Newspaper Page Text
, f : i
BY SAM. P. IVLN'S.
ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 25,1857.
THE POFT IB PLULISHED EVERT FRIDAY,
AT TWO POI.LAIM PER YEAH,
PATABLB IN AD YANCK. .
Adrerttaomenta will be charged tl per square
fl tfnee.or less, for theflrst Insertion, and ftueenta for
tech eoptinaance. A liberal deduction made to thoaa
who advertise bjr the year. IT-Persons sendlnneci r
tlaements rorst mark the number of time they desire
them lanerted.or they will he continued until forbid and
Por announcing the unmet of eandidatetforofflce,Si
Obituary notloesorsr Ulines, charged attherefular
ad rertUing rates.
All aommunicatlonslntendedto promote the private
0'l or interests of Corporations, Societies, Schoolsor
tudlTtdilals, will be charged as advertisements.
, Jea Work, such as Pamphlets, Minutes, Circulars,
Cards, Blanks, Handbills, Ac, will be executed in good
atyle, and on reasonable terms.
All letters addressed to the Proprietor, post paid ,will
to promptly attended to.
Persons at a distance sending its the names of four
torrent subscribers, will be entitled to afifth copy gratis.
No communication Inserted unless aceonipanied by
ttie name of the author.
Iff offlct on Mala street, next door to the old Jack
ATHENS, FHIPAVs DEC. g, I85T.
NOTM OF TUK BANKS OF TENNESSEE,
Received by the State, Cnioa and Planters' Bank) of
Tennessee, at Nashville.
By ths riMtiert' Bank.
flank of Tennessee,
Bank of Paris,
Bank of Commerce,
tiank of the Union,
Bank of Memphis,
Northern Bank of Tenn. '
Bank of America,
Bank of Chattanooga,
Hank of Middle Teun.
By tk Bank of Tenntuf and the Union Rtni.
Dank of Tennessee,
Bank of Middle Tenn.
Bank of America,
Rank of Chattanooga,
Bank of Commerce,
Rank of Memphis,
Dank of Paris,
i Bank of the Union,
Buck's flank, -Exchange
City Bank, -Farmers'
New Orleans Banks.
Washington Citt Affairs. Dec 16.
It is rumored in public circles to-day that
Governor R. J. Walker has tendered his resig
nation of the office of Governor of Kansas to
the President The truth' or falsity of the
tumor will develops itself in a day or two.
- The Democratic caucus. of the'Senate hns
nominated VVm. A. Harris, Esq., the editor
and publisher of the Washington Union, as
the Democratic candidate for Printer to the
Senate. " "
The standing committees in the Senate
were selected to-day.
The Representative branch of Congress
met this morning in the new hall. The pro
ceedings were unimportant .
The reporters for the press are very much
snnoyed at the limited accommodations af
forded them in the new hall.
' It is sssetted here that instructions have
been sent to al) southern ports to prevent the
departure of supplies to General Walker In
Nicaragua. It is also stated that the steam
ship Fashion will be libelled for a violation
of neutrality laws, on the) return of that
steamer to Mobile.
To-morrow the Hon. R.' M. T. Hunter, of
Vs., will introduce a bill in the Senate au
thorizing the issue of Treasury notes.
Washington, Dec 17. Senator Gwin in.
troduced bill authorising a territorial gov
ernment In Arizona; also a bill providing for
the construction of a Pacific railway.
Senator Hunter introduced a bill authoriz
ing the issue of twenty million dollars in
The House adjourned In respect to the
memory of the Hon. Wm. Montgomery of
" Hon. M. D. Lamar has been confirmed as
minister to Central America.
Vice President John C. Breckinridge has
Washington, Dec. 18th. A Jotter from
Governor R, J. Walker appeared In the Wash
ington papers this morning. It is ud dressed
, to Lewis Cass, Secretary of State.
' ; The letter is mostly an elaboration of the
Message of Mr. Secretary Stanton convening
the Legislature of Kansas,
Governor Walker states that he accepted
the office of Governor of Kansas upon the
express condition that the Constitution which
wonid be framed by the people of that Ter
ritory for their admission as a State into the
Union, should be submitted for ratification
or rejection, to the votes of the bona fide resi
dent settlors of Kansas. He repeated these
views in his Inaugural Address to the people
of that Territory; and no objection was made
by the Cabinet
The tone of the letter is mild yd argu
mentative, and contains no reflections sgainst
A Day's Work at a Slaughter-Housk.
Yesterday there was killed at tha "Cincin
nati Slaughter-house," on Deer creek, 2087
heavy Kentucky hops, probably the greatest
number of pounds of dressed hogs, ever hung
upy one house in a single day. The slaugh
tering was done on one bench, commencing
at 1 o'clock In tho morning and closing at a
quarter past four. This is an average of two
hundred and twenty-six hogs per hour, or
nearly four per minute 1 The want of room
to hang more hogs compelled the suspension
of work at sn early hour, or two hundred
more would have been killed.
A Sampson in Shackles. The Monroe
(Wis.) Press says, they have a prisoner in the
Green County jail, by the mime of Snm
Witham, who has been amusing himaelf and
sstonishing the jailor, with his feats of
strength. Unaided by a single instrument,
he broke a set of the strongest patent hand
cuffs, tent the shackles from his feet, tore off
oversi locks from the door of his cell, broke
a larger Iron dour which served as an addi
tional fastening, nd passing out Into the hall
of the jail, exercised himself In tho satisfacto
ry mysteries of a plg.on wing ! A night or
two sine he concluded to give another en
tertainment, which consisted r breaking two
of the Iron bars of the grates of his cell door,
but his performsnce being unseasonably
checlsed by the entrance of his keeper, he re.
tired from th scene in evident eonfusion.
EXPERIMENTS WITH CHIXESE SUGAR
, Kingston, Tenn.. Dec 16, 1857,
Editor Pott: I presume that you hsve by
this time concluded, either that I have no
experience in the culture and manufacture
of the ' Chinese Sugar Cane," or that I am
not very exact in keeping my promise.
I hsvo delayedjny promised report in or
der to embrace the yield of seed.
I had one lot of about one sere, which I
planted quite early, for the season, but had
the seed eovercd too deep, tn consequence of
which, it was a very bad stand not more
than one fourth as thick as it ought to have
been. For that reason I allowed all the suck
ers to grow, which caused ths disadvantage
of unevenness in ripening. . .
As to ths yield of Syrup, I csn only make
comparative estimate with this lot; espe
cially so, as the mill was not well construct
ed, snd operated rather badly.
Obs hajf-of my aere lot yielded about for
ty gallons;-which, according to my estimate,
was equivalent to one eighth of sn acre,
vtll ttanding cane, making a yield of 320 gal
lons per acre. Had tha mill been well con
structed, I am satisfied the yield would hsve
been increased one tenth making at the rate
of 400 gallons per sore.
Tbe lot was laid off in rows 5 feet apart,
and drilled so as to have had a stalk of cane
to each 4 inches; but instead of this, it would
not average, of original' stalks, one to two
feet ; From two to four suckers, however,
shot forth from each stalk, making the stand
proportionally about ss above stated.
In addition, I planted a small square in
my garden for the purpose of making some
special experiments. One half of thirl put
in drills 14 inches apart; the other 2 feet
This I drilled very thick the cane stsnding
on an average one to two inches apart The
ground was very strong, and to my surprise
the cans reached a height of 10 to 12 feet
In the narrow drills, the cane was f inch di
ameter; in the wider drills, about f inch. I
cultivated it with great care until it became
ao thick as to need no further cultnre, which
wsa in about 40 days planting the 10th of
April. I divided ths lot in two parcels one
for hay snd the other for syrup snd sugar.
For hay, I hsrvested when the grain reaehed
ths soft dough state, which I think is the pro
per time, ss the saccharine matter is then
present snd the cane soft Now, for ths
yield. I measured 80 square feet from which
I cut 188 lbs of green hay. This, according
to my figures, is at the rate of 87 tons per
acre. A second growth immediately sprang
from ths old roots 8 to 4 suckers from eseh
stslk which in 86 days resched the heighth
of 8 feet the stslks averaging from f to
inch in .diameter. This crop, '. however,
waa overtaken by ths frost before reach
ing sufficient maturity for harvesting. But I
am satisfied it would have weighed so much
or more than ths first crop; snd with an ear
ly spring snd a reasonably late fall, two
crops 'can, certainly, be successfully grown.
Ths bsy is esten greedily by horses and cat
tle, and even by hogs. I fed mine to my
milch cows, and am fully satisfied that it is
preferable to clover or timothy. It is very
easily cured may be stowed away as cut
without danger of moulding; which experi
ment I made successfully. ,
Let it then be granted that two crops are
grown per annum; which, at the above figure,
would give 16 tons green hay per acr. Es
timating that it loses in curing (which, from
my experiment is sn ample estimate) gives
26 tons dry hay per acre. This at $10 per
ton gives f 250 at $18, $376. But let ns turn
to the other part of the lot. This I let grow
until late in tbs fall stsnding nesr two
months after the grsin was fully matured.
From 176 square yards I gathered 4 bushels
of clean seed; which is at the rate of 110
bushels per sere. The cane I manufactured
into syrup of fins quality, and sugar too.
When I say sugar, I mean sugar a specimen
of which I send you, and which yon may rely
upon as the genuine article. On inspecting
it bear in mind that it is the result of a first
experiment, made, not so much to determine
the quality, ss the fact of its crystal izable
properties; and although it will compare, I
think, with Orleans sugar yet it can be man
ufactured, I believe, of superior quality. Of
my small lot I measured off 200 square feet
and the cane cut therefrom, passing through
an imperfect mill, yielded about 13 gallons of
juice the juice yielded s little more than 2
gallons of syrup of good thickness. Tins
would give a yield of til gallons per sore.
I have made quite a number of experiments
in manufacturing, an account of which I have
not space now to give. I fear I havo already
been too tedious; but will take pleasure in
giving them at another time
As a matter of course, the results of my
experiments, last recited, would not Apply in
s regular field crop at ths asms esre in cul
ture would not likely be taken, but the
figures msy be closely approximated. '
Respectfully, dte, N. A. Pattisson. ;
tSpTho New York Evening Post, of Sat
urday last, says:
"It is known in financial oircles that the
sum of three hnndred thousand dollors, sent
to a bunking firm of this city by the Tres
surer of Alabama, to pay ths State debt due
last January, was by thetn misapplied. This
breach of trust should be an example to other
States not to place their funds in the hands
of unreliable parties for the trival considera
tion of obtaining the interest on the amonnt
for a short time. Ths knowledge of perfect
security, even ifno interest accrues, is cer
tainly a more important end."
Resuming Work. Manufactories at the
eastward are said to be nteadily, one after
another, resuming operations, despite the
hardness of ths times. Manufacturers urge
that "there never was a period in which the
prospect for the successful establishment of
home industry wssso great as at present, In
as much as British competition is, in a great
measure, prostrated by over-trading during
the Inst few yesrs."
fCOf One hundred millions of gold annu-
., . i t i- n
any cross me jsuirous oi 4 auama,
ESTIMATES OF THE SECRETARY OF
THE TREASURY FOR THE ENSU
Treasury Department, Nov. 23, 1857.
Sir Agreeably to the joint resolution of
Congress of the 7th January 1840, 1 nave me
honor to transmit for the information of the
House of Representatives, printed estimates
of the appropriations proposed to be made for
(be fiscal year ending June 30, 1869, viz:
Foreign intercourse and miscellaneous, in
cluding the expenses of collecting the rev
enoe from sales publio lands, public meet
ings and expenses of courts $9,090,603 92
1 o supply deficiencies in the
revenue of tbe General Post
Office 3,654,900 00
Pensions ' 769,500 00
Indian Department 1,437,104 49
Armv nroper. &c Including
miscellaneous objects ', 14,076,619 49
Military Academy 182,804 00
Fortifications, ordinance, 610. ' ' 3,485,113 00
Naval estimates 13,680.448 23
Steam mail servico . 935,850 00
Total - $50,312,943 13
To the estimates are added statements
showing, first Appropriations for the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1853, made by former
acts of Congress, of a specific and definite
character, ns follows:
Miscellaneous including expenses or collect
ing revenue from Customs 84,809,810 14
Compensation to General Post
Office for mail service . 7U0,uuu uu
Arming and equipping militia 200,000 00
Civilization of Indians 10,000 00
Iuterest on public debt 1,445,314 35
Total . $7,165,224 49
Sn.-nnd Existing appropriations not re-
niiirnd for the service of the' present fiscal
yesr, and which may be applied to the service
of the year ending June au, ibos, as ioiiowk
civil list. -Foreign
intercourse and miscel
laneous . $7,350,61648
Interior Department Pensions
and Indian i,a4i,ouwo
War Department , 3,599,920 96
Navy Departmen t 4,294,479 93
Grand total $74,064,755 97
There in also a statement of theseversl ap
propriations which may be carried to the sup
plies fund, amounting to $566,031 26.
I am, very reapectiuiiy, your on 1. serv t,
Howell Cobb, Sec'y of the Treas.
Late from Salt Lake Citt. The great
Southern Mail had arrived at San Diego in
27 days from San Antonio.
The Mormons are certainly earnestly pre
paring for war, and we should not be sur
prised if, ere this, the troops under Colonel
Johnson had come In deadly conflict with
Mr. John Aiksn makes a aworn statement
from which we extract the following: ,
"We lenrned from Dr. Dunion, surgeon to
Brighnm" Young's Army, that they had taken
a vote at Suit Luke City, Hint if the United
Stales Army forced its wuy into Utah, that
they themselves would bnrn their city, towns,
forts, &.C., and lay every habitation in ashes;
that they had already picked out secret places
in the mountains, to "cache" their provisions,
and make their future abode with the Indians.
The Doctor stated that arrangements were
already entered Into thut provided the army
should enter the settlements that every city,
town, and village in the State of California,
Missouri, snd Iowa, should be burned imme
diatelythat they had men to do this who
were not known to be Mormonsl And that
they would cut off all the emigrant trains,
army stores, provisions, stock, &.c: that no
man, woman or child should hereafter cross
the Plains without being scalped 1 That they
depended upon and expected the Indians to
perform this infernal and cowardly part of
We arrived at the city in the afternoon of
the same day. Here I found all that I had
heard stated by the soldiers, on their way out
to the various stations assigned them, con
firmed by the repetition of the same by the
people of the city. I found here, amongst
the people of the city, the most hostile feel
ing and bitter sentiments that the heart of
man could possibly conceive. I was caution
ed to be very cautious in my remarks, and
any nothing against the Mormons, by a friend
from Yankee land, who hnd to exercise the
utmost discretion in all he said or done.
Here I learned that it was necessary for me
to get a passport from the War Department
of Young's army, to secure my safety through
the settlements, which I did, and found it
very dangerous to uie on my way through the
A Georgia Superintendent. Mr. Wad
ley, for many years the efficient Superinten
dent of the Central Railroad was induced to
resign his official control of that Rosd and
take charge of a Road in Louisiana. Mr.
McTyere, editor of the New Orleans Christian
Advocate, in a recent letter from Brandon,
Mississippi, thus notices the operations of
Mr. Wadley on the Road-which he now su
"Along the N. O.Zi G. N. railroad the talk
was about the new Superintendent, Mr. Wad
ley, who has jiiBt been put on. He is a Na
poleon in his wny. The Company have long
been trying to draw him from Georgia; they
give him a salary of $12,000 per annum, and
put all things under him. Wadley brought
up to a dividend point one or two railroads in
Georcin, and he is expected to do the same
here in a year or so. Before he had been in
office n fortnight he brought down the list of
employees, honds, and hangers-on, from 450
to 180, and hns the work done better. I am
told that if he stops at the present retrench
ment he will, even at his high salary, save
the company $10,000 a year. Every man
along the route trembl-s in his shoes; his
head may go next But Wadley will not
stop there, I opine. Besides setting adrift a
host of parasites snd placemen, who eat up
the profits ol such Institutions and are in each
other's way, he will improve time, prompt
ness, snd safely in transportation, nud that
will Improve business."
True Wealth. "All is not gold that
glitters;" there is something brighter, wor.
thier, and more likely to last Pope says:
niches, tike luseota while eeneealed they lis,
Walt but for wlns, and in thalr season Bj;
To whom can riches (rlre repute and truit.
Content or pleasure, but the food and Just!
Judges and senates have been boushl for fold,
kslcera and lore were nerer to be sold.
Savannah, Dec. 14. The sales of Cotton
to-day compriard 650 bales, at lOalOe per
lb. Good Middling is worth 10c per lb.
The market is irregular.
FROM THE NOTE-BOOK OF A COUN-
TRY LAWYER. .
Ciurcntanijf. A capital good word which
often mistakes itself for Christianity, and
thus it came. . Dr. Parr had preached two
sermons st Birmingham, .(1789) for the ben
efit of ths charity schools there, in which he
esrnestly recommended to the audience two
admirable sermons, which their townsman.
Dr. Priestly, had written and published.
The commendation gave great offence, for
the name of Dr. P, who was s bold Dissenter,
waa poison to the orthodox ears of many of
the congregation. ' One of them met Dr.
Parr in the vestry, immediately after the ser
mon, and ventured to expostulate with him,
and to represent to him that the sermons
recommended might be admirable and good
Christian doctrine, but thai the author was
sn enemy to the church, and therefore ongbt
never to be mentioned within its sacred pre-
cints. Parr heard him sot and then ealmly
replied: "Sir, yoa are the best vindicator of
churchianUy I ever knew." ,
Jleligotity. Another good word, and ger
mane to the former, found in Souther's
"Doctor," an admirable book , for reading
aloud, and but few chapters at a time. "Train
up a child in the way he should go, and
when he is old his feet will not depsrt from
it" Generally speaking it will be found ss;
but is there any other rule to which there
are so many exceptions! .., '
'Ask the serious Christian, as he .calls
himself, or the professor, (another and more
fitting appellation which th Chrislisu Phari
sees have chosen for themselves,') ask" him
whether he has found it hoi 4 good? Wheth
er his son, when they attained to years of
discretion, (which are the most indiscreet
years of human lifeO .havs profited ss he
has'expected by the long extemporaneous
prayers to which they listen night and morn
ing, the sad Sabbaths Which they were com
pelled to observe, and the soporific sermonS
which closed the domestio religiosity of those
This was enongh for ny note-book, to
fasten down the specimen word which so
well denotes the overt formalities of religion,
practised avs habit without mind or heart;
but let me turn to the book and give the re
mainder of the paragraph. "Ask him if this
discipline has prevented them from running
headlong into the follies snd vices of the sg?
from being bird-limed by dissipation, or
caught in the spider-web of sophistry and
unbelief! 'It is no doubt a true observation,'
says Bishop Patrick, 'that the ready way to
make the minds of youth grow awry is to
lace them too hard, by denying them their
"Old Bullion" os Dkmocract. "Old Bui.
lion" has been qnoted .ejtteiraively by our
Democratic cotemporariei on the issuing of
small notes. If his suthority is good on cur
rency, it may be equally sound on Democra
cy. The toiiowing is the conclusion ol a
letter recently addressed by Mr. Benton to
George Robertson, lata Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of Kentucky:
"It is s long time since we saw each other;
and what is called politics have sadly run
down since thst lime, and especially in the
last Presidential term, presenting but little for
the attraction of any man who has nothing
but the publio good in view; but here is a
question of a new kind, national and elevat
ed, on which all who are for the Constitution
as our fathers made it snd ss they adminis
tered it in their day and generation, and as
the next generation administered it (and that
without distinction of party or default of a'
man,) may come together and stand. For
one, I con give no political nid or comfort to
any man or party, in any future election, who
shall uphold the opinion of the Supreme
Court in declaring the nullity of the Missouri
Compromise; and in decreeing the self-extension
of the Constitution to Territories, carry
ing slsvery with it snd preventing Congress
and tha people of the Territory from ssying
yen or nny to its intioduction or repulsion.
lam now well recovered, and working as
usual, and expect to finish the Abridgment
next summer, and then to add another vol
ume to the two of the Thirty Years View,
bringing it down to 1860, if I live that long;
at all events to the time of the Pierce Ad
ministration, if we must call by his name an
Administration in which he was inoperative,
and in which nullifiers, disunionists, and ren
egades used his name and his power for their
own sudacious and criminal purposes.
Respectfully, Thomas II. Benton.
The Late Gen. Hamilton. In an inter
esting biographical and obituary notice of
the late Gen. James Hamilton, of Sooth Car
olina, published in the National Intelligence
we see it stated that his religious creed
(though educated in and professing the doc
trines of the Protestant Episcopal Chnrch)
"partook greatly of the tenets of Swcden
borg, st lenst so far as to believe that 'friends
who are deed, are angola sent on errands full
oT love.' He was a firm believer in the re
cognition and association of friends in a fu
ture state, and ever expressed the conviction,
ss one of his highest hopes of immortality,
that he would be in everlasting communion
with his most cherished friend, Calhoun; for
there had ever boen, from the perfect pnrity
and morality of their lives, the deepest sym
pathy between these two great souls."
They had been like the most deeply attached
brothers in life, and now they are united in
ff$T The New-York Journal of Commerce
perpetrates the following epigram for the
times. It is full of every sort of point, except
perhaps epigrammatic point:
A little stealing la a danteroui part, -'
But steeling largely is a noble artj
Tie mean le rob a neo-rooet of a hen,
But stealing millions make us gtuUrmsn.
3f James B. .Second, Assistant Post
master at Nesburg, Canada, found guilty of
stealing 820 from a registered letter, has
been sentenced to Imprisonment for life. ..
7" The constitutional powers of Europe
sre said to be about to adopt measures to
check the large emigration to America.
THE WESTERN TERRRITORIES.
A Whole brood of Incipient States, on the
Western frontier, are approaching maturity;
and several will be clamorous daring the pres
ent session of Congress for admission into ths
Union. Tbe noise of preparation is hssrd
where the surf of the Pacifie breaks on the
shore, snd nothing but ths watery wastes
thers interposed, esn finally and effectually
cheek the westward eourss of empire. Should
Kansas, Oregon, snd Minnesota secure sdmis
sion this winter, the number of Ststes in the
Confederacy will be ineresaed to thirty-four,
and more than five hundred thousand square
miles of territory bs added to that now em
braced in the Union, or an area equal to ele
ven States like New York, or sixty-aine like
Massachusetts. When these shall bs follow
ed by territories already existing (comprising
1,800,000 squsre miles,) snd by such ss may
be formed from divisions of California and
Texas, forty five stars will emblazon the flag
of tha great American republic.
The superficial ares of ths new Territories
is thus represented:
' Squsre miles.
' t 187,000
Minnesota. , .
As to the extent of Dacotah Territory, we
do no( know that any definite calculation has
been formed. Of Kansas we hsve already
heard teo much. To Minnesota belongs the
honor of giving birth to the Greet 'Father
of Waters," which hes its rise in the beauti
ful Itasea lake. ' The Territory is mostly an
elevated table-land, fertile and well watered.
The financial revulsion now experieneed, will
somewhat retard ths development of its re
sources. The Elevente Hour. There is a class
of people who are always late. They are
inevitably late to the ears, and they invsribly
hsve to jump for it if they are going upon a
steam jauut Everything with these people
is put off until the last moment and then, if
the plank is removed, they stand a capital
chance of jumping overboard in attempting
to leap upon the deck after tho paddle-whenls
have commenced revolving. If the boat star
ted an hour litter, it would be all the snnje
to them, for they would be justss inevitably
behind time, and come up or down a little
too late to take things rool and comfortable.
Thrse lste people have to stir their stumps
or be left behind when they have steamboats
or railroad cars to deal with; but they are the
bone of the existence of punctual persons
with whom they have dealings, and who have
no recourse in the way of tapping a big bell
or blowing upon a steam whistle to hurry op
the delinquent eleventh hour men. One pro
crastinating man will derange the best laid
plsns of hundreds, by failing to come up to
time, ncd he wasls hours for others in his
disregard for minutes.
The Strychnine Brand. The dreadful
murder of s patient in the New York Hospi
tal, by another who was suffering from de
lirium tremens, calls to mind the assertion
made so frequently of late, that at the pres
ent day this mental disease is rapidly assum
ing a far more incurable rorm than it ever
had at any time, and that the proportion of
deatha among the enaes is incredibly greater
than of old. The cause of this is of course
the adulterations now practiced on almost
every variety of intoxicating liquor, some of
them being, in fact, of a deadly nature,
whenever disease is once induced by excess
in them. Between the increasing tendency
to nervous complaints and strychnine, to say
nothing of a great variety of other "curious
condiments," a man runs almost ss much a
risk now a-days in drinking liquor, when not
positive ns to the purity of its origin, as did
the knight in the old fairy legend, when the
goblin king gave him his choice between the
two goblets of Death and Happiness, without
nny hint ss to which was which.
"Drink," said ths king to the stranger knight
"Drink while the goblets are foaming bright!
Taste the one and thou shall be
Blest by the spirits of land snd sea;
But drink of the other and thou art then,
Aoeursed by spirits snd scorned of men."
And really a email course of fighting bran,
dy, warranted to strike at one hundred ynrsls,
is quite enough now.a-dnys, to produce ef
fects very much like those of the "second
goblet" compared with which the "wine of
Borgia" would be a delicious beverage.' ' As
we have said before, if ynu must liquor be
careful whom yon liquor of.
NUMBO JUMBO. .
Rise, Jupiter, with emerald hair, .'
And wake the snakes of Thessaly ;
Who does not know that pancakes sre
Devoured aubjectively and why I
' Wise ssges, of ths olden time,
With introverted vision look ; '
But shl a fip is not a dime, " '
And for mixed snifters ean't bs took.
Go, lovers of the escred Styx, .
And grind your Isughter into tears ;
While plsintive melody of bricks
Floats through ths silence of ths years.
Ys cannot oount m as I run;
I play with stars at pitch and toss;
I am ths uncls of ths sun,
Hslf alligator and half host.
But shadowed by the ebon rose
Tbst shskes iu petsls from the sky,
Comes Morpheus, wslking on his toes,
' And knooks creation Into ft.
The report of the Secretary of the
Interior aays that upwards of sixty-one mil
lions of dollars inprnsions hsve been paid out
on account of Revolutionary services. The
entire quantity of Isnd donated for military
aervices is si) ty millions of seres.
THE ROMANCE" OF WESTERN HIS
Where fs the West ! Like the indefinable
horizon, it la continually retreating. We
thonght it was but a short wsy off, and now
it ia beyond tha Mississippi, snd far away on
tbe shores of the Pacific. The islands of the
Ocean, and then the Old World, East, will
be onr WtatI '
To those of oar readers who are new to
this region we would say that Ohio and Ken
tucky wjreonly a short generation sines, the
West; then Indiana and Illinois were the Fsr
West I It waa ia these days in the Vslley
of the Ohio, thst Judgs Hall laid the scene
of a very interesting volume called "The Ro
mance of Western History." Like all his
works, it ia elegantly written, smooth and
pleasant; but to those whose reminiscences
lie back among the Pioneers, or who in their
boyhood associated with them, this Romance
(albeit less romance than fuct).has a peculiar
zest. It brings up, like a true picture taken
in other days, the dress, attitude, snd appear
ance cf the old race, who once lived here and
atruggled through the semi-barbario period
of civilization. It is only by such pictures
that we can have any knowledge of thoin,
for they can never return.
Let us quote a paragraph or two from this
Romance of History that we may catch a
sidelong glsnce st the old Pioneer. Judge
Hall relates a story of (as he understood it)
Muldrow who gave name to M uld.ro w, still in
Kentucky. . This man who was one of the
esrliest pioneers, had a cabin in one of the
rugged acclivities of the hill or mountain
named from him. He had boen there n year
or two, and was searching for game, when he
saw a small dog running in his track, and
supposed an Indian was near. In a few min
utes the owner of the dog eame stepping
cautiously along, glancing jealously around
and mnking signals to his dog. The owner
of him halted iu front of the hunter, and full
exposed to view. He was a tall, athletic man,
completely armed with rifle, tomahawk, and
knife, but whether ho was a white man or
Indian could not be determined, either by
complexion or dress,
"He wore a hunting shirt and leggins of
dressed deer skin, and a hat from which the
rim was entirely torn away and the crown
elongated into tho shape of a sugar loaf.
The face, feet and hands, which were expos
ed, were of the fawny hue of the savage, but
whether the color was natural or the effect of
exposure could not be ascertained even by
the keen eye of the hunter, and the features
were so disguised by dirt and gunpowder that
their expression afforded no clue by which
the question could be decided whether the
Individual wss a friend or a foe. There was
but a moment for deliberation," Hnd after a
hasty scrutiny the pioneer, lqqjining to the
opinion that the stranger wa an Indian, cau
tiously drew up his rifle, and took a deliber
ate aim; but the bear possibility that he might
be pointing his weapon at the bosom of a
countrymen induced him to pause. Again he
raised his grn, and again he hesitated; while
his opponent with his rifle half raised towards
his face, snd his finger on the triggor, looked
eagerly around. Both stood motionless and
silent; one searching for the object of his
pursuit, the other In readiness to fire. At
length the hunter, having resolved to delay
no longer, rocked his rifle the "tick" reach
ed tho acute ear of his opponent, who in
stantly sprung behind a tree; the hunter inii
tnted his example, and they were' now fairly
opposed, each covered by a tree, from behind
which he endeavored to get a shot at his ad
versary, without exposing his own ponton.
And now a series of stratigeuis ensued, each
seeking to draw the fire of the other, until
the stranger, becoming weary of suspense,
called out,' Why don't you shoot, you eternal
cownrdly varment P 'Shoot yourself, you
bloody red-skin, retorted the other. 'No more
s red-skin thnn yourself.' 'Are you a white
man !' 'To be sure, I am; are you V 'Yes, no
mistake in me.' Whereupon, each being de
ceived, they threw down their guns, rushed
together with open arms snd took a hearty
hug. The hunter now learned that the stran
ger had been settled with his family about
ten miles from him for several months past,
snd they had often roamed over tho same
hunting grounds, each supposing himself the
sole inhabitant of that region. On the fol
lowing day the hunter saddled his horse, nnd,
taking op his good wife behind him, carried
her down to make a call upon her new neigh
bor, who doubtless received the visit with far
more sincere joy than usually attends such
Such was the solitary and the dnngeroiis
life of the pioneers. We will add one inci
dent related of a woman; and ss the same
thing in substance wss told us by men con
temporaneous with this heroic woman, we
believe it to be true :
"The females, too, had, their exits snd their
entrances, in this bloody drams, and exorcis
ed their courage as well ns their inventive
powers in the practice of strategy. A party
of Indians approached a solitary log house
with the intention of murdering its Inmates.
With their usual caution, one of their num
ber waa sent forward to reconnoiter, who
discovered the only persons within to be a
woman, two or three children, and a negro
man, rushed in by himself and seized the ne
gro. The woman caught np an axa and, with
a aingle blow, laid ths savage wsrrior dead
at her feet while the children cloned the door,
and with ready sagacity employed themselves
in fsstening it Tha rest of the Indinns esme
up and attempted to force an entrance, but
the negro and the children kept the door
closed and the intrepid mother having no
effective weapon picked up a gnn barrel
which had neither ateckor look, and pointed
R at tha sa ages through the apartures be
tween the logs. Ths Indians, deceived by
the sppearance of a gun and daunted by tha
death of their companion, retired." ''' ' '
' This was a heroic woman, and of such,
and in just such a period, were the ancient
In conclusion, we desire to add our contri
bution to what a discriminating public ha
already given of praise to the labors of Judge
Hall, He was one of the earliest to make
Western literature respectable, and prove
that letters were not unfamiliar to the people
of the West
Memphis And Charleston Railroad.
Thelluntsville Independent of the 12l!iinsr.,
says great dsmage was done to the Memphis)
and Charleston Railroad by the recent flood.
Six miles East of Huntsvile the track gave
way, and the locomotive turned over. The
tressol-works on Indian, Limestone, and Hur
ricane creeks, were washed sway. Near
Glendale, a bridge gave way, killing a fire
man, named Petman, and injuring, perhaps,
fatally, the Engineer. A similar nccident
occurred near Corinth, killing the Engineer,
nnd injuring a fireman. Other damage to
the roud had been heard of, but their extent
was unknown. -
CasUAlitiks and Death. We regret to
bear that Col. Teener, Deputy Sheriff of this
county, when returning from Nashville on
Tuesday, was thrown from the Cars and
instantly killed. The catnatrophe occured
within a short distance of the place where
happened the collision the day before, where
so many were seriously if not fatally injured,
and tha engines knocked into fragments.
The fated train upon which Col. Teener was
a passenger at the time of tho calamity, was
running backward and ran over a cow, which
knocked the hindmost cars off the track,
shivering them to pieces. A lady from Vs.,
we learn was also seriously injured. Mr.
Teener iesves a large family to mourn' his
sudden nnd melancholy death. Cliattanooga
Mr. J. Milton Clnpp, one of the edi
tors of the Charleston Mercury, died ir) that
city on Wednesday nfternoon Inst. He iad
been connected with that establishment for
sbout twenty years, nnd died very suddenly
from an attack of nppoplrxy. lie was highly
esteemed for his personal worth, and greatly'
admired for his talents as a writer and edi
A petition for divorce has been filed
in the Sixth District Court of Alabama, on
the ground of the marriage having taken
placo while the petitioner was intoxicated,
"without ' his knowledge, procurement or
3T Dr. Chilson of New York, has nnn.
lyzcd the watersupplied to Church and Wash.
Ington streets, Norwich, , by an aqueduct,
and finds that it containsour graint of lead
to the gallon! For twenty years this nque
diM4 km bta In y How ninny has it
IW Ex-Marshnll Wynkonp was killed nt
Tanmqua, Pa., while gunning; by the acci
dental discharge of a gun in the hands of his
servant He was Colonel ol the Pennsylva
nia Regiment during the Mexican w ar, nnd a
t3T A Boston magnzine proves that God
is not unconscious of the trouble in Wall
street, by quoting the words of tho Psalmist:
"If I make my bed in hell, behold, Thou
are there." .r
07" An old bachelor left a bonrding-hnuso,
in which were n nnmbcr of old maids, on
account of the "miserable fair" set before
him at table.
A Dinner to Gov. Walker. A grand
dinner is shortly to be given to Gov. Wnlkor
in New York city, by dissatisfied Democrat,
among whom are some Custom Ilosjae - and
other officials. ....... .
. -W In s country graveyard in Now Jor
ney there is a plain stone erected over tho
grave of ayounglndy, with only this inscrip
tion on iU "Julia AdanrS, dit-d of thin shoes,
April 17, 1839,agod 18."
Investment. A "capitalist" in the coun
try some months ap,sent $30,000 to a friend
in the city to invest in "good endorsed busi
ness paper." It waa done. The whole
amount matured during the month of Oct.
In all there were about 20 notes, nnd every
one was protested. All the names ns makers
and endorsers, save one (an endorser,) have
either failed or suspended. One note out of
the whole bntch, going to protest, was taken
up by the endorser. A'cir York Indrjmulcnt.
f-ff, Mrs. Partington expresses great ap
prehension that the people of California will
bleed to death, as every paper sho picks Up
announces "another vein opened."
.. t3T The Bangor Union has ths most re,
tnanlie item of the season an attack by
wolves upon a sts'e coach, only twenty miles
from thst city: "On Wednesday night' last,
ss Mr. Mitchell was driving a mail - mud
wagon, on the back Calais route, from lied
dington to the next slopping place, twenty
miles from this city, being wil hont psrsengcrs,
his team wss beset by s pack of wolves, about
a dozen in number, and fierce and noisy. As
they pressed hard upon him, he let go the
contents of a rifle, which laid out one of the
hungry crew, and for the time checked their
pursuit. Thia was providentially near the
stopping place, upon arriving at which tbe
driver is said to have been pretty well over
ooms with excitement and fright Wolves
and bears are very plenty on ths back route,
and very audacious. '
NomH Carolina CosrE r esce. The
ports for tha past yesr of the North Carolina
Conference of the M. E. Church, South, show
363 local preachers Incresse this year 5;
29,1 67 white members increase this year 1 94;
3,109 white probationers increase this year
75; 11,584 colored members increase thia
year 350; 1 1 35 coleretUprobslionera Incresse
65. Showing a total of 45,263, including all.
"You've misrepresented me," said a
member of Parliament to a reporter. "Yon
misrepresented your constituents still more,"
was the reply.