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. ; : i .-! BY SAM. P. IVINS. 'ATHENS, TEXN., FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1857. VOL. IX.NO. 443., TEB9I! paT It psbliilwdtvtry Friday at Hper year ,.!"n ' ' VlVu-c-";..! ehsr. (1 p., .." . i is UnrMir Isat, for llie Brat iUKriiuu, ami So eeutt lor !h cuniMuauca. A liberal .le.luctlun ua.l 10 tl.ots tw adtertfa by iht ytar. Wrersooa wrn.lln adver tlMiueiui must mark the auiukcr ol timns ihjr Sasira them inserted, or they IU b cootiauul unill forbid and cbargod acordluKly.ilfi for auaouDiiUif U u-wes of candidsttiror offlct ,1 S, ObiiuarjnotlcetoverlJUnei.charfed auhertgular aarsrtistug raua. All communications intended to proiootttns private ands or Interest" of Corporations, Societies, schools or tndtvidaals, will b oharyed advertisements. Job Voriuch I'aiiiplileU.Miimut.Clrcalars, Cardi, Blanki, Handbills, Ac, will b executed In good atyla, sod ou reasonable terms. All letter! addressed 10 lb froprUtor, poit paid , will fee promptly attended to. Persons at a distance tending- nt the names of four t.lreotaubacritwrs, will b entitled to a BfUi oopy srstis. No communication inserted unlest accoiupauied by the nam of the author. tar- OIBoa on Maia street, next door to tht old Jack tan Hotel. ' THE POST. ATHbKN, Ml I MAY, IWAHCIlgQ. I8T. or GfciiiKAL Scott. The National Intelligencer of the 6lh says the qriwition of pny nnd nllowances'lo LJeUl. Gener.iT Scott was fortunately settled brlng the closing houn of tlie lute session of -Congress. The nrreiinigfB due tho veteran, it is understood, will amount to nboul thirty two thousand four hundred dullurs, und hU annual pny nnd emoluments will hercnlter be fifteen thou, amid dollars. ' A gruteful nation, we are aure, will, cordially approve this proceeding, and deem it far less a measure of liberality than of justice. The people will concur with Sena, tor Butjer, of South Carolina, in the propriety f, grunting to a laurelled hern end a enn aummate general that fair requital which hi brilliant military services have ao richly de served, and which other nation alwny ac corded to those who had sustained the honor of their country. . ,,- , -. , Hon, J. 8. Black. Hon. Jere. S. Black, of Pennsylvania, who line received the a p. pnintinenlof Attorney General, ia one of the Justices of the Supreme Court of Pennsyl vania. ' Mr.' Black ia undoubtedly the ablest man yet mentioned for Attorney General. He waa appointed hy Gov. Porter resident Judge of the Court of Common Plena lor the counties of Franklin, Bedl rd and Somerset, which o (lice he held till 1851, w hen he waa elected Justice of the Supreme Court, nnd In 18S3 wna Chief Justice. In 1851 he wna re-elected to the Supreme Bench, where he now aits, hia term expiring in 1860. ; Judge Black is but little known in the political world. He is, however, a sound conservative national democrat, and has the highest reputation naa jurist, which la the chief requisite for the pnat winch has heen offered him. Judge Black Is extremely popular In htaown Statrt' and when last ' elected to the bench lie ran 20,000 votes ahead of Ida ticket. Hon. Isaao ToocaT. laaao Toncey, of Connecticut, who has been appointed to the Secretaryship of the Navy, ia n man of edu cation. II waa originally a federalist, nnd aa audi acted with the leaders of the old federal pnrty. With the larger portion of them he expouwd the cause of General Jnckaon In the year 1825, nnd has ever hIiicu acted with the Democracy. He waa a member of the Con grass of 1837 9, and as such held n promi nent poaitiun for a New Englander. - He was a member of the Select Committee of In vestigation, to whioh the Ciliy and Graves duel , waa referred in 1838. He exhibited some traita of character in that office, fn 1840 he W'fls appointed Attorney Guneral of the United States, w hich i flice he held nbut nine months. On the l'Jih of May, 1852, Mr. Tourcy was elected by a Democratic legislature to (ill the vurnncv occasioned by the drulh of Jabez.W. Huntington. Mr. Toucey is now about 68 years of nge. In appearance he U particularly aristocratic, nnd In his manners he Is reserved. A Good Reason. A .Methodist miiiixter in Vermont tins forbid any one to play a bass viol in his Church. He aays, however serious bis thoughts may be, the moment he hears a fiddle he goes to thinking how ht used to ulanct. ; A Vhuna Kascal. The MUaisalppi On. rion givus nnacctmut of a young man In that Wiggins who has been making a haul of dry goods. As the younj! chap has simtained a good reputation prior to his "misfortune," we think it likely that he will repent of the act, and advise that no proceeding be had against blm. The Clarion says: "A young man who has heretofore borne good character for ImlieKty, nnd whose name uo shall not now mention, was several weeks ago, to our certain knowh-dge, guilty of a most fl igrant act of downright Healing, which singularly enough has escaped the. at tetitioii of our vigilant officer. He went into A bouse In a retired place In Ihecountry some milea below thia, and stole a parcel of clothes chh fly petlir.nalt belonging to a young lady. One pirctiiiiHliince, however, connected with the transaction might possibly shield him from criminal prenectilion and that 1, the younir lady hersetl happened nt the time to L in the vtUkoalt The younir scmnp! If lie do. a the like again, while she lives, he'll et himself into trouble, cerrhin. 1ST The Charleston Mercury, to prove the alienation of the Northern and Southern sections of the Union from each other, aays: "A member of Congress from the Soiilh, beloved for his personal qualities, honored for his talent, diMtiugllished by the confi dence of his constituents and his Stale, died suddenly In WiHhuiton. His death waa ait notiitced, and his merits commented upon eloqni-ntly, by aewral members of both Houses. Only a single matt from the North, Bud lie the chosen candidate of the Ireesoilers for the Speakership in the House of Repre. entaiii-cs, uttered a word on the occasion, and that word eold ns the Northern Ice. Such la (he alliance between the Southern and Northern Democr cy. Such ia the foun dation of the trust which some among ua repose In the great Natiotin! party." CoKCortD, March 11. Hales, Republican, bas been elected Governor of New Hamp shire by 8,000 majority, and tho whole Re publican ticket l chosen. The Vice I'besidert. Hon. J. C. Breck. emidge on taking the Chair, to prealde over the deliberations of the Senate, made the subjoined remark: Stnators: In asauniing the duties of this station 1 am qnile conscious that I brinir to their discharge few other qualifications thnn s dep sense of the importance of this hody in the scheme of the Government and a feel inif of respect for its members. Ilappilv my duties nre comparatively few and simple, and I am sure they will be made easy by a per vnding sen of propriety, which will of it elf be sufficient on all occasions to preserve the diifniiy and decorum of the Senate. In administering the rules which you have adopted for the convenience of your proceed ings I shall often ni ed your kind indulgence, and I anticipate, wilh confidence your forbenr nnce towards the errors that spring from in experience. Cheriahinc the hope that our official and personal Intercourse will he mark ed by mutual confidence and regard, I look forward with pleasure to our association In the performance of public duties. It shall be my constant aim, gentlemen of. the Senate, to 'exhibit at all times and to every member -of TbU bdy thceourtesy und impartiality which nre due to th reprvsento. til es of equal Slatefk ' s .The Tarhkr Murdrr i Memphis. Tlie Eagle and Enquirer has the following addi. liounl liuhton the Tanner murder: "There seems to be no doubt, now, In the public mind that poor Tanner wns murdered by mistake the scoundrel who procured the assassination intended to murder another ID 'h. From god authority, we learn that tho following will be the upshot of the de velopments wnich will probably be brought to light by a clew now. in the bands of the proper officers of the law: A certain parly tn love w ith a m-irrled woman, desired o put her husband out of the way, and employed a negro man to do the deed; Th negro, In slrnctedand abetted by his principal, mistook Tanner for the married man and slew him. We understand that the negro his been heard tn sny that he was employed trl act the part of "bravo" in the affair. All this sounds like a tale of old Venice or M - drld. and we regret to bear it told of an enlightened, well gov erni d, Protestant city like this, A Further Item VVe learn from good authority that Phillips, who was nriested for the murder of Tanner, has been tw ice viited in prison liy a msrrii d woman, disguised, who is believed lo he the wife of the man intended to have been murdered.'" ISty-The Joliet (III.) Democrat says "A and, but bcnutii'u! and touching scene ns witnessed nt the accident -of the Dn Page Biidge. On the morning after the accident the slow lolling of a bell was heard. On looking to see whence it came, it wasdiscov. ered to proceed from the engine, ns It lay submerged in the water. The wsvea, sa they foamed and surged over tjie sunken engine, swayed the bell, which alone with the smoke pipe, appeared above water, and caused it to give a slow tolling sound. When the en. gine was raised from the water, the engineer was fouri in a standing posture, with his stiff, cold, Ivy hand firmly grasping the throttle valve, as though amid the thick darkness he had discovered the perilinus condition of the train, and bad sprang to avert the ruin. Bui it was ton late; the engine and train, w ith its precious freight of life nnd property went down, and during the dreary night, the en-gine-bell and the mad rushing waters rang out a solemn requiem for the dead! It is proti able that had not the freight train gone down as it did, the pissenger train from Chicago, due two hours later, nnd loaded with sleep ing pnosengera, Would itself have taken the fatal plunge. Mordeh AitisT Kouu The Pnrdy (Tenn.) Argus, of March 4lh, aays: "We have it from the most rel able authority, that there has been most foul and bloody minder per petrated in Tippah county, some six miles south of Poubahontas, near Muddy creek, and our informant tells lis that the body has been found that it was thrown Into the creek during the high water, and since the water has sunk down the body has been dis covered, with marks ns if the fatal blow had been given with n hatchet or something of the kind. The name of the person was un known, nnd the fenliir.-s unrecognized. To add horror to the affair, nnd what led In the first place to the search for the body, a bores was found dead near by, with cut in his nkull a grey horse, and from all appearance hi had been tied down to n bush, w,th his head near the ground, and there killed with an axe or hatchet" A Row in Nkbrlska. We learn from Omaha City, under date of the 12ih n!t., that the closing scenes of the Legislature of N'w braskn Territory were very exciting. The popular voice had charged several' nieilibers with corruption with respect to their Votes on the passage of some bank charters. In consequence, the Governor vetoed six char ters so obtained. A crowd ol rioters pursu ed the members accused to the office of the territorial secretary, and, disregarding all form of an investigating committee, attempt ed lo inflict' personal chastisement on one legislator, lie threatened tn shoot with a revolver in reply, when the secretary turned the whole batch into the street, ilere tlie suspected members ran off and concealed themselves. The legislative session would close on the 13ih of February. The Gov eriior waa completely bewildered by these occurrences. JV. Y. Herald. The salaries of several of the officers of Rhode Island have just been regulated by the legislature of that Slate. The salaries nf the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court were fixed nt $1,500, (the present salary,) notwithstanding several sttcmpts to itictense them. The salary of the l.teut. (icvernnr was reduced from $500 to 9 200. The snlary nf theCeneml Treasurer a in ci eased from t$50 In $800. "Madam, said a hnsband to bis young wife, In a little altercation, whk'h will sometime spring up In "the beat of familiea." "when a man and his wife have quarreled and each considers the othef at fault, which of the two ought to be the first to advance tjwnnls a reconciliation!" .';'.,' "The beat nn'ured and wiaest of the two, said Ilia wife, putting up her rose mouih lor a kiss, which wns given with an unction. She had conquered! . . ADJOURNMENT OF CONGRESS. The existence of the Thirty Fourth Con gress (says the National Intellig.-ncer) enme tn an end yesterday forenoon under ci renin stances more discouraging not to sny blum nhle than any which have ever before fallen under onr observation. The appropriation bil'a, we believe, all got through after some fashion, by the active and unwearied exer tions of the Chairmen of the: Finance Coin, mittees nf the two Houses, and by prolong lag the session until noon of tho 4th of March, nnd several other measures were en neted by lacking them on the appropriation bills; but s great hvik of business has falb-n through, much of it being even denied an op portmiity to be reported by the committees which had mttured it. We supposed that when this Congress had voted to ita members li'aernl fixed salaries it would have been regarded by them its a point of honor to give th aame faithful attention to the tranasetion of the pn"blir business thai was exhibited by the Fmirfeehih Congress, when the first salary compensation' wns in force; but never were hopes nvr sadly dls. appointed. What with the gre-it portion of eneh'dav nf the session consumed in debate, the impedimenta constantly' thrown In the way of business by that peculiar clique nf legislators who systematically oppose every thing but the annual appropriations, nided bv the anomalous nature nf the rules of pro ceeding, which require n two thirds vote for every motion, the great mns nf business wns crowded into the Inst week of the siainn, nnd for several days we a riously feared sn utter bresk down, and the necessity of eon. veninir the new Congrestn pass Jhose men sures requisite to carry on the Government. Under these circumstances our readr will excuse ns at this moment if we are nnahle lo give them nn intelligible enmmsry of the proceedings which marked the closing hour of the late session. Amidst the confused mass of - propositions hurried through the forms of legislation w'nh a precipitance which, though rendered necessary by thenn. tecedent lachr of Congress, must still be regarded as very little conducive to n wise discrimination tin lis part, we find it difficult to ascertain what has been left undone dur ing the last twenty hours of the late Con gresslonnl term. Wo may cite, however, ns n single illustration of the evil wo d'-p'ore, that even a measure of beneficent legislation like thnt authorizing the duiies to be restored on goods consumed bv tho great fire in New York, during the year 1845, failed in tho dis array and conclusion of the hour, to receive the signatures of the presiding officers, even after it h-id passed both Houses of Congrv-, It become a serious question for the con sideration of the country whether such a mode of legislation is to be regarded ns n necesssry incident of representative govern ment, or whether its origin should bo nttri buted tn certain defects in theconstitntion or organization of Congress which admit of n sure if not nn easy cure. ' In proportion as legislative responsibility is spread over a broader surface there is doubtless n tendency on the part of its individual depositaries to ignore or forget that special and personal ob ligation w hich impos- a upon each constiiu eut member of the body the same msnre of fidelity which ihecountry expects of Con gressns a whole; and, if we mistake not, the time has already come when the people of each Congressional district i-houtd hold their particular legislator to a stricter sense of his representative duty, not only to them, but to the country at large, lest, hy merging his per snnnlily in the mass of those whom the pub lie ngrees to inculpate by a general censure, the roots of evil should fail to be reached by n necessary application of that censure to pnrlicnlnr cases. If even the time that is wasteful!)' frittered nway In nn unnecessary not to sny factious calling of the yeas nnd nnys on nearly all qnestinns which en counter the opposition of nn ineoiisiilernble portion of the members o eilher House were devoted to the patient consideration of the substantial inicrestsof the country and to tl e Ifuitioititr subjects of national If gialalion, w should not be called to witness such nn un seemly nnd prejudicial hnste In the transur tion of the public business during the closing hours of each Congressional session. It would, however, be unjust if, while giv: ingexpression In theconviction forced upon us by the facts nnd circumstances thus designat ed, we did not except from the scope nnd up plication of our remarks the ch drmen of the lending committees in bntli branches, of Con. greas, ns well in the able and Impartial Spen ker of the late House of Rcprcseutulives, unsurpassed, if not unequalled, by any of bis predecessors in the same responsible and ex acting chair. If the despatch of the public business wns often impeded, and soinetim- a wholly frustrated, the limit cannot be laid at their door, since the assiduity of tlie former, so far ns they fell under his jurisdiction, was ably seconded by the efficiency of the hitter, Popdbar Preachiso. A modern writer satirizing the endeavors of the pulpit to meet the false taste of the day, which, instead of hungering ami thirsting alter righteousness, craves lor what has been called "the blane mange of Christianity," delivers himself of the following: "Wh t a curious production would a che mical anaUaia ol many latter day scrmoiia furnish! Somewhat like this: 1 part Bible; 5 parts logic, badly kneaded; 20 parts city mi k; 14 pints olla of roses; CO parts yeast. Now this is a nice mixture to feed inisi-rlality on. t It could n't live a day on such food.", UfThe Court house of Mississippi, was set on fire by some incendiary nnd burned to the ground on the l.lghl of the 28th uJL, to. gether with nil the recotda of the aevernl courts. Th jail being near by, took Are from the Court bouse, and wna also burnt. from tht M. Louie Christian Advocats. THE Mtl'CIIEl. FAMILY. ; J2n. D. R. JUc Anally : la our excellent Advocsts I noticed an artiele, soma time last summer or fall, ffiviiitf an acennnl of a remark able family. 1 liked it; for. seide frooi its intere.lini facta, it wa ugeM,i of many profitable reflections. The family whose nstne stsnds at the hesd of thiesrticle, in my jmlitment, presents as many snd as weighty claims to that distinction sa snv to be found In the Unile-l State, if not in ths world. Rev. Morris Mitchel, I believe, was a na five of Maryland. He emigrated nt an early dsy to Tennessee and from thence to Polk eo., Mo., where ha paid n stare's debt, and sank to bis final ratline; place oa earth, at the sdvsneed aits of eighty six having r-pent more than aixtv of them in tlie communion of the Methodist Church, filling lbs various stations ntained him with credit and useful ness. Tl.ua. full of dnvs and pious deeds, ha passed from ill tests snd the services of the Church below to those of ths Church above, loved mid venerated by all who knew him Tlie wife and companion of bis youth, snd liis faithful helpmate through all the caret snd toils nf bis protracted life. Elizabeth Mitchel, still lingers on the 'oostt of mortal being. , . She is living in t.bs family of her son-in-law, Judge MoOlore. of Polk eo., Mn.,'haing attained the advanced age of ninety-two years more than three snore snd ten of which have been spent in t he service of 3od, snd the kind offices nf humanity and religion, 1 had the pleasure of meeting this venerable matron laat fall, at what is known in this country, emphatically, as "The Mitchel Camp ground." Mere the 'had come, up with the familiet of her people to the plsce where thev annually meet to worship the God ol their fathers. Th genealogical tables of ths fsmily.furnish ed me by her ngerl and (itimahle ton, Itev. .las. Mitchel, foot up the astonishing number (including thins w ho have been connected with the family hy lnnpinge) of seven bun dred and two, of whom the is the living rep resentative. It would be a fruitlett task for me to at tempt a description nf the thoughts and feel ings of my heart ss I gazed upon that monu ment of faith snd piety. Shivering in the twilight of mortsl life, '! tried, at well as I oou hi, to measure ths broad and deeply de scending lines of consanguinity, extending tn the third and fourth generation of them that worship God. as thev tiirrouuded her in that consecrated grove of worship and thsnksgiv ing n pious host. a multitude that worship God day snd night. My mind wandered on to the great day of recompense, when they1 should "return and come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon their heads." What a multitude oliall rise up and call her blessed 1 It requires no figure of sneecb to call them a nation of christians nor hyperbole to de nominate them a generation of Methodists. To dedicate their children to God in the holy sacrament of baptism, Is reeefved by them n a "law in Israel." l'ersonsl religion wi ill them is the paramount consideration of life. Strongly s'tached to the distinctive pecu liarities of the Methodist Church, on srriving to years of maturity they nearly all attach themselves to that communion. Indeed, such is their devotion to her peculiar instiiu lions, thnt if thev sboild be judged by the lax views of " oiing America" Methodists, they sre justly obnoxious to . the epithet of 'Old Fogies," which is thair-fllishssl praise. Thev have fui-nithed eighteen ministers for the Church, who have filled the various posi tions from the licentiate to the presiding el dership; besides a host of leaden, stewards, and exhorlers. i'livticslly, thev are quite shove the medi um size tall nml well proportioned when young, but slightly tending to magistracy M thev advance in years Mentally, thev ex hibit a plain, strong common sense, of that peculiar cast which plainly indicates their Germnn nnt.ecedeiice a good srliole of plain prose equidistant from poverty and poetry. Morally in this they have profiled above mnsy; and a- the Creator bat placed man's highest excellency in this department of his nature sn they seem lo have brought to its euliiva'ion their best energies. So that, if we should instinitea comparison of tin's with other important characteristics of the family (respectable ss thev see,) a verv large Isl am e would be found in favor of the former. Fnmilv resemblance is one of the most pal pable nml remarkable pecu'iariiies nf this multitudinous people. Opposed, ns they are from m iueiide. to intermarriage among ihem selves, and free from it, at 'hey nre in prso lice, thnt nevertheless a reseiunianre to stri king should run ihrotiL'h the entire eonnee lion, almost unmodified bv the counter-lines nf olTtnit v. is tnmv mind even passing at range. Nor is this manifest conformity to an origi. tisl type more obvious or evatemntio in their physical than in their intellectual and moral constitution. Indeed, to commanding is the similitude in this Inst respect, thnt the least pract.i'ed eye ca.not fail to olmerve it. . All their modes of conceiving, reasoning nnd thinking, ns well as thvii- moral mani festations nnd developments, assert a finter nitv in principle uo less strikingly character istic than uniform in application The vnrie ties snd distinctive n -eulhii-ities of individual character, whatever they may be, sre sn over borne by the nisi -sty of this primordial law, as almost to be lost tight, of entirely. And now. Brothel McAnallv, whre Is the necessity for me to ay that, as citizens, they are respectable, industrious, prosperous,' in fluent in I, and happy! Is not tint nil naturally predicated of the lesding facts of iheir bisto rv 1 Is it not all teeured by the majesty of a law more unremitting than the lews of the Medes snd Persian I sure as the relation of came and effenll The eye ennnot rest upon this pioiiire intelligently without observing that its nn at enchanting aspect is that thrown around it by the high moral principle en throned In the heart of the family aneeetry, and faithfully copied by their descendant. So sn acquaint ance with them for near a tcore of years hat instructed me. ' . 'ii T, a 1. 1. ASHDT. Sprinqfield, Uo , Jan. IB, 18S7. . , The wife of Nathan Sullins, of this county, was the oldest daughter of the Kev. Morris Mitchel, sptiken of above. She lived with her husband more than fifty one yean rait ed twelve children, eleven of whom still live; snd, perhaps, s better wife, mother and christian, never lived nor died. E. Post. LsARsr.n IosokasCk. Wh-n the commit tee of the Kreiicii Academy were employed in'prcutriiig n well known Academy Die ion. sry, t uvier, the celebrated Initiindisl, came into the room where they were holding a session. "Glad to see yon, Monsieur Cu yier," said one of the forty; "we have just fin ished ad -Hnilion which we think qnile sat isfactory, but npon which we would like to have your opinion. We have been defining the word Crab, nnd have explained it thus: t'rali, a smdl red fish, which walks backwards." "Perfect, gentlemen," said Cuvier; "only I will make one sum. I observation In natural bistor : The cmb ia mil a fish it is not red and it do-e not walk backwaids! With these exceptions, your definition is excel lent. ' Anvturt. It a man deceives you once, dn not (rust him again; if man insults you, tske no notice of htm; but if he strike you, lick him like thunder. A MOMENT OF HORROR. . By as abmt orncEit. I do not propose to tell a story either of rora nice or of sentiment, bat simply to nor rule nn incident which happened to myself in the fall of 1 85. I was bound westward to Iheeity of New York. ' Thecily was' crowded with strangers. After unsuccessful applications at several ho tele, at lust I obtained lodging at 'a kept on the European plan. Here I was obliged l content myself . with a chamber on the fourth floor, oddly enough arranged in aome respects, as, upon going to It alter supping, for the purpose of changing my travel stained dress, I noticed thot the room hnd no window, with the exception of n square opening in the walkthrough which air and light wereudmit ted from the adjoining room. I dressed and attended the Rowery theatre, reaching my apartment nn returning, about half past ten o'clock ul night. , , ,. When about stepping into bed, 1 observed the wicket open, and a thought struck me to take a look into the adjoining npurtment. Why it wns I know nut; perhaps a aense of my own insecurity actuated me. I got upon a chair nnd gazed through a window into the chamber. No one was there. It was furnished like my own. A lamp was burning upon the table, nnd upon the table was lying a holster, a whetstone, aod a pair of false whiskers. , Well thought I, these nre rather queer ar ticles of wardrobe. After a glance at the premises, I fell nnything but easy. I finally got into bed; first placing the lump nn the floor nt the foot; and examining my pistol, 1 laid it carefully under my bead. At first, ilionohl quite' fatigued, I could not sleep, and when I dozed my dreams were uneasy and troubled. Macbeth had been the piny at the theatre, and witches nnd black whiskers, Batiquo's ghost with pistol, holster and the like interesting visitors, were the companions of my dreamy thoughts. About three o'clock, it might hnve been, I was aroused by s somewhat singular noise. On listening, it evidently proceeded from the next room. It could be likened to nothing 1 hnd ever heard; it was low but regular and inetalic in its S'jund, for Instance, as might be made in culling glass with a diamond. Suddenly I thought of the whetstone on the table, and nt the same moment became con vinced tlie noise wusof a knife being sharpen ed. My bed was placed in the diagonal corner of the room from the wicket, nnd I had been lying with my back to the latter. I turned in the bud as noiselessly as possible, so ns to face the wicket grasping my pistol. The lump was burning dimly, nnd all was us still as death. ' As my eye fell upon the window, t en countered first n hand placed upon the sill, then rose by degrees n head, witli n pair of glilierin black eyi s, ifre'it heavy whiskers, and a large sharp knife between his teeth. I think I possess the ordinary courage ofn umn, but I must confess the blottd in my veins seemed to curdle as I viewed the appar ition. Quick as lightning, I sprang up in the bcd'ntid pointing my pistol cried out; "If you move n muscle from your position, you're n dead man." The eyes glared, the head remaining, however, ns described, tho man not uttering n syllable. Ig"t out of bed, und with pistol still presented nnd eyes fixed on his, I backeifto the bell rope and pulled it violently In n moment n servant came up. I called to him to bring a police officer, l here is something serious going on here in j moment the paasige waa filled with tlie inmates of the house. In a short lime a star mndu his nppenrnnco nnd took tho man into custody. The landlord said he hnd ar rived Hint evening without baggage. The next day a gentleman claimed the supposed assassin as his brother, a maniac whom be hud been conducting to the insane asylum in Philadelphia, and who had escaped from him while in that city. Ho had made his way to New York, nnd with Iho well khown tinning of a madman, had managed to avoid detection. I suppose the power of the eve for I kept mine fixed on his had restrained him, otherwise he could ensily hnvu mustered me in a moment. Since llien, whilat in a strange place, I hnve been careful to examine and aecure my chamber before retiring. The New Orleans, Opelous.ta nnd Great "Western Railroad ia about completed to Berwick Bay, 8Q miKs from New Orleans. It is to be continued to the Sabine, n farther distance of 133 miles; and it has 535,000 acres of land granted by Congress, valued nt $5 per acre, which will provide the menus. From Berw ick Bay a line of steamships is to be started to Galveston, nnd by that route the time can be reduced to 24 hours between New Orleans and Galveston, and tho route ia much safer than by the South-West pass of the Mississippi river. , y- The march of mind in our day Is great, but the march of gullibility would seem to be yet greater. $r The liquor agency in Lnwsll has sold during the quarter ending Febunry 21, liquor to the amount of $200,101. fT' Some of the large jobbing-houses In New York, have w ires running to the "Com mcrciul Agencies." While a person is nego. tinting for the purchase of goods lo one part or the store, a clerk is talking with the "Com merciul Agency" some blocks off, about bis hnViis nnd pecuniary resources. We lenm from the Hiilersnn Guardian that n deer which was kept on private grounds, escaped a day or two since, and a German, not knowing any belter, got out musket and aliot the animal, and - when the owner v. ent alter it, be was found skinning It. The Gusrdinn thinks that if the animal dud un. dsrslood German snd had given-the pass word "Isger," its lifo might have been spared PROFIT OF FEEDING CORN TO HOGS. It is estimated from experiment made by S.J). Anderson, thnt 100 bushels of corn will produce 1.056 pounds of gross Incre to in the weight of hogs. 100 thrifty hogs were weighed nod put into s pen. , They were fed for 100 data on ns much corn as they could eat. The average gross increase per hog for the 100 days wns 125 pounds or nt the rate of one and one fourth pounds per day. tt thus appears that one bushel of corn will produce a gross increase o ten and one half pounds. Throwing off one fifth to come nt the net gives 8 nnd one-fourth pounds nf pork ns the product of one bushel of corn. If 8 1 pounds of pork nre made' by one bushel o 56 pound of corn, one pound of pork is the product of 6 J pounds of corn. From nn sxperimenl of the Hon. H. L I .inn, with 25 hogs, na reported in the Patent Office Report for 1856, 6t bushels of corn produced 100 pounds of pork. From the, experience nf Hon, H. L, Els worth, ropnrl.d in the Patent Office Report for 1847, it appears 3 46 lbs of cooked meal made one pound of pork, Tho experiment was on a auiinll scale. ! Assuming that it reqniren fi4' lbs ""of 'com to make one pound of pork the coat nf its production will be seen by the following es timate, the labor of reeding and taking care nf the hogs is not Included: - When corn costs l'2J rents per bushel, pork costs 1J cents per pound. i When corn costs 17 cents, per bushel, pork costs 2 cents per pound. . , When corn costs 25 cents per bushol, pork costs S cents per pound.- When corn costs 33 centa per bushel, pork costs 4 cents per pound. t , . When com costs 52 cents per bushel, pork costs 6 cents per pound. " The following statement shows what Ihe fanner realizes for his corn when sold in the form of pork When pork bells for 3 cents per poundj it brings 25 cents per bushel In corn. When pork sells for 4 rents per pound it brings 33 centa per bushel in corn. VVhen pork sells for 5 cents per pound it brings 45 cents per bushel in corn. When pork sells for 6 cents per pound it brings 60 cents per bushel. ' 5P"The Germnn papers of Missouri very generally come out in favor of free Inbor in the States, ns likely tn ndvnnce its domestic prosperity. The Anzeiger declnres thnt the question cannot be too much discussed, and that the "Emancipation party in St liuis is already stronger thnn the Benton party ever was.'' The same pnpor declares that not withstanding the movement was ao sudden, it hits gained many unexpected friends and supporters in the ranks ol the Nalionnt De mocracy. The Anzoigcr adds: "It is certain that St. Louis, and probably a few other comities, nre ripe for this agitation, nnd thnt any movement on the part of the borderers in Western Missouri to interfere again in the affairs of Kansas, will certainly be the signal for the agitation of the question of emanci pation in Missouri." 'The Volksblatt also occupies much the same ground. Homicide A fracas occurred in this city on Saturday night Inst, which resulted in the death of James Toney. From the ev. idence taken before tho coroner's court on Saturday, it appears that deceased wns ns- snultod by Jamet Shields, about half past 10 o'clock Saturday nitrVt, standing nn the side walk near Lynnn'a grocery. After hav. ing been knocked down two or three limes with n weight in the hands of Shields, de ceased w ns carried home by his friends, where he expired about half past 2 o'clock Sunday morning. The parties were both drinking nt the time, which wns doubtless the cause of the difficulty. Shields is n young man about 21 years of nge, bus been nriested, mid is now in jail awaiting his tral. Toney leaves a wife and three children in very destitute circumstan ces. Valtm Timet. A Good Wifk. In the eighty fourth year of his age, Dr. Calvin Chapin wrote of bit wife: "My domestic enjoyments have been per' baps, as near perfection ns the human condi tion permits. She made my home the pleas antext spot on earth to me, And now that she is gone, my worldly loss is perfect." How niiinv u poor fellow would be saved from suicide, from tlie penitentiary, nnd the gallows eVery year, had he been blessed with such n wile! i "She made home the pleasnntest spot on earth to me. What n grand liibule to that woman's love, nnd piety, nnd common sense! t-i Untenant Catesby Ap. Roger Jones, nn officer on board the United States stenm I'igato Mcrrimac, writing home to his family from Barbadoes, under date of the SGtli of February, says, in speaking of the produc tiveness of tho soil, &c, that the Island is 21 miles long, by 14 wide, produces nniiuiilly 60,0(10 hogsheads ofsogar, mid the land sells nt $600 per acrs. It will be remembered that this Island wasn rendezvous for negroes stolon from Virginia in the Inle wnr with Great Britain, by Sir Admiral Cockburn nnd hia confederates. The hinds of llie Island hnvu been cultivated by those alnv a nnd their descendants from thnt lime to the pres eut day. - TUB JUSTICE OF LAW. AN OLD SAW.'. ' i- ' An tipper mill and lower mill -. Fell out about their water, To war they went, that is to law, Resolved to give no quarter. A lawyer wat by each engaged, Holly they contended ; When feet grew scant, the war Ihey waged Tbey judged were better ended. ' The heavy eott remaining still, Were tattled without bother; One lawyer took the upper mill, . The lower mill the other. 4f5 Puiser Edward rilzgerold, U.S. Navy, died nt Ihe residence of hia son. In Georgetown, (D. C.) on Friday last, In the 77th year nf his age. He wan horn In Chnm. hersburgh. Pa., and entered lbs Navy in 1810. In the war o 1812, he served in Ihe squad ron of Commodore Perry on bike Erie. ' The usual resolution of thanks to Mr. 3enker Banks, wns adopted by a vote of 1 19 yeaa to 25 nays. It wns introduced bf , Mr. Aiken, of South Carolina, and advocated, among other Southern members, by Mr, Senrd of Georgia, Mr. McMullen, of Vir Hula, wna the lender In tlie oppositl,,,,. Wiiit think ti or TBtsI A company of Ohio abolitionists hsve purchased immense, bodies of land io East Tennessee, and are now, importingoreiynert to live upon them. ; AU resdy have large numbers of Wlh emi grated and settled there. Time is proving and fulfilling every prediction of the Ameri can party. ' ' t And or tursf F.xtrsct of a speech deliver ed in the House of Representatives, Decern ber 16, 1866, by Hon. M. 1L Kioholtoa, of Ohio: ) "I am somewhat familiar with ths last eanvatt ieonie parti of the North. 1 think' I know bow our Democratic friends get along with it. 1 heard no Northern Democratic stumper in the last canvases who did not xi pound the doctrine of squatter sovereignty nt the faith of hit party and of Mr. Buchanan. 1 met this doctrine everywhere upon ths stump every where; and, sir, I could not coax out of these gentlemen a disenaaion of any other doctrine. When 1 said that there' wss no faith, no truih in all this, as I believe, there wss none when I said if these asser tions were true, then, that Mr. Buchanan.' wns opposed to the platform to the national altitude of his party, then, sir, I lit Northern . Democrats denounced me for the asertion( and said the party everywhere went for squatter tovereivnty. This it net all. Not only did these gentlemen preach squatter sovereigty, but they said it would secure freedom everywhere; tbey said that, to give it practical force, wat to pluck tin tlavery by the rontaand to hem it in on itself forever. This wat the position of ths Buchsnnn candM date in my district, and this construction of the platform I have no doubt wat used wbsr-' ever locality demanded it." ' f-8f A novel and strange rase of alimony -has just been decided nt Louisville, Kentucky. ' A man named Ferguson separated from his wife, hnd ahe aned for alimony.' A settle-, tnent wns made, he agreeing to pny $500 a yrnr during her life. Subsequently the par-: tics were . divorced, and neither party was restricted from marrying again, the huaband relying upon the religious faith of bis wift) to prevent her from taking another husband. She did marry, however, and Mr. Ferguson ' thereupon stopped, the supplies. He didn't -relish the id en of feeding and clothing nnoth-' er man's wile, without deriving some benefit from the outlay. A suit wns brought to compel the payment of the $5i)0 per annum, and it wus decided in favor of the wife. We learn from the New York Post Henry O.'Middle'.oti, Esq., of Upshur county, Virginia, the largest landholder iu the State, is now nt Ihe St. Nicholas Hulelin that city, ; nnd is in negotiation with a company of gen. , tlemeti of the North, for the snip of 400,000 acres of land, in tracts of from 1,000 to 30,000 4 nuree. The hinds offered by Mr. Middlcton nre in the counties of Greenbrier, Raleigh,. Braxton, Kannwhn, nnd Mason, nnd within thoCunnel coal field. A Monstsr Gold Nugof.t. The Sydney Morning Herald states that a nugget of gold wna recently found nt Louisa Creek, New ' South Wnles, the value of which is es'iimv ted n I 20,000. It weighs about five cut, but there is very litlle gold visible on tho surface. This ia llie Inrgest nugget of gold ' yet discovered in the world. Its discovery produced quite a sensation. , Whehk t the West? The editor of the : Presbyterian Herald (of Louisville, Ky.,) any ; that visiting Fort Lenvenworth, he said lo tlie commander, "I suppose you begin to feel, oway out here, that you hnve at least dis covered that indefinable region called "tho .. Westr "No sir," aaid he, "we are living, m the East yet. Four hundred miles west of ' us, near Fort Lnruime, is the geographical centre of the United Stales." Cammou A young girl uptown pretend, ed to attempt to commit suicide this morn ing. She purchased sixpence worth of Inu-. danum, threw It out the bark window, and siuelled of the cork. Several medical gc tlemnn of high character were of the opinion that it wouldn't hurt her much, but her friends were terribly fiightened and gave her ' an emetic so powerful that she nearly threw up her toe nails. She ia now convalescent, minus a henrty breakfast It is rumored ns ' the cause of her rash act, that the dry goods clerks urotind the corner said her hn'ir shad ed red. Tray Time. J""Mr.Smilh, pappy wants lo know If , yon wnn't take a skiff, and scull mammy ' across the river?" "No; but tell your puppy if it will be sny ; favor, I'll laku nn axe ana skull' dim." Exit youth, with hail dressed a la porcu pine. ' ' '4 , iqfTTke Hannibal (Mo.) Messengers, says the winter, which is now drawing to close, hns been nn unfavorable ono for ths . grow ing crop of wheat. There hns been much complaint on the pnrt of ninny farmers, , nnd many of them express llie belief that the crops will fall short of an average. Washington, March 10. The Senate rat ified to day the commercial treaties with Chili, Venezuela, and Persia. The Judiciary Committee will report In favor of Inking tcs. tininny in the ease of Kitch, nnd will decide that Cameron is entitled to his sent. - tT" Dismede F. Ilolingaworth, one bf the committee who brought home the body of Hon. Preston S. Drunks, died in Edgefield, South Carolina, Inst week. ' ,,,', 3jr If you want lo feel about right, get' Into a pond of slrnwbirries and cream and ' swim around about a couple of wcekt. It is a great invention strawberries and cream. IParents mny expect from their chil. dren the same degree of dutiful behaviour aa they themselves paid to their own parents. Wasiiinoton, Feb. II. The following nominations for New Orleans w ill be sent to, the Senate lo-dnv F. II. Hutch. Collector, J. Genors, Nnvnl Officer; R. W. Adems, Sur. vevor; M. Mssvny, Post Mnster, J. M. Ken nedy, Marshall; W. W. King, District Attor., ney. - SsNath Mr, Benjamin, frnn tho Commit-' lee on Judiciary, made a report' asking In lit) discharged .from further consideration of ths protest of Ihe Democratic members of ths' Pennsylvania Legislature agninst ths right of Cameron to a seat, Pugh made Hit minority' report. - There' are now over six hundred miles' of railroad In .Tennessee, upon . which daily trains art running, : , -,t