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5 ..' ' N 'v ' " BY SAM. P. IVINS. ATHENS,- TENN., FRIDAY, JANUARY 25, 1856. VOL. VIII. NO. 383.' 1; 5;" TERNSi THI POST li publlihert wrjr ftAj at $9 per yr prM In sutram, or if payment la delayed until tht expiration of tht year. Advertlnnmentfl will b chnrjrcrt fl per iqur f 13 Unci, or lent, (or the Brit Inwrtlon, and AO etnli for acn continuance). A liberal tie-up Hon mule to lhoi who advertise hy Hie year. IVFentom iendlnjrarWer tUemenU must murk the number of timet they deiilre hem Inierted, or they will bt eontlnaed until forbid and harRd accord In el f-mf For announcing the name of candidates for office, $0. Cm. Obituary notices orer It llnei, charged Hi the regular idTertUtn rates. All cominuitlcatlom Intended to promote the private ends or Intercut, of Corporation! , Societies, Schools or tndlvldunli, will be charged as advertlnenients. Job Work such na Pamphlets, Minutes, Circulars, Cards, Blanks, Handbills, Ac, will bt executed In good tyle, and on reasonable terms. AH letters addresned to tht Proprietor, post paid, will tie promptly attended to. Persons at a distance tending us the names of four olrent subscribers, will be entitle,! to a fifth eopy gratis. No communication Inierted unless accompanied by the name of the author. . -v a-rr 1 Office on Main street, next door to YhtNl! Jack aim Hotel. THE .POST. KS, FHI 5 .(4N I85. ' FaaionT on tux Wsstsbn and Atlantic Rail RoAih The Chattanooga Advertiser hat the following; . 1 r ' ' We were informed a few days si not that the superintendent of this road had reduced tlie high rates of freight over hit road, in juttiee to Tennenee. Now, to be plain about the matter there has been no reduction in justice to Tennessee. The reverse is true. In an ad, Vertisement by the superintendent in our pa per, the public are informed, that except on cotton, wheat, ton, flour and etoek, the charges' would be those ot August, 1861 that is, ex cept on the natural product of the country, merchandise and the like will be carried at old rater. Those exceptions make up the great staples of Tennessee, which are charged enormous rates on this road the like has nut listed for years before. Washington, Jan. IS. Dispatches received in this city aniuiiiiK'e tho nomination of Jefferson Uuvia for U. B. Senator for six yearn, from the 4th of March, 1857t by the Democratic caucus of the Mis sissippi Legislature. Albany, Jan. 17. , . The Governor of this State in his message to the Legislature, shows a deficit in the rev enue of the Stale of over 8500,000. He op poses the Nebraska Bill, and recommends further legislation on the liquor law, after the question of its constitutionality has been de cided by the Supreme Court ' Additional bt thk Canada. The mails by the Canada have arrived here,nnd w e make the following extracts of interest from the files received. Advices from St. Petersburg any that the main tnrcL of the army at Odessa is to be re moved to Niclmlireff. The Czar, has, it is rumored, ordered a concentration of all his forces upon all hia strung positions on the Black and Baltic Seas. . Prince Piiskiewitch is reported dead. The fall of Kara will make no change in the r pious of Mouravieff, who will make the city J bis winter quarters. There is some tulk about Austria laying her resolution, iu relation to the Eastern question, before the Frankfort Diet, and it ia thought that the Diet will recommend to Kussis to make peace. A correspondent of the London Poat says that he ia assured that the Ciur haa written to the King of Prussia to the effect that he could not, even if he wished it, agree witli the Western Powers on a basis of peace. The Rusinn loan had proved a failure in the Berlin Bourse. An American ship, lying off Copenhagen, had caused some anxiety, as it was said to be laden with arms for Russia. The Portuguese hud seized an Important position In Western Africa. Ah Endorsement. The Know Nothing or Americsn members of the Maryland Legisla ture held a meeting oil Monday evening, at Annpolis, and unanimously adopted a resolu. tion endorsing the course of tiieir political friends in the House of Representatives at Washington city, in voting against a sec tional organization of the House, and also for so strenuously sustaining the Philadelphia platform. UP" The Groat Inner Sea of Africa, twice as large as the Black Sea, including Azoff, the existence of which Cooley, the African geographer, argued for long ago, and the dis covery of which lias been previously an nounced, has been further verified by explo rations; but the sen Is not so romnrkable as the people ia its neighborhood, who are said to read and write, have no idols, are generally serious, solid, aensible people, and profesa to believe In God, and have no tincture of Mn liomednniam. From whom did they learn these things, or is it a traveller's story t tV Railroad collisions, which are ever the terror of travellers, are about to be wholly prevented, it is said by a recent Invention lately tested on the Madrid Railroad, Spain. It ia done by a new application of electricity, and la pronounced a perfect safuguaid against all collisions in future two locomotives Infallibly stopping one another before cowing together. Mori Backbohk Liniment Wanted It if, reported from Washington that the fuslonists upon Mr. Banks for Speaker, are beginning to show signs of weakness in the backbone, notwithstanding the dully lubrications of Kansas nigger liniment by Weed and Greeley. But this will never do. If the liniment fulls, let them try the "poor man's plaster." Let every humbug be exhausted before fusion is confounded for the lack of backbone. fST" Miller, the uian convicted of the mur. derof Hadel and Frederick Graff, at Cumber, land, Maryland, a few months since, was hung at that place yesterday, at 1 o'clock, in the presence of 6,000 persons. He died protest ing his Innocence. tdsT"The Ciuciiinuli Sun says that such Is the stagnation of business In that city that there are over ten thousand applications for relief from the pnblic charities. FROM WASHINGTON. The telegraph brings the following expo sition of ths views of the candidates for Speaker upon the question of the day, ss elicited by Gen. Zollicuffur's resolution. If the telegraph reports correctly, Fuller Is as sound as any man could be: Washington, Jan 13. House. Mr. Richardson said, in acting for the Kansas and Nebraska hill, he Intend ed that the people of the Territories should decide the question themselves. He would admit them with or without slaver)'. Me had said slavery would not go there, but never urged that ss a reason why he voted for the bill.' As to the constitutionality of the Wil mot Proviso, he voted fur the principle as np. plieuble to the Mexico acquisition, in a spirit of compromise; but it won'd be unjust to in corporate it in territorial bills. In lii-judyinrrit, the Constitution docs not carry slavus into liiAjterrilories, but protects both sections of me iThvon alike .There .mint fuu, .r9qahblinjras to theJu" order ol proceeding, and hnally ira.a- eided that the candidates should answer licuffer'a questions before others were pro pounded. Mr. Banks was then called on, and num bers drew up chairs around him. He did not feel obliged, he said, to answer the ques tions. He had not solicited the support of any member. He distinctly remarked that he did not regard the Kansas bill as promotive of the formation of free States, nnd that ho be lieved in the constitutionality of the Wiluiot Proviso, lie did not believe that the Con stitution carries slavery in the Territories nnd that it recognized the protection of property in the North and South alike, bul nut proper ty in slaves. He believed the Constitution to be instrument of freedom, and that Con gresa was wrong in repealing tho Missouri Compromise. Mr. Fuller said he did not regard the Kan sas bill as promotive of free or slave States, and that he had ue"er advocated the conati tutionality of the Wiiniot Proviso. Shivery exists independently ul the Constitution, and Congress hud no right to Legislate slavery into or out of the Territories, nnd that it only had the right to legislate so far as to protect the citizens in the enjoy luctit of their property. Air. Burksdalo propnnnd-d questions which Mr. Banks said was enacted by the Democrats and Americans, the latter being the larger portiun ot this district and by them elected. As to the equality of tlie iiilc and black races lie believed in the language of the De claration of independence. "That all men were created free and equal." He had adopt ed the idea that the weaker race will be ub aorbud in the stronger that was the univer sal law of nations; but whether while or black was superior and would absorb the cither, he would wait the full developments of the I'u tuie (Laughter and cries of "good") As to the oilier questions propounded they were subordinate to that of prohibiting slavery in Kansua, and he would tiiiitu all interdict of slavery in the Territories. Mr. Fuller was not in favor of the restora tion of the Missouri Compromise, and was opposed to the ubo.Ttion of slavery in the District of Columbia; he did not believe in the equality of the while and black races, lie thought with Washington, that to appoint native born citizens to oftiee in preference to that of foreign birth, was the first policy of Government. He did not desire to exclude foreigners from coming hither and would in vite them to settle the public territory and build up for themselves homes, but in nil mat ters of legislation, and in the administration of thM laws, Americans should govern Amer ica. Richardson answered various questions on the subject oi shivery propounded by King man. Each party appeared euliruly satisfied with the repuuses of its candidate. House then took another vole for Speaker. Banks 94; Richardson 64; Fuller 33; Pennington 7; Scattering 4. Necessary to a choice 104. Washington Rumors. The New York Courier's Washington correspondent tele graphs: It is rumored that the President is anxious for an orgunizuiion, because he has a apeciul war message to communicate. The Journal of Commerce correspondent also telegraphs: If rumors prove true, things are taking n shape in relation to our controversies wilh Great Britain, thut looks a little more warlike than even the message or Senatorial orations would represent. ll ia said that since the message wss written, advices have been re ceived from Mr. Buchanan, with certain cor respondents respecting the enlistment ques tion, which puts the two parlies in a Very me nacing sttilude toward each other. These additional dispatches will not proba bly be communicated to Congress until the House shall organize, and they may not make so serious nn impression ns has been made by the facts already transpired. Another step towards a move ia about to be taken, by the ratification of the Nicara. guan treaty, which recognizes the claims of that Slate to the Mosquito const and coun try; and in effect therefore is a guarantee of the title to the limits by her churned. . The Buenos Ayres Tribune, of the second of November, announces in a extra another desperate fight between tho Indians and tlie government troops. The action look place on tho 29lh of October, near Tapalque. General Horuusbud under his command 1,000 cavalry, 380 infantry, and two pieces of artil lery. The Indians numbered 3,000 men. Soon after the buttle wus commenced, tho militia composing a large part of the force under General llurnos, became disorganized, and all efforts to reduce them to reform were useless. This occasioned a great loait fifty men being killed and wounded, including a chief and four officers. General Homos was thereupon obliged to retire to a neighboring fort. English RAiLWAVs.-English railways rep resent a capital of jC286.000.000. They ure 8,000 miles long, and have 3,300 stations. Their working gives employment to 00,000 persons. They conveyed lust year 111,0 0,. 000 of passengers, and the trade in nierchan diseaud minerals upon them will now amount to 1,000,000 tons per week. To work them 6,000 locomotive engines, 100,000 wagons, und 30,000 passenger Vehicles are required. Their looomollvee represent s force equal to that of 1,300,000 horses; and if all the vehi cles working were put together, end to end, they would reach from the Channel to the Scottish border, or at least 400 miles. INDIAN AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED , STATES THE WHITE AND THE RED RACES. from tht If. T. timid. Having given the interesting report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to our readers, it lias occurred to us that the occasion is an appropriate one to make some observations npon the past condition of the tribes in this country in connection with the rapid extension of our frontier limits. It is Im possible not to see that the aborigines are everywhere regarded ns something less than men. We have sought to improve their con dition by establishing missionary schools amongst them; they have been pensioners upon the public treasury wards of the ex ecutive departments. They have always ex cited a large share of public sympathy, nnd strong hopes have been entertained Ibatttn-y igtit be reclaimed flam barbarians, and ele- vatetl to the spheres of social, moral and reli gions enlightenment. The Indians are certainly nn interesting race, and it is agreeable to read the accounts which tlie federal Commissioner has given of the humane efforts of the government to pro mote their welfare. He is sanguine of final success in these labors. He reports the ex istence, within otirextended Territorial limits, of three hundred and fourteen thousand of these red men of the forest these remarkable links which seem to unite the brute with the human species. Not a comment is made up on the statement which the Commissioner has published in regard to the number of his wards. He sees nothing in this fact to influ ence his opinions concerning the destiny of his people. He encourages us with consider able progress nniong the Chippewas of Mich igan, und the combined Chippewas, Ottawa, and Piittawiittsmies of Wisconsin, and a ma jority of five.tiihes have also evinced no little advancement in Texas! This is, with trifling variations, thesiim total of Indian civilization, after two hundred years of effort. From many millions of men and the solo masters of the continent from many hundred tribes existing in the pridu of superiority the ac knowledged chiefs of empire und of domain in America they have been reduced to a trifle over a quarter of million of men, and to day give up scarcely a single hope that hu man efforts lire capable of elevating them to the scale of civilization and Christianity. It would almoslsecni as if Providence had closed the doorsof progress against them. Unknown to the Christian age, to tlie Egyptians, to the Chinese, to tlie Hebrews, to the Greeks and to the Romans, they have steadily resisted every effort to introduce amongst them the arts of civilization which existed in those na tions. This may seem to be a harsh judgment, nnd one unsulted to the spirit of Christianity and to the temper of the present nge; but we prefer to look the mutter in the face nnd to be rational and practical. We cannot ignore the past if we would, nnd there is not in all the variety of our relatione with tho red man, in pence or in war, politically, religiously or socially, a solitary sign of their regeneration nnd enlightenment. It is in vain to say they have been severely and harshly treated it is in vain to refer to their original strength and rights on this con tinent, mid to their present weakness nnd de. pendenee these things prove rather their stubborn resistance to all the efforts of civil ization, than the cruelty of the white races. The sun gives his rnys to the white nnd red alike; the earth is impartial in the fruit it bears to those who npply the conditions of production; and so it is with the conditions of civilization tliey too, are fortunntely Im partial, generous and communicative. Tlie exnmples to the Indian hnvo been valueless and it is precisely such causes which have been foremost in leading the white race step by step to its present condition of enlighten ment. A stationary people can no longer hope for a protracted existence and this is made ob vious by the simplest comparison between the Anglo Ameiicun and the aboriginal and Mexican races on this continent. The former have driven out the latter, just ns the English ure driving out tlie natives of the East, and as Russia is steadily advancing upon the Ot toman empire. The same grand scheme of operations is going on in every part of the globe. Judged by the standards of experience and philosophy, it is not difficult to come to the conclusion that the native barbarous races of both the Eastern nnd Western continents are working out their destiny precisely as nn overruling Providence intended they should. On this side of the water the Indians never held more than u mere right of passage a higjiway privilege of the country. They nev er turned the earth to uses of production. They lidded nothing to the wealth or the civilization of mankind. While population was crowding on production in tlie Old World, they occupied the Nuw, nnd withhold it from the uses of the human family. Their expulsion wus a high Christian duty a work of humanity and what is now exhibited Is sufficient proof of the justice of this idea. The chronic efforts of the government to eduuate.civilize and Cliristiunizu them, con stitute one of those stubborn features of policy transmitted to us from our ancestors, which, like the Indians themselves, is capable of resisting the force of experience and the teachings of common sense and justice. They are actually degraded by contact with the white race. They show a capability for engraf ting upon themselves nil our vices, and for successfully resisting all our virtues. Benevolence and philanthropy in this way have been the bane of their people the ourse of their intercourse wilh us. It Is very kind ly, very clever, and very Christian-like to set on foot projects for the enlightenmeut of the Ignorant and the reformation of the depraved; but there ought to be an end to aucn efforts when their fruits sre seen to be Increased vice and depravity in the objects sought to be benefitted. ' ' ' ' Notwithstanding, then, ths patornnl nnd earnest spirit of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and his humane suggestions looking to the civilization of the Indians, we submit to Congress whether there should not be an entire change in our federal policy toward them Thoy should be regarded as a perma nent tax upon the United States they should be protected, eared for, arid, as far as possible, provided against want, and especial ly against the too hsrsh encroachments of our people; but this silly effort to false them to the dignity of American ntiatrOfy'.o intro duce them to thearUof l.vrliiaA.ii. to imbue them with the spirit or Christianity jftgmjd cesse. We should regard them sef tltev are as mors than IwttTOhftran' year of inter. course with them hnve proved them to be belter off, more virtuous and, If possibte.more humane when utterly separated from us thnn when brought into contact with us. Our sin is not half so great in relieving them of their lands, as through the corrupting influence of annual annuities, in degrading and prostitut ing them by our contact wilh them. Money is their great curse it is the buit which inva riably draws to them a swarm of selfish, hid eous robbers and low debased villains, who with poison in head, heart and hand, infcjjt the pour Indians; steal from litem, debauch their women, nnd sow the seeds of permanent evil wherever they go. Wo are quite tired of these iinniial bulletins from Washington ex. pressingstrong hopesof the future.nnd remark able only for neglecting tostato tht true causes of the degradation of Die Indian races.H liich in truth nre In be found in the cruel policy of the federal Union itself. What tub Russians think of Peace. A letter from St. Petersburg to tlie Viennn Press says: "Do not allow yourself to be led astray by tho rumors ot peace which still find their way into tlie newspapers, the war will be carried on next spring with great energy. No secret is made of it in government circles here, nnd the diplomatic agents of Russia, nt neutral courts have been instructed totakecaru and prevent those courts from mixing themselves up in the war. Notwithstanding the undis posed success of Gen. Canrohert's mission, Russia has not abandoned nil hope of gaining tier end nt Stockholm. "Sweden nnd Denmark hnve merely pledged themselves to the Western Powers to oh serve n friendly neutrality, nnd not until France and Kor'lnnd shall have achieved He. cisive results in tlie Baltic can they expect miirn from the Scandinavian powers. Here we nre thoroughly prepared for a fresli expo ilition of tho Baltic fieri, nor do we dread it in the least, being contbwod thai Cronsljuilk. stronger lhan Sebastopol. The Uiuperur Im oreii very iicuve siucu ins return irotn me Crimen, and thero is talk of great reforms wnicn lie intends to make In the army and the State, in order to remedy the disorders of the past." ' IW The Lexington (Missouri) Citizen of the 3d ult says: It seldom happens nt any time during the winter we have ns mnny cold days and nights in succession. From Sunday lieforo last' up to day before yesterday the weather lias been intensely cold. Tho mercury in the ther mometer seldom being moro than two or three degrees above zero, and nt times as low as 20 degrees below. The sleighing during the last ten days has bejn very fine, and many of our citizens have enjoyed the pleas ure of a merry rido. The St. Paul (Minesotn) Pioneer, of the 27th ult. says: On Monday morning, tho mercury In the thermometer indicated colder weather than we hnve experienced in St. Paul for two or three yenra. It Tell to thirty-eight degrees below zero,nt 6 A. M., nnd nt 9 o'clock slood at thirty degrees below. At noon, it rose to ten below. During tho dny the sun shone brightly, nnd nt midnight the finest print could be rend in tlie street with ease, such wus the brilliancy of the moonlight. Vert Dry Doctrine On bonrd the Cu- nard steamers divine service is rend every Sun day morning. A passenger one Sunday asked one of the crew, "Aro you oblige to attend to public worshlpl" "Not exactly obliged, sir," replied Jack, "but we would loose our grog If we didn't, A Live Dkposit A child was found on Buffalo street, Rochester, a few nights since. A paper was found in the basket, in which the child lay, which reads thus: "A stranger a child of sorrow, but not of infamy. Heed its cries and take good rare of it. No one will ever cnH tr,i "St.". It way takjr, in nnd adopted by the family, nt whose door it wns I eft. A Coql Falsehood. The Dover (Del.) Reporter, having published a pretended para graph from an Ohio paper, editing that the negroes in Ohio voted the American ticket ot the recent election. The Delaware Sentinel quietly nails the falsehood to the counter by showing, from tho constitution of Ohio, that no colored person can vote at all In that State. Ballooning Extraordinary. Mr. Ilnrvey Moore, of Lawrence county, Ohio, claims to have discovered a principle by which direction can be given to an air-car nnd its speed no celernted or retarded at the will of the engi neer or pilot who may take charge of It, and without the uso of ballast or waste of gas in the ascent or descent. False Mosalitt. There is wisdom in the following sdvioa of ths Rev. Sydney Smith: "Never tesoh false morality. How exquisite ly absurd to tell girls that beauty is of bo value, and dress of no use. Beauty is of val ue her whole prospects and happiness of life may often depend upon a new gown or be coming bonnet; and if she has a grain of common sense she will find this out. Ths greatest thing is to teach their just value; and that there must be something better under ths bonnet than a pretty face for real happi ness. But never sserifiee truth;? WAR WITH ENGLANDLTaN ENGLISH. MAN'S VIEWS. At a public meeting of the Mardon Me. chanic's Institution, ai Manchester, England, on me I4lh December, Mr. Bright, M. P. In the course of a speech, deprecating the war, said: ' "Mnny ofvou have relatives or friends in America. That young nation has a popula. tlen about equal to ours in these Islands. It has a great internal and external com merce. It hns more tonnage in shipping than w have. It hns more railroads than we have. It hns more newspapers than we have. It hna institutions more free thsn we have that horrid slsvery nt the South excepted and which is no fruit of its institutions, but an unhappy legacy or the past It hns also a Btent manufacturing Interest In different brunches. That Is the young giant whose shadow ever grows, and there is the true rival of thfcsuuntry-. How do we stand or start iirthe race? The United Btiitta including sll the Govwamsnts-of ll the sov. ereign Mtntes, raises in taxes probably from 12,000.000 to 16,000,000 sterling in the year. England this year will raise in taxes nnd loans, nnd will expand, nearly 100, 000,000. This population must raise, nnd will spend, probably 80,000,000 in the year more than that population will raise and spend, and in America there ia far less pover ty nnd pnuerism than in England. Can we run this race on these terms nnd against these odds! Can wo hope to be ns well off us America, if tlie products of our industry nre thus swept away by the tux gatherer, in the vain scheme of saving Eng land from imaginary dangers! Con poverty be lessened among us can education spread, Jan the brutality of so many of our popula tion be uprooted can nil or anything that good men look for come to us while the fruits of our industry, the foundation of nil social and moral good, are squandered in this manner? Pursue tho phantom of military glory for fen years, and expend in Hint time a sum equal to all the visilde property of Yorkshire nnd Lancashire, and then compare yourselves with the United States of America, and wheru will you be? Pauperism, crime, and political anarchy, are the legacies wo nre preparing for .our children, and there is no escape for us unless we change our course and resolve to disconnect ourselves from the policy which tends incessantly to embroil us with the nations of the continent of Europe." The Arctic Region. It is impossible, from anything we are yet in possession of, to form un opinion ns to ' what exists be yond the parallel of 83 degrees 30 north, or beyond that of eighty degrees of latitude south. The north magnetic nole has been dlscov- ered and examined it is elevated but a little above tide, in Int. about 70 deg. N., long, about 98 (leg. W. The magnetic pole of the Antnrtio has not been reached, for it is walled In by ice nnd is situated in lofty mountains not yet explored; its position, however is further from tho equator than the north magnetic pule, nnd is in the vi cinity of two lofty mountains, in which vol. canoes are in nn netlve state nt nn elevation , of more than ten thousand feet nbovu the sen. , , .' . The atmosphere of tlfe Arctic is unlike our atmosphere. Lieut. Parry, when on Melville island in me winter ot 1819.20, Int. about 75 deg. N., long, about 111 deg. W., says: "We had frequent occasion, in our walks on shore, to mark the deception which takes place in estimating the distance and magnitude of ob jects when viewed over nn unvaried Bnrfaco of snow. It was not unusual for us to direct our steps towards what was taken to be n large mass of stone at the distance of a half a mile, but which we were able to lako up in our hand niter one minute's walk. This was mure particularly the case when ascending the brow of a hill, nor did we find that the decepton became less 011 account of the fre quency with which we experienced its effect." Scientific American, 3?" London is now the greatest city in tlie world, and fur surpasses all the great cities of antiquity. According to Gibbon, the pop ulation of ancient Rome in thu height of its magnificence, wns 1,200,000; Ninevah is esti mated to have had 600,000; nnd Dr.Medhurst supposes that the population of Pckin Is about 2,1100,000. The pnpu lation of London, according to recent statistics, amounts to 2,500,000114,722 having boen added to it during the Inst ten years. The census shows that it contains about 307,723 inhabited, and 16,389 unmbaited houses. 38Tho "Monroe Doctrine" is compressed in the sentence of one of Mr. Monroe's mes sages, "Unit the American continents, by tlie free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintained, are henceforth not to be considered ns subjects for future colonization by any European powers." A Reply. Judge Williamson, or throe- legged Willie, as ho wns familiarly called, was one of the early jtidgers of Texas. On a certain occasion tlie judge concluded the trial of a man for murder by sentencing him to be hung that very dny. A petition wus immediately signed by the bar, jury nnd peo ple, praying that longer time might be grant ed to tlie poor prisoner. The judge replied to the petition that thu man had been found guilt), tho jail was unsafe, nnd besides the jail was so uncomforluble that the man ought not to be required to stay there any lunger than was necessary. The man was hung. fry Samuel Rogers, banker nnd poet, has at Inst yielded the life on which he had so strong a hold; he died on the morning of the 18th of December last, aged ninety six years. Rogers had probably a larger experience of lifo than any man of modern times; for, ns long ns his life was, he lived every day of it. He published his first volume of poems iu 1787, and thus made his debut before the great grandfathers of the present generation, SnAEsraASKS Gentleman. In "Periolei," III of act II, we find this tsrss definition of a gentleman 1 "He Is a rntlemsn, Who neither Id hit heart, nor outwsrd eyee. Envies the great, nur doth the low det4M." Surrender or Kaiis. Hamburg, Friday, The Invalids Russe contains a dispatch from Gen. Muravielf. He reports that he hns taken possesstou of 130 cannon, large stores of ammunition and standards, with 10,000 prisoners beside those already reported S000 being Turkish regulars and 4,000 Redics. LOXOAOO. - When et eve I sst alone, . Thinking on ths Pstt and Gone While the olook, with drowsy finger, Marks how long the minntes linger And lbs embers, dimly burniug, Tell of Life to Duet returning Then my lonely chair around With a quiet, mournful eoood , With a murmur soft and low,. Corns the Ghosts of Long Ago. . One by one I oount thsm o'er, ' Voioss that are heard no more, , 1 1 Tears that loving cheeks have wet. Words, whose musle lingers yet Holy faces pale and fair, Shadowy looks of wsving hsir . Happy sighs and whispers dear. Songs forgotten many a year Lips of dewy fragrance eyes " Brighter, bluer than ths skies Odors breathed from Paradise. And the gentle shadows gTtde ' Softly murmuring: nt my tide, , Till the )on;niei,l4-dar, '. . All forgotten, fAdeS away. Thus, when I am all alone, " Dreaming o'er the Past and Gone,. : -: All around me,sad and slow, . Come the Ghotj of Long Ago. . The Dead Men's Train on the Old .Co- toNT Road. The Old Colony Memorial published at Plymouth Muss., narrates sn incident which is sufficiently marvelous to please the most ardent bulievers In "signs and wonders: It states, ns a matter of common notortetv in Plymouth that during the last summer months, between three and four o'clock in tlie morning, there waa regularly and dis tinctly heard upon tho railroad the whistle as of an approaching train. As it was well known, however, that no train passed .over the rood at such a time in the morning, four gentlemen at the Samoset House determined to investigate the mvsterv. Accordinnlv. un known to nuy one, they one mornig about two o'clock stationed themselves on the railroad track about n mile from town, and awaited the arrival of the supernatural visiter. 1 hey did not watch long, nor wait in vain for immediately thoy distinctly heard, fur off in me norm, me sound ol a railway whistle, and presently "tne distant clatter nt wheels was henrd louder, nearcr,neurcr still it came tlie click or the rails: tho rush of steam was as plain in their ears as if tlie lantern glared before them the shriek of a demon whistle close nt hand made lueni leap from the track, as the train thundered down the grade tlie hot brcatli of the panting steed wns in their very faces as it passed as the unearthly scream ceased they heard the brake- mer. screwing up their brakes, the tinkle of a bell and a sound of meeting enrs, ns il the invisible spectre monster of the rond had reached his journey s end. The Boston Journal says tliat in that city a spiritual circl, while sitting, held a conver sation with the spirit ol an engineer who while living, ran n train on the Old Colony Railrond. The spirit said that the train was fur the purpose of conveying the spirits of me ueau. - Sleep. A high medical authority, Pro fessor llumpland, says that, so far as exter nal life is concerned, sleep is no less neces sary for its duration than its health. With out tho proper amount of sleep, the vital energy is dxied up and withered, nnd we waste uwuy as a tree would, deprived of the sap that nurishes iU Tlie physical effects of .sleep arc, that it rctnrds all the vital movements, collects tho vital power, nnd restores what has been lost in thu course of thu day, and separates us from what is use less nnd pernicious. It is, as it were, a dai ly crisis, during which all tho secretions nre performed in the greatest tranquility and per. fection. A Paragraph on Cats. Bayard Taylor, in his "New Volume of Travels," gives tho following humorous description of tho cats of Aleppo: "The other remarkable thins here is the hospital for cats. This was founded long ago by a rich ent-ioving Mnssclmnn, and is one of tho best endowed institutions in that city. An old Mosque is appropriated to that purpose, under the charge ol several directors, and here sick cats ure nursed, homeless cnts find shelter, nnd decrepit cats gracefully purr away their declining years. "fhu whole cargory embraces several hundreds, nnd it is quite a sight to behold the corridors and terraces of the mosque swarm ing with them. Here, one with bruised limbs is receiving a cataplasm; there, a cataleptic patient is tenderly cared for; nnd so on through the lor.g concatenation of feline dis eases. Aleppo, moreover, rejoices In a greater number of eats than wen Jerusalem. At a rough guess, I should thus slate thu popula tion of the city, Turks and Arabs, 70,000; Christians, of all denominations, 15,000; Jews, 19,000; dogs, 12,000; cats, 8,000." Thk Assistant Treasury. The Jour nal of Commerce says, in speaking of the arrangements for paying the January interest on tlie national debt: "The sub Treasury, much as it was denounced by politicians and a certain class of political economists, hns been a great blessing lo this country. In Nuw York, where the bulk of the dis bursements are made, the administration of this department is the theme of universal praise." l-fPortsinouth, Vo., on the breaking out of the recent pestilence contained a popula tion of 14,000, of which 1,200, nt least have died, and about 4,800 among the missing hnve not returned. The population of Norfolk at the some period was 18,000,nf which 3,700 have died, and there are at least 0,000 not returned. A desolation, nil things considered, far exceeding in its results the great plague of London. Slipper T Times in Boston. The streets were very slippery in Boston on Christmas day. The wag of the Post says that one gentleman in particular, who has long been very anxious to obtain a seat in the Legisla. ture, finally found one un the sidewalk with out any exertion. Ice Is treacherous. r$rOn Thursday while an old lady named Boyd wus attending the funeral of her de ceased husband, nt J rinity Church, New York, a pickpocket managed to extract from her pocket 9G5. Ho wue subsequently ar rested, however, aud compelled to disgorge. CALIFORNIA HUMORS. ... . , We select from Vhoenixiana a volume of most fatal nnd irresistible fun, a few samples and passages of life in California, which may be interesting to ninny renders. We begin with the"Innugurntlon of the New Collector," and append a few apecimena of the epistolary favors received by that important personage. It will be seen that there Is "a great sisal of -human nature in men," even in California, j LETTSnS TO THE NEW COLLtCTON. , . NO. I. . " "My Dear Tritnd: presume you wfll be perfectly surrounded this morning, aa Usaal, by a crowd of heartless offiensscckers. I therefore take this method of addressing yon. I thank God I wnnt no office for myself or others. Yon hnve known me for years, and hnve never known me to do a mean or dis honorable action. I saw W np, at Stockton the other day, and he is very anxious Hint I should be appointed 'Inspector of Steamboats.- He snid thntlneeded it, and deserved it, und that he-tmprol fu wnBiaffi. it to me; hut I told him I was nnnffiea.spolfar I should never ask you for nny office. He snid he would write to you about it. Plenso write tii me ns soon ns vou receive this, mm of Parry &. Batten. " "Tour altectionatc friend." "P. S.--MV friend John Kmifh. who knowisatrne Pierce and King man, in anxious to get Iho appointment of Weigher nou uiiugrr 01 maccarom. He is nn excellent teiiow, nnd n true friend of yours. I hope, whether you can spare nn Inspectorship for me or not, you will give Smith a chance. no. 11. "My Dear Sir: Allow me to congratulate you on your success in obtniningynur wishes. I have called twice to see you, but hnve not been nble to Hud you in. You were kind .enough to assure me, before leaving for Washington, that I might depend upon your friendship. 1 think it very improbable that I shall be renominated. The Water-front Ex tension project has not been received with that favor that I expected, nnd what with Roman and the Whigs and that d d Her- aid, I reel very donimiil. You will oblige me by retaining in your possession, until alter the Convention, the olliee of to the Custom House. I must look nbout nm to commnnd the means of subsistence. I will see you again on this subject. Very truly vours. "P. S. My young friend, Sir. John Brown, a ishes to be made Inspector of Vermicelli. He is s pure Democrat dyed in the wool, and I trust in m iking ynnr appointment you will not overlook hisciaiius. Brown tells mo he considers himself almost a relative of yours. His aunt used to go to school with your father. She frequently writes to him, nnd nl-.vays speaks of you with great esteem. no. m. ".Von Amie: I uve been vcr mnlado since that I hnv arrive, I vcr muche thank you for 1 you rivillte on In vnpor which we come ici, juntos. The peoples here do any to me, you si pued give to me the littel offices in your customs house, I wish if si ustcd gtistnn vou me shall make lo be Inspectors do cigarritos. Je I' cntends muy bien. Come to me sec. Countesde "Mister Jose Jones he say wish lo be entree clvrky. You muchtf me oblige by make him -do it. so. IV. "The following wns evidently dictated by some belligerent old Democrat to nn niiinn. uenais, who appears not to have got precisely the ideas intended: "Sin: I have been a dilnomit of tho Jack son School thank God for twenty years. If you sir had been erected to nn orilice by the pusillanimous sull'eiings of the people ns I was onst I would hnv no clam but sir you are appointed by Pierce for whom I voted and King who is dend ns Julia's sister nnd I ex. pectornte the olliee for w hich my friends will usk you sir I am n plane man and wont the orifice of Prover nnd taster of Brandy and wish you write to me nt the Niantic where I sick three days and hnve lo write by a young gentleman or come to ace me beforu eleven o'clock when I generally get sick. Yours. "P. S. .My young man mr. Peter Stokes I request may be mado inspector of pipes. The Difference in Men. We often seo nn old nnd well-beaten man who never had a success in his life, who always knew more nnd accomplished less than his associates, who took the quartz and dirt of enterprise, while they took the gold; and yet, in old nge, he is the hnppjer man, and all his life long ho was the happier man. Ho had n sum of nope, nnd they of oVri're and greed nnd nmi i ull this misfortune nnd his mysterious providences he hud that w ithin him w hich rose up nnd carried his heart abuve nil troubles, and upon their world wide waters bore him up like the old Am upon 1110 iJuiugc. It was tlie Deluge that gavu out not tho Ark. God has dislri. butcd bis gifts. It takes a score of them to make one man. One supplies the swift sngaci. ty; nnnlher the cautious logic; another the impelling lorce; another the hope, another the practical met one supplies general princi. pies, ontither tlie working plans. Men seldom unite by the (ron print. It is men's weak, nesses thnt bind them together. Hy distiibut ing gifts, God makes one innn dependent upon nnollier, nnd welds society together by making every man necessitous, iu some nlaee. ns regards other men II. IV. litecher. IsTEI'.F.ST.-lleverend llenrv Ward TWehm In his last letter in the New York Indctien. dent, thus gives his opinion upon farminir upon borrowed capital: UV l.tlulu- .I.,...-.. ..I.-..... ,1 UT..I . .-w ....... a nn.,, j.i-i ,11,111 "iiiicrcai does. Of nil industries, none is comparable 10 nun 01 interest. 11 works day and night, in fair weather nnrl in I'onl It l ,.n ir. its footsteps but travels fast. It gnaws at ....... ., i . . -.1 . . . . 11. in n Biiuniiiiit-u w 1111 loviaioiu tcetll. it OlnOS IndllMlru U'itli lis 111 in nu n llu iu I........1 ........ .' - 1 - - ... "VUI.W UIUII a spider's web. Debt rolls n man over and 1. :...:.. i.i ... 1 ..a 1 r..... 1 ... uti-i, uuiuoi mill imnu liuu Itlili auu letting him hang upon the fatal mesh until the long -legged interest devours him. There ia no crop that can afford to pay interest money on a farm. There ia but one thing raised on a farm like It, and that is the Canadian thistle, wnicn swarms new plants every time you break its roots. U'hnHH blnuanina ma Mnl:i: ' fiwiiui;, and every flower the father of a million seeds. uver; ivai isuu un 1, every urancn a spear and every sintrlo iilant is ULu nn nr,,,..A l.nu. o I ...... .... ... iitvn iii.ni.H The whole plant ia a torment and a vegetable curse. And vet a man bad better nuiL. Lis bed of Canadian thistles, than utlemut In lis at ease upon interest. An Unlucky Kick. J. W. Gillman. of Jonesborough, Me., while at work In a saw mill, in attempting to kick a dog from the end of a log, accidentally brought hia foot In eon. tact with tho descending saw, which severed the loot Irom the leg In a twinkling, According to the report of the New Orleuns Chief of Police, during tho last six months, one tenth of the entire population of that city has beeu placed under arrest.