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a. P. I VI.N8, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Trrra 8 tl a Jar, payable is advance, or 4t tb -Miration f me Far. W So papr diacuntinued nntil all arrearages are paid, etcrpl at the option af the Publisher. Announeint diuc of eaniiulalea for office Caah. Obituary Notices orer 12 Uiiea, charged at the regular advertising rates. All communications Intended to promote the private ands or interrs of Corporation!, Societies, School or ndiridaals, will be charged aa adrartisementa. FOR GOTFRNOR, r : HODErtT ZZAfTON, e wiuo. ATHENS, IIIID1V. MAY 2t, idST. tW We are authorised and reqneatad to annoonca the name of Col. A. J. D01))N ai a candidate W rep reaent McMino county in the lower branch of the neit Legislature. Mr We are authorized and requested to announce theaameof JDSIAII I. WRIGHT, aa a eandtalate for Peaator, from the District composed of theeountiee of Monroe, McMion, Nelga and Polk. VW Wi are anthorited and requested to announce JOHN H D0B80N, of Polk, as a candidate for Joint Represeotatira for Meigs, McMinn and row. - fW We are authorised and requested to announce JO. R. WARE as an independent candidate for Joint Representative from the counties of Polk, Meigs and McMinn. Lecture. Prof. Gierlow' Lecture at Forest Hill Academy, this (Friday) evening will be: "The Spiritual in the Material Virginia. -The election in Virginia, for Congressmen and the Legislature, took place on the 28 th;. Death or Judos Butler. The Augusts Despatch, of the 2Cth, brings Intelligence of the donth of Senator Duller, of Sonth Cnro Una. lie died at his residence in Edgefield, on the night of the 25th, of dropsy- HT" We learn thnt R. P. Lotd, of Bled. aos, is a enndidnte for Joint Representative In the district r-mposed of the counties of Hamilton, Rhea, and Bledsoe, with fair pros pects of success. Mr. Spears is the demo. critic candidate. F A friend has sent in an interesting account of the May-day celebration by Mrs. Cooke's School. We regret that a presa of other matter has crowded it out. Several other contributions are crowded over this week. Second District. We learn that Horace Matiurd has received the nomination for Congress in the Second District. The Assessor Law Mb, Hatton. We find the following paragraph in the last Leb anon Herald, published at Mr. Hatton'a home: "We have received several letters of late from different section, enquiring of as as to the position of Mr. Ilatton, onr candidate for Governor, on the Assessor Iiw, parsed at the last session of the legislature. For the Information of those who may desire to be informed upon the subject, we will here state thnt Mr. Mntton, although satisfied the object of the enactment was a good one, still, he is equally well satisfied that the law has failed to work well, and is, in many respects, ob jectionable. If elected Governor we feel au thorized to aay from our knowledge of his views upon the subject that he would re commend lis repeal." John Bell. To read the democratic pa pers one would readily suppose that "John Bell" was to bo the only issue in the ap proaching Stnto canvass. The whole gang, from the big dog at Nashville to the veriest village cur that wears the collar, la yelping at his heel. Tray, Blanche, Sweetheart, lit tie dogs and all, see how they bark at him. His name makes up the staple of the opintic leaders of the Nashville Union, and even the Chattanooga Advertiser occasionally finds leisure from its laborious researches into the Journals of the last Legislature, to indite a aoporifie paragraph about the Statesman who stands, in the estimation of all honorable and fair men, among the foremost in the na tion. In respect to Col. Bell, the democratic press of Tennessee at this time occupy the parallel of a crowd of silly children squirting dirty water at the sun. It is to be hoped the veteran Statesman will not be extinguished by the muddy deluge. Sl'LPIIIIR SrHINOs, Kuia county. We pub lish in another column a communication from our fellow-townsman, W. T. Blsckwell, Esq., in reference to Khea Sulphur Springs. All who have tented t Item agree in having de rived great benefit from the use of the waters. Tiny will be open for the reception of visi tors on Holiday, lBth June. (jLENMore Mills. We paid a visit on Monday last, to Gljnmore Mills, erectod by Messrs. Keilh and Zimmerman, two miles South of Athens, on Eastannllee creek. The Flouring Mill litis recently been put in opera tion and la working splendidly, turning out better article of flour and more pound to the bushel of grain, than any mill we know of in this country. The seat Is an excellent one, affording a heavy head of water. The machinery combines the latest improvements, and runs as smooth and regular aa clock work, and free from the cumbrous wearing motion of most of mills. The castings were made at the Athens Foundry, and the work done by and put up under the superinten dence of Mr. F. M. Kilgore, of this place, who, if he had never turned out any other job, the one at Glunmore would 'establish his reputation as a master mechanic. We always notice with pleasure Improve ments of the kind, as East Tennessee has been losing 25 per cent at least of its wheat crop every year by exporting the grain in. aleai of having it manufactured kto good merchantable flour. In this view alone, the machinory recently erected nt Glcnmore will be of grunt public benefit, and commends the enterprise of llio owners to the imitation of otheis. Whenever our neighbors South soe an article of Flour lu their markets with the Glenmore brand they may be assured that it Is of a superior quality, as the miller, Mr, Alcxnnder Turner, turns out a No. I article and no other sort. Stawdriirieb and Cream. A dish of largo and delicious strawberries, from the garden of Col. Ixm'itr, was placed on our table, a few days since, by the direction of his kiud and amiable bettor half. No one can mors highly appreciate such favors than our aelf. Strawberries and Cream! At the conclu sion of such a rich repast it is appropriate to "return thank." Tenntue Former and Mechanic--May Dumber of this valuable agricultural work to band. . 12,00 year, io advance L. P. Wil liams, Nashville. ' l-JTCol. Jno, K. Howard decline the nomination for Congress on the Democratic ticket in the Fifth District, He give th beat of reasons for pursuing this course. THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. In giving place to th communications be low, calling on Jas. B. Cooke, Esq., of this place, to become candidate for Congress, it is proper to state that w are in the receipt of letters from almost every county in the District urging us to announce Ms name, and we have only been deterred from pub lishing them by a knowledge of the fact that he had no inclination or yearning for the po sition; and that if he took it, although the chances of success were decidedly good, it would be at the sacrifice of his professional and business interests, which be could illy fiord to make. But In view of the very general expression in his favor, and h al most unanimous desire thst he shsll be come a candidate without th formality of a nomination by Convention, w eannot well see how Mr. Cooke ean still decline to yield to the wishes of his many friends in differ ent portions of the District and refuse them the use of his nam and bis energies and abilities in the canvass. It is now but about ten weeks till the election, and we hope he will re-consider the aubject and let the peopl hear from him at the earliest hour possible. From the Chattanooga (raaette.l Mr. Editor Oar friends of the opposition seem to be tokinif ouile a lively interest in the candidates oj our party, and as a mntler of favor to them w think that distinguished leader in the Democrat-! Church, Col. Sam A. Smith, should not be permitted to make the race alone. The Sag Niclit press and speakers have all along predicted the ron and dismemberment- of our party and finally they have heralded its death to the world na a fixed fact. Yet we believe it has sufficient recuperative energy to come, even from the grave and give the dry bone of democracy a shaking, such as will strike terror to th hearts of its most sanguine friends. For the coming struggle wo know of no fitter gla. diator to grapple with democracy and rest from its hands the aceptre of its power in the 3d District, than Jas. B. Cooke, Esq., of Mc Minn county. Mr. Cooke is a lawyer ofabiii tv, a man of unblemished moral character, and is deservedly one of the most popular men in this section or &ast i enncsses. We have recently had interviews with gen tlemen of prominence from Rhea county und from Sequatchie, and from those quarters we hear but one Voice, and thai is Uurch Luoke is the man for this crisis. If Mr. Cooke will consent to run he will doubtless receive the heartv support of every American in this District, and the suffragea of many honest Democrat who know and appreciate his merits. We speak by the card when we soy no may count certainly on the county or Hamilton. For the Post. Pikeville, May 13, 1857. Mr. Editor: The Americans and old line Whigs at least those of them who have not thrown themselves, body and breeches, into the arms of the Democracy are certain ly entitled to a candidate for Congress in this district it is true we are in a minority: but does the good christian give over fighting the devil because the odds are against him? Verily, no. On the contrary, he tights with more energy snd perseverance and generally aucceeds after awhile, either in vanquishing his enemies entirely or in winning them over to his side. So with us we are at the bot tom of the wheel now, but that is exactly Jhe place to rise from; and If we but work earnestly and fuithfully, all together, we II make the "turn" as certain ns w hat goes up muxt come down. . So let us have candi dates. We have got the materials let us "work thern up" We most have officers no army can fight successfully without lead era, and we are going forth to do battle for the great pnnciples of American freedom. toward off the blowa struck by our mistaken brothers, and to guard our inner sanctuary from ruthless hands. Let lis show full front then; and to begin, let us choose onr second in command. 'Our first Is at the head of the regiment. let us have candidate for Congress. No need of n Convention so if nil nre willing, let McMinn's favorite son and as for that, our favorite too come for ward and nnnounc himself. We are for you, Iiurch Cooke. Ijird on your armor, nni take your place at the head of the column. Hi AWT rntF.Noa in uledsoe. The Chattanooga ' Advertiser has again been diving into the House Journal of last session in search of Col. Ilatton, and at the rate it is going an we are afraid it will ruin that gentleman's chancea of an election entirely. A few weeks ago the Advertiser man censured the American nominee because he had voted against the establishment of a Criminal Court at Chattanooga a tribunal for which there can be no sort of use in thst well-ordered and highly cultivated commu mty. Huving been picked up on that, he now discovers, afteranother week's laborious investigation, thnt Mr. Ilatton voted for Moso White's transfer bill. Suppose he did what then? So did a doxrn other gentle men, out of compliment to Mr. White, who knew the bill could not pass, and who would have voted against it had such a course been necessary to secure its defeat. We were fully posted in regard to the position of every member of the House on that bill some time befoi it received its quietus. There were not more than a short half dozen men in the Legislature who seriously thought of its patsago into a law, and there was no outside pressure fur it, except what little those two distinguished democratic institutions, Col. Churchwell and the Nashville Union and American, could bring to bear. The Adver tiser man threaten to publish what we aaid about the transfer bill and those who advo- cated its passage. We commend him to do io we shall be gratified to see our articles on the subject in his column even at this late day, although wo believe he maintained a masterly silence on the subject while the bill was before the Legislature. Indeed, oc casional extracts from the Foot into the Ad vertiser would add to the interest of the latter, aa a little truth would supply a deficiency ap parent in almost every number and contribute to make up a variety which it oolumus sel dom possess. For the present, friend Cooper, allow ua to call your attention to an impor tant condition of th science of posture, which you have unfortunately overlooked, namely: that in diving yonr head Into the Journals in search of capital against' the American nominee, you have made another prominent feature of your person ludicrously conspicuous to th public A'intyou afraid of being indicted at th next term of the Criminal Court for such indecent exposure of yourself? The Comet. Th latest despatch from th celestial stranger whose promised ap pearance has created so much purturbatioo in th public mind, asserts that it will Lc long on . th 16th June, proximo; and thai there will be co postponement on account of th weather. THE LAND ISSUE WHAT SAY THE PEOPLE? It I clearly the intention of th new Western States, (says the Memphis Enquirer) to absorb the public lends. They have boasted that the time w ill come when the power to accomplish this end will psss into their hands. A bother census will probably do the work. The immense tide of foreign emigration sets in that direction, snd will be counted in making the next apportionment Unless the old States unite and maintain their unquestionable right to ahare in th division of the public property, and do it presently, they will be over reached and ex eluded. There is no time to lose no time for division. We ask our candidates to look to this question and put it to the people. The Democratic masses in this State, lik those in Virginia, will, under the instruction of the leaders, array themselves on the side, snd the cause of th new States. How? Not perhaps by voting directly for a diatinc tive proposition to give them sll the public lands that lie within their boundaries, but by putting themselves against, and defentin, any proposition looking to an equitable di vision of them or their proceeds among all the States. And while this contest is pro. greasing among those of the landless Slates who are for distribution, snd those who are against, the great landed West united in all the strength of its advancing might united over the fore of any Democratic, Whig, or American ties united in the strongest bond of brotherhood that ever linked men togeth er on earth the brotherhood of dollars and cents of empire will usurp and absorb the common Territories of the Union. The new Slates of the West claim the West as theirs. They are not content to restrict their de mands to the possession of the public prop. erty that lies within their boundaries, bu they lay out new territories, people them, bring them into the Union, and thus con. qocr. Before one new State is thickly peo pled, another invites a division of her pop ulation. The question for the people of the land less Stales to decide is, not whether they are for or against the principle of diatribiition whether it is Democratic or not bu w hether the new States are entitled to, and shall possess, all the vast Government do mains in the West Outofthe West, nnti distribution ia Democratic. In the West ab sorption is Democratic, or is a ten-fold stronger sentiment than Democracy. Is not more fair more just that the old States should have tome of the public lands, than that the new States should have them al It Why cannot the old Slates have their pro portion? What is the impediment? Democ racy will not consent Democracy is the impediment . The Democratic States of the South will not demand will not accept their rightful share of the common property thus passing into the possession of th new States of the West. What say the people? The Comet. A correspondent of the Connersville Times, thinking it not impossv. ble that the comet may be open to persua sion, addresses it thus in a recent letter: . "What's he gut against us? What - have we done that lie should, directly or indirect ly, in bis Wondering Jew style of pirnmbu lating, trespass on our premises, and frighten Mr. Buchanan people out of their sense? Why can't he pitch into one of his own size? say a North Kiver steamboat, or lash his elongated fierv narrative against the seven wonders of the world, and let us alone! Mr. Comet what is the use of acting in this way? Go along about your business. We are nut ready to go yet, and if we were, we are not so ubsent m.ndiil as to forget to ask Gabriel to blow his horn. You know there's plenty of other planets. Why are you fool- lu round here lor? Goto the Arctic regiona and melt th'ngs, that Yankee enterprise may find Sir John Franklin without losing 'pride of soil.' Go to Jupiter go home go to ! you old insinuating, good for nothing, dilu lory, slothful, negligent, elongated, astron omical out-of-the-wuy municipal wanderer! Where s your eyes? Lan t you see us? I'o you want to run over a bod vj Now, Mr. Comet, don t! The Sonora Filibusters. Henry A Crubbe, the leader of th Sonora filibusters who have lately all been ahot by th Mex ican authorities, waa a prominent candidate for U. S. Senator from California last winter, Col. R. N. Wood, formerly of Mississippi, and last year Presidential elector in Califor nia, was, it is supposed, with the expedition when it was captured. TA New York letter say the liquor dealers of that city are jubilant over th fact that out of all th six thousand persons sell ing grog, not on has yet applied for li cense, aa the law requires. 1 he commis sioners will at once commence prosecuting, but every step of that kind will be met by the liquor dealers in the courts. Everything now adavs says th writer, goes to "the courts." Every body is studying "the law,' "the constitution," "the bill of ' rights,' Magna Charto," and all that' f-ff M. McTcer haa assumed the edito rial management of the East Tennesseean, Mury ville. He is a ready and fore ble writer. IIolston Conference Female School. We are indebted to aome friend for a copy of "Catalogue of Holston Conference Fe male bchool, Asheville, North Carolina, for the term ending May, 1857. The School ap. peara to be in a flourishing condition. Num ber of pupils in attendance, 340. Prolific, Rather. A New Orleans paper says, on the 30th of April, a Mexican woman, at the capital, waa delivered of aeven male children at one birth. A pretty fair yield, considering the drouth. OCrThe Appletona have recently publish- ed the official report of the opinions of the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott case, hav ing purchased the privilege from the reporter of the Court They umke a volume of three hundred octavo pagt, which ia sold for fifty cent. A Washington lettor says thst on th 1st of July, the Post Office Department will put into operation entirely new transportation over twenty five States and Territories, at an ggregate cost of 3.1,481 of which 3J,- 413 ate for Kenlurkv, 03,391 for Indiana, and 83,323 for Tennessee. U"" Gen. Sam. Houston, of Texas, ha declared himself an independent candidate for Governor, and haa mad arrangement to oanvas th entire stole. FROM POLK. . Benton, Polk Co., TeniL, May 33, 1857. Mr. Editor: As yoo left Benton on last Tuesday evening, I have concluded to post yon up in reference to matters and thinga in general. Tom. Johnson was sentenced to th Penitentiary for sixteen years, for the murder of Finley Schick. Two brothers, by the Dam of Westmoreland, were sentenced lothe Penitentiary for two years, for stealing shorts. One gentleman waa fined fifty dollars and costs, in two cases, for being too fond of calico, ('or the same reason, a respectabl lady obtained a divorce from her husband. His Honor, Judge Gaut, divided the properly, and gave the children to their mother. That was right Another gentleman was fined fifty dollars, and broken of his commission aa Constable, for aiding and betting in gambling. Served him right In each case, the Judge gave the offenders the severest and most ap propriate lecture that I ever heard in a Court House. So you will see that his Honor has been doing a brisk business this week in dis posing of offender against the peace and dignity uf the State. There are a few more of the aume sort left, that will have to look sharp or thev w ill catch it Roughness being scarce, the Judge adjourned Court this eve ning, but disposed of all the business first, I believe. Jonas, a "gem'man of color," has become quite famous this week, in conse quence of huving slept with and hugged all the Lawyers, commencing with the biggest, and "Inking them in rotation." ' a writer in ine Cleveland isanner some time ago remarked thst he had only found "one isolated case," in w hich there waa oppo aition to their Contention to nominate candi. datea for the Sentte and Floater. Had the writer been present this week at Court, he could have found, not "one isolated case but hundreds, and goad democrats at that. No wonder that "Monroe," in the Post two weeks ago, attempts to reconcile the Democracy to (he nomination of Jo. Wright for the Senate. In this county,there is general opposition to Conventions, ind special opposition to the nominee for Floater, and the manner in w hich he was nominated. Polk county appointed twenty aeveo delegates to the Athens Con vention,sixof that number attended, and four of them rrnde the nomination ! What right had four men, of ordinary qualifications, to dictate to the freemen of Polk, Mc.Minn and .Meigs w.'iom they should support for Floater? "Monroe," in his article in the Post, insult ingly remarks that the "little legislation neces sary for the microtcopic counties of Meigs und Polk is perfectly insignificant, conipnied to the great interests of Monroe and McMinn.' Why is it that Polk and Meigs don't require as many and as wholesome laws aa McMinn nnd Monroe ; is n oecause ner citizens are more inielligent, moral and refined, and "are a law unto themselves?" "Monroe" should bew.ire how he taunts and underrates the "microscopic" counties of Polk and Meigs, for ttey cast four'fif'ths of the Democratic ma jority in this Floating district, and they can't be dictated to by Monroe "microscopic' Con- ventioua, or long Bob. of the Cleveland Ban ner, who has attempted to whip us into ranks in his paper of this week. Polk county is not sutinfied that four men shall dictate to her how she will cast her vote for Floater, and she can't be driven into ranks under such cir cumstances. Dr. Pendergross has a large number of warm and influential Democratic friends, who are anxious that he should take the race for Floater, and he can beat the "nominee" in Polk county. Polk is fairly en titled to the Floater this year, yet a lurge number of good Democrats will support Jo, Ware, of McMinn county, rather than submit to the action of the Convention under such degrading circumstances I The Cleveland Banner charges that the dissatisfaction ' in Polk is only a "Know Nothing trick," calls on the faithful to rally for the nominee, and says no good Democrat will oppose the nominee. If it is a know nothing trick, a majority of the county are know nothings, for I am confident a majority are opposed to the nominee. It has been charged that Ur. l'en dergras ia not a good Democrat, but io the language of Gen. G., a warm supporter of the nominee, Dr. Pendergrasa was "born, raised, and haa been all his life practically a genuine Democrat! I hop the Doctor will consent to take the race as an independent Polk county Democrat, and he can beat the nomi nee out of his boots. Anti-Convention. Washington, May 33. The number of appointments, particularly for Consulates continues io increase, nvery aay orings hither both individuals and letters strongly recommend. .tory for these offices. The President has declared to his friends thst the business greatly embarrassed him, particu larly as he cannot gratify one in ten of the npplieants. No doubt the appointments will be made graduallv, the President having the entire summer before him for that purpose. None will it is positively stuten, be summarily recalled, and the utmost delicacy will be ob served towards the present incumbents. This determinating has caused much disap pointment to those w ho anticipated an entire change during the ensuing month. New Orleans, May 33. The Caliawbn has arrived with IIavanadatesofl4th. Sugars continued firm. The Block in Havana and Matanzas consisted of 360,000 boxes. Mo lasses was active. The high prices had driv en speculators out of the market. The Ca hawba brings no other newa of importance. Detroit, Mav 33. Additional informa tion from the northern counties in this State fully confirm the previous accounts of des titution existing there. Contributions for the relief of sufferers, from this city and in terior, are being freely received and forwar ded by the executive committee of this city. Washington, May 35. It is reported that S. Jenkins, U. S. Consul at the Navigator's Islands has been arrested on the charge of pirncy for seizing and selling the cargo of the ship Eudora at Apia. fIlis aaid thnt General Heran, the Nicnragusn minister to this country, express es his belief that sll difficulties between the United State and Nicaragua nre susceptible of a peaceable adjustment. ' Washington. Mav 25. Dr. Charles O. Fraley, of the Interior Department, died this morning. Chicago, May 35. The mail from Terre Haute to Chicago, supposed to contain much money, was robbed at Mnltoon last week; the robbers are as vet undiscovered. I Jf Never wear a finer coat than the mer chant you owe for it, of tha tailor whom you av oot paid for the making. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. For th Post. Mr. T. 8. Sir: In answer to your inquiry through the Post of the ISth instant, allow we to say, upon the authority of the Consti tution of the 'Jnited States (Art 1st See. 8th,) thst the Legislature of the State of Tennessee, or any other State, bas no power to fix the standard of Weights sod Measures. This power is vested in Congress alone. In conformity to the Constitution, Congress long since fixed the standard of weights and mens ores. la doing this the Winchester bushel (of England) was adopted as the standard for dry measure. Tbs Winchester bushel meas ures 2150.42 euliio inches, and contains 77.6274 pounds (Avoirdupois) distilled water. No other measure for a bushel bas been re cognised as eorrect since 1836. The bushel is subdivided into 4 peeks, 8 gallons, 32 quarts or 64 pints. One gallon dry measure measures 268.8 cubio inches; one gallon liquid measure measures 231 cubic inches. Hence it will be perceived that the dry measure quart is larger and eoataina more than the liquid measure qusrt You can measure grain with liquid measure vessels about as well as yon can weigh sugar, coffee, Iron, Ac, with Troy weights, or Apothecaries weights. let, if you wish to confound the two meaa ures and gage the bushel with a liquid meas ure quart, the bushel will ctntain 87 quarts and 1.896 gills of this measure. In 1836 Congress directed the Secretary of the Treasury to cause a complete set of all the weight and measures adopted as stsndards to be delivered to the Governor of esch State in the Union, or to such person as he might appoint, for the use of the States respectively. Any county in the State may apply to the Governor of the State for a com plete set of these weights and measures, which will be furnished to such person si the county may appoint to receive them. . 1 know not whether MeMinn county has a set of stsndsrd weights snd measures or not, but any man can take Gunter's scale, or any oth er eorrect decimal measure, and gage his own half bushel. S. D. S. May 25th, 1857. Whmtlino. The man who don't believe In w histling, slioiiid go a step further, nhd nl a muzzle on bobolinks and mockintr birds. Whistling is n great iuslitotion. It oils the w heels of care, nnd xuiiplies the place of sun shine. A man w ho whistles has a good heart under Ins shirt front, bueh a man not oitly works more willingly than any other man. hut he works more constantly. A whistling cobbler will earn as much again money as n cordwair.er who gives way to low spirits and indigestion. Jlean or avaricious men never whistle. Who ever heard of u whistler among the sharp practitioners of Wall street ? We pans for an answer. The man who altacka whistling, throws a atone at hilarity, and would, it he could, rob June of its roses August of its meadow larks. Such a man should be looked to, Let him be looked to. Railroad Accidents. The train from No fti ville to Chntianooga on Sunday last. filled mostly with delegatea to Charleston, we learn, ran off the track, smashing op two cars, killing one man, dangerously wounding a second, and alightly injuring two others. I he misfortune of the expedition did not end here. The Carolina train which left this place lor Augusta on Monday morning, ran oft near Covington, injuring, fatally it is thought, a member of one of the Fire Companies, n Ger. man, w hose name we did not lenrn, nnd bruis ing two others. 7 he particulars of the acei dent, or what further damage waa done, we have not heard. Atlanta Intelligencer, La ho i Earnings. Mr. Joseph Secrsr. a can didate for the Legislature of Virginia, who has already served in that body, and who voted for all works of internal improvement engaged in by his State, in an address to the electors of his county, informs them that "All over the United States railroads far worse conditioned than our own are pavinc. and pavint: well. All the Southern and Western, which are strongly analogous to our own, are paying from 7 to 20 per cent The Baltimore and Ohio railroad, with worse curvature and climate and far steeper grsdes. requiring six tenths of its gross income to psy working charges, is earning more than fS,uKi,uoo a year, more than 1500,000 a month, 118,000. a day, more than 600 per nour, ana ti t per minute I uuick i ravelling. 1 he mail was re ceived in St. Louis, on Wednesday, the 13th instant, from Cincinnati, in sixteen hours and eighteen minutes, by the Ohio and Mississippi railroad, thus, day by day, does this mon artm of western railways establish its claims lo the public regard aa the greatest "inatilu tion" of the age. A Fact Worth Knowing. Inasmuch as postage en letters ia three cents per half ounce, it is worth knowing thnt the weight or an American quarter ia one fourth of nn ounce, the weight of iwo being equal to what can be sent for a single postage. l-ff The editor of the Iowa Reporter calls with a stentorian voice for ladies to come West. He says: "The last census re port shows that there are thirty thousand seven hundred and ten more males than fe males in Iowa. This was taken in June and does not includo the spring or fall emigration. We are minus at least sixty thousand ladies to make up our quota!" Politics in the Polpit. The Rev. Dr. Chcever, na he is called pastor of a -church in New York city who has attempted to rival Beecher in preaching politics from the pulpit, has been requested by several of the leading nnd wealthy members of his church to reaign. Whereupon the Rev. Doctorcon- sidered himself a very ill used man; and dis missed the meeting the account states. with tears in his eyes." Telegraphic Weather Rgports. It seems that the telegraph companies have conceived the idea of daily making public re ports of the state or the weather in all pails of the country. This arrangement will cer- imily be of considerable public utility. At any rate, it will always be interesting to peo pie to be informed ol the stale of the weath er in localities w here they have friends. he recipient of these reports, in this city, is the Smithsonian Institute. Washington Union. l;Sr"The sheep of Urbannn, Ohio; have taken a bad disorder; one, the pet of the flock, was last week caught swallowing bank bills which he managed to extract from the pock et of a coat hung on ' the fence, and being mercilessly slaiignieren and then opened, was found to nar 915 on deposit in his stomach. fJJTTho Rev. Bishop Pierce, (say the Georgian) preached a missionary sormon at Sparta on Sunday the 17th inst,and the col- eetion amounted to four-hundred and eigh teen dollars and forty cents. Utah. It is reported that Gov. Wright, of Indiana, is to have th Governorship of Utah. On lake Superior on th 15th instant, tha lc was nearly as firm and the snow as deep in th woods at in th winter ENDORSING THE AMERICAN PARTY Roger Pryor, the late able editor of the Richmond Enquirer, snd at present of the "South," in a laW issue of that paper apeaks thus wise with reference to the Democratic doctrine of Squatter Sovereignty: No; we utterly repudiate it as the most de testable heresy ever sousht to be roisted tip on a federal system. Our doctrine is that the people of a territory have no right to de termine the character of their domestic insti tutiona and to exercise the prerogative of sovereignty until they have acquired the re quisite population to enable them to frame a State Constitution. When being further interrogated as to whether foreigners should be placed upon an equality with native born citizens, he assures his reader that his political creed it much older than Mr. Buchanan's Inangaral, and speaks out as follows of alien suffrage: . "Our position is unequivocally this: that it is a palpable infringement of the spirit and letter of the Constitution to permit foreign ers to exercise the elective franchise, in eilh er the States or Territories before, by nat uralization, they are made citizens, and that the practice of many of the Stoles in confer ring the privilege, which forms nn essential element of citizenship, upon unnaturalized foreigners, is as much to be reprobated, as the action uf the Legislature of New York, which extends the sujne privilege to. ne groes. , . A New Road for Canada. The railway committees, now in session at Hamilton, Canada, are bringing to light fraud and cor ruption in connection with railway matters, almost inconceivable. . The Toronto Colonist aaya tlio great fact which haa been clearly as certained so far, is, that there is great need of a roaJ to the Penitentiary from the Parlia ment House, u hich is not yet constructed. . The Wheat Crop. The New Yerk Jour nal of Commerce, remark that there is a laige breadth of land sown with wheat and even if a part of it is winter killed and still more damaged by (he backward spring and other causes, there wilt still be left a yield above the average of past years. Scarcity in New York Feed is so scarce in Cattaraugus, N. Y., that the Ran dolph Whig expresses apprehensiona that much of the land will go untitled this season, on account of war.t of strength of weans to do the work. Oats are selling at 81 per bushel for seed. The New Orleans and Jackson Rail p.oad. Of the prospects of this road the Picayune says : Mr. Robb has quietly succeeded in placing $600,000 of the Jackson t.dlroi.d mortgage bonds or. favorable terms, the whole series having been taken in round lumps. .Mr. Robb headed the list with a $100,000 subscription. The amoant thus obtained will amply suffice to put the road through, effecting a junction with (.anion by the 1st of rehruary, and in tersecting the Memphis and Charleston rail road on the 1st of April, 1859, thus furnish ing; a through communication to every point INorlh, tiasl, and West. l58'About two hundred and fifty bushels of the Chinese sugar cane have been distri buted by the Patent Office this season. It is thought by many that this cane is destined to be cultivated as extensive in the United States as ludian corn yielding ns it does, at tho BJiuie time, sugar for man and provend er and grain far beast. . . Debt of St. Louis. We lenrn from the message of the Mayor of St. Louis that the bonded debt of that city on the 1st of April last was $4,657,969. At the same there was due from the city to the different branch es of service tho further sum of $325,403, making the total indebtedness of the city 85,183,259. Holds Him Too High. During the In dian difficulties in Oregon, a Catholic Mis sionary waa captured by the Indians. In a aubscqucbt effort on the part of the whites to procure the release of the reverend cap. tive, the chief whose prisoner he was, offered lo give him up in exchange for two white women nnd two hundred sacks of flour. The officer to whom the proposition was made declined to pay the price. White wo. men are too scarce in Oregon to be turned over to the savages in exchange for mission aries to say nothing of flour at $ 10 a sack. Washington May 23. It is estimated thnt 2000 troops are now moving in thedireclion of Utah to enforce the laws of the United States and protect the citizens against the Mor mons. Two federal judgeships will soon be filled, and another Marshall appointed there. It is supposed, however, the necessity for ex treme measures will not arise. The Govern orship is still unsettled. The administration has, as yet, found nobody who possessesall thu required characteristics' Severrl gentlemen are soliciting Iheappoinf ment. A programme of Utah operations will bv consuuiated with the least posible delav, fSfTh recent decease of thtee prominent merchant bankers of Nuvv York Samuel Nicholson, John F. A. Saii'ord nnd Jasper Grosvener will distribute, it is estimated, about $3,000,000 to their respective heirs. Armt Worm. The Edgeii.ild Advertiser earns by private letter from a friend in Ham burg, that the army worm has made its ap pearance in Beech Island, nnd Is doing seri ous injury to the wheat crop in that locality. The Hartford Times says that on the first day of May, the anow was five feet deep in the northwest pnrt of Norfolk, nnd travel was still much impeded; while in New Marlboro, near the Massachusetts line, the snow was six feet deep. ft- The St. Louis Intelligencer is inform ed that there is hardly now 100,000 acres of public land in north-western Missouri left, and most of this is claimed by pre-emption. The emigration from nil parts of the north ern and middle States is very heavy, und in a few years west of Grand river will bo the thickest settled part of the Slate. t-8r"An absent wife is here called upon to return lo bed and board Jane, your ab sence will ruin hll. Think of your husband your parents your children. Return all may bo well happy. At any rate, enclose the key of the cupboard where the gin is. t-fTTIiH lluntsville, Ala., Advocaie says: "This land speculating fever rages among our people and is mainly confined to Arkan sas nnd the Mississippi bottom. I'd Texas fever is over. W predict that there will be a general crash In less than two years. The who ia ronuiry incmzy wim sjtecuinnnn an insane desire to make roomy at on dash a haste to be rich. Effect or Railroads. Within the Inst six years a railroad has been completed to Dan ville, Virginia, and the value of Ihe .property in the town, according to a re-assessment just made, has increased 98 per cent. A SHORT EUT CRIMINAL LIFE. The sentence of Romulus S. t'hipman, to be hung on the 15th of May, in Guiiford, N. C, for murder, has been noticed. The Golds boro (N. C.) Tribune give a history of hi crime: The case excited intense interest, not only from the youth and respectability of the ac cused, but fom the eold blooded circum stances under which the crime was perpetrat ed. Chipmah, who is scarcely twenty years of age, seduced a Miss 1'enix, then living as a domestic w ith a farmer in his neighborhood. Worried with her importunities, be pre mised to marry her, and it was to rid himself of this engagement that he committed the crime which has pluced him in bis present awfet position. Some time in November last, ha wrote a note requesting her to meet him at a certain place in the woods. She went, but not reluming, a search was made and the body discovered with a gun-shot wound and the throat cut. Hi note making the appoint ment was found in her pocket. The proof was entirely circumstantial. Sixty -seven wit nesses were examined, w ho bronyht the crime home to the prisoner. The culprit's father offered ten thousand dollars baii w hen his son was first arrested, which was refused. St. Louis, May 23. The correspondent of the Democrat says: A force of dragoons and artillery have left Fort Iavenworth to fight the Chevenne Indians, who were concentrated at Republican Fork and Kansas Blue Rivera. i he Kpublican publishes a letter from Brown, Editor of the Herald of Freedom. showing thnt a serious difficulty occurred be tween Governor Kohinsen and Erown. The former charges the latter with n attempt to Bell the Free Slate parly to Shannon, on con dition that the latter bu released from prison. Brown denies Ihe charge, calling Kobinaoa an unmitigated liar. Hen Persuade Rs.The Springfield Re publican, in speaking of a new invention for a hen's nest, whersby the eggs drop through a irap door, and ao deceives the brn that she keep on laying, is responsible for the following: "Blobbs met with a loss, however with one of Ihe persuaders. Blobbs had a lovely young Shanghai pullet of boundless anibi. lion. Blobbs brought a persuader, and his lovely Shanghai used it. She went upon the uest in the morning. B'obl'S saw her go, and his heart bounded within bin.! Alu! he never saw her come offagi.in. At length he visited the persuader. In the upper coin- ' pnrt men t was a hand I ill of fenthets, a few toe nails and a bill. In the lower compart ment were three dozen and eleven eggs! Blobbs saw it nil. Her delicate constitution had been unequal to the effort, and fired by young ambition she had laid herself all away." M7Gulla Percha has recently been put to curious novel use by n physician in Phil adelphia. To the Franklin Institute of that city the physician stated that alter a series of experiments in preserving a diseased leg, re-' taining the natural size, from nnd appearance of the specimen, by coating it with gutta per cha from a solution. The appearance of the specimen preserved was that of the purest paper-mache preparation, nnd presented not only the natural color of the tissues, but al so ihe relutiuus of the muscles, nerves, ves sels, etc. ;. Gas Made from Water. A French chemist, Mr. Gillord, haa at last discovered snd put into actual use the gas made from water, not in the laboratory or nt on exhibi tion, but in illuminating a whole town; the ancient city of Nnrbonne. France, glories in a light, the elements of w hich are drawn from its sntiqueand beautiful canal, the flam looking like the electrical light, dazzling but not tiresome, as white as can be, without vicilatior or smell; nil burners being similar to ao many planets. Courier des Elatt Unit. Death from Posion usfd in the Manu facture of Brandy. Mr Morris, of Toronto, a clerk in a house engaged in the manufac ture of brandy, was killed by drinking, by mistake, a small portion of preparation, nearly allied to prusic acid, which had been procu red in the regular course of the business. There is something very horrible in this. If such ingredients are mixed with manufac tured liquors, and nearly all the liquors sold are doubtless manufactured, it is not Strang that the use of sprituous liquors, always hurt ful, has become of lute so terribly destructive. Prov. Journal Price of a White Man. The miserable vagrant Hughes, a poor sot of a fellow, who, however, has a fine, sturdy, industrious littlo wife, nnd one or two children, wsa sold at Covington, on Saturday, to Andy Herrod, the jailer, for five months, for one dollar! We are happy to aay Herrod will make a good master, although the law allows him the same rights as Ihe master of negro slave has. Cin. Gazette. A boy io one of the public schools in New ark, N. J., was whipped a few days since by the teacher, who held his head do nward' between his knees while ho inflicted the pun ishment. The holding the head downward created a rush of blood to the head, causing bruin fever, and death a few days afterward. fj- Mr. Sun ford of Cherokee, hns taken tho field against the Hon. W. R. W. Cobb for Congress from the 6th District. "That's So!" The Tortara pull a man by the ear when they want him to drink, and krep pulling until he opens his mouth, when they pour down tho l iquor. We knowsome peoplo in these parts whos ears would Dot require much pulling "and that's so too." , Cure for Diariihcea. Take a handful of strawberry leaves, and pour on them half pint of boiling water; let it remain one hour, and drink the tea. If you cannot get th boiling water chew and swallow the juice. This is a most valuable nnd efficient remedy, it rarely fails to give immediate relief and perform a permanent cure. Grace Church. N. P. Willis calls Mr. Brown, the gentlemanly sexton of Grace Church, New York, who undertakes both funerals nnd parties, the "Grand master of ceremonies of Mucfindo-dom." ISC" Simpson says the Indies do not e their caps for the gentlemen any more; they spread their hoops. Quite likely. A wag proposes to publish a re paper to be called 'J 'he Comet, Willi ah original tale every week. The Washington Union says that the De mocratic party is very certain not to go to sleep. Perhaps it can't go to sleep for the same reason that the woman's baby couldo t its face is ao dirty that it cau't shut It eyes. Louisville Journal. Judge Cunningham, of the Supreme Court of Kansas, hns resigned his possilion on th bench. IxiUisviLLB, May 25. The fruit crop' ex cepting peaches, promises more than an average yield. - Poetical. "Don't you remember oi Towser. dear Knle old Towser, so gen tle and . kiud! How he used to play day nt night by the gntc, Rod soixe Interlopers behind.