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I. P. IVI.N8.KD1TO XSU PHOPRIKTOB. Ter: Si T"r payable la adtauce, or $S at lie eipiraUoa of the yae. ' Ify1 No paper dixwuinued nnlH all arrearages art ld,tlepttthopUunof the Publisher. tor aaaouncluf the una f candidates for office 5, ih. Obituary Notices ow mines, charged at the regular kdrertliinf ratel. All oomiauaicatiom Intended to promote the private ads T liumu of Corporations, Socioliea, Schools or ladivldaals, vlU be charged aa advertisements. Tixo People' TloUet. , . , f OR MrilDEXT, XILLAUD riLLIOHE, ' or saw roaa. FOR VICI PRESIDENT, AXDBEW J. DOKELSOX, or tirrrssrr. AMrU Elicttnl Ticket. POR Till STATC. Kf.lX.1 R. DROWN, of DarMsoB. HORACE MAVNARU, of Koox. POl Till DISTRICT. lei District N. O. Taylor, of Carter, td " Moss Whits, of Knox. Id Kmsa B. BataaoK, of Hamilton. 4th " W. P. Ihrrawi, of Coffee, tth rtnaiRT IUttor, of Wilson. th " W. II. Wia, of Bedford. Tth C. 0. Caowa.or (Wei. Sth J- M. Jium.en, of Moiilrwmerjr. 9th " ISio B. Htwaias, of Oarroll. 10th " Jiwsra R. Mosst, of Fayette. ATHENS. l-'Ill DAY, OCT. 3. 1850. GEN. HASKELL'S APPOINTMENTS FOR EAST TENNESSEE. Gen. W. T. IIaskell will address the eiti sens of East Tennessee at the following times and plaets: Knoxvilla, Tuesday, October 14 Maryville, ' Wednesday. " 16 Sevierrille, Thursday, " 16 Dandridge, Friday, " 17 Newport, Saturday, ' 18 Oreeueville, Monday, " 20 Jonesboro', Tuesday. M 81 Kingsport, Wednesday, " 41 Rogersville, Thursday, " 48 Sneedsville, ' Friday. " 24 Tasewell, Saturday, " 25 Jacksboro', Monday, " 27 Clinton, Tuesday, " 28 Kingston. Wednesday, " 29 Washington, Thnrsduy, " 80 Athens, Friday, " 81 In many places, it is the intention of our frieud to get up Barbecues, and we trust that at all, they will interest themselves in circulating the appointment. Meeting or thr Director v. The Direc tor of the F.ast Tennessee and Georgia Rail road will meet nt the office in Alliens on Wednesday, October 8lh, for the purpose of organizing. The Mass Meeting at Chattanooga. We hope our friends will turn out in large numbers to attend the Mas Meeting nnd Barbecue 1 nt Chattanooga, mi Wednesdny next, the 8th inst. A brilliant array of apen ken will be in attendance. Fare on the railroads half price. ' ' PinrsVLVANIA. Wo believe it is begin, niiig to I'll conceded, even by Mr. Buchanan's varment frionds, that lio is without strength at the North, ami will lint be nblii to carry Ilia own State. All our information from the Free States tends to this eolicl union. The general lento of the press and the letters from that direction, justify us in assuming and as. sorting that he will not be nblo In carry a ingle one of the sixteen Free States not even Pennsylvania. We would not, for any consideration, intentionally, deceive our read era In regard to the Mrunglli of either of Hie candidates; but we cannot help believing that the opinion of Mr. Ducli man's weakness, Bow an prevalent, is well grounded. Among thor evidences going t coulirm us in the opinion hero expressed, we have received the following Irom a friend in an adjoining coun. ly, which we take the liberty of laying be. fore our readers: "A plnnter from Alnbama. a gentleman with whom several citizens of this place are well acquainted, has returned from the North, where ha has been travelling with his family, lie has been In Pennsylvania very recently, nd say that Fremont will carry that State beyond a doubted in fart is so much nlnrni. ed about the final result of the election, that although having brought with him from Alabama a Targe amount of fund with which to purchase negroes, he has bought none, nnd carries his money back with him home. He if a Democrat, an intelligent gentleman, nd owns a plantation and 106 negrooa. Ho savs that the conservative men at the North acknowledge the rights of the South, and are riving nl! the assistance in their power, but that we are divided among ourselves, and must look Tor the worst." It being now evident that Mr. Buchanan cannot be elected, even were he to receive the united vote of the fifteen slavehotding States, it is certainly the duty nnd the inter est of the South to abandon the support of Mint gentleman, nnd rally nround Mr. fill more, upon whom they enn conceiilrnto nnd elect, nnd whose election will prevent a ca tastrophe that may sunder the Union forever. The conservative, reflecting, Union-loving men of all parlies in the Free Slates are gathering around Mr. Fillmore, and in some of theuj they must be successful. They of fer him to the South with the assurance Hint if Southern men will unite upon him, he wilt be triumphantly elected nnd sectional ikui forever crushed out. Will the South accept the offer of the national, conservative men of the Free States, or will the demo cratic portion of it persist in holding on to Mr. Buchanan in face of the fact, now so nrominanL that he cannot be elected in any vent not if he should receive the suffrage of everv Southern voter! ror the politi dans, great and small the men who hunt for office and live by preying upon the pub. lio we muks no appeal to them such care othlng for the Union, and would let it slide tomorrow If they thought lliey could rise npon its ruins. But wo appeal to the honest masses, the working men and the owners nnd tillers of the ground we ask them to take this matter into their earnest considera tion, give it the study its importance de mand, and then vote aa duty and Interest dictate. It is no time to stand on parly ties and rinrtT bins now. Cast party, like you would baneful physic, to the dogs heed not h arduetive and siren ories of the pnlili. clans, but look Into the subjeol for yourselves, and set like men fully impressod with the great responsibility resting upon you. We repeat, it is for the people, nu no, m poli ticians, to determine whether sectional strife shall end with the present Presidential eon teat, or shall continue until the Union Is final. ' Jy dlroyed and all its glories blotted out forever. '" JT Thos. Rogers offers for snla his val. ' nulls Tavern Property, Calhoun. See nd. vertisemdit next r-ngc. OLD LINE WHIGS. AND WHIGGERY. There is said to be progress io everything, even orthography, syntax and prosody. The lexicon of the laat century is a literary curi osity, in more respects than one. ' The very meaning of some words has undergone a change, and the true office of the lexicogra pher being to give the true, practical, present meaning of a word, he must have no scruples about former usage and ruatoin. A few thoughts are suggested by the caption of this article. What did Whig and Whiggery form erly mean! We understood Ihut he who op posed radical and agrurian views in politics who discountenanced the corrupt and profli gate administration of Mnrti.i Van Buren who advocated the great American system originated and embodied by Henry Clay who was afraid of sectional men and section al issues who loved the Union and the coun try for the good of the people, and who, as a matter of course, strove against this mod ern spurious deinoorucy, he tras a whig, and he believed in whiggery. He was by neces sity a nntitinal man, and sound upon all na tional issues, by whomsoever introduced or advocated. In the organization of the present Ameri can parly, very ninny of this class, not liking some of the rules and regulations, failed to identify themselves in I lit) movement. They were a thousand fold more nearly identified in principle with the American party than with the sham democracy of the present day. They differed in form from one, nnd in prin ciple from the oilier. They had no candidate for the Presidency, and -what were they to do! The main body stood aloof under the lead of that venerable institution, the Nation al Intelligencer.' The Baltimore Convention brought them into line under the flag of Fill more nnd thu Union, wheru they had succes fully fought in 1848, and had redeemed the nation from the dangers of "squatter sover eignty," as promulgated in the Nicholson let ter, and from the mischievous nnd fanatical tendencies of sham democracy. But before this event happened, certain men defined Ihuir position, and came out for Buchanan as "old line Whigs." Among these pretenders and renegades from national whiggery, is Senator Pcarce, of Maryland, lie coolly lays nsiclo his long inveterate hostility towards democ racy nod their policy, nnd walks over to them, because he was once it Whig. Ho says Fill more "is a just national man and freu from sectional prejudice." But he adds "His wisu mid patriotic conduct while President, which rvcnuiuifiidrd him so strongly to the Whigs of llie South, is regarded ly the ma jority at the North, ns a fatal objection to him. It is not moderation and conciliation they desire," &C. "They want an instrument to punish the South," "Mr. Fillmore is too national for this purpose." After summing up the argument in this manner, Mr. Pierce concludes not to support Fillmore. Strange logic lor a Southern man, and an old line Whig. Ho siys that Buch anan's "inclinations are generally conserva tive; that he numbers among his prominent supporters many gentlemen of talents and patriotic character," 5u, and therefore he supports him. Not that he is actually con sorvntivr, but Ins "inclinations" are that Way and if his inclinations aro not quite st ong enough, then we must rely on the "many gen tlemen of talents mid patriotic character," who support him. That is, if the President should go wrong, we would have the consul, atiou of knowing that some of his friends were sound and conservative! This reasoning answers Senator Penrce. Next week we may notice Senator Jones' course. False Charges. As the close of the campaign approaches the democratic lenders and wireworkcrs grow desperate, and are cir culating nil sorts of stories nnd misrepresen tations to delude and deceive the people. The country will remember that before the. American Nominating Convention met, the democratic papers contended that Mr. Fillmore would not receive the nomination, nnd that it would be conferred on George Law, or some other man iicccpt;.ble to the anti slavery element. When Mr. Fillmore was nominated, the snine papers nnd parties said he would not accept. When tie accept ed, they immediately raised the cry of "no ciance.'" nnd having failed to make any por lion of tliu people take that dodge, they have now commenced charging that his friends nre fusing with the Black Republi. cans in the Free States. This is the. Inst throw of llio desperate political gamblers who have been for' three months playing a game, of deceit, fraud, Insincerity, nnd mis representation unparalleled in the history of political canvasses; and It is fair to infer they will coil tin ue to play it to the bitter end. We hope and believe it is unnecessary to caution our friends against these charges of fusion between the supporters of Fillmore nnd the Blnck Republicans. There is not one word of truth in then), make them who may. And we say to our friends, give nil such charges a flat nnd downright contradiction, wherever you meet them. We know what we say there has been and will be no fu sion in the Piosideutial election with the nig ger worshippers, so far ns the supporters of the American candidates are concerned. On tl.econ trnty, in the heavier Northern States the contest is solely between the Americnns nnd Black Republicans; nnd in several of them many of the original friends of Mr. Buchan an are rallying to the support of tho forini'r in ordor to secure the defeat of the candi date of the nigger-worshippers beyond nil doubt. It is so charged in the New York Hurnld Mid other Freesoil prints, nnd we see no reason to doubt it. No, no Mr. Fill more's supporters, North nnd South, would prefer defeat, overwhelming mid crushing, to victory obtained by a coalition with tho ene mies of tho Union. HT By a rule or the Post Office Depart ment, ndopti d under the administration of that old fashioned democrat, Tom Jeflerf on, postmasters nre inhibited from interfering in elections. Look sharp the river's risiul l-Sf" Prof. Muller, the Optician, spent a portion of the present week in our town, itll'ording nn opportunity to those whose eyes had become a little worse for wenr, to repair damages bv supplying themselves with his superior ' Brazilian glasses. His Spectacles nre highly spoken of by ail who hnvs tried them. THE TliUE SPIRIT. At a meeting of the Fillmore Club at North Madison, Is,, the following, among other re solution was enthusiastically sdopted: Itttohed, That feeling conscious that we be long to the great party of conservatives who know no North, no South, no East, no West, but our country, one and undivided, we there fore declare to the world, "sud the rest of mankind," that we enter this contest for Fii-Lj MORE, WITHOUT TI1K QUESTION OP "RXrEDIltSCT." HV are for him firtt, toe are for h'uii latt, aud "link or sirin," tuccctdor fail, ve are note, aud we tcill be until the end of thii ttruggle, for Fill more and the Union. Tbnt is the spirit, says the Cincinnati Times, that would save a sinking world. Expedien cy has nothing to do with the Americsn par ty, or the American people. Had they con sulted expediency, they would have been still groaning under a British yoke, and did we still submit to it, foreign influeuoe would soon place its foot upon our necks. Expediency forms no part of the American spirit. It may do for those who are clamorous for office, but with the masses those who are to be benefit, ted or wronged collectively by the incoming administration, they will ouly feel the neces sity of action, and then carry out their inten tions. We like the language of the above re solution. It breathes esrueitness in every syllable, and we are convinced it is not on empty sound. We bid tbem God speed in the work they have set out to do. It is just aud will prevail. Fillmorb Needs ho l)Ef ence. Under this enption, the Raleigh Register addresses the following suggestions to the Whig nnd Americnn speakers in the present canvass, which should be heeded by all. The best policy in any contest is to carry the war into Africa. Old Buck's black record funishrs ample mnteriuls to the Fillmore orators, and there is consequently no necessity for wast ing time in defending their candidate; for, truly enough, he needs no defence. "Our Americnn speakers should constant ly benr in mind that it is not necessary to go into any defence of Millard Fillmore be fore the people. The reckless Sag Nicht speakers, who charge him with "free-soilism" nnd "abolitionism," know they are slander ing him when they do so they do not believe the charge themselves and the true hearted people laugh their slandeis to scorn! The masses regard Mr. Fillmore in his true colors, they know him to he the purest states man of his time, they know him to be a firm, constitutional, .conservative man, who would brook anything aud every tiling to preserve the Union nnd protect the rights of all sec lions. It is, therefore, not necessary for our speakers to spend any of tiieir timo in de fending him; but they should devote them selves unreservedly to the discussionof Amer ican principles, which are nt heart approv ed by three-fourths of tho American people; and they should bring nil their batteries to bear upon the greatest trimmer nnd trickster of modern times, James Buchanan, the pliable old "Squatter Sovereign," the rabid Blrck Cockade Federalist, and the corrupt and un pardonable calumniator of Henry Clay.' Democratic Testimony. A New York correspondent of the Savannah News gives the following gloomy picture of Mr. Buchan nn's prospects nt the North: "During this contest for the Presidency nt' least there will be no rallying the mass of the Northern people to the Democratic party; nnd if Mr. Buchanan should fortunately be elect ed, it will be by the barest possible majority, reckoning that nil the Southern States go for liira. I innni cfiifrns that filnfu my arrival nt the North 1 have feared the result. Califor nia is the most, nnd perhaps the only, reliable State, of the North; but her Vote is of little weight in tho electoral college. New York is very doubtful; and ns to Pennsylvania, the great hope of the Democratic party, s being the native State of Mr. Buchanan, that is uncertain." Maryland. The Baltimore Patriot, in an able article on the chances of Fillmore in Maryland, says: We are not disposed to indulge in brnggn docia of any kind, nor will we knowingly per vert the truth, even if by so doing we could secure the elevation to the Presidency of that excellent and pure, minded man whom the Whigs have selei-ted ns their candidate; but we do assert, confidently, that Fillmore will receive a large majority of the votes of the people of Maryland at the November election, no matter what his chances may be in any of the other States in the Union. There is no doubt of Maryland, the vaticinations of 'dis tinguished gentlemen' to the oontrnry not withstanding. The attachment of Whigs to Millard Fillmore is based upon the tact, that in the North be is denounced ss friendly to the South, and in the South as having strong Northern proclivities. They want no better evidence of his im partiality. A Ciianok and a Heason. The Louisville Journal says a very prominent and intelligent merchant of New Orleans, whose partner is uow in that city, was recently a strong and earnest supporter of Mr. Buchanan. A few weeks ago he almat quarreled with his part ner for being in favor of Fillmore. He now, in a letter we have seen, informs his partner that he himself is for Fillmore; and the excel lent reason he assigns is that he finds all the leaders of the Buchanan party in Louisiana to be thorough disiinionisls. We have no ob jection to giving the name of this patriotio gentleman to any one who wants it. t-$f Wo ngniri nsk attention to the adver tisement fur the sale of lands "belonging to Dr. Ross. It will be seen, that the Kincun nnn Place is to bo sold on the 15th instant, nnd the Walker Reservation on the 16th. The lands nre nil very valuable. Tho Wal kcr Reservation, asido from grent fertility and productiveness of soil, possesses supe rior advantages for the manufacture of iron, being nccessibla to Inexhaustible beds of ore nod coal, nnd intersected by the railroad nnd river. We have not lime to dwell upon the subject now, but will remark tbnt, fiom its great advantages of location over all other points on tho railroad, the crossing nl llie Hiwnssce is destined, at no distant day, to become nn important manufacturing place, nnd this fact gives additional value to the lands in that neighborhood. Cnpt. Jim Williams nnd Jnn. Hop kins nre slipping about through this Con gressional district begging the people to vote for Mr. Buchanan. Both thesu men know there is no more chnnce for Buchanan, than thero is for them to get to heaven by pursu ing tho rond they nre now travelling. We expected to see dipt. Williams playing a higher gnme. How have the mighty fallen! IdET" Refer to advertisement of Valuable Mill Property, J. S. Camp. Fremont Ticket ir Maryland. The National Era, a free soil paper published in Washington, slates that an Electoral ticket for the Stale of Maryland bus been agreed upon by the Fremont men in Baltimore, and will bs published in a few days. THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER. It will be seen by the following article from the National Intelligencer, that that old and largely influential journal has come out for Fillmore and Donelson: Wuio Skntiuent We take from our files, and continue to-day, the publication of letters nnd communications from Whig friends, chief ly in the South, upon the istues which seem to them involved in the approaching freai dential election, and the duties imposed liy I he exigencies of llie troubled times in which they are onlled upon to act Most of these letters, we may suy, are entitled to high res p ct from all true Whigs, as proceeding from distinguished fellow countrymen and loyal members of the Whig party, and since with such unanimity they express a preference for the distinguished statesman who has but re cently received the Domination of the Whig National Convention, they can hardly fail to add a new sanction to that nomination, as serving to indicate that the members of the Baltimore Convention did but faithfully re present the general Whig sentiment of the country in the selection they made among the candidates already before the public Having ourselves decided that the recoss niendat ions of that Convention are entitled to respect and approval from all uncommitted Whigs who deem it inconsistent with their conceptions of public, duty to remain wholfjr indifferent in s time of admitted difficulty and embarrassment, but for that very reason de manding moLS than ever the intervention of nil conservative and patriotic citizens, we take the greater pleasure in submitting these com munications to the perusal and the urguuients they contain to the deliberate consideration of our readers, in the hope that they mny tend to combine the Whig vote of the country upon the eminent citizen who seems to be the undoubted choice of- a majority of the un pledged Whigs of the, Union. And of that candidate wo may say, without any reflection upon the claims of anolhercandidate, or up on the course of those esteemed Whigs who insy consider themselves already committed by consistency or a sense of present duty to the support of such candidate, that his nomi nation appears to us deserving of scceptance and adhesion, not ouly as the formal nominee of the Whig party, but also for the civil ca pneitv and high administrative ability of which he has already given practical assur ance to the whole country; and we may odd, that he would indeed prove strangely recre ant in the future to his well-earned fame in the past if, in the event of his elevation to the Chief Magistracy of the Union, he should by bis conduct or his policy afford to the comer vntive Whigs who aided in his election any substantial cause to regret their preference of him over any other competitor for the Presi dency. 3f The Natioiial .American eivee nn ex tract from a letter by "a distinguished mem ber of the last Coiigiesi from Pennsylvania" that concludes with these words: "I am con vinced that ill'. Buchanan cannot carry a sin gle Northern State not even his own. I have just returned from a ten days canvass through the Western part of New York, and through our own State. Mr. Fillmore will get New York beyond a doubt, and I think New Jersey and Massachusetts, lie will cer tainly get those Inst, and our State too, if our friends of the South but manifest a determin ation to stand by him, ns I am happy to see they are at length beginning to do. Thous ands are coining back to us who had wander ed off to Fremont, under the belief that Mr. Fillmore was abandoned by the South." AVitiidbawai. okMh. Buchanan. The Balti more Patriot, after copying from the Phila delphia Bulletin the paragraph relative to Mr. Breekenridge's suggestion to Mr. Buchan au as to the withdrawal of the latter from the cauvass, snys: We clip llie uliove from 'l riiill-l)liii Bulletin of yesterday, a journal generally so cautious in giving credence to mere rumors that we can .-carcely imagine it has been whol ly deceived with respect, to what passed dur ing the interview between Mr Buchanan uud Mr. Breckinridge. We question very much, however, whether the sage of Wheatland would consent, even at the earnest solicita tion of the must influential of his own Dem ocratic friends, to withdraw in behalf of Mr. Fillmore. That the latter could be easily elected President under such circumstances, no one who knows the strong grasp he holds upon the popular heart, could for a moment doubt. But we fear tlint Mr. Buchanan does not possess sulKcieiit of the old Roman virtue of self-sbnegnlioa to induce him to acecde to such a request. The Corruption Fund. Not long since the Post Master nl Liberty, Amite countyi Mississippi, received a circular from Wash ington culling on lum to send the names of the foreigners in this county, nnd a cortaiu sum of money, to nid in defraying the expen ses of the Democratic party in tlio election. The Post Master declined doing either. He was thereupon removed from office. In a card to the people, ho says: "I have not yet sent off the names of the foreigners in this vicinity, ns Intelv required; nor did I think that I could alford to set asido a porlior, 0f the small income of thu office, to assist in sending Democratic doc uments to them. Whether such instructions weni ever issued from the Post Oll'cu De partment or not, one thing certain, the me mice accompanying tint refusal has certainly fallen upon me the threat that upon non compliance with the order I would be remov ed, has certainly been executed. E. D.BRAMALET. Among the speakers who addressed the Democratic Muss Meeting, nt the Tippe canoe Battle Ground, on the 3d, we notice tho names of John Van Buren nnd J as. L. Orr, one of them it loud-mouthed Abolition ist, the other a thorough bread South Car olina Secessionist.. They sat check-by-jowi on the platform, doubtless well satisfied with ench other's company. Such tmall differ ences of opinion as exist between these gen tlemen nre very easily overlooked while the Treasury, groaning with n surplus of $20, 000,000, and nn annual expenditure of 70, (100,000 to bo disbursed by the victors, looms up temptingly in the background. The City is Stii.l ThkY Come. The number of supporters to the good canso of Fillmore and the Union, is daily on the in crease. The Diamond Slitteut Milford, Del., has placed tlie iiame'of .Millard Fillmoro nnd Andrew Jackson Donelsuii nt tlio head af its columns. It savs: "We think that neutrality is out of place in polities uhen the Union is in danger, nnd therefore we lay it by for the present, and shall continue to battle for the Union against all parlies "who do not inarch under the flag and keep slip to tho music of the Union lif The Synod of Tennessee, which con vencd nn the 25th, closed it labors on the 27th. There was n large nttendance. t The democratic loaders of McMinn nre in a terrible state of alarm, nnd are rid ing nbout making speeches wherever they rnn get a few persons to listen to them. Our country friends will hnrdly fail to appre ciate the immense pains nnd expense these gei.tleinen nre inrurring to enlighten them upon lliclr duty in the impending Presiden tial f otitcst. TROUBLES OF THE BUCHANEER DE MOCRACY. The Maine and Iowa elections have hud the effect of almost entirely disbanding the Democratic party all over the country. In the Northern Status, scarcely a vestige of it now remains. Particularly is this the case in the great State of New York. In that State, the Democracy nro utterly disorganized split up without hope -nnd warring upon each other after the most approved style of regular savages. In the city of New York, Iwo Democratic candidates for the Mayoralty are already in the field. In the third Con gressional District in that State, the friends of Sickles and Wnlbridge both Democrnts and cundidates for the Congressional nomina tion are denouncing nnd ubusing each other in the most ferocious and refreshing manner. In fact, nil through the Empire State, we see nothing but ill-feeling, bickering and dissen sion in the ranks of the Buchuneer Democ racy. What this condition of things will end in, it is but difficult to foretell. It will give the State of New York to Millard Fillmore by from fifty to a hundred thousand votes! We cannot too often impress upon the mil. da of the Southern people that they have it perfectly in their power, by a concentration of their votes upon Fillmore, to defeat Fro inont nnd overthrow, forall time, the factious nnd traitorous Black Republican orgnuiz.-t-tion. The State of New York will certainly ' cast its thiity-five electoral votes for Fillmore, which, added to llie united vote of the South, will elect him president, and bring back peace and harmony to the country. That this is a consummation devoutly to be wished for by every patriotio nnd just man in thu land, it is needless to assert. The perilous state of llie times calls for sacrifices on the part of all of us. In this unprecedented and dangerous juncture, party prejudices should be laid aside, and all stand and toil together for the preser vation of the Constitution and the Union. The menaced rights and honor of the South specially demand that, as Southern men nnd patriots, we should bestow our sufTragcs up. on him, who has been tried, and found faith ful, capable nnd true. Wc should indulge in no experiments. We should put our trust in no one, no matter liuw warmly recommended, who is what is called n new man that is, a man who has not heretofore been Used to grappling with difficulties and dangers, and who knows not how to control the storm and direct the whirlwind. Neither Buchanan nor Fremont both wanting in the necessary ex perience and in heroic moral firmness, if not in personal nnd political integrity can stay the sweeping tide of fanaticism, which so fear fully threatens to undermine our government and eiigitlph our institutions nnd our liber ties. They are both sectional candidates in the strictest sense of the wcrd, nnd the suc cess of cither would only result in perpetuat ing the strife and animosity now existing be tween the North nnd the South. We firmly believe that tho election of either the one or the other would ultimately lead to a dissolu tion of the Union and consequent civil war. The South would feel itself aggrieved and outraged in the triumph of Fremont tho North, in tlio triumph of Buchanan; for the reason, as we have said, that tiny are put forth and sustained as the candidates of a section. On the other hand, the election of Millard Fillmore, if not hailed, ns we believe it would be, with unalloyed satisfaction and pleasure throughout both North nnd South, would at least bo cheerfully acquiesced in by men of nil parties and nil sections. It would at once disarm fanaticism, put down faction, suppress agitation, erjgendcr confidence, and restore peace to the country. , The South would fed that its interests nnd its honor were all safu in his keeping. The North would have no thing to complain of, and would rely with equal confidence upon his administration for justice. And thus nil sections, nil parties, nil individuals would be satisfied; nnd instead of thu scandalous and pernicious reign of dis cord, confusion nnd strife, we should all en joy again the blessings of law, order nnd good government. Such nre the fruits which would surely fol low the election of Millard Fillmore. And when bis election is a "fixed fact," if the South would unite upon him, how can nny Southern man, unless he means to put parly before country, hesitate in giving him his sup port! We implore the people of Virginia nnd the entire South to consider well their duty in the present emergency, nnd act as bu comes rational men and true pntiiols. Let not the vile and corrupt lenders of party be tray you into the commission of a crime against the South, against the Union, against constitutional liberty, nnd against the hopos nnd the aspirations of the friends of repub lican freedom the wide world over. Let the whole South, then in a body unite upon Fill more, and pence nnd happiness will once more prevail in our borders, nnd the Constitution nnd the Union will be perpetual. Richmond Whijr. Roorbacks. The country is filled with falsu reports in relation to this or that emi. nent man having declared for Buchanan. Among the number, lion. Duncan F. Kenner, of La. We are authorised to statu there is no warmer friend of Mr. Fillmore in the south west thnn Mr. Kenner.niid thnt he will spare no exertions to secure his election. Wash. Organ. Dakdiiipge. Sept. 2(i, 1850. Ed. Post: At a Camp Meeting at Shady Grove, in this county, on last Monday morn, ing, many persons were taken sick, and weru found to have burn poisoned. All who ate dinner tin Sunday nt the tent of Mr. J. l S.iil'cll weru sick, to the number of thirty five, so far ns we have heard; till aro however re covering except one negro woman who died, although some weru dangerously sick. Four years ago, at a Camp Meeting in Blount county, there Was a similar case of poisoning occurred nt Hie tent ol AJr. oatlcll s father, more fatal, however, than this is likely to be. A negro of the family is suspected to have put the poison in the food prepared for dinner, n negro of the same family supposed to havo been concerned in the case in Blount comity. But there lire many rumors not to be relied on concerning the matter. My own opinion is that it happened by accident. Yours, &.C., C. (3f John Van Buren is stumping for Bu chanan out west. Wonder if John is to be Attorney fleseral if old Buck is elected! 1-tT J- F. Power and J. W. Blat-kwell will address their fellow citizens of McMinn at Riceville on the 7tli nnd at Calliouu on the 8lli of October. MORE VALUABLE AID. The East Teiinessoan, published at Mary ville, Blount county, has doffed its neutrality r.nd come out for Fillmore and Donelson. We congratulate our political friends io the District upon this valuable acquisition to the good cause. We give a portion of the East Tvnnessean's article defining its position: "We, in common with many others, looked to the decision of the Convention at Balti more as final on the question, whom it was the duty of the South to support. Millard Fillmore having received thu nomination of the Convention, nnd Ihut Convention being actuated solely, as we firmly believe, by the sincerest motivos for the best interests of the Union, we feci compelled to endorse their nomination by all the support it may be in our power to afford. "Though we are free to admit that we hnd n preference for Millard Fillmore, yet, had the nomination fuller! on Mr. Buchanan, we should as unhesitatingly huve given our sup port to him. Entering thus upon the cam paign, with no pnrtiznn feelings, simply on the grounds Hint Mr. Fillmore's prospects nre the brightest, and the most likely to give quiet to the country, by entrusting the Chief Magistracy of this confederacy to n man not swayed by sectional feelings, we are prep ar ed to use our most strenuous exertions to secure his election; nnd wo now cordially in vite all our subscribers and friends and the friends of the Union to aid us in this. Let all rise above the petty and insignificant ties of party, and say, like Brutus: 'Not that I love Cwsitr less, but thnt I love Rome more,' giving their votes to Millard Fillmore, not thai their re-iartl for iM r. Iliichnmn is less, but thnt the love they bear their country is greuler than their party predilections." James Lawrence, a Pierce member of tint last Legislature of California, has come out for Fillmore.- " John Morgan, a Custom House officer nt San Francisco, nnd a leading democrat, has declared for Fillmore. Georgo Baker, Esq., nn old-line democrat of Freduniu, N. Y., has declared for Fill more. Jerome B. Baily, Esq., of Plattsburg, New York, an old-line democrat, lias repudiated Buchanan nnd declared lor Fillmoro Five ol tho Hojiucs, of Western Virginia one of them among the finest speakers in that district all democrats, have repudiated Buchanan and come out for Fillmore and Donelson. F. H. Pierpont, of Fairmount, Vn., has come out in a telling speech for Fillmore, and against Buchanan, iind be was nn ardent supporter of Buchanan in the Into contest. I l;n. Jacob Merchant, nn old-line demo crat, of New York, and several years a Stale Senator, has come out for Fillmore and re pudiated thu Cincinnati platform. :f?The Buchanan men about here have nil along been preaching up their enndidate's strength in the North. They made people believe that if Fillmore were withdrawn nnd the fight left between Buchanan nnd Fre mont, the Black Republican candidate would be completely "tvooled" unhorsed. But since the Maine election we have heard but few of such boasts. There the Buchanan men had n fair fioht. Fillmore men were nowhere. Tho whigs polled only a little over two thousand votes. Yet Buchanan was beaten nearly twenty thousand majority! That looks like he is the only man who can beat Fremont! Don't it? . All under one Banner, now. The hear ty, whole-souled, unqualified endorsement of Millard Fillmore, by tho Old Line Whigs, nt Baltimore, warms tip the Americans here. On all sides we have nothing but the heartiest conu'ratnlalions at the result. The Clay nnd Webster Veterans now march ' shoulder to shoulder, in solid column with Fillmore nnd Donelson, keeping step, now ns ever, to the music of the Union. The 'Times' nnd the Fremont presses gen erally, Miccr nt the Old Liners, of course but about the worst thing they found fault with would seem to be its "respectability." True, there wero no Short Boys, there. No Syracuse' shoulder hitters. No rulfinns of nny kind Nobody called nnybody a ''liar." Nobody, crnaned, either for everybody felt well, uniFin good spirits. X. Y. Express. ff A friend writes us from Chnttanoogn under date of the 2Gth alt., ns follows: "I know enough of political mutters to say to you that the democratic demonstration here was a most signal failure, in debate or conquest. Mr. Stephens' speech was one of apology, more thnn any thing else. The ma jority here were Fillmore men, nnd no mistake. 1 think there were four thousmd persons present. : The signs of the times are cheering for victory to the American cause. The action of that Baltimoro Convention has struck ter ror into the ranks of Buck's followers. His friends here wear il on their fnces undisguis ed." Amende Honorable. We find tho fol lowing in tho Chattanooga Advertiser, of the 27 Hi ull.: ' "In our last issue we imputed to Horace Maynnrd what to us seemed n misstatement of the record. On investigation we find our selves mistaken in the Ijiue uffiir nnd ac knowledge the corn. Any of our good Know Nothing friends wishing to hnnd over a box of cigars will find us teady to sit down nnd tuko a smoke. New Ohlrans, Sept. 26. The steamship Illinois, dipt. Boggs. has arrived with Oil iforniit dales to the 6th inst. Aboul 8:1,000,000 in trensure was receiv ed. Business wns trenefally dull nnd unchang ed, nnd matters resinning their usual course since the disbanding of the Vigilance Com mittee. Politics nre wnrmlng up, nnd a Fillmore electoral ticket has been nominated. There has been great silver mines discov ered in Sonorn. A revolution hns broken out in Peru against thu government. Gen. Wulker hns seized nil tho property belonging to tho Transit Company. J-fT"A gentleman just returned from a visit to Pennsylvania nnd Ohio, gives the most cheering nccount of Fillmore's gaining in those States. Ho snys that conservative Democrats nnd Republicans are coming over to Fillmore by scores nnd hundreds, wherev er he bus been in the North. The masses everywhere there begin to regard tlio elec tion of Fillmore ns absolutely essential to tho sajvation of tho Union. Firrr Years in. WiHinm B. Smith charged with killing his own son, hits been convicted ol manslaughter in tho first degree by the Circuit Court of Tippah county, Miss., and sentenced to n term of fifty years in the State prison. Smith is over seventy years of age, and will, according to the "higher law" of nature, be reprieved ly death before the expiration of fifty years. A Coniosirr. Mr. Titas Bennett Informs the West Chester (Pa.) Jeffurnonian that he has just witnessed the singular appearance of a chestnut tree nbout half a mile west of Beaumont's tavern, on the West Chester road, which is now one-half in full bloom and other full of fruit burs. Extract from a Farmer's Diary far 1856. Great scarcity of apple aj and crnnbor. ry sast, but plenty of Kan tts. MR. FILLMORE WAS MR. CLAY'S FIRST CHOICE FOR PRESIDENT. At the resent democratio gathering st the "Battle Ground." Gen. Cass made a speech, and of course bowed in worship of Henry Clay. He said: "I attended bis dying eouch, and caught al most the last accents that fell from his lips. He said that Mr. Fillmore was his first choice for the Presidency, t ot if lie could not be elected, he preferred to ace the Whine unit upon a Union Democrat. These were almost bis Inst words, my friends, and most earnestly would I commend them to jour considera tion." , . Here we have, from the lips of one whose statements democrats will not readily dispute, the dying declaration of Henry Clay. And we have these declarations especially com mended lo the consideration of the friends of ' Buchanan, by one whose advice they ought not to reject. The repetition of the fiual in. , juuetion of the great lender, whom in life -many of us delighted to follow, made under these circumstances, ought to come with all the power of couvietion. In this remark of Henry Clay is embraced volumes of proof, in favor of the American candidate. It is a eulogy stronger sod more comprehensive than mere personal friendship could conceive, or the friendly hand indite. It it the final appeal to his countrymen by one whose services every one appreciates whose ability, as a statesman, no man doubts, and whose patriotism a unanimous people full endorse. Thus armed with every qualification to en- . title him to respect, and Just passing into the . presence of his maker, with thoughts still lin gering around the Itepublio he loved, with a breast, whose feeble and fast waning pulses were throbbing with earnest hope for her fu ture welfare, he is willing to consign her man agement, above all others, to Millard Fill more. Nor is this all. Gen. Csss, who has for to many years, stood at the bead of the demo cratic, party, whose political opinions have al ways been preached upon every hill top and every valley of our inhabited land, by those who constitute thai party, as the true gospel, most earnestly commends him to his friends, and thus boldly, in the camp of the enemy, endorses the preference of Mr. Clay. But Mr. Clay also said, according to this statement, "thnt if Mr. Fillmore could not be 'elected, he preferred to see tlio whigs unite upon some Union Democrat." If he did, lie could never hnve meant. Jnmes Buchanan as bis second choice, for it is a fact notorious and true, that this latter gentleman was con sidered by the sage of Ashland the most tin- l reliable of all the Demscratic aspirants fori the Presidency. He regarded him aa dishon est, corrupt, and as a political trickster, who would twist and squirm like a serpent in the hand, upon every question; who would go or come, fetch or carry, just as individual inter est might dictate; and as one who hud but on great prevailing idea, the only one upon which be wns always consistent his own el evation to the Chief Magistracy of this Con federacy. t-tTB. F. Ilullett, the Democratic plat form builder, denies thnt he ever snid that "hell was too comfortable a place for a slave, holder." He oughtn't to be so rash; he don't know what he said when he was excU . ted; and ho dared not deny thnt he once in troduced to thu court of Boston, nnd obtain ed license to practice law, for nne of the blackest m-groes that ever perfumed a eourt room or fertilized a cotton field. Nor will ho dure deny that he onco declared thnt he prayed for the abolition of slnvery wherev er it existed throughout God's heritage. Memphis Eagle and Enquirer. Delegates to the Frkmont Convention abandoning FreMoNT. Itochester, N. Y., Sept. 2'J. Since the attempt of George Iivr to transfer the North Americnn party over to the Republicans, his adherents of the New York delegntion, who voted for him in the Philadelphia Convention, hnve abandoned linn, only three of them now sustaining Fre inont, nnd but two of them will give him their votes. ' The remainder have all gone over to Fillmore. 3f"Tho Boston Courier (Fillmore paper) . urges n cordial reception of the President, without regard to party, should he pass through that city. iff" A large Fremont meeting was held at Philadelphia on the 22d Sept., at which a letter was rend from Samuel D. Ingham, a member of Gen. Jackson's cabinet, rcpudiat ing BuchnniiQ nnd the Cincinnati platform, nnd ranking himself nmong the supporters of the "Conqueror of California." Death op VV. R. Taber, Jr. We nre pained to announce tho dealt) of VV. R. Ta ber, Jr., Esq., Into Junior Editor and Proprie tor of tho Charleston Mercury, who full yea terday in a hostile meeting with Cnpt. Edw. Mngrnth. The meeting was occasioned by n series of communications that hnve recently appeared in the Mu:cury. Charleston Cour ier, 30th Sept. C7 Wo learn that the Hon. Samuel A. Smith is lying seriously ill ut his residence in Bradley county, with nn attack of fever. l-if The Ohio river is snid to be lower at the present time than ever before known. Droves of cuttle are now being driven over it nt Cincinnati without difficulty. MT The Whigs of Massachusetts fired a salute of five hundred guns on Boston Com mon on Saturday, in honor of the noinina. tion of Millard Fillmore by the National Con. vention. At night they. held a great ratificiw tion meeting at Chnrlestown. . JaET'The Baltimore Clipper, a neutral pa. per, takes the following viow of the polit ical buttle: ' ' Maryland will certainly go for Mr. FiH. more by nn overwhelming majority, nnd the organ might as well cease its efforts to produce a different result. Pennsylvania we have strong hopes will take the same direc tion. New York, Massachusetts, etc, etc, ditto, ditto. In short, we do not consider the election of Mr. Biichnnnn ns among tho possibilities, nnd thu South Slates will hnve to decide between Mr. Fillmore, a national man, and Col. Fremont, n freesoil sectionul ist." Hon. Epliraim Brtister, an old line de mocrat, of Massachusetts, lias repudiated the Cincinnati nominees, and deolared for Fill- NicwsrAFRRS in Alasama. The Belma Senti nel gives a list of papers In this state, with the character of eaoh, from which it appear that there are 74 In all 41 for Buchauan 28 for Fillmoro 8 neutrals 3 reliirious, and 1 agricultural. The voting population of Al abama is about 78,000 one paper to each thousand votes. t3T Dr. Shackelford, an old Hue democrat, of Blair county, Pa., ha taken the (tump in fsvor of Fillmoi.