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BY SAM. P. IVINS.
ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY, MAY 15, 1857. VOL. IX.-NO. 451. THK PORT tf publUhrtleTerjr Friday lit 99 per year taynbleln Wdvance, nr 98, if payment It delayed until t fiplmilon of th year. Adrertlmnnt H1 b chared ! per tiur fl J Hutu, or lif( for the flrtt innertinn, and ftO cents for ach continuance. A liberal rtMitctlon made to tbote Who advertise by the year. WPernon dendlnftadver tUementi most mark the number of timrn they desire them Inserted, nr they will be continued until forbid and charged aecnrdtnfty.g) For announcing the namei of eandldateaf or office Bf Cah. Obituary notlceaoTerl9llnef, charged att he regular ftdvertlntnirratefl. Alloominiinteatlonnlntendedto promote the private tnd or Intereutt of Corporation. Societies, SchooUor ndlrlduiilt, will be charjtefl at advertisement. job Vnrtctirhna l'amplilet,Mlnutes,Clrcu1ar, 'Card, Wanks, Handbill, o., will be cEecutedln Rood atyle, and on renmnnhle term. All letters addressed to the Proprietor, poit paid ,IU promptly attended to. , Persnns at a distance aenrltnir n the namei offnnr olventaiibscrlbcrs, will he entltlvd to aflfth copy erra tie. No communication Inserted unlcai accompauled by the nme of (he author. ff" omce on Main street, nest door to the old Jack ten Hotel. THE POST. ATIIKNN, ritlOAY, MAY IS. I8ST. The Law or Evidence. The Now York Express suys: "A bus possed both Hons- of the lo-glslnture nnd hns become a law, which provides that piirtK-a to legal proceed' ings in Courts of this Slate, may hereafter be examined us witnesses In their own he half, on giving ten days notice to the oppo site side of their Intention to be so examen ed. This radical change in the common laws or evidence has long been advocated by legal reformers. Captured. We learn from the Sparta Times that Jackson Baker, who escaped from the Sparta jail lust week, was pursued by Mr. Charles Lowery and friends and caught near While's (.'reek, Rhea County, this week and remanded back to our jail on Thursday. tie is one of the brothers concerned in the murder of Sir. V. C. Lowery. fAfter many years of neglect, Con gress has at last made a complimentary ap propriation of 850,000 to the heirs of tliu three youthful patriots who captured Major Andre during the revolutionary war, and saved the cause of American independence from being sacrificed by the treachery of the traitor Arnold. A Great Bond. The "LaGrangc Report er," speaking of the suit commenced ugainst the editor of the '-Georgia Citizen," for dun ning a delinquent subscriber rather empliat. icully, says: "The doctor expects to hove s rich time of it. and we hone he will enjoy it well: and if he wants names attached to his "bond," we have no douht every editor in the olutu will "stand" lor him." . Just think of that; all the editors in the State on one bond! What an array of wealth, and concentration of moneyed power there would be! How much is the bond! The Mother. Despise not thy mother when she is old. Age may ware and waste mother's beauty, strength, limbs, senses, and estate, hut her relation as mother is us the sun when it goes forth in his might, for '. is always in the meredian, and knowcth no evening. The person may be gray-headed, butli-r motherly relation is ever in its flour ish. It mav be autumn, yea, winter, with woman, but with the mother, as mother, it is always spring. Alas, how little do we appreciate a moth. er's tenderness while living. How heedless are wo in all her anxieties and kindness.' But, when she is dead and gone when the cures and coldness of the world come wither. ing tu our heart when we experience how hard it is to find true sympathy how few love us (or ourselves how few will befriend us iu misfortune! Then it is we think of the mother we have lost. -jf The ('resident and Directors of the Charleston and Savannah Railroad Company have applied to the City Council of ChurleS' ton for a transfer $250,000, now held by the city, Id the Charleston and Memphis Railroad, to the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. jrBishop Hughes' organ is down on Chief Justice Taney, foi his opinion in the Dred Scott case, and charges thai he is not a good catholic, or he would not have run contrary to the decree of that church, made nine four hundred years ago, that no son of Africa shall be held in bondage. This is n frank admission that every true catholic must be a freesniler; yet the South opens its urms to receive every catholic whom Europe may discharge, upon our shores. rffA gentleman down Kust lately took ' " Pie following meteorological journal of bis syjle s tefctueff "Monday, cloddy; In the afternoon rnlny. Tuesday, vaporish, brightened up a Utile to. wards evening. Wednesday, changeable. gloomy, inclined to rain. Ihursduy, htgl winds, slid some peals of thunder. Friday fair in the morning; variable till sftenoon .cloudy all nielil. Saturday, a gentle breeze jiuay, a thick fi g, and a few Hashes of light. Ding, bunday, tempestuous nnd rainy; tu tvurds evening somewhat calmer. Talent and Genius. He who in the same given time can produce more than an, other, has vigor; he who can produce more and better, has talents; he who can produce what no one else can, has genius. Boston, May 6th. Failed Whitney Fer. ri, (caused by the defalcation of the conn dentist clerk) to the amount of $50,000: Shaw, Sampson St Brnmbell, Chapman Ijud & llule, Bugbee, Hidden Si Co., and Trince. - Newt Orleans, May 6. The British frig ate Tartar has arrived at the mouth of the river with 190 of Iick ridge's men in a des titute condition. The measles were bad on ! board. fjfl Frederick Lmerson, the author of the well-known and valuable Arithmetic, bear- ins his name, died io Boston on the 39th April. f-Jf" Religion Is an insurance against fire In the next world, for which toueety it the beat policy. Naturalization Laws or thi Uiutkd States. The following Is a brief nd Inlel ligiblu summary of our laws In regard to naturalization: Bv ths Isw of Congress of 1838, now In force, every person who has arrived in the United States since 1H2B, musi nave oren five years a resident in the country, and ths last year, s resident of the State, before he or she can obtain papers of nsturslizition. person immediately on tanning irom shroud, can declare his or her intention forthwith, to become s citizen, ana in nve years, if they have been resident since, and ol good moral character, can obtain their nat uralization, provided they ore twenty one years of age. If they should have been res idents three years or more at the time of de corum thuir Intentions In two years mere irom tliev can obtain their last papers. This rule applies to every person, whether parent r child, coming Irom annum, unless me hildren of Ameiican citizens residing abroad, ho mav have been born uhroad the cit izenship of the parent, in the hitter cose, con ferring the right upon the child. The citi zenship ol the husband confers citizenship on the wife, although an alien ut the time of her marriage. The following is a copy of the act passed in 1855, regulaiii g the two last points: An Act to secure the right of citizenship to children of citizen of the United States, horn out of the limits thereof. Be it enacted by the .Senate nnd House of Representatives of tile United . States of America in Cunaress assembled, that per sons heretofore born out of the limits nnd jurisdiction of the United States, whose fath ers were or shall be at Hie time ol their birth citizens of the United Slates, shall be deem- d and considered, and are hereby declared, to be citizens of the United Slates, Provid ed, however, that the rights (if citizenship shall not descend to persons whose fathers never resided in the United states. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, that any woman who might lawfully be naturalized under the existing laws, married, or who shall be married lo a citizen of the United Slates, shall be deemed and taken to be a citizen. A Punbknt I'ARTT'SquiB. The Peters. burg (Vs.) Intelligencer is responsible for the following: The Resolutions of '98 9. These moss grown and cohwebed fossils, the resolutions o! 98 and 99 received a hind blow In the Legis at n re of New York, in their formal adoption by the Republicans, as part of a set of nullification revolvers against the Dred Seolt decision. The pretext from the pro. ceedings was that the decision of the Su preme Court is a lederald invasion ol the rights of the Stales, and so tiiese affronted patriotic patiiotB betake themselves to the tune honored reluge 01 Virginia Democracy iu us indignantly virtuous and sanctimonious a manner as we have often seen the domi nant party in this State do. The den of the prairie dog is said to contain usually, in ud ditiou to nimself, a rattlesnake and an owl. Animals ho less akin go to cover under the Resolutions of '98 and '99. This is not per haps the fault of the Resolutions themselves, but It shows how unmitigated a humbug II has been in the Democracy to assume virtue and credit to themselves for periodically re. affirming I hem for the most part, too, in ut ter ignorance of what thy really are. Halifax, .May 6. The steamer Eurnpa . has arrived with Liverpool dates of the 25th ultimo. Cotton hud slightly declined, holders press ing sales. Lower grades had declined most, Sales of the week 44,000 bales, including 1,800 lo speculators and 4000 to exporters. Ilreadsliifl's were steady. Consols 93. Lord Elgin had sailed for Culm. The I'russiuu nnd Swiss Envoys had ac cepted the .propositions in regard to the Neufchotel difficulty. New Orleans, May 3. Mexican dates of the 18th, state that the Archbishop and many priests hud been arrested Jind charged with being concerned in the recent insurrection. The Archbishop would be banished. Negro Stealino on a La hoe Scale. The Springfield (Mass.) Republican of April 21, with a good many exultant remarks, publishes the following: weitty-two slaves, we are informed. recently escaped from a Southern ci ty, bar reled up. They passed safely out tu sea, when the barrels were unueaded, and they came safely lo New York, where they took different directions for the laud where Dred Scott decisions cannot reach them. Six of them, a mother and five children, came this way. In I hompsonville, upwards ol $50 were raised for them, and iu this eitv they obtained funds tu carry them us far as Sus pension Bridge, I hey were a hard looking set, and appeared as if they had ueeu bar reled up through the wiuter. Iloorg vs. Suicide. The Vienna corres pondent of the London Times says: "During the lust year much has been said and written against the abuse of "crinoline," but the Inhabitants of this city have just had a proof that it may sometimes be of real service to the wearer. A young English girl, who was employed as governess in the family of un employee, was to dissatisfied with her lot that she. resolved to put an end to her life by jumping from the ramparts into the dry uioul, An official who saw the poor girl put her suicidal design into execution slates "that she looked like a balloon in the air." The height of the walls of the city at the spot where the attempt at felo de u was made may be uhout 45 feet, but the girl was su lit tle hurt by her full "that she walked away as if nothing hud happened. Warning to Physicians. A sad took place in Burslrop, La., in March, aff.ir Dr. Armstrong hud a negro man sent to him with some disease like the dropsy. The negro had been lingering a long time, and finally died. The Doctor undertook to dissect him and made his own negro man assist in the operation. It seems that the Doctor had a scratch on one of his hands, and the negro a tetter on one of his. They were poisoned by the effects of the dead negro, and both died in a few days, and in ten minutes of each other, C7 A wise man ought lo hop for the best, be prepared for the worst, and bear with equanimity whatever may happen, USURY LAWS, (from tht Lebanon U.rsld.1 There is now being manifested in the pub lic mind a disposition to do awny with, as useless, all law regulating or fixing a legal rate of interest. They soy the Legislature had as well tu regulsteor fix the price of cot ton or any other commodity, as to regulate or fix the price of money. Very good. But, we ssk, when did any Legislative body ever attempt to fix the one any more than the other. How can the one be regulated and fixed without fixing the other alsol If we say the price or $50 shall be a bale of cotton, what is that but saying that tlio price of a bale of cotton slinll be 50? So we see from the nature of the cuse it is impossible to fix the price of money, ns many suppose. Seeing their position in this respect to be without foundation, they tell us that the Legislatures of nil countries linve invariably fixed a legal rale of interest. They tell ns that money fluctuates, and is wnrtli more nl one lime than at another and for that reason interest ought to be higher at one time than nt another. This is nil very true. And a legal or fixed rate of Interest is the very thing to bring about such an effect. Let us suppose it to be agreed by nil that money is now worth ten per cent. That is, for each dollar we borrow we pay one dime. Now what in justice can there arise from fixing that as the lawful interest! The relation between that dollar and dime is fixed nnd immutable. The dime is to the dollar ns one is to ten, nndfjint relation is unchangeable. Hence, if the dollur is worth more at one time than nt another, so with the dime. If the dollar is worth twice as much at one time ns nt another, so is the dime worth twice ns much at one time ns nt another. By ffins adopting n fixed rate of interest we have to pay the same ralio ut nil times. That is, the principal and interest bear the same relation to each other at all limes. This apparent anomaly arises from the filet that when we borrow or hire money we pay the hire or interest In money. That Is, we pay it in kind. And the reader will not fail to remark that it is the only article the inter est or hire of which is paid in kind. Were we lo pay the interest of money with any thing else but in kind, then the reason for fixing a legal rate per cent, would fail. Thus, if we were to pay It with coffee, flour or corn, then it would be highly unjust to fix a legal rate per cent.; for in rclnrion to these com modities money fluctuates, but in relation to money it fluctuates not. Let us illustrate. A is a money lender; B nnd C borrowers. Each borrows$100 ut ten per cent.; B pays his interest with flour nt $5 per barrel. Hence, nt that rate two barrels will amount to 10. C pays his interest with money, 10. Wo see they hav$) both paid the same. Next year they come to borrow ngnin. But by this time there has been a great change; things have greatly fluctuated, so that now money is worth twice ns much as it was last year, or w hat is the same, flour is worth only half as much ns it was last year. When B comes to get his $ 100 A de munds of him twice as much as he did lust year, that is, he demands of him four burrels of flour instead of two, us he did last year. He shows B the justice of his d, muuds, and B pays him four barrels accordingly. B is now gone and C enters for his $100. Having just received twice as much interest from B, A naturally expects the same at the hands of C so he demands at his hands (20 interest. Of course C is astonished, and demands an explanation. A shows him thst money is worth twice as much now ss it was last year, and shows him that B has just paid him four barrels of flour instead of two. C reasons thus, If money is worth twice as much as il was last year, my money has increased in value as well as yours. If your money is worth twice as much as il was last year, my money, from the very same reasocs, ought to be worth twice as much ulso. He then shows A that although B had paid him twice ai much at one time us ut the oilier, yet regard ed as money, he hud in fact paid the same ut each lime. At one lime he gave two bar rels of flour at $5 per barrel, and at the other he gave four burrels ut $2 60 per barrel, so in either case he had only paid $10. Rather, then, than pay more himself, he proposes to buy four barrels of flour, which he can do with 10, and pay as B hud done. But by this lime A has seen both sides of the case, nnd accepts the $10. We have suid enough to put the render upon his Inquiry where he will not fail to see the wisdom of the Usury laiws. What we mean to conclude from the above is, that con sidered in regard to supply and demand, the interest upon money ought to be the same at all times, and that the interest upon money being paid in kind constitutes a grand uxeep- tion to a general rule. Risk and other ex traneous matters litis not been taken into nc couut because it is foreign to the merits ol the cuse. G. -3Flt is slated that lh quantity of land open to pre-omption in Kalis .8 is sufficient to accommodate 15,000 families or hull's mil lion of individuals. Jt embraces an area of 126,253 square milts twice us large ss Vir ginia, three limes us lurge us Ohio, and four teen times as large ss Massachusetts. There is room enough, therefore, for half a million ot independent quarter-section squutters, wilh pre-emption lo fine lands, at the min imum price of a dollur and a quarter an acre, 3fThe other day a Jew was quizzing an Irishman, and kept at him until he was some what aggravated, when, turning round, he tartly remarked: "Yea, dom yer sowl, if it hadn't been for the likes of yees, the Saviour would a bin a live now, and doin' wall." Tub Last Catch. An exchange soya: "A company of solored singers, alaves, are about to sing for their freedom through the Northern ataiea starting ol course Irom jusssacnusetva, TRUE EDUCATION. " "My son shall be educated!" says the proud father; "whatever masters can leach, he shall know." The father conceives education to be certain quantity of ideas Imparted lo the child. This quantity is poured into his mind. A part of it ia absorbed, and retained till pressure forces it out sgsin. This filling of the mind with dst.s, events, and theories is not education. Education, development growth from Irt'Min demands motive power within the individual to be de veloped; and according ss this is trained to act of itself, or to substitute therefore the re sult uf others' labor, will be the kind of de velopment, andus a consiquence, the amount of available knowledge possessed. The habit of depending on written words and oral explanations for the general ideas and thedeluilsof knewlirlge acquired is easi ly learned; and as easily mnv the mind be lead to use, itself, the elef'i.jits af knowledge for Its own enlargement and strength. For this, neither large means nnr high schools ate Indispensable. The style of education, the manner of growth, is determined in the common school. There the morals and the manners the outline of the Inward and out ward of the Tulure individual are projected, Nor is the sense of hearing the principal medium through which education influences uct on the pupil. His eyes studies gestures, takes lessons and drnws inferences from the expression of every muscle of (he face; there are educating influences. The teacher's ad dress and moral bearing, as well as his men tal habitudes, are adopted with as much read iness ns is the style of a new garment. What care, then, is necessary in selecting the model on which the minds and spirits of our chil dren lire formed! The teacher should be just what we wish the children to become. A well-assorted union of qualities in the character of n teacher of children is more in dispensible than for any oilier relation ex cept that of parents. Wilh purity of soul must be blended gentleness and firmness, el evated sentiment and dignity of deportment; a love ot children and of his duties must win their love nnd confidence; to them he is a pattern. Pertevt muster of all he tenches, he should so teach il that the effort of nc- quiiing li.JI come from the pupiVs mind, and the ideas it awakens spring spontaneously from the unsound, d depths of the pupil's deepest nuture. This is education. 5gr""In commenting upon the genernl or ders, removing General Iluruey from Florida, the Peninsular Suva: One year's active operations lias enabled nuriirmy to drive the Seminole from his last hiding place. I heir crops have been destroy ed, and one or two months more active ope rations, would settle this wur for all time. w tin uenerni Hartley in the Held, our farmers feel' measurably secure, and uiunv have planted crops. We now four that Uillv will reap nur harvest, lie is not so ignorant hill thai he will claim this as another victory. He said, w hen la-t in Tampa, that he hud w hipped General Taylor nnd General Scott, and will now claim to have whipped General iiurnuv. Hff" F.uiny Fern thinks it provoking for a woman who has been working all day mend ing her husband s old coal, to find a love letter from another woman in the pocket oi il. Funny has said some good things, and great many foolish ones. The above is be tween the two. No wumun who treats her husband as a good wife should who, by her gentleness snd good behavior, wins his love, need ever fear finding a love-letter from any other woman, In his pocket. Home is ss the wife mukes it. Muny a husband is driven by a termagant wife to seek for pleasure away from home failing there to be soothed by uflcction, he must sek for it elsewhere. Cold Comfort. A passenger on board a ship bound for California, who had been sea sick ull the wuy out lo the line, one day went tu the doctor in a snd, supplicating tone, and accosted him with : "Doctor, csn vou tell me what I shsll be good for when I get to Sun Francisco, if keep on III this way I " Tell you! to be sure I can. Yeu're just the man lo begin a graveyard Willi. ' Our Cold Winter. On the 8th of last January, wheu we were suffering from the intense, cold, Bayard Taylor was passing through Kengis, on his road to Muonivuru, in Lapland, und sixty-eight degrees north latitude, with the thermometer twenty-live degrees above zero. The next day, howuv er, it was down to forty-four degress below and he rode seveuteeu hours exposed to such a temperature. 1-jfThe Kansas City Enterprise, of the 2d instant, learns, by a mountaineer from the plains, that the (.'huvenucs are concentrating at the head waters ol Republican Fork, with a delerminutiou lo attack the troops. They made overtures lo the niox lor assist- unee, but the hitler a, culled. I ne I liayen nes have a Urge supply of arms aud suiinu llltloll. A terrible battle was fought st Peiinant'i Peak, between Ihe Snake and Blue.kleet In diuns, In which twenty-seven of the latter were killed. The St. Louis Republican publishes Stan ton's reply to the citizens of Lawrence. He sny thai he can do nothing w hicll denies the authority uf Ihe Terriloriul laws respect it g the Judges' election. He hopes the Probate Judges will appoint one Republican and one Democrat iu lavor uf a slave Slate. W A worthy family in Montgomery t Alu., have been disturbed for some lime past by uneurlhly noises duiing the night watches which eluded their search. At length tho head of the luiuse made diligent search for the ghost, and upon an examination of his cellar, unearthed him in the person of a runa way slave who fuund repose there from all his sorrows. He would have been safe from arrest If lie had net anored louder than waa prudent for aoonoealed ghost. Thi Thief at Confession. Wa cut the following, says the Baltimore Clipper, from one of our daily papers: "The Rev. Tliomss Foley has returned within the psat two weeke not less than $240 to different merchants and storekeepers on Baltimore street as having been defrsnd-d or the same one firm, that of Messrs. llsig Si Bro., receiving $60 all of which was obtain, ed through the medium of the confessional. Such esses ss Ibis are constantly occurring In the experience of Mr. Foley." The writer list mads a sad comment on the people that go to confession to Mr. Foley, when he says that, "Such cases as this are constantly occurring In the experience of Mr. Foley," and mikes wnful havoc of Mr. Foley under the principle that "the receiver is as bad as the thief." If Mr. Foley is in the constant habit of conniving at theft in his congregation, snd absolving men who accord ing to our law should be in the penitentiary, it argues with terrific force, 1. The Power of the Priest; 3. The immorality of the system which will thus virtually encourage theft, provided only thai the thief cornea and con fesses to a priest, who makes merit of restor ing the stolen money to the individual from whom il is avowedly stolen. It is truly a serious question in a commu nity of laws and equal rights for nn) man nr men to be conniving at theft, but it is a most horrible tiling to think of, that men pretend ing to und claiming the position of the only ministers of religion, shall be in the constunt li ubit of encouraging men in stealing from their neighbors. We often have had our doubts sbout these moneys s nd to have keen received at confes sion. Thieves sre not so easily cuu-'ht even by Priests at confession, but a thief who is a Papist, must have a dreadful terror of the power of his Priest, who will confess to such in set. Our country has had remarkable exhibi tions of higher acts than Mr. Foley's. Priests have been wont to go to the cell of the most desperate murdcrer,cnnfess him, absolve him, send him to Hcsven, whilu the murderer died declaring must emphatically, what ever) body believed to be a lie. If the Priest did receive a confession of the truth, he then knew that his penitent was lying lo the world, snd yet lie pardoned him, know ing that he was a mur derer and a liar. M r. Foley's practice has run with a greut number of thieves, who are "con Bluntly" stealing, constantly confessing, of course constantly pardoned byjiim, constant ly encouraged. We can't advise others to "go and do likewise." We hope for the reputa tion of the people nt the confessional that Mr. Foley's friend hus overruled his powers and his penitents. So it is. If we die tu day the sun will shine us brightly und the birds will sing us sweetly to morrow, iiusin, ss will not lie suspended u moment, und the pri-nt mass will bestow u thought upon our memories. 'Is he dead! will he their solemn inquiry us thev pass to their work. But no one will mi-s us except our immediate connections. and Hi u short tune they will forget us and laugh ns when we sat beside iheiii. Thus ahull we all, now active in life, pass away. Our children will be gone. In u few veurs not n living being can say, 'I remember him.' We lived in another nge, and did business with those who slumber in the tomb. Thus is life. How rapidly it passes awuy. A Cincinnati House Stoiiy. The. Cin cinnati Enquirer says that a horse runaway w ith a dray iu that city on Saturday week and on reaching the corner of .Main and Co lumbia, snd meeting a horse und dray, cross ing to Columbia slreet, he tprang over the team, carrying icilh him his driver and dray in his fearful leap. This exlraordiuury feat was witnessed by a large number or people with unbounded astonishment The elfort required for this one dreudlul lesp hud the enect tu cheek the speed ot the terrmed Bu cephalus, su thst lie was shortly afterwards captured by some Jenus, who happened to be in ihe vicinity. fjf The new Constitution of Mexico de clares, in its second article, that all persons born in the Kepubnc ol the Alexic in United States are born free, and that all slaves touch ing Ihe Mexican territory, regain by that uct their liberty, and have a right to the piotec lion of the laws. Il further prohibits the government from entering into any treaty for extradition '. political off uders, or for delivering up any persons held ns sluvts in the country from which they flee, for any crime alleged against them in the country from w Inch they have escaped. This is to prevent fugitive slaves from being taken from me country under any charges ot pretended crimes. l-ff" On the 22d instant, the first nail was driven by the President of ihe Alabama and Florida railroad, aiul the first car was put upon the truck. The Montgomery Ad vertiser was assured that thirty-five miles would be completed, nnd in running order, by tf first uf buvember next, and by July. 1859, the louueutioo would be made with I'ensacula. A Waif. The following scrap, written in English hieroglyphics, was picked up ac cording to the New York Tribune on Ihe floor which the United States Medical Con vention had occupied, during its session in New York : "Pliny informs us that Rome was five hun dred years without physicians Her rulers forbade the practice of medicine and banished its professors. It is stated that ihe health ol Rome wus never better than duriug that period." ftjr- A fire occurred at Apulochicola on the 23rd of April, which destroyed the Advertiser office, Post-office, and 2,500 bulea of eutton. I he loss is estimated at 1 200,000. Insurance (1166,000. A storm in southern Mississippi, on the 29lh ull.. did great damage. The weather has been bad throughout the South. -ff Mrs. Elizubeth (ioddizen, who resi ded on the North Fork, in Hardy county Vs.. died a few days since, having reached Ihe extraordinary age of one hundred and eigh teen years. 0-An African Church in Augusta, Ga., recently subscribed (218 for ths relief 0f their frm brethren lo Liberia. The Mormon Priesthood. Ths Mormon Priesthood h a consolidated system of po lice, compound from Ihe old Anroulc, Levit icnl, Melchesideck priesthoods, and ia known by Ihe name of "The Church of the Latter Day Saints of Jesus Christ." Brigham Young la the Prophet, Priest and King of the Snints. His will Is Is; be is the vicege rent ot God, deriving authority directly from Him, which ia absolute whenever he aaya, "this ssilli the Lord." Brighsm stsnds up on the shoulders of his two councillors; they stand upon the shoulders .of the other ten apostles; they stand upon' the shoulders of the high priests; they stand upon the should ers of the bishops; they stand upon the shoulders of Ihe captains of fifties and sev enties; they stsnd upon the shoulders of the lay-members of the church; they stand npon the shoulders of the lubnuriiif masses who till the soil, which supports the people, ! r rom ins lowering liiyhi, . Urighain Issues forth his edicts to the people, snd wilh the scorpion lash of his serpent tongue he lashes every one beneath him into silence. "No one was ever known to dissent from his will." The entire fraternity is bound togeth er by oaths the most solemn to support the churches, nnd man, woman and child is con. sidered u police officer, always on duty, and re quired lo report lo the head whenever any thing of sufficient interest occurs to justify it. 1 hb Object cr the. Church. From this you will not fail to perceive that the church farm is but a closely compuct syetem of pe lice, having a head from which il derives ull power, and a body forming a nucleus around which are gathering the ignorant, the super s'.ilious, the bigol, the outlaw, and the disaf fected of all countries in the world, under Ihe wings of the angel of the lust diss;nsatiun, However deluded the great masses of ther followers may be, the leaders ore nnt delud ed, but sre knaves from choice, willfully misleading the masses for the purpose of ob taining snd wielding power, boldly predict' ing the overthrow of Ihe Republic, when they will resume the reins of Government and proclaim Murnionisiii to the benighted nations of iho world. l-r"A son of a farmer living in Hunt ington county, I'a., visited Philadelphia re ceiilly to "try his fortune." There ho fell in with several youths of a not exemplary diameter, with whose aid ha soon reduced himself to a state of "penuilessness." lr. or der to raise some funds from his father, he w-rote a letter to that personage, informing him that he had drawn a prize of $35,000 in a lottery, but in order to get it he must first pay lawyers' fees, etc., lo the amount of $400. Father Sent nlmiL' the $4110, waited a few weeks for the i 35 0(10: found that he was sold; went tu Philadelphia, tearing his hair, lo search lor his sou; but H was uo go, The promising youth was rum est . . , t-if Very poetical, very pretty, and very philosophies! Utile following, which we cli from a clever, essay-like column in the Chi cugn Journal: t ' "If n man dio, shall be live again!" And once n veur huve the daisies answered it, and 'spring s little infant' given its fragrant testi mony; and every duv, has the morning testifi ed, and yet the wond is murmuring stillif u man die, shall he live again)'" How to Select a Wife. When a young wnuian, w hile in the net of sweeping, ap proaches you with kind words and gracious looks, and politely requests you to move, for she wants to sweep where you are sitting, depend iipor.1t, she is the girl you want, su fur, certainly, as temper is concerned; for never is a Woman so petulant, su domineer ing, ss when she hss a broom iu her hund, except it is when she has a mop. A Gooo Law. 'The Legislature of Ohio have passed a law prohibiting the killing of game between March and September, and have besides forbid, under severe penally, the killing of singing birds at any season uf the year. l-ff A man had a sign up, "cheap ladies" shoes for sale here. He found that not a lady eutered his store. No wonder the Iu. dies dont like to be culled cheap they want to be called dear. Sf.llino a Man at Auction in Illinois. The Slier ff of St. Clair county advertises a negru man tor sale at public auction, he being guilty of the "high misdemeanor" of having come into the State of Illinois and remaining there for ten days, for which ntt'onco he was lined $50, ns provided by the B ack Ijiw of 1363, und in default of paying w hich fine, the Mientt ol the county in which he was found is directed to sell liiui to auy body willing to pay the 5U. Valuable Discovert. The New Orlenns papers notice the discovery of rich coul beds on the Ouachita river, at a point accessible at ull times by boats, und uf sufficient exteut lo supply the market with twenty millions uf Ions a year. It ia called by those who made the dis covery a southern cauusl coal, but it ia not properly a Coal. Anothik Rf.hf.pt. l.i-ut. Maury, con tinuing In the Rural New Yorker, his remarks on the planting nt sun-lfowersus a preventive of chills nnd levers iu lu irshy districts, sug gests that water lilies planted in murshes would hsve a similar beneficial effect. (tfr At a church in Southw.uk, there was a christening. After the cereuiouy.cnd w hilst the nun later was making out the certificate, he happened to say, "Lei me s e, this is the 3Utht" "Tliirlietii!"excluiiin d the indignant mother, "indeed, it is only the thirteenth!" The minister was alluding to the day of Ihe mouth. Double Whistler. A Murysville paper ssys there ia a hemp merchant in Sutton street, in that place, who possesses "the sin gular and beautiful" faculty of whistling two pails of a tune ut once. Ilia windpipe must be a decided curiosity I fjtT The Austrian General who had the command of the troops in Bologna ia dead, The immediate eauae of his deulh was a bun. dred oysters, of Ihe largest aixe, which ho als at a sitting. ' T A correspondent of the New Yerk t Journal of Commerce, writing from Beirut, Syria, spsaking of the weather in the East, aaya: '- , A winter like the past, ai othera aseert, hss not been known in Syria snd Palestine ror thirty years. Usually It la so mua aa well as abort, rrarsonnlpd with freOUSDt dssbing shower an occasional atorms of rain, nnd then clearing up with an ouioom ot the san, snd a cool air, while the process of nature still goes on in foliage snd flowers, that it is a period of delicious existence on the plains, though there is more or less of discomfort in the elevated mountain villages. The supply of rain for the whole year com- ina-in thu winter, it must necessuiilv corns copiously and steadily to reuch the wsr.taof the earth, w hose harvests are determined oy the amounts of this only manuring which it hss received since It was hrsl cultivated Striking to the lowest depth of tne soil, ths' roots follow after il wilh a certain intelligent instinct, elongating their arms nnd sending down their threads to incredible distances, till they reach the food on which Ilia plant and trees are to live; or else collected and preserved In vast subterranean reservoirs abounding in this lime-stone formation, it comes gushing forth in fountains w hich show It i tie variation even in the holiest months of summer. The people, therefore, pray fur ruin as they pray for bread, only conditioning that it may not come in summer, w hen it injures the silk nnd some other crops. The present winter, however, they hsr been more thsn satisfied: for "the windows of heaven" being opened the first week in December, have hardly been closed since. For full six weeks there was nn almost unin terrupted storm, the torrents pouring down by dy and by night, nr if ceasing for a while, it seemed only to recuperate their forces by s little rest, snd then come with new power. The w ind, also, was ut times fear In1, rocking even the stone houses so ns to iihirm the occupants, while tiie waves rose, and curled, and dashed against the shore wilh the impet us, the nudacity, nnd determination of the seiried ranks of un urn. v. A Drunkf.n Statf.. It happened some years ago, in one of the nor'liern counties of Vermont that the then Stale's attorney, though n man of great legal ubiilty, was rather too fond of Hie "critter," and with a perver sity ol'hubil, which we huve often seeu in others was pretty sure todriuk toodeep ut ths very time w hen it w ns most necessary that he should be sober. On one occasion, an important criminal csso was culled by ths cl-rk, bu'. the attorney, nilhuwl-like gravity, kept his chsir, being, in fact not uble tu stand on his feet. "Mr. Attorney, is the Stole ready to pro ceed?" said the judge. 'i us hie no, your honor, stammered the lawyer, "the Slate hie is not in a state to try this case tu-duy the Slute, your lion- is drunk! $T Dr. Hiram Cox, chemical inspector of alcoholic liquors in Cineinnsti, states, in an addi-es. to his fellow-eilizeus, that during tsro years he has r-iade '240 inspection, of various kinds of liquors, snd hss found more tbsn nine teuths uf them iuiitslluus, sud a great riui-tiou ofiliem poisonous concoctions Of rtnirtyTi'&"tlues not believe there is one gsl Inn of" pure in s hiindi-.d gallons, the iniits tion. lisving corn hirkey lor a basis, sad va rious poisonous acid, fnr condiments. Of wines not s gallon in a thousand, put-poiting to he sherry, port, sweet Malaga, ilo , is pure, hut they are made of water, sulphuric acid. alum, liuinea pepper, horse-radish, Ac, and many of llieiu without any alcoholic spirit. lr. Cox warrants tiiere uro not ten gallons of port wine in Ciiicinnuti. In his iuspectione of whiskey he found only from 17 lo 20 per cent, of alcoholic spirit, when it should have 45 to fill, und luniu of it contains suiphurio acid enough in a quart to eat a bole through a man's etotouch. ".Mi9PLACi.D llKNtvoLEscF. Duvid Hunt, of Mississippi, has given a donation of twenty-five thousand doll irs to the Colonization Society. Mr, Hunt has previously thrown away money in that direction. Thrown it uwuy, hee-iuse the few negroes who are sent out to Liberia quickly relapse into a state of barbarism. Further, nearly alt the money donated to the Colonization Society ie used up ill salaries to a set uf fellows who live by the contributions of benevolently disposed people, in printing documents which nobody reads, und other incidental expenses. The Colonization Society is one of the colossal humbugs of the age." .V. I". Herald. Giving Life to thk Dfskht. The French are engaged in a good woik in Algeria, which will make their conquest u benefit to that country. They are sinking artesian wells in the desert pr -bably for tlieirowu convenience; but the benefits must be geucral. The well of Teuiacih gave 120 quarts the minute; others more; the Arabs were frsnlic with joy iu seeing fertility at once restored to their grounds. Speeches of the most grateful acknowledgment wero addressed by ths chiefs of tribes to the French officers and engineers. The Riuiits of Woman. The following may be udduced us just u few of the priv ileged rights of woman, tu wit: A gentle man's right arm, the right hund side ot a carriage, uud always the right side of un ar gument. An Item fur the Ow-ntHs of llot.ats. A gentleman writing to the American Agri culturist, states that he thoroughly cured a hue young mare, mulcted witti the heaves, hy feeding her on cornstalks, uud thnt tj.e en case never relumed. The writer quous Judge Uuel's opinion ns to cornstalks beiog a remedy, that dialini'iiiohcd ugticulturutist huviuo had a horse afibcled w lh that utsor- der, which disappeared after being so fed. r" The Chicago Press of Vnnd.iy says: A dangerous counterfeit has m:o'.e its ap pearance lives on Hie "Hank ot IrfiUisvule;" vignette, portrait of Millard fll'niore. Fc mule on each end. 'The die work looks well,' hat the faces ure badly executed. A magni fying glass will show Hint the ludy on ths left Tins DO Hose. Superstition. 'The people along Barber's Run, in Jefferson -Co , Ohio, are greatly exci ted. 'The sound of a man sharpening a saw has been heard nt a point ou the run, niht alter night. When Ihe peopis approach to investigate tho mutter, the sounds cease, but commence again on their retiring. Many years ago a saw-null owner was murdered near the spot, and the ciiixens ot the place affirm that his disembodied spirit has returned Iu earth on some especial errand. HffWhy uhuuld potatoes grow better than any other vegetable! Because they have got eyes to see what Ihey sre doing fact. trUf That wua a w ise nigger, w ho In spea king of the happiness of married people, said, "Dal a' peod altogeddsc bow dej snjqs; themselves."