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0. P. IVINS, KUITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Trrmat 2a vsar, payaMa In advance, or 91 at
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1T No papi-r iHacnntlnunl until kit arrearages Are
aift.exri-t't At the nptlnu of the Piilli.li.r.
for announcing the names of oamlldatei tot office SB,
Obituary Notices orsr I4 lines, chariot at the regular
All eomiaunlratfnns Intended to promote the private
nils or Interests of Corporations, Societies, pVhoole or
ndtvidnale, will he charged as advertisements.
ATllKVa, I'KlllAI't OCT. 1 9i 1883.
Govaaxoa's Message. We liar received
' the Governor's Message to the two Houses of
the Legislature, and will publish next week
II that portion of it which relate properly
to the affaire and condition of the Common
wealth. The whole occupies some reven col
umn in the Nashville Whit;, and a portion
is a reiteration of the Governor's last Mes
age, setting forth his views upon amending
the Constitution of the United Htntes, so1 as
to more thoroughly popularize the govern
, ment, and liring it nearer, in the "patriotic
. language of the Governor," to the people.
OrtOAtflZATluN ok thk IIousr. Tho
House of Representatives wm finally organ
ir.eil, by thu election of Neill S. Brown, ns
Rponkcr; Duncan R. Cluihourne, of the Win
theater Democrat, Principal Clerk; V. W.
Thompson, first Assistant Clerk; F. S. Hale,
Engrossing Clerk; R. F. BnkIcii, of MeMiun,
Principal Door K-eper, nnd A' derson Hill, of
Knox, Assistant Door Keeper.
In tlio Senate, Mr. Ballew Introduced n
resolution (o appoint James. B. Jnrnngin, of
McMinn, Messenger to the Sennte, which wn
read. On motion of Mr. I lull, tho rulo wns
uanended, nnd heforo taking the voto Mr.
Ipnlluw rose nnd Hindu a fow very handsome
'"and appropriate remarks in ruferenco to the
young man nnd hit father tho late Hon.
Spencer Jarnagin. The resolution waa then
Tun F.tin at Loudon. Our readers will
benr in mind that the Fair nt Loudon will
occur on the 23d, 2-lth, and SSth. Our old
friend, and most excellent Hotel keeper, O.
W. Mnyo, having, ns wo understand, tnkeu
the Ocoee House, Cleveland, we vi.-h to stnte,
that the public way not be under n niisnppre
heusion about accommodations nt the Fair,
that Esquire Mnyo is still at London, in tho
Leuty Hotel, and that ho will be prepared to
nccommodnta all who nmy call. Our Knox,
ville ootcniporaritfs will confer a favor on us
by staling thnt the house will be open until
after the Fair, ns the impression has gone
abroad thnt it was about to be closed up.
Bask of East Tennessee. Wo nre pleas,
ed to learn that this institution is in a sound
nnd wholesome condition, mid is well fortifi
ed nnd amply nblc to meet all its liabilities
mid redeem its issues at any moment. Tho
difficulty between this institution nnd the
Union Bank nt Kuoxvillivilludedto in one of
tho Knoxvillo papers, grew out of a
disagreement iu regard to tho settlement
of weekly balances, and tho refusal of the
Union Hank to take tho issues of the
Bank of East Tennessee was not from it want
of confidence in the soundness of tho latter or
its ability to "net successfully any emer
gency that might come upon it, ns wo are
advised by a friend who has ample opportuni
ties for learning the true facts of the matter.
That difficulty has been settled, nnd they lire
now taking each other's notes as usual, in
payment of debts, on deposit, or for ex.
change. Tho Bank ol East Tennessee has n
good home circulation, has none nbroail, nnd
never intends to have, as we nro iidviseil; is
owned by our own citizens, nnd wo should
regret very much to see n panic created iu the
minds of tho people, by speculators, about
mi institution which is perhaps ns well pre
pared to talio ill its issues as auy in the
We, have heretofore; cautioned the people
to be on theirgunrd against some of the bogus
concerns, based on" ultimata securities," like
M. W. Williams's certificates of deposite,
and have deemed it our duty to make the
nbovo remarks about the Bank of East Ten
nessee, mi institution in regard to which wo
can ace no cause for alarm.
Wiikat. As an evidence of the sort of bu
siness our Farmers have been doing, wo may
state, that in one neighborhood, ou the Hi
wassee river, within a circuit of a few miles,
15,000 bushels of good merchantable wheat
have been sold, tho surplus product in this
article alone of nine farms. The owner ol
of these farms, Gen. Gamble, has over
SUO acres iu corn, which we would say will
urcrage to binshols to the aero Our people
nre not much at bragging, but they work
"Youti Attention, Democrats." A sub
seriber at D.indridge writes us that our pa
per occasionally reaches that place via Greene
ville. We know but little of the mail regu
lations in that direction; but we do know
there is n direct mail communication between
Euoxvillo' and D.mdridge, and that there is
no sort of excuse for the mistake our cor
respondent alludes to. The Cod's truth of
the matter isythero never has been a puiiod in
the history of the Post Office Department
when its business generally wns so much
disarranged or ao luiacrnb'y managed; uud
it is not likely to improve ns long as tho De.
partnient continues as it is at present a
mere political machine, by thu use of which
the administration wreaks its iro upon tho
head or those who have the audacity to ridi
cule Its fullies and oppose and aeck to cor.
rcct its errors. We trust the time will again
come when capacity, and not party devotion,
ahull be the pre-eminent test of men's fitness
for public station. Under the present reck
less management, we don't look for much
Imiimvi-ttlollt 111 Pust Offices or mail facilities.
Tlio "head of theconcera" has too niuuh other
business on hand.
IJf It is proper to state that the difficulty
of organizing the House of Representatives,
was got over by an innovation upon the usual
practice the adoption of a resolution that a
plurality should eloct.
We trust our correspondent, "Ana
croon," will let our renders hear from him as
often as possible during the aeasiou of the
N Oct. 8.
At the meetintr of the Vounff Men's Con
vention alter an exciting debate, Resolutions
endorsing Syracruse Jf uaion were rejected.
Vote 91 to 33.
Nashville, Oct. 8th, 1859.
Editor Post . The legislature la at length
ready for the transaction of business. The
House, after a protracted struggle, completed
Its organization ou Sntuidny evening. The
Sennto organized in an unusually short timo
fleeting nil its officers in les thnn thirty
minutes. Harmony nnd good feeling have
characterized tho deliberations of thn Senate
The pint has been a week of pressing in-
teres! in tho city. The State Fair, and Fair
of the Mechanics Institute fo SnV nothing
of tho coming together of the people's rep
resentatives each ntlrticfed its host. I he
State Fair waa ennepiciious for it array of
beauty and chivalry, not less than for its fine
stock, which has reached a point of perfec
tion In this section of our Stnte no where to
The Mechanics' Fair waa pre-eminent for
its brilliant display of works of art. But
having been accustomed to "twine my
thoughts with nature in the field, rather than
nrt in galleriea," you will readily believe thnt
I was ns much impressed w ith the natural as
the artificial pictures, which guvo brilliancy
to, nnd shed n loving light nnd lustre over
the scene. Asacreoh.
The Hamlet of Paiiksville and the
Ocoee Mills. Six miles above the town of
Benton and twenty-two miles below Duck
town, immediately on the road to the latter
place, and right where the Ocoee river breaks
oil from thu mountains, stands tho hamlet of
Pnrksvillo. At this place, two enterprising j
men, the Messrs. Parks, hnve rectntly erect
ed hirgo Flouring Mills. Having heard
something of tho enterprise, we availed our.
self of business in that direction n few days
since, to visit thu establishment nnd look
through it forourself. We found not only
what had been said of it, that It was equal
to the best in the country, was true, but that
it is superior to any we havo seen in this
country, and equal in its machinery nnd con
struction to tho best Merchant Mills of any
other. Tho location is peculiarly favorable
for an enterprise of the kind, from its ncces
nihility to it largu and fertile grain growing
region, nnd its proximity to tho immense
copper interests of Polk county, the resources
and wealth of which have hardly yet begun
to bu developed. The mill-house is a large
building, three nnd a half stories high, run
ning three pair of burrs two for wheat and
one for corn, the former capable of grinding
two hundred bushels each per day of twenty
four hours, and the latter I'll teen bushels per
hour, ns tho millers informed us. The flour
manufactured is of a superior quality, and the
yield per bushel several mnro lbs. than nt
any other establishment within our know
ledge. The machinery throughout is com
plete mid perfect all simple, nothing com
plicated, the whole running ns smoothly nnd
regular ns clock work, ns we had opportunity
of witnessing, and without that jar nnd noise
so common in ordinary flouring establish
ments. The wheel- used is the "Central
Discharge," and n peculiarity wo noticed par
ticularly is the small volume of water needed,
although the power at tlio situ is almost un
limited. Thu mechanic w ho constructed and
put up thu inauhinoty for the Messrs. Parks
is Mr. D. W. Reed, of Grccnshnrough. -On.,
who we arc satisfied has no superior ns a
Wo have been thus particular in noticing
these mills, not .simply bec.'itise we think such
an enterprise merits twice, but for thu more
forcible reason that we would like to see own.
ors of other mill sites nvailing themselves of
the skill and ability which the Messrs. Parks
have employed so successfully. At present,
we ship our grain to market in bulk, losing
!!5 per cent, on the whole crop. Such mills
would enable us to convert our wheat into
Hour, thereby saving the bran and "offal" for
stock, nnd giving to our own people n large
profit now going into the hands of tho specu
lators. It is proper to state tli.lt the Messrs.
Parks have at the same place an excellent
saw mill in operation,
if we had the poetic and fanciful pencil of
some of our imaginative cotemporurics, we
might expatiate on the grand and picturesque
scenery iu the vicinity of Parksville, telling
our readers of its tail nnd majestic mountains,
with their nlpine summits among the clouds,
while around their rugged base flows the
beautiful Ocoee, hastening on to embrace and
mingle with other streams nnd finally to bo
lost in the great ocean of waters. But our
business ns editor is to deal with thu useful
and practical, to encourage industry nnd com
mend skill nnd enterprise; and we can only
ndd that the property in question Is the most
valuable we know of, and must in a fuwvears
prove a source of immense wealth to its en
Not Dead yist. The editor of the Knox
ville Whig, writing to his paper from Nash
ville, uuder date of October 8, 1856, gives
the following item of the last financial move
of M. W. Williams, lately departed the former
city. Williams recently sent a dispatch to
the Tost Muster at Knoxvillo that be had
"died very suddenly, and would seud him the
particulars by mail." This but liuancinl
move was of course effected through the
agency of the spirit rappers i
The brokers of Cincinnati sent two bun
dles of spurious money here on yesterday, for
redemption, to the care of Shepherd tfc Co.,
and J. D. James it Co. 1 waa spoken to to
examine them, as they were on the "Hank of
Kiioxviiie." iney were in Dills ul two and
three dollars, dated July 16, 1865, sinned M,
W, Williams, President, anil John U'Teniath,
Cashier. 1 told the Brokers that both signa
tures were in the hund-writiiiK of M. W. Wil
liams, and that there never was n Bank offi
cer iu Kuoxville bv the name of Trenbath. 1
told thein that they were only certificate of
w-jiotu, siricnen upon tne piai.es oi mitt
Bank, as the face of them shows, without the
name of the Comptroller. It is evident, from
these issues, that Williumi is doing a brisk
business in the North-west.
The Nashville Union seems to be fear
fully exercised over the eleotion of lxeill a
Brown to the Speakership of the House.
Ex-Goveruor Brown is every way competent
for the position familiar with parliamentary
rules, gentlemanly, high-toned, and courteous
in bis bearing. What ia the matter wittt tne
Union! Has that oow failed to give milk I
Earthquake. A severe stroke of an earth
quake waa recently felt In portion! of Cali
fornia, creating no little alarm and consterna
tion among the inhabitants, but without pro
ducing any serious injury.
The following are the standing Commit
tees in thu Sennte:
On Prhileges.-Untm. Whitthorne, Hitch,
Sheld, Meeks. nrid Pnlmnrp.
On Finn-net. Messrs. Turney, Hall, Ellis,
Denn nfld llavmn.
On Ways anil Means. Messrs. Hull, Pal-
more, Kodgera, .Mcrnrlmid nnd Whitthorne.
On Cotms.-Mcssrs. Atkins, Balluw, Smith,
tlavrnn nnd Cnldwell.
On Education ami Cummnn Schools.
Messrs. Head, Fletcher, Atkins, Ballew nnd
On Judiciary. Messrs. Rodgora, Fletcher,
Head, Ellis, Steele, Atkins nnd Carter.
On Internal Imprmemenls. Messrs. Cnld
well, Rndgers, Torncr, Johnson, Smith,
Brown, Meeks nnd Fletcher.
On Military Affair. Messrs). Meeks,
Smith, Howies, Illicit nnd lluvron.
On Sew Counties ami Cnunlu Linen.
Messrs. Stcelo, Whitthorne, Johnson, Bowles
On Public Lands. -Messrs. Huvron,
Bowles, Meeks, Hitch nnd 1 urney,
On Penitentiary -Messrs. Johnson, Stokes,
Pnlmorc, Shied and Hall.
On Hanks. Messrs. Stokes, MeFurtnnd,
Turiiev, Hallew nnd Caldwell.
On Federal Relations. Messrs. Fletcher,
Stokes, Steele, Brown and Dean
On Public Uoads. Messrs. Shied, Bowles,
Denn. Hitch and Meeka,
On Enrolled Hills. Messrs. Ellis, Hend,
Ilrowli nnd Whitthorne.
On Public Urounds.-Vemn. Carter, Ellis,
Head, Rodirers and Caldwell
On Lunatic Asylum. Messrs. McEi
Carter, llrnwn, Hull ami Atkins,
On Agriculture and Mannact,
Dean, rnlinnre, Mokes, Mned
On Tippling and I iy
Messrs. Ballew, Steele, Jol
Committee on Elections.
Cloud, Cm lock, Pope, Shcmu
Ways and Means. Dortch, Cuv
Pooue, llrown, of Madison, Welcke
kins, Tiiiion, and Wood of Hardeman.
finance. Travis, Holmes, Thomas, Davie,
Dewitt, Iliirch nnd White.
Claims. Nixon, Dunnington, Oalnway,
Armstrong, Ciirmichael, Little and Richer.
Htlwatiitn and Common Schools. Wood,
of Hardeman, llrien, Douclson.Cox, Runnels,
Campbell nud Cleaves.
Internal Improvements. Brown, of Madi
son, Looitev, Temple, Wood, Nixon, Newman,
Burch, llartlett, While, Fort, Rudd, Hatloii
Military Affairs. Northeut, Thompkhis,
Easterly, Fielder, Smith, Brazclton nua Col
burn. Aeip Counties and County Lines. White,
Keiiney, Mnthis, Masscnoeil, Cowdeu, Tomp
kins, Parks, Thomas and Pou'iie.
Public Lands. Algee, Wilson, of Carroll,
Win. (I, of Cannon, Urazcllon, Bollcn, Mabry
Judiciary. llrien, Brown, of Madison,
Hatton, Travis, Lnouey, Burcli,Cuvitt, Dortch,
and Wood, of Hardeman.
Penitentiary. Hatton, Fort, Ward Welch
cr, Whiteside, DunniiiL'ton and Temple.
ISniihs. Davie, SuodgrasH, Colquitt, Cox,
Wallace, Armstrong ami Bartlett.
Federal Relations. Loonej', llrien, Dewitt,
Tipton, Thomas, Newman and Gilbert.
Lunatic Asylum. Snodgrass, Cleaves,
Colquitt, Algee, Wilson, of Marshall, Keiiney,
Fielder, Mathis nnd Calbraith.
Unrolled Hills. Harris, Welcker, Pope
Agriculture and Manufactures. Donelson,
Runnels, Watkins, Dorlch, Cannichael, Ridl
ey, Little, Easterly and Ball.
Slate Capitol. Holmes Parks, Cowden,
Cnrlock, Cobb, Meek anil Cook.
New Yon K Politics. Thu Seward W higs
nnd a portion of the Free-Soil Democrats of
New York have fused or coalesced. Their
platform, as adopted last week nt Syracuse,
embraces in substance, the following distinc
tive principles, ns we learn from the New
York Post: 1st. Determined opposition to
tho extension and encroachments of slavery.
2d. No more slavery in tho territories of the
Union. 3d. Sympathy and co-operation with
the outraged free State men of Kansas. 4th.
Hostility tu the principles and practices of the
Know Nothings and other secret political as
sociations. 6th. An honest ni.d economical
policy in regard to Iho canal administration
of this State; and 6th. The formation of a
new parly, to be called the Republican Party,
and to bu guided by the grand principle an
nounced by Thomas Jefferson iu his Inaugu
Miners anc Manufactukes Bank, Knox
ville. We find the following Card in thu
latu Knoxvillu papers, and hasten to give it
to our readers:
Miners and Manufactures Bank. The un
dersigned in redemption of their promise,
mndu immediately upon tho suspension of
this Bank n few weeks since, have now the
pleasure of announcing their ability, and
readiness to redeem in Coin at tho counter
thu entire circulation of the Bank.
JOS. U KING, Prca't.
llu L. M'Ci.uno, Cashier.
Blount County. In the last number of
the .Maryville paper thu following paragraph
Ulount County Rail Road Tax. Tho
County Court of Blount, having at their July
term suspended, until thu October term, the
collection of the Rail Road taxes levied nt the
July term previous for that purpose; and the
court at the October hist, term having failed
tu nn.ko further order in relation to tho order
of July which expired by ils own limitation,
it will nn'v devolve upon the tax collector, ns
we understand it is his intention to do, to
proceed with the collection of the Rail
Taxes for the year 1855. It is hoped'
tne people generally will choerliilly
to his tlciuandd and thereby sutler no'
to uuluil the credit ol tne county.
The General Result. Tho G
Citizen sums up the result in thnt Statu w ith
the following remarks;
We may sum tip the general result in a
few words. Toombs, Stephens & Co., havo
sold themselves and their deluded Whig
friends to their ancient enemies Cobb and
Johnson! And in aid of their unprincipled
nnd unnatural treachery, the Temperance
Prohibitionists have materially contributed,
The Foreign party has triumphed by thou
sands, and the pivscnt corrupt administration
is given another two years lease upn the
public Treasury, the State Road nnd the pub
lic credit. Of course, we can stand it, if they
can. Individually, it matters but little to us,
whether "order reigns in Warsaw," or the
reverse. But we do confess to some State
pride, which has been most sadly put to the
blush, iu view of thu strange domination un
dor which the people have been placed, ap
parently with their eyes open, tu party dema
gogues und party luuders.
VV F. J. Pavatt, member to the Legis
lature from the counties of Perry and Deca
tur, died on the 28th September, at Perry,
ville, of congestive fever.
l-if A bill has been introduced in tho
House of Representatives to suppress tip
pling, which passed n first rending.
REMARKS OF GOV. N. S. BROWN,
ON TAKING THE CHAIR AS 9FRAKER OF THE
HOUSE Of REPRESENTATIVES.
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives:
The distinguishing murk of confidence and
regard which vm have just bestowed on me,
rnlla for the expression of my aincera ne-knnwli-dgmciitsw
The position to which yon
havo elevated nie, hns been wholly unsolicit
ed on my part; and this fact increases my
sense of tho obliirions appertaining to no
high n trust. Incxpcilcnccd ns I nm, In the
administration of parliamentary rules, I pan.
not hut feel uncanceled distrust in my abili
ties nnd titnesiflir the task before me. But
while I cnniiot hopoto equal thu just expec
tations) of others; or my own standard of pro
ficiency, I hntethntmnlidi-nce in every mem
ber of this House, vhli'h leads me to repose
upon his rensonrthlt indulgence; and I invoke
thenid of evervonein the discharge of a duty
in which wo all hnvs a common interest,
Differences of opinion upon political sub
jects and upon theMelails of legislation, nre
perfectly coiisistcntVill! the linrmony of per
sonal feelings. Hut the virtues of toleration
nnd forbearance, necessary in nil the Hntinns
of life, nre peculiarlr so, in public bodies like
this, mid never fail in their happy results. A
diversity of sentiment, is unavoidable nnder
Institutions like nuis and serves tho olhee
both of attaining tru'h and checking extremes.
This cnititol, witli its massive pillars nud
stately walls, is luara up of a variety of ma
tenuis ol diversogaiapes anil sizes, hut W hich
combined, isaal' V a specimen i f strciiL'th
admired tor nges to
inion nre c p i-
lor your kind
ness inn p ' waiiiaH I it your zeal lor the
public itileresls. Ta t us all now resolve, hi
the enmmcucemcnf; so to act that when we
come to separati We can look hack on the
past without sliameaiid fmward to tfie future
without fear. Let ns remember that wo all
belong to Ihe Si ite, and that the Statu be
longs to us iu common with our constituents.
Our predecessors hi.vo. marked out tho great
path of progress along which wo are to inarch.
And we behold every here the outline of
that expanded picture of prosperity and glory
which awaits the th-sliuies of this common
wealth. To elevate Teiinesseu ill the scale
of intellectual nud moral eniineticu among
her sinter States, as well ns to developu her
physical resources, arc objects worthy of the
To aid ill these great ends, we have been
dedicate I by the tieople for the liuiu bring.
We will be succei;l'iil only in propoition to
our vigilance, t'iicrt;v and fidelity. That, we
may bo fortunate in the ilixchnrgu of our
trusts und happy in all our relations hero, is
my most anient wish. To contribute to this
by every Ihing in my power, is the only mode
by which I can reMV you for the honor you
have (lone me.
J-C The AlbtUiy Journal Weed's paper
pays a high tribute to the nationality nud
conservatism of tliu members of tho late
American Convention In New York. The
Journal is the strong. t Abolition sheet iu
the North, nnd hab-s Americanism with n
cordial hatred, because it refuses to lend ils
countenance to, or ally itself with.nnti-shivo.
ry. It knows that the great bulk of the
American parly in New York has firmly set
its face against agitation, nud that it is the
must formidable foe if not the only one
with which Abolition and fanaticism have to
contend. The South can Icnrn from the fol
lowing paragraph from that paper what thu
Abolitionists of New York think of the
Americans of New York. Speaking of the
character of thu men who composed the
American Convention, it says:
" Tho Convention wa managed by Silver
Grays and Old Hunkers men uhase sijmpa.
Ihies are with the South, and who resist all
measures tending to the vindication of Iho
righki of the North."
Tn'R Nor-Jk Sice of Sebastopol. At the
latest advices the allies were not in posses
sion of the north side of Sebastopol where
the fortifications arc of great strength and
command, ou their elevated position, the op
posite shore. An American who is serving
ns an officer of thu medical stall' in the Rus
sian army, gives Ihe following description of
thu forts ou the north side of the bay:
"On tho north side of the bay is also a sue.
cession of hills, some of which are very high,
and running; in every direction. You find on
tlii-m all bastions facing in every direction.
These bastions nnd redoubts extend up the
liny for u'tiiile or so from the city, and some
of them tiro very effective, pouring nearly a
continual stream of b il, a across the bay into
the enemy's buttery which is nearest tlie bay.
I think it very doubtful whether thu French
would be able to hold this citv for any length
of timo if they could get possession ol il,
from the fact that the hills on the north sidu
are taller than those on the south, and tho
city and the batteries on them, 1 think, would
force them to leave it. In tho main, they
have been attempting this from the land on
the south side. 1 will finish this by saying
that it is the best lortifn-J place I ever saw.
There is not n hill ijmJiTiind uhere a can
non could bu pigSaf Mintagc but you
,ST"The Moniteur of September 13 con
tains the following decree;
Napoleon, by the grace of God and the
will of the people, Emperor of the French.
Taking into consideration the eminent
services rendered by General Pelissier, es
pecially in the Crimen, while commanding
our army Id the East, we deerco us fol
lows: Amiable Jenn Jacques Pelissier, General
of Division, is raised to the rank of a Mar
shal of France. NAPOLEON.
Dated SL Cloud, Sept. 13, 1855.
Bank Change. Thu Knoxvillo Register
learns from unquestionable authority, that
the "Bunk of Knoxvillo" has been purchased
by Dyer Pearl, the well known Broker of
Nashville, and his son E. G. Pearl, Cashier
of the Union Bank lit Chattanooga.
03r The whole number of applications
made for bounty land, under the law of last
Mnrch, have been upwards of two hundred
and seventeen thousand, and the number of
warrants issued thlrfy.four thousand three
hundred. During lust mouth nearly eleven
thousand were issued.
r "o. n i
atucKTrrrrTTaw va4ue Tirst I
A NICE KETTLE OF FISH.
The New York Herald snvs of the "state
of partlos" in that Commonwealth :
Our work in this Ktate for Knvnmtior. a
cutout by our vnrious pnrtySlnteConretitions
is a dish of salmagundi, odorous of tninled
pom nmi onions, i.ikn the offence of the
King or Denmnrk, It emits an awful smell
it "is rnnk and smells to heaven." The ab
olition fusionists at Syracuse hnverciilir.nl a
coalition oompnred with which that of the
French, I'.ngnsh, links nud Sardinians is a
model of ooiisistency and collusiveness. The
blnck republican league hnve put forward a
""in lotion ucKBi., wmi an oki vnn liureii
free soiler nt tho head, nnd an ainliitii.ua nml
seditious outside free soiler at the tail; nnd
between I'restou King and Ilindford 11. Wood
we hnve a most interesting mixture of soft
shell democracy, Reward whtggory and rani
pnut abolitionism; but novel a word upon
the Maine liquor Inw. Let the ndministra
tion look well to its retainers in this Stale.
or they will stray nwny with I'reston King
nnd the Sntfn ol Linden wold to this Sewsid
mixed commission upon their old Bulmlo
In opposition to this Syracuse conglomera
tion of the negro worshippers, we have the
hnrd shell nnd tho solt sVell demoarntic tick
ets, and the Know Nothing ticket, with the
temperance alliance, nnd liquor interest still
in the back ground; likewise, tlio half shell
deniocrntio movement, conteniiilnttnir a com
promise nnd n re union of the hnrds and softs
upon a hall-Mien ticket, ami a halt-shell pint
form. Such is the division nnd condition of
our New York olinoes nnd pni-ties tit thiscii
sis a state of thing cleni-lv showing us thnt.
in this grent Slate there ifoes not now exist
a solitnry orirnnizmiou that is not. oi' a local
or st-olionnl character. The democrat ic hard
shells nre conserrntive, but thev nre only
utioti of the di-mocriicv; nml tho Inte tin-
1 position of the rctcular Know Noihings
en inodiiicit to the imaginary pressure
Is UAiNijo. The Baltimore Patriot
rs tho enquiry what is gained by the
of Bebnstopol :
All Mint tho Allied powers could desire.
nml nil thnt Huston, putting forth the whole
might, of her Kmpit-c, strove to avoid the
aniiiliihiliou of the .Muscovite power on the
liincK iM-n; the relcnuo ol 1 tu key mini im
pending destruction; the resl.orni.iou of the
L'nuensinn tribes to thnt perfect liberty they
have struggled so boor fo retain; the relense
of the lui-kisli iiriiicitiulit ies from a prolecto
rule which was gt-ailunlly changing into a
soverehrurv;. tho tree navigation ol the linn
titie; the coiitrnction of the itussinu Kmpire
lo ine count wiiniil iioununncs not easlly
ovcrsi.eppcii, anil tlio iicstruction, lor many
veers vet to come, of all hope of Hudsiuii
progress as a maritime power.
t-ETTho London Times speaks of the abili
ty of the Hussianii in maintaining themselves
in the Northern Forts, but says the works
there are inferior in strength to those they
hnve gutted, nnd do not comprise the resour
ces of nn nrsennl nud a town, ami that they
are supplied with water by wells only. It
Wo take the finiil destruction of the Ilns
sinn stenmers Ity the orders of IVinee Oorts
chnkotf, to be n further proof of his intention
to retreat, otherwise these vessels might have
been sheltered for a short lime under the
large Northern bat teries. Frum these judi
cal ions we conclude that the present object
of the Russian (reiivi-fils is mainly to save the
remains of their tinny, nnd tho strategical
question which remains to be determined by
the skill and vigor of the respective belliger
ents, is whether the tillied forces will prevent
Surn.tr.s for France. A New York lot
tor says: It is very currently reported that
the Government of France having become
fully satisfied that their crops will bu largely
deficient, have scut to this country largu or
dcrs for both flour and w heat nnd that the
transactions of their agents in thu above arti
cles nro restricted by thu extreme, scarcity,
und consequently high rntes of freights. It is
extremely difficult to satisfactorily ascerlaiu
how much dependence to place in the report,
but it is n fact beyond dispute, that nearly all
tho flour brought into the New York market
within the past ten days for export, has been
Philadelphia, Oct, 2.
The State Liquor Law went into operation
to day. A few t iverns have closed hut others
continue iu operation under their licenses
which runs till May next issued before the
passage of the present law. Since others have
been arrested on the charge of selling con
trary to lawv The constitutionality of the
law will be tested.
One tavern keeper is giving nwny his stock
of liquors, in order to close business,
83f" A letter from Cuba says Santa Anna
and suite sailed from Nuevitas for St. Thorn.
ns in the Engli-.li mail steamer Derwent on
the 13lh ult., nnd reached his destination on
tho lGlh. It is nsserted that llu brought to
Cuba seventy thousand dollars iu specie, and
that he acted very ahabbily with thu officers
of the steamer Guerrero, w hose captain aban.
doned his command nnd proceeded to St.
New Orleans, Oct. 4.
Gen. Concha has paid the Black Warrior
indemnity. Ho seems apprehensive uf anoth
er fillihusteriiig expedition, nnd has ordered
the names of all machinists coming from nud
going to the United Stales to bo registered
Commander Ellison has got himself
a diflrculty with the Navy Department
letter ho addressed to tho Herald,
the name of its Washington
,t, and pronouncing the retired
a disgraced. The impression is
lurloughud, busides being hi Id per
accountable by several of thu retired
The French Assault. The Paris cor.
respondent of tho Independence. Ilclgu writes
"Prince Gortsehakoff iu his bulletins, ns
you will have noticed, sneaks of successive
assaults. It is said that of these, three wure
made on Malakolf walls. I have been assur
ed that at the third assault nil distinction of
grudu was lost. Gunerals, ollicers of every
runs, ana auiuiers, were nil mingled und con
founded together, each obeying the prompt'
lugs ot his own daring courage. This ex
plains the large number, estimated at thirteen
of general olticora wounded by the enemy.
lien, llosquet has had n slight graze of the
shoulder, and General M'.Mahon has been
equally fortunate in the slightness of his
wound. General Buurbaki. who had recent.
ly returned to the Crimea, ia among the
wouuucu generals, it is now said thai
tienerals De Sidles, Rivet, C'oustm and
Do Murolluu luive becq wounded most ecri
tyRev. Geo. II. Donne, of New Jersey,
who has recently gone over to the Roman
CatbolioChiiroh, is said to be a married man,
and therefor can not aot aa a priest in that
denomination. Which will he give up his
wire or his l ricul robesl
TUB FOTtKSIOHTOFOUrt FATHERS.
The New York Express, remarking upon
the fact staled by Mr. Berrien In his recent
lotler, that prior tu 1800, Ihe nntmnl foreign
Immigration to this country was only &,(H0,
and thnt now it is 1500,000, snvs that iu 1787,
when the Federal Constitution wns formed,
the Wellingtons, Franklins, Mndisons, Sher
mans and llntniltons, thnt made it, deemed it
their duty to provide:
1st. Thnt the President nf the United Slatos
should lie a nntive born citisen.
2d. That the Aioiv of the United States
should tie in iinllte born Aoiericnn lint ds.
8il. Thnt the Nnvv of the United States
should te tinder native born Americnn con
41 It. That Treaties should ha organized and
made by a native born oitizen.
nth. Thnt Fedciul appointments and pat
ronnge should com from this native burn
nth. Thnt the milit ia of the several Hi al es,
when culled into the service of the United
Slates, should be under the l'rcsidcut'i native
7th. That only a nntive born oitizen should
hnve Ihe Federal veto power.
8t.lt. That the Vice President of the United
States should be a nntive.
nth. Thnt thus that, brnneh of government
the three brunches nf the Legiilatitre
which makes Trenties and confirms Federal
appointments; should have s nntive lo preside
10th. That, in enseof n tie vote in the Sen
ate, a native ouly thould have the casting
11th. Thnt Conirrofs nnd the President
should mnko uniform mititrnlizittion laws
thnt. president n nnlivc.
12i h. Thnt to ben Senntor in Congress one
most, hnve been iinMiviilized H years,
l:llh. That tibe a Itepreseii'i alive one must
have been nntoi nlicd 7 yenis.
The President, having the nppoinling pow
er of the Supreme Judge, a nntive born nlnne
can uniue the men who are to expound nil
luws, nnd enscs ni-ising tinder the t'oustitu
tiou, Treaties, nnd the laws of the L' lilted
Now, our fathers when the foreign emigra
tion wns only Anno, vested iu a unlive, or na
tives nil thi-ir high prerogatives, nod august
powers nud not even foreigners utiiong us,
till of lute years, have complained of it.
The nntiiml im.uigratioti is now Suii.Oiirt,
and what wns tit-ecssnrv in 1737, thus be
comes iu 18,'ij, a bundle times n necessnry
now ihut is, in the ratio of 5U0U to .loo,
Oni). If then ns now we see foreign born peo
pie superseding Americnn citizuns ns rcpre
sciit.nt.ivcs of America iu foreign countries
exclusive of foreign burn militiiry eonipnnies
atuoii'j ns, with arms in their hands foreign
horn riots, and rioters murdering American
citizens ns in Louisville, (Ky.) foreign born
legions organized to vote down American
Uorn cinzetis nt the polls; it then, we sny,
we now see with the precedent of 1787 be
fore us, nn Americnn 1'nrty organized to entry
out American principles is Ihere any thing
woinieriiil in it I
A Curious Mixture. They sung a Te
J)eum at the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Paris,
in honor of the recent achievements of thu
Allied armies in thu East. The flags of thu
Allies weru intertwined, and in this Roman
Catholic Cathedral the standards of .Mahuuie
dan Turkey and Protestant England were
displayed sidu by side with the eagles of
France it nation which remains faithful to
the Romish Church, fur the present. Think
of n social party made up of the Pope, Martin
Luther nud Mahomet, nnd you can hnve some
idea of the changes which it few years mnko
ill war, religion, politics, creeds and diplo
Will there be Peace. Tho foreign
journals tin; speculating upon the chances ot
patching up n peace between Russi.t nnd the
Allied powers. The London papers indulge
hut littlu hope of n speedy adjustment, while
sumo Continental journals express a different
opinion. One of the latter, the Journal de
We loarn from nn authentic source that tho
last circuhr despatch of Comit Nosselrnde to
the Rossi ni .Minister nt (eruinn courts evm.
ces pacific impositions. It is more than nrob
able that Russia is the more inclined to peace
occanso it is an urgent necessity lor her II
thnt empire wns forced lo continue its im
incuse efforts, her power would bu paralysed
lor a long period to come.
But who can doubt that all Eurone has
need ol peace! tvigland and r ranee tlietn
selves, however powerful, must admit that
lliey cannot overcome Kussut by thu aid ol
meir Ilects annum lUu.UUl) men which they
nave in tne l.rimea, and that thu result tin y
m.iv obtain will not be in proportion to the
sacrifices thev must make. We must, Ihere-
ore, presume, Willi regard to tho two West.
crn powers, also, thai they warmly desire the
restoration ol peace.
Consviiticiitlv, we believe wu nro nn'v ex
pressing a well grounded hope in asserting
thai the coming winter will tiring us Irish
negotiations for peace, which, bevond all
doubt, will lead to the desired end, nud iu
which Prussia will proceed with Austria in
it manner lo impress upon Russia thu cmivic
tlun mat nhu must lorever o;vu up all idea ot
a preponderance iu Iho Ulnck Sua.
Kenoall on Royal 'Beauty. Kendall, of
the New Orleans Picayune, writes home that
the ladies in waiting upon Victoria at Paris,
were ''a distressingly homely set," nor does
the profane Republican treat royalty any
better. Listen to his description of the Pi'in
cess Royal of England: "Sho is fat, chubby,
and coarse specimen of a girl, a homely like
ness of her mother, who uever set up any pre.
tensions to beauty that I nm aware of I
PnoriTAiiLK Railroad. The annual meeting
of the Hartford and New Haven Railrosd
oorporatiou was held in Uarlfurd on Wednes
day. It appenrs from Ihe annual report that
the earnings for the past-year have been 780,
012; expenses and interest, $4:13, lt!7. A semi
annual dividend of five per cent, and an ex
tea dividend of five per cent., were declared
making fifteen per cent, for the year.
Parties in New York There nre al
ready live parlies in the field iu the Empire
Slate, with it fair prospect of several more.
There are thu Hard Shell, thu Soft Shell, thu
American, Hie utierty, party, nnd thu Rcpub.
lican or Fusion party anil, besides, the Ger.
mans are holding meetings, nnd disuussin"
the propriety ul nominating German eandi.
dates, nud lightlim upon their own hook
Thus, the caldron ol New York politics is
boilino over. A motley nrrav of black
its and whilo nre engaged inn grand scuffiu
for principles, they say, and tho spoils. The
latter is the main object the former, It is
apprehended, no much cared for or thought
ol. At any rate, we may till anticipate a live
ly anu line renting (tills.
Elections yet to be Held. Elections
lire yev to be he.'d, in tho follpw'mg States this
Louisiana, Monday, November S.
Mississippi, Monday, November S.
New York, Tuesday, November 6.
Wisconsin, Tuesday, November 6.
Mary hind, Wednesday, November 7.
Massachusetts, Monday, fcrnembcr 12,
tff" The elections in Poensyivanin and
Ohio took place uu Tuesday last the 9th
FURTHER PER PACIFIC.
It Is atiittd thnt the Emperor Nicholas hns
Issued nn order for a d ay uf thanksgiving to
the garrison of Sebastopol, for tho bravery
they displayed ill defending that stronghold
to the very Inst, and declares that ho is con
vinred that all the troops of the Empire nro
rendy to follow their example, sacrificing ev
erything for Ihe snko of protecting sk reli
gion, honor nnd independence of Rusl '
lie excuses tho recent failure nt Selmsto
pol by saying that there is a lino which is
impassable, even In Heroes.
A despatch from GortehnknlTsnys: "Wo
blew up n great pnrt of tho fnrlilic.itinns of
Southern Sebastopol. The enemy begins lo
npprnr in groups, but not very numerous,
amidst the ruins of the city. We have trans
ported lo the North nil tint wounded who
were left on the Southern sido after Ihe as
sault. I he Allies It-It in our hands ns pris
oners, 1 superior officer, 17 subalterns, nnd
New regiments will be sent to the Crimen
nnd 50,000 men concent rated on the Pruth.
The defensivu works at Pcrekop, will he
A largo forcuof artillery is being formed
nt Warsaw, which is also destined for tlpi
Pails despatches of Ihe I7th sny that Onrt.
achnkoff is meditating another a I lack on Tch
crnavn. The Allies nru alreiiglheninir their position
in that quarter, nnd their cavalry nru men
living n movement into thai interior. aaa
Further Rossi in reinforcements have rench-
ed Ihe Crimea, hut have not joined the army
on tho North fide. Tho gnrrison there is
known not to he sufficiently supplied, nnd n
surrender or n derisive movement iu the open
held is anticipated.
Napideon telegraphed to Pelissir as fol-
lows: "Honor for yon," '-Honor to the
brave." "Accept my sincere cnngratulationa.
nnd express to Ihe English nrmy my high
idmiration lor their constant bravery nnd
moral courage, which they h v shown du
ring this long and trying campaign."
tgOn tho North sidu of the harbor of Se
bastopol to which tho Rnssinn irnrrison had
rctrentcd, nud which yet. remained iulaet at
Ihe last ndvicos, thern are:
Fort Const nut ine, 104 guns.
Telegraph Battery, 17 "
Double range cnscinatc butteries, IHO "
Olhnr batteries, o
Double bnttery, R4
Extreme Kmtern battery, 20
Totnl, 855 guns.
In nddition to these, there is the Wasp fort.
various earthworks, and the great Star Fort,
capable itself of holding a garrison of ten
thousand men. with nn amount of artillery
equal perhaps to two hundred additional
guns which would give an aggregate to the
regular forts, butteries and earthworks on
the north side of upwards of 500 guns. These
have yet to be taken; but ns they occupy ft
line of cliffs commanding the town, they cnn
iiot be tnken by bombardment, from the op
posite side. Tie Russians (unless they shall
have deemed it expedient to lenve the Crimen)
must be met on those heights before Sebasto
pol is completely in tin! occupation of the
enemy. We must have tho issue on the north
aide, before wo can mnke up our summary of
the losses of tin Russians or the gains of the
The Editor a'sD the Premier. Blacks
the editor of tho Morning Cronicle, wns n
great favorite with Lord Melbourne. On
one occasion the Peer said: '.Mr. Black.
you nru the only person who comes to see
me, who forgets who I nm." The editor
opened his eyes with astonishment. "You
torget Unit 1 am thu I'nuio Minister; every
body else takes especial care to remember it
but I wish they would Cornet it, for thev
only romi'iiiber it to ask me for anything,
and I wish you would, for seriously I should'
he most happy to do anything in my power
to serve yon. "I am truly obliged," said Mr.
Black, "but I don't want nnvlhiiiL'. I aui
editor of the Morning Chronicle; I like my
business, nnd I live happily on niv income.
"Then," said the Peer, with 1111 oath, "I envy
you, nnd you re the only m n 1 ever did."
Savankah, Ga. Wo clip the following
extract, ill reference to tho business and pros
perity of the city or Savannah, from the
"Morning News," of thu (jtli. Intimately ns.
sociiited ns this aeelion h in business rela
tions with our Southern neighbors, wo note
such evidences of prosperity among tho lat
ter wilh more than ordinary pleasure:
Thn stranger who might find himself in
our midst lit this time would be impressed
with Iho growing importance of Savannah
ns 11 commercial mirt a point fur the inter
change of thu teeming products of one of
thu most productive sections of thu Union
for the great staples of domestic consump
tion, nud us he saw thu continual flow of ag
ricultural and mineral products cotton, grain
nnd copper from Georgia, Tennessee anil
Alabama to our port, would be led to specu
late upon the results when our railroad sys
tem is still further developed and we nre pla
ced in direct communication with the rich
agricultural 1 islricts of Florida and South
western Georgia, with the gulf ports, and nil
the railroad lines of the South nnd West.
We may judge of the effect which tho com
pletion of the railroads now in progress will
liavu upon our eity by the results which havo
Down from those already constructed. Thero
is an inviting field before us, nud we may
push forward wilh the assurance that what
has been accomplished is but the beginning
ol what capital, energy and perseverance can
accomplish lor our city und State.
Congressional Impeachments It Is stat
ed in sum. of the opposition papers that ar
ticles of impeachment will be moved in the
House uf Representatives nt its ensuing ses
sion ngninst Judge Kane, of Ihe United
Scutes District Court, on account of thenllegs
ed unlawful imprisonment of Pussmp,re Wjl,
tjf'u looking over our tiles of European,
papers by th,e Washington, says the Charles
ton Courior, wo observe the British Admiral
ty is filling out with the utmost despatch,
several ships of war, the destination of which'
Is rumored to be Naples. This, tnken In con
nection with the late violent artiele in the
London Times, against the King of Naples
and hit government, looks vory ominous for
tho peace, of Italy.
PasTrr Fair. An Irishman describing the
trading powers of a (renuine Yankee, said:
"B dad, if he was east away on a desolate
island, he'd get up the next morning and go
round selling maps to the inhabitants.
Gov. Sladu, uf Vermont, was in Buffalo on
Wednesday, accompanied by between 30nd
40 ladies, till of whom ure buuud tu tho
Wcstorn cuuutry us teachers. 'w