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BY SAM. P. IVINS. . ATHENS, TEM., JRIDABRUArY 218567 ' : , . VOL. VIIL--yo, g88. T F. R n H I . ,"THE 08T U BubllfliH evtr Vrfdnv M lltwr vcnr jL - fcfMt in ndvnnce, or $9, If payment It dilnyrd until 'I ana xhthiiiii 01 me year, ' Al V4frtlpni('nt win ht dinrfrd $1 per tqnnrt ! f 111 Unci, or leu, for the flrtt ln.trtlrm, and Ml cent for Vicli cnntlnuAticfl. A Unernl fieri tint Ion marie to thnut who ftdvrtlw by the yenr. fprPerwni lemliniriidvcr tiimnti tnuct murk the number of timet they desire them innerted, or they will bo continued uutU forbid nd thtrred necordlneW. fnr anottnlng the namei of candidate! for offleti 95, Obituary nntteet It Hne char) at the regular ftdrertlntng ratee. All oom'ninloatlonlntentrd to promote the prlrate and or Interim of Corporntlona, Bncletle, Schoolt or IndtrldiiHl. will be charged an ndvvrtlrmentit. H Wtta 1r. aiii-h it I'lttmililrta. Mlntilra. P1reu1.rr. lift B IV ank, lliui'lhllln, c will be excciiteiHn good ttyle,-. on fewionnble trm. All le .vre n-Mn-Mwl to the Proprietor, poet paid , will ' V promptly attondrd to. Perioni at a distance tend In n the nnmn of fotir lTnt eubeerlhore, will he entttM to a fifth copy tratlf. No commnnleMlo inserted anleet accompanied by the name pi tnenaTnori W Office, en Mala Mreel, next deor to Ibt aid Jack THE POST. jimRm FninlT-, i ft .to. .' c New Yor. Feb. 19. A Washington correspondent of the Her ald telegraphs that Got. Shannon li ft tliin v. H. for Kansas. Hi- will travel night and duy until hi' reaches Shawnee Mission. The President desires him tn arrive there before the Free Slate iH-uinlat lire assembled nt'l'o pekn on the 4lh of Mnreti next. He ha full power, we underetnnd, to nrrcot inenilera nf thut 1'ginlnture, as it mertinjr in deemed In be nn overt net, end n aneh deserving a ae. vere piii:inlnncnt. If he carries out hi In struction", it is thought by gentlemen now here who tire residents of Knns is, there will tie n eollision between the Fvderul authurilies and Free State men. LetterH from the city of Mexico duted S5lh ult., ht'ile that three brigades of troops numbering nearly 7,000 men with ample ur tillery, leave tbu cupilnl in a few days to operate against Tnmnre r at I'ui bln. 1'hiladf.lfhia, Feb. 19. The news of the 1'ue.ilic being safe has but little foundation. VVAaiiisuToM, Feb. 19. The Senate confirmed Shannon lis Gover nor of Kansas after a very warm debate. Cleveland, Feb. 19. Dr. Rtephensnn whs acquitted today by the United States Diitrit-t Court on a charge of robbing the Post Office last spring. 1'HILADF.LFHIA, Feb. 20. The National American Council assembled at Philadelphia. The Louisiana delegation wan objected to beeuuxe not recognizing the Catholic test. The delgates were Hnally ad mitted by a vote nf 66 to 50. 11 The aeats of the delegation from Pennsyl vania, who ignore the 12h section of the I National Platform, were contested, terminn 1 ting in their admission. This has caused a bitter feeling among the Southerners. A resolution to rescind the 12th section of the American platform came before the Con vention today and wns amended by the intro duction of a sub-titutu. Pending a vote on the Amended resolution, the Convention ad journed. If the resolution passes the Southerners will probably withdraw. NewOiileans. Feb. 30. The bill removing Mr. Ilul'ly, sheriff of this city, passed both Houses of the legisla ture by a party vote. Washington, Feb. 20. In the Senate today the Central American question wns briefly discussed. A restil ution, calling for the Journal of the Naval Board, was adopted. In the House, Mr. Mace introduced a bill to prevent the extension of slavery North ol 36 30. Its reference was moved to the Com mittee nn the Territories, pending which the House resumed the consideration of the Resolution from the Committee on Elections, asking for power to send for persons snd papers in the Kausus contested election. The resolution was recommitted with in striiclinne. Nioof.b VVoitsiitr and Nigger VVonsHir rEKS. .Men in all ages have been led away by strange gods. Even Moses could not keep the children of Israel straight in the wilderness. There have been devil wor nlpers; cow, eat, bull, dog, snuke und monkey worshippers; sun worshippers, dirt worship pers; but the meunest of all are nigger wor. shippers. They have their pi jests and proph ets in England and the United States men who ought to be women, and women who ought to be men. Seward is the great high priest in tile United States, and Aliby Kelly Foster the priestess, assisted by the Boston vestals, who hold bazaars for the benefit of Brother Garrison's paper. Let the people of the Uuited States be ware of running af ter false gods. t3ffTli New York Commerlcnl Adver tiser notes an unintentional joke in thut very grave document, the United State Trens urer's Report, vii: uVVe find in the enumeration among the ar ticle w hich we do uot import, but ni iiiiiliie lure lor ourselves, 'vicei of all detcriplion$. 3gT Letters continue to be rceeired from Kansas, repenting a determination of each parly in the territory to carry through its purposes, and predicting a collision with arms, unless the Federal Government should pruuiptly interfere, A few duys ago 3J slaves were sold at New Orleans at an ayernge of 9I,48J.81 each. The Demons. A correspondent writes: 'Do you know snytliing vl Dyspesiuf And if you do, isn't it most unmistakably a demon among diseases sitting like a black night mar upon heart, soul and consclencef We believe In three Demons: Sin, Debt and Dye. pepsia. But the reign of these "power of darkness" is not eternal, TUn kill and art all. FOREIGN NKWS, New YonK, Feb. 16, It Is rumored Hint Turkey will net ns mediator between Persia Mid Enplnnd. I-oid Derby, In the House nf Lords, ft. pressed his regret that the Qleeu's speei h had not been more conciliatory, and that It had not contained a paragraph relating to the en listment of troops In the United States. Lord Clarendon explained by stating that a correspondence wns stilt going on between the two Governments, and Hint ho consider ed the difficulty susceptible of a peaceful solution. He a dd thut no slight was meant by the omission of any allusion to America In the speech from the throne. FuilTHER 07 the Canada. Arte Vert, Feb. 20. It Is reported by the Canada th: Russia made it n condition before accepting propositions of the Allies, that no indeinni ficulinn for the expense of the war will be demanded, and no cession nf territory ex seted, which being conceded, agrees not to fortify the Aland Islands. Holland and nth. er neutral powers demand a voice in thcCon Terence. Halifax, N. S Feb. 18. The United States propeler, Arctic, which has been searching for the I'aciti", arrived here todav, and we regret to say, has brought no tidings of her. The Shells Uniting. The Albany Ar gus, "Hard," anil the Atlas 'Soft," hnvo con stimulated a "fusion," and aru hereafter to appear under the joint management of Mcs. srs. Comstoek and Cassidy, the able conduc tors who have heretofore kept up n spirited lire upon inch other whilst maintaining the orthodoxy of their respective creeds. Hence forth they are to flaunt the Democratic ban ner in happy concord, and their arms and ammunition upon a common adversary. New County. The new countvof Union, formed of fractions nf Knox, Anderson, Camp bell, Clallmrne and Grainger has been rs tablished and properly organized. On the first Monday of this month. Judge Hinds held the first session nf the Circuit Court nt Maynardsville, the county-seat, named in honor of our townsman, Horace Maynnrd, Esq. The county will elect its permanent oftVi rs, at the coming March elections, nnd, in nil general elections, until a new appor tionment is made, the several fractions will vote with the counties, from which they were taken. Knuxmlu Register. Political Morality. Tou London cor respondent of the National Intelligencer snvs it is generally admitted that the great hulk of the young men in Freneenre Republicans, nnd the juveni es of the Sorbornne are cer- t-'iiuly not less, but prob.il.ly more, republi can than their fellows. It is declared by nl- most all frenchmen that the Republican party is the strongest in France, and that the policy of the present Emperor has always been to disarm its opposition tillier by proscription or uy isvors. i ins inner mode ol action, says the correspondent, seems to have been very successful, just at this time, with M. Nisiird, an old llepullicnn,staunch and strong, but who has yielded to the temptation of the post ol Professor of Literature in the Uni versity, with a salury of 15,000 francs a yenr, M. Nisurd has attempt' d to justify his pro ceed u re by insisting thut there are two codes of political morality one for the vulgar snd one for men of gouius. Of course he places Louis Napoleon and himself among the latter. A Cut at Gheelet. Strong's Young America" has "central idea" representing Greeley ns a nurse in woman's clothes, with his head bandaged, presenting a naked bubv, half Black and half while, to Brother Jona than, with the remark "The child is born und his name is Banks." Presidential Election. It is Dossihlv thut the duty of choosing the next President inav devolve unon Conirress. The fi. II. .ic ing table therefore possesses interest in mis connection, u snow tne blulcs that voted for Bunks, Opposition, mid Aiken, Democrat, nt the recent election for Speaker: BANKS STATES. ANTI BANKS STATES. Maine. Delawuru. Vermont. Virginia, Massachusetts. North Carolina. New Hamushire. Marvlund. Connecticut. South Carolina. New York. Georgia. Rhode Islund. Alnb.nn.i. . New Jersey. Florida. Pennsylvania. Mississippi. Onio. Louisiana. Indiana. 'JVxus. Illinois. - . . Missouri. Michigan. Arkansas. u iscunsiu-1 4 slates. Tennessee. Kentucky, California, luwa wns divided I Banks 1 Aiken. n re. piTiri i-rn.M Banks States, Auti Banks States,! 6 Nashville and Ciiattanoooa Railroad. From snd si lei this day the pausenger truin leaves Nashville every morning at 7 30, ar rive at Chattanooga nt 4 30, r.M. Returning leaves Chattanooga at g, A. it., and arrives ut Nashville at 4 60. T. at. 3jfTlie number of passenger transport- during the past year on the seven railroads lending from Doslnn was 8,! 1 1 030, or 25,- 900 for each working day. The number in 1854 wu 8,701,760, the diminution being 640,780. New Ori.KASB IM l.lir-ie 't'l.A SAO nM ...... T- . - VU..,UH1J. 20,1100, 16,000, several ol the l 2.000. und s large number of the small prize in the last Havnna lottery, have been all been drawn in this city. A lew hours before the Gmna. da arrived, bringing the news of the druwing, s negro drayman went into clothing store on me lvee to pgrvnnse. coat, sort not having money en 'Cgh, he divided the half of a lottery ticket with the clothing man und that ticket drew one-half of ths S60.000 orize. N. O. Dell. NICARAGUA. We have read, says the New Orleans Bui. lotln, of the 30lh ult., nnd published a great deal of luteiesling Information in relation to this country, hut from sources which we could not vonch for ns authentic. We have a letter before us not designed for publication, ad dressed to a personal friend, written by a citizen of the United Suites, who hna settled In thnt country, not to ndvnnce nny political object, or ns n filibustering ndvenlurer with a view nf acquiring lands by the strong nrgu ment of force, but to cultivate tiro property which he has obtained by purchase nnd holds by n Icgnl nnd Indisputable title. Ills tvpre. aentntions nre therefore entitled to the fullest credit. He writes from Leon de Nicaragua,, der date of Rtlt Janunry, und we make the following extract: "This country has been drendfully scnurg ed, but 1 think I see the dawn of n better dav. Walker has done well. He is, I think, just the man for the occasion, nnd I have great confidence in him in every respect. H has eniirnge, energy, capacity nnd foresight nn intuitive knowledge of the country and pen. pie, and I hope to see him at nn distant dnv Pmidrnt nf the United Stale of Central America. I bclive he has high-minded nnd honorable views, without n particle of nier cennry feeling. Some errors hnvo been doubtless commit, ted by the new Government the appoint, ment of French, for instance, but von must benr in mind there wns n limited field for n good selection. All beginnings are hard and we must innke allowances for the peculiar state of things nt the time. The Slate is quiet nnd there appeiirs to be generally among the natives a feeling of content nnd confidence. Of course there are some exceptions, which is not surprising. I apprehend no difficulty so fur its Nicaragua is concerned. Her destiny I consider settled, but if the other States should combine against her, it might require some lightingnnd a large levy of men, which would retard her progress for a while. I hope, however, pence will be maintained, and such Is now the expectation nl head quarters. Walker has upwards of 500 men and is ex pert in p; largo reinforcements from California and older Slates. We want emigrants for mining nnd ngrieultiir.-il purposes, and me chanics ns well ns soldiers and yon may snfely recommend nil active, sober niid industrious men, and even families, to come nut. Thev can rely upon its being a healthy and n most fertile country. I have reference to' the Inte rior, not to San Juan, Kinney's settlement. Most of "'nlker's men are young rind well educated. I li ve met among them many talented gentlemen, nnd most respectably connected nt home. I made n visit to Granada Inst week willi the object of getting nn ex emption from mil t irv service for the laborer on tlr plantation. ! made implication to Gen. Walker for the overseer, officers nnd 60 men nod It was promptly granted. This force will enable us to push o'nr pl.intingniid put up the centrifugal machine and set the sawmill ago ing. I feel more encouraged with the pros pects than for some time past. Encroachments of the OcEA.-The New Jersey Geological Report shoes that the Atlantic Is steadily, nnd rather rapidly, en croaching upon the laud nn ' its const. - At Cape Island the surf has eaten inwards full a mile since the Revolution. Along the Bay Shore in Cope May the marsh wears nwny at the rate of a rod in two years. One of the beaches upon the const is mentioned ns having moved inward one hundred yards in tho last twenty years. It is also the opinion of the oldest observers that the lirles rise higher tip nn the eastern New Jersey uplands than formerly. Prof. Took, of the Geological Survey, is confident that the shore, is now settling nt the rate of about two feet in a hundred years. The sand benches on the const nre drilling inward every yenr. Egg Island, the western point nf Maurice River Cove, which in the yenr 1694, covered three hundred acres, now contains nt low wnter from a half to three fourths of nn acre, nnd nt high water it is submerged. Prosperity or Ni brarka Territort The message of Governor Isard, of Nebraska, gives a very gratifying account of puhliu nnd private prosperity in the Territory. Every branch of industry bus received and continues to receive n liberal reward, nnd the inhabitants ore prosperous nnd happy in n degree hereto fore unexampled in the history of the settle, ment nnd organization of former Territories. Business of every kind is In a honlthy condi. tion; prosperous nnd populous towns nnd cities nre spiinging up as if by magic all nlong the eastern border, nnd nt favorable points to the westward; and the heuiitiful and fertile prairies nre fast bting converted into produc tive fields, giving good promise of a ricli re ward tu the toiling hnshandinnn. Six Men to be Hunq in One Day. At the Inst session of Yazoo Circuit Court (Mississippi) six men three black and three white were found guilty nf murder nnd sentenced tobehungon the 16th of Febinnry, nnd one sentenced to the penitentiary for five years. ISfThcre is something beuutilul in the following lines: Take Ihe hrlM shell From III hams on ths tea, Anil wlirrvver it goei It will iIdi of lira ics. Bo. Mitt lira fond heart rVnin lu home sntl In hssrttl Twill ling of tho kxmt Tolhs sad of tin isrth. Yankee Slaveholders It nnnrnrs bv the report of the Investigating Committee of the Boston nnd Providence Rntlrond t!no,... ny, that the corporation has a large tract of wooniana in Virginia, Irom KhicU it procures its supplies nf fuel, and that the company hire slaves nnd sluve-d rivers, and nny nips nun tliongs us disciplinary aids in currying on tire operations. At least, so we learn irom me lioston tlerald, which udds thnt the Slate of Massachusetts has .i.,..r. interest in Ihe railroad, and hence particulates in the hire and punishment of these slavea. ICSfThe following Question is belnn enn. sirlered in nn nut West' debating society. "Which hna ruined most men giving cred. it or getting trusted." At last account ths disputant were about nip and tuck," Nicaragua, tup. Rt.s'.fTinvnt'spf ivrn i . ":... . . . : r mmm THE ELECTION Of SPEAKER. i,rrom ins nrenmona mrlg.) We suppose nn mnn in his senses is dis appointed nl the howl sent tip by the Demo cratic presses at the South over the election of Banks. B Ing the gHrttnrty themselves, it is pei fectly natural in them to mnke n great noise, nnd try to fix the responsibility upon the shoulders of those who nre Innocent In determining the question of responsibili ty, we hold thnt the final vote Is by no means the only thing to be inquired into. But it is necessary to ascertain through whose p irticn lur' ngenry the plurality rule was ndoptcd and adopted, loo, wllh a full consciousness nf the fact that Bunks wWj nlnrost una voidably bo chosen under It. If, then, we nru not nt fault In, onr recollection, not more tlinn one Nntionnl American voted for the plurality rule, while it was sustnlned by fuWre professed national Democrats that is by twelve of the immortal seventy four, who uniformly supported Richardson! Not only so, but it was presented by Southern Demo crats, who warmly urged its adoption, know, ing, necessarily, that it would result In Bank's election! These being the facts of the case, w Inquire In nil sincerity nnd enndor. upon whom does the responsibility rvtt And to th's question, there can be tut one leply, il nny faith is to be put in figures. It rest up on the Democrats and what is more nnd worse it rests almost entirely upon Suutha-n Democrats! : We find, too, according to the published proceedings, that immediately after the adap tion of the plurality rule. several unsuccess ful attempts were made by Southern Ameri. cans and Southern Democrats to have U re scinded. Mi. Boyee, of South Carolina, one of the seventy-four, wns the first to spring to his feet, nnd "moved to rescind the plurality resolution just passed by the House." But so runs the record "on motion of Mr. Smith, of Tennessee'" a Richardson Dem ocrat "Mr. Boyce's motion was laid on the table." Again: notwithstanding the defeat of Mr. Brrjcc's motion, Mr. Walker, of Alabama an American member obtained the floor, and "moved to rescind tin.- plurality rule." Well, what wns the fate of Mr. Walker's motion! Why, Mi. Clingsnnn, or North Car. olinn, another one of the immortal seventy. four, w ho had been in favor of the plurality rule from the beciiminir. snr.rnir to bis feel nnd said that Mr. Walker's "rii,ir,.n . .,i In order, ns the House had lust refused to rescind the rule to elect by a plurality vote" in voting down the motion of Mr. Boyee. And thus a second attempt to have the rule rescinded wns defeated by a Southern Delin ocinll With this review of tho facts of the Case bef'jre the final volo wns taken, we again nsk who is responsible for Bank's election! itut tins is not nil. After llio final vote had been announced, showing the election of Hanks, a number ol Soiitlleru members, both Democrats und Americans, obtained the floor, nnd protested thnt they had been opposed to lire adoption of the plurality rule from the uutset, and that no circumstances could oc cur under which to sustain it. Mr, Boyee, of bouth Carolina, ngain slated that "helm not voted for the plurality rule, nnd could not vote for tho resolntion of Clinn mnn offered subsequent to the announcement of me anal vole declaring that Hanks had been duly elected Speaker. Mr. Ilutris, of Alabama, another one of tha seventy-four, also took occasion to nver that " no man had been more opposed tlmn himself to the ado tion of the plurnliry rule. The House, how ever, hud seen fit to pass it, nnd, under II, the gentleman from Massachusetts had received a plurality c.r the votes. He was, therefore, by virtue of a decision of the House, made Speaker thereof." Sir. Smith, of Virginia, another of the seventy-four, also declared Hint "Hie result, so much deplored by so nin ny upon the floor or the House, ua the can. trnnence nf a bungling management, such ns be should take occasion to follow no more forever!!" Now. the question arises, why did so many Southern Democrats, after Hanks' election, manifest so anxious n wish to clear their skirts of all responsibility for the adoption of Hie plimrtiej-ruic! V,ui it not the result of a deep and earnest rnnvic lir.n Mint Bunks could never have been elect id without the adoption of thatrulc, which was forced upon the House by the united voto of all the Black Republicans Camp, bell, of Ohio, only excepted with lieehe Democrats, and most of these livelveramlhe South! Such, it is evident, is the true und only reason of the anxiety of theso men to acquit iheuiselvcs before the puhlio and their constituents of nny ngeney in the adop tion of a rule, which, it was known to a I, would necessarily result in the vlcoiion of Banks. But take cms other view of the matter. If the great bulk of the Democrats, who voted ngoinsl the plurality rule, did not know that its adoption would be equivalent to Bank's' elcction,whnt excuse have they for not voting for il! We put I his question beenuse, in de fence of those Democrat who dta1 vote for it, it is now urged In' inuny quarters thnt they were snlisheO II would secure Hot tion ol Aiken. But this i clearly a ruse, for the reason thnt most of- these twelve had voted for it from the start, and long before Aiken or Orr hud been dreamed of. But we drop the subject for to day. We observe, however, thnt the reenril I. .... ....i.. ' " .. ujjijr thing, und according to it, the Democrats ure responsible for Bunks' election. Mrs, Sarah Wain recently obtained a vr. diet of 456,95 against the city of Charles lirwi,, Mass., In consequence of having her leg broken by lull on the icy streets the city being bound to keep th streets clear of obstruction. . WHAT BECOMES OF THE SILVER. feincethe.discovory of gold In California thenmountor silver coin in circulation Iras stcadlily dee ..use.!, nnd moi thnrt one Inge nious theory ling been broached lo account or lis disappearance from It nccustomed channels. Among these, thnt offered by the Philndelpliia American is Ihe most sntlsfso. lory. 1 hut paper ha dug up from ths Brit ish Parliamentary statistics lb,, nmnnnt nf silver shipped to the East Indies and China irom urem urituin; and from its fignres we lenrn that Ihe enormous sum of thirty. one millions of dollars took that direction In IBJ3, nnd that during the last five years nee. ninety millions ofsilver hnvo 1.un ed up by the demands of the China and As. latle trade, in addition to the enormous amounts that have been required for the rime trade which is carried on by the At lunttc ports in the Uuited States. Wc pny silver nnd littleel se for t1,A Ion T- dia silks, spices, indigoes, die, that we bring mm noronu; nnu, Inasmuch ns the supply of the metal does not increase in propotion to the increase of the Eastern trade, tho demand grows every succeeding year more und more brisk, nnd the amount in circulation less nnd less. Wo do not see when or wlmra this drain is to be stipped. The Chinese de mand little that England or America can spare. 1 heir civilization, tin Ir habits, ens. loins and wants, nre widely different from ours. Our farbrles, whether of cotton or wool, are of littlo value lo people who pre fer nakedness to the most sumptuous appa rel. Our breadstuff and sailed pork are not highly esteemed by men whom n dab af boiled rice is a dinner ami to whom pork is un abomination. Our steam eiirines nnd locomotives, telegraph nnd reapers, our la- oor-snviiig machinery or all kinds, which con diice so much to the prosperity and han piuess or the Western world, are powerless in breaking down the caste system of tho Eastern world, that is older thiiu our civilizn. tion. As lung ns we continue to indulge in the decf.etinn tli.it is the comfort of tho poor est ns well as the valued luxury of the rich; us long us wu will stimulate our' palates and impair me national digestion with spices that Ihe East only can furnish; and as long ns onr wives ami daughters will wear silks, which, for brilliancy of dy, shame the birds ol most brilliant plumage, there is no cape, wo must pay! The Chinese, wiser than the English, will have nothing to do with our bonds. In th -Flowery Land' the most skillful negotiator would fail to wring n dollar from the incredulous mandarins I hey demand the silver nnd to them it goes." A Factory Hoy sow Speaker. In Ihe eh clinn of .Mr. Banks as Sneaker, the Fr... ricksburg Herald thinks it may say nl lenst nun energy lias trecn rewarded, if not Integri ty of character; for we believe that Mr. Bunks has always been somewhat ofn slippery poli- iieiau generally managing to f:l) on thnt side of the fence where the herbage wns most luxuriant. We have in Mr. Banks nn exem plificntion of the beauty of our republican system of government. There is no office, however high, to hii-li a boy, however bum. ble of birth and destitute of fortune, mny not aspire. Mr. Banks began life a bobbin boy in n mill at VVultham, Mass.; his education was Hint afforded by the-New- England free school system; ho is represented ns hnving studied undei great disadvnntnges,nnd worked againsi odds, wild hardly anything in his favor save Industry nnd nn indomituhlo will. At the enrly nge of forty.two he has been elected Speaker nf the popular branch of Congress nn office scarcely second in importance to thnt of nny other in Hie United States. JSTMr. John lloyd, nfParkemburg.Che. ter count v. Pennsylvania, in a letter to the Commissioner of Patents, in which he speaks nf the successful cultivation of Egyptian outs suvs: 1 It is willi pleasure thnt I report In yon the favorable result or the cultivation of the Egyptian oats, distributed n lew yenissinco thou.jh Hie Pntenl Office. From eighteen bushels, which I sowed on six ncies of ground of middling quality, raised two hundred nnd forty.two bushels, which uhen well denned, weighed forty seven pounds lo the bushel. A good lent ure in these nuts is thut the straw is si iff and firm, nnd not liable to lull down. They meet with great favor here. Sad Calamity A private letter received in this city yesterday, brings the inelnuc'iolv tidings of the death by freezing, of Mr. anil Mrs. Rolf, Cerro Urrrrlo county, Iowa. Thev bad been to n neighboring town, shopping and on their way home, got lost in a snow storm, on the prairie. Mr. Rolf, who was nn invalid, could not lenvo his sled. His wife wrapping her shawl around him, unhitched the oxen, nnd followed them,ns they trudoed homeward, for half a mile, when she sunk down in n snow drift nnd there died. On ihe in rival of the oxen nt the h e, Ihe neioh. bnrs turned out hi senrch, und found brllli Mr. nnd Mrs. Rolf frozen to death on the prairie. Mitwaukie Sentinel, Feb. 8. A Heroine. In Lune County, Oremm, in November, the Indian attacked Ihe" cabin or a M r. Hums, occupied by himself, wire nnd btlle daughter. The fill er soon fell dead, but the intrepid wife look his musket and revolver and kept up lrtf ,,., , Indians from between Ihe logs of the cabin lor several hours, until she was relieved by n' cenipniiy of Volunteers, who fUIIfJ ihe t'tirn Irtunillv u I r.. u--,.l .. f ,. i , i mis iiiuiun shot by Hie brave woman. Among the mnnv good things In the vnrle. gated memoirs of Rev. Sidney Hmlth a n,, fifllowing:"When you meet with neglect ,.t it roue you to exertion instead of mortifyinrr vonr oritto. Ht sluml i. .. j i . ' , . ' ""a r.riose ueleots which expose you lu n.glrct,nndimprovetho exclleoeie Hindi command attention and respect." This Is excellent advice. M. Maedier,' the author of, the recent In vestigulinn wilh reference to Ihe central sun reaches Ihe conclusion thut Alcoyne, the' principal star In the group Plelndes, now occupies Ihe centre of grnvliy, nnd is at pre, ent th sun about which all Hit universe of tturs revolve. - - OPEN THE GATE. "I wish yon would send n boy to open the gate for me," said n boy of ten years to his mother ns he passed with his bucks under his arm, 'Why John, cannot you open Ihe gate for yourscli!" said hi mother. "A boy of your nge and strength ought certainly lo be able to do thnt!" "I could do it, I suppose," said the hoy, "but it is heavy, nnd I M not like the trou ble. The servant can open it for me just as well. What Is the use of having servants if they are not to wait upon us!" thought he. The servant was sent to open the gate, the boy passed nut and went whistling nn his way lo school. When he reached his sent in the academy, he drew from his bag of books his arithmetic, and began to look at the sum. "I cannot do these," he whisiered to the next scholar, "they nr tit hard." "But you can 'try," replied hi compan ion. "I know Hint 1 cm ire" mA Inkn UV.. it is tiro tlliu-h Irnntil... Pmv ali.t teacher for, if sot to help us out of our niineiiines t sliull curry my slate to Mr. H-, riv unnrr, Alns poor John. Ha had eome to another closed gate n gnte lending In tha path of useini Knowledge, lie could hnve opened it nnd entered Itiilom.. hot h.. U ,A..n,na ii.. conclusion thnt it wns ns well to hnve the gale opened ns for to exert our own strength. oe resuu wns null ll w as decided thnt he hnd no "gcnoiis" for such study. . The same was true of Ijilin. He could hnve learned the declension of the nouns and verlrs as well a others of his nge; but he got other boys to do bis exercises, nnd what was ur us,, oi opening ine gaie into me iniiii lan guage when other Would do it far him. Oh, nn, John Easy had no idea of tasking his mind or body when he can avoid it, and Ihe consequence wns that numerous gates remained closed to him nil his life gates to honor gales to usefulness gates to happi ness. Children you should early learn thut it is always best to help yourselves. Senator Douglas and President Pierce . The Washington correspondent of the N. Y. Courier and Enquirer announces Hint: Mr. Douglass has arrived, and will npposo the Administration in its policy npon Cen tral America. He ndvises nn alii rnce offen sive snd defensive with General Wnlker, ns preliminary to the war with Great Britin, which is about to lake place upon the reccm inendntion of lh President, and with lire eoneurrenco of Messrs. Sewnrd, Fool nnd Wilson. Mr. Dnglss has not yet perfectly recovered the use nf his voice, his great weapon, but he will find the means to swell the war cry against Great Britain. Though dissatisfied with the course, of tho 1'resideul upon Kansas affairs, he acquiesces in it, ho cause to do otherwise would be to injure his own prospects for a Presidential nomina tion. Fatal Mistake. Mr. Jno. D. Gibson, Auction 4. Commission Merchnnl, or this place came to his death, on Saturday even, ing last, In his store-ro .m, in a most distress ing nnd tragic manne. Ha took through mistake, as is supposed, n draught of s so. lution of the Cyaniirct of Potassium nnd ox ide of gold, or silver, a mixture used for guiding or galvanizing purposes. Having found the drink disagreeable, he called his auctioneer, and inquired what it was, und on being told, fell into disarms, and never spoke again. He lived about half an hour after ta king the poison. It is supposed that he thought ilto be wine, there being several bottles of wine near by, und the solution of which he drank bciiig'jn n Claret bottle. A srrlem warning this against the careless use of poisonous mixtures. Knnxcille Reg. Governor Johnson's MoTHEB.-The moth er ol Gov. Johnson, or Tennessee, died in this nhicp. on V,-r1riMsdu BV.nin l..fr ... , , , ..j . s ..in,,, i, quite nn advanced age. Her remnins were borne to their Inst resting place on Thurs day evening, followed by it largo procession, coiiiniicdoftliecitizens.b..l.li of the tu and eoonlv. Joilir., A lav,,.,, In- n,ll,........j : j' o ..-'jwunii-u the Court us a token nf respst for the mother "i our uisuirguisiieu uovernor, and with the bar, joined the procession. Greenevitle Presbyterian. Interesting from St. Domingo. A sub. scriber writes to the Washington Stnr from St. Domingo by the hist arrival, as follows: "They nre fighting fiercely nil around here. More than three thousand men hnve fallen in live days. The English and French are against these people and helping the negroes. Santa Anns has declared for the "Monroe doctrin,' nnd will gain the day. All is con fusion here. Judges of the courts, mid clerks under government, nru under urms. All prisoners nru shot. No quarter given. This little republic is going to show the world how she can sustain herself against England, France nnd Huyli." ' s A Demonstration or Leap Year. A rather singular and amusing nccurrenc" took place near Cnchrunvillc, Cluster county, Pa., a tew weeks since. A Mi. Bachtell from Medina, Ohio, was introduced to a Miss Doe quel, of Chatham, Chester county, I'a.. about lour o'clock in the nflenoon nfihelGtli ul timo, und married her within three hours nf tcrumd. Doth ure said to be worthy nnd respectable persons, but very lively. They were jesting upon Hie subject of matrimony, when she, jestingly, "popp d Ihe question," lo w hich ho acceded. One reply brought on another, until they went to the parson's and bad tbu Ceremony performed. Western Justice.'! he St, lands (Mo.) Herald says that a week or two ago, a wealthy young Tcneessee planter took pas. snge lor Hint city, nt Puriuchn, Ky on boutd the steamer Helen Mnr, mid on the passage succeeded in guniiiinglheuiiccliuiis,riiii Iniul ly accomplishing the ruin of a young and pretty girl on board. By soma' means, the mailer was suspected by tho boatmen, who, through some of the holy passengers, obtain ed a verification of their suspicions. They walled on the planter mid told him in prs pais lo get uiutriidor lie put ashore on a sand bar lo freely lo death, Ihe)' made the boat fust ut Chester, III., sent for a justice, whom they pulled oul of his bed, slid in a few minutes the puir were married, und Hie sum ol (1450 exuded from the bridegroom lo treat all bunds. When lust heard from, the new ly married were at Baraum's Hotel, tit. Lou. is, Mo. p . FfiT "I hope you will be able tn support me," said a young Isdy, while walking out one evening with her intended, during slipiiery lute of the nidewalk. "Why, yes," said the somewhat hesitnllng swnin,"ilh some little assistance from vour father." . ' There wo some coufusion, and a profound silence. From i Railroad Car Wheels-TIi Albany Journal say that during the last three weeks, npon ths eastern end of ths Albany nnd Utien division of the Central road, six Inrge six-inch axle in driving wheel wer napped off. ImI week the spoke or one or Ihe five-foot driving wheels of in express en gine were all jerked off "th hob at crack, and the rim or the wheel was thrown up into a cub. The fracture of ths axis takes pluee In nil cases close to the wheel. Tho break 1 vertical, and with a comparatively plan fucs where the Iron I Inferior, and jagged and tringy where it I excellent. The fracture of wheels and axle take place mostly early In the morning, about aun. rise, j he day succeeding one of intense cold is moto fatal to iron under strain, it I said, " than the cold day Itself, Straining is deemed a severer test thnn percussion. : ! MonuER in Missouri. Mr. Basil II. Gor don, Assistant Engineer of tha North Mis. soon ranronn, wns murdered Dear Wnrrenton, Missouri, last week.' His body was found nenr the head of a ravine, bout twenty rods rrom me roan, ouried In snoW. He was out collecting subscriptions for til construction of Hie road, nnd it is supposed he wns mur dered for the purpose of securing money which he Was supposed to have in his pot session. The directors or the North Missouri railroad have offered ftl.AOOnnd th. n... of Missouri has offered $300 for the arrest of Hie murderers. Mr. Gordon was Inst seen fc company willi two men, one of whom repre sented bis name ns being Mny, from the Stnt of Kentucky. He is descrilied as about thirty years of sge, wilh blsck whiskers,"good look, ing, nnd well dressed. Mr. Gordon is repre- . senled to have been a gentleman of grent worth. Ho wns a native of Virginia and wns about forty yenrs of nge. Washington, Feb. 18. : Ahnlitinn Mntemenm'rha Republican Associntlon of Washington city i making strenuous efforts to establish similar societies in every city nnd village throughout ths Union serving, as the circular says, "to rally the people and inspire them with confidence nnd enthusiasm, nnd to furnish them with th information necessary to expose and fairly meet tho sophistry, of pro slavery demo gognes, making the issue "slavery or freedom' in the next Presidential campaign." They design scattering broadcast documents and speeches, und have already prepared 162,000 copies in English nnd 20,000 in German of the speeches and writing of Seward. II..U und others. I3T We have been struck with that pass, age of Ll. Maury. "Physical Geography f Ihe Sea," in which lie compute the effect of a siiiL'le inch of rl r'li; .. .., .. " "poo ine Aiiuntio Ocean. J'he Atlantic includes an area of 35 uniioiisoi squure mile. Suppose an inch of rain to full upon only one-lillh ot this vast cApnnse: Ml would ! weigh, says our author, "thres hum red and sixiy thounnnd millions of tons: and the salt which, ns wnter, if held in solu. Hon n the sea, nnd which, when the wnter disturb equilibrium, weighed sixteen million. Illoru tolls, or ii...,rl.. ...: , ... , . . ' v. ' '"'"""i inncii a a 1 1 1 ships in the world could curry at a cargo each ' .-' . r; ll o?epJ whTt . m. It Uiiiiht in l:i nit. tl.i. : . ... . " ," ; 8 '"" r1ul"onuin or th ocean. If all the waters discharged by th Mississippi river during the yenr were taken up in one mighty mensure, nnd east into th ocean at one eflort, il would not make a irreuter distiirluona ,, it... . .. ... ruuiriurium or in sea thnn would the fall of rain .uppowd And Vi-tniifriinrlii... ik . .- '. 6 , ,,, upt,rIUI0lm ur nlurt thut movements so vast are unpvrceived." Dr. Rue claims th rewnr.l r .l -v M I.OUU. and pounds terling, offered by the British uovcrmuen. 10 nny party who, in the judg. ment of HieBonrd of Admlmli. .i...u first succeed in ascertaining Ihe fatejit. Sir John Franklin and ihu ......... ,.r u t'!L"A. --. ni. snip Lrebu and Terror. The adjudication la to be made ut tho expiration of three month from the 23d January last; and al! person who conceive themselves entitled to contest Dr. Rue's right are invited to prefer their claims within Hint period. Bf.autieul Thought. There ia but a brenlh of air nnd a bent or the heart be tween tills U-Orl.l unA ,1... , ... i i - "u iical. Ana in the brief interval of painful nnd awful sua. rn"r "iron vc irci inui oeain is present illi ns, thnt we nre powerless-nnd ths Inst faint pulsation here is but Hie prelude of endless life hereafter we feel in tha midst of the stunning calamity about to be fall us, thut earth bus no compensating good to mitigate Hie severity of our loss. But there is no g. ef without some beneti. cent provision to soften its intenseness. When Ihu good and lovely die, lira uietn. ory of good dci d , like the moonbeams on the stormy s.a liflitu up our darkened hearts, and lenus to the surrounding gloom a beauty so sad, so sweet, that ws would not, il we could, dispel ths darkness thai environ them. People talk about the dull routine ofer. dinnry existence the quiet, comuion-plue monotony with which the mass of mankind pas through life. There is nn such thing u quiet, conimon-plncs monotony. Eve ry life is full of incident, nnd every heart is full of feelings; but they are not all pub., lished. "The heart knoweth its own bit. teruess, and a stranger iuterncddleth net' Willi il joys." - : ,i IrtT Boston lost In two quarters last year, nearly halfa million of dollars by ths Easier war. Her trad with Russia was cut off to thnt extent. " . . .,' a ' Lea Year. In olden time, onmairitd women used to wear a scarlet pUicut dnrl ing lesp year. If they showed th edge or 'this garment to any man, he wa bonnd lo worry thvim but could buy himself off kr orcselrtinr? tha Isdv with . cheap alternative. Their TnotHins Russian journal says thnt so fur be l trophies of England and Franc are block crape and mourning dress. w