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BY SAM. P. IVINS. ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY, APRIL 2, 1858. YOL. X.-NO. 497. pQgf U PUBLISHED IVERT FRIDAY, "wo DOLLABS PEtt YEAH, T PA TA Bl SIM AD TASCE. UrirllientlX will be charged 1 per aqoars -ris un"or lets, 'or th Brat Insertion, ud U cenu tor I.choo.UiiMne.. A HbortldeducUoB made to thoat wtoaUtrUashr tbtptar. -pMDdlnjTr-," ,!, man mark the numfcer f timet Ihejr detlr thVn Inierwd, or they will bt continued sntll forbid and 'Tiett"- .fedld.t..f.Be..5. CObTtaryBotleeiorlllInei,ebrged etthererular end. or interetttof Oorporationi, Socletlet, Schools or l.dlvldualt, will be charged at adverllneroentt . I.airwu luch M P41Ilph,lU,Mioatei,Olrc.lri, ttVat,Blaaa, Handblllt, Ac, wlU be t.eculedio food ',AV."urarl:Tp,r.pri.tr.po.p.ld,.m rf:?ix" -- HI enionlcatloD Innrted unlet accompanied bp m SSTi-. ,Kk- ten Hotel. ' THE -POST. v' ZillEWS, FBIPAy. APBIH. 1858. VOTta Qt THI BANKS OP TENNESSEE, Ractivtd bp tb. Stat.. Union d Planter.' Bank, of Tennettee, at Naabf lilt. BytUPUnttrf Bank. Bank of Tennettee, Union Bank, Plantert' Btnk, Merchant!' Bank, Parmert' Bank, Bank of Parlt, Bank of Commerce, Bank of Memphis, Northern Bank of Tenn. Bank of America, Cititent' Bank, Bank of Chattanooga, Bank of Middle Tcnn. P-Ammitretal Rank. Bank of the union, soulutrn nana. By (At Bank o Tmiu-M and A Union Bunt Bank of Tennettee, n.nk nf Miilille Tenn. pianiert' nana, Union Bank, Bank of America, Bank of Chattanoog a, Bank of Memphll, Bank of Parlt, Bank of Iht Union, Buck't Bank, Kicuanf Bank. Citlaent' Bank, Olty Bank, Farmeri' Bank, Merchant!' Bank, Northern Bank, Southern Bank, Traden' Bank, Kentucky Bankt, New Orleant bankt. The Auitin oor respondent of the Gal. veston Civilian, in hit letter of the 12th lilt, writes follows: I now have the pleasure of announcing the passage of one of the most important laws ever enacted for the welfare of Texas. It is an act opening the almost entire public do main of the Suite to sale at fixed prices. To be brief, the Commissioner of the I-and Office is authorired to sell land scrips in quantities of 160, 330, 640, and 1280 acre tracts. The lands in the Pacific Reserve to be sold at $2 per acre; and all other -public landa at one dollar. The bill passed, on motion of Mr. Brown, at 10 o'clock last night. This morn ing a run was made on the Land office to buy 60 cents scrip (authorized by the lust Legis lature as tho price of lands in the Pacific Re serve) before the Governor could sign this bill, and by 12 o'clock about $13,000 had been paid in; but Governor Runnels, hearing of the movement, lost no time in nffixing his sign manual to the act and notifying the Commissioner that it was law of the land, which at 1 P. M. put a stop to the specula tion. You will se that speculators were thus securing reserve scrip at 50 cents while its price would be two dollars the moment the set was signed. rm roa Treasury Notes. At the open- ing of the bids for Treasury notes, the mount offered was a fraction less thnn $7,000,000. The amount of premium de manded ranfed from 4t to 6 per cent Gionou Item. The Athens Watchman is credibly informed that in Jefferson the ether day a man who was very drunk hsv ing vomited in the street, some hogs passing along atopped and helped themselves to as mnchaaths wanted, and shortly thereaf ter died, notwithstanding the efforts that were made to save theml What killed the hogs! Was it the strychnine in the whiskey Who will drink buckeye whiskey after this. rs The "National Intelligencer" hns ai article on the "right of instruction," as sought to be exercised in this cooniry, especially with regard to the Senntors in Congress, ar nnra ao-ainst it. and contends that it was not supported by Jefferson or Madison. The "Intelligencer says thnt "the doctrine or in struction lends to invert the relations of the two brsnches into which Coneress is divided, and ahould it ever become teneral would practically result in wholly transforming the nsture and organization of the legislative de partment of the government," UT" The delicate and interesting opera tion of transferrin? blood from one plnce to another has again been successfully perform ed by Dr. Wheatcroft,en English surgeon, in the case of female patient. When appar ently expiring from loss of blood, about two pounds of blood was transfused from the veins of her husband into her veins, with the most favorable result. In a few minutes sf ter, the current of blood began to flow, and the ebbing of life was checked, the circula tion being re-established, and deliverance from apparently certain and approaching dis solution secured. Dr. W. suggests tho trial of this operation in the last atuge of low ty phus snd the collapse of Asinlie cholera, when all other means have failed. HP A gentleman of Boston who takes business view of most things, when recently atked respecting person of quite a poetic temperament, replied: "Oh, he ie one of those who hare soarings after the infinite and divings after the unfathomable, but who never pays rash." St. Louts, March 34. The overland mail from Arazonia, Feb. 7th, says that Gundazs, the lender of the rebellion in Soora, defeated the Government troops in several battles, snd has surrounded Peschiera and threatens to bang the Governor of that place. The Indi sns in Maaailla Valley are troublesome. A general attack was feared. Richmond, March 20th. Doth branches of the Legislature hava pasted the bill making an appropriation of $800,000 to the Coving, ton and Ohio Railroad. Ths bills making sppropriation of $400,000 to the Orange and Alexandria; $300,000 to the Alexandria, Loudon and Hampshire; $350,000 to the Manassas Gap, and $250,000 to ths Norfolk and Petersburg Rsilrosds, hsve all paaed the lloose, and no doubt Is entertained that they will pass the Senate to day. STATE DEBT AND INTERNAL IM PROVEMENTS. Juat before the adjournment of the Legis lature, Monday, Mr. Newman, from the com mittee on Internal Improvements, submitted the following report, which will be interest ing to the public throughout the State: Mr Speaker : I beg leave to submit the following report from the Committee on In ternal Improvements, ahowingthe amount of State aid saved by the present Legislature by cutting off aid from Railroad Companies that have not commenced work, and by the con solidation of vurioue companies that have commenced work : By consolidating the Memphis and Ohio with the Memphis, Clarksville and Louisville Railroad Company, 130 miles of State aid is cut off at $10,000 per mile $1,300,000. By conaolidating the latter company with the Naahville and North western Railroad Company; diaUnce rut off 4A mil, at $10, 000 per mile, $450,000, By repealing the law granting State aid from Puris to the mouth ol Sandy on the Ten nessee river, 20 miles. $200,l00! By stopping the Tennessee and Alabama road at Mount Pleasant 89 miles, including the Branch to Lawrenceburg, at $10,000 per mile, including also $130,000 of Bridge aid $1,020,000. The Naahville and Cincinnati Company, length of road in Tennessee 100 miles, with aid bv the Slate, at $10,000 per mile, $1, 000,000. Bridge aid across Cumberland $100,000. By transferring State aid from the North to the South aide of the Tennessee river be tween Stevenson and Chattanooga $195, 000. By reducing State aid on Tennessee Cen tral Railroad, $1,000 per mile for 35 miles, $35,500. By refusing to extnd the time to com mence the A tlan tic Tenneasee sod Ohio Rail road, which cuts off the State liability, 47 miles at $10,000 per mile, $470,000. By refusing to extend the time to the Mis siasippi Cbntrsl and Tennessee, extension from Jackson to the Tennessee river, 61 miles, st $10,000 per mile, $610,000. Showing the gross amount ssved by the present session of the Legislature to be $5, 480,500, which should be deducted from the prospective State lisbility. Not one dollar of new aid for Internal Improvements haa been granted at the present session; nor has one new State bond been authorized to issue for any purpose whatever. And at the same time, while this immense saving has been done by consolidations, many parallel roads have beer, cut off, muking all the roads of importance main lines; which will insnte success to the one road, while if left separate as provided heretofore, would have treated much confu sion and annoyance, not only to the compa nies but to the State. And your committee thinks much has been done to reform your system of Internal Improvements, and to check the issuance of Bonds for sny purpose whatever. ' All of which is respectfully submitted. TAZ. VV. NEWMAN, Chairman. ' A Prize Essat on Advertising. Mr Bonner, of the New York Ledger, whose enormous advertisements hsve attracted so much attention, haa advertised himself Into s fortune. He send to the New York Times a note from the tax assessor informing him that he is rated at $100,000. This little note Mr. Bonner calls "a prize essay on the bene, fits of advertising," for to that he attributes his success, snd by that he means to quad ruple his fortune. He says: "It certainly shows in more forcible manner than any other document I have seen how a fortune can be made in a short space of time, espe cially aa my personal estate last year was assessed only at two thousand dollars. But I hsve no idea of paying taxes on one hun dred thousand dollars of personal property, Rather than "contribute" so large an amount toward the support of the numerous scoun drels who plunder the City Treasury, I have concluded to expend it in advertising. But, perhaps, you may say that this will only prove a temporary relief, as advertising will doubt less increase it fourfold, and, instead of being taxed for one hundred thousand dollars next year, I may be taxed for four hundred thou sand. Down on Pistol Shooting. We see by a late Louisville paper, that Mayor Piechen, in view of the pistol match of the celebrated Travis, in which he proposes to hit with bullet from his pistol, an spple resting upon the head of s small boy standing a given dis tance from him, ha issued proclamation, declaring It dangeroua and probably miir derous experiment. The Mayor commanded the police to arrest all persons engaged in said experiment, dangerous to the peace of the city and in peril of the life of person or persons under her corporate protection, and bring them before ths City Court, that they may be placed under bonds, and otherwise dealt with sccording to law, to the end that an experiment so terrible in itself and so hocking to the community may cease and be prevented to every intent and purpose. Prisoners in the Penitentiary. The Penitentiary of Virginia, on the 12lh instant, contained more prisoners than ever before inhabited Its gloomy precincts. Tho cells sre closely filled, (from two to four probably in each,) and still they come! what a commen tary on the times ! The number of white persons 340 free negroes 97 " " slaves to be sold and transp'd. 4 341 Converted. Among the nsmes of per sons reported as being converted during the present religious excitement in New York and Philsdeiphis, are those of George Law, the Millionare; Edwin Forrest, the Tragedi an; "A-vful Gardner" the toted Pugilist, and Horace Greely, the Tribune Editor I I W The lollowing is "fearful," besides being slightly original. We God it in the Literary Museum: Mr Museum: If a doirire'e tails is kut awf intirelv. will it nott inUrfeare with bis lowcowmowshunf "Not eggzsckly it might not affect his carriage, but I'would entirely stop hit wag-gin CRIME COXTAGIOUS. The Philadelphia Evening Argus says it baa long been of ths opinion that thos news papers which labor tbe most earnestly to give the earliest and fullest details of crime, are really the worst foes of morality and good order that we have in the community. They foster erime, by furnishing the meat it feeds on. Tbey minister to minds already diseas ed; they stir op latent feelings and emotions which, if left to sleep in Inactivity, would never plunge their victims into sbyssesof ir retrievable ruin. Multitudes have been led into erime by reading the details oi our police gszettes, and other sickening receptacles of abomina tion, who, but for this meatal contamination, wonld have lived and died honored, respeot ed, and beloved. ' , ' Crime ia as eerrtagieus aa the "smalt-pox. Titers are periods when the snorsi atmos phere becomes thick with pestilential mi a ma. Woe to the man who Inhales it; woe to the individual wbo becomes contaminated witb its poisonous exhalations; woe to him who studies tbs literature of our criminal courts, and makes police reports a portion of bis daily mental food. "Evil communica tions corrupt good manners." Ths tendency of the constant comment by tbe press upon crimes snd criminals is to fa miliarize the mind with error. Newspapers throughout the United States teem with po lice records, and that journal ia an exception to the rule that does not have one-third of its reading space oeenpied by such matters. It bss become sn evil; sn evil not only to the virtuous member of society, but upon the principle thst like begets like, it haa grown to be an evil to society in general. But worse than all, ia the attribute of heroism given by such notice to great criminals. If the press be the reflex of popular opinion, then were Huntington the forger, and Palmer the poi soner, tbe heroes of the hour. Is not crime propagated in the same way, and is it good policy to excite the imagina tion and present vividly before it the very minutin of crime! Do we not excite tbe pas sions, the euriosity, the lstent wickedness that lies quietly slumbering in our bosoms, by such minute and, in most instances, such disgusting details? Who ever saw a minute report of conning fraud, an accomplished act of villany, forgery, theft, embezzlement, that waa not immediately followed by a multi tude of similar cases, excited by reading the description in our publie journals!1 So with suicide. By being detailed in the papers, it becomes an epidemic A species of insanity seizes upon eertsin minds in certain states of susceptibility to external impres sions, snd the impulse cannot be resisted to imitate tbe aot, witb the details of which I they have become familiar--Thia aiditjr for 1 V : . -1 -f Ik. mnnatoAlia mnA tK.lln..!l.l. in erime, should be checked by wholesome restriction by publie opinion upon the press, and not fostered, nourished, and maddened by such printed hietoriea of horrors. Let the conductors of our public journals sustain as far as possible from publishing these horrible details. Drop a veil over the recorda of tbe unfortunate victims of society. Dwell more upon the bright side of men and things. Present as seldom as possible to the publie gsze ths sickening accounts of the morbidly insane, the abandoned and the corrupt, and the mania of erime will be diminished ae eordingly. EpiTAPas. Epitaphs ars always interesting provided tbey are original. We suspect the fine words that have been employed to praise the worthy and unworthy dead for a dozen generations, and when we read them feel no other emotion than that which naturally fol lows ths reflection that death is indeed "leveller." when every variety of character is subject to the same eulogy at last, compar ed with which a little discriminating eensure would be refreshing, we should suppose, to the "weeping survivors," snd grateful to the manes of the deceased. The literature of the living is bad enough, but it is excellent in deed in comparison witb ths "desd lan guages" the dialect of the tombstones. The bed grammar, the absurd punctuation, the false rhythm and execrable rhyme which are the perpetual shame of the chnrch yard, and enoiiKh, indeed, to "make the very stones cry out," might be pardoned if the sentiment wer not usually aa flat as the elab on which it is inscribed. Rkmoval or Judge Lorio. Yesterday Go vernor Banks complied with the address of ths Massachusetts Legislature, Dy removing Judge Loring. It is seldom, in this country, that a Judge is turned out of offioe for a decision confessed ly according to law Indeed, ws ars not aware that a parallel ease has ever ooeurred. Judge L. found himself called upon to en force an act of Congress, snd be performed h jtidicisl duty in complisnoe with his oath of office. The set in question was the Fugi tive Slave Law. It was unpopular through out the North, and specially so in Msssaohu setts. But the unpopulsrity of a Isw does not excuse a judge from its execution. So, at least, thought Judge Loring, and he acted accordingly His decision roused the resentment of his political opponents, and, at length, a Repub lican Legislature and Governor have unwise ly snd unjustly yielded to their demsads. This sol of Governor Banks is the aroseest altaok upon the independence of the judi oisry ever witnessed in the United States It will long maintain, as we trust, its bad eminence. if. Y. Times. GrtAFE Cuttings. Have yon a choice grape cutting that yon want to grow 1 Then go to the woods, dig some roots of a wild grape vine, cut them into pieces of about six inches long, cut your cutting into pieces of only one, or at most, two buds; insert the lower end, by the common cleft grafting method, into the piece of wild vine root; plant it in the earth, leaving-the bod of the cutting juat level with the top of the ground. Every one so made will grow, and In two year De cerns bearing plants. UT Jean Paul very wittingly and truly remarks that female hearU and Spanish houses are very similsr; hsving msny doore but fsw windows, and accordingly it Is easier to set into them than to ss into Intra. j TRUE ELOQUENCE. Mr. Choste hss recently delivered an ora tion in Boston, on Jefferson, Hamilton and Burr, which has attracted great attention. Of Mr. Jefferson, he said: "The great and teamed man had some specislity by which he moved the people, yet were they all centered in one single clarion ery, which animated the age of the declaration of Independence by which the whole rising people spoke out of their fall heart, their leng yearning to be free. The specialities of eloquence and wis dom of James Otis, John Adams, Hswley, Patrick Henry, Samnel Adams and Washing ton, were all embodied in that declaration. Yet we cannot eriticiae it. Understand it, interpret, love it we can, but criticise it, we csnnot. I hold it for expression, slmost un rivalled by tbe prod action t of uninsured -wen. I would not add to it if I could, or take from it, by a single word. I would not pitch it on a tune higher or a tune lower. I would not alter it, if I might, in argument, expostula tion, epithet. On the morning of every fourth of July, it should be resd snd medita ted anew aa the wisest expression of our wisest men, speaking for'Congress, speaking for msn, speaking for America in her tubli- mest moment." The eloquent orator thus eonclndes : "Where now would these three men stand in these crises, which are thought to have come upon us, if they were alive? How do they look upon them and upon as, if they descend from their homes of light and calm love? I hat farewell address of Washing ton how would it appear if its counsels snd expostulations were made to-day? Their counsel would be, 'the Union it must be and it shall be preserved, just as we left it to vnn Ta lham thpaA atrifffa nf nnrttf. t.ha debates about Lecompton and Topekrf', thia array of South against . IMorth, ami bast agninst West, this funnticism of freedom, and this fanaticism against freedom, seem now as the shadow that passes, ss the ripple upon depths nnsounded snd sunless, as the small disturbance and perturbation that can not change the course or hasten the doom of Btars. They, all three of them, stand to gether, xnd rejoice to see our true civilization, our better liberty, our people, boundless ss the waves, one ss the sen, one sun, rising, yet going forth as a bridegroom from his chamber, as a strong man beginning only to run his rsce." ' Mr. Seward. The Washington corres pondent of the New Orleans Crescent fur nishes the following first-rate notice of Sena tor Seward: "I have a passion for Seward Ha comes up to my idea of Rodih in the Wandering Jew the most delectable devil that waa ever drawn by human pen ao cool, so clear-headed, ao indomitable, ao relentless in the pur suit of his fiendish purposes. Seward tra verses the seemingly tortuous, but really traigrht-lin, of" hi ambition with the uner ring certainty of footsteps that characterize a rope dancer, never missing a atep, and keep ing his e igle eye steadily fixed on the goal before him. The balance pole by which he preserves his equipoise, is that cool, big brad that bulbs out above hie narrow shoulders. If he becomes our next President, and disun ion does not immediately follow his election, I will wager that he will so beantifully hon eyfugle both South snd North, that the peo pie will pronvunce him one of the best Presi. dents we have ever had. But I begin to think there is little danger of his obtaining the nomination. He is ton great a man, that is, if he is a man and not a devil." Deci.ihe of Abolitionism. A late number of the Liberator contains the following state ment, in explanation of the admitted factthut the abolition party in the North it growing smaller snd smaller: "One has abandoned it because its advo cates disagreed among themselvee; snother has dropped it because it has run into politics; still another has withdrawn from it because it tends to dissolve the Union; a very large number have quitted it because it disturbs the peace of the Church; some would-be-respectable people have separated from it be cause it stands directly in the pathway of popularity; some have abandoned it when they found that its principles required them to treat the colored man as sn equal brother in all the relations of life. This last has proved too mnch for the abolitionism of tho-jsands, especially of heads of families, who want their children to be respected snd honored in the world." The Financial Condition or Virginia. We notice that the whole outstanding debt of the State amounts in round numbers to (say) $27,000,000. The State owns bonds and stocks to the amount of $30,000,000. The taxable property of the State, at its ss eessed valuation, amounta to nearly 600, 000,000. The annual revenue, under exist. ing lawa, ia sufficient to defray the current expenses of the government, to psy the an nual interest on the existing debt, and sinking fund sufficient to redeem the princi pal within thirty.four years, and' after the close of the next fiscal year will leave an an. nunl surplus of $1 000,000. What Christian Baptism Is. The Ten nessee Baptist puts forth the following: "Genuine baptism is not immersion hy an unauthorized minister, nor is it immersion by a Prcabyterian or Mathodiat preacher, even though he may have been immersed; nor is it immersion by Baptist preacher. Christian baptiam is immersion by a Baptist preacher, who himself has been regularly immersed by a regularly immersed Baptist minister." Brrach of Promise. At Chsrdon, Ohio, they had a breach of marriage contract case before the court recently. Suaannah Garris sued John Sumner for the offence, and proved thst the "courtin" began when she was "eeventeen" that it continued regularly fourteen yeara, interspersed with three sev eral appointments of the happy day and the usual country preparations for such an event, at white dresses, new bonnets, quilta, dried apples, embroidered chemists, etc The de fendant at laat repaired to the State of New York and married t wife. Then Suaan, wbo bud grown wiser, and fonnd that slit wss getting toward the "ahady tide of forty," got riled and toed. Ths j 07 gsve her ten thou sand dollars. AN EDUCATED MAN. Below is an extract which we commend equally, to students in colleges snd to those who are engaged in founding and endowing such Institutions. It is from an article in the Indiana State Journal, by Hoc. O. H. Smith, giving "Reminiscences" of his early life There ia t reason to believe that it ia not e en yet thoroughly appreciated, that read ing, writing and spelling are necessary parts oft good education. A fine looking young man called upon me one day, desiring to study law with me. I inquired of him aa to hit education; "I am graduate of ao Eastern College; I understand Latin, Greek, and Hebrew; I stood number two in large class of graduates." "Do yon apell well?" "I presume so, but I never Ihooght much of that." "Spell balance." "Bal-lance." "That will not do. Do yon read well?" "Certainly." "Read thia." "My name ia Norval on the Grampian Hills." "What was bis nameothe Grampian Hills?" "Do you write well?" "No; I never could write much; indeed I never tried to learn; oar great men Eaat can hardley write their names so that they can be read." "Let me see you write." "He scratched off some car. ricatures looking like Greek or turkey tracks. "That ia suficient, your edecation is too im. perfect for a lawyer; the dead languages may be dispensed with, but spelling, rending and writing cannot be." I advised him to go to one of our common schools, and begin his education over again, and he might yet quali fy himself for the study of law. North and Sooth. The Richmond Die patch says: Mr. Crittenden of Kentucky, in s late eloquent speech in the Senate, said he wss much gratified in learning from South ern and Northern speakers the comparative resources of the two aectiont of our country. The Senator from South Carolina had de tailed the resources of the South, and the Senator from Maine had given those of the North, and while listening to them it seemed to him, (Mr. Crittenden,) that this was ths most natural Union in the world. If either of these sections were spart, it would make s nation of which any mnn may be proud to be a cUizen. What a magnificent Union, exclaimed Mr. Crittenden, it makes when you yut both together! The patriotic Senator from Kentucky con cluded by an eloquent appeal for the Union. It ia a speech worthy the better days of the Republic... Honestt and its Reward A boy named O'Brien, who obtains a livelihood by ped dling apples on the Cleveland and Toledo Rnitrond, found, a few days since, s package of $5,500 in bank notes, which hsd been lost in the cars by a Mr. Bishop, who had brought the money from Cleveland for Mr. H. E. Mussey, of Elyria. The lad was sn elnted at his good fortune that he took the money to bed with him and sut up all night watching it. Next day it was given to Mr, Mussey, when the boy wvs rewarded with s new suit of clothes and a deed for one hun dred and sixty acres of land. Mr. Mussey also offered to . give the boy a thorough business education, but the father declined for the present, as he did not wish to part with the boy. Curioos Will. The will of Gov. Blach ett, of Plymouth, Mass proved in 1783, con tains the following singular clause: "I de sire my body to be kept so long ss it may not be offensive, and that one of my toes snd fingers may be cut off, to secure a cei tainty of being dead. I further request my dear wife, that as she has been troubled with one old fool, she will not think of mar rying a second." The Largest Room. It is stated that the largest room that waa ever constructed is that in which the tobacco stores sre kept in the London Docks. The room is said to cover nearly six acres, being, of course, un der ono rooll It is a curious circumstance, that this enormous apartment should be de voted to an article of mere luxury. A Towh Purchased by one Man. The village of Lowsville, Monongahela county, Vs., was purchased a few days since by Jonathan McKeek. The purchases included a very valuable mill property, storehouse and aeveral dwellings, together with well-improved farm of about seventy five acres. The auni paid was $10,000. Ths Balromal. The Red Petticoat is hav ing a tremendous run in ths Northern cities. In view of this, a patriotic Tankee appeals to the patriotism of tbe Yankee girls to adopt a costnme of their own. Now, while we heartily abbor a red petticoat, we would have no objection to a eompromiie on the "red, whits and blue" arrangement. But hear our Yankee friend: Once in a while wby csn't we have A truly Yankee notion! Nor tuoh profound allegiance pay To fashions 'oross ths ocean! What eould be finer new then this, (And msrk ys, too, bow dashingl) A petticoat red, white and blue, With silver stars all flashing! Then hang the Tankee colors out, (And Scottish esirte eonfouod Vm!) Ourgirla shall take tbs world by storm With ths stars and atripss aroond 'em. Virginia Cattle. Forty nine cattle from South Branch, Vs., are on their way to New York, weighing aa follows: The Isrgest weighs 3,800 pounds, and more than half of them weigh over 3,000 lb.,ar.d the whole lot weighs over 91,580 pounds; being an average of 1,867 pounds, and coal $4 63 an average of $95 65 per head. tfj- Governor Weller, of California, rec ommended the appointment of a night watch, to guard the Suit Treasury rhik ths Legis lators is in session. J The Evil or a Bab Temtbi. A bad tem per is t curse to the possessor, and ita influ ence is most deadly wherever it it fonnd. It is allied to martyrdom to be obliged to live with one of a complaining temper. To hear one eternal round of complaint and murmur ing to have every pleasing thought scared away by their evil spirit it sore trial. It it like the sting of a scorpion a perpetual nettle, destroying your peace, rendering life a burthen. Ita influence it desdly; and the purest and sweetest atmosphere is contami nated Into t deadly miasma wherever thia evi! geniua prevails. It has been said truly thst while we ooght not to let the bad temper of others influence us, it wonld be unreasonable to spread s plsster of Spanish flies npon the skin, and not expect it to draw, as to think of family not sufficing becatse of the bad tem per of any of ita inmates. One string out of tune will destroy the music of an inatrnment, otherwise perfect ao if all the members of a church, neighborhood and family do not cul tivate kind and affectionate temper, there will be discord and every evil work. Col. ALLtor in Savannah. The Savan nah Georgian of Tuesday saya; An English gentleman informs ut that he yesterday saw Col. Allsop, of London, in Sa vannah. It will be remembered that the gal lant colonel stands accused of having partici pated in the recent infernal machine plot t destroy Louis Napoleon, Emperor of France. A reward or $1,000, or 200, is offered for him, snd he is closely being sought sfter by French and English detectives of the blood hound kind, but we opine a larger reward than the ubove must be offered before he can he delivered over, as a question arises in the minds of the people, whether the colonel is returnable under the extradition law, and whether hia offence is anything but purely political one, aiding and abetting ia a plot to overturn the preaent anti-repubiican govern ment of France. fST "Belle Brittan,"the lively traveling correspondent of the New Orleans Picayune, in a recent letter, thus refers to Mobile: At half past ten o'clock, A. M., we landed at Mobile a pleasant cotton city of tome thirty thousand inhabitants where the peo ple live in cotton houses snd ride in cotton carriages.. They bay cotton, sell cotton, think cotton, eat cotton, drink cotton, and dream cotton. They marry cotton wives, and unto them are bom cotton children. In enu merating the charms of t fair widow, they begin by saying she makes so mnny bales of cotton. It is the great staple the sum and substance of Alabama. It hss made Mobile, snd all ita citizens. A Newly Discovered frofertt of Chlo-1 roform. The Abeille Medicate reports the case of a young man who badly scalded beth lege by alipping into a cauldron of boiling water.' He was immediately laid upon a bed, an exciting potion administered, cod liver oil applied to hia legs, and hs waa twice bled, but the pain in the legs did not subside. A liniment of Inudanum and cod liver oil was then applied, also without effect in abating the pain. But chloroform having been sub stituted for laudanum, immediate relief en sued, and was maintained by continuing the same process until tecovery. The Newest Novelty of Paris. We have just seen, tayt Punch, a new crinoline petticoat, which ia calUd La Crinoline ie Leviathan. So large are its proportions that there is great doubt how the crinoline can be lauenhed. It is said ihat there is not a draw ing room in Europe extensive enough to hold it. Thia was a difficulty never contem plated by its fair builders. Another difficul ty, not less perplexing, is how the daring belle, who takes the command of this enor mous Leviathan, is to be lifted In and nut of the crinolinean vessel without damaging the surrounding rigging. Nothing but a crane, such ns is used for shipping horses, will be able to triumph over this dilemma. A Socdolaoer. A ehap who cams to town recently, from the country, but who wss not so verdent ss he seemed, wss, a day or two ago, atroling along that part of Broad way inhabited by Hebrews who vend human harnesa, cutlery, firearms, pinch-beck watches, plated jewelry and other furnishing goods. He was viewing these things with mouth ajar snd wondering eyes, snd while thus en gaged, a dilapidated Jew clothier, not the most scrupulous in his attire and having a wretched dingy look, atepped before our ru ral fried, according to the custom of his tribe, and catechised him aa to wheser he wanted to buy anything. The latter survey ed the Isreslile from head to foot, glanced at his wsres snd studied a moment. "Have you got any clean, white ahirte?" he inquired. "Yes, aara, oh yes plentish," was the eo ger response. " Then why the il don't you put on onep We do not know whether this culeness was original, but it was enough to bewilder the Jew, snd hs "stayed no longer question.1 Read Them. One of our exchangee justly remarks, says the Nantucket Enquirer, that thoae who fail to read the advertisements in newspapers ofton loae more than they imag ine. Advertiaementt are printed to be read juat aa much aa any other item of news, and it is just as essential to resd them. There is not an advertisement printed that it not of importance to tome one. Nothing speaks more slesrly of a man's prosperity in busi ness than the manner in which he advertises. Don't fsil to resd them. How to Stop a Paper. An editor, who has probsbly suffered some, tells people how to etop t psper. He ssys: "call at the Office and fork up arrearage! and order it atopped like a man, and not refuse to take it out of Ihs post-office and tnesk twsy liks a puppy Hf A gentlemtn who waa formerly one of the proprietors of t mercantile house in Davenport, Iowa, which lately failed, it now tswing wood for t living. Influence of the Smile a rivino Beau ty of Exprfssion. A beautifnl amile ia to the female countenance what the eonbeam ia to landscape. It embellishes sn inferior face, snd redeems an ugly one. A imile, however, should not become habitual lnei pldlty is the result; nor shou'd ths mouth bresk into a smile on one aide, the other re maining passive and unmoved, fur thia ira parta an air of deceit and grotesquene4 to the face. A disagreeable amile distorts the line of beauty, and is mors repulsive then a frown. There sre many kinds of smiles, each having a distinctive character some an nounce goodness and sweetness others be tray earcssx, bitterness and pride aome aof ten the countenance by their languishing ten dernees others brighten it by their brilliant tnd spiritual vivacity. Gating and poring before t mirror cannot aid In acquiring beau tiful emilet half to well at to turn the gar inward, to watch that the heart keeps unsul lied from the reflection of evil, and illuminat ed and beautified by sweet thoughts. Another Tooth will Answer as Well. . Another sorrow hat fallen upon Salerno. "No tooner," taya the London Daily News, "haa the panic occasioned by the earthquake begun to cease than the population are again alarmed by another aad event. The tooth of St. Matthew, the Bishop, one of the precious, relics of the church, hut been ttolen. It die sppeared during the agitation consequent on ths late disaster, snd this incident Is snother proof of that moral diaorder which ia often preceptible in times of grest social disaster. ' The bishop has ordered the excommunica tion of the sinner, but to no effect; proses- sions with torches have been made, all equal ly useless; the precious relic ia not to bt ' found." A Reckless Mar. A msn named Bill Far was killed on last Christmas day, at Tehama, California. Bill waa a notable character in hia way. The Red Bluffs Beacon tayt of him: , Our readers will remember an advertise ment that appeared in our paper last spring, stating thnt Bill Far would fight a grizzly bear, single handed, on the 4th of July, at Tehama, Hi life teemed to be of no con. aequence to him. We have frequently heard him remark that he would aa soon be killed ., os not; and on one occasion we actually knew of hia standing up very coolly, with a person aa reckless as himslf, each taking a shot at the other's hat st a distance of fif ty steps, ss it remained on hia head. The result wss that Bill's hut was shot through, and a small bunch of hair cut away, while the akin on the otherman'a cranium was laid bare for three or four inches by Bill's half onm-e ball. Bill was a great terror to the Indiana, he hsv. , ing killed a great many in Via tin..., m-m t whom, aa he said himself, he shot to tea them full. How true is the following stray clip ping, which we find floating about: "It is noticeable fact that a majority of the buainsss people vt ho hove "gone to the wall," during the lute snd present financial troubles, arc those who "do not see the good of advertising in the newspaper." Those who advertise liberally, aa a general thing, flourish and prosper in all aorta of limes." The Result of Hahd Tines. The De troit Tribune says a loving couple were mar ried at Albion, a few days since, by a justice, and having no money they paid him with two bushels of black walnuts. The Cause of it. There hsve been sev eral stories in tho papers of Into relative to people losing their hair suddenly and most unuccountahly. Some person auggusts that it is owing to eating onions, an exchange says it is prepared to believe almost anything that ia bad about onions. It is said that some years ngn, a man who lived in Rhode Iilsnd had a horse which ate two bushels of that vegetable one night, snd soon afterwards til the hair fell from his hide! An Upright Judo e. Justice Clarke of the Supreme Court of New York, fixed the bail cf Jacob II. Mott, the alleged accomplice of Brotherson in the Union Bank embezzlement, st $141,000, this being the sum said to have been embezzled. The Judge in taking bail for a swindler could not adopt any other rule without leaving a strong presumption that lit had shored part of the money stoler,. 3P A letter from ex-Governor Wright of Indiana, now United States Miuister to Prus sia, contains the following: "I am living in a large building, with ele ven rooms; rent 1,200 thalrrt a year; four servants, coating about 1,000. Have furnish ed my own house st sn expense of about 3,000. You see if I come horn, I shall hsve to borrow money to get home on. It will all come right in the end. Never mind, there It a good time t head, boys." 3f Says the Philadelphia Ledger "The New York papers state that several rrmatka ble conversions to religion have taken place in that city among the 'shoulder hitters,' and other 'hard cases,' but in Philadelphia a still greater conversion it reported: for an old note shaver' is said to have turned 'philan thropist I' Poor Quarters. A correspondent of tKe Now York Herald asserts, that in a shin ty st Forty-ninth street, between Fifth and Sixth avenues, fiom twenty to two hundred kegs of powder are constantly kept, and that in the same shinty, only divided by board petition, a blncksmith plieahit work lustily! What a bravt fi.llow he most b.1 Thia ii actually to The First Freight Train. Thai first freight train over the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad reached the former city on Monday evening. It was laden with grain from Isle Wight county, Virginia. yjg "Esq," st the end of a man's name, ia like a curl In t pig't tail more for orna ment thsn ust. - lf" Opinion i the mistress of foots. vVho Is ths master?