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f . P. 1V1NS.EDITOB AND PBOPR1ETOK. Trrmi J 1 year, payable In adTanea. I AT No paper discontinued atll all arrearages art paM( except at tne option 01 we ruoiisner. Anuounclne; nantce of candidatea for offlca B5. Cash Obitaery Notices ever 1 lines, char jed at the rerular adTertiatm rates. AH comamolcatlofis Intandeel io promote th private aada ar intereate of Corporations, Societies, school! or laaieiaoau, wiu m enarf eg aa adrerUacmeota. ATHENS, IIIIDAV, IEB. It, I88. To Advebtisebs. Our friends South who advertise their business in this paper will eonfer a favor by remitting their respec tive duee, nnd not put at to the trouble and ipenee of making out and forwarding their aeseants a half dozen timea. Such negli. genes ia inexcusable. Bark DiaicToar. In the list of Direc tora fur the Branch Bank of Tencestee, Athena, published last week, the name of Joseph Johnson" ia put down for Meigs aounty. Caleb Mooki ia the Director for Meigs. Mail Lettings. The Proposals for ear rying the moils in this State for four years from the) 1st of July, 1858, are published io ths "Citizen," Knoxville, and the "Adver tiser," Chattanooga. Any of our frienda who do not take either of tlioae papers, and who may wish to bid, can tee a copy of the. advertisement at this office. The Legislature. There are no Intima tiena from the Capitol, as yet, in regard to when the Legislature will be likely to ad journ. Hitherto that body has generally been able to get through with its delibera tions about the first of March. But we hard ly think the present aession will cloae ao srly. No one, however, can blame the mem bers for desiring to remain aa long aa possi ble, aa the opinion begins to prevail pretty eitensively among the people that the few. est number will get back there in the same sapacity. Since the above paragraph waa put in type, we have received the Nashville News', of the 8th, which says it will require thirty-five days from that time fur the Legislature to get through with the revision and codifies tion of the stautory enactments of the State f Tennessee; and offers that work as an apology for the inordinate length of the ses sion. Possibly the News is right. We will publish its remarks on the aubjectnext week, that our readers may see. . Kansas. By reference to the advices from Washington which we publish' in another place, it will be seen that the contest in Con gress over the Lecompton Constitution be gins to assume an interesting character. That Kansas business haa been a miaernble affair from the first let ua hope that it will be speedily solved and put at rest. Savannah Markets. We have been promised a regular weekly statement of the Savannah Market, by a reliable party.. ; Groceries. Late advices from Nashville quote the market for Groceries as advancing. 47 The llowAito Association, of Phila delphia, aa we have reason to believe, is a well-managed Institution. We have found the managere exceedingly prompt in all bu siness transactions. The work in which they are engaged ie a good one, and we wish them success. See notice ia our advertising eolumns. 13T" The Walker excitement U beginning to die out. A few weeks ago about two thirds of the newspapers were filled with af fecting lamentations over the bi d treatment of "the most remarkable man of the age;" nnd "Nicarauga" waa a great consuming fire to destroy the President and bia Cabinet. But the subject already grows stale, flat and un profitable, the tempest which the teapots raised has subsided, and in a few months will be forgotten, or only remembered aa other aprcioua humbugs. Indeed, it ia doubt ful whether histoiy will consider the vthole business of importance enough to give it a prominent place in her pages, so dwarfed do men and measures frequently become v. hen brought to the test or merit and worth. The Administration deserves the approba tion of the country for having throttled the Fillibusters and brought the speculation in Nicarauga land bonds to an abrupt close. Loudon Rolling Mill. Tho attention of merchants and otlmre ia directed to the advertisement for the Loudon Rolling Mill. This Mill, which has been in operation a short time, is, as we are informed, manufac turing an excellent article of Iron; and as we believe in encouraging home enterprises, we should be pleased to see it largely pat ronized. All orders directed to Jones, Phil Mrs & Co., Loudon, will be promptly at tended to. "The Milk in the Cocoarut." The fol lowing, from a Washington letter, will help to account fur the "indignation" displayed in a few lociililioi South of us, at tho suppres sion of the Filibusters: "I am credibly informed that Gen. Walker line flooded the South with bonds of one hundred dollars each, issued in his (Walk si's) name, running twenty years, payable in Nicarauga lands. A large number of said bonds are now in this city for disposition. Upon them Walker hue nnd continues to Carry on his expedition. Large quantities of these bonds are held by persona residing in Mobile, Montgomery and New Orleans, which aecounts for the indignation manifest ed in Hume cities." Unsigned Bark Bills. The Cashier of the Bunk of Fulton, Atlanta, makes public ths fact that a number of the unsigned bills of that Bank has been stolen. Look out! There are no tens nor twenties in circulation signed by E. W. Holland, President. I3T C. K. Todd &. Co, of New York City, whose advertisement may be found in ano ther column, have sent us a Fine Pencil and Desk Pen, for which they will accept our thanks. tTTh Leeompton Constitution has Veen virtually rejected. Advance m Land Wabbants. As spring approaches, when the tide of emigration wends westward its way, Isnd warrants ad vsnee. The last New York quotations are as follows: 40 aero warrants are bought at 96; 80 acre, n 86; 120 acre, at 77; and 160 acre warranta at 87 cents. HTThe "Sliinraa," Miall appear next vol. from Charleston, CONGRESS. The Aaguata Conetitutionaliet (democra tic) says, When the bill increosing the com pensation of members of Congress and chang ing the mode of their compensation by giving them a salary instead of a per-diem waa pass ed, it wasaupposed that one of the immedi ate and beneficial effects of the bill, would be to shorten the sessions of Congress, and thus to expedite the public business.' It wsa thought that the representatives of Ike peo ple would prefer rather to enjoy their money st home, than to spend it in Washington city, and that to' do" this, they would address them selves to the business before them urge it on and terminate each session as aoon aa its business eould be accomplished. Thus far, there ia no reason to believe that these antici pations will be lealized. The thirty-fifth Cungreaa baa now been in aession for two months, and never was there a Congress which accomplished less than it haa in the same length of time, or exhibited less Incli nation to dispose of the business before it and adjourn. A resolution has been Intro duced in the House, to adjourn on the 7th of June, but at the rate at which it haa been proceeding, it will not be ready to adjourn on that day, or even two months from that day. It ia not desirable that Congreas ahould legislate much, or that it should legislate at all in a hurry, except in some extraordinary emergency; and though there are many evils incident to long sessions, we would be con tent to see it sit through the year, without an interval between its sessions, if the time waa occupied in preparing, maturing and ac complishing necessary public business. This, however, is not the case especially in the popular branch of Congress. In that branch of Congress it is usual to crowd the business of each aession into a few days immediately preceding the adjournment, and to devote the larger portion of the time to patient, perse. vering but listless listening, whilst members air their vocabularies upon the stupid com mon-place topics of political discussion, upon which, orten, neither the House nor the coun try feel any interest, or need any enlighten ment. This is not the fuult.of the members, many of m whom are practical business men, who work assiduously in their committees and in the House, and seldom apeak unless they have some matter of importance to pre sent and to discuss; but it results from the constitution of their body, in which, at the commencement of every Congress, a large number of new men are introduced many of whom are eager to acquire a position in the House, and aeek it in exhibitions upon the floor rather than in cloae attention to nnd fomilianty with its business. The conse quence ia, that at the beginning of every new Congress there is almost a dead-luck upon legislation for several months, after which the House gradually recovers from the inflictions it has endured, and goea to work in earnest. ' During the present session repeated efforts have been made, in the House of Represen tatives, to cut short all useless discussion and confine debate strictly to the matter before the House. This, if it could be accomplish ed, would be a step in the right direction, but the evil of too much speoking in Congress will continue, with all the evila incident to long aesslons, until members learn that a seech in Congress will not give them posi tion before that body, or an intelligent con stituency, unless it is eloquent, original, or at least instructive. Knowledge of this fact would materially lessen the number, and ma terially shorten the sessions of Congress. Legislative, In tbe Senate on the 4th, the following Senate Bills passed third reading: To repeal the law requiring land sales to be advertised in a newspaper. Defining the penalty of profane swearing. To prevent the adulteration of liquors. In the House, resolution to amend the Con stitution so as to prevent ths incorporation of Banks, issue of Bonds, except under cer tain restrictions, and to prohibit lotteries, coming up, Mr. Bate gave his views at length upon the subjects embraced, and in support of the resolution, and Mr. Howies replied in opposition, repudiating the "metallie cur rency" idea as a part of the democratic creed. The resolution passed third reading, ayes 43, noes 18. An Agreeable Reflection. Mr. An drew Jackson Davis, in discoursing upon Spiritualism, in St. Louis, took occasion to say that "Death was the 'merest nothing; not much more than going from one room to another; merely an exfoliation of the spirit; the gentlest emergence into another State: an event only occupying about fifteen minutes.' It ia to be hoped thnt the authoritative stnte ment will, at once, relieve the human family nnd the animal creation of the unnecessary apprehensions which are generally entertain ed upon the subject." - ; It has been decided by the Court of Ap peals of this Stale, that a railroad passenirar must show his ticket to the Conductor when ever he asks to see it, and that if the nansten. ger refuses to do so, the Conductor may law fully put him out of the car. This is some thing which sll unrvaaonsble and obstinate people would do well to remember. A'eio lorle ledger. , i A Metallic Curnenct. A cntempornry says,of the proposition to establish a "purely metallic currency: "Statesmen should learn the preat hiatnr!. cal lesson, thnt metallic currency ia a tree, winun grows me Highest and Is the most revered on ignorant soil.. In countries (ike China, India and Japan, it grows to a prodi Bio.is height and its branches extend on every side. The rumbling r.oise of the mighty ear of Commerce is not heard through its thick foliage, not a rav of the sun of science can penetrate its dark and poisonous shade, nnd men become indolent who seek its lonesome retreat. Education, Printing, Steam, Electricity, Good Government, and nil the elements of greatness, hide their heads. The earth lovely, only cultivated for a scanty subsistence, becomes a dreary waste; and its inhabitants, unstimulated by commercial relations, although counted by hundreds of millions, become weak, and live only as a prey for aupcrstition, becgary and crime." Commission House, Savannah, Ga. At tention ia invited to the Card of J. W. Gaut &. Co., Commission Merchants, Savannah. Enjoying a personal acquaintance with the members of the Firm, we take pleasure in commending them to all wishing to moke consignments in that direction. . li Hon. Hornco Mavnard ia entitled to our thanks for ralauble papers and documents. A STORMY RIGHT IS CONGRESS. WiamxoTON, Feb. 6 A. M. Tbe House of Representatives adjourned this morning at o'clock, after an excited stormy session all night Tbe contest wss on tbe adoption of the resolution offered by Mr. Harris of Illi nois, tbe purport of which is, that tbe mes sage of tbe President and tbe Lecompten Constitution, be referred to select commit tee of thirteen, to be appointed by tbe Spea ker, to inquire into all the facts connected with ssid Constitution, sod the laws, if soy,; under which the Convention- was held, and whether the provisiona of.the law..were om plied with. Also, whether said. Constitution provides for a Republican form of Govern ment, and whether tbe population be euffi eient for a representative to Congress under ths present ratio; and whether ths Constitu tion is satisfactory to tbe legal voters in Kan sss. Also, to ascertain the number of votes east for the Constitution; tbe places where east in each county; tbe census or regfetra tion nnder which the election of delegates was held, and whether the same was just and fair, and in eomplianoe with law; with all other matter bearing on the subject. Ths friends of the Leeompton Constitution endeavored to take a vote in favor of the ad' inissien of Kansas, before the adjournment of the passage of Mr. Harris' resolution, endea. vored to adjourn. .. About Lalf-past two o'clock last night a fight took place between lion's. L. M. Keitti of South Csrolina, and Galusha A. Grow, of Pennsylvania. Several blows passed, tbe crowd of members rushed to the scene, and there appeared for a time that there were indications of a "free Sght." Mr. Speaker Orr suceseded, in a few mo ments, in restoring order. The House finally agreed to adjourn by the passage of a unanimously adopted resolution that the matter in dispute should be the spe cial order of the day for Monday, to which day the house has adjourned. The Late Fight in Congbess. A corres pondent of the Charleston Mercury, who was nn rye witness, gives the following account of the difficulty between Kcitt and Grow, on the floor of the House : ; Washington, Feb. 6. At about 3 o'clock A. M., Gen. Quitmun offered a proposition to disentangle the proceedings in the House. Mr. Grow, who wsa in one of the aisles on the democratic side of the House, objected a little tartly. Mr. Keitt said to bun, "Uo on the other side of the House, to which you belong, if you want to object " Mr. Grow answered, "I'll object where I please." Mr. Keitt then said. "Wait till I can come round. and I'll take care of you." Mr. Keitt went round and said to him. "Yon Abolitionist puppy, move to your side of the House, and don't stay here.", Mr. Grow said, "I'll atny as long as I ploase." Mr. Keitt then choked him for an instant. He then started off, when Mr. Grow said, "Yon can t come from your plantation snd crack the whip over me." Mr. Keitt turned back and said, "I'll choke you again for that insolence," and he grasped his throat a arcond time. Gen. Davis, of Mississippi, then interfeiiug, wrenched Mr. Keitt round to keep them apart, and pressing him against the corner of a table, Mr. Keitt partially fell. Mr. Grow, when Mr. Keitt was wrenched round to separate them, struck at Mr. Keitt, we think, butdid not reach him. Those by say he did not reach him. Mr. Barksdale, in interfering to separate , them, wss struck, nnd dealt a lew blowa in return. The whole thing waa sudden and over in a moment. There was not much excitement prevailing before Or afterwards. ' This is a succinct statement of the whole affair, which will, doubtless, be greatly exaggerated by Black Republican prints. The whole thing wss extemporaneous. The Lecompton Constitution Defeated. Washington, Feb. 8. In the Senate to-day the President's message and the Lecompton Kansas Constitution were referred to the Committee on Territories, by a rote of twrn-to-eight to thirty-one. In the Ho ii S3, Mr. Harris amendment to Mr. Stephens' reaolution was adopted by a vote of one hundred and fifteen to one hun dred and eleven. Mr. Harris' resolution re fers the Message and Constitution to a slect committee of fifteen with power to send for persons and papers, thereby precluding the possibility of a report this session. A Metallic Currency in the District of Columbia. The bill reported by the se lect committee of the Senate in reforence to the currency of the District of Columbia, pro hibits the issue of any notes by corporations or individuals as a currenry, or the circulation of notes issued by banks out of the District, of a less denomination than fifty dollars. It ia thought that the bill will pass, and then when the treasury notes with which govern ment employees are now paid, disappear, we shall have the experiment of a hard-money currency in the District. "Ion," of the Balti more Sun, estimates that the sum of eight hundred thousand dollars will be sufficient as a currency for the District, whilst the dis bursements of the government in specie within its limits, amount to several millions annually. Utah. Additional advices from the Utah army stale that as aoon aa Captain Marcy ar rives from Now Mexico, which will probably be about the middle of April, an attempt will be made by Colonel Johnston to enter Salt Lake City. The Indians on the Pacific have been somewhat excited by the news of the destruction of the government stores, but as yet have made no hostile demonstrations. The Committee on Territories will make a report to the House on the Utah difficulties in a few days. Thuy Snd nothing In Mr. Bernhisel's case, as the delegate from Utah, to justify his expulsion from the House. Financial. The Banks of Baltimore re solved on Friday to resume specie payment forthwith. The Philadelphia paperaannounco that the banks of that city, by resolution of a con vention of their Presidents on Wednesday, resolved te resume the payment of specio on all their liabilities forthwith. The announce ment created little or no surprise, from the fuel that coin has been paid to all who de manded it for the last two or three weeks. The above news Imparted much activity to the market in New York, toward the close of the week, money being plenty, and ratea of intereat In favor of the borrower. Fillibusteb Walker. A despatch from New Orleans of the 4lh, says "The grand jury yesterday found a true bill against Gi n. Walker, Anderson and oth ers, for a violation of the neutrality lews. They were held to appear on the fourth Monday in April." GEN. JACKSON ON FILIBUSTERING, . The Washington Union of lata data (omes down upon those who have, from their "youth up" been in the habit of awearing by the manes of Old Hickory, and who aeek to justify filibusters, with an argument which they will rind it difficult to answer, gives them a blow they will find it difficult to par ry. It does neither more nor less than con. front them with tbe ghost of the iron old hero who was wont to make tl White House shake beneath the stamp of hia foot, and the faithful to cower beneath the glance of his eye. In order that our readers may under stand how General Jackson regarded Jllibui- lerism and filibusters, and the force of the argument which the writer in the Union drawa from hia example and hia opinions, it will be necessary briefly to recapitulate the facts : In 1818, during the Seminole war, Gen Jackson, then in command, entered the tcrri tory of Florida, then belonging to Spain, captured several Spanish forts, and arrested and hung Alexander Arbuthnot nnd Robert C. Anibrister, who had taken refuge in the territory. In the succeeding January the tion. 1. VV. Cobb, of Georgia, introduced into the House of Representatives a aeriea of resolutions, the object of which waa to prevent such proceedings in future. Two of the resolutions were in the following words: Resolved, That this House disapproves of the seizure ol the ports of St. Marks and Pensacoln.snd the fortress of Bnrnncas, con trary to orders and In violution of the Con stitution. .- ' Resolved, That the same committee be al so instructed to prepare and report a bill prohibiting the march of the army of the United States, or any corps thereof, into any foreign territory, without the previous au thorization of Congress, except it be in the cese of fresh pursuit of a defeated enemy of the United tales, taking refuge within such foreign torntory. The resolutions, after a Ion? and able de bate, were rejected; and President Monroe was indirectly censured for not censuring Gen. Jackson for ''invading foreign territory" just what the filibusters say Com. Paulding did was suHtained. And the argument ia clinched by the following: Gen. Jackson held "that it is an established principle of tho law of nations, that any indi vidual of a nation, makin; warairuinst the citizens of anr other nation, they being nt peace, forfeit Ins allegiance, and becomea an outlaw and a pirate." . No w let the "fierce Democracy" come down on Gen. Jackson and denounce him if they dare! True, he is dead: but his statue ia on Jackson Square; and if they should dare to utter a word against their great apostle, let them not hope for impunity for so enormous an offence in consequence of hia absence. The very nostrils of the bronze horse weuld grow widur, and the countenance of the Old Hero darker; and it would only require the said "fierce Democracy" to open their ears a little further to hear that voice thundering in them, "By the Eternal, the Constitution nnd the laws shall be executed !" Recollect, this is no "Whig lie." Itia unadulterated De mocracy, from the great fountain head. The faithful or unfaithful in the ranks may di gest it as best they amy. False Lights. The people of the South have recently had their attention called to the acquisition of territory in Central Ameri ca; and the hero of Nicaragua has been the cnuse of great expenditure of Southern in dignation against the administration which, by force of circuhistances, nw atande forth for Southern right and justice in Kansas, and staggers under blowa inflicted, in con sequence, by politicians nnd States of the North. We lay before our readers, in another column, a very speciously gotten up article rroro tBe New lork J lines, headed Ihe Cnbnn Question. Its evident object is to throw out a bait to the people of the Sonth, to distract their attention from the grave is sue before them, in the admission or rejec tion of a slave Slate applying to enter the Union, under the delusion of acquiring Cuba. It ia also calculated to inflame and arouse the anti Southern sentiments of the Northern people, while mollifying the people of the South to their destruction. -i We trust that these unfounded rumors. and the hopeless or comparatively unimpor tant enterprise of Walker, will not be allow ed to distract or beguile our countrymen from mailers or more vital import. Let us first save Missouri. Let us check the over whelming tide that is bursting upon the bor der Slates of the South, and well uigh makes mem despair ol rescue Irom the penis and annoyance they know not how to nvoid, but by the decision and energy of the cotton States. Let us fix our minds on Kansas, and not follow Will-o-the-Wlsps. When Kansas is secured, and the Administration is sustained, we can better afford to quarrel about walker. We can look after Cuba, if circumstances point the way. Kansas ia the issue. diaries! on Mercury. 13?" The Washington correspondent of the New York Evening Post says, that Mr. Ja mes B. Clay, of Kentucky, is opposed to the admission of Kansas, and will vote with the Black Republicans against it. We would not be surprised if the report be true. The "road to rnin" is a broad one. and when once entered upon, leads the traveler swiftly to destruction. When Mr. Clay ran counter to hia whole previous1 recoid, and waa so regardless of the memory of his father, aa to vote for hia bitterest enemy for the Presi dency, he commenced tiie "rood to ruin," and nothing can now prevent him from following it up. Facxlis descensus Avemi. Lynchburg r xrgiman. Liberality of Texas Methodists. His stated in the Southerner of Waco City, Tex as, that at tho late meeting of the Methodist Conference in that, place, a collection for missionary purposes was taken up, which amounted to $1,500 in cash, and 626 acres of land. And that the sum of $6,000 was subscribed by the preachers of the Confer ence lor the purpose of purchasing a steam press for the Texas Christian Advocate, and building a publishing house in the city of Galveston. i - A Defaulter. Dye's "Wall Street Bro ker aaya .... Another defalcation" haa been discovered in the Central Bank. Iliehtstown, N. J. An aged shepherd in Israel has, we understand, quietly appropriated sjme $50,000 of ita lunda to hi own . use. Perhaps to send the Gospel to the poor heathen. Th old. pro verb that the Church loves the Deacon and the Deacon lovea money, ia stiiking verrified. f-gf The following ia the termination of the difficulty between Keitt and Grow: ; "Mr. Keitt apologized for the rencontre on Friday, taking the blame therefor to himself. ol r. brow responded pleasantly apologizing for hia part in the matter." i Cincinnati, Feb. 8. Provisions active; Bulk meat, 6J7i for shoulders and aides; Bacon sides 8; Hogs firm at f 6; Whiskey 1 6 J. Flour quiet and Unchanged. New York, Feb, 8. Cotton advanced 4; Flour quiet; Wheat firm; Mess Pork 8 15,61); Baron, 8 fur hams, snd 6 for shoulders. Su gar and Co.tce steady nt former quotations. THE "GREAT THROUGH LINE BE TWEEN NEW YORK AND NEW ORLEANS. Proa the Ljnchburg Virginian. -In several recent articles we have ahown that the line which nature haa marked out for the travel across the Continent from New York to New Orleans la by Washington city, Lynchburg, Knoxville, and Holly Springs in Mississippi. A glance al the geography of our country is enough to convince any one that it ia th shortest and quickest route , ;-"andt as a necessary consequence, the cheap est. For this reason it is fuir to, presume, also, that the great through mail will be sent by the sme line. ThVidea7 recently propo sed, of sending it by water, with the excep tion of crossing the peninsula of Florida by rail, is, to say the least of it, ridiculous. The Post Master General, consulting not only true economy, but alao the convenience of the people and the certainty and regulari ty of mail communication, will hardly hear late in hia duty in the premises. It is a mistake to suppose that the ad van tages of this route are unknown and unap preciated except along the immediate line of the road. The people of this country are too sagacious for that. We published a few days ago a communication which recently appeared in the Railway Times, from which it will appear that public attention his recent ly been directed to this route, in all the com mercial citiesof the North. Its superior ad' vantages cannot fuil to attract popular obaer vation. The Ocean route, it is understood, has been recommended by the Senate Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads. It will not be difficult to understand this, when it is re collected that the Chairman of that Commit tee, Mr. Yulee, of Florida, is deeply interes ted in the Railroad across that State, which forms an important link in the route. Not withstanding this, the disadvantages under which it labors, as compared with onr route, must forever preclude it from adoption by the Post Office Department for the trans mission of the great through mails. In the communication we hnve above re' ferred to, from the Railway Times, the wri ter makes the statement that the distance be. tween New York and New Orleans, when this route is completed, mny be accomplished in the short space of two days!, . Such, a declaration as this will doublless startle the reader, but it is not at all improbable for all that. The distance is twelve hundred miles. A travel of twenty-five miles an hour, inclu ding stoppages, would put a passenger through from New York to New Orleana in forty-eight hours. Everybody knows that twenty-five milea an hour ia not an extraor dinary rate of speed for Railroad trains at the present day. We confidently look forward to the adop tion of. thia route as the great through line for travel and the mails, aa soon as the few remaining linka in it are completed. Southern Extensions. If the free States under the influence of legislation or the re sults of climate and necessity, as it is claim ed, are to receive all the present territories of the United States, things in a few years will stand as follows: Area. Present slavehulding States, 851,508 Nnn-slaveholdingSlates, 613.577 Add Territories, 1,472,0612,084,658 Excess free States, sqnare miles, 1,233,150 For this absorption and appropriation if ths South were to endeavor to set off what sheuld be equal by purchase or otherwise, Southern territory now beyond her limits, ths following would be required: The whole of Mexico, ' 1,038,834 Half of Central America,' 101,055 All of the West India Islands, in- . eluding lluyti, Cuba, Jamaica, &c. 91,406 1,231,295 If the North then mentions British Amer ica, Cape Horn must be the other end of the dilemma. But jestinir aside, in the whole future of this great continent, have ourNorth- ern frienda the serious intention of confining our powers down to the few thousand square miles which they have apportioned us, and which we now, they sometimes seem to any, hold by their suffrage. De Bow's Weekly frets. New York, Feb. 1, 1858. Saturday was the regular monthly pay-day at the Custom House, and the occasion developed some amusing scenes. A great proportion of the employees are on aulnries of about $1,000, and ot course less than $100 par month. Uncle Sum being a little sparing of his gold just now, paid out everybody hore in the new Treasury notes. So every clerk who was entitled to some 830 or $90, for a month's compensation, had to take the balance in specie to the pnying-ofT roan, and then re ceived a $100 Treasury note. Before all re ceived their wages, however, the $100 notes gave out, and then they had to come to the $500 notes. It was rich to see the anxious clerks running around trying toclub together in fives, so aa to obtain one of these $500 notes, by paying the difference in gold, and thus obtain their salaries. Of course all these notes went Into the hands of the brokers at one-quarter per cent, discount, as every one wanted ready money that could be spent. . Life In Kansas. Dan McFarland writes to the Portsmouth Tribune, from Carson, Kansaa Territory, under date of 13th Janua ry. ' Carson had become the County seat of Brown. Dan was busy erecting a court houae. Court waa holding ita session in a black smith's shop; and Dan's wife Vas acting aa landlady to the judges, lawyers, jury, eta Dan's cabin served aa headquarters for the honorable judges, high sheriff, and lawyer's. One day while the Court waa in aession, two beautiful deer went past the door on a full jump. Tho "Bar" made a general rush for ths game, while the judge waa left dozing npon "the bench;" to it, an anvil-block. Deer are aeen almost daily. - The weather was delightful, warm and dry, like Indian summer in Ohio. . ,, , Great Sale of Slaves. Probably the largest aale of slaves ever made In Virginia, lately took place in Brunswick Co, Ninety six, of all ages, sizea and conditions, were sold at the unprecedented aggregate of about $75,000. . t, , , . .,, There are now one hundred and tweuly-rigbl.t'ouulies ia the Slate of Texas, twelve new ones having been named the pres ent scsaiun of Ihe Legielatuic. OH, THE NAUGHTY BANKS! "Cracker," a correspondent of the Savan nah Republican, thus discourses on the wsy thnt the Bank aristocracy have been grinding down the faces of the poor and oppressing the masses ! "First, then, the Ranis late suspended, and there ia no use of going into particulars for, with a single exception, which I shall here after explain, thia the Pandora'a box from whence all the evila come. The decline in the price of cotton the difficulty of eelling gooda and collecting debta the destruction of confidence, and all the concomitant evils of the times, are to be traced to this cause ! It is true that eottoa, had declined some 3 or 4 cents a pound, before the Georgia banks had suspended; and it is equally true that it has again advanced from b np to 10 cents, while the suspension still continues; but this only shows the dangerous power of the bank In ,L..-. J : 1 . 1 1 . i iu iiiuo ucpresauig anu raising, at will, me price of our staple, by the exercise of some secret influence and control, which they ex ert over the market, and which is wholly un- anown io the ignorant mass I Another previous bffence of the banks, connected w ith the suspension, is the reduc tion, which they have simultaneously effec ted in the price of corn nnd bacon the curn coming down from $1,25 per bushel to 60 cents, and the bacon from 20 cents, to about 10c! But, as these are the articles which have no little to do with the wants of the "laboring masses," I propose that we say nothing about them more especially since there has been nothing said about them by the Governor, or any of his. great army of noble and puissant knighta of Ihe windwnill, who have suillied forth so eargerly, to do battle in defence of the suffering poor. These "laboring masses" make so much cotton to sell, and have so little bread and ment to buy, thnt the price of cotton affects them most. We will, therefore, stick to cotton, though it may pot be entirely pru dent to say anything about the blunder Brown made, in his reference to the effects of specie payments in New Orleans, where, under the specie system, during the early part of the pressure, cotton descended twen ty per cent, luicer than the Savannah prices at the same time. , ' Racfiel. The curtain has fallen npon the glittering career of that great magician, Ra chel. Stie was a great magician; and no one that ever saw her eould fuil to feel the spell of her genius. What a life was hers! how full of triumph, success, fame and wealth! What incense waa burned before her! what laurels were twined around her brow! what homage was laid at her feet! For twenty years she was the idol of worship, before wnicn the seiectest society nn earth bent Her conch was of rises with not a fold in a single leaf. And now whnt remains? Nought out nn urn ana a nandiui or dust. How alien and discordant seems the thought of death with such a life! But the grim presence has come, and put out the lights, and withered the flowers, and dismiss- ed the revelers, and traced with bia bony lin gers the solemn words " Hie JaceC the close and consummation of earth. After life's fitful fever she sleeps we hope well. It is not for us to draw her frailties if she had them from the dread abode to which they have been n recently summoned. Congressional. We find the following n the National Intelligencer's summary of the proceedings of Congress on Monduy last: Mr. Boyce, of South Carolina, offered a free trade resolution, which wss adopted, the the purport of which was to appoint a com mittee of seven to inquire into nnd report on the following subjects: A reduction of the expenditures of the Government; the naviya, tion laws of the United States; the existing duties on imports, nnd the expediency of a gradual repeal of all daties on imports and a resort to internal taxation. " ' ' ' r-ir" An exchange paper says chick weed is an excellent barometer. When the flower expands fully we are not to expeet rain for several hours. Should it continue in that state, no rain will disturb the Summer's day. When it conceals its miniature flower, the day is generally showery; but if it entire ly shuts up, or veils the white flower wilh its green mantle let the traveler put on his great coat. Fatal Affbay. The Furl Smith Times says that on tbe 17th nit, an affray took plare between a worthy uilizen or (but place, Mr. Gottlieb Bollinger, and a boy, fifteen years of age, named Tliomaa Scully, in which the former was killed by a pistol shot. Mr. B. lesvea a wife nnd several children. Shipment of Irish Girls. The British Government is shipping Irish girl to the Cape of Good Hope, as a means of prevent ing its own colonist from relapsing into bar barism. A party of 350 has already Bailed and another company of 350 ia aoon to be forwarded all described as healthy and good looking. They go with the under standing that matrimony is to reward thoir expatriation. , , A Mistake of Terms. The Central Christian Advocate apologizes for having published a young clurgymnn as "aged. when It meant to have said "able." 1'rinters some time make sad mistakes, as for instnnoe, when in setting np tho expression,"! he dev il sows tares," they alter it to rend' "The devil saws trees." 9r Further intelligence from . Washing ton confirms the report that Mr. Bernhisel, the Mormon delegate, has made propositions to the President for the purchase of the Mormon property in Utah. Mr. Buchanan appears to have rather rejected the overture of Mr. Bernhisel who is snid to be actins without the authority of Drigham Young. Mr. Bernhisel represent the Mormons as gen erally inclined to pence, t fP Cater and" favorable account's of the Utah expedition have been received, from Colonel Johnston by the War Department Colonel Johnston had mustered four addi tional companies of volunteers into service for a period of nine months.' The troops were in good health, and very comfortable in their wintei quarters. An abundant sup. ply of fat beef had been obtained from a settlement to the north of Suit l-ake. ' , A Panacka fob tub Panic, Every mind is excited with the paniaV Few suggest a reme dy. If one is .feasible that , may be recom mended, it. takes an age of suspense to rendor it practicable. - IB this emergenoy we have a suggestion to offer which we regard as wiser and more available than mauy that hieet us on all. sides, and which is attended wilh far less risk than msny of the eommer oial and financial speculations of the day. We allude to the opportunities which are af forded by the lotteries of 8. Swan A Co., which are drawn every Saturday at Augusta, Ga and whioh hold out the splendid oppor tunity of realizing for a trifling investment of 110, 6 or , the whole, half, or quarter of the capital prixe issued from the never failing mint of the above reliable firm. N. Y. Atlas. . A Wise Decision. Judge Clossur, of the Probate Court, of Windsor, Vt., has decided that a good family newspaper is one of the necessary articles fur ths support of a family, during the settlement of an estate, and, as such, the administrator, in insolvent estates, is justifiable in paying for one the widow to make her own selection of what paper she will hurc. Democracy and Barks. One of the best means ever devised by the wit of man to en' rich private bankers and money dealers gen' erally, and that too at the expense of the producing class, is found in just such legis lation aa the sham Democracy are inflicting upon Tennessee. A professor in one of the lending Law Schools of the country, lects ring to graduating class), said thai it M common for people to employ a schoolmaster or s justice of ths peace to draft important legal documents. "Now, gentlemen," said the Professor, "my advice to you, Is never te discourage the practice; it will put money in your pockets," . Just ao bankers may reason about' a Democratic Legislature. Always denunciatory or banks, and brimfull of re gard for the dear people, their raah, ill-ad-vised enactments grind out Ihe substance ef the laborer, to fill the coffers of money chan gers. The effect of the present Democratic war upon banks in thia State, has been to depreciate our currency about ten per cent. Those, who have small sums which they are unable to hold, are shaved, gloriously shaved, for their devotion to Democratic banking schemes. The fact is patent that a Democratic Leg islature never inaugurated a banking system thnt waa not a swindle. Nor was such a deliberative body ever known to meddle with an existing currency without making it worthless. The truth is, that with all ths bluster which has been made in the Legisla ture, and out of it about' winding up the banks, and an exclusive metallic currency, no such thing waa ever intended; thesu specula ting Democrats wanted to fleece their conati tuenta and they have done it effectually. Our bank annihilators went to Nashville aa bellicose as old granny Cuss marched to ths river Rasin, or J.imes Buchanan to Baltimore, and they will return just as ingloriously. Memphis Eag. f Enqni The Legislatuke. In the Senate, Feb ruary 5, Mr. Davis presented his new propo sition to increase the capital stock of the Bunk of Tennessee. It proposes that tho stock of the Slate in the Various turnpikes shall be sold; then the stock of the Planters and Union Banks; and, should the proceeds not reach the sum of $1,500,000 in six months, then State bonds shall be issued, at aix per cent, per annum, to raise the remain der of the above named amount; $250,000 shall be applied as eapital of a branch at Memphis; $250,000 to be retained by ths parent bank, and the remainder to be distri buted amoung the old branches. The con sideration of the bill was postponed until to day IS'ashville Union, Feb. 7. The Fort Snelliro Bargain. A Wash ington correspondent of the N. Y. Times, who is posted on corruption matters, says: The Fort Snelling investigation seems likely to show that the job waa the consid eration on which the money was raised to Hie celebrated New York Hotel Committee te carry Pennsylvania for Buchonan. RicWd Schell is expected here on Monday. He w'itt tustify that he had no interest in the matter, but cross questioning will elieit the fact that a quarter interest in the job stood In ths name of hia wife. Chicago, Feb. 5. A rumor cornea to us from Fuyetteville Arkansas, that a Tearful in. surrection had occurred near that place, said to have been incited by two while men. Ths negroes are represented to hnve attacked two settlements, killing twenty three persons, burning houses and killing entile. The in surrection was finally subdued by the organi zation or a force of volunteers, who killed seven and captured eighteen or the Insurreo. tioniats. The truth of the rumor wss doubted. 1ST It is anid that a worthy minister in Indiana, who had become somewhat mixed up in land speculations, recently announced to his congregation that his text would be found in "St. Paul's epistle to the Corinth ians, section four, range three, west !" ti? The number of persons employed on the Paris Presse, lately suspended editors, reporters, correspondents, compositors, fol ders, carriers, etc., was aeven hundred and seventy-four. , 3T "Oh, dear, Mr. Tracy, you jest vrh you say that my baby ia the handsomest en yon ever aaw'd you must be soft soaping it." "Well, yes right, madam; 1 thought it needed soap of some kind. Ahem I" The Free Negro Bill of Tennessee. This bill which provides for the voluntary enslavement of free persons of color, allows such aa are of the age of eighteen years ts choose their masters, the masters paying in lieu of tax one-tenth of their appraised valte into the county treaaury. The bill passed ita third reading in the House, a few days since, by yeas 42, nays 27. HIT' Some of the farmers in Michigan, deeming the recent extraordinary weather, for the season, favorable to the running of sap, have recently tapped their maple trees, te try the experiment, and succeeded in making quite a quantity of maple sugar. fW A white woman named Peters, ind her brother, have been fined $1,000, and sen tenced to jail for one year the heaviest penalty ofthe'law In St. Louis, for cruelly whipping a slave girl. fcT The Mormons have a Bank in Utah, which they call the "Drovers' Bank of Salt Lake City." A Kiro in a New York Court. Ths King of Bavaria haa obtained a judgment of $30,000, in the Superior Court of New York, against one of hia subjects who borrowed his Majesty's money and went off forgetting to pay it. . . ' ' VW The Wool Grower's Reporlor atates the decrease of the wool crop in Ohio in 1857, as compared with 1856, o bs 327,373 slioep, or 682.142 lbs. The clip of 1856 was 10,511,028 lbs., and that of 1857, 9,829,809 lbs. tff" Ths number of postage stamps nssd during the year 1857 was 168,494,540, tk value Of which was $4,649,975,25. Ugly Wife. An exchnngo says "You can't jjet along In the world with I homely wire. She'll spend half her lime in looking in the glass, and turn, and bfush.and fix till she gets completely vexed Vtilh k(' own ugliness, and ahe'll go right of aao spank the baby 1" '" UT Why is a loafer In a printing onto like a shade tree? ' ' ' ' ' '. Because we are glad when te leaves. The Turnino-point of Life. See grtj hair, and then dye!