, a like number of teamsters, and over
ten thousand draught cattle.
Coi'ragf.ous CniKAMAS. A brutal attack,
says the Cnlnveras Chronicle, Waa made by
three men nn a Milnnmrin living near Grea
aertown, a few days ago. Thev had asked
John for water, and while he wa In 'the act
cf getting it for them, one of the' party,
named Wm. Link, drew a pistol and fired nt
hiin,'1he ball indicting aslii'lit wound In the
left wrist. John instantly dropped the cup,
drew a rovolVcr,'nnd ahot Link dead. Hia
comradea fled. The Chinaman wa arrested,
and alter a Hearing ol th case, acquitted.
' IO The fear of infection recently caused
some person at Aberdeen, Scotland, to .burn
all the clothing, and even .the prayer book of
a deceased chillers patient, but six l notes
found on hit person were religiously pre-
fierved. ' .
FfTMnghetic Telegraphs have multiplied
very rapidly all over Europe during the last
few years. In 1862, the lines in France cov
ered ISQOjniles.' At tho end of the present
year the tot . I will be 8000 uitles, brgdod
woriiiojj filler, . M
iA.t tl'ln 1 0 tcr.m'o.thi'-Bprcine.C('.iirt
of Klipiha lalsiul li.ero were fuitv-iilhn null-
l;npa of ji.toruo...'. 'FhiUy-niuy ef th applica
lions tvor grunted and t'jf these ..tweiily-nrno
were from w ives. " Ther e must b 4 terrible
state ol fnnnlv oilaiis in Khndo Island.
ENGLAND'S DANGER. .
TKt Ermdon Times Is furious against th
apathy, coupled with duplicity, which British
Ministers nre manifesting In th present crisis
hi England's history. With grent truth It
say thnt neither Irfruls Napoleon ljor British
Ministers can afford to withdraw their force
from the Crimea short of victory;
.-. ?'Englnnd cannot afford this downfal, nqf
enn the Emperor of the French. Ilia throne
rest on opinion, tie represents Ms people.
He is of their election; hoi Iheir MoLr-thrlr
voice; nnd, so hing na he prospers, their pride,.
Should his legions return w ith nothing to
show for their campaigns bnt an enormous
bill of costs nnd lit: ol killed and wounded,
he will have tn fight a harder battle at home'
than his general have been doing In the
Vllut there-Is nut even safety for a natlnri
auch na onra when she once begins tn recede,
fur when our tide no longer flows it will be
gin to ebb. , The battle we are now fighting
nt Hebnstnpol we shnll, before long, have to
fight nearer home, And even nt home, if we
confess our incapacity for war. One place I
much the same ns another In these days, and
to be beaten in the Crimea 1 the same thing
ns to be beaten nil over the world. There i
no such thing as n geographical reputation,
and a mnn may ns well expert to enjoy
character for probity in one place, which he
does not in another, a to have a military
rejuit.ition restricted to certain longitudes.
We hnve to secure not only the fear of an
enemy that la distant, but the respect of an
ally that is very near, and of neighbors that
nre nlso within Out reach Even now, when
we press Austria to lake tho side of honor
nnd advantage, she taunts ns with the small
ness of our contributions tn the wnr, nnd tell
us that we arc not in a condition to ask the
nid of others while we do so little ourselves.
This, at least, shows the Sphlt we hnve to
deal with, snd it is a spirit that will be ready
enough to assume tho aggressive should the
occasion ever occur. We have to teach not
only Russia, but the whole of Enrnpe, and
the wholo world, to respect ns not for our
numbers, not for our home teriHory, rfol even
for the numlier of men we can bring into the
field, but for our evident -determrnation to
light output every hazard and eoat, thecnse
wo have once embraced."
' ' .WAsmsoTdx, June 26". ''
The grent baftle expected to he fought in
New York on tho 4lh of Jnly, npon the oc.
caslon of nn effort to enforce the liqor law,
will bo as celebrated in our nnnnls ns the bat.
tie of Brandy-wine, or nny other of revolu
tionary fame, nnd it may be intended, by
choosing the anniversary of independence for
the liquor fight, to commemorate that re
markable Sght. I am ghid to see that Mayor
Wood has determined not to commence th
wnr till the 5th, nnd to mako his attack npon
nntive nnd homo manufactured brandy arid
wine, whiskey, tit. He haa adopted the
opinion of most of the judges nnd lawyer of
New York, thnt the Slate law cannot be an
plied so ns to prevent the ante of imported
wines and liquors. It is supposed that th
United States Supreme Court will decide thit
the liquor law is unconstitutional, na it applies
to liquors imported directly and not eoastwilni .
Into a State, and In original packages. Every
single bottle of wine or cask of brandy is ad
judged to be an original package. At Sara
toga Springs, fur Instance, the hotel haver
taken care to be supplied by direct importa
tion. They can sell a bottle of champagne,
but hofono of Longworth' Catawba, French
brandy nnd Santa Cruz mm, but nof old
Peach nnd Monnngnheln, But there' nre Other
features of the law which nre believed' to be
as inconsistent with privnto rights as Willi
sound policy, and there can scarcely be I tl
doubt that the State and Federal judiciary will
both, by their decisions, render it Inoporntive.
jgfA movement hns been started to forrtf
a civilized confederation on the west 'const of
Africa, comprising the English colony of Sr.
erra Leone, the present republic of Liberia,
and the Maryland colony, which is now or
ganized independently. These countries are
all contiguous, nnd their pulitic union
would be a movement of Importance,- and
though there are some obstacles in thff ay
now, it is hoped thnt at no distant day they
will be removed. '" " ' '
ffif There ia a mnn now living nenr Sid1,
ney, in Shelby county,' Ohio, nearly ninety
year of age, who hns n bet pending with n
neighbor, that he will live to be a hundred
years ohl,. The wager is a hundred bushels
01 corn, and m case either or both should di
before the expiration of the hundred, year
their heirs nre obligated to pay over the' re.
quired amount. - It is-said the old gentleman
has adopted a system of dieting and daily
exercise. He ia determined 10 hav the hun
dred bushela of corn.
Phujsun Caricature A Prussian nnmm
pnper has a picture, remarkably well execut
ed, of "The present sick man," in which John
null ta represented lying in a stale of great
weakness and prostration on a rump-bed,
while the physician, Dr. Louis Napoleon, sits
by hi side, prescribing for hi disastrous
case. The patient begs the doetor to cive
1.1... I. ..I .. 1 : . . , "
,0111 v'uir ori, mm irouiiaes in pay nim very
liberally for bis services. "I will take care of
that myself" says the doctor, "when I irt
through, I stlnll present my account,"
Crops in Illinois. A correspondent of the
St. Louis Republican, under the date of the
13th Inst., writing from Cairo, say that in tho
extreme southern counties .of Illinois tho
wheat harvest ia nenrly eloaed and th yield
per acre ia said to b equnl to that of the best
previous yenr, while the number of acres
raised nearly double that of any former
season. He also says thnt contract have
been entered Into with Chicago purchasers
tor the delivery or considerable quantities of
the new erop within the present month. '
- 1 - 1 . . .- . - 1
3T If there Is a man that can eat ' his
bread at pence' with God and man, It is that
man who has brought that bread out of the
earth by his own honest industry. It Is can
kered by no fraud it Is wet by do tearsit
i stained by no blood. - ; ' y
' - ' ' . 1 .V
tW An English writer says 1 ' .
"There is bad now from the eamp.In the
East. Not about the cholera that will come
hideously in bad time. But read the letters
from'the French officer (name, carefully
concealed) In the Independence Beige, which,
by the by, I the best conducted journal In
Europe, and you ean infer aa to th bad apirit
prevailing between the cordial allies th
French -blaming English 'inertness' for the
paat lailurea--and the English, wilb-tnore re
gard to facts, ascribing the long Inaction ' ta
the two Incompetent Generals, Raglan and
Canrobert. But the feeling between the
English nnd the Sardinians is th wnrst Mr.
Mussel I, Hie etirrespendentof tin-Times, sinrt.
i d the joko that the I'ledmonteae were 'Sar
dines, eaae'd In English tin' jh whflu British
arVny took It'tip; and there are ton many jn.
ter'pretur' about to allow na to doubt thul the
malicious mot would rensh th fiery nud proud