III' lit '
. ; : i .-!
BY SAM. P. IVINS.
'ATHENS, TEXN., FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1857.
VOL. IX.NO. 443.,
paT It psbliilwdtvtry Friday at Hper year
,.!"n ' '
VlVu-c-";..! ehsr. (1 p., .."
. i is UnrMir Isat, for llie Brat iUKriiuu, ami So eeutt lor
!h cuniMuauca. A liberal .le.luctlun ua.l 10 tl.ots
tw adtertfa by iht ytar. Wrersooa wrn.lln adver
tlMiueiui must mark the auiukcr ol timns ihjr Sasira
them inserted, or they IU b cootiauul unill forbid and
for auaouDiiUif U u-wes of candidsttiror offlct ,1 S,
All communications intended to proiootttns private
ands or Interest" of Corporations, Societies, schools or
tndtvidaals, will b oharyed advertisements.
Job Voriuch I'aiiiplileU.Miimut.Clrcalars,
Cardi, Blanki, Handbills, Ac, will b executed In good
atyla, sod ou reasonable terms.
All letter! addressed 10 lb froprUtor, poit paid , will
fee promptly attended to.
Persons at a distance tending- nt the names of four
t.lreotaubacritwrs, will b entitled to a BfUi oopy srstis.
No communication inserted unlest accoiupauied by
the nam of the author.
tar- OIBoa on Maia street, next door to tht old Jack
tan Hotel. '
ATHbKN, Ml I MAY, IWAHCIlgQ. I8T.
or GfciiiKAL Scott. The National
Intelligencer of the 6lh says the qriwition of
pny nnd nllowances'lo LJeUl. Gener.iT Scott
was fortunately settled brlng the closing
houn of tlie lute session of -Congress. The
nrreiinigfB due tho veteran, it is understood,
will amount to nboul thirty two thousand
four hundred dullurs, und hU annual pny nnd
emoluments will hercnlter be fifteen thou,
amid dollars. ' A gruteful nation, we are aure,
will, cordially approve this proceeding, and
deem it far less a measure of liberality than
of justice. The people will concur with Sena,
tor Butjer, of South Carolina, in the propriety
f, grunting to a laurelled hern end a enn
aummate general that fair requital which hi
brilliant military services have ao richly de
served, and which other nation alwny ac
corded to those who had sustained the honor
of their country. . ,,- , -. ,
Hon, J. 8. Black. Hon. Jere. S. Black,
of Pennsylvania, who line received the a p.
pnintinenlof Attorney General, ia one of the
Justices of the Supreme Court of Pennsyl
vania. ' Mr.' Black ia undoubtedly the ablest
man yet mentioned for Attorney General.
He waa appointed hy Gov. Porter resident
Judge of the Court of Common Plena lor the
counties of Franklin, Bedl rd and Somerset,
which o (lice he held till 1851, w hen he waa
elected Justice of the Supreme Court, nnd
In 18S3 wna Chief Justice. In 1851 he wna
re-elected to the Supreme Bench, where he
now aits, hia term expiring in 1860. ; Judge
Black is but little known in the political world.
He is, however, a sound conservative national
democrat, and has the highest reputation naa
jurist, which la the chief requisite for the
pnat winch has heen offered him. Judge
Black Is extremely popular In htaown Statrt'
and when last ' elected to the bench lie ran
20,000 votes ahead of Ida ticket.
Hon. Isaao ToocaT. laaao Toncey, of
Connecticut, who has been appointed to the
Secretaryship of the Navy, ia n man of edu
cation. II waa originally a federalist, nnd aa
audi acted with the leaders of the old federal
pnrty. With the larger portion of them he
expouwd the cause of General Jnckaon In the
year 1825, nnd has ever hIiicu acted with the
Democracy. He waa a member of the Con
grass of 1837 9, and as such held n promi
nent poaitiun for a New Englander. - He was
a member of the Select Committee of In
vestigation, to whioh the Ciliy and Graves
duel , waa referred in 1838. He exhibited
some traita of character in that office, fn
1840 he W'fls appointed Attorney Guneral of
the United States, w hich i flice he held nbut
nine months. On the l'Jih of May, 1852,
Mr. Tourcy was elected by a Democratic
legislature to (ill the vurnncv occasioned by
the drulh of Jabez.W. Huntington. Mr.
Toucey is now about 68 years of nge. In
appearance he U particularly aristocratic, nnd
In his manners he Is reserved.
A Good Reason. A .Methodist miiiixter
in Vermont tins forbid any one to play a bass
viol in his Church. He aays, however serious
bis thoughts may be, the moment he hears a
fiddle he goes to thinking how ht used to
; A Vhuna Kascal. The MUaisalppi On.
rion givus nnacctmut of a young man In that
Wiggins who has been making a haul of dry
goods. As the younj! chap has simtained a
good reputation prior to his "misfortune," we
think it likely that he will repent of the act,
and advise that no proceeding be had against
blm. The Clarion says:
"A young man who has heretofore borne
good character for ImlieKty, nnd whose
name uo shall not now mention, was several
weeks ago, to our certain knowh-dge, guilty
of a most fl igrant act of downright Healing,
which singularly enough has escaped the. at
tetitioii of our vigilant officer. He went into
A bouse In a retired place In Ihecountry some
milea below thia, and stole a parcel of clothes
chh fly petlir.nalt belonging to a young lady.
One pirctiiiiHliince, however, connected with
the transaction might possibly shield him
from criminal prenectilion and that 1, the
younir lady hersetl happened nt the time to
L in the vtUkoalt The younir scmnp! If
lie do. a the like again, while she lives, he'll
et himself into trouble, cerrhin.
1ST The Charleston Mercury, to prove
the alienation of the Northern and Southern
sections of the Union from each other, aays:
"A member of Congress from the Soiilh,
beloved for his personal qualities, honored
for his talent, diMtiugllished by the confi
dence of his constituents and his Stale, died
suddenly In WiHhuiton. His death waa ait
notiitced, and his merits commented upon
eloqni-ntly, by aewral members of both
Houses. Only a single matt from the North,
Bud lie the chosen candidate of the Ireesoilers
for the Speakership in the House of Repre.
entaiii-cs, uttered a word on the occasion,
and that word eold ns the Northern Ice.
Such la (he alliance between the Southern
and Northern Democr cy. Such ia the foun
dation of the trust which some among ua
repose In the great Natiotin! party."
CoKCortD, March 11. Hales, Republican,
bas been elected Governor of New Hamp
shire by 8,000 majority, and tho whole Re
publican ticket l chosen.
The Vice I'besidert. Hon. J. C. Breck.
emidge on taking the Chair, to prealde over
the deliberations of the Senate, made the
Stnators: In asauniing the duties of this
station 1 am qnile conscious that I brinir to
their discharge few other qualifications thnn
s dep sense of the importance of this hody
in the scheme of the Government and a feel
inif of respect for its members. Ilappilv my
duties nre comparatively few and simple, and
I am sure they will be made easy by a per
vnding sen of propriety, which will of it
elf be sufficient on all occasions to preserve
the diifniiy and decorum of the Senate.
In administering the rules which you have
adopted for the convenience of your proceed
ings I shall often ni ed your kind indulgence,
and I anticipate, wilh confidence your forbenr
nnce towards the errors that spring from in
experience. Cheriahinc the hope that our
official and personal Intercourse will he mark
ed by mutual confidence and regard, I look
forward with pleasure to our association In
the performance of public duties.
It shall be my constant aim, gentlemen of.
the Senate, to 'exhibit at all times and to
every member -of TbU bdy thceourtesy und
impartiality which nre due to th reprvsento.
til es of equal Slatefk ' s
.The Tarhkr Murdrr i Memphis. Tlie
Eagle and Enquirer has the following addi.
liounl liuhton the Tanner murder:
"There seems to be no doubt, now, In the
public mind that poor Tanner wns murdered
by mistake the scoundrel who procured the
assassination intended to murder another
ID 'h. From god authority, we learn that
tho following will be the upshot of the de
velopments wnich will probably be brought
to light by a clew now. in the bands of the
proper officers of the law: A certain parly
tn love w ith a m-irrled woman, desired o put
her husband out of the way, and employed a
negro man to do the deed; Th negro, In
slrnctedand abetted by his principal, mistook
Tanner for the married man and slew him.
We understand that the negro his been heard
tn sny that he was employed trl act the part
of "bravo" in the affair. All this sounds like
a tale of old Venice or M - drld. and we regret
to bear it told of an enlightened, well gov
erni d, Protestant city like this,
A Further Item VVe learn from good
authority that Phillips, who was nriested for
the murder of Tanner, has been tw ice viited
in prison liy a msrrii d woman, disguised, who
is believed lo he the wife of the man intended
to have been murdered.'"
ISty-The Joliet (III.) Democrat says "A
and, but bcnutii'u! and touching scene ns
witnessed nt the accident -of the Dn Page
Biidge. On the morning after the accident
the slow lolling of a bell was heard. On
looking to see whence it came, it wasdiscov.
ered to proceed from the engine, ns It lay
submerged in the water. The wsvea, sa they
foamed and surged over tjie sunken engine,
swayed the bell, which alone with the smoke
pipe, appeared above water, and caused it
to give a slow tolling sound. When the en.
gine was raised from the water, the engineer
was fouri in a standing posture, with his stiff,
cold, Ivy hand firmly grasping the throttle
valve, as though amid the thick darkness he
had discovered the perilinus condition of the
train, and bad sprang to avert the ruin. Bui
it was ton late; the engine and train, w ith its
precious freight of life nnd property went
down, and during the dreary night, the en-gine-bell
and the mad rushing waters rang
out a solemn requiem for the dead! It is proti
able that had not the freight train gone down
as it did, the pissenger train from Chicago,
due two hours later, nnd loaded with sleep
ing pnosengera, Would itself have taken the
Mordeh AitisT Kouu The Pnrdy (Tenn.)
Argus, of March 4lh, aays: "We have it
from the most rel able authority, that there
has been most foul and bloody minder per
petrated in Tippah county, some six miles
south of Poubahontas, near Muddy creek,
and our informant tells lis that the body has
been found that it was thrown Into the
creek during the high water, and since the
water has sunk down the body has been dis
covered, with marks ns if the fatal blow had
been given with n hatchet or something of
the kind. The name of the person was un
known, nnd the fenliir.-s unrecognized. To
add horror to the affair, nnd what led In the
first place to the search for the body, a bores
was found dead near by, with cut in his
nkull a grey horse, and from all appearance
hi had been tied down to n bush, w,th his
head near the ground, and there killed with
an axe or hatchet"
A Row in Nkbrlska. We learn from
Omaha City, under date of the 12ih n!t., that
the closing scenes of the Legislature of N'w
braskn Territory were very exciting. The
popular voice had charged several' nieilibers
with corruption with respect to their Votes
on the passage of some bank charters. In
consequence, the Governor vetoed six char
ters so obtained. A crowd ol rioters pursu
ed the members accused to the office of the
territorial secretary, and, disregarding all
form of an investigating committee, attempt
ed lo inflict' personal chastisement on one
legislator, lie threatened tn shoot with a
revolver in reply, when the secretary turned
the whole batch into the street, ilere tlie
suspected members ran off and concealed
themselves. The legislative session would
close on the 13ih of February. The Gov
eriior waa completely bewildered by these
occurrences. JV. Y. Herald.
The salaries of several of the officers of
Rhode Island have just been regulated by
the legislature of that Slate. The salaries
nf the Associate Justices of the Supreme
Court were fixed nt $1,500, (the present
salary,) notwithstanding several sttcmpts to
itictense them. The salary of the l.teut.
(icvernnr was reduced from $500 to 9 200.
The snlary nf theCeneml Treasurer a in
ci eased from t$50 In $800.
"Madam, said a hnsband to bis young wife,
In a little altercation, whk'h will sometime
spring up In "the beat of familiea." "when a
man and his wife have quarreled and each
considers the othef at fault, which of the two
ought to be the first to advance tjwnnls a
"The beat nn'ured and wiaest of the two,
said Ilia wife, putting up her rose mouih lor
a kiss, which wns given with an unction.
She had conquered! . .
ADJOURNMENT OF CONGRESS.
The existence of the Thirty Fourth Con
gress (says the National Intellig.-ncer) enme
tn an end yesterday forenoon under ci renin
stances more discouraging not to sny blum
nhle than any which have ever before fallen
under onr observation. The appropriation
bil'a, we believe, all got through after some
fashion, by the active and unwearied exer
tions of the Chairmen of the: Finance Coin,
mittees nf the two Houses, and by prolong
lag the session until noon of tho 4th of
March, nnd several other measures were en
neted by lacking them on the appropriation
bills; but s great hvik of business has falb-n
through, much of it being even denied an op
portmiity to be reported by the committees
which had mttured it.
We supposed that when this Congress had
voted to ita members li'aernl fixed salaries it
would have been regarded by them its a point
of honor to give th aame faithful attention
to the tranasetion of the pn"blir business thai
was exhibited by the Fmirfeehih Congress,
when the first salary compensation' wns in
force; but never were hopes nvr sadly dls.
appointed. What with the gre-it portion of
eneh'dav nf the session consumed in debate,
the impedimenta constantly' thrown In the
way of business by that peculiar clique nf
legislators who systematically oppose every
thing but the annual appropriations, nided bv
the anomalous nature nf the rules of pro
ceeding, which require n two thirds vote for
every motion, the great mns nf business wns
crowded into the Inst week of the siainn,
nnd for several days we a riously feared sn
utter bresk down, and the necessity of eon.
veninir the new Congrestn pass Jhose men
sures requisite to carry on the Government.
Under these circumstances our readr will
excuse ns at this moment if we are nnahle lo
give them nn intelligible enmmsry of the
proceedings which marked the closing hour
of the late session. Amidst the confused
mass of - propositions hurried through the
forms of legislation w'nh a precipitance
which, though rendered necessary by thenn.
tecedent lachr of Congress, must still be
regarded as very little conducive to n wise
discrimination tin lis part, we find it difficult
to ascertain what has been left undone dur
ing the last twenty hours of the late Con
gresslonnl term. Wo may cite, however, ns
n single illustration of the evil wo d'-p'ore,
that even a measure of beneficent legislation
like thnt authorizing the duiies to be restored
on goods consumed bv tho great fire in New
York, during the year 1845, failed in tho dis
array and conclusion of the hour, to receive
the signatures of the presiding officers, even
after it h-id passed both Houses of Congrv-,
It become a serious question for the con
sideration of the country whether such a
mode of legislation is to be regarded ns n
necesssry incident of representative govern
ment, or whether its origin should bo nttri
buted tn certain defects in theconstitntion or
organization of Congress which admit of n
sure if not nn easy cure. ' In proportion as
legislative responsibility is spread over a
broader surface there is doubtless n tendency
on the part of its individual depositaries to
ignore or forget that special and personal ob
ligation w hich impos- a upon each constiiu
eut member of the body the same msnre
of fidelity which ihecountry expects of Con
gressns a whole; and, if we mistake not, the
time has already come when the people of
each Congressional district i-houtd hold their
particular legislator to a stricter sense of his
representative duty, not only to them, but to
the country at large, lest, hy merging his per
snnnlily in the mass of those whom the pub
lie ngrees to inculpate by a general censure,
the roots of evil should fail to be reached by
n necessary application of that censure to
pnrlicnlnr cases. If even the time that is
wasteful!)' frittered nway In nn unnecessary
not to sny factious calling of the yeas
nnd nnys on nearly all qnestinns which en
counter the opposition of nn ineoiisiilernble
portion of the members o eilher House were
devoted to the patient consideration of the
substantial inicrestsof the country and to tl e
Ifuitioititr subjects of national If gialalion, w
should not be called to witness such nn un
seemly nnd prejudicial hnste In the transur
tion of the public business during the closing
hours of each Congressional session.
It would, however, be unjust if, while giv:
ingexpression In theconviction forced upon us
by the facts nnd circumstances thus designat
ed, we did not except from the scope nnd up
plication of our remarks the ch drmen of the
lending committees in bntli branches, of Con.
greas, ns well in the able and Impartial Spen
ker of the late House of Rcprcseutulives,
unsurpassed, if not unequalled, by any of bis
predecessors in the same responsible and ex
acting chair. If the despatch of the public
business wns often impeded, and soinetim- a
wholly frustrated, the limit cannot be laid at
their door, since the assiduity of tlie former,
so far ns they fell under his jurisdiction, was
ably seconded by the efficiency of the hitter,
Popdbar Preachiso. A modern writer
satirizing the endeavors of the pulpit to meet
the false taste of the day, which, instead of
hungering ami thirsting alter righteousness,
craves lor what has been called "the blane
mange of Christianity," delivers himself of
"Wh t a curious production would a che
mical anaUaia ol many latter day scrmoiia
furnish! Somewhat like this: 1 part Bible;
5 parts logic, badly kneaded; 20 parts city
mi k; 14 pints olla of roses; CO parts yeast.
Now this is a nice mixture to feed inisi-rlality
on. t It could n't live a day on such food.",
UfThe Court house of Mississippi, was
set on fire by some incendiary nnd burned to
the ground on the l.lghl of the 28th uJL, to.
gether with nil the recotda of the aevernl
courts. Th jail being near by, took Are
from the Court bouse, and wna also burnt.
from tht M. Louie Christian Advocats.
THE Mtl'CIIEl. FAMILY. ;
J2n. D. R. JUc Anally : la our excellent
Advocsts I noticed an artiele, soma time last
summer or fall, ffiviiitf an acennnl of a remark
able family. 1 liked it; for. seide frooi its
intere.lini facta, it wa ugeM,i of many
profitable reflections. The family whose
nstne stsnds at the hesd of thiesrticle, in my
jmlitment, presents as many snd as weighty
claims to that distinction sa snv to be found
In the Unile-l State, if not in ths world.
Rev. Morris Mitchel, I believe, was a na
five of Maryland. He emigrated nt an early
dsy to Tennessee and from thence to Polk
eo., Mo., where ha paid n stare's debt, and
sank to bis final ratline; place oa earth, at the
sdvsneed aits of eighty six having r-pent
more than aixtv of them in tlie communion
of the Methodist Church, filling lbs various
stations ntained him with credit and useful
ness. Tl.ua. full of dnvs and pious deeds, ha
passed from ill tests snd the services of the
Church below to those of ths Church above,
loved mid venerated by all who knew him
Tlie wife and companion of bis youth, snd
liis faithful helpmate through all the caret
snd toils nf bis protracted life. Elizabeth
Mitchel, still lingers on the 'oostt of mortal
being. , .
She is living in t.bs family of her son-in-law,
Judge MoOlore. of Polk eo., Mn.,'haing
attained the advanced age of ninety-two
years more than three snore snd ten of
which have been spent in t he service of 3od,
snd the kind offices nf humanity and religion,
1 had the pleasure of meeting this venerable
matron laat fall, at what is known in this
country, emphatically, as "The Mitchel Camp
ground." Mere the 'had come, up with the
familiet of her people to the plsce where
thev annually meet to worship the God ol
Th genealogical tables of ths fsmily.furnish
ed me by her ngerl and (itimahle ton, Itev.
.las. Mitchel, foot up the astonishing number
(including thins w ho have been connected
with the family hy lnnpinge) of seven bun
dred and two, of whom the is the living rep
resentative. It would be a fruitlett task for me to at
tempt a description nf the thoughts and feel
ings of my heart ss I gazed upon that monu
ment of faith snd piety. Shivering in the
twilight of mortsl life, '! tried, at well as I
oou hi, to measure ths broad and deeply de
scending lines of consanguinity, extending tn
the third and fourth generation of them that
worship God. as thev tiirrouuded her in that
consecrated grove of worship and thsnksgiv
ing n pious host. a multitude that worship
God day snd night. My mind wandered on
to the great day of recompense, when they1
should "return and come to Zion with songs
and everlasting joy upon their heads."
What a multitude oliall rise up and call her
It requires no figure of sneecb to call them
a nation of christians nor hyperbole to de
nominate them a generation of Methodists.
To dedicate their children to God in the holy
sacrament of baptism, Is reeefved by them n
a "law in Israel." l'ersonsl religion wi ill
them is the paramount consideration of life.
Strongly s'tached to the distinctive pecu
liarities of the Methodist Church, on srriving
to years of maturity they nearly all attach
themselves to that communion. Indeed,
such is their devotion to her peculiar instiiu
lions, thnt if thev sboild be judged by the
lax views of " oiing America" Methodists,
they sre justly obnoxious to . the epithet of
'Old Fogies," which is thair-fllishssl praise.
Thev have fui-nithed eighteen ministers for
the Church, who have filled the various posi
tions from the licentiate to the presiding el
dership; besides a host of leaden, stewards,
i'livticslly, thev are quite shove the medi
um size tall nml well proportioned when
young, but slightly tending to magistracy M
thev advance in years Mentally, thev ex
hibit a plain, strong common sense, of that
peculiar cast which plainly indicates their
Germnn nnt.ecedeiice a good srliole of plain
prose equidistant from poverty and poetry.
Morally in this they have profiled above
mnsy; and a- the Creator bat placed man's
highest excellency in this department of his
nature sn they seem lo have brought to its
euliiva'ion their best energies. So that, if
we should instinitea comparison of tin's with
other important characteristics of the family
(respectable ss thev see,) a verv large Isl
am e would be found in favor of the former.
Fnmilv resemblance is one of the most pal
pable nml remarkable pecu'iariiies nf this
multitudinous people. Opposed, ns they are
from m iueiide. to intermarriage among ihem
selves, and free from it, at 'hey nre in prso
lice, thnt nevertheless a reseiunianre to stri
king should run ihrotiL'h the entire eonnee
lion, almost unmodified bv the counter-lines
nf olTtnit v. is tnmv mind even passing at range.
Nor is this manifest conformity to an origi.
tisl type more obvious or evatemntio in their
physical than in their intellectual and moral
constitution. Indeed, to commanding is the
similitude in this Inst respect, thnt the least
pract.i'ed eye ca.not fail to olmerve it. .
All their modes of conceiving, reasoning
nnd thinking, ns well as thvii- moral mani
festations nnd developments, assert a finter
nitv in principle uo less strikingly character
istic than uniform in application The vnrie
ties snd distinctive n -eulhii-ities of individual
character, whatever they may be, sre sn over
borne by the nisi -sty of this primordial law,
as almost to be lost tight, of entirely.
And now. Brothel McAnallv, whre Is the
necessity for me to ay that, as citizens, they
are respectable, industrious, prosperous,' in
fluent in I, and happy! Is not tint nil naturally
predicated of the lesding facts of iheir bisto
rv 1 Is it not all teeured by the majesty of a
law more unremitting than the lews of the
Medes snd Persian I sure as the relation of
came and effenll The eye ennnot rest upon
this pioiiire intelligently without observing
that its nn at enchanting aspect is that thrown
around it by the high moral principle en
throned In the heart of the family aneeetry,
and faithfully copied by their descendant.
So sn acquaint ance with them for near a
tcore of years hat instructed me. '
. 'ii T, a
1. 1. ASHDT.
Sprinqfield, Uo , Jan. IB, 18S7. . ,
The wife of Nathan Sullins, of this county,
was the oldest daughter of the Kev. Morris
Mitchel, sptiken of above. She lived with
her husband more than fifty one yean rait
ed twelve children, eleven of whom still live;
snd, perhaps, s better wife, mother and
christian, never lived nor died. E. Post.
LsARsr.n IosokasCk. Wh-n the commit
tee of the Kreiicii Academy were employed
in'prcutriiig n well known Academy Die ion.
sry, t uvier, the celebrated Initiindisl, came
into the room where they were holding a
session. "Glad to see yon, Monsieur Cu
yier," said one of the forty; "we have just fin
ished ad -Hnilion which we think qnile sat
isfactory, but npon which we would like to
have your opinion. We have been defining the
word Crab, nnd have explained it thus: t'rali,
a smdl red fish, which walks backwards."
"Perfect, gentlemen," said Cuvier; "only I
will make one sum. I observation In natural
bistor : The cmb ia mil a fish it is not red
and it do-e not walk backwaids! With
these exceptions, your definition is excel
Anvturt. It a man deceives you once, dn
not (rust him again; if man insults you,
tske no notice of htm; but if he strike you,
lick him like thunder.
A MOMENT OF HORROR.
. By as abmt orncEit.
I do not propose to tell a story either of
rora nice or of sentiment, bat simply to nor
rule nn incident which happened to myself
in the fall of 1 85. I was bound westward
to Iheeity of New York. '
Thecily was' crowded with strangers.
After unsuccessful applications at several ho
tele, at lust I obtained lodging at 'a kept
on the European plan. Here I was obliged
l content myself . with a chamber on the
fourth floor, oddly enough arranged in aome
respects, as, upon going to It alter supping,
for the purpose of changing my travel stained
dress, I noticed thot the room hnd no window,
with the exception of n square opening in the
walkthrough which air and light wereudmit
ted from the adjoining room. I dressed and
attended the Rowery theatre, reaching my
apartment nn returning, about half past ten
o'clock ul night. , , ,.
When about stepping into bed, 1 observed
the wicket open, and a thought struck me to
take a look into the adjoining npurtment.
Why it wns I know nut; perhaps a aense of
my own insecurity actuated me.
I got upon a chair nnd gazed through a
window into the chamber. No one was there.
It was furnished like my own. A lamp was
burning upon the table, nnd upon the table
was lying a holster, a whetstone, aod a pair
of false whiskers. ,
Well thought I, these nre rather queer ar
ticles of wardrobe. After a glance at the
premises, I fell nnything but easy. I finally
got into bed; first placing the lump nn the
floor nt the foot; and examining my pistol, 1
laid it carefully under my bead. At first,
ilionohl quite' fatigued, I could not sleep,
and when I dozed my dreams were uneasy
and troubled. Macbeth had been the piny at
the theatre, and witches nnd black whiskers,
Batiquo's ghost with pistol, holster and the
like interesting visitors, were the companions
of my dreamy thoughts.
About three o'clock, it might hnve been,
I was aroused by s somewhat singular noise.
On listening, it evidently proceeded from the
next room. It could be likened to nothing
1 hnd ever heard; it was low but regular and
inetalic in its S'jund, for Instance, as might
be made in culling glass with a diamond.
Suddenly I thought of the whetstone on the
table, and nt the same moment became con
vinced tlie noise wusof a knife being sharpen
ed. My bed was placed in the diagonal
corner of the room from the wicket, nnd I
had been lying with my back to the latter.
I turned in the bud as noiselessly as possible,
so ns to face the wicket grasping my pistol.
The lump was burning dimly, nnd all was us
still as death. '
As my eye fell upon the window, t en
countered first n hand placed upon the sill,
then rose by degrees n head, witli n pair of
glilierin black eyi s, ifre'it heavy whiskers,
and a large sharp knife between his teeth.
I think I possess the ordinary courage ofn
umn, but I must confess the blottd in my
veins seemed to curdle as I viewed the appar
ition. Quick as lightning, I sprang up in
the bcd'ntid pointing my pistol cried out; "If
you move n muscle from your position, you're
n dead man." The eyes glared, the head
remaining, however, ns described, tho man
not uttering n syllable. Ig"t out of bed,
und with pistol still presented nnd eyes fixed
on his, I backeifto the bell rope and pulled
it violently In n moment n servant came
up. I called to him to bring a police officer,
l here is something serious going on here
in j moment the paasige waa filled with tlie
inmates of the house. In a short lime a
star mndu his nppenrnnco nnd took tho man
into custody. The landlord said he hnd ar
rived Hint evening without baggage.
The next day a gentleman claimed the
supposed assassin as his brother, a maniac
whom be hud been conducting to the insane
asylum in Philadelphia, and who had escaped
from him while in that city. Ho had made
his way to New York, nnd with Iho well
khown tinning of a madman, had managed
to avoid detection. I suppose the power of
the eve for I kept mine fixed on his had
restrained him, otherwise he could ensily
hnvu mustered me in a moment. Since llien,
whilat in a strange place, I hnve been careful
to examine and aecure my chamber before
The New Orleans, Opelous.ta nnd
Great "Western Railroad ia about completed
to Berwick Bay, 8Q miKs from New Orleans.
It is to be continued to the Sabine, n farther
distance of 133 miles; and it has 535,000 acres
of land granted by Congress, valued nt $5
per acre, which will provide the menus.
From Berw ick Bay a line of steamships is to
be started to Galveston, nnd by that route
the time can be reduced to 24 hours between
New Orleans and Galveston, and tho route ia
much safer than by the South-West pass of
the Mississippi river. ,
y- The march of mind in our day Is
great, but the march of gullibility would
seem to be yet greater.
$r The liquor agency in Lnwsll has
sold during the quarter ending Febunry 21,
liquor to the amount of $200,101.
fT' Some of the large jobbing-houses In
New York, have w ires running to the "Com
mcrciul Agencies." While a person is nego.
tinting for the purchase of goods lo one part
or the store, a clerk is talking with the "Com
merciul Agency" some blocks off, about bis
hnViis nnd pecuniary resources.
We lenm from the Hiilersnn Guardian that
n deer which was kept on private grounds,
escaped a day or two since, and a German,
not knowing any belter, got out musket
and aliot the animal, and - when the owner
v. ent alter it, be was found skinning It. The
Gusrdinn thinks that if the animal dud un.
dsrslood German snd had given-the pass
word "Isger," its lifo might have been spared
PROFIT OF FEEDING CORN TO HOGS.
It is estimated from experiment made by
S.J). Anderson, thnt 100 bushels of corn
will produce 1.056 pounds of gross Incre to
in the weight of hogs. 100 thrifty hogs
were weighed nod put into s pen. , They
were fed for 100 data on ns much corn as
they could eat. The average gross increase
per hog for the 100 days wns 125 pounds or
nt the rate of one and one fourth pounds
tt thus appears that one bushel of corn
will produce a gross increase o ten and one
half pounds. Throwing off one fifth to
come nt the net gives 8 nnd one-fourth
pounds nf pork ns the product of one bushel
of corn. If 8 1 pounds of pork nre made' by
one bushel o 56 pound of corn, one pound
of pork is the product of 6 J pounds of corn.
From nn sxperimenl of the Hon. H. L
I .inn, with 25 hogs, na reported in the Patent
Office Report for 1856, 6t bushels of corn
produced 100 pounds of pork.
From the, experience nf Hon, H. L, Els
worth, ropnrl.d in the Patent Office Report
for 1847, it appears 3 46 lbs of cooked meal
made one pound of pork, Tho experiment
was on a auiinll scale.
! Assuming that it reqniren fi4' lbs ""of 'com
to make one pound of pork the coat nf its
production will be seen by the following es
timate, the labor of reeding and taking
care nf the hogs is not Included:
- When corn costs l'2J rents per bushel,
pork costs 1J cents per pound. i
When corn costs 17 cents, per bushel,
pork costs 2 cents per pound. . ,
When corn costs 25 cents per bushol, pork
costs S cents per pound.-
When corn costs 33 centa per bushel, pork
costs 4 cents per pound. t , .
When com costs 52 cents per bushel, pork
costs 6 cents per pound. "
The following statement shows what Ihe
fanner realizes for his corn when sold in the
form of pork
When pork bells for 3 cents per poundj it
brings 25 cents per bushel In corn.
When pork sells for 4 rents per pound it
brings 33 centa per bushel in corn.
VVhen pork sells for 5 cents per pound it
brings 45 cents per bushel in corn.
When pork sells for 6 cents per pound it
brings 60 cents per bushel. '
5P"The Germnn papers of Missouri very
generally come out in favor of free Inbor in
the States, ns likely tn ndvnnce its domestic
prosperity. The Anzeiger declnres thnt the
question cannot be too much discussed, and
that the "Emancipation party in St liuis is
already stronger thnn the Benton party ever
was.'' The same pnpor declares that not
withstanding the movement was ao sudden,
it hits gained many unexpected friends and
supporters in the ranks ol the Nalionnt De
mocracy. The Anzoigcr adds: "It is certain
that St. Louis, and probably a few other
comities, nre ripe for this agitation, nnd thnt
any movement on the part of the borderers
in Western Missouri to interfere again in the
affairs of Kansas, will certainly be the signal
for the agitation of the question of emanci
pation in Missouri." 'The Volksblatt also
occupies much the same ground.
Homicide A fracas occurred in this city
on Saturday night Inst, which resulted in
the death of James Toney. From the ev.
idence taken before tho coroner's court on
Saturday, it appears that deceased wns ns-
snultod by Jamet Shields, about half past
10 o'clock Saturday nitrVt, standing nn the
side walk near Lynnn'a grocery. After hav.
ing been knocked down two or three limes
with n weight in the hands of Shields, de
ceased w ns carried home by his friends,
where he expired about half past 2 o'clock
The parties were both drinking nt the
time, which wns doubtless the cause of the
Shields is n young man about 21 years of
nge, bus been nriested, mid is now in jail
awaiting his tral. Toney leaves a wife and
three children in very destitute circumstan
ces. Valtm Timet.
A Good Wifk. In the eighty fourth year
of his age, Dr. Calvin Chapin wrote of bit
"My domestic enjoyments have been per'
baps, as near perfection ns the human condi
tion permits. She made my home the pleas
antext spot on earth to me, And now that
she is gone, my worldly loss is perfect."
How niiinv u poor fellow would be saved
from suicide, from tlie penitentiary, nnd the
gallows eVery year, had he been blessed with
such n wile! i
"She made home the pleasnntest spot on
earth to me. What n grand liibule to that
woman's love, nnd piety, nnd common sense!
t-i Untenant Catesby Ap. Roger Jones,
nn officer on board the United States stenm
I'igato Mcrrimac, writing home to his family
from Barbadoes, under date of the SGtli of
February, says, in speaking of the produc
tiveness of tho soil, &c, that the Island is 21
miles long, by 14 wide, produces nniiuiilly
60,0(10 hogsheads ofsogar, mid the land sells
nt $600 per acrs. It will be remembered
that this Island wasn rendezvous for negroes
stolon from Virginia in the Inle wnr with
Great Britain, by Sir Admiral Cockburn nnd
hia confederates. The hinds of llie Island
hnvu been cultivated by those alnv a nnd
their descendants from thnt lime to the pres
eut day. -
TUB JUSTICE OF LAW.
AN OLD SAW.'. ' i- '
An tipper mill and lower mill -.
Fell out about their water,
To war they went, that is to law,
Resolved to give no quarter.
A lawyer wat by each engaged,
Holly they contended ;
When feet grew scant, the war Ihey waged
Tbey judged were better ended. '
The heavy eott remaining still,
Were tattled without bother;
One lawyer took the upper mill, .
The lower mill the other.
4f5 Puiser Edward rilzgerold, U.S.
Navy, died nt Ihe residence of hia son. In
Georgetown, (D. C.) on Friday last, In the
77th year nf his age. He wan horn In Chnm.
hersburgh. Pa., and entered lbs Navy in 1810.
In the war o 1812, he served in Ihe squad
ron of Commodore Perry on bike Erie.
' The usual resolution of thanks to Mr.
3enker Banks, wns adopted by a vote of 1 19
yeaa to 25 nays. It wns introduced bf , Mr.
Aiken, of South Carolina, and advocated,
among other Southern members, by Mr,
Senrd of Georgia, Mr. McMullen, of Vir
Hula, wna the lender In tlie oppositl,,,,.
Wiiit think ti or TBtsI A company of
Ohio abolitionists hsve purchased immense,
bodies of land io East Tennessee, and are now,
importingoreiynert to live upon them. ; AU
resdy have large numbers of Wlh emi
grated and settled there. Time is proving
and fulfilling every prediction of the Ameri
can party. ' ' t
And or tursf F.xtrsct of a speech deliver
ed in the House of Representatives, Decern
ber 16, 1866, by Hon. M. 1L Kioholtoa, of
"I am somewhat familiar with ths last
eanvatt ieonie parti of the North. 1 think'
I know bow our Democratic friends get along
with it. 1 heard no Northern Democratic
stumper in the last canvases who did not xi
pound the doctrine of squatter sovereignty
nt the faith of hit party and of Mr. Buchanan.
1 met this doctrine everywhere upon ths
stump every where; and, sir, I could not
coax out of these gentlemen a disenaaion of
any other doctrine. When 1 said that there'
wss no faith, no truih in all this, as I believe,
there wss none when I said if these asser
tions were true, then, that Mr. Buchanan.'
wns opposed to the platform to the national
altitude of his party, then, sir, I lit Northern .
Democrats denounced me for the asertion(
and said the party everywhere went for
squatter tovereivnty. This it net all. Not
only did these gentlemen preach squatter
sovereigty, but they said it would secure
freedom everywhere; tbey said that, to give
it practical force, wat to pluck tin tlavery by
the rontaand to hem it in on itself forever.
This wat the position of ths Buchsnnn candM
date in my district, and this construction of
the platform I have no doubt wat used wbsr-'
ever locality demanded it." '
f-8f A novel and strange rase of alimony -has
just been decided nt Louisville, Kentucky. '
A man named Ferguson separated from his
wife, hnd ahe aned for alimony.' A settle-,
tnent wns made, he agreeing to pny $500 a
yrnr during her life. Subsequently the par-:
tics were . divorced, and neither party was
restricted from marrying again, the huaband
relying upon the religious faith of bis wift)
to prevent her from taking another husband.
She did marry, however, and Mr. Ferguson '
thereupon stopped, the supplies. He didn't -relish
the id en of feeding and clothing nnoth-'
er man's wile, without deriving some benefit
from the outlay. A suit wns brought to
compel the payment of the $5i)0 per annum,
and it wus decided in favor of the wife.
We learn from the New York Post
Henry O.'Middle'.oti, Esq., of Upshur county,
Virginia, the largest landholder iu the State,
is now nt Ihe St. Nicholas Hulelin that city, ;
nnd is in negotiation with a company of gen. ,
tlemeti of the North, for the snip of 400,000
acres of land, in tracts of from 1,000 to 30,000 4
nuree. The hinds offered by Mr. Middlcton
nre in the counties of Greenbrier, Raleigh,.
Braxton, Kannwhn, nnd Mason, nnd within
thoCunnel coal field.
A Monstsr Gold Nugof.t. The Sydney
Morning Herald states that a nugget of gold
wna recently found nt Louisa Creek, New '
South Wnles, the value of which is es'iimv
ted n I 20,000. It weighs about five cut,
but there is very litlle gold visible on tho
surface. This ia llie Inrgest nugget of gold '
yet discovered in the world. Its discovery
produced quite a sensation. ,
Whehk t the West? The editor of the :
Presbyterian Herald (of Louisville, Ky.,) any ;
that visiting Fort Lenvenworth, he said lo
tlie commander, "I suppose you begin to feel,
oway out here, that you hnve at least dis
covered that indefinable region called "tho ..
Westr "No sir," aaid he, "we are living, m
the East yet. Four hundred miles west of '
us, near Fort Lnruime, is the geographical
centre of the United Stales."
Cammou A young girl uptown pretend,
ed to attempt to commit suicide this morn
ing. She purchased sixpence worth of Inu-.
danum, threw It out the bark window, and
siuelled of the cork. Several medical gc
tlemnn of high character were of the opinion
that it wouldn't hurt her much, but her
friends were terribly fiightened and gave her '
an emetic so powerful that she nearly threw
up her toe nails. She ia now convalescent,
minus a henrty breakfast It is rumored ns '
the cause of her rash act, that the dry goods
clerks urotind the corner said her hn'ir shad
ed red. Tray Time.
J""Mr.Smilh, pappy wants lo know If ,
yon wnn't take a skiff, and scull mammy '
across the river?"
"No; but tell your puppy if it will be sny ;
favor, I'll laku nn axe ana skull' dim."
Exit youth, with hail dressed a la porcu
pine. ' ' '4
, iqfTTke Hannibal (Mo.) Messengers,
says the winter, which is now drawing to
close, hns been nn unfavorable ono for ths .
grow ing crop of wheat. There hns been
much complaint on the pnrt of ninny farmers, ,
nnd many of them express llie belief that the
crops will fall short of an average.
Washington, March 10. The Senate rat
ified to day the commercial treaties with
Chili, Venezuela, and Persia. The Judiciary
Committee will report In favor of Inking tcs.
tininny in the ease of Kitch, nnd will decide
that Cameron is entitled to his sent. -
tT" Dismede F. Ilolingaworth, one bf
the committee who brought home the body
of Hon. Preston S. Drunks, died in Edgefield,
South Carolina, Inst week. ' ,,,',
3jr If you want lo feel about right, get'
Into a pond of slrnwbirries and cream and '
swim around about a couple of wcekt. It is
a great invention strawberries and cream.
IParents mny expect from their chil.
dren the same degree of dutiful behaviour aa
they themselves paid to their own parents.
Wasiiinoton, Feb. II. The following
nominations for New Orleans w ill be sent to,
the Senate lo-dnv F. II. Hutch. Collector,
J. Genors, Nnvnl Officer; R. W. Adems, Sur.
vevor; M. Mssvny, Post Mnster, J. M. Ken
nedy, Marshall; W. W. King, District Attor.,
SsNath Mr, Benjamin, frnn tho Commit-'
lee on Judiciary, made a report' asking In lit)
discharged .from further consideration of ths
protest of Ihe Democratic members of ths'
Pennsylvania Legislature agninst ths right of
Cameron to a seat, Pugh made Hit minority'
There' are now over six hundred miles' of
railroad In .Tennessee, upon . which daily
trains art running, : ,
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