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We ATHENS POST. A. P. 1V1NB, BD1TOR AMD PROfRIKTOR. Tfrmit -M a fttr, payaMt ta kdvamt r t)8 at kxpi ration of th jraar. $r No pfMr 4tflmttaaed at(Y all arraraM ar 9 ftid.aseeptat lh pilom of tha Publtahsr. ForbBoiMloUMnaniM of oudldaUl ftr oflotf 6, uh. OtHtaarf 1ot(caTrllllBahartd attht ragular tdrartlalne rat. Allomnfauntrtlealttta4l to promote th pHraU tMiorlntoroau of OorporatloM, oco,choola or dlrldoala, will k charged aa advartUamanM. ATHBKrHIOJlViAPRIL IT. tiT. UeETINO or Dibbctobb. The quarterly 1 mealing of the Director East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad will be held at tha Company'a olGea, Athene, on Wednesdsy, tha S2d Instant, To CbaataroROiaTa. Wa are in tha re- aaipt of two communication thia week, nel. ther of which wss accompanied by tha name of tha writer, and of course they dant appear lo oar column. Tha author will, perhaps, think lhm selves badly treated. But il'a tha way wa treat everybody who ao treat u. The communication of "An Obeerrer" a Kali appear next week. 1 ne American Convention to nomi nate a candidate for Governor, la appointed to be held on Friday, the let day of Mny, and not on tha firat Monday of that month, aa published laat week. Men Snow. We had another light aprinkla of anow on Monday night sufficient to destroy the illusions whirh poata are apt lo indulge during tha "balmy month," aa it need to be ealled in tha oldea time. Tha weather at thia lime ia eold enough fur early March, and no abatement In the demand for wood. fit' Circuit Court haa been in aesaion aince Monday laat, Judge Alexander pro aiding. Several criminal cure have been dis. poaed of, and two gentlemen elected to do "the State aome aervice" at Naahville Irv ne, petty larceny, for two years, and John Ack. man Forrester, burglary, for ten year. The former claim hia paternal home in Georgia, and tha latter in Middle Tennessee. ' Our exchangee for the laat few weeka have been unusually barren of matter ef atriking interest. Fortunately for the readers of tha Post, tha many stirring affairs incident to a lively locality lika Athena, places its columns beyond tha reach of the general dearth. ff&The Inst cold anap or the present one knocked down what' few peach blossoms had escaped tha former frost; and unless aome of the later variety of applea should hit, onr friends will have to make op their minds to get nlong on bread and meat alone, until another senson. The wheatlooksprom. Isiag young oats i said to be injured by the cold weather. Nicaragua. The advices by the steamer George Law, confirm the reports of Walk er's success. IrrT" We regret, exceedingly, that the con tributions which have recently appeared on our third page should have so annoyed the erilici of the village. The fault, perhaps, is not with the poet, but rather from a want of capacity to appreciate on the part of the pro eaic reader. Among the ataplee of this sec tion are Proae, Pigs, and Politic. Railroad Convention. The Railroad Convention, at Bristol, has been postponed to the 3d day of June. The Convention is do eigned to promote nn impoitnnt object, and it deliberations will be looked for with much interest. Thc Friends of the South. Newspaper readers are aware that the question of Einan oipntion setting the negroes free is being agitated in Missouri. At the recent munici pal ilection in St. Louis, where the foreign Tote predominate, Emancipation wo made a question an iasue and the result is, Wi nter, the emancipationist, is elected by a large plurality over tha other candidates, and a majority of the City Councilmen and other officers are of tha aame atrlpe. So much for tho German vote the foreign element at St Louis. Nine tenlhe of these men are what are called "day laborer," and think , that alavery is in competition with their in terests, and they therefore vote to have it put away. And yet Democracy, under whose protecting wing the South ia induced to net- . tie, contenda that the cultivation and ex tension of this same foreign element is es sential to the preservation of the peculiar in stitution and the Interests of the slavehold tag States, and denounce as proacriptioniat, and even traitors, all who aeek to throw re- ' strictione around it and confine it within rea. eonnble bound. The South will possibly Wake up to a true eense of tha subject after awhile. Good Salary. The salary of the Connty Court Judge in Shelby county, has been fixed at $2,000, provided the city of Mempltia will pay ona half. Artedeluviab Wiiloa Is tha name given by ona of our cotemporariea, to tha "old liners" who atill believe in the resurrection of tho Whig party. " Antedeluviaul" that's pretty good. A bother Papeb. It is stated that W. P. Collins, recently connected with tha Eaat . Tanneaaeaan, Maryville, will, in a abort time, commence tha publication of a literary jour. ' Dal, at the neighboring village of Cleveland. Wisconsin. Whitney, Black Republican' haa been elected Chief J untie in Wisconsin. "Spriro." A friend haa aent us an "Ode to Spring," which wa will publish aa soon aa tha weather will permit. ' 3f Isbsna G. Harris waa nominated by tha Damoeratlo Convention which met on Wednesday, for Oovernor. '. 3f- six Feet Four, of the Cleveland Ban ner, has been with ua a portion ol tha pres ent week. All thing considered, he was ' looking good deal better than wa expected to aea him. Wa believe ha atlll travela by t railroad. ' IsjURlD. The Savannah Nawa learns that tha eorn and other crops la that vicinity have been seriously injured by tha lata eold wea ther. Tha aorn haa been entirely aut down. Abolished. The Danish Sound Dues was to be abolished from tha lat of April. BANKS AND BANKING. A friend request u to publiah tha com- mnnicatlon below, on the auhject of "Banka and Ranking," which originally appeared In the Nnshvlllo Union and American: Afesrrs Editors: On the currency qnre- lion I fully ronenr with you that every Dunk and Brunch Bank should b required to pay nnt ite notra where they are redeemable in coin; and in order to further protect the cum. mutiny against over Issues nnd Hank failures, let each Bunk commencing business or any Bunk whose charter mny expire, be compelled to conform to the law regulating the business of Banking passed I'Jlh of February, 1853. within the last lew years several stock Banks have failed, but there ia not an Instance of a Free Bunk having done so. 1 he Slate of New York, having much the largest Banking capital of any State in the Union, and I presume that her experience is equal to any, hsa adopted the Free Banking system. Tha Superintendent says In refer, one to lis success, "There has no Hank failed in this state having a circulation secured wholly by public stocks of this Slnte and of the United State, the circulation of which has not been redeemed at par value thereof, and in suoh msnner, without interruption, that the notes lost nothing of their efficiency and value in circulation until actual redemp tion. Let Tennessee adhere In thia aystem, (which does equal justice to nil.) lei it be tin derslood that for every Hank note in circula tion there is ample security in the hands of the Comptroller in 7nnrire term's, (over and above the individual property of the stock holders,) and we ahull bear of no more panics and Bank failures. Very nenrly allied to this subject Is the great railroad interest of the State; if the Bonds are required for Banking" purposes, the will of course command higher price, which would benefit the public improvement companies. New York Stste 6s hsve gone up to 118 under their present Hanking system. Why not Tennessee's do the same? There is yet another important feature in the above aystem; the State or Government stocks are lodged with the Comptroller to protect the note holders, and cannot be v ith drawn without the notes sre returned. But where all the means sre in possession of the Back it may be lost hy injudicious Banking, and in some cases there is little or nothing to lose, particularly where the stock is paid chiefly in stock notes. These matters ought lo be brought prominently before the people that the next legislature may understand their wishes. B. The Washington Epidemic. The belief is taking hold upon the public mind, tbat the disease which broke out, some weeks ago, among the boarders at the National Hntol, Washington, was caused by arsenic mixed with portions of the food sent to the public table. It ia hard to believe that a being could be found, disguised in the semblance of hu manity, au totally depraved as to jeopardize the lives of hundreds in order to injure the proprietors of the house, or some individual inmate of it; yet the facts elicited so fur jus tice the belief. There are many speculations and statement in the papers on the subject, the latest of which we copy below from the Nashville Patriot: "The L-incaster Express, speaking of the death of Mr. 1-aue, asserts unhesitatingly that there can be no doubt it was the effect of poison. The Philadelphia Times says an eminent physician of that city, who has had several persons under his enre, seeking rol.uf from the effects of the mysterious sickness contracted at the Federal Capital, maintains the theory Unit it resulted from a premeditat ed attempt to poison the inmates of the No tional Hotel. He bases his opinion upon the fnct that none but those who dined at tho public table were attacked; and as to, the story of the rut poisoned .water, il is refuted, because, the tank is only used for washing, u liile the drinking water is brought through pipes Irom a distance. I he sickness nrigl. nnlly broke out during Mr. Buchanan s first visit to the hotel; it cased when he left for W henthuid, and upon his return, niter a fort night's absence, it became again more violent than ever. The President elect wns warned, hy anonymous letters, not to eat or drink in that house, and under the advice of friends, and although ho returned to the hotel from a feeling of legurd for its worthy proprietors, he never broke bread nor emptied a glnss In it, until he took up his residence in the Presidential mansion. Occasional visitors, who did not bwnrd there, but used Ihe bur. were not afflicted, while nearly all the occu pants of the dining room were more or less prostrated." The Mihnesota Land Grant. The St. Paul Times of the 18th ull. says: It is estimated that the recent grant of land to this territory contains about 7,200,000 acre of land I the most magnificent dona tion ever received by any State from Con gress I With an extent of territory unsur passed by any Stale except Texas, with a prolific Held of Opportunity and Development unequalled in the world, and this splendid benefice, given by Congress n the marriage bounty of the new bride, it is needless to prophesy that Minnesota will toon vie with her elder sisters, in wealth, population and political and commercial importance. This generous gift alone would make a Statu nearly aa large as Massachusetts. But one thing Minnesotiuns! It-t us not get drunk over our luck in drawing a prize, and make it, by our own indiscreetness, au instrument of self de struction. Somebody ir Luck. Ticket No. 15387, Fort Gaines Academy Lottery, last Saturday, drew the prize of 85,000, and was held by a citizen of Madisonville, Monroe county. Legal Terder. American gold coin In any amount American silver to five dollars three cent pieces to the amount of thirty cents, and one cent pieces to .the amount of ten cents, are legal tender. - Ibor Rails. We learn that the ships with iron rails for the East Tennessee and Vir ginia Railroad, arrived at City Point a few days since, and the work of track laying on the Eastern end of the line will now be prose cuted without Interruption. -f The Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel says the City Election terminated at 3 o'clock, F. and passed off very quietly. The American party elected theirMayor and eleven of the twelve members of Council. Premium Wheat Fans. Attention, of farmers and others is invited lo the advertise, uient of Mr. Cotton, next page. The "Pre mium Wheat Fans" are said by those who have used them to be superior to any before Introduced Into tha country. Mission to Chisa. The mission to the Celestial Empire haa been tendered to, and accepted by, Wm. A. Reed, of Philadelphia. Mb. Bucharar. The reports in tha pa pera about Mr. Buehonau's continued Indispo sition, are eaid to be grossly exaggerated, and that bis Illness ia comparatively trifling. "East Tennessee Argun" la tha nama of a paper juat atarted at Jonraborough. Demo cralie in polities Prise, U,00 per annum In advance. Bean and Peoples editors and pro prletors. SENTENCE. At our request a friend line kindly furnish ed us with a copy of the sentence pronounced by Judge Gaut, upon Washington Gann, convicted of murder In lha firat degree at the late term of the Circuit Court of Hamilton county. It will be Tound below: Waihinptnn Qann ; Yon have been ar raigned, charged and tried, for the murder of William Wileoxen, on the nii(ht of lb 4th of November, 1 HftB, in the county of Hamilton. You have been tried bv a lurv of Hamilton county, chosen by yourself. That jury, nfter a careful and patient hearing of the evidence and the argument of counsel, upon their oath, have found, that on the night of the 4th of November, 1858, in the county of namnton, you am unlawfully, willully, de liberately, pre meditatedly, and of your malice aforethought, kill and murder William Wil coxen, and in so doing you are guilty of mur der in the first degree; and th jury further found that there were no mitigating circum stances in your esse. 1 believe you have had the full benefit of the law in the Court's charge to the jury. 1 believe the proof be fore the jury tiilly warranted and sustains their verdict it now only remains for the Court to pronounce the judgment of the law upon the verdict of the jurv It is not mv judgment, but the sentence of the law. It is a solemn responeiuiuiy, ine judgment ot the C'oi.rt, therefore, is, that, you be taken by the Sheriff of Hamilton county, Tennessee, from the jail of said county, on Friday, the 10th day of July, 1867, between the hours of 10 o'clock and 8 o'clock of that, day, to some suitable pi aco in the vicinity of the town of Harrison, in said eountv, to be selected and prepared by the Sheriff for that purpose, and that you be then and there hun&r by the neck by said Slier i If until you are dead. And that the said Sheriff have a sufficient force to car ry into execution this judgment of the Court. Permit me, in the discharge of mv fearful responsibility, to add, that you have three months for reflection and preparation to meet death and judgment before Almighty Uod. "Whilst the lamp h Ids out to burn the vilcat inner may return." Seek forgiveneas and pardon in the atonement of Christ, and pre pare to meet death and judgment and may God, in his infinite wiadom, have niercy upon your soul and save it in that awful day. Disastrous Fiiir at -Marietta, Georgia. Our City has ngutn been visited by the sodden and distressing calamity of loss to its capital, loss to its business, and loss to its appearance from the i ffi cts of this devastat ing element. The enter) rise of our citizens was just beginning to recover itself troin the fires ill November 1854 and 1855, nnd new struilurea to rise on Ihe ruins then made, when our beautiful square is again doomed to show the ruins of another and yet more de structive lire. The North West nnd Western portion of the square, the Howard House, Snider' building, (,'olonnde Row, Post Office, McEl fresh's Machine Shop and Blind dz. Sash Factory and Denmead's Warehouse, near the Di pot.nre all in ashes, or present only black, ened wall lo the eye. The fire originated in the Drug Store of Messrs. Sabnl Si Tennent, and was commu nicated to n Turpentine barrel, in the cellar, from a candle. The accident occurred a little after 3 o'clock in Ihe afternoon of the 1 3th inst., and with proper convenience for extin guishing the lire, it might have been nr rested in thc building where il commenced. But it soon got the mastery, and swept, with fearful rapidity in every direction. It is dillicult to estimate the loss of prop erty, but it v. ill not full far short of SI 25,000. Many of our most enterprising citizens are among the sufferers, mid it will undoubt edly dampen their efforts in future. We fear that our city will never recover from the present loss. The insurance on the whole is not more than 30,000. STiUNanNcT ir Moret affairs. Theft. Lntils (MisfsTuri) Courier, speaking of Ihe stringency in monetary affairs there, says: - "The most prominent cause is, tluil Uncle Sum is receiving at nil his' land ollices nnd sub-treasuries, the money which merchants expect to receive, nnd should have received, iu exchange for goods they sold last fall. "It is Ihe mainn for buying hinds, not only b) original entry from government, but ba ilie farmer purchasing from his neighbor who lakes the money and removes to the distant territory, and then again invests this same money in new lauds, bought from gov ernment, wiiicli in producing derangement in our monetary affairs in n word, tho prom inent cause of the great stringency is spec ulation in lands and town lots, nnd, if this continues, and progresses as rapidly as it has done for the past two years, a crisis must in evitably come." Prospective Lard Sales 'I he Govern mcnt of the United States has advertised three sales of Ihe lands held in trust for the benefit of certain tribes of Indians. The innds have been all appraised by commis sioners appointed for the purpose, nnd will not be sold for less than the value thus put upon them by tho government appraisers, One sale will occur ut Iowa Point, in Don iphan county, Kansas, beginning on Tues duv, the 5th of May. This salu is for the benefit of the Iowa tribe. Another sale will occur ut Puolf, in Lykins county, Kan sas, commencing nn Tuesday, the 26th of May, for the confederate bauds of Kaskas kius, Pcorias, Piuukeshnws and Woas. Also another sale at Lecompton, in Kansas, on Tuesday, the 22d of June, for the benefit of the Delaware tribe. Thousands upon thous ands of acres of land will be thus thrown up on the market. For the benefit of the Iowa tribe 95,000 acres will be sold; for the con federated bands 214,000 acres; and for the Delaware tribe 345,000 acres making lu all 654,(00 acres, 9 Tf.b Town of Munrob in Ruins. The village of Monroe in Walton couuly, was al most entirely aesiroyed Dy tire on Tuesday night. The Court House and one or two small buildings only were saved. We re ceived Ibis information from the conductor of yesterday afiernoon train, upon the Geor gia road, who obtained it at Social Circle, Avgunta Constitutiimatist. Asothhk Victim. Hon. Samuel Bren ton, member of Congress from Indiana, died at Ins residence in Furl Wuvne. on Suuduv evening lusl, from the disease, it is alleged, ne nad contracted at the Nuliouul Hotel in Washington. National Hutel Diseasb. Washing ton, Am 1. A pott mortem examination of Hi remains of a gentleman who died iu Pennsylvania from disease contracted ut the National Hotel in this city, shows a deposit ofaraeniein tha atomach. A patient now hero auhVra enlargement of the abdomen from some cause, and with marked symp turns of being poisoned. Hf'Greal men," says Aristotle, "are ol waya of a melancholy nature." If thia be true, Ihe tax on greatness is more than the property is worth. For our own part wa would rather be merry with Sum Waller than dismal with Pluto. We had indeed. Armistice. Tha war between Perala and Great ill I tain has been suspended for three month. O-Denvers of California haa been ap pointed Comuiiasionar of Indian affoira, - PCBLIO MEETING. A meeting of a portion of the American party of McMinn county, waa held at th Court home in Athens, on Monday losk Lsaam Butram, Esq., waa oatled to th Chair, nd J. M. HiNnsaaoR appointed Secretary. On motion, the Chair appointed the follow ing named delegates to the Oul.rnatoiinl Convention, to bs held at Naahville, on the 1st day of Mayu A. D. Briant, Wm. Foster, II. Butram, Daniel M'I'hail, Wm. M. Coats, E. Longhmiller, L. It. Hunt, J. II. Magill, James Forest, John D. Lowry, Eliaha Bryant, Tho. Russell, J. B. Cooke, C. A. Jordan, Til bal Zeigler, Morria M. Sullina, David Ware, John Hill, Wm, a Callaway, A. J. Dodaon, Joseph W. Gibson, O. L. King, Wm. C. Vaughan, Uriel Johnston, Jamea M. Ruther ford, Tho. Martin. Wm. Maples, Allen Haley, Thoa. B. Love, B. F. Martin, Ja. 8. VarneJI, Joel Culpepper and Jotvph M. Alexander. On motion, Jietolvtd, That in the event none of the delegates appointed above attend said Con vention, F. K. Zollicoffer represent McMinn county in said Ceuvention. On motion, th proceeding were ordered to b published, and the meeting adjourned. LARK1X BUTRAM, t'Aairman, J. M. Henderson, Src'y. Thb Law or Nrootiablr Paper. The New York Evening Post refers to nn Impor. lant point in commercial lawndw under dis eussion In that city, and says: i he question Involved in tha case is a broad one, and is almost as old as negotia ble paper ilseir. A. sold coal to II. and took in payment ihenAir sYiots-made to himself by B. and endorsed bv (.'. Can A. recover against C, the former being payed, the latter a KU'iscquehtcmlorser I he Supreme Court has held, at general term, both was the bit ter opinion ol the two being in favor of the (.luntiffs right to recover. Thequextion will undoubtedly be carried to the. Court of Ap peals, luoc.se reported on Friday last, Judge Duer intimates thai he has grave doubts whether a payee and first endors-r can, iinderany circumstances, recover against a subsequent endorser, and charge him na audi. IC7 When the Nashville Union becomes alarmed at Ihe probable course of Mr. Buch. anan'a office holders, it is time for nil honest men lo look out! Hear what the Unirn says about the Pacific Railroad, which Mr. Bucha nan recommends to be built by the General Government: Pricticil laboring men nre much better qualified to build Railroads than a wrnnglii'g Congress or any sut of government otliriii.s. Il would be a g-eal blessing to the country it we tould have fewer ollice holdois it Mill be A great curse whenever we have to have more. We believe we had rather encounter n forrign enemy on our shore with bayonets in hnd, than an army of office holders at home with their bands in the Treasury. -j"Tbo N. Y.Times makes a queer de velopment, hich may be recommended to losers of registered letters und those who pay their clerks poor wages. Some time ago Unit paper published a list of registered let ters mailed to their office, but never received. But, Mr. Mulbrook, post office agent, pub lished a statement that the post office had rteeiptt for all the letters which it was said never were received! The Times says that the statement is correct that tho thefts were committed by -their own clerks, nnd adds; "merchants and business men general ly are far too careliws in regard to the class of persons ho ore sent tn ties- post office for their letters. It is very common to intrust this important and responsible, duty to those emplmjeen who nre in the most inferior po sitions, and uhesjire tho most inadequately paid for their services. A direct temptation to dishonesty is thrown In their way." Trouble in Kansas. A threatening diffi culty has occurred iu Kansas, at the town of Topeka. All alleged boons sliei ill' attempted to arrest n freesoileron u political charge, but was driven off by a number of citizens. He went away to some other town, procured a posse audsreturncd to take his prisoner. Again, however, the citizens of Topeka inter fered and prevented the arrest. Theronpon the sheriff sent n message to acting Governor Woodson, at Lecompton. The result hud not transpired ut the latest dates. Terrific Explosion in a Printino Of fice. We learn from the Indianapolis Jour mil, that a Steam. boilor exploded in the Sen tinel omce at innianapoits, which Killed a young man named George Human, and wounded five others. A fine new press, the forms of Wednesday s paper, great quantity of material, and even the building, wero very much injured. A new boiler had just been put up in a new building, and the occasion was the first one on which it had been used, The loss is estimated ut 68,000 to $12,000. A Charitable Hope, The Louisville Journal quotes the Memphis papers as slut ing that the Memphis and Charleston Rail Road "has been constructed so thnt the trains can go through;" whereupon Pre.itice, ex claims: "That is well, but we hope that the bridges along its line have not been so con, strutted that trains can "po through." NewYohk, Aprilfi. Privulu letters have heen received In tins city from Uen. Hon niiigsen, in his own hand writing, addressed to persons in this city, dated Kivus, March 19th, confirming every essential fact brought hy the sleumur I exas, in relation to the re' cent victory of Walker's troops over Ihe Cos ta llicnn and their allies. General 11. stutei that four hundred of the allies were killed and about filly of hia own men. The battle lasted ten hours and was dee perately fought on both sides. It ended in the ulter ileleat and route of the enemy. . Gen. Henningsen writes further that he- is confident that in a few weeks Walker will entirely dear the country of the Costa Rio ana, who nre greatly discomfited and depress ed by their defeat. New York, April 13. It is reported by passengers on the George Law that Col Loc k- ridge captured Castillo on tha SOtli March, bul the rumor Is doubted. Washirgton, April 13. It is reported that the administration has assented to the Sound dues treaty. The Augusta Constitutionalist of Tuesday evening save: ' As our evening edition goes to press the telegraph has uunounced destructive fire raging in Macon. We could not learn the extent of it but it ia atuled that tha wind was high and the tire spreading rapidly. No further particulars obtained. Charleston, April, 14. Sales this morn, ing 600 hales nt from 12 to 14 cunts. Augusta, April 14. There ia- a perfect calm In the Lotion trude. Sales could not be made to any extent except at a decline oi t to t cent, jioiuers ara nrm. A New Partt Paoorammr In Ihe Bradford (Pa.) Argus, the organ of Mr. Wilmot, "lha Republican" Candidate for Gov. ernor of Pennsylvania, is paraded the follow ing slavery plank in Ihe platform: . V Appeal from the fite SUtt hnlding Su preme Court Judges to the people of pernsvlvaria 1 for governor. DAVID WILMOT, or BIIADFOIID CUUKTV. This appeal from a Judicial decision to the people, ia not altogether a novelty. Rogues, rascals, Ate, niton appeal from the Courts to tha mob, but thia appeal to a party is certainly a novelty. Parties, hither to, have alwnya stood upon tha decision of Ihe Courts, snd pledged themselves to abide by the decisions of the Courts, and the only Instance within our recollection to the con trary, Is that of the repudintors of Mississip pi, who, being about to be taxed under Ihe decisions of the Mississippi Courts, at tempted to repudiate, not only the decision of the Court, but the Judges themselves. As for Wilmot, he Mill not come within a thousand miles of being elected Governor on this issue in the Keystone Statu, The great central State of the Union is not to be carried upon any such issue of nn appeal fiom the Judicial decisions to the E ections nnd Election days. So says the Now York Express. Public OiricKRs and I'olitilians. Sec retary t'oob, in a letter to n gentleman hold ing a high office under government, declares that the first duty of any gentleman holding position under departments is to tho govern ment nnd to the people, and not to the p irly which he may happen to belong to. I In then dds: Holding, rayon do nn office of great necu. ninry responsibility, and one requiring vour constant personal attention, Icnnnot sanction Ihe propriety or your absence from your post for the purpose ol an active engagement in the approaching (lection of your State. No one regards with more interest than I. do the sin-cess of Ihe national democratic parly nl mis important period in our history. Hut that success must not he purchased at the expense of the public interest, which might be the case il those holding high arid impor tant office should absent themselves from their posts to conduct the canvass. Important Geographical Discovert in Florida. A writer in the Natiornl Intelli. fencer announces a most important discov ery, if one it be in fact, that the waters of the Florida everglades have found nn outlet through which they ure pouring themselves in great volume into the Gulf of Mexico. An nren of many millions of acres, hitherto submerged, is thus to be converted into pro ductile fields, admirably adapted tn the cul. liv ilion of the sugar cane nnd other tropical fruits. As for the Seminole, they will be left high on drv ground. Should this prove true, the Peninsular railroads would be the best in tho world, na by the "awnmp grant" the everglades ore all the property of the State, and by her internal improvement net, pledged to the several railroad enterprises. Important from Libkria. We have seen letters from several of lha missionaries em- ploied by the Methodist Episcopal Church ill Liberia, irom "inch we learn that a furi, ous sur U reginff in the vicinitr ot 1rtpc lul mas, between the colonists ami the natives. Thirty seven American houses nnd much property have been destroyed, and 28 live have heen lost. All missionary and businea matters were nt n stand. A detatchment of one hundred nnd fifty men had left Monrova for I'nne Palm.is. on board a schooner with Ex President Roberts and Vice President Vales, to aid the colo nists. I'hil. UulMm. D'Arrest's Comet. The smnll telescope cornel, discovered nt Leipsic, Febunry 23d nnd in this country a month Inter, can now be seen with a telescope of moderate power, "although it will require a clear sky to be able lo see it to advantage." It was nearest the Sun, March 21st. it presents the usual cometnry appearance. The nepulous head is about a minute in diameter, and the nucleus is as bright as a stur of the aevonth magni tude. 3f ' It is rumored that Hon. Samuel Houston will bo a candidate for Governor of Tex in opposition to the Democratic can didate. Election Da? in St. Louis. Mayor Howe, of St. Louis, Issued a proclamation ordering all minora to stay within doors from dnrk on Monday night till daylight Tuesday morning, and all grog shops to be closed during Monday (election day) nnd the night preceding. fgf In a dialogue which Dubbshad will himself, the other day, he cuniu to the con elusion that the best way to succeed with u woman is to brag of tho baby, nnd speak well of hor bonnet. A Monument to Luther. The King of Bavaria, w ho is a Roman Catholic, has au thorized Ihe Protestant pastors in his king, dom to raise subscriptions for a monument whivh ia about lo be erected to the memory oi .uuriiii punier, ni vvoims. l-fr The post othce of London is tho largest post office in Ihe world. It has Irotit of 400 foet by 160 fuel deep. There sre 2,500 persons employed In the building one thousand of whom nro engaged In ma king up the London evening mail. ' lif A correspondent writes tha Charles Ion Standard, that he hns discovered in Ma. rion county, Florida, three very largo and easily accessible beds of yellow marble, which is susceptible of a most beautiful polish, und is harder than even Ihe Italian. Washington, April 11. It is understood that Wui, IS. Keed bus accepted Ihe mission lo i lima, t.hrlslopher Uiirson hns been re appointed Indian Agent, nnd Sum. M. Yost has been appointed to a similar office in New Mexico. II. tt. Wulah has been nppoiuled ncceiver oi puono monies in lowa. From Califorria ard Nicaragua. By the arrival of ihe George Law, we have later dates from California and Nicaragua. She left Aspinwnll on the 4th Inst., and bring a mil lion and a quarter in guld, The California newa ia unimportant. . Negotintiona with New Grunada nud the United Statca have been broken off. Tha newa from Nicaragua iumfiruia the aucceaa of Wulker. . , . Col. Lockridga waa still on the San Juan river, making preparation to attack Castillo. Difficulties Ahfad. The Richmond Whig, speaking oTGcn. Walker's recent vic tories and his probable conquest of Nicara gua say si The success of Walker, however, Is sngjes tlve of probable difticulliea between the United States nnd foreign powers. ' If, ns I suggested by onr neighbor of The South, the conquest of Nicaragua I but a stepping stone to the more important reduction of the rest of Central America and Cuba tn the sway of our roving countrymen, nnd we nre to clear the track lor a free fight, and see thnt no outsider slops Into the ring, we mny perhaps have our hands too full for conven ience, comfort nr safety. Already a large portion of th9 Democratic press ia using its political lionnge to force the administration to join with England In tha crusade against China, nnd the Celestials nru d-nntinced wilh as much vigor and acrimony ss if they were political opponents in a Presidential election. Along our Pncifio border, too, is a capital opening lor a fight. If the Dons should come with their clum sy nrinndoes and paper blockades to chastise Ihe revolutionary and pronuneiamentory Mexicans, it is hardly possible for us to keep onr hands clenr of the difficulty) and if the doctrines of theOstcnd Manifesio nre lo hold swny with the present administration and they certainly are tho sentiments of its head we may look forward with great probabil ity to several years, at least, of a general war with everybody. It may, it is true, have n tendency to Injure our commerce nnd straighten us in our finances, without count Ing Ihe bloodshed it will innUL'tirale: bul if hacked with the nnmo of Democracy, it would be moral treason to object to the pol icy, wunicver us consequences. Croakers. "Life lllusi rated" says if a mnn puts on green spectacles, every object about him nt once becomes green. lie hns green children, green furniture, green cloth, ing; he can see n green landscape even when Ihe ground is whito wilh snow. There nre fault-finders who seem to hove donned green moral apeotalc. Everything appears to them out ofshape nnd hue. There is nothing ns it should be; the whole machine is wrong; it not only needs repairing and greasing, but re constructing ultngother. The country is going to ruin; there is none of tho virtue of he early days when men wore the conli. nental costume; from the crow n of the head to Ihe sole of the feet, the body politic 'ib covered with bruises and putrifying sores. 1 he wild notions thut men nre getting into their bends nre overturning the basis of all permanent governments; there is no such thing ns patriotic motives; our entire system ia conducted upon selfish principles. JSow we do not believe everything in this country is just ns it should be, or just ns it win be in tune; neither do we believe that we are going backward as a people, or thnt there is less patriotism, less virtue, less love f justice than there was in the "good old tune 'of tall boots and light breeches. A man with eyes and brains in his head, if he uses them, can not go fur in life without seu. ing things which offend his sense of justice, propriety, nnd decency; but he will also sue many good things to encourage and please, Civilization in Canada. As an evidence of progression In Canada, we nre glnd to state, that by n recent act of the Canadian Parliament the decimal currency of Ihe Unit ed .States hns bren adopted in place of the English system of pounds, shillings and penco. r.very day brings us nearer to the "snnvxntinii" period whicb.is in the future, Mobile and Ohio Railroad. The South' em (Trenton) Standard, snys: bam. Williams, Esq., has been appointed to superintend I lie 1 euiiessee portion of this road, from whom we have cheering accounts as In its progress nnd probable success. The work Irom L.oliimlnis in tins direction is go ing on sicnuiiy, aiiout two miles of track lay. ing Having oeen completed, wan the energy with which Mr. W. will oma,.f.ui,i liio l..t;...l no doubt, it will be connected with Trenton in us liriel a time ns is practicable. Bv tl last of September or the first nf October, the cars win ue in 1 rutilun, and "we will all tuk a ride." Case of Conscience. A celebrated liquor Importer in Boston recently had hia pocket unox, containing a large sum ol money, taken from hia pocket while entering church. A few days subsequent he received the pocket oook inrougn ine post, accompanied with note, in which the writer stated that nfter spending the money, lie discovered to his ut. ter horror that he hud been muking ue nf funds obtained in that infamous liquor traffic. He therefore returned the pocket bonk, and would do the same by the money, should he ue able lo again lay hands on it. . Deaths from Poison Honey. The Dade. villi' (Ala.) Banner slntcs that Mr. Lewis Kent, of Tallapoosa county,cut a bee tree Inst Sunday evening, and the family partook the honey, from the effects of which, two ol them, a son just grown, and a small child died thnt night. Several others were in precarious condition when last heard from on Monday. Newspaper Hoaxes The Wilmington N, C, Journal acknowledges that its story of the defeat of Walker, purporting to be derived from three of his men who had escaped nnd arrived al the mouth of the Cape Fear River. was a first of April hoax, and is excessively neiigniua al l.ie sucevss ..with which th canard was pahneiioff oq soma of its cotein- poraries. Women. 1 hey nre a greut mystery. Ao cording to Duller, women bear hunger long er than man; according to Plutarch, they can resist the effects of wiut- better; according to Unger, they grow older and are never bald; according to Pliny they are seldom attacked by lions, (on the contrary they will run off the lions,) and according to Gunter, they can talk a tew! Cr7- Mr. John Milligan, of Greenville, Or. tinge county, N, Y., In a letter to tha Com missioner of Patents, states that he has a new kind of potutoe, which he raised from the ball, which matures very early, nnd from which two crops can be raised in ona aenson. He has, also, a new hind of oats, called whent oat, which came from Prince Edward's Island, which weighs ten pounds more than any other variety, and which stands up well on rich laud, where other oats will lodge. Tub Bucharar Grip. We regret to learn that Hon B. F. Lcitei, of Ohio, has returned from Washington in very feeble health. He boarded ul the National Hotel, in Wash ington, and was one of the victims of the rut poisoning, Raitnna Democrat. Hioh Prices for Tobacco. A lot of eight hhds. leaf waa sold by una of our factors a few days since at 20 cents per pound, amounting to the nent little aum of three, thousand three hundred and eighty-one dol lars IV. O. Delta. , . Domestic Tbaoedt-Murder and Suicide. The fuel that Julius flue hey, a citizen of Biillit county, Ky., hud killed his daughter, Miss Bettia Buchcy, nn Thursday last, and then put an end lo his own life, wns mentioned briefly by telegraph on Monday. The fol- ow ing nre the particulars of the tragedy, a set forth in the Louisville Courier: A young mnn nnmcd John Robv. ansbrh. bur, had been paying his addresses u ilia daughter, who was partial to him, but tha match was strenuously opposed by the father of the girl, He had an Intimation or impres sion thai they were about to elope to get married, and on the fatal evening the young lady, who was about seventeen years of age, told her father, who had but the nioineut be fore entered the room, that sho Would pay a visit to a neighbor. This excited tha au.nl. cious of the lather, who remonstrated with Rer, and refused to let her leave the house. Angry words ensued, nnd in the heat of pas aion be first struck her, and then drew a ra- oiver ano eiroi her twice, both shots taking licet, one through her head and tha nlhu n her back. The unfortunate olrl fell A.. at his feet, in the presence ot the horror stricken wife nnd mother. 1'he wretched mail. III! th Ina.firil afK,. milting the deed, rushed from the house w ith the lutul weapon in his hand, pursued ly n sun, who hud been hnslilv si,. J the scene by the report or Ihe pito. IU tried to seize his father's arm to i,,.v.,nl further bloodshed, and to wrench Ihe pistol Irmn bun, but he eluded his grasp, nnd, after ctrouttng few steps, placed the pj,to to his own head nnd blew his brains out. Mr. lluchey wns a man or some property, and much respected by hi. neighbors, and waa over hlty years of age. Thr American Bishops m-u, iTDr,..!,.. Chuiich. Sixty three have been consecra. ted; ol these 23 have deceased; 4 retired; and 30 are in active discharge of Ihe Episcopate. I ho average age of deceased llislmpa at their death was 69 years and 49 when consecrat. ed. .1 heir service in the Enii-n tin lt a litl1 over 17 years. The mean nge of the Bish. ops now in office is fi6 years, the average age nt consecration 4a years, nnd their average Kpiscopsl service 14 years. The average age of the 31 prelates nt consecration wns 44 ,:..,, ui uin lasi aa uishops, 44 years Tha time of notive service in thn K.,l...... I... taken a. from 15 to 20 years: Bishop Nhilos wns the onoest - a li tie over 49 , ems; the ahortest that of Bishop Pnrker, being a period or three !?".'. . h oldest nt consecration waa that of Bishop Bass, nt the age or 71 years Ihe youngcal, Bishops McCoskey, Polk, and "K"' yeara. unnsttan Advocate. 9iTAn exchange snys it is one of tha singularities or the period in which we live, inni mere nro more frequent murders. assas sinations, elopements of wives with other w omen s husbands, nnd husbands with other men's wives than ut any previous hiutory of the world; nnd then there are poisonings by wives and poisonings by husbands, elope ment of young ladies with their falher'a conchmen. Klopemenls to eel buslumd.. nnd these "irregularities" nre confined to no particular locality city, town, and country folks fare alike. All have hud their portion of monotony disturbers. The Salt Crop at Turk's Island. A correspondent of the Journal of Commerce, "ruing irom urnno Turk, Keb. 9, says: Salt is nbundant here nt 13 cent per bushel, and the demand very limited. Tha weather is fine for Ihe senson, and the pros, pect is that we shall have more suit in mark. r oy ine insi ot .March; hut there is uiineu oi me mo crop on uor ana null Key, and it llilctiiii-0 mi I. .!... . ... . i in iiGvmif iriiiri I'm nunta ..(!... t -""ig me enriy purl ol the year , ,t ' cver "ave any e'ent demand lot tar Judge Kane, in a recent letter, says of his son: "His characteristic with us was hi. sensibility to conscientiaua impulse. It waa mis winch carried him the second time to the Polar Sen, nnd hud God apnred him, would have made him return there again; for ho believed, ns none but the true hearted can believe anything, that some of Frank lin's pnrty were still alive, nnd that it wns the mission of his life to reclaim them. He had a child-like fondness for the affec tions of home; but this, andzenl for science, and ambition for fume, and all else that could eonneut itsell with motive, was subordinated to his one great conviction of duty." An exchange paper recommends the "dal. ly use of chickens, (either roasted, broiled or made into pies) or turkeys, roasted, for all persons troubled with rheumatism, dyspepsia, gout, or nervous disorders." This ia an ex. colleut prescription. Action. Better that w o should err In action than wholly refuse to perform. The storm is much better than the calm, aa it declares the presence of living principle. Stagnation is something worse than death. It is eor. ruption also. Round and Squab b. A Dentist present, ed a bill lor the tenth time to a rich akin, flint, "it strikes me," said the latter, "that this is a pretty round bill." "Yea," replied the dentist, "I've sent it round often enough to make it appear so, and I have ealled now to get it squared." laSTThu New York Picayune notices a case or "pretty larceny" in a very neat man ner, viz : Pretty Larceny. A lady'e ' maid hooked one of the best of her mistress's dresses the other day, but the affair wss pas sed over because it wns done behind tha lady'a back so there wua nobody to testify to the fact. ' Wherb is the Country t An exchange' saith that, the Elba Deuiocrut, whose office sign is said to be nuiled to a pine tree at the edge of the woods, advertises for an appren tice, and say that "one from tlie country would be perfirred." The unimportant qualu ficntion ol being "able to read" is also cosu ally mentioned. The County Court of Wilon county have -voted the County Judge a salary of 8380 per annum. The Lebanon Herald pre. dicta that at Ihe next . lection all the old magistrates will be turned out of office for bulnS o extravagant with the public money. IttT At the dead letter branch of the Gen oral Post Office, Washington, during the yent which expired on the 1st of April, sbout two thousand deud letters have been opened, which contained money amounting in lha aggregate to a little over $11,000, and al- readv ueviin.nirTltlB .ru.i. - . j wi tun nuiuuu. nae ocea restored lo its owners. The number of lei. ters, ns well na the amount of money ahowa a considerable fulling off over the returna of previous yeara, . . KtT" Boston folks ara talking of indicting the Speaker of the lower branch of th Massachusetts ' Legislature for keeping "disorderly house," .'