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BY SAM. P. IVINS. ATHENS, TEM., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1855. .VOL. V1II.-XO. 370. tekjis: tlir po.iT ii pabiiahml every Friday at 2 per year barablt In JTatK-e, or SS, it iaymeut ii delayed until the ciplratiou or the year. Adrertiirinriitii will be charged $1 per tquare tof ii lines, or le., for the flr.t insertion, and 90 cents for Vafh continuance. A liberal deduction made to those who advertise by the year. fW Persons sending adver tisements must ma.-k the number of times they desire them inserted, or they will be continued until forbid and .h.rff.d accordinffly-Fl' For announcing the uauiea of candidates for office, $5, (.'. Obituary notices over It lines, charged at the regular advertising rates. Xll coinmnnications Intended to promote the private ad or Interests of Corporations, Societies, Schools or Individuals, will be charged as advertisements. Jab W ork, such as Pamphlets, Minutes, Circulars Vards, Blanks, Handbills, Ac, will be executed iu good Ityle, and on reasonable terms. All letters addressed to the Proprietor, post paid, will promptly attended to. Fersons at a dlstnnre sending us the name of four tolvent subscriber, will bo entitled to a fifth copy gratis. Mo communication Inserted unless accompanied oy tVe name of the author. g-T" Office on Main street, next door to the old Jack on liotel. T1TE POST. ATIIR.NS I'll IDA l's DM'. 7. 1855. Louisville, Nov. 27. The American Mnss Meeting organized this morning. Delegates were present from Kentucky, Mississippi, Louisiana, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Massachu setts. E. P. Bartlctt of Kentucky, was appointed President. Resolutions were passed favoring the union of States only which are guaranteed for the preservation of liberty and the promotion of the American people, cherishing the right of private judgment in matters of religion, and respecting the same of others opposing the union of Church and State, opposing any at tempt of foreign power to assume political government under the pretence of ecclesiasti cal jurisdiction declaring the naturalization laws unsatisfactory and unsafe, and that addi tional legislation by Congress is necessary re-nflirming the platform adopted by the American party at Philadelphia, and calls on every lover of the country and the Union to assist In maintaining them. Louisville, Nov. 28. . The American Council have proclaimed a National Nominating Convention, to meet at Philadelphia, on thu 2Jd of February, and a primary meeting at tiie same place on the 18th of February. Montgomery", Ala., Nov. 28. In the Legislature yesterday thu following gentlemen were elected: Win. Graham, Treasurer; James II. Weaver, Secretary of State, and William J. Greene, Comptrol ler. The Hon. Win. P. Chilton, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Alabama, has re signed, and his resignation is to lako effect in December. (JThe Atlanta Republican says that J. U. Wright, the traveling Mail Agent, who was arrested some days since for robbing the mail, and of which offence he confessed him. self guilty, has been admitted to bail by the Inferior Court of DcKalb county, on a bond of $4,000 and has disappeared. (3yThero are in the Congress which as sembled on Monday last, three Smiths, the same number of Wrigiits, of Campbell's, of Dells, of Jones, of Wnshbiirns, and of Millers, and fourteen other names of which there are two members bearing each the sani name. The Governor of Connecticut has Issued his proclamation announcing the ndop. tion of the amendment to tho Constitution requiring all electors to read and write. The w hole voto of the people was 29,914, of which 17,370 were in favor of and 12,544 against the adoption of the amendment. The majority in favor was 48-J6. Young Men, look well to your ways. An interesting case, to the defendant at least, was tried ill Jefferson co., Va. during the early part of last week. It was an action for breach of marriage contract brought by a Miss Ileal, against a faithless gentleman by the name of Miller. Tho young lady was poor and pretty, of fair and nnblemished fame; the gentleman was one of tho first families, as they call themselves, rich, aristocratic, and thought it doubtless a capital trick to win the pure affections of the humble and lowly born and then desert her to the world's heartless charity. Tho jury happened to be men of nobler souls than tho heartless defendant, and made him respond to the tune of eight thousand dollars. Mr. Miller will probably take the hint, nnd so should all others in like cases offending. ST Some difference has occurred along our Canadian frontier, relative to the con struction put upon the reciprocity treaty, and six vessels have, within si many weeks, been seized by the American authorities for viola tions of our navigation laws, in loading with American goods at American ports, after a mere formal stoppage at a British port, to give a color of nationality to the cargo, by showing at ths American port of delivery formal papers as for it cargo shipped at a British port As this, if allowed, would open the whole of our valuable lake trade to Brit Wh competition, it was promptly arrested by orders from Washington. New Yohk.Nov. 30. Bankers' drafts on London command 8f per tent, premium; good Hank drafts at from 8iu8,nd Produce drafts at from 6a7J. The supply is abundant. Sir Dr. F. S. Zemp, of Camden, S. C, has received a verdict for the sum of ten thousand dollars damages for injuries sustained on the Wilmington and Manchester Railroad about two years ago. A Pretty Piece of Business. A Mrs. Fonda is making spccchcc in Illinois against Senator Douglass. What has tho Senator done to Mrs. Fonda, we should like to know! fctfThe London Times of the 9th Inst; in one of its leading editorials, expresses itself in the following terms of the superior efficiency of the officers of the Russian army: "Nothing has come out more clearly in the course of this war than high military nnd scientific character of the Russian officers. Through trials of unexampled severity they have shown themselves in every way worthy of the confidence of their master and of the reputation of a great military monarchy. Ardent in attack, undanted in retreat, full of skill, energy, and resource tinder all circum stances, masters of the three languages of the three belligerent Powers, it makes one shud der to reflect what such a band of officers might accomplish if supported by troops worthy of such leaders. The Russian army, like our own, is officered by gentlemen, but by gentlemen who have not merely tho rank and the courage of their class, but its educa tion nnd its acquirements. While pour Gen eral Simpson cannot even attempt a single word of French, a vast number of the officers of the Russian army speak our language as ourselves. This scientific defence was a silent satire on our rude attack, and the su periority in skill of the champions of barba rism over those of civilization is written in our best blood. Robbery and Murder. We have receiv ed from a reliable sourco a letter giving some of the particulars of a daring attempt at rob bery, attended with murder, in Barren county, Kentucky, on Saturday night tho 17th inst. Two men called after night at the house of a Mr. James Loyd, and asked permission to stop for the night, which was granted. Sup. per over, they proceeded to demand of Mr. 1 his money. Refusing either to give it up or to state where it was kept, he, together with a young man living with him, was attacked, and the latter mortally wounded. Having searched in vain lor the money, the villains at length retired, leaving a pistol and a dying man on the floor. Two men, brothers, of the name of Adwell and a third named John Cox, have been arrested, upon circumstantial evi dence, as the perpetrators of the atrocious deed, and now await their trial before an ex amining court? Singular and Fatal Railroad Accident. Mr. Jeremiah Jacoby, of Berks county, Pa., while walking on tho track of the Philadel phia and Reading railroad, on the 19th inst., was run over by the cars and instantly kill' d. Mr. Philip D. Miller, who assisted in laying out the corpse, attributed the accident to the carelessness of the deceased, a nil remarked that no such accident could befall him, as he exercised too much precaution. On the same evening, however, Mr. Miller, in attempting to cross tho track in his buggy, was caught by the cow-catcher, nnd horribly mutilated, dying in a few moments. IJf A Dr. Nott, who has been examining into the Norfolk plague, has broached n theo ry according to which the pestilcnco may be expected at Washington, nnd at Baltimore and Philadelphia the next year, and the fol lowing season in New York, Boston nnd Portland, thus completing the range of deso lation along tho Atlantic seaboard. Dr. Nott believes it has been travelling northward by regular stages from Janeiro, where it re-np. pen red with great viiulence as an epidemic, fouryears ago. In 1852 it raged in the West Indies. In 1853 it desolated New Orleans. III 1854 it swept over Savannah nnd Charles ton, and in 1855 decimates the towns at tho foot of Chesapeake Bay. New Yobk, November 30. The United States mail steamship Atlantic, has arrived ut this port from Liverpool with advices to the 17th inst, Liverpool Breadttuff Market. Flour had advanced 6d. and Wheat 2d. General Intelligence. The latest dispatches from the seat of war reported officially by Lord Stratford de Iledcliffe state that a victo ry was gained on the 5th instant by Omar Pacha, over 10,000 Russians mostly Geor gian militia at the Uiver Ingour, which he had crossed at four points with 20,000 Turks, taking 60 prisoners, three guns, and killing aud wounding 400. The Turkish loss was 800. J3T" The New Orleans Delta, of Saturday, says: "We learn that a commercial house in this city has received a letter from Turks Island, reporting an unusual ecarcitj of salt in the Island, aud stating that it is now held at 35 a 37 jo per bushel, which is more than twice the usual price." It appears that sugars had gone up in England within a week, at last dates, 6s. a 7s. the hundred, equal to 1 a If, cents here. Cotfee is also reported in quick demand. In the article of Sugar in England the cost to the country, at present prices, of its supply for the coming year, would be no less a sum than 7,000,000 sterling, in excess of the cost of last year's supply. JfThe Louisville Journal concludes an article of two and n half columns on tho subject of slavery ns follows: "But what will be thu condition of the South if slavery be wiped from the Republic? They are stripped of three millions of slaves, worth 000 each, and their plantations must go to waste. The black race in tho South will outnumber the white, tho North will not receive them, and and the South cannot sup port them as freemen; the white man is ruin ed in tho South, and the black man who dis plauvs him relapses in barbarism." jfThe Muscatine (Iowa) Enquirer says that tho rail road hands working on the bluff at the foot of thu city are rolling out car load after car load of iron ore the genuine article and building up the grade w ith It. It lies in a huge mass near the surface of the blurt and apparently iu inexhaustible quantities. A Melancholy Truth. A magazine re. port of tho "fashions" says, "There is not much change in gcnilcineii's pantaloons this month." The patriarch of tho Chippewa Indians, was lately baptized, with his wife and three children. ' Cultivation on this Plains. It appears that the immense arid plains lying between the Mississippi nnd Rocky Mountains will not remain forever unsettled and uncultivat ed on account of the scarcity of wnter and fuel. Scientific men are now exploring these these plains or prairies, and already there are said to be good prospects for obtaining nbun dance of coal and water at a small outlay of money and labor. The St. Louis Republican says: 'Successful experiments have been made in testing the practicability of boring arte, sian wells, nnd the result is most satisfactory In one instance, near the Pecos river, about the thirty-second parallel, at the depth of six hundred and fifty feet, the greatest abundance of perfectly pure water was obtained, lie sides this, the operation developed the exis tence of coal beds, easily accessible, and, as lar as the experiments have progressed, evi denlly underlying the whole of that in) mouse country. The expedition for making these observa. tions and experiments on the great western prairies was sent out bv the Government only a short time since, and it certainly may be considered, with the success which has at tended the experiment, as one of the most important that has been commissioned. Mil lions of acres of the betit lands will thus be opened up to agricultural enterprise, and the country lying between the Mississippi and the Rocky Mountain, instead of remaining a desert waste, doomed to solitude nnd barren ness, will become settled with an energetic population, nnd pour its rich products into the lap ol commerce. tW Tho veteran, E. C. Langdon, Esq., has returned to the Press, having taken charge of the Mobile Evening News. In his salutatory, he remarks that he is opposed to tho secrecy, ritual, obligations, &c, of the American party, and repudiates them entirely To the Catholic proscription test, charged upon tho Philadelphia Platform, he is equally opposed, and ho "hopes the day is not dis tant when these objectionable features will bo stricken from the American platform." The editor's creed on this subject is thus summed up: "With these exceptions, wo are prepared to support the American cause with our whole soul. Our creed is: American measure!'; American Laws, made by American Mn; the American Constitution, and the American Union. This furnishes a platform broad enough, and, at tho same time, distinctive enough lor all to stand upon, who desire the perpetuity of our republican institutions. Its Inundation is, the American Constitution; its boundaries the American Union." tf A correspondent of a New York pa per sketches out a remarkable picture of tho coming time w hen Germany is to be dena tionalized, and the empire of Charlemagne re-established. He shows the popularity of Louis Napoleon in the Catholic countries of Europe, and tells of the existence of a pow erful French party in Italy, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Switzerland nnd Germany. His ideas us to the probability of a political union between France nnd Germany, with Louis Napoleon ns Emperor-King, nnd formulated with so much clearness nnd precision that it is evident such n union is contemplated as ono of the contingencies that may result Iroin the present state of affairs. !-8"Thcre is said to be no doubt of the fact that Louis Napoleon has agents in this country purchasing grain. The Buffalo Commercial Advertiser, referring to this sub- ject says: "Tho agents do not confine themselves to the purchase of giain, but throughout tho West they ore actively engaged in buy ini larce numbers of hoc and cattle. A large amount of wheat has already passed through this city." A bill has been introduced in the Georgia Legislature providing for the incor poration of a Mining Company, with a capital of $900,000, with the privilege of increasing it to $9,000,000. The object of the proposed company is to work rich copper, silver and gold, said to abound in that State, and par ticularly in tho Cherokee cession. A bill was also introduced to provide for the sale of the Statu road to create an internal improvement fund. . 5grit is stated that the following Indiana Banks, after the securities having bren sold and notes redeemed to the amount of pro ceeds, havo still a circulation outstanding for which nobody is accountable, and for which tho auditor has nothing to redeem with: "Bank of America, Morocco; Drovers' Bank, Rome; Government Stock Bank, Lafayette; Merchants' Bunk, Lafayette; Merchants' B ink, Springfield; Perry County Bank, Cnnnelton; Public Stock Bank, Newport; Stnto Stock Bank, Lngansport; Slate Stock Security Bank, Newport; Wabash River Bank, Jasper; New York Stock liana, V incennes. j:gf" Ion, the correspondent of tho Balti. more Sun, says: "Our government has taken steps to stop the reinforcements which General Walk, cr expects from California, and has instruct ed Gen. Pcrsifer Smith to exert his whole force for tho restraint of the Texas invasion of Mexican territory. This statement will be denied by none." It is said that Mrs. John Tyler (who was n Gardiner) is heir to a just discovered fortnno in England, by which she will get .$500,000. Think of John Tyler being acei dentally President of the United Slates, acci dciitally marrying one of tho handsomest woman in America, and accidentally having a fortune of half a million! I-?" A dispatch from St. Louis, dated the 23d instant, says: "The committee appointed to investigate the causes of the late railroad calamity at tho Gasconade Bridge, have made two reports. The majority attribute the cause to the high rate of speed at which the train was crossing the bridge, w'lilsl tho minority report attri butes the disaster to the total insufficiency or tho bridge to support even its own weight l-$P" There were three thousand five htm dred nnd ninety-one barrels of flour received nt Portland, Maine, last wook, by railroad from Montreal. PROGRESS OF THE UNION SENTI MENT WITH PARTIES. From the N. Y. Herald. The Free Soil Know Nothing Convention at Cincinnati, which adjourned sine die on Thursday night, is an interesting episode in our politics. It is far more remarkable ns n slide from the general embankment of nnti slavery than for any intrinsic Influence it is likely to exert upon the popular mind of the country. Two years and :t half ago, General Pierce undertook the task of consolidating the American people in a great union party a party that should be based upon the constitu tion. He issued an inaugural address in which he avowed primary attachment to the conditions of the federal Union, and an unal terable purpose to stand by its compromises. He assumed executive duties applauded by the democracy, praised by the whigs, and condemned only by the abolitionists. This was all very well. It gave high promise of a peaceful, national, conservative and successful administration. The country had just issued from n n agitating contest If that contest had served no other purpose, it advertised to General Pierce who might be relied upon as friends, nnd who should be dstrustcd and avoided ns enemies. The President hud his own wny of serving his purposes he deter mined to obliterate tho landmark of party, and to sweep tho country into i kind of Monroe millunium. In order to t fleet this end he adopted the singular course uf buyi: up traitors. He relied upon the integrity of those who had stood by tho cause through good report and through evil report; he had only to throw out the loaves nnd fishes to the freo soil abolitionists to draw them in'.o his administration, surround them with its influ ences and its rewards, and he would, of course, havo everything his own way. Without tracing out all the effects, it is enough to say that tho utter disintegration .ind demoralization of the triumphant demo cracy was the rcsiilt,nnd the inevitable result, of bis policy. v'e prcdictid it at the time. We undertook, ns the prucciit friends of his administration aud as the ardent well wishers of its success, to point out to him that every aid ho gave to thu enemies of the Union, would ultimately bo employed to effict its overthrow. We warned him that the great party which placed him in power would be dissolved by the influenceol his insane policy, nnd that upon its ruins would be erected a daring abolition organization, with thu dis. tinct purpose of overthrowing the constitu tion. In tliislightGerier.il Pierce, more, even, than Mr. Seward, is responsible for the re publican abolition league. Without his aid Chase would never have been Governor of Ohio without his aid the democracy must have triumphed in Wisconsin; Vermont, alone (and perhaps Muss:chusctts,) would have been the sole representative of disunion. But it is not altogether clear, that thu trea son of Pierce may net turn out a blessing. It has opened the eyes of the democracy to the necessity of trusting inly honest and faithful men. It has given imietus to disunion, but has nearly every where secured its defeat. It has consolidated the .-ublic judgment of the country upon the necessity of preserving the compact of Union ns lie first duty of voters. It has illustrated the folly of trusting men whose past lives prov their superior fealty to self-interest their deletion to sectional theo ries over national obligations nnd faith. Tho Americans themselves may well take counsel of the follies of Gen. Pierce. I lis course has illustrated how little thort of madness it is to seek the support of dishonest men how much stronger in the end is a good cause in the hands of a few true patriots than a bud ono encompassed by traitors. A Woman Swimming the Mississuti. Lloyd's forthcoming Steamboat Directory gives s thrilling instance of tho necessity for women knowing how to swim. When the ill-fated Ben Slierod was in flames on tho Mississippi river, nnd tho lady passengers who had thrown theinsolvesinto the water were drowning around tho boat, the wife of Capt. Castleinan jumped into the river, with her infant in her arms, and swam ashore, a dis tance of half a mile, being the only woman saved out of sixteen. She had learned to swim when a girl. t-f The Louisville Courier, of Wednes day, states that beef packing has been greatly increased this season, and quotes the average price paid for cattle at from 3 to 3te. cross. Tho hog market, says the Courier, is very dull, with, in fact, no hogs in the market. Buyers are offering $4.50 cross, but holders continue to osk $5. A packer yesterday offered to sell 2000 or more hogs at $0.25 from tho hooks. A Legal Light. A legal gentleman in ono of the Western States made out a writ against n common carrier for the loss of some goods, and said in it: That the said goods were to be safely car ried, insured against all perils save the act of r:.,.l miit Hi., niililic eneinv: "lint sail) irnofU were lost, damaged, mutilated, hurt, injured, damnified, burnt, deteriorated and annihi lated, not by any net ol the nluresaid God, &.C. tff" Upwards of four hundred thousand quarts of huckelberries have been shipped from Michigan city during the past season, amounting to tho handsome auin of forty thousand dollars. t3f On Thursday the prosecution in forty- five liquor cases was abandoned in Boston. The new liquor law seems to be a dead letter in Boston, as not a single person has been punished under it since its passage. TYininl W. Smith, mail enrier between Cokesville, A In., has been arres ted for mail jobbery. The evidence of his guilt, was found on his own person, RAILROAD STOCK AS AN INVEST MENT. An article upon this subject appenrs in a late number of the New York Tribune. It contains wholesome Suggestions as well as prominent facts. We quote a portion bo low: Unquestionably it is a fact, that a large proportion of all the miles of railroad now in operation are destined eventually to be fairly paying roads, when managed with the same degree of care and economy as is prac tised by a successful merchant in the con duet of his business; nnd it is n fact, too, which cannot be disputed, that there is hard ly to be round a railroad in the whole coun try which the land owners, for ten miles upon each side, could not very well afford to pay twenty. five thousand dollars per mile for, rather than have the rails taken up and the track plowed over. The enormous advance in agricultural lands lying along the line of a completed rond is a fact or too palpable a character to need any additional corrobora tion. Our farmers do not build our railroads, our railroads build our farmers. But railroads wear out just ns woolen and cotton factories wear out, and the results of the experience of tho past twenty years show that they wear out nnd need renewing in just nbout the same length of time say completely in twelve years, about eight per cent, per annum. The great consolidation of the New York roads of 1852 called the attention of careful thinkers to this hitherto but little understood fact. This expense, if charged ratably each year, as it should be, appears in the road expense accounts, and it judiciously applied, is the best expenditure that can bo made for the real interests of stockholders. Every road should be in as good a condi tion nt the f !d of each year in its average appointments as it was at the ut'fchn'i'g of the year. During the years of 1854-55, our roads generally havo well vindicated them selves; nnd this, tao.in the tightest season ol agricultural production, and during the most severe money pressure since 1837; the aggre gate of earnings has been very largely in creased, while the pro rata expense ol' work ing the various roads has been materially di minished. Our great lines are today crowded with business, with better . prospects for a winter business than havo ever before pre sented themselves; and with a few exceptions our roads have very promptly met the in stallments of interest due upon their bonds. Stocks, which had during the present season advanced from 30 to 80 percent, from the lowest point of depression; aud as a rule, this advance is based upon the actual business earnings of the toads. And tho slock of many ol'our main lines will unquestionably still warrant a very decided advance from present prices. This is a vindication of the railroad policy of the country as ft w hole. Today a man would hardly be avoided for his supposed connection w'nh a railroad undertaking finan cially, tor a loan upon sound railroad securi ties laid under the table of a bank parlor. The railroad feature, as one of thu indispen sable elc inonls of the trade and prosperity of the country, cannot bo ignored. If judicious railroad investments are not to bo deemed good securities, there is nothing in the coun try that is good. Bonds and mortgages upon farms are not suro to be paid, and Stale bonds are not lire proof. So entirely has the rail road system identified itself, ns a matter of necessity, with every other commercial inter est, that this interest is just ns legitimate a branch of our industry, as is the manufacture of flour. It is unquestionably sound doctrine, ns a question of political economy and as n ques tion of profitable returns, that railroad un dertnkinos should be the results of the com mercial demands of the country; but thcrciiro some notable exceptions to this rule. As it rule, our great paying roads are from east to west, or connecting the sen board with the valleys of the Ohio and Mississippi. This is obviously the course of the trade of the country, and doubtless will be for ages yet to come. Our cross lines operated as adjuncts to the main lines, and where really needed will undoubtedly pay a fair interest upon their cost. iHjfVery lately, the Hon. Horace Mann delivered a lecture at Buffalo, on the "com mon nature of man nnd brute," of which the Buffalo Commercial gives the following pithy synopsis: "He treated man synethicnlly, making him up by piecemeal. First, man with the mouth and hands, the gormandizer nnd grasper, was considered. In this fractional condition be was shown to be very much below thu brute, and the speaker took occasion nt this point to give a temperance lecture, saying more in ten minutes than most speakers on the sub ject could do in ns many hours. Next man was considered with a covering, in which a good deal was said on the foolish display in dress. Then came vanity and egotism, with their exhibitions of human weakness. Next, the sex was considered, nnd hero Mr. Mann was ironical and eloquent in the highest de gree. Subsequently was added tho love of accumulation, then soinbativeiiess and do strucliveness. Here the nildience had n great sermon on the horrors and wickedness of war, second only in roundness of periods and mu sical and subiimt How of language to Robert Hall's. To man was next added tho idea of a selfish God, in which part of the lecture, big. try, intolerance und all wars, and perse cution's in the name of religion, were handled with just severity. Conscience was, at hist, added, and then man beg m to rise above the brute. Finally came love to man and love to God, (benevolence nnd piety,) nnd man soared to fellowship nnd equality with tho angels. The lecture was full of tine alliterations, brilliant antitheses, keen wit and nnd healthy sentiments, eloquently expressed. Mr. M. spoke more than nn hour and a half, yet he held tho attention of the audience to the last moment." tf Tho New York Whig says: "Prcpa. rations nre actively being mado for enter, ing upon the manufacture or boots and shoes bjTmachinery in tho building rormcrly occu. pied by thu carpet fiiutory. The machinery by which the labor is performed is the iuven. tion of a French mechanic. It is claimed that with one of the marhienes a single man can perform mi amount of labor equal to that done by eight men in the old method. l-rT"''! w ill give ten dollars to know how much corn I have in my crib," said a runner in our hearing the oilier dHv. There is nothing requiied to be ascertain ed that is more simple. A barrel of corn In the shuck is a bushel. Such barrel mens ures about 4 cubic feci therefore, ull that is necessary to be done is to level the Corn in the crib, and multiply the length by the breadth, and the prod net by 4, Slid the quo tent will be the number of bushels of shell ed corn in the rnb. "Found Dead." There is more in the last stanza of the following, than in a whole vol ume of theological abstractions. It appear originally in the New York Mirron FOUND CI AO. Found dead dead and alone; There was nobody near, lobodr near. When the Outcast died on hi pillar of stone; No mother, no brother, no sister dear, Not a friendly voice to sooth or cheer, Not a witching eye, or a pitying tear, Found dead dead and alone, la a roofless street, on a pillar of atone. Many a weary dor went by. While wretched aud worn he begged for bread, Tired of life, and longing to lie Peacefully down with the silent dead. Hunger and cold and scorn and pain. Had wasted his form and seared hi brain, Till at last on a bed of frozen ground, With a pillow of stone, was Uie Outcast found. Found desd dead and alone. On a pillar of stone in the roofless street Nobody heard his last feint moan, Or knew that his heart had ceased to beat. No mourner lingered with tears or sighs. But the stars looked down with pitying eyes. And the chill winds passed with a wailing sound O'er the lonely spot where his form was found. Found dead yet o alone; There was somebody near, somebody near, To claim the wanderer a hi own, And find a home for the homeless here. One, when every human door Is closed to his children, scorned and poor, Who opens the Heavenly portal wide; Ahl God was near when the Outcast died. Good People. At Pine Bluff, Arkansas, they have been troubled seriously becuuso the river has not been navigable for the lust two months. In consequence of this they could not get their produce to market, nor what articles they wanted for domeslic uso from market. They submitted to the Incon venience of tho thing with tome repinings, but of late a paper published nt the place has found consolation in an opiuiou which it ex presses in this w ise: "It is our opinion that if we had had navi gation during the last two mouths we would have been visited with that uncontrollable disease, yellow fever. We should ho thank ful for not having been isiled with this plague." We do not mean to discuss the doctrine of special providences, at the best, and we speak not irreverently un impracticable nnd there fore unreliable doctrine. Believing ns we do that God governs the world by laws, and re quires or us an intelligent obedience to those laws, we have but little faith either in acciden tal or special providences. Therefore, we do not agree with the theory of our Pine Bluff coteinporary. We have a difficulty, also, about the basis of such a mode of reasoning. The logical inference is Hint either the people of Pine Bluff are so very good that navigation was interrupted for their protection from yellow fever, nnd thus they are to be thankful for their preservation, or else they are very bad people, nnd (he editor thinks they ought to be thankful that they have not been visited with tho scourge they deserve"!. Our opinion is thu' tho folks at Pine Bluff are pretty much like the rest of us, mado up of tho good, bad and indifferent. The good no better than they ought to be, the bud not so bad but they might be worse. J5f Advices have been received at the War Department from General Kearney nt Fort Pierre on the upper Missouri, where he hud just nrrived from Fort Laramie, with ten companies of infantry nnd four companies of cavalry. In his journey he trnvelled a distance of over 400 miles directly through the Sioux country without meeting any Indians. The guides report that the savages have all gone north for the winter, so that the Indian cam paign is nt an end for the present season. The troops with Gen. Kearney will winter at Fort Pierro. Age. But few men die of old age. Al most all die of disappointment, passional, or bodily toil, or accident. 'I ho passions kill men sometimes, even suddenly. Thccominon expression! chocked with passion, has little exaggeration in it; for even though not sud denly fatal, strong passions shorten life. Strong bodied men often die young weak men live longer than the strong for the strong use their strength, and the weak havo none to use, Tho latter take care of themselves, the former do not. As it is with tho body, so it is with the mind and temper. The strong nro npt to break, or like the candle, to run; the weak burn out. Butter Story. The Philadelphia Sun. day Mercury tells a good story of a fellow in that city, who, a rcwdays since, stole a firkin of butter from a grocery store, nnd run off with it on his shoulder. When tho butler was missed, the thief was or course pursued by the owner nnd a crowd r men nnd b'ys, crying, "stop thief!" Being strong nnd fleet of foot, the rogue had every prospect of es caping, but in an unluck moment, he attempt ed to shift his loud from one shoulder to Hie other, nnd, in doing s passed it under his nose, when (us he himself declnred in tho mayors office,) the scent or tho butter was so powerful thnt it immediately knocked him down. This, of courso, enabled the crowd to overluke and capture him. :jf"A man has been poisoned ut Newark, N. J., by drinking a liquor called "cat," which is supposed to be a mixture of cidor, spirits turpentine, sulphuric ncid, and tobacco juice. -f Jesse Taylor, the discoverer of tho celebrated Grayson Sulphur Springs, in Curroll county, Virginia, died recently at the advanced age of one hundred and eight years. A Grav Questios. A correspondent of an exchange paper puts the following: Whother si rick nine, what the police give tn Hons, won't pizen the human specie, after the sassvngcrs had been fried. Please put In your pnerhow this i, for il fried st nek nine is pizen, then 1 go agin anssengers in total. Yours, till pizened. The question is a naturul one, and worthy of grave consideration. I REFORMATION OF TIIE DEMOCRAT IC PARTY. A more respectable Democratic paper than the Journal of Commerce is not to be found in this wide Union. In a late number of it we find a communication from a Democratic correspondent, urging in strong and glowing language the necessity of a reformation in the Democratic party, which, now that thnt party at the North has, according to the highest Southern Democratic authority, (the Charles ton Mercury) become "ubolitionized, dismem bered, prostrate," will surely command the at tention of Democrats both at the South and at the North. Under tho earnest Conviction thut the aubject eminently deserves their especial attention, and tho attention of the people generally, we subjoin a few extracts. The writer commences with the following remarks! "In n former p.iper we consented upon the present state of democracy. We now wish to present a few reflections upon the reforma tion of democracy such thoughts ns natur ally arrest one having only the interest of a private citizen and pnrtiznn in the welfare of his country nnd his party. They nre the ob vious corollary of the thoughts already pre sented. The necessity or that reformation is obvi ous ns intuition to every mind. If the party has formed an unnatural nnd disgraceful alli ance with slavery, with Popery, and with intemperance; if it has introduced into tho country the baneful principlo that the spoils belong to the victors at the ballot-box; if office seeking has, through our ngoncy, be come a great nnd rapidly increasing evil; if we nre regardless of the fitness of candidate for office, and place in stations of solemn re sponsibility the most worthless men; if we nre in the habit of applying the political test where not the least occasion for it exists, nnd where it is highly injurious; if our caucus system is a school of intrigue, no elevator of tho unworthy, a depressor of tho worthy, a system of military discipline and tyranny; if family names have become a potent nnd in fallible charm Tor thu purpose or securing popular influence and government interest; if thu press Is perverted and debased; if the na tional administration is an nlmost unalloyed compound of weakness and wickedness; if our thirst for dominion is becoming insatiable and unprirciplcd (and these things are unques tionably so) then the call for reformation is unspeakably urgent. And it is necessary, not merely for the salvation of a party from utter depravation and destiuetion, but for tho sal vation of a party which is naturally nnd ne cessarily tho leading party iu tho country the party most consonant with the genius of our institutions the party of destiny the pnrty upon which the welfare of the nation chiefly depends. Whatever shall deprave and destroy that party, will deprave and destroy the nation and what a nation ! The practicability of this object of our hope, is a point upon which wo nre by no means sanguine. The obstacles to rul'orm nre indeed terrible. The press, which oup,ht to favor every good design, may be expected to oppose n relorm which will reprove it for ils misdeeds and deprive it of its emoluments. The settled habits aud usages of the party will interpose a strong and seemingly im pregnable barrier. The ft that the iifT.ira of the party are largely controlled by such specimens of manhood ns that dangerous friend of democracy, lately ils harmless loe, tho present astute legal adviser of tho gov. eminent, is of the same sad significance. The morally depraved character of a strong body in the party the abject subserviency of a numerous class to the rule of priests nnd bishops these are obstacles truly appalling. Thu rapacity of the organized corps of office, holders and office seekers, many of them pow. erful and subtle men, will stimulate them to the most determined and reckless opposition to n salut iry reform. We must add to these things the inevitable tendency of every thing human to impurity und injustice." Desperatu ns is the case, however, and "terrible," to borrow his own language, as are the "obstacles" to tho much needed reform, the writer nevertheless Indulges the hope, that with God's help, it may be accomplished. Separating the Sexes id Schools. On this point Mr. Stone, a celebrated Glasgow teacher, uses the following languago : "Tho youth or both sexes or Scottish pea santry havo been educated together, and as a whole, the Scots are tho most moral people on the face of the globe. Education in England is given separately, and we have never heard from practical men that any benefit has arisen from this arrangement, Some influential individuals there mourn over the popular prejudice on this point In Dublin, a larger number of girls turn out badly, w ho have been educated alone till they attain the age of maturity, than or those who havo been otherwise brought up the separation of the sexes have been found to bo positively injurious. It is stated, on the best authority, that of those girls educated in the schools of convents apart from tho boys, the great majority go wrong within a month after being let loose on society, and meeting ths other sex. They cannot, it is said, resist the slightest compliment of flattery. The separa tion is intended to keep them strictly moial, but this unnatural seclusion actually generates tho very principles desired to be avoided. "We repeat lli.it il is impossible to raise girls as high intellectually without boys as with them; and it is impossible to raise boya morally ns high without girls. Thu girls morally elevate the boys, and tho boys intel lectually elcvato the girls. But more than this, girls themselves are morally elevated by the presence of boys, and boys nre intellec tually elevated by Ihe presence of girls. Girls brought tip with boys nre more positive ly moral; and boys brought up in schools with girls are more positively intellectual by the softening iiiflucnco of the female char acter. Come to his Sknsks. The Seneca Fulls Reveillo tearfully tells of the following "melancholy nffaii:" "At Niagara Falls, lust Friday night, a young man, namo unknown, w ho had been disappointed in love, walked out to the precipice, took off his lint and coat, and casting one lingering look into the gulf beneath him turned and went back to hia hotell Ills body wus found the next morning in bed." l-VTho Decatur (III.) Gnzctle publishes a letter from Lincoln, in that Stale, in which it is said thut the women of that place a few days ago, mustered In numbers, armed with axes, shovels, hatchets, knives mid pistols, and marched to Boyd's bowling suloon, and d strnyed nil the liquor, cigar, tobacco, 6Yc,on the premises. Thoy also nearly demolished the house. This they did In order to repeal the license law s iu that part of the Stat.