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AM ENS POST.
t. 1. tVlNS.RDITOR AND riOPMROR. Tfrmi I tt t year, pjft!l hi advum, or As si the ejntrattc of tho roar. VtT Mo potior dtocnnttnoM onifl on smtrttes on paid, Sleeps M Itio oothn or tht Publisher. Annoonetn boojoo of eBodle'stes Air offlet Coah. OMOatry Notices oror II Uooo,okrfd M UitrofillW Advertising rats. All eommaalettlonl tnltiAJ lo srmnste lb private ! ee feilarooto of OoroorstMM, AneMloo, ssftvtasols, will bo okarfe st odrortloooioBU. FOR OOVItANOR, Kn OOlfORMS, COL WILLIAA IlEISKELLt ATHEHmrRIDAViJIIflE 19, I NAT. - Qf Prof. Oiorlow'o Lecture thi (Friday) Toning, at tbo Academy, will bo : Sudimo Mta, r th Tru Path to Happiness. ' 8riAKma. The endldatet for Governor peek at Athena, (lo morrow) Saturday. Wo preeum everybody will bo oat to hear thorn. Candidati rot Conorr. In our paper todny will bo found Card, from Col. Vm. HtisiiLL, of Monro tounty, responsive to tho call to betome a candidate for Con great 1b this Diatriet Col. Heiskell aciepts the poeillon, And give hi views upon ome of the mora Important Itaue befor the people. W hv only apace to remark at pretest, that he will do hie duty In the contest, and we call pon our friend to glv him en enrnest, cor dial nd harmooioua sepport. He I worthy io all respect, of the place fur which he ie candidate, and If elected, will be the honest, faithful nd impartial representative of tha people of the District. DimcVLTT Bxtwuii tn Caxdidatia. We regret to leers that a difficulty occurred be tween the essdidstet for Governor while epeakiog At Fayettcville on Saturday. The assault wa Bade by Gen. Harris, and grew out of .aom remarks made by hi competitor on the subject of alien suffrage, which Harris onatrued personally. Harria pushed Hatton oft the platform, And followed him, when the parties closed in for A fight, but wer sepa rated befor Any injury was inflicted on either. The Nashville Patriot has an article on the subject, written by the editor, who was pres ent, from which we take the closing para graph, as follow: Our impression is clear that th purport of Mr. Uattou's remarks wi as to the doctrine, and had no personal reference whatever, and that, to aay the very least, Gen. Harris acted very precipitately, and wholly without suf ficient cause. We ere Informed that Mr. Hatton has used precisely the same ideas. And frequently the same words in his pre vious discussions, and bad no dream of giving personal affront to his competitor. We know that th attack was entirely unexpected by 11 r. Hatton. There were some circumstances attending the discussion, not under th con trol of 11 r. Hatton, however, that probably contributed to exalte Gen. Harris, to which we will hereafter refer if it shall be necessa ry. Whatever may be the result of the dif ficulty, or whatever other construction may be given to th occurrence or the facts at tending it, w fsel confident no blame, what ever, can Attach to Mr. Hatton. tar The man of the Cleveland Banner, who seems to have a full Appreciation of the fact that the chief business of a locofoco editor in thie world i to misrepresent and lie, y in hi laat the Athens Post charges that the law creating the office of T As sessor "wo a democratic measure.'' Now Ignorance end impudence never gave publicity to A more wilful perversion. The Post never made any such charge, or uttered any thing that any man hating a legitimate knowledge of word or language could ao construe All we snid on the subject wo in reference to a paragraph (from a correspondent) in tho Nashville Union and American, which para graph was designed to make the impression that opposition to the Assessor law woe a principle with the democratic party, and not of recent dute. Here ie our paragraph: . As the Tax Assessor act is of demorrntie origin the offspring of a democrat and was pretty generally supported by the democrat, at well at by tht Amtricant, in the last Leg islature, we would like to know what the 'true democratic gospel' ia on that subject noio." , That' All we uttered on (he abject, and we pot it to any one possessing common hones ty whether there ie Any thing in the language employed or in the construction of the para graph lo justify the Assertion that we said the Uw "wo a democratic measure.'' On the contrary, the fact that we said the law wa generally supported by American as wall aa democrats, by nil rules of fair and legitimate construction forbade any such conclusion as that at which tha Banner mnn pretend to have arrived. We do not know how the term "measure" ia defined in the locofoco vocabulary, but we are certain it must necessarily have very different signiS CAtion from the word "origin? which ie un derstood to mean "beginning, source from whence any thing comes," die. Our under standing is, that th bill wa the offspring of democrat, and that it wa supported by th talent and intelligence of both parties in the Legislature, aa the Banner con easily learn by extending He Investigations Into the Houtt journal, or by making enquiry of the democratic candidate for the State Senate in the Bradley district. But it is unnecessary if not useless, to pursue the subject. No on possessing an ordinary knowledge of language will put the construction on th paragraph io question that the'Banner does. And w have no hope (hat any amount of la bor wa might bestow upon it would edurate that paper out of it errore, or our it of it propensity to pervert, malign and misrepre sent. In fact, there ie good reason to believe that A course of fair dealing And honesty la ny matter of controversy, would ruin th Banner la the estimation of the leadere of ite prty. Loeofoeolira live, flouriahe and grow fat on falaehood and misrepresents- lion, nod it la the business of the party edi ton to furnlah food for the Animal. Let us not eeoeure them too etrongly for a faithful discharge of the appropriate work assigned tbem. ' ff We have received two 'lengthy'' po- etioel contribution la rslstion to "Dr. Speck," "tb peek" Not hiving th pits. are of penoncl Aoquslotsne with th "Doctor," we meet deolia publishing th Aforesaid contribution. y Several eommuntcAtione in type for tliU week' pepcr ciowded out. "CONGRESSIONAL." W find th following epechnen of loco foco Argument In the Cleveland Banner of last wee: "But to cap the etimsx Ihe know nothing party of that eoanty Monroe has, en masse, announced Wm. Heiakell a very clever man, but whoee age renders him Incompetent to do the arduous labor of a Congresainnnl race. But that's no business of ours, we are go. Ing for Ham. Smith, and if -Uncle Hilly" dues run for Congress we hope he will have a fine time of It." This paragraph ia in perfect keeping with the policy of the leader of th locofoco par ty which Is, to assume a superiority for their eandidatee in all things, and to ridicule every opponent who offers for office or presumes to question the soundness Ind Infallibility of what they are pleased to call "democratic principles." So much has this been the poli cy of these tarn leader snd so rigidly hsvs they punned it that It hns proved destructive to every thing like independence in their own ranks, end no member of the democratic party can now offer for An office unless he first con suite them without subjecting himself to the charge of treasoi , disloyalty to psrty and disposition to pander to the opposition. This thing i now being practiced in this Stote. The game of the two or Ihreo eelf-instituted leader in each county is, to ridicule the pre tensions of every political opponent who of fers for a popular office, end to choke down every one of their own faith who has the in dependence to become A candidate for the suffrages of the people without the endorse ment of A clique. Understand us we are talking about (he leaders the mighty few, who believe Ihey are authorized to do all the thinking for the party, and that th honest masse have no other duty than to carry out their behests. But to the paragraph Above. The Banner wa never more mistaken in its life. Col. Ileiskell enjoys a degree of health and a pow. er of mental and physical endurance that would wear out and exhaust A half dozen such effete and dilapidated samples of mas culine mortality as Sam Smith and the editor of his organ. lie is s plain, practical farmer a mnn of strong natural sense, with a mind well cultivated and improved, and his physical and moral stamina would ennble him to go through the "arduout labort" at Washing ton, which prove fatal to so many gentlemen, uninjured and unharmed. Every body in the Third Congressional District knows that Col. Smith personally is a favorite with u, And that years ago, ere the B urner made its advent into this breathing world to startle nature and astound the natives, we snid more and prettier things of him than anybody; and we claim to have some regnrd for him even now, notwithstanding the enormous political sins of which he ha sine been guilty. We know that the four years "arduous labors" at Washington must be telling upon the health, physical and mental, of one of his trail or ganization, and we honestly think it would be bordering upon cruelty to send Col. Smith back there to mingle in such exhausting and enervating scenes as attended the election of Speaker Bank and the passage of the Com pensation Bill, We therefore oppose his re election from Considerations of a personal as well as of a political character; and we be lieve a majority of the people will coincide with us and determine to vote for Col. Ileis kell. Let the B inner strike some othur chord. The Comet. We find the following par agraph in relation to "the Comet" in the Georgia Citizen of Saturday: Looking fur Ihe Comet! There were nu merous groups In the streets, yesterday. loosing into tne heavens, tor the head and tail of the enmet which is expected nlium in s few days, to knock a hole in this Planet of ours. Of course, the star-gazers saw what they looked lor ft star-like nppenrnnce in mid-heavens, with n fleecy npDundai'e which they took for both head and tail of the mon ster! I he very hot weather of the fuw days past, has confirmed many, too, in their appre hensions, that we are lo have a general bursting up of earthly affairs, shortly. To allay such fears, it muy be well to state that ins flnnets Venus and Jupiter r.ow rise about two hours ahead of the Sun, mid course through the heaven in close apparent prox imity to the Hun. It was Venus, therefore, that win visible to the naked eye, yesterday, una which may be seen to-day not nn un usual circumstance, when this planet I in apogee. Appointment Governor of Utah. We learn, aay the Charleston Courier, of yester day, from reliable authority, that General D. Hopkins, of Jacksonville, Florida, has been offered Ihe appointment of Governor of Utah territory. General Hopkins is known a A famous Indian fighter, and if a man of reso lution and nerve i needed lo deul with the disciples of Joe Smith, it would, perhaps, be difficult to fix on A better choice. 3f Ex-Governor Bebb, of Ohio, who re cently fired upon pnrty of sercnaders, at his residence in Winnebago county, Illinois, and killed one of them nnd wounded others, hue been honorably discharged, alter s full inves tigation of the mutter. The serennders, appears, were gang of rowdies, who sur rounded the house of the Ex Governor, and insulted hi family, until lis waaoompelled to fir upon them, alter begging and coaxing them to leave. New HAMrsuiac Bknatos. Clarke, Ilepub lioan, has been eleated, by the Legislature of New Hampshire, U. 8. Senstor to fill the va cancy created by the death of Senator Bell. Look Out. Counterfeit $8 bills on the Farmer Bank of North Carolina, art in cir culation in South-wettern Virginia. tSPTlie account! from the lection where th candidate have been speaking, are of the most cheering character for th euece of Mr. Hatton. Wttheville, Jun 13. G. W. Iiopkint (dem.) hoe been elected on the I Jin (Alnng don) district over Klnurt B. oiarttn (ill, dem. by 61 majority. Thii it the official account. Harrisburo, Jun 10. The Pennsylvania Democrat Slate Convention met here j ester- nay, when William Strong, of Berk co and Jame Thompson, of Erie, were selected as th party noniineee Tor the vaoanclee on the bench of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvn nl caused by th expiration of the term of Judge Lewie, and the resignation of Judire Bisck. A letter was read from Judge Lewis, declining th nomination which hnd been conferred upon him by previoue Democrat ie bum convention. y Th Southern Commercial Conven lion will aeeembl thl year on Monday th 10th of Augutt, la KnoxvilU Teonecse. DISTRIBUTION. Week before last we published A paragraph expressing gratification that our eotemporary of the Cleveland Clarion was About to break gronnd upon the question of Distribution. We took it for granted, of course, that a gen tleman of the enlarged intelligence, liberal view, and laborioue invostlgstloa of the editor of the Clarion one whom we knew to be free from parly bias would take the equi table tide of the question. But it seemt we were mistaken, for In the last number of his paper friend Collins comes out against DIs. tribution. According to others the seme honesty of motive thst we clsim for our self, we have no right to object to th course of the Clarion on this subject, although we are willing to confess to A little disappoint ment. Still, w csn say w are gratified, because, however much we might have de tired to have the Clarion with ut in support of Distribution, we now know we thsll hsve at least one newspaper opponent in the Dis trict who it capable of occasionally rising to the dignity of an argument, and of appre ciating facts when they are spread before him, and who, In the discussion of all ques tions, whether of A political, social, moral, or educational character, will pursue a course of candor, honesty, fair dealing, and decency. We give tht Clarion't views on Distribu tion the benefit of our circulation, unaccom panied by comment, knowing our readers will readily discover whether they are falla cious or otherwise. Here ia itt article: Th 1'iBiic Lands. There it tcarcely sny tubjeot on which mort disputation has arisen than on a distribution of the public doinsin. Politicsl parties for a series of years have made of it a hubby horse. We shall not retrograde to the period when A proposition was made for distribution, or attempt entering into A detailed argument of all the pros and cons in which disputants in dulged; but merely remark, that when the proposal first originated, it eould hsve been assented to more equitably than at present A division of the public lands now would give but a trifle to each of the federal mem. bert; would not realize, thus subdivided, any thing of importance lo either. Should the government eeate to be an agent for the States, the lands would fall into the hands of monitd monopolists, who, in atend of offering the territory at 11.28 per acre, would establish a price far beyond the reach of Ihe slim purses, not only of the im. nieiiee influx of emigrants who are annually wending their way to our country, but from thousands of native citizens, who with their increasing families are leaving the densely crowded eastern portions for the far and fer tile west. Let the public lends pass from the hands of the general government into those of spec ulators; the flood of emigration to them would he stagnated and our Atlantic eectiout be filled with A burdensome population. Until tome new light be thrown on the subject we shall renin, n opposed to the gov ernment yielding its control: not only be cause we believe it would be an act of injus tice to the old Southern States, but conscious that, its general tendencies would be perni- GlUUS. pff The editor of tha Chattanooga Ad- vertiser, after a gestation of three weeks du ration, brings forth a column of "tedious fee bleness and paltry malignity," in which he in sists that a Criminal Court at his place is essential to the well-being of the communi ty and to the preservation of the public mo rals; and to prove that he is right, he quotes what we snid two yeais ago about Mose White' transfer bill. Not only so, but tak ing his cue from the organ of the democratic party in the District the Cleveland Bunner the Chattanooga mnn adds, by way of clinching up his position, that there is a sym pathetic chord belwean the Post nnd the Railroad, and whenever the latter is assailed the former invariably pitches into the assail ant. While we are willing to make all due nllownnce for the unhappy condition into which the Advertiser mini has been thrown by his laborious researches among the volu minous folds of the Legislative Journals, nnd the effect which the result of that investiga tion would be likely to have upon one of his hysterical temperament, we cannot fur the life of us see what our advocacy of the interests of the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad has to do with the subject of a Criminal Court at Chattanooga, or why the railroad should be dragged into the contest whenever A locofoco editor grows bilious towards the " Athens Post," It is true, we have ever been tha friend of the enter prise alluded to, in adversity and prosperity, and we shall continue to defend it interests whenever unjustly assailed, whether the as sault has its origin io a contemptible popular prejudice, or comes from the more contemp tible boutlicks, who, for the purpose of add ing a fu'V names to their subscription lists, are ever ready to pander to and take advan tage of that prejudice. It is also true that we opposed the passage of the transfer bill wrote as we thought and felt on Ihe subject at the time, and as we will do again if any man ventures to introduce such a proposition into the next Legislature. Aud it may he true, aa the Advertiser alleges, that Mr, Hut ton voted fur the measure. If o, we are lire he was actuated by no such niotivs as influenced the originators of the movement, and we therefore have do quarrel with him on the subject. There are question of largo and important interest before the public the candidates for Governor are discussing those question in A fair and manly manner, and the more re spectable journals of both purties are giving them the attention which a decent regard for publio opinion demands; yet this loom, foco editor at Chattanooga is dodging about, trying to work up some little local matter with the forlorn hope of making a vote or two for hie candidate. He first tried to raise the liquor question that failed, and he went In on the Criminul Court. Next came the trans fer bill; and last we have the "Athena Posl'i and "the Railroad" a Ihe prominent issue of the canvas. Verily, young man, you are fur below the itandard of th Banner that paper ha a vein of vulgar humor running through -its editorial column adapted lo the geniu and taste of louofocism, while you can not claim to be even a respectable humbug, Take down your elgn. Daily Mzsss.iois.-W acknowledge the receipt of a ntatly printed and well filled daily with the above title, from Montgomery, the nourishing and handsome capital of Ala- bams. P. B. H. Unttaiu, editor. Terms, $S per year, in advanot. Hf" Th grand jury of Louisville have indicted for murder fifleeo poisons, end All they eould discover a participants in tb re cent lynching of four aIatc. TO THE VOTERS OF THE THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. Felloie-citixeni;ln a late number of Ihe Athens Post tome friend announced tu as candidate to represent you In the Congress of the United States. Thl announcement, I have smpl reason for believing, I in ac cordance with the wlshe of the parly gen. erally with which I act and have long acted. Flattered with this belief, I do not feel at liberty to disregard the call, snd I therefore announce myself candidate. The short lime Allowed m until th day of election, pre clude th possibility of A thorough canvass of so large a District I have been among yna, and one of you for ninny years; and though personally acquainted with eome, much Ihe largest portion of you are strangere to me. In a more humble capacity, 1 had, on A former occasion, the honor to serve A por tion of the people whom I now seek to rep resent. With my labor on that occasion, I feel proud to believe, my constituent were satisfied. Will you, then, receive thl brief Card in th place of my personal presence, where the luck of time will not allow me to go! In an address of this kind, I can barely allude to only one or two tubjects which the next Congress will be required to act upon, nnd which I conceive lo be of vital impor tance to the people, both as measure of relief and of future prosperity. In my humble opin ion, the people have now no source to which they can look for relief nn other means to relieve them from the burthen of taxes under which they groan no means to continue their Improvements, unless Congress passes a law to divide the proceeda of the public lands among 'nil the Slates. The Slate of Tennessee, at this time, ia bound in a debt of nut lea than twelve millions of dollars fur she may have to pay every railroad bond she has ever issued. The railroad companies, all of them at least, cannot pay them, nnd I think I am not assuming loo much in saying that nil of them do not expect to pay. At any rate, the State is responsible, and for the responsibility thus Incurred, the property of of every man whom I address is liable. The Slnte indebtedness etin only be paid by a tax, nnd a heavy tax on the people. The publio lands ure owned by the States in their aggre gate capacity. The general government, act ing in the capacity of A trustee, holds these lands a A common fund for the benefit of the whole. When they are needed when the people are borne down with debt nnd taxa tion when their publie improvements are crippled for the want of means when edu cation is languishing fur the want of schools in nil soberness have not the people the right to their own lands, their own property, tu be applied to their relief and for the public good? This seeme so reasonable, and so right, that it appears strange there should bo nn individual to oppose it, or that any should object to its constitutionality. In 1833, Gen. Jackson declared thai it was in the discretion of Congress to dispose of the public lands in such s way as best to conduce tu the quiet, harmony and general interest of the Ameri can people. Democratic Virginia, with all her stickling for strict construction, in her legis lature in 18-29, passed resolutions on this sub ject, in which they say: the most just and equitable plan for disposing of the nett pro ceed of the public lands is by distributing the same, in just proportions, amongst the Slates. Mr. Buchanan, in the Senate of the United Stales on the 28th of February, 1837, snid: Now, sir, the distribution of the pro ceeds of the publie lands among all the States, would remedy nl) these evils nnd cor rect all these enormities of our system. It would secure to ut a settled policy oa which the cuuntry might rely. It would draw off from the general government this abused source of revenue and distribute it among the States. We would then be left where the Constitution intended to place ut. The gov ernment would then be administered on its original principles. All the deeds of cession confer on Congress this right. The Constitu tion give Congress the right to dispose of nnd make all needful law and regulations respecting the territories. And, first of all, Congress passed a law, immediately after Virginia made her cession of land to th general government, distributing the lands not the proceeds among the Slates. Thi law was repealed in two or tiiree years after it passage, because it was inconvenient to divide the binds themselves among the States, and not because there was any doubt of its constitutionality. But my limits do not allow me to adduce but very lew of the many authorities in sup port of the constitutionality of the principle, Distribution is destined to succeed. The people are aware of the sophistry of those who oppose it. Nothing can much longer arrest it, 1 Hall, therefore, II elected, give my cordial support to any bill having for its object a division among Hi Stales of the money arising from the sales of the publie lands. Whilst I repndiute the Idea or any with to create any prejudice, or arouse any unkind fueling betweeu men of different professions, I must be allowed to insist Ihut the farming community are entirely too much overlook ed, if they are not altogether neglected, in having office conferred upon them from the hands of the people or appointments from those high in power. Where do you find a farmer holding an appointment from the Governor of a State t Can you point to one acting under a commission from the Preai dent of the United Stales I Look through your halls of Congress and you will b as tonished to sue how few of them belong to the agricultural class. Whilst th farming community fur outnumbers all the other combined, not more than one io a hundred ever receive office. Although they are aa honest, patriotic, and capable aa any other class, they are invariably excluded to make way fur professional men men who are Al ways hungry for puwer, pressing for every thing that presents itself whilst the modest farmer stand aloof, ready to vote (or men who have but little sympathy or interest in common with himself, and in this way elect men who care but little about them except to get their vote men who generally know little end Cure less for the farmer' want and Interest. Thl opinion 1 hnv long en tertained, and Am satisfied there would be much less waste end extravagance through bd legislation, and Dot half the prodigality In aselest end Improper Appropriation of th public money, If more farmer end fewer pro fessional spendthrift occupied lent In our halls of legislation. 1 set np no superior claim from being myself fnimer, which hat been my vocation nearly All my life but if you think me cnpahle, faithful And honest, 1 hope you will not reject me In consequence of my profession. Nor will you expect me, not having been actively engaged In political discussion, to meet all the questlone that muy be agitated during Ihe eanvass with thst fluency and tnct lhat would be expected of A practiced politician who hnd been long in the eervice, with every mean of Informing himself having nothing to do but to pre pare himself for a speech. At the last session of Congress law was passed increasing the pay of members of Congress from eight dollars a dny, and eight dollars for every twenty miles travel, to three thousand dollars a year and eight dollar for every twenty milea travel from their hnmea to Washington City and back again, and Ihe very members who passed it drew the pny for Ihe year in which the law wa passed A thing perhaps unprecedented in th annnl of legislation. Not only o, but th term of the members from some of the Stnte, those from Tennessee among the number, expired on the fourth of March last. But before they lofl Washington thi-y actually drew the increased pny, not only for the whole session up to the fourth of March, but up to the first Monday in next December, when the new Congress meets ; and many who drew the money for Ihe nine months in advance, dur ing which time they are at home attending to Iheir own business, will never go back, for some of them will not be candidates and other will be beaten, a I think all ought to be who voted for this law and drew the pay. The Constitution of the Slate of Tennessee would not allow the Legislature to puss a law increasing the pny of its members and then draw Ihe increased compensation for that session. The section in our Constitution which fixes the pny of members, closes with these words: "But no law increasing the compensation of members shall take effect until the commencement of the next regulur session after such law shall have bei n en acted." (See 23d Section, 2d Article.) It will be recollected that in the year 18, Congress passed a law fixing the pay of members at fifteen hundred dollars a session,, but so odious to the people was this luw that scarcely a mnn who voted for it was able to be re-elected, and nt the very next session the law was repealed, and one fixing a daily compensation of eight dollars A day was passed in its place. Yours, WILLIAM HEISKELL. Prentice a a Lecturer. We preceive that Geo. D. Prentice, Esq., has been lec turing at Hartford, Ct. (lis subject was, 'The Political Aspect of the Country.' The Hartford Free Press gives the following as a passage of the discourse: Th nation is bristling all over with re pognancies. Who shall arrest these evils? The race of etntesmen, of giants, has depart ed, and no successor appears. We have pnh. ie men in nuiiiiiiiinee, out no statesmen. Three fourths of them are reckless dema gogues, who regard first themselves, and men nniuing. Across tne polished brass of their souls not the most distint thought oi ine good ol tne country ever nits. There is not enough moral courage in a hundred politicians tu stiffen one upper lip. They dare not stand up and sny their souls are their own, or if thev do, they append a 'sub ject to me lonstiiutioir snd the majority. Baekboneless, they stand up like empty bais. or basely prostrate themselves at the feet of faction, instead of being lenders of Ihe multi tude. They represent only the pot-house and the club-room. Itiseasvlo flutter our national vanity, but the truth must be told. I he North and the South are pllinc uo com. bustibles which the lightning may fire. Mons About the Kansas ConsFiKAcr. The Chicago Times, orgnnof the Democratic party of the Northwest, linn the following in reference tn Gov. Walker's inaugural, and the prospect of Kansas being a Free Stnte. It will be observed that, for so glorious a con summation, the Times claims especial credit to what it calls the "National Democracy." Wa publish this morning numerous ex tracts from Gov. Walker's inaugural address to the people of Kansas. It is replete with sound arguuient,excellentadvice,und evinces strong determination to brmir Kansas ttirnugn ner troubles. 1 he new State is about tit be formed. Land grunts will follow fur schools and railroads, all of which are fur more beneficial to the country and the people, in.in senseless wrangling iiimot slnvery. We have no doulit but Kansas will have a Consti tution prohibiting the introduction of Slacerv; Liu -. ,H.i wuiiBiiiuiitiii win io nuiiiiiieu. l u.iti. i...t i-.. ...:. .. :u i. I...:., -j She will not owe her "freedom to tlie Aboli- tumiits, but to the National Democracy iormern ana anuinern. , Wasuinoton Hiot Vxsdiot. The Intelligen cer gives the following as the verdict of the inquest on the body of one of the ptrsoni killed on Monday week last: The Jury summoned, tworn. and chareed w inquire mio tne cnuse 01 me ueain or L.or- nanus 11. Alston, "(lo an v. upon their oaths, that the laid Cornelius II. Alston came to hit death by a gun shot wound, reoeived while standing peaceably end quietly at the corner of Seventh street, opposite the Northern Lib erties market, (recently his place of business,) irora a detacluiieut ot United states Marines, acting under the eoutrol of the Mayor of Washington; and tne Jury do further nnd, from the concurrent testimony of all the wit nesses, that tht firing by the marines was all tubsequeut to the obtaining possession of the twivti. i i iiiNsiiAW, roreinan. An Iowa paper of A recttit date tayt Judue DouElast, County Judire of Benton county,, attempted to thrash the Editor of the Vinton Kaele, a few dsvt ago, snd si though the Judge is A tix fooler, six feet of mortal neeh laid upon the earth. The editor rifled not hit pookett but hit head he knock ed the Judge down witn a rine. ty To thow what Pill can do, the New York Evening Pott ssyt that Dr. Brandreth, the greet Pill manufacturer, hat not only eonoeived the project of completing, at bit own exptnte, the Washington Monument, but hat deliberately resolved to devote the pro ceeds of his business, amounting to $40,000 yearly, to me eootummation of tht work. tar The extent of the corn scarcity In North Carolina, may bt inferred from tht ftot that th Wilmington sod Weldon Railroad Company will, until the lit of October next, transport over the Road ell corn end provis ions intended for delivery on the line of the Borth (Jaronn nsiiroad, wett or tht county oi Johnston, ti on nan in rate etlAulltn ed by the present tariff of charges. On. Waixia at Wasuixotox. Wtlktr' Advent At Washington City wa unattended with ny display whsttvoc DEMOCRACY AND THE DISTRIBU- - TION... , from tht Memphis Newt. W believe that it Is s universally recog nized dogma of the "democracy!' that, "Con gress cannot do indirectly, what It cannot do directly." A legitimate deduction from this principle is that if the National Legislature possesses the power under th Constitution to dispose of A portion of the publie land for any other purpose thsn tn raise revenue, it hns the same power to dispose of th whole; in other words if Congress may constitu tionally distribute the publie lands, or the proceeds of the same, indirectly, by grant to particular States, It can surely dispose of the whole of this "common fund? by direct legis lation for just and equal distribution among all the State. It I therefore A (elf-evident preposition, that every Democrntie member of Congress, who votes for an Appropriation of public lands for Internal Improvement in any Stnte or Territory of the Union, con cedes the unlimited constitutional power of Congress to pass law for a general and equitable distribution. For the purpose of showing that the right of Congress to distribute the public lands among the States indirectly, wa recognized by A majority of the Democratic Senator in Congress on Ihe 20th of Mny, 1850, we quote the ayes and noes, on the passage of the bill to grant tome thirty milliimt ut dollars worth of land to the State of Illinois to enable her to construct her "Central Railroad," (See Congressional Globe for 1850, page 903.) Ayet Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Bcn ton, liorland. Bright, Cass, Corwin, DAVIS, of Mississippi, Dodge, of Wisconsin, Dodge, of lowo, Douglas, Townes, "Foote, Ilauston, Jones, King, Mangum, Morton, Sebastian, Seward, Shields, Smith, Sturgeon, Under wood nnd Walker 26. Noes Messrs. Bradbury, Butler, Chase, Clark, Dawson, Dayton, Hunter, Miller, A'or. ris, Phelps, Pratt, Turney, Wales and Yulee 14. Eighteen Democrats ia favor of the Bill nnd six against i:l And yet our Democratic contemporaries who profess to adhere to the doctrine that "Congress r.annol do indirectly what it can do directly." would persuade people that distribution is an tinconKifufumal anil anti-democratic measure. It strikes us forcibly that our anti-distribution fiiends must take either one or the other horn of the dilemma, and admit that democratic platforms are mere gull traps to catch votes for n parly whose leaders do not recognize the binding force or the principles they proclaim or confess that the vote on the Bill making appropriations of land tn the Illinois Central Kiiilroad,affords good ground for Ihu assumption, that distributer,, is good, sound, democratic doctrine. While on this subject, we may ns well, re call Ihe attention of our renders to the fact that among the votes recorded in favor of M r. Clay's Land Bill, in the Senate in 1836, is that of James Buchanan. Hf Harris defends his ndvoency of alien suffrage, by charging that Mr. Fillmore en dorsed the same by signing the Washington Territorial bill. This is an indirect way of telling a falsehood. Alien suffrage wa en grafted upon the Oregon bill, and signed by President Polk. Afterwards, Washington Territory was cut off from Oregon and erec ted into a separate teirilorial government, nnd the bill received the signature of Mr. Fillmore. But ulien suffrage, had been ap plied, by n democratic, administration, to the whole of Oregon, of which Washington was then a part. Mr. Fillmore simply signed a bill for the division of the original Territory into two. This is nil; and the attempt to hold up Mr. Fillmore aa tha endorser of alien suffrage, is a species ot demuiroL'uism to winch we hnd hoped Harris was superior. but he is a democrat, and the Lord only knows what mny be expected from members ot in at party. Ularksville Chronicle. iTlfThe Chnltunoogn Advertiser d nniinces Hntton for having supported the Assessor law, and is supporting Burch, for the Sennte, who also voted for it. The same paper denounces Hatton for having taken the tvnow sowing oiiins, nnd is supporting for the Legislature, one Key, who look the sumo onm; but alterwards won his way Into do mocrr.tic favor, by an out of V euson. Such nn editor ought to be "bored for the aim pies," or cashiered for moral delinquency. liurvMiwie isnromcie. More Desertions. We notice the abnn donment of Black Republican politic by th New York Time. The New York Herald ha followed it example in cutting loose from the black party, of which it says: One praise I certainly due to the Renub Meant of thi Stnte. They are without question the most corrupt set of politicians we ever had. We have tiad A good many corrupt parlies and parly leaders in this State; but a pnrty o ready to sacrifice every consideration of publie welfure and abstract justice to private gain ns these Republicans, we never nnd Deiore, nnd we do most earn eelly hope we shall never have again. PorULaa DagAD or tub Coukt. In Ensland the fear of harm from the approaoh of the expeciea comet nas prevailed to an inoreut- Die extent, not only among tne masses, but among the cultivated and aristocratic Many have believed that the world would come to an end on the 18th of June; the scriptures have boon auxiously seaeehod for predictions of the event, and the priestt and clergy have been tormented with questions. Some have made preparations for the catastrophe by a course of fasting and prayer; others have foolishly squandered their property, believ ing in good tooth that they would have no further need of it. The belief bat prevailed, that on the day named the fiery mettenger of doom would be teen drawing nearer and nearer to our earth; that Hi massive bulk would spread and till the whole visible hori zon, enveloping this globe in utter darkness, drawing the water out of our seat and rivert, and finally converting the world iuto a heap of oiudtrt. Man Huno bt a Vioilanc Couuitts in Rook inoiiam oovntt, Va. Jefferson Randall, who had been sent from Rockingham eounty, Va., by A VigiUnoe Committee, for numerous law less Acts, such as burning barns, robberies, and planning the etsassiuation of certain prominent citizens in thst eounty, returned there on Friday last, lie wat immediately arretted by the Vigilance Committee and held in eustody to see if be could not be sur rendered into the hsndt of the law on leasl proof. Nut being Able to Aecomplish that object, tne committee, on iuemny, took mm out and hung nun ot) tree until he wai detd. Randall wa a man of extraordioarv physioal strength, and when captured was armed with a gun and pistol, but did net of fer any letittance to his captor. Jonet, ton in-lsw of Randall's, wtt Also in th cut tody of tht committee, snd wtt to btv been nung yesterday. tW Gen. Walker tij! it wtt the nreai end not the CottA Ulomt who defeated him in NieeraguA. fVTh wheat crop in that part of South ern Illinois called "Lgypl" promise to be noer than ever before, PRICES TEND DOWNWARD." Th Augusta despatch of th ISth say: In iplte of the efforts to the contrary, the prlcra of A number of the leading article of domestic use arc tending downward. Corn, which hns been at a price distressing and almost fabulous, is pouring in from th West by th 10,000 bushels. A despatch from Illinois says: . "Receipt yesterday by team at Henry, Chilicothe and Loeon, fifteen thousand bush els, and much larger to-day." ) This despatch was dated Tuesday, Monday being Ihe first day the deliveries had been very large, farmers having been very busy up to the Saturday previous. The Galena dt (J. N. R. R., a road that it was stated woeld bring no grain tn market, is bringing about 15,(100 to 18,100 bushels of whest nnd 10.000 lo 15,000 bushels of corn per day. Since planting has been completed farmers are com ing in who Ihey supposed had nn corn what ever lo dispose of, and Are offering two years' cropa for sale. The receiptt of grain in Chi cngo for the next aixtv days, both of wheat and enrn, will astonish the world, and in our humble opinion give Ihe "bulla" more Active exercise than they will want to perform, if it does not bring Ihem down upon their kneee. The Cincinnati Gazette of the 4th instant, lays, "Flour Is rapidly tending downward, and Ihe decline in the last three daye ie 60 cente per barrel, which does not yet bring forward purchasers. Provisions arc also de clining." At Sf. Louis the receipts of wheat and flour have already been more than double what Ihey were Inst year Ihe first of June, nnd the quantity of corn received it tix time greater than last yrsr. At Chicago, th telegraph reports rapidly Increasing supplies. On the 3d, it says, "Com has declined, receipts more liberal, and 68 to 69 cents (re the highest offers in store. On the 4th, we have receipts of 25,000 bushel wheat and 45.000 bushels corn. On the 6th, the reports is, "receipts yesterday 11,000 bushels corn and 25,000 bushel wheat, and the receipts will foot up larger than that to day." Wo understand some of our enterprising produce dealers are turning their attention lo St. 1 juuis as a bacon ond grain market, and we have no doubt they can get supplies through, via Nashville, cheaper than by Balti more and Charleston or Savannah, f nights from St. Louis to Augusta, including drnyage, nre only 85 cents per hundred pounds, which is materially lower than the produce of that section can be sent to Baltimore by railroad, and thence shipped to the Southern ports. sugars are easier is the language ol th Commercial Circulars. The crop of can never looked more promising, nnd is likely to be three or four times grenter than last year. Add lo thi Ihe uuusuul amount of mnpl sugar made during the late cold spring, snd tho fact that many consumers have "out themselves on short allowance," and we have a cheering prospect of a speedy and material decline in sugar and molasses. A continuation of the present growing weather, will secure an abundant harvest, nnd relieve the country i rum in present nign prices, wincn result more from the combination of speculators, than from any distressing scarcity. In bacon alone we hear of no prospect of a material decline. The Nashville papers re port more received last week than fur Ihe two- weeks previous. Hams from waenns wn offered at 13c; sides at I4jc, but thrr i evidently a muterinl scarcity at the West, end the high price of grain will decrease the amount of home-made meat very materially, so that it eems probable that bacon will rule nign tur some lime to come. HfTh convention of southern railroad men recently assembled in Bristol (on the line of Virginia and Tennesssee) appointed Ihe Hon. William Ballard Preston a commis sioner to Eurnpe, with a view of bringing about, if practicable, n direct trade between r.urnpcan ports nnd Ihe southern Slates, snd Mr. Preston has accepted Ihe appointment. ZW An exchange tayt an old lady ia Mid dle Tennessee it collecting all the Locofoco papers the can lay hands on to make soap of. She tayt "they Are A deeput tight fetter then ashes they Are most as good at clear List" tST The Castville Standard of the 11th inttaot has the following announcement : Latest Nxwst The Eniroa Massisd 1 1 Hurrah for Our Sidi 1 1 Tha Standard or Rising Ground 1 1 We stop the press to make an important announcement, which may be found in the usual place, to wit : the marriage of the editor of tbit paper. Hurrah for our folks. " P. 9. Two hundred essh subtcribert to the Standard wanted immediately. Publisher." Couldn't yeu wait for those two hundred cash subtcribert until the baby arrivee. t-& Old Roger was visiting a friend who had n remarkably fine little girl, about three year old, fnmou for smart saying. As, usual, she wa showed off befor our (teem ed friend. "What i pnpuT" said the"psrlent,' in order to drnw out the precociou reply. "Pupa' a humbug," laid the juvenile. "I declare" said Old Roger,"! never in my life aw so young a child with so mtlur a judg ment.' Washington, Jun 1 1. The meeting of citizen to night, to endorse the Action of th Mayor and President in the latt riot, wa slinily attended, in consequence of Ihe im pression lhat the call for it wa issued by few politician for selfish purpose. A se ries of moderate resolutions were adopted uui none unanimously. Nkw York June 12 It was lumnred that the Cliinchn Islands (the three tmull guano islands in the Pacific, off the const of Pern. . and belonging to it,) would be placed under ine joiiii protectorate oi England and r rune. Col. Ciubbe when massacred in Sonora wn led out ulone, nnd his hunds wer tied to a post above hi head. Hi body wa pierced by a hundred bullets. It wa Appre hended thnt Ihe Californium to avenge hi death, would adopt some general plun of re venge against the Mexican settler of that State. Cincinnati, June 13. This forenoon while four of the U. S. Deputy Marshal were ar resting a fugitive slave end his wife, the for mer stabbed J. C. Elliot, one of the Deputy Marshals, with a long aword, whereupon an other Marshal shot the slave in the abdomen four time. The negroes wer then taken into custody. The Marshal's wound is dungerous one, and the negro's is thought to be mortal. St. Louis, June 13. Sir George Gor snd Suit returned yesterday, having been ubeeot 8 year on hunting expedition to the head watera of the Missouri. They report that lb . country was never in A worse condition re pectiug the Indians. The Sanlees. snd Sioux were committing ttiocilies agnintt Ilia white. Sinee the removal of Ihe troop from Forte Cendale nnd Lookout th In dian in th neighborhood hnve assumed hostile attitude. A pnrty of troops have inarched on the Santeva. Washington, June 13 In th event of Mr. Thomas declining the Governorship of Utah, Gnl. Cumming will be appointed. The officer of th Territory, including th Surveyor General, will probably be entirely new men. A corps of officer will travel to Utah with military forces, OXyTh tobacco chewer I id to be like A goose In a Dutoh oven eJwiyion.th (pit,