4 . t s
riMNnMrMftnAMt-Mr'' fvmtii - . r--aww-, ,or-wesr
BY SAM. P. TOTS..
ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY DECEMBER 11, 1857: !
'V ' T BMW St
TBI FONT II PUBLISHED BVERT FRIDAY,
AT XW DOLIiARI PER TEABi
..... FATABLK IN ADVAh'CK. . n.
AdrrtUmnl will ohtripd $1 per qaftit
fcfl9 lines, or leu, for theflrit insertion, and BOflentt for
Mh eontlnutno.' A Hbertl rlMuctlon mtde to thoie
Who KdrtrtlM by the year. (VPereone eniHn(rdTer
Mm menU mull mark the number of timet therdeeirt
them tneerted, or they will he continued until forbid nd
tvt ftnaoHnoIng the nmei ef Mndtdteeforoffloe,Bt
AHooiamunieetlonilntendedto promote the private
fjnrltor Interente of OorpdrMlonfl, ftfcetlee,8cboolior
IndtTldiiAle, will be charted ae advert leemente.
Jk Work each ae ParapMeti,Mlnuti,Olrevlar,
Carde, Rtanke, Kandbllli, 4c., will be executed la good
Urle, and on reasonable term.
. All lefeten addretied to the Proprietor, poet paid .will
he promptly attended to
Pereone at a distance eendlnff ni the numee of four
lolrenteubtcrlbere, will he entitled to a fifth conjffrntlt.
- No eotnmunlcatlofl Inserted nnleii acootnpanled by
the name of the author,
ptT1 Offiot on Mala itreet, next door to the old Jack
ATHEMi rRIDATi sEC. II, I8ST.
NOTES OF Till BANKS Or TENNEftSEB,
steoslisi Sy tte state. Union ana Planters' Banks of
. . . Tennessee, a. Naenvlllo. ,
Bank of fiuHMf .
Planters' Bank, '
Bank f Parle,
Bank of Oorameree,
Batik of M empale, -Northern
Bank of Tenn
Bank of America,
Bank of Chattanooga,
Bank of Middle Tenn.
Sank or tn. union,
By tfii Bank 0 7onneetM ami ths Union Ami.
Bank of Tennsiite,
Bank of Middle Tenn.
Bank of America,
Bank of Chattanooga,
Bank of Commerce,
Bank of Memphia,
Bank of Parle,
Bank of the Union,
New Orleans Banks.
ThsUsurt Laws. The N. Y. Herald
says: Events Indicate that ths struggle for
the repent of the Usury lawe will bo renew
ed this winter with unusual vigor. Nor is
there anything surprising in this.
1. While the Bank of England, bending to
financial storms, raises the rate of interest ss
high ss need be, but continues to accommo
date ail who deserve accommodation to the
extent of their wants, our banks, unable to
do business si a higher rate than that fixed
by law, can only meet a atorm by curtailing
their accommodation and breaking their customers.-
Could there be a more conclusive
commentary on the Usury laws?
r But, while our mercantile men are prepar
ing to waste time on the rural dullards who
assemble st Albany, why should not some
sensible person propose a refrenee of the
whole subject to Congress st Washington!
Under the Constitution Congress is invested
with the supervision and direction of com'
tatrce, of which the Usury laws sre s rule
nd formula. They therefore fall properly
under the control of Congress, and may be
legislated upon . with ( perfect propriety.
, Again, if Stats makes a rule with regard to
tha UaurV laws, it only covers that State: all
the rest oflhs country is independent of
Its operation. How absurd thia is in aeoun
try whose commercial Operations sre intima
tely Intermingled and cloaely connected to-
rlhert . 1
A uniform law on the subject of the inter
est which it shall be allowable to take for
money would be eminently advantageous(
and might try properly accompany some
Congressional provision for the equalization
of the vnlue of paper money or the establish
ment of a uniform currency.
' "Don't, Charles, ffo to Boston with
fljai hole in the elbow 01 your shirt. Hus
band "Why not my dear?" Careful wife
"Because if the ears should run off the track
and you ahould get killed people would
think me a very negligent wife. Husband,
buttoninc up tin overcoat) "AhemI yes I
dare say they would." ,
The nbort says the Nashvile 'Patriot,' is
capita hit at a certain class of prudent and
anxious, but selfish married ladies, who are
alwsys borrowing trouble about becoming
widows and urging -their husbands to pur
ehsso a home, or get a life insurance, ao that
they may have something to depend upon if
suddenly left in widowhood.
Fatal ArrRAT Two Mis Killed. Dr.
S. C. Swsn, formerly of Memphis, snd his
psrtner, Dr. C. C. C. Webb, who waa the
son of G. W. Webb, and was born and resi
ded in Bledsoe eounty, Tenrji, were on Sun
day the 22od ult., at West Point, White coun
ty, Arkansas in their professional cspaoity as
dentists. They were staying at the house
of Col. Rodger, where they were called
upon by Iaaao Fslsenthrall, a German real,
ding at Searcy, who, we are . informed, bad
levied upon their horses for a debt he claimed
was due him.
' The reeeipts-of the North Csrolina
Railroad, for the four montha ending Novem
ber 1, reached 137,034, being an increase
ot 32,7 17 over the receipts for the same pe
riod last year. . j i
BP" The Chlgaco "Times," the espeolol
organ of Senator Douglas, says it hss no su
thority to speak for Senator Douglas, but
vsntures tbe prediction that he will not
eland eoldly back while the South crams
slavery down the throats of the people of
that or any other Territory without the con
tent of the people themselves."
-B A late American editor, who has
gone over to the Loco food side of politics,
complaining of"a violent pain in the region
or the left auricle of the heart," Prentioe
suggests that, perhaps he Xiet loo much on
thai $idet " -
' Pauperism. Ths "crisis" Islelling with
fearful effect, as might have been expected,
on the statistics snd records of pauperism.
The Philadelphia Alms House made the
following report for the week ending 21st ult,
Total number in the House . 2678
Sams time last year ' ,'' "-: 2145
New York, Dee. 2 The Herald says
-1 lemon s majority ror mayor is .1,931, i lie
.Tflbune elslius 3,633, . v..j .
; ' I ' !l in . !.. -
The Tkiasvrt Estimates. The Wash
ington correspondent of ths N. Y. Times
says that ths Treasury estimates of appro
priation for the next fiscal year have been
made np, and despite every effort to reduce
them, the total amount estimated is about
seventy millions.1' The estimate for the War
Department alone la twenty and a quarter
millions being largely Increased by the an
ticipated Mormon war. The total est!,
mates, Including the special service and the
construction of the new steam sloops-of-
war, amount estimated is abont seventy mil
lions. The estimate for the War Depart
ment atone la twenty and a quarter millions
being largely increased by ths anticipated
Mormon war. The total naval estimates, in-
eluding the special service and the construc
tion of the new steam sloops-of-wsr, amounts
to fourteen millions. The snme correspon
dent says thst Secretary Cobb still thinks the
Tressury will not be compelled to resort to
loans or Treasury notes. '
Tns Pbospict. The Nsml York Herald
has the following on the conseqnenees of the
split between the President snd Walksr, snd
the Northern snd Southern Democracy gen
"On both flanks the national Democratic
party is encompassed Walkerand the North
ern Democracy on the right, and the South
ern fire-eaters on the left. The chsnces are
that should this Lecompton programme be
rejected by Congress, the fire-esters will
break out into open rebellion; but should it
be accepted, the Democracy of the North
will be swallowed up in a general anti-slavery
re-action, compared with which that of
1856 will appear only a light snmmer breeze.
With this movement all national party or
ganizations will disappear, and the issue be
tween the North and the South will soon be
narrowed down to the question of n purely
sectional control of the affairs of the Union.
Walker has taken his ground and knows his
strength. The fire-eaters have taken theirs,
snd their breath of life is discord and agita
tion. Upon either horn of the dilemma the
nnlional Democratic party is destined, per
haps, to be dashed to pieces.
There is a grim and mournful truth
in the following, though we grieve to eay It.
Very early marriages are not by any means
invariably happy ones, thouph truth compels
us to admit that we have known some bril
liant exceptions: :
"Earlt Marriages. She stood beside
the sltnr when she was but sixteen. She
waa in love; her destiny rested on s creature
ss delicate, and who had known as little of
the world aa herself. She looked lovely aa
she pronounced the vow. Think of a vow
from auburn hair, blue eyes snd pouting lips,
snd only sixteen years old.
"She stood by the wash tnb when her
twenty-fifth birth-day arrived. The hair, the
lips, the eyes were not calculated to jexcits
the heart. Five crossyoung ones were about
the house crying some breaking things, and
one urging the immediate supply f the lac
teal secretion. la deepsir, aimtoiped and
sat down, and tears trickled down her once
plump and ruddy cheek.
"Alas! Nancy,' early marriages sre not the
dodge. Better enjoy youth at home, and hold
lovers at a proper distance until you have
muscle, limb snd heart enough to face a
frowning world and family. It s chap really
cares for you he can wait two or three years,
make presents, take you to concerts and ao
on, until the time comes. Early marriages
snd esrly cabbages are tender productions.
"Sunday Corn." An American infidel
boasting in a published letter that he had
raised two acres of "Sunday Corn," which
he Intends to devote to the purchase of infi
del books adds: "All the work done on it
was on Sunday, and it will yield somo seven
ty bushels to the acre, and I don't eee but
that Nature or Providence has smiled upon
my Sunday work, however the priests or the
Bible may say that work done on thst day
never prospers. My corn tells another story."
To this the editor of an agricultural paper
replies: "If the author of this shallow non
sense had read the Bible half as much as he
has the work of Its opponents, he would
have known that the great Ruler of the Uni
verse does not always square up his accounts
with mankind In the month of October."
Treed. During the progress of tho tor
nado Inst week, near Crestline, says an ex
change, Miss White, a young lady aged sev
enteen years, was carried by the force of the
wind several hundred feet, snd left on the
top of a cherry tree. She elided through the
serial space, hoops and all, like a thing of
air, and descended upon the tree with all the
majesty and ease of on engle in lowering to
its neat. She escaped uninjured."
The Washington correspondent of
the New York Times says:
Senator Douglas has been heard from. As
the author of the Kansas Nebraska set, hs
will take bold ground in support of Walker.
This the President has not hitherto believed.
Douglas holds that the refusal to submit the
whole Constitution to the people, when tliev
desire it, is the clearest repudiation ot the
dootrine of popular sovereignty.
The Bardstown (Ky.) Gnzotto savs
that the price of negroes has fallen ten per
cent, In the Inst three weeks. In that vicinity
gF Female burglars are at work In Chel.
sen, Mass. A pSrty of them were eaught one
night last week. They were all Irish,
Washington, Deo. 3. The President and
Senator Stephen A. Douglas, had today a full
Interchange of opinions in regard to Kansas
affairs, and the policy to be pursued, but
without concurrence. They parted on arnica
ble terms. It is understood that Senator
Douglas will introduce a bill, at ao early pe
riod of the aesslon, for the purpose of endea
voring to settle the vexed questions involved.
Mr. Green, when, you said there was
too much American eagle In the speaker's
discourse, did you moan that it waa a talon
led production; and to what claws of the
speech did you especially refer? ' ' - '
y A witness in a Uoojler Court being
ssksd how he knew that two certain persons
wsre man and wife. "Why Pve heard 'em
scolding each other more'o fifty limes." The
J svidenoe woe held as conclusive. '
- St. Louis, Dee. 3. Navigation it resumed
to Keokuk. 1 : ,
LETTER FROM CALIFORNIA.
For ths Atbtns Ptt.
Volcao, Amador CO., CaU Oct. 80, '57, "
To My Friendi: Upon starting, - at your
requesta I promised to write back respecting
mysolf, this country, and the God of Mam
mon. This is s fast and a busy State, and
the miner finds but little time for writing.
For want of more leisure, 1 sin now writing
while at the windlass at the top of the Shaft
which I am assisting in sinking npon a quartz
lead. My friend below.in his turn with pick
crowbar, not keeping me busy, I choose to
Improve the idle moments In writing, and
should this find a place In the "Post," let
each one of you consider my promise fulfill
ed. Without any sanguine expectations,
having s dosirs to ramble a little, and also to
possess a portion of the "all-Important," on
the 11th of May Inst, after arming myself
with the Indispensable a many-toothed
comb and a six-shooter I took the ears at
Sweetwater, and In 48 hours landed In Char
leston. On ths night of the lh, vrarrt
aboard the ateamer Isabel, (fare being the
earns as from New York, from $150 to 8300)
was shown to my cabin and left alone. I
soon turned In, snd after laughing a little at
the novelty of my aituation, dropped off, and
slept soundly until 8 o'clock in the morning,
when I wss aroused by the moving of the
ateamer from the wharf. A few minutes,
and we were upon the Atlantic The sea be
ing smartly rough, I was soon walking the
deck to and fro as a drunken man with a
full brain and an empty stomach. That is, I
waa sea sick, and devoted the day to the re
sults of thnt interesting complaint. Three
daye of fine weather brought ns -to Key
West, where our vessel stopped 3 hours, giv
ing a sufficiency of time to go ashore and
view the insignifiennce of the place. Twelve
hours more, nnd we were at Havanna. I
went ashore, purchased a landing permit, had
my baggage examined by the custom-house
officials, who seemed to eye me with thnt
jealousy they would a Lopez or a Walker.
But 1 did not think of taking the place, as
there was an armed force of 35,000 men with.
in the walls, which gives the place quife a
military aspect. I was there when General
Walker, with eight or nine of his officers,
arrived In the bay, on their way to the States.
Their arrival in the bay created much excite
ment within the city, and I learned they
would not permit Walker to land. I stopped
there four days, and devoted the time to
ramblinir and looking about. Saw much of
the amusing, the interesting and the ridicu
lous. It is a place of much wealth and dis
play. I wss Informed by a citizen thst Ha.
vnnna numbers, more then 240,000 inhabi
tants more than half of these must be sis.
ves. There are a few Englishmen and
Americana there. The more donaely popu
lated part of the city is surrounded by a
atrong stone wall; ' The entrance to the bay
ie protected by pointed cannon. The city
has quite an anoient appearance. The housea
all strongly built of stone, and covered with
tiles no glass in the large windows, but
strong iron bars instead. Tbe streets and
sidewalks are very narrow. At 8 o'clock,
Sabbath morning, the Catholic oiergy, In their
sacerdotal garbs, together with the laity, as
sembled in their many Churches for worship.
This being over, they repaired, priests and
all, without the wall to attend the bull fight,
the theatre, and the circus, and then returned
at night to listen to music in the Park, a beau
tiful place, fronting the Governor's Palace.
The audience waa large, young ladies numer
ous and richly dresaed generally few
shades too dark in the face.
There were a few cases of yellow fever
and email pox. The port of Havanna ex.
eecds that of Charleston by more than' one.
half. .. . ; ,.
The New Orleans passengers having nr
rived, I was soon sboard the steamer Grana.
An, and in four days arrived at Aspinwall, all
right. We were soon on the cars, and in
four hours were setose the Isthmus, a dis
tance of 47T miles. The Atlantio side of the
Isthmus Is a low, level quagmire, covered in
water, and with a dense growth of grass
weeds, cane snd shrubbery, land exceedingly
fertile. But ss we approach the' Paoifio the
country becomes mountainous, loss fertile,
nnd more timber. The natives are quite
black, large and hcnlthy in appearance liv.
ing in miserable huts, made of and covered
with a long leaved shrub, very abundant
there. Padsms is an old dilapidated place.
The steamer Golden Gate lay five miles
out in the Gulf, to which we were conveyed
at night in a small steamer. There we re
mained cooped up two days, waiting for the
arrival of the New York passengers and
mail. Leaving here, we touched at Aoapulco
and took In water, coal, and provisions, and
went on our way rejoicing until we reached
Manzlnilla and stopped to tske in $43,000
specie for an English Mining Company.
But the Mexicans were before us, bad killed
the guards snd driven off the mules which
Were laden with the gold snd silver. We
numbered more tlisn 800 passengers. Gam
bling, swearing, danoing and fighting were
the order of the day. All apparently enjoy,
ed themselves well. We arrived at Sab
Francisco on the 15lh of June, after a voy
age of 38 days from Charleston 31 on wa
ter, 7 idle on the land. We had fine weather
all the way, until within four dnya of San
Franoisco, when we suffered considerably
from cold and strong bead winds
San Franeiseo is a vory nice eity, though
built on uneven ground The buildings are
good, snd the population numbers, 1 think,
70,000. . Dry Goods, and any thing outside
the eating line, are 30 per eent. cheaper In
this city than iu East Tennessee. Here in
the mines we pay lor Dry Good about the
prices you are paying at home. Farming
here In the valleys is done on large scale.
Conld you ascend an srainenee, and extend
your vision over a space often miles In width
snd two hundred and fifty In length, yon
would bshold one eontlnaed sea of grain,
with Intervening forty acre patches of pota
toes, grapes, vines, and vegetables of nearly
all kinds. I think I saw snore small grain In
Saa Jose Valley thsn I ever saw in Tenoee-
al together. The lands here generally
sre very fertile, and farming la a delightful
and a lucrative business. There sre about
eight months in the year with scarcely one
drop of rain, consequently Irrigation to most
lands Is necessary.' The dust is very great,
disagreeable, and trying upon the eyes.
Most of the valuable farming lands are cov
ered by Spanish Grants therefore itie rath
er a hard matter to obtain good lands. These
Spanish Grants are rented at from 06 to 98
per acre. The greatest attention ie being
paid to the raising of peaches, peers, apples
and grapes, of whieh we et great quantities
already. - Tho rnrwrj rnSsSw generally to
tally, or so neaily void of tloSber thst many
farms are without fences. Those not having
any are surrounded by two wires or two falls
upon posts. ' Wild oats grow spontaneously,
and are mowed in great quantities for hay.
Aside from pine, cedar,, and reed-wood, the
timber Is the most Inferior t have ever teen.
I don't think there Is sn oak in California fit
to atock a plow with. They can't be split;
every pick and axe handle comes from the
States and costs us 75 cents or 91. ' Majes
tic pines and cedars clothe the mountains,
and are being fast sawed into lumber.
There are within thia county 20 saw mills,
11 of which are propelled by steam. Lom
ber is worth about 830 per thousand, and ia
here used to an extent surprising to a Ten-
The mines look as though they were work
ed out every little ravine where Water can
be had is turned wrong side up. Much
ground is being re-worked; the hills aro be
ing dug and wkshid down, and men lit In
holes nnder ground, hunting their god. Ma-
ny are Idle fcr want of water. All the water
used for mining purposes is brought many
miles in canals and sold to the miners st a
cost of three dollars per day to the man.
Those canals (of which there ore already
completed within this county, 627 miles,) ap
pear to run over the tops of the highest
mountains. There Ie a great dent of gold
being taken out, though the time in Cnlifor
nia is passed when mining was a pleasure
and when a fortune could be made in few
daye. Quartz mining is attracting much at
tention. There are 83 quartz mills in this
county, besides many rasters. Labor is from
950 to '80 per month.' The chsnces for
making money here sro 50 per eent. better
than in the States. Though I would advise
noose fcbnis coatcnled t homis to come
here. There are many temptations to evil.
There is sn abundance of every thing here
but piety and virtuoua women. No Sabbath.
Every man ie profane and deistical. You
would all laugh to eee ino kneeling down,
wnshins; the dishes, my clothes, &c.
This is a delightful climate, and I think
the healthiest in the world. I have increased
in weight snme here, about 25 lbs. Think
I will do better ss winter approaches. We
had a rain the 6th of this month the first
since April. There has also been some frost
this week. You have no idea of the mode
of farming here. Planting and aowing seems
to be done at anv seaaon of the year. Cab
bages nre now being planted, and many veget
able seeds sown. The finest potatoes, sweet
snd Irish, are raised here, snd- cost ns in the
mines 4 cents a pound. Ihe same for all
vegetables; though in the valleys potatoes
nre worth but 50 cents per bushel, and flour
94 per hundred. Here we pay 97; 18 cents
for beef and 30 cents for bacon. Boarding is
eight ana nine dollars per wsek. Should I
take n notion to-wear a white shirt, I pay 25
cents lor washing 1110 nave my hair cut 70,
or face shaven, 75 cents. Or should I wish
something nourishing, and call fot a dozen
egga or a chicken, I pay a dollar. Treating
is a very common and a very expensive habit
About every fifth house is a bar-room; yet I
have seen but few drunken men no fighting
or quarreling. 1 he people generally very so-
cial ana agreeable, lint, alas! there ie no
one to bake my enke, to patch my pants, to
wash my towel, or to share with me the bless
ings I enjoy.
There have been some deaths from tv.
phnid fover this fall. Sore eyes and rheuuia
tism are very general complaints, though
there are more suicides and accidental deaths
by far than from any other canao. I am here
and glnd of it. Should I not become dissi
pated, I will make a little "pile," snd proba
bly return, but do not think or stopping in
Tennessee, as 1 Relieve, with all Ita advan
Cages, there aro other places better.
Our State electione on me off Sept. 2d.
The Americans and Repnblieawe were nieely
whipped. . '
All of you write to me at Volcano. Yours
till 1 make my "pile." w. jurc,s.
Chevalier Forney in a Kink. Cheva
lier Forney, of Philadelphia, appears to be
getting into a kiuk on Kansas affairs. He Is
rapidly going over to the nigger worshippers,
and is beginning to shriek ror Kansas ns loud
ly aa the Hon. Mnsaa Greely himself. In
deed, the philosopher now quotes the C'heva
lier Forney's Kansas kinks with the greatest
pleasure and approbation, What'a in the
wind! Many nf the Chevalier Forney's in
timate political associates In this eity are, we
see, abandoning Tammany Hall, and like him
are going over to the nigger worshippers.
What oan be fn the wind! iV. Y. Herald.
' tV And old fellow being visited by hi:
pastor, he assured him thst ha eouid not bs
good Christian unless he took up his daily
cross, whereat he caught up his wife and be
ty A peice of eandle may be made to
burn all night in a aiok room, or elsewhere,
when a da II light ia wished, by putting
finely powdered salt on the eandle until it
reaches the black part of the wick. In this
way a mild and ateady light may be kept
through the night from, a small piece of can.
Infallible Cure. Burdock leaf, applied
externally, it aaia to oe an almost inlallibl
euro for Neuralgia,. ,,mi
, . 1 j -1'". .I
THE BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
We observe some oflhs Loeofoeo prints,
after having encourage! ths system thst hss
brought all thia trouble on us, are beginning
to aasail, once more, the Bank of the United
States. The version which they publish,
all taken from that old Troy print the New
York Evening Post, are all false, and the
Post must think people In general have ve
ry short memories, -n
At the time Gen'. Jacks on wsa elected there
wss nots whisper against the Bank. Nobody
dreamed that any enterprise was designed
against IUi .The people were in the most
profound security. They had the beet cur
rency in the world, and they appreciated It,
as they ought to have done, ''Jackson him
self, profoundly ignorant snd obstinate at he
afterwards proved himself upon the subject,
entertained no hostile designs against'lt. It
wss not until. President Biddle refused to
use hie Influence, agslnst an officsr of lbs
branch at Hartford, who had Incurred Jack
soBVdtoptossase, tfwrVkbe tatfef determined
to avenge himself on the Bank. He could
ssy nothing against Its credit, for It was
perfectly unassailable. In hie first or second
message, he broke ground, bnt he was not
at that time t hard money man. He stated
certsin objections to ths chsrter of the Bsnk,
the amount of which wne that, it wss too
independent of exeoutive Influence he ad
ded that, If permitted, he would suggest
such a charter aa he eould sign. This was
the first svowsd intimation of his design.
It created great alarmfcfor nearly every body
foresaw the rain to the affaire of the country
that must inevitably ensue, from the des
truction of its credit. At last ths Bank came
before Congress for s re-charter, and the
bill was passed by a large majority. ' Jackson
vetoed ths bill. This was in 1831. Imme
diately every Loeofoeo press from the Globe
down to the dirtiest little village sheet open
ed upon it. All the dirty, low, red-mouthed,
ranting Locofocot of the whole land, roared
against it. It was sssalled on all hands, by
all the bribed hirelings of the most profligate
Administration thst this nation had ever be
held. The stock-holders finding thst all the
engines nf the Government were directed
against their credit, directed Mr. Biddle to
employ 0 portion of their money In their de
fence. To about half a dozen editors, he
extended large accommodations. A commit
tee overhsuled the Bank.' They found its
credit inexpugnable. They eould not, they
dared not, say that it was not. Its stock, iu
spile of the wsr waged upon It, still comman
ded 130 In proof of its credit, foreigners,
to a large extent, had taken this stock. It
wnt In demand every where. But the com
mittee reported that these editors hud recei
ved accommodations. That wot Inexcusa
ble. " For men to defend tbeir Bronextv- and ,
to spend their own money fn doing so, against
a man who was squandering the money of
government by hundreds of thousands, in
the war against them, was atrocious. But
the worst thing against the Bank was, that a
large number of Englishmen, men of wealth,
owned its stock. "British gold!" bsrked the
big watch dog of the Kitchen press! "Brit
ish gold," snarled five hundred village news"
paper cnrsinthe villages and by-places of
the land. "British gold!" roared tho dema
gogue at the cross roads. "British gold!"
responded the rowdy in the doggery. And
so this overwhelming proof of the credit of
the Bank was tortured into sn accusation
against Biddle. The election of 1832 came
onl Jackson was re elected. He chose (0
consider this re-election as proof that the
people approved of his outrages upon the
Bank. He resolved to remove the depositee
The Secretary of the Treasury alone has the
power to do that Secretary Duane refused,
alleging that they were safe, snd that the law
did not allow them to be removed unless
they were in danger. "Ttako the responsibil
ity," said "old Hickory," and he turned Du
ane out and appointed Taney to do the job,
on the spot. Ten millione were found In the
Bank. They were taken out, snd distributed
among three hundred pets. These pets were
constantly stimulated by letters from the
Treasury to expand their issues to the great
est possible extent, that the people might
not feel the loss of the Bank of the United
Stntce. They obeyed, bursted and senttered
the deposits to the winds. Jackson took
them out of the United States Bank, beennse
it fell in with his plans of vengeance on Bid
die. He neither knew nor cared whether
they were safe in the Bank. We have heard
hie sagacity moeh commended of late. This
was a roro proof of it certainly!
With all hia efforts, snd that of his bsnded
cohorts, Jackson never wss able to injure
the credit of the Bank. He conld kill it, but
he eould not bent it. 1 No institution ever
stood such a war upon its credit. : It wound
up in 1837, fairly discharging every obliga
tion. Aa a Bank of the United States it
was above all financial reproach. It waa
only when it was chartered by the State of
Pennsylvania, as a State Institution, that It
failed. Richmond Whiff.
' ty The following ia the statement of
the Providence (R. I.) banka to November
16th; .Circulation, 91,848,418; deposit, 92
811.317; loans, 918,533,890; specie, 9351,-
871.' ,-' ' ' ! ' ' '
I Of Jones says that it's all folly for
friends to tell him that he mustn't tnlsrgt
hit debts, when he Ie doing all he can to
contract them.1 " " ' ' '"' ''
What a Old Husband is Worth. In
the Circuit Court of Bedford county, Ye
last week, Miss Elmira W. Wiogfield obtain
ed a verdiot of 937,000 daw ogee from Wtn.
Stein, for breaoh of marriage contract,.- The
lady la about thirty-four years of age, and
the gentleman eighty, Thia waa the second
trial of the case; a former jury have given a
verdiot of 9650 for the plaintiff, whit-h waa
tetatlde.on motion or the derendsDt, ir.
ru&urg, Pev Telegraph Nov. 18 a ty.vh
' ,. ; .. . ' , -x'l -I
CAUGHT THE PANIC . -
A tall, lank, Jernralerri sort of a fellow,
pretty well nnder the InrWwe of Mr. Alco
hol, was observed swinging to t lamp poet
on Fourth street last tight. He Wat talking
prettv londly to the aforesaid post, when a
guardian of the night approached him. . -
"Come, sir, you are -snaking too touch
noise," said the watchman.', f . '
"Noise I .who's thnt said Mse V asked the
post-holder, as he skewed, ft it head end en
deavored in vain to give to tntrsder a sober
"It was me," replied ihe watchman, aa he
exposed hit silver numbers to full viow.
"Yoel end who in the fl-l sre you f It
tnlr.'t me thst't K making of the noise. No,
sir, it's the banks thst't making sll the noise.
They are t breakln', a ernshin,and n smash
In' nf things to an Inoredlble amount. Noise!
it's the bankers that nre a makin' of the noise.
They are t eussin', a rlppio', and a stavin',
and a atavin' all 'round. It's the brokers
thst are a makin' of the noise. Thev are a
hollerin', an' a yelpin', and screecMn' like
wild Injuns over the times, thst worsen eve
tvtwdy but themselves.- No, sir, it siu't me
that'e a makin' of the noise.? - - r .
"You sre tight ss s btkk r a new wall,"
ssid Ihe officer, amuaed at the good nature of
"Me tight 1 Who said I am tight t No,
air, you are mistaken. : It's not me that'a
tight. It's money that'a tight. Go down
Third street, an' they'll tell you there that
money ia tight. Go into the workshops nn'
you find money is tight. Me tight ( I've
got nary red, but Ksnhawa, the d I couldn't
get tight on that. No, sir, I'm not tight."
"Then you sre drunk."
" "Drunk ! Stranger you areont of It again.
The world's drunk. The hull community it
a ataggerin' 'round, butting their hesds again
stone walls and a skinniu' of their noses on
ths eurb stones of sdveraitv. Yes, sir. we're
all drunk that ia, everybody's drnnk bnt
me. I'm sober, sober ss a police judge on a
rainv day. I ain't drunk."
"What nre making such a fool of yourself
lor, men ! '
"Fool ! Sir, I'm no fool. I'm distressed.
I've ditched the contagion. I'm afflicted."
"Are you sick!" '
"What's the matter with you I
"Fie got the panics."
"The what T "
"The panics, sir; it's a going to carry off
thia town. I've tried to eacspe by hard drink
ing, but it's no use. The panics have got
The watchman, more amused than ever,
tendered hia empathy, and, what was better,
his aid, to the pnr.ie-stricken individual. In
the course of half an hour he had the pleas
ure of putting him into the door-of his
boarding house, and pointing out to him the
beat remedy s soft bed and long slumber.
tnetmum 1 tmes. -.
Sound Doctrine. The following argu
men Is in favor of advance payments for news
papers, were advanced by . member of the
Ohio Editorial Convention at its recent tcs
"What would vou think of a farmer who
I had raised s thousand bushels of wheat, and
snouia sen 11 10 a inonanna amereni persona
sauaUfodaH OTrLUUofS SffrMto wait
a year for hia pay Irom each of. them, and if
one half of them did not pay at the end or
the year, he ahould give them another bushel
of wheat, snd agree to wsit another year for
his pay, and thus go on year alter year How
long would such a farmer escape bankrupt
cy. Probably not very much longer than
publishers of newspapers who followed such
practice. It costs the editor of a weekly
paper as much to supply a thousand subscri
bers with it for one year, as it costs a fur'
mer to raise a thousand bushels nf wheat.
The furmer sells his grain in bulk, nnd either
takes the cash, or a note jnst nsgood as cash
upon delivery. The editor cannot sell his
thousand papers in a bulk. They sro sold
to a thousand different persons, living in dif
ferent towns in thecountynnd ditterent coun
ties in ths State, and he must wsit until the
end of the year before he can get his pay
ment, nnd then he depends wholly upon the
honesty nnd responsibility of the subscriber,
for it is impossible that he ahould know the
character nf nil hie subscribers. It would
not pay him to go around or send around the
country to collect his dues. It would cost
more than the collection would come to. ,
Didn't Know His Own Babt. A citizen
of Jamaica Plain, L. I., went to answer a
ring at the front door, on the request of his
wife, where he found nothing but a basket.
On the covering being removed, a beautiful
little child appeared, some five months old.
The lady screamed, one of the iady visitors
took up the baby snd found a note pinned to
its dress, which charged the gentleman of
the house with being its father, snd implor
ed him-to support it A rich scene ensued
between the injured wife and the indignant
husband, the latter utterly denying all
knowledge of the little one and asserting his
innocenoe. The friende interfered, snd at
last the wife was induced to forgive the hus
band, although he still stood to it like a
Trojan that he had alwaya been t faithful
husband. Finally the lady very roguishly
told her hwsband that it was strange thst
hs should not know his own child, for it
wss their mutual offspring, which had just
been taken from its cradle up stairs by the
nurse, for the very purpose of playing the
joke. ...... .- ' '
Considerate. A hatter in one of the
large cities presented a clergyman with a hat
or the finest quality. .
"What is the value of thia hat!" he asked.
"Thstitahiirhnrict." -:'- -a
"It it a present, and I never make a poor
"Wont yon make aa exchanger
"Well, I would not core to makt one, if
you agree. '
"What do vou proposer " 1 '
... "Well, this is too good and high-priced a
hat for me, and I propose that you take t
back and give me a five dollar hut and five
dollare In eash.f
Thia rather ttaggered the hatter, but he
agreed. '. - -- ' '
" fjf H ia estimated thst there is one liquor
shop for every eighteen families in New York
city, arid for some neighborhoods In the city
one grog ahop for every ten families. No
wonder then st the deplorable state of morals
prevailing In that modern Sodom. " v'
' IST To- ascertain the weight of a horse
put your too under tns amimars root.
Politicians aro PoLWiesvPeiiUea thteiM
ot resemble thow scourges of hesvsn.lhoejt
rsvtgta of nstlooe who srt heralded sltMaf
thtir paths by terror, end despair, whs batter
down the templet of religion without 'ft-
building them, and the iiiotHutioni of toetetjT
without reconstructing thern, who . make
around theej a desert, and art delighted but
amid vengeance, ruins and grave If It h
not permitted st yet to build M edifice leg.
Isr, tew and complete, we most at reset sut
the stones and bring them apon the grotod.
Each season hss Its work, every age advance
a step. The legislator Should Imitate nature,
which never takes repose, whieh repairs tod
reproduces herself unceasingly) Which la evef
decorating heraelf afresh with new harvest
and flowers, snd whieh draws vitality front
death Itself. ,. At the present day, the end of
every statesman who comprehends hie sacred
missioh should be the amelioration of tha
condition of tha human species. Every effort
of the law-maker which hat not thia teodaa -
cy, would be anti-moral, anti-philosophical,
anti-religions, ' barren, impotent, negative, '
without object snd without exeute, "
The Great Mogul. The aged King of
Delhi, a feeble tool In the hands of the Ista
occupants of Delhi, was a captive In tha
hands of hia English conq'iterora, at the latest
advices. The report that hia two sons "had
been shot" sppesrt correct with the addic
tion that they had fallen In battle? and not
aa the words might seem to imply by tha
vengeance of the British. This Sovereign, '
Who is between eighty and ninety yesra old,
eould scarcely have been an active promoter
of the Into revolt. Mahomet Surnjoodeti
Shah Gagee aueceeded hie father, at Kief
of Delhi, in 1837, and hat been retained, by
the East India Company, aa a King in nama .
only, for the last twenty years. A pensioned
decendent ot the last race : of Mnhommedan
Kinga of Delhi, hia Court presented all tha
worst evils of Eastern depravity and luxury.
In his own Palace, at least he was allowed
to retain all power of life and death, and
waa cruel ae well as luxurious. - The stipend
annually granted to "His Majeaty" was twelve
nd a half lakhs of rupees, equal to 9625,000.
The East Indis Company committed a great
mistake in allowing euch ample means, after .
they had virtually annihilated tha regal aw
thority. It would not. surprise ne to find
them providing for the gradual diminution
and final extinction of all tht large alio wan
eee which they hove "hitherto made to tha
depoeed Notive Princes. . '..'. , ,
f7 Scientific snthoritlesare beginning ts
doubt the permnnence of ausprnsion brid
ges. The recent fall of two in Canada, ona '
at the Mnntmorencie Falls and the other al
the Desjnrdins Canal, has led to investiga
tions, which indicate that the incessant vibrs
1 tary tnuvanwnt to shWi Sirs Won -sstvporta-sre.
subjected, together with the action' of
the elements, cause a granulation and Iota
of tenacity in the iron wire whieh must in
the end destroy Its supporting power. If
the results are reliable, the fall or any ant
rension bridge is only a question of lime.
t is to be hoped thnt the ablest scientific
minds will probe the matter thoroughly.
lff If an engine, going eixty miles aa
hour, could be run np an angle of forty-live
degrees for its own length, and then allowed
to jump off, it would jump 60 feet high and
340 feet forward. The distance jumped
would be as the square of the speed. , -
glT A New Englnnd writer, speaking of
the chnrneterisfiea of different rncee of peo
pie, says that it has been fnond that negroes
van be better trusted than white men not to
betray secrets. We snppose this is upon tha
principle that they n!waye"keep dark." '," V
An Old Clere There ie a clerk who
has been in the New York Post Office forty
yenrs. He formerly carried the whole South
em mail in a bag under his arm acroae tha
River to Jersey City. The same mail now
amounts ts ten thousand pounds dsily.
The good wore oof.s bravely on. Ef
fective measures sre in progress in Brooklyn,
New York, for a thorough re-organization of
the Whig party. It ie understood that sn
election for a General Committee will soon
be held, and clubs formed in every ward snd
town In the country. It is Intended thst a
Whig ticket slone'will be run against the
Democrats next spring. There is much in
the condition of the country to favor such a
movement, and to give vitality to theglorioua
Robbing a Congressman. The Augusta
papers state that ths Hon. A. H. Stephens
was robbed of his pocket book, conlaining
9 150, at the South Carolina Railroad depot
In that city, Friday last. The book wan
found, with the papers untouched. '
3' An independent man ia one who eat)
live without whiakey and tobacco and needs
no shaving because he wears hit beard. .
pfT The Senatorial branch of the Geor1
giu Legislature have psssed the bill legshsieg
annual sessions by a vote ol 71 to 17.
What it Cost. The war debt of Oregon,
as passed upon by tht Commissioners, reach,
ea tha round sura of 93,500,000, snaking,
with that of Waahington Territory, $5,000,
000. Nor doee this includs sny of the clsima
which will here.'ifter bs presented to Con
gress for spoliations, being only for tetaal
services rendered and auppliea actually far
cished. The population of. Washington
Territory is about 10,000,' that of Oregon
80,000. The populations of the terrltoriea
are email, and the points to be delended mwl
hsve been few. Five millions of dollars ia a
pretty round sum for war expenses aloaev -there
probably not being two thousand vol'
unteers engsged in the war.
. -11 ... -) ; -t . .
. "Pretty Much Quit OrssiNO.'VThe In
dianapolis Journal tells of a stranger who"
visited the "Bunk of the Capitol," in that city,
the other day, before the doom nf which he
waited some timt for the inetHatiea to open.
At Isst he beoame impatient and walked off,
remarking that he "believed tha bank bad
pretty much quit opening.' -.. ';''4..r v
' iv .-i it'ri v- i .i ciid
-.;, .-i.....t '. i,v, ' ; .'.'.. yl , -i'irv ,
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