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BY SAM. P. IVINS. ATHENS, TEM., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1855. YOL. VII-NO. SGI. terms: par .bit Ib advane-, or 03, If pawent to delayed until vbe Migration of the year. AetvrrtUementej will be charred 11 per square of IS lines, or less, for the first insertion, aiidftOeenu for each continuance, a noerai wsiacoa mane to tnoie hi advertise by the year. HFB Persons sending adrer- tiiemeota must mark the number of times they desire them inserted, or tney win be continued until roroid and ch.rrol aeeordinrly.iFa For announcing the names of candidates for office, $3, CVu. Obituary notices over 11 lines, charged at the regular advertising rates. All communications Intended to promote the private tads or interests of Corporations, Societies, Schools or Individuals, will be charged as advertisements. jab Verk, inch its Pamphlets, Minutes, Circulars, Cards, Dianas, luminals, ac, win OS executed in gooo. style, and on reasonable terms. All letters addressed to the Proprietor, post paid, will we promptly attended to. Persoas at a distance sending us the names of four telventsnbscrilwrs, will be entitled to a firth copy gratis. K communication Inserted unless accompanied by the name or the author, pes- Office on slain street, next door to the old Jack- ion Motel. 3 THE POStT" ATHENS, IIIIDAV, SEPT. 1 4, 1 8S5. Two New States. It is believed that before the close of the next Congress both Kansas and Minnesota will apply for admis sion into the Union. The-late census of the latter Territory shows that she has already nearly the requiste population, and the in habitants of both are rapidly increasing. Minnesota will of course, come in as a free State, but how it will be with Kunsas remains to be seen. New York. A New York paper thinks New York and the "ndjacentvillages" contain population of one million. It says: The population of Brooklyn and the other cities which are the offspring of New York is about three hundred thousand. I nil V speak ing, therefore, we are a million. London, like New York, is nn assemblage of towns. eich retaining its ancient name, but all known to the outside world as I-ondon. On the name principle we claim Brooklyn, Jersey City, and; llotxikcn us parts of this metropo lis, and e:ui not abate one of the aforesaid million. New Yojic Pohk Market. The pork market in New York has, for the last few days been much excited. Since Monday of Inst week the sales have been 30,000 bbls. and nn advance in price realized of nhnut $2 per bbl. We understand, says the Tribune, that the French Government has an order here for 50,000 bbls., 20,000 bbls. of which have alreada been purchased. The above paragraph is from the Baltimore Sun, of the 31st ulL The probabilty is from the general scarcity of hogi.pork will be high during the ensuing year. Arrival of Breadstcffs from Califor nia. The ship Charmer, Capt Lucas, arrived at New Yerk on Wednesday, from San Fran cisco, with a cargo of flour, wheat, &lc. The Charmer left on the 18th of May. Louisville aku Nashville Railroad. The city of Louisville voted on Saturday, by 900 to 88, to endorse $200,000 bonds of the Lebanon branch of the Louisville and Nash ville Railroad. V 1"1 . . ... iowa election. Accordiug to the re turns published in a Keokuk paper, of fifteen populous counties in the southeastern part of the State, all hitherto Democratic, eleven have elected the American candidates by overwhelming majorities; two others have elected Democrats by meagre majorities, and in the other two counties portions of both tickets are elected. The Railroad Accident in New Jersey. The late terrible Railroad accident in New Jersey, and the want of care which might have prevented it, is exciting the attention of the press. The Baltimore Sun says of the affui The responsibility for this distressing affair win be a question for the proper authorities to determine, and it is to be hoped that a thorough and searching investigation will prove the matter thoroughly, and expose the guuty negligence or risk which has caused such fearful results. We have read a series of rules and regulations for the government oi me omcers ol this road, and they were efficiently stringent and comprehensive to have prevented such an occurrence as this. It is certain that these rules have been violat ed; and it is canal ly clear that something more ih.n i T ' , ,. sometning more ' " cV"d rt;glre nwessury for tl protection of the public, when they can be violated at the discretion of the officers of the road. Nothing can obscuro the fact that one or me other of the two trains was on the truck out of time. If they were not, the time tables are at fault, and the blame lies elsewhere. me untoward intrusion of the horse and carriage upon the track is the accidental cause of this disaster; and had that not been there all would have passed off well enough, and the passengers might hnve never known that Jney had been exposed to the risk of a col lision. But that tisk had been guiltily en countered, and one or the other of the trains had no right to be where it was. These minute movements upon single track roads two inlays be productive or like terrible ca. Z.-.V r "KrnC9 t""e fr , i vi tiuiBi Buuiviuiib Mi cover liny uobsi" i U difference in watches, and this ce lime" should never be used but at the peril of instant dismissal from the service of the """I""1 XT A telegraphic dispatch from Sydney, N.S-r.l-ii.--,.--rii.ii:r. ...J. v- ww " y vi iiaiiHHA,iiuviiiivc I .. . ' J v I ne loss of the submarine cable intended to tonnect Newfoundland and Cape Breton. The accident occurred when the vessels en Cged in the work were forty miles from land. Two days had been tiken np in pay. !"g out the cable that distance. How it was whether it would be recovered, la not led. The company are understood to hve had n insurance on the cablo to the "tent of 170,000. IW Great men never affect anything. It i your three cent folks that put on aiimswell Mid ct the pomn. Ths di(n.r.noa Uliannn the two is as great as between a barrel of Tinegar and an angel's disposition. Southern Com.. r . Ml meetintrof thisbod will tnl. Hi... i vunrr.ni u. J no ths city of Richmond on the 3d of November BENNETT OF THE N. Y. HERALD. The auto-biography of James Gordon Ben nett, has recently been published, and is re ceiving no little attention from his breth ren of the press. Id "Life Illustrated,' New York paper, we find an article on the subject, which, while it sets forth that Ben nett never had a real friend, nor an admirer, nor even an approver, shows bow he has contrived to attain such wonderful success for his paper. After speaking of his early strug gles and failures, his poverty and want, the article continues: But fortune was about to turn. In 1835 he began the publication of the Herald. He had scarcely any capital, no credit, no friends, no party. Hut he had learned Ins trade, and he knew his public. His object was to have in every number something which should make people talk about the Herald some thing outrageously impudent, or silly, or ob scure, or abusive. No subject was sacred, for he believed nothing; no mun was safe, for he had no friends. He always had the knack of making his readers laugh, and the floating popniaiion or a ncii commercial town are foolish people, and can be ru. de to lauL'h very easily. The trick succeeded. People bought the Herald "lust to see what the lei low had to say," and the Herald flourished. As his means increased ho made extraordina ry endeavors to get early and full intelligence, and to procure lively reports or local events. By incessantly issuing extras,he associated in the public mind the idea of neivi with the name of the Herald, and for a long time it was Generally believed that he who would have the news must necessarily take the Her ald. The editor Kept betore his mind one object, to get matter for his paper which peo would read with avidity, and bo sure to talk about, He has never advocated anv benficent measure. He has never published an able editorial. He has never taken part in any honorable encounter. He has never origina ted a suggestion for the public good. His paper has had the single object of increasing its own circulation. Verily, it has had its reward. The editor has been cowhided, we know not how many times, but the Herald has continued to pros per. He is as friendless s ever, but the number of his suhscriliers is great We cannot blame this poor man as he is generally blamed. It is a law of affairs, that whatever the public want to buy, some one will appear who is willing to sell It. We blame chiefly the public, whose low taste made the Herald pan able and saleable. True, it is no longer read by respectable people. It is now merely the recognized organ of the groat bar room interest But fifteen years ago it was read by everybody, and it then obtained that pecuniary strength which, in the case of a newspaer, is so hard to attain and so difficult to diminish. The power of the Herald is chiefly a reminiscence. It is no loncer feared. But it is still the most profit able newspaper in the Union. That this is the case, let us take the blame to ourselves, and bestow some pity upon the lonely, un happy man who, wanting the ability to serve the public, was fain, in order to save him self from starvation, to prey upon the pub lic. lie has succeeded in his object He is sixty eight years old. His head is white with age. ilis name is known to every human being ir. the country, nnd he has all the means of enjoyment in his power. But is there nn honest, self respecting laborer who would change places with him? "Nature, says Carlyle, "when her scorn of a slave is diviu est and blazes like the blinding lightning against his slavehood, often enough flings him a bag of money, silently saying, J. hnl! Away; thy doom is that!' " The reader will admit the picture is well drawn and life-like. The Herald has a few wenkly imitators, but none likely to attain to the same degree of success. A Paragraph we wish Copied by our Exchanges. Some of the anti American or frnii. i,nntiiuiA In rnitapnta thn ftilai. nii filtalirfl statement that if a full vote had been polled in this city Col. Preston ond the anti-Ameri can ticket would have received a majority. We have exposed the entire falsity of this statement heretofore and now refute it again The largest vote ever cast in this city was considerably less than 6,000. The American party at the Inst election polled 3,074 votes for Morehead and 3,008 tor Marshall, exelud ing the vote of Portland, being more than a majority of any vole ever polled in this ctly. Alter 2 o'clock in the afternoon hardly any votes were given by either party, but up to this the majority for the American party was steadily increasing, and there can be no doubt that if there had been no disturbance the rote of t,mt , wou)d hlive rig(m lo at ea(,t 3 600 or 3,600 votes; and by no possibility couJ lhe anii.AJrkan vo have exceeded 2.500 votes. The attempt of the anti-Ameri- can organs heretofore to magnify a minority of at least one thousand votes into n majority is too impudent and barefaced for toleration. If the ballot box had been carried lo every legal voter in Louisville on Monday last the majori ty would have been at least one thousand votes. If none but votes of native born citizens had been counted the vote would have been as 6 or 7 to I. Of the 3,600 votes we have esti mated for the anti-Americans in this city fully three-fourths are foreigners. Lou. Jour. Examine your Machinery. Hcrapath'a Journal of August 4th, contains an account of an accident of a very destructive character, nd fron Bn npPronly trivial cause, which . , . ...jt j n m ... took Place on tl,e M,dlond ncor Chesterfield. Seven wagons were literally smashed to pieces, and the permanent way for at least twenty yards wos torn up. The dttmaf lo lhe Company', rolling slock must have been great Had it been a passenger train there would hnve been a fearful slaugh . . ... . t....A t,AAM - r. ter. The accident was caused by the break ing of one of the " drawbars" in one of the wagons in the fore part of the train. The bar broke from its fastenings, and being drawn out, the couplings were loosened, and the b" r 'B' n 11,6 "d Came '7 tact with a sleeper, which threw one of the wagons off the line, and the velocity and weight of the others following was such as to cause the extensive damage just described. The cause of the accident auggests the idea whether it would not be desirable to examine more frequently than is often done the ma. chinery of every train, particularly luggage trains, which carry enormous weights of R0d and merchandise. Uf"A Yankee doctor has "got up" a rem edy for hard times. It consists of ten hours' THE POPE'S SUPREMACY. Prom tb Richmond Whir;. We have an illustration of His Holiness' assertion of his political supremacy in a quar rel, which has just broken out between him and the Court of Spain. The Catholic Church being a mortmain and profiting by the death-btd terrors of its devotees, it has succeeded in accumulating into its hands during the past five centuries a large portion of the most valuable real es tate in- Europe. By Catholic Church meant the Clergy the Priests. They hold this property, and live in luxuriance, wan tones, ond idleness, while the mass of the population toil for them, and endure all the pains of penury and hunger. The system received its first blow from the old French Revolution when the property thus stolen from the people and held by debauched and pampered priests, was seized, sold, and the proceeds appropriated to the public defence, The people of Piedmont having in common with all other Catholic countries, suffered from these pious drones who were daily consuming the substance of their labor and being blessed with a free Government (coin. paratively,) began some years ago to think o reclaiming the vast estates, thus consecrated to vice, bigotry, debauchery, and idleness. Encouraged by England, the Government brought forward a scheme fur disposing of these church accumulations for the general good. After many difficulties, various than ges in the tninintry, and such opposition as Jesuits only are capable of, the scheme be. came a law. The Pope forthwith pronounc ed the law null and void, end threatened Piedmont with excommunication. la the meantime, Spain, the most bigoted Catholic country cf Europe, aud three-fourths of whose entire productions are said to be consumed by idle and dissolute priests, hup. pened to pass through a revolution, and men of more liberal views got possession of the government Unable to raise enough money to meet the public wants from the oppressed and impoverished peasantry, tliey cast their eyes upon the vast possessions of the Priests, who, being exempt from taxation, knew noth ing of public burdens, nnd cared nothing for the public welfare. The Cortes, determined to restore this property to its original pro ductiveness, passed a law declaring that no real property shall be held in mortmain in tho Spanish dominions. As soon as this action was taken, the Pope's nuncio, indignautly called for his pass, ports, and shaking off the dust of his feet against the accursed city of Madrid, departed to his master, the Pope. Report of the pro ceedings being made to His Holiness, he held what is called a " Consistory," tnd issued an " allocution" or address, in which he severely rebukes the Spanish people for their conduct and intimates still further punishment For the present he contents himself with declar ing the laws " null and of no effect ;" if tho the government docs not abandon the laws, then they must expect excommunication with all its pains and penulties. The following are the terms in which the Pope sets aside the legislation of an independent State, and arrogates political supremacy : "Raising our voice in your assembly, we complain of all that the lay government has done and is still doing, in Spain, unjustly against the church. The patrimony of the Church has been usurped, in spite ot all Di vine and human law. We, therefore, in vir tue of our npontalic authority, consnro, abro gate and declare without value and without force, null and of no effect, for the past and 4Um tt.mM fhm mni,i It ins svnrl A fro A a " UK. j ui u r ct trio uiu (4 khu iiw & And yet we are told, the Pope claims no political control over his spiritual subjects. His Holiness and his Clergy attempted to get possession of the church property of the Catholic communicants in this country. It wai asserted that all church property belong ed to the Priests and by consequeucc to the Pope. It was in furtherance of this scheme. Ltliat the infamous Bedini who sailed the Western lakes in a Government vessel, came to this country. Ilia mission failed, partly through the rebellious temper of American Catholics, and partly through the indignation of Italian refugees, whose kindred and friends the papal nuncio had imprisoned, tortured, or flayed in the dungeon of Italy. The Potteh's Field or New York. The Daily Times describes the Potter's Field of New York thus : "Two acres are inclosed within a tight board fence. One corner of the inclosure you will notice is graded some four feet high er than the rest Under this are three trenches filled, and in them there lie the re mains of 16,000 people. The fourth trench has been open only a few weeks. Already it has over 600 buried in it This trench is dug 15 feet deep, 300 feet long, ond 18 feet wide. They begin to bury at one end of it The trench is wide enough to admit three coffins lying end to end, ond they are piled up till the uppermost is within two feet of the surface. The average of daily burials here at present is 18, or 125 a week. During hot weather the corpses arrive in the early morning and after nightfall. When the new arrivals are announced at tho trench, the dig gers throw aside the little dirt that covers tho last lot, deposit the new ones, and cover them. When the whole trench is filled, the earth of a new trench is thrown upou the late one, and it is graded off like the mound before spoken of, some four feet above the former surface. This is done, because when the coffins decay the earth sinks. Tho mound is to be turfed so soon as it has settled, and cedars, willows, and other appropriate trees planted. " We spoke of an offensive odor that met us fnr away from the spot But standing by the side of the open trench it was intolerable. With the wind west re told that it is wafted a horrible stench to the sick iu the hospitals on the other end of the Island ; nnd if we were told that it sometimes is borne across the East River to the delightful rcsi dences of the grandees on that shore, we should think it no marvel." E6T Judge Pettit of Indiana, ha decided that the temperance law of that State Is eon- THE MAIN BRACE OF STATE CREDIT. rprom Thompson's Bank Not Reporter.! The Stocks, or Certificates of indebtedness of Nation, or City, should be largely held directly or indirectly by its own citizens. No paper security not so held ever acquires s high standard of credit On the contrary, all state or corporate indebtedness so held, enjoys the confidence of capitalists wherever and who ever they are. The payment of interest or principal to citi zens is much less burdensome and far less impoverishing than such payments to non residents. To establish and illustrate the furegoing, look at Great Britain, with thousands of mil lions of debt her stocks are considered the bent in the world, and with tens of millions of annual interest, all promptly paid, without ever disturbing her finances or the regular course of exchange These happy , results arise from the fact that ninety hundredths of her debt is owing to Englishmen. Let us suppose for a moment that the British debt was held by citizeus of other countries, how long would Englishmen bear Die burdens of vither direct or indirect taxation to provide the interest alone: and would any profound reasoner on stock or paper securities trust his money in British Consols! It is our opinion that the payment of interest on the debt of Urent Britain to non residents for only one year would cause the bankruptcy of the na tion, a revulsion in commerce ard a suspen sion of specie payments by every bank in the kingdom. We could show by statistics that the credit of a Stuto rests principallj on the two foun dations. I 1st By the per ccntnge of debt due its own citizens; , 2d. By the character of its population. The amount is of fur Ic consequence than either of the foregoing. Had any considera ble portion of the stocks of Mississippi, Ar kansas, Illinois, Indiana or Michigan been hold by the citizens of tkose States, neither would ever have been claised among the non- paying. Besides the loss of moral, political and in terested influence there is a positive financial loss in owing non-residents. The interest semi-annually and the principal when paid, is an export of sjecieor its equivalent it is nn impoverishing element. Balloos Ascension oh Horseback. Prof. Elliot, of this city, made a balloon ascension from the city of St. Louis, on Monday lust on Horseback. The Republican says: Agreeable to announcement, Prof. Elliot made his serial vovage on horseback. The ground inside of the enclosure was thronged with Indies and gentlemen, to witness Ins perilous voyage; while outside, the numbers could only be enumerated by thousands. There were a great many who thought the "horsu" would nit go up; but true to the appointed tune, te was harnensed to theffiri.il car, and nt a given signal, with Prof. Elliot on his back, off they went into the regions of air. 1 ho horse seliaved hunsell most admi rably, nnd looked around and down upon the enrtit apparently m the mosfperfect astonish ment His hoofs never for a moment "claw ed the air," but he contented himself by gazing, in m?st perleet horse wonder at tho peculiar situation ot things. Prof. Ell ot seemed as much at home upon his charger as if he were upon a inncademizcd road. As far nstlie eye could tench, both horse nnd rider seemed to be gettinij nrng quietly but safely. rnis is inenrsi balloon ascension on horse back, wo believe, ever attempted in America, and in the science of aeronauts St. Louis ranks ns the Paris of the continent Last evening, we understand that the offi cers of the steamer Keystone, which arrrived between eight and nine o clock, saw the bal loon and horse coming down in the imme diate vicinity of tbo mouth of the Missouri river, and from all appearances made a safe landing. gy" Solomon Rothschild, one of the heads of the great banking house, nnd fourth son of its founder, died recently in Paris, and was buried with great pnnip. There are but two left of the original family. A writer in the Tribune gives a sorry account of the private character of the Rothschilds. He says : "The ir reed in ess of the family in business matters, as well as the niggardlv remuneration they give their employees, is beyond belief. liaron Lionel once on change spent a whole hour to induce a Trieste corn exporter to consign to them a cargo of grain. The com mission would be perhaps 400, the shavm? and pilfering $200, but it is not so much the legitimate commission which fascinates them as the little mysterious advantages resulting from concocting exchanges and manipulating rentage. Old Baron Anselm, of Frankfort, who, like many other wealthy Jews, was in the habit of eating on Friday evening some richly-seasoned fish, generally a brown carp weetened wnn sugnr nnd voluptuously wimmini! in a luscious sauce, oponini in con sequence the Sabbath with an indigestion which was conlounded with compunction, used often to complain on change that he had not made money enough to pay Tor his fish. The meanness of the Rothschilds to those with whom they transact business, as to those whom they employ, leads us to think that though there may have been at the funeral of Damn Solomon murh sable nomn nnd ml. ancholy splendor, there will be left few to strew flowers upon bis grave." IW An Anecdote is related of the Rev. Dr. Kirk, of Boston. Early in life, a lady of fortune, whose attention was awakened to. wards him by his conspicuous talents, wrote im a note offering liuu her heart fortune, id hand, lhe Kev. Dr., however, with more terseness than gallantry, replied to her, that she had better give her heart to the Lord, her fortune to the church, and rcsorve her hand for him whu should ask it 37 Bui wer has truly said : "There ore two lives to each of us gliding on at Jhe same time, scarcely connected with each other! The life of our actions, the life of our minds; theexternnl and the inward history; the move ments of the frame, the deep and ever restless workings of the heart!" New Orleans, Sept 3. The total number of deaths for the past week have been 400, of which 894 wero from UNWRITTEN POETRY. Far down in the depths of the human heart there is a fountain of pure and hallowed feeling, from which, at times, swells up a tide of emotions which words are powerless to express which the soul alone can appre ciate. Full many a heart overflowing with sublime thoughts and holy imaginings, needs but the "pen of fire" to hold enraptured thousands in its spell. The "thoughts that breathe" are there but not the "words that burn." Nature's own inspiration fills the heart with emotions too deep for utterance and the poetry of the heart lies forever con cealed in its own mysterious shrine. It is not he alone whose pen may paint with matchless skill the glories of a sunset scene, or trace the beauties of a sunset land scape, that appreciates these beauties; their influence is felt more powerfully, perhaps, by another, who can only " he silent and ndoru. Go stand by the thundering cataract gaze into the deep abyss, and listen to "the sound of many waters," as they plunge into the flood below. Ciuist thou express thy thoughts? Listen to the crashing thunders, watch the gathering storm as it journeys "up the cloudy steep of heaven," the lightnings vivid flash, the wrath of the elements, and the conflicting powers of the air; be silent it is the voice of God. The storm passes; the lightnings cease their fiery play; the thun der's voice is hushed; the sun appears, and the "bow of promise" hangs upon the dark cloud of wrath, the hand of Mercy stretched forth to stay the sword of Justice. Can the sublimity of the contrast be expressed? Is not here poetry that the soul alone can read ! Unwritten Poetry! It is stamped upon the broad blue sky it twinkles in every stir, It mingles in the ocean's swelling surge, and glitters in the dew drop that gems the lily's bell. It glows in the gorgeous colors of the West at the decline of day, nnd rests in the blackened crest of the gathering storm cloud It is on the mountain's height, nnd in tho cataract's roar in the towering oak, and in the liny flower. Where we see the hand of God, there beauty finds her dwelling place, JSfGnldsmitli, more than a hundred years ago, wrote thus in the "Citizen of tlio World" about Russia: "I can not avoid holding the Russian em pire as the natural enemy of the mora western parts ol Europe; as an enemy already pos sessed of great strength, and, from the nature of the government every day threatening to become more poaerlul. A kingdom enjoying peace internally, possessed of an unbounded extent ot dominion, and learning the military art at lhe expei ; of others, must every day become more powerful; and it is probable we shall hear Russia, in future times, called tho VJjicina ucnlium. Jt was long the wish ol l eter, their creat monarch, to have a fort in some of the western parts of Europe; many of his schemes and treaties were direct ed to this end, but happily lor f.urope, lie failed in them all. A fort in the power of this people would be like the possession of a floodgate; and whenever ambition, interest, or necessity prompted, they might then bo able to deluge the whole world with n barbarous inundation. The Russians are now nt that period between refinement and bar barism which seems most adapted to military achievement; and if once they happen to get fooling in the western parts of Europe, it is not the feeble efforts of the sons of effemina cy and dissension that can servo to remove them." This is quite n remarkable passage, nnd we wonder no one has fished it out before. SCHOOL'S OUT. There's sound of distant laughter, From the children at their play, And the echo follows after, Thro' the rock and glen away. Rosy childhood I rosy childhood! How I love thy guiltless mirth! Fuircr than thu flowery wildwood, In thy sinless course on earth. Dearer than old tales of fiction, Are their tell-tale faces now, And an angel's benediction Seems to rest on every brow. And their little raptured faces, 'Mind me of the young Christ-child. And 1 sigh that through lifs mazes, The must tread, and be defiled. Darling children, in life's morning, In life's fresh nnd dewey spring, I will not with one sad warning, To your spirits bring Doubts, or thoughts that life now golden, Will not be thus bright alway, Thcso are tales too sad, and olden Laugh glad children, while you may. Saturday Everiko. The Buffalo Adver tiserthuselcquently discourses on the closing up of the affairs of the week: The seven-spoked wheel of the omnibus that carries us all so silently along, has turn ed round once more. This is the night when the weary cease from their labor, when the thoughts of young folks revert to the homes they have let t, and the good housekeeper having finishd up her work betimes, wel comes her husband, (the house-band, ns the word denotes.) The little ones cluster around, climb his knees to share the envied kiss and enjoy the ntlection, winch, unlike grosser riches, springs up more plentifully in proportion ns it is freely given away. To night upon the wido lakes und the fur ocean, sailors and travelers will think of "home matters," and toast "sweethearts and wives." Imports or Dry Goods. Tho imports of foreign dry goods at New York for the month of August are 88,286,840 less than for the same moth of last year, and 81,624,138 less than for August, 1853. The decline from Inst year extends to all descriptions of goods, but has been comparatively least in silks, the total of this description being nearly as great as for August 1854, and greater than for August, 1853. Mosquitoes. Sprinkle a little brown sugar on live coals or a hot iron in your room, and the smoke of it will banish the mosquitoes for the night The essence of pennyroyal, sprinkled on the pillow of ths bed, will have the same effect HOW TO HAVE WEAKLY CHILDREN. 1st. Wrap them op in an abundance of flannel and other warmclothing. Make their clothes t) fit neatly, and draw them tight about the shoulders, chest and wuist 2d. Keep then in doors as much as possi. b!e. Never allow them to run out and romp about in the open air, as this would promote digestion, and excite a more healthful circu lation of the blood, nnd thereby tend to de feat the object 3d. Allow them to eat anything they want except corn bread, bacon and beans, and other similar articles of coarse food. Always keep a good supply of sweetmeats and nil sorts of knick-nacks on hand, and never let them be without something to eat more than half an hour. If they do not incline to ent so often, encourage them to do so by offering them something else. 4th. Never wash them in cold water. bth. rut them to sleep in warm feather beds no milter how many togcthci-the more the better. Cover them up wilh warm blankets and quilts, and close nil the doors and windows, both winter nnd summer. 6th. As they will frequently show signs of illness, give them n doss of vermifuge and encourage them to eat. 7th. When your daughters have attained the age of five or six it is lime to apply the whalebone, starch, &c, so as to compress the lungs within the smallest possible com pass, and an additional skirt or two should be suspended from the waist. They should now be provided with a bot tle of snuff, and carefully instructed in the art of indulging in that very fashionable lux ury called "dipping." By the strict observance of these and oth er similar rules which will naturally suggest themselves, your children will speedily be come dyspeptic ; their teeth will decay nnd full out nd you will have the satisfaction of seeing them grow up most beautifully deli cate; and not more, perhaps than four out of six will die of consumption before they are thirty ! Personal and Political Character. It strikes us that there is something in the following paragraph, copied from a late num ber of the Baltimore Daily Sun, worthy at tention : A political contest is a rourh nnd tumble sort of nn affair nt best. The spirit of dis traction is every where abroad throughout the cainpnign. The game of brag is played with wonderful "pluck" by all hands up lo the morning of the election. An occasional interchange of soinetliinr more pungent than words diversities the incidents of tho day. But at the close, the ballot-box, with its in exorable array of units, tens, hundreds and thousands, finally settles lite question. Then the game of brag' is retorted by tho vvinniiiL' party, with a little off hand ridicule: the safety of the country is duly annniinced by the hnnsr or sundry patriotic runs; stakes are handed over by disinterested stake-holders, who would much rather put tho little amount into their own pockets; and nt length every body seems to settle down satis fied, until another election summons tho body politic to the salvation of the country again. Hut, in the meantime, how nro we to esteem the detraction which, in the heat of the contest, is too often flung broad-cast upon the winds, regardless of consequences? Is it to be understood ns a thing only to be used for political purposes? Are we to ro gard all the personal nbnso of a candidate ns so much fustian manufactured for public use! 1 his is but to degrade the political campaign beneath the contempt of all honoiabla men, nnd implies the nitsentof the people to a sys tem oi nnunuai slander. An hnncht man oui;lit not vote fornenn didate dishonest .incapable or unworthy of the office to which he aspires. Party is too in different to this rule; but party would be obliged to observe it if nny considerable por tion ol the people was resolutely to ndliere to it The rule, however, proves itself in the very detraction so common ton political cam paign. It is just and proper that n man's character, capacity and general fitness should be freely canvassed, who appears as a candi date tor any olhcu in the gilt ol the people. tlence the invention and exageration ol laults, follies, infirmities mid short comings common to human nature. Hence the fact that scarcely any man is elected to a prominent station who, if nil were true that is said of him in a political campaign would not be a very monster of iniquity. It is true, that after the contest is over, there is sometimes n disposition to admit and withdraw tho too hasty expressions and unfounded charges originating in the heat of the campaign ; but this does not in fact, compensate for the wrong and injustice of the use of them. - Antiquities. Nineveh was 15 miles long. 9 wide, and 30 miles around, with walls 100 feet high, and thick enough for three chariots nbre.ibt. Babylon was 60 miles within the walls, which were 75 feet thick and 300 high, with 100 brazen gates. The Temple of Diiuin, nt Ephesus was 429 feet high. It was 100 years in building. The largest of the pyra mids is 481 feet high, mid C53 on the sides; its base covers 11 acres. The stones lire about 30 feet in length, and the layers are 203. It employed 300,000 men in building. The labyrinth of fcgyp' contains 200 cham bers and 12 halls. 1 hebes, in Lgypt, presents ruins 27 miles round, and had J00 gates. Carthage was 25 miles round, and contained 250,000 citizens, nnd 400,000 slaves. The Temple of Dclphos was so rich in donations, Hint it was plundered of JCG00.000: mid Nero carried away from it 200 statues. The walls of Rome were 10 miles round. fSTAn Irish Roman Catholic priest, long resident in Amrrica, has been writing a vehe ment dehortation to his countrymen on the subject of emigration to the United States. He says that tho Irishman does not get rich in "the land of liberty," while he loses his fnrnier respect for hi priest becomes skeptic. al snd immoral, nnd indulges in "the beastly vice of intemperance" w hich, of course, Is a thing unheard of in Ireland. The Americans themselves are denounced as ' infidels" (by which wo supposo is meant Protestants), and as encourageing a system of liberty which is only another nnmefor license; while thn children of Irish parents born in Ameicn become even more anti-Irish and moro Irre ligious than the genuine "Yankees." The moral of all this is, that it Is hotter to die at home than to lose "faith and morals" by I crossing the Atlantic. 1 WHAT IS MARRIAGE. The New York Knickerbocker says marri age is not a "Civil Contract" but a "Divine Institution" ordained of God himself for the mutual brnefitof those who take upon them selves its sacred vows Love, not selfish in terest to be its basis to have one common interest, one object, one aim. But in how many instances is it only a nnion of hands the affections not being ever taken into con sideration. The question of most importance Is often on the ono hand is she handsome? has she money? Shall I be able to make nn appear ance? Not Has tho woman a heart capable of making a just return to my affection? Will she, forsaking all others, cleave only unto me through weal and wo. And woman, yes, woman whose very nature ought to stimulate her to higher, and holier motives for taking upon itself its solemn relations, hi often only too anxoas as to the dimensions of the purse, nnd amount of "Bank Stock" (he heart, the mind, the intellect, yes, every thing triiiy great nnd noble, ncd worth marry, ing for, being n0n essentials;, but how often ore they made to realize that riches take to themselves wings ond fly away; ond then comes the consciousness that Uie tie of sym pathy that golden chain winding its coil around the heart, exists not between them; each ore thrown back upon themselves, for not a chord in the heart of one, vibarates In unison with the other. O, the loneliness of an unweded heart. It is true thu duties devovling upon each may be performed wilh that precision, as to exclude the possiblity of complaint; but to feci that they are not the spontaneous expres sion, the promptings of a heart all your own, must be misery indeed. Marriage in the true true eenso of the term is n union of soul, n union of heart, and when this is nut the case, it cannot bo marriage in the sight of that Being by w hom the institu tion was originated. They are not one, but twain. Another groat cause of unhappiness existing in the marriage state, arises from haste. The parties meet, become interested in each other they hardly know for what rcson, nnd fancy is mistaken for affection, passion for love, and without considering se riously whether there exist sympathy of hearti congeniality of feeling affinity of spirit they rush blindly out upon the sou of matrimony und awake to the realization of their awful mistake when it is too lute to remedy it Tho smile of approving Heaven cannot rest upon such nn union. It may be considered legal in the estimation of the world, but it will not bo acknowledged such by Him who hath said "and the twain shall bo ono flesh." . Sleefjpc in Meeti.no. This custom is of remote antiquity. We read in history that when Bishop South was preaching be fore Charles II and Court many of the mon arch's suite went to sleep, and some of them snored ; whereupon South addressed himself to Lord Lnudcrdale, ono of the offenders, nnd said: " My lord, I ask pardon for disturbing you, but I must tell you that you snore so oud that you arc in danger of waking up his majesty." This warning woke up every one, and banished all desire to sleep. A Lucky Eescape. The Memphis Ap peal says, a iihysiciin of that place paid a morning visit, recently, to one of his patients in the tipper end ol the town, and on enter ing the room ot the sick man, the following dialogue took place: Patient I say. Doctor, I've got you cheat ed this load of poles." Doctor Howl" Patient (rising on his elbows and look ing across lhe room,) Look there Doctor, nt that fuller lying there: I got him to tako that pill you lull me, and it killed him in an hour. Exit Doctor, muttering dnmpliool, and something about a coroner's inquest. Cg"" A writer iaj white feet and a white face on a horse are indications of physiologi cal conditions, not favorable for endurance or any other good quality. Tney are, io fsot, indications of a scrofulous tendency. Hence the following, quoted by horsemen from time immemorial : Cns white foot buy him. Two white feet try him. Three white feet deny him. Four white feet snd a whits nose Take off his hide and feed him to the crows. The Albany Argus says of the New York hard shell stale convention: "So far as tho convention could do it its section of the party has been fenced In with nn eiyht rail fence, ri rid the gates locked and the keys thrown a way, so as to keep every body fiom joining it This may be a very good way to presorve enouyh of a party im its purity fur seed, but whether it is the best way to ensure o living, active and triumph ant party, may be seriously doubted." ,-gTFelix McLarmen, in Toronto, was choked to death by n piece of beef sticking in his throat while at dinner. His wife, by beating upon his back, caused tho dislodg ment of the meat, but with the effort of throwing it up the man cxpiricd. A Modeks Joaii or Arc. Ths following is copied from a French paper: "A young woman, who pretends to hare a divine mission, has just been locked up in tho Orleans prison. She nsks to be sent to tho Crimen, pretending that she could take Sevastopol in a very short time. She speaks on the subject in the most calm nnd deliber ate manner. All she asks for to accomplish her glorious mission is nn escort of a ser geant corporal, nnd ten men. She Is at present committed ingloriously ns a vaga bond." t&" Professor Alexander Intel slated that about tho year 17GJ a star camo into sight and shone very brightly. The light un derwent a variety ofvery remarkable changes. It seemed ns if the substance of the Star were burning up, nnd it is hardly possible says a well informed scientific writer on the subject to resist the conclusion that hers was a world, the destiny of which, fr ths time being, had been fulfilled. aril. labor well worked in. titutional. yellow fever.