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BY SAM. P. WINS. ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1857. VOL X. NO. 472. Urn TUB tOit 13 PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY, AT TWO IHU.,. n ri ll a t.iui PA YABLS IJf ADVANCE. Aderlienieal will be charged II per square Xt line, or less, for the flret Inaertlon, ind ftO cente for each onnlinuance. A lilieral deduction Bade to those who adertlse by th year. HTPenoa- sendingadver isements mill mark the number of timet they deilre them Inserted, or they will be continued until forbid and ,hargedaceordingly.J for announcing theua eiofcandldateroroce,S3, Co'. Obituary notlcesoTerl4lloei,eharged attheregular advertising rates. Ailcominunlcatlnnalntendedto promntethe private ends or lnteretsof Corporation!, Societies, Schoolsor Individuals, will be charfted as adertlemente. Job Work such as Pamphlets, Minutes, Circulars, bards, Blanks, Handbills, Ac, will be executed in good trle, and on reasonable trint. Al! letter! addreeaml to the Proprietor, pott paid ,wll) promptly attended to. Pereone at a distance lending m the name! orrour Solvent eubecrihere, will be entitled to a fifth eopy gratia. Na enmnnkation inarted unleaa accompanied by the name f the author. fif" Office on Main etreet, next doorte the old Jack een Hotel. . THE TOST. ATIIKNM, llllOAl, OCT. 0, 1857. Thb Free Banks. The following nrti cle nbout the Free Bunks in copied from the Nashville News. It statements nre worthy the attention of all who have notei on those institutions: Free Batiks. By the tabular statement 'given in another place it will be seen that on tthe first of July last the Free Banks of this State had in circulation, $1 193,670; Specie, f 283,1 00. Such has been the dumnnd for specie and Eastern exchange; nine the first of July, Unit it-is reasonable i presume '.hut the notes in circulation ol the Free Banks have considera 1I V diminished since that time say $300, 000. Deducting this from the nmnunl then in circulation, and estimating the amount of specie they have now on hand, and it may fairly be assumed that the whole nmmu.t of their circulation now outstanding?,' over and .above the specie they have on hnnd, is not above some six or seven hundred thousand dollars. For the guaranty and ultimate re demplion of this amount, they have deposit ed with the Comptroller of the Treasury bonds of the State of Tennessee exceeding by ten per cent, the amount of their notes in circulation. Can any note-holder, there fore, of these Free Banks be in any dauger of losing any tiling by them! We should say clearly not. We are of opinion that the, bonds of the State held on deposit by them will, at no distant day, be amply sufficient to redeem their notes In lull, ' Land Speculations. As we have before remarked, there hB beeu too much specula lion in Western lands by non-residents. The results are before the world, and are only the counterpart of what took place twenty years ago, ns a result of Eastern land specu lation. Happily for the South, we huve not partaken to a great extent of this land buy ing mania, and are likely only be affected in a remote degree. However little difference we may usually imagine exists between outside speculations and regular, legitimate business transactions, there is, nevertheless, n very wide distinction, and fortunate indeed is the man or the community who is able to resist all temptation to wander from the paths of legitimate business operations. The Bolton Case. The Memphis Ea gle and Enquirer of Tuesday says "The final disposition of this case by Judge Fitzgerald is so strictly right and proper that, notwithstanding whatever opinions may be entertained of the law of habeas corpus, as it exists in Tennessee, or this Judge's construc tion of it, no one will now question his in. tesritv of purpose. lie has issued a writ to Mr, Sheriff Felts, and made it returnable before Jud'0 Me- Kicrnan, nt Memphis, on the 12tli day of Oc- tobcr nest We are gratified at this result for two reasons: In the first place we boiieve Judge McKieinnn will deal justly with the prisoner and secondly, it will afford the citi rens an opportunity to vindicate themselves from the charge or being a lawless mot), re. gardloss of the law, and wreaking vengeance upon nil wlio incur their displeasure" Gen. Haskell. The friends of this gen tleman huve had him conveyed to the Lex ington (Ky.) Lunntie Asylum. The Louis ville Courier of Tuesday says. "He passed through this city on Friday Inst, in charge of friends, on his way to the Lunatic Asylum at l,oxingtoit. While in the Frankfort cars he arose and in the most elo quent and pathetic terms appealed to the gal lant Kenluckinns, among whom he was, to protect him from tho relentless enemies he imagined were pursuing him. He became so excited and violent that his friends were forced to confine him." Large Sales of Public Lands. The President is said to have signed proclamations for the sale of two and a half millions of acres of the public domain in California; near four hundred and fifty thousand acres In Missouri, and the uuiocated tracts In the Sioux half-breed reservation on Lake Pipit), in the territory of Minnesota. These sales, fn California, will take place during the month of May next, and in Missouri and Minnesota in March next. A Parallel Of the great loss of life on tho Cenlrul America, the Philadelphia Press says: "The only parallel within our memory is that of the ;lm;hi7rite off the coast of France over twenty-live years ago, with about eight hundred convicts on board, who perished in a sudden squall, the greater part of them being hand cuffed and linked two and-two with fetters, and unable to make any effort to save themselves." - Tho Northern Bank of Tennessee, includ. ed in our yesterday's list of discredited hanks, has satisfied all the banks of this city of its solvency, and we understand its notes will oe received by them today. Xashtille Pat. riot. One r thT'Reasoss During the May anniversaries ,i New York, the follow ing di logue was overheard between two of tho Dcwshoys: "I say, Jimmy, what i the meaning of so many preachers being here nil together'" "Why," answered Jim, "they nwityt m,.ctM here once a year to exchange sermons with each other." pff On the th of August Mr. Jhn 0'. Byrne, compositor in the office of the D. tnocrat, RtSanU Fo, Now Mexico, was killed by lightning while, working at his case. MOVEMENTS OF WESTERN PRODUCE. It is obvious (says the Baltimore Ameri can) that real and permanent relief from the monetary pressure, now felt generally and with more or less severity in all our commer cial centres, can only le expected through the prompt and general movement of west- ern produce to the sea-board. The wheat of the West, now ready or nearly ready for market, is the substantial means of llquida tion to which the country must look for the payment of its debts, the re-establishment of confidence, and the restoration of the equili bri n in of trade now so sadly, and also mine. ceasnrily, disturbed. After the wheat wilj come the corn, then the cotton and the pro vision crops of the country to keep up the activity of a system of business exchanges necessary to the vitality of trade. Wheat, however, is now the resource at hand and the disposition and means to make it available should be looked for. Place it in the mar kets of the Atlantic seaboard and the pro cess of general liquidation will be immedi ately commenced, and be kept up by thegra dual coming forward of the other products of the country, the substantial w ealth which it is admitted abundant crops have placed in its possession. The producer will then be able to discharge hfs indebtedness to his lo cal creditor, the latter will pay up to the At lantic cities, and we, sending that produce on to Europe, will re-establish the current of trade, give activity to our mercanlilo transac tions, employment to our ships, nnd in the act of demonstrating nn ability to do some thing, accomplish all that is needed. Unhappily tho distrust existing has had the effect to keep back the produce of tho interior, whilst there is also a tendency on the part of farmers to hold oil in the hope of better prices at a later season. We think that this effect is calculated to exaggerate the evil it fears, whilst the tendency to hold back will in tho end defeat itself. If our Western shippers, in a distrustful mood, hold back to see first "who is going to break," they mny find that in withholding from the East the means ot substantial liquidation, disaster will become general, and prices under the influ ence of panic go below what is desirable el ther for them rr others. A like effect must result from keeping their products away from market. The crops, it is admitted, are quite equal to the wants of the country and the demand likely to como from abroad. . If the mass of the grain crop is held back the re sult must be beneficial only to the few who have tho sagacity to come forward und se cure the best prices now, whilst tha greater number, catching the infection that will arise and joining in the rush that must ensue, will bs thrown upon a falling and overstocked market. The truth is that the system of holding back, of forcing the prices by n simi' Inted scarcity, partakes of the nature of spe. culation, and cannot bo free from its dangers, The few, more astute or more fortunate, make, the greater number lose. The relief which the country now wants, we repo .t, is an early availability of its pro. ductive resources, and to effect this object should be the business of the press in acting upon public sentiment, and of our merchants and banks in affording the necessary facilities. Lot the necessary and proper inducements be used to bring the wheat crop promptly to market, and we will begin immediately to feel its recuperating effect nnd to see tho way out of our difficulties. Tho freight returns of our railroads are, at present, the true ther mometers of our condition, and we must look to them to learn where we are and what are our prospects. Monet Panics. Money panics, we be lieve, are confined exclusively to this country. They result from the over issue of bank pa per, and the too liberal extension of the credit system. Sometimes a stringency occurs in the money markets of the old world, but there is never anything like a panic. The Bank of France issues no bill for less than 100 francs about 13 dollars of our money. 1 he Bank of England issues none for lees than 5 which is about twenty-five dollars American currency. The circulating mcdi urn, therefore, in the ordinary transactions of trade, consists of gold and silver. No such thing is known among them as a run upon the Banks, or a panic in the money market. Heavy Defalcations. We were in hopes that, even though we were forced to suffer from the monetary panic created in New York, to some extent, we would yet bo pared the pain of seeing that dreadful epi demicdefaulting cashiers Bpread to the South. The following from the Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel of Sunday, indicates, however, that we ore to bo disappointed in such reasonable hopes: We learned yesterday that W. II. Bartless, Teller in the Southwestern Railroad Hank, at Charleston, had proved n defaulter in the sum of 60,000. He has left city. Mr. AIM. lor. a Teller in the Bank of the Male, also at Charleston, we lenrn, is defaulter to the amount of $20,000. Since writing the above, we have been in- formod that Mr. Bartless has been arrested in Wilmington, N. C, .and a large portion (53,000) recovered. Old and Poor. Tho Boston Courior thus touchiugly expresses a great truth: "Itwus formerly our fortune not an on. viable one to iidniiuister the insolvent law. An old man, who came under our jurisdic tion, once said lo us; 'It is hard to be old and poor.' It was a simple remark: hut the lone and look gave it pathos and significance; and how sadly, "painfully truo it is' The young man can confront foitune, the etone which she flings at him he can pick up and set as njewol in his crest; but the old man foils under the blow. Rejoice, then, mnn of genius, in thy geniu! O pure in heart, re joice III lliy purity: ana u young mini, re joice in thy youth; lor time ana tnou are goou ngaiubt any two!" TRUTHS FOR THE TIMES. The New York Express says : The great business world is just now undergoing one of those violent periodical convulsions, which proceeding from a variety of sources, to a general derangement of our monetary and mercantile system an overruling Providence would seem to order ns He orders ail other things for our good; and it is to be regret ted that so few among us will consent to contemplate it in that light. For then, the "adversity" that is now at our doors, would have its "sweet use," nnd we should be all the more disposed to submit, with uncom plaining patience, to misfortunes which say what we will are in the majn, of our own creation. As it is, however, men are too much inclined to lake a desponding view of their individual disasters and repine, like misanthropes, over consequences, the causes of w hich, a little self examination would show themselves to have been instrumental in bringing about. Instead of every man laying his reverses in business at his neighbor's door and referring all his unhappineBs, or his losses, to some' Mordecai silting at the king's gate is it not an infinitely better phil osophy to withdraw the plea of not guilty and confess judgment at once that is, own up, that we have all been living"too fast" and "too high," have been epending more than we have earned, subsisting too long on our wits, instead of the slower but surer returns of unpretending industry been trusting too much to our genius for speculation, and but too little to the more solid resources of reg ular trade. Making haste to get rich, we are all of a suddei: become poor. There nre cer tain general maxims which govern the busi ness relations of life, which cannot be trans gressed or despised without entailing as sure a retribution as that which follows the viola tion of the moral law. Not to live beyond one's means, is one of those maxims and not to embark too largely in business, upon borrowed capital, is anothei. Upon the vio lation of these maxima we had almost said, these commandments hnngs all, or nearly all, our present embarr.issmLr.ti. Ever since the discovery of the gold mines of California, a spirit of extravagance has grown up among us, which has manifested itself in a thousand fantastic shapes leading lo "wasteful and ridiculous excess" in nil our great cities and to wild land speculations, suppositious rail roads, and a multitude of other unproductive absorbents of capital in the country. Here, we are do longer content to live in a dwelling of modest brick made by laborers near by on the North River. Nothing but marble for stores down town, and pillared - palaces of freestone, up town. Outside show bespeaks inside extravagance; but, as we cannot pene trate the interior of those ducal palaces, whijh have sprung up as if by magic during the few years past,' we have only to turn to the Custom House statistics (figures that don't lie) to Bee, that we have- been buying some "twenty-nine millions of dollars worth of silks" during the last twelve months, and "everything else in proportion." Our bills for foreign luxuries of all sorts hare in fact been run up higher than ever before and large as our income has been from the great golconda of the Pacific, our extravngances have out stripped it, and brought us at last, not to the brink of, but right over into, the precipice of an almost universal bankiuptcy. The fall, though severe, is happily not fatal for a young nation like this, with its unbounded resources, multiplying every year is a hard country to ruin, much less to kill. The blow indeed may prove a reul benefit to us in the end, if we will but learn to study the lessons it teaches, and henceforth apply them to the practice of every day life. In speaking of personal and family extrav agances, of course, we do but touch an outer crust of the big shell that is bursting nil around us because disaster so wide spread us that w hich is now sweeping over the land is the net product, not of one cause, nor two but of many; all impelled, however, by the same spirit of unchecked extravagance, to which, in only one of its prominent phases, here, we have alluded. Yet New York city "fast" as it is, and has been has rather lagged behind than run ahead of the rest of the country for, while Banks are breaking half a dozen at a time, east, south and west of us ours stand, nnd are like to stand firm, in solid phalanx; nt the samo time that sus pensions in mercantile circles here are rela tively fewer than elsewhere. What is need ed now, then as first steps to recover from this blow are, retrenchment and reform more moderate notions of living reduction of unnecessary expenditures less reliance upon credit contentment with smaller prof itsless ,'specululion"nnd fewer-speculators in short, to sum up less haste to get rich, nnd a higher standard of business morals, and morula of all kinds all around. Nothing else will do. a . A Touching Duty. Mr. Pay no, of Cali fornia, to whom Cnpt.Herndon left his watch, to be handed by him to his wife, in case of his death, has iust executed that painful duty, and the watch is now in Mrs. Herndon's pos sessionthe last, sad relic of her heroic hus band, ond all she has now to connect her and him in his last perishing moments. Some men would have sent themselves in the boat to their wives but the gallant Herndon, thouirh in tho midst of peril and death, for- got not to send this touching relic to his wife, while at the same time he devoted himself to duty and death. A'. V. Express. New Yobk Papers in Paris. The New V,.rlf nnnnrs are received in Paris wilh great er regularity than for a long time before. I hey nre seldom sioppeu at vow ,' uum. The reason assigned for this is, that they are .. i . . l" i ..il...- .rim., tlmf tha SO lull Ol muruers nnu uuin government is quite willing to have them .-i-oiilnted. bs a core for the republican ten dencies of the Parisians, whose own munici pal regulations are so admirably calculated to secure the comfort, independence, safety aud pleasure of the citizens. MONEY AFFAIRS. The Philadelphia Evening Bulletin says: "Wherever one goes in the street, in the Exchange, in the hotels, in the theatres, and even to and from church, the common saluta tion has reference to the state of the times. There is a horrid, morbid disposition to croak, to magnify evils, to imagine and predict them, which partakes somewhat of the common feeling when nn epidemic prevails. It is a time of contagion, but the contagion affects the minds as much as it dues the pockets of the community. But it has been our good fortune to meet with many who are not cast down by the prevailing embarrassqients. They have done, ond are doing, their best to sustain themselves; and with the conscious ness of this comes a determination not to be gloomy and depressed, whateve may be the result. They have as hearty greetings as ever forthoir friends, and have their jokes on all subjects, eveD oa the universal one of the hard times. "It is this kind of spirit that we should like to see become general; for that will be one of the best means of hastening a return to pros pcrity. What we want is confidence, cour age, determination, and cheerfulness. Tho country is rich and prosperous; tho crops are enormous, and are coinin; forward rapidly; the flow of specie to Europe is checked, and we are receiving morothaa we ssnd away. The financial calamities we have witnessed, and are still witnessing, are not the effects of a decline in the prosperity of the real wealth of the country. We have lived too fust, and felt so rich that some of us have speculated overmuch, and everything hui thus become entangled. If the country had been poon there would have been nothing of the kind. We are now suffering from the effect of our excess, not from the effects of our poverty. The punishment is severe, but it cannot last long; and, in the meantime, there is no use in making it worse than it really is, and magni fying its severity by complaining and croak ing. It should bo borne manfully and cour ageously, and it will the sooner be over. "There is one thing worthy of note in re gard to the present excitement; it is totally unconnected with politics. In the pecuniary distress of 1837-'9, the troubles were aggra. vated by the politin;Jrcerbity that prevailed everywhere. Parties were arrayed against one another, and there, was mutual hostility as well as mutual distrust. Now, however, there is nothing of the kind. People nre all anxious; but they nre at the some time deter mined to stand by one another and co-op-rate for the common good." Corn and Hogs. From carefully condnct ed experiments by difliercnt persons, it" has been ascertained that one bushel of corn will make a little over 10- pounds of pork gross. Taking the n-stilt as a basis, the fol lowing deductions arts made, which all our farmers would do well to lay by for a con venient reference Tint, When corn costs 12 cts. per bushel, pork costs 1 cts. per pound. When corn costs ITc, costs 2c. per pound. , per bushel, pork per bushel, pork per bushel, pork per bushel, pork When coin costs 25c. costs 3c. per pound. Whon corn costs 33c. costs 4c. per pound. When corn costs 60c, costs fie. per pound. The following statements show what the farmer realizes for his corn when sold ic the form of pork : When pork sells for 3c. per pound, it brings 25c. per bushel in corn. Whon pork soils for 4c. per pound, it brings 32o. cents per bushel in corn. When pork sells for fic. per pound, it brings 45c. per bushel in corn, Robbery of tee U. S. Mint in San Fran cisco. The San Francisco Herald of the 20th ult. states that Win, Rein, who had been for some time employed in the coiners' de partment of the United States Mint in that city, was arrested on the previous day, on suspicion of having abstracted gold from the establishment. His apartment was searched, and about 8,000 in gold found, together with deeds for property to near the value of $20,000, He admitted his speculations, and restored $3,300 of the amount. It was sup posed, from the wax in which the gold filings were found, that lie committed the thefts by means of wax placed under the instep of his boots, lo which the gold, when trod upon, adhered. Since his arrest, he hi t acknowl edged that he has been carrying on the pil fering ever since the establishment of the Mint in that city. Tun Slavs- Trapk. A letter published in a London paper savs that at Lagos, the greatest slave market in Africa, the supply of slaves is obtained by the king from Hit. Jabon country, where all prisoners of war are con- i j i mm : :.i i... i.i... :.. - siuereu ns nuivra. i no pnuc miiu jr nnu ih u roll of tobacco for two, the cost of Hie to. bacco being from twenty-five to thirty dollars. The dealer pays tho king about sixty dollars for each slave a young and well grown man bringing seveiity-five dollars, while nn Inferi or "piece of goods" brings from thirty to forty dollars. The writer states that in 1853 the cost of importation to Havana, was com puted at about seventy-five dollars each, and that they brought in that city about one thousand dollars each while in Brazil they would bring only five hundred dollars. He furnishes a tabular statement, showing that eight hundred slaves in Havana reulized above $800,000 the expenses being com puted at 863,075, and the clear profit at $736,925. fjr A Western paper offers to write "Mr.' before, or "Esq."after the name of such of its subscribers, In directing their papers to them, as will pay twenty-five cunts extra, or add both of said handles for fifty cents extra. Cheap enough for a luxury. A Liberal Fee. The Creek Council have allowed Albert Pike $130,000 for hit services in prosecuting their claim. BOB WALKER and the PRESIDENCY. That Bob Walker is blazing out a road to the Presidency is hardly to be doubted. The following extract from the New York Her ald's Washington letter of the 21st, ia well worth the attention of the Southern support era of Walker. Read : The Kansas policy of Robert J. Walker has received the particular attention ot the New York Herald, and your defense of his course in connection with the Administration has not failed of its good effects in the right quarters. The Herald has also hinted on several occasions that Walker is an aspirant for the Presidency, and that the affairs of Kansas sre the trump cards which he is try ing to pluy so as to win the sweepstakes of 1800. From a recent conversation with an inti mate fiiend of Walker, I have reason to be lieve that the Governor has seriously affixed his attentions upon the White House, and that out of Kansas ho expects to achieve wonders. I understand that to this end his wishes ar.d his iutentions are to make Kansas a free State through the enforcement of the terms of the Kansas-Nebraska bill, and that with this consummation he expects the recon struction of parties indicated by the Herald, and that the new party of national conserva tives, opposed to both Northern and Southern slavery agitators, w ill find in Robert J. Walk, er and his doings in Kansas the very man aud the very platform they desire, especially as Mr. Buchanan will be out of the way, and probably Col. Fremont. Should this bo so, Governor Walker will only have such men as Douglas, tlunter, beward, Jen. Uavis, to con tend against, snd such as these it is thought it will not be very hard to beat The Herald indorses editorially the views of its correspondent as follows: Before accepting his responsible office, Gov. Walker had doubtless discovered that anything approaching an adhesion to the terms of the Kansas Nebraska bill would re sult in making Kansas a free State, from the overwhelming niiinercial ascendancy of the free Stale settlers in the territory. In accept ing, therefore, the chart of Mr. Buclianan'a inaugural as his guide, the course of the Gov ernor was nt once defined the result became certain and, from its crowning advantages, superior to nil the trials and embarrassments which might delay its accomplishment. The admission of Kansas as a free State; through the fairly applied organic law of popular sov ereignty, it was evident, at the outset, would break up the present relations of our political parties; but it was equally manifest to the so. gacions observer of causes and effects, that In necessary reconstruction of parties the ascen. dancy would accrue to the conservatives ac quiescing in the free Stato solution of the Kansas problem. This, then, is the position of Governor Walker. He anticipates, as we anticipate, the disruption of the Southern Democracy from the admission of Kansas as a free State. Scott and Pillow. Notwithstanding the utter demolition of the remarkable stories of General Gideon J. Pillow by General Hitch cockand notwithstanding Ex-President Ty ler has finished off Hitchcock's work by a flat denial of the half million story, we observe that Gen. Scott also has come out in a public manifesto, in which the immaculate Gideon catches it worse and worse. Inasmuch as Pillow's story has already been discredited in all its length and breadth, we deem it alto gether unnecessary to publish Gen, Scott's reply in detail. The follow ingextract contains a general denial of the charges : I do not propose at present to disturb Gen. Pillow's self-laudation, nor to reply to his animadversions on my plans and operations, although he most provokingly mixes up in every statement a small grain of truth with a large portion of fiction, so as to give it, with the cureless, all the effect of gross falsehood. If such tricks can influence the public mind to my prejudice, I shall then begin to regret that I was born an American. In reference to Pillow's declaration of the payment of money to Santa Anna, Gen. Scott answers as follows: I am very sure that Mr. Trist bad not a dollar of public money in his possession while in Mexico, and never more than stilliced for his very moderate expenses in his private purse; and I certify on honor that I never, at any time, paid to Gen. Santa Anna, or caused to be paid to him, or to another for his use or benefit, one dollar or more, on nny account or in any way whatever. President Santa Anna was at the time, as now, worth millions, nnd had. in that office, the irresponsible con trol of nil the pecuniary means of his country. It is hnrdly probable therefore that he would have stooped to pick tip a sack of ten thou sand dollars in gold if he had accidentally stumbled upon one in n private walk. This, with Hitchcock's evidence we should think, is sufficient to discredit the whole of Gen. Pillow's very remarkable history of Hie secret negotiations of the Mexican war. "Tub Hand, writino on tiis Wall;" A critical correspondent of the New Orleans Picayune contends that the correct reading of this quotation is according to the punctuation of the caption, nnd not as it is almost uni versally read, so ns to convey the idea only of the miraculous hand-writing or penmnn ship on the wall. We quite agree with the writer, that "it was evideptly the hand, wri ting on the wall, and not what was written, that frightened the impious king, Belshazzar" especially as he did not know what was written nt the time of his fear, nor until af ter it was translated by the prophet. Racing. Mr. Ten Brock, who went to England with his stable of racers to take the starch out of the "natives," has been de feated on every field. He went out to shave and comes home shorn. U? The English papers state that the venerable John Hickling, the lust race of Methodist preachers sent into the work by Mr. John Wesley, and who is now in the 60th year of his ministry and the 92d of his age, preached in Liverpool at the recent ses sion of the Wesleyan Conference in that city. A Steais Wagon. For the five hundredth time we make the announcement of an Inven tion by which wagons may be driven by steam. It is said that F. C. Bartlett &. Bro ther, of Springfield, Mass.," have just complet ed a steam wngon for use on common roads. The wagon will seat eighteen or twenty per sons, and it is expected to be able to travel anywhere from ten to twenty miles nn hour. It will, no doubt, have the fate of its predecessors. pictures of memory. ST AUCS CAST. Among the beautiful pic tor ea That hang oa Memory'! wall, . Is one of a dim old forest, That aeemeet the beet of all ; Not for It! gnarled oak I olden, Dark With the miatletoe ; Not for Its violets golden That iprlnkle the vale below ; Not for the milk-white lilliea That lean from the fragrant hedge, Conueting all day with the aunheama, And alealing her golden edge. Not for the Tinea on the upland Where the bright red berrlea mt, Nor the pink, nor the pale awcet cowilip, It aeemeth to me the beat. I once had a Utile brother, With eyea that were dark snd deep In the lap of that dim old foreat He lleth In peace asleep. Light as the down of the thistle, Free as the wlns that blow, We roved there the beautiful summers '' The summers of long ago ; Eut hit feet on the hitle grew weary, And one of thoae aatumn erea, I made for my Utte brother A bed on the yellow leaves. Sweetly his pale arms folded My neck In s nienk embrace, Aa the light of Immortal beauty Silently covered bis face ; And when the arrow! of sunaot Lodged in the treetopa bright, lie fell in hia anint-like beauty, Asleep by the gates of light. Therefore, of all the pictures That hang on memory's wall, That one of the dim old forest gccmelh the beat of all. What do these Things Mean? We find the following in a late number of the New York Evungalist: Vermont, one of the most purely agricul tural States in the Union, exhibits sad evi dence of religious indifference. Theanruul report of the general convention in that Slate discloses the following fact, published iu the Congregationalisl (IN. II.) Journal: "More than twenty thousand families in Vermont habitually neglect all public wor ship; only about one-filth of tho people in the average attend upon evangelical worship, and four-liflhs of the inhabitants on each return ing Lord's day are absent from the sanctuary. What do tliese things mean J Making all due allowance for the necessary absence of those who, in the Providence of God cannot be present, there ought to be at least three-fifths instead of one-fifth of the people at public worship. Where, then, are the one hundred nnd fifty thousand souls thnt ought to be in the house of God every Sabbath? What are their thoughts and deeds ou God's holy day!'" The Boston Courier has the following comments on the above : "The New York Evangelist (a religious paper inclining to anti-slavery) ought not to ask: "What do these things mean!" as if tho reason were not perfectly obvious. That Abolitionism would inevitably lend to such a sad result, has been preached upon tho house tops. The Courier, wilh other eonservativo journals, has never censed to urge entreaties and warnings upon thesuojeel lor a year past. .Many of the clergy, with a zeal quilo sur passing their religious ministrations, have en tered into Abolitionism in the pulpit, directly or indirectly; and out of the pulpit have too often set examples of partisanship to their people. Abolitionism is not religion; hut, like all other fanaticisms, it is an absorbing de lusion. The human mind rannol bo full of one engrossing topic nnd find room for anoth er. The consequence iB, that Abolitionism in Vermont, and elsewhere, has excluded Chris tianity. The process of opernlion is first, lukewnrmness, then neglect of religions ordi nances, then disbelief. And yet the New York Evangelist, adopting tho report oT the convention, innocently asks, What do these things mean 7" An Extensive Run. The Nashville Ban ner says, a gentleman living in one of tho mountain counties of Middle Tennessee, heard on Tuesday of the suspension of the Bank of Nashville, and fenring a general crush was nt hand, jumped ifi tho stage and came post haste to Nashville to in alto a draw on one of our Banks, lie arrived here yes terday and immediately hastened to College street and demanded tho specie on his pile. Our friend Shapard met the demand with his usuM bland smile; willing lo meet n hundred thousand more such, and paid over to the gentleman a i7er dollar, the amount of his note, without the least concern, nnd sent him away rejoicing, Gold. The Philadelphia Press learns that within n few days tho United States mint has received $750,000 in refined bars of gold, and half a million more will olso be forwar ded to Philadelphia for coinage a few days hence. This fact is interesting in conncc. tlon with the present rate of exchange, as a proof of the strong check given to the ex portation of bullion by the extraordinary de. demand for it hore. The refined bars are greatly preferable to coin fur exportation, nnd the principal poition of shipments of bullion miido to Europe have been in the shape, as the bars for that purpose, are not only more convenient, but less expensive. Should have liked him for a Boarder. "How do you like tho chnrnctor of St. Paul?" asked a parson of his landlady ono day, during a conveisatiou about the old saints and apostles. "Ah, he wns a good, clever old soul, I know," replied the land lady, "for he once said, you know, that we must eat what is set before us, and ask no questions, for conscience' sake. I always thought I should like him for a boarder." An Irishman who was troubled with the tnothiiche determined to have the old of fender extracted; but thero being no' dentist near, he resolved to do the" job himself, whereupon he filled tho excavation with pow der, snd being afraid to touch it off, put a slow match to it, then ran to get out of the way. if" There is one satisfaction in owning a close mouth it retains all the foolish as well as the wise words of one's heart' A Sentiment for the Season. Punch ays that the trees, with the modesty of na ture, knowing that they are about to be tripped of their robe of foliage, and stand naked beforo the world, will soon commence to change color. MRS. STOWE ON SPIRITUALISM. In the Independent of last week, Harriet Beecher Stowe thus expresses her sentiments upon a warmly-controverted subject: "Nothing about the doom of death Is so dreadful as this dead, inflexible silence. Could there be, after the passage of the river, one backward signal, one last word, the heart would be appeased. There is always something left unsaid, even when denth hat come deliberately and given full warning. How much more when it has fallen like the lightning, and the beloved has been Mreuchcd from life, w ithout a parting look or word! There are those who would have us think that in out day there aro means which have the power to restore us to tho communion of our lost ones. How many heart, wrung and tortured w ith the anguish of this fearful silence, has throbbed with strange, vague hopes at the suggestion! When we hear, sometimes of persons of the strongest nnd clearest minds becoming credulous votaries of certain spiritualistic circles, let us not wonder. It we inquire, we shall almost al ways find that the belief 'has followed some stroke of death it is only an indication of the desperation of that heart-hunger which in part appeases. Ah, were it true! were it Indeed so that the wall between the spiritual aud material is growing thin, and a new dis pensation germinating, in w hich communion with the departed blest shall bo among tho privileges and possibilities of our mortal state! Ah, were it so that when we go forth weeping In the gray dawn, bearing spiers nnd odors which we long' to pour forlh for tho beloved dead, we should indeed find the stone rolled away, and an angel silting on ill "But for us, thestoiio must bo rolled away by an unquestionable angel, whose counte uanee is as the lightning, who executes no doubtful juggle by pale moonlight or star light, but rolls back the stone in fair, open morning, and sits on it. Then we could bless God for his mighty gift, and with love, and awe, and reverence, lake up that blessed fellowship with nnothor life, and weave it reverently and trustingly into the web of our daily course. But no such angel have we seen no such sublime, unquestionable, glo rious manifestation. And when we look at what is offered to us ah, who that had a friend in heaven conld wish them to return in such wise ns this! The very instinct of a sacred Borrow seems to forbid that our benu tiful, our glorified ones, should stoop lower than even to the medium of their cast-off bo. dies to juggle, and rap, and squeak, and per form mountebank tricks with tables and chairs, to recite over in wenry sameness harmless truisms which we were wise enough lo say for ourselves, to trifle, and banter, nnd jest, or to lead us through endless moonshiny mazes; sadly nnd soberly we say, thnt if this be communion with the dead, we had rathor be without it. Wo want something a little in advance of our present life, and not below it. We have read, with some nlteutiou, wea. ry pages of spiritual communication profess ing to oomo from Bacon, Swtdenborg, and others, and long accounts from divers spirits of things seen in the spirit-land, nnd we can conceive of no moro appalling prospect than to have them true. If the future life is so wenry,. stale,- flat and unprofitable, ss we might infer from lhoo readings, one would have reason to deplore nn immortality from which no suicide could give an outlet. To be condemned to such eternal prosing would bo worse than annihilation." Air Poison. People have often said that no difference can bo detected in the nnuly zation of puro nnd impure air. This is one of the vulgar errors difficult to dislodge from the public brain. The fact is, that the con densed air of a crowded room gives a deposit, which, if allowed to remain a few days, forms a solid, thick, glutinous mass, having a strong odor of animal matter. If examined by the microscope, It is seen to undergo a remarka ble change. First of all, it is converted into vegetable growth, and this is followed by the production of multitudes of animalcules; a decisive proof that it must contain organic matter, otherwise itttoulj not nourish organic beings. This was tho result arrived at by Dr. Angus Smith, in his beautiful experi ments on the Air nnd Water oT towns; where ho showed how the lungs and skin gavo out organic matter, which Is in itself a deadly poison, producing headache, sickness, disea so, or epidemic, according to its Btrength. Why, if "a few drops of the liquid matter, obtained by the condensation of the air of ft foul locality, introduced into tho vein of a dog, can produce death by (ho usual phe nomena of typhus fever," what incalculable evil must not it produce on those human be. ings who breathe it again and again, render ed fouler and less capable of sustaining life with every broath drawn ? Such contamina tion of the air, and consequent hot-bed of fever and epidemic, it ia easily within tho power of man to remove. Ventilation and cleanliness will do nil, so fur as the abolition of this evil goes, and ventilation and cleanli ness nre not miracles to be prayed for, but certain results of common obedience to the laws of God. t-i7 "You and I aro much alike," said the beggar to the banker. "How so!" "We both contrive to live on tho labors of others.' "But I carry on a lawful business for a liv ing," said the banker. "So do I," said the beggar; "but there ia this difference I get tho property of others with their consent, you get their property without their con sent." The Panic Afff.ctino the Price of To bacco. The Richmond Examiner observes thnt the tobacco trade of Virginia line cen tered in New York, owing to the present banking system, nnd brings fuels and figures to show that this Interest is already feeling with a vengoanco the pressuro now raging la the great commercial emporium of tho coun try. Tobncco of the quality which ton days ago sold in Richmond for fifteen, seventeen and twenty dollars, sold on Thursday for ten, twelve and fourteen dollars, and the market falling. , .f" A young lady, named Smith, residing In Charles City county, Vn., playfully snapped a gun nt her lover, Samuel 'lhrog, on Wednesday last, supposing It to be empty. Unfortunately it happened to be loaded, and when the trigger was pulled it exploded, dr positing its contents in the aide of young Throg's head, killing him Instantly, r S i i ' -i 1 1 f. 5 I 1 ' !