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ti ' ! hi If-! ! V i M ' i. 1 k i .1 ,. r.i vine, editor. Ann proprietor. Traii-rti year, payable la sdvaoca, w 8 at - s .spiraUosof the year. tyMopraieillnaraaiitn all arrtarsfes art )jaia,ieept at lh apt loo of the PabhsNcr. for aasswclng tae names of candid ale for o Ace 1 5, ash. ObltMaSotlcsovtrliUn-s,cWrtthrr-rJir adverUef ag rates. Alleemraunicatiorieiatendfd to promote the private eall er Interests of OorporatloDt, Psctettes, School or ' dirti dais, will b charted as adrertUenieiita. . ATHKMS ritlDAT, MARCH iO.1847. for valuable garden aecda from Patent Office. : f$T Mr. Disney,' formerly member of Congress from Ohio, diud at Wsshiogton, on the 14th. ' v ' , RESIGNED. GoV. resigned. , ,M - Geary, of Kansas, has fjjf- An interesting U tter from s Knoxville correspondent appears in another column. ; : We thank" fJie writer for the suggestion in .... regard to the controversy with neighboring' print, and will try to art upon it, as we ' '. bad 'about arrived at' the same conclusion. ' The railroad Is not likely to be daaged by assault . front the quarter indicated. We -' ehall be gratified to hear from our Knoxville correspondent "frequently." Federal Court. The Knoxville Mercury - learns that the next term of the Federal Court will be held t that place in June commencing on the 3d Monday. The chinge f is. nude to enable, Judge Catron to be ores " ' RE-ArroisTKENT. Mnj. J. CRamsey has ' 1 been re-appointed U. S. District Attorney for . the Eastern Division of Tennessee; snd Col, VVm. M. Lb wry, of Greensville, Marshal, for the. same section. .' , . The Usioh Bane We regret to Iea,rn that the noiae lately made in the public prints about a run upon the Knoxville branch of the Union bank, has created an uneaay feeling in the public mind in some portions ' of the State, and caused a suspicion that the ; institution may be driven to stipend. The : , Union Dank.is-np doubt perfectly sound and kbit to meet Its IhtbHities to the last dollar at any time, and all must regret that there should have aeemed anlr occasion to lug its -.. affairs into the papers. Our Knoxville friends . . were, no doubt, honest in their indignation, but we believe they were a little, too hasty, nd that it would, perhaps, have been better for all interests if they had taken the prccau tion to think before acting.. "National American? This is the title of ft new Daily started at Atlniitn, Git, by Col. C'R. llanelcitcr. . Neatly printed, American id politics, and filled with readable mutter. Revival. The Fincastle (Va.) Whig says a revival has been .in progress in that town, under the nuspices-of the Methodist Episco pal Church, which has already resulted In the . , conversion ,of some eighty persons, and is alill progressing. " . . . . .Carter Count?. Gen. Jas. T. Carter Is ' announced as the American candidate to rep. ' , resent 'Carter County In the - popular 'branch of the next Legislature. , ,. First District.. It is stated in several papers thai lion. A. G. Watkins will be a 'candidate for reflection to Congress in the 1st District. Col. N. tJ. Taylor will proba. My oppose him. ' North Western Bank of Georgia. This institution recently went Into. business at Ringgold, G. A. B. Cowan, Cashier; '' (L Irman, Pres'L ' The latter gentleman was formerly a citizen of Dundridge, in this State, and his connection with the "North Western Dank" Is a sufficient nsNUrnr.ce to the people of East Tennessee that it is not a member ' of the numerous wild cat family, but is da. Ing business on s safe and legitimate basis. 'Fire at Harrison. We learn, through the Chattanooga papers, that a fire occurred lit Harrison, Hamilton county,' a fw days nee, which destroyed several buildings. During the fire, several prisoners confined in . the jail made their escape. 3f" The U. S. Senate adjourned sine die on the 14th. l3fWe notice that the editor of the Cleveland Banner still has his tquirt leveled ; at the jailroiid. Snow. On Friday last this section was . visited by a snow storm which continued some ten ur twelve hours. It was followed by a warm ntinnsphere, and in a few hours . the fleecy mantle with which budding veg . elation had been rather unexpectedly robed, entirely disappeared. Several days of bright ( sunshine ensuod, and st this lime, Wednes. day morning, it is raining like thunder. So the weather for the week limy be summed up as yariou: . ... Qun Anderson has been re-appointed I'ott Master at Nashville, and Gen. Clou eots Marshal for Middle Tennessee. ' The" Buroell Muudersrs. The trial of Eckel and Mis!' Cunningham will come on about the middle of April. The District At torney says he has got hold of evidence which will fasten the crime so closely upon the "! ' prisoners that their escape is impossible.' . . From California. The Georue Lnw has ni rived with Sun Franeisco dales to the 30th, bringing upwards of a million dollars and Gen. Wool ns passenger. The iSierra Nevada left San Framiiseo on the 20lh with several ' hundred recruits In Walker. The le gists. i - 'tore lind impeached the Slate Treasurer for misapproprlatum af a quarter of a million of dollars. An an ray Jiua neeurrea oeiween Cohen, the Banker, and King, out of the Editor of the Bulletin. The former was shot thronch the jaws. King discharged. A large body of FiJIibuslers had gone to Honors, :ar" The communication from "Blackjack Holler" i again crowded out. It will be reached' after awhile, and will not loss any of its Interest by a week or two s de lay. ' f Ba'cor. Several prime lots of Bacon have ' keen sold here, during the present week, at , ten eenU per lb. :''' jf-It ls'iroper for us to state that all the papers which had copied, the. Clovelsnd ': Banner's misrepresentation about the railroad, ( have promptly made the eorreetion. - Pr.xaTr.ss.' IIasc at " NAlHVttLt. The Annual Imii1iiH uf Dir.-cto'rs of this InslitU' t Hon lok plsee on ths-3(Uh' ulU, kl IJaahviUe.l .when .Vnol(!,UQ4rl. wae unanrrroosiy re hosen, - ,-r f -FAmsiJcSdxyjLLE. - KaviVLLE? Marcm 16th, 1857. ...TJijAaa Ijara ccfme'to such a.' passMiere in this Jleiropolis.ihat your correspondent feels it Uf be bi beirdeO c5uL vl-rite a letter, wherein he wiiyikea skillful surgeon would do in eertidn cases, lay open the affected parts aiid, fegnrilless of lliu .cries and tears of the patient, proceed, regularly to cure the di ease, if within-his power. Indoing so, he desires to ie understood as " one void of of fence" Intentional towards any or either of the parties to whom allusion may be wade. in the foursu of this epistle. For I would scorn, to, place myself in the position of a mere reporter of 'soisli talk' for the orwsps. per nor would I cove t the reputation of the slanderer who slanders simply because it is in his evil nature so to do. ' ' Without farther prelnce, ur circumlocution, I remark, jfrjy, that the newspapers of this goodly city are, all Of them, operi to serious. objections.' The' position of editor, I can well understand,', is one of great difficulty, and we should not suffer ourselves to become censorioiisot hypercritical in our observation upon tliis topic, oor do I purpose to be guil ty of any injustice towards the editors of the various veeklks, -and tri weekly, of Knox ville in this notice but I must be permitted to say, that the . Presbyterian Witness has constituted itself Into a most unconscionable bore, by means o.Ute, controversy between tWo rival schools belonging to the sect of which that print ""is i the accredited organ.' The readers 4if. tb4pert generally, are not Very -greatly interested in that eontest, and I respectfully 8iij.'gtSi W the editor to " let it elide". In ofher respects the Witness is well enough. It has nlways been ably edited, and as for its mechanical execution, it is in Km- loe's best style. He, you know, is a perfect master iu ths "art preservative of all srts.1 The Register, it would nppenr, finds some difficulty, since thb' untoward result, of the Presidential election, in getting itself up. If its worthy (and gentlemanly") editor would allow me to ojfer a airggestioni it would be to the effect that ong and labored . editorials tire not exactly the thing even though they may have for their subject the financial affairs or Knoxville The recent onslaught on the Union Bunk here,' was a God send to the pa. pers, furnishing them with a batch of fine material out of which' to manufacture 'copy.' By the way, Ivlns,' that discussion between yourself and the Cleveland Banner is getting a little boreish. 1 don't see his paper regular ly, but judging from your own articles I opine that the readers of both sheets would deci dedly prefer lha,t you stop all. that kind of thing, and let the Railroad manage itsaff.iirs in its own way. Tor such advice as this, I chnrge nothing so you need not inquire the amount of the bill: ' la regard to the Whig, I hardly know what to sny. Brownlow. is so universally popular that it would be right hurd to make any one believe that his paper is not always just whnt it oiighj.ta be. I will remark, how. ever, that ho loo devotes a large" 'amount of his spsce to banks and banking. In fact, our editors, generally, seem to hnve.. turned their attention wholly to matters of finance. ' The Nashville Union-favors ihr abolition, of all banks, anJ a return to the old fashioned lack- son, Democrat! dotitine of hard-money. There will be. a rich time next winter, nt the " city of routis."' Too ought io send me out there to keep your readers poated up in the various movements which will then and there be made for regulating the monetary affairs of the Slate. I come now to Speak of the Mercury, a tri weekly. It is a tolerably fair specimen of a newspaper, but wastes too much time, la bor and spiicein glorifying the Ex President and puffing the President, together with nil their surroundings and hangers-on. This sheet ii also particularly induMriousin hunting up little items, the' publication of which is calculated to stir np strife, and you know tht-re nre so many men in this town who are disposed to 'pitch in on tho slightest provo cation, that a single paragraph is sufficient nt any time to raise a muss. 'The journal now under consideration, will one day ' come nut with an article that sets half the town by the enrs and upon rinding out whnt a commotion ' he 'has gotten up, he forth- with tnkes it nil back, or, forsooth, says it was all a joke ! :77lVis, I know, is the, prac tice of the junior publisher ; the present Editor, I must except, ns I think, he is a far morn discreet man than his partner. . The increase In population, wraith nndim- portanee of Knoxville continues, without abatement. Few towns in the South-West have made sucli progress during the last ten years, including ist ivnoxviiie, we num ber, nt this time,iut less than eight thousand souls ; and it is the opinion of some close observers that the figures are inside of the true tiumberr But t fear that our wisdom does not keep-pare with oar rapid advance ment in Mhcr 'respects. 'The Inst legisla ture ndlcd anqtlifrward Jo. the city, bring ing In i hereby Ived more aldermen. Their advent into the Board, I humbly submit, has not served any. very .good purpose - towards augmenting the harmony,' (and, by conse quence, the usefulness) -of that honorable body. : We are told, that " in a multitude of counael thera is wisdom? but in the affairs of a town corporation, I think the best plan would be to delegate the power, patronage die, to one or two men, of established char acter for ability and integrity, and thus avoid the endless disputes and wrnnglings which, I hnve renson to believe, characterize the meet ings uf all such bodies. I am convinced of one thing, snd that is this: the public bust ness of this city would be abundantly safe in the hands of the present Mayor and Re corder. If you can always secure the servi ces of such men, the aldermen might very well be dispensed with. ' I have not observed that during the Inst month or two, any new ordinances have been promulgated by the ' Corporation of "East Knoxville." , Thry have wise men over there, and hnve been, if possible, more prolific in laws than ever the old town was. As lo the cause' of this letting down, in this regard, I sua - not -fully-died though It has been suggested Unit large advance has recently 'taken pll'ee (n the' pries) of foolscap papef. Thee.-ts trferrrd to,-useslly oonMn a con. idersbl samust of .verb'age, and of course oeeapy-sonis space.' Ths I tuVarb his iszs verv well, I rrritost sxy, hr its Improvements of streets. Indeed -tleeir affairs, altogether, arc well manned and with the -single excep tion of their propensity for law-making, I don't know that 1 have any complaint to make of them." .My particular . friend, Ex Gov. Brows (who handed down to immortality your place by his memorable "epistle to Um Athenians") having become Post Master General, I confi dently look for an appointment as P. M., at one of the smaller offices. If there is' one in McMintt which you could recommend, I wish you would ndvise me, so that I may file my application without. delay. Should there chance to be a Know Nothing: in possession, I will hnve no difficulty in "making the trip." I had intended to dilate on several other matters which seem to me to require 'alien tion st nay h.n;d hut this letter has already reached to such a limit that I must, for the present, forbear promising, however, sooa to resume my labors. Dogberry. Rotation ir Office.' "Ion," the general ly well informed correspondent of the Balti more Sun, writing from Washington, says: "As I informed you in my' lost, very few nominations nre to be sent to the Sennte nt the present session. There is no pressing occasion for ninny new appointments, and thev will he made at leisure and with delib eration; and, of course, just discrimination. The opinion gathers strength, however, that the Democratic, doctrine of rotation in office is to be-faithfully observed mid carried out. This was the understanding atCicciniinti.and was the identical ground upon which the nomiunlion was decided. Mr. Buchannn himself succeeds Mr.-Pieroe upon this prin ciple, and he hits announced, also, in his in augural, that he "reserves the same dagger for himself" at the end of his four years' term. Uesules, there are special reasons or putilic policy I'orchnnginrr from hand to hand the patronnge ol the federal Government which do not apply to State and municipal officra. An official aristocracy in the r ederal Govern mentis not to be endurvd." The New Tariff axd the Ikoh Inter est. The Philadelphia North American, In a review of the probable advantages and dis advantages of the new tariff, says: "It is unquestionably the iron interests which must suffer most by the change. Through many years it went through con stant fluctuations, involving a large portion of the capitalists who had embarked in it in bankruptcy and ruin. I he tariff of 1846 af forded it a bare protection, but it was u per manent protection, under which the iron dealers of our IStale, by small profits and s large business, have succeeded in attaining to n moderate prosperity. The reduction of the duty from thirty to twenty four per rent, up on an article of manufacture which yields so trifling; a profit, snd which is in so extensive demand, must largely increase the importa tion from abroad, to the serious injury, if not to the destruction ofonr mills and fur naces. The price of the article will then be determined by the iron dealers of England." Who Waste Money! The polite mana gers of the Fort Gaines Academy Lottery invited our presence yesterdny, to witness the larmeiitof the quarter ticket of the rifly Thousand Dollar Prize, in Class No. 26, drawn on March 7th. The lucky holder of the fortunate ticket, No. 19,515, was a gen. tlemnn from the village of Palmetto, in the neighboring county of Campbell, named S. B. Walts, a merchant there. Anxious to see what kind of a look a man could have who was suddenly put. in possession of twelve thousand five hundred dollars, we accepted the invitation. We are sorry we did, for we were forced to .wear a most enviously lugu brious countenance when we saw the happy visage of the recipient of that vnst amount of money. To a poor editor, it looked like a momentary enze upon the wealth which the owner of Aladdin's Lamp realized. In this instance, the Alnddin of Palmetto departed on his way, to New York to lay in a supply of goods for the Spring sales, feeling, doubtless, much more comfortable with his "pocket full of rocks" than if he had gone to buy upon credit. . . " - Whilst conversing with the mnnnf-ers of the Ixittery, we were inform- d that the si me amount ot money had been drawn n lew days lefure by a merchant in Columbus, Mis sissippi, who held No. 928, in class 24. Swan is decidedly a great institution. Atlanta In telligencer, . - , "Exchange Bank of Georgia.'' This is a new Stock Bank at Griffin, Georgia, on the Macon and Western Kmlroaa. borne efforts are making in casi lennessee, prompted i;y unworthv motives, to injure the character ot this Bank, and to induce our citizens mid far mers to refuse lis issue, although there is very little of the paper in East Tennessee, and not a great deal in circulation nnvwhere We say iiyain, to our renders in Cast I eiim-s. see, take nil me uiiis you can L'ei on tnis Bank, and rejoice to get them, for they nre good. The ('ashler and Pr-sident, Messrs. Mel. Inns and Uenrden, were raised here, nnd nre known throughout East Tennessee. Be sides, they nre hacked by good men, and men of means, in Georgia. No danger of the Bunk nt nil. Brownlow s Whig. l-JT" As scontrnsi lo Ihe fuss, pomp snd parade, of the recent Inauguration, the Albany Journal says: "One morning in April, 1789. two pray haired men appeared in the open gallery of the old City llnll, in Wall street, New York. The one held in his hand a quarto Bible, and was reeoonized by Ihe crowd below, ns(lian cellor Livingston, The other, dressed in. a plain drub, suit of home made cloth the product of nh American loom, snd stitched by American fingers and wearing a common steel hilled sword, was known by nil to be George Washington. There were' no guns or drums, no dignitaries of Church nnd iit.le, no foreign envoys surrounding. There was no inaugural address, no procession no "banners, music and . adornments." The Chancellor repealed Ihe oath, and the first President bowed assent, kissed the book, and the ceremony was over." That was Ihe inauguration of a Republican President the one coming off recently was s Democratic affair. PoreSpkculatiors. The liuisville Cou rier says nil Ihe pork operations have done well there this season some real zing tm mensr profits. One house the Courier says, has cleared no less than 8300,000; another shows $1200,000 on the right side of the bal nnce sheel; while Ihe profits of yet another amount to 150,000, and several others loom up lo 850,000 snd 100,000. Washikoton, March 13. The President rejected the Mexican treaty without sending it to the Senate. Sam Medaryof Ohio, has been appointed Governor of Minnesota, and J. B. Anderson late delegate from Washington Territory, Governor of the territory, to take place si Ihe expirntion nf the commission of Govern or Stevens. The Central American treaty has been ratified in an amended form. The New Orleans appointments sa set forth yes terdayt have ben confirmed, i HJTA project is on foot to establish ". colony in the Suite of- Poehla, Mexico, of 30,000 BstgiaOs, conipdred of 4,000 or 0,000 families, '"" The intelligent and : discreet- Washington correspondent if the Richmond Whig gives the folios, ing review iT President Buchanan's Chbineti .,' ;. ; . .The Csbinetss it Is, is a curious eonglomi eration. First, there is old General Cuss, up wsrds of seventy .years old, an nffic holder from the day he. was twentv-one, with a few brief intervals only nnd diftinguished by no feeling,-or sentiment-in common with the Southern Democracy,' or indeed . houlliern men of any parly. '. As for his cap.-.city to till creditably the position to which he has been appointed, it 'may well be doubted. Lord John Russell (who onght to know) one aaid in the British Parliament Hint Gen. Csss knew no more about iutemntumul law llian Ihe man in the moon and 'his declaration of Lord John. Russell is, I suspect, the hot tom ot much of Gen. Cass' traditional liostil ity lo Ihe Rriti l Government. His re puts lion ns a diplomatist .has been made princi pally DV me periodical delivery tn the .Sen ate of long, verbose, and unintelligible speeches, toot hing our foreign lelulions. These have been printed and paraded all over tlu country, and, nn the principle of omne ignotumpro tnagntfico, the mass or the peo pie. have given, hiiii the credit of being nn ac comiilished diplomatist.. It will probably an pear, before the clone of his term of ser vice, how niucn Of truth there is in this pop- ular opinion ol his diplomatic nbililtes, The Secretary of the Treasury, Howell l.obb, is a man of fair abilities, and fine per- annul cl'iir-icter. . A few years ago he ren dered himself obnoxious to. the mass of the Southern Demormey by his advocacv of the compromise .turReures. ns against the seces sum, disunion ant) filibustering policy or the extrenies-.or. the, Southern school. Accor dingly, we may-look outf.r a blast of in dignatinn'sf Ins appointment, from the Charleston ' Mercury, New Orleans Delta, and other organs ot the disunioiiisls of the South. Cobb Id s man of compromises and expedients and his installation ns a t nhniet officer will he the sigilul gun of the 'C"in meiicement of a virulent opposition In Uiich- nnnn s administration in the rouihern Mates, Th Secretary of the Navy, Isaac I nucer. or Connecticut, may be quoted, tn the Inn gunge of the cotton market, as being ''from fair to middling." He was Secretary of War for a time under Polk, nnd is one of those men who hnve-fiever- done nnvthing either good or bad. As a Senator, he has been re. murkable only fo' making speeches on every question that came op. without advancing a single original or striking idea in discussion, He has the merit if merit it nvy be called . r I : t - !..'. lt..H...M ..II . f e ii i.i!.. Ji I... - r -Ui Having oecH n imiiiii.ii-h ii-nnvin iiii HIS llll, loiinwing oiuiaiy in inn nnsr ui ins Party, nnd moved nhont.like s puppet by men of greater will and more unblushing nudae ity. lie is a man or immense wealth; and, like Cass,clingS fn office with a tenacity that knows no shntement Ex Governor Floyd, the Secretary of War, Is of course well known in Virginia. For further particulars inquire of Gizz-'i-d foot. r lod s abilities cnnnnl be disputed; and Ins sdm nistrntinn of ihe War Department will be able, vigorons and energetic. Of thenlheia Brown, I h .mrsonnnd Black, perhaps Ihe least, said the soonest mended. I hey are of about .Ihe same cnl-hre ns Mc I'lellnnd snd. Cumphell . of Ihe present Cub inet. Taking Ihe Cabinet as A whole, it will not favorably compare, in point of ndmiuistraiive ability, or character for slnlesniunship, with the Cabinet of President I 'ierce. It appears nt once ss a combination of broken down politicians and men of negative qualities. HlfAn exchange says: "The heart sick ens at the increase of crime in our country; especially at Ihe sacrifice of human life. Murder is thing of almost daily occurrence. We seldom rrVikJintr the columns of our ex. changes iihoitt meeting (he record of some foul murder some shocking tragedy in which, human life is sacrificed. Cold blooded mur der,' murder for the S 'ke of gain: murder the result 'of pnssiofi and heated strife; murder in duels, where the parties dcliher-tely at tempt to destroy the lives of e ch other ac cording In the code of honor, murder in so cret nnd in public; our land is stained by murdered blood; and yet these things seem to mnke but n slight impression on the pub lic mind. The law has. in a measure,, lost its force, nnd men, regardless of threatened penalty, commit crime and imbue their hands in Ihe blood of their fellows. This state of affairs ought tq, awake public attention. Measures, strong nensnres legislative nnd administrative should be taken to arrest his crying evil If things progress to a further stage, ihere will be no security to il'e, nnd society will be plunged into anarchy, and steeped in bliiod." Washington, March, 13. Sennte die barged l.'oinmillee "on Judiciary Irom lur- ther consideration of the Cameron case The Dallas Treaty ns amended was confirm d by a vole of 32 to 15, the Sand icii isiana treaty was laid on the t.ble, which is virtu ally n reji-ctionl dipt. Snioot of the navy died today. Llent. t.onver oi me navy mis resigned. Cnin(bell Whittlesey resigned, Phillip Clayton was conhrimd ns Ste.'nnd Auditor of the Treasury. Assistant riecrrinry Mr. Tracv.' Vice IVte'r G. Washington. John S. Cunningham of Va., was confirmed us purser of the navy. .- New Yoke. 13. The steamer Empire City, from Il .variii the 8th, Ins rrived. I he olliccis ol Ihe-llrilisil man swniiirr "Treiit"nc.knowledge pani.il success In have been gained Jiy . Cola Tilua and W cKrioge over the Coslii Rioan forces stationed nt various points along Ihe Sun Juan river. ttrThe lule'Legishilure of Kansas pass ed a bill to Ingnrporale a mother Hank with six brunches for the Territory, nnd we pre sume thst it received the sanction of the Gov ernor. What nfasl people we nre getting lo be, when even the Territories must have Banks before their admission as Slates! Ikvasion of Kansas. A correspondent of Ihe Boston Traveller writing Iroin Kansas mentions s rumor that there has lieeh secret ly organized in Missouri about 8.000 armed men to invade Kans is. and tike poss -ssion of the Shawnee. Miami snd other Indian re serves that will bn oneneil mis soring mr settlement.': I lie Slmwneeshave Hindu their selections, snd the remainder, consisting of about 8,000 claims ol 160 acres each com prising some of the finest Isnd In Kaiis.s, will be mien esrlv in March. The Missour- inns, it is nlledged have been selecting claims tor months i-nsl.hul Hie wnme tnory prou- ubly greatly exaggerated, if not untrue. Union against Waleeb. According lo a correspondent of the New York Times, it is proposed now to form a union between Southern Nicaragua and Costs Rica against tillihbsterism. The inhabitants hnve con sen ted to the plan. The South Pacific SUtes, it is said, give It every encourage ment, nnd if it prove successful, the transit mute will then be altogether under Costa llicsn eontrol. . f3TSixteen slaves two of them infsnts, sold in Chiishsnsburg,. Vs., last week fur I4,305. ... . . I2T New - -n noown wsttra. , TBANSMlTtlXff'MDXEI BY MAIL. The Kew Orleans Picayune ssyi, a number of our exchanges are advocsling ihe ajoptits f ths BrilUh posts) money order system- in this eountry. According to tbe English plsn, every Tual Office is a money order office lor the transmission of sums under five pounds. (t 25,) the charge being one hslf per eent in other words, the Post offices to thst extent srs authorized to da an exchange btiiiness. The business there has worked admirably In this manner,' it is said, over ten millions of pounds sterling (SO,(M)i),000) are snnuallsy transmitted through the British Post Office to sll psrt of the realm, without the loss of two pounds ' to tbe million, by peculation, robbery, fire, or any easuslty whatever. Experience hss shown thst under our po litiesl system, Bt least, it is generally unwise to unite, further thsn is absolutely necessary-. (wo very different functions in the tsme indi vi.lual or department. A successful merchant might prove but a poor lawyer; the attempt to unite the tyrtLprplessious would probably be a worse experiment still ; so a . good Post master or Post Office Department might do but an indifferent exchange busiueas. Still the money order service is simple, easily and clearly defined in theory and practice, and we are not sure but a judiciuus system, re sembling, so far ss practicable to this country thst of knglsnd, might be practicable. It has certainly worked well tl ere, snd in a modified form in Canada slao, snd why not, under possible tnodiScsl Ions, if found neces' ssry, in this Union likewise I ' It is quite evident, at least, that something should be done. The transmission of ni.mev by mail ought to be rendered more safe, or abandoned altogether. Wa have not now the data at hand for a satisfactory estimate of the annual loss by peculation, robberies, miscarriages, casualties, ie., but it is known to be very great. Scarcely a mail, comes to hsnd but brings accounts of some new rascal ity. As for the system of registering money letters, now in operation, it teems to have been devised for the very purpose of facil its ting peculation snd -robbery, giving notice beforehand of Ihe departure snd srrivsl of money, snd pointing out ths very plsce where it may be found. Every consideration of public interest, pt.blic morals, and nations! credit, demand that st lesst thst should be shnlirhed. We speak not n-iw for any par ticular class tbe meresntile community long sinee lesmed the superior ssfety of private express but for the rasters of ths people, who dsily, in their ignorance, entrust their hard earnd savings to the mail, only to find there their confidence betrayed. A Niw State - We observe thst there is a make a new State of the proposition to " Western Reserve,'' the district in Ohioovtr which Joshua R. Giddings holds deKtie swsy. llieuieveisnrt risinaesier luus spent s of Ihe contemplated Stsle: "Ohio proper" need lis ve nnthins to ssy about sffsirs in "the Reserve." We ae pe culinr people, running altogether lo priests. .-. ... ..: ii. l. luriinn BlMl puinpairi vnitra. si.oui, iv ,w he esiiitsl of our new Kate, and Gi. Mings is to be Ihe Brighsm Young of the concern. Women sre iroiutr to vote snd men srs gnine; to vote, snd men sre going to psrt their hair in the middle. Pantaloons will give place to sntlets, and white men will nut be allowed to run at large without their paper. Our rsilroads will ruh uuiler ground, and will make connections oulv with Ginada snd Ken tucky The constitution will he consulted strictly, and all men will be considered eq'ial id some more so oepenoing on intir coior. Wealth of Mr. Buchanan's Cabinet. The New York Herald has been guessing at the private fortune of Mr, Buchanan's Cab inet, and gives us the following uingnificent summing up. It says: Most of the members of the present Cabinet re wealthy, nnd as a unit, they represent nn ggregate wealth of some f"Ur nnd a half millions. It may be thus divided among them. Lewis Cnss, say $2,000,000 Howell Cbb , 0(10.000 Jacob Thompson 1,000.000 John B. Floyd oon onti Messrs. Toul-ey, Black and Brown, 600 00n Total f4.00il.0u0 Soma of these estimates, we know, are lu dicrously extravagant. Mr. Cnss, however, is worth more than f 2.0(0.('00. Idfif" The government, at Washington, has received telegraphic advices to the effect that Ihe Hon. Isaue E. Morse, who was appointed Commissioner , on the part of the United States to. arrange the settlement of the dilli. cully with the New Granudian authorities, growing out of ti die: dlul riots at Panama, has thus far failed in his negotiations, nor does there npiear lo be the slight st prospect that any satisfactory arrangement can be effected unless the most derided measures are taken on Ihe part of the United States. An Overs-low. Tho Memphis Bulletin of the 13. Ii learns liom n gentleman direct from Arkansas river, that it has ovrflown lis banks, carried nwny the levees, lii'indalinjr the whole lower country, nnd destroying stock and prop.-rty to the amount of from ft 50,000 lo f 100,000. He stales that the levees nt Ihr head of Cyprus B.-nd, st Ber ryvillc nnd uliovc there, and along Red Fork Bayou, are nearly all carried att sy, and that whole plantations are covered wiih water. The river, he states, is higher than the big rise of 1844. lie thinks the damage' would have been much less, had not the levees been built so near Ihe bunk of the river, so. they would not have caved iu so readily. Toronto, C. W. March 13. A dreadful accident occurred on Ihe Grout Western Rail road this ufteri n. The train which left Toronto this afternoon ran offa bridge above Hamilton, precipitating sn engine, baggage care and two passenger cars into Ihe water, s locomotive and one baggage car passed over lh" bridge In safety, bill the two resr cars containing 130 passengers fell through, and between 60 mid 80 passengers are sn-pos-dto have been killed on f t? spot Among the killed are Snmu I Zimmerman, banker and contractor; Mr. Street, a million aire id Niagara Fulls, together ilh his sister and moilier-in-lnw; Thos. C. Mackenzie is slso reported as dead. Torosto, Cnnadn, March 13. The train had on 75 to 100 passengers at the lime of the accident, n. of I Intuition, Toronto and ndj it nt towns including many prominent rilizens. . Oulv 15 were Inken from the wrc-k alive five of-whom have since died. Fitly corpses of men, women and children are laid out in one house; 19 others are in one uf the Com pany's buildings. - fr-The legislature of Missouri adjourn ed on Wednesday last. Previous lo the sd jotirnmeut, a constitutional amendment, lim iting the Stele debt to $30,100,000, was passed-. ..-. ' .- ' ELE10. ItldTs'l.V tJHieAGO. At the 7th Wsrd on the night' o' tbe Elec tion, soma fifteen handrtxi Iruh bad gsthered slut the polls, snd bin( excited by liquor, were res.ir ior a row at tlie shortest notice. Ihe Kepnbhesns manage.! I keen their nosi lions st ths polls until alwnt three o'clock in tLe afternoon, when they were diivea swsv by the Irish. Mr. George Armour, of the firm of Monger oV Armour, ehsllenged the votes af some Irishmen who did not in the Vt srl, snd was set upon by a crowd of infuriated Irish, and severely kicked snd bes ten shout the head snd fsca, being . dragged nesrly seross the street by hit hair. He was rescued- by his friends sftsr severe fiarht, snd conveyed home. The rurlisns who assaulted him, cried ' kill him, kill hint," snd but for Ihe determined" efforts of his friends, the wretches would, no doubt have carried out their murderous intentions. A short tim sfer another frsess lock place in which an Irishman was slabbed. Anoth er man was pursued by the crowd upon the ice, but niansged lo escape. One of his pur suers on hit return broke through tbe ice and was ft row tied. About half an hour afterwards, nesrlv 800 Irish stsrtrd mon the run up north Wells sU In the polls of Ihe first election district of ihe 7th wsrd, on Division-street. A legion of fiend fresh from Pandemonium could not have msde mors noise, oine too drunk to run, deposited themselves in the gutters on the wsy side. - Some levied on trsmt, others for snitisement pelted the houses snJ pnstert by with iiri. Xs sn.l stones sll the while veil ing snd sCresniilig like catsniouut. The de moniac erowdsrmed themselves as thev went along. with rails, clubs and bludgeons of evs rv description. Arriving at. Division street, they rui-hed lo the poll snd the fight com- nieneed. The Herman at first retreated to their houses, but toon returned srmed with every thing upon which they eo.uM lay their nd. srid lbs melee ws renewed in earn- estj ' Ths fiakt Iswisd nesrly half an hour. One stal srl Germsn srmed by his good Vrow with s clothes' pole, commit ted terrible hsvoo tm wing t bem down right and left. Msny a broken bead and battered crown will show totimony for a long time lo the vigor with which lie administered Ins plow. The Germans," although in the minority, fought, like tigers Jsv tins tuns teveral Irish men became .fatigued and laid themselves ilown raiher precipitately, but if olused eye. broken noses add cracked skulls were very sure indications,' we should ssy that they. were considerably hurt, ftudrienly the re port of a pistol was heard, and at the first shut the Irishmen started in a bee line for home, despite the attempts of ooe or two val oroue ones who cried, "Will ye ever come back, ve oowsr.lt. The Germsu trained snd kept possession of tlistr polls nisnlully, against the attack ol those runians; and the disappointed erowd who came up bold as lions went back like heep, save lew who were lelt stretched out st trophiet to the stunuing blows of good German srms. An hour or two later the Irish returned in grester force, sud this time tbe Gernisnt were overpowered by Humbert and dispersed. On both necasiotit fire arms were fieely used. The police tnrmseivet were in msny esses be les.ler iu the fights, and at faras the eilv sulhorities were concerned, the town wasdu riue Ihe entire day at the merer of a mob of drunken and lerociotis "Dimnucralio" Irish men. . !'.' Among those who were injured wat Charles Walter, a peseeable German, who, while wslkiug swsy from the polls, wss followed by a dozen of brutal Irishmen and beaten and shot. II is arm- wat broken and his head cut most terribly, rile was also shot in the head, receiving a severe flei-h wound. He cannot possibly survive his injuries. . Frank reiffert, another Germsn, was set upon sud beaten with slicks snd Cut With knives, and when down wss jumped upon end badly injures internslly. He suffered intensely fr.iiiilnt injuried during the evening snd during Ihe night he died. He wa a worthy man, sud lesves a wite ana a num ber of children in almost destitute eircum lancet.- eotrsl other Gertnsns were more or less severely injured, but it is thought they will recovertromtueir injuriet. rrom the Chicago Journal. Another Tekribi.e'Mvrder in Mm phis. The Eagle A. Enquirer of Tuesday last says:' ' i. ' . Our citizens- were startled yesterday mor ning by the report of another deed of blood in our ritv.' Sd n-elv have we resumed our usual composure. Iron-, the fleets of the horror occasioned by the lute murder of young Tanner, and even bef re Ihe p. rpetrnt..rs of that horrible crime have been cert .inly dis covered, we are again called upon to record another minder, in broad day lih'; the mur derer in this lutter c se, while apparently in friendly conversation, shouting his uncle (by marr'r ge) th'niigh the bend, nnd not content with that, stabbed him twice to the heart. The victim of yesterdav's murder is Mr. R. M. Horseley, ' proprietor of Ihe mills on Poplsr street, and the murderer is a young man named Chnrles Wells, son of Mr. Win. S. Wells, who resides near Raleigh, in this county. The murder was committed In the yard of the mill", nnd Wells started down the street, pursued by a son of llorsely, nnd ran to Ihe i nlaiMtose nnd gave himself into the custody of the officers. We hear n num ber of reports as to the cause of the murder, one of which hss a lady in it, nnd another that hie life had hern threatened by Horseley. We presume thai nn examination will soon be bad. when nil ihe facts will he developed, and we forbear publishing any of Ihe rumurs now afloat. , i Ksnkst Jomcs on IUvolvtion The ehsr list slid poet, Krnest Jones, continue! hit po litical soirees in London. In a reeent ad drets, he spoke st follow : We sre near very near to the great day of change. Many have Veil the tigtis that heralded its advent. The Preston ttruggle the Hyde Park demonstrations the bread . meetings the Sunday gatherings the Smithfield as semblies nil so many siirns of the great pow er thst it spprosehing not the resl movs ment maeely the swell upon the waters tell ing I list a siotiii is surging on far out at tea snd slrrsiU we feel its sgilstion nesr the shore. All ikes little premonitory movs ment srs. destined to end in nothing they are the forerunners of ths true one they srs the fnlte prophets thst came before the Lord but nevertheless, they foretell sign that shall precede hi advent. 1 watch Ihetn come Slid go with sll their little hones snd sngrv passions. I am not deceived by them neither he you deceived. Ths hour is nesr but it hss not come. What's Goimo to Happen. In fifty jrsrs the sleam englu will lis st old a notion, and as queer sn Invention, ss the press Ben. Krsuklin worked, i now. In fifty yean, copperplate, steel piste, lithography, snd other hue engravings, will be tuultipfied for s mere song,,iii s besutiful msnner, by the new Infaiilinsl srt of Pngiierrotyping. A iistssge to California will then be accom plished in twenty-four hours, by sir esrrisges sun eieciricity i ur pernspes tney II go In hiteketi down Artesinn holes elesn through Ihe esrlh ! ' The arts of agriculture and hor ticulture will prod no hstns ready ros-ted. natural pies, bsked with alt sorts'of eookUs. About thst time, a msn nisy live forevrr at a evtit a day, and tell for all he's worth at last for sosp fst I PsssNfas in tiis, Wkst. Worse thsn "fgyplian dsrknsss" must prevsil in Qiiinev, Illinois. The llt'ald in appeal for subscrip tions, call liidly for aid and ssys, ' ourt is the only paper in Qiiince.v, thst stands by the Union s myths I'nnsti'i utinn." We yen tore to sssert thst the msjoiily of its popu lation are foreigners. One of the-ediuirs' out in Texas, says; "Some n'f the slumps in the Und.-n road are in a had stnle of preservation. They are much expos.d, and I heir lops are . liable to be injtirfd.by cqnting. In. contact with sxo-trees,&' LATEST NEWS I Toronto, Msrch -14.-Many additinsal bodies lii-ve been recovered from lbs Rail Koad wreck. Boston, March 13 The body of Mrs. Ivivinia Briggs, w ho died in Stoughton on the 37th ull., has been exhumed, and an in nlysis of the stomach shows that the wls poisoned with srsenir. Her husband. Hoses. Biiggs, and voung woman named Adaline Drake, a boarder in the family, have been ar. rested on suspicion, tn aw nit the investigation of the Coroner. The sfC.ir causes much ex. citeiuent in Stoughton, where the parlies nave uvea ninny years. ' Louisville, March IX Ex Secretary Gu thvrir arrived at Louisville, Ky., Thlirsd iy evening. 1 1 is arrivsl wna welcomed by the firing of csiiiior, nnd music, and ha wss sa. corled to Moz irl Hall, where Chancnr Per. tie made nn excellent speech, and Ur. Guth rie an appropriate reply. W ASH1NGTON, March 15. Hon.' Mr. Harris. of Ala is here dangerously ill, snd scarcely expects to survive. March 14 The snow storm eon tin us here all night about eight inches fell,. H is clear this morning and the snow is disap- peming rapidly. '. The early morning train from Baltimore wna delayed two hours bv the snow. Philadelphia, March 14 About six Inch- es fell last uighl. The weather is now clear ing;. . A count, March 17. Cotton Market exhibits no rhusge to day. Parties' evince no disposition to pur chase, except at low rales, to which holders will not accede. There have been no trans action except for amail lots for home facte-, ries. ' New Orleans, March 16. Cotlon- Sales Ip-day 6.500 hales at un changed prices. Receipts 5,700 bales." ' Sugar I0iv nnd MoIuafs 25c. Provisioi-s slightly advanced, and Lard atendy ut 1 iu iaiu packagea. Fruits dull. . . Charlfston, March 17. f.ntlnn Sulea to day or 1500 bales nt II to 13 cents. The bulk, 800 bales of N. Alabama, nt 11 to 12c. - : - fiCA correspondent of the Lovisvilla' Democrat, writting from Bnrdstown, Kr., give nn account of a disgraceful and shttne- ' ful occurrence. It seems that Mr. and Mrs. E., of New Haven, Nelson county, went be fore the Grand Jury at Bardstown, on Tues' day -week, nnd made outh that a Mr. F. had had frequent criminal intercourse with Mrs. E., and demanded redress. The Grand Jury refused t'j take cognizance of the affair, how. ever; nnd, returning to New Haven, Mrs. E., exasperated at her disappointment, determin ed lo lake justice in her own hands. She accordingly armed herself, and, meeting her seducer on Thursday evening, sjiot him causing his death immediately. Mr. and Mrs. E. have been arrested and placed in. j The seducer Sir. F., was a married man, and the nff.ir has created much excitement io the neighborhood. - Vote ii in Massachusetts There Is bill before the Massachusetts Legislature re lative lo the right of suffrage. It is propo ed lo exclude all from voting who cannot read and write, and also to still lurlher lim it the exercise of the elective franchise In the case of foreign born rilizens. '! v 137" The United States Senate, at IU next session, will he composed of Ihirtyseven Democrats, twenty Republicans, snd five Know Nothings. The seals of Messrs J. B. Bright and Graham N. Fitch, Senators ' from, Indiana, are contested. The Washington Union, In accordance, with the announcement made some' lime since, Judge Nicholson was surceedrd la the editorial department of the L'si'os, on the 5ih inst, by Ihe Hun. John Applelun, of Maine. . A Wealthy I. lient. Ky the rrpsrt of the Secretary of the Treasury, we perceive that government has brought 1,200 auils du ring the present century against defaulters to recover f 8.313,000. In all these esses tho conclusion of the suit has been Hint the ds. fa u Iter has not been found, or hu been dead or insolvent, and government has had to pay the costs. fSTThe Rochester Times says: W could never understand the reason why the man who sells a yard of cloth, or a hoe, or nn axe, or a pair of shoes, Is regarded by tho community as a better or more respectable man than he who made i: nor he who sell a barrel of flour, or ships it off to another country, than he who raised the wheat from which it was manufactured." Fruit CRor in. Gf.orgia. The News an Blade, of the 10th, says The prospect for a fruit crop In this sec tion is very si. in. Indeed, it is Ihe opinion of many of our old and experienced farmers, that we shall have no fruit nt all. " The peach snd plum blooms look as though they had beert scorched in the fire, snd even Ihe leaves on the rose Lushes spienr wilted. Many en lertain fears thai the out crop will also base, riously injured by the freezes we hsve had fm the la-4 several days. The changes In the weather, since the first of Junuaiy, from one extreme to ihe other, and for suddenness, are unsurpassed in the annals of this sectiva. RTMr. Pickens, a respectable citizen of Maury County, was murdered a few days since. He wa found dead upon lh high, way, from pistol wounds, w here he had fal len from his horse. The act was committed in the open dsy, as the deceased was return ing from Columbia to his bom-. The mur derer hss so fur escaped detection. HAn extensive planter, who ha re cently examined a large number of plant." lions in the parish of St. Mary's, Isiaislnn, assures the New Orleans Bee that the pre- pect of the nexl sngsr crop Is magnificent. Never (I this period of the year, he say! has the appearance of the cane been finer, or the shoots larger or more succulent.- Throughout the whole growing region of l.uui.innu the prospect is said to le i-quiil ly bright. Illnfm or Cou W. II. Sneed, Th Knoxville Regitter of Ihe 13th has lh M lowing: "We lenrn through pnesenger by Ihe Railroad, that our Representative in Con press. Col. W. 11. Sliced, is at Greenville, io this Slate, prostrated by an attack of parah ysis." Snow in the Sunny South. The NW Orleans papers record the fuel thst on tli 7th instant, lh snow fell merrily In lh streets of that city, awakening visionary peal of sleigh bells snd frolic parlies wraped I Buffalo robe, skimming over the shell rotd In pungs snd clippers. ' Commendable. Over twenty Ihoownd dollar are annually paid acaalarlr of school Uchr by th littie' city of Troy.