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8. P. IVINS.KU1TOR AND IMIOPICIKTOIU Term: year, piyalile id advance, or i3 at thejpxririiiion of tlie rer. No pitiier riUi'mitinuti nntil all arrearages are paid, except at the option of Hit I'uhli'lier. Var announcing Hie n nines of candidntei for office f Cash. Obituary Notices over 12 Unci, charged at the regular adrertining rates. All communication Intended to promote the private nds or interests of Coqinrnlirms, Societies, Sellouts or DdiTlduais, will be charged as advertisements. A i'IU:.S, Fit 1D.4V, SUIT. H, S3o. y'J'lio proceedings of tliu Slnckhold eas Convention East Tennessee nnd Georgia Rdlroad, nnd the Report of the President of the Company, will be published next week. The present numlier closes tlio 7lh volume of tlie "Post." Tlio pnper lias nn actual' subscription list of- twelve hundred names, and the general condition of the es tablishment is ns good as could bo expected "under the circumstances.'' In tlio "round, ing changes"' of seven years, .1 largo amount of dues has accumulated on our books not so much, perh-ips, nsat many other establish, tncnts, but more than otir interests really re quire. We hope all indebted, who may bo able to pay, will do so nt once, ns there is no employment for which we have n greater fan cy than entering credits and writing receipts. Persons at a distance nccd'nt hesitate about remitting by mail, although that institution is getting to be quite irregular in its habits. Tim Maid Adrangemehts. Tho new ar rangement for running the mail trains on the East Tennessee nnd Georgia Railroad com menced on Friday last. Somo weeks since it was our duty to complain of n delay iu "ie transmission of the mails occurring at Chat tanooga nnd Dalton, os detrimental to tlir bu siness interests of Enst Tennessee. The break in tho connection nt Chattanooga has been remedied, nnd tho mails from Nashville coino Uirough direct; but by the present run ning of tho East Tennessee nnd Georgia and Western and Atlantic road.srall the mail mat ter from tho South for this section, (ve mean, the country below Knoxville,) nnd all tho mail matter from tho same section for the South, is delayed tlio best part of twenty four hours nt Dalton. The night trains on both roads carry through mails; but tho train on tho Western and Atlantic road that brings the mail from the South for Cleveland nnd Loudon, nnd other war-points, does not reach Dalton until 2 o'clock, p. m., some four hours after the up train on the East Ten- nessce and Georgia road has left; nnd ns there is no way mail on tho night train on the latter road, nil the way mail matter re mains over nt D.illon until 10 o'clock next day. We understand n like delay occurs in regard to the way matter going South. We know the management on tho East Tennes- Bco line lias always endeavored to serve the public interests nnd accommodation to the largest extent wo know that tho present nr. rangement for tunning tho road was not in tended to discriminate in favor of Knoxville as is charged, nnd will not bo so believed by nny ono acquainted with tho President nnd Superintendent of T ranspnrtation. On tho contrary, we nro satisfied tiie change was in tended (0 givo the public additional facilities both as to mails nnd travel, and with the expectation, as wc presume, that tho running of tho lower roads would be so arranged ns to seenro expedition in tlie transit of the mails in both directions. Put if the present running of tlio lower roads is to continue, the present schcdiilo for this road ought to be changed, nnd no doubt will bo in ns short timo ns possible. East Tennessee is nt pres. cnt intimately associated with tho South in community of interest there is tho market for the immense surplus of this heavy grain producing region, and n delay of fifteen or twenty hours in tho transmission of letters or papers, at a timo when tho markets are shnkcy nnd fluctuating, may produce serious injury, nnd ought to be 'avoided if possible. And we tnka tho liberty of suggesting to the management of this line, that, in the event of there Icing no change in tho running of the lower roads, it would bo better to fall back on tho former schcdiilo for tho regular mail tinin. Wo aro very certain no ono will suspect this paper of an intention fo create embar rassments of nny kind in reference to the road. We have never paid nny nttention to the many complaints that have been, made, because wo knew that in nineteen cases out of twenty there were really no grounds for them; at the same timo v were not insensi ble of tho fact that tho ninny-hcaded public (an animal that we have n proper degree of respect for, but do not fear,) was attributing our silence to other than tho trno motives. In tho present instance, however, wo think there is cause for complaint, not with the 111 if ii'ioM of the recent mail arrangement, but ', ils result ns it is shown nt present, nnd when such is rcntly tho fact, wo shall be just ns prompt to refer to tho defect and nrgo that it bo remedied ns soon ns possible, ns n o ulwnys have been, nnd will be, to defend tho road and its officers when wantonly nnd un justly nssa'led. We know bow utterly im. possible it is to satisfy everybody nnd to promote all interests alike; but tho delay in tlio transmission of mail matter nowcxialing can lie remedied; nnd wo aro certain that it only necessary to c-ill tho nttention of the officers of tho rnnd to tlio subject, to havo it effected. M'R4k uouxtv. We heard it elated nt Slnoisonvillc the other day that Monroe coun ty would sell one hundred and twenty five thousand bushels of Wheat of the recent har vest, nnd then hnve nn nbundnnco for home consumption. The farming interest, as a mnf tor of course, in old Monroe is in a prospering condition. Another cridenco of prosperity in Monroo is the fact that there is lest litiga tion than in almost nny oounty in Eiist Ten nessee. The time boa been when Court held two weeks nt MnOisonville ns many days aro now sufficient to get through the docket. At Mrtdisonvillo they nave two excellent Schools Male nnd Female. A new brick building has recently been erected for the former; and the Masons have just completed their llnll n substantia! and well-construct, ed edifice. There is ono thins wo admire par ticularly in tho people of Mndisonville, when they put their hands to any thing they never .,!: back cri-top until it. is finuhed. J-vf'Ciicuit Court for Meigs county meets ,".t Ib-catur on Monday Still insf. A NOVEL PROCEEDING. At the Monroe Circuit Court, on Monday last, nftcr Judge Alexander had finished bis charge to the Grand Jury, a member of that body (a Mr. Dickey) notified bis Honor that lit: wished to call the attention of tho Court to a certain matter which had been overlooked. The Court having, w ith its usual urbanity, signified its attention thereupon Mr. Dickey proceeded to edify the Court nnd electrify the Bar nnd outsiders, by reading a series of interrogatories, which had evidently been prepared with some care, and which read, to the best of our recollection, substantially ns follows : What is the law in respect to secret socie ties of men, conspiring together for political purposes, with nn intention to control the State, Congressional and .Municipal elections of tiiu country? If tho grand furors should discover that there nro in this county secret societies for political purposes who bind their members by an extra-judicial oath that they will not tell that they are n member themselves, thai nny body else, or that there is such nn order in existence, nnd that thev will in nil things (until regularly dismissed from the same) no. Iitic.il and social, whi ther it romports wilh their personal preference or not, be governed ur the minority of their party, wncn legally and fairly expressed according ' the rules and usages of tho order, will it bo the duty of the grand jury to present the oflicersand mem. bers of said societies for trving to nccom plish n legal object by the uso of illegal means?' Is it lawful of nny judge or magistrate in this State to administer to any citizen of the same an 0.1th (either wilh nn uplifted hand or upi 11 the Holy Evangelist) for any purpose other than lo ho tiseu ns evidence Delore aomo court record, or in obedience to tho constitution nnd laws of tho United States, or of tho Stato of Tennessee? Is it legnl for one citizen to ndminlsfer to another a solemn onth with nn uplifted liana or upon tlio lioly I'.vangelist? If a man violate 1111 extra-judicial onth can he be indicted for perjury! Ilis Honor, the Judge, replied in substance, as follows: The enquiry made by the Grand Jury is certainly one that I onl not nnd could not have anticipated, nnd, hence, cannot respond to it ns much in detail ns may be desired by the juror propounding the questions to the court. The terms of the enquiry imply that there exists n secret political organization in this county subversivo of, or prejudicial to public liberty and the institutions of the country. Had I supposed, or bad any reason to believe, such a state of things existed nnd that criminal combinations were nt work to destroy our government, I should certainly hnvo brought the subject to tho attention of the Grand Jury so far ns tho parties might havo rendered themselves amenable to the Slato Iiws. But not believing, nnd having no reason to believe, there exists any such or ganization as that indicated in the enquiry of the Grand Jury, I respectfully suggest that you would be more profitably employed in discharging the ordinary nnd legitimate duties appertaining to your position. You nro tho conservators of the public peace, nnd the guardian of tho public morals, for tho time being, and the duties growing out of these considerations will afford you abundant em ployment, without running off after doubtful or imaginary offences. It would bo deeply to be regretted if Grand Jurors or Courts should so far forget their obligations nnd their du ties as to be influenced in their official action by partis m or po Itical consideration!. It is to he hoped that nil good, nil patriotic, men will set their faces firmly, detenninately, against a precedent fraught with so much unmixed evil. It is a matter of public history nnd cer tainty that there are now and ever have been in this country political societies and associ ations, but I have uo evidence to believe they or any of them nre obnoxious to the public laws of I ho country. ' I know of no statute or principle of common law which forbids such organization nny more than Lodges of Freo Masons, Odd Fellows or Sons of Tem perance. In conclusion, I say to yon that, in my opinion, tho enquiry of the Grand Jury embraces no case calling for or justifying any examination or action on the part of the Jury. If you nnd I will attend to our own business and let politics alone we shall find enough to do. Wo noticed Mr. Dickey particularly nfter his Honor had responded, nnd ho looked n good deal like tho interesting young man who "let tho bird go," and that tho result was very different from what ho had anticipated. Wo learned on enquiry, that ho was n good enough meaning man, without nny remarka ble degree or astuteness, and is supposed to havo been the instrument of some person who, were it possible, would curry party feel ing even into our courts of justice. The courteous though merited rebuke which the Judge gavo was sufficient, we think, to pre vent a recurrence of the kind. If Mr.Dickey will allow ns to call his attention to tho fol lowing, he may derive advantage from it: Tho Grand Jury of Runcnmbo county, last summer, presented several of tho Know Nothing Councils. Subsequently old Billy Jones, the Fool Killer, passed through Bun combe, nnd thoso Grand Jurors tvere among his first victims. In his report to President Pierce, he says: "The twelve Grand Jurors hare fallen be neath irry blows; but although blood has flown abundantly, there Is no sign of brains upon tho old man's club." The moral is evident, nnd the application inevitable. Mr. Dickey may consider himself fortunate thnt beisnotnoiiizen of Buncombe. Wheat. Tho prico continues at ono dol lar. Ono hundred and nineteen wagons un loaded ot tho Depot horo on Thursday, the Glh. This county will export, of tho Into yield of tho harvest, ono hundred and sixty thousand bushels. Oilier counties along the lino of the railroad, will, pt-rhops, do as well. The three counties of Brndley, McMinn nnd Monroe, from the information now in our possession wo have no doubt will sell for ex. port over 400,000 bushels, nt nn average of one dollar per bushel. Here then is thcsniig sum of between four nnd five hundred thou sand dollars diffused among tho people of these counties for the single nrlicle of wheat alone the product of n singlo harvest, How much wheat did theso same counties export bef.,re the railroad was built, nnd nt what price ! Not more than twen.ty.five thou, wind bushels, nnd that small amount wissold at nn nverngo of fifty cents per biwhol. In the mean while, lands huve quadrupled in value, and the owners hnvo nctunlly become rich by the enhancement, almost without any effort of their own. Wonder if people ever think of these things when thoy nro com plaining at the road's inability to do throo months work in a singlo week. Trertok, N. J., Sept. 5. The Know Nothing Slato Convention, nf ter a long debate, declared that the repeal of tho Missouri Compromise is a national wrong and ought to be restored. VIRGINIA AND TEXN. RAILROAD. The readers of the "Athens Post," ma- ny or whom havo been with us from its first establishment seven years ago, will we know be pleased to leant of the ra pid progress of the work on tho Virginia and Tennessee Road the Eastern end of that great iron line of which our own road is one of the most important links. Twenty-two years ngo wo m.ido tho trip from Trenton, New Jersey, lo Knoxville, Tennessee, on fitot by "easy stages'" of 331 miles per day. The valleys were broad nnd weary to cross and the mountains tall nnd rugged. The spirit of improvement bad been aroused years be fore, had nlrcady accomplished much, nnd was accomplishing more; but wo never for a moment thought, ns wo wended our lonely way across the mountains with no heavier burthen than n light heart nnd n thin wnrd robe, that the snmo spirit would in n few short year more, bring the great marts of the East nnd tl.c queen cities of the South to gether, to meet and salute each other nnd lock hands forever, on the summit of tho Blue Ridge. It would havo been a dream then. But the work is now about accom plished tho deep valleys have been filled, tho tall mountains penetrated nnd levelled, nnd in two years more, nt farthest, New Or lennsnnd Boston, Charleston nnd New York, will be united with bands of iron. But the great work will not he complete with the union on the Blue Ridge the genius of im provement is restless, untiring, nnd will not stop. It has reached the Mississippi, nnd the iron steed drinks daily from tho blno waters of the Gulf. It is Blill looking- Westward, and in view of what has already been accom plished, it is not presumptuous to expect that in n few yenr.1 more tho reality will pre sent a lino of railroads an unbroken line running through tho heart of tho Union, with its Eastern end resting on the rocky strand of New England and its West upon the now distant Pacific. May we not hope that this "annihilation of spaco nnr distance" between tho two ex tremes this bringing together and still greater identity and blending of interests, commercial nnd social, will have the effect to banish the sectional jealousies nnd unnatural prejudices nt present unhappily existing be tween different portions of n Union which it is the first duly, nnd should bo tho first ob ject, of us nil to preservo nnd perpetuate. The following nrticle in regard to the pro gress on the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, wo find in the Richmond Desp.'cb: Vitiginia and Tennessee Railroad. At Wythcville, a few days since, wo wero invit ed to accompany the Directors in nn excur sion to tho new terminus of the Virginia and Tennessee railroad fifteen miles beyond that place. The vehicle in which the" Directors nnd their companions for tho voyngo were seated is styled n gondola, ns wo learned from Cnpt. Btiford, the efficient Superintend en t nnd Engineer of the process of track lay. ing. A railroad "gondola" is, however, not nt all like the famed Tessels which traverse the canals of Venice it is simply a flat with sides some six inches high. A number of chairs being placed upon this, the gentle men took scats in them nnd uncovered nnd with unostriictcd view, traveled to tho ter minus aforesaid. The country was very beau tiful; tho grazing farms li.iing made even unusually verdant by tho superabundant reins which have for some time fallen in the mountains. Wo fnund tho new portion of the road ad mirably constructed. It terminated nt pres. cnt in a very deep cut through the crest of n very considerably elevation which divides the waters of New Kiverand tho Ilolstnn, near the hamlet of Mount Airy, in Smytho coun ty. Fifteen miles boing'thiis deducted from the distance to the Tennessee line, there re mains near fifty miles to complete the road to that point. The embankment, however, for nearly that entire distance is complete and the superstructure only is wanting. The work is going nhead, bravely and will, we trust, be foro many months be completed. From tho President down, it has n most able and ener getic corps of officers nnd they nre doing nil in their power to complete the road nt tho earliest possible day. But ono thing has de layed it the want of money. Through the untiring exertions of tho President, the work has been kept going sometimes with a great er nnd sometimes a lesser force; nnd money or no money, we believe ho w ill hnve the great work finished before ve.y long. Indeed wo begin to think he has learned how to build railroads without money. The company do not expect to run their passenger trains on this new section, nor we supposo their freight tains; nnd possibly there will, bo very little active business on tho line until it reaches Seven Milo Ford, some fourteen or fifteen miles further. There the very rich valley of the Holston is tapped and there will be n point of accumulation of n considerable business for the road. At present very littlo travel is attracted from be. youd Abingdon; but ns tho lino progresses towards tho Tennessee boundary the travel increases, and when it renches thnt point tho groat majority of trnvelers from East Tennes see will bo drawn upon it, adding large, ly t: tho revenues of the great improve liient. Cleveland Dihto-Stour. We neglected last week to call nttenlion to the advertisement for the Cleveland Drug-Store. Mr Thompson has as largo an assortment as enn be found in Fast Tennessee, nnd keeps none but pure and genuine nrtiolee. tW Persons who wnnt to subscribe for the forthcoming "Biography of Hon. H11. L, White," are requested to leave their names with the editor of this paper. The work will be one that should be in the hands of every Tcnnesscenn, and we hope our friends will leave their names immediately, thnt we may send them to the oulbor. Terms, f 2,00 per copy pnyablc when the book is delivered. lf The Journal of Commcrco lonrns thnt tho Secretary of tho Treasury will commend to Congress in his Annual Report, a revision of the Tariff, keeping in view tfireo objects: 1st To simplify the classification of articles. 2d. To abridge the labor of collecting the Revenue, nnd thereby reduce tho number of employees, nnd thus lessen the necessary expenses. 3d. To encournge tho industry of the coun. try, by exempting raw materials from duty. A New llAiursitiitB Summer. We rocenL ly noticed the fact of there having been a fall of snow In Vermont in August, and wo find the "heated ternrin New Hampshire is some times agreeably diversified by a "freezing pell." Tho Manchester Amcriean of the 31st nit., says; "This morning Coneord Sqnaro was white with frost at S o'clock, nnd the grass was fiozen stiff. To day hns been cold and w indy. A fire was comfortable in the offices, and sneezing was n common occupation among such ns omitted to build one. Summer went I out with a most frigid disposition." i WHEAT AND THE SPECULATORS. The nttention of those who are grumbling nt the Railroad because of its inability to haul off the immense wheat crop of East Teunes. see the same week it was harvested, is invit ed to the follow ing extracts from the Rich mond (Va.) Whig: The speculators have the inturn on the farmers about this time. Their combined operations have been too powerful for the dispersed nnd undisciplined bucolics. They put forth theirestimalesof the crop, in all the imposing array of figures, founded not upon crude reports, they said,but reliable facts; and they assured Europe that tho United States had made bread enough to feed the world for the next twelve months. These estimates have been sent to Europe to produce effect there and then react here. Ii, is an old de vice, nnd has been practised heretofore with brilliant success. No longer than last yenr, it was put into full operation. We have re ferred to our files of that day, to see how completely the manreuvres then nnd now tilly. From about the 20th of August to the 10th of October, the daily announcement was "wheat dull and declined, with a downward tendency!'' Tim dnwnward tendency" is n stereotype, always inserted, and is considered a clincher. It is ns much as to say to the poor bewildered farmers: "if you don't make hasto nnd rush your wheat to market, you wiU be too late the tendency is downward you will he caught!" We recollect to have heard that, at that time, some of our worthy millers, with a sort of triumphant chuckle, and by way of guarding farmers against trust ing any moro to the predictions of the Whig, lectured some terrified Bucolics nfter this wise: "You see now what yon get by listen ing to the Whig if you had sold 3 months ago, you coula have got 1.75 to 1.80; hut now 1.40al.45are the outside figures." We think it likely that the same sort of discourse is being held now. All that the farmers can do those of them nt least, who arc not compelled to sell is to lie close ind ling the shore till this storm, w hich tlie speculators have raised, shall blow over. We do not despair of seeing sunshine ngnm. r.nglatirl, under tho most lavoratilc cireumstiwccs. cannot produce more than an average i'rop this year. That will leave a deficit if 50 millions bushels, which has to be supplies' from some quarter. Franco cannot contribute a bushel; for tho Mark Lane Ex press bts out the secret, that the crop is short in thatconntry, and French ngents have been buying in London nnd Spain, for future de livery. In the North of Europe, the wheat crops arc not represented ns very large, nnd in several of them, the rye and potato ctops have proved failures. Spain nnd Portugal cannot furnisl over 5 or C millions 10 at tlie outside. Sone supplies are expected from the Adriatic,aud to eke these out and hurry the decline n report hns been put in circula tion, that Rntsia has authorized Austrian nnd Armenian merchants to export w heat from her domiiiioiu. We have been able to dis cover no anlli rity for this improb ble report, except nn nnotyinous writer in the London Times, who mircly makes the nssertion with out nny proof.accompanied with the hope, that large snpflies may be obtained from Hint quarter. We do not consider the report probable, for it cannot be the policy of Russia to feed her adversaries. And if thnt other report prove tru?, which is asserted with great confidence, that Louis Napoleon intends to lend nn army to the Danubian provinces, all the grain of that whole reL'ion will be needed on the spot by the contending armies. Upon the whole, to sec nothing discourag ing thus far. We expected nnd made allow, anccs for the mnnmavres of the speculators and a crowded market. But tho turning point is the EuglUh crop. If that does not exceed an nverage, we shall get high prices for every bushel we have tn spare; nnd there is n fair probability of a Iars'o demand at war rates, without regard to the Lnghsh crop. , New Yoiik, Sept. 6. The United Slates Mail Steam Ship At lantic, Cnpt. West, h.u arrived nt this port from Liverpool, with id vices to the 25th ult. Tho Lircrpool Bread., tuffs Market hud ad vanced in consequence of tho unfavorable weather. Wheat had improved from 2d. n 3d. per 70 lbs. Flour was 2s. better, nnd Western Cuinl was worth from 40s. a 41s., and Ohio from 40s. a 42s. per bbl. ol 19G lbs. Corn had advanced (3d. General Intelligence, The news from the Crimen is unimportant, affairs nre quiet nnd unchanged, and tho Russians hold the same positions they did at the date of the last ad vices. The English papers nre filled w ith eopions details of the affairs that had taken place on tho banks of tho Chernnyn and Sweaborg. The loss of tho Russians nt the latter was only 40 killed nnd 1G0 wounded. A portion of the fortifications were destroyed, but the Allies had made no further attack. Two British ships had fired on Riga with out effect. The British in the Sea of Azoff, had blown up the sunken Russian ships. The Russian ships in Berdiansk Bay, hnd, also, been burnt to secure that town. The Russians were investing Knrs, but nothing decisive had occurred. No authentic accounts had been received rehitWe to the Peace Conference. It was ru mored, however, that a split had occurred in the Austrian Cabinet. PoPULARITV OF TIIE ADMINISTRATION. Tlio Hon. Jno. M. Niles, of Connecticut, n distinguished Democrat, and Mr. Van Buren's Post Master General, hns recently made nn extensive tour West, nnd, in a letter to the Hartford Courant, lurnishes the following evidence of the popularity of Pierce's Admin istration, as developed in his travels: "Gen. Pierce's Adininisirnlion must be sunk very low with the wholo people when on a tour of four thousand miles, embracing ten States and one Territory, and conversing with nil sorts of persons and hearing conver sation among others, we in no instance wit nessed a defence of the Administration by a singlo individual. We saw and conversed wilh several persons, some gentlemen of distinction, whose position is such that they may be regarded ns giving their support to the Administration; but they do not defend it and one, a distinguished editor in Ohio, seemed to admit that his Administration was the heaviest burden his pnrty hnd to sus tain." Pittsburg, Sept. 5. At the Republican t'tale Convention threo thousand persons present n series of resolutions woreoirorcd, opposing thenggrcs. sion of sh.vcry and declaring that that ques tion overshadows all others, thnt freedom is national nnd shivery it sectional, and con detnning the repeal of the Missonri Compro. misc. The lesolutions were passed by ac clamation. There were no side issues. The Convention nominated Passmore Williams, Canal Commissioner. Josh. R. Giddings is now speaking. Nkut York. Sent. B. The Democracy of Massachusetts havo nom inated Erasmus 1). Beech for Governor. The Fusion :st have carried Vermont. ItT" The yellow fever hns broken out nt St. Krancisville.and other points in the inte rior of Irtiuisiana. So far it does not appear lo bo very mrdlgimnt. STAXD BOLDLY BY TIIE RIGHT, From the N. Y. Mirror. Whatever principle you espouse, advocate it boldly and openly. A cowering, skulking champion is an injury to any cause. Truth has the right to be bold and out-spoken in her utterances; it is her province, as it is that of wisdom, to stand upon tlie public ways and proclaim her axioms in the ears of all men. Let error bide her diminished head, and sneak into secret conclaves, ashamed of light, and "loving jlnrkness because her deeds are evil;" but truth hns a nobler, manlier duty, and must conduct herself boldly in performing it. Ko political party can hope for permanent success, unless its principles and acts its or ganization and its policy, will bear the test of public, criticism. No secret society can at tain the dignity of a great party. No order of men, having in view any political meascre, can produce a lasting effect upon the govern ment of the country, or achieve the triumph of any principle, however noble or sacred, so so long as they resort to the jugglery of se cret oaths, watch words and midnight coun cils, to mature their plans of action, and unite their forces for any great struggle. There is a natural distrust in the minds of the people, of tho motives and measures of any body of men, who seek to accomplish their ends by the means of secret machinery. Under a tyrannical government, there nisy sometimes arise a necessity for concealment, and the friends of liberty nre oompellcd to band together nnd mature their plans in se cret, in order to obtain sufficient strength and concert of purpose, to resist their enemies. Otherwise, they might be struck down one by one, killed off in detail, before they could concentrate their forces for a common defence against the minions of tyranny. The perfidi ous disclosures of a rebellion not yet perfect ed and organized, hns again and again proved ruinous to the cause of freedom in the old world. Thus the friends of liberty have often been condemned to ignominious defeat, nnd suffered death or banishment from their homes nnd country, from the betrayal of their pur poses by traitors to the cause. But in a free country, secrecy and dissimu lation will work the ruin of nny cause which they are designed to benefit. A free press and free speech will secure the triumph of nny principle which deserves soccers. The people will listen to the man who boldly challenges a discussion of his principles, while they turn a denf ear to every appenl which comes through n secret channel. Every measure of every party will be thoroughly canvassed nnd discussed, and rise or fall on its merits. Injustice, by brazen effrontery, will often achieve n momentary success, while truth is disguised through the cowardice of its advocates, and overwhelmed by defeat. Eve ry great humanitarian reform every step in the progress of a righteous cause every revolution in the policy of the government must be wrought out, not by surreptitious means, but by a bold and candid avowal of the right, an earnest, open advocacy of the principles at stake. If the American sentiment be what we have described it in those columns if it is in reality the very basis of our nationality the comer stone of tho temple of freedom, which, for the first time in the his'ory of mankind, has been raised to n solid superstructure in this new world then it ean well afford to dispense with the sombre surroundings, the solemn oaths and secret conclaves of Know Nothingism, and com ageously appeal to the American people to sustain it, and award it nn acknowledged pre-eminence in the policy of the government. This position will be conceded to it only when it forsakes the arena of secret political organizations. It hns no need of degrees or passwords to gain a pas sage to the heart of every American. No pre-arranged, secretly contrived concert of action is required to give it a right to be heard nt the ballot-box. It can and will triumph nt the shrine of freedom without such mean and adventitious helps. It gave birth to uni versal suffrage, nnd it will not be denied by its offspring. A free people the sovereigns of a mighty continent living nnder institutions of their own creation, which nre capable of being re modelled or improved when such an amend ment is called for by the popular voice should scorn to resort to midnight councils to carry out their will. Americans will rule America because it is their rioiit and duty to do so. they will rule the land liberated by the blood of their fathers, through the toils and sacrifices of seven years' revolutionary war, because it is a priceless heritage which they are bound to protect, to clierii-h, to defend and to improve, in nIL its vast resources and capabilities, nnd to leave to their children and their children's children, untarnislnd as it came from the hands of their sires. Its in stitutions must be kept freo from the pateh work of aliens who nre strangers to their spir it. Its escutcheons must not be polluted by the unclean hands of the demagogues who would ride into power on the shoulders of nn alien mob, fresh from the purlieus of igno rance ond vice, recking with clannish preju dices and religious bigotry, and with every impulso of the freeman stifled by the oppres sive governments of their native lands. These debased, unthinking multitudes from over the sea, must be educated in the school of freedom before they can be fit recipients of the franchises of a free country. And shall Americans be the poltroons to fear, or hesi tate to tell tbom this to deny them the spe cial immunity of the freeman's ballot, while they admit them to the manifold privileges which all enjoy who live nnder our govern ment 1 Is it necessary, or wise, or tnsnly, or republican, to have recourse to a secret or ganization, to carry out a policy so manifest ly just and reasonable? We are certainly not surprised, in view of these facts, that Know Nothingism, like "Na tive Americanism," hns failed in the essential object pf its organization. But it has accom. plished what is more important it has arous ed and strengthened the American sentiment of the country, and rebuked the impudenee and fanntieism of a foreign regime, which sought to fix itself upon our institutions, and establish there an exotic, bostilo to their gen ius and spirit, and adverse to the best inter ests of the country. The Know Nothings can now rest content with the pood they have done, even should they achieve no more vio tones. But lest they should lose the advan tage they have already gained, let them dis band their secret conclaves, dismiss their hire lings and official dignitaries; forswear their oaths, and grips, and signs; and thus resolved back into the great body of Tils rtorLs, let them rally around the American sentiment, standing out in nil its nobility and beauty. Then, and then only, will they reach that "consummation most devoutly to be wished' the discomfiture and overthrow of the for eign rabble, which works such evil to our in stitutions, nnd the indefeasible right of "Amer icans to rule Americs," through the peaceful agency of the ballot-box. ' Baltimore, Sept. 7. The details by this morning's boat aro tru. ly awful. People nre suffering from famine as well as pestilence. The deaths for the 24 hours ending nt 2 o'clock, P. M-, on Thursday, were not less than seventy. Many physicians and nurses were sick. Mayor Fiske was improving. There were 37 burials in Potter's Field, on Wednesday in one pit. In Portsmauth, six physicians, principally from the North, are sick. Boston, Sept. 7, The merchants of this city yesterday contributed $1000 for the Nor folk nnd Portsmouth sufferers; and Alpheus Hurdy, on behalf of the merchants, bas $3000 more, which will be remitted immediately. A large meeting was held here today, nt which the mayor presided, to devise further means of relief, and a committee was appointed to raise money, die. Philadelphia, Sept. 7. Tlio total sura sent from this city is 1 6,000. Baltimore, Sept. 7. Th's morning, $3000 more wns paid in at the American office, nnd n public meeting hns beer, called for to-morrow, to devise further means of relief. Washington, Sept. 7.' The merchants of Washington have remitted about $1500, and $300 subscribed from other sources, makes tho total sum sent from this city $G0U0. IIor.niD Murder. On Wednesday of this week the wife of Turner G. Loyal was most brutally murdered on the Cumberland Moun tain, about 25 miles from Sparta, near the road lending to Knoxville. It is said she had started to ride to a neighbors, was missed in th? evening, nnd search being made all that night, her body wns found next morning. Her head had been crushed in a most awful manner. Suspicion rests upon n runaway negro, who came very near being captured in Sparta on Tuesday night. Sparta Times. We lenrr. through the Knoxville Register, that the negro hns been captured nnd confess es to having first outraged Mrs. Loyal nnd then murdered her. It is said that he was disposed of, in n manner the tcniblo crime justified. Citv Amusements. We copy the follow lowing from the last Cleveland Banner "If 'practice makes perfect' Cleveland ean turn out some of the best marble plovers that can be found nnywhere. We would advise the men to go into the business, ns it hns a tendency to give them notoriety nnd distinc tion. It is veiy interesting lo see these great big boobies displaying such energy of character, niid then ever nnon haliorung out 'dont't fudge,' 'knuckle down,' 'kicks,' 'vent your roundencc,' etc., fall so pleasantly on thoenr. Oh! it is delightful! Keep it up, boys! There is nothing like it Sweaborq Not Taker. Ivnn Gnlorine, a citizen of Russia, presents his compliments to the editor of the New York Evening Mirror, nnd begs to slate tint Swcnborg hns not been taken. He says: If is impregnable, II is no nse to the allies to take fortresses (hey ennnot keep. The truth is that Sweabnrg wns bombarded for two days, nnd some stores around it were destroyed. Sweaboig commands Helsingfnrs, w here a part of the Russian fleet is stationed. The capture of the former should then cause the surrender of the hitter, which is not re ported. The fleet of the allies have even not silenced the batteries of Swenborg, thnt could never be taken by the Russians themselves, whocorruptcd tho Swedish General Suchteln. trf?" Referring to the distress prevailing nt Norfolk, tho Washington American Organ exclaims: "Tero is a field for the philanthropist! Here is n Crimea where an enemy invincible to human arms is intrenched in a' deadly at mosphere. Where nre the volunteers T There is more true courage in the midnight watch over the infected couch, than In braving in hot blood the lire of the deadliest bnttery. There is more true glory in the unostentatious per formance of this holy duty of kindness to our kind, than in the brightest bulletin of fnine." 3T" The Cayuga Indians in Western New York have revolted, deposed their chiefs, nnd set np new tulcrs. The revolutionists hnve issued their manifesto, from which it nppenrs they have been victimised by their chiefs. Imitating their more civilized neighbors, the Cnyugn office holders have kept tip n wntch ful eye npon tho spoils, nnd instead of ad ministering the affairs of tho tribe honestly, it is alleged, have availvd themselves of their official positions to unscrupulously plnndcr the people of the annuity received from the State by virtue of certain treaty stipulations. KT" The North British Mail says : "We hnvo seen a letter from Melbourne, dated the 10th of May, per the Goo. Marshall, to a respectable firm in town, wherein it is stated that n rumor was then prevalent in Melbourne that a piece of solid gold weighing ten tons had been found in the Tnrrnngower diggings. If this turns nut to bo true, it will have nn important nnd beneficial effect upon the trade of the colony." This is. about eaunl to the discovery snid to have boon msde in California severnl weeks ngo. where nn immense rock wns found "lit- cinlly lousy with gold." 0"" A "New Jersey Ijiwyer" wriles to the Journal of Commerce thnt there docs not exist on the statute books of that State a law making rail rond companies responsible in damnges to the representative of persons killed by negligence on their roads. The Inw is a copy of the. English statute, nnd almost verbatim with that in New York nnd Massa chusetts. ?f The Legislature of Kansas territory, in nrranging the machinery of popular elec tions, bus established tho rira rocr system of voting, and allowed but ono precinct in each county. One of theso counties is said to bo as large ns the whole State of Kentucky. 37 Our renders, particularly tho male portion of them, will be much relieved after rending the following important intelligence: "At a Inte meeting of the Boston Natural History Society, Dr. Dnrkee mndo some re marks upon the mosquito. Among other things, lie stated thnt he had satisfied himself, from rcpoated examinations with the micros cope, that tho male mosquito has no sting, and cannot draw blood, the female alone be ing endowed with thnt orgnn." R7"The subscriptions for the relief of the vellow fever sufferers in Virginia amount to unward of fiOS-OOO. Ill addition to this amount of money, large contributions have J been uiado in good, pro isions, &!, Thk America Pastt m Ntw y Stati Platform. The American pf New York, assembled in State Conventioa at Bingamton on Wednesday 2VM ult aij ted the following platform: " Mr. Brooks of New York, Ch.ii,nian nr,( Committee on Resolutions and li.,,r '-"lorrni made the following report unanimously from the Committee, nnd it was unanimously' adop. ted by the Convention: riatform and Principles. Yu A leans to rule Amene.t. Second. Tho maintenance of tlie Union n nnd under the Compromises of le !' , tulion faithfully fulfilled. - "' Third. The absolute exclusion from tlie creed of the American party of all sectional doctrines thnt are against the sense of rn. portion of the American Union, and the dis. use of the name, influence, or organization 0f the American party, to advance nny measure hgainst the Constitutional rights of ,, States, or the intention or effect of wj,., shall be to endanger the perpetuity of tlt Union. Fourth. No sectarian interference in onr legislation, and no proscription of persons onnecount of religious opinions. Fifth. Hostility to the assumptions of Pn, pal Rome, through the bishops, prelates, priests or ministers of the Romnn Catholic Church, ns anti republican in principle. dangerous lo the liberties of the people. Sixth. Thorough reform iu the Natural, ization laws of tho Federal Government. Seventh. The enactment of laws fur Hie protection of the purity of the ballot box ly the State. Eight. Free ind liberal institutions for the education of nil classes of the people with the bible as n text-book ir, our common Schools. The ErinF.aiic at Nokfolk. The follow, ing is nn extract from n letter lo the Charles, ton Courier: 'One day last week there were fifty eirlit deaths, the next forty-nine and that is awlnl out of 700. If the mortality was ns gr-nt in Charleston in proportion to population, it would be about 400 n dny. What do yen think of thnt? We nre now pulling two bodies in one box coffins not to be h id. An old man told Me he had bnried his Inst edilij in a soap box, ns he could not get a enfiin. One body was lying in n bouse eight rl.ivs before it was buried. A store wns smelling very badly and Ihcy broke it open, and found a (lead body. Yon ennnot walk the streets without smelling the decomposing bodies. Persons have shut themselves up, and urn taken nick and die without any one knowing it nntil they smell so bad as to rnnse tliu house to bo broken open. We have been burning tar in the hospital yard. The ncprops are not exempt fiom it here at nil. We have over 30 cases there aro between 80 and 90 cases in the house now. We lose from 10 to 15 n day. Such sights I noer saw before now there is a body lying in the yard nil niplit in the rain, nnd they are iihont bringing two mora to pnt there with the other. Wchave no lantern to take out in the ynrd,sn we will be obliged to leave the bodies there till morn, ing. I have just tied down a man, nnd they nre tying down nnnther. Tlie serenms here nro perfectly awful." 17" The Cuban patriots in New York, on Saturday evening, celebrated the Fourth tinu nivc rsnry of the death of Gen. Lopez. As it usual on these annual occasions Spain wns annihilated, Cuba freed, and the American Government instructed in its duties. At tlio close of the eterciscs the Administration wns defended by dipt Rynders. J" Tho cbrtric telegraph line from Se bnstopol to St. Petersburg has fcegnn to ope rate, nnd St. Petersburg is already conneclcd with nil the European cnpitnU through Berlin. The line is also complete from Paris to Con stantinople, through Shunila nnd Adriaitoplr, though perhaps it is not quite rendy for work. Man Killed! Seduction and its Cohse quekcks. About ten o'clock hiBt night a young Irish girl, by the name of Mary Moriarty, killed nn Irishman named John Shechon. It seems thnt the mnn had, under n promise of mnrrtage, affected a laisnn with the girl several months sineo thnt they met Inst night near Muddox nnd Groes' livery stable on Main street, where she earnestly nnUfl in liim tn enmnlv with his Promise, ond marry her. This he refused to do, where upon she drew a dirk and siauDca mm, mo w ounds musing his immediate death a terri ble vengennce for a monstrous wrong. Tha nun, iriri wns immediately arrested, and committed to jail. This is the second murder in Memnhis during the past twenty. four hours. Memphis Enquirer. Mississippi. Tlio Grenada Republican, of Saturday last nays: The cotton crop is miffermsr dreadluliy in this region of conn try, from the nisi, rot, nnd drought. The rust has given many npland fields the nppenranee of having been tne victim of a killing frost Many plan ters with whom wo hnvo conversed think thoro will not be more thnn half crop nisae this season. Tlie New York correspondent of the Pint ndelphia Inquirer, after stating that common grades of Western Flonr nro down to 7 hi that good extra Ohio, which nt tne of last week brought $0a 9 23, sold on Sat urday nt $8, says: "Notwithstanding the heavy decline, snip pers do not appear very desirous to purchase, and only occasionally take small pnrce j. Tho trade appear anxious to reduce their slocks, and nlso to keep them reduced, in ticipntion of the henvy receipts expectea about the middle of this month. There r still buyers for forward delivery, but at low figures. The receipts of Southern Hn show no falling ofl, nnd holders also exhibit n disposition to crowd the market don n. Good common brands can be bought a 25, nnd fair extras ns low ns ft er ap pears to be a pretty general wjrw",n " mong the trade thnt the market Ms seen m highest figure for the yenr, nnd the on thine to prevent the mnrkcl from running n very low point will be o good rwigi mana." - -TTio crops nre nearly housed I in JJ South or France, nnd as usual when nil hands nre occupied in cutting, nnd none lefX to carry grain to the mill, prices haic ris en throughout France. The harvest. .1 aid, is a -good ordinary," but no sulfc lJ nevertheless, to save the country the W of importation. I3T Several of those who were in ihj .1 Aonl occurred 0ft WtdM? last nt Burlington, were- posscngin, mini ni ,.v. ing train of the Ohio nnd l'ennsyivai.u. -, Friday, nt the time the " Ih. were thrown irnm.tu -. . j to think the fates wore determined t ... A AnntU nnd one mflM road them to dentn, ana one ' picked up his carpet bng fn,'"rfB-ne foot, declaring ho hartsdec.dcd prefe.cn fort locomotion thnt was slow but Columbia, Pieree.the Fusion candidate, hni been ted Governor of Vermont The lure is of the same compaction. , ((, The jury or inquest in the "8 "V, ,. cident near Burlington, hnve w" pnlL diet inculpating ,tho Engineer n " ,-, ndelphia train, and the driver of IMW" k of gross carelessness.